Period
to 21 September 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 21 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK
6 months to
21 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 321 342 422
Rank change year-on-year +21 +80 -53
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 1,672 1,681 1,425
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.00% 0.95% 0.73%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.28% 2.14% 1.71%
Number of salaries quoted 1,285 1,209 1,189
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% -8.33% +4.35%
10th Percentile £32,750 £31,250 £33,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £82,500 £96,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - -5.00% +17.65%

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 73,362 78,585 83,128
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.80% 44.47% 42.74%
Number of salaries quoted 56,703 59,178 68,175
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £28,000 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Structures as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Structures.

Salary trend for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Structures over the 6 months to 21 September 2018.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the UK over the 6 months to 21 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +22 1,562 £60,000 +9.09% 287
London +49 1,022 £67,500 +3.85% 177
UK excluding London -33 625 £47,500 - 132
South East -5 128 £50,000 +5.26% 20
North of England -67 126 £46,500 -15.45% 18
East of England +10 103 £55,000 +10.00% 13
South West -4 90 £37,500 -25.00% 37
North West -39 81 £47,500 -11.63% 12
Midlands -25 80 £45,000 +20.00% 22
Scotland +18 75 £60,000 +4.35% 16
East Midlands +13 48 £45,000 +12.50% 8
West Midlands -49 31 £45,000 +25.00% 14
North East 0 23 £52,500 - 3
Yorkshire -42 22 £45,000 -25.00% 3
Wales +5 17 £34,350 +29.62% 2
Northern Ireland +6 7 £45,000 -14.29% 4

For the 6 months to 21 September 2018, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 886 (52.99%) Algorithms
2 655 (39.17%) Java
3 648 (38.76%) SQL
4 542 (32.42%) Computer Science
5 538 (32.18%) Agile Software Development
6 537 (32.12%) Finance
7 516 (30.86%) Degree
8 476 (28.47%) Python
9 442 (26.44%) Problem-Solving
10 437 (26.14%) Software Engineering
11 367 (21.95%) C#
12 363 (21.71%) OO
13 344 (20.57%) JavaScript
14 338 (20.22%) Analytical Skills
15 288 (17.22%) SQL Server
16 284 (16.99%) C++
17 278 (16.63%) NoSQL
18 267 (15.97%) Analytics
19 266 (15.91%) Big Data
20 255 (15.25%) Mathematics
21 228 (13.64%) Continuous Integration
22 224 (13.40%) Git (software)
23 221 (13.22%) Business Intelligence
24 220 (13.16%) Linux
25 209 (12.50%) Banking
26 196 (11.72%) Machine Learning
27 189 (11.30%) AngularJS
28 183 (10.94%) TDD
29 180 (10.77%) Microsoft
29 180 (10.77%) Amazon AWS

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 136 (8.13%) Apache Spark
2 75 (4.49%) Elasticsearch
3 52 (3.11%) Apache
4 25 (1.50%) nginx
5 20 (1.20%) Confluence
6 16 (0.96%) SAS
7 15 (0.90%) Tomcat
8 13 (0.78%) WebLogic
