Period
to 22 September 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 364 328 350
Rank change year-on-year -36 +22 +70
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 1,201 1,663 1,685
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.86% 1.00% 0.95%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.22% 2.54% 2.36%
Number of salaries quoted 871 1,279 1,212
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -8.33%
10th Percentile £35,500 £32,750 £31,250
90th Percentile £106,250 £95,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £47,500

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 54,069 65,573 71,291
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.87% 39.38% 40.35%
Number of salaries quoted 40,519 50,202 53,067
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £29,500 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Structures as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Structures.

Salary trend for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Structures over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -19 1,151 £65,000 +8.33% 235
London -18 719 £72,500 +7.41% 142
UK excluding London -17 468 £47,500 - 108
South East +32 137 £55,000 +10.00% 26
North of England +10 126 £55,000 +18.28% 17
North West +38 97 £65,000 +36.84% 13
Midlands +8 64 £37,500 -16.67% 20
East of England +28 58 £75,000 +36.36% 12
South West -41 44 £35,000 -6.67% 18
East Midlands +14 39 £37,500 -16.67% 12
Yorkshire +6 27 £45,000 - 4
West Midlands +24 25 £50,000 +11.11% 8
Scotland -36 25 £44,750 -25.42% 11
Wales +6 15 £42,500 +23.73% 2
North East 0 2 £52,500 -
Isle of Man - 1 £55,000 -

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 668 (55.62%) Algorithms
2 489 (40.72%) Agile Software Development
3 468 (38.97%) SQL
4 406 (33.81%) Java
5 400 (33.31%) Python
6 353 (29.39%) Computer Science
7 291 (24.23%) Degree
7 291 (24.23%) Finance
8 283 (23.56%) Software Engineering
9 274 (22.81%) C#
10 264 (21.98%) JavaScript
11 259 (21.57%) AWS
12 250 (20.82%) OO
13 238 (19.82%) Analytics
14 236 (19.65%) Problem-Solving
15 218 (18.15%) C++
16 192 (15.99%) Mathematics
17 189 (15.74%) Big Data
18 187 (15.57%) Azure
19 186 (15.49%) TDD
20 179 (14.90%) HTML
21 173 (14.40%) Analytical Skills
22 172 (14.32%) Data Modelling
23 170 (14.15%) SQL Server
24 164 (13.66%) User Experience
25 163 (13.57%) CSS
25 163 (13.57%) Scrum
26 157 (13.07%) Business Intelligence
27 154 (12.82%) Linux
28 153 (12.74%) Docker

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (8.66%) Apache Spark
2 25 (2.08%) Elasticsearch
3 24 (2.00%) Apache
4 21 (1.75%) IIS
4 21 (1.75%) Umbraco
5 13 (1.08%) Apache Pig
5 13 (1.08%) SharePoint
6 11 (0.92%) Apache Airflow
6 11 (0.92%) nginx
7 8 (0.67%) Luigi
8 5 (0.42%) Confluence
9 4 (0.33%) CMS
9 4 (0.33%) SAS
9 4 (0.33%) Tornado
9 4 (0.33%) Zope
10 3 (0.25%) ArcGIS
10 3 (0.25%) SugarCRM
10 3 (0.25%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.17%) Drupal
11 2 (0.17%) WordPress
Applications
1 39 (3.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (1.17%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (0.92%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.67%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.33%) Simulink
5 4 (0.33%) Stateflow
6 2 (0.17%) SPSS
7 1 (0.083%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.083%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.083%) Maya
7 1 (0.083%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.083%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (0.67%) SAP S/4HANA
2 7 (0.58%) SAP BPC
3 6 (0.50%) Dynamics AX
3 6 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.50%) Visualfiles
4 5 (0.42%) FastStats
5 4 (0.33%) FastStats PeopleStage
5 4 (0.33%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.33%) SAP GTS
6 3 (0.25%) Infor CRM
6 3 (0.25%) NetSuite
6 3 (0.25%) SAP ERP
6 3 (0.25%) SAP HCM
7 2 (0.17%) Eloqua
