Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Manual Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Manual Testing over the 6 months to 9 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Manual Testing
UK
6 months to
9 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 415 477 377
Rank change year-on-year +62 -100 -16
Permanent jobs citing Manual Testing 1,473 693 511
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.86% 0.61% 0.79%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.90% 0.65% 0.84%
Number of salaries quoted 743 555 429
10th Percentile £32,050 £28,250 £26,250
25th Percentile £37,631 £33,750 £31,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £46,000 £45,000 £40,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.22% +12.50% -9.09%
75th Percentile £61,250 £57,500 £53,750
90th Percentile £75,000 £68,750 £64,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -6.25%

Manual Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 163,158 107,241 60,516
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.78% 94.06% 93.05%
Number of salaries quoted 83,987 72,859 49,103
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Manual Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Manual Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Manual Testing.

Salary trend for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Manual Testing over the 6 months to 9 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Manual Testing in the UK

Manual Testing
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Manual Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 9 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +55 1,207 £47,500 - 69
Work from Home +62 821 £45,041 +5.98% 39
London +85 657 £60,000 +4.35% 17
UK excluding London -2 587 £42,500 +6.25% 56
South East -5 232 £43,750 -7.89% 11
Midlands -17 101 £38,500 -3.75% 10
North of England -52 94 £45,000 +21.83% 14
South West +5 85 £45,000 +20.00% 9
East Midlands +17 60 £37,500 -7.41% 3
Yorkshire -12 57 £42,000 +5.00% 2
West Midlands -60 41 £39,358 +12.45% 7
Scotland -24 36 £40,113 +0.28% 3
North West -60 35 £45,020 +28.63% 7
East of England -60 33 £45,500 -11.22% 8
Wales -14 7 £55,000 +57.14% 1
Northern Ireland -19 3 £52,500 +94.44%
North East -21 2 £45,000 -5.26% 5

For the 6 months to 9 August 2022, IT jobs citing Manual Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Manual Testing.

1 1,308 (88.80%) Test Automation
2 908 (61.64%) Agile
3 833 (56.55%) QA
4 687 (46.64%) Software Testing
5 480 (32.59%) Selenium
6 455 (30.89%) Social Skills
7 445 (30.21%) JavaScript
8 414 (28.11%) Java
9 392 (26.61%) JIRA
9 392 (26.61%) CI/CD
10 374 (25.39%) Finance
11 365 (24.78%) C#
12 362 (24.58%) SQL
13 317 (21.52%) API Testing
14 316 (21.45%) Test Strategy
15 305 (20.71%) Scrum
16 304 (20.64%) Postman
17 280 (19.01%) SDLC
18 276 (18.74%) Regression Testing
19 264 (17.92%) BDD
20 262 (17.79%) DevOps
21 260 (17.65%) Software Engineering
22 249 (16.90%) Test Scripting
23 242 (16.43%) Git (software)
24 225 (15.27%) Functional Testing
25 224 (15.21%) Cucumber
26 223 (15.14%) ISTQB
27 217 (14.73%) Cypress.io
28 193 (13.10%) REST
28 193 (13.10%) User Experience

