Period
to 18 September 2019

The median annual salary for a Junior was £30,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 126 133 133
Rank change year-on-year +7 0 -2
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 3,784 4,237 4,589
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.67% 2.53% 2.60%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.79% 2.63% 2.71%
Number of salaries quoted 3,370 3,766 3,996
UK median annual salary £30,000 £30,000 £27,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -1.79%
10th Percentile £21,250 £20,750 £20,375
90th Percentile £51,250 £48,750 £45,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £29,500 £27,500 £26,000
% change year-on-year +7.27% +5.77% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 135,628 161,148 169,376
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.78% 96.07% 96.03%
Number of salaries quoted 107,968 129,896 135,750
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £28,000 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Junior.

Salary trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +13 3,600 £30,000 - 657
UK excluding London +8 2,349 £29,500 +7.27% 514
London +12 1,365 £35,000 - 175
South East +27 944 £30,000 +5.26% 142
North of England -18 538 £27,000 +8.00% 118
North West -4 320 £26,500 +6.00% 74
South West -4 295 £27,500 +5.77% 76
Midlands +11 288 £26,250 +5.00% 86
Yorkshire -45 186 £27,500 +2.80% 36
East of England +4 165 £30,000 +15.38% 60
West Midlands -13 147 £27,500 +10.00% 52
East Midlands +36 141 £26,000 +4.00% 34
Wales -4 61 £25,500 +2.00% 14
Scotland -28 48 £30,500 +1.67% 18
North East +29 35 £25,000 -10.71% 8
Northern Ireland +4 12 £33,750 +32.35%

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 1,155 (30.52%) C#
2 1,073 (28.36%) Degree
3 1,003 (26.51%) JavaScript
4 978 (25.85%) .NET
5 975 (25.77%) Agile Software Development
6 912 (24.10%) SQL
7 683 (18.05%) HTML
8 657 (17.36%) CSS
9 654 (17.28%) Java
10 631 (16.68%) Computer Science
11 572 (15.12%) Software Engineering
12 570 (15.06%) SQL Server
13 560 (14.80%) Finance
14 547 (14.46%) Microsoft
15 523 (13.82%) Python
16 513 (13.56%) ASP.NET
17 462 (12.21%) MVC
18 433 (11.44%) Windows
19 415 (10.97%) Azure
20 387 (10.23%) Problem-Solving
21 379 (10.02%) Git (software)
22 352 (9.30%) AngularJS
23 337 (8.91%) Linux
23 337 (8.91%) Computer Science Degree
24 329 (8.69%) OO
25 328 (8.67%) AWS
26 314 (8.30%) Mathematics
27 307 (8.11%) DevOps
28 294 (7.77%) C++
29 286 (7.56%) Web Development

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (1.85%) SharePoint
2 65 (1.72%) WordPress
3 49 (1.29%) CMS
4 44 (1.16%) Elasticsearch
5 39 (1.03%) Confluence
6 34 (0.90%) MS Exchange
7 33 (0.87%) IIS
8 32 (0.85%) Apache Spark
9 30 (0.79%) Skype for Business
10 29 (0.77%) Apache
11 24 (0.63%) Umbraco
12 13 (0.34%) nginx
13 12 (0.32%) Drupal
14 11 (0.29%) Tomcat
15 10 (0.26%) SAS
16 7 (0.18%) Exchange Server 2013
17 6 (0.16%) Liferay
18 5 (0.13%) BizTalk Server
18 5 (0.13%) JBoss
18 5 (0.13%) WebLogic
Applications
1 218 (5.76%) Microsoft Office
2 158 (4.18%) Microsoft Excel
3 54 (1.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 26 (0.69%) Photoshop
