Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 419 394 385
Rank change year-on-year -25 -9 -46
Permanent jobs citing JUnit 963 453 1,026
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.75% 0.71% 0.81%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.78% 3.44% 4.20%
Number of salaries quoted 560 359 800
10th Percentile £40,000 £41,850 £37,500
25th Percentile £50,000 £47,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% +9.09%
75th Percentile £87,500 £72,500 £75,313
90th Percentile £100,000 £82,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £57,750 £47,500
% change year-on-year -4.76% +21.58% -5.00%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 25,455 13,165 24,453
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.75% 20.75% 19.38%
Number of salaries quoted 15,327 10,970 19,409
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,250 £33,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +10.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £71,250 £70,000
90th Percentile £93,750 £83,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £51,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +3.00% +5.26% +5.56%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Salary trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Salary histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -17 849 £70,000 +7.69% 155
London +46 560 £80,000 +18.52% 84
UK excluding London -148 325 £55,000 -4.76% 95
Work from Home -135 160 £65,000 +23.81% 38
South East -80 127 £55,000 -18.52% 10
North of England -103 87 £59,500 +19.00% 25
North West -42 64 £62,500 - 15
Scotland -46 38 £70,000 +29.63% 24
South West -73 31 £67,845 +35.69% 18
Midlands -89 29 £42,500 -19.05% 4
West Midlands -69 19 £42,500 -30.61% 2
North East -25 16 £65,000 +30.00% 5
East Midlands -52 10 £45,000 -10.00% 2
Northern Ireland -31 7 £41,500 +38.33% 4
Yorkshire -90 7 £49,750 -0.50% 5
Wales -47 4 £47,500 -9.52% 1
East of England -98 2 £45,000 -33.33% 9

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 890 (92.42%) Java
2 714 (74.14%) Agile Software Development
3 549 (57.01%) Spring
4 490 (50.88%) Jenkins
5 450 (46.73%) Microservices
6 406 (42.16%) Git (software)
7 397 (41.23%) TDD
8 373 (38.73%) AWS
9 346 (35.93%) Software Engineering
9 346 (35.93%) CI/CD
10 320 (33.23%) SQL
11 318 (33.02%) Mockito
12 316 (32.81%) Test Automation
13 303 (31.46%) REST
14 302 (31.36%) Maven
15 289 (30.01%) RESTful
16 287 (29.80%) Docker
17 280 (29.08%) Spring Boot
18 274 (28.45%) Cucumber
19 271 (28.14%) Kubernetes
20 250 (25.96%) DevOps
21 243 (25.23%) AngularJS
22 236 (24.51%) Finance
23 229 (23.78%) Scrum
23 229 (23.78%) Continuous Integration
24 220 (22.85%) Unit Testing
25 219 (22.74%) Selenium
25 219 (22.74%) JavaScript
26 218 (22.64%) NoSQL
27 217 (22.53%) BDD

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 68 (7.06%) Apache
1 68 (7.06%) Apache Spark
2 53 (5.50%) Confluence
2 53 (5.50%) GemFire
3 33 (3.43%) Elasticsearch
3 33 (3.43%) Tomcat
4 30 (3.12%) CMS
5 27 (2.80%) Jetty
6 17 (1.77%) JBoss
7 15 (1.56%) WebSphere
8 13 (1.35%) IBM Domino
9 11 (1.14%) GlassFish
10 9 (0.93%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 8 (0.83%) Headless CMS
12 7 (0.73%) WebLogic
13 6 (0.62%) WordPress
14 3 (0.31%) Apache Pulsar
14 3 (0.31%) Cloud Foundry
14 3 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 2 (0.21%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 13 (1.35%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 15 (1.56%) Oracle BPM
2 4 (0.42%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 2 (0.21%) Actimize
Cloud Services
1 373 (38.73%) AWS
2 215 (22.33%) Azure
3 158 (16.41%) GitHub
4 118 (12.25%) GCP
5 51 (5.30%) OpenShift
6 50 (5.19%) SaaS
7 47 (4.88%) Serverless
8 42 (4.36%) Amazon EC2
9 41 (4.26%) Amazon Kinesis
10 34 (3.53%) Amazon ECS
11 26 (2.70%) Amazon S3
12 25 (2.60%) Amazon SQS
