Period
to 22 September 2020

The median annual salary for a Junior was £32,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 22 September 2020.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 187 127 134
Rank change year-on-year -60 +7 +2
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 917 3,713 4,215
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.84% 2.67% 2.53%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.94% 2.79% 2.64%
Number of salaries quoted 877 3,419 3,848
Median annual salary £32,500 £30,000 £30,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £22,500 £21,250 £21,000
90th Percentile £53,750 £51,250 £48,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £30,000 £29,250 £27,500
% change year-on-year +2.56% +6.36% +3.77%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 47,223 133,225 159,921
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.82% 95.77% 96.04%
Number of salaries quoted 38,574 106,021 128,866
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Junior.

Salary trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 22 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -62 859 £32,500 +8.33% 241
UK excluding London -51 571 £30,000 +2.56% 188
London -73 335 £42,500 +21.43% 59
South East -31 224 £32,500 +8.33% 58
Midlands +24 100 £30,000 +13.21% 42
North of England -59 93 £27,500 - 41
Work from Home +14 79 £35,000 +11.11% 30
South West -24 58 £29,000 +5.45% 17
East Midlands +26 57 £30,000 +14.29% 18
East of England +34 45 £32,500 +12.07% 23
West Midlands +10 42 £27,000 -1.82% 24
North West -59 40 £26,500 -1.85% 21
Yorkshire +21 39 £30,000 +9.09% 16
Scotland +82 23 £27,500 -9.84% 1
Wales +11 19 £26,250 +1.94% 6
North East +8 14 £25,000 -5.66% 4
Northern Ireland +16 9 £31,500 -1.56%

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 22 September 2020, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 258 (28.14%) C#
2 251 (27.37%) JavaScript
3 234 (25.52%) SQL
4 225 (24.54%) Degree
5 215 (23.45%) Agile Software Development
6 201 (21.92%) .NET
7 181 (19.74%) Computer Science
8 174 (18.97%) Finance
9 167 (18.21%) HTML
10 165 (17.99%) Java
11 164 (17.88%) Python
12 162 (17.67%) CSS
13 156 (17.01%) Azure
14 155 (16.90%) DevOps
15 150 (16.36%) SQL Server
16 141 (15.38%) Software Engineering
17 125 (13.63%) Microsoft
18 123 (13.41%) AWS
19 114 (12.43%) React
20 109 (11.89%) Linux
21 107 (11.67%) Computer Science Degree
22 106 (11.56%) AngularJS
23 102 (11.12%) Docker
24 86 (9.38%) Windows
25 85 (9.27%) .NET Core
26 82 (8.94%) ASP.NET
26 82 (8.94%) Microservices
27 78 (8.51%) Git (software)
28 75 (8.18%) Fintech
29 72 (7.85%) MVC

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (2.51%) Apache
2 17 (1.85%) IIS
3 16 (1.74%) Confluence
3 16 (1.74%) Elasticsearch
4 14 (1.53%) CMS
5 13 (1.42%) Apache Spark
6 12 (1.31%) WordPress
7 7 (0.76%) SharePoint
8 5 (0.55%) Drupal
8 5 (0.55%) MS Exchange
9 4 (0.44%) Tomcat
10 3 (0.33%) Gunicorn
10 3 (0.33%) Jadu
10 3 (0.33%) JBoss
10 3 (0.33%) nginx
11 2 (0.22%) Cloud Foundry
11 2 (0.22%) Jetty
11 2 (0.22%) NServiceBus
11 2 (0.22%) OpenStack
11 2 (0.22%) Oracle Spatial
Applications
1 27 (2.94%) Microsoft Office
2 22 (2.40%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (0.87%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.55%) Adobe Illustrator
4 5 (0.55%) Photoshop
5 4 (0.44%) InDesign
6 3 (0.33%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 3 (0.33%) Adobe XD
6 3 (0.33%) Camtasia
6 3 (0.33%) MadCap Flare
7 2 (0.22%) Adobe Premiere
7 2 (0.22%) AutoCAD
7 2 (0.22%) Fusion 360
7 2 (0.22%) SketchUp
8 1 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
8 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.11%) Revit
8 1 (0.11%) Sketch
8 1 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 10 (1.09%) NetSuite
2 4 (0.44%) Dynamics AX
3 3 (0.33%) Magento
3 3 (0.33%) Salerio
4 2 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.22%) ResourceLink