4 26 (0.69%) Spreadsheet
5 21 (0.55%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 19 (0.50%) MS Visio
7 15 (0.40%) Adobe Illustrator
7 15 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
8 9 (0.24%) InDesign
9 8 (0.21%) Sketch
10 5 (0.13%) AutoCAD
11 4 (0.11%) Adobe Captivate
11 4 (0.11%) InVision
11 4 (0.11%) SPSS
12 3 (0.079%) Adobe After Effects
13 2 (0.053%) Adobe Premiere
13 2 (0.053%) CINEMA 4D
13 2 (0.053%) Fireworks
13 2 (0.053%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 18 (0.48%) Magento
2 12 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
3 11 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
4 10 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
4 10 (0.26%) NetSuite
4 10 (0.26%) SAP ERP
5 5 (0.13%) Odoo
5 5 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
6 4 (0.11%) HFM
6 4 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
6 4 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
6 4 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 3 (0.079%) Dynamics NAV
7 3 (0.079%) Endur
7 3 (0.079%) Oracle ERP
7 3 (0.079%) Payment Gateway
7 3 (0.079%) Sage X3
7 3 (0.079%) Unit4 Business World
8 2 (0.053%) Lawson
8 2 (0.053%) SAP BPC
Cloud Services
1 415 (10.97%) Azure
2 328 (8.67%) AWS
3 168 (4.44%) Office 365
4 109 (2.88%) GCP
5 108 (2.85%) SaaS
6 77 (2.03%) Power Platform
7 56 (1.48%) GitHub
8 34 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
9 31 (0.82%) Serverless
10 18 (0.48%) Dynamics 365
10 18 (0.48%) OneDrive
11 16 (0.42%) Amazon S3
11 16 (0.42%) Google Analytics
12 14 (0.37%) Amazon EC2
12 14 (0.37%) AWS Lambda
12 14 (0.37%) npm
12 14 (0.37%) Slack
13 10 (0.26%) G Suite
14 8 (0.21%) AWS CloudFormation
14 8 (0.21%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 88 (2.33%) Firewall
2 84 (2.22%) TCP/IP
3 69 (1.82%) LAN
4 63 (1.66%) WAN
5 61 (1.61%) Internet
6 60 (1.59%) Network Security
7 49 (1.29%) DNS
8 34 (0.90%) VPN
9 33 (0.87%) Skype
10 32 (0.85%) VoIP
11 31 (0.82%) DHCP
12 30 (0.79%) Wi-Fi
13 28 (0.74%) Wireless
14 16 (0.42%) NAS
14 16 (0.42%) SMTP
15 12 (0.32%) HTTP
15 12 (0.32%) Intrusion Detection
15 12 (0.32%) VLAN
16 11 (0.29%) Intranet
16 11 (0.29%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 570 (15.06%) SQL Server
2 181 (4.78%) MySQL
3 160 (4.23%) Relational Database
4 103 (2.72%) NoSQL
5 102 (2.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 97 (2.56%) PostgreSQL
7 91 (2.40%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 73 (1.93%) Data Warehouse
9 72 (1.90%) Big Data
9 72 (1.90%) Power BI
10 66 (1.74%) SQL Server 2016
11 53 (1.40%) MongoDB
12 41 (1.08%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 29 (0.77%) Hadoop
14 23 (0.61%) Redis
15 22 (0.58%) RDBMS
16 20 (0.53%) QlikView
17 15 (0.40%) Oracle Database
18 14 (0.37%) Amazon Redshift
19 13 (0.34%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 379 (10.02%) Git (software)
2 144 (3.81%) JIRA
3 117 (3.09%) Jenkins
4 105 (2.77%) Visual Studio
5 100 (2.64%) Subversion
6 57 (1.51%) Selenium
7 55 (1.45%) Team Foundation Server
8 35 (0.92%) Maven
9 34 (0.90%) TeamCity
10 31 (0.82%) Cucumber
11 29 (0.77%) Octopus Deploy
12 27 (0.71%) Eclipse
13 20 (0.53%) NUnit
