Period
to 25 October 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 251 272 373
Rank change year-on-year +21 +101 -47
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 1,706 572 1,160
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.35% 1.17% 0.85%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.33% 3.32% 2.41%
Number of salaries quoted 939 462 849
10th Percentile £40,000 £37,500 £35,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £60,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% -7.69% +8.33%
75th Percentile £88,750 £80,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £109,875 £110,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 51,221 17,204 48,038
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.54% 35.20% 35.26%
Number of salaries quoted 30,794 14,212 36,906
10th Percentile £32,500 £33,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £54,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +5.50% +3.81%
75th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £73,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £100,000 £91,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% +6.67% -

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Structures as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Structures.

Salary trend for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Structures over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in the UK

Data Structures
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the UK over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +27 1,515 £67,500 +12.50% 278
London +21 936 £80,000 +6.67% 189
UK excluding London -42 612 £52,500 +5.00% 104
Work from Home -77 267 £74,250 +35.00% 102
Midlands +6 153 £57,500 +53.33% 27
North of England -105 152 £51,250 +2.50% 24
West Midlands +2 129 £60,000 +84.62% 15
South East -88 128 £57,500 -11.54% 21
Yorkshire -107 83 £50,000 - 6
North West -48 66 £55,000 +15.79% 17
East of England -70 57 £48,750 -30.36% 8
South West -61 55 £50,000 +17.65% 9
Scotland -97 34 £47,000 -1.05% 7
East Midlands -63 24 £50,000 +17.65% 12
Northern Ireland -30 13 £40,000 -30.43% 2
Wales -41 12 £40,000 -20.00% 6
Isle of Man +1 10 - -
North East -45 3 £43,000 -4.44% 1

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 879 (51.52%) Algorithms
2 638 (37.40%) Java
3 597 (34.99%) Social Skills
4 575 (33.70%) Agile Software Development
5 574 (33.65%) SQL
6 565 (33.12%) Python
7 544 (31.89%) Software Engineering
8 502 (29.43%) Degree
9 478 (28.02%) Computer Science
10 420 (24.62%) AWS
11 370 (21.69%) Finance
12 359 (21.04%) OO
13 351 (20.57%) JavaScript
14 293 (17.17%) C++
14 293 (17.17%) Git (software)
14 293 (17.17%) Analytics
15 289 (16.94%) Analytical Skills
16 282 (16.53%) Problem-Solving
17 280 (16.41%) Azure
18 265 (15.53%) DevOps
19 258 (15.12%) Business Intelligence
20 253 (14.83%) React
21 243 (14.24%) Full Stack Development
22 240 (14.07%) TDD
23 235 (13.77%) Docker
24 232 (13.60%) Data Modelling
25 226 (13.25%) Microservices
26 220 (12.90%) Data Warehouse
27 215 (12.60%) Relational Database
28 211 (12.37%) NoSQL

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 108 (6.33%) Apache Spark
2 63 (3.69%) SAS
3 50 (2.93%) Elasticsearch
4 42 (2.46%) Apache Airflow
5 33 (1.93%) Confluence
6 31 (1.82%) Tomcat
