Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 24 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK
6 months to
24 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 172 252 297
Rank change year-on-year +80 +45 +34
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 3,861 1,219 994
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.35% 1.33% 1.07%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 5.16% 3.47% 2.98%
Number of salaries quoted 884 765 788
10th Percentile £38,650 £40,000 £37,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £46,250 £46,455
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year -3.85% - +4.00%
75th Percentile £86,563 £87,500 £80,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £102,500 £97,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -

Data Structures is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 74,755 35,172 33,380
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 45.57% 38.29% 35.92%
Number of salaries quoted 32,561 23,633 26,305
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.83% +4.55% +0.92%
75th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £76,250
90th Percentile £101,250 £95,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £49,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +6.06% +4.21% +5.56%

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Structures as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Structures.

Salary trend for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Structures over the 6 months to 24 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the UK over the 6 months to 24 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +89 3,107 £65,000 - 207
London +30 1,729 £82,500 +3.13% 136
UK excluding London +115 1,583 £50,000 -4.76% 69
Work from Home +40 1,120 £65,000 +8.33% 117
North of England +108 446 £56,587 +13.17% 11
South East +61 328 £60,000 +4.35% 25
Midlands +82 281 £55,000 - 14
Yorkshire +71 223 £56,587 +19.13% 2
East of England +24 168 £46,500 -15.45% 14
North West +38 167 £52,500 - 6
East Midlands +89 143 £48,750 +8.33% 4
West Midlands +4 138 £57,500 +4.55% 10
Scotland -1 127 £45,000 -25.00%
Wales +45 107 £41,000 -16.16%
South West -11 105 £47,500 -5.00% 5
North East +24 56 £85,000 +142.86% 3
Northern Ireland - 36 £45,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 24 May 2022, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 2,214 (57.34%) Python
2 2,044 (52.94%) Java
3 1,938 (50.19%) Algorithms
4 1,906 (49.37%) JavaScript
5 1,637 (42.40%) Agile
6 1,479 (38.31%) Software Engineering
7 1,191 (30.85%) SQL
8 1,187 (30.74%) HTML
9 1,141 (29.55%) CSS
10 1,040 (26.94%) AWS
11 981 (25.41%) Degree
12 974 (25.23%) Microservices
13 950 (24.61%) C#
14 929 (24.06%) TDD
15 925 (23.96%) OOP
16 920 (23.83%) CI/CD
17 917 (23.75%) Finance
18 912 (23.62%) Computer Science
19 908 (23.52%) OO
20 906 (23.47%) Microsoft
21 847 (21.94%) Kubernetes
22 828 (21.45%) HTML5
23 806 (20.88%) Mentoring
24 768 (19.89%) Serverless
25 764 (19.79%) Data Science
25 764 (19.79%) CSS3
26 727 (18.83%) Social Skills
27 702 (18.18%) Artificial Intelligence
28 683 (17.69%) Azure
29 681 (17.64%) Functional Programming

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 321 (8.31%) Apache Spark
2 164 (4.25%) Apache
