Period
to

The median annual salary for a Junior was £35,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 22 May 2022.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK
6 months to
22 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 264 205 146
Rank change year-on-year -59 -59 -13
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 2,413 1,548 2,266
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.48% 1.68% 2.44%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.60% 1.82% 2.56%
Number of salaries quoted 1,745 1,357 1,990
10th Percentile £23,000 £22,000 £21,250
25th Percentile £27,500 £26,250 £25,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £35,000 £32,500 £32,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +1.56% +6.67%
75th Percentile £44,750 £42,500 £42,500
90th Percentile £56,000 £50,000 £53,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £32,500 £30,000 £30,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% - +5.26%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 151,186 85,192 88,611
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.55% 92.54% 95.26%
Number of salaries quoted 82,478 65,111 71,932
10th Percentile £32,386 £31,365 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,185 £39,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Junior.

Salary trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 22 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 22 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -47 2,192 £35,000 +7.69% 404
UK excluding London -3 1,483 £32,500 +8.33% 327
Work from Home -75 994 £35,000 +7.69% 162
London -135 743 £40,000 - 100
South East +45 634 £32,500 - 64
North of England -19 275 £32,500 +18.18% 94
Midlands -65 190 £32,500 +26.21% 62
South West -9 153 £32,500 +8.33% 40
North West -14 148 £35,000 +21.74% 51
West Midlands -35 119 £35,000 +40.00% 37
East of England -29 118 £31,750 -2.31% 42
Yorkshire -47 87 £30,000 +20.00% 33
East Midlands -53 71 £25,750 -6.36% 25
Scotland -22 59 £35,000 +27.27% 11
Wales -7 55 £30,000 +17.65% 12
North East +10 41 £30,000 +20.00% 10
Northern Ireland - 9 £46,250 - 2

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 22 May 2022, Junior job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 624 (25.86%) Degree
2 531 (22.01%) SQL
3 528 (21.88%) Agile
4 522 (21.63%) Social Skills
5 449 (18.61%) Software Engineering
6 398 (16.49%) C#
6 398 (16.49%) JavaScript
7 394 (16.33%) Linux
8 373 (15.46%) Python
9 358 (14.84%) Problem-Solving
10 340 (14.09%) Microsoft
11 318 (13.18%) Finance
12 314 (13.01%) Computer Science
13 312 (12.93%) CSS
14 310 (12.85%) .NET
15 303 (12.56%) HTML
16 300 (12.43%) Java
17 295 (12.23%) C++
18 275 (11.40%) Software Testing
19 269 (11.15%) Azure
20 259 (10.73%) DevOps
21 255 (10.57%) AWS
22 253 (10.48%) C
23 232 (9.61%) SQL Server
24 223 (9.24%) Inclusion and Diversity
25 207 (8.58%) Git (software)
26 204 (8.45%) TCP/IP
27 201 (8.33%) Windows
27 201 (8.33%) SaaS
28 198 (8.21%) Unit Testing

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (2.90%) CMS
2 48 (1.99%) SharePoint
3 42 (1.74%) Apache Spark
4 26 (1.08%) WordPress
5 22 (0.91%) Confluence
6 16 (0.66%) Apache
6 16 (0.66%) Tomcat
7 11 (0.46%) IIS
8 8 (0.33%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 8 (0.33%) MQSeries
9 6 (0.25%) Exchange Server 2013
9 6 (0.25%) Joomla!
