Period
to 16 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
England > London
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 58 72 48
Rank change year-on-year +14 -24 -5
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 2,892 826 2,935
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 5.78% 4.26% 5.36%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.05% 4.54% 5.72%
Number of salaries quoted 1,214 685 2,225
10th Percentile £50,000 £45,000 £42,500
25th Percentile £58,750 £57,500 £53,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - -
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £103,025 £100,000 £93,750
England median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% - +4.35%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 47,829 18,191 51,290
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.53% 93.88% 93.59%
Number of salaries quoted 31,122 15,378 41,738
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £88,750 £86,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £106,250 £107,500 £100,000
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in London.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in London over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in London

Continuous Integration
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the London region over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
West London +31 270 £67,500 +17.39% 38
Central London -16 267 £80,000 +6.67% 107
South London +9 69 £72,500 +7.41% 7
East London -14 13 £70,000 -12.50% 15
North London -17 2 £65,000 +62.50% 4
Continuous Integration
England

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 2,038 (70.47%) Agile Software Development
2 1,242 (42.95%) JavaScript
3 1,211 (41.87%) AWS
4 1,035 (35.79%) Java
5 993 (34.34%) DevOps
6 977 (33.78%) Software Engineering
7 975 (33.71%) Python
8 962 (33.26%) TDD
9 919 (31.78%) React
10 908 (31.40%) Git (software)
11 890 (30.77%) Docker
12 842 (29.11%) Test Automation
13 807 (27.90%) Social Skills
14 796 (27.52%) Finance
15 785 (27.14%) Microservices
16 764 (26.42%) SQL
17 725 (25.07%) Azure
18 671 (23.20%) Jenkins
19 662 (22.89%) Kubernetes
20 650 (22.48%) REST
21 649 (22.44%) Node.js
22 606 (20.95%) Full Stack Development
23 598 (20.68%) C#
24 595 (20.57%) HTML
25 585 (20.23%) TypeScript
26 584 (20.19%) CSS
27 558 (19.29%) Continuous Delivery
28 544 (18.81%) Terraform
29 543 (18.78%) Scrum
30 542 (18.74%) Mentoring

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 183 (6.33%) Elasticsearch
2 94 (3.25%) Confluence
3 87 (3.01%) Apache Spark
4 71 (2.46%) Apache
5 55 (1.90%) CMS
6 54 (1.87%) nginx
7 37 (1.28%) Tomcat
8 36 (1.24%) IIS
9 32 (1.11%) SharePoint
10 22 (0.76%) IBM Domino
11 20 (0.69%) WordPress
12 19 (0.66%) Apache Solr
12 19 (0.66%) Drupal
13 15 (0.52%) JBoss
14 14 (0.48%) Oracle Coherence
15 13 (0.45%) Headless CMS
15 13 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 12 (0.41%) Camunda
16 12 (0.41%) WebSphere
17 11 (0.38%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 16 (0.55%) InVision
1 16 (0.55%) Sketch
2 14 (0.48%) Figma
3 10 (0.35%) Zeplin
4 9 (0.31%) Microsoft Excel
5 6 (0.21%) Chatbot
6 5 (0.17%) GIMP
