Period
to 15 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 15 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
15 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 369 315 265
Rank change year-on-year -54 -50 +43
Permanent jobs citing JUnit 1,141 1,733 2,414
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.83% 1.06% 1.34%
As % of the Development Applications category 4.42% 5.30% 6.58%
Number of salaries quoted 859 1,233 1,751
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
10th Percentile £36,250 £36,750 £33,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £83,700 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,250 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -7.50% +11.11% -4.26%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 25,807 32,699 36,697
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.84% 20.06% 20.33%
Number of salaries quoted 20,534 26,395 29,829
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JUnit.

Salary trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 15 November 2019.

Salary histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 15 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -49 1,061 £57,500 +4.55% 175
UK excluding London -40 683 £46,250 -7.50% 100
London -26 453 £70,000 +7.69% 84
North of England +42 192 £45,000 -2.70% 41
South East -14 174 £55,000 +7.32% 17
North West +38 111 £45,000 -13.04% 12
South West -59 109 £45,000 -5.26% 13
East of England +74 81 £52,500 - 9
Yorkshire +6 70 £45,000 - 21
Midlands -96 52 £45,000 -10.00% 11
Scotland -42 40 £50,000 +5.26% 7
West Midlands -9 33 £45,500 -9.00% 9
Wales +3 28 £42,500 +13.33%
East Midlands -65 17 £45,000 -10.00% 2
North East +3 11 £33,000 -24.57% 8
Northern Ireland -11 8 - - 2

For the 6 months to 15 November 2019, IT jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 1,045 (91.59%) Java
2 772 (67.66%) Agile Software Development
3 653 (57.23%) Spring
4 484 (42.42%) Jenkins
5 458 (40.14%) Maven
6 416 (36.46%) Git (software)
7 409 (35.85%) TDD
8 395 (34.62%) Test Automation
9 367 (32.16%) Scrum
10 358 (31.38%) Selenium
11 349 (30.59%) JavaScript
12 348 (30.50%) SQL
13 332 (29.10%) REST
14 319 (27.96%) Java 8
15 294 (25.77%) JIRA
16 286 (25.07%) Cucumber
16 286 (25.07%) Microservices
17 279 (24.45%) Hibernate
18 274 (24.01%) OO
19 267 (23.40%) Continuous Integration
19 267 (23.40%) Docker
20 265 (23.23%) RESTful
21 263 (23.05%) Software Engineering
22 252 (22.09%) Mockito
23 250 (21.91%) DevOps
24 248 (21.74%) Web Services
25 238 (20.86%) BDD
26 230 (20.16%) Spring Boot
27 220 (19.28%) AWS
28 206 (18.05%) Finance

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 150 (13.15%) Confluence
2 115 (10.08%) Tomcat
3 101 (8.85%) Apache
4 74 (6.49%) JBoss
5 48 (4.21%) Elasticsearch
6 46 (4.03%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 43 (3.77%) WebSphere
8 22 (1.93%) IIS
9 21 (1.84%) Apache Spark
10 19 (1.67%) CMS
11 18 (1.58%) Headless CMS
12 16 (1.40%) nginx
13 15 (1.31%) Apache TomEE
14 14 (1.23%) Mule
15 11 (0.96%) Cloud Foundry
15 11 (0.96%) WildFly
16 10 (0.88%) GeoServer
16 10 (0.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 9 (0.79%) Apache Solr
18 7 (0.61%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 8 (0.70%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.26%) Adobe Premiere
2 3 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 25 (2.19%) SAP Hybris
2 6 (0.53%) Magento
3 1 (0.088%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.088%) Fredhopper
3 1 (0.088%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.088%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 220 (19.28%) AWS
2 66 (5.78%) Azure
3 63 (5.52%) GCP
4 61 (5.35%) Amazon EC2
5 53 (4.65%) SaaS
5 53 (4.65%) Serverless
6 52 (4.56%) GitHub
7 29 (2.54%) Amazon S3
8 21 (1.84%) AWS Lambda
9 20 (1.75%) Apigee