9 11 (0.66%) Apache Airflow
9 11 (0.66%) IIS
10 10 (0.60%) Apache Solr
10 10 (0.60%) SugarCRM
10 10 (0.60%) Tornado
11 9 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 8 (0.48%) SharePoint
13 7 (0.42%) Apache Pig
13 7 (0.42%) Luigi
14 6 (0.36%) Ethereum
14 6 (0.36%) GemFire
15 5 (0.30%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 79 (4.72%) Microsoft Excel
2 37 (2.21%) Microsoft Office
3 20 (1.20%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.18%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.12%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.12%) SPSS
7 1 (0.060%) EViews
7 1 (0.060%) InVision
Business Applications
1 16 (0.96%) Dynamics AX
1 16 (0.96%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 14 (0.84%) Magento
3 10 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
3 10 (0.60%) SAP S/4HANA
4 7 (0.42%) Endur
4 7 (0.42%) Findur
4 7 (0.42%) Payment Gateway
5 6 (0.36%) Cognos TM1
5 6 (0.36%) SAP CO
5 6 (0.36%) SAP FI
5 6 (0.36%) SAP FI/CO
5 6 (0.36%) Sentinel
6 5 (0.30%) Actimize
7 4 (0.24%) Distributed Ledger
7 4 (0.24%) SunGard GMI
8 3 (0.18%) Eloqua
8 3 (0.18%) ION MarketView
9 2 (0.12%) Cognos Controller
9 2 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 180 (10.77%) Amazon AWS
2 136 (8.13%) Microsoft Azure
3 52 (3.11%) GitHub
4 34 (2.03%) Cloud Computing
5 22 (1.32%) SaaS
6 21 (1.26%) Amazon S3
7 18 (1.08%) Amazon EC2
8 17 (1.02%) npm
9 16 (0.96%) Dynamics 365
10 15 (0.90%) Google Cloud Platform
11 12 (0.72%) Office 365
12 9 (0.54%) PaaS
13 8 (0.48%) CloudFront
13 8 (0.48%) Serverless
14 7 (0.42%) iTunes
15 6 (0.36%) AWS Lambda
15 6 (0.36%) Google Analytics
15 6 (0.36%) Trello
16 5 (0.30%) Azure Active Directory
16 5 (0.30%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 21 (1.26%) HTTP
2 20 (1.20%) Internet
3 16 (0.96%) TCP/IP
4 10 (0.60%) Bluetooth
4 10 (0.60%) NFC
5 9 (0.54%) Firewall
5 9 (0.54%) VoIP
6 8 (0.48%) FTP
7 7 (0.42%) Intrusion Detection
8 4 (0.24%) IPFS
8 4 (0.24%) OpenFlow
9 3 (0.18%) Broadband
9 3 (0.18%) Wireless
10 2 (0.12%) Intranet
10 2 (0.12%) IPsec
10 2 (0.12%) LAN
10 2 (0.12%) MQTT
10 2 (0.12%) Network Security
10 2 (0.12%) SNMP
10 2 (0.12%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 288 (17.22%) SQL Server
2 278 (16.63%) NoSQL
3 266 (15.91%) Big Data
4 176 (10.53%) Data Warehouse
5 166 (9.93%) Hadoop
6 147 (8.79%) Relational Database
7 137 (8.19%) MongoDB
8 117 (7.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 102 (6.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 97 (5.80%) MySQL
11 80 (4.78%) Power BI
12 71 (4.25%) Apache Cassandra
13 66 (3.95%) Apache Hive
14 65 (3.89%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 61 (3.65%) Blockchain
16 58 (3.47%) RDBMS
17 54 (3.23%) PostgreSQL
18 48 (2.87%) BusinessObjects
19 41 (2.45%) HBase
20 29 (1.73%) DB2
Development Applications
1 224 (13.40%) Git (software)
2 110 (6.58%) Jenkins
3 104 (6.22%) Subversion
4 71 (4.25%) Mercurial
5 54 (3.23%) JIRA
6 47 (2.81%) Maven
6 47 (2.81%) Visual Studio
7 34 (2.03%) Selenium
8 33 (1.97%) JUnit
9 28 (1.67%) Gradle
10 21 (1.26%) webpack
11 20 (1.20%) TeamCity
