Period
to 12 December 2018

The median annual salary for a Junior was £30,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 130 125 122
Rank change year-on-year -5 -3 -1
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 4,140 4,744 4,887
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.60% 2.64% 2.62%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.71% 2.75% 2.72%
Number of salaries quoted 3,693 4,211 4,467
UK median annual salary £30,000 £30,000 £28,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.14% +1.82%
10th Percentile £21,250 £20,500 £20,500
90th Percentile £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £27,500 £27,500 £25,500
% change year-on-year - +7.84% +2.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 152,872 172,294 179,887
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.84% 96.05% 96.59%
Number of salaries quoted 122,614 138,599 150,222
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,750 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +3.03%

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Junior.

Salary trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 3,849 £30,000 - 793
UK excluding London -7 2,528 £27,500 - 631
London +10 1,521 £35,000 - 213
South East -19 826 £28,500 -1.72% 157
North of England +15 529 £25,000 - 151
South West -1 337 £27,500 +1.85% 71
Midlands -43 335 £25,000 - 130
North West +23 298 £25,000 - 83
East of England 0 296 £27,500 -8.33% 71
Yorkshire +27 215 £26,750 +7.00% 56
West Midlands -47 204 £25,000 - 76
East Midlands -3 131 £25,000 - 54
Scotland +54 124 £28,500 +3.64% 27
Wales +6 77 £28,622 +19.26% 23
North East -11 16 £26,750 -1.83% 12
Northern Ireland -11 7 £36,250 +34.26% 1

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 1,404 (33.91%) C#
2 1,151 (27.80%) JavaScript
3 1,138 (27.49%) .NET
4 1,120 (27.05%) SQL
5 1,026 (24.78%) Agile Software Development
6 961 (23.21%) Degree
7 916 (22.13%) Java
8 888 (21.45%) HTML
9 795 (19.20%) CSS
10 794 (19.18%) SQL Server
11 660 (15.94%) Computer Science
12 639 (15.43%) Microsoft
13 612 (14.78%) MVC
14 606 (14.64%) Finance
15 582 (14.06%) ASP.NET
16 526 (12.71%) Python
17 511 (12.34%) Software Engineering
18 434 (10.48%) Linux
19 402 (9.71%) Problem-Solving
20 393 (9.49%) OO
21 390 (9.42%) Windows
22 381 (9.20%) Git (software)
23 374 (9.03%) PHP
24 361 (8.72%) AngularJS
25 343 (8.29%) jQuery
26 327 (7.90%) TDD
26 327 (7.90%) C++
27 320 (7.73%) Web Development
28 298 (7.20%) ASP.NET MVC
29 284 (6.86%) Mathematics

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 124 (3.00%) SharePoint
2 70 (1.69%) CMS
3 68 (1.64%) WordPress
4 55 (1.33%) Elasticsearch
5 52 (1.26%) Apache
6 48 (1.16%) IIS
7 44 (1.06%) Apache Spark
8 30 (0.72%) Confluence
9 26 (0.63%) Drupal
10 25 (0.60%) MS Exchange
11 24 (0.58%) nginx
11 24 (0.58%) Tomcat
12 20 (0.48%) OpenStack
13 19 (0.46%) Umbraco
14 16 (0.39%) JBoss
15 8 (0.19%) Sitecore CMS
16 7 (0.17%) Skype for Business
17 6 (0.14%) Exchange Server 2010
17 6 (0.14%) WebLogic
17 6 (0.14%) WebSphere
Applications
1 206 (4.98%) Microsoft Office
2 145 (3.50%) Microsoft Excel
