Period
to 23 January 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 23 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 317 365 380
Rank change year-on-year +48 +15 -39
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 1,569 1,506 1,448
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.03% 0.86% 0.82%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.47% 2.13% 2.08%
Number of salaries quoted 1,263 1,138 1,211
UK median annual salary £62,500 £59,250 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.49% -1.25% +4.35%
10th Percentile £35,250 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 63,477 70,577 69,565
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.81% 40.42% 39.55%
Number of salaries quoted 48,583 54,696 56,851
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.89%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% -

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Structures as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Structures.

Salary trend for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Structures over the 6 months to 23 January 2019.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +55 1,482 £62,500 +4.17% 353
London +57 1,008 £67,500 +3.85% 232
UK excluding London +12 540 £50,000 - 130
South East +62 163 £53,500 +7.00% 30
North of England +31 137 £52,500 -4.55% 18
North West +30 84 £57,500 - 7
Scotland +46 71 £55,000 -4.35% 7
Midlands -21 58 £42,500 -5.56% 18
East of England -19 52 £50,000 -16.67% 17
South West -4 48 £37,500 -11.76% 38
West Midlands +6 39 £40,000 +6.67% 8
Yorkshire +9 31 £42,750 -22.27% 9
North East +27 22 £52,500 +5.00% 2
East Midlands -5 18 £50,000 - 10
Wales -20 12 £41,000 +26.15% 2
Northern Ireland -6 2 £40,000 -23.81%

For the 6 months to 23 January 2019, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 786 (50.10%) Algorithms
2 668 (42.57%) SQL
3 525 (33.46%) Python
4 509 (32.44%) Java
5 497 (31.68%) Agile Software Development
6 490 (31.23%) Finance
7 410 (26.13%) Computer Science
8 397 (25.30%) C#
9 389 (24.79%) Software Engineering
10 323 (20.59%) Degree
11 295 (18.80%) Analytical Skills
12 289 (18.42%) SQL Server
13 279 (17.78%) Problem-Solving
14 273 (17.40%) Analytics
15 271 (17.27%) OO
16 259 (16.51%) C++
17 250 (15.93%) JavaScript
18 234 (14.91%) Linux
19 231 (14.72%) Business Intelligence
20 229 (14.60%) Amazon AWS
21 227 (14.47%) Data Modelling
21 227 (14.47%) Data Warehouse
22 208 (13.26%) Microsoft
23 199 (12.68%) Relational Database
24 197 (12.56%) Big Data
24 197 (12.56%) Mathematics
25 192 (12.24%) NoSQL
26 191 (12.17%) ETL
27 184 (11.73%) .NET
28 183 (11.66%) Machine Learning

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 131 (8.35%) Apache Spark
2 51 (3.25%) Apache
3 44 (2.80%) Elasticsearch
4 30 (1.91%) SAS
5 17 (1.08%) Confluence
6 16 (1.02%) SharePoint
7 13 (0.83%) Apache Pig
7 13 (0.83%) WebLogic
8 12 (0.76%) CMS
9 10 (0.64%) nginx
9 10 (0.64%) WebSphere
10 8 (0.51%) IIS
11 6 (0.38%) Ethereum
11 6 (0.38%) Sitecore CMS
11 6 (0.38%) Tomcat
12 5 (0.32%) Apache Airflow
