Period
to 4 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Manual Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Manual Testing over the 6 months to 4 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Manual Testing
UK
6 months to
4 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 399 369 355
Rank change year-on-year -30 -14 +54
Permanent jobs citing Manual Testing 384 1,122 1,437
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.68% 0.83% 0.89%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.73% 0.90% 0.96%
Number of salaries quoted 370 931 1,285
Median annual salary £40,000 £42,500 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £22,500 £28,500 £26,250
90th Percentile £64,900 £67,500 £66,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £35,000 £40,000 £37,500
% change year-on-year -12.50% +6.67% -

Manual Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 52,278 125,094 149,093
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.19% 92.18% 92.03%
Number of salaries quoted 43,371 99,073 118,586
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,886
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +3.17% +1.77%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.89% - +3.45%

Manual Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Manual Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Manual Testing.

Salary trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Manual Testing over the 6 months to 4 December 2020.

Salary histogram for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Manual Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 4 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 351 £40,000 -11.11% 27
UK excluding London -7 274 £35,000 -12.50% 24
London +33 99 £57,500 +9.52% 6
South East +46 87 £40,000 -11.11% 3
South West +34 59 £30,000 -20.00% 2
North of England +66 54 £35,000 -12.50% 13
Work from Home -2 47 £40,000 -20.00% 5
Midlands +63 41 £25,000 -26.47% 2
West Midlands +64 30 £25,000 -37.50% 1
North West +80 29 £35,000 -12.50% 6
Yorkshire +56 22 £34,628 -15.55% 5
Scotland +34 15 £35,000 - 3
East Midlands +50 11 £37,500 +10.29% 1
East of England +88 9 £53,750 +13.16% 1
Northern Ireland +22 8 £40,000 +45.45%
North East +10 3 £37,500 +15.38% 2
Wales +14 1 £50,000 +42.86%

For the 6 months to 4 December 2020, IT jobs citing Manual Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Manual Testing.

1 324 (84.38%) Test Automation
2 220 (57.29%) Agile Software Development
3 213 (55.47%) QA
4 138 (35.94%) Selenium
5 100 (26.04%) C#
6 89 (23.18%) Scrum
6 89 (23.18%) JIRA
7 77 (20.05%) SQL
8 63 (16.41%) Java
9 59 (15.36%) Software Testing
10 58 (15.10%) ISTQB
11 57 (14.84%) Python
11 57 (14.84%) Postman
12 56 (14.58%) Test Management
13 55 (14.32%) Finance
14 54 (14.06%) RESTful
15 51 (13.28%) DevOps
15 51 (13.28%) Test Scripting
16 50 (13.02%) Azure
17 48 (12.50%) Mobile App
18 47 (12.24%) API Testing
19 44 (11.46%) Degree
20 43 (11.20%) JavaScript
20 43 (11.20%) Git (software)
21 42 (10.94%) Cucumber
22 41 (10.68%) BDD
22 41 (10.68%) WebDriver
23 40 (10.42%) Android
24 38 (9.90%) User Stories
24 38 (9.90%) Test Strategy

