Period
to 30 July 2021

The median annual salary for a Junior was £32,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 216 150 127
Rank change year-on-year -66 -23 +14
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 1,810 1,589 3,882
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.59% 2.32% 2.70%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.75% 2.44% 2.81%
Number of salaries quoted 1,535 1,405 3,461
10th Percentile £22,000 £21,500 £21,250
25th Percentile £26,250 £25,000 £25,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
Median % change year-on-year - +8.33% -
75th Percentile £42,500 £43,750 £40,000
90th Percentile £51,250 £54,572 £51,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £30,000 £30,000 £29,500
% change year-on-year - +1.69% +7.27%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 103,609 65,173 137,985
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.21% 95.00% 95.86%
Number of salaries quoted 73,681 53,188 111,578
10th Percentile £32,000 £31,250 £28,250
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Junior.

Salary trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 30 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -66 1,652 £32,500 - 457
UK excluding London -50 1,088 £30,000 - 379
London -108 601 £40,000 - 104
Work from Home -68 365 £34,500 +12.20% 112
South East -59 357 £32,500 +8.33% 87
North of England -40 207 £30,000 +9.09% 84
Midlands -25 200 £27,500 - 77
South West -18 168 £30,000 +9.09% 56
West Midlands -23 127 £27,500 - 51
North West -37 101 £30,000 +7.14% 45
East of England -34 85 £28,000 -6.67% 48
Yorkshire -61 80 £27,000 -1.82% 23
East Midlands -39 73 £27,500 - 26
Scotland -72 42 £27,500 - 18
North East -5 26 £33,250 +47.78% 16
Wales -38 26 £25,000 - 8
Northern Ireland -45 7 £26,500 -11.67% 1

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 495 (27.35%) C#
2 476 (26.30%) Social Skills
3 457 (25.25%) SQL
4 445 (24.59%) JavaScript
5 385 (21.27%) Agile Software Development
6 377 (20.83%) .NET
7 362 (20.00%) Degree
8 303 (16.74%) Azure
9 296 (16.35%) HTML
10 268 (14.81%) Java
11 267 (14.75%) CSS
11 267 (14.75%) Python
12 264 (14.59%) DevOps
13 254 (14.03%) Computer Science
14 250 (13.81%) Finance
15 249 (13.76%) Problem-Solving
16 231 (12.76%) AWS
17 203 (11.22%) Software Engineering
18 198 (10.94%) Microsoft
19 187 (10.33%) Linux
20 186 (10.28%) SQL Server
20 186 (10.28%) Docker
21 174 (9.61%) Git (software)
22 170 (9.39%) MVC
23 163 (9.01%) Analytical Skills
24 150 (8.29%) AngularJS
25 148 (8.18%) Windows
26 142 (7.85%) React
27 141 (7.79%) PHP
28 140 (7.73%) Full Stack Development

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (2.49%) WordPress
2 37 (2.04%) CMS
3 27 (1.49%) Apache
4 24 (1.33%) SharePoint
5 19 (1.05%) Elasticsearch
5 19 (1.05%) Umbraco
6 16 (0.88%) Tomcat
7 14 (0.77%) IIS
8 12 (0.66%) MS Exchange
9 10 (0.55%) Apache Spark
10 9 (0.50%) Confluence
10 9 (0.50%) JBoss
10 9 (0.50%) WebSphere
11 8 (0.44%) Traefik
12 6 (0.33%) Kentico
12 6 (0.33%) Sitecore CMS
13 5 (0.28%) Apache Airflow
14 3 (0.17%) Joomla!