12 19 (1.14%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
13 17 (1.02%) Jasmine
14 16 (0.96%) Octopus Deploy
14 16 (0.96%) Protractor
15 14 (0.84%) Grunt
16 13 (0.78%) WebDriver
17 12 (0.72%) Bitbucket
18 11 (0.66%) Cucumber
General
1 537 (32.12%) Finance
2 209 (12.50%) Banking
3 149 (8.91%) Investment Banking
4 144 (8.61%) Financial Institution
5 98 (5.86%) Retail
6 94 (5.62%) Front Office
7 79 (4.72%) Games
8 69 (4.13%) Marketing
9 32 (1.91%) Advertising
10 29 (1.73%) Telecoms
11 27 (1.61%) Manufacturing
12 24 (1.44%) Pharmaceutical
13 21 (1.26%) Electronics
14 17 (1.02%) Law
15 13 (0.78%) Legal
16 12 (0.72%) Back Office
17 10 (0.60%) Japanese Language
18 5 (0.30%) French Language
19 4 (0.24%) German Language
19 4 (0.24%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 779 (46.59%) Developer
2 212 (12.68%) Software Engineer
3 189 (11.30%) Java Developer
4 181 (10.83%) Analyst
5 130 (7.78%) C# Developer
6 113 (6.76%) Data Engineer
7 108 (6.46%) Architect
8 96 (5.74%) Senior Developer
9 84 (5.02%) Software Developer
10 79 (4.72%) Python Developer
11 76 (4.55%) SQL Developer
12 65 (3.89%) Data Analyst
13 55 (3.29%) Business Intelligence Developer
13 55 (3.29%) C++ Developer
14 51 (3.05%) Python Engineer
15 50 (2.99%) Junior
16 49 (2.93%) Senior Software Engineer
17 45 (2.69%) Data Scientist
18 44 (2.63%) Java Engineer
19 42 (2.51%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 189 (11.30%) AngularJS
2 172 (10.29%) .NET
3 168 (10.05%) HTML
4 147 (8.79%) CSS
5 140 (8.37%) React
6 126 (7.54%) RESTful
7 120 (7.18%) Web Services
8 114 (6.82%) HTML5
9 113 (6.76%) JSON
10 109 (6.52%) REST
11 108 (6.46%) Kafka
12 106 (6.34%) Spring
13 88 (5.26%) Node.js
14 68 (4.07%) XML
15 53 (3.17%) CSS3
16 44 (2.63%) jQuery
17 40 (2.39%) ASP.NET
18 38 (2.27%) Spring Boot
19 36 (2.15%) Middleware
19 36 (2.15%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 886 (52.99%) Algorithms
2 542 (32.42%) Computer Science
3 338 (20.22%) Analytical Skills
4 106 (6.34%) Self-Motivation
4 106 (6.34%) User Experience
5 104 (6.22%) Cyberthreat
6 90 (5.38%) Fintech
7 88 (5.26%) Hedge funds
8 77 (4.61%) Equities
9 72 (4.31%) Greenfield Project
10 68 (4.07%) Fixed Income
11 59 (3.53%) Derivative
12 52 (3.11%) Management Information System
13 44 (2.63%) Virtual Team
14 28 (1.67%) Online Gambling
15 27 (1.61%) Mobile App
16 26 (1.56%) Enterprise Software
16 26 (1.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 25 (1.50%) Client/Server
18 23 (1.38%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 220 (13.16%) Linux
2 94 (5.62%) Unix
3 77 (4.61%) Windows
4 45 (2.69%) Apple iOS
5 40 (2.39%) Android
6 18 (1.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 16 (0.96%) CentOS
8 7 (0.42%) Fedora
9 5 (0.30%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.12%) Data ONTAP
11 1 (0.060%) AIX
11 1 (0.060%) Debian
11 1 (0.060%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.060%) Solaris
11 1 (0.060%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.060%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 538 (32.18%) Agile Software Development
2 442 (26.44%) Problem-Solving