Manual Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (7.81%) Confluence
2 27 (7.03%) SharePoint
3 1 (0.26%) BizTalk Server
3 1 (0.26%) SAS
Applications
1 13 (3.39%) Microsoft Project
2 8 (2.08%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 6 (1.56%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.26%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 50 (13.02%) Azure
2 31 (8.07%) SaaS
3 29 (7.55%) AWS
4 10 (2.60%) Firebase
4 10 (2.60%) Google Analytics
5 7 (1.82%) Dynamics 365
6 4 (1.04%) GitHub
7 3 (0.78%) BrowserStack
8 2 (0.52%) PaaS
8 2 (0.52%) Power Platform
9 1 (0.26%) Amazon EC2
9 1 (0.26%) Amazon ELB
9 1 (0.26%) Amazon S3
9 1 (0.26%) AWS CloudFormation
9 1 (0.26%) AWS CodeDeploy
9 1 (0.26%) GCP
9 1 (0.26%) IaaS
9 1 (0.26%) NuGet
9 1 (0.26%) Serverless
9 1 (0.26%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 2 (0.52%) Ethernet
1 2 (0.52%) Internet
1 2 (0.52%) IPv4
1 2 (0.52%) IPv6
1 2 (0.52%) Skype
1 2 (0.52%) VLAN
2 1 (0.26%) 3G
2 1 (0.26%) 4G
2 1 (0.26%) HTTP
2 1 (0.26%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (3.65%) SQL Server
2 7 (1.82%) Relational Database
3 2 (0.52%) Big Data
3 2 (0.52%) Oracle Database
3 2 (0.52%) Power BI
4 1 (0.26%) Azure SQL Database
4 1 (0.26%) Data Warehouse
4 1 (0.26%) RDBMS
4 1 (0.26%) Redis
4 1 (0.26%) SQL Server Analysis Services
4 1 (0.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1 (0.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 138 (35.94%) Selenium
2 89 (23.18%) JIRA
3 57 (14.84%) Postman
4 43 (11.20%) Git (software)
5 42 (10.94%) Cucumber
6 41 (10.68%) WebDriver
7 30 (7.81%) SpecFlow
8 29 (7.55%) Appium
9 23 (5.99%) SoapUI
10 21 (5.47%) JMeter
11 19 (4.95%) Jenkins
11 19 (4.95%) Subversion
12 17 (4.43%) Team Foundation Server
13 16 (4.17%) Cypress.io
14 15 (3.91%) Mocha
14 15 (3.91%) Spock
14 15 (3.91%) TestComplete
15 14 (3.65%) Fiddler
16 13 (3.39%) JUnit
16 13 (3.39%) TestNG
General
1 55 (14.32%) Finance
2 19 (4.95%) Electronics
3 15 (3.91%) Public Sector
4 14 (3.65%) Marketing
5 13 (3.39%) Manufacturing
6 12 (3.13%) Telecoms
7 10 (2.60%) Games
7 10 (2.60%) Retail
8 7 (1.82%) Law
9 4 (1.04%) Aerospace
9 4 (1.04%) Banking
10 3 (0.78%) Advertising
10 3 (0.78%) Legal
11 2 (0.52%) Investment Banking
11 2 (0.52%) Japanese Language
12 1 (0.26%) Automotive
12 1 (0.26%) Dutch Language
12 1 (0.26%) Housing Association
12 1 (0.26%) Multimedia
12 1 (0.26%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 102 (26.56%) Tester
2 85 (22.14%) Analyst
3 76 (19.79%) Test Engineer
4 74 (19.27%) Test Analyst
5 62 (16.15%) QA Engineer
6 59 (15.36%) Software Tester
7 35 (9.11%) QA Analyst
8 25 (6.51%) Automation Tester
8 25 (6.51%) QA Test Analyst
8 25 (6.51%) Test Automation Engineer
9 23 (5.99%) Software Test Engineer
10 22 (5.73%) Developer
11 20 (5.21%) Automation Engineer
11 20 (5.21%) Manual Tester
12 18 (4.69%) QA Automation Engineer
13 17 (4.43%) QA Test Engineer
14 15 (3.91%) Senior QA Engineer
14 15 (3.91%) Software Analyst
15 14 (3.65%) Software Test Analyst
15 14 (3.65%) Testing Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 54 (14.06%) RESTful
2 28 (7.29%) .NET
3 14 (3.65%) Web Services
4 13 (3.39%) XML
5 12 (3.13%) JSON
5 12 (3.13%) Node.js
6 9 (2.34%) Natural Language Processing
6 9 (2.34%) SOAP
