Period
to 27 May 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 27 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK
6 months to
27 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 315 349 366
Rank change year-on-year +34 +17 +35
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 1,483 1,546 1,490
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.03% 0.90% 0.87%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.48% 2.21% 2.17%
Number of salaries quoted 1,095 1,166 1,233
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% -
10th Percentile £36,100 £36,000 £30,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £100,000 £90,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 59,867 69,844 68,592
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.59% 40.54% 40.20%
Number of salaries quoted 45,215 54,081 54,982
UK median annual salary £53,200 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.40% +3.09% -3.00%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £80,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Structures as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Structures.

Salary trend for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Structures over the 6 months to 27 May 2019.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the UK over the 6 months to 27 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +44 1,430 £62,500 +4.17% 94
London +26 891 £70,000 +3.70% 67
UK excluding London +62 575 £50,000 - 28
North of England +125 200 £55,000 +22.22% 3
South East +84 165 £55,000 +10.00% 11
North West +110 148 £62,500 +38.89% 3
Midlands -7 66 £42,500 -15.00% 1
South West +35 60 £42,000 -1.18% 3
Yorkshire +37 43 £45,000 -
West Midlands +20 42 £40,000 -15.79% 1
East of England -1 38 £46,000 -16.36% 9
Scotland +8 37 £47,500 -9.52%
East Midlands -4 24 £42,500 -22.73%
North East +16 9 £52,500 -
Wales +5 8 £41,000 +26.15%
Isle of Man - 1 £55,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 27 May 2019, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 746 (50.30%) Algorithms
2 613 (41.34%) SQL
3 494 (33.31%) Agile Software Development
4 488 (32.91%) Java
5 480 (32.37%) Python
6 406 (27.38%) Finance
6 406 (27.38%) Computer Science
7 342 (23.06%) Software Engineering
8 327 (22.05%) Analytics
9 318 (21.44%) OO
10 315 (21.24%) Degree
11 298 (20.09%) JavaScript
12 283 (19.08%) Amazon AWS
13 276 (18.61%) C#
14 273 (18.41%) Problem-Solving
15 255 (17.19%) SQL Server
16 252 (16.99%) Machine Learning
17 233 (15.71%) Analytical Skills
18 232 (15.64%) Data Modelling
19 225 (15.17%) Linux
20 210 (14.16%) C++
21 207 (13.96%) ETL
22 194 (13.08%) Big Data
23 191 (12.88%) HTML
24 187 (12.61%) User Experience
25 183 (12.34%) Business Intelligence
26 179 (12.07%) Git (software)
27 171 (11.53%) NoSQL
27 171 (11.53%) CSS
28 168 (11.33%) Data Warehouse

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 168 (11.33%) Apache Spark
2 51 (3.44%) Apache
3 43 (2.90%) Elasticsearch
4 31 (2.09%) SAS
5 22 (1.48%) SharePoint
6 19 (1.28%) Apache Pig
7 16 (1.08%) IIS
7 16 (1.08%) Umbraco
8 13 (0.88%) nginx
9 10 (0.67%) Tomcat
10 7 (0.47%) Confluence
11 6 (0.40%) Hyperledger
12 4 (0.27%) Apache Airflow
13 3 (0.20%) SharePoint Server
14 2 (0.13%) CMS
14 2 (0.13%) Luigi
14 2 (0.13%) MS Exchange
14 2 (0.13%) SugarCRM
15 1 (0.067%) Jupyter
15 1 (0.067%) Zope
Applications
1 84 (5.66%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (2.23%) Microsoft Office
3 24 (1.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 15 (1.01%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.40%) Spreadsheet
6 6 (0.40%) SPSS
7 1 (0.067%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 23 (1.55%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 22 (1.48%) SAP S/4HANA
3 14 (0.94%) SAP BPC
4 7 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
5 6 (0.40%) SAP GTS
6 5 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
7 4 (0.27%) Magento
8 3 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
8 3 (0.20%) FastStats
8 3 (0.20%) OpenText VIM for SAP
