Period
to 22 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Pair Programming skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Pair Programming over the 6 months to 22 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pair Programming
UK
6 months to
22 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 258 268 257
Rank change year-on-year +10 -11 +168
Contract jobs citing Pair Programming 1,050 865 1,055
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.04% 0.94% 0.99%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.21% 1.11% 1.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 899 701 938
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% +10.53%
10th Percentile £406 £363 £400
90th Percentile £631 £625 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £428 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% -5.00% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 13 0
UK median hourly rate £70.00 £36.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +94.44% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £70.00 £36.00 -
% change year-on-year +94.44% - -

Pair Programming is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,614 77,646 89,328
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.63% 84.39% 83.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,208 51,083 58,365
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £298 £270 £263
90th Percentile £638 £620 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £400 £393
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.91% +4.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,226 2,117 2,447
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £25.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.00% - +19.22%
10th Percentile £11.22 £11.35 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.25 £51.25 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.24 £25.00 £25.50
% change year-on-year -15.04% -1.96% +15.91%

Pair Programming
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Pair Programming as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Pair Programming.

Contractor daily rate trend for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Pair Programming over the 6 months to 22 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pair Programming.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pair Programming within the UK over the 6 months to 22 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +25 1,039 £525 +5.00% 225
London +25 771 £525 +2.44% 132
UK excluding London -43 276 £450 +5.26% 98
North of England +27 98 £450 +7.14% 36
South East -39 96 £488 -2.50% 25
Yorkshire +23 50 £475 +13.10% 22
North West -4 46 £425 -1.16% 13
East of England -36 43 £481 +37.50% 8
Midlands -5 14 £473 -5.50% 13
South West -7 14 £375 -6.25% 11
West Midlands -2 12 £473 -5.50% 8
Scotland -42 7 £225 -41.94% 2
North East +33 2 £400 +14.29% 1
East Midlands - 2 £413 - 5
Wales - 2 £488 - 2

For the 6 months to 22 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Pair Programming also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Pair Programming.

1 944 (89.90%) Agile Software Development
2 898 (85.52%) TDD
3 554 (52.76%) Java
4 518 (49.33%) BDD
5 458 (43.62%) Continuous Integration
6 405 (38.57%) Scrum
7 394 (37.52%) JavaScript
8 313 (29.81%) Git (software)
9 297 (28.29%) Kanban
10 289 (27.52%) MVC
11 267 (25.43%) Microservices
12 261 (24.86%) RESTful
13 258 (24.57%) DevOps
14 253 (24.10%) Jenkins
15 249 (23.71%) REST
16 246 (23.43%) Test Automation
17 226 (21.52%) Web Services
18 224 (21.33%) CSS
19 221 (21.05%) Spring
20 220 (20.95%) Scala
21 219 (20.86%) Amazon AWS
22 217 (20.67%) AngularJS
23 214 (20.38%) SQL
24 213 (20.29%) .NET
25 207 (19.71%) HTML
26 205 (19.52%) Software Engineering
27 202 (19.24%) Java 8
28 197 (18.76%) Docker
28 197 (18.76%) C#
29 190 (18.10%) React

