Period
to 17 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 17 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
England > London
6 months to
17 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 62 51 52
Rank change year-on-year -11 +1 -9
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 2,517 1,170 2,615
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 5.04% 5.01% 5.10%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.27% 5.33% 5.44%
Number of salaries quoted 1,097 955 1,938
10th Percentile £51,550 £49,850 £45,000
25th Percentile £61,250 £58,869 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.45% +3.57% -
75th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £108,750 £100,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% - +4.35%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 47,796 21,955 48,085
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.63% 94.09% 93.86%
Number of salaries quoted 31,993 18,541 39,013
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £36,356
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £48,288
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £83,750
90th Percentile £110,000 £105,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the London region over the 6 months to 17 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -44 267 £75,000 -6.25% 84
West London +12 154 £67,500 +12.50% 31
South London +3 64 £73,750 +9.26% 3
East London -33 12 £70,000 -12.50% 19
North London -16 2 - - 1
Continuous Integration
England

For the 6 months to 17 January 2022, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 1,766 (70.16%) Agile Software Development
2 1,025 (40.72%) AWS
3 1,024 (40.68%) JavaScript
4 977 (38.82%) Java
5 920 (36.55%) Software Engineering
6 917 (36.43%) DevOps
7 916 (36.39%) TDD
8 891 (35.40%) Python
9 787 (31.27%) Docker
10 778 (30.91%) React
11 720 (28.61%) Git (software)
12 714 (28.37%) Finance
13 711 (28.25%) Test Automation
14 708 (28.13%) Microservices
15 657 (26.10%) Azure
16 625 (24.83%) Jenkins
17 619 (24.59%) Kubernetes
18 605 (24.04%) SQL
19 595 (23.64%) Continuous Delivery
20 564 (22.41%) Social Skills
21 562 (22.33%) TypeScript
22 547 (21.73%) Full Stack Development
23 539 (21.41%) REST
24 535 (21.26%) C#
25 528 (20.98%) Node.js
26 526 (20.90%) HTML
27 511 (20.30%) CSS
28 479 (19.03%) QA
29 462 (18.36%) BDD
30 461 (18.32%) Scrum

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 150 (5.96%) Elasticsearch
2 77 (3.06%) Confluence
3 71 (2.82%) Apache Spark
4 68 (2.70%) Apache
5 54 (2.15%) nginx
6 48 (1.91%) CMS
7 26 (1.03%) Apache Solr
8 25 (0.99%) IIS
8 25 (0.99%) SharePoint
9 23 (0.91%) Camunda
9 23 (0.91%) WordPress
10 18 (0.72%) Drupal
11 16 (0.64%) Jupyter
12 15 (0.60%) IBM Domino
13 12 (0.48%) Tomcat
14 9 (0.36%) Umbraco
15 7 (0.28%) Headless CMS
16 6 (0.24%) Apache Airflow
16 6 (0.24%) Oracle Workflow
17 5 (0.20%) JBoss
Applications
1 19 (0.75%) Sketch
2 16 (0.64%) InVision
3 8 (0.32%) Adobe XD
3 8 (0.32%) Photoshop
4 7 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
5 5 (0.20%) GIMP
6 4 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
6 4 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.12%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.12%) MS Visio
7 3 (0.12%) Zeplin
8 1 (0.040%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 19 (0.75%) Distributed Ledger
2 17 (0.68%) R3 Corda
3 9 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
3 9 (0.36%) WebTrends
4 6 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
5 5 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
5 5 (0.20%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
5 5 (0.20%) RMDS
6 2 (0.079%) SAP S/4HANA
6 2 (0.079%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 1 (0.040%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 1 (0.040%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,025 (40.72%) AWS
2 657 (26.10%) Azure
3 457 (18.16%) Serverless
4 424 (16.85%) GCP
5 242 (9.61%) GitHub
6 218 (8.66%) AWS Lambda
7 156 (6.20%) SaaS
8 138 (5.48%) PaaS
9 136 (5.40%) Cloud Computing
10 134 (5.32%) Amazon S3
11 89 (3.54%) Amazon EC2