3 61 (1.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 55 (1.33%) Photoshop
5 43 (1.04%) Adobe Illustrator
6 31 (0.75%) Microsoft Project
7 28 (0.68%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 22 (0.53%) MS Visio
9 12 (0.29%) FrameMaker
10 10 (0.24%) InDesign
11 7 (0.17%) Adobe After Effects
12 6 (0.14%) Adobe Premiere
12 6 (0.14%) Chatbot
12 6 (0.14%) InVision
12 6 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
13 5 (0.12%) Fireworks
14 3 (0.072%) Adobe Captivate
14 3 (0.072%) AutoCAD
14 3 (0.072%) Camtasia
15 2 (0.048%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 41 (0.99%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.53%) Dynamics AX
3 17 (0.41%) Dynamics NAV
4 12 (0.29%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 11 (0.27%) Magento
6 8 (0.19%) NetSuite
6 8 (0.19%) Oracle CRM
7 7 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
8 4 (0.097%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 4 (0.097%) Eloqua
8 4 (0.097%) SAP Hybris
8 4 (0.097%) SAP S/4HANA
9 3 (0.072%) Adobe Campaign
9 3 (0.072%) SAP CO
9 3 (0.072%) SAP FI
9 3 (0.072%) SAP FI/CO
9 3 (0.072%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 3 (0.072%) Shopify
10 2 (0.048%) LatentZero
10 2 (0.048%) LongView
Cloud Services
1 230 (5.56%) Amazon AWS
2 205 (4.95%) Microsoft Azure
3 133 (3.21%) SaaS
4 94 (2.27%) Office 365
5 57 (1.38%) GitHub
6 29 (0.70%) Serverless
7 28 (0.68%) Google Cloud Platform
8 26 (0.63%) Cloud Computing
9 21 (0.51%) Amazon EC2
10 20 (0.48%) AWS CloudFormation
11 18 (0.43%) Amazon S3
12 17 (0.41%) Dynamics 365
13 16 (0.39%) AWS Lambda
13 16 (0.39%) npm
14 14 (0.34%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 13 (0.31%) Adobe Creative Cloud
15 13 (0.31%) Google Analytics
16 12 (0.29%) PaaS
17 11 (0.27%) IaaS
18 10 (0.24%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 82 (1.98%) Firewall
2 74 (1.79%) Internet
3 59 (1.43%) TCP/IP
4 41 (0.99%) WAN
5 40 (0.97%) LAN
6 35 (0.85%) DNS
7 24 (0.58%) MPLS
8 23 (0.56%) VPN
9 22 (0.53%) Network Security
10 21 (0.51%) DHCP
11 20 (0.48%) BGP
12 18 (0.43%) HTTP
13 17 (0.41%) VLAN
13 17 (0.41%) Wireless
14 16 (0.39%) VoIP
15 14 (0.34%) FTP
15 14 (0.34%) Intranet
16 12 (0.29%) Broadband
16 12 (0.29%) Ethernet
16 12 (0.29%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 794 (19.18%) SQL Server
2 256 (6.18%) MySQL
3 158 (3.82%) Relational Database
4 148 (3.57%) Big Data
5 122 (2.95%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 109 (2.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 107 (2.58%) NoSQL
8 97 (2.34%) SQL Server 2016
9 83 (2.00%) Data Warehouse
10 61 (1.47%) MongoDB
11 52 (1.26%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 49 (1.18%) PostgreSQL
13 47 (1.14%) Power BI
14 44 (1.06%) Hadoop
15 39 (0.94%) RDBMS
16 33 (0.80%) Oracle Database
17 28 (0.68%) Redis
18 27 (0.65%) SQL Server 2008
19 23 (0.56%) Data Mining
20 21 (0.51%) GIS
Development Applications
1 381 (9.20%) Git (software)
2 167 (4.03%) Visual Studio
3 137 (3.31%) JIRA
4 99 (2.39%) Jenkins
5 75 (1.81%) Selenium
6 72 (1.74%) Subversion
7 55 (1.33%) webpack
