Period
to 5 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Pair Programming skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Pair Programming over the 6 months to 5 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pair Programming
UK
6 months to
5 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 285 296 261
Rank change year-on-year +11 -35 -31
Contract jobs citing Pair Programming 324 688 1,070
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.86% 0.84% 1.02%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.00% 0.98% 1.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 256 517 815
Median daily rate £525 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% +0.48%
10th Percentile £400 £425 £410
90th Percentile £669 £653 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £495 £500 £475
% change year-on-year -1.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 7 2
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £34.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +2.94% -45.60%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £22.50 £33.00
% change year-on-year +55.56% -31.82% -47.20%

Pair Programming is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 32,468 70,451 91,293
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.91% 86.03% 87.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,259 46,030 60,471
Median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £294 £288 £300
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £433 £425
% change year-on-year -0.58% +1.76% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,269 2,292 2,380
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.75 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +47.37% +7.95% -4.35%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.00 £11.18
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.28 £50.25
Median hourly rate £29.00 £22.50 £21.00
% change year-on-year +28.89% +7.14% -9.25%

Pair Programming
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Pair Programming as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Pair Programming.

Daily rate trend for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Pair Programming over the 6 months to 5 December 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Pair Programming.

Hourly rate trend for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pair Programming within the UK over the 6 months to 5 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +25 293 £525 -4.55% 133
London -7 179 £550 - 83
UK excluding London +130 117 £495 -1.00% 54
North of England +80 78 £450 -10.00% 37
Yorkshire +57 71 £475 -13.64% 6
Work from Home -112 57 £498 -17.08% 33
Scotland +38 14 £475 +5.56% 4
East of England +83 11 £475 +6.15% 3
West Midlands +65 7 £495 +1.54% 1
Midlands +62 7 £495 +1.54% 4
South East +119 6 £495 +10.00% 4
North West +49 6 £419 -5.63% 27
South West +102 1 £550 +7.32% 2
North East - 1 £438 - 4

For the 6 months to 5 December 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Pair Programming also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Pair Programming.

1 292 (90.12%) Agile Software Development
2 221 (68.21%) TDD
3 193 (59.57%) Java
4 135 (41.67%) AWS
5 129 (39.81%) Scrum
6 115 (35.49%) DevOps
7 112 (34.57%) BDD
8 111 (34.26%) Microservices
9 106 (32.72%) Test Automation
10 104 (32.10%) REST
11 98 (30.25%) Java 8
12 96 (29.63%) Spring
13 87 (26.85%) JIRA
14 85 (26.23%) Confluence
15 84 (25.93%) Git (software)
15 84 (25.93%) Jenkins
16 83 (25.62%) Mockito
16 83 (25.62%) GitHub
16 83 (25.62%) React
16 83 (25.62%) Spring Boot
16 83 (25.62%) Kanban
17 80 (24.69%) JUnit
17 80 (24.69%) Docker
18 79 (24.38%) Kotlin
19 76 (23.46%) Python
20 74 (22.84%) Continuous Integration
20 74 (22.84%) Node.js
21 69 (21.30%) Maven
21 69 (21.30%) JavaScript
22 65 (20.06%) Android

