Period
to 15 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 15 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
15 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 320 283 302
Rank change year-on-year -37 +19 -32
Permanent jobs citing JUnit 1,505 2,060 1,889
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.00% 1.20% 1.08%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.00% 5.89% 5.73%
Number of salaries quoted 1,074 1,571 1,536
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.53%
10th Percentile £37,000 £33,750 £35,000
90th Percentile £81,250 £75,000 £78,125
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +11.76%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 30,079 34,956 32,993
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.90% 20.28% 18.84%
Number of salaries quoted 23,985 28,628 28,260
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JUnit.

Salary trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 15 January 2019.

Salary histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 15 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -43 1,370 £55,000 +4.76% 248
UK excluding London -21 878 £50,000 +5.26% 167
London -77 603 £65,000 +8.33% 95
South East +7 236 £52,500 +5.53% 56
North of England +37 168 £48,371 +7.49% 30
South West -59 150 £47,500 -5.00% 27
Midlands +37 145 £45,000 +5.88% 30
North West +23 90 £50,000 +11.11% 13
Scotland -22 79 £47,500 +18.75% 10
East Midlands +39 78 £47,500 -9.52% 8
East of England -50 68 £55,000 +10.00% 10
West Midlands +9 67 £45,000 +12.50% 22
Yorkshire +25 52 £45,000 -4.26% 12
North East +21 26 £45,000 -5.26% 5
Wales +7 18 £37,500 -11.76% 4
Northern Ireland +2 17 £40,000 -20.00%

For the 6 months to 15 January 2019, IT jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 1,392 (92.49%) Java
2 1,058 (70.30%) Agile Software Development
3 814 (54.09%) Spring
4 608 (40.40%) JavaScript
5 582 (38.67%) Jenkins
6 544 (36.15%) Test Automation
7 542 (36.01%) TDD
8 524 (34.82%) SQL
9 484 (32.16%) Maven
9 484 (32.16%) Git (software)
10 466 (30.96%) Scrum
11 463 (30.76%) Selenium
12 413 (27.44%) REST
13 401 (26.64%) Cucumber
14 397 (26.38%) Continuous Integration
15 394 (26.18%) Web Services
16 389 (25.85%) HTML
17 387 (25.71%) Java 8
18 359 (23.85%) BDD
19 342 (22.72%) Hibernate
19 342 (22.72%) JIRA
20 332 (22.06%) Software Engineering
21 329 (21.86%) Finance
22 322 (21.40%) Mockito
23 321 (21.33%) RESTful
24 309 (20.53%) Linux
25 308 (20.47%) Oracle
26 298 (19.80%) CSS
27 295 (19.60%) Microservices
28 266 (17.67%) AngularJS

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 199 (13.22%) Confluence
2 147 (9.77%) Tomcat
3 137 (9.10%) Apache
4 87 (5.78%) JBoss
5 57 (3.79%) Elasticsearch
6 39 (2.59%) WebSphere
7 31 (2.06%) Mule
8 29 (1.93%) WebLogic
9 28 (1.86%) Anypoint
9 28 (1.86%) Apache Spark
10 26 (1.73%) Apache Solr
10 26 (1.73%) IIS
11 25 (1.66%) WordPress
12 21 (1.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 19 (1.26%) Cloud Foundry
14 18 (1.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 17 (1.13%) Apache TomEE
16 15 (1.00%) CMS
17 14 (0.93%) Mule ESB
18 10 (0.66%) WildFly
Applications
1 7 (0.47%) Mingle
2 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.066%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.066%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.066%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 203 (13.49%) Amazon AWS
2 70 (4.65%) GitHub
3 40 (2.66%) Microsoft Azure
4 28 (1.86%) Google Cloud Platform
5 27 (1.79%) Amazon EC2
6 25 (1.66%) SaaS
7 20 (1.33%) Serverless
8 17 (1.13%) Cloud Computing
9 16 (1.06%) npm
9 16 (1.06%) Slack
10 15 (1.00%) PaaS
11 11 (0.73%) IaaS