8 51 (1.23%) Eclipse
9 48 (1.16%) Team Foundation Server
10 43 (1.04%) Maven
11 39 (0.94%) TeamCity
12 24 (0.58%) Cucumber
12 24 (0.58%) NUnit
13 23 (0.56%) Grunt
14 22 (0.53%) Android Studio
15 21 (0.51%) Gradle
15 21 (0.51%) JUnit
15 21 (0.51%) WebDriver
15 21 (0.51%) Xcode
16 20 (0.48%) Bitbucket
General
1 606 (14.64%) Finance
2 203 (4.90%) Retail
3 175 (4.23%) Banking
4 174 (4.20%) Marketing
5 149 (3.60%) Games
6 84 (2.03%) Advertising
7 77 (1.86%) Telecoms
8 59 (1.43%) Legal
9 47 (1.14%) Electronics
10 43 (1.04%) Automotive
11 42 (1.01%) Law
12 39 (0.94%) Front Office
13 35 (0.85%) Manufacturing
14 25 (0.60%) Investment Banking
15 23 (0.56%) Financial Institution
16 22 (0.53%) Publishing
17 18 (0.43%) Aerospace
18 14 (0.34%) Billing
19 13 (0.31%) Military
20 11 (0.27%) Back Office
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,138 (27.49%) .NET
2 888 (21.45%) HTML
3 795 (19.20%) CSS
4 582 (14.06%) ASP.NET
5 361 (8.72%) AngularJS
6 343 (8.29%) jQuery
7 298 (7.20%) ASP.NET MVC
8 226 (5.46%) React
9 223 (5.39%) HTML5
10 209 (5.05%) .NET Framework
11 202 (4.88%) Node.js
12 196 (4.73%) Web Services
13 161 (3.89%) XML
14 151 (3.65%) ASP.NET Web API
15 148 (3.57%) REST
16 145 (3.50%) WCF
17 129 (3.12%) RESTful
18 126 (3.04%) CSS3
19 118 (2.85%) Spring
20 115 (2.78%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 277 (6.69%) Analytical Skills
2 248 (5.99%) User Experience
3 155 (3.74%) Self-Motivation
4 152 (3.67%) Greenfield Project
5 118 (2.85%) Mobile App
6 113 (2.73%) Fintech
7 91 (2.20%) Algorithms
8 75 (1.81%) Hedge funds
9 71 (1.71%) Data Structures
10 52 (1.26%) Enterprise Software
11 43 (1.04%) Derivative
12 42 (1.01%) Robotics
13 36 (0.87%) Management Information System
14 34 (0.82%) Social Media
15 33 (0.80%) Graphic Design
16 27 (0.65%) Linux Command Line
17 26 (0.63%) Data Protection Act
18 21 (0.51%) Data Centre
19 19 (0.46%) Driving Licence
20 18 (0.43%) e-Learning
Operating Systems
1 434 (10.48%) Linux
2 390 (9.42%) Windows
3 112 (2.71%) Windows Server
4 97 (2.34%) Android
5 79 (1.91%) Unix
6 72 (1.74%) Apple iOS
7 70 (1.69%) Windows 10
8 55 (1.33%) Windows 7
9 43 (1.04%) CentOS
10 40 (0.97%) Windows Server 2012
11 27 (0.65%) Windows Server 2008
12 26 (0.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 21 (0.51%) AIX
14 17 (0.41%) Ubuntu
15 13 (0.31%) Windows 8
16 11 (0.27%) Mac OS X
17 10 (0.24%) Solaris
18 9 (0.22%) Debian
18 9 (0.22%) Windows Server 2003
19 6 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,026 (24.78%) Agile Software Development
2 660 (15.94%) Computer Science
3 612 (14.78%) MVC
4 511 (12.34%) Software Engineering
5 402 (9.71%) Problem-Solving
6 393 (9.49%) OO
7 327 (7.90%) TDD
8 320 (7.73%) Web Development
9 284 (6.86%) Mathematics
10 272 (6.57%) Scrum
11 264 (6.38%) Test Automation
12 235 (5.68%) DevOps
13 198 (4.78%) Business Intelligence
14 187 (4.52%) Project Management
15 186 (4.49%) Front End Development
16 185 (4.47%) SDLC
17 175 (4.23%) BDD
18 174 (4.20%) OOP
19 160 (3.86%) E-Commerce
20 147 (3.55%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,404 (33.91%) C#
2 1,151 (27.80%) JavaScript
