Period
to 30 March 2020

The median annual salary for a Junior was £30,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 30 March 2020.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK
6 months to
30 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 130 127 128
Rank change year-on-year -3 +1 -11
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 3,043 4,016 4,539
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.57% 2.69% 2.56%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.70% 2.81% 2.65%
Number of salaries quoted 2,826 3,679 4,208
Median annual salary £30,000 £30,000 £30,000
10th Percentile £21,250 £21,250 £20,838
90th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £45,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £28,500 £27,500 £27,500
% change year-on-year +3.64% - +10.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 112,907 143,118 171,051
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.40% 95.96% 96.47%
Number of salaries quoted 90,480 114,278 140,462
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £29,500 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £84,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £43,000
% change year-on-year - +4.65% +1.18%

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Junior.

Salary trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 30 March 2020.

Salary histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 30 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 2,812 £30,000 - 520
UK excluding London +1 1,844 £28,500 +3.64% 423
London -6 1,117 £40,000 +6.67% 125
South East -15 633 £30,000 - 116
North of England +30 386 £27,500 +3.77% 84
Midlands +49 296 £25,000 -1.96% 88
South West -1 236 £27,000 -10.00% 55
North West +24 196 £27,500 +3.77% 46
West Midlands +62 191 £25,000 -9.09% 51
Yorkshire +28 166 £27,750 +0.91% 27
Work from Home +52 159 £30,000 -7.69% 26
East of England -16 137 £30,000 +7.14% 52
East Midlands +6 105 £25,000 - 37
Scotland +19 72 £28,000 +1.82% 14
Wales -30 56 £25,000 -12.65% 10
Northern Ireland +36 26 £32,000 -20.50% 4
North East +5 24 £26,500 +26.19% 11
Channel Islands - 2 £60,000 -

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 30 March 2020, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 961 (31.58%) C#
2 879 (28.89%) JavaScript
3 839 (27.57%) .NET
3 839 (27.57%) Agile Software Development
4 768 (25.24%) Degree
5 737 (24.22%) SQL
6 559 (18.37%) HTML
7 552 (18.14%) Java
8 551 (18.11%) Finance
9 538 (17.68%) CSS
10 511 (16.79%) Python
11 486 (15.97%) SQL Server
12 467 (15.35%) Computer Science
13 395 (12.98%) Software Engineering
14 389 (12.78%) Microsoft
15 388 (12.75%) Azure
16 376 (12.36%) Linux
17 372 (12.22%) MVC
18 365 (11.99%) ASP.NET
19 351 (11.53%) Problem-Solving
20 342 (11.24%) AngularJS
21 325 (10.68%) AWS
22 301 (9.89%) Windows
23 287 (9.43%) DevOps
24 282 (9.27%) Git (software)
25 269 (8.84%) Scrum
26 266 (8.74%) TDD
27 258 (8.48%) React
28 249 (8.18%) C++
29 242 (7.95%) OO

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 64 (2.10%) Elasticsearch
2 42 (1.38%) SharePoint
3 34 (1.12%) WordPress
4 29 (0.95%) CMS
4 29 (0.95%) Confluence
5 27 (0.89%) Apache
6 26 (0.85%) Tomcat
7 25 (0.82%) MS Exchange
8 21 (0.69%) Umbraco
9 19 (0.62%) IIS
