Period
to 3 March 2021

The median annual salary for a Junior was £32,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 185 130 127
Rank change year-on-year -55 -3 +3
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 1,362 3,114 4,005
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.80% 2.55% 2.68%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.92% 2.67% 2.79%
Number of salaries quoted 1,415 2,923 3,698
Median annual salary £32,500 £30,000 £30,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - -
10th Percentile £22,000 £21,250 £21,250
90th Percentile £51,250 £52,500 £52,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £30,000 £28,000 £27,500
% change year-on-year +7.14% +1.82% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 70,984 116,630 143,307
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.79% 95.46% 95.96%
Number of salaries quoted 56,610 94,492 116,127
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £31,750 £29,000 £28,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £84,672
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Junior.

Salary trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Salary histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -40 1,284 £32,500 +8.33% 392
UK excluding London -58 799 £30,000 +7.14% 321
London -30 503 £40,000 - 92
South East -17 277 £32,500 +8.33% 71
Work from Home -40 229 £32,750 +9.17% 100
Midlands -27 165 £25,000 - 57
North of England -70 150 £27,500 +1.68% 82
South West -59 100 £30,000 +10.09% 33
West Midlands -34 87 £25,250 +1.00% 37
East Midlands -1 77 £24,000 -4.00% 20
North West -42 71 £28,500 +5.37% 36
East of England +33 68 £31,250 +9.65% 54
Yorkshire -59 63 £25,000 -9.09% 34
Wales +14 27 £25,000 - 6
North East +8 16 £26,625 +0.47% 12
Scotland -20 15 £27,250 -2.68% 14

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 396 (29.07%) JavaScript
2 379 (27.83%) SQL
3 347 (25.48%) C#
4 300 (22.03%) Degree
5 290 (21.29%) Agile Software Development
6 269 (19.75%) HTML
7 257 (18.87%) .NET
7 257 (18.87%) CSS
8 255 (18.72%) Finance
9 226 (16.59%) Python
10 219 (16.08%) Computer Science
11 218 (16.01%) Java
12 206 (15.12%) Azure
13 190 (13.95%) DevOps
14 172 (12.63%) Linux
15 170 (12.48%) Software Engineering
16 153 (11.23%) AWS
17 149 (10.94%) Microsoft
18 145 (10.65%) SQL Server
19 141 (10.35%) Git (software)
20 139 (10.21%) PHP
21 133 (9.77%) AngularJS
22 121 (8.88%) Fintech
23 117 (8.59%) Problem-Solving
24 115 (8.44%) React
25 114 (8.37%) MVC
25 114 (8.37%) Docker
26 108 (7.93%) MySQL
27 107 (7.86%) Analytics
28 104 (7.64%) Business Intelligence

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (2.72%) CMS
2 31 (2.28%) WordPress
3 24 (1.76%) Apache
4 16 (1.17%) Apache Spark
4 16 (1.17%) Confluence
5 15 (1.10%) IIS
6 14 (1.03%) Elasticsearch
7 11 (0.81%) Umbraco
8 8 (0.59%) SharePoint
9 7 (0.51%) Tomcat
10 6 (0.44%) Apache Airflow
10 6 (0.44%) Drupal
11 5 (0.37%) SAS
12 4 (0.29%) JBoss
13 3 (0.22%) Jetty
13 3 (0.22%) Joomla!
13 3 (0.22%) nginx
13 3 (0.22%) WebSphere
14 1 (0.073%) Jadu
14 1 (0.073%) Liferay
Applications
1 38 (2.79%) Microsoft Office
2 35 (2.57%) Microsoft Excel
3 14 (1.03%) Adobe Illustrator
4 12 (0.88%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 12 (0.88%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.81%) Sketch
6 8 (0.59%) InVision
7 7 (0.51%) MS Visio
8 5 (0.37%) Photoshop
9 4 (0.29%) AutoCAD
9 4 (0.29%) Fusion 360
9 4 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
10 3 (0.22%) InDesign
11 2 (0.15%) Figma
11 2 (0.15%) SOLIDWORKS
12 1 (0.073%) Acrobat
Business Applications
1 13 (0.95%) Magento
2 12 (0.88%) NetSuite
3 6 (0.44%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 5 (0.37%) Dynamics CRM
4 5 (0.37%) Shopify
5 4 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.15%) nopCommerce
6 2 (0.15%) OpenCart
7 1 (0.073%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.073%) Epicor Tropos
7 1 (0.073%) Infor M3
