Period
to 14 November 2019

The median annual salary for a Junior was £30,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK
6 months to
14 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 122 130 129
Rank change year-on-year +8 -1 -3
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 3,647 4,220 4,747
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.66% 2.58% 2.63%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.78% 2.69% 2.74%
Number of salaries quoted 3,259 3,788 4,185
UK median annual salary £30,000 £30,000 £29,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +1.69% +5.36%
10th Percentile £21,250 £21,250 £20,500
90th Percentile £51,250 £50,000 £45,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £28,500 £27,500 £27,500
% change year-on-year +3.64% - +5.77%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 131,050 156,855 173,523
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.58% 95.89% 95.99%
Number of salaries quoted 104,852 126,371 139,173
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £28,250 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Junior.

Salary trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 14 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 3,478 £30,000 - 754
UK excluding London +5 2,275 £28,500 +3.64% 595
London +7 1,301 £35,000 - 202
South East +24 864 £30,000 +7.14% 154
North of England +14 513 £27,500 +10.00% 137
Midlands +32 328 £26,000 +4.00% 109
South West -1 301 £26,500 -3.64% 80
North West +12 299 £27,500 +10.00% 75
Yorkshire -9 191 £27,500 +2.80% 55
West Midlands +17 189 £25,500 +2.00% 71
East of England -20 163 £27,500 +5.77% 73
East Midlands +15 139 £27,000 +10.77% 38
Scotland -42 46 £30,000 +7.14% 25
Wales -14 42 £27,500 +8.91% 13
North East +34 26 £25,000 -16.67% 7
Northern Ireland +11 18 £32,000 -11.72% 4
Channel Islands - 1 £60,000 - 1

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 14 November 2019, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 1,125 (30.85%) C#
2 1,034 (28.35%) Degree
3 947 (25.97%) JavaScript
4 943 (25.86%) Agile Software Development
5 940 (25.77%) .NET
6 900 (24.68%) SQL
7 648 (17.77%) HTML
8 646 (17.71%) Java
9 626 (17.16%) Computer Science
10 609 (16.70%) CSS
11 587 (16.10%) Finance
12 566 (15.52%) SQL Server
13 511 (14.01%) Python
14 506 (13.87%) Microsoft
15 504 (13.82%) ASP.NET
15 504 (13.82%) Software Engineering
16 437 (11.98%) MVC
17 429 (11.76%) Windows
18 422 (11.57%) Azure
19 363 (9.95%) Linux
20 350 (9.60%) Git (software)
21 339 (9.30%) Problem-Solving
22 330 (9.05%) AngularJS
23 326 (8.94%) AWS
24 316 (8.66%) Computer Science Degree
25 302 (8.28%) Mathematics
26 283 (7.76%) OO
27 281 (7.70%) C++
28 262 (7.18%) Analytical Skills
29 261 (7.16%) DevOps

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 67 (1.84%) WordPress
2 58 (1.59%) SharePoint
3 41 (1.12%) CMS
4 35 (0.96%) MS Exchange
5 31 (0.85%) Apache Spark
6 30 (0.82%) Apache
6 30 (0.82%) Skype for Business
7 29 (0.80%) Elasticsearch
8 27 (0.74%) IIS
9 21 (0.58%) Umbraco
10 19 (0.52%) Confluence
11 16 (0.44%) Tomcat
12 9 (0.25%) JBoss
13 8 (0.22%) Drupal
13 8 (0.22%) nginx