7 22 (1.29%) Apache
8 20 (1.17%) Gunicorn
9 16 (0.94%) CMS
10 12 (0.70%) JBoss
11 10 (0.59%) Luigi
11 10 (0.59%) WebSphere
12 9 (0.53%) NServiceBus
12 9 (0.53%) Oracle Workflow
13 8 (0.47%) Drupal
13 8 (0.47%) nginx
13 8 (0.47%) SharePoint
14 6 (0.35%) IBM HTTP Server
14 6 (0.35%) WordPress
15 5 (0.29%) GlassFish
Applications
1 50 (2.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (1.23%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (0.88%) Spreadsheet
4 12 (0.70%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.29%) Sketch
6 2 (0.12%) Figma
6 2 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.059%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.059%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.059%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.059%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.059%) UXPin
7 1 (0.059%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 22 (1.29%) Dynamics CRM
2 19 (1.11%) NetSuite
3 11 (0.64%) Payment Gateway
4 10 (0.59%) Oracle Clinical
5 7 (0.41%) Summit
6 6 (0.35%) Oracle BRM
6 6 (0.35%) Oracle EBS
7 4 (0.23%) MetaTrader
8 3 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 3 (0.18%) SAP Retail
8 3 (0.18%) Sentinel
9 2 (0.12%) Hyperion Planning
9 2 (0.12%) IBM Planning Analytics
9 2 (0.12%) Magento
9 2 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
9 2 (0.12%) Oracle Financials
9 2 (0.12%) Oracle iRecruitment
9 2 (0.12%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 2 (0.12%) SAP R/3
9 2 (0.12%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 420 (24.62%) AWS
2 280 (16.41%) Azure
3 153 (8.97%) Power Platform
4 104 (6.10%) GCP
5 96 (5.63%) Serverless
6 95 (5.57%) SaaS
7 63 (3.69%) GitHub
8 59 (3.46%) npm
9 50 (2.93%) Amazon S3
10 46 (2.70%) AWS CloudFormation
10 46 (2.70%) Snowflake
11 45 (2.64%) Azure Data Factory
12 42 (2.46%) AWS Lambda
13 28 (1.64%) Azure Synapse Analytics
14 26 (1.52%) Amazon EC2
15 25 (1.47%) Amazon EMR
16 24 (1.41%) Microsoft 365
17 18 (1.06%) Cloud Computing
18 17 (1.00%) Google Analytics
18 17 (1.00%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 26 (1.52%) HTTP
2 15 (0.88%) TCP/IP
3 12 (0.70%) Internet
4 11 (0.64%) SMS
5 9 (0.53%) Broadband
6 2 (0.12%) Reverse Proxy
7 1 (0.059%) 5G
7 1 (0.059%) DNS
7 1 (0.059%) Firewall
7 1 (0.059%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.059%) Intranet
7 1 (0.059%) Multicast
7 1 (0.059%) Network Security
7 1 (0.059%) SAN
7 1 (0.059%) Software-Defined Radio
7 1 (0.059%) Unicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 220 (12.90%) Data Warehouse
2 215 (12.60%) Relational Database
3 211 (12.37%) NoSQL
4 156 (9.14%) PostgreSQL
5 152 (8.91%) Power BI
6 138 (8.09%) Big Data
7 124 (7.27%) SQL Server
8 106 (6.21%) MySQL
9 90 (5.28%) MongoDB
10 78 (4.57%) Metadata
11 73 (4.28%) Data Lake
11 73 (4.28%) Hadoop
12 64 (3.75%) Apache Cassandra
13 59 (3.46%) Tableau
14 50 (2.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 47 (2.75%) Data Mining
16 45 (2.64%) Redis
17 44 (2.58%) RDBMS
18 35 (2.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 34 (1.99%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 293 (17.17%) Git (software)
2 127 (7.44%) JIRA
3 98 (5.74%) Jenkins
4 77 (4.51%) Subversion
5 72 (4.22%) Mercurial
6 35 (2.05%) webpack
7 34 (1.99%) GitLab
8 24 (1.41%) gulp