12 5 (0.32%) MS Exchange
13 4 (0.25%) Apache Solr
13 4 (0.25%) Cloud Foundry
13 4 (0.25%) Luigi
Applications
1 112 (7.14%) Microsoft Excel
2 37 (2.36%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (1.91%) MS Visio
4 17 (1.08%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 13 (0.83%) SPSS
6 12 (0.76%) Snapchat
7 3 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.064%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.064%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 21 (1.34%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 14 (0.89%) SAP S/4HANA
3 11 (0.70%) SAP CO
3 11 (0.70%) SAP FI
3 11 (0.70%) SAP FI/CO
4 7 (0.45%) Magento
5 6 (0.38%) Cognos TM1
5 6 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
6 5 (0.32%) OpenText VIM for SAP
6 5 (0.32%) SAP SD
6 5 (0.32%) SAP SRM
7 4 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
7 4 (0.25%) SAP BPC
7 4 (0.25%) SunGard GMI
8 3 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
9 2 (0.13%) Cognos Controller
9 2 (0.13%) SAP MDG
9 2 (0.13%) SAP MDM
10 1 (0.064%) BigMachines
10 1 (0.064%) HFM
Cloud Services
1 229 (14.60%) Amazon AWS
2 163 (10.39%) Microsoft Azure
3 51 (3.25%) GitHub
4 48 (3.06%) Google Cloud Platform
5 34 (2.17%) SaaS
6 32 (2.04%) Amazon S3
7 27 (1.72%) Cloud Computing
8 14 (0.89%) Serverless
9 12 (0.76%) Amazon EC2
9 12 (0.76%) Amazon EMR
9 12 (0.76%) npm
10 9 (0.57%) AWS Lambda
10 9 (0.57%) CloudFront
11 7 (0.45%) Trello
12 6 (0.38%) Firebase
13 5 (0.32%) Azure Active Directory
13 5 (0.32%) Boomi
13 5 (0.32%) Dynamics 365
13 5 (0.32%) Force.com
14 4 (0.25%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 28 (1.78%) HTTP
2 20 (1.27%) Internet
3 13 (0.83%) TCP/IP
4 7 (0.45%) Wireless
5 6 (0.38%) Firewall
6 4 (0.25%) SAN
6 4 (0.25%) VPN
7 3 (0.19%) IPFS
7 3 (0.19%) VoIP
8 2 (0.13%) Bluetooth
8 2 (0.13%) Broadband
8 2 (0.13%) IPsec
8 2 (0.13%) Junos
8 2 (0.13%) LAN
8 2 (0.13%) Network Security
8 2 (0.13%) NFC
8 2 (0.13%) SNMP
8 2 (0.13%) WAN
9 1 (0.064%) MQTT
9 1 (0.064%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 289 (18.42%) SQL Server
2 227 (14.47%) Data Warehouse
3 199 (12.68%) Relational Database
4 197 (12.56%) Big Data
5 192 (12.24%) NoSQL
6 131 (8.35%) Hadoop
7 126 (8.03%) Power BI
8 108 (6.88%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 105 (6.69%) PostgreSQL
10 94 (5.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 92 (5.86%) MySQL
12 68 (4.33%) Apache Hive
13 66 (4.21%) MongoDB
14 61 (3.89%) RDBMS
15 60 (3.82%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 59 (3.76%) QlikView
17 58 (3.70%) Apache Cassandra
18 53 (3.38%) Blockchain
19 44 (2.80%) BusinessObjects
20 41 (2.61%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 178 (11.34%) Git (software)
2 79 (5.04%) Subversion
3 62 (3.95%) Jenkins
4 48 (3.06%) JIRA
5 45 (2.87%) Maven
6 33 (2.10%) Mercurial
7 32 (2.04%) Gradle
7 32 (2.04%) JUnit
8 25 (1.59%) Ant
8 25 (1.59%) Visual Studio
9 12 (0.76%) JMeter
9 12 (0.76%) Mockito
10 11 (0.70%) Selenium
10 11 (0.70%) Team Foundation Server
10 11 (0.70%) webpack
