The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Oracle Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Oracle Database over the 3 months to 28 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Oracle Database (Oracle RDBMS)
UK
3 months to
28 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 259 192 161
Rank change year-on-year -67 -31  
Permanent jobs citing Oracle Database 1054 1835 2165
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.24% 1.76% 2.00%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 4.01% 5.71% 6.40%
Number of salaries quoted 748 1466 1660
Median salary £48,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.00% -  
90% offered a salary of more than £34,000 £35,000 £33,500
10% offered a salary of more than £67,500 £70,000 £70,000
UK excluding London median salary £45,000 £45,000 £44,500
% change year-on-year - +1.12%  

Oracle Database is in the database and business intelligence skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database and business intelligence skills.

Database & Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database and business intelligence skills 26256 32144 33841
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 30.81% 30.91% 31.32%
Number of salaries quoted 22270 27377 28672
Median salary £47,500 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -5.00% +11.11%  
90% offered a salary of more than £32,500 £32,500 £31,000
10% offered a salary of more than £72,500 £70,000 £70,000
UK excluding London median salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25%  

Oracle Database
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing Oracle Database as a proportion of all permanent or contract IT jobs with a match in the Database & Business Intelligence category.

Job vacancy trend for Oracle Database in the UK

Oracle Database
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Oracle Database.

Salary trend for Oracle Database in the UK

Oracle Database
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Oracle Database over the 3 months to 28 March 2017.

Salary histogram for Oracle Database in the UK

Oracle Database
Top 30 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Oracle Database within the UK over the 3 months to 28 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Last 3 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -68 939 £50,000 - 124
London -89 315 £60,000 +4.34% 32
South East -65 165 £49,000 +5.37% 24
East of England +20 158 £47,500 - 15
Yorkshire -28 88 £45,000 +12.50% 10
South West -41 76 £45,000 -5.26% 13
North West -24 75 £40,000 -12.23% 14
Essex +37 66 £50,000 +14.28% 5
City of London +24 65 £65,000 +8.33% 7
West Yorkshire +13 57 £45,000 +20.00% 5
Hertfordshire -16 55 £56,250 +18.42% 7
Scotland -6 53 £44,500 -11.00% 7
Surrey +38 51 £47,500 -1.55% 8
Berkshire -18 43 £55,000 - 3
Colchester +8 39 £50,000 -20.00% 2
Wiltshire +7 33 £45,000 -18.18% 7
Manchester -37 33 £42,500 -5.55% 8
Leeds -7 31 £47,500 +25.00% 3
East Midlands +7 29 £39,000 -13.33% 6
Cambridgeshire +29 28 £44,500 -6.31% 1
West Midlands +3 26 £43,500 -5.43% 6
Glasgow +1 26 £50,000 -4.76% 1
Edinburgh -16 24 £37,500 -25.00% 4
Hampshire -48 24 £40,000 -11.11% 9
South Wales +6 21 £40,041 +0.10% 5
Wales -2 21 £40,041 +0.10% 5
Cheshire -5 21 £36,500 -30.47% 1
Oxfordshire +5 19 £55,000 +15.78% 3
Reading +37 16 £50,000 -9.09%
North Yorkshire +5 16 £40,000 -11.11% 2

For the 6 months to 28 March 2017, IT jobs citing Oracle Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Oracle Database.

1 2279 (100.00%) Oracle
2 1547 (67.88%) SQL
3 946 (41.51%) PL/SQL
4 824 (36.16%) Oracle Database 11g
5 672 (29.49%) Java
6 647 (28.39%) Finance
7 639 (28.04%) Linux
8 572 (25.10%) SQL Server
9 554 (24.31%) Unix
10 446 (19.57%) Agile Software Development
11 441 (19.35%) Windows
12 409 (17.95%) Performance Tuning
13 395 (17.33%) Relational Database
14 387 (16.98%) Oracle Database 12c
15 377 (16.54%) XML
16 361 (15.84%) ETL
17 336 (14.74%) Oracle Database 10g
18 325 (14.26%) Degree
19 315 (13.82%) RDBMS
20 311 (13.65%) Business Intelligence
21 305 (13.38%) Oracle Reports
22 300 (13.16%) HTML
23 298 (13.08%) JavaScript
24 291 (12.77%) WebLogic
25 285 (12.51%) Data Warehouse
26 284 (12.46%) Shell Script
27 283 (12.42%) Web Services
28 252 (11.06%) Oracle RMAN
29 249 (10.93%) Oracle RAC
30 230 (10.09%) Data Guard

