Period
to 19 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Pair Programming skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Pair Programming over the 6 months to 19 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pair Programming
UK
6 months to
19 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 258 250 258
Rank change year-on-year -8 +8 +129
Contract jobs citing Pair Programming 1,083 1,015 1,082
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.06% 1.05% 1.00%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.23% 1.23% 1.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 887 821 957
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £400 £406 £363
90th Percentile £650 £613 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £465
% change year-on-year - -3.23% +16.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 17 0
UK median hourly rate £70.00 £62.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.00% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £70.00 £62.50 -
% change year-on-year +12.00% - -

Pair Programming is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,125 82,523 92,097
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.21% 85.56% 84.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,129 54,070 60,770
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,375 2,085 2,305
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.00% +6.38% +9.05%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.42 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.25 £47.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £24.00
% change year-on-year -20.00% +4.17% +10.91%

Pair Programming
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Pair Programming as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Pair Programming.

Contractor daily rate trend for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Pair Programming over the 6 months to 19 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pair Programming.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Pair Programming over the 6 months to 19 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pair Programming within the UK over the 6 months to 19 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 1,061 £525 +3.96% 200
London -9 748 £550 +5.77% 121
UK excluding London -3 326 £450 - 87
North of England +50 129 £425 +1.19% 33
South East -23 95 £475 -9.52% 24
Yorkshire +22 67 £400 -4.76% 16
North West +33 57 £500 +25.00% 15
East of England -25 36 £500 +11.11% 10
Midlands -6 29 £425 -19.05% 9
South West -31 22 £425 +6.25% 3
West Midlands -16 15 £461 -7.29% 5
East Midlands -4 14 £360 -31.43% 4
Scotland -50 9 £413 -2.94% 4
North East - 5 £312 - 2
Wales - 4 £556 - 2

For the 6 months to 19 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Pair Programming also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Pair Programming.

1 929 (85.78%) Agile Software Development
2 890 (82.18%) TDD
3 606 (55.96%) Java
4 499 (46.08%) BDD
5 481 (44.41%) Continuous Integration
6 409 (37.77%) Scrum
7 396 (36.57%) JavaScript
8 323 (29.82%) Jenkins
9 316 (29.18%) Git (software)
10 296 (27.33%) Microservices
11 280 (25.85%) Amazon AWS
12 273 (25.21%) Spring
13 267 (24.65%) Docker
14 266 (24.56%) Kanban
15 256 (23.64%) Test Automation
16 250 (23.08%) REST
17 246 (22.71%) MVC
18 231 (21.33%) DevOps
19 228 (21.05%) Software Engineering
20 206 (19.02%) Node.js
20 206 (19.02%) RESTful
20 206 (19.02%) React
21 205 (18.93%) Java 8
22 194 (17.91%) Web Services
23 190 (17.54%) SQL
24 178 (16.44%) Scala
25 177 (16.34%) JIRA
25 177 (16.34%) CSS
26 174 (16.07%) HTML
27 167 (15.42%) .NET