Pair Programming
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 130 (12.38%) Elasticsearch
2 93 (8.86%) Confluence
3 51 (4.86%) Apache
4 37 (3.52%) Apache Spark
5 18 (1.71%) Cloud Foundry
6 17 (1.62%) JBoss
7 16 (1.52%) CMS
7 16 (1.52%) NServiceBus
8 12 (1.14%) Tomcat
8 12 (1.14%) WebSphere
9 11 (1.05%) Apache Solr
10 9 (0.86%) EPiServer
11 8 (0.76%) Jetty
12 7 (0.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 4 (0.38%) IIS
14 3 (0.29%) Sitecore CMS
14 3 (0.29%) WebLogic
15 2 (0.19%) Drupal
15 2 (0.19%) OpenCms
15 2 (0.19%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 3 (0.29%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (0.29%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 7 (0.67%) Magento
2 2 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.095%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.095%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
Cloud Services
1 219 (20.86%) Amazon AWS
2 88 (8.38%) Microsoft Azure
3 40 (3.81%) GitHub
4 37 (3.52%) Amazon EC2
5 32 (3.05%) Amazon S3
6 31 (2.95%) Google Cloud Platform
6 31 (2.95%) PaaS
7 28 (2.67%) Serverless
8 23 (2.19%) npm
8 23 (2.19%) SaaS
9 21 (2.00%) AWS Lambda
9 21 (2.00%) IaaS
10 16 (1.52%) Amazon SQS
10 16 (1.52%) AWS CloudFormation
11 14 (1.33%) Algolia
11 14 (1.33%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 13 (1.24%) Cloud Computing
13 8 (0.76%) CloudFront
14 7 (0.67%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 6 (0.57%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 72 (6.86%) HTTP
2 31 (2.95%) TCP/IP
3 13 (1.24%) Internet
4 9 (0.86%) SSL
5 7 (0.67%) SMS
6 5 (0.48%) DNS
7 2 (0.19%) Broadband
7 2 (0.19%) DSL
7 2 (0.19%) FTP
7 2 (0.19%) Skype
8 1 (0.095%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 188 (17.90%) NoSQL
2 89 (8.48%) SQL Server
3 88 (8.38%) MongoDB
4 83 (7.90%) Apache Cassandra
5 76 (7.24%) Big Data
6 67 (6.38%) PostgreSQL
7 60 (5.71%) Hadoop
8 56 (5.33%) MySQL
9 52 (4.95%) Relational Database
10 43 (4.10%) HBase
11 38 (3.62%) Neo4j
12 19 (1.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 17 (1.62%) Redis
14 16 (1.52%) RavenDB
15 13 (1.24%) Data Warehouse
16 12 (1.14%) SQL Server 2014
16 12 (1.14%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 11 (1.05%) Cosmos DB
17 11 (1.05%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 10 (0.95%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 313 (29.81%) Git (software)
2 253 (24.10%) Jenkins
3 131 (12.48%) JIRA
4 105 (10.00%) JUnit
5 96 (9.14%) Cucumber
6 90 (8.57%) Selenium
7 78 (7.43%) Mockito
8 77 (7.33%) Gradle
9 72 (6.86%) Maven
10 65 (6.19%) TeamCity
11 49 (4.67%) webpack
12 48 (4.57%) Subversion
13 47 (4.48%) gulp
14 40 (3.81%) IntelliJ
15 38 (3.62%) Octopus Deploy
16 35 (3.33%) Jasmine
17 33 (3.14%) Grunt
18 32 (3.05%) Team Foundation Server
19 30 (2.86%) JMeter
20 29 (2.76%) Visual Studio
General
1 98 (9.33%) Finance
2 73 (6.95%) Banking
3 33 (3.14%) Games
3 33 (3.14%) Retail
4 27 (2.57%) Publishing
5 25 (2.38%) Telecoms
6 14 (1.33%) Investment Banking
7 13 (1.24%) Front Office
8 11 (1.05%) Manufacturing
9 8 (0.76%) Automotive
9 8 (0.76%) Retail Banking
10 7 (0.67%) Marketing
11 4 (0.38%) Back Office
12 3 (0.29%) Advertising
12 3 (0.29%) Financial Institution
12 3 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.19%) Electronics
14 1 (0.095%) Corporate Banking
14 1 (0.095%) Law
14 1 (0.095%) Legal
Job Titles
1 870 (82.86%) Developer
2 333 (31.71%) Java Developer
3 185 (17.62%) Senior Developer
4 141 (13.43%) Agile Developer
5 107 (10.19%) Scala Developer
6 101 (9.62%) JavaScript Developer
7 94 (8.95%) C# Developer
8 86 (8.19%) .NET Developer
8 86 (8.19%) Senior Java Developer
9 73 (6.95%) React Developer
10 65 (6.19%) Agile Java Developer
11 45 (4.29%) Senior Agile Developer
12 42 (4.00%) AWS Developer
13 41 (3.90%) Angular Developer
14 40 (3.81%) C# .NET Developer
15 34 (3.24%) Full Stack Developer
16 32 (3.05%) Software Engineer
17 31 (2.95%) Android Developer
17 31 (2.95%) Tester