3 1,120 (27.05%) SQL
4 916 (22.13%) Java
5 526 (12.71%) Python
6 374 (9.03%) PHP
7 327 (7.90%) C++
8 172 (4.15%) T-SQL
9 143 (3.45%) Ruby
10 117 (2.83%) C
11 95 (2.29%) Bash Shell
12 84 (2.03%) R
13 82 (1.98%) VB.NET
14 76 (1.84%) TypeScript
15 68 (1.64%) PowerShell
16 58 (1.40%) ES6
17 42 (1.01%) Perl
18 39 (0.94%) Scala
19 38 (0.92%) VBA
20 34 (0.82%) Go
Qualifications
1 961 (23.21%) Degree
2 263 (6.35%) Computer Science Degree
3 80 (1.93%) Security Cleared
4 48 (1.16%) ISTQB
5 47 (1.14%) Numerate Degree
6 41 (0.99%) SC Cleared
7 31 (0.75%) CCNA
7 31 (0.75%) Cisco Certification
8 27 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
9 21 (0.51%) ISEB
10 19 (0.46%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 17 (0.41%) PhD
12 16 (0.39%) MCSE
13 13 (0.31%) Master's Degree
14 12 (0.29%) OSCP
14 12 (0.29%) PMI Certification
15 10 (0.24%) PRINCE2 Certification
16 9 (0.22%) CEH
16 9 (0.22%) HND
16 9 (0.22%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 201 (4.86%) QA
2 51 (1.23%) SLA
3 43 (1.04%) PMO
4 28 (0.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 25 (0.60%) GDPR
6 10 (0.24%) Data Quality
7 7 (0.17%) PCI DSS
8 6 (0.14%) COBIT
9 5 (0.12%) 21 CFR Part 11
9 5 (0.12%) GxP
10 3 (0.072%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.048%) Cyber Essentials
11 2 (0.048%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 2 (0.048%) SEPA
12 1 (0.024%) ISO 20022
12 1 (0.024%) ISO 22301
12 1 (0.024%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 1 (0.024%) WAI
System Software
1 172 (4.15%) Docker
2 131 (3.16%) Active Directory
3 49 (1.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (0.56%) Hyper-V
5 19 (0.46%) VMware ESXi
6 15 (0.36%) Firmware
6 15 (0.36%) VMware Workstation
7 9 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
7 9 (0.22%) vSphere
8 7 (0.17%) Terminal Services
8 7 (0.17%) Varnish
8 7 (0.17%) XenApp
9 6 (0.14%) HDFS
9 6 (0.14%) Xen
10 5 (0.12%) VirtualBox
11 4 (0.097%) iptables
11 4 (0.097%) Oracle RAC
12 3 (0.072%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 3 (0.072%) Snort
12 3 (0.072%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 99 (2.39%) Ansible
2 84 (2.03%) Kubernetes
3 67 (1.62%) Terraform
4 60 (1.45%) Puppet
5 54 (1.30%) Opscode Chef
6 28 (0.68%) SCCM
7 16 (0.39%) Salt
8 14 (0.34%) Nagios
9 12 (0.29%) Norton AntiVirus
10 11 (0.27%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
11 10 (0.24%) Kibana
12 8 (0.19%) Graphite
12 8 (0.19%) vCenter Server
13 7 (0.17%) Nexpose
14 6 (0.14%) vRealize
15 5 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
15 5 (0.12%) EMC NetWorker
15 5 (0.12%) Oracle RMAN
16 4 (0.097%) Nessus
16 4 (0.097%) Nmap
Vendors
1 639 (15.43%) Microsoft
2 173 (4.18%) Oracle
3 83 (2.00%) Google
4 81 (1.96%) VMware
5 70 (1.69%) Cisco
6 68 (1.64%) Adobe
7 66 (1.59%) SAP
8 59 (1.43%) Red Hat
9 50 (1.21%) Salesforce.com
10 46 (1.11%) Tableau
11 24 (0.58%) Atlassian
12 22 (0.53%) HP
13 20 (0.48%) IBM
14 19 (0.46%) Xamarin
15 17 (0.41%) Apple
16 15 (0.36%) Citrix
17 14 (0.34%) NetApp
17 14 (0.34%) Symantec
18 13 (0.31%) ServiceNow
19 11 (0.27%) Splunk