Period
to 17 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 17 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
17 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 419 379 350
Rank change year-on-year -40 -29 -52
Permanent jobs citing JUnit 542 873 1,354
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.64% 0.79% 0.91%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.26% 4.05% 4.58%
Number of salaries quoted 414 723 1,010
10th Percentile £39,440 £36,692 £36,250
25th Percentile £47,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% -
75th Percentile £73,750 £75,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £86,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -5.00%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 16,631 21,578 29,575
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.76% 19.42% 19.89%
Number of salaries quoted 13,188 17,223 23,688
10th Percentile £35,750 £33,750 £32,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £86,750 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Salary trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 17 April 2021.

Salary histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 17 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -26 488 £60,000 +4.35% 97
UK excluding London -28 298 £55,000 +10.00% 55
London -1 221 £70,000 - 49
Work from Home -26 130 £55,000 -4.35% 17
North of England +20 94 £55,000 +10.00% 11
South East +20 84 £65,000 +30.00% 19
South West -8 60 £50,000 +5.26% 9
North East +54 48 £55,000 +22.22% 2
North West +6 30 £53,750 +26.47% 5
Scotland -19 26 £50,000 -25.93% 6
Yorkshire -34 16 £50,000 - 4
Northern Ireland +10 11 £30,000 -41.18%
Midlands -16 11 £50,000 -4.76% 5
East of England +40 9 £67,500 +56.07% 3
East Midlands -5 7 £50,000 - 2
Wales +29 5 £50,000 +17.65% 2
West Midlands -22 4 £50,000 -4.76% 3

For the 6 months to 17 April 2021, IT jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 504 (92.99%) Java
2 403 (74.35%) Agile Software Development
3 356 (65.68%) Spring
4 268 (49.45%) Jenkins
5 256 (47.23%) SQL
6 247 (45.57%) Git (software)
7 240 (44.28%) Maven
8 235 (43.36%) Microservices
9 191 (35.24%) JavaScript
10 186 (34.32%) RESTful
11 185 (34.13%) TDD
12 181 (33.39%) Mockito
13 177 (32.66%) AWS
14 176 (32.47%) REST
15 167 (30.81%) DevOps
16 162 (29.89%) Scrum
17 159 (29.34%) Test Automation
18 156 (28.78%) Software Engineering
19 151 (27.86%) Continuous Integration
20 146 (26.94%) Spring Boot
21 145 (26.75%) Cucumber
21 145 (26.75%) Web Services
21 145 (26.75%) Linux
22 140 (25.83%) Oracle
22 140 (25.83%) JIRA
23 129 (23.80%) BDD
24 128 (23.62%) Docker
25 126 (23.25%) CSS
26 124 (22.88%) AngularJS
27 119 (21.96%) Finance

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (13.65%) Confluence
2 60 (11.07%) Tomcat
3 41 (7.56%) JBoss
4 31 (5.72%) Apache
4 31 (5.72%) Mule
5 18 (3.32%) GemFire
5 18 (3.32%) Red Hat Fuse
6 17 (3.14%) Mule ESB
7 14 (2.58%) Apache Spark
8 13 (2.40%) WebLogic
9 12 (2.21%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 11 (2.03%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 10 (1.85%) WebSphere
12 4 (0.74%) CMS
12 4 (0.74%) GlassFish
12 4 (0.74%) IIS
12 4 (0.74%) WildFly
13 3 (0.55%) SharePoint
14 2 (0.37%) Elasticsearch
14 2 (0.37%) Jetty
Applications
1 11 (2.03%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.55%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (0.74%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
1 4 (0.74%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 177 (32.66%) AWS
2 95 (17.53%) Azure
3 42 (7.75%) SaaS
4 39 (7.20%) GCP
5 35 (6.46%) Amazon EC2
6 29 (5.35%) Serverless
7 26 (4.80%) GitHub
8 13 (2.40%) Amazon S3