14 15 (0.40%) Bitbucket
15 14 (0.37%) Gradle
15 14 (0.37%) gulp
15 14 (0.37%) webpack
16 13 (0.34%) Jasmine
17 11 (0.29%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
17 11 (0.29%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 560 (14.80%) Finance
2 170 (4.49%) Marketing
3 131 (3.46%) Retail
4 109 (2.88%) Games
5 88 (2.33%) Banking
6 63 (1.66%) Manufacturing
7 60 (1.59%) Telecoms
8 48 (1.27%) Public Sector
9 46 (1.22%) Legal
10 41 (1.08%) Advertising
11 38 (1.00%) Front Office
11 38 (1.00%) Law
12 32 (0.85%) Financial Institution
13 29 (0.77%) Electronics
14 28 (0.74%) Publishing
15 20 (0.53%) Automotive
15 20 (0.53%) Back Office
16 14 (0.37%) Aerospace
17 13 (0.34%) Local Government
17 13 (0.34%) Military
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 978 (25.85%) .NET
2 683 (18.05%) HTML
3 657 (17.36%) CSS
4 513 (13.56%) ASP.NET
5 352 (9.30%) AngularJS
6 266 (7.03%) React
7 232 (6.13%) jQuery
8 216 (5.71%) ASP.NET MVC
9 203 (5.36%) Node.js
10 154 (4.07%) Spring
11 150 (3.96%) .NET Framework
12 135 (3.57%) .NET Core
13 134 (3.54%) RESTful
14 129 (3.41%) HTML5
15 124 (3.28%) Web Services
16 106 (2.80%) WCF
17 93 (2.46%) Entity Framework
18 87 (2.30%) JSON
19 85 (2.25%) ASP.NET Web API
20 80 (2.11%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 279 (7.37%) Analytical Skills
2 170 (4.49%) User Experience
3 131 (3.46%) Greenfield Project
4 124 (3.28%) Self-Motivation
5 123 (3.25%) Mobile App
6 95 (2.51%) Algorithms
7 65 (1.72%) Driving Licence
8 64 (1.69%) Hedge funds
9 49 (1.29%) Data Structures
10 46 (1.22%) Derivative
10 46 (1.22%) Management Information System
11 31 (0.82%) Enterprise Software
12 30 (0.79%) Video Conferencing
13 29 (0.77%) Data Centre
14 28 (0.74%) Social Media
15 26 (0.69%) Linux Command Line
16 24 (0.63%) Embedded Systems
16 24 (0.63%) Security Operations Centre
17 18 (0.48%) Cyber Kill Chain
18 16 (0.42%) FMCG
Operating Systems
1 433 (11.44%) Windows
2 337 (8.91%) Linux
3 95 (2.51%) Windows Server
4 91 (2.40%) Android
5 86 (2.27%) Windows 10
6 77 (2.03%) Unix
7 60 (1.59%) Windows 7
8 58 (1.53%) Apple iOS
9 27 (0.71%) Windows Server 2012
10 20 (0.53%) CentOS
11 16 (0.42%) Ubuntu
12 14 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
13 13 (0.34%) Mac OS
14 12 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 11 (0.29%) Windows 8
16 8 (0.21%) Embedded Linux
17 6 (0.16%) Windows Embedded Compact
18 5 (0.13%) Mac OS X
19 4 (0.11%) Windows Vista
20 3 (0.079%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 975 (25.77%) Agile Software Development
2 631 (16.68%) Computer Science
3 572 (15.12%) Software Engineering
4 462 (12.21%) MVC
5 387 (10.23%) Problem-Solving
6 329 (8.69%) OO
7 314 (8.30%) Mathematics
8 307 (8.11%) DevOps
9 286 (7.56%) Web Development
10 261 (6.90%) TDD
11 236 (6.24%) Scrum
12 213 (5.63%) Test Automation
13 209 (5.52%) Business Intelligence
14 203 (5.36%) Fintech
15 187 (4.94%) SDLC
16 182 (4.81%) OOP
17 166 (4.39%) Analytics
18 163 (4.31%) Project Management
19 152 (4.02%) BDD
20 145 (3.83%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 1,155 (30.52%) C#
2 1,003 (26.51%) JavaScript
3 912 (24.10%) SQL
4 654 (17.28%) Java
5 523 (13.82%) Python
