Period
to 19 February 2019

The median annual salary for a Junior was £30,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 19 February 2019.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK
6 months to
19 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 124 126 117
Rank change year-on-year +2 -9 +13
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 4,087 4,610 4,653
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.70% 2.63% 2.68%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.81% 2.73% 2.78%
Number of salaries quoted 3,658 4,135 4,215
UK median annual salary £30,000 £30,000 £27,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
10th Percentile £21,250 £21,000 £20,250
90th Percentile £52,500 £45,000 £43,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £27,500 £27,500 £25,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 145,312 169,092 167,446
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.90% 96.31% 96.54%
Number of salaries quoted 116,330 138,498 139,104
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.26%
10th Percentile £28,250 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.19%

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Junior.

Salary trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 19 February 2019.

Salary histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 19 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 3,796 £30,000 - 901
UK excluding London -5 2,447 £27,500 - 722
London +25 1,534 £35,000 - 219
South East -3 911 £29,000 - 196
North of England -11 438 £26,250 +5.00% 175
Midlands -31 324 £25,000 - 147
South West -2 312 £30,000 +15.38% 93
East of England +23 277 £27,500 -8.33% 72
North West -4 237 £26,000 +4.00% 102
West Midlands -49 189 £25,500 +2.00% 78
Yorkshire +4 183 £26,625 -1.39% 60
East Midlands +8 135 £25,000 - 69
Scotland +47 108 £27,500 +5.77% 17
Wales +11 70 £28,622 +16.82% 21
North East -7 18 £21,000 -22.94% 13
Northern Ireland -19 9 £27,500 +1.85% 2

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 19 February 2019, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 1,301 (31.83%) C#
2 1,187 (29.04%) JavaScript
3 1,099 (26.89%) Agile Software Development
4 1,096 (26.82%) SQL
5 1,042 (25.50%) .NET
6 974 (23.83%) Degree
7 913 (22.34%) Java
8 903 (22.09%) HTML
9 832 (20.36%) CSS
10 752 (18.40%) SQL Server
11 672 (16.44%) Computer Science
12 626 (15.32%) Python
13 624 (15.27%) Microsoft
14 584 (14.29%) MVC
15 562 (13.75%) Software Engineering
16 540 (13.21%) ASP.NET
17 518 (12.67%) Finance
18 496 (12.14%) Linux
19 418 (10.23%) AngularJS
20 412 (10.08%) OO
21 375 (9.18%) Windows
22 365 (8.93%) Problem-Solving
23 359 (8.78%) Git (software)
24 337 (8.25%) C++
25 327 (8.00%) PHP
26 326 (7.98%) TDD
27 310 (7.59%) Mathematics
28 308 (7.54%) ASP.NET MVC
29 307 (7.51%) jQuery
30 301 (7.36%) Web Development

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 120 (2.94%) SharePoint
2 91 (2.23%) Apache
3 72 (1.76%) WordPress
4 65 (1.59%) CMS
4 65 (1.59%) Elasticsearch
5 45 (1.10%) IIS
6 31 (0.76%) nginx
7 30 (0.73%) Apache Spark
8 28 (0.69%) Drupal
9 27 (0.66%) Confluence
9 27 (0.66%) Tomcat
10 25 (0.61%) Umbraco
11 19 (0.46%) MS Exchange
12 18 (0.44%) OpenStack
13 11 (0.27%) JBoss
