Period
to 16 June 2019

The median annual salary for a Junior was £30,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 16 June 2019.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK
6 months to
16 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 130 135 119
Rank change year-on-year +5 -16 +7
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 3,837 4,264 4,565
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.67% 2.48% 2.66%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.78% 2.58% 2.75%
Number of salaries quoted 3,392 3,806 4,007
UK median annual salary £30,000 £30,000 £27,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
10th Percentile £21,250 £21,250 £20,000
90th Percentile £51,250 £47,500 £43,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £28,500 £27,500 £25,000
% change year-on-year +3.64% +10.00% -1.96%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 137,780 165,560 165,703
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.95% 96.35% 96.37%
Number of salaries quoted 109,623 134,673 136,528
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £28,250 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Junior.

Salary trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 16 June 2019.

Salary histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 16 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 3,612 £30,000 - 853
UK excluding London +3 2,315 £28,500 +3.64% 688
London +25 1,430 £37,500 +7.14% 228
South East +19 992 £30,000 +9.09% 174
North of England -43 465 £26,000 - 169
South West +7 309 £28,000 +12.00% 87
North West -11 258 £25,000 - 89
Midlands -2 245 £26,000 - 115
Yorkshire -53 171 £27,500 - 70
East of England -5 166 £30,000 +9.09% 80
West Midlands -17 125 £27,500 +2.80% 52
East Midlands +23 120 £25,000 -3.85% 63
Wales +34 75 £27,500 +10.00% 34
Scotland -14 57 £28,750 +5.50% 29
North East +5 36 £21,500 -21.82% 10
Northern Ireland -20 7 £35,500 +46.39%

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 16 June 2019, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 1,166 (30.39%) C#
2 1,106 (28.82%) JavaScript
3 1,076 (28.04%) Agile Software Development
4 1,037 (27.03%) Degree
5 1,018 (26.53%) SQL
6 992 (25.85%) .NET
7 835 (21.76%) HTML
8 790 (20.59%) CSS
9 776 (20.22%) Java
10 649 (16.91%) Python
11 636 (16.58%) SQL Server
12 610 (15.90%) Computer Science
13 587 (15.30%) Software Engineering
14 552 (14.39%) Microsoft
15 512 (13.34%) MVC
16 493 (12.85%) ASP.NET
17 485 (12.64%) Finance
18 438 (11.42%) Linux
19 435 (11.34%) Windows
20 409 (10.66%) Problem-Solving
21 398 (10.37%) AngularJS
22 369 (9.62%) OO
23 359 (9.36%) Microsoft Azure
24 348 (9.07%) Amazon AWS
25 345 (8.99%) Git (software)
26 336 (8.76%) DevOps
27 320 (8.34%) C++
28 305 (7.95%) Mathematics
29 289 (7.53%) Web Development
30 284 (7.40%) Computer Science Degree

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 84 (2.19%) Apache
2 64 (1.67%) SharePoint
3 54 (1.41%) WordPress
4 52 (1.36%) Elasticsearch
5 48 (1.25%) CMS
6 45 (1.17%) Confluence
7 36 (0.94%) IIS
8 32 (0.83%) Tomcat
9 31 (0.81%) Umbraco
10 28 (0.73%) MS Exchange
11 26 (0.68%) Apache Spark
12 22 (0.57%) nginx
13 13 (0.34%) Drupal
14 10 (0.26%) SAS
15 9 (0.23%) Skype for Business
16 8 (0.21%) BizTalk Server