13 8 (0.22%) SAS
13 8 (0.22%) Tornado
14 6 (0.16%) Liferay
15 5 (0.14%) Exchange Server 2013
15 5 (0.14%) WebSphere
Applications
1 204 (5.59%) Microsoft Office
2 161 (4.41%) Microsoft Excel
3 50 (1.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 35 (0.96%) Photoshop
5 26 (0.71%) Adobe Illustrator
6 25 (0.69%) Spreadsheet
7 19 (0.52%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 18 (0.49%) MS Visio
9 15 (0.41%) Microsoft Project
10 14 (0.38%) InDesign
11 9 (0.25%) Sketch
12 6 (0.16%) InVision
13 4 (0.11%) Acrobat
13 4 (0.11%) Adobe Captivate
13 4 (0.11%) AutoCAD
14 3 (0.082%) Simulink
15 2 (0.055%) Adobe After Effects
15 2 (0.055%) Adobe Premiere
15 2 (0.055%) Fireworks
15 2 (0.055%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 19 (0.52%) Magento
2 11 (0.30%) NetSuite
2 11 (0.30%) SAP ERP
3 10 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
4 9 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
5 8 (0.22%) GoldMine
6 6 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
7 4 (0.11%) HFM
7 4 (0.11%) Lawson
7 4 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 3 (0.082%) Odoo
8 3 (0.082%) Oracle Applications
8 3 (0.082%) Sage X3
8 3 (0.082%) SAP S/4HANA
9 2 (0.055%) OpenText MBPM
9 2 (0.055%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.055%) Oracle EBS R12
9 2 (0.055%) Primavera
9 2 (0.055%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 422 (11.57%) Azure
2 326 (8.94%) AWS
3 163 (4.47%) Office 365
4 112 (3.07%) SaaS
5 87 (2.39%) GCP
6 62 (1.70%) Power Platform
7 48 (1.32%) GitHub
8 33 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
9 27 (0.74%) Serverless
10 21 (0.58%) Google Analytics
11 19 (0.52%) OneDrive
12 17 (0.47%) Amazon S3
13 16 (0.44%) AWS Lambda
13 16 (0.44%) Dynamics 365
14 15 (0.41%) Amazon EC2
15 12 (0.33%) PaaS
16 10 (0.27%) Adobe Analytics
16 10 (0.27%) AWS CloudFormation
17 9 (0.25%) G Suite
17 9 (0.25%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 97 (2.66%) Firewall
2 92 (2.52%) TCP/IP
3 83 (2.28%) LAN
4 75 (2.06%) WAN
5 64 (1.75%) Internet
6 60 (1.65%) Network Security
7 45 (1.23%) DNS
8 37 (1.01%) VPN
9 34 (0.93%) DHCP
9 34 (0.93%) Skype
10 30 (0.82%) Wi-Fi
11 26 (0.71%) Wireless
12 21 (0.58%) NAS
12 21 (0.58%) SMTP
12 21 (0.58%) VoIP
13 20 (0.55%) SAN
14 16 (0.44%) VLAN
15 15 (0.41%) Broadband
16 12 (0.33%) HTTP
16 12 (0.33%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 566 (15.52%) SQL Server
2 153 (4.20%) Relational Database
3 152 (4.17%) MySQL
4 119 (3.26%) NoSQL
5 100 (2.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 97 (2.66%) PostgreSQL
7 95 (2.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 81 (2.22%) Big Data
9 70 (1.92%) SQL Server 2016
10 67 (1.84%) Data Warehouse
11 58 (1.59%) MongoDB
11 58 (1.59%) Power BI
12 37 (1.01%) Hadoop
13 29 (0.80%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 28 (0.77%) RDBMS
15 21 (0.58%) QlikView
16 18 (0.49%) Oracle Database
17 15 (0.41%) OLAP
18 14 (0.38%) Redis
18 14 (0.38%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 350 (9.60%) Git (software)
2 110 (3.02%) JIRA
3 96 (2.63%) Subversion
4 90 (2.47%) Jenkins
5 89 (2.44%) Visual Studio