10 18 (0.59%) Apache Spark
11 8 (0.26%) Exchange Server 2010
12 7 (0.23%) JBoss
13 6 (0.20%) Exchange Server 2013
13 6 (0.20%) Moodle
13 6 (0.20%) SAS
14 5 (0.16%) Tornado
15 4 (0.13%) Cloud Foundry
15 4 (0.13%) ColdFusion
16 3 (0.099%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 97 (3.19%) Microsoft Office
2 89 (2.92%) Microsoft Excel
3 34 (1.12%) Photoshop
4 24 (0.79%) Adobe Illustrator
5 16 (0.53%) MS Visio
6 15 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 10 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
8 8 (0.26%) InDesign
9 6 (0.20%) GIMP
9 6 (0.20%) Sketch
10 5 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 4 (0.13%) Acrobat
11 4 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
11 4 (0.13%) SPSS
12 3 (0.099%) Adobe After Effects
12 3 (0.099%) Adobe XD
12 3 (0.099%) AutoCAD
12 3 (0.099%) Camtasia
12 3 (0.099%) FileZilla
12 3 (0.099%) InVision
Business Applications
1 38 (1.25%) Magento
2 21 (0.69%) Salerio
3 18 (0.59%) NetSuite
4 12 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
5 8 (0.26%) Dynamics NAV
6 7 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
6 7 (0.23%) GoldMine
6 7 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
7 6 (0.20%) Primavera
8 5 (0.16%) Raiser's Edge
9 4 (0.13%) Lawson
9 4 (0.13%) Oracle Cash Management
9 4 (0.13%) SAP CRM
9 4 (0.13%) SAP SD
10 3 (0.099%) Payment Gateway
10 3 (0.099%) SAP Hybris
10 3 (0.099%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 3 (0.099%) Shopify
11 2 (0.066%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 2 (0.066%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 388 (12.75%) Azure
2 325 (10.68%) AWS
3 103 (3.38%) SaaS
4 90 (2.96%) Office 365
5 51 (1.68%) GitHub
6 45 (1.48%) GCP
7 44 (1.45%) Power Platform
8 29 (0.95%) Cloud Computing
9 24 (0.79%) Amazon EC2
10 22 (0.72%) Serverless
11 20 (0.66%) Amazon S3
12 19 (0.62%) PaaS
13 15 (0.49%) Dynamics 365
13 15 (0.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 14 (0.46%) AWS CloudFormation
15 13 (0.43%) npm
16 12 (0.39%) Google Analytics
16 12 (0.39%) OpenShift
17 10 (0.33%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 10 (0.33%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 67 (2.20%) TCP/IP
2 65 (2.14%) Firewall
3 58 (1.91%) LAN
4 55 (1.81%) WAN
5 51 (1.68%) DNS
6 45 (1.48%) Internet
7 40 (1.31%) DHCP
8 35 (1.15%) HTTP
9 34 (1.12%) Wireless
10 28 (0.92%) SAN
11 27 (0.89%) NAS
12 26 (0.85%) SSH
13 25 (0.82%) VPN
14 24 (0.79%) SMTP
15 22 (0.72%) Broadband
16 19 (0.62%) Network Security
17 14 (0.46%) Wi-Fi
18 13 (0.43%) Bluetooth
19 10 (0.33%) Intranet
19 10 (0.33%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 486 (15.97%) SQL Server
2 165 (5.42%) Relational Database
3 145 (4.77%) MySQL
4 108 (3.55%) PostgreSQL
5 105 (3.45%) NoSQL
6 82 (2.69%) MongoDB
7 64 (2.10%) Big Data
8 63 (2.07%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 58 (1.91%) SQL Server 2016
10 56 (1.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 41 (1.35%) Power BI
12 39 (1.28%) RDBMS
13 34 (1.12%) SQL Server 2019
14 31 (1.02%) Data Warehouse
15 26 (0.85%) Oracle Database
16 20 (0.66%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 19 (0.62%) Hadoop
18 18 (0.59%) Data Mining
19 12 (0.39%) Blockchain