17 7 (0.18%) OpenStack
18 6 (0.16%) JBoss
18 6 (0.16%) WebLogic
19 5 (0.13%) WebSphere
Applications
1 166 (4.33%) Microsoft Office
2 122 (3.18%) Microsoft Excel
3 36 (0.94%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 21 (0.55%) Photoshop
5 16 (0.42%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 14 (0.36%) Adobe Illustrator
6 14 (0.36%) Sketch
7 12 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
7 12 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
8 10 (0.26%) MS Visio
9 6 (0.16%) InVision
10 5 (0.13%) Adobe After Effects
10 5 (0.13%) Adobe Captivate
10 5 (0.13%) Adobe Premiere
11 4 (0.10%) Adobe XD
12 3 (0.078%) AutoCAD
12 3 (0.078%) Chatbot
12 3 (0.078%) Final Cut Pro
12 3 (0.078%) Zeplin
13 2 (0.052%) PTC Creo
Business Applications
1 22 (0.57%) Magento
2 15 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.39%) SAP Hybris
3 11 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
4 9 (0.23%) NetSuite
4 9 (0.23%) Odoo
5 6 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
5 6 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
6 5 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
7 4 (0.10%) Endur
7 4 (0.10%) Oracle 11i
7 4 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
7 4 (0.10%) Oracle EBS R12
7 4 (0.10%) Shopify
8 3 (0.078%) Cognos TM1
8 3 (0.078%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 3 (0.078%) Sage X3
8 3 (0.078%) SAP S/4HANA
8 3 (0.078%) Unit4 Business World
9 2 (0.052%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 359 (9.36%) Microsoft Azure
2 348 (9.07%) Amazon AWS
3 126 (3.28%) Office 365
4 123 (3.21%) Google Cloud Platform
5 121 (3.15%) SaaS
6 95 (2.48%) Power Platform
7 53 (1.38%) GitHub
8 43 (1.12%) Cloud Computing
9 33 (0.86%) Serverless
10 24 (0.63%) npm
11 21 (0.55%) IaaS
12 17 (0.44%) Amazon EC2
13 15 (0.39%) AWS CloudFormation
14 13 (0.34%) Dynamics 365
15 12 (0.31%) Amazon S3
16 10 (0.26%) PaaS
17 9 (0.23%) Amazon ElastiCache
17 9 (0.23%) AWS Lambda
17 9 (0.23%) Slack
18 8 (0.21%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 73 (1.90%) Firewall
2 57 (1.49%) Internet
3 50 (1.30%) TCP/IP
4 48 (1.25%) LAN
5 41 (1.07%) WAN
6 38 (0.99%) DNS
7 35 (0.91%) Network Security
8 33 (0.86%) VoIP
9 26 (0.68%) VPN
10 23 (0.60%) Wireless
11 20 (0.52%) HTTP
12 16 (0.42%) DHCP
13 15 (0.39%) FTP
14 14 (0.36%) Wi-Fi
15 13 (0.34%) SSH
16 12 (0.31%) SMTP
17 11 (0.29%) Broadband
17 11 (0.29%) Skype
18 10 (0.26%) VLAN
19 9 (0.23%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 636 (16.58%) SQL Server
2 204 (5.32%) MySQL
3 170 (4.43%) Relational Database
4 134 (3.49%) Big Data
5 105 (2.74%) NoSQL
6 94 (2.45%) Power BI
7 91 (2.37%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 87 (2.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 85 (2.22%) PostgreSQL
10 71 (1.85%) SQL Server 2016
11 63 (1.64%) Data Warehouse
12 58 (1.51%) MongoDB
13 35 (0.91%) Hadoop
14 34 (0.89%) Redis
15 31 (0.81%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 25 (0.65%) Oracle Database
17 23 (0.60%) QlikView
18 21 (0.55%) RDBMS
18 21 (0.55%) SQL Server 2012
19 20 (0.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 345 (8.99%) Git (software)
2 166 (4.33%) JIRA
3 136 (3.54%) Jenkins
4 120 (3.13%) Visual Studio