10 5 (0.21%) Elasticsearch
10 5 (0.21%) MS Exchange
10 5 (0.21%) Office Communications Server
11 4 (0.17%) Drupal
11 4 (0.17%) SAS
12 3 (0.12%) EPiServer
12 3 (0.12%) Sitecore CMS
12 3 (0.12%) Umbraco
Applications
1 144 (5.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 102 (4.23%) Microsoft Office
3 57 (2.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 48 (1.99%) MS Visio
5 35 (1.45%) Photoshop
6 26 (1.08%) Spreadsheet
7 17 (0.70%) Sketch
8 16 (0.66%) Adobe After Effects
8 16 (0.66%) Adobe Illustrator
8 16 (0.66%) Microsoft Project
9 15 (0.62%) Adobe Premiere
10 8 (0.33%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 7 (0.29%) InDesign
12 5 (0.21%) Adobe XD
12 5 (0.21%) SPSS
13 4 (0.17%) AutoCAD
14 3 (0.12%) Autodesk Inventor
15 2 (0.083%) Affinity Designer
15 2 (0.083%) Simulink
15 2 (0.083%) Stata
Business Applications
1 13 (0.54%) Payment Gateway
2 7 (0.29%) Shopify
3 6 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.25%) NetSuite
3 6 (0.25%) Odoo
4 5 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
4 5 (0.21%) Elite 3E
5 4 (0.17%) Infor CloudSuite Industrial (formerly SyteLine)
6 3 (0.12%) StreamServe
7 2 (0.083%) Adobe Campaign
7 2 (0.083%) Primavera
8 1 (0.041%) MFGPRO
8 1 (0.041%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.041%) Oracle ERP
8 1 (0.041%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 1 (0.041%) SAP FI
8 1 (0.041%) SAP R/3
8 1 (0.041%) SAP S/4HANA
8 1 (0.041%) Social Studio
8 1 (0.041%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 269 (11.15%) Azure
2 255 (10.57%) AWS
3 201 (8.33%) SaaS
4 117 (4.85%) Power Platform
5 80 (3.32%) Microsoft 365
6 53 (2.20%) GitHub
7 50 (2.07%) Serverless
8 48 (1.99%) GCP
9 38 (1.57%) Amazon S3
10 33 (1.37%) Cloud Computing
11 29 (1.20%) Amazon EMR
11 29 (1.20%) Figma
12 26 (1.08%) Google Analytics
13 22 (0.91%) Amazon SQS
14 21 (0.87%) AWS Lambda
15 20 (0.83%) IaaS
16 18 (0.75%) Azure Active Directory
17 17 (0.70%) Google Sheets
17 17 (0.70%) PaaS
18 15 (0.62%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 204 (8.45%) TCP/IP
2 193 (8.00%) HTTP
3 56 (2.32%) Firewall
4 52 (2.15%) DNS
5 34 (1.41%) Internet
6 30 (1.24%) VPN
7 26 (1.08%) LAN
8 22 (0.91%) WAN
9 20 (0.83%) Network Security
10 17 (0.70%) DHCP
11 16 (0.66%) Wireless
12 13 (0.54%) VoIP
13 12 (0.50%) Broadband
13 12 (0.50%) Wi-Fi
14 11 (0.46%) BGP
15 9 (0.37%) Ethernet
15 9 (0.37%) Intranet
16 8 (0.33%) Cisco ASA
16 8 (0.33%) NX-OS
17 7 (0.29%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 232 (9.61%) SQL Server
2 128 (5.30%) MySQL
3 109 (4.52%) Power BI
4 96 (3.98%) Relational Database
5 42 (1.74%) Big Data
6 41 (1.70%) PostgreSQL
7 39 (1.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 37 (1.53%) Hadoop
9 33 (1.37%) Flink
9 33 (1.37%) NoSQL
9 33 (1.37%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 32 (1.33%) Data Warehouse
11 30 (1.24%) Apache Hive
12 27 (1.12%) MongoDB
13 16 (0.66%) Tableau
14 13 (0.54%) Metadata
15 12 (0.50%) Azure SQL Database
15 12 (0.50%) QlikView
16 11 (0.46%) Qlik Sense
17 10 (0.41%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 207 (8.58%) Git (software)
2 66 (2.74%) JIRA
3 37 (1.53%) Jenkins