8 3 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
8 3 (0.20%) SAP CO
8 3 (0.20%) SAP FI
8 3 (0.20%) SAP FI/CO
8 3 (0.20%) SAP SD
8 3 (0.20%) SAP SRM
9 2 (0.13%) Infor CRM
9 2 (0.13%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 2 (0.13%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 283 (19.08%) Amazon AWS
2 166 (11.19%) Microsoft Azure
3 88 (5.93%) Power Platform
4 75 (5.06%) Cloud Computing
5 61 (4.11%) Google Cloud Platform
6 46 (3.10%) SaaS
7 43 (2.90%) GitHub
8 32 (2.16%) Amazon S3
9 24 (1.62%) Amazon EMR
10 20 (1.35%) Amazon EC2
11 14 (0.94%) Serverless
12 12 (0.81%) AWS CloudFormation
13 10 (0.67%) PaaS
14 7 (0.47%) SuccessFactors
15 6 (0.40%) Dynamics 365
16 5 (0.34%) Force.com
16 5 (0.34%) Google Analytics
16 5 (0.34%) IaaS
16 5 (0.34%) npm
16 5 (0.34%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 58 (3.91%) Broadband
2 27 (1.82%) HTTP
3 17 (1.15%) TCP/IP
4 12 (0.81%) Internet
5 6 (0.40%) Intranet
6 5 (0.34%) DNS
7 4 (0.27%) Wireless
8 3 (0.20%) Firewall
8 3 (0.20%) SAN
8 3 (0.20%) VPN
9 2 (0.13%) Bluetooth
9 2 (0.13%) Ethernet
9 2 (0.13%) NFC
10 1 (0.067%) Network Security
10 1 (0.067%) Software-Defined Networking
10 1 (0.067%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 255 (17.19%) SQL Server
2 194 (13.08%) Big Data
3 171 (11.53%) NoSQL
4 168 (11.33%) Data Warehouse
5 159 (10.72%) Hadoop
5 159 (10.72%) Relational Database
6 95 (6.41%) PostgreSQL
7 94 (6.34%) MySQL
8 88 (5.93%) Power BI
9 82 (5.53%) Apache Hive
10 74 (4.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 60 (4.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 51 (3.44%) RDBMS
13 49 (3.30%) MongoDB
14 37 (2.49%) Blockchain
15 36 (2.43%) BusinessObjects
15 36 (2.43%) Data Mining
16 34 (2.29%) Amazon Redshift
17 31 (2.09%) Redis
17 31 (2.09%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 179 (12.07%) Git (software)
2 93 (6.27%) Subversion
3 67 (4.52%) Jenkins
4 56 (3.78%) Mercurial
5 47 (3.17%) Maven
6 37 (2.49%) Gradle
7 28 (1.89%) Ant
8 27 (1.82%) JIRA
9 23 (1.55%) Selenium
10 20 (1.35%) Jasmine
11 18 (1.21%) Visual Studio
12 17 (1.15%) Grunt
12 17 (1.15%) gulp
12 17 (1.15%) Mocha
13 16 (1.08%) TeamCity
13 16 (1.08%) webpack
14 15 (1.01%) JUnit
15 14 (0.94%) Karma Test Runner
15 14 (0.94%) Protractor
15 14 (0.94%) Sinon.JS
General
1 406 (27.38%) Finance
2 68 (4.59%) Games
3 52 (3.51%) Retail
4 43 (2.90%) Marketing
5 38 (2.56%) Banking
5 38 (2.56%) Front Office
6 28 (1.89%) Law
7 26 (1.75%) Manufacturing
8 19 (1.28%) Advertising
8 19 (1.28%) Financial Institution
8 19 (1.28%) Telecoms
9 10 (0.67%) Electronics
9 10 (0.67%) Publishing
10 9 (0.61%) Investment Banking
11 8 (0.54%) Digital Economy
12 4 (0.27%) Legal
13 2 (0.13%) Aerospace
13 2 (0.13%) Automotive
13 2 (0.13%) Greek Language
13 2 (0.13%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 633 (42.68%) Developer
2 187 (12.61%) Java Developer
3 180 (12.14%) Software Engineer
4 179 (12.07%) Analyst
5 148 (9.98%) C# Developer
6 128 (8.63%) Data Engineer
7 117 (7.89%) Senior Developer
8 97 (6.54%) Python Developer
9 82 (5.53%) Architect
10 79 (5.33%) Python Engineer
11 68 (4.59%) Development Engineer
12 67 (4.52%) C++ Developer
12 67 (4.52%) Data Analyst
13 66 (4.45%) Java Engineer
14 65 (4.38%) Junior
14 65 (4.38%) Senior Software Engineer
15 60 (4.05%) Software Development Engineer
16 52 (3.51%) Java Software Engineer
17 49 (3.30%) Data Architect
18 48 (3.24%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 191 (12.88%) HTML
2 171 (11.53%) CSS
3 157 (10.59%) .NET
4 144 (9.71%) AngularJS
5 133 (8.97%) React
6 115 (7.75%) RESTful
7 96 (6.47%) XML
8 94 (6.34%) REST
9 91 (6.14%) Spring
10 85 (5.73%) Kafka
11 79 (5.33%) Web Services
12 76 (5.12%) Node.js
13 66 (4.45%) JSON
14 62 (4.18%) HTML5
15 54 (3.64%) ASP.NET
16 53 (3.57%) GraphQL
16 53 (3.57%) Redux
17 47 (3.17%) CSS3
18 39 (2.63%) jQuery
19 35 (2.36%) Reactive Extensions
Miscellaneous
1 746 (50.30%) Algorithms
2 233 (15.71%) Analytical Skills
3 187 (12.61%) User Experience
4 107 (7.22%) Hedge funds
5 94 (6.34%) Fintech
6 91 (6.14%) Derivative
