Period
to 23 November 2020

The median annual salary for a Junior was £32,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 23 November 2020.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 186 126 128
Rank change year-on-year -60 +2 +3
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 985 3,602 4,235
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.82% 2.66% 2.60%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.91% 2.79% 2.71%
Number of salaries quoted 991 3,338 3,904
Median annual salary £32,500 £30,000 £30,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - -
10th Percentile £22,000 £21,250 £21,250
90th Percentile £52,500 £51,250 £50,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £30,000 £28,500 £27,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% +3.64% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 51,499 129,268 156,148
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.08% 95.61% 95.86%
Number of salaries quoted 42,907 103,496 125,712
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +3.09%
10th Percentile £32,500 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Junior.

Salary trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 23 November 2020.

Salary histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -56 931 £32,500 +8.33% 240
UK excluding London -49 603 £30,000 +5.26% 181
London -56 362 £37,500 +7.14% 71
South East -20 218 £32,500 +8.33% 53
Work from Home -6 133 £35,000 +11.11% 55
Midlands -2 118 £27,500 +5.77% 28
North of England -74 103 £27,500 - 47
South West -38 69 £30,000 +13.21% 21
East Midlands +19 64 £27,500 - 11
West Midlands -14 54 £26,520 +4.00% 17
East of England +50 53 £32,500 +18.18% 20
North West -53 46 £27,500 - 23
Yorkshire -32 41 £27,750 +0.91% 20
Wales +32 19 £26,250 -4.55% 6
Scotland +45 17 £27,500 -8.33% 6
North East +11 16 £26,250 -1.87% 4
Northern Ireland +8 6 £31,500 -1.56%

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 23 November 2020, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 293 (29.75%) JavaScript
2 253 (25.69%) C#
3 244 (24.77%) SQL
4 217 (22.03%) Degree
5 212 (21.52%) Agile Software Development
6 205 (20.81%) HTML
7 202 (20.51%) .NET
8 201 (20.41%) Finance
9 196 (19.90%) CSS
10 182 (18.48%) Computer Science
11 166 (16.85%) Python
12 161 (16.35%) Java
13 153 (15.53%) Azure
14 151 (15.33%) DevOps
15 135 (13.71%) Software Engineering
16 134 (13.60%) SQL Server
17 126 (12.79%) AngularJS
18 125 (12.69%) Linux
19 118 (11.98%) Microsoft
20 112 (11.37%) AWS
21 105 (10.66%) React
22 100 (10.15%) Git (software)
23 91 (9.24%) Docker
24 89 (9.04%) Computer Science Degree
25 83 (8.43%) Fintech
26 81 (8.22%) Windows
27 76 (7.72%) .NET Core
28 74 (7.51%) ASP.NET
28 74 (7.51%) MVC
28 74 (7.51%) Mathematics

