Period
to 26 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Pair Programming skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Pair Programming over the 6 months to 26 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pair Programming
UK
6 months to
26 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 311 254 264
Rank change year-on-year -57 +10 -12
Contract jobs citing Pair Programming 805 1,059 888
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.85% 1.05% 0.97%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.98% 1.21% 1.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 565 905 717
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -4.76%
10th Percentile £425 £406 £363
90th Percentile £638 £638 £615
UK excluding London median daily rate £508 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +12.78% +5.88% -5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 2 15
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £70.00 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -50.00% +89.19% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £70.00 £37.00
% change year-on-year - +89.19% -

Pair Programming is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 81,913 87,186 77,630
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.91% 86.30% 85.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 54,053 57,535 51,114
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £435
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +3.45% +2.35%
10th Percentile £300 £295 £270
90th Percentile £650 £638 £620
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +4.17% +5.00% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,119 2,242 2,116
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £22.42 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.51% -10.32% -
10th Percentile £11.80 £11.18 £11.47
90th Percentile £51.44 £50.25 £51.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.50 £21.21 £25.00
% change year-on-year +10.82% -15.18% -1.96%

Pair Programming
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Pair Programming as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Pair Programming.

Contractor daily rate trend for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Pair Programming over the 6 months to 26 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pair Programming.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pair Programming within the UK over the 6 months to 26 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -45 801 £550 +4.76% 58
London -26 582 £550 +4.76% 42
UK excluding London -33 221 £508 +12.78% 18
North of England +13 102 £500 +11.11% 10
Yorkshire +35 67 £500 +5.26% 4
South East -17 58 £525 +12.90% 2
North West -2 29 £575 +37.31% 6
South West -15 28 £500 +36.05% 3
East of England -10 19 £505 +4.94% 1
Midlands -1 13 £360 -23.81%
West Midlands -7 8 £560 +18.52%
North East +4 6 £475 +18.75%
East Midlands +19 5 £350 -15.15%
Wales -2 2 - -
Scotland -1 1 £650 +188.89% 2

For the 6 months to 26 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Pair Programming also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Pair Programming.

1 697 (86.58%) TDD
2 622 (77.27%) Agile Software Development
3 422 (52.42%) Java
4 370 (45.96%) BDD
5 344 (42.73%) JavaScript
6 325 (40.37%) Microservices
7 286 (35.53%) Scrum
8 280 (34.78%) Continuous Integration
9 263 (32.67%) Test Automation
10 253 (31.43%) Jenkins
11 243 (30.19%) Git (software)
12 232 (28.82%) Docker
13 217 (26.96%) Spring
14 209 (25.96%) Amazon AWS
14 209 (25.96%) REST
15 200 (24.84%) RESTful
16 198 (24.60%) Java 8
17 196 (24.35%) DevOps
18 184 (22.86%) AngularJS
19 178 (22.11%) Node.js
20 173 (21.49%) HTML
21 171 (21.24%) Linux
21 171 (21.24%) Kanban
22 163 (20.25%) Microsoft Azure
22 163 (20.25%) CSS
23 158 (19.63%) Software Engineering
24 154 (19.13%) React
25 144 (17.89%) Responsive Web Design
26 143 (17.76%) Kubernetes
27 140 (17.39%) Continuous Deployment