10 18 (1.58%) Boomi
10 18 (1.58%) PaaS
11 15 (1.31%) Amazon SQS
12 13 (1.14%) OpenShift
13 12 (1.05%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 12 (1.05%) Amazon ELB
14 11 (0.96%) BrowserStack
15 10 (0.88%) Amazon EKS
15 10 (0.88%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 9 (0.79%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 29 (2.54%) HTTP
2 21 (1.84%) TCP/IP
3 17 (1.49%) HTTPS
4 14 (1.23%) AMQP
4 14 (1.23%) Internet
5 8 (0.70%) SSL
6 7 (0.61%) ATM
7 5 (0.44%) FTP
8 3 (0.26%) Firewall
8 3 (0.26%) Wireshark
9 2 (0.18%) Skype
10 1 (0.088%) Kerberos
10 1 (0.088%) Parlay
10 1 (0.088%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 140 (12.27%) SQL Server
2 124 (10.87%) Relational Database
3 108 (9.47%) NoSQL
4 104 (9.11%) MySQL
5 95 (8.33%) PostgreSQL
6 82 (7.19%) RDBMS
7 75 (6.57%) MongoDB
8 41 (3.59%) Apache Cassandra
9 37 (3.24%) GIS
10 33 (2.89%) Big Data
11 27 (2.37%) Geospatial Data
11 27 (2.37%) JasperReports
12 25 (2.19%) DB2
13 20 (1.75%) Hazelcast
14 17 (1.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 17 (1.49%) Amazon RDS
15 11 (0.96%) Oracle Database
15 11 (0.96%) Redis
16 9 (0.79%) Infinispan
17 8 (0.70%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 484 (42.42%) Jenkins
2 458 (40.14%) Maven
3 416 (36.46%) Git (software)
4 358 (31.38%) Selenium
5 294 (25.77%) JIRA
6 286 (25.07%) Cucumber
7 252 (22.09%) Mockito
8 135 (11.83%) Bitbucket
8 135 (11.83%) Gradle
9 126 (11.04%) TestNG
10 113 (9.90%) JMeter
11 112 (9.82%) TeamCity
12 111 (9.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 95 (8.33%) Subversion
14 88 (7.71%) WebDriver
15 83 (7.27%) Ant
16 77 (6.75%) SonarQube
17 73 (6.40%) Hudson
18 72 (6.31%) NUnit
19 65 (5.70%) Eclipse
General
1 206 (18.05%) Finance
2 80 (7.01%) Retail
3 73 (6.40%) Banking
4 47 (4.12%) Games
5 39 (3.42%) Manufacturing
6 33 (2.89%) Marketing
7 32 (2.80%) Public Sector
8 28 (2.45%) Telecoms
9 24 (2.10%) Electronics
10 20 (1.75%) Financial Institution
11 15 (1.31%) Investment Banking
12 14 (1.23%) Front Office
13 10 (0.88%) Advertising
14 3 (0.26%) Aerospace
14 3 (0.26%) Legal
14 3 (0.26%) Military
15 1 (0.088%) Back Office
15 1 (0.088%) International Banking
15 1 (0.088%) Publishing
15 1 (0.088%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 715 (62.66%) Developer
2 603 (52.85%) Java Developer
3 188 (16.48%) Senior Developer
4 171 (14.99%) Senior Java Developer
5 140 (12.27%) Software Engineer
6 111 (9.73%) Java Engineer
7 78 (6.84%) Java Software Engineer
8 71 (6.22%) QA Engineer
9 68 (5.96%) Software Developer
10 55 (4.82%) Test Engineer
11 45 (3.94%) Java Software Developer
12 44 (3.86%) Full Stack Developer
13 43 (3.77%) Tester
14 42 (3.68%) Test Automation Engineer
15 41 (3.59%) Senior Java Engineer
16 37 (3.24%) Analyst
17 36 (3.16%) Developer in Test
17 36 (3.16%) Senior QA Engineer
18 35 (3.07%) Test Analyst
19 34 (2.98%) E-Commerce Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 653 (57.23%) Spring
2 332 (29.10%) REST
3 279 (24.45%) Hibernate
4 265 (23.23%) RESTful
5 248 (21.74%) Web Services
6 230 (20.16%) Spring Boot
7 204 (17.88%) SOAP
8 197 (17.27%) JSON
9 175 (15.34%) XML
10 174 (15.25%) J2EE
11 170 (14.90%) HTML
12 168 (14.72%) AngularJS
13 162 (14.20%) CSS
14 133 (11.66%) Java EE
15 117 (10.25%) JPA
16 104 (9.11%) Apache Camel
16 104 (9.11%) React
17 103 (9.03%) JMS
18 95 (8.33%) jQuery
19 84 (7.36%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 107 (9.38%) Greenfield Project
2 68 (5.96%) Analytical Skills
3 54 (4.73%) User Experience
4 47 (4.12%) iPad
5 37 (3.24%) Wiki
6 33 (2.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 29 (2.54%) Mobile App
8 27 (2.37%) Cloud Native
8 27 (2.37%) Enterprise Software
9 20 (1.75%) Virtual Team
10 15 (1.31%) Algorithms
11 14 (1.23%) Renewable Energy
12 13 (1.14%) Fixed Income
12 13 (1.14%) Self-Motivation
