Period
to

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 18 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
18 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 289 246 186
Rank change year-on-year -43 -60 -8
Permanent jobs citing VPN 879 579 119
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 1.18% 1.40% 1.35%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.71% 12.75% 10.48%
Number of salaries quoted 691 477 103
10th Percentile £30,500 £26,250 £29,500
25th Percentile £37,500 £35,500 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,500 £47,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.32% -5.00% -16.67%
75th Percentile £67,500 £67,500 £66,875
90th Percentile £82,500 £82,500 £77,250
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% -10.00% +11.11%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 9,056 4,541 1,136
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 12.17% 10.99% 12.88%
Number of salaries quoted 5,500 3,327 924
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £32,500
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year - - -4.35%
75th Percentile £73,750 £71,250 £71,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £82,500 £83,750
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%

VPN
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

VPN trend for jobs with a WFH option

VPN
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing VPN.

VPN salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

VPN
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing VPN over the 6 months to 18 August 2022.

VPN salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 18 August 2022, VPN job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for VPN.

1 569 (64.73%) Firewall
2 418 (47.55%) Windows
3 352 (40.05%) Microsoft
4 348 (39.59%) Azure
5 322 (36.63%) Active Directory
6 313 (35.61%) DNS
7 294 (33.45%) Cisco
8 292 (33.22%) WAN
9 268 (30.49%) LAN
10 251 (28.56%) Microsoft 365
11 247 (28.10%) VMware
12 238 (27.08%) AWS
13 224 (25.48%) DHCP
13 224 (25.48%) Social Skills
14 216 (24.57%) Linux
15 213 (24.23%) Windows Server
16 191 (21.73%) TCP/IP
17 188 (21.39%) VLAN
18 184 (20.93%) VMware Infrastructure
19 179 (20.36%) Cisco Certification
20 175 (19.91%) MPLS
21 149 (16.95%) ITIL
22 146 (16.61%) PowerShell
23 143 (16.27%) Infrastructure Engineering
24 136 (15.47%) DevOps
25 130 (14.79%) Finance
26 125 (14.22%) Python
26 125 (14.22%) Network Security
27 122 (13.88%) Wi-Fi
28 121 (13.77%) BGP

