Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 341 343 422
Rank change year-on-year +2 +79 -122
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 932 545 971
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.93% 0.86% 0.73%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.25% 2.11% 1.94%
Number of salaries quoted 464 430 717
10th Percentile £41,250 £39,883 £36,250
25th Percentile £47,500 £48,563 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £65,000 £58,750
Median % change year-on-year -3.85% +10.64% -2.08%
75th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £78,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £91,500 £95,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -8.33%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 41,350 25,832 50,042
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 41.37% 40.67% 37.60%
Number of salaries quoted 27,429 21,847 41,999
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £31,750
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £39,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +10.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £93,750 £87,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in England

Middleware
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Middleware in England.

Salary trend for Middleware in England

Middleware
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Middleware in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Middleware in England

Middleware
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +28 468 £72,500 -3.33% 83
South East -31 164 £52,500 -19.23% 25
Midlands -11 107 £45,000 -1.10% 17
North of England -64 86 £46,500 -17.33% 23
West Midlands -8 82 £45,000 -14.29% 12
South West -77 61 £47,500 -13.64% 6
North West -49 58 £54,500 -16.15% 13
East of England -22 34 £48,000 -28.89% 5
East Midlands -32 25 £37,500 +25.00% 4
Yorkshire -72 21 £45,345 -15.64% 10
North East -25 7 £45,345 +13.36%
Middleware
UK

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Middleware.

1 514 (55.15%) Agile Software Development
2 443 (47.53%) Java
3 318 (34.12%) REST
4 295 (31.65%) Social Skills
5 277 (29.72%) Microservices
6 253 (27.15%) Spring
7 250 (26.82%) Problem-Solving
8 232 (24.89%) AWS
9 228 (24.46%) SQL
10 221 (23.71%) Continuous Integration
11 210 (22.53%) Linux
12 208 (22.32%) Finance
13 199 (21.35%) Docker
14 198 (21.24%) Web Services
14 198 (21.24%) TDD
15 197 (21.14%) Analytics
16 195 (20.92%) Jenkins
17 192 (20.60%) Azure
18 190 (20.39%) Terraform
19 189 (20.28%) Software Engineering
20 184 (19.74%) Scrum
21 180 (19.31%) Oracle
22 177 (18.99%) Big Data
23 174 (18.67%) Python
24 169 (18.13%) JavaScript
24 169 (18.13%) DevOps
24 169 (18.13%) Serverless
25 168 (18.03%) Open Source
25 168 (18.03%) Security Cleared
26 167 (17.92%) Banking

