Period
to 21 November 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 21 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK
6 months to
21 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 326 360 397
Rank change year-on-year +34 +37 -39
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 1,611 1,617 1,483
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.99% 0.89% 0.79%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.23% 2.02% 1.85%
Number of salaries quoted 1,293 1,152 1,264
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% -8.33% +4.35%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £33,176
90th Percentile £95,000 £82,500 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 72,244 80,224 79,961
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.29% 44.31% 42.33%
Number of salaries quoted 56,081 60,609 65,753
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £28,419 £27,500 £27,250
90th Percentile £86,250 £81,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Structures as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Structures.

Salary trend for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Structures over the 6 months to 21 November 2018.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the UK over the 6 months to 21 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +34 1,501 £62,500 +13.64% 327
London +49 990 £67,500 +8.00% 212
UK excluding London -11 592 £50,000 - 120
South East +49 151 £53,500 +7.00% 35
North of England -41 133 £50,000 -9.09% 25
North West -26 84 £52,500 +5.00% 14
Scotland +32 77 £55,000 -4.35% 2
East of England 0 74 £50,000 -4.76% 21
Midlands -10 72 £45,000 +12.50% 10
South West -15 63 £36,000 -34.55% 25
West Midlands -13 39 £40,000 +6.67% 3
East Midlands +9 32 £45,000 -10.00% 7
Yorkshire -23 25 £42,500 -22.73% 7
North East +19 24 £52,500 +5.00% 4
Wales -4 18 £40,000 +25.00% 1
Northern Ireland +1 7 £45,000 -14.29% 2

For the 6 months to 21 November 2018, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 828 (51.40%) Algorithms
2 662 (41.09%) SQL
3 578 (35.88%) Java
4 535 (33.21%) Finance
5 523 (32.46%) Agile Software Development
6 451 (28.00%) Python
7 447 (27.75%) Computer Science
8 430 (26.69%) Software Engineering
9 411 (25.51%) C#
10 405 (25.14%) Degree
11 330 (20.48%) Problem-Solving
12 316 (19.62%) Analytical Skills
13 296 (18.37%) SQL Server
14 294 (18.25%) OO
15 281 (17.44%) JavaScript
16 268 (16.64%) C++
17 249 (15.46%) Business Intelligence
18 246 (15.27%) Analytics
19 225 (13.97%) NoSQL
20 223 (13.84%) Mathematics
21 218 (13.53%) Big Data
22 209 (12.97%) Microsoft
23 206 (12.79%) Linux
24 199 (12.35%) Data Warehouse
25 192 (11.92%) Amazon AWS
26 188 (11.67%) Data Modelling
27 186 (11.55%) .NET
27 186 (11.55%) Relational Database
28 179 (11.11%) Git (software)
28 179 (11.11%) Continuous Integration

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 114 (7.08%) Apache Spark
2 53 (3.29%) Elasticsearch
3 46 (2.86%) Apache
4 21 (1.30%) Confluence
5 17 (1.06%) SAS
5 17 (1.06%) WebLogic
6 14 (0.87%) IIS
7 13 (0.81%) Apache Pig