18 30 (2.86%) Backend Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 261 (24.86%) RESTful
2 249 (23.71%) REST
3 226 (21.52%) Web Services
4 224 (21.33%) CSS
5 221 (21.05%) Spring
6 217 (20.67%) AngularJS
7 213 (20.29%) .NET
8 207 (19.71%) HTML
9 190 (18.10%) React
10 182 (17.33%) Node.js
11 121 (11.52%) JSON
12 116 (11.05%) Hibernate
13 115 (10.95%) HTML5
14 103 (9.81%) ASP.NET
15 99 (9.43%) Kafka
16 75 (7.14%) CSS3
16 75 (7.14%) Guice
17 74 (7.05%) ASP.NET Web API
18 71 (6.76%) ASP.NET MVC
19 70 (6.67%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 64 (6.10%) Greenfield Project
2 59 (5.62%) User Experience
3 45 (4.29%) Mobile App
4 41 (3.90%) Algorithms
5 33 (3.14%) Self-Motivation
6 26 (2.48%) Enterprise Software
7 21 (2.00%) Analytical Skills
7 21 (2.00%) Video on Demand
8 17 (1.62%) Wiki
9 15 (1.43%) Data Structures
10 14 (1.33%) Derivative
10 14 (1.33%) Equity Derivative
11 13 (1.24%) Fintech
11 13 (1.24%) Over-the-Top Content
12 12 (1.14%) Chromecast
13 11 (1.05%) Computer Science
13 11 (1.05%) IPTV
14 10 (0.95%) Online Games
15 9 (0.86%) iPad
15 9 (0.86%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 91 (8.67%) Linux
2 84 (8.00%) Unix
3 66 (6.29%) Android
4 45 (4.29%) Apple iOS
5 33 (3.14%) Windows
6 12 (1.14%) Mac OS X
7 11 (1.05%) Nucleus RTOS
8 8 (0.76%) Windows Phone
9 3 (0.29%) VMS
10 2 (0.19%) Windows 2000
10 2 (0.19%) Windows Vista
11 1 (0.095%) CoreOS
11 1 (0.095%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 944 (89.90%) Agile Software Development
2 898 (85.52%) TDD
3 518 (49.33%) BDD
4 458 (43.62%) Continuous Integration
5 405 (38.57%) Scrum
6 297 (28.29%) Kanban
7 289 (27.52%) MVC
8 267 (25.43%) Microservices
9 258 (24.57%) DevOps
10 246 (23.43%) Test Automation
11 205 (19.52%) Software Engineering
12 149 (14.19%) Continuous Delivery
13 132 (12.57%) E-Commerce
14 115 (10.95%) Open Source
15 109 (10.38%) Problem-Solving
16 108 (10.29%) Unit Testing
17 99 (9.43%) OO
18 97 (9.24%) Domain-Driven Design
19 95 (9.05%) High Availability
20 89 (8.48%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 554 (52.76%) Java
2 394 (37.52%) JavaScript
3 220 (20.95%) Scala
4 214 (20.38%) SQL
5 202 (19.24%) Java 8
6 197 (18.76%) C#
7 108 (10.29%) Groovy
8 96 (9.14%) Ruby
9 85 (8.10%) Python
10 64 (6.10%) ES6
11 46 (4.38%) TypeScript
12 33 (3.14%) Bash Shell
13 32 (3.05%) PHP
14 28 (2.67%) Kotlin
15 27 (2.57%) C++
15 27 (2.57%) Shell Script
16 25 (2.38%) Go
17 22 (2.10%) Apple Swift
18 19 (1.81%) Objective-C
19 18 (1.71%) C
Qualifications
1 36 (3.43%) Degree
2 35 (3.33%) Security Cleared
3 24 (2.29%) SC Cleared
4 22 (2.10%) BPSS Clearance
5 3 (0.29%) Master's Degree
6 2 (0.19%) Computer Science Degree
7 1 (0.095%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 83 (7.90%) QA
2 5 (0.48%) GDPR
3 4 (0.38%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.19%) GCP
5 1 (0.095%) MiFID
5 1 (0.095%) SLA
System Software
1 197 (18.76%) Docker
2 11 (1.05%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.095%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 73 (6.95%) Terraform
2 56 (5.33%) Ansible
3 52 (4.95%) Grafana
4 49 (4.67%) Kubernetes
5 48 (4.57%) Kibana
6 42 (4.00%) logstash
7 37 (3.52%) Opscode Chef
8 23 (2.19%) Puppet
9 17 (1.62%) Mesos
10 8 (0.76%) StatsD
11 7 (0.67%) Prometheus
12 4 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
13 2 (0.19%) Business Desktop Deployment
13 2 (0.19%) Hadoop YARN
14 1 (0.095%) Control-M
14 1 (0.095%) Docker Swarm
14 1 (0.095%) HAProxy
14 1 (0.095%) HP Quality Center
14 1 (0.095%) Packer
Vendors
1 70 (6.67%) Google
2 60 (5.71%) Splunk
3 52 (4.95%) Microsoft
4 42 (4.00%) AppDynamics
5 32 (3.05%) Oracle
6 16 (1.52%) Salesforce.com
7 14 (1.33%) Sitecore
8 11 (1.05%) Atlassian
8 11 (1.05%) RedGate
9 10 (0.95%) IBM
10 9 (0.86%) New Relic
11 7 (0.67%) Adobe
11 7 (0.67%) LogRhythm
11 7 (0.67%) Xamarin
12 4 (0.38%) CA Agile Central
13 3 (0.29%) ATG
13 3 (0.29%) MuleSoft
14 2 (0.19%) Pega
14 2 (0.19%) Progress
14 2 (0.19%) Zend