Period
to 25 January 2020

The median annual salary for a Junior was £30,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 25 January 2020.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK
6 months to
25 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 135 128 126
Rank change year-on-year -7 -2 -8
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 3,174 4,051 4,642
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.54% 2.67% 2.67%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.66% 2.78% 2.77%
Number of salaries quoted 2,797 3,611 4,131
UK median annual salary £30,000 £30,000 £30,000
10th Percentile £21,250 £21,250 £20,500
90th Percentile £52,250 £52,500 £45,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £29,000 £27,500 £27,500
% change year-on-year +5.45% - +10.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 119,354 145,560 167,638
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.56% 95.92% 96.28%
Number of salaries quoted 95,497 116,380 136,594
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £28,750 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £83,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Junior.

Salary trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 25 January 2020.

Salary histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 25 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 2,989 £30,000 - 718
UK excluding London -6 1,986 £29,000 +5.45% 573
London -14 1,113 £37,500 +7.14% 197
South East -4 721 £30,000 +5.26% 157
North of England +22 423 £27,094 +2.24% 107
Midlands +30 324 £25,000 - 113
South West +6 274 £26,250 -9.48% 76
North West +21 221 £27,500 +3.77% 58
West Midlands +33 212 £25,500 +2.00% 60
Yorkshire +30 181 £27,000 +1.89% 31
East of England -33 130 £28,500 +3.64% 68
East Midlands +8 112 £25,000 - 53
Scotland -9 60 £30,000 +9.09% 32
Wales -33 36 £25,000 -12.65% 20
North East +15 21 £26,500 +4.18% 18
Northern Ireland +21 18 £32,000 +16.36%
Channel Islands - 1 £60,000 -

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 25 January 2020, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 1,011 (31.85%) C#
2 904 (28.48%) JavaScript
3 874 (27.54%) .NET
4 821 (25.87%) Degree
5 813 (25.61%) Agile Software Development
6 781 (24.61%) SQL
7 604 (19.03%) HTML
8 577 (18.18%) CSS
9 560 (17.64%) Finance
10 549 (17.30%) Java
11 508 (16.01%) SQL Server
11 508 (16.01%) Computer Science
12 449 (14.15%) Microsoft
13 446 (14.05%) Python
14 431 (13.58%) ASP.NET
15 411 (12.95%) Software Engineering
16 391 (12.32%) MVC
17 374 (11.78%) Linux
18 364 (11.47%) Windows
19 354 (11.15%) Azure
20 327 (10.30%) Problem-Solving
21 313 (9.86%) AngularJS
22 301 (9.48%) Git (software)
23 286 (9.01%) AWS
24 256 (8.07%) Mathematics
24 256 (8.07%) TDD
25 254 (8.00%) C++
26 252 (7.94%) OO
27 244 (7.69%) DevOps
28 242 (7.62%) Computer Science Degree

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (1.76%) SharePoint
1 56 (1.76%) WordPress
2 36 (1.13%) Elasticsearch
3 32 (1.01%) CMS
4 26 (0.82%) MS Exchange
5 25 (0.79%) Apache Spark
6 24 (0.76%) Skype for Business
7 23 (0.72%) IIS
8 22 (0.69%) Apache
9 21 (0.66%) Tomcat
