Period
to 14 May 2021

The median annual salary for a Junior was £32,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK
6 months to
14 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 207 140 132
Rank change year-on-year -67 -8 +6
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 1,513 2,406 3,882
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.67% 2.47% 2.69%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.80% 2.59% 2.80%
Number of salaries quoted 1,333 2,124 3,425
10th Percentile £22,000 £21,250 £21,250
25th Percentile £26,250 £25,000 £25,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £32,500 £32,000 £30,000
Median % change year-on-year +1.56% +6.67% -
75th Percentile £41,250 £42,500 £41,250
90th Percentile £50,000 £53,750 £52,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £30,000 £30,000 £28,000
% change year-on-year - +7.14% +1.82%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 83,986 92,830 138,697
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.78% 95.32% 96.03%
Number of salaries quoted 64,207 75,461 111,313
10th Percentile £31,500 £30,000 £28,500
25th Percentile £41,250 £38,750 £37,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £46,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.15% +3.33% -

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Junior.

Salary trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 14 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -53 1,403 £32,500 - 359
UK excluding London -62 900 £30,000 - 288
London -73 520 £40,000 - 90
Work from Home -51 294 £32,500 +8.33% 77
South East -43 287 £32,500 +8.33% 82
Midlands -28 185 £25,750 +0.98% 43
North of England -62 185 £27,500 - 69
South West -37 133 £30,000 +7.14% 37
East Midlands +8 97 £27,500 +10.00% 20
North West -28 87 £29,500 +7.27% 32
West Midlands -44 87 £25,000 -2.44% 22
Yorkshire -53 80 £25,000 -10.71% 27
East of England -9 62 £32,500 +8.33% 38
Wales +1 26 £25,500 +2.00% 9
Scotland -45 25 £27,500 -1.79% 10
North East -1 18 £25,000 +5.26% 10

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 14 May 2021, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 450 (29.74%) JavaScript
2 408 (26.97%) SQL
3 405 (26.77%) C#
4 374 (24.72%) Social Skills
5 310 (20.49%) Degree
6 301 (19.89%) .NET
7 300 (19.83%) HTML
8 298 (19.70%) Agile Software Development
9 284 (18.77%) CSS
10 256 (16.92%) Azure
11 250 (16.52%) Finance
12 229 (15.14%) Python
13 220 (14.54%) Java
14 218 (14.41%) Computer Science
15 213 (14.08%) DevOps
16 192 (12.69%) AWS
17 176 (11.63%) Linux
18 173 (11.43%) PHP
19 163 (10.77%) Problem-Solving
20 162 (10.71%) Software Engineering
21 158 (10.44%) Microsoft
22 157 (10.38%) Git (software)
23 149 (9.85%) MySQL
23 149 (9.85%) SQL Server
24 142 (9.39%) MVC
25 138 (9.12%) Docker
26 132 (8.72%) Web Development
27 126 (8.33%) AngularJS
28 125 (8.26%) Fintech
29 117 (7.73%) React

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (2.84%) CMS
2 33 (2.18%) WordPress
3 24 (1.59%) Apache
4 23 (1.52%) Umbraco
5 17 (1.12%) IIS
6 16 (1.06%) Elasticsearch
6 16 (1.06%) SharePoint
7 14 (0.93%) Apache Spark
8 12 (0.79%) Tomcat
9 8 (0.53%) Confluence
10 6 (0.40%) Kentico
10 6 (0.40%) Sitecore CMS
11 5 (0.33%) Apache Airflow
11 5 (0.33%) JBoss
11 5 (0.33%) SAS
12 4 (0.26%) Joomla!