14 3 (0.17%) Mule
14 3 (0.17%) OpenStack
Applications
1 67 (3.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 60 (3.31%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (0.99%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 14 (0.77%) Adobe Illustrator
4 14 (0.77%) Sketch
5 13 (0.72%) MS Visio
6 11 (0.61%) Figma
6 11 (0.61%) Photoshop
7 7 (0.39%) InVision
8 6 (0.33%) Adobe XD
8 6 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
9 4 (0.22%) InDesign
9 4 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
10 2 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 2 (0.11%) AutoCAD
11 1 (0.055%) Acrobat
11 1 (0.055%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.055%) Gephi
11 1 (0.055%) Marvel
11 1 (0.055%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 17 (0.94%) SAP S/4HANA
2 16 (0.88%) NetSuite
3 11 (0.61%) Dynamics AX
4 10 (0.55%) Dynamics CRM
5 9 (0.50%) Shopify
6 8 (0.44%) Magento
7 4 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
7 4 (0.22%) SAP CO
7 4 (0.22%) SAP FI
7 4 (0.22%) SAP FI/CO
8 3 (0.17%) Infor M3
9 2 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 2 (0.11%) Sentinel
10 1 (0.055%) Elite 3E
10 1 (0.055%) IBM Planning Analytics
10 1 (0.055%) nopCommerce
10 1 (0.055%) Payment Gateway
10 1 (0.055%) Sage X3
10 1 (0.055%) Salerio
10 1 (0.055%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 303 (16.74%) Azure
2 231 (12.76%) AWS
3 84 (4.64%) SaaS
4 72 (3.98%) GCP
5 67 (3.70%) Power Platform
6 52 (2.87%) Microsoft 365
7 48 (2.65%) GitHub
8 26 (1.44%) Serverless
9 19 (1.05%) Amazon EC2
9 19 (1.05%) AWS CloudFormation
9 19 (1.05%) Dynamics 365
10 16 (0.88%) Amazon S3
11 15 (0.83%) npm
12 14 (0.77%) Azure Data Factory
13 13 (0.72%) Cloud Computing
13 13 (0.72%) PaaS
13 13 (0.72%) Route 53
14 12 (0.66%) Azure Active Directory
15 11 (0.61%) PowerApps
15 11 (0.61%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 41 (2.27%) DNS
2 40 (2.21%) Internet
3 31 (1.71%) TCP/IP
4 24 (1.33%) Firewall
5 22 (1.22%) HTTP
6 16 (0.88%) DHCP
7 13 (0.72%) LAN
8 12 (0.66%) WAN
9 11 (0.61%) Network Security
10 10 (0.55%) VoIP
10 10 (0.55%) Wireless
11 8 (0.44%) VPN
12 7 (0.39%) Intranet
12 7 (0.39%) VLAN
13 6 (0.33%) IP Telephony
13 6 (0.33%) SMTP
13 6 (0.33%) SNMP
14 5 (0.28%) SAN
14 5 (0.28%) Wi-Fi
15 4 (0.22%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 186 (10.28%) SQL Server
2 130 (7.18%) MySQL
3 58 (3.20%) Power BI
4 54 (2.98%) Relational Database
5 45 (2.49%) PostgreSQL
6 41 (2.27%) Tableau
7 34 (1.88%) Data Warehouse
8 25 (1.38%) Big Data
8 25 (1.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 24 (1.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 22 (1.22%) NoSQL
11 18 (0.99%) MongoDB
11 18 (0.99%) SAP HANA
12 14 (0.77%) Redis
13 13 (0.72%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 11 (0.61%) Oracle Database
15 10 (0.55%) Azure SQL Database
15 10 (0.55%) MariaDB
15 10 (0.55%) Qlik Sense
16 9 (0.50%) Microsoft Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 174 (9.61%) Git (software)
2 86 (4.75%) JIRA
3 68 (3.76%) Jenkins