11 9 (0.57%) Bitbucket
11 9 (0.57%) git-flow
11 9 (0.57%) PhantomJS
11 9 (0.57%) TeamCity
12 8 (0.51%) Cucumber
General
1 490 (31.23%) Finance
2 68 (4.33%) Front Office
3 65 (4.14%) Marketing
4 63 (4.02%) Banking
4 63 (4.02%) Retail
5 51 (3.25%) Games
6 32 (2.04%) Law
7 20 (1.27%) Investment Banking
8 16 (1.02%) Manufacturing
9 15 (0.96%) Advertising
9 15 (0.96%) Digital Economy
10 14 (0.89%) Financial Institution
10 14 (0.89%) Pharmaceutical
10 14 (0.89%) Telecoms
11 12 (0.76%) Electronics
11 12 (0.76%) Military
12 8 (0.51%) Back Office
13 6 (0.38%) Legal
13 6 (0.38%) Publishing
14 4 (0.25%) French Language
Job Titles
1 712 (45.38%) Developer
2 210 (13.38%) Software Engineer
3 201 (12.81%) Java Developer
4 185 (11.79%) Analyst
5 172 (10.96%) C# Developer
6 139 (8.86%) Data Engineer
7 112 (7.14%) Python Developer
8 102 (6.50%) Architect
9 96 (6.12%) SQL Developer
10 92 (5.86%) Senior Developer
11 89 (5.67%) Data Analyst
12 87 (5.54%) Junior
13 70 (4.46%) C++ Developer
13 70 (4.46%) Python Engineer
14 68 (4.33%) Junior Developer
15 59 (3.76%) Junior C# Developer
16 57 (3.63%) Data Architect
16 57 (3.63%) Software Developer
17 56 (3.57%) Graduate
18 52 (3.31%) Graduate Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 184 (11.73%) .NET
2 155 (9.88%) HTML
3 142 (9.05%) CSS
4 118 (7.52%) AngularJS
5 113 (7.20%) RESTful
6 102 (6.50%) React
7 97 (6.18%) Spring
8 93 (5.93%) XML
9 91 (5.80%) Web Services
10 88 (5.61%) JSON
11 80 (5.10%) REST
12 65 (4.14%) Node.js
13 64 (4.08%) HTML5
14 57 (3.63%) ASP.NET
15 49 (3.12%) Kafka
16 38 (2.42%) SOAP
17 37 (2.36%) jQuery
18 34 (2.17%) NumPy
18 34 (2.17%) Pandas
19 30 (1.91%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 786 (50.10%) Algorithms
2 295 (18.80%) Analytical Skills
3 114 (7.27%) Hedge funds
4 111 (7.07%) Derivative
5 102 (6.50%) Fintech
6 84 (5.35%) User Experience
7 57 (3.63%) Self-Motivation
8 54 (3.44%) Management Information System
9 46 (2.93%) Equities
10 44 (2.80%) Fixed Income
10 44 (2.80%) Greenfield Project
11 43 (2.74%) Equity Derivative
12 30 (1.91%) Virtual Team
13 29 (1.85%) Enterprise Software
14 26 (1.66%) Analytical Mindset
15 25 (1.59%) Mobile App
16 21 (1.34%) Blog
17 20 (1.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 19 (1.21%) Credit Derivative
19 16 (1.02%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 234 (14.91%) Linux
2 118 (7.52%) Unix
3 79 (5.04%) Windows
4 40 (2.55%) Android
5 36 (2.29%) Apple iOS
6 16 (1.02%) Mac OS X
7 9 (0.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (0.25%) Windows 10
9 3 (0.19%) Oracle Linux
9 3 (0.19%) Windows 7
9 3 (0.19%) Windows 8
9 3 (0.19%) Windows Server
9 3 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (0.13%) Data ONTAP
11 1 (0.064%) DC/OS
11 1 (0.064%) Debian
11 1 (0.064%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.064%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 497 (31.68%) Agile Software Development
2 410 (26.13%) Computer Science
3 389 (24.79%) Software Engineering
4 279 (17.78%) Problem-Solving
5 273 (17.40%) Analytics
