Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 283 258 286
Rank change year-on-year -25 +28 +14
Permanent jobs citing JUnit 1,981 2,447 2,314
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.17% 1.39% 1.17%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.76% 6.73% 6.48%
Number of salaries quoted 1,373 1,832 1,914
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% +10.53%
10th Percentile £37,250 £33,750 £35,000
90th Percentile £81,250 £76,250 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 34,377 36,364 35,732
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.34% 20.63% 18.13%
Number of salaries quoted 27,873 29,719 30,964
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +5.56%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JUnit.

Salary trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Salary histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -35 1,838 £55,000 +6.80% 227
UK excluding London -6 1,170 £50,000 +11.11% 147
London -54 807 £65,000 +8.33% 98
South West -3 317 £47,500 +5.56% 15
South East -25 235 £52,500 +10.53% 36
Midlands +11 192 £52,500 +26.51% 34
North of England -8 187 £47,000 -1.05% 36
East Midlands +48 116 £52,500 +31.25% 18
East of England +14 100 £47,500 +5.56% 8
North West -30 94 £55,000 +15.79% 25
Scotland -16 92 £50,000 +25.00% 15
Yorkshire +26 76 £45,000 - 11
West Midlands -24 76 £52,500 +28.83% 16
Wales +40 38 £40,000 -30.43%
North East -5 17 £45,000 +30.43%
Northern Ireland - 14 £65,000 - 3

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 1,811 (91.42%) Java
2 1,319 (66.58%) Agile Software Development
3 1,008 (50.88%) Spring
4 804 (40.59%) SQL
5 768 (38.77%) TDD
6 739 (37.30%) Test Automation
7 714 (36.04%) JavaScript
8 649 (32.76%) Jenkins
9 642 (32.41%) Maven
10 630 (31.80%) Git (software)
11 609 (30.74%) Selenium
12 599 (30.24%) Scrum
13 575 (29.03%) Continuous Integration
14 554 (27.97%) HTML
15 547 (27.61%) Web Services
16 517 (26.10%) Finance
16 517 (26.10%) Software Engineering
17 494 (24.94%) BDD
18 487 (24.58%) Cucumber
19 485 (24.48%) REST
20 465 (23.47%) CSS
21 436 (22.01%) Linux
22 429 (21.66%) Hibernate
23 419 (21.15%) Oracle
24 392 (19.79%) JIRA
25 382 (19.28%) Java 8
26 358 (18.07%) Mockito
27 342 (17.26%) DevOps
28 330 (16.66%) Degree
29 324 (16.36%) Gradle

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 296 (14.94%) Tomcat
2 194 (9.79%) Confluence
3 182 (9.19%) Apache
4 158 (7.98%) JBoss
5 114 (5.75%) Elasticsearch
6 82 (4.14%) Apache Spark
7 69 (3.48%) WebLogic
8 62 (3.13%) WebSphere
9 61 (3.08%) Mule
10 60 (3.03%) Cloud Foundry
11 48 (2.42%) CMS
12 44 (2.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 28 (1.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 24 (1.21%) IIS
15 23 (1.16%) Mule ESB
16 22 (1.11%) WildFly
17 19 (0.96%) Anypoint
17 19 (0.96%) Jetty
18 17 (0.86%) nginx
19 14 (0.71%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 10 (0.50%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.15%) Mingle
3 1 (0.050%) Blender
3 1 (0.050%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.050%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.050%) Weka
Business Applications
1 8 (0.40%) Distributed Ledger
2 6 (0.30%) Magento
3 5 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.050%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 319 (16.10%) Amazon AWS
2 129 (6.51%) GitHub
3 66 (3.33%) Microsoft Azure
4 55 (2.78%) SaaS
5 44 (2.22%) PaaS
6 40 (2.02%) Google Cloud Platform
7 38 (1.92%) IaaS
8 36 (1.82%) Slack
9 30 (1.51%) Amazon EC2
10 29 (1.46%) Cloud Computing
11 27 (1.36%) npm
12 18 (0.91%) IBM Cloud
13 13 (0.66%) Serverless
14 12 (0.61%) Runscope
15 8 (0.40%) Akamai
15 8 (0.40%) Amazon SQS
15 8 (0.40%) BrowserStack
16 7 (0.35%) Azure Machine Learning
16 7 (0.35%) Google App Engine