12 9 (0.60%) AWS Lambda
13 8 (0.53%) Amazon S3
13 8 (0.53%) Sauce Labs
14 7 (0.47%) BrowserStack
15 5 (0.33%) Runscope
16 4 (0.27%) Apple Pay
16 4 (0.27%) Google Play
16 4 (0.27%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 59 (3.92%) HTTP
2 18 (1.20%) Internet
3 13 (0.86%) SSL
4 11 (0.73%) TCP/IP
5 9 (0.60%) HTTPS
6 6 (0.40%) ATM
7 5 (0.33%) Broadband
8 4 (0.27%) AMQP
9 2 (0.13%) OpenVPN
9 2 (0.13%) Radio Access Network
9 2 (0.13%) Skype
9 2 (0.13%) SMTP
10 1 (0.066%) DSL
10 1 (0.066%) FTP
10 1 (0.066%) IPv4
10 1 (0.066%) IPv6
10 1 (0.066%) SAN
10 1 (0.066%) VoIP
10 1 (0.066%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 195 (12.96%) MySQL
2 165 (10.96%) SQL Server
3 160 (10.63%) NoSQL
4 158 (10.50%) PostgreSQL
5 135 (8.97%) MongoDB
6 122 (8.11%) Relational Database
7 67 (4.45%) Big Data
8 66 (4.39%) Apache Cassandra
9 61 (4.05%) RDBMS
10 47 (3.12%) Hadoop
11 36 (2.39%) Redis
12 27 (1.79%) Oracle Database
13 20 (1.33%) Apache Hive
14 17 (1.13%) Couchbase
15 15 (1.00%) HBase
16 14 (0.93%) Impala
17 13 (0.86%) Oracle Database 11g
18 11 (0.73%) Amazon RDS
18 11 (0.73%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 10 (0.66%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 582 (38.67%) Jenkins
2 484 (32.16%) Git (software)
2 484 (32.16%) Maven
3 463 (30.76%) Selenium
4 401 (26.64%) Cucumber
5 342 (22.72%) JIRA
6 322 (21.40%) Mockito
7 262 (17.41%) Gradle
8 168 (11.16%) TestNG
9 139 (9.24%) JMeter
10 134 (8.90%) WebDriver
11 123 (8.17%) Eclipse
12 120 (7.97%) Subversion
13 113 (7.51%) TeamCity
14 105 (6.98%) Bitbucket
15 104 (6.91%) Ant
16 103 (6.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 103 (6.84%) IntelliJ
17 92 (6.11%) SoapUI
18 79 (5.25%) Appium
General
1 329 (21.86%) Finance
2 94 (6.25%) Banking
3 88 (5.85%) Retail
4 54 (3.59%) Games
5 51 (3.39%) Advertising
6 42 (2.79%) Investment Banking
7 24 (1.59%) Financial Institution
8 15 (1.00%) Marketing
8 15 (1.00%) Telecoms
9 11 (0.73%) Back Office
9 11 (0.73%) Electronics
9 11 (0.73%) Law
9 11 (0.73%) Manufacturing
10 10 (0.66%) Pharmaceutical
11 8 (0.53%) Automotive
12 6 (0.40%) Front Office
13 4 (0.27%) Legal
13 4 (0.27%) Publishing
14 2 (0.13%) Aerospace
15 1 (0.066%) Military
Job Titles
1 914 (60.73%) Developer
2 723 (48.04%) Java Developer
3 197 (13.09%) Java Engineer
4 173 (11.50%) Senior Developer
5 172 (11.43%) Software Engineer
6 152 (10.10%) Senior Java Developer
7 122 (8.11%) Java Software Engineer
8 99 (6.58%) Test Engineer
9 90 (5.98%) Software Developer
10 70 (4.65%) Developer in Test
11 66 (4.39%) Architect
12 64 (4.25%) Agile Developer
12 64 (4.25%) Agile Java Developer
13 62 (4.12%) Analyst
14 61 (4.05%) Tester
15 59 (3.92%) Test Analyst
16 54 (3.59%) Java Software Developer
16 54 (3.59%) Lead Developer
16 54 (3.59%) Senior Software Engineer
17 53 (3.52%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 814 (54.09%) Spring
2 413 (27.44%) REST
3 394 (26.18%) Web Services
4 389 (25.85%) HTML
5 342 (22.72%) Hibernate
6 321 (21.33%) RESTful
7 298 (19.80%) CSS
8 266 (17.67%) AngularJS
9 252 (16.74%) Spring Boot
10 240 (15.95%) XML
11 235 (15.61%) SOAP
12 231 (15.35%) JSON
13 164 (10.90%) Java EE
14 160 (10.63%) J2EE
15 147 (9.77%) HTML5
16 146 (9.70%) Node.js
17 145 (9.63%) React
18 123 (8.17%) JPA
19 113 (7.51%) jQuery
20 105 (6.98%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 133 (8.84%) Greenfield Project
2 103 (6.84%) Fintech
3 61 (4.05%) Mobile App
4 51 (3.39%) User Experience
5 50 (3.32%) Wiki
6 49 (3.26%) Algorithms
7 38 (2.52%) Enterprise Software
8 33 (2.19%) Analytical Skills
8 33 (2.19%) Data Structures
9 31 (2.06%) Self-Motivation
10 21 (1.40%) Mobile Payment
11 19 (1.26%) Fixed Income
12 12 (0.80%) Public Cloud