9 23 (1.35%) Bitbucket
10 22 (1.29%) Maven
10 22 (1.29%) TeamCity
11 21 (1.23%) JMeter
12 20 (1.17%) CircleCI
13 18 (1.06%) Visual Studio
14 17 (1.00%) Bower
14 17 (1.00%) JUnit
15 16 (0.94%) git-flow
15 16 (0.94%) Gradle
16 15 (0.88%) Cypress.io
16 15 (0.88%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 597 (34.99%) Social Skills
2 370 (21.69%) Finance
3 289 (16.94%) Analytical Skills
4 86 (5.04%) Games
5 67 (3.93%) Law
6 64 (3.75%) Banking
7 62 (3.63%) Retail
8 61 (3.58%) Pharmaceutical
9 58 (3.40%) Front Office
10 56 (3.28%) Legal
11 55 (3.22%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 45 (2.64%) Presentation Skills
13 44 (2.58%) Manufacturing
14 42 (2.46%) Advertising
14 42 (2.46%) Marketing
15 39 (2.29%) Organisational Skills
16 36 (2.11%) Publishing
17 33 (1.93%) Public Sector
18 24 (1.41%) Investment Banking
19 21 (1.23%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 559 (32.77%) Developer
2 288 (16.88%) Software Engineer
3 160 (9.38%) Java Developer
4 141 (8.26%) Analyst
5 139 (8.15%) Data Engineer
6 114 (6.68%) Architect
7 90 (5.28%) Senior Software Engineer
8 85 (4.98%) Senior Developer
9 81 (4.75%) Java Engineer
9 81 (4.75%) Programmer
10 77 (4.51%) Data Architect
11 76 (4.45%) Full Stack Developer
12 75 (4.40%) Java Software Engineer
13 70 (4.10%) Backend Developer
14 61 (3.58%) Consultant
15 57 (3.34%) Python Developer
16 55 (3.22%) Data Analyst
17 47 (2.75%) Business Analyst
18 44 (2.58%) Python Engineer
19 43 (2.52%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 253 (14.83%) React
2 172 (10.08%) Spring
3 171 (10.02%) HTML
4 153 (8.97%) Node.js
5 150 (8.79%) .NET
6 146 (8.56%) Web Services
7 145 (8.50%) AngularJS
8 144 (8.44%) REST
9 140 (8.21%) CSS
10 139 (8.15%) Kafka
11 82 (4.81%) JSON
11 82 (4.81%) RESTful
12 78 (4.57%) Spring Boot
13 67 (3.93%) Middleware
14 64 (3.75%) HTML5
14 64 (3.75%) Vue.js
15 62 (3.63%) .NET Core
15 62 (3.63%) XML
16 61 (3.58%) Pandas
17 52 (3.05%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 879 (51.52%) Algorithms
2 119 (6.98%) Self-Motivation
3 103 (6.04%) User Experience
4 80 (4.69%) Management Information System
5 58 (3.40%) Virtual Team
6 55 (3.22%) Legacy Systems
7 52 (3.05%) Derivative
8 48 (2.81%) Enterprise Software
8 48 (2.81%) Mobile App
9 27 (1.58%) Cloud Native
9 27 (1.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 23 (1.35%) Greenfield Project
10 23 (1.35%) Robotics
11 22 (1.29%) Fixed Income
12 19 (1.11%) CUDA
12 19 (1.11%) Hedge funds
13 18 (1.06%) Social Media
14 17 (1.00%) Data Centre
14 17 (1.00%) LIMS
14 17 (1.00%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 198 (11.61%) Linux
2 83 (4.87%) Unix
3 44 (2.58%) Windows
4 21 (1.23%) Android
5 14 (0.82%) Apple iOS
6 10 (0.59%) Mac OS
7 8 (0.47%) Solaris
8 5 (0.29%) Robot Operating System
9 4 (0.23%) DC/OS
9 4 (0.23%) watchOS
10 3 (0.18%) AIX
10 3 (0.18%) CentOS
10 3 (0.18%) HPUX
11 2 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 2 (0.12%) Ubuntu
11 2 (0.12%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.059%) Alpine Linux
12 1 (0.059%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.059%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 575 (33.70%) Agile Software Development
2 544 (31.89%) Software Engineering
3 478 (28.02%) Computer Science
4 359 (21.04%) OO
5 293 (17.17%) Analytics