4 41 (2.27%) GitLab
5 40 (2.21%) Visual Studio
6 31 (1.71%) Eclipse
7 22 (1.22%) Selenium
7 22 (1.22%) Subversion
8 19 (1.05%) NUnit
8 19 (1.05%) Rational DOORS
9 18 (0.99%) GCC
10 15 (0.83%) Visual Studio Team System
11 14 (0.77%) Cypress.io
12 13 (0.72%) Mercurial
12 13 (0.72%) Postman
13 12 (0.66%) IntelliJ
14 11 (0.61%) SoapUI
15 10 (0.55%) Visual Studio Code
16 9 (0.50%) Cucumber
17 8 (0.44%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 476 (26.30%) Social Skills
2 250 (13.81%) Finance
3 163 (9.01%) Analytical Skills
4 95 (5.25%) Marketing
5 73 (4.03%) Retail
6 54 (2.98%) Law
7 38 (2.10%) Banking
7 38 (2.10%) Games
8 36 (1.99%) Public Sector
9 31 (1.71%) Organisational Skills
10 29 (1.60%) Presentation Skills
10 29 (1.60%) Telecoms
11 28 (1.55%) Advertising
11 28 (1.55%) Manufacturing
12 26 (1.44%) Legal
13 23 (1.27%) Automotive
14 18 (0.99%) Electronics
15 17 (0.94%) Financial Institution
16 15 (0.83%) Fire and Rescue
17 14 (0.77%) Inclusion and Diversity
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 377 (20.83%) .NET
2 296 (16.35%) HTML
3 267 (14.75%) CSS
4 150 (8.29%) AngularJS
5 142 (7.85%) React
6 120 (6.63%) ASP.NET
7 93 (5.14%) .NET Core
8 86 (4.75%) REST
9 83 (4.59%) Node.js
10 78 (4.31%) Web Services
11 69 (3.81%) HTML5
12 59 (3.26%) .NET Framework
13 55 (3.04%) JSON
14 51 (2.82%) jQuery
15 49 (2.71%) ASP.NET MVC
16 46 (2.54%) XML
17 42 (2.32%) Laravel
17 42 (2.32%) RESTful
18 41 (2.27%) Spring
19 40 (2.21%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 95 (5.25%) Self-Motivation
2 71 (3.92%) Greenfield Project
3 69 (3.81%) User Experience
4 44 (2.43%) Algorithms
5 41 (2.27%) Mobile App
6 35 (1.93%) Data Structures
7 27 (1.49%) NHS
8 25 (1.38%) Management Information System
9 19 (1.05%) iPad
10 18 (0.99%) Internet of Things
10 18 (0.99%) Public Cloud
11 17 (0.94%) Enterprise Software
12 13 (0.72%) Cloud Native
12 13 (0.72%) Legacy Systems
13 12 (0.66%) Equities
13 12 (0.66%) Graphic Design
13 12 (0.66%) Life Science
13 12 (0.66%) Mobile Games
13 12 (0.66%) Smart Meter
14 11 (0.61%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 187 (10.33%) Linux
2 148 (8.18%) Windows
3 60 (3.31%) Android
4 36 (1.99%) Windows Server
5 31 (1.71%) Unix
6 29 (1.60%) Windows 10
7 28 (1.55%) Apple iOS
8 19 (1.05%) Windows 7
9 5 (0.28%) Ubuntu
9 5 (0.28%) Windows Server 2019
10 4 (0.22%) CentOS
10 4 (0.22%) Mac OS
10 4 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 3 (0.17%) Solaris
12 2 (0.11%) AIX
12 2 (0.11%) HPUX
12 2 (0.11%) SUSE
12 2 (0.11%) VMS
12 2 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 385 (21.27%) Agile Software Development
2 264 (14.59%) DevOps
3 254 (14.03%) Computer Science
4 249 (13.76%) Problem-Solving
5 203 (11.22%) Software Engineering
6 170 (9.39%) MVC
7 140 (7.73%) Full Stack Development
8 129 (7.13%) Web Development
9 121 (6.69%) Scrum
10 116 (6.41%) Fintech
11 107 (5.91%) SDLC
12 103 (5.69%) Microservices
13 98 (5.41%) Test Automation
14 97 (5.36%) Analytics
14 97 (5.36%) OO
15 95 (5.25%) Business Intelligence
16 88 (4.86%) OOP
17 86 (4.75%) TDD