7 1 (0.073%) ProductWriter
7 1 (0.073%) SAP Business One
7 1 (0.073%) SAP CO
7 1 (0.073%) SAP FI
7 1 (0.073%) SAP FI/CO
7 1 (0.073%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.073%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 206 (15.12%) Azure
2 153 (11.23%) AWS
3 51 (3.74%) GCP
4 50 (3.67%) Power Platform
5 49 (3.60%) SaaS
6 34 (2.50%) GitHub
7 30 (2.20%) Microsoft 365
8 19 (1.40%) Serverless
9 15 (1.10%) Amazon EC2
10 14 (1.03%) Datadog
11 11 (0.81%) Dynamics 365
12 10 (0.73%) Amazon S3
12 10 (0.73%) Azure Active Directory
13 9 (0.66%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 8 (0.59%) Azure Data Factory
15 7 (0.51%) AWS CloudFormation
15 7 (0.51%) AWS Lambda
15 7 (0.51%) Logic Apps
15 7 (0.51%) npm
15 7 (0.51%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 25 (1.84%) HTTP
1 25 (1.84%) Internet
2 20 (1.47%) Firewall
3 17 (1.25%) TCP/IP
4 14 (1.03%) DNS
5 10 (0.73%) DHCP
6 9 (0.66%) Network Security
6 9 (0.66%) VoIP
7 7 (0.51%) HTTPS
8 6 (0.44%) SNMP
9 5 (0.37%) VPN
10 4 (0.29%) Bluetooth
10 4 (0.29%) Cisco ISE
10 4 (0.29%) FTP
10 4 (0.29%) Intrusion Detection
10 4 (0.29%) Remote Desktop
10 4 (0.29%) SMTP
10 4 (0.29%) Wireless
11 3 (0.22%) VLAN
11 3 (0.22%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 145 (10.65%) SQL Server
2 108 (7.93%) MySQL
3 51 (3.74%) Relational Database
4 47 (3.45%) Power BI
5 40 (2.94%) NoSQL
6 34 (2.50%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 33 (2.42%) Data Warehouse
8 31 (2.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 29 (2.13%) PostgreSQL
10 24 (1.76%) MongoDB
11 20 (1.47%) Tableau
12 16 (1.17%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 15 (1.10%) Big Data
14 11 (0.81%) BusinessObjects
14 11 (0.81%) BusinessObjects Web Intelligence
14 11 (0.81%) SAP BW
14 11 (0.81%) SAP HANA
15 10 (0.73%) Hadoop
16 9 (0.66%) Redis
17 8 (0.59%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 141 (10.35%) Git (software)
2 37 (2.72%) JIRA
3 35 (2.57%) Jenkins
3 35 (2.57%) Visual Studio
4 31 (2.28%) Selenium
5 16 (1.17%) GitLab
6 13 (0.95%) Subversion
6 13 (0.95%) Visual Studio Team System
7 11 (0.81%) Gradle
7 11 (0.81%) Team Foundation Server
8 10 (0.73%) NUnit
9 9 (0.66%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 9 (0.66%) Cypress.io
10 8 (0.59%) Cucumber
10 8 (0.59%) Postman
10 8 (0.59%) WebDriver
11 7 (0.51%) Appium
11 7 (0.51%) Bitbucket
11 7 (0.51%) Moq
12 6 (0.44%) TestNG
General
1 255 (18.72%) Finance
2 78 (5.73%) Marketing
3 50 (3.67%) Law
4 48 (3.52%) Public Sector
5 42 (3.08%) Telecoms
6 41 (3.01%) Games
7 39 (2.86%) Retail
8 36 (2.64%) Electronics
9 34 (2.50%) Manufacturing
10 27 (1.98%) Banking
10 27 (1.98%) Front Office
11 14 (1.03%) Publishing
12 10 (0.73%) Financial Institution
13 8 (0.59%) Legal
14 7 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
15 5 (0.37%) Back Office
16 4 (0.29%) Advertising
16 4 (0.29%) Automotive
16 4 (0.29%) German Language
16 4 (0.29%) Spanish Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 269 (19.75%) HTML
2 257 (18.87%) .NET
2 257 (18.87%) CSS
3 133 (9.77%) AngularJS
4 115 (8.44%) React
5 80 (5.87%) REST
6 79 (5.80%) Node.js
7 77 (5.65%) ASP.NET
7 77 (5.65%) Vue.js
8 70 (5.14%) .NET Core
9 69 (5.07%) HTML5
10 60 (4.41%) Laravel
11 51 (3.74%) Sass
11 51 (3.74%) Spring
12 50 (3.67%) jQuery
12 50 (3.67%) Web Services
13 39 (2.86%) ASP.NET Web API
14 38 (2.79%) CSS3
15 36 (2.64%) .NET Framework
15 36 (2.64%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 104 (7.64%) Analytical Skills
2 62 (4.55%) Self-Motivation
3 57 (4.19%) User Experience
4 40 (2.94%) Greenfield Project
5 37 (2.72%) Hedge funds
6 31 (2.28%) Mobile App
7 30 (2.20%) Algorithms
8 20 (1.47%) Derivative
9 16 (1.17%) Management Information System
10 14 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
11 12 (0.88%) Graphic Design
12 11 (0.81%) Data Structures
12 11 (0.81%) Virtual Team
13 10 (0.73%) Data Centre
13 10 (0.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 10 (0.73%) NHS
