Period
to 27 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 27 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
27 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 366 349 376
Rank change year-on-year -17 +27 -68
Permanent jobs citing JUnit 1,045 395 1,211
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.86% 0.83% 0.86%
As % of the Development Applications category 4.11% 3.95% 4.52%
Number of salaries quoted 571 295 908
10th Percentile £38,750 £39,003 £36,250
25th Percentile £47,500 £43,750 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £81,800 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +9.52% +10.53% -5.00%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 25,439 10,002 26,788
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.84% 20.99% 19.08%
Number of salaries quoted 15,870 8,255 21,383
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £71,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £46,138
% change year-on-year - +8.37% +2.53%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Salary trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 27 September 2021.

Salary histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 27 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 964 £65,000 +8.33% 122
UK excluding London -33 523 £57,500 +9.52% 68
London -26 466 £80,000 +14.29% 64
South East -6 272 £52,500 -20.75% 17
Work from Home -120 224 £65,000 +19.54% 25
North of England -67 124 £57,500 +15.00% 16
North East +15 55 £55,000 +18.92% 2
North West -59 54 £65,000 +30.00% 13
South West -99 50 £67,500 +30.83% 15
Midlands -119 31 £65,000 +100.00% 5
Scotland -83 29 £50,000 +11.11% 7
West Midlands -101 18 £43,750 +34.62% 5
Yorkshire -122 15 £57,500 +15.00% 1
East Midlands -74 13 £65,000 +62.50%
Northern Ireland -43 7 £41,500 -40.71% 1
East of England -91 7 £40,000 - 5
Wales -49 3 £50,000 +66.67% 2

For the 6 months to 27 September 2021, IT jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 999 (95.60%) Java
2 882 (84.40%) Agile Software Development
3 667 (63.83%) Spring
4 598 (57.22%) Microservices
5 591 (56.56%) Jenkins
6 517 (49.47%) RESTful
7 477 (45.65%) Git (software)
8 466 (44.59%) Software Engineering
9 452 (43.25%) Mockito
10 449 (42.97%) DevOps
11 425 (40.67%) AWS
12 377 (36.08%) NoSQL
13 370 (35.41%) AngularJS
14 360 (34.45%) Linux
15 357 (34.16%) Finance
16 355 (33.97%) TDD
17 347 (33.21%) Test Automation
18 340 (32.54%) Cucumber
19 334 (31.96%) Kafka
20 329 (31.48%) SQL
21 327 (31.29%) Maven
21 327 (31.29%) React
22 321 (30.72%) Degree
23 318 (30.43%) OO
24 309 (29.57%) Scrum
25 307 (29.38%) Azure
26 299 (28.61%) JSON
27 290 (27.75%) CSS
28 285 (27.27%) PostgreSQL
29 281 (26.89%) Node.js

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 194 (18.56%) Apache
2 191 (18.28%) Apache Spark
2 191 (18.28%) GemFire
3 72 (6.89%) Confluence
4 36 (3.44%) Elasticsearch
5 27 (2.58%) Tomcat
6 20 (1.91%) Oracle Coherence
7 15 (1.44%) JBoss
8 7 (0.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 7 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
8 7 (0.67%) GlassFish
8 7 (0.67%) Mule
8 7 (0.67%) WebSphere
9 6 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 5 (0.48%) Jupyter
10 5 (0.48%) Mule ESB
10 5 (0.48%) Red Hat Fuse
11 4 (0.38%) Jetty
12 3 (0.29%) CMS
12 3 (0.29%) OpenStack
Applications
1 6 (0.57%) MS Visio
2 5 (0.48%) Figma
3 4 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 20 (1.91%) Distributed Ledger
1 20 (1.91%) Oracle BPM
2 8 (0.77%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 2 (0.19%) Actimize
Cloud Services
1 425 (40.67%) AWS
2 307 (29.38%) Azure
3 245 (23.44%) GitHub
4 150 (14.35%) GCP
5 132 (12.63%) Amazon Kinesis
6 57 (5.45%) Serverless
7 47 (4.50%) OpenShift
8 39 (3.73%) Amazon EC2
9 35 (3.35%) SaaS
10 27 (2.58%) Amazon S3
11 25 (2.39%) AWS Lambda
11 25 (2.39%) Cloud Computing