Pair Programming
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 128 (11.82%) Confluence
2 79 (7.29%) Elasticsearch
3 49 (4.52%) Apache
4 37 (3.42%) Apache Spark
5 34 (3.14%) Cloud Foundry
6 20 (1.85%) NServiceBus
7 15 (1.39%) JBoss
8 13 (1.20%) Tomcat
9 11 (1.02%) Apache Airflow
10 9 (0.83%) WebLogic
10 9 (0.83%) WebSphere
11 8 (0.74%) Apache Solr
11 8 (0.74%) Jetty
12 7 (0.65%) CMS
13 5 (0.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 5 (0.46%) ArcGIS
13 5 (0.46%) SharePoint
13 5 (0.46%) SharePoint 2013
14 3 (0.28%) Sitefinity
14 3 (0.28%) WildFly
Applications
1 10 (0.92%) Fireworks
1 10 (0.92%) Photoshop
2 4 (0.37%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.18%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.092%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 3 (0.28%) LatentZero
1 3 (0.28%) thinkFolio
2 2 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
2 2 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.092%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 1 (0.092%) Magento
3 1 (0.092%) Minerva
3 1 (0.092%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 280 (25.85%) Amazon AWS
2 115 (10.62%) Microsoft Azure
3 61 (5.63%) Google Cloud Platform
4 43 (3.97%) GitHub
5 30 (2.77%) Amazon EC2
6 23 (2.12%) OpenShift
6 23 (2.12%) Serverless
7 22 (2.03%) PaaS
8 17 (1.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 16 (1.48%) Amazon S3
9 16 (1.48%) AWS Lambda
10 15 (1.39%) IaaS
11 14 (1.29%) Cloud Computing
12 12 (1.11%) Amazon Kinesis
12 12 (1.11%) AWS CloudFormation
12 12 (1.11%) Heroku
13 9 (0.83%) Tricentis Tosca
14 8 (0.74%) Amazon SQS
14 8 (0.74%) TestFlight
15 7 (0.65%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 87 (8.03%) HTTP
2 37 (3.42%) TCP/IP
3 14 (1.29%) Internet
4 13 (1.20%) DNS
5 10 (0.92%) FTP
5 10 (0.92%) RTMP
6 8 (0.74%) SMS
7 5 (0.46%) Firewall
7 5 (0.46%) Kerberos
8 4 (0.37%) FIX Connectivity
9 3 (0.28%) DSL
9 3 (0.28%) SSL
10 2 (0.18%) Broadband
10 2 (0.18%) DHCP
10 2 (0.18%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 160 (14.77%) NoSQL
2 92 (8.49%) PostgreSQL
3 86 (7.94%) Big Data
4 84 (7.76%) Apache Cassandra
5 77 (7.11%) SQL Server
6 63 (5.82%) MongoDB
7 60 (5.54%) Relational Database
8 55 (5.08%) Hadoop
9 51 (4.71%) HBase
10 46 (4.25%) MySQL
11 25 (2.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 21 (1.94%) Redis
13 16 (1.48%) Couchbase
13 16 (1.48%) Neo4j
14 13 (1.20%) RavenDB
15 12 (1.11%) Cosmos DB
16 11 (1.02%) Amazon RDS
16 11 (1.02%) Data Warehouse
17 10 (0.92%) Amazon Redshift
18 9 (0.83%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 323 (29.82%) Jenkins
2 316 (29.18%) Git (software)
3 177 (16.34%) JIRA
4 126 (11.63%) JUnit
5 108 (9.97%) Gradle
6 102 (9.42%) Selenium
7 97 (8.96%) Maven
8 86 (7.94%) Cucumber
9 67 (6.19%) Subversion
10 56 (5.17%) Hudson
11 52 (4.80%) Mockito
12 41 (3.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 36 (3.32%) TeamCity
14 34 (3.14%) Team Foundation Server
15 31 (2.86%) Jasmine
16 29 (2.68%) Octopus Deploy
16 29 (2.68%) WebDriver
16 29 (2.68%) webpack
17 28 (2.59%) SpecFlow
18 26 (2.40%) IntelliJ
General
1 112 (10.34%) Finance
2 92 (8.49%) Banking
3 43 (3.97%) Front Office
4 25 (2.31%) Retail
5 23 (2.12%) Investment Banking
6 20 (1.85%) Automotive
7 16 (1.48%) Telecoms
8 12 (1.11%) Retail Banking
9 11 (1.02%) Marketing
10 10 (0.92%) Games
11 8 (0.74%) Publishing
12 7 (0.65%) Back Office
13 5 (0.46%) Law
14 3 (0.28%) Advertising
14 3 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
15 2 (0.18%) Digital Economy
15 2 (0.18%) Legal
16 1 (0.092%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 879 (81.16%) Developer
2 356 (32.87%) Java Developer
3 190 (17.54%) Senior Developer
4 103 (9.51%) Senior Java Developer
5 100 (9.23%) Scala Developer
6 90 (8.31%) React Developer
7 79 (7.29%) Agile Developer
7 79 (7.29%) C# Developer
7 79 (7.29%) JavaScript Developer
8 67 (6.19%) .NET Developer
9 56 (5.17%) Software Engineer
10 52 (4.80%) AWS Developer
11 47 (4.34%) Python Developer
12 39 (3.60%) Full Stack Developer
13 32 (2.95%) Java Engineer
14 31 (2.86%) Backend Developer
15 30 (2.77%) Android Developer
16 29 (2.68%) Agile Java Developer
17 28 (2.59%) Web Developer