19 12 (0.39%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 282 (9.27%) Git (software)
2 130 (4.27%) JIRA
3 99 (3.25%) Visual Studio
4 70 (2.30%) Jenkins
5 54 (1.77%) Selenium
6 44 (1.45%) NUnit
7 32 (1.05%) Maven
8 30 (0.99%) JUnit
8 30 (0.99%) Subversion
9 27 (0.89%) TeamCity
10 24 (0.79%) Cucumber
10 24 (0.79%) Team Foundation Server
11 22 (0.72%) Octopus Deploy
12 20 (0.66%) Jasmine
13 19 (0.62%) Eclipse
14 17 (0.56%) Bitbucket
15 16 (0.53%) StyleCop
16 13 (0.43%) CircleCI
16 13 (0.43%) GitLab
16 13 (0.43%) WebDriver
General
1 551 (18.11%) Finance
2 179 (5.88%) Retail
3 124 (4.07%) Games
3 124 (4.07%) Marketing
4 73 (2.40%) Public Sector
5 69 (2.27%) Telecoms
6 68 (2.23%) Banking
7 46 (1.51%) Manufacturing
8 44 (1.45%) Electronics
9 37 (1.22%) Advertising
10 35 (1.15%) Aerospace
10 35 (1.15%) Law
11 28 (0.92%) Legal
12 27 (0.89%) Financial Institution
13 24 (0.79%) Front Office
14 18 (0.59%) Military
15 17 (0.56%) Automotive
15 17 (0.56%) Police
16 14 (0.46%) Publishing
17 12 (0.39%) Billing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 839 (27.57%) .NET
2 559 (18.37%) HTML
3 538 (17.68%) CSS
4 365 (11.99%) ASP.NET
5 342 (11.24%) AngularJS
6 258 (8.48%) React
7 233 (7.66%) .NET Core
8 217 (7.13%) .NET Framework
9 211 (6.93%) Node.js
10 193 (6.34%) ASP.NET MVC
11 154 (5.06%) jQuery
12 148 (4.86%) Web Services
13 142 (4.67%) Spring
14 133 (4.37%) RESTful
15 124 (4.07%) Entity Framework
16 117 (3.84%) ASP.NET Web API
17 114 (3.75%) Vue.js
18 107 (3.52%) HTML5
19 83 (2.73%) WCF
20 81 (2.66%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 175 (5.75%) User Experience
2 165 (5.42%) Analytical Skills
3 136 (4.47%) Self-Motivation
4 108 (3.55%) Algorithms
5 107 (3.52%) Greenfield Project
6 98 (3.22%) Mobile App
7 91 (2.99%) Derivative
7 91 (2.99%) Hedge funds
8 78 (2.56%) Data Structures
9 39 (1.28%) Equities
10 38 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
11 37 (1.22%) Data Centre
11 37 (1.22%) Driving Licence
11 37 (1.22%) iPad
11 37 (1.22%) Management Information System
12 36 (1.18%) Social Media
13 23 (0.76%) SWIFT
14 21 (0.69%) Embedded Systems
15 20 (0.66%) NHS
16 19 (0.62%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 376 (12.36%) Linux
2 301 (9.89%) Windows
3 122 (4.01%) Unix
4 91 (2.99%) Android
5 80 (2.63%) Windows Server
6 78 (2.56%) Windows 10
7 75 (2.46%) Apple iOS
8 52 (1.71%) Windows 7
9 38 (1.25%) Windows Server 2008
10 34 (1.12%) Ubuntu
11 23 (0.76%) Solaris
12 21 (0.69%) Windows Server 2012
13 19 (0.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 16 (0.53%) CentOS
15 14 (0.46%) Mac OS
15 14 (0.46%) Mac OS X
15 14 (0.46%) Windows Server 2016
16 12 (0.39%) Embedded Linux
17 10 (0.33%) Debian
18 7 (0.23%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 839 (27.57%) Agile Software Development
2 467 (15.35%) Computer Science
3 395 (12.98%) Software Engineering
4 372 (12.22%) MVC
5 351 (11.53%) Problem-Solving
6 287 (9.43%) DevOps
7 269 (8.84%) Scrum
8 266 (8.74%) TDD
9 242 (7.95%) Fintech
9 242 (7.95%) OO
10 226 (7.43%) Mathematics
11 217 (7.13%) Web Development
12 214 (7.03%) Microservices
13 197 (6.47%) BDD
14 173 (5.69%) Test Automation
15 159 (5.23%) Project Management
16 137 (4.50%) E-Commerce
17 134 (4.40%) Continuous Integration
18 120 (3.94%) Analytics
