Period
to 16 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Pair Programming skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Pair Programming over the 6 months to 16 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pair Programming
UK
6 months to
16 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 261 228 253
Rank change year-on-year -33 +25 +48
Contract jobs citing Pair Programming 1,056 1,195 1,074
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.01% 1.16% 1.05%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.17% 1.36% 1.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 790 1,021 915
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £410 £410 £363
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £475 £438
% change year-on-year - +8.57% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 15 3
UK median hourly rate £34.00 £62.50 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -45.60% +73.61% -11.11%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.00 £62.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year -47.20% +73.61% -11.11%

Pair Programming is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 90,418 88,119 87,561
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.77% 85.88% 85.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 59,907 58,813 57,686
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £638 £601
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £401 £400
% change year-on-year +6.12% +0.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,315 2,058 2,464
UK median hourly rate £22.43 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.54% +6.67% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.19 £11.25 £11.06
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.58 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -16.00% +11.11% -

Pair Programming
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Pair Programming as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Pair Programming.

Contractor daily rate trend for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Pair Programming over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pair Programming.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Pair Programming in the UK

Pair Programming
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Pair Programming within the UK over the 6 months to 16 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -30 1,038 £525 - 216
London -36 713 £550 +4.76% 133
UK excluding London +3 331 £475 - 86
North of England +29 125 £475 +5.56% 43
South East +2 107 £500 - 17
North West +24 61 £500 +25.00% 25
Yorkshire +1 61 £425 -9.57% 15
Midlands -3 44 £470 - 12
West Midlands -1 32 £525 +11.70% 10
South West -24 29 £425 +28.79% 5
East of England -46 20 £490 +3.16% 6
East Midlands +7 12 £350 -15.15% 2
Scotland -27 4 £306 -25.98% 1
North East -8 3 £425 +6.25% 3
Wales -24 2 £425 -10.53% 2

For the 6 months to 16 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Pair Programming also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Pair Programming.

1 871 (82.48%) TDD
2 817 (77.37%) Agile Software Development
3 560 (53.03%) Java
4 482 (45.64%) BDD
5 470 (44.51%) JavaScript
6 427 (40.44%) Continuous Integration
7 365 (34.56%) Scrum
8 359 (34.00%) Jenkins
9 341 (32.29%) Microservices
10 305 (28.88%) Git (software)
11 304 (28.79%) Test Automation
12 299 (28.31%) Spring
13 291 (27.56%) REST
14 264 (25.00%) Docker
15 249 (23.58%) Kanban
16 247 (23.39%) DevOps
17 243 (23.01%) Amazon AWS
18 242 (22.92%) Software Engineering
19 241 (22.82%) Node.js
20 230 (21.78%) Java 8
21 210 (19.89%) React
22 205 (19.41%) JIRA
23 202 (19.13%) CSS
24 198 (18.75%) MVC
25 194 (18.37%) AngularJS
26 193 (18.28%) HTML
27 183 (17.33%) RESTful
28 179 (16.95%) Web Services
29 177 (16.76%) Scala
30 167 (15.81%) Confluence

