Period
to 7 July 2020

The median annual salary for a Junior was £32,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 7 July 2020.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK
6 months to
7 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 146 130 133
Rank change year-on-year -16 +3 -12
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 1,861 3,953 4,448
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.37% 2.69% 2.49%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.49% 2.80% 2.59%
Number of salaries quoted 1,746 3,628 4,091
Median annual salary £32,000 £30,000 £30,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.67% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £21,250 £21,250 £21,250
90th Percentile £53,750 £51,250 £47,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £30,000 £28,500 £27,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% +3.64% +10.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 74,810 140,943 171,948
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.10% 95.89% 96.28%
Number of salaries quoted 60,285 112,511 139,724
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Junior.

Salary trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 7 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 7 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 1,708 £32,500 +8.33% 172
UK excluding London -6 1,090 £30,000 +5.26% 139
London -29 716 £40,000 +6.67% 44
South East -14 407 £30,000 - 35
North of England -14 212 £27,500 +3.77% 28
Midlands +38 162 £27,500 +5.77% 29
Work from Home +48 118 £32,500 - 16
South West -28 115 £27,500 -1.79% 18
North West -17 112 £27,500 +5.77% 13
West Midlands +49 89 £27,500 - 12
East of England +36 86 £30,000 +1.69% 20
Yorkshire +36 83 £27,500 - 13
East Midlands +24 72 £27,500 +6.80% 17
Scotland +91 49 £27,500 -8.33% 5
Wales -10 42 £25,000 -9.09% 3
North East +2 17 £24,000 +4.35% 2
Northern Ireland +31 16 £30,000 -15.49% 3
Channel Islands - 1 £70,000 -

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 7 July 2020, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 528 (28.37%) C#
2 501 (26.92%) Agile Software Development
3 500 (26.87%) JavaScript
4 463 (24.88%) Degree
5 444 (23.86%) .NET
6 427 (22.94%) SQL
7 352 (18.91%) Java
8 345 (18.54%) Python
8 345 (18.54%) Finance
9 320 (17.20%) HTML
10 319 (17.14%) Computer Science
11 302 (16.23%) CSS
12 288 (15.48%) SQL Server
13 270 (14.51%) Software Engineering
14 269 (14.45%) Azure
15 239 (12.84%) Microsoft
16 221 (11.88%) AWS
17 219 (11.77%) DevOps
18 217 (11.66%) Linux
19 216 (11.61%) AngularJS
20 202 (10.85%) Problem-Solving
21 197 (10.59%) Windows
22 190 (10.21%) React
23 173 (9.30%) Computer Science Degree
24 171 (9.19%) Git (software)
25 168 (9.03%) MVC
26 163 (8.76%) TDD
26 163 (8.76%) Docker
27 161 (8.65%) ASP.NET
28 160 (8.60%) .NET Core

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (2.47%) Elasticsearch
2 28 (1.50%) Confluence
3 27 (1.45%) SharePoint
4 20 (1.07%) WordPress
5 19 (1.02%) CMS
5 19 (1.02%) IIS
6 18 (0.97%) MS Exchange
7 17 (0.91%) Apache
8 14 (0.75%) Tomcat
9 10 (0.54%) Umbraco
10 5 (0.27%) Apache Spark
10 5 (0.27%) Moodle
11 4 (0.21%) Drupal
11 4 (0.21%) Exchange Server 2013
11 4 (0.21%) SAS
12 3 (0.16%) Appian
12 3 (0.16%) Exchange Server 2010
12 3 (0.16%) Joomla!