6 5 (0.17%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.069%) Microsoft Office
7 2 (0.069%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.035%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.035%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 38 (1.31%) Distributed Ledger
2 23 (0.80%) R3 Corda
3 10 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
4 9 (0.31%) WebTrends
5 7 (0.24%) Magento
6 6 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
7 5 (0.17%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
7 5 (0.17%) RMDS
7 5 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
7 5 (0.17%) Shopify
7 5 (0.17%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 4 (0.14%) Summit
9 3 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
10 2 (0.069%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 2 (0.069%) SAP S/4HANA
11 1 (0.035%) Adobe Campaign
11 1 (0.035%) Oracle Receivables
11 1 (0.035%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,211 (41.87%) AWS
2 725 (25.07%) Azure
3 511 (17.67%) Serverless
4 494 (17.08%) GCP
5 321 (11.10%) GitHub
6 277 (9.58%) AWS Lambda
7 205 (7.09%) SaaS
8 195 (6.74%) Amazon S3
9 147 (5.08%) AWS CloudFormation
10 139 (4.81%) PaaS
11 136 (4.70%) Cloud Computing
12 106 (3.67%) npm
13 102 (3.53%) Amazon SQS
14 98 (3.39%) Amazon EC2
15 90 (3.11%) OpenShift
16 87 (3.01%) Amazon ECS
17 72 (2.49%) AWS Step Functions
18 56 (1.94%) Snowflake
19 54 (1.87%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 54 (1.87%) Amazon Cognito
Communications & Networking
1 312 (10.79%) HTTP
2 138 (4.77%) Broadband
3 50 (1.73%) Firewall
4 49 (1.69%) TCP/IP
5 44 (1.52%) Internet
6 30 (1.04%) DNS
7 27 (0.93%) VPN
8 25 (0.86%) AMQP
9 17 (0.59%) WebEx
10 16 (0.55%) MQTT
11 14 (0.48%) SSL
12 7 (0.24%) VoIP
13 6 (0.21%) Network Security
14 5 (0.17%) SMTP
14 5 (0.17%) Wireshark
15 4 (0.14%) 5G
15 4 (0.14%) Cisco IPT
15 4 (0.14%) DSL
15 4 (0.14%) LAN
15 4 (0.14%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 414 (14.32%) PostgreSQL
2 401 (13.87%) NoSQL
3 269 (9.30%) SQL Server
4 252 (8.71%) Big Data
5 204 (7.05%) Relational Database
6 195 (6.74%) Redis
7 181 (6.26%) MongoDB
7 181 (6.26%) MySQL
8 156 (5.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 99 (3.42%) Hadoop
10 69 (2.39%) Amazon Athena
11 64 (2.21%) Amazon RDS
12 62 (2.14%) Amazon Aurora
13 55 (1.90%) Blockchain
14 46 (1.59%) Amazon Redshift
14 46 (1.59%) Data Warehouse
15 45 (1.56%) Data Lake
15 45 (1.56%) Oracle Database
16 42 (1.45%) Neo4j
16 42 (1.45%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 908 (31.40%) Git (software)
2 671 (23.20%) Jenkins
3 342 (11.83%) JIRA
4 266 (9.20%) TeamCity
5 258 (8.92%) Selenium
6 222 (7.68%) Cypress.io
7 196 (6.78%) GitLab
8 194 (6.71%) webpack
9 188 (6.50%) Octopus Deploy
10 181 (6.26%) Maven
11 133 (4.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 130 (4.50%) JUnit
13 128 (4.43%) CircleCI
14 118 (4.08%) WebDriver
15 113 (3.91%) Jasmine
16 108 (3.73%) Team Foundation Server
17 101 (3.49%) JMeter
18 96 (3.32%) Cucumber
19 84 (2.90%) SonarQube
20 82 (2.84%) Postman
General
1 807 (27.90%) Social Skills
2 796 (27.52%) Finance
3 229 (7.92%) Banking
4 164 (5.67%) Games
5 150 (5.19%) Analytical Skills
6 111 (3.84%) Marketing
