Period
to 27 January 2022

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 242 185 194
Rank change year-on-year -57 +9 +3
Permanent jobs citing VPN 383 169 91
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 1.29% 1.51% 1.25%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 12.50% 11.28% 8.89%
Number of salaries quoted 287 145 68
10th Percentile £35,500 £25,750 £33,200
25th Percentile £42,500 £35,000 £39,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £52,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - - -12.50%
75th Percentile £73,750 £67,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £87,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 3,065 1,498 1,024
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 10.34% 13.40% 14.06%
Number of salaries quoted 2,355 1,322 895
10th Percentile £35,750 £33,750 £34,750
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% - -4.35%
75th Percentile £72,500 £67,875 £68,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +1.00% +5.26% -

VPN
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

VPN trend for jobs with a WFH option

VPN
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing VPN.

VPN salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

VPN
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing VPN over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

VPN salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, VPN job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for VPN.

1 215 (56.14%) Firewall
2 190 (49.61%) Windows
3 180 (47.00%) Microsoft
4 178 (46.48%) Azure
5 151 (39.43%) Windows Server
6 149 (38.90%) Active Directory
7 136 (35.51%) Microsoft 365
8 113 (29.50%) WAN
9 112 (29.24%) DNS
10 109 (28.46%) VMware
11 102 (26.63%) Cisco
12 101 (26.37%) Linux
13 99 (25.85%) AWS
14 86 (22.45%) SCCM
14 86 (22.45%) LAN
15 84 (21.93%) VMware Infrastructure
16 82 (21.41%) Microsoft Intune
17 78 (20.37%) Windows 10
18 75 (19.58%) DevOps
18 75 (19.58%) DHCP
19 74 (19.32%) Infrastructure Engineering
20 72 (18.80%) ITIL
20 72 (18.80%) Security Cleared
21 71 (18.54%) Network Security
21 71 (18.54%) Finance
21 71 (18.54%) Public Cloud
22 70 (18.28%) SC Cleared
23 68 (17.75%) Presales
24 64 (16.71%) Social Skills
24 64 (16.71%) Migration