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (5.26%) Apache Spark
2 46 (4.94%) Tomcat
3 45 (4.83%) Cloud Foundry
4 42 (4.51%) Apache
5 39 (4.18%) Confluence
6 32 (3.43%) WebLogic
7 29 (3.11%) WebSphere
8 27 (2.90%) Elasticsearch
9 22 (2.36%) BizTalk Server
10 21 (2.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 20 (2.15%) Oracle Coherence
12 15 (1.61%) CMS
12 15 (1.61%) nginx
13 14 (1.50%) Red Hat Fuse
14 13 (1.39%) WebSphere Application Server
15 12 (1.29%) Apache Pulsar
16 11 (1.18%) SharePoint
17 7 (0.75%) JBoss
18 6 (0.64%) IIS
18 6 (0.64%) OpenEdge
Applications
1 28 (3.00%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (2.47%) MS Visio
3 18 (1.93%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 10 (1.07%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 56 (6.01%) Distributed Ledger
2 32 (3.43%) R3 Corda
3 27 (2.90%) Oracle ERP
4 22 (2.36%) Oracle EBS
5 9 (0.97%) Oracle Applications
6 8 (0.86%) NetSuite
6 8 (0.86%) PeopleSoft HCM
7 7 (0.75%) Dynamics AX
8 3 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
8 3 (0.32%) SAP EM
9 2 (0.21%) Oracle 11i
9 2 (0.21%) Oracle EBS R12
9 2 (0.21%) Orchestrade
9 2 (0.21%) SAP ERP
10 1 (0.11%) Remedy AR System
10 1 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
10 1 (0.11%) SAP CRM
10 1 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
10 1 (0.11%) SAP SD
10 1 (0.11%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 232 (24.89%) AWS
2 192 (20.60%) Azure
3 169 (18.13%) Serverless
4 130 (13.95%) GitHub
5 74 (7.94%) SaaS
6 52 (5.58%) Amazon Kinesis
7 50 (5.36%) PaaS
8 47 (5.04%) GCP
9 41 (4.40%) Amazon EC2
10 27 (2.90%) Azure Data Factory
11 26 (2.79%) Cloud Computing
12 24 (2.58%) Azure Functions
13 23 (2.47%) Azure Service Bus
14 21 (2.25%) AWS Lambda
15 20 (2.15%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 20 (2.15%) Azure Stack
15 20 (2.15%) Azure Storage
16 17 (1.82%) Power Platform
17 16 (1.72%) Boomi
17 16 (1.72%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 48 (5.15%) Firewall
2 43 (4.61%) HTTP
3 33 (3.54%) TCP/IP
4 20 (2.15%) Internet
5 17 (1.82%) Bluetooth
5 17 (1.82%) Broadband
5 17 (1.82%) DVB
6 16 (1.72%) FTP
7 15 (1.61%) Cisco ASA
7 15 (1.61%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
7 15 (1.61%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
8 12 (1.29%) Network Security
9 8 (0.86%) DNS
9 8 (0.86%) VPN
10 7 (0.75%) SMTP
10 7 (0.75%) SSL
11 6 (0.64%) SSH
12 4 (0.43%) HTTPS
12 4 (0.43%) Reverse Proxy
12 4 (0.43%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 177 (18.99%) Big Data
2 95 (10.19%) Relational Database
3 85 (9.12%) SQL Server
4 73 (7.83%) Oracle Database
5 68 (7.30%) NoSQL
6 56 (6.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 54 (5.79%) MariaDB
8 50 (5.36%) Hadoop
9 48 (5.15%) MongoDB
10 43 (4.61%) HBase
11 42 (4.51%) Blockchain
12 40 (4.29%) Data Warehouse
13 38 (4.08%) PostgreSQL
14 34 (3.65%) MySQL
15 24 (2.58%) Redis
16 22 (2.36%) Oracle Reports
17 20 (2.15%) Oracle ODI
18 17 (1.82%) Oracle BI Publisher
19 16 (1.72%) Power BI
20 15 (1.61%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 195 (20.92%) Jenkins
2 82 (8.80%) Git (software)
3 80 (8.58%) JIRA
4 44 (4.72%) Maven
5 43 (4.61%) TeamCity
6 41 (4.40%) JUnit
7 30 (3.22%) Bitbucket
8 29 (3.11%) IntelliJ
9 24 (2.58%) Sonatype Nexus
10 20 (2.15%) Selenium
11 19 (2.04%) webpack