11 89 (3.54%) AWS CloudFormation
12 86 (3.42%) OpenShift
13 74 (2.94%) Amazon SQS
14 71 (2.82%) Amazon ECS
15 57 (2.26%) npm
16 53 (2.11%) IaaS
17 48 (1.91%) AWS Step Functions
17 48 (1.91%) Azure Service Bus
18 45 (1.79%) GitHub Actions
Communications & Networking
1 174 (6.91%) HTTP
2 67 (2.66%) Broadband
3 39 (1.55%) TCP/IP
4 33 (1.31%) Firewall
5 31 (1.23%) Internet
6 24 (0.95%) MQTT
7 20 (0.79%) DNS
8 19 (0.75%) Network Security
9 15 (0.60%) VPN
10 14 (0.56%) WebEx
11 13 (0.52%) VoIP
12 12 (0.48%) 5G
13 5 (0.20%) Reverse Proxy
14 4 (0.16%) AMQP
14 4 (0.16%) HTTPS
15 3 (0.12%) DHCP
15 3 (0.12%) SSL
16 2 (0.079%) Cisco IPT
16 2 (0.079%) LAN
16 2 (0.079%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 355 (14.10%) PostgreSQL
2 335 (13.31%) NoSQL
3 230 (9.14%) SQL Server
4 205 (8.14%) Relational Database
5 169 (6.71%) Redis
6 165 (6.56%) Big Data
7 163 (6.48%) MongoDB
8 150 (5.96%) MySQL
9 99 (3.93%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 70 (2.78%) RDBMS
11 59 (2.34%) Amazon RDS
11 59 (2.34%) Blockchain
12 56 (2.22%) Hadoop
13 53 (2.11%) Apache Cassandra
14 39 (1.55%) Data Lake
15 37 (1.47%) Amazon Athena
16 32 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
16 32 (1.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 29 (1.15%) Couchbase
18 27 (1.07%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 720 (28.61%) Git (software)
2 625 (24.83%) Jenkins
3 249 (9.89%) Selenium
4 234 (9.30%) JIRA
5 210 (8.34%) Cypress.io
6 185 (7.35%) TeamCity
7 170 (6.75%) GitLab
8 146 (5.80%) Maven
9 134 (5.32%) JUnit
10 127 (5.05%) Octopus Deploy
11 117 (4.65%) CircleCI
12 116 (4.61%) webpack
13 94 (3.73%) Team Foundation Server
14 91 (3.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 86 (3.42%) WebDriver
16 80 (3.18%) Jasmine
17 76 (3.02%) Cucumber
18 75 (2.98%) Mocha
19 73 (2.90%) JMeter
20 70 (2.78%) Gradle
General
1 714 (28.37%) Finance
2 564 (22.41%) Social Skills
3 196 (7.79%) Banking
4 184 (7.31%) Analytical Skills
5 145 (5.76%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 143 (5.68%) Games
7 99 (3.93%) Retail
8 97 (3.85%) Marketing
9 70 (2.78%) Public Sector
10 61 (2.42%) Front Office
11 54 (2.15%) Law
12 51 (2.03%) Electronics
13 48 (1.91%) Advertising
14 45 (1.79%) Investment Banking
15 40 (1.59%) Manufacturing
16 31 (1.23%) Automotive
16 31 (1.23%) Telecoms
17 27 (1.07%) Presentation Skills
18 24 (0.95%) Publishing
19 23 (0.91%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,055 (41.91%) Developer
2 455 (18.08%) Software Engineer
3 294 (11.68%) Senior Developer
4 239 (9.50%) Java Developer
5 177 (7.03%) DevOps Engineer
6 173 (6.87%) Full Stack Developer
7 172 (6.83%) Senior Software Engineer
8 120 (4.77%) Software Developer
9 119 (4.73%) React Developer
10 114 (4.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 105 (4.17%) Architect
12 101 (4.01%) Lead Developer
13 85 (3.38%) Java Engineer
14 80 (3.18%) JavaScript Developer
15 63 (2.50%) Java Software Engineer
16 61 (2.42%) Data Engineer
17 59 (2.34%) Senior React Developer
18 58 (2.30%) Platform Engineer
19 56 (2.22%) Senior Front-End Developer
20 54 (2.15%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 778 (30.91%) React
2 539 (21.41%) REST
3 528 (20.98%) Node.js
4 526 (20.90%) HTML
5 511 (20.30%) CSS
6 411 (16.33%) AngularJS
7 409 (16.25%) .NET
8 386 (15.34%) Spring
9 309 (12.28%) RESTful
10 304 (12.08%) Web Services
11 292 (11.60%) HTML5
12 257 (10.21%) Spring Boot
13 251 (9.97%) GraphQL
14 230 (9.14%) Kafka
15 211 (8.38%) Vue.js
16 200 (7.95%) CSS3
17 157 (6.24%) .NET Core
18 154 (6.12%) Sass
19 149 (5.92%) Jest
20 148 (5.88%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 356 (14.14%) User Experience
2 147 (5.84%) Cloud Native
3 145 (5.76%) Mobile App
4 111 (4.41%) Enterprise Software
5 108 (4.29%) Algorithms
6 104 (4.13%) Self-Motivation
7 96 (3.81%) Social Media
8 82 (3.26%) Data Structures
9 65 (2.58%) Greenfield Project
10 61 (2.42%) Virtual Team
11 56 (2.22%) Blog
12 48 (1.91%) Public Cloud
13 35 (1.39%) NHS
14 33 (1.31%) Social Network
15 31 (1.23%) N-Tier
16 28 (1.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 27 (1.07%) Management Information System