Manual Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 92 (6.25%) Confluence
2 13 (0.88%) Apache
2 13 (0.88%) CMS
3 12 (0.81%) SharePoint
4 10 (0.68%) BizTalk Server
4 10 (0.68%) Tomcat
5 8 (0.54%) JBoss
6 6 (0.41%) WordPress
7 5 (0.34%) MS Exchange
8 4 (0.27%) WebSphere
9 3 (0.20%) Headless CMS
9 3 (0.20%) NServiceBus
9 3 (0.20%) SAS
9 3 (0.20%) Sitecore CMS
10 1 (0.068%) Apache TomEE
10 1 (0.068%) ColdFusion
10 1 (0.068%) IIS
10 1 (0.068%) MTS
10 1 (0.068%) nginx
Applications
1 19 (1.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (1.15%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
3 3 (0.20%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.14%) Blender
4 2 (0.14%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.14%) Revit
4 2 (0.14%) Sketch
5 1 (0.068%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 19 (1.29%) Magento
2 8 (0.54%) NetSuite
3 6 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.20%) Odoo
5 2 (0.14%) Shopify
6 1 (0.068%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 179 (12.15%) Azure
2 172 (11.68%) AWS
3 114 (7.74%) Azure DevOps
4 96 (6.52%) GitHub
5 95 (6.45%) SaaS
6 94 (6.38%) BrowserStack
7 75 (5.09%) Sauce Labs
8 29 (1.97%) Serverless
9 19 (1.29%) Azure Service Bus
9 19 (1.29%) Dynamics 365
9 19 (1.29%) PaaS
10 16 (1.09%) Asana
11 15 (1.02%) AWS Lambda
11 15 (1.02%) GCP
12 11 (0.75%) Azure Functions
12 11 (0.75%) BlazeMeter
12 11 (0.75%) Firebase
12 11 (0.75%) GitHub Actions
12 11 (0.75%) npm
13 10 (0.68%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 33 (2.24%) HTTP
2 27 (1.83%) Internet
3 16 (1.09%) SSH
4 5 (0.34%) Wireless
5 4 (0.27%) TCP/IP
5 4 (0.27%) Unified Communications
6 2 (0.14%) Firewall
6 2 (0.14%) FTP
7 1 (0.068%) 3GPP
7 1 (0.068%) 4G
7 1 (0.068%) 5G
7 1 (0.068%) IPsec
7 1 (0.068%) IPv4
7 1 (0.068%) IPv6
7 1 (0.068%) PPP
7 1 (0.068%) PuTTY
7 1 (0.068%) Radio Access Network
7 1 (0.068%) UPnP
7 1 (0.068%) WebEx
7 1 (0.068%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 77 (5.23%) SQL Server
2 60 (4.07%) MySQL
3 54 (3.67%) PostgreSQL
4 52 (3.53%) NoSQL
5 50 (3.39%) Relational Database
6 48 (3.26%) MongoDB
7 31 (2.10%) Redis
8 25 (1.70%) Oracle Database
9 24 (1.63%) Elasticsearch
10 20 (1.36%) Oracle Database 10g
11 19 (1.29%) DB2
12 15 (1.02%) Oracle Database 11g
12 15 (1.02%) RDBMS
13 12 (0.81%) Big Data
14 9 (0.61%) DynamoDB
15 6 (0.41%) Amazon RDS
16 5 (0.34%) Couchbase
17 4 (0.27%) Adabas
17 4 (0.27%) Data Warehouse
18 3 (0.20%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 480 (32.59%) Selenium
2 392 (26.61%) JIRA
3 304 (20.64%) Postman
4 242 (16.43%) Git (software)
5 224 (15.21%) Cucumber
6 217 (14.73%) Cypress.io
7 154 (10.45%) SpecFlow
8 151 (10.25%) Jenkins
9 116 (7.88%) Appium
10 107 (7.26%) JMeter
11 79 (5.36%) Visual Studio
12 74 (5.02%) Team Foundation Server
12 74 (5.02%) WebDriver
13 68 (4.62%) TestRail
14 61 (4.14%) SoapUI
15 59 (4.01%) REST Assured
16 58 (3.94%) Protractor
17 54 (3.67%) JUnit
18 48 (3.26%) GitLab
19 38 (2.58%) TeamCity
General
1 455 (30.89%) Social Skills
2 374 (25.39%) Finance
3 183 (12.42%) Analytical Skills
4 105 (7.13%) Retail
5 93 (6.31%) Games
6 91 (6.18%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 89 (6.04%) Banking
8 73 (4.96%) Organisational Skills
9 69 (4.68%) Marketing
10 62 (4.21%) Electronics
11 61 (4.14%) Public Sector
12 35 (2.38%) Manufacturing
13 34 (2.31%) Presentation Skills
14 33 (2.24%) Law
15 32 (2.17%) Telecoms
16 30 (2.04%) Legal
17 23 (1.56%) Back Office
18 16 (1.09%) Retail Banking
19 14 (0.95%) Automotive
20 12 (0.81%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 353 (23.96%) QA Engineer
2 291 (19.76%) Tester
3 263 (17.85%) Test Engineer
4 249 (16.90%) Analyst
5 194 (13.17%) Test Analyst
6 131 (8.89%) Automation Tester
7 123 (8.35%) Senior QA Engineer
8 118 (8.01%) Software Tester
9 86 (5.84%) Developer
10 81 (5.50%) Software Test Engineer
11 78 (5.30%) Software Engineer
12 75 (5.09%) QA Analyst
12 75 (5.09%) Test Automation Engineer
13 71 (4.82%) Quality Engineer
14 65 (4.41%) Automation Test Analyst
15 55 (3.73%) QA Tester
16 53 (3.60%) QA Leader
17 52 (3.53%) Senior Analyst
18 40 (2.72%) Graduate
18 40 (2.72%) Senior Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 193 (13.10%) REST
2 146 (9.91%) Node.js
3 130 (8.83%) React
4 126 (8.55%) .NET