13 23 (2.39%) AWS Lambda
13 23 (2.39%) Datadog
14 22 (2.28%) Slack
15 20 (2.08%) Amazon EKS
16 15 (1.56%) Cloud Computing
17 14 (1.45%) AWS CloudFormation
18 12 (1.25%) CloudFront
18 12 (1.25%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 72 (7.48%) HTTP
2 28 (2.91%) Broadband
3 5 (0.52%) SMS
4 4 (0.42%) Internet
4 4 (0.42%) SSL
4 4 (0.42%) TCP/IP
5 3 (0.31%) 5G
5 3 (0.31%) DLNA
5 3 (0.31%) DSL
5 3 (0.31%) UPnP
5 3 (0.31%) Wi-Fi
6 2 (0.21%) HTTPS
6 2 (0.21%) RIP
7 1 (0.10%) Firewall
7 1 (0.10%) FTP
7 1 (0.10%) Kerberos
7 1 (0.10%) OpenLDAP
7 1 (0.10%) SNMP
7 1 (0.10%) SSH
7 1 (0.10%) SWIFTNet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 218 (22.64%) NoSQL
2 144 (14.95%) Relational Database
3 143 (14.85%) PostgreSQL
4 119 (12.36%) Redis
5 114 (11.84%) MongoDB
6 72 (7.48%) Big Data
7 71 (7.37%) SQL Server
8 56 (5.82%) Hazelcast
9 53 (5.50%) HBase
10 52 (5.40%) MySQL
11 46 (4.78%) Hadoop
12 45 (4.67%) MariaDB
12 45 (4.67%) RDBMS
13 36 (3.74%) Apache Cassandra
14 23 (2.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 20 (2.08%) Amazon RDS
16 18 (1.87%) Oracle Database
17 13 (1.35%) Amazon Aurora
18 8 (0.83%) Amazon Redshift
19 5 (0.52%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 490 (50.88%) Jenkins
2 406 (42.16%) Git (software)
3 318 (33.02%) Mockito
4 302 (31.36%) Maven
5 274 (28.45%) Cucumber
6 219 (22.74%) Selenium
7 150 (15.58%) Gradle
8 140 (14.54%) JIRA
9 111 (11.53%) TestNG
10 95 (9.87%) Eclipse
11 88 (9.14%) SonarQube
12 81 (8.41%) Protractor
13 77 (8.00%) IntelliJ
14 76 (7.89%) Bitbucket
14 76 (7.89%) JMeter
15 74 (7.68%) Artifactory
16 69 (7.17%) Sonatype Nexus
17 68 (7.06%) Jasmine
18 64 (6.65%) WebDriver
19 62 (6.44%) Cypress.io
General
1 236 (24.51%) Finance
2 178 (18.48%) Social Skills
3 115 (11.94%) Banking
4 98 (10.18%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 66 (6.85%) Analytical Skills
6 60 (6.23%) Law
7 46 (4.78%) Public Sector
8 43 (4.47%) Retail
9 42 (4.36%) Games
10 24 (2.49%) Financial Institution
11 21 (2.18%) Electronics
12 20 (2.08%) Marketing
12 20 (2.08%) Retail Banking
13 16 (1.66%) Legal
14 15 (1.56%) Front Office
15 14 (1.45%) Back Office
15 14 (1.45%) Influencing Skills
16 13 (1.35%) Manufacturing
17 12 (1.25%) Advertising
17 12 (1.25%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 549 (57.01%) Developer
2 371 (38.53%) Java Developer
3 181 (18.80%) Software Engineer
4 158 (16.41%) Senior Developer
5 126 (13.08%) Senior Java Developer
6 76 (7.89%) Java Engineer
6 76 (7.89%) Software Developer
7 66 (6.85%) Full Stack Developer
7 66 (6.85%) Java Software Engineer
8 60 (6.23%) Lead Developer
9 53 (5.50%) Senior Software Engineer
10 44 (4.57%) Lead Software Developer
11 41 (4.26%) Tester
12 39 (4.05%) Test Engineer
13 34 (3.53%) Developer in Test
14 33 (3.43%) Development Engineer
14 33 (3.43%) Senior Java Engineer
14 33 (3.43%) Software Development Engineer
15 30 (3.12%) Cloud Developer
16 28 (2.91%) Principal Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 549 (57.01%) Spring
2 303 (31.46%) REST
3 289 (30.01%) RESTful
4 280 (29.08%) Spring Boot
5 243 (25.23%) AngularJS
6 204 (21.18%) React
7 185 (19.21%) Kafka
8 164 (17.03%) Hibernate
9 160 (16.61%) Web Services
10 158 (16.41%) CSS
11 154 (15.99%) JSON
12 153 (15.89%) Node.js
13 137 (14.23%) HTML
14 101 (10.49%) RabbitMQ
15 92 (9.55%) WireMock
16 87 (9.03%) SOAP
17 79 (8.20%) Spring MVC
18 78 (8.10%) J2EE
19 74 (7.68%) HTML5
20 72 (7.48%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 89 (9.24%) Self-Motivation
2 68 (7.06%) Cloud Native
3 63 (6.54%) User Experience
4 59 (6.13%) Linux Command Line
5 56 (5.82%) Public Cloud
6 46 (4.78%) Algorithms
7 42 (4.36%) Mobile App
8 30 (3.12%) Data Structures
9 29 (3.01%) Greenfield Project
10 27 (2.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 24 (2.49%) Social Media
12 22 (2.28%) Legacy Code
13 21 (2.18%) Over-the-Top Content