13 11 (0.73%) Derivative
13 11 (0.73%) Equities
13 11 (0.73%) Reference Data
14 10 (0.66%) Cloud Native
14 10 (0.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 10 (0.66%) Management Information System
14 10 (0.66%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 309 (20.53%) Linux
2 84 (5.58%) Unix
3 79 (5.25%) Android
4 61 (4.05%) Windows
5 53 (3.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 50 (3.32%) CentOS
7 27 (1.79%) Apple iOS
8 24 (1.59%) Ubuntu
9 23 (1.53%) openSUSE
10 6 (0.40%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.066%) DC/OS
11 1 (0.066%) FreeBSD
11 1 (0.066%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,058 (70.30%) Agile Software Development
2 544 (36.15%) Test Automation
3 542 (36.01%) TDD
4 466 (30.96%) Scrum
5 397 (26.38%) Continuous Integration
6 359 (23.85%) BDD
7 332 (22.06%) Software Engineering
8 295 (19.60%) Microservices
9 257 (17.08%) DevOps
9 257 (17.08%) OO
10 253 (16.81%) Open Source
11 191 (12.69%) Unit Testing
12 185 (12.29%) SDLC
13 167 (11.10%) Computer Science
14 165 (10.96%) MVC
15 133 (8.84%) Kanban
16 121 (8.04%) Problem-Solving
17 113 (7.51%) Mentoring
18 111 (7.38%) Web Development
19 105 (6.98%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,392 (92.49%) Java
2 608 (40.40%) JavaScript
3 524 (34.82%) SQL
4 387 (25.71%) Java 8
5 243 (16.15%) Python
6 184 (12.23%) C#
7 92 (6.11%) C++
7 92 (6.11%) PHP
7 92 (6.11%) Scala
8 66 (4.39%) Ruby
9 59 (3.92%) Perl
10 53 (3.52%) PL/SQL
11 48 (3.19%) C
12 45 (2.99%) Bash Shell
13 39 (2.59%) Groovy
14 35 (2.33%) Kotlin
14 35 (2.33%) PowerShell
15 33 (2.19%) TypeScript
16 32 (2.13%) Shell Script
17 23 (1.53%) ES6
Qualifications
1 241 (16.01%) Degree
2 101 (6.71%) Computer Science Degree
3 68 (4.52%) Security Cleared
4 42 (2.79%) SC Cleared
5 40 (2.66%) ISTQB
6 21 (1.40%) ISEB
7 18 (1.20%) DV Cleared
8 10 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
9 9 (0.60%) DBS Check
10 8 (0.53%) Master's Degree
11 5 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
12 2 (0.13%) MCP
13 1 (0.066%) AWS Certification
13 1 (0.066%) CISSP
13 1 (0.066%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 1 (0.066%) Postgraduate
13 1 (0.066%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 231 (15.35%) QA
2 2 (0.13%) DICOM
2 2 (0.13%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.066%) GDPR
3 1 (0.066%) MiFID
3 1 (0.066%) PA-DSS
3 1 (0.066%) SEPA
System Software
1 258 (17.14%) Docker
2 34 (2.26%) Active Directory
3 17 (1.13%) HDFS
4 13 (0.86%) Virtual Machines
4 13 (0.86%) VMware Infrastructure
5 7 (0.47%) vSphere
6 5 (0.33%) VirtualBox
7 2 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.13%) GridGain
7 2 (0.13%) Varnish
8 1 (0.066%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 90 (5.98%) Kubernetes
2 49 (3.26%) Puppet
3 48 (3.19%) Ansible
4 37 (2.46%) Opscode Chef
5 32 (2.13%) Terraform
6 23 (1.53%) Salt
7 18 (1.20%) Kibana
8 11 (0.73%) CloudHub
8 11 (0.73%) HP ALM
9 8 (0.53%) Mesos
10 7 (0.47%) HP Quality Center
11 5 (0.33%) Control-M
11 5 (0.33%) Prometheus
12 4 (0.27%) Grafana
12 4 (0.27%) Marathon
13 3 (0.20%) Docker Swarm
13 3 (0.20%) logstash
13 3 (0.20%) Rancher
14 2 (0.13%) FreeIPA
14 2 (0.13%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 308 (20.47%) Oracle
2 61 (4.05%) Microsoft
3 56 (3.72%) Red Hat
4 54 (3.59%) Google
5 53 (3.52%) Splunk
6 37 (2.46%) MuleSoft
7 30 (1.99%) Atlassian
8 25 (1.66%) IBM
9 24 (1.59%) Adobe
10 20 (1.33%) SAP
10 20 (1.33%) WorldPay
11 19 (1.26%) HP
12 18 (1.20%) AppDynamics
12 18 (1.20%) Cognizant
13 17 (1.13%) Salesforce.com
14 14 (0.93%) Cloudera
14 14 (0.93%) MapR
14 14 (0.93%) VMware
15 11 (0.73%) Hortonworks
16 10 (0.66%) Sybase