7 110 (3.80%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 106 (3.67%) Retail
9 73 (2.52%) Public Sector
10 58 (2.01%) Advertising
11 52 (1.80%) Front Office
12 50 (1.73%) Investment Banking
13 43 (1.49%) Electronics
14 39 (1.35%) Law
15 36 (1.24%) Publishing
16 33 (1.14%) Automotive
17 32 (1.11%) Manufacturing
18 24 (0.83%) Presentation Skills
18 24 (0.83%) Telecoms
19 23 (0.80%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,274 (44.05%) Developer
2 454 (15.70%) Software Engineer
3 345 (11.93%) Senior Developer
4 275 (9.51%) Java Developer
5 185 (6.40%) Full Stack Developer
6 173 (5.98%) Senior Software Engineer
7 167 (5.77%) DevOps Engineer
8 154 (5.33%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 115 (3.98%) React Developer
10 110 (3.80%) JavaScript Developer
11 100 (3.46%) Lead Developer
12 97 (3.35%) Architect
13 91 (3.15%) Software Developer
14 86 (2.97%) .NET Developer
15 80 (2.77%) AWS Engineer
16 73 (2.52%) Senior Java Developer
17 67 (2.32%) Platform Engineer
18 66 (2.28%) Data Engineer
19 65 (2.25%) AWS Developer
20 64 (2.21%) Backend Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 919 (31.78%) React
2 650 (22.48%) REST
3 649 (22.44%) Node.js
4 595 (20.57%) HTML
5 584 (20.19%) CSS
6 491 (16.98%) AngularJS
7 479 (16.56%) .NET
8 428 (14.80%) Spring
9 415 (14.35%) RESTful
10 392 (13.55%) Web Services
11 365 (12.62%) GraphQL
12 345 (11.93%) HTML5
13 252 (8.71%) Spring Boot
14 241 (8.33%) Kafka
15 237 (8.20%) Redux
16 233 (8.06%) CSS3
17 203 (7.02%) Vue.js
18 196 (6.78%) .NET Core
19 183 (6.33%) ASP.NET Web API
20 180 (6.22%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 385 (13.31%) User Experience
2 181 (6.26%) Mobile App
3 165 (5.71%) Algorithms
4 134 (4.63%) Social Media
5 120 (4.15%) Cloud Native
6 117 (4.05%) Data Structures
7 108 (3.73%) Self-Motivation
8 81 (2.80%) Greenfield Project
9 75 (2.59%) Enterprise Software
10 62 (2.14%) Virtual Team
11 48 (1.66%) Video\Live Streaming
12 39 (1.35%) Blog
13 36 (1.24%) Linux Command Line
13 36 (1.24%) N-Tier
14 33 (1.14%) NHS
15 30 (1.04%) Public Cloud
16 29 (1.00%) Derivative
16 29 (1.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 25 (0.86%) Market Risk
18 24 (0.83%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 279 (9.65%) Linux
2 212 (7.33%) Windows
3 192 (6.64%) Android
4 152 (5.26%) Apple iOS
5 103 (3.56%) Unix
6 44 (1.52%) Mesosphere
7 35 (1.21%) Windows Server
8 14 (0.48%) Ubuntu
9 12 (0.41%) VMS
10 11 (0.38%) CentOS
11 10 (0.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 5 (0.17%) Debian
13 4 (0.14%) FreeRTOS
13 4 (0.14%) Solaris
13 4 (0.14%) Tizen
13 4 (0.14%) VxWorks
13 4 (0.14%) webOS
13 4 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
14 3 (0.10%) SUSE
15 1 (0.035%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,038 (70.47%) Agile Software Development
2 993 (34.34%) DevOps
3 977 (33.78%) Software Engineering
4 962 (33.26%) TDD
5 842 (29.11%) Test Automation
6 785 (27.14%) Microservices
7 606 (20.95%) Full Stack Development
8 558 (19.29%) Continuous Delivery
9 543 (18.78%) Scrum
10 542 (18.74%) Mentoring
11 485 (16.77%) BDD
12 417 (14.42%) SDLC
13 381 (13.17%) Problem-Solving
14 374 (12.93%) Continuous Improvement
15 365 (12.62%) Open Source
16 337 (11.65%) OO
17 327 (11.31%) Analytics