3 87 (2.25%) Elasticsearch
4 67 (1.74%) Apache Airflow
5 56 (1.45%) SAS
6 36 (0.93%) CMS
6 36 (0.93%) Ethereum
7 33 (0.85%) Confluence
8 20 (0.52%) Headless CMS
9 15 (0.39%) SharePoint
10 12 (0.31%) ArcGIS
11 11 (0.28%) nginx
11 11 (0.28%) Oracle Spatial
12 10 (0.26%) SilverStripe
12 10 (0.26%) WordPress
13 9 (0.23%) Apache Solr
13 9 (0.23%) Hyperledger
13 9 (0.23%) MQSeries
13 9 (0.23%) Oracle Workflow
14 8 (0.21%) Tomcat
Applications
1 94 (2.43%) Microsoft Excel
2 45 (1.17%) Microsoft Office
3 27 (0.70%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 24 (0.62%) Chatbot
5 18 (0.47%) MS Visio
6 14 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
7 6 (0.16%) Pipeline Pilot
8 3 (0.078%) Acrobat
8 3 (0.078%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 3 (0.078%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.078%) InDesign
8 3 (0.078%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.026%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 52 (1.35%) Distributed Ledger
2 25 (0.65%) Payment Gateway
3 19 (0.49%) Magento
4 16 (0.41%) R3 Corda
5 9 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
5 9 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
5 9 (0.23%) SAP APO
5 9 (0.23%) SAP MDG
6 7 (0.18%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 7 (0.18%) Shopify
6 7 (0.18%) Social Studio
7 5 (0.13%) Elite 3E
7 5 (0.13%) MetaTrader
7 5 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
7 5 (0.13%) Oracle iProcurement
7 5 (0.13%) Teamcenter
8 4 (0.10%) Oracle Utilities
8 4 (0.10%) SAP MDM
9 2 (0.052%) Quorum
9 2 (0.052%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,040 (26.94%) AWS
2 768 (19.89%) Serverless
3 683 (17.69%) Azure
4 650 (16.84%) GCP
5 389 (10.08%) Cloud Functions
6 298 (7.72%) AWS Lambda
7 230 (5.96%) OpenShift
8 163 (4.22%) SaaS
9 155 (4.01%) Dialogflow
9 155 (4.01%) Google App Engine
9 155 (4.01%) Google Compute Engine
9 155 (4.01%) Power Platform
10 150 (3.89%) GitHub
11 124 (3.21%) npm
12 113 (2.93%) Amazon S3
13 103 (2.67%) Snowflake
14 80 (2.07%) Amazon Kinesis
15 63 (1.63%) Azure Data Factory
16 54 (1.40%) Amazon Alexa
17 46 (1.19%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 273 (7.07%) Internet
2 26 (0.67%) HTTP
3 25 (0.65%) TCP/IP
4 19 (0.49%) SNMP
5 17 (0.44%) Broadband
5 17 (0.44%) IPv4
5 17 (0.44%) IPv6
6 13 (0.34%) SMS
7 9 (0.23%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
8 5 (0.13%) Ethernet
8 5 (0.13%) Reverse Proxy
9 3 (0.078%) AMQP
9 3 (0.078%) Intranet
9 3 (0.078%) SD-WAN
9 3 (0.078%) WAN
10 1 (0.026%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.026%) Kerberos
10 1 (0.026%) Multicast
10 1 (0.026%) SSL
10 1 (0.026%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 532 (13.78%) NoSQL
2 461 (11.94%) SQL Server
3 396 (10.26%) Big Data
4 371 (9.61%) MySQL
5 369 (9.56%) PostgreSQL
6 355 (9.19%) Relational Database
7 289 (7.49%) MongoDB
8 234 (6.06%) BigQuery
9 232 (6.01%) Apache Cassandra
10 229 (5.93%) Data Warehouse
11 205 (5.31%) Flink
12 173 (4.48%) Data Lake
13 168 (4.35%) Cloud Spanner
14 149 (3.86%) Power BI
15 118 (3.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 102 (2.64%) Tableau
17 95 (2.46%) Hadoop
18 94 (2.43%) Amazon Redshift
19 85 (2.20%) Metadata
20 77 (1.99%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 640 (16.58%) Git (software)