14 10 (0.24%) SAS
15 8 (0.20%) WebSphere
16 5 (0.12%) Moodle
16 5 (0.12%) Skype for Business
17 4 (0.098%) Exchange Server 2010
Applications
1 167 (4.09%) Microsoft Office
2 140 (3.43%) Microsoft Excel
3 56 (1.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 41 (1.00%) Photoshop
5 29 (0.71%) Adobe Illustrator
6 27 (0.66%) Microsoft Project
7 15 (0.37%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 13 (0.32%) FrameMaker
8 13 (0.32%) MS Visio
9 8 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
10 7 (0.17%) InVision
11 6 (0.15%) AutoCAD
11 6 (0.15%) InDesign
12 5 (0.12%) Adobe Premiere
13 4 (0.098%) Adobe Captivate
13 4 (0.098%) Camtasia
14 2 (0.049%) Adobe After Effects
14 2 (0.049%) Fireworks
14 2 (0.049%) InfoPath
14 2 (0.049%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 26 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 18 (0.44%) Magento
3 11 (0.27%) Dynamics NAV
4 10 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
5 6 (0.15%) NetSuite
6 5 (0.12%) Odoo
6 5 (0.12%) Oracle CRM
7 4 (0.098%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 4 (0.098%) Distributed Ledger
7 4 (0.098%) SAP S/4HANA
7 4 (0.098%) Shopify
8 3 (0.073%) LatentZero
8 3 (0.073%) LongView
8 3 (0.073%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 3 (0.073%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 3 (0.073%) thinkFolio
8 3 (0.073%) Workfront
9 2 (0.049%) Eloqua
9 2 (0.049%) Oracle ERP
9 2 (0.049%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 264 (6.46%) Amazon AWS
2 237 (5.80%) Microsoft Azure
3 139 (3.40%) SaaS
4 101 (2.47%) Office 365
5 61 (1.49%) GitHub
6 57 (1.39%) Google Cloud Platform
7 28 (0.69%) Cloud Computing
8 26 (0.64%) Serverless
9 22 (0.54%) IaaS
9 22 (0.54%) npm
10 20 (0.49%) Amazon EC2
10 20 (0.49%) AWS CloudFormation
11 17 (0.42%) PaaS
12 13 (0.32%) Amazon S3
12 13 (0.32%) Google Analytics
13 12 (0.29%) AWS Lambda
14 9 (0.22%) Adobe Creative Cloud
14 9 (0.22%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 8 (0.20%) OpenShift
16 7 (0.17%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 87 (2.13%) Firewall
2 67 (1.64%) Internet
3 47 (1.15%) LAN
4 46 (1.13%) TCP/IP
5 45 (1.10%) WAN
6 26 (0.64%) MPLS
7 25 (0.61%) VPN
8 23 (0.56%) Network Security
9 21 (0.51%) BGP
10 20 (0.49%) DNS
10 20 (0.49%) Wireless
11 18 (0.44%) FTP
12 17 (0.42%) SSH
12 17 (0.42%) VLAN
13 15 (0.37%) HTTP
13 15 (0.37%) VoIP
14 11 (0.27%) DHCP
14 11 (0.27%) Ethernet
15 10 (0.24%) Broadband
15 10 (0.24%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 752 (18.40%) SQL Server
2 220 (5.38%) MySQL
3 151 (3.69%) Relational Database
4 133 (3.25%) Big Data
5 117 (2.86%) NoSQL
6 106 (2.59%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 88 (2.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 86 (2.10%) SQL Server 2016
9 82 (2.01%) Data Warehouse
10 71 (1.74%) MongoDB
10 71 (1.74%) PostgreSQL
11 68 (1.66%) Power BI
12 35 (0.86%) Hadoop
13 33 (0.81%) Redis
14 32 (0.78%) Oracle Database
15 29 (0.71%) QlikView
16 28 (0.69%) RDBMS
17 27 (0.66%) Azure SQL Database
17 27 (0.66%) SQL Server 2008
18 25 (0.61%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 359 (8.78%) Git (software)
2 150 (3.67%) Visual Studio
3 127 (3.11%) JIRA
4 93 (2.28%) Jenkins
5 85 (2.08%) Eclipse