6 59 (1.62%) Selenium
7 36 (0.99%) Team Foundation Server
8 33 (0.90%) TeamCity
9 31 (0.85%) Cucumber
9 31 (0.85%) NUnit
10 25 (0.69%) Octopus Deploy
11 20 (0.55%) Bitbucket
12 19 (0.52%) Maven
13 18 (0.49%) Jasmine
14 17 (0.47%) Eclipse
15 13 (0.36%) WebDriver
16 12 (0.33%) gulp
17 11 (0.30%) Grunt
18 10 (0.27%) webpack
19 9 (0.25%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 587 (16.10%) Finance
2 174 (4.77%) Marketing
3 149 (4.09%) Retail
4 114 (3.13%) Games
5 101 (2.77%) Banking
6 77 (2.11%) Telecoms
7 67 (1.84%) Public Sector
8 55 (1.51%) Manufacturing
9 41 (1.12%) Advertising
9 41 (1.12%) Legal
10 34 (0.93%) Electronics
11 31 (0.85%) Financial Institution
11 31 (0.85%) Front Office
12 28 (0.77%) Law
13 23 (0.63%) Back Office
14 20 (0.55%) Aerospace
14 20 (0.55%) Publishing
15 19 (0.52%) Automotive
16 18 (0.49%) Investment Banking
17 16 (0.44%) Military
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 940 (25.77%) .NET
2 648 (17.77%) HTML
3 609 (16.70%) CSS
4 504 (13.82%) ASP.NET
5 330 (9.05%) AngularJS
6 247 (6.77%) ASP.NET MVC
6 247 (6.77%) React
7 204 (5.59%) Node.js
8 199 (5.46%) jQuery
9 162 (4.44%) .NET Framework
10 145 (3.98%) .NET Core
11 142 (3.89%) Spring
12 129 (3.54%) Web Services
13 116 (3.18%) HTML5
14 113 (3.10%) RESTful
15 99 (2.71%) WCF
16 98 (2.69%) Entity Framework
17 97 (2.66%) ASP.NET Web API
18 80 (2.19%) Django
19 71 (1.95%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 262 (7.18%) Analytical Skills
2 180 (4.94%) User Experience
3 144 (3.95%) Self-Motivation
4 127 (3.48%) Greenfield Project
5 124 (3.40%) Mobile App
6 98 (2.69%) Algorithms
7 81 (2.22%) Hedge funds
8 73 (2.00%) Driving Licence
9 50 (1.37%) Data Structures
10 48 (1.32%) Derivative
11 43 (1.18%) Management Information System
12 41 (1.12%) Social Media
13 40 (1.10%) Data Centre
14 29 (0.80%) Video Conferencing
15 28 (0.77%) Enterprise Software
16 22 (0.60%) Embedded Systems
17 20 (0.55%) Cyber Kill Chain
17 20 (0.55%) Security Operations Centre
18 18 (0.49%) Graphic Design
19 17 (0.47%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 429 (11.76%) Windows
2 363 (9.95%) Linux
3 97 (2.66%) Windows Server
4 89 (2.44%) Android
5 88 (2.41%) Windows 10
6 80 (2.19%) Unix
7 64 (1.75%) Windows 7
8 46 (1.26%) Apple iOS
9 30 (0.82%) Windows Server 2012
10 29 (0.80%) Ubuntu
11 20 (0.55%) CentOS
12 16 (0.44%) Windows Server 2008
13 13 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 10 (0.27%) Mac OS
14 10 (0.27%) Solaris
15 7 (0.19%) Debian
15 7 (0.19%) Windows 8
15 7 (0.19%) Windows Embedded Compact
16 5 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
17 4 (0.11%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 943 (25.86%) Agile Software Development
2 626 (17.16%) Computer Science
3 504 (13.82%) Software Engineering
4 437 (11.98%) MVC
5 339 (9.30%) Problem-Solving
6 302 (8.28%) Mathematics
7 283 (7.76%) OO
8 261 (7.16%) DevOps
8 261 (7.16%) TDD
9 245 (6.72%) Web Development
10 239 (6.55%) Scrum
11 209 (5.73%) Fintech
12 189 (5.18%) Test Automation
13 169 (4.63%) Analytics
14 165 (4.52%) Business Intelligence
15 154 (4.22%) SDLC
16 150 (4.11%) BDD
17 144 (3.95%) Project Management