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (8.62%) SharePoint
2 23 (6.01%) MS Exchange
3 17 (4.44%) Elasticsearch
4 14 (3.66%) IIS
5 13 (3.39%) Apache
6 11 (2.87%) Confluence
7 8 (2.09%) Oracle Workflow
7 8 (2.09%) WordPress
8 7 (1.83%) Exchange Server 2010
9 6 (1.57%) CMS
9 6 (1.57%) Sitecore CMS
9 6 (1.57%) Umbraco
10 5 (1.31%) Skype for Business
10 5 (1.31%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.52%) Exchange Server 2013
11 2 (0.52%) nginx
12 1 (0.26%) Cloud Foundry
12 1 (0.26%) JBoss
12 1 (0.26%) OpenStack
12 1 (0.26%) ThingWorx
Applications
1 20 (5.22%) Microsoft Office
2 17 (4.44%) MS Visio
3 6 (1.57%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 8 (2.09%) Remedy ITSM
2 6 (1.57%) Sage 200
3 4 (1.04%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.26%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 178 (46.48%) Azure
2 136 (35.51%) Microsoft 365
3 99 (25.85%) AWS
4 60 (15.67%) Azure Active Directory
5 57 (14.88%) SaaS
6 30 (7.83%) IaaS
7 28 (7.31%) PaaS
8 21 (5.48%) AWS Direct Connect
9 20 (5.22%) Amazon EC2
10 19 (4.96%) GCP
10 19 (4.96%) OneDrive
11 15 (3.92%) Serverless
12 14 (3.66%) AWS Lambda
12 14 (3.66%) Azure Service Bus
13 13 (3.39%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 11 (2.87%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 6 (1.57%) Amazon S3
15 6 (1.57%) AWS CloudFormation
15 6 (1.57%) CloudFront
15 6 (1.57%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 215 (56.14%) Firewall
2 113 (29.50%) WAN
3 112 (29.24%) DNS
4 86 (22.45%) LAN
5 75 (19.58%) DHCP
6 71 (18.54%) Network Security
7 63 (16.45%) TCP/IP
8 62 (16.19%) BGP
9 51 (13.32%) Unified Communications
10 50 (13.05%) MPLS
11 49 (12.79%) SSL
12 47 (12.27%) IPsec
13 45 (11.75%) OSPF
14 43 (11.23%) Wi-Fi
15 34 (8.88%) VoIP
15 34 (8.88%) Wireless
16 33 (8.62%) VLAN
17 25 (6.53%) Broadband
18 21 (5.48%) SNMP
19 19 (4.96%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (7.57%) SQL Server
2 24 (6.27%) MySQL
3 18 (4.70%) Azure SQL Database
4 14 (3.66%) PostgreSQL
5 13 (3.39%) Amazon Aurora
5 13 (3.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 13 (3.39%) MariaDB
5 13 (3.39%) Redis
6 5 (1.31%) Amazon RDS
6 5 (1.31%) Amazon Redshift
7 3 (0.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 2 (0.52%) MongoDB
8 2 (0.52%) Relational Database
9 1 (0.26%) Oracle Database
9 1 (0.26%) SQL Server 2005
9 1 (0.26%) SQL Server 2008
9 1 (0.26%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 20 (5.22%) Jenkins
2 12 (3.13%) Octopus Deploy
2 12 (3.13%) TeamCity
3 11 (2.87%) JIRA
4 7 (1.83%) Selenium
5 6 (1.57%) GitLab
5 6 (1.57%) Visual Studio
6 5 (1.31%) Git (software)
7 4 (1.04%) Oracle APEX
7 4 (1.04%) Oracle Forms
7 4 (1.04%) VSS/SourceSafe
8 3 (0.78%) Sonatype Nexus
8 3 (0.78%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
9 1 (0.26%) Maven
General
1 71 (18.54%) Finance
2 64 (16.71%) Social Skills
3 25 (6.53%) Telecoms
4 21 (5.48%) Analytical Skills
5 16 (4.18%) Public Sector
6 13 (3.39%) Documentation Skills
7 11 (2.87%) Manufacturing
8 8 (2.09%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 8 (2.09%) Pharmaceutical
8 8 (2.09%) Retail
9 7 (1.83%) Advertising
10 4 (1.04%) Aerospace
10 4 (1.04%) Electronics
10 4 (1.04%) Marketing
11 3 (0.78%) Banking
11 3 (0.78%) Law
11 3 (0.78%) Presentation Skills
12 2 (0.52%) Front Office
12 2 (0.52%) Organisational Skills
12 2 (0.52%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 84 (21.93%) Consultant
2 60 (15.67%) Technical Consultant
3 51 (13.32%) Network Engineer
4 49 (12.79%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 46 (12.01%) DevOps Engineer
6 45 (11.75%) Cloud Consultant
7 32 (8.36%) Architect
7 32 (8.36%) Support Engineer
8 28 (7.31%) Analyst
9 21 (5.48%) 3rd Line Engineer
10 19 (4.96%) Support Analyst
11 18 (4.70%) 3rd Line Support
12 16 (4.18%) Cloud Engineer
12 16 (4.18%) Junior
12 16 (4.18%) Linux Engineer
13 15 (3.92%) IT Support
14 14 (3.66%) 3rd Line Infrastructure Engineer
15 13 (3.39%) 3rd Line Support Engineer
15 13 (3.39%) Junior DevOps
15 13 (3.39%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 17 (4.44%) LDAP
2 15 (3.92%) Web Services
2 15 (3.92%) XML
3 13 (3.39%) HTML
4 12 (3.13%) Ajax
4 12 (3.13%) CSS
5 8 (2.09%) SOAP
6 4 (1.04%) ARM Templates
6 4 (1.04%) OAuth
7 3 (0.78%) OpenID
7 3 (0.78%) Regular Expression
7 3 (0.78%) REST
8 2 (0.52%) React
8 2 (0.52%) SAML
8 2 (0.52%) Software Packaging
9 1 (0.26%) .NET
9 1 (0.26%) Hibernate
9 1 (0.26%) J2EE
9 1 (0.26%) LAMP
9 1 (0.26%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 71 (18.54%) Public Cloud
2 61 (15.93%) Data Centre
3 17 (4.44%) Management Information System