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (2.64%) Apache
2 21 (2.13%) CMS
3 19 (1.93%) WordPress
4 17 (1.73%) Apache Spark
4 17 (1.73%) IIS
5 16 (1.62%) Elasticsearch
6 12 (1.22%) Confluence
7 6 (0.61%) Drupal
8 5 (0.51%) MS Exchange
9 4 (0.41%) JBoss
9 4 (0.41%) nginx
9 4 (0.41%) SharePoint
9 4 (0.41%) Tomcat
9 4 (0.41%) WebSphere
10 3 (0.30%) Gunicorn
10 3 (0.30%) Jetty
11 2 (0.20%) Jadu
11 2 (0.20%) NServiceBus
12 1 (0.10%) Mule
12 1 (0.10%) Umbraco
Applications
1 30 (3.05%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (1.93%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (1.02%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 7 (0.71%) Adobe Illustrator
4 7 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.61%) Sketch
6 5 (0.51%) InVision
6 5 (0.51%) Photoshop
7 4 (0.41%) Fusion 360
7 4 (0.41%) MS Visio
8 3 (0.30%) Microsoft Project
9 2 (0.20%) Adobe Premiere
9 2 (0.20%) InDesign
10 1 (0.10%) Adobe After Effects
10 1 (0.10%) Adobe XD
10 1 (0.10%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.10%) Figma
10 1 (0.10%) Revit
10 1 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (0.81%) NetSuite
2 5 (0.51%) Magento
3 3 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.20%) OpenCart
5 1 (0.10%) ProductWriter
5 1 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.10%) SAP Business One
5 1 (0.10%) SAP CO
5 1 (0.10%) SAP FI
5 1 (0.10%) SAP FI/CO
5 1 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.10%) SAP SD
5 1 (0.10%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 153 (15.53%) Azure
2 112 (11.37%) AWS
3 29 (2.94%) GitHub
4 26 (2.64%) GCP
5 25 (2.54%) Power Platform
6 24 (2.44%) SaaS
7 21 (2.13%) Office 365
8 14 (1.42%) Amazon EC2
8 14 (1.42%) Serverless
9 11 (1.12%) Stackdriver
10 10 (1.02%) Azure Active Directory
11 9 (0.91%) Cloud Computing
12 8 (0.81%) Amazon S3
13 7 (0.71%) Dynamics 365
13 7 (0.71%) PaaS
14 6 (0.61%) Logic Apps
14 6 (0.61%) npm
14 6 (0.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 5 (0.51%) Azure Data Factory
15 5 (0.51%) Veeva
Communications & Networking
1 24 (2.44%) HTTP
2 17 (1.73%) DNS
2 17 (1.73%) TCP/IP
3 14 (1.42%) Internet
4 13 (1.32%) Firewall
5 8 (0.81%) Intrusion Detection
5 8 (0.81%) VoIP
6 6 (0.61%) DHCP
6 6 (0.61%) HTTPS
6 6 (0.61%) VPN
7 5 (0.51%) LAN
7 5 (0.51%) Network Security
8 4 (0.41%) Bluetooth
8 4 (0.41%) SMTP
8 4 (0.41%) SNMP
8 4 (0.41%) WAN
9 3 (0.30%) DMZ
9 3 (0.30%) IPv4
9 3 (0.30%) OSPF
9 3 (0.30%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 134 (13.60%) SQL Server
2 39 (3.96%) MySQL
3 35 (3.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 33 (3.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 29 (2.94%) Relational Database
6 25 (2.54%) NoSQL
6 25 (2.54%) Power BI
7 22 (2.23%) MongoDB
8 18 (1.83%) Big Data
9 16 (1.62%) Data Warehouse
9 16 (1.62%) PostgreSQL
9 16 (1.62%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 13 (1.32%) Hadoop
11 11 (1.12%) BusinessObjects
11 11 (1.12%) BusinessObjects Web Intelligence
11 11 (1.12%) Redis
11 11 (1.12%) SAP BW
11 11 (1.12%) SAP HANA
11 11 (1.12%) Tableau
12 7 (0.71%) Biml
Development Applications
1 100 (10.15%) Git (software)
2 29 (2.94%) Jenkins
3 27 (2.74%) Selenium
4 25 (2.54%) JIRA
5 21 (2.13%) Visual Studio
6 15 (1.52%) Gradle
7 11 (1.12%) Team Foundation Server
7 11 (1.12%) Visual Studio Team System
8 9 (0.91%) GitLab
8 9 (0.91%) NUnit
9 7 (0.71%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 7 (0.71%) Subversion
9 7 (0.71%) TeamCity
9 7 (0.71%) WebDriver
10 6 (0.61%) Moq
10 6 (0.61%) webpack
11 5 (0.51%) LoadRunner
11 5 (0.51%) Metasploit
11 5 (0.51%) TestNG
11 5 (0.51%) TestRail
General
1 201 (20.41%) Finance
2 43 (4.37%) Public Sector
3 42 (4.26%) Marketing
4 31 (3.15%) Telecoms
5 30 (3.05%) Law
6 26 (2.64%) Manufacturing
7 25 (2.54%) Electronics
8 23 (2.34%) Retail
9 18 (1.83%) Games
10 17 (1.73%) Front Office
11 9 (0.91%) Legal
12 6 (0.61%) Advertising
13 5 (0.51%) Back Office
13 5 (0.51%) Publishing
14 4 (0.41%) Banking
14 4 (0.41%) Billing
15 3 (0.30%) Aerospace
15 3 (0.30%) German Language
15 3 (0.30%) Local Government
16 2 (0.20%) Spanish Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 205 (20.81%) HTML
2 202 (20.51%) .NET
3 196 (19.90%) CSS
4 126 (12.79%) AngularJS
5 105 (10.66%) React
6 76 (7.72%) .NET Core
7 74 (7.51%) ASP.NET
8 72 (7.31%) Node.js
9 64 (6.50%) HTML5
10 59 (5.99%) Vue.js
11 50 (5.08%) REST
12 48 (4.87%) jQuery
13 41 (4.16%) ASP.NET Web API
14 39 (3.96%) Spring
15 37 (3.76%) Sass
16 33 (3.35%) ASP.NET MVC
16 33 (3.35%) Web Services
17 31 (3.15%) .NET Framework
18 30 (3.05%) CSS3
