Period
to 19 September 2018

The median annual salary for a Junior was £30,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 19 September 2018.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK
6 months to
19 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 132 130 128
Rank change year-on-year -2 -2 -8
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 4,217 4,622 5,034
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.52% 2.61% 2.60%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.62% 2.71% 2.69%
Number of salaries quoted 3,748 4,021 4,614
UK median annual salary £30,000 £27,500 £28,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% -1.79% +1.82%
10th Percentile £20,750 £20,250 £20,500
90th Percentile £48,750 £45,000 £45,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £27,500 £26,000 £26,000
% change year-on-year +5.77% - +4.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 160,829 170,335 187,327
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 96.05% 96.01% 96.58%
Number of salaries quoted 129,588 136,552 157,473
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £26,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Junior.

Salary trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 19 September 2018.

Salary histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 19 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 3,978 £30,000 +7.14% 691
UK excluding London -12 2,552 £27,500 +5.77% 545
London +18 1,571 £35,000 - 188
South East -19 803 £28,500 +3.64% 137
North of England +35 653 £25,000 - 122
North West +24 369 £25,000 - 71
South West -11 328 £26,000 - 71
Midlands -52 328 £25,000 - 116
East of England -21 284 £26,000 -11.86% 57
Yorkshire +35 255 £26,750 +7.00% 39
West Midlands -45 204 £25,000 - 60
East Midlands -16 123 £25,500 +2.00% 56
Scotland +21 88 £30,000 +9.09% 25
Wales +31 70 £25,000 +4.17% 17
North East -15 29 £30,000 +20.00% 12
Northern Ireland -3 1 £25,500 -1.92%

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 19 September 2018, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 1,469 (34.84%) C#
2 1,237 (29.33%) SQL
3 1,206 (28.60%) .NET
4 1,153 (27.34%) JavaScript
5 1,066 (25.28%) Agile Software Development
6 1,015 (24.07%) Degree
7 970 (23.00%) HTML
8 887 (21.03%) Java
9 877 (20.80%) SQL Server
10 873 (20.70%) CSS
11 716 (16.98%) Finance
12 697 (16.53%) Computer Science
13 669 (15.86%) Microsoft
14 647 (15.34%) ASP.NET
15 616 (14.61%) MVC
16 478 (11.34%) Problem-Solving
17 474 (11.24%) Software Engineering
18 457 (10.84%) Python
19 429 (10.17%) Windows
20 425 (10.08%) OO
21 400 (9.49%) Linux
22 373 (8.85%) Git (software)
23 369 (8.75%) Web Development
24 367 (8.70%) AngularJS
25 365 (8.66%) PHP
26 355 (8.42%) jQuery
27 346 (8.20%) TDD
28 315 (7.47%) MySQL
29 314 (7.45%) Analytical Skills
30 304 (7.21%) Scrum

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (1.90%) SharePoint
2 75 (1.78%) CMS
3 51 (1.21%) IIS
4 49 (1.16%) WordPress
5 46 (1.09%) Apache
5 46 (1.09%) Apache Spark
6 40 (0.95%) Elasticsearch
7 39 (0.92%) Tomcat
8 36 (0.85%) Confluence
9 34 (0.81%) Drupal
9 34 (0.81%) MS Exchange
9 34 (0.81%) Umbraco
10 22 (0.52%) JBoss
