The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge and experience of SAP products and/or services. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SAP over the 3 months to 22 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

The figures below represent the IT labour market in general and are not representative of salaries within SAP SE.

SAP
UK
3 months to
22 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 61 75 72
Rank change year-on-year +14 -3  
Permanent jobs citing SAP 4186 3664 4468
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.71% 3.71% 4.03%
As % of the Vendors category 10.57% 8.39% 8.59%
Number of salaries quoted 2815 2593 3259
Median salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
90% offered a salary of more than £35,000 £37,500 £36,097
10% offered a salary of more than £75,000 £80,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median salary £50,000 £52,500 £50,750
% change year-on-year -4.76% +3.44%  

SAP is in the vendor products and services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all vendor product and service related skills in permanent job vacancies.

Vendor Product & Service Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for skills associated with vendor products and/or services 39611 43680 52020
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 44.59% 44.29% 46.90%
Number of salaries quoted 31407 35554 41931
Median salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.55%  
90% offered a salary of more than £28,500 £28,000 £27,500
10% offered a salary of more than £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
UK excluding London median salary £42,500 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year - +2.40%  

SAP
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing SAP as a proportion of all permanent or contract IT jobs with a match in the Vendors category.

Job vacancy trend for SAP in the UK

SAP
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SAP.

Salary trend for SAP in the UK

SAP
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SAP over the 3 months to 22 June 2017.

Salary histogram for SAP in the UK

SAP
Top 30 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SAP within the UK over the 3 months to 22 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Last 3 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 3907 £55,000 - 465
London +42 1335 £60,000 - 158
South East +30 677 £55,000 +10.00% 74
North West -1 436 £52,500 +5.00% 46
South West +19 394 £47,500 +5.55% 65
Manchester +6 304 £52,500 - 31
East of England -26 279 £45,000 -14.28% 37
Yorkshire +77 247 £45,000 - 25
Surrey +35 223 £62,500 +4.16% 6
Bristol +39 188 £47,500 +5.55% 27
West Midlands -24 181 £52,500 -4.54% 18
Cambridgeshire -12 142 £43,000 -11.34% 14
Berkshire +18 133 £57,500 +4.54% 22
East Midlands -8 128 £41,500 -17.00% 19
West Yorkshire +89 123 £52,500 +10.52% 12
Egham +3 123 £67,500 +141.07%
Hampshire +29 113 £47,500 +5.55% 17
City of London +52 109 £57,500 -4.16% 13
Cambridge +26 91 £42,750 -25.65% 7
Gloucestershire +32 86 £47,500 -13.63% 9
Leeds +59 82 £55,000 +7.31% 11
Wiltshire -1 68 £47,995 +12.92% 20
North East +1 67 £50,000 -16.66% 6
Buckinghamshire +2 63 £45,000 -3.22% 15
South Yorkshire +42 60 £45,000 - 4
Hertfordshire -52 60 £60,000 +9.09% 10
Scotland +15 56 £50,000 -9.09% 4
Birmingham -22 55 £55,000 - 5
West Sussex +29 51 £55,000 +29.41% 8
Essex +21 51 £40,000 +5.26% 10

For the 6 months to 22 June 2017, IT jobs citing SAP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for SAP.

1 2772 (37.26%) Finance
2 2033 (27.33%) Business Intelligence
3 1799 (24.18%) Manufacturing
4 1312 (17.63%) Marketing
5 1294 (17.39%) ERP
6 1271 (17.08%) Programme Management
7 1234 (16.59%) Telecoms
8 1180 (15.86%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 1171 (15.74%) Electronics
10 1156 (15.54%) Digital Marketing
11 1050 (14.11%) Stakeholder Management
12 1042 (14.01%) Agile Software Development
13 1018 (13.68%) SQL
14 1006 (13.52%) Oracle
15 826 (11.10%) Project Management
16 814 (10.94%) Java
17 803 (10.79%) Microsoft
18 770 (10.35%) Analytical Skills
19 756 (10.16%) Degree
20 736 (9.89%) BusinessObjects
21 732 (9.84%) Retail
22 721 (9.69%) SAP FI
23 695 (9.34%) SQL Server
24 690 (9.27%) CRM
25 679 (9.13%) SAP HANA
26 676 (9.09%) SAP CO
27 671 (9.02%) SAP FI/CO
28 654 (8.79%) ABAP
29 599 (8.05%) SAP MM
30 597 (8.02%) SAP BW