16 7 (0.35%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 48 (2.42%) TCP/IP
2 35 (1.77%) HTTP
3 25 (1.26%) Wireless
4 24 (1.21%) Internet
5 21 (1.06%) IPv4
5 21 (1.06%) IPv6
6 18 (0.91%) SSL
7 17 (0.86%) HTTPS
8 14 (0.71%) SMTP
9 13 (0.66%) SMPP
10 12 (0.61%) AMQP
11 11 (0.56%) DNS
12 9 (0.45%) SMS
13 8 (0.40%) SSH
14 5 (0.25%) Broadband
15 4 (0.20%) Skype
16 3 (0.15%) DSL
16 3 (0.15%) FTP
16 3 (0.15%) PPP
17 2 (0.10%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 257 (12.97%) NoSQL
2 252 (12.72%) MySQL
3 213 (10.75%) MongoDB
4 155 (7.82%) Relational Database
5 153 (7.72%) Big Data
6 147 (7.42%) PostgreSQL
7 141 (7.12%) SQL Server
8 115 (5.81%) Hadoop
9 91 (4.59%) Apache Cassandra
10 59 (2.98%) Oracle Database
11 57 (2.88%) Redis
12 52 (2.62%) RDBMS
13 50 (2.52%) DB2
14 48 (2.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 38 (1.92%) Neo4j
16 36 (1.82%) HBase
17 34 (1.72%) Apache Hive
18 31 (1.56%) Impala
19 28 (1.41%) Hazelcast
20 27 (1.36%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 649 (32.76%) Jenkins
2 642 (32.41%) Maven
3 630 (31.80%) Git (software)
4 609 (30.74%) Selenium
5 487 (24.58%) Cucumber
6 392 (19.79%) JIRA
7 358 (18.07%) Mockito
8 324 (16.36%) Gradle
9 256 (12.92%) TestNG
10 209 (10.55%) Subversion
11 178 (8.99%) Eclipse
12 162 (8.18%) Protractor
13 155 (7.82%) Jasmine
14 147 (7.42%) WebDriver
15 133 (6.71%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 132 (6.66%) Ant
16 132 (6.66%) JMeter
17 128 (6.46%) Bitbucket
18 125 (6.31%) IntelliJ
19 121 (6.11%) TeamCity
General
1 517 (26.10%) Finance
2 204 (10.30%) Banking
3 99 (5.00%) Retail
4 93 (4.69%) Investment Banking
5 83 (4.19%) Electronics
5 83 (4.19%) Financial Institution
6 64 (3.23%) Games
6 64 (3.23%) Marketing
7 63 (3.18%) Telecoms
8 46 (2.32%) Advertising
9 45 (2.27%) Manufacturing
10 30 (1.51%) Front Office
11 19 (0.96%) Law
12 15 (0.76%) Automotive
13 12 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
14 8 (0.40%) Spanish Language
15 7 (0.35%) Arabic Language
15 7 (0.35%) Hindi Language
15 7 (0.35%) Russian Language
15 7 (0.35%) Welsh Language
Job Titles
1 1,190 (60.07%) Developer
2 927 (46.79%) Java Developer
3 264 (13.33%) Senior Developer
4 252 (12.72%) Senior Java Developer
5 248 (12.52%) Java Engineer
6 245 (12.37%) Software Engineer
7 143 (7.22%) Software Developer
8 137 (6.92%) Java Software Engineer
9 125 (6.31%) Tester
10 107 (5.40%) Test Engineer
11 100 (5.05%) Developer in Test
12 93 (4.69%) Java Software Developer
13 78 (3.94%) Android Developer
14 77 (3.89%) Automation Tester
15 73 (3.69%) Senior Software Engineer
16 65 (3.28%) Senior Java Engineer
17 64 (3.23%) Lead Developer
18 63 (3.18%) Analyst
19 62 (3.13%) JavaScript Developer
20 59 (2.98%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,008 (50.88%) Spring
2 554 (27.97%) HTML
3 547 (27.61%) Web Services
4 485 (24.48%) REST
5 465 (23.47%) CSS
6 429 (21.66%) Hibernate
7 313 (15.80%) XML
8 305 (15.40%) RESTful
9 298 (15.04%) AngularJS
10 256 (12.92%) SOAP
11 247 (12.47%) JSON
12 228 (11.51%) Spring Boot
13 221 (11.16%) J2EE
13 221 (11.16%) Java EE
14 210 (10.60%) Node.js
15 193 (9.74%) HTML5
16 191 (9.64%) .NET
17 188 (9.49%) React
17 188 (9.49%) Spring MVC
18 152 (7.67%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 225 (11.36%) Computer Science
2 154 (7.77%) Greenfield Project
3 139 (7.02%) Analytical Skills
4 117 (5.91%) Fintech
5 103 (5.20%) User Experience
6 92 (4.64%) Mobile App
7 76 (3.84%) Self-Motivation
8 67 (3.38%) Cyberthreat
9 66 (3.33%) Enterprise Software
10 52 (2.62%) Algorithms
11 49 (2.47%) Wiki
12 38 (1.92%) Virtual Team
13 36 (1.82%) Data Structures
14 35 (1.77%) Management Information System
15 30 (1.51%) Fixed Income
16 27 (1.36%) Derivative
17 26 (1.31%) Linux Command Line
18 21 (1.06%) Hedge funds
19 20 (1.01%) Smart Meter