11 20 (0.47%) Sitecore CMS
12 12 (0.28%) OpenStack
12 12 (0.28%) SharePoint 2013
13 11 (0.26%) Exchange Server 2010
13 11 (0.26%) nginx
14 9 (0.21%) WebLogic
14 9 (0.21%) WebSphere
Applications
1 222 (5.26%) Microsoft Office
2 180 (4.27%) Microsoft Excel
3 73 (1.73%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 46 (1.09%) Photoshop
5 39 (0.92%) Microsoft Project
6 36 (0.85%) Adobe Illustrator
7 24 (0.57%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 23 (0.55%) MS Visio
9 20 (0.47%) Chatbot
10 10 (0.24%) InDesign
11 7 (0.17%) Adobe After Effects
12 6 (0.14%) Fireworks
12 6 (0.14%) InfoPath
12 6 (0.14%) InVision
13 5 (0.12%) FrameMaker
14 4 (0.095%) Adobe Premiere
14 4 (0.095%) Spreadsheet
15 3 (0.071%) SPSS
16 2 (0.047%) Mingle
17 1 (0.024%) Flinto
Business Applications
1 58 (1.38%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.52%) Dynamics AX
3 19 (0.45%) Dynamics NAV
3 19 (0.45%) SAP Hybris
4 15 (0.36%) Magento
5 14 (0.33%) NetSuite
6 11 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 8 (0.19%) Oracle CRM
8 6 (0.14%) Visualfiles
9 5 (0.12%) SAP Business One
9 5 (0.12%) SAP CO
9 5 (0.12%) SAP FI
9 5 (0.12%) SAP FI/CO
9 5 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
10 3 (0.071%) Distributed Ledger
10 3 (0.071%) Eloqua
10 3 (0.071%) Remedy ITSM
10 3 (0.071%) SAP BPC
10 3 (0.071%) Shopify
10 3 (0.071%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 247 (5.86%) Amazon AWS
2 233 (5.53%) Microsoft Azure
3 104 (2.47%) SaaS
4 87 (2.06%) Office 365
5 40 (0.95%) GitHub
6 33 (0.78%) Cloud Computing
7 32 (0.76%) Serverless
8 30 (0.71%) Dynamics 365
8 30 (0.71%) Google Cloud Platform
9 27 (0.64%) Amazon S3
10 25 (0.59%) Amazon EC2
11 21 (0.50%) AWS Lambda
12 19 (0.45%) AWS CloudFormation
13 17 (0.40%) Adobe Creative Cloud
13 17 (0.40%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 14 (0.33%) npm
15 13 (0.31%) Google Analytics
16 9 (0.21%) Google Play
17 7 (0.17%) IaaS
17 7 (0.17%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 76 (1.80%) Firewall
2 74 (1.75%) Internet
3 73 (1.73%) TCP/IP
4 45 (1.07%) DNS
5 31 (0.74%) DHCP
6 30 (0.71%) HTTP
7 27 (0.64%) WAN
8 24 (0.57%) SMS
8 24 (0.57%) VPN
9 23 (0.55%) Intranet
9 23 (0.55%) LAN
10 20 (0.47%) SSL
11 15 (0.36%) VLAN
12 13 (0.31%) BGP
12 13 (0.31%) SAN
12 13 (0.31%) VoIP
13 12 (0.28%) Bluetooth
13 12 (0.28%) Network Security
13 12 (0.28%) Wireless
14 11 (0.26%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 877 (20.80%) SQL Server
2 315 (7.47%) MySQL
3 201 (4.77%) Relational Database
4 162 (3.84%) Big Data
5 153 (3.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 139 (3.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 113 (2.68%) NoSQL
8 104 (2.47%) SQL Server 2016
9 80 (1.90%) MongoDB
10 75 (1.78%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 64 (1.52%) Data Warehouse
12 49 (1.16%) SQL Server 2008
13 48 (1.14%) Hadoop
13 48 (1.14%) Power BI
14 46 (1.09%) PostgreSQL
15 45 (1.07%) RDBMS
16 37 (0.88%) Oracle Database
17 35 (0.83%) SQL Server 2012
18 30 (0.71%) Redis
19 28 (0.66%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 373 (8.85%) Git (software)
2 165 (3.91%) JIRA
3 159 (3.77%) Visual Studio