SAP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 180 (2.42%) NetWeaver
2 179 (2.41%) SharePoint
3 110 (1.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 110 (1.48%) SAS
4 96 (1.29%) JBoss
4 96 (1.29%) Tomcat
5 75 (1.01%) CMS
6 72 (0.97%) Apache Spark
6 72 (0.97%) Mule
7 62 (0.83%) Confluence
8 56 (0.75%) WebSphere
9 55 (0.74%) IIS
10 54 (0.73%) Mule ESB
11 52 (0.70%) Apache
12 48 (0.65%) BizTalk Server
13 37 (0.50%) Elasticsearch
14 27 (0.36%) SAP Portal
15 23 (0.31%) MS Exchange
16 20 (0.27%) OpenStack
17 11 (0.15%) Gentran
Applications
1 299 (4.02%) Microsoft Excel
2 255 (3.43%) Microsoft Office
3 82 (1.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 69 (0.93%) Microsoft Project
5 36 (0.48%) SPSS
6 25 (0.34%) MS Visio
7 23 (0.31%) FileZilla
8 17 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 11 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
9 11 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
10 10 (0.13%) Photoshop
11 8 (0.11%) Windchill
12 4 (0.054%) OmniGraffle
13 2 (0.027%) Adobe Captivate
13 2 (0.027%) AutoCAD
14 1 (0.013%) Solid Edge
Business Applications
1 1180 (15.86%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 721 (9.69%) SAP FI
3 676 (9.09%) SAP CO
4 671 (9.02%) SAP FI/CO
5 599 (8.05%) SAP MM
6 567 (7.62%) SAP SD
7 422 (5.67%) SAP ERP
8 359 (4.83%) SAP S/4HANA
9 247 (3.32%) SAP BPC
10 226 (3.04%) SAP CRM
11 217 (2.92%) SAP Hybris
12 212 (2.85%) SAP PP
13 194 (2.61%) SAP WM
14 176 (2.37%) SAP HR
15 168 (2.26%) SAP SCM
16 157 (2.11%) SAP Business One
17 148 (1.99%) SAP QM
17 148 (1.99%) SAP Retail
18 128 (1.72%) SAP HCM
19 122 (1.64%) Dynamics AX
Cloud Services
1 346 (4.65%) Amazon AWS
2 265 (3.56%) SuccessFactors
3 240 (3.23%) Microsoft Azure
4 201 (2.70%) SaaS
5 82 (1.10%) Google Cloud Platform
6 76 (1.02%) Amazon EC2
7 59 (0.79%) Office 365
8 49 (0.66%) IaaS
9 44 (0.59%) PaaS
10 25 (0.34%) GitHub
11 24 (0.32%) Cloud Computing
12 23 (0.31%) Boomi
12 23 (0.31%) Force.com
13 19 (0.26%) Dynamics 365
14 15 (0.20%) Silverpop
15 12 (0.16%) Google Analytics
15 12 (0.16%) Yammer
16 11 (0.15%) Intacct
17 9 (0.12%) Amazon SQS
17 9 (0.12%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 88 (1.18%) HTTP
2 82 (1.10%) Internet
3 67 (0.90%) FTP
4 53 (0.71%) Firewall
5 46 (0.62%) WAN
6 39 (0.52%) LAN
7 37 (0.50%) SMTP
8 36 (0.48%) TCP/IP
8 36 (0.48%) VPN
9 30 (0.40%) DNS
10 25 (0.34%) DHCP
11 24 (0.32%) LDAP
12 20 (0.27%) MPLS
13 19 (0.26%) SAN
14 18 (0.24%) Intranet
15 15 (0.20%) AMQP
15 15 (0.20%) VLAN
16 13 (0.17%) Network Security
17 12 (0.16%) Cisco ASA
17 12 (0.16%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 736 (9.89%) BusinessObjects
2 695 (9.34%) SQL Server
3 679 (9.13%) SAP HANA
4 597 (8.02%) SAP BW
5 328 (4.41%) BusinessObjects Business Intelligence
6 314 (4.22%) Data Warehouse
7 237 (3.19%) Big Data
8 202 (2.72%) Relational Database
9 194 (2.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 175 (2.35%) NoSQL
11 172 (2.31%) SAP Data Services
12 171 (2.30%) MySQL
13 166 (2.23%) Hadoop
14 159 (2.14%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 150 (2.02%) MongoDB
16 123 (1.65%) QlikView
17 114 (1.53%) BusinessObjects Web Intelligence
18 112 (1.51%) Crystal Reports
19 110 (1.48%) SQL Server 2008
20 82 (1.10%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 238 (3.20%) JIRA
2 210 (2.82%) Git (software)
3 130 (1.75%) JUnit
4 102 (1.37%) Jenkins
5 79 (1.06%) LSMW
5 79 (1.06%) Team Foundation Server
6 71 (0.95%) IntelliJ
6 71 (0.95%) Selenium