18 321 (11.10%) Unit Testing
19 313 (10.82%) Artificial Intelligence
20 299 (10.34%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 1,242 (42.95%) JavaScript
2 1,035 (35.79%) Java
3 975 (33.71%) Python
4 764 (26.42%) SQL
5 598 (20.68%) C#
6 585 (20.23%) TypeScript
7 233 (8.06%) Go
8 201 (6.95%) PowerShell
9 188 (6.50%) ES6
10 158 (5.46%) Kotlin
11 144 (4.98%) Scala
12 132 (4.56%) Java 8
13 117 (4.05%) C
14 114 (3.94%) C++
15 98 (3.39%) PHP
15 98 (3.39%) Ruby
16 96 (3.32%) Bash Shell
17 90 (3.11%) T-SQL
18 58 (2.01%) Shell Script
19 46 (1.59%) Perl
Qualifications
1 213 (7.37%) Degree
2 114 (3.94%) Computer Science Degree
3 93 (3.22%) Security Cleared
4 88 (3.04%) SC Cleared
5 54 (1.87%) AWS Certification
6 30 (1.04%) ISTQB
7 18 (0.62%) SANS
8 14 (0.48%) ISEB
9 12 (0.41%) Master's Degree
10 10 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 6 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
11 6 (0.21%) CISSP
12 5 (0.17%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 4 (0.14%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 4 (0.14%) PhD
13 4 (0.14%) RIBA
14 3 (0.10%) APMP
14 3 (0.10%) CCSP
14 3 (0.10%) MBA
14 3 (0.10%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 467 (16.15%) QA
2 87 (3.01%) Accessibility
3 28 (0.97%) WCAG
4 23 (0.80%) GDPR
5 14 (0.48%) PMO
6 9 (0.31%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 7 (0.24%) HIPAA
9 5 (0.17%) Data Quality
9 5 (0.17%) HL7
9 5 (0.17%) NIST
10 4 (0.14%) NIST 800
10 4 (0.14%) SOC 2
11 3 (0.10%) Cyber Essentials
11 3 (0.10%) IEC 62304
11 3 (0.10%) ISO 13485
11 3 (0.10%) PMBOK
12 2 (0.069%) MiFID
12 2 (0.069%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.069%) SLA
System Software
1 890 (30.77%) Docker
2 37 (1.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 34 (1.18%) VirtualBox
4 28 (0.97%) Virtual Machines
5 24 (0.83%) Postfix
6 22 (0.76%) Active Directory
7 21 (0.73%) Varnish
8 11 (0.38%) etcd
9 9 (0.31%) Virtual Servers
10 7 (0.24%) LXC
11 6 (0.21%) Firmware
12 4 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
13 2 (0.069%) iptables
13 2 (0.069%) KVM
13 2 (0.069%) QEMU
14 1 (0.035%) HDFS
14 1 (0.035%) Kamailio
14 1 (0.035%) Platform Symphony
14 1 (0.035%) VMware Workstation
14 1 (0.035%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 662 (22.89%) Kubernetes
2 544 (18.81%) Terraform
3 320 (11.07%) Ansible
4 170 (5.88%) Puppet
5 129 (4.46%) Opscode Chef
6 108 (3.73%) Prometheus
7 98 (3.39%) Grafana
8 55 (1.90%) Kibana
9 49 (1.69%) Consul
10 46 (1.59%) Docker Swarm
10 46 (1.59%) Opsgenie
11 43 (1.49%) Automic
12 42 (1.45%) logstash
13 36 (1.24%) Graphite
14 32 (1.11%) Graylog
15 27 (0.93%) Hadoop YARN
15 27 (0.93%) Nagios
16 22 (0.76%) Istio
17 21 (0.73%) ZABBIX
18 18 (0.62%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 336 (11.62%) Google
2 301 (10.41%) Microsoft
3 159 (5.50%) Oracle
4 107 (3.70%) Samsung
5 99 (3.42%) Splunk
6 52 (1.80%) New Relic
7 48 (1.66%) IBM
8 43 (1.49%) Cloudera
9 40 (1.38%) SAP
10 36 (1.24%) Talend
11 35 (1.21%) Salesforce.com
12 34 (1.18%) Hortonworks
12 34 (1.18%) ServiceNow
13 33 (1.14%) Informatica
14 30 (1.04%) Atlassian
15 29 (1.00%) LexisNexis
16 27 (0.93%) Alibaba
17 25 (0.86%) Xamarin
18 24 (0.83%) Databricks
19 21 (0.73%) Adobe