4 2 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.11%) Lawson
5 1 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.11%) SAP CRM
5 1 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.11%) SAP SD
5 1 (0.11%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 156 (17.01%) Azure
2 123 (13.41%) AWS
3 35 (3.82%) GCP
4 27 (2.94%) SaaS
5 22 (2.40%) Power Platform
6 21 (2.29%) GitHub
7 20 (2.18%) Office 365
8 11 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
9 10 (1.09%) Stackdriver
10 9 (0.98%) Amazon EC2
11 8 (0.87%) Serverless
12 7 (0.76%) Adobe Creative Cloud
12 7 (0.76%) Dynamics 365
12 7 (0.76%) PaaS
13 6 (0.65%) Amazon S3
13 6 (0.65%) AWS CloudFormation
14 5 (0.55%) Azure Active Directory
15 4 (0.44%) Dropbox
16 3 (0.33%) npm
16 3 (0.33%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 23 (2.51%) DNS
2 15 (1.64%) Internet
3 14 (1.53%) Firewall
4 11 (1.20%) HTTP
5 10 (1.09%) TCP/IP
6 9 (0.98%) DHCP
7 8 (0.87%) LAN
7 8 (0.87%) WAN
8 6 (0.65%) Intrusion Detection
8 6 (0.65%) VoIP
8 6 (0.65%) VPN
9 5 (0.55%) Network Security
9 5 (0.55%) SSH
10 4 (0.44%) DMZ
10 4 (0.44%) IPv4
10 4 (0.44%) Skype
10 4 (0.44%) SMTP
10 4 (0.44%) VLAN
11 3 (0.33%) Intranet
11 3 (0.33%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 150 (16.36%) SQL Server
2 49 (5.34%) Relational Database
3 40 (4.36%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 36 (3.93%) MySQL
5 35 (3.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 27 (2.94%) NoSQL
7 21 (2.29%) Power BI
8 20 (2.18%) MongoDB
9 19 (2.07%) PostgreSQL
10 17 (1.85%) Data Warehouse
11 16 (1.74%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 15 (1.64%) Big Data
13 10 (1.09%) Azure SQL Database
14 9 (0.98%) Hadoop
14 9 (0.98%) Redis
15 8 (0.87%) Oracle Database
16 7 (0.76%) RDBMS
16 7 (0.76%) SQL Server 2008
17 6 (0.65%) Data Mining
17 6 (0.65%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 78 (8.51%) Git (software)
2 39 (4.25%) JIRA
3 34 (3.71%) Jenkins
4 21 (2.29%) Selenium
5 13 (1.42%) Gradle
6 11 (1.20%) Visual Studio
7 9 (0.98%) Team Foundation Server
8 8 (0.87%) TeamCity
8 8 (0.87%) webpack
9 7 (0.76%) JUnit
9 7 (0.76%) SpecFlow
10 6 (0.65%) GitLab
11 5 (0.55%) Maven
11 5 (0.55%) Metasploit
11 5 (0.55%) TestRail
12 4 (0.44%) NUnit
12 4 (0.44%) Visual Studio Team System
13 3 (0.33%) Cypress.io
13 3 (0.33%) Mercurial
13 3 (0.33%) TestNG
General
1 174 (18.97%) Finance
2 34 (3.71%) Retail
3 29 (3.16%) Marketing
4 27 (2.94%) Games
5 26 (2.84%) Public Sector
6 19 (2.07%) Law
7 16 (1.74%) Front Office
7 16 (1.74%) Manufacturing
8 13 (1.42%) Telecoms
9 10 (1.09%) Electronics
9 10 (1.09%) Legal
10 9 (0.98%) Banking
10 9 (0.98%) Billing
11 6 (0.65%) Advertising
12 5 (0.55%) Aerospace
12 5 (0.55%) Local Government
12 5 (0.55%) Police
13 4 (0.44%) Back Office
13 4 (0.44%) Investment Banking
14 3 (0.33%) Financial Institution
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 201 (21.92%) .NET
2 167 (18.21%) HTML
3 162 (17.67%) CSS
4 114 (12.43%) React
5 106 (11.56%) AngularJS
6 85 (9.27%) .NET Core
7 82 (8.94%) ASP.NET
8 64 (6.98%) Node.js
9 50 (5.45%) Vue.js
10 48 (5.23%) HTML5
11 42 (4.58%) jQuery
11 42 (4.58%) Spring
12 40 (4.36%) ASP.NET MVC
13 35 (3.82%) .NET Framework
14 32 (3.49%) ASP.NET Web API
14 32 (3.49%) RESTful
15 31 (3.38%) JSON
16 28 (3.05%) XML
17 27 (2.94%) Web Services
18 26 (2.84%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 55 (6.00%) Analytical Skills
2 44 (4.80%) User Experience
3 41 (4.47%) Greenfield Project
4 37 (4.03%) Hedge funds
5 35 (3.82%) Algorithms
6 32 (3.49%) Self-Motivation
7 26 (2.84%) Data Structures
8 22 (2.40%) Mobile App
9 20 (2.18%) Derivative
10 10 (1.09%) Security Operations Centre
11 9 (0.98%) EPoS
12 7 (0.76%) Cloud Native
12 7 (0.76%) Cybercrime
12 7 (0.76%) Internet of Things
13 6 (0.65%) Robotics
14 5 (0.55%) Blog
14 5 (0.55%) Enterprise Software
14 5 (0.55%) Equities
14 5 (0.55%) Management Information System