12 3 (0.16%) nginx
12 3 (0.16%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 56 (3.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 55 (2.96%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (1.13%) Photoshop
4 13 (0.70%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 10 (0.54%) Adobe Illustrator
6 9 (0.48%) MS Visio
7 6 (0.32%) Camtasia
7 6 (0.32%) MadCap Flare
8 5 (0.27%) AutoCAD
8 5 (0.27%) GIMP
8 5 (0.27%) InDesign
9 4 (0.21%) Adobe XD
9 4 (0.21%) SketchUp
9 4 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
10 3 (0.16%) FileZilla
10 3 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
11 2 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
11 2 (0.11%) Open Workbench
11 2 (0.11%) QuarkXPress
11 2 (0.11%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 20 (1.07%) Magento
2 16 (0.86%) NetSuite
3 15 (0.81%) Salerio
4 7 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
5 6 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
6 4 (0.21%) SAP CRM
6 4 (0.21%) SAP S/4HANA
7 3 (0.16%) ResourceLink
7 3 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 3 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 3 (0.16%) SAP SD
8 2 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
9 1 (0.054%) Oracle EBS
9 1 (0.054%) Oracle ERP
9 1 (0.054%) Oracle Utilities
9 1 (0.054%) ProductWriter
9 1 (0.054%) SAP FI
9 1 (0.054%) SAP MM
9 1 (0.054%) SAP SCM
Cloud Services
1 269 (14.45%) Azure
2 221 (11.88%) AWS
3 61 (3.28%) SaaS
4 46 (2.47%) Office 365
5 38 (2.04%) GitHub
6 33 (1.77%) GCP
7 30 (1.61%) Power Platform
8 15 (0.81%) Amazon EC2
8 15 (0.81%) Cloud Computing
8 15 (0.81%) PaaS
9 12 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
9 12 (0.64%) Dynamics 365
9 12 (0.64%) Serverless
10 11 (0.59%) Amazon S3
11 10 (0.54%) npm
12 8 (0.43%) Adobe Creative Cloud
13 7 (0.38%) IaaS
13 7 (0.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 6 (0.32%) Dropbox
15 5 (0.27%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 42 (2.26%) DNS
2 33 (1.77%) Firewall
3 32 (1.72%) TCP/IP
4 28 (1.50%) LAN
4 28 (1.50%) WAN
5 27 (1.45%) DHCP
6 23 (1.24%) Internet
7 21 (1.13%) HTTP
8 15 (0.81%) Wireless
9 13 (0.70%) SSH
10 11 (0.59%) SAN
11 10 (0.54%) NAS
11 10 (0.54%) SMTP
11 10 (0.54%) VPN
12 9 (0.48%) Bluetooth
13 8 (0.43%) Intranet
13 8 (0.43%) Network Security
14 7 (0.38%) IPv4
14 7 (0.38%) Skype
14 7 (0.38%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 288 (15.48%) SQL Server
2 120 (6.45%) Relational Database
3 82 (4.41%) MySQL
4 55 (2.96%) PostgreSQL
5 53 (2.85%) NoSQL
6 47 (2.53%) MongoDB
7 43 (2.31%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 38 (2.04%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 29 (1.56%) Power BI
10 27 (1.45%) RDBMS
11 26 (1.40%) Data Warehouse
12 25 (1.34%) SQL Server 2016
13 24 (1.29%) Big Data
13 24 (1.29%) SQL Server 2019
14 22 (1.18%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 18 (0.97%) Oracle Database
16 15 (0.81%) Data Mining
17 14 (0.75%) Azure SQL Database
18 9 (0.48%) Hadoop