13 11 (0.96%) Data Structures
13 11 (0.96%) Linux Command Line
14 9 (0.79%) Hedge funds
15 8 (0.70%) N-Tier
15 8 (0.70%) PMI
15 8 (0.70%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 194 (17.00%) Linux
2 82 (7.19%) Windows
3 58 (5.08%) Android
4 50 (4.38%) Unix
5 47 (4.12%) CentOS
6 37 (3.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 26 (2.28%) Apple iOS
8 13 (1.14%) Embedded Linux
9 8 (0.70%) Windows 7
9 8 (0.70%) Windows 8
9 8 (0.70%) Windows Server
10 7 (0.61%) Fedora
11 3 (0.26%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.18%) Solaris
13 1 (0.088%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 1 (0.088%) VMS
13 1 (0.088%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 772 (67.66%) Agile Software Development
2 409 (35.85%) TDD
3 395 (34.62%) Test Automation
4 367 (32.16%) Scrum
5 286 (25.07%) Microservices
6 274 (24.01%) OO
7 267 (23.40%) Continuous Integration
8 263 (23.05%) Software Engineering
9 250 (21.91%) DevOps
10 238 (20.86%) BDD
11 167 (14.64%) Unit Testing
12 135 (11.83%) E-Commerce
13 121 (10.60%) MVC
14 115 (10.08%) Kanban
15 114 (9.99%) Open Source
16 111 (9.73%) Problem-Solving
17 108 (9.47%) Mentoring
18 85 (7.45%) Computer Science
19 82 (7.19%) Fintech
20 81 (7.10%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,045 (91.59%) Java
2 349 (30.59%) JavaScript
3 348 (30.50%) SQL
4 319 (27.96%) Java 8
5 198 (17.35%) Python
6 153 (13.41%) C#
7 83 (7.27%) Groovy
8 74 (6.49%) C
9 66 (5.78%) C++
10 50 (4.38%) Ruby
11 49 (4.29%) Kotlin
11 49 (4.29%) Shell Script
12 39 (3.42%) PowerShell
13 33 (2.89%) Scala
14 29 (2.54%) PHP
15 24 (2.10%) TypeScript
16 22 (1.93%) Java 9
17 21 (1.84%) Bash Shell
18 16 (1.40%) ES6
19 13 (1.14%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 116 (10.17%) Degree
2 72 (6.31%) Security Cleared
3 39 (3.42%) ISTQB
4 36 (3.16%) Computer Science Degree
4 36 (3.16%) DV Cleared
5 31 (2.72%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 30 (2.63%) SC Cleared
7 10 (0.88%) Master's Degree
7 10 (0.88%) PMI Certification
8 8 (0.70%) ISEB
9 5 (0.44%) Sun Certification
10 4 (0.35%) DBS Check
11 3 (0.26%) CISSP
11 3 (0.26%) CompTIA Security+
11 3 (0.26%) GIAC
11 3 (0.26%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 3 (0.26%) Linux+ Certification
11 3 (0.26%) Network+ Certification
11 3 (0.26%) SANS
11 3 (0.26%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 143 (12.53%) QA
2 8 (0.70%) PCI DSS
3 3 (0.26%) Def Stans
3 3 (0.26%) IEC 61508
3 3 (0.26%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.088%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.088%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 267 (23.40%) Docker
2 52 (4.56%) Active Directory
3 14 (1.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (1.14%) vSphere
5 9 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.35%) Postfix
6 4 (0.35%) vCloud
7 2 (0.18%) ACF2
7 2 (0.18%) RACF
8 1 (0.088%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 122 (10.69%) Kubernetes
2 72 (6.31%) Puppet
3 70 (6.13%) Ansible
4 64 (5.61%) Terraform
5 43 (3.77%) Opscode Chef
6 42 (3.68%) Kibana
7 27 (2.37%) Grafana
8 25 (2.19%) Prometheus
9 22 (1.93%) Istio
10 18 (1.58%) Knative
11 17 (1.49%) Salt
12 14 (1.23%) Graphite
13 13 (1.14%) Rancher
14 10 (0.88%) Packer
15 9 (0.79%) logstash
16 7 (0.61%) Docker Swarm
17 6 (0.53%) Marathon
17 6 (0.53%) Mesos
18 5 (0.44%) ITRS Geneos
19 2 (0.18%) Control-M
Vendors
1 167 (14.64%) Oracle
2 85 (7.45%) SAP
3 70 (6.13%) Splunk
4 69 (6.05%) Adobe
4 69 (6.05%) Google
5 50 (4.38%) Red Hat
6 47 (4.12%) Atlassian
7 44 (3.86%) IBM
8 43 (3.77%) Salesforce.com
9 40 (3.51%) Microsoft
10 31 (2.72%) New Relic
11 30 (2.63%) Sage
12 26 (2.28%) hybris
12 26 (2.28%) MuleSoft
13 21 (1.84%) Demandware
14 18 (1.58%) Dell
14 18 (1.58%) VMware
15 17 (1.49%) Dynatrace
16 16 (1.40%) WorldPay
17 10 (0.88%) Solace