3 437 (26.14%) Software Engineering
4 363 (21.71%) OO
5 267 (15.97%) Analytics
6 255 (15.25%) Mathematics
7 228 (13.64%) Continuous Integration
8 221 (13.22%) Business Intelligence
9 196 (11.72%) Machine Learning
10 183 (10.94%) TDD
11 172 (10.29%) Test Automation
12 164 (9.81%) Data Science
13 160 (9.57%) OOP
14 156 (9.33%) Low Latency
15 149 (8.91%) Multithreading
15 149 (8.91%) Risk Management
16 148 (8.85%) Data Modelling
17 147 (8.79%) Decision-Making
18 146 (8.73%) ETL
19 144 (8.61%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 655 (39.17%) Java
2 648 (38.76%) SQL
3 476 (28.47%) Python
4 367 (21.95%) C#
5 344 (20.57%) JavaScript
6 284 (16.99%) C++
7 141 (8.43%) Scala
8 103 (6.16%) T-SQL
9 97 (5.80%) Java 8
10 95 (5.68%) C
11 90 (5.38%) PHP
12 89 (5.32%) R
13 46 (2.75%) Kotlin
14 41 (2.45%) Shell Script
15 39 (2.33%) TypeScript
16 34 (2.03%) VBA
17 33 (1.97%) ES6
18 32 (1.91%) Go
18 32 (1.91%) Ruby
19 28 (1.67%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 516 (30.86%) Degree
2 178 (10.65%) Computer Science Degree
3 65 (3.89%) Master's Degree
4 45 (2.69%) PhD
5 17 (1.02%) Security Cleared
6 12 (0.72%) Numerate Degree
7 11 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
8 9 (0.54%) ISEB
9 8 (0.48%) CISM
9 8 (0.48%) CISSP
9 8 (0.48%) MCSA
10 7 (0.42%) CEH
10 7 (0.42%) SANS
11 3 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 2 (0.12%) IIBA
12 2 (0.12%) SC Cleared
13 1 (0.060%) CISA
13 1 (0.060%) Postgraduate
13 1 (0.060%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 87 (5.20%) Data Quality
2 49 (2.93%) QA
3 11 (0.66%) GDPR
4 6 (0.36%) MiFID
5 5 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.24%) EMIR
6 4 (0.24%) FATCA
6 4 (0.24%) SLA
7 3 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.18%) Solvency II
8 2 (0.12%) GCP
8 2 (0.12%) PMO
9 1 (0.060%) Dodd-Frank
9 1 (0.060%) GxP
System Software
1 98 (5.86%) Docker
2 49 (2.93%) HDFS
3 11 (0.66%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.36%) Active Directory
5 5 (0.30%) Apache Flume
6 3 (0.18%) KVM
6 3 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.12%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 41 (2.45%) Kubernetes
2 28 (1.67%) Ansible
3 21 (1.26%) Opscode Chef
4 20 (1.20%) Terraform
5 17 (1.02%) Puppet
6 8 (0.48%) Prometheus
7 7 (0.42%) Ambari
7 7 (0.42%) Graylog
8 5 (0.30%) Oozie
8 5 (0.30%) Packer
8 5 (0.30%) PingFederate
9 4 (0.24%) Consul
9 4 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
9 4 (0.24%) Grafana
10 3 (0.18%) HP Quality Center
10 3 (0.18%) Kibana
10 3 (0.18%) Nagios
11 2 (0.12%) RANCID
11 2 (0.12%) ZABBIX
12 1 (0.060%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 180 (10.77%) Microsoft
2 109 (6.52%) Oracle
3 93 (5.56%) Tableau
4 55 (3.29%) SAP
5 54 (3.23%) Google
6 43 (2.57%) Salesforce.com
7 34 (2.03%) Cognos
8 25 (1.50%) Cloudera
9 22 (1.32%) Red Hat
9 22 (1.32%) Sybase
10 16 (0.96%) Atlassian
10 16 (0.96%) Informatica
11 15 (0.90%) MapR
12 14 (0.84%) WorldPay
13 13 (0.78%) Hortonworks
13 13 (0.78%) IBM
14 12 (0.72%) MicroStrategy
15 10 (0.60%) Fidessa
15 10 (0.60%) HubSpot
16 9 (0.54%) Talend