18 25 (0.99%) Enterprise Cloud
18 25 (0.99%) PlayStation
19 21 (0.83%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 295 (11.72%) Linux
2 171 (6.79%) Windows
3 162 (6.44%) Android
4 134 (5.32%) Apple iOS
5 112 (4.45%) Unix
6 35 (1.39%) Mesosphere
7 23 (0.91%) Ubuntu
8 20 (0.79%) CentOS
9 19 (0.75%) Windows Server
10 16 (0.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 15 (0.60%) VMS
12 8 (0.32%) FreeRTOS
12 8 (0.32%) VxWorks
13 7 (0.28%) Kali Linux
14 4 (0.16%) Solaris
14 4 (0.16%) SUSE
15 2 (0.079%) Windows Server 2008
16 1 (0.040%) Amazon Linux
16 1 (0.040%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,766 (70.16%) Agile Software Development
2 920 (36.55%) Software Engineering
3 917 (36.43%) DevOps
4 916 (36.39%) TDD
5 711 (28.25%) Test Automation
6 708 (28.13%) Microservices
7 595 (23.64%) Continuous Delivery
8 547 (21.73%) Full Stack Development
9 462 (18.36%) BDD
10 461 (18.32%) Scrum
11 449 (17.84%) Mentoring
12 324 (12.87%) SDLC
13 323 (12.83%) OO
14 306 (12.16%) Analytics
15 303 (12.04%) Problem-Solving
16 284 (11.28%) Computer Science
17 278 (11.04%) Unit Testing
18 260 (10.33%) OOP
19 258 (10.25%) Continuous Improvement
20 236 (9.38%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1,024 (40.68%) JavaScript
2 977 (38.82%) Java
3 891 (35.40%) Python
4 605 (24.04%) SQL
5 562 (22.33%) TypeScript
6 535 (21.26%) C#
7 184 (7.31%) Go
8 166 (6.60%) ES6
8 166 (6.60%) PowerShell
9 159 (6.32%) Scala
10 145 (5.76%) Kotlin
11 127 (5.05%) C++
12 113 (4.49%) Bash
13 106 (4.21%) Ruby
14 98 (3.89%) PHP
15 95 (3.77%) T-SQL
16 88 (3.50%) C
17 87 (3.46%) Java 8
18 69 (2.74%) Shell Script
19 62 (2.46%) ES7
Qualifications
1 262 (10.41%) Degree
2 129 (5.13%) Computer Science Degree
3 80 (3.18%) Security Cleared
4 72 (2.86%) SC Cleared
5 32 (1.27%) AWS Certification
6 22 (0.87%) Master's Degree
7 21 (0.83%) ISTQB
8 17 (0.68%) SANS
9 14 (0.56%) ISEB
10 12 (0.48%) CISSP
10 12 (0.48%) DV Cleared
11 10 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
12 7 (0.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 7 (0.28%) OSCP
13 4 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
14 3 (0.12%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 3 (0.12%) CCSP
14 3 (0.12%) MCSE
14 3 (0.12%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 2 (0.079%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 479 (19.03%) QA
2 72 (2.86%) Accessibility
3 30 (1.19%) WCAG
4 24 (0.95%) GDPR
5 12 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 12 (0.48%) PCI DSS
6 11 (0.44%) IEC 62304
6 11 (0.44%) ISO 13485
7 10 (0.40%) HIPAA
7 10 (0.40%) NIST
8 9 (0.36%) Data Quality
9 7 (0.28%) NIST 800
10 3 (0.12%) SLA
11 2 (0.079%) MiFID
11 2 (0.079%) PSD2
11 2 (0.079%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 1 (0.040%) PMO
System Software
1 787 (31.27%) Docker
2 43 (1.71%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 25 (0.99%) Virtual Machines
4 23 (0.91%) Varnish
5 19 (0.75%) Postfix
6 17 (0.68%) Active Directory
7 12 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
8 7 (0.28%) Virtual Servers
8 7 (0.28%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.040%) Firmware
9 1 (0.040%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 619 (24.59%) Kubernetes
2 419 (16.65%) Terraform
3 266 (10.57%) Ansible
4 151 (6.00%) Puppet
5 118 (4.69%) Opscode Chef
6 58 (2.30%) Prometheus
7 54 (2.15%) Grafana
8 51 (2.03%) Kibana
9 40 (1.59%) logstash
10 34 (1.35%) Automic
11 32 (1.27%) Consul
12 30 (1.19%) Opsgenie
13 27 (1.07%) Rancher
14 21 (0.83%) ZABBIX
15 20 (0.79%) HAProxy
15 20 (0.79%) Nagios
15 20 (0.79%) Pingdom
16 19 (0.75%) Docker Swarm
17 16 (0.64%) MIIS
18 15 (0.60%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 244 (9.69%) Microsoft
2 240 (9.54%) Google
3 103 (4.09%) Oracle
4 57 (2.26%) Splunk
5 55 (2.19%) New Relic
6 45 (1.79%) Red Hat
7 43 (1.71%) Samsung
8 37 (1.47%) Databricks
9 34 (1.35%) LexisNexis
10 27 (1.07%) Xamarin
11 25 (0.99%) Cloudera
11 25 (0.99%) SAP
12 22 (0.87%) Apple
12 22 (0.87%) Palantir
12 22 (0.87%) Salesforce.com
13 20 (0.79%) ServiceNow
14 19 (0.75%) Adobe
14 19 (0.75%) Atlassian
15 17 (0.68%) VMware
16 16 (0.64%) Sun