Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 373 375 364
Rank change year-on-year +2 -11 +2
Permanent jobs citing JUnit 1,713 866 628
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.94% 0.80% 0.80%
As % of the Development Applications category 4.11% 3.88% 4.04%
Number of salaries quoted 585 493 511
10th Percentile £47,350 £39,200 £36,250
25th Percentile £60,000 £47,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £62,500 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +20.00% +8.70% +9.52%
75th Percentile £100,000 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £112,000 £92,500 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% +10.00% +5.26%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 41,701 22,294 15,534
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.95% 20.68% 19.67%
Number of salaries quoted 16,183 14,928 12,521
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £33,750
25th Percentile £47,250 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,750 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +12.11% +1.36% +6.80%
75th Percentile £80,000 £73,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Salary trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Salary histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +2 1,478 £75,000 +15.38% 82
London +51 1,114 £85,000 +15.25% 43
Work from Home -37 653 £70,000 +16.67% 32
UK excluding London -180 375 £60,000 +9.09% 40
South East -132 126 £57,500 - 11
North of England -138 71 £65,000 +18.18% 9
Midlands -12 69 £60,000 -7.69% 3
South West -37 51 £50,000 -13.04% 11
West Midlands -11 47 £57,000 +16.92% 3
North West -68 47 £65,000 +4.00% 6
East of England -62 33 £65,000 +20.93% 3
East Midlands -27 22 £60,000 -7.69%
Yorkshire -52 22 £52,250 -9.13% 3
Scotland -58 22 £65,000 +30.00%
Wales -34 3 £57,750 +28.33%
North East -74 2 - -
Northern Ireland -33 1 £60,000 +100.00% 3

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 1,570 (91.65%) Java
2 1,316 (76.82%) Agile
3 953 (55.63%) Spring
4 895 (52.25%) Jenkins
5 819 (47.81%) Microservices
6 794 (46.35%) AWS
7 688 (40.16%) Git (software)
8 681 (39.75%) TDD
9 676 (39.46%) CI/CD
10 647 (37.77%) Test Automation
11 642 (37.48%) RESTful
12 602 (35.14%) Scrum
13 590 (34.44%) Software Engineering
14 587 (34.27%) SQL
15 556 (32.46%) Mockito
16 546 (31.87%) Docker
17 517 (30.18%) REST
18 511 (29.83%) Maven
19 495 (28.90%) Continuous Integration
20 471 (27.50%) Kubernetes
21 462 (26.97%) JSON
21 462 (26.97%) Finance
22 453 (26.44%) DevOps
23 443 (25.86%) Mentoring
24 440 (25.69%) Spring Boot
25 419 (24.46%) Cucumber
26 416 (24.28%) JavaScript
27 403 (23.53%) QA
28 397 (23.18%) Azure
29 390 (22.77%) Web Services

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (4.67%) Confluence
1 80 (4.67%) Jetty
2 56 (3.27%) Apache Spark
3 55 (3.21%) CMS
4 51 (2.98%) Tomcat
5 39 (2.28%) JBoss
6 37 (2.16%) GemFire
7 36 (2.10%) Apache
8 27 (1.58%) IIS
9 26 (1.52%) Apache Pulsar
10 20 (1.17%) Headless CMS
10 20 (1.17%) WebSphere
11 13 (0.76%) ColdFusion
11 13 (0.76%) Ethereum
11 13 (0.76%) Jupyter
11 13 (0.76%) Sitecore CMS
12 11 (0.64%) GlassFish
12 11 (0.64%) nginx
13 9 (0.53%) IBM Domino
14 8 (0.47%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 25 (1.46%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.058%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 23 (1.34%) Oracle BPM
2 13 (0.76%) Ripple
2 13 (0.76%) Ripple XRP
3 2 (0.12%) MIS ActiveH
3 2 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.058%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 794 (46.35%) AWS
2 397 (23.18%) Azure
3 364 (21.25%) GCP
4 247 (14.42%) Serverless
5 243 (14.19%) GitHub
6 174 (10.16%) PaaS
7 97 (5.66%) OpenShift
8 68 (3.97%) Datadog
9 65 (3.79%) Amazon S3
10 62 (3.62%) SaaS
11 59 (3.44%) Amazon SQS
12 46 (2.69%) Amazon EKS
13 43 (2.51%) Slack
14 41 (2.39%) Amazon EC2
