Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for OOP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited OOP over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)
England > London
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 149 185 166
Rank change year-on-year +36 -19 +38
Permanent jobs citing OOP 1,059 525 1,205
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 2.35% 1.86% 2.12%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.46% 1.98% 2.26%
Number of salaries quoted 496 407 1,036
10th Percentile £37,500 £41,250 £37,250
25th Percentile £47,500 £52,500 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £67,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year -3.70% +12.50% +9.09%
75th Percentile £86,250 £87,500 £78,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £140,000 £92,500
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

OOP is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 42,990 26,490 53,225
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.25% 94.02% 93.59%
Number of salaries quoted 28,444 21,708 43,766
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £51,250 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £68,346 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.42% +5.15% +8.33%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

OOP
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing OOP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for OOP in London

OOP
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing OOP in London.

Salary trend for OOP in London

OOP
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing OOP in London over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Salary histogram for OOP in London

OOP
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing OOP within the London region over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -6 134 £70,000 -5.08% 57
South London -2 24 £50,000 -23.08% 7
West London -22 23 £64,000 -1.54% 21
East London -2 4 £52,500 -8.70% 19
OOP
England

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT jobs citing OOP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for OOP.

1 553 (52.22%) Agile Software Development
2 518 (48.91%) OO
3 434 (40.98%) Software Engineering
4 392 (37.02%) JavaScript
5 387 (36.54%) Java
6 369 (34.84%) Docker
7 367 (34.66%) AWS
8 347 (32.77%) Finance
9 339 (32.01%) C#
10 318 (30.03%) Python
11 305 (28.80%) Social Skills
12 304 (28.71%) RESTful
13 301 (28.42%) Microservices
14 293 (27.67%) React
15 292 (27.57%) REST
15 292 (27.57%) Git (software)
16 282 (26.63%) SQL
17 260 (24.55%) TDD
17 260 (24.55%) Continuous Integration
18 241 (22.76%) DevOps
19 236 (22.29%) SOLID
19 236 (22.29%) .NET
20 224 (21.15%) Kubernetes
20 224 (21.15%) Node.js
21 214 (20.21%) Test Automation
22 207 (19.55%) HTML
23 199 (18.79%) NoSQL
24 195 (18.41%) Full Stack Development
25 194 (18.32%) Azure
26 188 (17.75%) Clean Code