12 4 (0.26%) MS Exchange
12 4 (0.26%) Mule
12 4 (0.26%) Traefik
13 3 (0.20%) WebSphere
Applications
1 54 (3.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 36 (2.38%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (1.19%) Adobe Illustrator
4 14 (0.93%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.73%) MS Visio
6 10 (0.66%) Sketch
7 9 (0.59%) Photoshop
8 6 (0.40%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 6 (0.40%) InVision
9 5 (0.33%) Figma
10 4 (0.26%) InDesign
11 3 (0.20%) AutoCAD
11 3 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
11 3 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
12 2 (0.13%) SOLIDWORKS
13 1 (0.066%) Acrobat
13 1 (0.066%) Adobe XD
13 1 (0.066%) Chatbot
13 1 (0.066%) Gephi
Business Applications
1 12 (0.79%) NetSuite
2 11 (0.73%) Magento
3 9 (0.59%) Shopify
4 6 (0.40%) Dynamics AX
4 6 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.40%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 4 (0.26%) Dynamics NAV
5 4 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
6 3 (0.20%) Infor M3
6 3 (0.20%) nopCommerce
6 3 (0.20%) SAP CO
6 3 (0.20%) SAP FI
6 3 (0.20%) SAP FI/CO
7 1 (0.066%) Epicor Tropos
7 1 (0.066%) Sage X3
7 1 (0.066%) Sentinel
7 1 (0.066%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 256 (16.92%) Azure
2 192 (12.69%) AWS
3 74 (4.89%) SaaS
4 65 (4.30%) Power Platform
5 59 (3.90%) GCP
6 41 (2.71%) Microsoft 365
7 36 (2.38%) GitHub
8 22 (1.45%) Serverless
9 19 (1.26%) Amazon EC2
9 19 (1.26%) Amazon S3
10 15 (0.99%) Datadog
10 15 (0.99%) npm
11 14 (0.93%) Cloud Computing
11 14 (0.93%) Dynamics 365
12 13 (0.86%) Azure Data Factory
12 13 (0.86%) Route 53
13 11 (0.73%) AWS CloudFormation
13 11 (0.73%) PaaS
13 11 (0.73%) Yarn
14 10 (0.66%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 36 (2.38%) Internet
2 28 (1.85%) DNS
3 20 (1.32%) HTTP
4 15 (0.99%) TCP/IP
5 14 (0.93%) Firewall
6 10 (0.66%) DHCP
7 8 (0.53%) Network Security
8 7 (0.46%) Intranet
9 6 (0.40%) Wireless
10 5 (0.33%) SNMP
10 5 (0.33%) VoIP
11 4 (0.26%) Cisco ISE
11 4 (0.26%) HTTPS
11 4 (0.26%) LAN
11 4 (0.26%) SSL
11 4 (0.26%) VPN
12 3 (0.20%) SMTP
12 3 (0.20%) VLAN
12 3 (0.20%) WAN
12 3 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 149 (9.85%) MySQL
1 149 (9.85%) SQL Server
2 59 (3.90%) Relational Database
3 58 (3.83%) Power BI
4 38 (2.51%) Data Warehouse
5 35 (2.31%) PostgreSQL
6 32 (2.12%) Tableau
7 28 (1.85%) NoSQL
8 24 (1.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 24 (1.59%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 19 (1.26%) MongoDB
10 18 (1.19%) Big Data
11 14 (0.93%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 12 (0.79%) Redis
13 10 (0.66%) Azure SQL Database
14 9 (0.59%) Crystal Reports
14 9 (0.59%) Hadoop
15 7 (0.46%) Apache Cassandra
15 7 (0.46%) MariaDB
15 7 (0.46%) Microsoft Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 157 (10.38%) Git (software)
2 56 (3.70%) JIRA
3 42 (2.78%) Jenkins
4 40 (2.64%) Visual Studio
5 20 (1.32%) Selenium