15 38 (2.22%) GitHub Actions
16 35 (2.04%) Amazon Kinesis
17 32 (1.87%) AWS Lambda
17 32 (1.87%) Azure DevOps
18 28 (1.63%) BrowserStack
18 28 (1.63%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 128 (7.47%) HTTP
2 59 (3.44%) TCP/IP
3 44 (2.57%) Broadband
4 31 (1.81%) NFC
5 22 (1.28%) Wi-Fi
6 20 (1.17%) Internet
7 15 (0.88%) Bluetooth
8 12 (0.70%) PPP
9 10 (0.58%) SMS
10 7 (0.41%) DLNA
10 7 (0.41%) UPnP
11 6 (0.35%) DSL
12 4 (0.23%) Unified Communications
13 2 (0.12%) 5G
14 1 (0.058%) AMQP
14 1 (0.058%) HTTPS
14 1 (0.058%) IPFIX
14 1 (0.058%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 353 (20.61%) PostgreSQL
2 343 (20.02%) Relational Database
3 250 (14.59%) NoSQL
4 248 (14.48%) MySQL
5 229 (13.37%) MongoDB
6 174 (10.16%) Redis
7 147 (8.58%) SQL Server
8 129 (7.53%) Big Data
9 105 (6.13%) Hadoop
10 102 (5.95%) Elasticsearch
11 77 (4.50%) Hazelcast
12 76 (4.44%) RDBMS
13 64 (3.74%) Apache Cassandra
14 55 (3.21%) DynamoDB
15 34 (1.98%) Neo4j
16 32 (1.87%) Flink
17 28 (1.63%) HBase
18 21 (1.23%) Amazon Redshift
18 21 (1.23%) BigQuery
19 19 (1.11%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 895 (52.25%) Jenkins
2 688 (40.16%) Git (software)
3 556 (32.46%) Mockito
4 511 (29.83%) Maven
5 419 (24.46%) Cucumber
6 376 (21.95%) Selenium
7 336 (19.61%) Gradle
8 242 (14.13%) JIRA
9 164 (9.57%) JMeter
10 148 (8.64%) TestNG
11 118 (6.89%) Bitbucket
12 110 (6.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 94 (5.49%) NUnit
14 93 (5.43%) GitLab
15 92 (5.37%) SpecFlow
16 91 (5.31%) Appium
17 88 (5.14%) Subversion
18 82 (4.79%) WebDriver
19 74 (4.32%) Jasmine
20 66 (3.85%) Ant
General
1 462 (26.97%) Finance
2 347 (20.26%) Social Skills
3 181 (10.57%) Manufacturing
4 180 (10.51%) Banking
5 138 (8.06%) Games
6 128 (7.47%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 127 (7.41%) Analytical Skills
8 110 (6.42%) Marketing
9 87 (5.08%) Retail
10 76 (4.44%) Law
11 63 (3.68%) Public Sector
12 33 (1.93%) Financial Institution
13 32 (1.87%) Electronics
14 23 (1.34%) Documentation Skills
14 23 (1.34%) Local Government
14 23 (1.34%) Presentation Skills
15 22 (1.28%) Organisational Skills
16 21 (1.23%) Front Office
17 20 (1.17%) Legal
18 19 (1.11%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 649 (37.89%) Developer
2 462 (26.97%) Java Developer
3 347 (20.26%) Software Engineer
4 335 (19.56%) Java Engineer
5 218 (12.73%) Senior Developer
6 207 (12.08%) Principal Engineer
7 162 (9.46%) Senior Java Developer
8 153 (8.93%) Java Software Engineer
9 143 (8.35%) Test Engineer
10 98 (5.72%) Software Developer
11 95 (5.55%) Senior Software Engineer
12 93 (5.43%) Software Test Engineer
13 74 (4.32%) QA Engineer
14 64 (3.74%) Lead Developer
15 62 (3.62%) Development Engineer
15 62 (3.62%) Test Development Engineer
16 61 (3.56%) Software Development Engineer
17 60 (3.50%) Full Stack Developer
18 59 (3.44%) Senior Java Engineer
19 53 (3.09%) Android Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 953 (55.63%) Spring
2 642 (37.48%) RESTful
3 517 (30.18%) REST
4 462 (26.97%) JSON
5 440 (25.69%) Spring Boot
6 390 (22.77%) Web Services
7 372 (21.72%) Hibernate
8 356 (20.78%) Kafka
9 251 (14.65%) React
10 242 (14.13%) Node.js
11 236 (13.78%) JPA
12 220 (12.84%) AngularJS
13 214 (12.49%) HTML
14 180 (10.51%) CSS
14 180 (10.51%) Swagger
15 152 (8.87%) RabbitMQ
16 136 (7.94%) Spring MVC
17 122 (7.12%) SOAP
18 115 (6.71%) XML
19 112 (6.54%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 164 (9.57%) Life Science
2 122 (7.12%) Cloud Native
3 118 (6.89%) User Experience
4 105 (6.13%) Self-Motivation
5 103 (6.01%) Public Cloud
6 93 (5.43%) Mobile App
7 76 (4.44%) Algorithms
8 71 (4.14%) Data Structures
9 61 (3.56%) Social Media
10 51 (2.98%) Blog
11 46 (2.69%) Legacy Code
12 45 (2.63%) Hackathon
13 44 (2.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 43 (2.51%) Data Centre
15 39 (2.28%) Equities