6 68 (1.66%) Selenium
7 62 (1.52%) webpack
8 52 (1.27%) Team Foundation Server
9 50 (1.22%) Eclipse RCP
10 47 (1.15%) Subversion
11 34 (0.83%) Maven
12 29 (0.71%) TeamCity
13 28 (0.69%) NUnit
14 25 (0.61%) Cucumber
14 25 (0.61%) gulp
15 23 (0.56%) Grunt
16 20 (0.49%) Mercurial
16 20 (0.49%) Visual Studio Team System
16 20 (0.49%) WebDriver
17 17 (0.42%) Gradle
General
1 518 (12.67%) Finance
2 188 (4.60%) Retail
3 157 (3.84%) Marketing
4 143 (3.50%) Games
5 133 (3.25%) Banking
6 76 (1.86%) Telecoms
7 61 (1.49%) Advertising
8 57 (1.39%) Legal
9 45 (1.10%) Front Office
10 36 (0.88%) Law
11 35 (0.86%) Electronics
12 30 (0.73%) Automotive
13 26 (0.64%) Financial Institution
14 22 (0.54%) Manufacturing
15 21 (0.51%) Investment Banking
16 17 (0.42%) Publishing
17 15 (0.37%) Billing
18 13 (0.32%) Military
19 12 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
20 9 (0.22%) Aerospace
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,042 (25.50%) .NET
2 903 (22.09%) HTML
3 832 (20.36%) CSS
4 540 (13.21%) ASP.NET
5 418 (10.23%) AngularJS
6 308 (7.54%) ASP.NET MVC
7 307 (7.51%) jQuery
8 267 (6.53%) React
9 223 (5.46%) HTML5
10 216 (5.29%) Node.js
11 193 (4.72%) Web Services
12 177 (4.33%) .NET Framework
13 147 (3.60%) ASP.NET Web API
14 145 (3.55%) REST
15 131 (3.21%) XML
16 129 (3.16%) Spring
17 128 (3.13%) RESTful
18 127 (3.11%) Sass
19 124 (3.03%) CSS3
20 122 (2.99%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 247 (6.04%) Analytical Skills
2 244 (5.97%) User Experience
3 177 (4.33%) Self-Motivation
4 144 (3.52%) Greenfield Project
5 127 (3.11%) Fintech
6 88 (2.15%) Data Structures
7 77 (1.88%) Mobile App
8 75 (1.84%) Algorithms
9 72 (1.76%) Hedge funds
10 62 (1.52%) Enterprise Software
11 50 (1.22%) Derivative
12 39 (0.95%) Management Information System
13 37 (0.91%) Linux Command Line
14 27 (0.66%) Graphic Design
14 27 (0.66%) Robotics
15 25 (0.61%) Driving Licence
15 25 (0.61%) Social Media
16 21 (0.51%) Data Centre
17 15 (0.37%) e-Learning
18 14 (0.34%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 496 (12.14%) Linux
2 375 (9.18%) Windows
3 100 (2.45%) Unix
4 99 (2.42%) Windows Server
5 74 (1.81%) Android
6 70 (1.71%) Apple iOS
7 59 (1.44%) CentOS
8 52 (1.27%) Windows 10
9 37 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 36 (0.88%) Windows Server 2012
11 32 (0.78%) Windows Server 2008
12 31 (0.76%) Ubuntu
13 29 (0.71%) Windows 7
14 25 (0.61%) AIX
15 15 (0.37%) Solaris
16 10 (0.24%) Debian
16 10 (0.24%) Windows 8
17 8 (0.20%) Windows Server 2003
18 7 (0.17%) Embedded Linux
18 7 (0.17%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,099 (26.89%) Agile Software Development
2 672 (16.44%) Computer Science
3 584 (14.29%) MVC
4 562 (13.75%) Software Engineering
5 412 (10.08%) OO
6 365 (8.93%) Problem-Solving
7 326 (7.98%) TDD
8 310 (7.59%) Mathematics
9 301 (7.36%) Web Development
10 259 (6.34%) Scrum
11 245 (5.99%) Test Automation
12 240 (5.87%) Business Intelligence
13 237 (5.80%) DevOps
14 194 (4.75%) Front End Development
15 191 (4.67%) SDLC
16 188 (4.60%) Unit Testing
17 182 (4.45%) Analytics
18 174 (4.26%) BDD
19 164 (4.01%) Project Management
20 149 (3.65%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 1,301 (31.83%) C#
2 1,187 (29.04%) JavaScript