Pair Programming
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (11.68%) Confluence
2 48 (5.96%) Elasticsearch
3 29 (3.60%) Apache
4 21 (2.61%) Apache Spark
5 12 (1.49%) Cloud Foundry
6 9 (1.12%) Tomcat
7 8 (0.99%) nginx
8 7 (0.87%) CMS
9 6 (0.75%) Jetty
9 6 (0.75%) WebSphere
10 5 (0.62%) Apache Solr
11 4 (0.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 4 (0.50%) JBoss
11 4 (0.50%) WebLogic
12 3 (0.37%) Magnolia
12 3 (0.37%) WebSphere Application Server
13 2 (0.25%) MQSeries
13 2 (0.25%) Mule
13 2 (0.25%) SharePoint
14 1 (0.12%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 2 (0.25%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 2 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 209 (25.96%) Amazon AWS
2 163 (20.25%) Microsoft Azure
3 42 (5.22%) GitHub
4 41 (5.09%) Serverless
5 36 (4.47%) AWS Lambda
6 26 (3.23%) PaaS
7 25 (3.11%) AWS CloudFormation
8 19 (2.36%) Amazon Kinesis
9 17 (2.11%) Google Cloud Platform
10 16 (1.99%) npm
11 15 (1.86%) Amazon S3
12 14 (1.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 9 (1.12%) IaaS
14 8 (0.99%) Amazon EC2
15 7 (0.87%) Datadog
16 6 (0.75%) Amazon SQS
16 6 (0.75%) Azure Functions
16 6 (0.75%) SaaS
17 4 (0.50%) CloudFront
17 4 (0.50%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 79 (9.81%) HTTP
2 19 (2.36%) TCP/IP
3 12 (1.49%) Internet
4 4 (0.50%) DNS
4 4 (0.50%) Firewall
5 3 (0.37%) Skype
6 2 (0.25%) DHCP
6 2 (0.25%) DSL
6 2 (0.25%) FTP
6 2 (0.25%) IPsec
7 1 (0.12%) AMQP
7 1 (0.12%) RTMP
7 1 (0.12%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 108 (13.42%) MongoDB
2 102 (12.67%) NoSQL
3 60 (7.45%) Relational Database
4 58 (7.20%) Apache Cassandra
5 52 (6.46%) SQL Server
6 32 (3.98%) MySQL
7 30 (3.73%) PostgreSQL
8 27 (3.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 19 (2.36%) Redis
10 17 (2.11%) CouchDB
11 13 (1.61%) Big Data
12 12 (1.49%) Hadoop
13 11 (1.37%) Oracle Database
14 10 (1.24%) Neo4j
15 7 (0.87%) Amazon Redshift
15 7 (0.87%) GIS
15 7 (0.87%) Riak
16 6 (0.75%) Parquet
17 5 (0.62%) Blockchain
17 5 (0.62%) HBase
Development Applications
1 253 (31.43%) Jenkins
2 243 (30.19%) Git (software)
3 121 (15.03%) JUnit
4 106 (13.17%) JIRA
5 82 (10.19%) Mockito
6 66 (8.20%) Subversion
7 60 (7.45%) Maven
8 56 (6.96%) Gradle
9 50 (6.21%) Cucumber
10 48 (5.96%) Hudson
10 48 (5.96%) TeamCity
11 36 (4.47%) Mercurial
12 31 (3.85%) Mocha
12 31 (3.85%) webpack
13 27 (3.35%) CruiseControl
14 26 (3.23%) Selenium
15 24 (2.98%) Jasmine
15 24 (2.98%) Spock
16 22 (2.73%) Bitbucket
16 22 (2.73%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 104 (12.92%) Finance
2 43 (5.34%) Retail
3 34 (4.22%) Banking
4 12 (1.49%) Games
5 10 (1.24%) Investment Banking
6 8 (0.99%) Front Office
7 6 (0.75%) Pharmaceutical
7 6 (0.75%) Publishing
8 5 (0.62%) Automotive
8 5 (0.62%) Marketing
9 2 (0.25%) German Language
9 2 (0.25%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.12%) Digital Economy
10 1 (0.12%) Electronics
10 1 (0.12%) Legal
10 1 (0.12%) Online Betting
10 1 (0.12%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.12%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 688 (85.47%) Developer
2 263 (32.67%) Java Developer
3 128 (15.90%) Senior Developer
4 86 (10.68%) Scala Developer
5 85 (10.56%) JavaScript Developer
6 72 (8.94%) Full Stack Developer
7 71 (8.82%) React Developer
8 69 (8.57%) Agile Developer
9 60 (7.45%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 60 (7.45%) Senior Java Developer
10 49 (6.09%) C# Developer
11 45 (5.59%) Angular Developer
12 44 (5.47%) .NET Developer
13 35 (4.35%) Software Engineer
14 32 (3.98%) Node.js Developer
15 29 (3.60%) Automation Tester
15 29 (3.60%) Tester
16 28 (3.48%) Agile Java Developer
16 28 (3.48%) AWS Developer
17 23 (2.86%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 217 (26.96%) Spring
2 209 (25.96%) REST
3 200 (24.84%) RESTful
4 184 (22.86%) AngularJS
5 178 (22.11%) Node.js
6 173 (21.49%) HTML