7 13 (0.81%) nginx
8 12 (0.74%) SharePoint
9 11 (0.68%) Tomcat
10 10 (0.62%) CMS
11 9 (0.56%) Apache Solr
11 9 (0.56%) WebSphere
12 8 (0.50%) SugarCRM
13 7 (0.43%) Ethereum
14 6 (0.37%) Apache Airflow
14 6 (0.37%) Luigi
14 6 (0.37%) Sitecore CMS
14 6 (0.37%) Tornado
Applications
1 105 (6.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (2.55%) Microsoft Office
3 23 (1.43%) MS Visio
4 12 (0.74%) Snapchat
5 10 (0.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 6 (0.37%) SPSS
7 3 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
8 2 (0.12%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.062%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 16 (0.99%) SAP S/4HANA
2 15 (0.93%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 14 (0.87%) Dynamics AX
4 12 (0.74%) Dynamics CRM
5 8 (0.50%) Magento
5 8 (0.50%) SAP CO
5 8 (0.50%) SAP FI
5 8 (0.50%) SAP FI/CO
6 7 (0.43%) Endur
6 7 (0.43%) Findur
7 6 (0.37%) Cognos TM1
8 5 (0.31%) Distributed Ledger
9 4 (0.25%) SunGard GMI
10 3 (0.19%) ION MarketView
10 3 (0.19%) SAP BPC
10 3 (0.19%) Sentinel
11 2 (0.12%) Actimize
11 2 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
11 2 (0.12%) Eloqua
11 2 (0.12%) SAP MDG
Cloud Services
1 192 (11.92%) Amazon AWS
2 166 (10.30%) Microsoft Azure
3 54 (3.35%) GitHub
4 30 (1.86%) SaaS
5 29 (1.80%) Google Cloud Platform
6 27 (1.68%) Cloud Computing
7 22 (1.37%) Amazon S3
8 19 (1.18%) Amazon EC2
9 16 (0.99%) Dynamics 365
10 13 (0.81%) npm
11 10 (0.62%) CloudFront
11 10 (0.62%) Office 365
11 10 (0.62%) Serverless
12 9 (0.56%) Trello
13 7 (0.43%) AWS Lambda
14 6 (0.37%) Firebase
14 6 (0.37%) PaaS
15 5 (0.31%) Azure Active Directory
15 5 (0.31%) Google Analytics
15 5 (0.31%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 24 (1.49%) HTTP
2 19 (1.18%) Internet
3 11 (0.68%) TCP/IP
4 10 (0.62%) Bluetooth
4 10 (0.62%) NFC
5 6 (0.37%) Firewall
5 6 (0.37%) VoIP
6 4 (0.25%) FTP
6 4 (0.25%) Intrusion Detection
6 4 (0.25%) IPFS
6 4 (0.25%) Wireless
7 2 (0.12%) AMQP
7 2 (0.12%) Broadband
7 2 (0.12%) Intranet
7 2 (0.12%) IPsec
7 2 (0.12%) Junos
7 2 (0.12%) MQTT
7 2 (0.12%) Network Security
7 2 (0.12%) SNMP
7 2 (0.12%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 296 (18.37%) SQL Server
2 225 (13.97%) NoSQL
3 218 (13.53%) Big Data
4 199 (12.35%) Data Warehouse
5 186 (11.55%) Relational Database
6 130 (8.07%) Hadoop
7 114 (7.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 109 (6.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 107 (6.64%) Power BI
10 106 (6.58%) MongoDB
11 82 (5.09%) MySQL
12 70 (4.35%) Apache Cassandra
13 67 (4.16%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 65 (4.03%) Blockchain
15 62 (3.85%) PostgreSQL
16 60 (3.72%) RDBMS
17 59 (3.66%) Apache Hive
18 46 (2.86%) BusinessObjects
19 45 (2.79%) QlikView
20 36 (2.23%) SAP BW
Development Applications
1 179 (11.11%) Git (software)
2 88 (5.46%) Jenkins
3 78 (4.84%) Subversion
4 55 (3.41%) JIRA
5 46 (2.86%) Maven
6 41 (2.55%) Visual Studio
7 36 (2.23%) JUnit
8 34 (2.11%) Mercurial
9 27 (1.68%) Selenium
10 23 (1.43%) Gradle
11 16 (0.99%) Ant
12 14 (0.87%) Team Foundation Server