5 85 (2.22%) Eclipse
6 70 (1.82%) Team Foundation Server
7 63 (1.64%) Subversion
8 55 (1.43%) Eclipse RCP
9 52 (1.36%) Maven
10 43 (1.12%) Selenium
11 27 (0.70%) TeamCity
12 24 (0.63%) Octopus Deploy
13 22 (0.57%) gulp
14 21 (0.55%) webpack
15 20 (0.52%) Cucumber
16 18 (0.47%) Gradle
16 18 (0.47%) NUnit
16 18 (0.47%) Visual Studio Team System
17 15 (0.39%) Ant
18 13 (0.34%) JUnit
General
1 485 (12.64%) Finance
2 155 (4.04%) Marketing
3 149 (3.88%) Retail
4 135 (3.52%) Games
5 83 (2.16%) Banking
6 60 (1.56%) Telecoms
7 58 (1.51%) Legal
8 48 (1.25%) Front Office
9 37 (0.96%) Financial Institution
10 36 (0.94%) Electronics
11 34 (0.89%) Law
12 32 (0.83%) Advertising
12 32 (0.83%) Manufacturing
13 31 (0.81%) Publishing
14 19 (0.50%) Military
15 15 (0.39%) Billing
16 10 (0.26%) Aerospace
16 10 (0.26%) Automotive
16 10 (0.26%) Back Office
17 9 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 992 (25.85%) .NET
2 835 (21.76%) HTML
3 790 (20.59%) CSS
4 493 (12.85%) ASP.NET
5 398 (10.37%) AngularJS
6 268 (6.98%) React
7 247 (6.44%) ASP.NET MVC
8 245 (6.39%) jQuery
9 191 (4.98%) Node.js
10 183 (4.77%) HTML5
11 173 (4.51%) .NET Framework
12 167 (4.35%) Web Services
13 159 (4.14%) Spring
14 157 (4.09%) RESTful
15 121 (3.15%) WCF
16 108 (2.81%) Entity Framework
17 105 (2.74%) ASP.NET Web API
18 104 (2.71%) XML
19 96 (2.50%) JSON
20 95 (2.48%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 253 (6.59%) Analytical Skills
2 150 (3.91%) Self-Motivation
3 139 (3.62%) Greenfield Project
4 133 (3.47%) User Experience
5 77 (2.01%) Algorithms
6 75 (1.95%) Mobile App
7 55 (1.43%) Data Structures
7 55 (1.43%) Hedge funds
8 51 (1.33%) Enterprise Software
9 46 (1.20%) Driving Licence
10 44 (1.15%) Management Information System
11 43 (1.12%) Derivative
12 42 (1.09%) Linux Command Line
13 26 (0.68%) Social Media
14 25 (0.65%) Data Centre
15 20 (0.52%) Security Operations Centre
16 18 (0.47%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 17 (0.44%) iPad
18 16 (0.42%) Robotics
19 14 (0.36%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 438 (11.42%) Linux
2 435 (11.34%) Windows
3 100 (2.61%) Unix
4 87 (2.27%) Android
5 78 (2.03%) Windows Server
6 75 (1.95%) Apple iOS
7 70 (1.82%) Windows 10
8 50 (1.30%) Windows 7
9 43 (1.12%) CentOS
10 29 (0.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 27 (0.70%) Ubuntu
12 23 (0.60%) Windows Server 2012
13 21 (0.55%) Windows 8
14 17 (0.44%) Windows Server 2008
15 9 (0.23%) Mac OS
15 9 (0.23%) Solaris
16 8 (0.21%) AIX
17 7 (0.18%) Mac OS X
18 6 (0.16%) Fedora
18 6 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,076 (28.04%) Agile Software Development
2 610 (15.90%) Computer Science
3 587 (15.30%) Software Engineering
4 512 (13.34%) MVC
5 409 (10.66%) Problem-Solving
6 369 (9.62%) OO
7 336 (8.76%) DevOps
8 305 (7.95%) Mathematics
9 289 (7.53%) Web Development
10 277 (7.22%) TDD
11 266 (6.93%) Business Intelligence
12 261 (6.80%) Scrum
13 213 (5.55%) SDLC
14 208 (5.42%) Test Automation
15 206 (5.37%) Analytics
16 186 (4.85%) Fintech
17 183 (4.77%) Unit Testing
18 175 (4.56%) OOP
19 169 (4.40%) Project Management
20 168 (4.38%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 1,166 (30.39%) C#
2 1,106 (28.82%) JavaScript
3 1,018 (26.53%) SQL
4 776 (20.22%) Java