20 18 (0.91%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 436 (22.01%) Linux
2 131 (6.61%) Android
3 130 (6.56%) Unix
4 88 (4.44%) Windows
5 60 (3.03%) CentOS
6 46 (2.32%) Apple iOS
7 39 (1.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 21 (1.06%) FreeBSD
9 14 (0.71%) Ubuntu
10 12 (0.61%) openSUSE
11 8 (0.40%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.30%) Debian
12 6 (0.30%) Solaris
13 5 (0.25%) HPUX
14 4 (0.20%) Windows Phone
15 2 (0.10%) Fedora
16 1 (0.050%) AIX
16 1 (0.050%) Embedded Linux
16 1 (0.050%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,319 (66.58%) Agile Software Development
2 768 (38.77%) TDD
3 739 (37.30%) Test Automation
4 599 (30.24%) Scrum
5 575 (29.03%) Continuous Integration
6 517 (26.10%) Software Engineering
7 494 (24.94%) BDD
8 342 (17.26%) DevOps
9 323 (16.30%) Microservices
10 319 (16.10%) SDLC
11 291 (14.69%) Unit Testing
12 280 (14.13%) MVC
13 271 (13.68%) OO
14 267 (13.48%) Problem-Solving
15 252 (12.72%) Open Source
16 170 (8.58%) E-Commerce
17 147 (7.42%) Kanban
18 131 (6.61%) Web Development
19 130 (6.56%) Mentoring
20 129 (6.51%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,811 (91.42%) Java
2 804 (40.59%) SQL
3 714 (36.04%) JavaScript
4 382 (19.28%) Java 8
5 284 (14.34%) Python
6 261 (13.18%) C#
7 148 (7.47%) Scala
8 143 (7.22%) C++
9 120 (6.06%) Ruby
10 117 (5.91%) PL/SQL
11 115 (5.81%) Shell Script
12 107 (5.40%) Groovy
13 76 (3.84%) PHP
14 60 (3.03%) C
14 60 (3.03%) ES6
15 59 (2.98%) Perl
16 53 (2.68%) Bash Shell
17 36 (1.82%) TypeScript
18 34 (1.72%) Kotlin
19 32 (1.62%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 330 (16.66%) Degree
2 108 (5.45%) Computer Science Degree
3 70 (3.53%) Security Cleared
4 38 (1.92%) DV Cleared
5 37 (1.87%) SC Cleared
6 28 (1.41%) ISTQB
7 20 (1.01%) ISEB
7 20 (1.01%) Master's Degree
8 16 (0.81%) Numerate Degree
9 9 (0.45%) HND
10 5 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
10 5 (0.25%) PhD
10 5 (0.25%) Sun Certification
11 4 (0.20%) DBS Check
11 4 (0.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 3 (0.15%) PMI Certification
12 3 (0.15%) PMP
13 2 (0.10%) HNC
14 1 (0.050%) OCP
14 1 (0.050%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 256 (12.92%) QA
2 22 (1.11%) GCP
3 6 (0.30%) PCI DSS
4 5 (0.25%) PMO
5 4 (0.20%) PA-DSS
6 2 (0.10%) Dodd-Frank
6 2 (0.10%) EMIR
7 1 (0.050%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.050%) DICOM
7 1 (0.050%) MiFID
7 1 (0.050%) SLA
System Software
1 292 (14.74%) Docker
2 37 (1.87%) HDFS
3 30 (1.51%) Active Directory
4 13 (0.66%) Virtual Machines
5 11 (0.56%) Apache Flume
6 8 (0.40%) VMware Infrastructure
7 3 (0.15%) GridGain
8 2 (0.10%) ACF2
8 2 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.10%) RACF
8 2 (0.10%) Varnish
9 1 (0.050%) Firmware
9 1 (0.050%) vCloud
9 1 (0.050%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 111 (5.60%) Kubernetes
2 99 (5.00%) Puppet
3 95 (4.80%) Opscode Chef
4 83 (4.19%) Ansible
5 34 (1.72%) Terraform
6 29 (1.46%) Icinga
7 25 (1.26%) HockeyApp
8 20 (1.01%) Marathon
9 19 (0.96%) HP ALM
9 19 (0.96%) Kibana
10 12 (0.61%) Hadoop YARN
10 12 (0.61%) Salt
11 8 (0.40%) HAProxy
11 8 (0.40%) logstash
11 8 (0.40%) Rancher
12 7 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
13 5 (0.25%) Nagios
13 5 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
14 4 (0.20%) CA Service Virtualization
15 3 (0.15%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 419 (21.15%) Oracle
2 79 (3.99%) Splunk
3 63 (3.18%) Red Hat
4 58 (2.93%) SAP
5 57 (2.88%) AppDynamics
6 52 (2.62%) Google
7 50 (2.52%) Atlassian
8 46 (2.32%) Microsoft
9 45 (2.27%) Sybase
10 35 (1.77%) Capita
10 35 (1.77%) Cloudera
11 32 (1.62%) IBM
12 31 (1.56%) Apple
13 26 (1.31%) Hortonworks
14 24 (1.21%) HP
15 23 (1.16%) Adobe
16 22 (1.11%) MuleSoft
17 13 (0.66%) Concur
18 12 (0.61%) ATG
18 12 (0.61%) MapR