10 17 (0.54%) Confluence
11 16 (0.50%) Umbraco
12 11 (0.35%) JBoss
13 6 (0.19%) ColdFusion
13 6 (0.19%) Drupal
13 6 (0.19%) Tornado
14 5 (0.16%) Exchange Server 2010
14 5 (0.16%) Exchange Server 2013
14 5 (0.16%) nginx
14 5 (0.16%) SAS
Applications
1 157 (4.95%) Microsoft Office
2 118 (3.72%) Microsoft Excel
3 37 (1.17%) Photoshop
4 31 (0.98%) Adobe Illustrator
5 29 (0.91%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 21 (0.66%) MS Visio
7 18 (0.57%) Microsoft Project
8 15 (0.47%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 14 (0.44%) InDesign
9 14 (0.44%) Spreadsheet
10 7 (0.22%) Sketch
11 5 (0.16%) AutoCAD
12 4 (0.13%) Acrobat
12 4 (0.13%) Adobe After Effects
12 4 (0.13%) Adobe XD
12 4 (0.13%) InVision
13 3 (0.095%) GIMP
13 3 (0.095%) SPSS
14 2 (0.063%) Fireworks
14 2 (0.063%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 30 (0.95%) Magento
2 13 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.41%) NetSuite
2 13 (0.41%) Salerio
3 9 (0.28%) SAP ERP
4 8 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
4 8 (0.25%) Dynamics NAV
4 8 (0.25%) GoldMine
5 6 (0.19%) Primavera
5 6 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 5 (0.16%) Lawson
6 5 (0.16%) Raiser's Edge
7 4 (0.13%) HFM
7 4 (0.13%) Oracle Cash Management
7 4 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
8 3 (0.095%) SAP S/4HANA
8 3 (0.095%) Shopify
9 2 (0.063%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.063%) Oracle EBS R12
9 2 (0.063%) Oracle HRMS
Cloud Services
1 354 (11.15%) Azure
2 286 (9.01%) AWS
3 133 (4.19%) Office 365
4 109 (3.43%) SaaS
5 45 (1.42%) GCP
6 43 (1.35%) GitHub
7 38 (1.20%) Power Platform
8 30 (0.95%) Cloud Computing
9 23 (0.72%) Serverless
10 20 (0.63%) Amazon EC2
10 20 (0.63%) Google Analytics
11 17 (0.54%) OneDrive
12 15 (0.47%) Amazon S3
13 14 (0.44%) Dynamics 365
13 14 (0.44%) PaaS
14 13 (0.41%) AWS Lambda
15 12 (0.38%) Adobe Analytics
15 12 (0.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 10 (0.32%) OpenShift
17 9 (0.28%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 89 (2.80%) TCP/IP
2 75 (2.36%) LAN
3 74 (2.33%) Firewall
4 73 (2.30%) WAN
5 55 (1.73%) Internet
6 48 (1.51%) DNS
7 44 (1.39%) Wireless
8 42 (1.32%) Network Security
9 39 (1.23%) DHCP
10 34 (1.07%) Wi-Fi
11 31 (0.98%) VPN
12 25 (0.79%) Skype
13 24 (0.76%) NAS
13 24 (0.76%) SAN
14 23 (0.72%) HTTP
15 22 (0.69%) SMTP
16 21 (0.66%) Broadband
17 19 (0.60%) SSH
18 13 (0.41%) VoIP
19 11 (0.35%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 508 (16.01%) SQL Server
2 152 (4.79%) MySQL
3 143 (4.51%) Relational Database
4 110 (3.47%) NoSQL
5 105 (3.31%) PostgreSQL
6 76 (2.39%) MongoDB
7 72 (2.27%) Big Data
8 63 (1.98%) SQL Server 2016
9 62 (1.95%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 56 (1.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 35 (1.10%) Data Warehouse
12 34 (1.07%) Hadoop
13 31 (0.98%) Power BI
13 31 (0.98%) RDBMS
14 18 (0.57%) Oracle Database
14 18 (0.57%) QlikView
15 14 (0.44%) SQL Server 2019
16 12 (0.38%) Oracle Reports
17 10 (0.32%) Apache Hive
18 9 (0.28%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 301 (9.48%) Git (software)