7 2 (0.17%) Magento
7 2 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 2 (0.17%) SAP Payroll
8 1 (0.083%) Raiser's Edge
8 1 (0.083%) SAP MDG
Cloud Services
1 259 (21.57%) AWS
2 187 (15.57%) Azure
3 58 (4.83%) GCP
4 48 (4.00%) Power Platform
5 39 (3.25%) GitHub
6 36 (3.00%) Cloud Computing
7 25 (2.08%) Amazon S3
7 25 (2.08%) SaaS
8 18 (1.50%) Serverless
9 14 (1.17%) Amazon EC2
10 13 (1.08%) Amazon ECS
10 13 (1.08%) PaaS
11 11 (0.92%) Amazon EKS
11 11 (0.92%) SuccessFactors
12 10 (0.83%) Amazon EMR
12 10 (0.83%) Amazon SQS
12 10 (0.83%) Dynamics 365
13 9 (0.75%) AWS Lambda
14 8 (0.67%) AWS CloudFormation
15 7 (0.58%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 34 (2.83%) HTTP
2 24 (2.00%) Broadband
3 19 (1.58%) TCP/IP
4 6 (0.50%) Internet
5 5 (0.42%) DNS
5 5 (0.42%) LAN
5 5 (0.42%) WAN
6 4 (0.33%) Ethernet
7 2 (0.17%) FlexRay
8 1 (0.083%) FTP
8 1 (0.083%) Intranet
8 1 (0.083%) Network Security
8 1 (0.083%) Unified Communications
8 1 (0.083%) VoIP
8 1 (0.083%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 189 (15.74%) Big Data
2 170 (14.15%) SQL Server
3 138 (11.49%) NoSQL
4 136 (11.32%) Relational Database
5 130 (10.82%) Data Warehouse
6 115 (9.58%) Hadoop
7 68 (5.66%) MySQL
8 62 (5.16%) MongoDB
9 59 (4.91%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 57 (4.75%) Apache Hive
11 55 (4.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 48 (4.00%) Power BI
13 38 (3.16%) PostgreSQL
14 37 (3.08%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 28 (2.33%) RDBMS
16 24 (2.00%) Azure SQL Database
17 19 (1.58%) Blockchain
18 18 (1.50%) Data Mining
19 17 (1.42%) BigQuery
19 17 (1.42%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 124 (10.32%) Git (software)
2 78 (6.49%) Jenkins
3 46 (3.83%) Mocha
3 46 (3.83%) Selenium
4 36 (3.00%) TeamCity
5 35 (2.91%) Jasmine
5 35 (2.91%) Sinon.JS
6 34 (2.83%) Karma Test Runner
6 34 (2.83%) Protractor
7 30 (2.50%) JIRA
8 23 (1.92%) Grunt
8 23 (1.92%) webpack
9 22 (1.83%) Subversion
10 21 (1.75%) Maven
11 18 (1.50%) gulp
12 17 (1.42%) Visual Studio
13 16 (1.33%) SpecFlow
14 14 (1.17%) JUnit
14 14 (1.17%) Team Foundation Server
15 12 (1.00%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 291 (24.23%) Finance
2 84 (6.99%) Games
3 71 (5.91%) Banking
4 59 (4.91%) Front Office
5 36 (3.00%) Marketing
6 33 (2.75%) Retail
7 31 (2.58%) Manufacturing
8 25 (2.08%) Investment Banking
9 18 (1.50%) Legal
10 17 (1.42%) Public Sector
11 16 (1.33%) Telecoms
12 12 (1.00%) Advertising
12 12 (1.00%) Electronics
13 11 (0.92%) Law
14 10 (0.83%) Financial Institution
15 6 (0.50%) General Ledger
15 6 (0.50%) Pharmaceutical
16 5 (0.42%) Automotive
16 5 (0.42%) Back Office
17 4 (0.33%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 588 (48.96%) Developer
2 173 (14.40%) Java Developer
3 143 (11.91%) C# Developer
4 136 (11.32%) Software Engineer
5 117 (9.74%) Analyst
6 110 (9.16%) Senior Developer
7 100 (8.33%) Data Engineer
8 71 (5.91%) Python Developer
9 60 (5.00%) C++ Developer
10 56 (4.66%) Architect
11 47 (3.91%) Junior
11 47 (3.91%) Python Engineer
12 46 (3.83%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 44 (3.66%) Software Developer
14 42 (3.50%) Graduate
14 42 (3.50%) React Developer
15 41 (3.41%) C++/C# Developer
15 41 (3.41%) C++/Java Developer
15 41 (3.41%) Graduate Developer
16 40 (3.33%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 179 (14.90%) HTML
2 163 (13.57%) CSS
3 151 (12.57%) .NET
4 149 (12.41%) AngularJS
5 132 (10.99%) React
6 129 (10.74%) REST
7 104 (8.66%) HTML5
8 85 (7.08%) RESTful
9 82 (6.83%) Node.js
10 65 (5.41%) Web Services
11 60 (5.00%) CSS3
12 57 (4.75%) Gherkin
13 52 (4.33%) Pandas
14 51 (4.25%) Redux
15 44 (3.66%) Kafka
16 42 (3.50%) Spring
17 41 (3.41%) GraphQL
18 40 (3.33%) ASP.NET
19 39 (3.25%) Jest
20 38 (3.16%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 668 (55.62%) Algorithms
2 173 (14.40%) Analytical Skills
3 164 (13.66%) User Experience
4 97 (8.08%) Hedge funds