OOP
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (5.10%) Elasticsearch
2 51 (4.82%) Confluence
3 25 (2.36%) IIS
4 22 (2.08%) Apache Spark
5 17 (1.61%) CMS
6 15 (1.42%) Apache Solr
7 14 (1.32%) nginx
7 14 (1.32%) Oracle Coherence
8 12 (1.13%) IBM Domino
9 10 (0.94%) WordPress
10 9 (0.85%) EPiServer
11 7 (0.66%) Drupal
12 6 (0.57%) Apache
13 4 (0.38%) Sitecore CMS
13 4 (0.38%) Umbraco
14 3 (0.28%) Jetty
15 2 (0.19%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 2 (0.19%) Jupyter
16 1 (0.094%) Ethereum
16 1 (0.094%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 19 (1.79%) Adobe Illustrator
1 19 (1.79%) Photoshop
2 13 (1.23%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.94%) Adobe XD
4 9 (0.85%) Fireworks
5 6 (0.57%) Revit
6 5 (0.47%) AutoCAD
7 4 (0.38%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 4 (0.38%) Sketch
8 3 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
9 2 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.094%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 30 (2.83%) Magento
2 14 (1.32%) Distributed Ledger
2 14 (1.32%) Shopify
3 3 (0.28%) Workday HCM
4 2 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.19%) SDL Web 8
4 2 (0.19%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.19%) WebTrends
5 1 (0.094%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.094%) Infor M3
Cloud Services
1 367 (34.66%) AWS
2 194 (18.32%) Azure
3 108 (10.20%) Serverless
4 76 (7.18%) GCP
4 76 (7.18%) GitHub
5 69 (6.52%) AWS Lambda
6 55 (5.19%) SaaS
7 31 (2.93%) Cloud Computing
8 27 (2.55%) Amazon ECS
8 27 (2.55%) Azure Functions
9 25 (2.36%) Amazon S3
10 21 (1.98%) Amazon Kinesis
11 19 (1.79%) Amazon Alexa
12 18 (1.70%) AWS CloudFormation
13 17 (1.61%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 15 (1.42%) Apigee
14 15 (1.42%) Kong
15 11 (1.04%) Azure Key Vault
15 11 (1.04%) Power Platform
16 8 (0.76%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 87 (8.22%) HTTP
2 18 (1.70%) Broadband
3 11 (1.04%) WebEx
4 8 (0.76%) Network Security
5 6 (0.57%) SSH
5 6 (0.57%) Wireless
6 5 (0.47%) Intranet
7 4 (0.38%) RIP
7 4 (0.38%) Wireshark
8 3 (0.28%) 5G
8 3 (0.28%) AMQP
9 2 (0.19%) Internet
10 1 (0.094%) Bluetooth
10 1 (0.094%) Firewall
10 1 (0.094%) FTP
10 1 (0.094%) Multicast
10 1 (0.094%) TCP/IP
10 1 (0.094%) Wi-Fi
10 1 (0.094%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 199 (18.79%) NoSQL
2 117 (11.05%) MySQL
3 112 (10.58%) PostgreSQL
4 99 (9.35%) MongoDB
5 97 (9.16%) Relational Database
6 88 (8.31%) SQL Server
7 57 (5.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 53 (5.00%) Redis
9 36 (3.40%) Big Data
10 34 (3.21%) Couchbase
11 27 (2.55%) SQL Server 2012
12 21 (1.98%) Data Warehouse
13 17 (1.61%) Amazon Athena
13 17 (1.61%) Azure SQL Database
13 17 (1.61%) Hadoop
14 15 (1.42%) Oracle Database
15 14 (1.32%) SQL Server 2014
15 14 (1.32%) SQL Server 2017
16 13 (1.23%) Flink
17 12 (1.13%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 292 (27.57%) Git (software)
2 124 (11.71%) TeamCity
3 111 (10.48%) JIRA
4 101 (9.54%) Jenkins
5 82 (7.74%) Octopus Deploy
6 47 (4.44%) Gradle
7 42 (3.97%) JUnit
8 39 (3.68%) Mocha
9 37 (3.49%) Cypress.io
9 37 (3.49%) Maven
9 37 (3.49%) webpack
10 32 (3.02%) Visual Studio
11 30 (2.83%) Cucumber
12 28 (2.64%) Selenium
12 28 (2.64%) Team Foundation Server
13 27 (2.55%) GitLab
13 27 (2.55%) Sonatype Nexus
14 26 (2.46%) gulp
14 26 (2.46%) Travis CI
15 24 (2.27%) Bitbucket
General
1 347 (32.77%) Finance
2 305 (28.80%) Social Skills
3 119 (11.24%) Retail
4 87 (8.22%) Banking
5 81 (7.65%) Games
6 65 (6.14%) Analytical Skills
7 47 (4.44%) Marketing
8 34 (3.21%) Public Sector
9 31 (2.93%) Manufacturing
10 26 (2.46%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 26 (2.46%) Law
11 22 (2.08%) Back Office
12 18 (1.70%) Legal
13 16 (1.51%) Front Office
14 14 (1.32%) Automotive
14 14 (1.32%) French Language
14 14 (1.32%) Organisational Skills
15 13 (1.23%) Investment Banking
16 12 (1.13%) Advertising
17 9 (0.85%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 604 (57.03%) Developer
2 217 (20.49%) Software Engineer
3 130 (12.28%) Senior Developer
4 105 (9.92%) Java Developer
5 104 (9.82%) Senior Software Engineer
6 92 (8.69%) Backend Developer
7 75 (7.08%) Full Stack Developer
8 63 (5.95%) .NET Developer
9 61 (5.76%) Python Developer
10 52 (4.91%) C# Developer
11 45 (4.25%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 35 (3.31%) C# .NET Developer
13 33 (3.12%) JavaScript Developer
13 33 (3.12%) PHP Developer
14 32 (3.02%) Java Engineer
14 32 (3.02%) React Developer
15 26 (2.46%) Software Developer