6 271 (17.27%) OO
7 231 (14.72%) Business Intelligence
8 227 (14.47%) Data Modelling
9 197 (12.56%) Mathematics
10 191 (12.17%) ETL
11 183 (11.66%) Machine Learning
12 162 (10.33%) Data Management
13 151 (9.62%) Multithreading
14 141 (8.99%) Visualisation
15 133 (8.48%) Continuous Integration
16 129 (8.22%) TDD
17 121 (7.71%) Artificial Intelligence
18 119 (7.58%) Data Analysis
19 117 (7.46%) Test Automation
20 113 (7.20%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 668 (42.57%) SQL
2 525 (33.46%) Python
3 509 (32.44%) Java
4 397 (25.30%) C#
5 259 (16.51%) C++
6 250 (15.93%) JavaScript
7 137 (8.73%) Scala
8 130 (8.29%) T-SQL
9 115 (7.33%) R
10 76 (4.84%) VBA
11 72 (4.59%) PHP
12 62 (3.95%) Java 8
13 61 (3.89%) C
14 53 (3.38%) TypeScript
15 52 (3.31%) Go
16 51 (3.25%) PL/SQL
17 50 (3.19%) Kotlin
18 48 (3.06%) F#
19 41 (2.61%) Haskell
20 38 (2.42%) ES6
Qualifications
1 323 (20.59%) Degree
2 101 (6.44%) Computer Science Degree
3 29 (1.85%) Microsoft Certification
3 29 (1.85%) PhD
4 27 (1.72%) MCSA
5 26 (1.66%) Security Cleared
6 9 (0.57%) Master's Degree
6 9 (0.57%) SC Cleared
7 5 (0.32%) A+ Certification
7 5 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
8 3 (0.19%) IIBA
9 2 (0.13%) ACCA
9 2 (0.13%) CIMA
9 2 (0.13%) ISEB
9 2 (0.13%) PMP
10 1 (0.064%) CISA
10 1 (0.064%) CISM
10 1 (0.064%) CISSP
10 1 (0.064%) MOS
10 1 (0.064%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 112 (7.14%) Data Quality
2 75 (4.78%) QA
3 11 (0.70%) GDPR
4 7 (0.45%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 5 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (0.32%) MiFID
6 4 (0.25%) EMIR
6 4 (0.25%) FATCA
7 2 (0.13%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.13%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.13%) SLA
8 1 (0.064%) Solvency II
System Software
1 94 (5.99%) Docker
2 19 (1.21%) HDFS
3 14 (0.89%) Active Directory
3 14 (0.89%) Apache Flume
4 7 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.19%) KVM
6 2 (0.13%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.064%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.064%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 55 (3.51%) Kubernetes
2 33 (2.10%) Ansible
3 19 (1.21%) Salt
4 17 (1.08%) Opscode Chef
5 15 (0.96%) Terraform
6 14 (0.89%) Puppet
7 8 (0.51%) Nagios
8 7 (0.45%) Graylog
8 7 (0.45%) Hadoop YARN
9 6 (0.38%) CFEngine
9 6 (0.38%) Graphite
9 6 (0.38%) StatsD
10 5 (0.32%) Packer
10 5 (0.32%) PingFederate
10 5 (0.32%) SCCM
11 4 (0.25%) Docker Swarm
12 3 (0.19%) Consul
12 3 (0.19%) Control-M
13 2 (0.13%) RANCID
13 2 (0.13%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 208 (13.26%) Microsoft
2 141 (8.99%) Oracle
3 120 (7.65%) Tableau
4 65 (4.14%) Google
5 57 (3.63%) SAP
6 44 (2.80%) Salesforce.com
7 39 (2.49%) Cloudera
8 28 (1.78%) Cognos
8 28 (1.78%) Informatica
9 26 (1.66%) Alteryx
10 23 (1.47%) IBM
11 20 (1.27%) Talend
12 19 (1.21%) WorldPay
13 14 (0.89%) Atlassian
13 14 (0.89%) Sybase
14 12 (0.76%) comScore
15 11 (0.70%) Workday
16 10 (0.64%) Citrix
16 10 (0.64%) MapR
16 10 (0.64%) MicroStrategy