7 8 (2.08%) HTML
7 8 (2.08%) REST
8 7 (1.82%) CSS
8 7 (1.82%) Jest
9 6 (1.56%) Gherkin
10 5 (1.30%) AngularJS
10 5 (1.30%) Chai
10 5 (1.30%) React
10 5 (1.30%) Swagger
11 4 (1.04%) .NET Core
11 4 (1.04%) Nightwatchjs
11 4 (1.04%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 48 (12.50%) Mobile App
2 12 (3.13%) Wiki
3 10 (2.60%) User Experience
4 9 (2.34%) Analytical Skills
5 7 (1.82%) Greenfield Project
5 7 (1.82%) Mobile Games
6 6 (1.56%) Self-Motivation
7 4 (1.04%) Virtual Team
8 3 (0.78%) Analytical Mindset
8 3 (0.78%) Enterprise Software
8 3 (0.78%) Management Information System
9 2 (0.52%) Embedded Systems
9 2 (0.52%) NHS
10 1 (0.26%) Analogue Electronics
10 1 (0.26%) Cloud Native
10 1 (0.26%) Data Centre
10 1 (0.26%) Internet of Things
10 1 (0.26%) Life Science
10 1 (0.26%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 40 (10.42%) Android
2 36 (9.38%) Apple iOS
3 23 (5.99%) Windows
4 11 (2.86%) Linux
5 6 (1.56%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 324 (84.38%) Test Automation
2 220 (57.29%) Agile Software Development
3 89 (23.18%) Scrum
4 59 (15.36%) Software Testing
5 56 (14.58%) Test Management
6 51 (13.28%) DevOps
6 51 (13.28%) Test Scripting
7 47 (12.24%) API Testing
8 41 (10.68%) BDD
9 38 (9.90%) Test Strategy
9 38 (9.90%) User Stories
10 31 (8.07%) Non-Functional Testing
10 31 (8.07%) Regression Testing
11 30 (7.81%) Functional Testing
12 27 (7.03%) Problem-Solving
12 27 (7.03%) User Acceptance Testing
13 26 (6.77%) Mentoring
13 26 (6.77%) SDET
13 26 (6.77%) SDLC
14 25 (6.51%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 100 (26.04%) C#
2 77 (20.05%) SQL
3 63 (16.41%) Java
4 57 (14.84%) Python
5 43 (11.20%) JavaScript
6 14 (3.65%) C++
7 12 (3.13%) PHP
8 11 (2.86%) TypeScript
9 7 (1.82%) C
10 4 (1.04%) Kotlin
10 4 (1.04%) Ruby
10 4 (1.04%) Tcl
10 4 (1.04%) T-SQL
10 4 (1.04%) VB
11 3 (0.78%) XPath
12 2 (0.52%) Bash Shell
12 2 (0.52%) Embedded C
12 2 (0.52%) ES6
12 2 (0.52%) PowerShell
12 2 (0.52%) Scala
Qualifications
1 58 (15.10%) ISTQB
2 44 (11.46%) Degree
3 20 (5.21%) ISEB
4 15 (3.91%) Security Cleared
5 11 (2.86%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 9 (2.34%) Computer Science Degree
7 4 (1.04%) SC Cleared
8 2 (0.52%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.26%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.26%) HNC
9 1 (0.26%) HND
9 1 (0.26%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 213 (55.47%) QA
2 6 (1.56%) SLA
3 4 (1.04%) ISO 9001
3 4 (1.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.78%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.52%) PMO
6 1 (0.26%) COBIT
6 1 (0.26%) ISO 13485
6 1 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 9 (2.34%) Docker
2 4 (1.04%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 10 (2.60%) Kibana
2 6 (1.56%) Kubernetes
3 3 (0.78%) Rundeck
4 2 (0.52%) Ansible
4 2 (0.52%) HP Quality Center
4 2 (0.52%) Terraform
5 1 (0.26%) HP ALM
5 1 (0.26%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 34 (8.85%) Microsoft
2 17 (4.43%) Oracle
3 13 (3.39%) Dell
3 13 (3.39%) Intel
3 13 (3.39%) SAP
4 11 (2.86%) Google
5 4 (1.04%) Salesforce.com
6 2 (0.52%) Axosoft
6 2 (0.52%) HP
6 2 (0.52%) ServiceNow
7 1 (0.26%) OutSystems
7 1 (0.26%) Telerik
7 1 (0.26%) Twitter
7 1 (0.26%) Xamarin