19 28 (2.84%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 62 (6.29%) Analytical Skills
2 53 (5.38%) User Experience
3 36 (3.65%) Greenfield Project
4 34 (3.45%) Hedge funds
4 34 (3.45%) Self-Motivation
5 28 (2.84%) Algorithms
6 23 (2.34%) Mobile App
7 16 (1.62%) Derivative
8 15 (1.52%) Data Structures
9 9 (0.91%) Cloud Native
10 8 (0.81%) Enterprise Software
11 7 (0.71%) Data Centre
11 7 (0.71%) Robotics
12 6 (0.61%) EPoS
12 6 (0.61%) Linux Command Line
13 5 (0.51%) Blog
14 4 (0.41%) Management Information System
14 4 (0.41%) Security Operations Centre
14 4 (0.41%) Video on Demand
14 4 (0.41%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 125 (12.69%) Linux
2 81 (8.22%) Windows
3 24 (2.44%) Unix
4 20 (2.03%) Android
5 16 (1.62%) Windows Server
6 14 (1.42%) Apple iOS
7 11 (1.12%) CentOS
7 11 (1.12%) Windows 10
8 7 (0.71%) Ubuntu
9 5 (0.51%) Debian
10 3 (0.30%) Windows 7
11 2 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.20%) Windows Server 2016
11 2 (0.20%) Windows Server 2019
12 1 (0.10%) AIX
12 1 (0.10%) Android TV
12 1 (0.10%) Embedded Linux
12 1 (0.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 1 (0.10%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 212 (21.52%) Agile Software Development
2 182 (18.48%) Computer Science
3 151 (15.33%) DevOps
4 135 (13.71%) Software Engineering
5 83 (8.43%) Fintech
6 74 (7.51%) Mathematics
6 74 (7.51%) MVC
7 73 (7.41%) Microservices
8 66 (6.70%) TDD
9 65 (6.60%) Problem-Solving
10 61 (6.19%) Test Automation
10 61 (6.19%) Web Development
11 59 (5.99%) Business Intelligence
12 56 (5.69%) Project Management
13 54 (5.48%) Scrum
14 52 (5.28%) OO
15 51 (5.18%) Analytics
16 46 (4.67%) Front End Development
17 36 (3.65%) Continuous Integration
18 35 (3.55%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 293 (29.75%) JavaScript
2 253 (25.69%) C#
3 244 (24.77%) SQL
4 166 (16.85%) Python
5 161 (16.35%) Java
6 73 (7.41%) PHP
7 61 (6.19%) C++
8 51 (5.18%) TypeScript
9 36 (3.65%) T-SQL
10 31 (3.15%) Bash Shell
11 27 (2.74%) C
12 25 (2.54%) Shell Script
13 22 (2.23%) PowerShell
14 20 (2.03%) Scala
15 19 (1.93%) R
16 15 (1.52%) VB.NET
17 12 (1.22%) Ruby
18 10 (1.02%) Go
19 9 (0.91%) Java 8
20 8 (0.81%) Perl
Qualifications
1 217 (22.03%) Degree
2 89 (9.04%) Computer Science Degree
3 42 (4.26%) Security Cleared
4 28 (2.84%) SC Cleared
5 11 (1.12%) ISTQB
5 11 (1.12%) PhD
6 9 (0.91%) Cisco Certification
7 7 (0.71%) CCNA
7 7 (0.71%) PMI Certification
8 6 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
9 5 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
10 4 (0.41%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.41%) MCSA
10 4 (0.41%) Postgraduate
11 3 (0.30%) A+ Certification
11 3 (0.30%) CCNP
11 3 (0.30%) DV Cleared
11 3 (0.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 3 (0.30%) ITIL Certification
11 3 (0.30%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (3.86%) QA
2 10 (1.02%) SLA
3 6 (0.61%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.61%) PMO
4 4 (0.41%) GDPR
5 3 (0.30%) EMIR
5 3 (0.30%) MiFID
6 1 (0.10%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.10%) DO-254
6 1 (0.10%) IEC 61508
6 1 (0.10%) ISO 26262
6 1 (0.10%) NCSC
6 1 (0.10%) NIST
System Software
1 91 (9.24%) Docker
2 31 (3.15%) Active Directory
3 18 (1.83%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.81%) Firmware
5 3 (0.30%) KVM
6 2 (0.20%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.20%) Microsoft App-V
6 2 (0.20%) VMware NSX
7 1 (0.10%) BitLocker
7 1 (0.10%) Ceph
7 1 (0.10%) NFS
7 1 (0.10%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.10%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.10%) Xen
Systems Management
1 67 (6.80%) Kubernetes
2 52 (5.28%) Terraform
3 41 (4.16%) Ansible
4 18 (1.83%) Puppet
5 14 (1.42%) Grafana
6 13 (1.32%) Opscode Chef
7 8 (0.81%) HP Quality Center
8 7 (0.71%) WSUS
9 5 (0.51%) ZABBIX
10 3 (0.30%) Consul
10 3 (0.30%) EMC NetWorker
10 3 (0.30%) Packer
11 2 (0.20%) Kibana
11 2 (0.20%) logstash
11 2 (0.20%) Plesk
11 2 (0.20%) SCCM
12 1 (0.10%) Argo
12 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Intune
12 1 (0.10%) Proxmox
12 1 (0.10%) QRadar
Vendors
1 118 (11.98%) Microsoft
2 38 (3.86%) SAP
3 28 (2.84%) Salesforce.com
4 27 (2.74%) VMware
5 26 (2.64%) Google
6 24 (2.44%) Oracle
7 18 (1.83%) Adobe
8 13 (1.32%) Red Hat
8 13 (1.32%) ServiceNow
8 13 (1.32%) Splunk
9 8 (0.81%) Apple
9 8 (0.81%) HP
10 6 (0.61%) Cisco
10 6 (0.61%) UiPath
11 5 (0.51%) Blue Prism
11 5 (0.51%) JD Edwards
11 5 (0.51%) New Relic
11 5 (0.51%) Siebel
12 4 (0.41%) Palo Alto
12 4 (0.41%) webMethods