14 19 (1.97%) Enterprise Software
15 16 (1.66%) Client/Server
16 15 (1.56%) Blog
16 15 (1.56%) Mobile Banking
17 14 (1.45%) Data Centre
18 13 (1.35%) Mainframe
19 12 (1.25%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 152 (15.78%) Linux
2 84 (8.72%) Unix
3 66 (6.85%) Android
4 35 (3.63%) Apple iOS
5 11 (1.14%) Windows
6 6 (0.62%) Alpine Linux
7 5 (0.52%) Debian
7 5 (0.52%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.31%) Embedded Linux
8 3 (0.31%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.31%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
9 1 (0.10%) CentOS
9 1 (0.10%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.10%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 714 (74.14%) Agile Software Development
2 450 (46.73%) Microservices
3 397 (41.23%) TDD
4 346 (35.93%) CI/CD
4 346 (35.93%) Software Engineering
5 316 (32.81%) Test Automation
6 250 (25.96%) DevOps
7 229 (23.78%) Continuous Integration
7 229 (23.78%) Scrum
8 220 (22.85%) Unit Testing
9 217 (22.53%) BDD
10 172 (17.86%) OO
11 167 (17.34%) Full Stack Development
12 163 (16.93%) Computer Science
13 152 (15.78%) Software Testing
14 150 (15.58%) Open Source
15 132 (13.71%) Problem-Solving
16 116 (12.05%) Kanban
17 113 (11.73%) Fintech
18 110 (11.42%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 890 (92.42%) Java
2 320 (33.23%) SQL
3 219 (22.74%) JavaScript
4 186 (19.31%) Java 8
5 136 (14.12%) Python
6 97 (10.07%) Groovy
7 82 (8.52%) Shell Script
8 78 (8.10%) C#
9 77 (8.00%) Kotlin
10 60 (6.23%) Java 11
11 47 (4.88%) TypeScript
12 46 (4.78%) Scala
13 23 (2.39%) PL/SQL
14 21 (2.18%) PowerShell
15 17 (1.77%) C++
16 13 (1.35%) ES6
17 12 (1.25%) Perl
18 11 (1.14%) Go
18 11 (1.14%) PHP
19 10 (1.04%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 201 (20.87%) Degree
2 78 (8.10%) Computer Science Degree
3 60 (6.23%) Security Cleared
4 56 (5.82%) Oracle Certification
5 52 (5.40%) OCP
6 39 (4.05%) SC Cleared
7 19 (1.97%) Master's Degree
8 9 (0.93%) ISTQB
9 6 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
10 5 (0.52%) AWS Certification
11 4 (0.42%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 4 (0.42%) OCPJP
11 4 (0.42%) Sun Certification
12 1 (0.10%) CTC Cleared
12 1 (0.10%) ISEB
12 1 (0.10%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 1 (0.10%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 207 (21.50%) QA
2 20 (2.08%) Accessibility
3 9 (0.93%) WCAG
4 6 (0.62%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.21%) GDPR
6 1 (0.10%) ISO 15022
6 1 (0.10%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.10%) ISO 8583
6 1 (0.10%) PMO
6 1 (0.10%) PSD2
System Software
1 287 (29.80%) Docker
2 48 (4.98%) HDFS
3 46 (4.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (1.87%) Postfix
5 13 (1.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.21%) GridGain
7 2 (0.21%) vSphere
8 1 (0.10%) Active Directory
8 1 (0.10%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 271 (28.14%) Kubernetes
2 101 (10.49%) Terraform
3 71 (7.37%) Ansible
4 39 (4.05%) Opscode Chef
5 14 (1.45%) Single Sign-On
6 11 (1.14%) Puppet
7 9 (0.93%) Prometheus
8 7 (0.73%) HP Quality Center
9 6 (0.62%) Grafana
9 6 (0.62%) Istio
10 5 (0.52%) Matomo
11 4 (0.42%) HP ALM
11 4 (0.42%) Kibana
12 3 (0.31%) Mesos
12 3 (0.31%) Rancher
13 2 (0.21%) HP Fortify
13 2 (0.21%) logstash
13 2 (0.21%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 2 (0.21%) WebInspect
14 1 (0.10%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 128 (13.29%) Oracle
2 80 (8.31%) Microsoft
3 53 (5.50%) VMware
4 48 (4.98%) Okta
5 32 (3.32%) Google
6 20 (2.08%) Atlassian
7 14 (1.45%) Spotify
8 12 (1.25%) Adobe
8 12 (1.25%) Apple
9 11 (1.14%) Civica
9 11 (1.14%) Snapchat
10 9 (0.93%) BT
10 9 (0.93%) IBM
11 8 (0.83%) Cognizant
11 8 (0.83%) SAP
12 7 (0.73%) Red Hat
13 6 (0.62%) Mercator
13 6 (0.62%) Splunk
14 5 (0.52%) AppDynamics
14 5 (0.52%) New Relic