6 282 (16.53%) Problem-Solving
7 265 (15.53%) DevOps
8 258 (15.12%) Business Intelligence
9 243 (14.24%) Full Stack Development
10 240 (14.07%) TDD
11 232 (13.60%) Data Modelling
12 226 (13.25%) Microservices
13 204 (11.96%) Continuous Integration
13 204 (11.96%) ETL
14 200 (11.72%) Data Science
15 198 (11.61%) OOP
16 179 (10.49%) Test Automation
17 169 (9.91%) Scrum
18 159 (9.32%) Artificial Intelligence
19 157 (9.20%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 638 (37.40%) Java
2 574 (33.65%) SQL
3 565 (33.12%) Python
4 351 (20.57%) JavaScript
5 293 (17.17%) C++
6 177 (10.38%) C#
7 161 (9.44%) C
8 140 (8.21%) TypeScript
9 128 (7.50%) Go
10 95 (5.57%) Scala
11 81 (4.75%) Java 8
12 67 (3.93%) PHP
13 59 (3.46%) Kotlin
14 58 (3.40%) ES6
15 42 (2.46%) Bash Shell
16 26 (1.52%) PowerShell
17 25 (1.47%) Ruby
18 24 (1.41%) Objective-C
19 23 (1.35%) R
20 22 (1.29%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 502 (29.43%) Degree
2 187 (10.96%) Computer Science Degree
3 49 (2.87%) HND
4 43 (2.52%) Master's Degree
5 23 (1.35%) Security Cleared
6 20 (1.17%) Numerate Degree
7 17 (1.00%) SC Cleared
8 15 (0.88%) PhD
9 13 (0.76%) AWS Certification
10 11 (0.64%) ISEB
11 7 (0.41%) SAS Certification
12 6 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
13 5 (0.29%) IIBA
14 3 (0.18%) ACCA
14 3 (0.18%) CIMA
14 3 (0.18%) ISTQB
14 3 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 2 (0.12%) AAT
15 2 (0.12%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 2 (0.12%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 71 (4.16%) Data Quality
1 71 (4.16%) QA
2 54 (3.17%) Accessibility
3 37 (2.17%) GDPR
4 22 (1.29%) GRC
5 21 (1.23%) Good Clinical Practice
6 18 (1.06%) CDISC
7 16 (0.94%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 9 (0.53%) SLA
9 7 (0.41%) GLP
9 7 (0.41%) GMP
9 7 (0.41%) GxP
9 7 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 4 (0.23%) PMO
10 4 (0.23%) SOC 2
11 3 (0.18%) HIPAA
12 2 (0.12%) NIST
12 2 (0.12%) WCAG
13 1 (0.059%) ISO 20022
13 1 (0.059%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 235 (13.77%) Docker
2 16 (0.94%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.64%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 11 (0.64%) etcd
4 3 (0.18%) HDFS
4 3 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.059%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 165 (9.67%) Kubernetes
2 85 (4.98%) Terraform
3 25 (1.47%) Prometheus
4 22 (1.29%) Kibana
5 20 (1.17%) Grafana
5 20 (1.17%) Puppet
6 18 (1.06%) logstash
6 18 (1.06%) Opscode Chef
7 16 (0.94%) Ansible
8 11 (0.64%) Consul
9 9 (0.53%) Istio
10 5 (0.29%) Oracle Identity Manager
10 5 (0.29%) Tivoli
11 4 (0.23%) Apache Brooklyn
11 4 (0.23%) Marathon
11 4 (0.23%) Mesos
12 2 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
12 2 (0.12%) Kustomize
13 1 (0.059%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 161 (9.44%) Oracle
2 138 (8.09%) Microsoft
3 89 (5.22%) Google
4 51 (2.99%) SAP
5 36 (2.11%) Salesforce.com
6 31 (1.82%) Databricks
7 28 (1.64%) Alibaba
8 26 (1.52%) IBM
9 20 (1.17%) Greenplum
9 20 (1.17%) Informatica
9 20 (1.17%) Teradata
10 18 (1.06%) JD Edwards
11 17 (1.00%) Sony
12 15 (0.88%) Talend
13 14 (0.82%) LANSA
14 12 (0.70%) Amplitude
14 12 (0.70%) Facebook
15 11 (0.64%) Solace
16 10 (0.59%) ServiceNow
17 9 (0.53%) Apple