Pair Programming
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 167 (15.81%) Confluence
2 66 (6.25%) Elasticsearch
3 31 (2.94%) Apache
4 23 (2.18%) Apache Spark
5 21 (1.99%) Cloud Foundry
6 12 (1.14%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 12 (1.14%) Apache Solr
7 9 (0.85%) Mule
8 8 (0.76%) SharePoint
8 8 (0.76%) WebLogic
9 7 (0.66%) nginx
10 6 (0.57%) JBoss
10 6 (0.57%) SharePoint 2013
11 5 (0.47%) NServiceBus
11 5 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 5 (0.47%) Tomcat
12 4 (0.38%) ArcGIS
13 3 (0.28%) Apache Qpid
13 3 (0.28%) CMS
13 3 (0.28%) WebSphere
Applications
1 10 (0.95%) Fireworks
1 10 (0.95%) Photoshop
2 4 (0.38%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.095%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.095%) LatentZero
2 1 (0.095%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.095%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 243 (23.01%) Amazon AWS
2 124 (11.74%) Microsoft Azure
3 62 (5.87%) Google Cloud Platform
4 46 (4.36%) GitHub
5 41 (3.88%) Serverless
6 37 (3.50%) AWS Lambda
7 35 (3.31%) Amazon EC2
8 27 (2.56%) AWS CloudFormation
9 24 (2.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 19 (1.80%) Amazon S3
11 18 (1.70%) Amazon Kinesis
11 18 (1.70%) PaaS
12 14 (1.33%) OpenShift
13 12 (1.14%) Amazon SQS
13 12 (1.14%) Cloud Computing
13 12 (1.14%) Google Analytics
13 12 (1.14%) Slack
14 11 (1.04%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 11 (1.04%) CloudFront
15 10 (0.95%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 84 (7.95%) HTTP
2 22 (2.08%) Internet
2 22 (2.08%) TCP/IP
3 11 (1.04%) Skype
4 10 (0.95%) DNS
5 7 (0.66%) Firewall
6 6 (0.57%) Kerberos
7 5 (0.47%) DHCP
7 5 (0.47%) FTP
7 5 (0.47%) IPsec
8 4 (0.38%) RTMP
9 3 (0.28%) SSL
10 1 (0.095%) AMQP
10 1 (0.095%) FIX Connectivity
10 1 (0.095%) LAN
10 1 (0.095%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 110 (10.42%) NoSQL
2 76 (7.20%) Apache Cassandra
3 74 (7.01%) PostgreSQL
4 70 (6.63%) Relational Database
5 66 (6.25%) MongoDB
6 61 (5.78%) SQL Server
7 60 (5.68%) Big Data
8 50 (4.73%) Hadoop
9 38 (3.60%) MySQL
10 31 (2.94%) HBase
11 29 (2.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 19 (1.80%) Redis
13 17 (1.61%) Amazon RDS
13 17 (1.61%) CouchDB
14 15 (1.42%) Apache Hive
15 13 (1.23%) Data Warehouse
16 11 (1.04%) Amazon Redshift
17 7 (0.66%) Azkaban
17 7 (0.66%) BusinessObjects
17 7 (0.66%) Riak
Development Applications
1 359 (34.00%) Jenkins
2 305 (28.88%) Git (software)
3 205 (19.41%) JIRA
4 116 (10.98%) JUnit
5 96 (9.09%) Maven
6 82 (7.77%) Hudson
7 80 (7.58%) Gradle
8 79 (7.48%) Subversion
9 75 (7.10%) Selenium
10 60 (5.68%) Cucumber
11 47 (4.45%) Mercurial
12 38 (3.60%) Mockito
13 36 (3.41%) IntelliJ
13 36 (3.41%) webpack
14 35 (3.31%) Mocha
15 33 (3.13%) WebDriver
16 32 (3.03%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 29 (2.75%) Eclipse
18 25 (2.37%) Babel
18 25 (2.37%) Vagrant
General
1 153 (14.49%) Finance
2 78 (7.39%) Banking
3 42 (3.98%) Retail
4 29 (2.75%) Front Office
5 21 (1.99%) Automotive
6 15 (1.42%) Games
6 15 (1.42%) Investment Banking
7 14 (1.33%) Publishing
8 8 (0.76%) Back Office
9 7 (0.66%) Law
9 7 (0.66%) Marketing
10 6 (0.57%) Telecoms
11 3 (0.28%) Digital Economy
11 3 (0.28%) Retail Banking
12 2 (0.19%) Manufacturing
13 1 (0.095%) Electronics
13 1 (0.095%) Legal
Job Titles
1 863 (81.72%) Developer
2 331 (31.34%) Java Developer
3 187 (17.71%) Senior Developer
4 119 (11.27%) JavaScript Developer
5 114 (10.80%) Scala Developer
6 110 (10.42%) React Developer
7 102 (9.66%) Senior Java Developer
8 98 (9.28%) Agile Developer
9 65 (6.16%) C# Developer
10 55 (5.21%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 54 (5.11%) Software Engineer
12 47 (4.45%) Full Stack Developer
13 46 (4.36%) .NET Developer
14 38 (3.60%) Node.js Developer
15 37 (3.50%) Angular Developer
16 35 (3.31%) Java Engineer
17 32 (3.03%) AWS Developer
18 31 (2.94%) Agile Java Developer
19 27 (2.56%) Backend Developer
20 26 (2.46%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 299 (28.31%) Spring
2 291 (27.56%) REST
3 241 (22.82%) Node.js
4 210 (19.89%) React
5 202 (19.13%) CSS
6 194 (18.37%) AngularJS