18 9 (0.48%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 171 (9.19%) Git (software)
2 94 (5.05%) JIRA
3 68 (3.65%) Jenkins
4 51 (2.74%) Selenium
5 47 (2.53%) Visual Studio
6 27 (1.45%) Maven
7 25 (1.34%) JUnit
8 21 (1.13%) NUnit
9 19 (1.02%) Team Foundation Server
10 18 (0.97%) TeamCity
11 17 (0.91%) Cucumber
12 15 (0.81%) SpecFlow
13 14 (0.75%) Bitbucket
13 14 (0.75%) Eclipse
14 11 (0.59%) Octopus Deploy
14 11 (0.59%) PhpStorm
15 10 (0.54%) Subversion
16 9 (0.48%) WebDriver
17 8 (0.43%) StyleCop
17 8 (0.43%) TestNG
General
1 345 (18.54%) Finance
2 90 (4.84%) Retail
3 67 (3.60%) Games
4 64 (3.44%) Marketing
5 36 (1.93%) Manufacturing
6 34 (1.83%) Law
7 33 (1.77%) Banking
8 32 (1.72%) Public Sector
9 27 (1.45%) Telecoms
10 25 (1.34%) Legal
11 22 (1.18%) Electronics
12 21 (1.13%) Front Office
13 19 (1.02%) Advertising
14 16 (0.86%) Aerospace
15 15 (0.81%) Automotive
16 14 (0.75%) Billing
17 12 (0.64%) Financial Institution
17 12 (0.64%) Police
18 11 (0.59%) Publishing
19 8 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 444 (23.86%) .NET
2 320 (17.20%) HTML
3 302 (16.23%) CSS
4 216 (11.61%) AngularJS
5 190 (10.21%) React
6 161 (8.65%) ASP.NET
7 160 (8.60%) .NET Core
8 127 (6.82%) Node.js
9 107 (5.75%) jQuery
10 100 (5.37%) .NET Framework
11 89 (4.78%) RESTful
11 89 (4.78%) Web Services
12 83 (4.46%) ASP.NET MVC
13 82 (4.41%) Spring
13 82 (4.41%) Vue.js
14 81 (4.35%) HTML5
15 69 (3.71%) ASP.NET Web API
16 61 (3.28%) Entity Framework
17 60 (3.22%) Django
18 54 (2.90%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 111 (5.96%) Analytical Skills
2 102 (5.48%) User Experience
3 70 (3.76%) Algorithms
3 70 (3.76%) Self-Motivation
4 65 (3.49%) Greenfield Project
5 63 (3.39%) Hedge funds
6 62 (3.33%) Derivative
7 60 (3.22%) Data Structures
8 44 (2.36%) Mobile App
9 27 (1.45%) Equities
10 23 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
11 21 (1.13%) iPad
11 21 (1.13%) Management Information System
12 20 (1.07%) Data Centre
13 16 (0.86%) Cloud Native
13 16 (0.86%) SWIFT
14 15 (0.81%) Life Science
15 11 (0.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 11 (0.59%) Social Media
16 10 (0.54%) EPoS
Operating Systems
1 217 (11.66%) Linux
2 197 (10.59%) Windows
3 64 (3.44%) Unix
4 59 (3.17%) Windows Server
5 48 (2.58%) Windows 10
6 44 (2.36%) Android
7 39 (2.10%) Apple iOS
8 27 (1.45%) Windows 7
9 23 (1.24%) Windows Server 2008
10 17 (0.91%) Windows Server 2012
11 14 (0.75%) Ubuntu
12 13 (0.70%) Windows Server 2016
13 11 (0.59%) Embedded Linux
14 10 (0.54%) Solaris
15 9 (0.48%) CentOS
16 8 (0.43%) Mac OS
16 8 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 7 (0.38%) Debian
17 7 (0.38%) Mac OS X
18 5 (0.27%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 501 (26.92%) Agile Software Development
2 319 (17.14%) Computer Science
3 270 (14.51%) Software Engineering
4 219 (11.77%) DevOps
5 202 (10.85%) Problem-Solving
6 168 (9.03%) MVC
7 163 (8.76%) TDD
8 154 (8.28%) Fintech
9 148 (7.95%) Microservices
10 147 (7.90%) OO
11 139 (7.47%) Test Automation
12 137 (7.36%) Scrum