7 56 (3.78%) Fixed Income
7 56 (3.78%) Management Information System
8 50 (3.37%) Greenfield Project
9 45 (3.03%) Self-Motivation
10 43 (2.90%) Equities
11 32 (2.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 28 (1.89%) Equity Derivative
13 23 (1.55%) Enterprise Software
13 23 (1.55%) Online Gambling
14 19 (1.28%) Virtual Team
15 18 (1.21%) Client/Server
15 18 (1.21%) Social Media
16 17 (1.15%) Robotics
17 16 (1.08%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 225 (15.17%) Linux
2 84 (5.66%) Unix
3 46 (3.10%) Windows
4 29 (1.96%) Android
5 22 (1.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 20 (1.35%) Apple iOS
7 14 (0.94%) Windows Server
8 10 (0.67%) Mac OS X
8 10 (0.67%) Solaris
9 5 (0.34%) CentOS
9 5 (0.34%) Fedora
10 4 (0.27%) Mac OS
10 4 (0.27%) Oracle Linux
11 1 (0.067%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 494 (33.31%) Agile Software Development
2 406 (27.38%) Computer Science
3 342 (23.06%) Software Engineering
4 327 (22.05%) Analytics
5 318 (21.44%) OO
6 273 (18.41%) Problem-Solving
7 252 (16.99%) Machine Learning
8 232 (15.64%) Data Modelling
9 207 (13.96%) ETL
10 183 (12.34%) Business Intelligence
11 161 (10.86%) Mathematics
12 160 (10.79%) Test Automation
13 148 (9.98%) Decision-Making
13 148 (9.98%) OOD
14 145 (9.78%) Continuous Integration
15 144 (9.71%) Visualisation
16 140 (9.44%) Artificial Intelligence
17 130 (8.77%) Data Analysis
18 126 (8.50%) SDLC
19 125 (8.43%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 613 (41.34%) SQL
2 488 (32.91%) Java
3 480 (32.37%) Python
4 298 (20.09%) JavaScript
5 276 (18.61%) C#
6 210 (14.16%) C++
7 100 (6.74%) Scala
8 90 (6.07%) TypeScript
9 89 (6.00%) R
10 84 (5.66%) ES6
11 65 (4.38%) C
12 64 (4.32%) PHP
13 60 (4.05%) Go
14 57 (3.84%) T-SQL
15 48 (3.24%) VBA
16 43 (2.90%) PL/SQL
17 38 (2.56%) Objective-C
18 32 (2.16%) Perl
18 32 (2.16%) Shell Script
19 31 (2.09%) F#
Qualifications
1 315 (21.24%) Degree
2 71 (4.79%) Computer Science Degree
3 23 (1.55%) Security Cleared
4 21 (1.42%) SC Cleared
5 17 (1.15%) Master's Degree
6 14 (0.94%) PhD
7 12 (0.81%) Microsoft Certification
8 11 (0.74%) MCSA
9 6 (0.40%) IIBA
10 5 (0.34%) Numerate Degree
11 4 (0.27%) ISEB
12 3 (0.20%) A+ Certification
13 2 (0.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 2 (0.13%) PMP
14 1 (0.067%) ACCA
14 1 (0.067%) CIMA
14 1 (0.067%) ISTQB
14 1 (0.067%) Network+ Certification
14 1 (0.067%) Postgraduate
14 1 (0.067%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 81 (5.46%) Data Quality
2 64 (4.32%) QA
3 24 (1.62%) GDPR
4 14 (0.94%) WAI
5 9 (0.61%) SLA
6 5 (0.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 4 (0.27%) ISO 20022
8 3 (0.20%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.20%) PMO
9 1 (0.067%) MiFID
System Software
1 162 (10.92%) Docker
2 25 (1.69%) HDFS
3 13 (0.88%) Apache Flume
4 12 (0.81%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 7 (0.47%) etcd
6 4 (0.27%) Active Directory
7 3 (0.20%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.067%) GridGain
8 1 (0.067%) KVM
8 1 (0.067%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.067%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 63 (4.25%) Kubernetes
2 36 (2.43%) Ansible
3 22 (1.48%) Terraform
4 17 (1.15%) Salt
5 11 (0.74%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (0.47%) Consul
6 7 (0.47%) Hadoop YARN
6 7 (0.47%) Prometheus
7 5 (0.34%) Grafana
7 5 (0.34%) Marathon
7 5 (0.34%) Mesos
7 5 (0.34%) Packer
7 5 (0.34%) Puppet
7 5 (0.34%) ZABBIX
8 4 (0.27%) Control-M
8 4 (0.27%) Kibana
9 3 (0.20%) Docker Swarm
10 2 (0.13%) SCCM
11 1 (0.067%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 168 (11.33%) Microsoft
2 132 (8.90%) Oracle
3 99 (6.68%) Tableau
4 68 (4.59%) SAP
5 53 (3.57%) Google
6 46 (3.10%) Salesforce.com
7 40 (2.70%) Cloudera
8 35 (2.36%) Informatica
9 32 (2.16%) Talend
10 26 (1.75%) IBM
11 23 (1.55%) WorldPay
12 22 (1.48%) Alteryx
12 22 (1.48%) Red Hat
13 19 (1.28%) Sybase
14 17 (1.15%) Netezza
15 9 (0.61%) Ab Initio
15 9 (0.61%) MicroStrategy
16 8 (0.54%) Cognizant
16 8 (0.54%) Teradata
16 8 (0.54%) Trillium