Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH). Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 11 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
11 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 726 527 263
Rank change year-on-year -199 -264 +64
Permanent jobs citing PKI 155 113 43
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 0.20% 0.28% 0.49%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.45% 0.70% 1.35%
Number of salaries quoted 97 54 36
10th Percentile £38,750 £49,300 £55,125
25th Percentile £47,500 £55,000 £60,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £61,757 £72,500 £80,000
Median % change year-on-year -14.82% -9.38% +6.67%
75th Percentile £75,000 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £103,500 £95,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £58,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% -5.17% +0.87%

PKI is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 34,165 16,124 3,178
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 45.05% 39.57% 35.99%
Number of salaries quoted 17,448 11,211 2,673
10th Percentile £37,500 £34,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +13.04% - -
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £92,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -

PKI
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing PKI as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

PKI trend for jobs with a WFH option

PKI
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing PKI.

PKI salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

PKI
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing PKI over the 6 months to 11 August 2022.

PKI salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 11 August 2022, PKI job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for PKI.

1 65 (41.94%) Microsoft
2 56 (36.13%) Active Directory
3 54 (34.84%) Azure
4 47 (30.32%) Windows
5 44 (28.39%) Azure Active Directory
6 41 (26.45%) AWS
7 38 (24.52%) DNS
7 38 (24.52%) Cybersecurity
8 37 (23.87%) Linux
9 34 (21.94%) Microsoft 365
10 33 (21.29%) Go
11 32 (20.65%) Social Skills
12 27 (17.42%) Python
13 26 (16.77%) C++
13 26 (16.77%) VMware Infrastructure
13 26 (16.77%) VMware
13 26 (16.77%) IoT
14 25 (16.13%) Windows Server
14 25 (16.13%) DHCP
14 25 (16.13%) TCP/IP
15 24 (15.48%) Agile
15 24 (15.48%) Docker
16 23 (14.84%) REST
17 22 (14.19%) Gemalto
17 22 (14.19%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 21 (13.55%) DevOps
18 21 (13.55%) SCCM
18 21 (13.55%) Firewall
18 21 (13.55%) ITIL
19 20 (12.90%) PowerShell