2 109 (3.43%) JIRA
3 102 (3.21%) Visual Studio
4 56 (1.76%) Subversion
5 51 (1.61%) NUnit
6 50 (1.58%) Jenkins
7 42 (1.32%) Selenium
8 28 (0.88%) Cucumber
8 28 (0.88%) TeamCity
9 26 (0.82%) Jasmine
10 25 (0.79%) Octopus Deploy
10 25 (0.79%) Team Foundation Server
11 16 (0.50%) StyleCop
12 14 (0.44%) Bitbucket
13 13 (0.41%) gulp
13 13 (0.41%) JUnit
13 13 (0.41%) WebDriver
14 12 (0.38%) Eclipse
14 12 (0.38%) Karma Test Runner
14 12 (0.38%) Maven
General
1 560 (17.64%) Finance
2 149 (4.69%) Marketing
2 149 (4.69%) Retail
3 111 (3.50%) Games
4 81 (2.55%) Banking
5 78 (2.46%) Telecoms
6 73 (2.30%) Public Sector
7 48 (1.51%) Manufacturing
8 40 (1.26%) Electronics
9 37 (1.17%) Advertising
10 31 (0.98%) Financial Institution
11 26 (0.82%) Aerospace
11 26 (0.82%) Front Office
12 24 (0.76%) Law
13 23 (0.72%) Police
14 21 (0.66%) Legal
15 17 (0.54%) Automotive
15 17 (0.54%) Back Office
15 17 (0.54%) Military
16 16 (0.50%) Investment Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 874 (27.54%) .NET
2 604 (19.03%) HTML
3 577 (18.18%) CSS
4 431 (13.58%) ASP.NET
5 313 (9.86%) AngularJS
6 232 (7.31%) ASP.NET MVC
7 212 (6.68%) React
8 198 (6.24%) .NET Framework
9 192 (6.05%) Node.js
10 179 (5.64%) .NET Core
11 167 (5.26%) jQuery
12 131 (4.13%) Spring
13 127 (4.00%) Web Services
14 113 (3.56%) Entity Framework
15 107 (3.37%) RESTful
16 104 (3.28%) ASP.NET Web API
17 98 (3.09%) WCF
18 90 (2.84%) HTML5
19 76 (2.39%) Django
20 75 (2.36%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 198 (6.24%) User Experience
2 174 (5.48%) Analytical Skills
3 143 (4.51%) Self-Motivation
4 110 (3.47%) Mobile App
5 108 (3.40%) Greenfield Project
6 101 (3.18%) Algorithms
7 90 (2.84%) Hedge funds
8 72 (2.27%) Derivative
9 61 (1.92%) Data Structures
9 61 (1.92%) Driving Licence
10 42 (1.32%) Management Information System
10 42 (1.32%) Social Media
11 38 (1.20%) Data Centre
12 29 (0.91%) Embedded Systems
13 28 (0.88%) Enterprise Software
14 26 (0.82%) Equities
15 21 (0.66%) Video Conferencing
16 19 (0.60%) iPad
17 17 (0.54%) NHS
18 15 (0.47%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 374 (11.78%) Linux
2 364 (11.47%) Windows
3 108 (3.40%) Unix
4 91 (2.87%) Android
5 89 (2.80%) Windows Server
6 81 (2.55%) Windows 10
7 64 (2.02%) Windows 7
8 62 (1.95%) Apple iOS
9 33 (1.04%) Ubuntu
9 33 (1.04%) Windows Server 2008
10 26 (0.82%) Windows Server 2012
11 19 (0.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 17 (0.54%) CentOS
12 17 (0.54%) Solaris
13 11 (0.35%) Mac OS
13 11 (0.35%) Mac OS X
14 8 (0.25%) Windows 8
15 7 (0.22%) Windows Embedded Compact
16 6 (0.19%) Debian
17 4 (0.13%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 813 (25.61%) Agile Software Development
2 508 (16.01%) Computer Science
3 411 (12.95%) Software Engineering
4 391 (12.32%) MVC
5 327 (10.30%) Problem-Solving
6 256 (8.07%) Mathematics
6 256 (8.07%) TDD
7 252 (7.94%) OO
8 244 (7.69%) DevOps
9 239 (7.53%) Scrum
10 230 (7.25%) Fintech
11 221 (6.96%) Web Development
12 172 (5.42%) BDD
13 171 (5.39%) Microservices
14 158 (4.98%) Test Automation
15 149 (4.69%) Project Management
16 133 (4.19%) Analytics