Oracle Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 291 (12.77%) WebLogic
2 224 (9.83%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 150 (6.58%) JBoss
4 142 (6.23%) Tomcat
5 106 (4.65%) WebSphere
6 76 (3.33%) IIS
7 75 (3.29%) Oracle Service Bus
8 73 (3.20%) Apache
9 59 (2.59%) Oracle Workflow
10 40 (1.76%) SharePoint
11 30 (1.32%) nginx
12 28 (1.23%) Jetty
13 24 (1.05%) Apache Spark
13 24 (1.05%) CMS
14 21 (0.92%) WebSphere Application Server
15 18 (0.79%) GlassFish
15 18 (0.79%) SAS
16 17 (0.75%) ArcGIS
16 17 (0.75%) MS Exchange
16 17 (0.75%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 109 (4.78%) MS Excel
2 62 (2.72%) MS Office
3 10 (0.44%) MS PowerPoint
3 10 (0.44%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.39%) Photoshop
5 5 (0.22%) SPSS
6 4 (0.18%) EngageOne
7 3 (0.13%) MS Project
8 2 (0.088%) Siemens NX
9 1 (0.044%) Blender
9 1 (0.044%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.044%) Weka
Business Applications
1 217 (9.52%) Oracle EBS
2 151 (6.63%) Oracle EBS R12
3 126 (5.53%) Oracle Applications
4 41 (1.80%) Oracle 11i
5 36 (1.58%) Oracle Cash Management
6 35 (1.54%) Oracle ERP
7 31 (1.36%) Oracle Financials
8 30 (1.32%) Oracle Payables
9 25 (1.10%) Oracle BPM
10 21 (0.92%) Oracle Receivables
11 20 (0.88%) Oracle General Ledger
12 19 (0.83%) Oracle ASCP
13 16 (0.70%) Oracle Assets
14 12 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
15 11 (0.48%) Cognos Business Intelligence
15 11 (0.48%) Oracle iProcurement
15 11 (0.48%) SAP Oil and Gas
16 9 (0.39%) Infor CloudSuite
16 9 (0.39%) Infor M3
17 8 (0.35%) Oracle iSupplier
Cloud Services
1 76 (3.33%) Amazon AWS
2 27 (1.18%) Microsoft Azure
3 26 (1.14%) SaaS
4 21 (0.92%) G Suite
4 21 (0.92%) PaaS
5 17 (0.75%) IaaS
6 10 (0.44%) GitHub
7 8 (0.35%) Office 365
8 7 (0.31%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 6 (0.26%) Responsys
9 6 (0.26%) Taleo
10 5 (0.22%) SuccessFactors
11 4 (0.18%) Amazon EC2
11 4 (0.18%) Azure Active Directory
11 4 (0.18%) CloudFront
12 3 (0.13%) Cloud Computing
12 3 (0.13%) iTunes
13 1 (0.044%) Adobe Analytics
13 1 (0.044%) Amazon S3
13 1 (0.044%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 83 (3.64%) SSL
2 62 (2.72%) Firewall
3 52 (2.28%) SAN
3 52 (2.28%) TCP/IP
4 51 (2.24%) DNS
5 42 (1.84%) Internet
6 39 (1.71%) LAN
7 35 (1.54%) HTTP
8 30 (1.32%) WAN
9 29 (1.27%) SNMP
10 27 (1.18%) LDAP
11 24 (1.05%) DHCP
12 21 (0.92%) NAS
13 16 (0.70%) HTTPS
13 16 (0.70%) VPN
14 15 (0.66%) Ethernet
14 15 (0.66%) SMTP
15 14 (0.61%) NetScaler
16 13 (0.57%) iSCSI
17 12 (0.53%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 824 (36.16%) Oracle Database 11g
2 572 (25.10%) SQL Server
3 395 (17.33%) Relational Database
4 387 (16.98%) Oracle Database 12c
5 336 (14.74%) Oracle Database 10g
6 315 (13.82%) RDBMS
7 305 (13.38%) Oracle Reports
8 285 (12.51%) Data Warehouse
9 189 (8.29%) MySQL
10 146 (6.41%) Oracle BI EE
11 113 (4.96%) Oracle ODI
12 89 (3.91%) PostgreSQL
13 83 (3.64%) Oracle9i Database
14 79 (3.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 74 (3.25%) BusinessObjects
16 69 (3.03%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 63 (2.76%) Big Data
18 57 (2.50%) Hadoop
18 57 (2.50%) Oracle BI Publisher
19 50 (2.19%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 195 (8.56%) Oracle Forms
2 169 (7.42%) Oracle APEX
3 120 (5.27%) Subversion
4 105 (4.61%) Maven
5 102 (4.48%) Jenkins
