Period
to 5 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 5 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
5 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 381 342 299
Rank change year-on-year -39 -43 -17
Permanent jobs citing JUnit 910 1,378 1,965
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.78% 0.92% 1.11%
As % of the Development Applications category 4.05% 4.64% 5.36%
Number of salaries quoted 783 1,089 1,566
Median annual salary £59,254 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +12.86% - -
10th Percentile £36,500 £36,250 £35,625
90th Percentile £85,000 £78,750 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% -5.00% +6.38%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 22,482 29,718 36,640
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.29% 19.92% 20.67%
Number of salaries quoted 17,734 23,616 30,067
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,250 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Salary trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 5 April 2020.

Salary histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 5 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -48 834 £60,000 +14.29% 138
UK excluding London -30 512 £50,000 +5.26% 72
London +3 400 £70,000 +7.69% 69
South East -34 145 £57,500 +15.00% 24
North of England +33 126 £50,000 +11.11% 18
South West +12 83 £50,000 +5.26% 14
Midlands +33 82 £58,750 +30.56% 9
North West +41 64 £42,500 -19.05% 9
Yorkshire +32 55 £50,000 +11.11% 7
Scotland +16 53 £70,000 +40.00% 4
West Midlands +44 48 £61,250 +36.11% 2
East Midlands +21 34 £50,000 +25.00% 7
East of England +24 24 £43,500 -20.91% 3
Work from Home -62 19 £57,500 +9.52% 12
Wales +6 16 £42,500 -
North East -7 7 £45,000 - 2
Northern Ireland +14 2 £51,000 +27.50%

For the 6 months to 5 April 2020, IT jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 837 (91.98%) Java
2 620 (68.13%) Agile Software Development
3 482 (52.97%) Spring
4 387 (42.53%) Jenkins
5 365 (40.11%) Maven
6 350 (38.46%) Microservices
7 344 (37.80%) SQL
8 329 (36.15%) Test Automation
9 315 (34.62%) TDD
10 310 (34.07%) Git (software)
11 293 (32.20%) Selenium
12 278 (30.55%) Docker
13 277 (30.44%) JavaScript
14 262 (28.79%) Scrum
15 249 (27.36%) RESTful
16 248 (27.25%) REST
17 230 (25.27%) DevOps
18 229 (25.16%) Spring Boot
19 224 (24.62%) BDD
20 221 (24.29%) Java 8
21 216 (23.74%) Continuous Integration
22 215 (23.63%) Cucumber
23 210 (23.08%) Hibernate
24 203 (22.31%) AWS
24 203 (22.31%) Software Engineering
25 186 (20.44%) Web Services
26 183 (20.11%) Finance
27 177 (19.45%) SOAP
28 173 (19.01%) Mockito
29 164 (18.02%) Oracle

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 85 (9.34%) Tomcat
2 81 (8.90%) Confluence
3 73 (8.02%) Apache
4 42 (4.62%) Apache Spark
5 34 (3.74%) Mule
6 33 (3.63%) JBoss
7 24 (2.64%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 23 (2.53%) Elasticsearch
9 20 (2.20%) CMS
10 18 (1.98%) WebSphere
10 18 (1.98%) WildFly
11 13 (1.43%) Apache Solr
11 13 (1.43%) SharePoint
12 12 (1.32%) CICS
13 11 (1.21%) Cloud Foundry
14 10 (1.10%) Mule ESB
14 10 (1.10%) Red Hat Fuse
15 9 (0.99%) Headless CMS
16 6 (0.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 5 (0.55%) Hyperledger
Applications
1 13 (1.43%) Microsoft Project
2 6 (0.66%) Spreadsheet
3 4 (0.44%) Windchill
4 2 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.11%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 9 (0.99%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 203 (22.31%) AWS
2 74 (8.13%) Azure
3 63 (6.92%) Amazon EC2
4 55 (6.04%) GitHub
5 34 (3.74%) PaaS
6 32 (3.52%) Amazon SQS
7 26 (2.86%) SaaS
8 25 (2.75%) Serverless
9 24 (2.64%) GCP