4 29 (1.20%) Visual Studio
5 21 (0.87%) Bitbucket
6 18 (0.75%) Visual Studio Code
7 16 (0.66%) webpack
8 13 (0.54%) Selenium
8 13 (0.54%) TeamCity
9 12 (0.50%) Android Studio
10 11 (0.46%) Team Foundation Server
11 10 (0.41%) fastlane
11 10 (0.41%) Postman
12 9 (0.37%) Eclipse
12 9 (0.37%) Xcode
13 8 (0.33%) Octopus Deploy
13 8 (0.33%) Oracle APEX
14 7 (0.29%) Cucumber
14 7 (0.29%) Gradle
14 7 (0.29%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 522 (21.63%) Social Skills
2 318 (13.18%) Finance
3 223 (9.24%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 195 (8.08%) Analytical Skills
5 146 (6.05%) Retail
6 132 (5.47%) Marketing
7 61 (2.53%) Public Sector
8 58 (2.40%) Organisational Skills
9 57 (2.36%) Law
10 56 (2.32%) Banking
11 52 (2.15%) Telecoms
12 51 (2.11%) Advertising
13 49 (2.03%) Legal
14 35 (1.45%) Influencing Skills
15 32 (1.33%) Presentation Skills
16 27 (1.12%) Financial Institution
17 26 (1.08%) Fire and Rescue
18 25 (1.04%) Games
19 24 (0.99%) Manufacturing
20 23 (0.95%) Electronics
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 312 (12.93%) CSS
2 310 (12.85%) .NET
3 303 (12.56%) HTML
4 156 (6.46%) Protocol Buffers
4 156 (6.46%) React
5 134 (5.55%) AngularJS
6 121 (5.01%) .NET Core
7 113 (4.68%) ASP.NET
8 97 (4.02%) REST
9 87 (3.61%) HTML5
10 85 (3.52%) JSON
10 85 (3.52%) Node.js
10 85 (3.52%) Spring
11 73 (3.03%) .NET Framework
12 70 (2.90%) Web Services
13 59 (2.45%) RESTful
14 52 (2.15%) jQuery
15 51 (2.11%) Laravel
15 51 (2.11%) XML
16 45 (1.86%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 101 (4.19%) Self-Motivation
2 83 (3.44%) User Experience
3 66 (2.74%) Mobile App
4 53 (2.20%) NHS
5 46 (1.91%) Algorithms
6 42 (1.74%) Greenfield Project
7 41 (1.70%) Social Media
8 40 (1.66%) Driving Licence
9 39 (1.62%) Sports Betting
10 37 (1.53%) IoT
11 35 (1.45%) Enterprise Software
12 31 (1.28%) Data Centre
13 30 (1.24%) Data Structures
14 29 (1.20%) Management Information System
15 24 (0.99%) e-Health
16 21 (0.87%) Cyberattack
16 21 (0.87%) Embedded Systems
17 19 (0.79%) Cyber Defence
17 19 (0.79%) e-Learning
18 16 (0.66%) CUDA
Operating Systems
1 394 (16.33%) Linux
2 201 (8.33%) Windows
3 54 (2.24%) Android
3 54 (2.24%) Windows Server
4 47 (1.95%) Apple iOS
4 47 (1.95%) CentOS
5 34 (1.41%) Windows 10
6 31 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 15 (0.62%) Embedded Linux
8 14 (0.58%) Windows 7
9 13 (0.54%) Windows Server 2012
10 12 (0.50%) Windows 8
11 11 (0.46%) Unix
12 10 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
13 9 (0.37%) Mac OS
14 8 (0.33%) Ubuntu
15 6 (0.25%) Windows Server 2003
15 6 (0.25%) Windows Vista
15 6 (0.25%) Windows XP
16 5 (0.21%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 528 (21.88%) Agile
2 449 (18.61%) Software Engineering
3 358 (14.84%) Problem-Solving
4 314 (13.01%) Computer Science
5 275 (11.40%) Software Testing
6 259 (10.73%) DevOps
7 198 (8.21%) Unit Testing
8 181 (7.50%) Full Stack Development
9 179 (7.42%) Web Development
10 173 (7.17%) Project Planning
11 167 (6.92%) Functional Testing
12 164 (6.80%) Scrum
13 161 (6.67%) Project Management
14 158 (6.55%) SDLC
15 157 (6.51%) Digital Signal Processing