12 18 (1.93%) Mockito
13 17 (1.82%) GNU Toolchain
14 16 (1.72%) Oracle APEX
14 16 (1.72%) SoapUI
15 15 (1.61%) Checkstyle
15 15 (1.61%) GitLab
15 15 (1.61%) SonarQube
16 14 (1.50%) Cucumber
17 13 (1.39%) JMeter
General
1 295 (31.65%) Social Skills
2 208 (22.32%) Finance
3 167 (17.92%) Banking
4 80 (8.58%) Analytical Skills
5 60 (6.44%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 58 (6.22%) Games
7 56 (6.01%) Presentation Skills
8 54 (5.79%) Law
9 45 (4.83%) Investment Banking
10 37 (3.97%) Front Office
11 27 (2.90%) Influencing Skills
12 19 (2.04%) Retail
13 17 (1.82%) Legal
14 16 (1.72%) Back Office
14 16 (1.72%) Public Sector
15 13 (1.39%) Organisational Skills
16 12 (1.29%) Automotive
16 12 (1.29%) Documentation Skills
16 12 (1.29%) Manufacturing
16 12 (1.29%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 360 (38.63%) Developer
2 177 (18.99%) Java Developer
3 110 (11.80%) Software Engineer
4 102 (10.94%) Architect
5 49 (5.26%) Senior Software Engineer
6 44 (4.72%) Solutions Architect
7 39 (4.18%) Analyst
7 39 (4.18%) Programmer
8 37 (3.97%) Senior Developer
9 35 (3.76%) Software Developer
10 28 (3.00%) Applications Architect
10 28 (3.00%) Integration Developer
10 28 (3.00%) Security Specialist
11 25 (2.68%) Consultant
11 25 (2.68%) Information Security Specialist
11 25 (2.68%) Information Specialist
11 25 (2.68%) Principal Engineer
11 25 (2.68%) Principal Software Engineer
12 24 (2.58%) Angular Developer
12 24 (2.58%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 318 (34.12%) REST
2 253 (27.15%) Spring
3 198 (21.24%) Web Services
4 155 (16.63%) Hibernate
5 149 (15.99%) GraphQL
6 137 (14.70%) Node.js
7 117 (12.55%) JavaBeans
8 105 (11.27%) Kafka
9 82 (8.80%) HTML
10 81 (8.69%) React
11 79 (8.48%) AngularJS
12 78 (8.37%) Spring Boot
13 67 (7.19%) RESTful
14 64 (6.87%) .NET
15 62 (6.65%) HTML5
16 61 (6.55%) JSON
16 61 (6.55%) RabbitMQ
17 60 (6.44%) SOAP
18 42 (4.51%) XML
19 41 (4.40%) Lambda Expressions
Miscellaneous
1 63 (6.76%) Enterprise Software
2 57 (6.12%) Algorithms
2 57 (6.12%) Data Structures
3 48 (5.15%) Management Information System
4 40 (4.29%) Cyberthreat
5 38 (4.08%) User Experience
6 37 (3.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 32 (3.43%) Public Cloud
8 31 (3.33%) Fixed Income
9 23 (2.47%) Derivative
9 23 (2.47%) Equities
9 23 (2.47%) Hedge funds
10 20 (2.15%) Self-Motivation
11 19 (2.04%) Mobile App
12 18 (1.93%) Digital TV
12 18 (1.93%) Private Cloud
13 17 (1.82%) MPEG
13 17 (1.82%) Social Media
13 17 (1.82%) STB
13 17 (1.82%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 210 (22.53%) Linux
2 110 (11.80%) Unix
3 78 (8.37%) Windows
4 31 (3.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 22 (2.36%) Windows Server
6 19 (2.04%) Oracle Linux
7 8 (0.86%) Android
7 8 (0.86%) Windows Server 2008
8 7 (0.75%) Solaris
8 7 (0.75%) Windows Server 2012
8 7 (0.75%) Windows Server 2016
9 6 (0.64%) AIX
9 6 (0.64%) Apple iOS
9 6 (0.64%) CentOS
9 6 (0.64%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.11%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2019
10 1 (0.11%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 514 (55.15%) Agile Software Development
2 277 (29.72%) Microservices
3 250 (26.82%) Problem-Solving
4 221 (23.71%) Continuous Integration
5 198 (21.24%) TDD
6 197 (21.14%) Analytics
7 189 (20.28%) Software Engineering