14 9 (0.66%) Internet of Things
15 8 (0.59%) Enterprise Software
15 8 (0.59%) Video on Demand
16 7 (0.51%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 172 (12.63%) Linux
2 95 (6.98%) Windows
3 31 (2.28%) Unix
4 26 (1.91%) Android
5 22 (1.62%) Apple iOS
6 21 (1.54%) Windows Server
7 18 (1.32%) Windows 10
8 14 (1.03%) Ubuntu
9 12 (0.88%) CentOS
10 10 (0.73%) Windows 7
11 4 (0.29%) AIX
11 4 (0.29%) HPUX
11 4 (0.29%) Solaris
11 4 (0.29%) VMS
11 4 (0.29%) Windows Server 2019
12 3 (0.22%) Windows Server 2016
13 2 (0.15%) Debian
13 2 (0.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 2 (0.15%) Windows 8
14 1 (0.073%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 290 (21.29%) Agile Software Development
2 219 (16.08%) Computer Science
3 190 (13.95%) DevOps
4 170 (12.48%) Software Engineering
5 121 (8.88%) Fintech
6 117 (8.59%) Problem-Solving
7 114 (8.37%) MVC
8 107 (7.86%) Analytics
9 104 (7.64%) Business Intelligence
10 101 (7.42%) Web Development
11 98 (7.20%) TDD
12 91 (6.68%) Scrum
13 82 (6.02%) Mathematics
14 81 (5.95%) Front End Development
15 77 (5.65%) Test Automation
16 74 (5.43%) Project Management
17 71 (5.21%) OO
18 58 (4.26%) BDD
18 58 (4.26%) OOP
19 57 (4.19%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 396 (29.07%) JavaScript
2 379 (27.83%) SQL
3 347 (25.48%) C#
4 226 (16.59%) Python
5 218 (16.01%) Java
6 139 (10.21%) PHP
7 67 (4.92%) C++
8 48 (3.52%) TypeScript
9 45 (3.30%) Bash Shell
10 39 (2.86%) C
11 37 (2.72%) T-SQL
12 36 (2.64%) PowerShell
13 34 (2.50%) Shell Script
14 22 (1.62%) Go
15 20 (1.47%) Java 8
15 20 (1.47%) VB.NET
16 19 (1.40%) R
17 15 (1.10%) ES6
18 13 (0.95%) Perl
18 13 (0.95%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 300 (22.03%) Degree
2 103 (7.56%) Computer Science Degree
3 41 (3.01%) Security Cleared
4 31 (2.28%) SC Cleared
5 17 (1.25%) Cisco Certification
6 14 (1.03%) ISTQB
6 14 (1.03%) PhD
7 10 (0.73%) CCNA
8 8 (0.59%) Numerate Degree
9 7 (0.51%) ITIL Certification
9 7 (0.51%) PMI Certification
10 6 (0.44%) ISEB
11 5 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 5 (0.37%) Postgraduate
11 5 (0.37%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 5 (0.37%) Six Sigma Black Belt
12 4 (0.29%) A+ Certification
12 4 (0.29%) CCNP
12 4 (0.29%) CISSP
12 4 (0.29%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (4.99%) QA
2 13 (0.95%) PMO
2 13 (0.95%) SLA
3 7 (0.51%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.37%) GDPR
5 3 (0.22%) Cyber Essentials
6 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.073%) GAMP
7 1 (0.073%) NCSC
7 1 (0.073%) NIST
System Software
1 114 (8.37%) Docker
2 32 (2.35%) Active Directory
3 25 (1.84%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.59%) Firmware
5 5 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (0.22%) KVM
8 2 (0.15%) Hyper-V
8 2 (0.15%) Postfix
8 2 (0.15%) VMware NSX
9 1 (0.073%) Ceph
9 1 (0.073%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.073%) Xen
Systems Management
1 80 (5.87%) Kubernetes
2 55 (4.04%) Terraform
3 48 (3.52%) Ansible
4 26 (1.91%) Puppet
5 13 (0.95%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (0.73%) Grafana
7 6 (0.44%) ZABBIX
8 5 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
8 5 (0.37%) SCCM
9 4 (0.29%) EMC NetWorker
9 4 (0.29%) Icinga
10 3 (0.22%) Consul
10 3 (0.22%) HAProxy
10 3 (0.22%) Packer
11 2 (0.15%) Argo
11 2 (0.15%) Kibana
11 2 (0.15%) logstash
11 2 (0.15%) Plesk
11 2 (0.15%) QRadar
12 1 (0.073%) Salt
Vendors
1 149 (10.94%) Microsoft
2 48 (3.52%) SAP
3 37 (2.72%) Salesforce.com
4 33 (2.42%) Google
5 32 (2.35%) VMware
6 29 (2.13%) Adobe
7 20 (1.47%) Red Hat
8 18 (1.32%) Oracle
9 17 (1.25%) Splunk
10 12 (0.88%) AppDynamics
11 10 (0.73%) Cisco
12 8 (0.59%) ServiceNow
13 6 (0.44%) Apple
13 6 (0.44%) New Relic
14 5 (0.37%) JD Edwards
14 5 (0.37%) Siebel
14 5 (0.37%) Talend
15 4 (0.29%) Alteryx
15 4 (0.29%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
15 4 (0.29%) Xamarin