7 68 (0.91%) Visual Studio
8 60 (0.81%) HP UFT
9 52 (0.70%) Subversion
10 47 (0.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 42 (0.56%) Eclipse
12 40 (0.54%) LoadRunner
13 30 (0.40%) Cucumber
14 29 (0.39%) eCATT
14 29 (0.39%) Maven
15 28 (0.38%) Mercurial
16 27 (0.36%) Grunt
17 25 (0.34%) Talend Open Studio
General
1 2772 (37.26%) Finance
2 1799 (24.18%) Manufacturing
3 1312 (17.63%) Marketing
4 1234 (16.59%) Telecoms
5 1171 (15.74%) Electronics
6 732 (9.84%) Retail
7 208 (2.80%) Banking
8 174 (2.34%) Legal
9 165 (2.22%) Billing
10 105 (1.41%) Back Office
11 97 (1.30%) Automotive
12 86 (1.16%) Advertising
13 83 (1.12%) General Ledger
14 74 (0.99%) Publishing
15 64 (0.86%) German Language
16 50 (0.67%) Pharmaceutical
17 46 (0.62%) French Language
18 44 (0.59%) Games
19 43 (0.58%) Law
20 42 (0.56%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 1997 (26.84%) Consultant
2 1584 (21.29%) SAP Consultant
3 1467 (19.72%) Analyst
4 1020 (13.71%) Developer
5 788 (10.59%) SAP Analyst
6 654 (8.79%) Architect
7 522 (7.02%) SAP Manager
8 417 (5.60%) Business Analyst
9 379 (5.09%) Solutions Architect
10 321 (4.31%) Project Manager
11 279 (3.75%) SAP Architect
11 279 (3.75%) SAP Business Analyst
12 269 (3.62%) SAP FI Consultant
13 266 (3.58%) SAP Developer
14 262 (3.52%) SAP CO Consultant
14 262 (3.52%) SAP FI/CO Consultant
15 246 (3.31%) Senior Consultant
16 227 (3.05%) SAP MM Consultant
17 212 (2.85%) SAP Support
18 201 (2.70%) SAP SD Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 445 (5.98%) .NET
2 425 (5.71%) HTML
3 369 (4.96%) XML
4 346 (4.65%) Web Services
5 329 (4.42%) CSS
6 239 (3.21%) SOAP
7 237 (3.19%) REST
8 225 (3.02%) Spring
9 208 (2.80%) JSON
10 187 (2.51%) EDI
11 185 (2.49%) IDoc
12 173 (2.33%) jQuery
13 145 (1.95%) SAP Fiori
14 144 (1.94%) J2EE
15 142 (1.91%) HTML5
16 141 (1.90%) ASP.NET
17 140 (1.88%) AngularJS
18 135 (1.81%) Hibernate
19 134 (1.80%) Middleware
20 128 (1.72%) BAPI
Miscellaneous
1 770 (10.35%) Analytical Skills
2 285 (3.83%) FMCG
3 220 (2.96%) Management Information System
4 207 (2.78%) Computer Science
5 131 (1.76%) Enterprise Software
6 124 (1.67%) Greenfield Project
7 119 (1.60%) User Experience
8 89 (1.20%) Mobile App
9 72 (0.97%) Data Centre
10 64 (0.86%) Virtual Team
11 62 (0.83%) Data Structures
12 57 (0.77%) Driving Licence
13 56 (0.75%) NHS
14 47 (0.63%) Fintech
15 45 (0.60%) Public Cloud
16 41 (0.55%) Algorithms
16 41 (0.55%) Social Media
17 39 (0.52%) SWIFT
18 36 (0.48%) e-Learning
18 36 (0.48%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 364 (4.89%) Windows
2 344 (4.62%) Linux
3 198 (2.66%) Unix
4 90 (1.21%) Windows Server
5 46 (0.62%) Windows Server 2008
6 39 (0.52%) Windows 7
7 37 (0.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 32 (0.43%) Apple iOS
9 31 (0.42%) Windows 10
10 30 (0.40%) Android
11 28 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
12 17 (0.23%) Windows Server 2003
13 15 (0.20%) HPUX
13 15 (0.20%) VMS
14 12 (0.16%) CentOS
15 11 (0.15%) Ubuntu
16 10 (0.13%) AIX
16 10 (0.13%) Windows Mobile
17 9 (0.12%) Solaris
18 4 (0.054%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 2033 (27.33%) Business Intelligence
2 1294 (17.39%) ERP
3 1271 (17.08%) Programme Management
4 1156 (15.54%) Digital Marketing
5 1050 (14.11%) Stakeholder Management
6 1042 (14.01%) Agile Software Development
7 826 (11.10%) Project Management
8 690 (9.27%) CRM
9 465 (6.25%) Logistics
10 423 (5.69%) Scrum
11 402 (5.40%) Analytics
11 402 (5.40%) ITIL