16 25 (2.36%) Data Engineer
16 25 (2.36%) Lead Developer
16 25 (2.36%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 304 (28.71%) RESTful
2 293 (27.67%) React
3 292 (27.57%) REST
4 236 (22.29%) .NET
5 224 (21.15%) Node.js
6 207 (19.55%) HTML
7 179 (16.90%) AngularJS
7 179 (16.90%) CSS
8 126 (11.90%) Web Services
9 119 (11.24%) GraphQL
10 101 (9.54%) Kafka
11 98 (9.25%) .NET Core
12 97 (9.16%) Spring
13 89 (8.40%) ASP.NET
14 88 (8.31%) Vue.js
15 82 (7.74%) HTML5
16 74 (6.99%) Spring Boot
17 70 (6.61%) JSON
18 67 (6.33%) jQuery
19 66 (6.23%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 146 (13.79%) User Experience
2 90 (8.50%) Data Structures
3 81 (7.65%) Algorithms
4 75 (7.08%) Self-Motivation
5 65 (6.14%) Mobile App
6 37 (3.49%) Greenfield Project
7 32 (3.02%) Client/Server
8 30 (2.83%) Equities
9 29 (2.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 24 (2.27%) Legacy Code
11 23 (2.17%) Cloud Native
12 22 (2.08%) Hedge funds
12 22 (2.08%) Spread Betting
13 21 (1.98%) Social Media
14 17 (1.61%) Wiki
15 15 (1.42%) Enterprise Software
15 15 (1.42%) Legacy Systems
15 15 (1.42%) Linux Command Line
15 15 (1.42%) PlayStation
16 14 (1.32%) Industry 4.0
Operating Systems
1 93 (8.78%) Linux
2 88 (8.31%) Android
3 63 (5.95%) Windows
4 48 (4.53%) Apple iOS
5 24 (2.27%) Unix
6 23 (2.17%) Mesosphere
7 14 (1.32%) Windows Server 2016
8 4 (0.38%) Alpine Linux
8 4 (0.38%) FreeBSD
8 4 (0.38%) Tizen
8 4 (0.38%) webOS
9 2 (0.19%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.094%) CentOS
10 1 (0.094%) Solaris
10 1 (0.094%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 553 (52.22%) Agile Software Development
2 518 (48.91%) OO
3 434 (40.98%) Software Engineering
4 301 (28.42%) Microservices
5 260 (24.55%) Continuous Integration
5 260 (24.55%) TDD
6 241 (22.76%) DevOps
7 236 (22.29%) SOLID
8 214 (20.21%) Test Automation
9 195 (18.41%) Full Stack Development
10 188 (17.75%) Clean Code
11 180 (17.00%) Problem-Solving
12 171 (16.15%) Scrum
13 168 (15.86%) Fintech
14 165 (15.58%) Continuous Improvement
15 164 (15.49%) SDLC
16 147 (13.88%) Computer Science
16 147 (13.88%) Front End Development
17 142 (13.41%) BDD
18 138 (13.03%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 392 (37.02%) JavaScript
2 387 (36.54%) Java
3 339 (32.01%) C#
4 318 (30.03%) Python
5 282 (26.63%) SQL
6 164 (15.49%) TypeScript
7 113 (10.67%) Go
8 78 (7.37%) Ruby
9 77 (7.27%) PHP
10 73 (6.89%) C++
11 69 (6.52%) Java 8
12 56 (5.29%) C
13 47 (4.44%) Kotlin
14 46 (4.34%) ES6
15 40 (3.78%) Apple Swift
16 34 (3.21%) Bash Shell
17 31 (2.93%) Scala
18 26 (2.46%) Java 11
19 25 (2.36%) T-SQL
20 19 (1.79%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 166 (15.68%) Degree
2 101 (9.54%) Computer Science Degree
3 10 (0.94%) Master's Degree
4 9 (0.85%) ISTQB
5 7 (0.66%) CIW
5 7 (0.66%) OCA
5 7 (0.66%) OCP
5 7 (0.66%) Oracle Certification
5 7 (0.66%) Security Cleared
6 6 (0.57%) SC Cleared
7 5 (0.47%) HNC
7 5 (0.47%) HND
7 5 (0.47%) Microsoft Certification
8 1 (0.094%) MCDBA
8 1 (0.094%) MCP
8 1 (0.094%) MCSD
8 1 (0.094%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 159 (15.01%) QA
2 21 (1.98%) Accessibility
3 14 (1.32%) PMO
4 12 (1.13%) Data Quality
5 10 (0.94%) WAI
6 8 (0.76%) GDPR
7 4 (0.38%) WCAG
8 2 (0.19%) PSD2
9 1 (0.094%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.094%) SLA
System Software
1 369 (34.84%) Docker
2 7 (0.66%) Ceph
3 4 (0.38%) LXC
4 3 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.094%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.094%) Varnish
5 1 (0.094%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 224 (21.15%) Kubernetes
2 102 (9.63%) Terraform
3 38 (3.59%) Ansible
4 35 (3.31%) Puppet
5 28 (2.64%) Opscode Chef
6 23 (2.17%) Automic
7 21 (1.98%) Prometheus
8 19 (1.79%) Consul
8 19 (1.79%) Kibana
9 11 (1.04%) logstash
10 7 (0.66%) Galera Cluster
11 6 (0.57%) Docker Swarm
12 5 (0.47%) Istio
13 4 (0.38%) Rundeck
13 4 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
14 1 (0.094%) Failover Clustering
14 1 (0.094%) Hadoop YARN
14 1 (0.094%) Icinga
14 1 (0.094%) Marathon
14 1 (0.094%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 153 (14.45%) Microsoft
2 87 (8.22%) Samsung
3 49 (4.63%) Google
4 42 (3.97%) Oracle
5 20 (1.89%) Splunk
6 18 (1.70%) Salesforce.com
6 18 (1.70%) Solace
7 17 (1.61%) Adobe
8 16 (1.51%) Apple
9 8 (0.76%) BT
9 8 (0.76%) Fidessa
10 7 (0.66%) Percona
11 6 (0.57%) Autodesk
11 6 (0.57%) Databricks
11 6 (0.57%) Xamarin
12 5 (0.47%) Atlassian
12 5 (0.47%) Reuters
13 4 (0.38%) Bloomberg
13 4 (0.38%) Sage
13 4 (0.38%) Sitecore