17 132 (4.16%) E-Commerce
18 125 (3.94%) SDLC
19 114 (3.59%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 1,011 (31.85%) C#
2 904 (28.48%) JavaScript
3 781 (24.61%) SQL
4 549 (17.30%) Java
5 446 (14.05%) Python
6 254 (8.00%) C++
7 239 (7.53%) PHP
8 118 (3.72%) PowerShell
9 106 (3.34%) C
9 106 (3.34%) T-SQL
10 102 (3.21%) TypeScript
11 71 (2.24%) R
12 65 (2.05%) Ruby
13 61 (1.92%) VB.NET
14 54 (1.70%) Bash Shell
15 52 (1.64%) Java 8
16 45 (1.42%) VB
17 43 (1.35%) Perl
17 43 (1.35%) Shell Script
18 38 (1.20%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 821 (25.87%) Degree
2 242 (7.62%) Computer Science Degree
3 94 (2.96%) Security Cleared
4 54 (1.70%) SC Cleared
5 38 (1.20%) Numerate Degree
6 35 (1.10%) Microsoft Certification
7 23 (0.72%) CCNA
7 23 (0.72%) Cisco Certification
8 16 (0.50%) DV Cleared
8 16 (0.50%) HND
8 16 (0.50%) ISTQB
9 15 (0.47%) PhD
10 14 (0.44%) MCSE
11 10 (0.32%) A+ Certification
11 10 (0.32%) CCNP
11 10 (0.32%) CompTIA Security+
12 9 (0.28%) ISEB
13 8 (0.25%) AWS Certification
13 8 (0.25%) CISSP
13 8 (0.25%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 123 (3.88%) QA
2 35 (1.10%) PMO
3 34 (1.07%) SLA
4 27 (0.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 19 (0.60%) Data Quality
6 13 (0.41%) Cyber Essentials
7 10 (0.32%) GDPR
8 6 (0.19%) ISO 9001
8 6 (0.19%) PCI DSS
9 4 (0.13%) NIST
9 4 (0.13%) NIST 800
10 3 (0.095%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 2 (0.063%) EMIR
11 2 (0.063%) IFRS
11 2 (0.063%) IFRS 9
11 2 (0.063%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 2 (0.063%) MiFID
11 2 (0.063%) PMBOK
11 2 (0.063%) PSD2
11 2 (0.063%) WCAG
System Software
1 189 (5.95%) Docker
2 138 (4.35%) Active Directory
3 37 (1.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (0.72%) Firmware
5 19 (0.60%) NFS
6 11 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (0.35%) Virtual Servers
7 9 (0.28%) Hyper-V
8 8 (0.25%) KVM
9 6 (0.19%) vSphere
9 6 (0.19%) Xen
10 5 (0.16%) iptables
11 4 (0.13%) Ceph
11 4 (0.13%) oVirt
12 3 (0.095%) HDFS
12 3 (0.095%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.095%) XenApp
13 2 (0.063%) XenDesktop
14 1 (0.032%) BitLocker
14 1 (0.032%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 103 (3.25%) Kubernetes
2 62 (1.95%) Ansible
3 51 (1.61%) Terraform
4 49 (1.54%) Puppet
5 26 (0.82%) Opscode Chef
6 23 (0.72%) SCCM
7 18 (0.57%) SQL Sentry
8 14 (0.44%) Nagios
9 13 (0.41%) Microsoft Intune
10 11 (0.35%) QRadar
11 9 (0.28%) Red Hat Satellite
12 8 (0.25%) Salt
12 8 (0.25%) SCOM
12 8 (0.25%) WSUS
13 7 (0.22%) BMC PATROL
14 6 (0.19%) HP Quality Center
15 5 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
15 5 (0.16%) Rsyslog
15 5 (0.16%) systemd
16 4 (0.13%) Packer
Vendors
1 449 (14.15%) Microsoft
2 129 (4.06%) Oracle
3 83 (2.61%) Google
4 80 (2.52%) Adobe
5 66 (2.08%) VMware
6 52 (1.64%) SAP
7 46 (1.45%) Salesforce.com
8 40 (1.26%) Cisco
9 38 (1.20%) Xamarin
10 34 (1.07%) Tableau
11 23 (0.72%) Apple
11 23 (0.72%) ServiceNow
12 22 (0.69%) Red Hat
13 18 (0.57%) Citrix
14 16 (0.50%) LogRhythm
14 16 (0.50%) Sage
15 15 (0.47%) IBM
16 14 (0.44%) HP
17 12 (0.38%) Atlassian
17 12 (0.38%) Splunk