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (6.45%) SharePoint
2 9 (5.81%) Exchange Server 2013
3 5 (3.23%) IIS
4 3 (1.94%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 3 (1.94%) Skype for Business
5 2 (1.29%) Anypoint
5 2 (1.29%) MS Exchange
5 2 (1.29%) Mule
6 1 (0.65%) nginx
6 1 (0.65%) Traefik
Applications
1 4 (2.58%) EngageOne
2 1 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (1.29%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 54 (34.84%) Azure
2 44 (28.39%) Azure Active Directory
3 41 (26.45%) AWS
4 34 (21.94%) Microsoft 365
5 12 (7.74%) PaaS
6 11 (7.10%) IaaS
7 6 (3.87%) GCP
8 5 (3.23%) Amazon S3
9 4 (2.58%) Route 53
9 4 (2.58%) SaaS
10 3 (1.94%) AWS Direct Connect
10 3 (1.94%) Cloud Computing
11 2 (1.29%) Amazon EC2
11 2 (1.29%) Amazon ELB
11 2 (1.29%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 2 (1.29%) Azure Key Vault
11 2 (1.29%) Azure Service Bus
11 2 (1.29%) OneDrive
11 2 (1.29%) Snowflake
11 2 (1.29%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 38 (24.52%) DNS
2 25 (16.13%) DHCP
2 25 (16.13%) TCP/IP
3 21 (13.55%) Firewall
4 19 (12.26%) HTTP
5 18 (11.61%) X.509
6 17 (10.97%) Network Security
7 13 (8.39%) VPN
8 11 (7.10%) SSL
9 9 (5.81%) Wi-Fi
10 8 (5.16%) WAN
11 7 (4.52%) Internet
11 7 (4.52%) LAN
11 7 (4.52%) Wireless
12 4 (2.58%) BGP
12 4 (2.58%) Cisco ASA
12 4 (2.58%) Cisco ISE
12 4 (2.58%) Cisco Nexus
12 4 (2.58%) Intrusion Detection
12 4 (2.58%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (10.32%) MongoDB
1 16 (10.32%) PostgreSQL
1 16 (10.32%) SQL Server
2 6 (3.87%) MySQL
3 4 (2.58%) NoSQL
4 2 (1.29%) Big Data
4 2 (1.29%) BigQuery
4 2 (1.29%) Data Lake
4 2 (1.29%) Data Warehouse
4 2 (1.29%) MariaDB
4 2 (1.29%) Power BI
4 2 (1.29%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 14 (9.03%) Git (software)
2 4 (2.58%) JIRA
3 2 (1.29%) PHPUnit
4 1 (0.65%) Burp Suite
4 1 (0.65%) GitLab
4 1 (0.65%) Jenkins
4 1 (0.65%) Metasploit
General
1 32 (20.65%) Social Skills
2 12 (7.74%) Inclusion and Diversity
2 12 (7.74%) Organisational Skills
3 8 (5.16%) Finance
3 8 (5.16%) Retail
4 6 (3.87%) Marketing
5 5 (3.23%) Analytical Skills
6 4 (2.58%) Games
6 4 (2.58%) Public Sector
6 4 (2.58%) Telecoms
7 3 (1.94%) Pharmaceutical
8 2 (1.29%) French Language
8 2 (1.29%) German Language
8 2 (1.29%) Law
8 2 (1.29%) Legal
8 2 (1.29%) Presentation Skills
8 2 (1.29%) Spanish Language
9 1 (0.65%) Local Government
9 1 (0.65%) Police
9 1 (0.65%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 37 (23.87%) Consultant
2 28 (18.06%) Developer
3 24 (15.48%) Security Consultant
4 17 (10.97%) Senior Developer
5 13 (8.39%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 10 (6.45%) Applications Engineer
6 10 (6.45%) Architect
7 8 (5.16%) Security Architect
7 8 (5.16%) Software Engineer
7 8 (5.16%) Systems Engineer
8 7 (4.52%) Operations Engineer
8 7 (4.52%) Security Engineer
9 6 (3.87%) Analyst
9 6 (3.87%) Cloud Engineer
9 6 (3.87%) Security Manager
10 5 (3.23%) Cybersecurity Manager
10 5 (3.23%) Network Engineer
10 5 (3.23%) Product Manager
10 5 (3.23%) SCCM Consultant
10 5 (3.23%) Security Product Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 23 (14.84%) REST
2 16 (10.32%) POSIX
3 12 (7.74%) React
4 11 (7.10%) AngularJS
4 11 (7.10%) Vue.js
5 9 (5.81%) SOAP
6 7 (4.52%) LDAP
7 5 (3.23%) .NET
7 5 (3.23%) CSS
7 5 (3.23%) HTML
7 5 (3.23%) SAML
8 4 (2.58%) RAML
9 3 (1.94%) Java EE
9 3 (1.94%) RESTful
9 3 (1.94%) Sass
9 3 (1.94%) UDDI
9 3 (1.94%) WSDL
9 3 (1.94%) XML
9 3 (1.94%) XSLT
10 2 (1.29%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 26 (16.77%) IoT
2 17 (10.97%) Greenfield Project
3 13 (8.39%) Replication
4 11 (7.10%) Public Cloud
5 8 (5.16%) Data Centre
5 8 (5.16%) NHS
6 7 (4.52%) Management Information System
6 7 (4.52%) User Experience
7 6 (3.87%) Cyberthreat
8 4 (2.58%) Clustering
9 3 (1.94%) Biotechnology
9 3 (1.94%) Cyberattack
9 3 (1.94%) Mobile App
9 3 (1.94%) Self-Motivation
10 2 (1.29%) Analytical Mindset
10 2 (1.29%) Cloud Native
10 2 (1.29%) CSOC