7 163 (20.25%) CSS
8 154 (19.13%) React
9 119 (14.78%) Web Services
10 112 (13.91%) Spring Boot
11 104 (12.92%) .NET
12 89 (11.06%) JSON
13 88 (10.93%) HTML5
14 81 (10.06%) Redux
15 71 (8.82%) Spring MVC
16 63 (7.83%) JAX-RS
17 62 (7.70%) Play Framework
18 54 (6.71%) CSS3
18 54 (6.71%) Guice
19 49 (6.09%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 58 (7.20%) User Experience
2 39 (4.84%) Greenfield Project
3 27 (3.35%) Cloud Native
4 23 (2.86%) Data Structures
5 17 (2.11%) Enterprise Software
6 14 (1.74%) Algorithms
6 14 (1.74%) Mainframe
6 14 (1.74%) Virtual Team
7 10 (1.24%) Client/Server
7 10 (1.24%) Fintech
7 10 (1.24%) NHS
8 8 (0.99%) Analytical Skills
8 8 (0.99%) Mobile App
9 7 (0.87%) Video\Live Streaming
10 6 (0.75%) Animation
10 6 (0.75%) Hybrid Cloud
10 6 (0.75%) Video on Demand
11 5 (0.62%) Digital Media
11 5 (0.62%) Management Information System
11 5 (0.62%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 171 (21.24%) Linux
2 114 (14.16%) Unix
3 59 (7.33%) Mac OS X
4 23 (2.86%) Android
5 11 (1.37%) Apple iOS
5 11 (1.37%) Windows
6 9 (1.12%) CentOS
7 5 (0.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.37%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.25%) Solaris
10 1 (0.12%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 697 (86.58%) TDD
2 622 (77.27%) Agile Software Development
3 370 (45.96%) BDD
4 325 (40.37%) Microservices
5 286 (35.53%) Scrum
6 280 (34.78%) Continuous Integration
7 263 (32.67%) Test Automation
8 196 (24.35%) DevOps
9 171 (21.24%) Kanban
10 158 (19.63%) Software Engineering
11 144 (17.89%) Responsive Web Design
12 140 (17.39%) Continuous Deployment
12 140 (17.39%) Open Source
13 125 (15.53%) MVC
13 125 (15.53%) Unit Testing
14 106 (13.17%) Problem-Solving
15 96 (11.93%) Web Design
16 94 (11.68%) Web Development
17 78 (9.69%) Front End Development
18 71 (8.82%) Functional Programming
Programming Languages
1 422 (52.42%) Java
2 344 (42.73%) JavaScript
3 198 (24.60%) Java 8
4 131 (16.27%) Scala
5 105 (13.04%) C#
6 99 (12.30%) Python
7 88 (10.93%) ES6
8 79 (9.81%) SQL
9 66 (8.20%) Ruby
10 41 (5.09%) Shell Script
11 40 (4.97%) Bash Shell
12 38 (4.72%) TypeScript
13 25 (3.11%) Kotlin
14 16 (1.99%) Groovy
15 15 (1.86%) C++
16 12 (1.49%) Go
16 12 (1.49%) PowerShell
17 10 (1.24%) Haskell
18 8 (0.99%) Perl
19 7 (0.87%) ES7
Qualifications
1 70 (8.70%) BPSS Clearance
2 50 (6.21%) Security Cleared
3 45 (5.59%) Degree
4 31 (3.85%) SC Cleared
5 8 (0.99%) DBS Check
6 6 (0.75%) Sun Certification
7 3 (0.37%) BC Cleared
7 3 (0.37%) Computer Science Degree
7 3 (0.37%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.25%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.12%) CFA
9 1 (0.12%) ISEB
9 1 (0.12%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.12%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.12%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 60 (7.45%) QA
2 13 (1.61%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.12%) GDPR
3 1 (0.12%) WCAG
System Software
1 232 (28.82%) Docker
2 3 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (0.25%) Microsoft App-V
4 1 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 143 (17.76%) Kubernetes
2 44 (5.47%) Ansible
3 34 (4.22%) Terraform
4 20 (2.48%) Kibana
5 17 (2.11%) Opscode Chef
6 15 (1.86%) Grafana
7 14 (1.74%) Puppet
8 13 (1.61%) logstash
9 8 (0.99%) Rancher
10 7 (0.87%) Single Sign-On
11 6 (0.75%) Prometheus
12 5 (0.62%) Mesos
13 3 (0.37%) Graphite
14 2 (0.25%) Salt
Vendors
1 65 (8.07%) Google
2 40 (4.97%) Microsoft
3 25 (3.11%) Oracle
4 15 (1.86%) Splunk
5 11 (1.37%) AppDynamics
5 11 (1.37%) Salesforce.com
6 7 (0.87%) Pega
7 6 (0.75%) Red Hat
8 5 (0.62%) CA Agile Central
8 5 (0.62%) New Relic
9 4 (0.50%) Adobe
9 4 (0.50%) EnterpriseDB
9 4 (0.50%) ServiceNow
9 4 (0.50%) VMware
10 3 (0.37%) BEA
10 3 (0.37%) IBM
10 3 (0.37%) Informatica
10 3 (0.37%) webMethods
10 3 (0.37%) Xamarin
11 2 (0.25%) Facebook