4 121 (2.87%) Jenkins
5 103 (2.44%) Subversion
6 68 (1.61%) Selenium
7 64 (1.52%) Team Foundation Server
8 54 (1.28%) Maven
9 53 (1.26%) TeamCity
10 36 (0.85%) JUnit
11 30 (0.71%) Eclipse
12 26 (0.62%) NUnit
12 26 (0.62%) Xcode
13 24 (0.57%) Plastic SCM
13 24 (0.57%) webpack
14 22 (0.52%) Bitbucket
14 22 (0.52%) Cucumber
15 21 (0.50%) Android Studio
16 18 (0.43%) WebDriver
17 17 (0.40%) Gradle
General
1 716 (16.98%) Finance
2 266 (6.31%) Banking
3 233 (5.53%) Marketing
3 233 (5.53%) Retail
4 164 (3.89%) Games
5 111 (2.63%) Telecoms
6 108 (2.56%) Advertising
7 73 (1.73%) Investment Banking
8 68 (1.61%) Front Office
9 61 (1.45%) Legal
10 57 (1.35%) Electronics
11 50 (1.19%) Manufacturing
12 44 (1.04%) Financial Institution
13 43 (1.02%) Law
14 40 (0.95%) Automotive
15 32 (0.76%) Back Office
16 25 (0.59%) Publishing
17 16 (0.38%) Aerospace
17 16 (0.38%) Military
18 13 (0.31%) Local Government
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,206 (28.60%) .NET
2 970 (23.00%) HTML
3 873 (20.70%) CSS
4 647 (15.34%) ASP.NET
5 367 (8.70%) AngularJS
6 355 (8.42%) jQuery
7 302 (7.16%) ASP.NET MVC
8 289 (6.85%) HTML5
9 276 (6.54%) .NET Framework
10 210 (4.98%) Web Services
11 205 (4.86%) XML
12 180 (4.27%) React
13 170 (4.03%) Node.js
14 169 (4.01%) CSS3
15 164 (3.89%) WCF
16 161 (3.82%) RESTful
17 158 (3.75%) ASP.NET Web API
18 150 (3.56%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 136 (3.23%) Spring
20 132 (3.13%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 697 (16.53%) Computer Science
2 314 (7.45%) Analytical Skills
3 196 (4.65%) Greenfield Project
4 190 (4.51%) User Experience
5 132 (3.13%) Mobile App
6 125 (2.96%) Fintech
7 118 (2.80%) Self-Motivation
8 94 (2.23%) Algorithms
9 85 (2.02%) Hedge funds
10 49 (1.16%) Data Structures
11 45 (1.07%) Enterprise Software
12 40 (0.95%) Social Media
13 39 (0.92%) Robotics
14 38 (0.90%) Management Information System
15 34 (0.81%) Data Centre
15 34 (0.81%) Derivative
16 33 (0.78%) Virtual Team
17 32 (0.76%) Replication
18 31 (0.74%) Equities
19 27 (0.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 429 (10.17%) Windows
2 400 (9.49%) Linux
3 123 (2.92%) Windows Server
4 107 (2.54%) Android
5 78 (1.85%) Windows 7
6 77 (1.83%) Unix
7 67 (1.59%) Apple iOS
8 61 (1.45%) Windows 10
9 44 (1.04%) Windows Server 2012
10 26 (0.62%) CentOS
11 25 (0.59%) Windows Server 2008
12 19 (0.45%) Debian
12 19 (0.45%) Mac OS X
13 18 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 18 (0.43%) Ubuntu
14 13 (0.31%) Windows 8
15 8 (0.19%) Windows Server 2003
16 6 (0.14%) AIX
16 6 (0.14%) HPUX
16 6 (0.14%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,066 (25.28%) Agile Software Development
2 616 (14.61%) MVC
3 478 (11.34%) Problem-Solving
4 474 (11.24%) Software Engineering
5 425 (10.08%) OO
6 369 (8.75%) Web Development
7 346 (8.20%) TDD
8 304 (7.21%) Scrum
9 285 (6.76%) Mathematics
10 245 (5.81%) DevOps
11 241 (5.71%) Test Automation
12 223 (5.29%) Project Management
13 219 (5.19%) SDLC
14 217 (5.15%) OOP
15 215 (5.10%) CRM
16 198 (4.70%) E-Commerce
17 196 (4.65%) Business Intelligence
18 184 (4.36%) BDD
19 168 (3.98%) Front End Development