18 27 (2.49%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 273 (25.21%) Spring
2 250 (23.08%) REST
3 206 (19.02%) Node.js
3 206 (19.02%) React
3 206 (19.02%) RESTful
4 194 (17.91%) Web Services
5 177 (16.34%) CSS
6 174 (16.07%) HTML
7 167 (15.42%) .NET
8 166 (15.33%) AngularJS
9 120 (11.08%) JSON
10 117 (10.80%) Kafka
11 115 (10.62%) Hibernate
12 95 (8.77%) Guice
13 91 (8.40%) HTML5
13 91 (8.40%) Spring Boot
14 82 (7.57%) J2EE
15 76 (7.02%) ASP.NET
16 74 (6.83%) Spring MVC
17 72 (6.65%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 87 (8.03%) User Experience
2 58 (5.36%) Greenfield Project
3 49 (4.52%) Mobile App
4 32 (2.95%) Algorithms
5 28 (2.59%) Computer Science
5 28 (2.59%) Enterprise Software
6 21 (1.94%) Analytical Skills
7 19 (1.75%) Cloud Native
8 18 (1.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 18 (1.66%) Video on Demand
8 18 (1.66%) Wiki
9 17 (1.57%) Derivative
9 17 (1.57%) Equities
9 17 (1.57%) Fintech
9 17 (1.57%) Public Cloud
10 16 (1.48%) Hedge funds
11 14 (1.29%) Equity Derivative
11 14 (1.29%) Fixed Income
11 14 (1.29%) Over-the-Top Content
12 12 (1.11%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 118 (10.90%) Linux
2 69 (6.37%) Unix
3 49 (4.52%) Android
4 39 (3.60%) Apple iOS
5 33 (3.05%) Windows
6 9 (0.83%) VMS
7 4 (0.37%) Solaris
8 3 (0.28%) CoreOS
9 2 (0.18%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.18%) Nucleus RTOS
9 2 (0.18%) Windows 2000
9 2 (0.18%) Windows Phone
9 2 (0.18%) Windows Vista
10 1 (0.092%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.092%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.092%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 929 (85.78%) Agile Software Development
2 890 (82.18%) TDD
3 499 (46.08%) BDD
4 481 (44.41%) Continuous Integration
5 409 (37.77%) Scrum
6 296 (27.33%) Microservices
7 266 (24.56%) Kanban
8 256 (23.64%) Test Automation
9 246 (22.71%) MVC
10 231 (21.33%) DevOps
11 228 (21.05%) Software Engineering
12 160 (14.77%) Continuous Delivery
13 129 (11.91%) Unit Testing
14 118 (10.90%) Open Source
15 106 (9.79%) OO
16 96 (8.86%) Problem-Solving
17 95 (8.77%) E-Commerce
18 87 (8.03%) Mentoring
19 80 (7.39%) Digital Transformation Programme
20 78 (7.20%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 606 (55.96%) Java
2 396 (36.57%) JavaScript
3 205 (18.93%) Java 8
4 190 (17.54%) SQL
5 178 (16.44%) Scala
6 164 (15.14%) C#
7 120 (11.08%) Python
8 107 (9.88%) Groovy
9 100 (9.23%) Ruby
10 59 (5.45%) ES6
11 47 (4.34%) TypeScript
12 37 (3.42%) Go
13 33 (3.05%) Kotlin
14 32 (2.95%) Apple Swift
15 27 (2.49%) Bash Shell
15 27 (2.49%) PHP
16 25 (2.31%) Shell Script
17 24 (2.22%) Objective-C
17 24 (2.22%) PowerShell
18 14 (1.29%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 41 (3.79%) BPSS Clearance
2 35 (3.23%) Degree
3 31 (2.86%) Security Cleared
4 19 (1.75%) Master's Degree
5 18 (1.66%) SC Cleared
6 3 (0.28%) BC Cleared
7 2 (0.18%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.092%) Computer Science Degree
8 1 (0.092%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 70 (6.46%) QA
2 5 (0.46%) PCI DSS
3 3 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (0.28%) GCP
4 2 (0.18%) GDPR
4 2 (0.18%) WAI
System Software
1 267 (24.65%) Docker
2 14 (1.29%) HDFS
3 13 (1.20%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 109 (10.06%) Terraform
2 91 (8.40%) Kubernetes
3 71 (6.56%) Ansible
4 47 (4.34%) Puppet
5 39 (3.60%) Opscode Chef
6 16 (1.48%) Mesos
7 15 (1.39%) Prometheus
8 13 (1.20%) Kibana
8 13 (1.20%) logstash
9 11 (1.02%) Grafana
10 9 (0.83%) OpenView
10 9 (0.83%) SCOM
10 9 (0.83%) ZABBIX
11 4 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
12 3 (0.28%) Business Desktop Deployment
12 3 (0.28%) Docker Swarm
12 3 (0.28%) Rancher
13 2 (0.18%) Galera Cluster
13 2 (0.18%) Oozie
13 2 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 104 (9.60%) Google
2 62 (5.72%) Microsoft
3 34 (3.14%) Oracle
4 20 (1.85%) Splunk
5 15 (1.39%) Adobe
6 14 (1.29%) IBM
7 13 (1.20%) AppDynamics
7 13 (1.20%) Red Hat
8 12 (1.11%) Zend
9 11 (1.02%) TIBCO
10 10 (0.92%) HP
11 9 (0.83%) RedGate
12 7 (0.65%) Atlassian
12 7 (0.65%) MapR
12 7 (0.65%) Salesforce.com
13 6 (0.55%) New Relic
14 5 (0.46%) Cloudera
14 5 (0.46%) Pega
15 4 (0.37%) Apple
15 4 (0.37%) Sitecore