12 23 (2.20%) AWS CloudFormation
13 19 (1.82%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 18 (1.72%) Amazon SQS
15 17 (1.63%) Datadog
16 14 (1.34%) Slack
17 13 (1.24%) AWS KMS
17 13 (1.24%) PaaS
18 11 (1.05%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 100 (9.57%) HTTP
2 16 (1.53%) SSL
3 11 (1.05%) Broadband
4 6 (0.57%) SWIFTNet
5 3 (0.29%) SSH
6 2 (0.19%) Internet
7 1 (0.096%) DNS
7 1 (0.096%) FTP
7 1 (0.096%) Kerberos
7 1 (0.096%) OpenLDAP
7 1 (0.096%) RIP
7 1 (0.096%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 377 (36.08%) NoSQL
2 285 (27.27%) PostgreSQL
3 241 (23.06%) Relational Database
4 213 (20.38%) Redis
5 185 (17.70%) HBase
6 179 (17.13%) MariaDB
7 169 (16.17%) Big Data
8 119 (11.39%) MongoDB
9 67 (6.41%) Hadoop
10 46 (4.40%) Oracle Database
11 45 (4.31%) SQL Server
12 42 (4.02%) MySQL
13 38 (3.64%) Hazelcast
14 32 (3.06%) Apache Cassandra
15 22 (2.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 22 (2.11%) Amazon RDS
16 20 (1.91%) RDBMS
17 10 (0.96%) BigQuery
18 7 (0.67%) Apache Hive
18 7 (0.67%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 591 (56.56%) Jenkins
2 477 (45.65%) Git (software)
3 452 (43.25%) Mockito
4 340 (32.54%) Cucumber
5 327 (31.29%) Maven
6 250 (23.92%) IntelliJ
7 234 (22.39%) Gradle
8 233 (22.30%) Eclipse
9 227 (21.72%) Sonatype Nexus
10 221 (21.15%) Protractor
11 201 (19.23%) Cypress.io
12 190 (18.18%) Storybook
13 174 (16.65%) Selenium
14 166 (15.89%) SonarQube
15 149 (14.26%) Artifactory
16 143 (13.68%) JIRA
17 92 (8.80%) JMeter
18 82 (7.85%) TestNG
19 69 (6.60%) WebDriver
20 66 (6.32%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 357 (34.16%) Finance
2 251 (24.02%) Banking
3 232 (22.20%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 196 (18.76%) Law
5 118 (11.29%) Social Skills
6 66 (6.32%) Public Sector
7 52 (4.98%) Analytical Skills
8 28 (2.68%) Games
9 26 (2.49%) Retail
10 23 (2.20%) Electronics
11 22 (2.11%) Telecoms
12 20 (1.91%) Influencing Skills
12 20 (1.91%) Marketing
13 17 (1.63%) Manufacturing
14 16 (1.53%) Back Office
15 14 (1.34%) Front Office
16 10 (0.96%) Legal
17 8 (0.77%) Publishing
18 7 (0.67%) Financial Institution
18 7 (0.67%) Public Speaking
Job Titles
1 530 (50.72%) Developer
2 374 (35.79%) Java Developer
3 293 (28.04%) Software Engineer
4 187 (17.89%) Senior Developer
5 161 (15.41%) Senior Java Developer
6 111 (10.62%) Java Engineer
7 81 (7.75%) Software Developer
8 77 (7.37%) Principal Engineer
8 77 (7.37%) Principal Software Engineer
9 73 (6.99%) Lead Developer
10 68 (6.51%) Java Software Engineer
11 63 (6.03%) Lead Software Engineer
12 57 (5.45%) Senior Software Engineer
13 56 (5.36%) Full Stack Developer
14 52 (4.98%) Senior Java Engineer
15 48 (4.59%) Test Engineer
16 45 (4.31%) Lead Software Developer
17 29 (2.78%) Development Engineer
17 29 (2.78%) Software Test Engineer
18 26 (2.49%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 667 (63.83%) Spring
2 517 (49.47%) RESTful
3 370 (35.41%) AngularJS
4 334 (31.96%) Kafka
5 327 (31.29%) React
6 299 (28.61%) JSON
7 290 (27.75%) CSS
8 281 (26.89%) Node.js
9 279 (26.70%) REST
10 246 (23.54%) Spring Boot
10 246 (23.54%) Web Services
11 226 (21.63%) WireMock
12 215 (20.57%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 191 (18.28%) Redux
13 191 (18.28%) Tailwind CSS
14 190 (18.18%) Express
15 189 (18.09%) RabbitMQ
16 185 (17.70%) Spark Streaming
17 183 (17.51%) Play Framework
18 166 (15.89%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 191 (18.28%) Linux Command Line
2 120 (11.48%) User Experience
3 91 (8.71%) Self-Motivation
4 36 (3.44%) Enterprise Software
5 33 (3.16%) Cloud Native
6 32 (3.06%) Mobile App
7 27 (2.58%) NHS
8 26 (2.49%) Virtual Team
9 22 (2.11%) iPhone
9 22 (2.11%) SWIFT
10 20 (1.91%) Algorithms
11 18 (1.72%) Greenfield Project
12 15 (1.44%) Client/Server
13 14 (1.34%) Digital Media
14 13 (1.24%) Data Structures