6 89 (3.91%) Git (software)
7 79 (3.47%) Eclipse
8 78 (3.42%) JIRA
8 78 (3.42%) Toad
9 69 (3.03%) Talend Open Studio
10 59 (2.59%) JUnit
11 53 (2.33%) Ant
12 45 (1.97%) Visual Studio
13 43 (1.89%) Hudson
14 33 (1.45%) Sonatype Nexus
15 24 (1.05%) Team Foundation Server
16 23 (1.01%) Selenium
17 21 (0.92%) PeopleTools
18 16 (0.70%) JDeveloper
18 16 (0.70%) PROIV
General
1 647 (28.39%) Finance
2 144 (6.32%) Banking
3 77 (3.38%) Manufacturing
4 55 (2.41%) Retail
5 47 (2.06%) Telecoms
6 40 (1.76%) Marketing
7 36 (1.58%) Advertising
8 27 (1.18%) Financial Institution
9 25 (1.10%) Investment Banking
9 25 (1.10%) Publishing
10 23 (1.01%) Games
11 22 (0.97%) Back Office
12 20 (0.88%) Electronics
13 15 (0.66%) German Language
14 13 (0.57%) General Ledger
15 11 (0.48%) Front Office
16 9 (0.39%) Billing
17 6 (0.26%) Corporate Banking
17 6 (0.26%) Retail Banking
18 5 (0.22%) Legal
Job Titles
1 878 (38.53%) Developer
2 553 (24.27%) DBA
3 504 (22.11%) Oracle Developer
4 459 (20.14%) Oracle DBA
5 217 (9.52%) Java Developer
6 192 (8.42%) Analyst
7 190 (8.34%) Administrator
8 165 (7.24%) Senior Developer
9 134 (5.88%) SQL Developer
10 112 (4.91%) Architect
11 106 (4.65%) Consultant
12 102 (4.48%) SQL DBA
13 96 (4.21%) PL/SQL Developer
14 91 (3.99%) Senior Oracle Developer
15 76 (3.33%) Database Developer
16 73 (3.20%) Senior Java Developer
17 72 (3.16%) Support Analyst
18 69 (3.03%) Applications Support
19 67 (2.94%) Senior DBA
20 61 (2.68%) Senior Oracle DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 377 (16.54%) XML
2 300 (13.16%) HTML
3 283 (12.42%) Web Services
4 229 (10.05%) CSS
5 210 (9.21%) Spring
6 191 (8.38%) .NET
7 182 (7.99%) SOAP
8 150 (6.58%) Middleware
9 148 (6.49%) J2EE
10 134 (5.88%) Hibernate
11 132 (5.79%) Oracle Fusion
12 108 (4.74%) REST
13 104 (4.56%) JMS
14 93 (4.08%) Java EE
15 89 (3.91%) Oracle GoldenGate
16 88 (3.86%) RESTful
17 86 (3.77%) jQuery
18 85 (3.73%) XSD
19 82 (3.60%) Ajax
20 74 (3.25%) JPA
Miscellaneous
1 194 (8.51%) Analytical Skills
2 175 (7.68%) Computer Science
3 96 (4.21%) Replication
4 83 (3.64%) Enterprise Software
5 54 (2.37%) Management Information System
6 43 (1.89%) Clustering
7 38 (1.67%) Data Centre
7 38 (1.67%) Fintech
8 33 (1.45%) Mobile App
9 30 (1.32%) N-Tier
10 28 (1.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 21 (0.92%) Life Science
12 20 (0.88%) EMC VNX
12 20 (0.88%) Linux Command Line
13 17 (0.75%) Client/Server
14 16 (0.70%) Mainframe
15 12 (0.53%) User Experience
16 11 (0.48%) Credit Risk
16 11 (0.48%) Derivative
16 11 (0.48%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 639 (28.04%) Linux
2 554 (24.31%) Unix
3 441 (19.35%) Windows
4 169 (7.42%) Windows Server
5 141 (6.19%) Solaris
6 97 (4.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 56 (2.46%) Windows Server 2012
8 41 (1.80%) Windows Server 2008
9 35 (1.54%) AIX
10 23 (1.01%) Windows 7
11 21 (0.92%) Ubuntu
12 19 (0.83%) SUSE
12 19 (0.83%) Windows Server 2003
13 18 (0.79%) Debian
14 14 (0.61%) Mac OS X
14 14 (0.61%) NetWare
15 13 (0.57%) CentOS
16 11 (0.48%) Windows XP
17 10 (0.44%) Apple iOS
17 10 (0.44%) Windows 2000 Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 446 (19.57%) Agile Software Development
2 409 (17.95%) Performance Tuning
3 361 (15.84%) ETL
4 311 (13.65%) Business Intelligence
5 229 (10.05%) SOA
6 202 (8.86%) Data Modelling
7 188 (8.25%) High Availability
8 179 (7.85%) Software Engineering