10 19 (2.09%) Amazon S3
11 15 (1.65%) IaaS
12 11 (1.21%) Apigee
12 11 (1.21%) AWS Lambda
13 10 (1.10%) Amazon Cognito
14 9 (0.99%) Boomi
15 8 (0.88%) Amazon Kinesis
15 8 (0.88%) Power Platform
16 7 (0.77%) Amazon ECS
16 7 (0.77%) BlazeMeter
17 6 (0.66%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 15 (1.65%) HTTP
2 10 (1.10%) TCP/IP
3 5 (0.55%) Internet
4 4 (0.44%) FTP
5 3 (0.33%) HTTPS
6 2 (0.22%) AMQP
6 2 (0.22%) Software-Defined Networking
7 1 (0.11%) ATM
7 1 (0.11%) Broadband
7 1 (0.11%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 122 (13.41%) NoSQL
2 104 (11.43%) PostgreSQL
3 91 (10.00%) MySQL
4 88 (9.67%) Relational Database
5 55 (6.04%) SQL Server
6 44 (4.84%) MongoDB
7 43 (4.73%) RDBMS
8 34 (3.74%) Big Data
9 24 (2.64%) Amazon RDS
9 24 (2.64%) Hadoop
10 21 (2.31%) Apache Cassandra
10 21 (2.31%) Redis
11 18 (1.98%) DB2
12 17 (1.87%) Oracle Database
13 16 (1.76%) MarkLogic
14 14 (1.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 11 (1.21%) Couchbase
16 8 (0.88%) Apache Hive
16 8 (0.88%) Data Warehouse
16 8 (0.88%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 387 (42.53%) Jenkins
2 365 (40.11%) Maven
3 310 (34.07%) Git (software)
4 293 (32.20%) Selenium
5 215 (23.63%) Cucumber
6 173 (19.01%) Mockito
7 163 (17.91%) JIRA
8 100 (10.99%) TestNG
9 84 (9.23%) JMeter
10 82 (9.01%) Gradle
11 77 (8.46%) WebDriver
12 74 (8.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 73 (8.02%) Bitbucket
14 66 (7.25%) SonarQube
15 57 (6.26%) DbUnit
15 57 (6.26%) TeamCity
16 54 (5.93%) Team Foundation Server
17 51 (5.60%) jMock
18 47 (5.16%) NUnit
19 43 (4.73%) Hudson
General
1 183 (20.11%) Finance
2 83 (9.12%) Banking
3 48 (5.27%) Retail
4 39 (4.29%) Public Sector
5 36 (3.96%) Marketing
6 25 (2.75%) Games
7 21 (2.31%) Manufacturing
7 21 (2.31%) Telecoms
8 18 (1.98%) Electronics
9 16 (1.76%) Financial Institution
10 12 (1.32%) Front Office
11 8 (0.88%) Investment Banking
11 8 (0.88%) Legal
12 7 (0.77%) Advertising
13 4 (0.44%) German Language
14 3 (0.33%) Retail Banking
15 2 (0.22%) Publishing
16 1 (0.11%) Aerospace
16 1 (0.11%) International Banking
16 1 (0.11%) Military
Job Titles
1 531 (58.35%) Developer
2 440 (48.35%) Java Developer
3 130 (14.29%) Senior Developer
4 119 (13.08%) Java Engineer
5 117 (12.86%) Software Engineer
6 110 (12.09%) Senior Java Developer
7 83 (9.12%) Java Software Engineer
8 59 (6.48%) Tester
9 52 (5.71%) Test Automation Engineer
9 52 (5.71%) Test Engineer
10 45 (4.95%) Automation Tester
11 43 (4.73%) Lead Developer
11 43 (4.73%) Software Developer
12 41 (4.51%) Java Software Developer
13 40 (4.40%) Lead Java Developer
14 36 (3.96%) Senior Java Engineer
15 33 (3.63%) Senior Software Engineer
16 31 (3.41%) Automation Engineer
16 31 (3.41%) QA Engineer
17 30 (3.30%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 482 (52.97%) Spring
2 249 (27.36%) RESTful
3 248 (27.25%) REST
4 229 (25.16%) Spring Boot
5 210 (23.08%) Hibernate
6 186 (20.44%) Web Services
7 177 (19.45%) SOAP
8 131 (14.40%) AngularJS
8 131 (14.40%) HTML
9 123 (13.52%) XML
10 117 (12.86%) CSS
11 114 (12.53%) React
12 105 (11.54%) JPA
13 92 (10.11%) JSON
14 81 (8.90%) J2EE
15 75 (8.24%) Java EE
16 71 (7.80%) .NET
17 62 (6.81%) JMS
18 61 (6.70%) Kafka
19 57 (6.26%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 81 (8.90%) Greenfield Project
2 56 (6.15%) Analytical Skills
3 37 (4.07%) User Experience
4 31 (3.41%) Mobile App
5 25 (2.75%) Data Structures
6 21 (2.31%) Linux Command Line
7 19 (2.09%) Enterprise Software
8 18 (1.98%) Cloud Native
8 18 (1.98%) iPad
9 16 (1.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 15 (1.65%) Mainframe
11 14 (1.54%) Virtual Team
12 13 (1.43%) Algorithms