12 394 (5.30%) Business Development
13 386 (5.19%) SAP Implementation
14 384 (5.16%) Business Analysis
15 382 (5.13%) Change Management
16 379 (5.09%) E-Commerce
17 368 (4.95%) Coaching
18 334 (4.49%) Migration
19 327 (4.40%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1018 (13.68%) SQL
2 814 (10.94%) Java
3 654 (8.79%) ABAP
4 495 (6.65%) JavaScript
5 380 (5.11%) C#
6 316 (4.25%) Python
7 181 (2.43%) T-SQL
8 169 (2.27%) C++
9 105 (1.41%) Ruby
10 104 (1.40%) PHP
11 92 (1.24%) C
12 90 (1.21%) VBA
13 84 (1.13%) PL/SQL
14 82 (1.10%) Shell Script
15 80 (1.08%) SAPscript
16 73 (0.98%) R
17 54 (0.73%) Perl
18 52 (0.70%) VB
19 47 (0.63%) Bash Shell
20 41 (0.55%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 756 (10.16%) Degree
2 188 (2.53%) Security Cleared
3 117 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
4 105 (1.41%) SC Cleared
5 92 (1.24%) CIMA
6 87 (1.17%) ISEB
7 85 (1.14%) ACCA
8 80 (1.08%) ISTQB
9 60 (0.81%) CCA
10 56 (0.75%) PMI Certification
11 55 (0.74%) PMP
11 55 (0.74%) SAP Certification
12 54 (0.73%) Microsoft Certification
13 46 (0.62%) ITIL Certification
14 37 (0.50%) CISA
15 32 (0.43%) CISSP
16 28 (0.38%) PRINCE2 Certification
17 27 (0.36%) Numerate Degree
18 26 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
19 25 (0.34%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 195 (2.62%) QA
2 165 (2.22%) Data Quality
3 139 (1.87%) SLA
4 45 (0.60%) PMO
5 44 (0.59%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 26 (0.35%) GxP
6 26 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 21 (0.28%) PCI DSS
8 18 (0.24%) COBIT
9 11 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 10 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 9 (0.12%) GCP
12 5 (0.067%) Cyber Essentials
12 5 (0.067%) P3O
13 4 (0.054%) DO-254
13 4 (0.054%) FATCA
13 4 (0.054%) GDPR
13 4 (0.054%) MiFID
13 4 (0.054%) WCAG
14 2 (0.027%) COSO
System Software
1 130 (1.75%) Docker
2 110 (1.48%) Active Directory
3 70 (0.94%) VMware Infrastructure
4 51 (0.69%) Hyper-V
5 28 (0.38%) vSphere
6 19 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
7 14 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
7 14 (0.19%) XenApp
8 13 (0.17%) XenServer
9 11 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
10 10 (0.13%) KVM
10 10 (0.13%) Terminal Services
10 10 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
11 8 (0.11%) NFS
11 8 (0.11%) Samba
11 8 (0.11%) Squid
12 6 (0.081%) Virtual Desktop
13 5 (0.067%) vCloud
14 4 (0.054%) Firmware
14 4 (0.054%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 103 (1.38%) Puppet
2 86 (1.16%) Ansible
3 82 (1.10%) Opscode Chef
4 60 (0.81%) Kubernetes
5 32 (0.43%) HP Quality Center
6 25 (0.34%) Mesos
7 23 (0.31%) Nagios
8 17 (0.23%) Backup Exec
8 17 (0.23%) Grafana
8 17 (0.23%) SCCM
9 16 (0.22%) WSUS
10 15 (0.20%) Kibana
10 15 (0.20%) logstash
10 15 (0.20%) Prometheus
10 15 (0.20%) RSA Archer
10 15 (0.20%) Zipkin
11 14 (0.19%) ZABBIX
12 13 (0.17%) Terraform
13 10 (0.13%) MOM
13 10 (0.13%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 1006 (13.52%) Oracle
2 803 (10.79%) Microsoft
3 256 (3.44%) hybris
4 192 (2.58%) Sage
5 180 (2.42%) JD Edwards
6 172 (2.31%) Salesforce.com
7 166 (2.23%) Ariba
8 148 (1.99%) IBM
9 140 (1.88%) Infor
10 139 (1.87%) Tableau
11 131 (1.76%) Cognos
12 122 (1.64%) Epicor
13 120 (1.61%) VMware
14 100 (1.34%) Google
15 90 (1.21%) Informatica
16 87 (1.17%) Workday
17 84 (1.13%) HP
18 79 (1.06%) JDA
19 76 (1.02%) Adobe
20 73 (0.98%) Citrix