12 14 (0.87%) webpack
13 13 (0.81%) Bitbucket
13 13 (0.81%) JMeter
13 13 (0.81%) TeamCity
14 12 (0.74%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
15 11 (0.68%) Cucumber
16 10 (0.62%) Mockito
16 10 (0.62%) Protractor
General
1 535 (33.21%) Finance
2 131 (8.13%) Banking
3 84 (5.21%) Front Office
3 84 (5.21%) Marketing
4 75 (4.66%) Retail
5 73 (4.53%) Investment Banking
6 67 (4.16%) Financial Institution
7 57 (3.54%) Games
8 28 (1.74%) Telecoms
9 27 (1.68%) Advertising
9 27 (1.68%) Law
10 24 (1.49%) Manufacturing
11 23 (1.43%) Pharmaceutical
12 20 (1.24%) Electronics
13 12 (0.74%) Back Office
14 11 (0.68%) Legal
15 8 (0.50%) Japanese Language
16 7 (0.43%) Military
17 6 (0.37%) Digital Economy
17 6 (0.37%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 765 (47.49%) Developer
2 224 (13.90%) Software Engineer
3 197 (12.23%) Java Developer
4 176 (10.92%) Analyst
5 164 (10.18%) C# Developer
6 117 (7.26%) Data Engineer
7 109 (6.77%) Python Developer
8 106 (6.58%) Architect
9 92 (5.71%) Senior Developer
9 92 (5.71%) SQL Developer
10 70 (4.35%) Junior
11 69 (4.28%) Data Analyst
12 67 (4.16%) Software Developer
13 66 (4.10%) C++ Developer
14 64 (3.97%) Junior Developer
15 59 (3.66%) Python Engineer
16 58 (3.60%) Graduate
17 56 (3.48%) Graduate Developer
18 51 (3.17%) Senior Software Engineer
19 49 (3.04%) Junior C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 186 (11.55%) .NET
2 163 (10.12%) HTML
3 144 (8.94%) CSS
4 137 (8.50%) AngularJS
5 111 (6.89%) RESTful
6 110 (6.83%) Web Services
7 103 (6.39%) JSON
7 103 (6.39%) React
8 100 (6.21%) REST
9 96 (5.96%) Spring
10 90 (5.59%) HTML5
11 76 (4.72%) XML
12 71 (4.41%) Kafka
13 69 (4.28%) Node.js
14 56 (3.48%) ASP.NET
15 44 (2.73%) SOAP
16 40 (2.48%) jQuery
17 34 (2.11%) Pandas
18 33 (2.05%) Spring Boot
19 31 (1.92%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 828 (51.40%) Algorithms
2 447 (27.75%) Computer Science
3 316 (19.62%) Analytical Skills
4 118 (7.32%) Hedge funds
5 97 (6.02%) Derivative
6 96 (5.96%) Fintech
7 85 (5.28%) Self-Motivation
7 85 (5.28%) User Experience
8 61 (3.79%) Fixed Income
8 61 (3.79%) Greenfield Project
9 56 (3.48%) Management Information System
10 55 (3.41%) Equities
11 40 (2.48%) Cyberthreat
12 37 (2.30%) Virtual Team
13 34 (2.11%) Equity Derivative
14 29 (1.80%) Enterprise Software
15 26 (1.61%) Client/Server
16 24 (1.49%) Analytical Mindset
17 22 (1.37%) Data Centre
17 22 (1.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 206 (12.79%) Linux
2 107 (6.64%) Unix
3 87 (5.40%) Windows
4 46 (2.86%) Android
5 42 (2.61%) Apple iOS
6 10 (0.62%) Mac OS X
7 9 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 7 (0.43%) CentOS
9 4 (0.25%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.19%) Windows 10
10 3 (0.19%) Windows 7
10 3 (0.19%) Windows 8
10 3 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.12%) Data ONTAP
11 2 (0.12%) Fedora
12 1 (0.062%) DC/OS
12 1 (0.062%) Debian
12 1 (0.062%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 523 (32.46%) Agile Software Development
2 430 (26.69%) Software Engineering