6 294 (7.77%) C++
7 258 (6.82%) PHP
8 138 (3.65%) C
9 117 (3.09%) T-SQL
10 99 (2.62%) Ruby
11 90 (2.38%) R
12 89 (2.35%) PowerShell
13 80 (2.11%) TypeScript
14 76 (2.01%) VB.NET
15 73 (1.93%) Bash Shell
16 51 (1.35%) VBA
17 50 (1.32%) VB
18 45 (1.19%) Java 8
19 42 (1.11%) Go
20 37 (0.98%) Scala
Qualifications
1 1,073 (28.36%) Degree
2 337 (8.91%) Computer Science Degree
3 68 (1.80%) Security Cleared
4 64 (1.69%) Numerate Degree
5 52 (1.37%) SC Cleared
6 45 (1.19%) Microsoft Certification
7 40 (1.06%) ISTQB
8 26 (0.69%) Cisco Certification
8 26 (0.69%) PhD
9 24 (0.63%) CCNA
10 18 (0.48%) MCSE
10 18 (0.48%) PMP
11 17 (0.45%) DV Cleared
12 16 (0.42%) ISEB
13 15 (0.40%) MCSA
14 14 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 13 (0.34%) A+ Certification
15 13 (0.34%) ITIL Certification
16 10 (0.26%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
17 9 (0.24%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 148 (3.91%) QA
2 43 (1.14%) SLA
3 37 (0.98%) PMO
4 23 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 21 (0.55%) Data Quality
6 12 (0.32%) GDPR
7 10 (0.26%) ISO 9001
8 9 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials
9 6 (0.16%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.11%) SEPA
11 3 (0.079%) NIST
12 2 (0.053%) Basel II
12 2 (0.053%) COBIT
12 2 (0.053%) CRD IV
12 2 (0.053%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 2 (0.053%) EMIR
12 2 (0.053%) IFRS
12 2 (0.053%) IFRS 9
12 2 (0.053%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 2 (0.053%) MiFID
System Software
1 278 (7.35%) Docker
2 182 (4.81%) Active Directory
3 39 (1.03%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (0.53%) Firmware
5 14 (0.37%) Hyper-V
6 12 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (0.13%) HDFS
7 5 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
7 5 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
8 4 (0.11%) KVM
8 4 (0.11%) NFS
8 4 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (0.11%) vSphere
8 4 (0.11%) Xen
9 3 (0.079%) XenApp
10 2 (0.053%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 2 (0.053%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.026%) pfSense
11 1 (0.026%) Samba
11 1 (0.026%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 147 (3.88%) Kubernetes
2 88 (2.33%) Terraform
3 70 (1.85%) Ansible
4 55 (1.45%) Puppet
5 41 (1.08%) Opscode Chef
6 26 (0.69%) SCCM
7 20 (0.53%) QRadar
8 18 (0.48%) SQL Sentry
9 14 (0.37%) Microsoft Intune
10 9 (0.24%) Istio
11 7 (0.18%) Grafana
11 7 (0.18%) Nagios
11 7 (0.18%) WSUS
12 6 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
12 6 (0.16%) Salt
12 6 (0.16%) SCOM
13 5 (0.13%) AirWatch
14 4 (0.11%) EnCase
14 4 (0.11%) FTK
14 4 (0.11%) Packer
Vendors
1 547 (14.46%) Microsoft
2 137 (3.62%) Google
3 124 (3.28%) Oracle
4 74 (1.96%) SAP
5 73 (1.93%) VMware
6 47 (1.24%) Adobe
7 45 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
8 44 (1.16%) Cisco
9 26 (0.69%) Splunk
9 26 (0.69%) Xamarin
10 23 (0.61%) Tableau
11 22 (0.58%) Red Hat
12 21 (0.55%) LogRhythm
13 20 (0.53%) Citrix
14 14 (0.37%) Apple
15 12 (0.32%) IBM
16 11 (0.29%) hybris
16 11 (0.29%) Veeam
17 10 (0.26%) Atlassian
17 10 (0.26%) JD Edwards