8 13 (2.40%) AWS CloudFormation
8 13 (2.40%) Slack
9 12 (2.21%) AWS Lambda
10 11 (2.03%) Amazon EKS
10 11 (2.03%) Amazon SQS
10 11 (2.03%) BrowserStack
11 10 (1.85%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
12 7 (1.29%) OpenShift
13 6 (1.11%) Amazon ECS
13 6 (1.11%) Amazon Kinesis
14 5 (0.92%) PaaS
15 4 (0.74%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 23 (4.24%) HTTP
2 9 (1.66%) TCP/IP
3 8 (1.48%) SSL
4 4 (0.74%) Wi-Fi
5 3 (0.55%) DLNA
5 3 (0.55%) Firewall
5 3 (0.55%) Internet
5 3 (0.55%) SSH
5 3 (0.55%) UPnP
6 2 (0.37%) FTP
6 2 (0.37%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.18%) Bluetooth
7 1 (0.18%) MQTT
7 1 (0.18%) NFC
7 1 (0.18%) RFID
7 1 (0.18%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 106 (19.56%) NoSQL
2 90 (16.61%) PostgreSQL
3 73 (13.47%) MongoDB
4 62 (11.44%) MySQL
5 39 (7.20%) SQL Server
6 37 (6.83%) Relational Database
7 21 (3.87%) Big Data
7 21 (3.87%) Redis
8 20 (3.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 15 (2.77%) Apache Cassandra
9 15 (2.77%) HBase
10 14 (2.58%) Hazelcast
11 13 (2.40%) MariaDB
12 11 (2.03%) DB2
12 11 (2.03%) Hadoop
13 10 (1.85%) Oracle Database
14 7 (1.29%) Amazon RDS
14 7 (1.29%) BigQuery
14 7 (1.29%) RDBMS
15 6 (1.11%) GIS
Development Applications
1 268 (49.45%) Jenkins
2 247 (45.57%) Git (software)
3 240 (44.28%) Maven
4 181 (33.39%) Mockito
5 145 (26.75%) Cucumber
6 140 (25.83%) JIRA
7 110 (20.30%) Selenium
8 86 (15.87%) IntelliJ
9 63 (11.62%) Gradle
10 60 (11.07%) Eclipse
11 56 (10.33%) SonarQube
12 54 (9.96%) WebDriver
13 44 (8.12%) DbUnit
14 42 (7.75%) jMock
15 39 (7.20%) JMeter
16 34 (6.27%) Cypress.io
17 33 (6.09%) Protractor
18 32 (5.90%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 32 (5.90%) TeamCity
19 27 (4.98%) TestNG
General
1 119 (21.96%) Finance
2 79 (14.58%) Public Sector
3 59 (10.89%) Banking
4 36 (6.64%) Telecoms
5 35 (6.46%) Marketing
6 25 (4.61%) Electronics
7 23 (4.24%) Manufacturing
8 19 (3.51%) Retail
9 17 (3.14%) Games
9 17 (3.14%) Law
10 8 (1.48%) Automotive
11 7 (1.29%) Investment Banking
12 5 (0.92%) Advertising
12 5 (0.92%) Front Office
12 5 (0.92%) Legal
13 3 (0.55%) Aerospace
13 3 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (0.37%) Avionics
14 2 (0.37%) Back Office
14 2 (0.37%) Military
Job Titles
1 357 (65.87%) Developer
2 266 (49.08%) Java Developer
3 108 (19.93%) Senior Developer
4 95 (17.53%) Senior Java Developer
5 82 (15.13%) Software Engineer
6 57 (10.52%) Full Stack Developer
7 50 (9.23%) Java Engineer
8 40 (7.38%) Java Software Engineer
9 32 (5.90%) Software Developer
10 27 (4.98%) Lead Developer
11 22 (4.06%) Test Engineer
12 19 (3.51%) QA Engineer
13 18 (3.32%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 17 (3.14%) Developer in Test
15 16 (2.95%) Senior Software Engineer
15 16 (2.95%) Tester
16 15 (2.77%) Scala Engineer
16 15 (2.77%) Scala Software Engineer
17 13 (2.40%) React Developer
17 13 (2.40%) Test Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 356 (65.68%) Spring
2 186 (34.32%) RESTful
3 176 (32.47%) REST
4 146 (26.94%) Spring Boot
5 145 (26.75%) Web Services
6 126 (23.25%) CSS
7 124 (22.88%) AngularJS
8 114 (21.03%) Hibernate
9 107 (19.74%) SOAP
10 104 (19.19%) JSON
11 103 (19.00%) HTML
12 87 (16.05%) XML
13 74 (13.65%) Node.js
14 71 (13.10%) React
15 65 (11.99%) PowerMock
16 60 (11.07%) J2EE
16 60 (11.07%) JPA
17 58 (10.70%) ActiveMQ
18 57 (10.52%) Kafka
19 54 (9.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 33 (6.09%) Enterprise Software
2 32 (5.90%) Analytical Skills
3 28 (5.17%) NHS
4 23 (4.24%) Linux Command Line
5 21 (3.87%) N-Tier
5 21 (3.87%) Self-Motivation
6 19 (3.51%) Mobile App
7 18 (3.32%) User Experience
8 10 (1.85%) Algorithms