8 184 (19.74%) Scrum
9 169 (18.13%) DevOps
10 168 (18.03%) Open Source
11 165 (17.70%) Coaching
11 165 (17.70%) Computer Science
12 156 (16.74%) SOA
13 136 (14.59%) BDD
14 128 (13.73%) Data Analytics
15 117 (12.55%) Big Data Analytics
16 89 (9.55%) Full Stack Development
17 85 (9.12%) Test Automation
18 75 (8.05%) OO
19 74 (7.94%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 443 (47.53%) Java
2 228 (24.46%) SQL
3 174 (18.67%) Python
4 169 (18.13%) JavaScript
5 140 (15.02%) Java 8
6 86 (9.23%) C++
7 76 (8.15%) C
8 60 (6.44%) C#
9 44 (4.72%) Kotlin
9 44 (4.72%) TypeScript
10 36 (3.86%) Bash Shell
11 35 (3.76%) PL/SQL
12 28 (3.00%) Shell Script
13 20 (2.15%) PowerShell
14 19 (2.04%) Go
15 17 (1.82%) Perl
16 12 (1.29%) Rust
17 11 (1.18%) Scala
18 10 (1.07%) PHP
18 10 (1.07%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 168 (18.03%) Security Cleared
2 154 (16.52%) Degree
3 148 (15.88%) SC Cleared
4 81 (8.69%) Computer Science Degree
5 27 (2.90%) Oracle Certification
6 17 (1.82%) BPSS Clearance
7 9 (0.97%) CISSP
8 5 (0.54%) CISA
8 5 (0.54%) CISM
9 4 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
10 3 (0.32%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.32%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.32%) MCSD
11 2 (0.21%) AWS Certification
11 2 (0.21%) DV Cleared
11 2 (0.21%) ISEB
11 2 (0.21%) ISTQB
11 2 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 2 (0.21%) ITIL Certification
12 1 (0.11%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (4.18%) QA
2 33 (3.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 28 (3.00%) COBIT
3 28 (3.00%) PCI DSS
4 20 (2.15%) PMO
5 18 (1.93%) GDPR
6 12 (1.29%) GRC
7 10 (1.07%) SLA
8 6 (0.64%) Data Quality
9 4 (0.43%) 21 CFR Part 11
9 4 (0.43%) Accessibility
9 4 (0.43%) GxP
9 4 (0.43%) NIST
10 3 (0.32%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.21%) HIPAA
11 2 (0.21%) HL7
11 2 (0.21%) ISO 15022
11 2 (0.21%) ISO 20022
11 2 (0.21%) MiFID
11 2 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 199 (21.35%) Docker
2 26 (2.79%) VMware Infrastructure
3 15 (1.61%) Oracle RAC
4 13 (1.39%) Hyper-V
5 5 (0.54%) iptables
5 5 (0.54%) NFS
5 5 (0.54%) Postfix
5 5 (0.54%) Samba
6 4 (0.43%) Active Directory
6 4 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 3 (0.32%) vSphere
8 1 (0.11%) Firmware
8 1 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 190 (20.39%) Terraform
2 85 (9.12%) Kubernetes
3 70 (7.51%) Ansible
4 17 (1.82%) Grafana
5 15 (1.61%) Data Guard
5 15 (1.61%) Kibana
5 15 (1.61%) logstash
5 15 (1.61%) Oracle RMAN
6 12 (1.29%) Puppet
7 9 (0.97%) Prometheus
8 8 (0.86%) Graphite
8 8 (0.86%) HP Quality Center
8 8 (0.86%) Opscode Chef
8 8 (0.86%) Single Sign-On
8 8 (0.86%) vRealize
8 8 (0.86%) ZABBIX
9 6 (0.64%) Computer Incident Response Team
9 6 (0.64%) Istio
9 6 (0.64%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 5 (0.54%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 180 (19.31%) Oracle
2 98 (10.52%) Microsoft
3 46 (4.94%) IBM
4 35 (3.76%) VMware
5 33 (3.54%) ServiceNow
5 33 (3.54%) Solace
6 32 (3.43%) Red Hat
7 30 (3.22%) MuleSoft
8 23 (2.47%) Cisco
9 18 (1.93%) CheckPoint
9 18 (1.93%) Guidewire
9 18 (1.93%) Salesforce.com
9 18 (1.93%) SAP
9 18 (1.93%) YouTube
10 17 (1.82%) Spotify
11 16 (1.72%) F5
12 15 (1.61%) Apple
12 15 (1.61%) JD Edwards
12 15 (1.61%) Zscaler
13 13 (1.39%) Atlassian