Pair Programming
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 85 (26.23%) Confluence
2 42 (12.96%) Cloud Foundry
3 40 (12.35%) Mule
4 4 (1.23%) Apache
4 4 (1.23%) DNN
5 3 (0.93%) CMS
6 2 (0.62%) Apache Spark
6 2 (0.62%) Elasticsearch
6 2 (0.62%) Tomcat
6 2 (0.62%) WebLogic
6 2 (0.62%) WebSphere
7 1 (0.31%) Apache Airflow
7 1 (0.31%) Commerce Server
7 1 (0.31%) Jetty
7 1 (0.31%) NServiceBus
7 1 (0.31%) SharePoint
7 1 (0.31%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 7 (2.16%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 3 (0.93%) Magento
1 3 (0.93%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 135 (41.67%) AWS
2 83 (25.62%) GitHub
3 48 (14.81%) Azure
4 47 (14.51%) Slack
5 32 (9.88%) PaaS
6 25 (7.72%) IaaS
7 20 (6.17%) GCP
8 15 (4.63%) npm
9 12 (3.70%) Amazon ECS
10 10 (3.09%) Serverless
11 8 (2.47%) AWS Lambda
12 7 (2.16%) AWS CloudFormation
12 7 (2.16%) AWS Fargate
13 5 (1.54%) Amazon S3
13 5 (1.54%) SaaS
14 4 (1.23%) Firebase
15 3 (0.93%) OpenShift
15 3 (0.93%) Yammer
16 2 (0.62%) Amazon EC2
16 2 (0.62%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 19 (5.86%) HTTPS
2 17 (5.25%) SSL
3 15 (4.63%) TCP/IP
4 14 (4.32%) DNS
5 12 (3.70%) Firewall
5 12 (3.70%) Reverse Proxy
6 7 (2.16%) HTTP
7 2 (0.62%) Internet
8 1 (0.31%) Broadband
8 1 (0.31%) DHCP
8 1 (0.31%) FTP
8 1 (0.31%) IPsec
8 1 (0.31%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (16.67%) MongoDB
2 36 (11.11%) NoSQL
3 29 (8.95%) SQL Server
4 27 (8.33%) MySQL
5 12 (3.70%) Redis
6 10 (3.09%) Oracle Database
6 10 (3.09%) PostgreSQL
7 8 (2.47%) Hadoop
8 7 (2.16%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 7 (2.16%) Data Warehouse
9 6 (1.85%) Big Data
10 5 (1.54%) Amazon Aurora
10 5 (1.54%) Apache Cassandra
10 5 (1.54%) Cosmos DB
10 5 (1.54%) Relational Database
11 3 (0.93%) BigQuery
12 2 (0.62%) Amazon RDS
12 2 (0.62%) Azure SQL Database
13 1 (0.31%) Neo4j
13 1 (0.31%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 87 (26.85%) JIRA
2 84 (25.93%) Git (software)
2 84 (25.93%) Jenkins
3 83 (25.62%) Mockito
4 80 (24.69%) JUnit
5 69 (21.30%) Maven
6 46 (14.20%) Sonatype Nexus
7 34 (10.49%) Xcode
8 31 (9.57%) Android Studio
9 30 (9.26%) Gradle
10 28 (8.64%) CocoaPods
11 27 (8.33%) IntelliJ
12 20 (6.17%) Selenium
13 9 (2.78%) Cypress.io
14 8 (2.47%) Cucumber
14 8 (2.47%) TeamCity
15 7 (2.16%) Jasmine
16 6 (1.85%) GitLab
17 5 (1.54%) fastlane
18 4 (1.23%) CircleCI
General
1 63 (19.44%) Finance
2 50 (15.43%) Banking
3 40 (12.35%) Public Sector
4 19 (5.86%) Front Office
5 12 (3.70%) Investment Banking
6 5 (1.54%) Manufacturing
6 5 (1.54%) Telecoms
7 4 (1.23%) Electronics
7 4 (1.23%) Marketing
7 4 (1.23%) Retail Banking
8 3 (0.93%) Games
9 2 (0.62%) Retail
Job Titles
1 228 (70.37%) Developer
2 75 (23.15%) Java Developer
3 37 (11.42%) C# Developer
4 29 (8.95%) Full Stack Developer
5 28 (8.64%) Senior Developer
6 27 (8.33%) React Developer
7 19 (5.86%) .NET Developer
8 15 (4.63%) Android Developer
8 15 (4.63%) Scala Developer
9 14 (4.32%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 13 (4.01%) C# .NET Developer
11 12 (3.70%) C# Developer - E-Commerce
11 12 (3.70%) E-Commerce Developer
12 11 (3.40%) Angular Developer
12 11 (3.40%) AWS Developer
13 10 (3.09%) iOS Developer
13 10 (3.09%) Python Developer
14 9 (2.78%) C# Developer - Investment Banking
14 9 (2.78%) Senior Java Developer
14 9 (2.78%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 104 (32.10%) REST