3 330 (20.48%) Problem-Solving
4 294 (18.25%) OO
5 249 (15.46%) Business Intelligence
6 246 (15.27%) Analytics
7 223 (13.84%) Mathematics
8 188 (11.67%) Data Modelling
9 179 (11.11%) Continuous Integration
10 177 (10.99%) Machine Learning
11 167 (10.37%) Multithreading
12 156 (9.68%) ETL
13 152 (9.44%) Test Automation
14 149 (9.25%) Data Management
15 143 (8.88%) TDD
16 135 (8.38%) Data Science
17 128 (7.95%) Open Source
18 127 (7.88%) Decision-Making
19 121 (7.51%) Visualisation
20 119 (7.39%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 662 (41.09%) SQL
2 578 (35.88%) Java
3 451 (28.00%) Python
4 411 (25.51%) C#
5 281 (17.44%) JavaScript
6 268 (16.64%) C++
7 142 (8.81%) T-SQL
8 133 (8.26%) Scala
9 90 (5.59%) R
10 81 (5.03%) Java 8
11 78 (4.84%) PHP
12 64 (3.97%) C
13 60 (3.72%) VBA
14 55 (3.41%) Kotlin
15 49 (3.04%) PL/SQL
16 43 (2.67%) F#
17 40 (2.48%) TypeScript
18 37 (2.30%) Haskell
19 33 (2.05%) Go
20 31 (1.92%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 405 (25.14%) Degree
2 143 (8.88%) Computer Science Degree
3 36 (2.23%) Master's Degree
4 32 (1.99%) PhD
5 28 (1.74%) Security Cleared
6 22 (1.37%) Microsoft Certification
7 19 (1.18%) MCSA
8 7 (0.43%) SC Cleared
9 6 (0.37%) ISEB
9 6 (0.37%) Numerate Degree
10 4 (0.25%) CISM
10 4 (0.25%) CISSP
11 3 (0.19%) A+ Certification
11 3 (0.19%) CEH
11 3 (0.19%) IIBA
11 3 (0.19%) SANS
12 1 (0.062%) ACCA
12 1 (0.062%) DV Cleared
12 1 (0.062%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 1 (0.062%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 110 (6.83%) Data Quality
2 66 (4.10%) QA
3 5 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 5 (0.31%) MiFID
4 4 (0.25%) EMIR
4 4 (0.25%) FATCA
4 4 (0.25%) GDPR
4 4 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 3 (0.19%) Solvency II
6 2 (0.12%) SLA
7 1 (0.062%) GxP
7 1 (0.062%) PMO
System Software
1 90 (5.59%) Docker
2 28 (1.74%) HDFS
3 11 (0.68%) Active Directory
4 8 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
5 6 (0.37%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.25%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.12%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.12%) KVM
Systems Management
1 52 (3.23%) Kubernetes
2 25 (1.55%) Ansible
3 21 (1.30%) Terraform
4 18 (1.12%) Opscode Chef
5 15 (0.93%) Puppet
6 8 (0.50%) Nagios
7 7 (0.43%) Graylog
7 7 (0.43%) Packer
8 6 (0.37%) CFEngine
8 6 (0.37%) Graphite
8 6 (0.37%) Salt
8 6 (0.37%) StatsD
9 5 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
9 5 (0.31%) PingFederate
10 4 (0.25%) Consul
10 4 (0.25%) Oozie
11 3 (0.19%) SCCM
12 2 (0.12%) RANCID
12 2 (0.12%) ZABBIX
13 1 (0.062%) Mesos
Vendors
1 209 (12.97%) Microsoft
2 135 (8.38%) Oracle
3 107 (6.64%) Tableau
4 67 (4.16%) SAP
5 60 (3.72%) Google
6 43 (2.67%) Salesforce.com
7 30 (1.86%) Cloudera
8 29 (1.80%) Cognos
9 17 (1.06%) Informatica
9 17 (1.06%) MapR
10 16 (0.99%) Atlassian
10 16 (0.99%) Hortonworks
11 14 (0.87%) Red Hat
12 13 (0.81%) IBM
13 12 (0.74%) comScore
13 12 (0.74%) Sybase
14 9 (0.56%) Adobe
14 9 (0.56%) MicroStrategy
14 9 (0.56%) Talend
14 9 (0.56%) VMware