14 13 (1.24%) Public Cloud
14 13 (1.24%) Social Media
15 11 (1.05%) Legacy Code
15 11 (1.05%) Mainframe
16 10 (0.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 360 (34.45%) Linux
2 214 (20.48%) Unix
3 27 (2.58%) Windows
4 21 (2.01%) Android
5 9 (0.86%) Apple iOS
6 6 (0.57%) Windows Server
7 3 (0.29%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.096%) Alpine Linux
8 1 (0.096%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 882 (84.40%) Agile Software Development
2 598 (57.22%) Microservices
3 466 (44.59%) Software Engineering
4 449 (42.97%) DevOps
5 355 (33.97%) TDD
6 347 (33.21%) Test Automation
7 318 (30.43%) OO
8 309 (29.57%) Scrum
9 279 (26.70%) Computer Science
10 261 (24.98%) BDD
11 259 (24.78%) Software Testing
12 247 (23.64%) Full Stack Development
13 241 (23.06%) Open Source
14 230 (22.01%) Continuous Integration
15 229 (21.91%) Unit Testing
16 205 (19.62%) Multithreading
17 193 (18.47%) Cross-Browser Testing
17 193 (18.47%) Validation
18 192 (18.37%) Digital Banking
19 159 (15.22%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 999 (95.60%) Java
2 329 (31.48%) SQL
3 260 (24.88%) Python
4 233 (22.30%) Shell Script
5 221 (21.15%) Groovy
6 203 (19.43%) JavaScript
7 194 (18.56%) Java 8
8 87 (8.33%) C#
9 66 (6.32%) TypeScript
10 49 (4.69%) Java 11
11 46 (4.40%) Kotlin
12 45 (4.31%) Scala
13 21 (2.01%) PL/SQL
14 20 (1.91%) PowerShell
15 17 (1.63%) C++
16 15 (1.44%) ES6
17 14 (1.34%) Java 9
18 13 (1.24%) Ruby
19 11 (1.05%) XPath
20 8 (0.77%) Perl
Qualifications
1 321 (30.72%) Degree
2 180 (17.22%) OCP
2 180 (17.22%) Oracle Certification
3 84 (8.04%) Computer Science Degree
4 75 (7.18%) Security Cleared
5 61 (5.84%) SC Cleared
6 32 (3.06%) Master's Degree
7 15 (1.44%) ISTQB
8 8 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
9 7 (0.67%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 4 (0.38%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 4 (0.38%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 3 (0.29%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
12 2 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
13 1 (0.096%) CTC Cleared
13 1 (0.096%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 129 (12.34%) QA
2 30 (2.87%) Accessibility
3 20 (1.91%) PMO
4 10 (0.96%) WCAG
5 6 (0.57%) ISO 15022
5 6 (0.57%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.29%) Def Stans
6 3 (0.29%) IEC 61508
6 3 (0.29%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.19%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.19%) PSD2
8 1 (0.096%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 252 (24.11%) Docker
2 185 (17.70%) HDFS
3 137 (13.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (2.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 23 (2.20%) Postfix
5 3 (0.29%) vSphere
6 2 (0.19%) Varnish
6 2 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.096%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 238 (22.78%) Kubernetes
2 225 (21.53%) Ansible
3 58 (5.55%) Opscode Chef
4 34 (3.25%) Terraform
5 18 (1.72%) Single Sign-On
6 14 (1.34%) Mesos
7 10 (0.96%) HP Quality Center
8 8 (0.77%) Kibana
9 4 (0.38%) Istio
9 4 (0.38%) logstash
9 4 (0.38%) Prometheus
10 3 (0.29%) HP Fortify
10 3 (0.29%) ZABBIX
11 2 (0.19%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 2 (0.19%) Puppet
12 1 (0.096%) CloudHub
12 1 (0.096%) Packer
12 1 (0.096%) Rancher
12 1 (0.096%) vRealize
12 1 (0.096%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 218 (20.86%) Oracle
2 194 (18.56%) VMware
3 190 (18.18%) Okta
4 98 (9.38%) Microsoft
5 41 (3.92%) Google
6 20 (1.91%) Solace
7 19 (1.82%) Red Hat
8 18 (1.72%) SAP
9 17 (1.63%) Atlassian
10 14 (1.34%) BT
10 14 (1.34%) IBM
11 11 (1.05%) Splunk
12 7 (0.67%) Adobe
12 7 (0.67%) Mercator
13 6 (0.57%) AppDynamics
13 6 (0.57%) New Relic
14 5 (0.48%) Samsung
14 5 (0.48%) Snapchat
15 4 (0.38%) Salesforce.com
16 3 (0.29%) Sybase