5 88 (5.97%) Web Services
6 83 (5.63%) RESTful
7 72 (4.89%) CSS
8 69 (4.68%) HTML
9 66 (4.48%) WebdriverIO
10 65 (4.41%) Gherkin
11 58 (3.94%) SOAP
12 56 (3.80%) GraphQL
13 50 (3.39%) XML
14 48 (3.26%) AngularJS
15 46 (3.12%) JSON
16 45 (3.05%) WPF
17 44 (2.99%) COM
17 44 (2.99%) Jest
18 37 (2.51%) Kafka
18 37 (2.51%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 193 (13.10%) User Experience
2 162 (11.00%) Mobile App
3 68 (4.62%) Self-Motivation
4 59 (4.01%) Virtual Team
5 28 (1.90%) Blockchain
6 26 (1.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 26 (1.77%) Greenfield Project
7 25 (1.70%) Mainframe
8 23 (1.56%) Cyberattack
9 22 (1.49%) Client/Server
10 21 (1.43%) Enterprise Software
11 19 (1.29%) Cloud Native
12 18 (1.22%) Management Information System
13 17 (1.15%) PlayStation
14 16 (1.09%) Algorithms
15 15 (1.02%) Wiki
16 14 (0.95%) Online Games
17 13 (0.88%) Digital Media
17 13 (0.88%) iPad
17 13 (0.88%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 142 (9.64%) Android
2 126 (8.55%) Apple iOS
3 92 (6.25%) Windows
4 65 (4.41%) Linux
5 45 (3.05%) VMS
6 9 (0.61%) Windows Server
7 6 (0.41%) Mac OS X
7 6 (0.41%) Unix
8 4 (0.27%) MVS
8 4 (0.27%) Windows 10
8 4 (0.27%) zOS
9 2 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.068%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,308 (88.80%) Test Automation
2 908 (61.64%) Agile
3 687 (46.64%) Software Testing
4 392 (26.61%) CI/CD
5 317 (21.52%) API Testing
6 316 (21.45%) Test Strategy
7 305 (20.71%) Scrum
8 280 (19.01%) SDLC
9 276 (18.74%) Regression Testing
10 264 (17.92%) BDD
11 262 (17.79%) DevOps
12 260 (17.65%) Software Engineering
13 249 (16.90%) Test Scripting
14 225 (15.27%) Functional Testing
15 191 (12.97%) Problem-Solving
16 190 (12.90%) Exploratory Testing
17 179 (12.15%) Continuous Integration
17 179 (12.15%) Non-Functional Testing
18 178 (12.08%) Mentoring
19 164 (11.13%) Performance Testing
Programming Languages
1 445 (30.21%) JavaScript
2 414 (28.11%) Java
3 365 (24.78%) C#
4 362 (24.58%) SQL
5 184 (12.49%) Python
6 129 (8.76%) TypeScript
7 74 (5.02%) PHP
8 69 (4.68%) C++
9 38 (2.58%) C
10 33 (2.24%) Kotlin
11 32 (2.17%) Ruby
12 21 (1.43%) Bash
13 20 (1.36%) T-SQL
14 18 (1.22%) VB
15 17 (1.15%) MATLAB
16 14 (0.95%) Scala
16 14 (0.95%) Shell Script
17 10 (0.68%) PowerShell
18 9 (0.61%) Go
18 9 (0.61%) Lua
Qualifications
1 223 (15.14%) ISTQB
2 181 (12.29%) Degree
3 95 (6.45%) ISEB
4 69 (4.68%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 48 (3.26%) Security Cleared
6 40 (2.72%) Computer Science Degree
7 29 (1.97%) SC Cleared
8 18 (1.22%) Master's Degree
9 17 (1.15%) Numerate Degree
10 15 (1.02%) ISEB Practitioner
11 13 (0.88%) PMI Certification
12 4 (0.27%) AWS Certification
12 4 (0.27%) DV Cleared
13 2 (0.14%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 1 (0.068%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 833 (56.55%) QA
2 61 (4.14%) Accessibility
3 7 (0.48%) SLA
4 6 (0.41%) GDPR
5 3 (0.20%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.20%) FATCA
5 3 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.14%) NCSC
7 1 (0.068%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 1 (0.068%) IEC 62304
7 1 (0.068%) ISO 13485
7 1 (0.068%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 139 (9.44%) Docker
2 8 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
3 7 (0.48%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.27%) VirtualBox
5 2 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.068%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 87 (5.91%) Kubernetes
2 61 (4.14%) Terraform
3 20 (1.36%) Puppet
4 19 (1.29%) Ansible
5 11 (0.75%) HP Quality Center
6 9 (0.61%) HP ALM
7 6 (0.41%) Grafana
8 5 (0.34%) Graphite
8 5 (0.34%) MOM
9 2 (0.14%) Docker Swarm
9 2 (0.14%) Opscode Chef
10 1 (0.068%) Kibana
10 1 (0.068%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 148 (10.05%) Microsoft
2 46 (3.12%) Oracle
3 44 (2.99%) ANSYS
3 44 (2.99%) Bloomberg
4 36 (2.44%) SAP
5 18 (1.22%) Pega
6 16 (1.09%) Atlassian
6 16 (1.09%) LexisNexis
6 16 (1.09%) Salesforce.com
7 15 (1.02%) Perfecto Mobile
8 14 (0.95%) New Relic
8 14 (0.95%) Sony
9 12 (0.81%) Google
10 11 (0.75%) Twitter
11 10 (0.68%) Splunk
12 9 (0.61%) HP
13 8 (0.54%) Apple
13 8 (0.54%) JD Edwards
14 7 (0.48%) IBM
15 6 (0.41%) Sun