9 169 (7.42%) ITIL
10 150 (6.58%) Continuous Integration
11 142 (6.23%) OO
12 133 (5.84%) DevOps
13 128 (5.62%) ERP
14 127 (5.57%) SDLC
15 119 (5.22%) TDD
16 117 (5.13%) Migration
17 101 (4.43%) Change Management
18 97 (4.26%) MVC
19 96 (4.21%) Scrum
20 90 (3.95%) Disaster Recovery
Programming Languages
1 1547 (67.88%) SQL
2 946 (41.51%) PL/SQL
3 672 (29.49%) Java
4 298 (13.08%) JavaScript
5 284 (12.46%) Shell Script
6 164 (7.20%) C#
7 123 (5.40%) C
8 116 (5.09%) Python
9 88 (3.86%) T-SQL
10 79 (3.47%) Perl
11 68 (2.98%) C++
12 61 (2.68%) PowerShell
13 47 (2.06%) Bash Shell
14 44 (1.93%) PHP
15 41 (1.80%) VB
16 29 (1.27%) Groovy
16 29 (1.27%) Ruby
17 28 (1.23%) Go
18 25 (1.10%) Scala
19 24 (1.05%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 325 (14.26%) Degree
2 127 (5.57%) Oracle Certification
3 118 (5.18%) Security Cleared
4 110 (4.83%) OCP
5 49 (2.15%) DV Cleared
6 47 (2.06%) SC Cleared
7 42 (1.84%) OCA
8 31 (1.36%) ISTQB
9 21 (0.92%) CISSP
10 20 (0.88%) CISA
11 19 (0.83%) GCED
11 19 (0.83%) GCFA
11 19 (0.83%) GPEN
11 19 (0.83%) GPPA
11 19 (0.83%) GSNA
11 19 (0.83%) GSSP-JAVA
11 19 (0.83%) GWAPT
12 15 (0.66%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 14 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
14 11 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 109 (4.78%) QA
2 80 (3.51%) SLA
3 21 (0.92%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 14 (0.61%) PCI DSS
5 10 (0.44%) Data Quality
5 10 (0.44%) GAMP
6 6 (0.26%) DICOM
6 6 (0.26%) HL7
6 6 (0.26%) ISO 9000
6 6 (0.26%) Solvency II
7 5 (0.22%) IFRS
7 5 (0.22%) IFRS 9
8 4 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 3 (0.13%) EMIR
9 3 (0.13%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.088%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.088%) ISAE 3402
10 2 (0.088%) PMO
11 1 (0.044%) SEPA
11 1 (0.044%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 249 (10.93%) Oracle RAC
2 131 (5.75%) VMware Infrastructure
3 88 (3.86%) Active Directory
4 40 (1.76%) Hyper-V
4 40 (1.76%) Virtual Machines
5 23 (1.01%) Docker
5 23 (1.01%) NFS
6 22 (0.97%) vSphere
7 18 (0.79%) Virtual Servers
8 16 (0.70%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 16 (0.70%) XenApp
9 12 (0.53%) VMware ESX
10 9 (0.39%) Samba
11 8 (0.35%) Oracle Clusterware
12 6 (0.26%) iptables
12 6 (0.26%) Postfix
12 6 (0.26%) Squid
12 6 (0.26%) VMware Workstation
12 6 (0.26%) XenServer
13 5 (0.22%) Xen
Systems Management
1 252 (11.06%) Oracle RMAN
2 230 (10.09%) Data Guard
3 113 (4.96%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
4 79 (3.47%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
5 43 (1.89%) Puppet
6 37 (1.62%) Nagios
7 33 (1.45%) Control-M
7 33 (1.45%) NetBackup
8 30 (1.32%) Tivoli
9 24 (1.05%) Tivoli Storage Manager
10 22 (0.97%) Ansible
11 19 (0.83%) Oracle Identity Management
12 18 (0.79%) Opscode Chef
13 15 (0.66%) Simpana
14 14 (0.61%) EMC VPLEX
14 14 (0.61%) NetIQ Identity Manager
15 12 (0.53%) HP Quality Center
16 11 (0.48%) Kubernetes
16 11 (0.48%) Oracle ZFS
17 9 (0.39%) Oozie
Vendors
1 2279 (100.00%) Oracle
2 211 (9.26%) Microsoft
3 192 (8.42%) VMware
4 113 (4.96%) Red Hat
5 103 (4.52%) IBM
6 82 (3.60%) Informatica
7 76 (3.33%) SAP
8 69 (3.03%) Talend
9 63 (2.76%) HP
10 50 (2.19%) Google
11 49 (2.15%) Cisco
12 45 (1.97%) Citrix
13 43 (1.89%) Sybase
14 42 (1.84%) PeopleSoft
15 39 (1.71%) EMC
16 33 (1.45%) Splunk
17 31 (1.36%) Cognos