5 649 (16.91%) Python
6 320 (8.34%) C++
7 233 (6.07%) PHP
8 175 (4.56%) C
9 130 (3.39%) Ruby
10 118 (3.08%) Bash Shell
11 103 (2.68%) T-SQL
12 96 (2.50%) R
13 76 (1.98%) TypeScript
14 74 (1.93%) PowerShell
15 63 (1.64%) VB.NET
16 53 (1.38%) VB
17 50 (1.30%) VBA
18 48 (1.25%) ES6
19 44 (1.15%) Perl
19 44 (1.15%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 1,037 (27.03%) Degree
2 284 (7.40%) Computer Science Degree
3 72 (1.88%) Security Cleared
4 62 (1.62%) Numerate Degree
5 53 (1.38%) SC Cleared
6 44 (1.15%) PhD
7 42 (1.09%) ISTQB
8 34 (0.89%) Microsoft Certification
9 23 (0.60%) Cisco Certification
10 22 (0.57%) A+ Certification
10 22 (0.57%) CCNA
11 17 (0.44%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 16 (0.42%) Master's Degree
13 15 (0.39%) ISEB
14 14 (0.36%) DV Cleared
14 14 (0.36%) ITIL Certification
14 14 (0.36%) MCSE
15 13 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
16 12 (0.31%) PRINCE2 Certification
17 11 (0.29%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 137 (3.57%) QA
2 66 (1.72%) SLA
3 38 (0.99%) PMO
4 16 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 14 (0.36%) GDPR
6 11 (0.29%) Data Quality
7 8 (0.21%) ISO 9001
7 8 (0.21%) SEPA
8 6 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials
8 6 (0.16%) NIST
9 5 (0.13%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.078%) COBIT
11 2 (0.052%) CRD IV
11 2 (0.052%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 2 (0.052%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 2 (0.052%) PMBOK
12 1 (0.026%) Actionable Recommendations
12 1 (0.026%) ISAE 3402
12 1 (0.026%) ISO/IEC 15288
12 1 (0.026%) NIST 800
System Software
1 266 (6.93%) Docker
2 157 (4.09%) Active Directory
3 36 (0.94%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (0.81%) Virtual Machines
5 14 (0.36%) Hyper-V
6 12 (0.31%) Firmware
7 7 (0.18%) VMware Workstation
8 5 (0.13%) XenApp
9 4 (0.10%) Oracle RAC
9 4 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
10 3 (0.078%) KVM
10 3 (0.078%) NFS
10 3 (0.078%) Terminal Services
11 2 (0.052%) vSphere
11 2 (0.052%) Xen
12 1 (0.026%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 1 (0.026%) GPFS
12 1 (0.026%) HDFS
12 1 (0.026%) pfSense
12 1 (0.026%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 156 (4.07%) Kubernetes
2 86 (2.24%) Terraform
3 65 (1.69%) Ansible
4 64 (1.67%) Puppet
5 39 (1.02%) Opscode Chef
6 14 (0.36%) SCCM
7 13 (0.34%) QRadar
8 12 (0.31%) Nagios
9 8 (0.21%) Grafana
9 8 (0.21%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
10 7 (0.18%) Norton AntiVirus
10 7 (0.18%) SCOM
11 6 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
12 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Intune
12 5 (0.13%) Oracle RMAN
13 4 (0.10%) Data Guard
13 4 (0.10%) Kibana
13 4 (0.10%) Packer
14 3 (0.078%) Jamf Pro
14 3 (0.078%) Nexpose
Vendors
1 552 (14.39%) Microsoft
2 148 (3.86%) Oracle
3 119 (3.10%) Google
4 65 (1.69%) VMware
5 53 (1.38%) Red Hat
6 51 (1.33%) SAP
7 47 (1.22%) Adobe
8 41 (1.07%) Cisco
9 39 (1.02%) Salesforce.com
10 38 (0.99%) Tableau
11 28 (0.73%) Splunk
12 21 (0.55%) Xamarin
13 20 (0.52%) IBM
14 16 (0.42%) Apple
14 16 (0.42%) Atlassian
14 16 (0.42%) ServiceNow
15 15 (0.39%) hybris
15 15 (0.39%) Juniper
16 14 (0.36%) Citrix
16 14 (0.36%) LogRhythm