8 10 (1.85%) Cloud Native
8 10 (1.85%) Virtual Team
9 9 (1.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 8 (1.48%) Life Science
10 8 (1.48%) Renewable Energy
11 7 (1.29%) Greenfield Project
12 6 (1.11%) Management Information System
12 6 (1.11%) Online Games
12 6 (1.11%) Social Media
13 4 (0.74%) Blog
13 4 (0.74%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 145 (26.75%) Linux
2 55 (10.15%) Unix
3 18 (3.32%) Windows
4 12 (2.21%) Android
5 4 (0.74%) Windows Server
6 3 (0.55%) Embedded Linux
7 2 (0.37%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.18%) Apple iOS
8 1 (0.18%) CentOS
8 1 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 403 (74.35%) Agile Software Development
2 235 (43.36%) Microservices
3 185 (34.13%) TDD
4 167 (30.81%) DevOps
5 162 (29.89%) Scrum
6 159 (29.34%) Test Automation
7 156 (28.78%) Software Engineering
8 151 (27.86%) Continuous Integration
9 129 (23.80%) BDD
10 115 (21.22%) OO
11 96 (17.71%) Open Source
12 86 (15.87%) Unit Testing
13 71 (13.10%) OOP
14 66 (12.18%) Software Testing
15 65 (11.99%) Kanban
16 62 (11.44%) Computer Science
17 57 (10.52%) Mentoring
17 57 (10.52%) Multithreading
18 55 (10.15%) Problem-Solving
19 46 (8.49%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 504 (92.99%) Java
2 256 (47.23%) SQL
3 191 (35.24%) JavaScript
4 90 (16.61%) Java 8
5 61 (11.25%) Python
6 56 (10.33%) Scala
7 54 (9.96%) TypeScript
8 50 (9.23%) C#
9 36 (6.64%) Shell Script
10 29 (5.35%) Groovy
11 26 (4.80%) PL/SQL
12 19 (3.51%) Kotlin
13 18 (3.32%) Ruby
14 17 (3.14%) C
15 13 (2.40%) PowerShell
16 11 (2.03%) XPath
17 8 (1.48%) Bash Shell
18 7 (1.29%) C++
19 6 (1.11%) ES6
20 5 (0.92%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 82 (15.13%) Degree
2 49 (9.04%) Security Cleared
3 41 (7.56%) SC Cleared
4 26 (4.80%) Computer Science Degree
5 14 (2.58%) OCP
5 14 (2.58%) Oracle Certification
6 11 (2.03%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
6 11 (2.03%) Master's Degree
7 8 (1.48%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.92%) ISTQB
9 3 (0.55%) AWS Certification
9 3 (0.55%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 3 (0.55%) TOGAF Certification
10 2 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.37%) HND
10 2 (0.37%) Numerate Degree
11 1 (0.18%) Analytics IQ
11 1 (0.18%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 1 (0.18%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 63 (11.62%) QA
2 7 (1.29%) GDPR
2 7 (1.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 3 (0.55%) WCAG
4 1 (0.18%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.18%) NCSC
4 1 (0.18%) PMO
System Software
1 128 (23.62%) Docker
2 18 (3.32%) VMware Infrastructure
3 13 (2.40%) HDFS
4 9 (1.66%) Postfix
5 4 (0.74%) Active Directory
5 4 (0.74%) vSphere
6 3 (0.55%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.18%) KVM
Systems Management
1 97 (17.90%) Kubernetes
2 36 (6.64%) Ansible
3 13 (2.40%) Puppet
4 12 (2.21%) Terraform
5 11 (2.03%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (1.29%) Docker Swarm
7 4 (0.74%) vRealize
8 3 (0.55%) Nagios
8 3 (0.55%) Rancher
9 2 (0.37%) Grafana
9 2 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
9 2 (0.37%) Prometheus
10 1 (0.18%) CloudHub
10 1 (0.18%) Graphite
10 1 (0.18%) Packer
Vendors
1 140 (25.83%) Oracle
2 63 (11.62%) Microsoft
3 38 (7.01%) Google
4 27 (4.98%) IBM
5 23 (4.24%) Adobe
6 22 (4.06%) SAP
6 22 (4.06%) VMware
7 18 (3.32%) MuleSoft
8 17 (3.14%) Okta
9 14 (2.58%) Splunk
10 8 (1.48%) Salesforce.com
11 7 (1.29%) Apple
12 6 (1.11%) webMethods
13 5 (0.92%) Bloomberg
13 5 (0.92%) GigaSpaces
14 4 (0.74%) Atlassian
14 4 (0.74%) Mercator
14 4 (0.74%) Red Hat
15 2 (0.37%) hybris
15 2 (0.37%) Samsung