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Salary: £40000.00 - £55000.00 per annum + benefits
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 11 hours ago
South West
Lawrence Harvey
Salary: £40000.00 - £50000.00 per annum + Excellent Benefits!
Posted: 17 hours ago
Reading, Berkshire
Investigo
Salary: From £35,000 to £50,000 per annum + bonus scheme and an amazing benefi
Posted: 7 hours ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Salary: £55000 - £70000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Reading, Berkshire
Coded People
Salary: £30000 - £35000 per annum
Posted: 16 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
The People Network
Salary: £65000 - £75000 per annum, Benefits Car Allw, Bonus, Pension
Posted: 11 hours ago
Oxford, Oxfordshire
The People Network
Salary: £65000 - £75000 per annum, Benefits Car Allw, Bonus, Pension
Posted: 11 hours ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
The People Network
Salary: £65000 - £75000 per annum, Benefits Car Allw, Bonus, Pension
Posted: 11 hours ago
London
The People Network
Salary: £65000 - £75000 per annum, Benefits Car Allw, Bonus, Pension
Posted: 11 hours ago
Greater Manchester
The People Network
Salary: £65000 - £75000 per annum, Benefits Car Allw, Bonus, Pension
Posted: 11 hours ago
South West London
keytree
Salary: £45000 - £60000 per annum, Benefits Health Insurance, Pension, Flexi t
Posted: 15 hours ago
Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire
Bristow Holland
Salary: From £45,000 to £55,000 per annum plus excellent benefits
Posted: 11 hours ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Salary: £30000.00 - £40000.00 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Liverpool, Merseyside
Lawrence Harvey
Salary: £40000 - £45000 per annum + bonus + benefits
Posted: Yesterday
Wiltshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Salary: £25000 - £40000 per annum + benefits
Posted: Yesterday
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Redrock Consulting Ltd
Salary: £30000.00 per annum
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Investigo
Salary: Up to £110,000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 8 hours ago
Nottinghamshire
ReThink Recruitment
Posted: Yesterday
East London
Reed Technology
Salary: £40000 - £44000 per annum + excellent holiday and pension
Posted: 2 days ago
Colchester, Essex
Eutopia Solutions Ltd
Salary: £50000.00 - £65000.00 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 3 days ago
Bristol, Avon
People Source Consulting
Salary: £45000 - £65000 per annum
Posted: 17 hours ago
Gloucestershire
People Source Consulting
Salary: £45000 - £55000 per annum + car Allowance + benefits
Posted: 13 hours ago
Hertfordshire
Eutopia Solutions Ltd
Salary: £50000 - £55000 per annum + + Benefits
Posted: 6 hours ago
Leicester, Leicestershire
Computer People
Salary: £35000 - £40000 per annum
Posted: 9 hours ago
London
Hitachi Consulting UK
Salary: £80,000 per annum plus double in coms
Posted: 13 hours ago
London
Hitachi Consulting UK
Salary: From £65,000 to £95,000 per annum inc Double OTE
Posted: 12 hours ago
Swindon, Wiltshire
Aximis (West) Limited
Salary: Market Rate + Excellent Benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire
Aximis (West) Limited
Salary: Market Rate + Excellent Benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
Chippenham, Wiltshire
Aximis (West) Limited
Salary: Market Rate + Excellent Benefits
Posted: 2 days ago