7 193 (18.28%) HTML
8 183 (17.33%) RESTful
9 179 (16.95%) Web Services
10 130 (12.31%) JSON
11 127 (12.03%) .NET
12 122 (11.55%) HTML5
13 118 (11.17%) Spring Boot
14 116 (10.98%) Spring MVC
15 97 (9.19%) Hibernate
16 94 (8.90%) Kafka
16 94 (8.90%) Play Framework
17 88 (8.33%) Guice
18 83 (7.86%) Sass
19 79 (7.48%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 92 (8.71%) User Experience
2 38 (3.60%) Greenfield Project
3 29 (2.75%) Analytical Skills
3 29 (2.75%) Cloud Native
3 29 (2.75%) Mobile App
4 25 (2.37%) Enterprise Software
5 19 (1.80%) Video on Demand
6 18 (1.70%) Fintech
6 18 (1.70%) Video\Live Streaming
7 17 (1.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 16 (1.52%) Algorithms
8 16 (1.52%) Equities
9 13 (1.23%) Fixed Income
10 12 (1.14%) Over-the-Top Content
10 12 (1.14%) Wiki
11 11 (1.04%) Linux Command Line
11 11 (1.04%) Management Information System
11 11 (1.04%) Reference Data
12 9 (0.85%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 9 (0.85%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 141 (13.35%) Linux
2 53 (5.02%) Unix
3 34 (3.22%) Windows
4 33 (3.13%) Apple iOS
5 24 (2.27%) Android
6 15 (1.42%) VMS
7 11 (1.04%) Mac OS
8 5 (0.47%) CentOS
8 5 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 4 (0.38%) Mac OS X
9 4 (0.38%) Solaris
10 3 (0.28%) tvOS
11 2 (0.19%) Android TV
Processes & Methodologies
1 871 (82.48%) TDD
2 817 (77.37%) Agile Software Development
3 482 (45.64%) BDD
4 427 (40.44%) Continuous Integration
5 365 (34.56%) Scrum
6 341 (32.29%) Microservices
7 304 (28.79%) Test Automation
8 249 (23.58%) Kanban
9 247 (23.39%) DevOps
10 242 (22.92%) Software Engineering
11 198 (18.75%) MVC
12 165 (15.63%) Unit Testing
13 130 (12.31%) Open Source
14 126 (11.93%) Continuous Delivery
15 110 (10.42%) Responsive Web Design
16 96 (9.09%) Problem-Solving
17 95 (9.00%) E-Commerce
18 94 (8.90%) Front End Development
19 93 (8.81%) Functional Programming
20 90 (8.52%) OO
Programming Languages
1 560 (53.03%) Java
2 470 (44.51%) JavaScript
3 230 (21.78%) Java 8
4 177 (16.76%) Scala
5 159 (15.06%) SQL
6 121 (11.46%) C#
7 114 (10.80%) Python
8 105 (9.94%) Ruby
9 73 (6.91%) Groovy
10 59 (5.59%) ES6
11 48 (4.55%) TypeScript
12 34 (3.22%) Kotlin
13 33 (3.13%) Shell Script
14 32 (3.03%) Go
15 31 (2.94%) Apple Swift
16 29 (2.75%) Bash Shell
17 28 (2.65%) PHP
18 21 (1.99%) C++
18 21 (1.99%) PowerShell
19 20 (1.89%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 66 (6.25%) BPSS Clearance
2 45 (4.26%) Degree
3 32 (3.03%) Security Cleared
4 20 (1.89%) SC Cleared
5 12 (1.14%) Master's Degree
6 5 (0.47%) Computer Science Degree
7 3 (0.28%) BC Cleared
7 3 (0.28%) Sun Certification
8 2 (0.19%) DBS Check
8 2 (0.19%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.095%) CFA
9 1 (0.095%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 1 (0.095%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.095%) OCPJP
9 1 (0.095%) PMI Certification
9 1 (0.095%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 103 (9.75%) QA
2 3 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
2 3 (0.28%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 264 (25.00%) Docker
2 7 (0.66%) HDFS
3 5 (0.47%) Microsoft App-V
3 5 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 117 (11.08%) Kubernetes
2 92 (8.71%) Terraform
3 62 (5.87%) Ansible
4 31 (2.94%) Puppet
5 29 (2.75%) Kibana
6 26 (2.46%) Grafana
7 23 (2.18%) Opscode Chef
8 15 (1.42%) Mesos
9 12 (1.14%) Graphite
10 11 (1.04%) logstash
11 9 (0.85%) Prometheus
12 7 (0.66%) Oozie
13 6 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
14 5 (0.47%) Salt
15 4 (0.38%) OpenView
15 4 (0.38%) Rancher
15 4 (0.38%) SCOM
15 4 (0.38%) ZABBIX
16 3 (0.28%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 132 (12.50%) Google
2 53 (5.02%) Microsoft
3 44 (4.17%) Oracle
4 27 (2.56%) Splunk
5 22 (2.08%) Adobe
6 18 (1.70%) Zend
7 12 (1.14%) Pega
8 11 (1.04%) TIBCO
9 9 (0.85%) Red Hat
10 8 (0.76%) AppDynamics
10 8 (0.76%) BEA
10 8 (0.76%) Informatica
10 8 (0.76%) webMethods
11 6 (0.57%) Apple
11 6 (0.57%) RedGate
12 4 (0.38%) EnterpriseDB
12 4 (0.38%) HP
12 4 (0.38%) IBM
12 4 (0.38%) ServiceNow
13 3 (0.28%) Tableau