12 13 (1.43%) Self-Motivation
13 12 (1.32%) IBM Mainframe
13 12 (1.32%) Public Cloud
14 11 (1.21%) IVR
14 11 (1.21%) Wiki
15 10 (1.10%) Mobile Banking
16 9 (0.99%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 98 (10.77%) Linux
2 68 (7.47%) Windows
3 35 (3.85%) Unix
4 33 (3.63%) Android
5 25 (2.75%) Apple iOS
6 15 (1.65%) Mac OS X
6 15 (1.65%) Windows Server
7 12 (1.32%) CentOS
8 11 (1.21%) Windows Server 2012
8 11 (1.21%) Windows Server 2016
9 7 (0.77%) Solaris
10 6 (0.66%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.44%) Embedded Linux
11 4 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 1 (0.11%) Amazon Linux
12 1 (0.11%) VMS
12 1 (0.11%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 620 (68.13%) Agile Software Development
2 350 (38.46%) Microservices
3 329 (36.15%) Test Automation
4 315 (34.62%) TDD
5 262 (28.79%) Scrum
6 230 (25.27%) DevOps
7 224 (24.62%) BDD
8 216 (23.74%) Continuous Integration
9 203 (22.31%) Software Engineering
10 127 (13.96%) OO
11 109 (11.98%) Problem-Solving
12 104 (11.43%) Unit Testing
13 83 (9.12%) Kanban
14 73 (8.02%) Computer Science
15 69 (7.58%) Multithreading
16 68 (7.47%) Continuous Delivery
17 66 (7.25%) MVC
18 64 (7.03%) Mentoring
19 60 (6.59%) E-Commerce
19 60 (6.59%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 837 (91.98%) Java
2 344 (37.80%) SQL
3 277 (30.44%) JavaScript
4 221 (24.29%) Java 8
5 141 (15.49%) C#
6 118 (12.97%) Python
7 69 (7.58%) C++
8 41 (4.51%) Kotlin
9 38 (4.18%) C
9 38 (4.18%) PHP
10 36 (3.96%) Scala
11 29 (3.19%) Shell Script
12 26 (2.86%) Groovy
13 23 (2.53%) Ruby
13 23 (2.53%) VB
14 22 (2.42%) Bash Shell
15 21 (2.31%) Java 9
16 18 (1.98%) PL/SQL
17 17 (1.87%) Perl
17 17 (1.87%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 89 (9.78%) Degree
2 44 (4.84%) Security Cleared
3 42 (4.62%) Computer Science Degree
4 28 (3.08%) ISTQB
5 24 (2.64%) SC Cleared
6 23 (2.53%) ISEB
7 16 (1.76%) DV Cleared
8 13 (1.43%) PMI Certification
9 12 (1.32%) Master's Degree
9 12 (1.32%) PMP
10 9 (0.99%) AWS Certification
11 5 (0.55%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 3 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
13 2 (0.22%) PhD
13 2 (0.22%) Sun Certification
14 1 (0.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 79 (8.68%) QA
2 4 (0.44%) PCI DSS
2 4 (0.44%) SEPA
3 3 (0.33%) PMO
4 1 (0.11%) Def Stans
4 1 (0.11%) IEC 61508
4 1 (0.11%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 278 (30.55%) Docker
2 17 (1.87%) Postfix
2 17 (1.87%) VMware Infrastructure
2 17 (1.87%) vSphere
3 12 (1.32%) ACF2
3 12 (1.32%) RACF
4 5 (0.55%) Active Directory
5 4 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.33%) Apache Flume
6 3 (0.33%) HDFS
7 2 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.11%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 124 (13.63%) Kubernetes
2 52 (5.71%) Ansible
3 40 (4.40%) Terraform
4 32 (3.52%) Puppet
5 30 (3.30%) Opscode Chef
6 29 (3.19%) Kibana
7 16 (1.76%) Prometheus
8 12 (1.32%) Istio
8 12 (1.32%) Rancher
9 11 (1.21%) Grafana
10 10 (1.10%) logstash
11 9 (0.99%) Knative
12 8 (0.88%) Salt
13 7 (0.77%) Docker Swarm
14 6 (0.66%) HP ALM
15 4 (0.44%) CloudHub
15 4 (0.44%) Control-M
15 4 (0.44%) ITRS Geneos
15 4 (0.44%) PTC Integrity
16 3 (0.33%) NetIQ Identity Manager
Vendors
1 164 (18.02%) Oracle
2 48 (5.27%) SAP
3 45 (4.95%) IBM
4 41 (4.51%) Splunk
5 32 (3.52%) MuleSoft
6 28 (3.08%) Google
7 27 (2.97%) Adobe
8 24 (2.64%) Microsoft
9 21 (2.31%) VMware
10 20 (2.20%) Atlassian
11 18 (1.98%) HP
11 18 (1.98%) Salesforce.com
12 11 (1.21%) New Relic
12 11 (1.21%) Veracode
13 10 (1.10%) Solace
13 10 (1.10%) TIBCO
14 9 (0.99%) Dell
14 9 (0.99%) Demandware
14 9 (0.99%) hybris
14 9 (0.99%) Pega