5 20 (1.32%) Subversion
6 16 (1.06%) Postman
7 14 (0.93%) GitLab
8 13 (0.86%) Eclipse
9 12 (0.79%) Cypress.io
9 12 (0.79%) IntelliJ
10 10 (0.66%) Visual Studio Team System
11 9 (0.59%) NUnit
12 8 (0.53%) Cucumber
12 8 (0.53%) Mercurial
12 8 (0.53%) SoapUI
13 7 (0.46%) Appium
13 7 (0.46%) PHPUnit
13 7 (0.46%) Visual Studio Code
14 6 (0.40%) Bitbucket
General
1 374 (24.72%) Social Skills
2 250 (16.52%) Finance
3 105 (6.94%) Analytical Skills
4 89 (5.88%) Marketing
5 58 (3.83%) Retail
6 56 (3.70%) Law
7 44 (2.91%) Games
8 42 (2.78%) Public Sector
9 36 (2.38%) Banking
10 34 (2.25%) Telecoms
11 33 (2.18%) Manufacturing
12 29 (1.92%) Electronics
13 25 (1.65%) Front Office
13 25 (1.65%) Organisational Skills
13 25 (1.65%) Presentation Skills
14 18 (1.19%) Publishing
15 16 (1.06%) Financial Institution
16 14 (0.93%) Advertising
16 14 (0.93%) Automotive
17 9 (0.59%) Legal
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 301 (19.89%) .NET
2 300 (19.83%) HTML
3 284 (18.77%) CSS
4 126 (8.33%) AngularJS
5 117 (7.73%) React
6 88 (5.82%) ASP.NET
7 82 (5.42%) REST
8 76 (5.02%) Laravel
9 75 (4.96%) .NET Core
10 74 (4.89%) Node.js
11 73 (4.82%) HTML5
12 69 (4.56%) Vue.js
13 66 (4.36%) Web Services
14 51 (3.37%) Sass
15 47 (3.11%) CSS3
16 46 (3.04%) XML
17 45 (2.97%) Spring
18 44 (2.91%) jQuery
18 44 (2.91%) LAMP
19 43 (2.84%) Symfony
Miscellaneous
1 72 (4.76%) Self-Motivation
2 67 (4.43%) User Experience
3 46 (3.04%) Mobile App
4 38 (2.51%) Greenfield Project
5 34 (2.25%) Algorithms
6 25 (1.65%) Data Structures
7 24 (1.59%) Hedge funds
8 21 (1.39%) NHS
9 18 (1.19%) Management Information System
10 17 (1.12%) Graphic Design
11 16 (1.06%) Internet of Things
11 16 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
12 14 (0.93%) Derivative
13 13 (0.86%) iPad
14 12 (0.79%) Equities
15 11 (0.73%) Smart Home
16 10 (0.66%) Blog
16 10 (0.66%) BYOD
16 10 (0.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 10 (0.66%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 176 (11.63%) Linux
2 106 (7.01%) Windows
3 38 (2.51%) Android
4 29 (1.92%) Windows Server
5 28 (1.85%) Apple iOS
6 23 (1.52%) Unix
7 16 (1.06%) Windows 10
8 12 (0.79%) Ubuntu
9 10 (0.66%) Windows 7
10 5 (0.33%) CentOS
11 4 (0.26%) AIX
11 4 (0.26%) HPUX
11 4 (0.26%) Mac OS
11 4 (0.26%) Solaris
11 4 (0.26%) VMS
12 3 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 3 (0.20%) Windows Server 2016
12 3 (0.20%) Windows Server 2019
13 2 (0.13%) Windows 8
14 1 (0.066%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 298 (19.70%) Agile Software Development
2 218 (14.41%) Computer Science
3 213 (14.08%) DevOps
4 163 (10.77%) Problem-Solving
5 162 (10.71%) Software Engineering
6 142 (9.39%) MVC
7 132 (8.72%) Web Development
8 125 (8.26%) Fintech
9 116 (7.67%) Business Intelligence
10 108 (7.14%) Analytics
10 108 (7.14%) Scrum
11 91 (6.01%) Front End Development
12 89 (5.88%) TDD
13 88 (5.82%) Test Automation
14 86 (5.68%) OO
15 77 (5.09%) OOP
16 69 (4.56%) Microservices