19 116 (3.81%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 961 (31.58%) C#
2 879 (28.89%) JavaScript
3 737 (24.22%) SQL
4 552 (18.14%) Java
5 511 (16.79%) Python
6 249 (8.18%) C++
7 236 (7.76%) PHP
8 141 (4.63%) TypeScript
9 128 (4.21%) PowerShell
10 104 (3.42%) C
11 82 (2.69%) T-SQL
12 70 (2.30%) R
13 60 (1.97%) Bash Shell
14 56 (1.84%) Ruby
15 50 (1.64%) Java 8
16 45 (1.48%) VB.NET
17 41 (1.35%) Perl
18 40 (1.31%) PL/SQL
19 38 (1.25%) VB
20 37 (1.22%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 768 (25.24%) Degree
2 230 (7.56%) Computer Science Degree
3 109 (3.58%) Security Cleared
4 66 (2.17%) SC Cleared
5 27 (0.89%) Microsoft Certification
5 27 (0.89%) Numerate Degree
6 22 (0.72%) Cisco Certification
7 20 (0.66%) CCNA
8 15 (0.49%) DV Cleared
8 15 (0.49%) HND
9 14 (0.46%) ISEB
10 10 (0.33%) A+ Certification
10 10 (0.33%) ISTQB
10 10 (0.33%) PhD
11 9 (0.30%) AWS Certification
12 8 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
12 8 (0.26%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 7 (0.23%) CCNP
14 6 (0.20%) CompTIA Security+
14 6 (0.20%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 108 (3.55%) QA
2 32 (1.05%) PMO
3 29 (0.95%) SLA
4 17 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 13 (0.43%) Data Quality
6 8 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
7 7 (0.23%) GDPR
8 6 (0.20%) ISO 9001
9 4 (0.13%) NIST
9 4 (0.13%) NIST 800
9 4 (0.13%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.099%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 2 (0.066%) COBIT
11 2 (0.066%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 2 (0.066%) P3O
11 2 (0.066%) SEPA
11 2 (0.066%) WCAG
12 1 (0.033%) IFRS
12 1 (0.033%) ISO/IEC 17025
12 1 (0.033%) PA-DSS
System Software
1 194 (6.38%) Docker
2 94 (3.09%) Active Directory
3 26 (0.85%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (0.79%) NFS
5 23 (0.76%) Firmware
6 17 (0.56%) Hyper-V
7 10 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
8 6 (0.20%) vSphere
9 5 (0.16%) iptables
9 5 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (0.13%) Ceph
10 4 (0.13%) KVM
10 4 (0.13%) oVirt
11 3 (0.099%) XenApp
12 2 (0.066%) vCloud
12 2 (0.066%) Xen
12 2 (0.066%) XenDesktop
13 1 (0.033%) Virtual Desktop
13 1 (0.033%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 120 (3.94%) Kubernetes
2 67 (2.20%) Terraform
3 53 (1.74%) Ansible
4 48 (1.58%) Puppet
5 34 (1.12%) Opscode Chef
6 22 (0.72%) Nagios
7 13 (0.43%) SCCM
8 9 (0.30%) BMC PATROL
9 8 (0.26%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 8 (0.26%) Red Hat Satellite
10 6 (0.20%) Docker Swarm
10 6 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
10 6 (0.20%) QRadar
10 6 (0.20%) SCOM
10 6 (0.20%) SQL Sentry
11 5 (0.16%) Grafana
11 5 (0.16%) Rsyslog
11 5 (0.16%) systemd
12 4 (0.13%) Backup Exec
12 4 (0.13%) FortiGate
Vendors
1 389 (12.78%) Microsoft
2 148 (4.86%) Oracle
3 60 (1.97%) Adobe
4 50 (1.64%) Google
5 47 (1.54%) SAP
6 46 (1.51%) VMware
7 42 (1.38%) Xamarin
8 35 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
8 35 (1.15%) Tableau
9 33 (1.08%) Cisco
10 31 (1.02%) ServiceNow
11 27 (0.89%) Apple
12 24 (0.79%) Red Hat
13 18 (0.59%) hybris
14 16 (0.53%) HP
15 15 (0.49%) IBM
16 13 (0.43%) Sage
17 11 (0.36%) LogRhythm
18 10 (0.33%) Citrix
18 10 (0.33%) Veritas