10 2 (1.29%) Hybrid Cloud
10 2 (1.29%) Mainframe
10 2 (1.29%) Security Operations Centre
Operating Systems
1 47 (30.32%) Windows
2 37 (23.87%) Linux
3 25 (16.13%) Windows Server
4 16 (10.32%) Unix
5 10 (6.45%) Windows Server 2012
6 6 (3.87%) Ubuntu
7 3 (1.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (1.29%) AIX
8 2 (1.29%) Debian
8 2 (1.29%) Windows Server 2016
8 2 (1.29%) zOS
9 1 (0.65%) Android
9 1 (0.65%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.65%) CentOS
9 1 (0.65%) Kali Linux
9 1 (0.65%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.65%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.65%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.65%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 38 (24.52%) Cybersecurity
2 24 (15.48%) Agile
3 22 (14.19%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 21 (13.55%) DevOps
4 21 (13.55%) ITIL
5 19 (12.26%) Service Delivery
6 17 (10.97%) Identity Management
6 17 (10.97%) Kalman Filter
7 16 (10.32%) Non-Blocking Code
7 16 (10.32%) Software Engineering
8 15 (9.68%) Identity Access Management
8 15 (9.68%) Information Security
9 14 (9.03%) Change Management
10 13 (8.39%) CI/CD
10 13 (8.39%) Migration
11 11 (7.10%) Business Continuity
12 10 (6.45%) Disaster Recovery
12 10 (6.45%) Mentoring
12 10 (6.45%) Problem-Solving
13 9 (5.81%) Service Design
Programming Languages
1 33 (21.29%) Go
2 27 (17.42%) Python
3 26 (16.77%) C++
4 20 (12.90%) PowerShell
5 19 (12.26%) Java
6 16 (10.32%) Rust
7 15 (9.68%) SQL
8 5 (3.23%) Bash
9 3 (1.94%) JavaScript
10 2 (1.29%) C#
10 2 (1.29%) PHP
10 2 (1.29%) TypeScript
11 1 (0.65%) Kotlin
11 1 (0.65%) Objective-C
11 1 (0.65%) Perl
11 1 (0.65%) VB
Qualifications
1 20 (12.90%) Security Cleared
2 15 (9.68%) CISSP
3 10 (6.45%) CISM
3 10 (6.45%) SC Cleared
4 9 (5.81%) Degree
5 8 (5.16%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
6 6 (3.87%) Cisco Certification
6 6 (3.87%) Computer Science Degree
6 6 (3.87%) CRISC
7 5 (3.23%) DV Cleared
8 4 (2.58%) CCIE
8 4 (2.58%) ITIL Certification
8 4 (2.58%) MCSA
8 4 (2.58%) MCTS
8 4 (2.58%) Microsoft Certification
8 4 (2.58%) SANS
9 2 (1.29%) CCNA
10 1 (0.65%) CCDP
10 1 (0.65%) CCNP
10 1 (0.65%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (9.03%) QA
2 12 (7.74%) SLA
3 11 (7.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (4.52%) GDPR
5 6 (3.87%) Accessibility
5 6 (3.87%) NIST
6 5 (3.23%) PCI DSS
6 5 (3.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (1.94%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 3 (1.94%) NCSC
8 2 (1.29%) HIPAA
8 2 (1.29%) HMG Infosec
8 2 (1.29%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 2 (1.29%) JSP 440
9 1 (0.65%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.65%) RMADS
System Software
1 56 (36.13%) Active Directory
2 26 (16.77%) VMware Infrastructure
3 24 (15.48%) Docker
4 13 (8.39%) Virtual Desktop
5 11 (7.10%) Hyper-V
6 10 (6.45%) vSphere
7 8 (5.16%) BitLocker
7 8 (5.16%) XenDesktop
8 2 (1.29%) Citrix Hypervisor
8 2 (1.29%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (1.29%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 21 (13.55%) SCCM
2 16 (10.32%) Microsoft Intune
3 9 (5.81%) SCVMM
4 8 (5.16%) EMC NetWorker
4 8 (5.16%) Single Sign-On
4 8 (5.16%) VxRail
5 7 (4.52%) Active Directory Federation Services
5 7 (4.52%) Terraform
6 6 (3.87%) Kubernetes
7 5 (3.23%) Ansible
8 3 (1.94%) Microsoft Clustering
8 3 (1.94%) MOM
9 2 (1.29%) CloudHub
9 2 (1.29%) EnCase
9 2 (1.29%) MIIS
10 1 (0.65%) Graphite
10 1 (0.65%) HAProxy
10 1 (0.65%) Nmap
10 1 (0.65%) Norton AntiVirus
10 1 (0.65%) Packer
Vendors
1 65 (41.94%) Microsoft
2 26 (16.77%) VMware
3 22 (14.19%) Gemalto
4 14 (9.03%) Citrix
5 9 (5.81%) Dell
6 8 (5.16%) Cisco
6 8 (5.16%) Isilon
6 8 (5.16%) Trustwave
7 6 (3.87%) Oracle
8 5 (3.23%) Google
9 4 (2.58%) CA
9 4 (2.58%) MuleSoft
9 4 (2.58%) Netskope
9 4 (2.58%) Salesforce.com
10 3 (1.94%) F5
10 3 (1.94%) Meraki
11 2 (1.29%) 3PAR
11 2 (1.29%) Qualys
11 2 (1.29%) ServiceNow
11 2 (1.29%) Xamarin