17 66 (4.36%) Continuous Improvement
18 65 (4.30%) SDLC
19 63 (4.16%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 450 (29.74%) JavaScript
2 408 (26.97%) SQL
3 405 (26.77%) C#
4 229 (15.14%) Python
5 220 (14.54%) Java
6 173 (11.43%) PHP
7 60 (3.97%) C++
8 52 (3.44%) PowerShell
9 49 (3.24%) Bash Shell
10 44 (2.91%) C
10 44 (2.91%) T-SQL
10 44 (2.91%) TypeScript
11 28 (1.85%) ES6
12 27 (1.78%) Java 8
13 20 (1.32%) Go
14 18 (1.19%) VB.NET
15 17 (1.12%) Ruby
16 16 (1.06%) Shell Script
17 13 (0.86%) R
17 13 (0.86%) VBA
Qualifications
1 310 (20.49%) Degree
2 101 (6.68%) Computer Science Degree
3 29 (1.92%) Security Cleared
4 22 (1.45%) SC Cleared
5 14 (0.93%) Cisco Certification
6 8 (0.53%) CCNA
6 8 (0.53%) PhD
7 7 (0.46%) AWS Certification
7 7 (0.46%) ISTQB
8 6 (0.40%) HND
8 6 (0.40%) ISEB
8 6 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
8 6 (0.40%) PRINCE2 Certification
9 5 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 5 (0.33%) Six Sigma Black Belt
10 4 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
10 4 (0.26%) PMI Certification
11 3 (0.20%) MCSA
11 3 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
11 3 (0.20%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 82 (5.42%) QA
2 14 (0.93%) SLA
3 13 (0.86%) PMO
4 12 (0.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 10 (0.66%) Cyber Essentials
5 10 (0.66%) GDPR
6 6 (0.40%) Data Quality
7 5 (0.33%) SOC 2
8 4 (0.26%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.20%) NIST
10 2 (0.13%) NIST 800
10 2 (0.13%) WCAG
11 1 (0.066%) GAMP
11 1 (0.066%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 1 (0.066%) JTAG
System Software
1 138 (9.12%) Docker
2 38 (2.51%) Active Directory
3 16 (1.06%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
6 3 (0.20%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.13%) Firmware
7 2 (0.13%) Postfix
7 2 (0.13%) vSphere
8 1 (0.066%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.066%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.066%) Xen
Systems Management
1 87 (5.75%) Kubernetes
2 58 (3.83%) Terraform
3 51 (3.37%) Ansible
4 17 (1.12%) Puppet
5 11 (0.73%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (0.46%) Icinga
7 5 (0.33%) SCCM
8 4 (0.26%) Grafana
9 3 (0.20%) HAProxy
9 3 (0.20%) Nagios
10 2 (0.13%) HP ALM
10 2 (0.13%) Kibana
10 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Intune
10 2 (0.13%) Prometheus
10 2 (0.13%) QRadar
10 2 (0.13%) Salt
10 2 (0.13%) ZABBIX
11 1 (0.066%) Argo
11 1 (0.066%) Docker Swarm
11 1 (0.066%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 158 (10.44%) Microsoft
2 43 (2.84%) Google
3 39 (2.58%) SAP
4 29 (1.92%) Adobe
5 28 (1.85%) Oracle
5 28 (1.85%) Salesforce.com
6 19 (1.26%) VMware
7 14 (0.93%) Sage
8 13 (0.86%) Cisco
9 12 (0.79%) AppDynamics
9 12 (0.79%) Zend
10 11 (0.73%) Red Hat
10 11 (0.73%) Splunk
10 11 (0.73%) Xamarin
11 8 (0.53%) Databricks
12 7 (0.46%) WooCommerce
13 6 (0.40%) JD Edwards
13 6 (0.40%) Netlify
13 6 (0.40%) Sitecore
14 5 (0.33%) F5