2 96 (29.63%) Spring
3 83 (25.62%) React
3 83 (25.62%) Spring Boot
4 74 (22.84%) Node.js
5 56 (17.28%) .NET
6 54 (16.67%) JSON
7 42 (12.96%) WireMock
8 39 (12.04%) RESTful
9 38 (11.73%) AngularJS
10 31 (9.57%) Web Services
11 28 (8.64%) HTML
12 24 (7.41%) CSS
12 24 (7.41%) Redux
13 22 (6.79%) RxJava
14 17 (5.25%) Vue.js
15 16 (4.94%) GraphQL
16 15 (4.63%) Dagger
16 15 (4.63%) Material Design
16 15 (4.63%) Retrofit
Miscellaneous
1 53 (16.36%) Mobile App
2 18 (5.56%) User Experience
3 11 (3.40%) Greenfield Project
4 10 (3.09%) Hybrid Cloud
5 9 (2.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 8 (2.47%) Derivative
6 8 (2.47%) Fixed Income
7 7 (2.16%) Equities
8 6 (1.85%) Animation
8 6 (1.85%) Enterprise Cloud
8 6 (1.85%) Robotics
9 5 (1.54%) Cloud Native
10 4 (1.23%) iPad
10 4 (1.23%) iPhone
10 4 (1.23%) Management Information System
10 4 (1.23%) Mobile Banking
11 3 (0.93%) Enterprise Software
11 3 (0.93%) Public Cloud
11 3 (0.93%) Video on Demand
12 2 (0.62%) Analytical Skills
Operating Systems
1 65 (20.06%) Android
2 41 (12.65%) Apple iOS
3 38 (11.73%) Linux
4 22 (6.79%) Unix
5 20 (6.17%) Mac OS X
6 2 (0.62%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.31%) Tizen
7 1 (0.31%) webOS
7 1 (0.31%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 292 (90.12%) Agile Software Development
2 221 (68.21%) TDD
3 129 (39.81%) Scrum
4 115 (35.49%) DevOps
5 112 (34.57%) BDD
6 111 (34.26%) Microservices
7 106 (32.72%) Test Automation
8 83 (25.62%) Kanban
9 74 (22.84%) Continuous Integration
10 58 (17.90%) Android Development
10 58 (17.90%) Continuous Delivery
11 55 (16.98%) Software Engineering
12 49 (15.12%) Scaled Agile Framework
13 44 (13.58%) Open Source
14 43 (13.27%) Problem-Solving
15 38 (11.73%) Continuous Improvement
15 38 (11.73%) iOS Development
16 32 (9.88%) Continuous Deployment
17 31 (9.57%) Data Engineering
17 31 (9.57%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 193 (59.57%) Java
2 98 (30.25%) Java 8
3 79 (24.38%) Kotlin
4 76 (23.46%) Python
5 69 (21.30%) JavaScript
6 57 (17.59%) C#
7 49 (15.12%) SQL
8 36 (11.11%) TypeScript
9 34 (10.49%) Apple Swift
10 25 (7.72%) ES6
10 25 (7.72%) Scala
11 8 (2.47%) Go
11 8 (2.47%) Shell Script
12 6 (1.85%) C++
13 5 (1.54%) C
14 4 (1.23%) PHP
15 3 (0.93%) Clojure
15 3 (0.93%) Ruby
16 2 (0.62%) Bash Shell
16 2 (0.62%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 13 (4.01%) Security Cleared
2 9 (2.78%) OCPJP
2 9 (2.78%) Sun Certification
3 8 (2.47%) SC Cleared
4 7 (2.16%) BPSS Clearance
5 6 (1.85%) Degree
6 5 (1.54%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.62%) BC Cleared
8 1 (0.31%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (8.33%) QA
2 1 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 80 (24.69%) Docker
2 1 (0.31%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 39 (12.04%) Kubernetes
2 19 (5.86%) Terraform
3 10 (3.09%) Grafana
4 7 (2.16%) Ansible
5 6 (1.85%) Prometheus
6 3 (0.93%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (0.93%) Puppet
7 2 (0.62%) Kibana
Vendors
1 43 (13.27%) AppDynamics
1 43 (13.27%) Splunk
2 20 (6.17%) Oracle
3 17 (5.25%) F5
4 14 (4.32%) Blue Coat
5 10 (3.09%) Google
6 9 (2.78%) Microsoft
6 9 (2.78%) Sun
7 4 (1.23%) Apple
7 4 (1.23%) Pega
7 4 (1.23%) SAP
8 3 (0.93%) hybris
9 2 (0.62%) BEA
9 2 (0.62%) Dynatrace
10 1 (0.31%) CA
10 1 (0.31%) CA Agile Central
10 1 (0.31%) Databricks
10 1 (0.31%) ServiceNow
10 1 (0.31%) Sony