18 30 (1.32%) Sun
19 28 (1.23%) Altova
20 27 (1.18%) ILOG
Cardiff, South Glamorgan
Spring Technology
Salary: 20% Bonus
Posted: 11 hours ago
North West
Applause IT Innovation
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 5 hours ago
Sheffield, South Yorkshire
Searchability
Salary: £30000 - £45000 per annum
Posted: 4 hours ago
Twickenham, Middlesex
Cyber Team
Salary: From £40,000 to £50,000 per annum Excellent Benefits Package
Posted: 10 hours ago
South East London
Franklin Bates
Salary: From £50,000 to £65,000 per annum £50,000 - £65,000
Posted: 2 hours ago
South East London
Franklin Bates
Salary: From £65,000 to £75,000 per annum £65,000 - £75,000
Posted: 2 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum
Posted: 5 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Computershare Investor Services
Salary: From £30,000 to £40,000 per annum 25 days holiday, pension scheme
Posted: 6 hours ago
Skipton, North Yorkshire
Computershare Investor Services
Salary: From £30,000 to £40,000 per annum 25 days holiday, pension scheme
Posted: 6 hours ago
London
Empiric.com
Salary: From £80,000 to £90,000 per annum
Posted: 6 hours ago
Corby, Northamptonshire
RS Components
Posted: 5 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Salary: £40000 - £45000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 9 hours ago
Colchester, Essex
Verticality Ltd
Salary: £45000 - £55000 per annum, Benefits Pension, Healthcare, 25 days holid
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
Networking People
Salary: £45000 - £60000 per annum + Bens
Posted: Yesterday
Colchester, Essex
Verticality Ltd
Salary: £60000 - £65000 per annum, Benefits Pension, Healthcare, 25 days holid
Posted: 3 hours ago
Liverpool, Merseyside
Oscar
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 4 days ago
Havant, Hampshire
Executive Recruitment Services (ERS)
Salary: £38000 - £45000 per annum + Pension, Healthcare
Posted: Yesterday
South East London
Ease IT
Salary: From £60,000 to £80,000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Central London / West End
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Salary: 45,000 - 60,000
Posted: Yesterday
Hatfield, Hertfordshire
Davanti Solutions
Salary: Up to £65,000 per annum 20% Bonus + Pension + Health
Posted: Yesterday
Braintree, Essex
Verticality Ltd
Salary: £50000 - £55000 per annum, Benefits Benefits
Posted: 4 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Oscar
Salary: £55000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 4 days ago
Sheffield, South Yorkshire
Reed Technology
Salary: £30000 - £38000 per annum
Posted: 5 days ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
Search Consultancy
Posted: 5 days ago
Watford, Hertfordshire
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: £50000 - £70000 per annum + £70,000 + Benefits + Bonus
Posted: 4 days ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Senitor Associates
Salary: £25000 - £30000 per annum
Posted: 4 days ago
London
CGI
Salary: £45000 - £50000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 4 days ago
Cardiff, South Glamorgan
IntaPeople
Salary: £33000 - £35000 per annum
Posted: 5 days ago
Altrincham, Cheshire
Cornucopia IT Resourcing
Salary: From £40,000 to £50,000 per annum 25% bonus, 10% pension
Posted: 5 days ago
Edinburgh & Lothians
Sopra Steria Recruitment
Salary: From £35,000 to £40,000 per annum
Posted: 5 days ago