4 11 (2.87%) Driving Licence
4 11 (2.87%) e-Learning
5 8 (2.09%) CMDB
6 7 (1.83%) Self-Motivation
6 7 (1.83%) User Experience
7 6 (1.57%) Video Conferencing
8 5 (1.31%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 4 (1.04%) Cloud Native
9 4 (1.04%) Clustering
9 4 (1.04%) Fibre Optics
9 4 (1.04%) Linux Command Line
9 4 (1.04%) PKI
10 3 (0.78%) Greenfield Project
10 3 (0.78%) Internet of Things
10 3 (0.78%) Private Cloud
10 3 (0.78%) Smartphone
10 3 (0.78%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 190 (49.61%) Windows
2 151 (39.43%) Windows Server
3 101 (26.37%) Linux
4 78 (20.37%) Windows 10
5 36 (9.40%) Windows Server 2019
6 28 (7.31%) Windows Server 2012
7 20 (5.22%) CentOS
7 20 (5.22%) Unix
8 18 (4.70%) Debian
8 18 (4.70%) Windows Server 2016
9 17 (4.44%) Apple iOS
10 14 (3.66%) Android
10 14 (3.66%) Ubuntu
11 10 (2.61%) Windows Server 2003
12 9 (2.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 9 (2.35%) Windows 7
12 9 (2.35%) Windows Server 2008
13 8 (2.09%) Solaris
14 7 (1.83%) VyOS
15 5 (1.31%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 75 (19.58%) DevOps
2 74 (19.32%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 72 (18.80%) ITIL
4 68 (17.75%) Presales
5 64 (16.71%) Migration
6 45 (11.75%) High Availability
7 43 (11.23%) Requirements Gathering
8 40 (10.44%) Project Management
9 39 (10.18%) Problem-Solving
10 37 (9.66%) Disaster Recovery
11 33 (8.62%) ITSM
12 31 (8.09%) Network Management
12 31 (8.09%) Network Monitoring
13 30 (7.83%) Infrastructure as Code
14 26 (6.79%) Site Reliability Engineering
14 26 (6.79%) Technical Architecture
15 25 (6.53%) Agile Software Development
15 25 (6.53%) Network Design
16 24 (6.27%) Load Balancing
17 22 (5.74%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 59 (15.40%) PowerShell
2 57 (14.88%) Python
3 36 (9.40%) SQL
4 17 (4.44%) PHP
5 15 (3.92%) JavaScript
6 12 (3.13%) Bash
7 11 (2.87%) Shell Script
8 8 (2.09%) Java
9 5 (1.31%) Bicep
9 5 (1.31%) Perl
10 4 (1.04%) C#
11 3 (0.78%) Go
11 3 (0.78%) VB
12 2 (0.52%) Ruby
12 2 (0.52%) VBA
13 1 (0.26%) C
13 1 (0.26%) C++
13 1 (0.26%) Korn
Qualifications
1 72 (18.80%) Security Cleared
2 70 (18.28%) SC Cleared
3 61 (15.93%) Cisco Certification
4 47 (12.27%) Degree
5 35 (9.14%) CCNA
6 31 (8.09%) CCNP
7 16 (4.18%) CCIE
7 16 (4.18%) Microsoft Certification
8 11 (2.87%) Computer Science Degree
9 7 (1.83%) DV Cleared
9 7 (1.83%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 6 (1.57%) BPSS Clearance
10 6 (1.57%) MCSE
11 5 (1.31%) AWS Certification
11 5 (1.31%) DBS Check
11 5 (1.31%) ITIL Certification
12 4 (1.04%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 4 (1.04%) TOGAF Certification
13 3 (0.78%) JNCIA
13 3 (0.78%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (7.05%) SLA
2 13 (3.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 6 (1.57%) GDPR
3 6 (1.57%) PCI DSS
3 6 (1.57%) QA
4 3 (0.78%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.52%) NIST
6 1 (0.26%) COBIT
6 1 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 1 (0.26%) NCSC
6 1 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 149 (38.90%) Active Directory
2 84 (21.93%) VMware Infrastructure
3 40 (10.44%) Hyper-V
4 29 (7.57%) Virtual Machines
5 20 (5.22%) Docker
6 15 (3.92%) Virtual Desktop
7 14 (3.66%) iptables
8 11 (2.87%) KVM
8 11 (2.87%) Virtual Servers
8 11 (2.87%) VMware ESXi
9 10 (2.61%) XenDesktop
10 9 (2.35%) NFS
10 9 (2.35%) vSphere
11 5 (1.31%) VMware NSX
11 5 (1.31%) VMware Server
11 5 (1.31%) XenApp
12 4 (1.04%) ProxySG
13 2 (0.52%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 2 (0.52%) Squid
13 2 (0.52%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 86 (22.45%) SCCM
2 82 (21.41%) Microsoft Intune
3 62 (16.19%) Terraform
4 34 (8.88%) Ansible
5 14 (3.66%) Nagios
6 13 (3.39%) Active Directory Federation Services
6 13 (3.39%) Kubernetes
6 13 (3.39%) ZABBIX
7 12 (3.13%) Icinga
7 12 (3.13%) Packer
8 11 (2.87%) Puppet
8 11 (2.87%) WSUS
9 10 (2.61%) Rancher
10 8 (2.09%) Failover Clustering
10 8 (2.09%) HP UCMDB
10 8 (2.09%) Red Hat Spacewalk
11 6 (1.57%) Opscode Chef
12 5 (1.31%) Grafana
12 5 (1.31%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.78%) CASB
Vendors
1 180 (47.00%) Microsoft
2 109 (28.46%) VMware
3 102 (26.63%) Cisco
4 41 (10.70%) Citrix
5 35 (9.14%) SolarWinds
6 30 (7.83%) HP
7 27 (7.05%) Juniper
7 27 (7.05%) ServiceNow
8 25 (6.53%) Palo Alto
9 21 (5.48%) Red Hat
10 20 (5.22%) CheckPoint
10 20 (5.22%) Oracle
11 18 (4.70%) Meraki
12 17 (4.44%) Google
13 16 (4.18%) Fortinet
14 13 (3.39%) F5
15 11 (2.87%) Apple
15 11 (2.87%) Veeam
16 10 (2.61%) Dell
17 8 (2.09%) BMC