18 71 (3.92%) Front End Development
19 68 (3.76%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 495 (27.35%) C#
2 457 (25.25%) SQL
3 445 (24.59%) JavaScript
4 268 (14.81%) Java
5 267 (14.75%) Python
6 141 (7.79%) PHP
7 85 (4.70%) C++
8 67 (3.70%) PowerShell
9 66 (3.65%) C
10 60 (3.31%) Bash Shell
10 60 (3.31%) T-SQL
11 45 (2.49%) TypeScript
12 27 (1.49%) R
13 25 (1.38%) Java 8
13 25 (1.38%) PL/SQL
14 24 (1.33%) VB.NET
15 22 (1.22%) VBA
16 20 (1.10%) ES6
17 19 (1.05%) Kotlin
18 18 (0.99%) Go
Qualifications
1 362 (20.00%) Degree
2 124 (6.85%) Computer Science Degree
3 52 (2.87%) Security Cleared
4 18 (0.99%) Cisco Certification
5 16 (0.88%) SC Cleared
6 15 (0.83%) CCNA
7 13 (0.72%) CISSP
8 12 (0.66%) AWS Certification
8 12 (0.66%) CISM
9 11 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
10 10 (0.55%) HND
10 10 (0.55%) MCSA
10 10 (0.55%) Numerate Degree
11 9 (0.50%) ISTQB
12 6 (0.33%) PhD
13 5 (0.28%) PMI Certification
13 5 (0.28%) PMP
14 4 (0.22%) ISEB
14 4 (0.22%) MCP
15 3 (0.17%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 109 (6.02%) QA
2 30 (1.66%) GDPR
3 25 (1.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 24 (1.33%) Cyber Essentials
5 18 (0.99%) ECSS
5 18 (0.99%) MISRA
5 18 (0.99%) MISRA C
5 18 (0.99%) PMO
6 17 (0.94%) NIST
7 15 (0.83%) SLA
8 12 (0.66%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 9 (0.50%) Accessibility
10 7 (0.39%) Data Quality
11 5 (0.28%) SOC 2
12 4 (0.22%) PCI DSS
13 2 (0.11%) NIST 800
13 2 (0.11%) WCAG
14 1 (0.055%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 1 (0.055%) JTAG
System Software
1 186 (10.28%) Docker
2 42 (2.32%) Active Directory
3 18 (0.99%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.39%) Hyper-V
4 7 (0.39%) vSphere
5 4 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.17%) Firmware
7 2 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.055%) MetaFrame
8 1 (0.055%) Oracle Clusterware
8 1 (0.055%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.055%) Postfix
8 1 (0.055%) Sendmail
8 1 (0.055%) Terminal Services
8 1 (0.055%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.055%) Xen
Systems Management
1 134 (7.40%) Kubernetes
2 80 (4.42%) Terraform
3 55 (3.04%) Ansible
4 20 (1.10%) Puppet
5 14 (0.77%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (0.55%) Grafana
6 10 (0.55%) Icinga
6 10 (0.55%) SCCM
7 8 (0.44%) Nagios
8 5 (0.28%) HP ALM
9 4 (0.22%) Microsoft Intune
9 4 (0.22%) Rancher
10 3 (0.17%) HAProxy
10 3 (0.17%) Prometheus
11 2 (0.11%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 2 (0.11%) Backup Exec
11 2 (0.11%) Cisco CUCM
11 2 (0.11%) Kibana
11 2 (0.11%) QRadar
11 2 (0.11%) Salt
Vendors
1 198 (10.94%) Microsoft
2 54 (2.98%) Oracle
3 52 (2.87%) SAP
4 50 (2.76%) Google
5 24 (1.33%) Salesforce.com
6 22 (1.22%) VMware
7 21 (1.16%) Adobe
8 20 (1.10%) ServiceNow
9 18 (0.99%) Cisco
10 14 (0.77%) Sage
11 13 (0.72%) Xamarin
12 12 (0.66%) Apple
12 12 (0.66%) hybris
12 12 (0.66%) Zend
13 11 (0.61%) Red Hat
14 10 (0.55%) Databricks
14 10 (0.55%) JD Edwards
15 9 (0.50%) F5
16 8 (0.44%) Atlassian
16 8 (0.44%) HP