3 1,096 (26.82%) SQL
4 913 (22.34%) Java
5 626 (15.32%) Python
6 337 (8.25%) C++
7 327 (8.00%) PHP
8 169 (4.14%) C
9 141 (3.45%) T-SQL
10 134 (3.28%) Ruby
11 120 (2.94%) Bash Shell
12 89 (2.18%) R
13 87 (2.13%) TypeScript
14 73 (1.79%) ES6
14 73 (1.79%) PowerShell
15 61 (1.49%) VB.NET
16 48 (1.17%) Scala
17 43 (1.05%) Shell Script
18 40 (0.98%) Perl
18 40 (0.98%) VBA
Qualifications
1 974 (23.83%) Degree
2 248 (6.07%) Computer Science Degree
3 89 (2.18%) Security Cleared
4 62 (1.52%) ISTQB
5 50 (1.22%) SC Cleared
6 34 (0.83%) Numerate Degree
7 32 (0.78%) CCNA
7 32 (0.78%) Cisco Certification
8 28 (0.69%) PhD
9 26 (0.64%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 20 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
11 16 (0.39%) Master's Degree
11 16 (0.39%) OSCP
12 15 (0.37%) PMI Certification
13 14 (0.34%) DV Cleared
14 12 (0.29%) ISEB
15 11 (0.27%) CEH
15 11 (0.27%) HND
16 10 (0.24%) GIAC
16 10 (0.24%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 209 (5.11%) QA
2 60 (1.47%) SLA
3 40 (0.98%) PMO
4 26 (0.64%) GDPR
5 17 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 8 (0.20%) COBIT
7 7 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
7 7 (0.17%) SEPA
8 6 (0.15%) Data Quality
9 4 (0.098%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.073%) 21 CFR Part 11
10 3 (0.073%) GxP
10 3 (0.073%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.024%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 1 (0.024%) FIPS 140-2
11 1 (0.024%) ISAE 3402
11 1 (0.024%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.024%) ISO 22301
11 1 (0.024%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.024%) WAI
System Software
1 220 (5.38%) Docker
2 127 (3.11%) Active Directory
3 58 (1.42%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
5 21 (0.51%) VMware Workstation
6 18 (0.44%) Hyper-V
7 11 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
8 7 (0.17%) Varnish
8 7 (0.17%) vSphere
8 7 (0.17%) Xen
8 7 (0.17%) XenApp
9 5 (0.12%) Firmware
9 5 (0.12%) Terminal Services
9 5 (0.12%) VirtualBox
10 4 (0.098%) HDFS
10 4 (0.098%) iptables
10 4 (0.098%) KVM
10 4 (0.098%) Oracle RAC
11 3 (0.073%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 3 (0.073%) GPFS
Systems Management
1 121 (2.96%) Kubernetes
2 82 (2.01%) Ansible
3 66 (1.61%) Terraform
4 60 (1.47%) Puppet
5 45 (1.10%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (0.61%) SCCM
7 18 (0.44%) Norton AntiVirus
8 17 (0.42%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
9 14 (0.34%) Nagios
10 11 (0.27%) Salt
11 9 (0.22%) Nexpose
12 8 (0.20%) Kibana
13 7 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
14 6 (0.15%) SCOM
14 6 (0.15%) vCenter Server
15 5 (0.12%) EMC NetWorker
15 5 (0.12%) Grafana
15 5 (0.12%) Nessus
15 5 (0.12%) Nmap
15 5 (0.12%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 624 (15.27%) Microsoft
2 141 (3.45%) Oracle
3 83 (2.03%) Google
3 83 (2.03%) VMware
4 72 (1.76%) Cisco
5 71 (1.74%) Red Hat
6 60 (1.47%) Adobe
7 54 (1.32%) SAP
8 48 (1.17%) Tableau
9 27 (0.66%) Atlassian
9 27 (0.66%) IBM
10 25 (0.61%) Salesforce.com
11 22 (0.54%) HP
12 20 (0.49%) Apple
12 20 (0.49%) Symantec
12 20 (0.49%) Xamarin
13 19 (0.46%) ServiceNow
14 15 (0.37%) Juniper
15 14 (0.34%) Splunk
16 13 (0.32%) Citrix