18 136 (3.73%) Microservices
19 133 (3.65%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 1,125 (30.85%) C#
2 947 (25.97%) JavaScript
3 900 (24.68%) SQL
4 646 (17.71%) Java
5 511 (14.01%) Python
6 281 (7.70%) C++
7 256 (7.02%) PHP
8 133 (3.65%) T-SQL
9 129 (3.54%) C
10 103 (2.82%) TypeScript
11 96 (2.63%) PowerShell
12 82 (2.25%) R
13 79 (2.17%) Ruby
14 72 (1.97%) VB.NET
15 59 (1.62%) Bash Shell
16 57 (1.56%) Go
17 43 (1.18%) Scala
18 40 (1.10%) Java 8
18 40 (1.10%) VB
19 39 (1.07%) VBA
Qualifications
1 1,034 (28.35%) Degree
2 316 (8.66%) Computer Science Degree
3 81 (2.22%) Security Cleared
4 49 (1.34%) SC Cleared
5 42 (1.15%) Numerate Degree
6 39 (1.07%) ISTQB
7 36 (0.99%) Microsoft Certification
8 24 (0.66%) Cisco Certification
9 22 (0.60%) CCNA
10 21 (0.58%) PhD
11 18 (0.49%) DV Cleared
11 18 (0.49%) PMP
12 17 (0.47%) HND
13 16 (0.44%) MCSE
14 14 (0.38%) CCNP
14 14 (0.38%) CompTIA Security+
14 14 (0.38%) ISEB
14 14 (0.38%) MCSA
15 11 (0.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 9 (0.25%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 148 (4.06%) QA
2 46 (1.26%) SLA
3 41 (1.12%) PMO
4 29 (0.80%) Data Quality
5 27 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 15 (0.41%) GDPR
7 11 (0.30%) Cyber Essentials
8 9 (0.25%) ISO 9001
9 7 (0.19%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.11%) SEPA
11 3 (0.082%) IFRS
11 3 (0.082%) IFRS 9
12 2 (0.055%) Basel II
12 2 (0.055%) CRD IV
12 2 (0.055%) EMIR
12 2 (0.055%) MiFID
12 2 (0.055%) PMBOK
12 2 (0.055%) PSD2
13 1 (0.027%) GPG13
13 1 (0.027%) ISO/IEC 15288
System Software
1 249 (6.83%) Docker
2 175 (4.80%) Active Directory
3 40 (1.10%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (0.58%) Firmware
5 12 (0.33%) NFS
6 11 (0.30%) Hyper-V
7 10 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
8 9 (0.25%) Virtual Servers
9 6 (0.16%) Xen
10 4 (0.11%) HDFS
10 4 (0.11%) KVM
10 4 (0.11%) vSphere
11 3 (0.082%) Oracle RAC
12 2 (0.055%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 1 (0.027%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 1 (0.027%) BIND 9
13 1 (0.027%) Samba
13 1 (0.027%) VMware ESXi
13 1 (0.027%) VMware Workstation
13 1 (0.027%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 134 (3.67%) Kubernetes
2 77 (2.11%) Terraform
3 73 (2.00%) Ansible
4 58 (1.59%) Puppet
5 38 (1.04%) Opscode Chef
6 32 (0.88%) SCCM
7 25 (0.69%) SQL Sentry
8 17 (0.47%) QRadar
9 14 (0.38%) Microsoft Intune
10 9 (0.25%) Docker Swarm
10 9 (0.25%) Istio
10 9 (0.25%) WSUS
11 7 (0.19%) Grafana
11 7 (0.19%) HP Quality Center
11 7 (0.19%) Salt
12 5 (0.14%) SCOM
13 4 (0.11%) EnCase
13 4 (0.11%) FTK
13 4 (0.11%) Oozie
13 4 (0.11%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 506 (13.87%) Microsoft
2 128 (3.51%) Oracle
3 127 (3.48%) Google
4 69 (1.89%) VMware
5 68 (1.86%) Adobe
6 67 (1.84%) SAP
7 44 (1.21%) Cisco
8 36 (0.99%) Salesforce.com
9 27 (0.74%) Tableau
10 21 (0.58%) Xamarin
11 19 (0.52%) Apple
11 19 (0.52%) Red Hat
12 18 (0.49%) Sage
13 17 (0.47%) LogRhythm
13 17 (0.47%) Splunk
14 14 (0.38%) Citrix
15 11 (0.30%) HP
15 11 (0.30%) Veeam
16 10 (0.27%) Atlassian
16 10 (0.27%) JD Edwards