14 5 (0.55%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 109 (11.89%) Linux
2 86 (9.38%) Windows
3 28 (3.05%) Windows Server
4 19 (2.07%) Unix
5 18 (1.96%) Android
6 13 (1.42%) Apple iOS
7 8 (0.87%) Windows 10
8 7 (0.76%) Debian
8 7 (0.76%) Windows Server 2008
9 6 (0.65%) Ubuntu
9 6 (0.65%) Windows Server 2012
9 6 (0.65%) Windows Server 2016
10 5 (0.55%) Windows 7
11 4 (0.44%) CentOS
12 3 (0.33%) AIX
13 2 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 2 (0.22%) Solaris
14 1 (0.11%) openSUSE
14 1 (0.11%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 1 (0.11%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 215 (23.45%) Agile Software Development
2 181 (19.74%) Computer Science
3 155 (16.90%) DevOps
4 141 (15.38%) Software Engineering
5 82 (8.94%) Microservices
6 75 (8.18%) Fintech
7 72 (7.85%) MVC
8 71 (7.74%) Problem-Solving
9 68 (7.42%) Test Automation
10 66 (7.20%) TDD
11 65 (7.09%) OO
12 61 (6.65%) Mathematics
13 60 (6.54%) Web Development
14 49 (5.34%) Scrum
15 47 (5.13%) Project Management
16 45 (4.91%) Business Intelligence
17 44 (4.80%) OOP
18 42 (4.58%) Front End Development
19 35 (3.82%) SDLC
20 32 (3.49%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 258 (28.14%) C#
2 251 (27.37%) JavaScript
3 234 (25.52%) SQL
4 165 (17.99%) Java
5 164 (17.88%) Python
6 67 (7.31%) C++
7 63 (6.87%) TypeScript
8 55 (6.00%) PHP
9 37 (4.03%) T-SQL
10 25 (2.73%) Scala
11 23 (2.51%) PowerShell
12 21 (2.29%) C
13 20 (2.18%) R
14 18 (1.96%) Bash Shell
15 14 (1.53%) Ruby
16 12 (1.31%) Java 8
17 11 (1.20%) Shell Script
18 10 (1.09%) Go
19 9 (0.98%) Kotlin
19 9 (0.98%) Perl
Qualifications
1 225 (24.54%) Degree
2 107 (11.67%) Computer Science Degree
3 49 (5.34%) Security Cleared
4 33 (3.60%) SC Cleared
5 7 (0.76%) BPSS Clearance
5 7 (0.76%) ISTQB
6 6 (0.65%) PMI Certification
7 4 (0.44%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
8 3 (0.33%) AWS Certification
8 3 (0.33%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 3 (0.33%) PhD
8 3 (0.33%) PMP
9 2 (0.22%) APMP
9 2 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
9 2 (0.22%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.22%) HNC
9 2 (0.22%) MCSA
9 2 (0.22%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (4.80%) QA
2 7 (0.76%) PMO
3 4 (0.44%) SLA
4 3 (0.33%) EMIR
4 3 (0.33%) GDPR
4 3 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.33%) MiFID
5 2 (0.22%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.11%) DO-254
6 1 (0.11%) IEC 61508
6 1 (0.11%) ISO 26262
System Software
1 102 (11.12%) Docker
2 38 (4.14%) Active Directory
3 12 (1.31%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.44%) Firmware
5 3 (0.33%) NFS
5 3 (0.33%) vCloud
6 2 (0.22%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.22%) KVM
6 2 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
6 2 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.11%) BitLocker
7 1 (0.11%) Ceph
7 1 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.11%) VMware NSX
7 1 (0.11%) Xen
Systems Management
1 67 (7.31%) Kubernetes
2 49 (5.34%) Terraform
3 28 (3.05%) Ansible
4 13 (1.42%) Grafana
5 11 (1.20%) Opscode Chef
6 9 (0.98%) WSUS
7 8 (0.87%) Puppet
8 5 (0.55%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 4 (0.44%) HP Quality Center
9 4 (0.44%) SCCM
10 3 (0.33%) Kibana
10 3 (0.33%) logstash
10 3 (0.33%) Nagios
11 2 (0.22%) Consul
11 2 (0.22%) OpenView
11 2 (0.22%) Packer
12 1 (0.11%) Argo
12 1 (0.11%) Failover Clustering
12 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Clustering
12 1 (0.11%) Proxmox
Vendors
1 125 (13.63%) Microsoft
2 46 (5.02%) Oracle
3 31 (3.38%) Google
4 19 (2.07%) VMware
5 17 (1.85%) Adobe
5 17 (1.85%) Salesforce.com
6 16 (1.74%) ServiceNow
7 12 (1.31%) SAP
7 12 (1.31%) Splunk
8 11 (1.20%) HP
9 10 (1.09%) Tableau
9 10 (1.09%) Xamarin
10 9 (0.98%) Apple
11 7 (0.76%) JD Edwards
12 6 (0.65%) Red Hat
13 5 (0.55%) UiPath
14 4 (0.44%) Blue Prism
14 4 (0.44%) Cisco
14 4 (0.44%) Dell
14 4 (0.44%) Wallstreet Suite