13 135 (7.25%) Mathematics
14 127 (6.82%) Web Development
15 99 (5.32%) BDD
16 92 (4.94%) Project Management
17 91 (4.89%) Continuous Integration
18 82 (4.41%) Front End Development
19 81 (4.35%) OOP
20 79 (4.25%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 528 (28.37%) C#
2 500 (26.87%) JavaScript
3 427 (22.94%) SQL
4 352 (18.91%) Java
5 345 (18.54%) Python
6 150 (8.06%) C++
7 125 (6.72%) PHP
8 108 (5.80%) TypeScript
9 73 (3.92%) PowerShell
10 58 (3.12%) C
11 49 (2.63%) R
12 44 (2.36%) Bash Shell
12 44 (2.36%) T-SQL
13 36 (1.93%) Java 8
14 26 (1.40%) Ruby
15 20 (1.07%) Go
16 18 (0.97%) Perl
17 16 (0.86%) PL/SQL
17 16 (0.86%) Shell Script
17 16 (0.86%) VBA
Qualifications
1 463 (24.88%) Degree
2 173 (9.30%) Computer Science Degree
3 59 (3.17%) Security Cleared
4 42 (2.26%) SC Cleared
5 15 (0.81%) Microsoft Certification
6 14 (0.75%) ISTQB
7 13 (0.70%) ISEB
8 12 (0.64%) Numerate Degree
9 11 (0.59%) Cisco Certification
10 9 (0.48%) A+ Certification
11 8 (0.43%) CCNA
11 8 (0.43%) HNC
11 8 (0.43%) HND
12 7 (0.38%) AWS Certification
13 6 (0.32%) DBS Check
13 6 (0.32%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
14 5 (0.27%) BPSS Clearance
14 5 (0.27%) DV Cleared
14 5 (0.27%) OSCE
14 5 (0.27%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 75 (4.03%) QA
2 22 (1.18%) PMO
3 13 (0.70%) SLA
4 7 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials
5 4 (0.21%) ISO 9001
6 3 (0.16%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 2 (0.11%) COBIT
7 2 (0.11%) P3O
7 2 (0.11%) WCAG
8 1 (0.054%) ISO 22301
8 1 (0.054%) ISO/IEC 17025
8 1 (0.054%) SEPA
System Software
1 163 (8.76%) Docker
2 68 (3.65%) Active Directory
3 14 (0.75%) Firmware
3 14 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.70%) Hyper-V
5 10 (0.54%) NFS
6 5 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
7 4 (0.21%) vCloud
7 4 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.11%) vSphere
9 1 (0.054%) BitLocker
9 1 (0.054%) Ceph
9 1 (0.054%) KVM
9 1 (0.054%) oVirt
9 1 (0.054%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.054%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 92 (4.94%) Kubernetes
2 65 (3.49%) Terraform
3 43 (2.31%) Ansible
4 23 (1.24%) Opscode Chef
4 23 (1.24%) Puppet
5 15 (0.81%) Nagios
6 10 (0.54%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
6 10 (0.54%) SCCM
7 7 (0.38%) WSUS
8 6 (0.32%) Grafana
8 6 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
9 4 (0.21%) FortiGate
9 4 (0.21%) Kibana
9 4 (0.21%) logstash
10 3 (0.16%) BMC PATROL
10 3 (0.16%) OpenView
10 3 (0.16%) vCenter Server
11 2 (0.11%) Docker Swarm
11 2 (0.11%) ZABBIX
12 1 (0.054%) SCOM
Vendors
1 239 (12.84%) Microsoft
2 89 (4.78%) Oracle
3 30 (1.61%) Adobe
3 30 (1.61%) VMware
4 27 (1.45%) SAP
5 25 (1.34%) Google
6 24 (1.29%) Xamarin
7 20 (1.07%) Salesforce.com
8 19 (1.02%) Apple
8 19 (1.02%) ServiceNow
9 17 (0.91%) Tableau
10 16 (0.86%) Cisco
11 14 (0.75%) HP
12 12 (0.64%) hybris
13 10 (0.54%) JD Edwards
14 9 (0.48%) Red Hat
15 7 (0.38%) Capita
15 7 (0.38%) Dell
15 7 (0.38%) UiPath
16 6 (0.32%) IBM