2 592 (15.33%) JIRA
3 432 (11.19%) Jenkins
4 255 (6.60%) Gradle
5 241 (6.24%) Maven
6 239 (6.19%) Subversion
7 208 (5.39%) Ant
8 92 (2.38%) GitLab
9 88 (2.28%) webpack
10 79 (2.05%) CircleCI
11 54 (1.40%) JUnit
12 52 (1.35%) gulp
13 44 (1.14%) Bitbucket
14 41 (1.06%) Bower
15 39 (1.01%) Mockito
16 36 (0.93%) Mercurial
17 32 (0.83%) Babel
18 29 (0.75%) Mocha
19 26 (0.67%) TeamCity
20 25 (0.65%) TestNG
General
1 917 (23.75%) Finance
2 727 (18.83%) Social Skills
3 416 (10.77%) Analytical Skills
4 406 (10.52%) Manufacturing
5 396 (10.26%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 178 (4.61%) Games
7 140 (3.63%) Banking
8 137 (3.55%) Marketing
9 123 (3.19%) Legal
10 89 (2.31%) Public Sector
11 87 (2.25%) Retail
12 83 (2.15%) Advertising
13 54 (1.40%) Pharmaceutical
13 54 (1.40%) Presentation Skills
14 49 (1.27%) Law
15 46 (1.19%) Organisational Skills
16 44 (1.14%) Electronics
17 33 (0.85%) Aerospace
18 32 (0.83%) Telecoms
19 24 (0.62%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,340 (34.71%) Developer
2 900 (23.31%) Software Engineer
3 638 (16.52%) Software Developer
4 541 (14.01%) Trainee
4 541 (14.01%) Trainee Developer
4 541 (14.01%) Trainee Software Developer
5 369 (9.56%) Senior Software Engineer
6 277 (7.17%) Data Engineer
7 270 (6.99%) Analyst
8 256 (6.63%) Senior Developer
9 240 (6.22%) Java Engineer
10 197 (5.10%) Senior Java Engineer
11 175 (4.53%) Principal Engineer
12 165 (4.27%) Cloud Engineer
13 119 (3.08%) Architect
14 117 (3.03%) Full Stack Developer
14 117 (3.03%) Java Developer
15 110 (2.85%) Principal Software Engineer
16 104 (2.69%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 79 (2.05%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,187 (30.74%) HTML
2 1,141 (29.55%) CSS
3 828 (21.45%) HTML5
4 764 (19.79%) CSS3
5 614 (15.90%) React
6 555 (14.37%) Java SE
7 486 (12.59%) AngularJS
8 378 (9.79%) RESTful
9 377 (9.76%) .NET
10 319 (8.26%) REST
11 302 (7.82%) Node.js
12 290 (7.51%) Vue.js
13 225 (5.83%) ASP.NET
14 223 (5.78%) Spring
15 204 (5.28%) WPF
16 203 (5.26%) WinForms
17 195 (5.05%) JDBC
18 186 (4.82%) Kafka
19 158 (4.09%) Apache Beam
20 151 (3.91%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 1,938 (50.19%) Algorithms
2 370 (9.58%) Life Science
3 280 (7.25%) User Experience
4 213 (5.52%) Linux Command Line
5 178 (4.61%) Self-Motivation
6 165 (4.27%) Mobile App
7 157 (4.07%) Legacy Applications
8 146 (3.78%) Blockchain
9 120 (3.11%) Virtual Team
10 92 (2.38%) Greenfield Project
11 86 (2.23%) Cloud Native
12 62 (1.61%) IoT
13 59 (1.53%) Management Information System
14 51 (1.32%) Renewable Energy
15 49 (1.27%) Public Cloud
16 48 (1.24%) Cardano
17 42 (1.09%) Legacy Code
18 38 (0.98%) Legacy Systems
19 37 (0.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
20 36 (0.93%) Animation
Operating Systems
1 339 (8.78%) Unix
2 335 (8.68%) Linux
3 121 (3.13%) Android
4 81 (2.10%) Apple iOS
5 76 (1.97%) Windows
6 18 (0.47%) Embedded Linux
7 17 (0.44%) OpenWrt
8 10 (0.26%) Mac OS
9 5 (0.13%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.078%) AIX
10 3 (0.078%) HPUX
10 3 (0.078%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 2 (0.052%) Alpine Linux
11 2 (0.052%) Debian
11 2 (0.052%) FreeBSD
12 1 (0.026%) CentOS
12 1 (0.026%) Robot Operating System