15 157 (6.51%) Signal Processing
16 149 (6.17%) Analytics
17 147 (6.09%) Test Automation
18 124 (5.14%) Business Intelligence
19 120 (4.97%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 531 (22.01%) SQL
2 398 (16.49%) C#
2 398 (16.49%) JavaScript
3 373 (15.46%) Python
4 300 (12.43%) Java
5 295 (12.23%) C++
6 253 (10.48%) C
7 181 (7.50%) PHP
8 104 (4.31%) TypeScript
9 71 (2.94%) T-SQL
10 63 (2.61%) Bash
11 56 (2.32%) Scala
12 46 (1.91%) Objective-C
12 46 (1.91%) PowerShell
13 45 (1.86%) Apple Swift
14 28 (1.16%) ES6
15 27 (1.12%) Embedded C
16 25 (1.04%) R
17 24 (0.99%) Shell Script
17 24 (0.99%) VBA
Qualifications
1 624 (25.86%) Degree
2 179 (7.42%) Computer Science Degree
3 74 (3.07%) Security Cleared
4 47 (1.95%) SC Cleared
5 20 (0.83%) DBS Check
6 15 (0.62%) Cisco Certification
6 15 (0.62%) ISTQB
6 15 (0.62%) Microsoft Certification
7 14 (0.58%) CCNA
7 14 (0.58%) Numerate Degree
7 14 (0.58%) PMI Certification
7 14 (0.58%) PMP
8 9 (0.37%) DV Cleared
8 9 (0.37%) ITIL Certification
9 8 (0.33%) PhD
9 8 (0.33%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 7 (0.29%) CTC Cleared
10 7 (0.29%) ISEB
11 6 (0.25%) AWS Certification
11 6 (0.25%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 149 (6.17%) QA
2 55 (2.28%) SLA
3 34 (1.41%) PMO
4 27 (1.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 21 (0.87%) Accessibility
6 19 (0.79%) GDPR
7 11 (0.46%) Cyber Essentials
8 8 (0.33%) Data Quality
8 8 (0.33%) WCAG
9 7 (0.29%) SOC 1
9 7 (0.29%) SOC 2
10 6 (0.25%) ISO 9001
10 6 (0.25%) PCI DSS
11 4 (0.17%) IFRS
11 4 (0.17%) IFRS 9
12 3 (0.12%) Actionable Recommendations
12 3 (0.12%) COBIT
12 3 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 3 (0.12%) GxP
12 3 (0.12%) NIST
System Software
1 137 (5.68%) Docker
2 61 (2.53%) Active Directory
3 46 (1.91%) Firmware
4 27 (1.12%) VMware Infrastructure
5 13 (0.54%) Hyper-V
6 10 (0.41%) vSphere
7 8 (0.33%) VMware ESXi
8 5 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (0.083%) LXC
9 2 (0.083%) VMware NSX
10 1 (0.041%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.041%) Ceph
10 1 (0.041%) HDFS
10 1 (0.041%) Terminal Services
10 1 (0.041%) Xen
Systems Management
1 110 (4.56%) Kubernetes
2 51 (2.11%) Terraform
3 35 (1.45%) Ansible
3 35 (1.45%) Opscode Chef
4 19 (0.79%) SCCM
5 15 (0.62%) Microsoft Intune
6 12 (0.50%) Packer
7 11 (0.46%) Puppet
8 8 (0.33%) Single Sign-On
9 7 (0.29%) HP Quality Center
10 5 (0.21%) cPanel
10 5 (0.21%) SCOM
11 3 (0.12%) Grafana
11 3 (0.12%) WSUS
12 2 (0.083%) Active Directory Federation Services
12 2 (0.083%) Kibana
12 2 (0.083%) Kubeflow
12 2 (0.083%) Prometheus
13 1 (0.041%) Host Intrusion Detection System
13 1 (0.041%) Network Intrusion Detection System
Vendors
1 340 (14.09%) Microsoft
2 61 (2.53%) Google
3 53 (2.20%) Oracle
4 47 (1.95%) VMware
5 43 (1.78%) Adobe
6 42 (1.74%) Cisco
7 36 (1.49%) Apple
8 29 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
9 25 (1.04%) SAP
10 15 (0.62%) Juniper
10 15 (0.62%) Red Hat
11 13 (0.54%) Facebook
12 11 (0.46%) F5
12 11 (0.46%) Fortinet
12 11 (0.46%) Perforce
12 11 (0.46%) SaltStack
12 11 (0.46%) Sony
13 10 (0.41%) Twitter
13 10 (0.41%) Veeam
13 10 (0.41%) Xamarin