16 35 (2.04%) Fixed Income
16 35 (2.04%) Social Network
17 34 (1.98%) Over-the-Top Content
18 29 (1.69%) Blockchain
18 29 (1.69%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 304 (17.75%) Linux
2 165 (9.63%) Android
3 79 (4.61%) Apple iOS
4 70 (4.09%) Unix
5 51 (2.98%) Windows
6 19 (1.11%) CentOS
7 15 (0.88%) Ubuntu
8 9 (0.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 7 (0.41%) Alpine Linux
9 7 (0.41%) Debian
9 7 (0.41%) Embedded Linux
10 5 (0.29%) Mac OS
11 3 (0.18%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.12%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,316 (76.82%) Agile
2 819 (47.81%) Microservices
3 681 (39.75%) TDD
4 676 (39.46%) CI/CD
5 647 (37.77%) Test Automation
6 602 (35.14%) Scrum
7 590 (34.44%) Software Engineering
8 495 (28.90%) Continuous Integration
9 453 (26.44%) DevOps
10 443 (25.86%) Mentoring
11 349 (20.37%) Unit Testing
12 306 (17.86%) BDD
13 301 (17.57%) Coaching
14 283 (16.52%) Software Testing
15 278 (16.23%) SDLC
16 252 (14.71%) Problem-Solving
17 216 (12.61%) MVC
18 212 (12.38%) Computer Science
19 207 (12.08%) Innovative Thinking
19 207 (12.08%) OO
Programming Languages
1 1,570 (91.65%) Java
2 587 (34.27%) SQL
3 416 (24.28%) JavaScript
4 251 (14.65%) Python
5 249 (14.54%) Kotlin
6 149 (8.70%) Scala
7 132 (7.71%) C#
8 118 (6.89%) TypeScript
9 114 (6.65%) Shell Script
10 85 (4.96%) Groovy
11 76 (4.44%) PowerShell
12 39 (2.28%) Go
13 36 (2.10%) Bash
14 28 (1.63%) C++
14 28 (1.63%) ES6
15 26 (1.52%) PHP
16 25 (1.46%) Apple Swift
16 25 (1.46%) PL/SQL
17 19 (1.11%) Ruby
18 18 (1.05%) XPath
Qualifications
1 274 (16.00%) Degree
2 139 (8.11%) Computer Science Degree
3 43 (2.51%) Security Cleared
4 24 (1.40%) SC Cleared
5 19 (1.11%) ISTQB
6 15 (0.88%) Postgraduate
7 11 (0.64%) Master's Degree
8 9 (0.53%) ISEB
8 9 (0.53%) Numerate Degree
9 8 (0.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 8 (0.47%) OCP
9 8 (0.47%) Oracle Certification
10 5 (0.29%) HND
11 3 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
12 2 (0.12%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.12%) HNC
12 2 (0.12%) Sun Certification
13 1 (0.058%) CISA
13 1 (0.058%) CISSP
13 1 (0.058%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 403 (23.53%) QA
2 16 (0.93%) PCI DSS
3 13 (0.76%) Accessibility
4 7 (0.41%) WCAG
5 5 (0.29%) ISO 9001
6 4 (0.23%) Def Stans
6 4 (0.23%) IEC 61508
7 2 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.12%) PMO
8 1 (0.058%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.058%) GDPR
8 1 (0.058%) ISO 22301
8 1 (0.058%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.058%) NIST
8 1 (0.058%) PSD2
System Software
1 546 (31.87%) Docker
2 32 (1.87%) VMware Infrastructure
3 11 (0.64%) Active Directory
4 7 (0.41%) HDFS
5 4 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.18%) Postfix
7 1 (0.058%) GridGain
7 1 (0.058%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.058%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 471 (27.50%) Kubernetes
2 191 (11.15%) Terraform
3 53 (3.09%) Ansible
4 48 (2.80%) Opscode Chef
5 33 (1.93%) Argo
6 25 (1.46%) Single Sign-On
7 19 (1.11%) Kubeflow
8 14 (0.82%) Istio
9 13 (0.76%) Puppet
10 9 (0.53%) HP ALM
11 7 (0.41%) Matomo
12 5 (0.29%) Kibana
13 4 (0.23%) Consul
13 4 (0.23%) Prometheus
14 3 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
14 3 (0.18%) Grafana
14 3 (0.18%) logstash
14 3 (0.18%) Oozie
15 2 (0.12%) Rancher
16 1 (0.058%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 272 (15.88%) Google
2 267 (15.59%) Microsoft
3 185 (10.80%) Oracle
4 43 (2.51%) Spotify
5 42 (2.45%) VMware
6 26 (1.52%) Civica
6 26 (1.52%) Red Hat
7 23 (1.34%) BT
8 22 (1.28%) New Relic
9 21 (1.23%) Snapchat
9 21 (1.23%) Teradata
10 18 (1.05%) Apple
11 15 (0.88%) Perforce
11 15 (0.88%) Sun
12 14 (0.82%) Hitachi
13 13 (0.76%) SAP
13 13 (0.76%) Sitecore
14 10 (0.58%) Instagram
14 10 (0.58%) Splunk
15 9 (0.53%) HP