5 78 (6.49%) Derivative
6 63 (5.25%) Fixed Income
7 51 (4.25%) Greenfield Project
8 49 (4.08%) Management Information System
9 40 (3.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 39 (3.25%) Online Gambling
11 36 (3.00%) Equities
12 35 (2.91%) Self-Motivation
13 31 (2.58%) Virtual Team
14 28 (2.33%) Equity Derivative
14 28 (2.33%) Linux Command Line
15 24 (2.00%) Robotics
16 23 (1.92%) Enterprise Software
17 20 (1.67%) Public Cloud
18 15 (1.25%) Client/Server
19 12 (1.00%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 154 (12.82%) Linux
2 70 (5.83%) Unix
3 58 (4.83%) Windows
4 31 (2.58%) Android
5 21 (1.75%) Windows Server
6 12 (1.00%) Apple iOS
6 12 (1.00%) Mac OS X
7 5 (0.42%) Embedded Linux
8 3 (0.25%) Solaris
9 2 (0.17%) CentOS
9 2 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.17%) Windows 7
9 2 (0.17%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 489 (40.72%) Agile Software Development
2 353 (29.39%) Computer Science
3 283 (23.56%) Software Engineering
4 250 (20.82%) OO
5 238 (19.82%) Analytics
6 236 (19.65%) Problem-Solving
7 192 (15.99%) Mathematics
8 186 (15.49%) TDD
9 172 (14.32%) Data Modelling
10 163 (13.57%) Scrum
11 157 (13.07%) Business Intelligence
12 150 (12.49%) DevOps
13 134 (11.16%) Microservices
14 131 (10.91%) Machine Learning
15 127 (10.57%) ETL
16 120 (9.99%) OOD
17 114 (9.49%) Unit Testing
18 110 (9.16%) Test Automation
19 109 (9.08%) Decision-Making
20 108 (8.99%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 468 (38.97%) SQL
2 406 (33.81%) Java
3 400 (33.31%) Python
4 274 (22.81%) C#
5 264 (21.98%) JavaScript
6 218 (18.15%) C++
7 94 (7.83%) TypeScript
8 93 (7.74%) Scala
9 67 (5.58%) C
10 64 (5.33%) ES6
11 61 (5.08%) Go
12 60 (5.00%) PHP
13 54 (4.50%) R
14 46 (3.83%) Kotlin
15 45 (3.75%) Java 8
16 38 (3.16%) T-SQL
17 36 (3.00%) Bash Shell
18 31 (2.58%) PowerShell
19 28 (2.33%) F#
20 22 (1.83%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 291 (24.23%) Degree
2 79 (6.58%) Computer Science Degree
3 36 (3.00%) Master's Degree
4 25 (2.08%) PhD
5 24 (2.00%) Security Cleared
6 23 (1.92%) SC Cleared
7 7 (0.58%) Numerate Degree
8 5 (0.42%) CISMP
8 5 (0.42%) CISSP
9 3 (0.25%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.17%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 2 (0.17%) PMI Certification
10 2 (0.17%) Postgraduate
11 1 (0.083%) A+ Certification
11 1 (0.083%) CompTIA Security+
11 1 (0.083%) DV Cleared
11 1 (0.083%) IIBA
11 1 (0.083%) Network+ Certification
11 1 (0.083%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (4.41%) Data Quality
1 53 (4.41%) QA
2 21 (1.75%) WAI
3 20 (1.67%) GDPR
4 3 (0.25%) PMO
5 2 (0.17%) ISO 26262
5 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.17%) MISRA
5 2 (0.17%) NIST
5 2 (0.17%) SLA
6 1 (0.083%) Solvency II
System Software
1 153 (12.74%) Docker
2 13 (1.08%) HDFS
3 11 (0.92%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 4 (0.33%) Apache Flume
5 4 (0.33%) GridGain
6 2 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.083%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 113 (9.41%) Kubernetes
2 47 (3.91%) Terraform
3 28 (2.33%) Ansible
4 15 (1.25%) Consul
5 11 (0.92%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (0.83%) Puppet
7 8 (0.67%) Oozie
8 7 (0.58%) Packer
9 5 (0.42%) Marathon
9 5 (0.42%) Mesos
9 5 (0.42%) Prometheus
9 5 (0.42%) ZABBIX
10 2 (0.17%) Grafana
10 2 (0.17%) Kibana
11 1 (0.083%) Data Guard
11 1 (0.083%) Docker Swarm
11 1 (0.083%) Salt
Vendors
1 119 (9.91%) Microsoft
2 81 (6.74%) Oracle
3 67 (5.58%) Google
4 58 (4.83%) Tableau
5 53 (4.41%) SAP
6 23 (1.92%) Informatica
6 23 (1.92%) WorldPay
7 18 (1.50%) Cloudera
8 16 (1.33%) Talend
9 14 (1.17%) Salesforce.com
10 13 (1.08%) Cypress Semiconductor
11 12 (1.00%) Netezza
12 11 (0.92%) MicroStrategy
13 9 (0.75%) Snowplow
13 9 (0.75%) Sybase
14 8 (0.67%) Charles River
14 8 (0.67%) IBM
15 6 (0.50%) Cognos
16 5 (0.42%) Apple
16 5 (0.42%) New Relic