12 1 (0.026%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,637 (42.40%) Agile
2 1,479 (38.31%) Software Engineering
3 974 (25.23%) Microservices
4 929 (24.06%) TDD
5 925 (23.96%) OOP
6 920 (23.83%) CI/CD
7 912 (23.62%) Computer Science
8 908 (23.52%) OO
9 806 (20.88%) Mentoring
10 764 (19.79%) Data Science
11 702 (18.18%) Artificial Intelligence
12 681 (17.64%) Functional Programming
13 617 (15.98%) Problem-Solving
14 538 (13.93%) DevOps
15 502 (13.00%) Test Automation
16 486 (12.59%) Analytics
17 478 (12.38%) Machine Learning
18 458 (11.86%) Full Stack Development
19 456 (11.81%) Coaching
20 419 (10.85%) Data Engineering
Programming Languages
1 2,214 (57.34%) Python
2 2,044 (52.94%) Java
3 1,906 (49.37%) JavaScript
4 1,191 (30.85%) SQL
5 950 (24.61%) C#
6 531 (13.75%) C++
7 325 (8.42%) TypeScript
8 315 (8.16%) C
9 297 (7.69%) Go
10 291 (7.54%) PHP
11 283 (7.33%) Ruby
12 245 (6.35%) PowerShell
13 228 (5.91%) Scala
14 221 (5.72%) Shell Script
15 218 (5.65%) Perl
16 212 (5.49%) Objective-C
17 98 (2.54%) ES6
18 93 (2.41%) Kotlin
19 84 (2.18%) R
20 78 (2.02%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 981 (25.41%) Degree
2 545 (14.12%) Oracle Certification
3 541 (14.01%) CIW
3 541 (14.01%) OCA
3 541 (14.01%) OCP
4 531 (13.75%) Computer Science Degree
5 99 (2.56%) Master's Degree
6 37 (0.96%) AWS Certification
7 35 (0.91%) Security Cleared
8 33 (0.85%) Numerate Degree
9 27 (0.70%) SC Cleared
10 18 (0.47%) HND
11 13 (0.34%) IIBA
12 9 (0.23%) PhD
13 8 (0.21%) IBM Certification
14 5 (0.13%) HNC
14 5 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
15 4 (0.10%) BPSS Clearance
15 4 (0.10%) OCPJP
15 4 (0.10%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 337 (8.73%) Accessibility
2 171 (4.43%) Data Quality
3 142 (3.68%) QA
4 44 (1.14%) SLA
5 26 (0.67%) CDISC
6 25 (0.65%) GDPR
7 19 (0.49%) Good Clinical Practice
8 7 (0.18%) PMO
9 5 (0.13%) IEC 61131
10 4 (0.10%) GLP
10 4 (0.10%) GMP
10 4 (0.10%) GxP
11 2 (0.052%) GRC
12 1 (0.026%) HL7
12 1 (0.026%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 472 (12.22%) Docker
2 41 (1.06%) Apache Flume
3 11 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
4 10 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 7 (0.18%) KVM
6 6 (0.16%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.026%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 847 (21.94%) Kubernetes
2 149 (3.86%) Terraform
3 65 (1.68%) Prometheus
4 53 (1.37%) Grafana
5 44 (1.14%) Kibana
6 40 (1.04%) Oozie
7 39 (1.01%) Ansible
8 38 (0.98%) Istio
9 15 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
10 13 (0.34%) logstash
11 11 (0.28%) Oracle Identity Manager
11 11 (0.28%) Rancher
12 10 (0.26%) Puppet
13 9 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
14 4 (0.10%) Kustomize
14 4 (0.10%) Oracle RMAN
15 3 (0.078%) Kubeflow
15 3 (0.078%) Opscode Chef
15 3 (0.078%) Packer
16 2 (0.052%) Salt
Vendors
1 906 (23.47%) Microsoft
2 655 (16.96%) Oracle
3 518 (13.42%) Google
4 217 (5.62%) Twitter
5 77 (1.99%) Databricks
6 72 (1.86%) Salesforce.com
7 58 (1.50%) SAP
8 43 (1.11%) Sony
9 41 (1.06%) Cloudera
10 38 (0.98%) Palantir
11 34 (0.88%) CA
11 34 (0.88%) Instagram
12 33 (0.85%) MuleSoft
13 31 (0.80%) IBM
14 28 (0.73%) Informatica
15 27 (0.70%) YouTube
16 26 (0.67%) Teradata
16 26 (0.67%) TikTok
17 25 (0.65%) Apple
18 23 (0.60%) RedGate