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 79 (8.99%) MS Exchange
2 76 (8.65%) SharePoint
3 40 (4.55%) IIS
4 25 (2.84%) Exchange Server 2010
5 20 (2.28%) Apache
6 10 (1.14%) Confluence
6 10 (1.14%) Tomcat
7 9 (1.02%) nginx
8 8 (0.91%) WordPress
9 6 (0.68%) Exchange Server 2013
9 6 (0.68%) Skype for Business
10 4 (0.46%) MQSeries
11 2 (0.23%) Apache Spark
11 2 (0.23%) Apache Synapse
12 1 (0.11%) Oracle Workflow
12 1 (0.11%) Umbraco
Applications
1 52 (5.92%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (1.25%) MS Visio
3 6 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.68%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.11%) LaTeX
Business Applications
1 13 (1.48%) Remedy ITSM
2 7 (0.80%) Distributed Ledger
2 7 (0.80%) R3 Corda
3 6 (0.68%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.23%) BambooHR
4 2 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.23%) SystmOne
5 1 (0.11%) Carpe Diem
5 1 (0.11%) CaseMap
5 1 (0.11%) Relativity
5 1 (0.11%) Sage X3
5 1 (0.11%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 348 (39.59%) Azure
2 251 (28.56%) Microsoft 365
3 238 (27.08%) AWS
4 81 (9.22%) Azure Active Directory
5 74 (8.42%) SaaS
6 48 (5.46%) PaaS
7 47 (5.35%) Amazon EC2
8 45 (5.12%) GitHub
9 44 (5.01%) GCP
10 41 (4.66%) IaaS
11 40 (4.55%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 30 (3.41%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 28 (3.19%) AWS CloudFormation
13 28 (3.19%) Azure DevOps
13 28 (3.19%) Route 53
14 21 (2.39%) Rubrik
15 20 (2.28%) Amazon S3
16 19 (2.16%) Google Workspace
17 18 (2.05%) Serverless
18 17 (1.93%) Azure Sentinel
Communications & Networking
1 569 (64.73%) Firewall
2 313 (35.61%) DNS
3 292 (33.22%) WAN
4 268 (30.49%) LAN
5 224 (25.48%) DHCP
6 191 (21.73%) TCP/IP
7 188 (21.39%) VLAN
8 175 (19.91%) MPLS
9 125 (14.22%) Network Security
10 122 (13.88%) Wi-Fi
11 121 (13.77%) BGP
12 103 (11.72%) OSPF
13 100 (11.38%) Wireless
14 87 (9.90%) SSL
15 83 (9.44%) SD-WAN
16 81 (9.22%) SAN
17 72 (8.19%) WLAN
18 70 (7.96%) Internet
19 59 (6.71%) IPsec
20 57 (6.48%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 74 (8.42%) SQL Server
2 37 (4.21%) Amazon RDS
3 31 (3.53%) MySQL
4 12 (1.37%) Elasticsearch
4 12 (1.37%) PostgreSQL
5 11 (1.25%) NoSQL
6 10 (1.14%) Power BI
7 7 (0.80%) InfluxDB
7 7 (0.80%) Oracle Database
8 5 (0.57%) Azure SQL Database
9 4 (0.46%) MongoDB
10 3 (0.34%) Big Data
10 3 (0.34%) MariaDB
11 2 (0.23%) Data Lake
11 2 (0.23%) DynamoDB
11 2 (0.23%) Relational Database
12 1 (0.11%) BusinessObjects
12 1 (0.11%) Data Warehouse
12 1 (0.11%) GIS
12 1 (0.11%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 41 (4.66%) Jenkins
2 35 (3.98%) GitLab
3 34 (3.87%) Git (software)
4 23 (2.62%) JIRA
5 20 (2.28%) Subversion
6 16 (1.82%) Octopus Deploy
6 16 (1.82%) TeamCity
7 14 (1.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 12 (1.37%) Pivotal Tracker
9 8 (0.91%) Maven
10 7 (0.80%) Sonatype Nexus
11 5 (0.57%) Bitbucket
11 5 (0.57%) Bitbucket Server
11 5 (0.57%) Team Foundation Server
11 5 (0.57%) VSS/SourceSafe
12 4 (0.46%) git-flow
13 2 (0.23%) MLflow
13 2 (0.23%) MSI
13 2 (0.23%) Oracle APEX
13 2 (0.23%) Oracle Forms
General
1 224 (25.48%) Social Skills
2 130 (14.79%) Finance