20 139 (3.30%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 1,469 (34.84%) C#
2 1,237 (29.33%) SQL
3 1,153 (27.34%) JavaScript
4 887 (21.03%) Java
5 457 (10.84%) Python
6 365 (8.66%) PHP
7 284 (6.73%) C++
8 204 (4.84%) T-SQL
9 161 (3.82%) Ruby
10 97 (2.30%) C
11 87 (2.06%) Bash Shell
12 76 (1.80%) VB.NET
13 75 (1.78%) PowerShell
14 73 (1.73%) VBA
15 70 (1.66%) Perl
16 60 (1.42%) R
17 53 (1.26%) Scala
18 45 (1.07%) TypeScript
19 37 (0.88%) Java 8
20 36 (0.85%) Go
Qualifications
1 1,015 (24.07%) Degree
2 279 (6.62%) Computer Science Degree
3 73 (1.73%) Security Cleared
4 65 (1.54%) Numerate Degree
5 53 (1.26%) Microsoft Certification
6 38 (0.90%) ISTQB
7 37 (0.88%) SC Cleared
8 34 (0.81%) ISEB
9 32 (0.76%) Cisco Certification
10 31 (0.74%) CCNA
11 27 (0.64%) PhD
12 20 (0.47%) MCSE
13 17 (0.40%) MCP
14 13 (0.31%) Master's Degree
15 12 (0.28%) ITIL Certification
16 11 (0.26%) HND
16 11 (0.26%) MCSA
17 8 (0.19%) CIMA
17 8 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 8 (0.19%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 179 (4.24%) QA
2 51 (1.21%) SLA
3 49 (1.16%) PMO
4 43 (1.02%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 25 (0.59%) GDPR
6 17 (0.40%) Data Quality
7 10 (0.24%) PCI DSS
8 8 (0.19%) GCP
9 5 (0.12%) 21 CFR Part 11
9 5 (0.12%) GxP
10 4 (0.095%) ISO 9001
10 4 (0.095%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 3 (0.071%) Cyber Essentials
11 3 (0.071%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 2 (0.047%) COBIT
12 2 (0.047%) GAAP
12 2 (0.047%) IFRS
12 2 (0.047%) ISO 22301
13 1 (0.024%) MiFID
13 1 (0.024%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 158 (3.75%) Active Directory
2 114 (2.70%) Docker
3 47 (1.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 28 (0.66%) Hyper-V
5 24 (0.57%) Firmware
6 22 (0.52%) VMware ESXi
7 14 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
8 5 (0.12%) HDFS
8 5 (0.12%) vSphere
9 3 (0.071%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.071%) iptables
9 3 (0.071%) KVM
9 3 (0.071%) Snort
9 3 (0.071%) Terminal Services
9 3 (0.071%) Virtual Desktop
9 3 (0.071%) Virtual Servers
9 3 (0.071%) VMware Workstation
10 2 (0.047%) Squid
10 2 (0.047%) Varnish
10 2 (0.047%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 93 (2.21%) Ansible
2 65 (1.54%) Puppet
3 59 (1.40%) Kubernetes
4 58 (1.38%) Terraform
5 55 (1.30%) Opscode Chef
6 24 (0.57%) Kibana
7 19 (0.45%) SCCM
8 12 (0.28%) Nagios
9 8 (0.19%) Salt
9 8 (0.19%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
10 6 (0.14%) AirWatch
11 5 (0.12%) Consul
11 5 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
11 5 (0.12%) EMC NetWorker
11 5 (0.12%) Packer
12 4 (0.095%) Graphite
12 4 (0.095%) HAProxy
12 4 (0.095%) logstash
12 4 (0.095%) vCenter Server
12 4 (0.095%) vRealize
Vendors
1 669 (15.86%) Microsoft
2 198 (4.70%) Oracle
3 148 (3.51%) Google
4 83 (1.97%) VMware
5 73 (1.73%) SAP
6 71 (1.68%) Salesforce.com
7 64 (1.52%) Adobe
8 59 (1.40%) Cisco
9 51 (1.21%) Capita
10 39 (0.92%) Tableau
10 39 (0.92%) Twitter
11 32 (0.76%) Red Hat
12 29 (0.69%) Facebook
13 26 (0.62%) Apple
13 26 (0.62%) Sybase
13 26 (0.62%) Zend
14 24 (0.57%) hybris
15 23 (0.55%) Xamarin
16 22 (0.52%) Sitecore
17 19 (0.45%) Atlassian