3 75 (8.53%) Analytical Skills
4 71 (8.08%) Public Sector
5 47 (5.35%) Marketing
6 44 (5.01%) Retail
7 43 (4.89%) Telecoms
8 42 (4.78%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 37 (4.21%) Manufacturing
10 36 (4.10%) Presentation Skills
11 31 (3.53%) Banking
12 29 (3.30%) Law
13 28 (3.19%) Advertising
14 27 (3.07%) Legal
15 18 (2.05%) Organisational Skills
16 17 (1.93%) Electronics
17 9 (1.02%) French Language
18 8 (0.91%) Documentation Skills
18 8 (0.91%) Games
19 6 (0.68%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 204 (23.21%) Network Engineer
2 114 (12.97%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 88 (10.01%) IT Engineer
3 88 (10.01%) Support Engineer
4 79 (8.99%) Analyst
5 62 (7.05%) Cloud Engineer
5 62 (7.05%) IT Support
5 62 (7.05%) Senior Network Engineer
6 59 (6.71%) DevOps Engineer
7 45 (5.12%) Consultant
8 41 (4.66%) IT Support Engineer
9 38 (4.32%) 3rd Line Engineer
10 36 (4.10%) IT Analyst
10 36 (4.10%) Security Engineer
11 35 (3.98%) 2nd Line Support
12 30 (3.41%) 2nd Line Engineer
12 30 (3.41%) Desktop Support
13 29 (3.30%) Cisco Engineer
13 29 (3.30%) Cisco Network Engineer
13 29 (3.30%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (3.30%) Web Services
2 27 (3.07%) HTML
3 24 (2.73%) CSS
4 23 (2.62%) LDAP
5 19 (2.16%) XML
6 18 (2.05%) .NET
7 16 (1.82%) SAML
8 15 (1.71%) SOAP
9 14 (1.59%) OAuth
9 14 (1.59%) REST
10 13 (1.48%) OAuth2
10 13 (1.48%) RESTful
11 12 (1.37%) Ajax
11 12 (1.37%) ARM Templates
11 12 (1.37%) Django
11 12 (1.37%) Laravel
11 12 (1.37%) Twig
11 12 (1.37%) Vue.js
12 11 (1.25%) 802.1X
13 10 (1.14%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 101 (11.49%) Data Centre
2 49 (5.57%) Public Cloud
3 43 (4.89%) Driving Licence
4 36 (4.10%) Management Information System
5 28 (3.19%) Self-Motivation
6 25 (2.84%) Linux Command Line
7 21 (2.39%) Cloud Native
7 21 (2.39%) User Experience
8 19 (2.16%) Virtual Team
9 17 (1.93%) BYOD
9 17 (1.93%) CMDB
10 14 (1.59%) Blog
10 14 (1.59%) Greenfield Project
10 14 (1.59%) Hybrid Cloud
11 13 (1.48%) PKI
12 12 (1.37%) Clustering
12 12 (1.37%) Smartphone
13 11 (1.25%) Video Conferencing
14 10 (1.14%) NHS
15 9 (1.02%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 418 (47.55%) Windows
2 216 (24.57%) Linux
3 213 (24.23%) Windows Server
4 86 (9.78%) Windows 10
5 73 (8.30%) Windows Server 2012
6 46 (5.23%) Windows Server 2016
7 42 (4.78%) Windows Server 2019
8 37 (4.21%) CentOS
9 35 (3.98%) Mac OS
10 34 (3.87%) Ubuntu
11 30 (3.41%) Unix
12 29 (3.30%) Android
13 24 (2.73%) Apple iOS
14 22 (2.50%) Amazon Linux
15 19 (2.16%) Mac OS X
16 14 (1.59%) Windows 7
17 13 (1.48%) Windows Server 2008
18 11 (1.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
19 10 (1.14%) Debian
20 9 (1.02%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 149 (16.95%) ITIL
2 143 (16.27%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 136 (15.47%) DevOps
4 119 (13.54%) Agile
5 101 (11.49%) Customer Service
5 101 (11.49%) Infrastructure as Code
6 90 (10.24%) Problem-Solving
7 84 (9.56%) Cybersecurity
8 82 (9.33%) Load Balancing
9 75 (8.53%) Migration
10 67 (7.62%) CI/CD
11 63 (7.17%) Disaster Recovery
11 63 (7.17%) Service Delivery
12 61 (6.94%) Project Management
13 56 (6.37%) Business Continuity
14 54 (6.14%) Network Virtualisation
15 52 (5.92%) Mentoring
16 51 (5.80%) Configuration Management
17 50 (5.69%) Computer Science
18 46 (5.23%) Information Security
Programming Languages
1 146 (16.61%) PowerShell
2 125 (14.22%) Python
3 74 (8.42%) SQL
4 69 (7.85%) Bash
5 54 (6.14%) JavaScript
6 29 (3.30%) Java
7 22 (2.50%) Perl
8 17 (1.93%) PHP
9 16 (1.82%) C#
10 15 (1.71%) Shell Script
11 13 (1.48%) Go
12 10 (1.14%) C++
13 9 (1.02%) Ruby
14 5 (0.57%) Apple Swift
14 5 (0.57%) Objective-C
15 4 (0.46%) Bicep
15 4 (0.46%) VB
16 3 (0.34%) TypeScript
17 2 (0.23%) C
18 1 (0.11%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 179 (20.36%) Cisco Certification
2 116 (13.20%) CCNP
3 106 (12.06%) Degree
4 90 (10.24%) CCNA
5 64 (7.28%) Security Cleared
6 61 (6.94%) Microsoft Certification
7 55 (6.26%) CCIE
8 45 (5.12%) MCSE
8 45 (5.12%) SC Cleared
9 39 (4.44%) AWS Certification
10 22 (2.50%) ITIL Certification
11 20 (2.28%) Azure Certification
11 20 (2.28%) MCSA
12 18 (2.05%) JNCIP
13 12 (1.37%) CEH
14 11 (1.25%) CompTIA Security+
15 10 (1.14%) CCDA
16 9 (1.02%) CISSP
16 9 (1.02%) JNCIA
16 9 (1.02%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 79 (8.99%) SLA
2 37 (4.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 27 (3.07%) QA
4 26 (2.96%) GDPR
5 8 (0.91%) Cyber Essentials
6 7 (0.80%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.68%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 5 (0.57%) NIST
8 5 (0.57%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 3 (0.34%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.23%) Accessibility
10 2 (0.23%) DICOM
10 2 (0.23%) GxP
10 2 (0.23%) IEC 62304
10 2 (0.23%) ISO 13485
10 2 (0.23%) NCSC
11 1 (0.11%) Data Quality
11 1 (0.11%) MiFID
System Software
1 322 (36.63%) Active Directory
2 184 (20.93%) VMware Infrastructure
3 85 (9.67%) Docker
4 69 (7.85%) Hyper-V
5 51 (5.80%) VMware ESXi
6 41 (4.66%) vSphere
7 30 (3.41%) Virtual Machines
8 20 (2.28%) VMware NSX
9 19 (2.16%) Virtual Desktop
10 17 (1.93%) Firmware
11 14 (1.59%) Terminal Server
12 13 (1.48%) Virtual Servers
13 10 (1.14%) ProxySG
14 7 (0.80%) DFS Replication
15 6 (0.68%) Samba
16 4 (0.46%) BitLocker
16 4 (0.46%) iptables
16 4 (0.46%) NFS
16 4 (0.46%) zsh
17 3 (0.34%) KVM
Systems Management
1 103 (11.72%) Ansible
2 94 (10.69%) Terraform
3 79 (8.99%) Kubernetes
4 62 (7.05%) Microsoft Intune
5 44 (5.01%) Nagios
5 44 (5.01%) SCCM
6 35 (3.98%) WSUS
7 23 (2.62%) Jamf Pro
8 20 (2.28%) FortiGate
8 20 (2.28%) Single Sign-On
9 18 (2.05%) Puppet
10 17 (1.93%) ZABBIX
11 13 (1.48%) Grafana
11 13 (1.48%) SolarWinds Orion
12 12 (1.37%) HP UCMDB
12 12 (1.37%) vCenter Server
13 11 (1.25%) Opscode Chef
14 10 (1.14%) Prometheus
14 10 (1.14%) SCOM
15 8 (0.91%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 352 (40.05%) Microsoft
2 294 (33.45%) Cisco
3 247 (28.10%) VMware
4 76 (8.65%) CheckPoint
5 75 (8.53%) Citrix
6 71 (8.08%) Juniper
7 64 (7.28%) Palo Alto
8 57 (6.48%) F5
8 57 (6.48%) SolarWinds
9 56 (6.37%) Meraki
10 55 (6.26%) Fortinet
11 52 (5.92%) Google
12 50 (5.69%) Apple
13 41 (4.66%) Veeam
14 36 (4.10%) Red Hat
15 32 (3.64%) HP
16 30 (3.41%) ServiceNow
17 28 (3.19%) Ruckus Wireless
18 27 (3.07%) Sophos
19 25 (2.84%) Splunk