Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Technical Debt skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Technical Debt over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Technical Debt
UK > England
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 559 599 659
Rank change year-on-year +40 +60 +193
Permanent jobs citing Technical Debt 431 181 457
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.43% 0.28% 0.34%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.46% 0.30% 0.37%
Number of salaries quoted 186 129 205
10th Percentile £47,544 £36,250 £38,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £50,000 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £60,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £91,938 £83,750 £80,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £70,000 £60,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +16.67% -7.69% +8.33%

Technical Debt is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 93,417 60,224 124,118
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 93.66% 92.50% 92.43%
Number of salaries quoted 64,448 49,282 99,844
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £93,750 £91,250 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Technical Debt
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Technical Debt as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Technical Debt in England

Technical Debt
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Technical Debt in England.

Salary trend for Technical Debt in England

Technical Debt
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Technical Debt in England over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Technical Debt in England

Technical Debt
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Technical Debt within the England region over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +43 253 £80,000 -5.88% 31
South West -11 54 £60,000 +33.33% 8
South East -51 36 £52,500 -19.23% 17
East of England +2 33 £62,500 +11.11% 4
North of England -87 32 £57,500 +15.00% 23
Midlands -83 20 £56,250 +12.50% 7
Yorkshire -64 19 £57,500 +15.00% 7
North West -47 13 £57,500 +27.78% 13
West Midlands -70 13 £62,000 +24.00% 4
East Midlands -50 7 £55,000 -4.35% 3
Technical Debt
UK

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT jobs citing Technical Debt also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Technical Debt.

1 215 (49.88%) Agile Software Development
2 145 (33.64%) JavaScript
3 141 (32.71%) React
4 140 (32.48%) Mentoring
5 136 (31.55%) AWS
6 135 (31.32%) Test Automation
7 134 (31.09%) Software Engineering
8 128 (29.70%) Microservices
9 121 (28.07%) DevOps
9 121 (28.07%) Java
10 107 (24.83%) Node.js
11 104 (24.13%) TDD
12 92 (21.35%) Social Skills
13 88 (20.42%) Continuous Improvement
14 86 (19.95%) Analytics
15 76 (17.63%) Scrum
15 76 (17.63%) Python
16 69 (16.01%) Software Testing
17 67 (15.55%) Continuous Integration
18 65 (15.08%) Front End Development
18 65 (15.08%) Finance
19 64 (14.85%) E-Commerce
20 62 (14.39%) Coaching
21 61 (14.15%) Problem-Solving
22 58 (13.46%) User Experience
23 57 (13.23%) PostgreSQL
24 56 (12.99%) MySQL
24 56 (12.99%) CSS
25 52 (12.06%) Technical Leadership
26 49 (11.37%) Open Source

Technical Debt
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (1.39%) CMS
2 5 (1.16%) Confluence
2 5 (1.16%) SharePoint
2 5 (1.16%) Tomcat
3 2 (0.46%) Camunda
3 2 (0.46%) Elasticsearch
4 1 (0.23%) Apache Solr
4 1 (0.23%) nginx
4 1 (0.23%) OpenStack
4 1 (0.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 3 (0.70%) Microsoft Office
1 3 (0.70%) Zeplin
2 1 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 5 (1.16%) SAP ERP
2 3 (0.70%) Oracle Financials
2 3 (0.70%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.46%) Dynamics GP
4 1 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.23%) PolarLake
Cloud Services
1 136 (31.55%) AWS
2 43 (9.98%) Azure
3 35 (8.12%) GitHub
4 32 (7.42%) AWS CloudFormation
5 28 (6.50%) GCP
5 28 (6.50%) SaaS
6 26 (6.03%) Amazon S3
6 26 (6.03%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
7 22 (5.10%) Serverless
8 14 (3.25%) Amazon EKS
9 11 (2.55%) PaaS
10 10 (2.32%) Cloudflare
10 10 (2.32%) Heroku
11 7 (1.62%) Microsoft 365
12 5 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
12 5 (1.16%) IaaS
12 5 (1.16%) Yammer
13 3 (0.70%) Azure Active Directory
13 3 (0.70%) Dynamics 365
13 3 (0.70%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 15 (3.48%) HTTP
2 5 (1.16%) DNS
2 5 (1.16%) Firewall
2 5 (1.16%) Internet
3 4 (0.93%) SAN
4 3 (0.70%) SSL
4 3 (0.70%) TCP/IP
5 2 (0.46%) Broadband
6 1 (0.23%) DHCP
6 1 (0.23%) DSL
6 1 (0.23%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 57 (13.23%) PostgreSQL
2 56 (12.99%) MySQL
3 33 (7.66%) MongoDB
4 27 (6.26%) Redis
5 26 (6.03%) Relational Database
6 17 (3.94%) NoSQL
7 12 (2.78%) Big Data
8 10 (2.32%) SQL Server
9 7 (1.62%) RDBMS
10 6 (1.39%) Amazon Aurora
10 6 (1.39%) Kalido
11 5 (1.16%) SAP HANA
12 3 (0.70%) Azure SQL Database
13 2 (0.46%) Apache Hive
13 2 (0.46%) BigQuery
13 2 (0.46%) Data Lake
13 2 (0.46%) Hadoop
13 2 (0.46%) Oracle Database
13 2 (0.46%) Presto
13 2 (0.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 34 (7.89%) Git (software)
2 27 (6.26%) JUnit
3 26 (6.03%) EasyMock
4 21 (4.87%) Jenkins
5 19 (4.41%) JIRA
6 14 (3.25%) GitLab
7 10 (2.32%) Cypress.io
8 9 (2.09%) CircleCI
8 9 (2.09%) RSpec
8 9 (2.09%) webpack
9 7 (1.62%) git-flow
9 7 (1.62%) PHPUnit
10 5 (1.16%) Grunt
10 5 (1.16%) Maven
11 4 (0.93%) Gradle
12 3 (0.70%) gulp
12 3 (0.70%) Jasmine
12 3 (0.70%) Mocha
12 3 (0.70%) Postman
12 3 (0.70%) SpecFlow
General
1 92 (21.35%) Social Skills
2 65 (15.08%) Finance
3 46 (10.67%) Retail
4 36 (8.35%) Analytical Skills
5 33 (7.66%) Marketing
6 24 (5.57%) Pharmaceutical
7 17 (3.94%) Banking
8 13 (3.02%) Games
9 11 (2.55%) Organisational Skills
9 11 (2.55%) Public Sector
10 10 (2.32%) Influencing Skills
11 7 (1.62%) Manufacturing
12 5 (1.16%) Back Office
12 5 (1.16%) Law
13 4 (0.93%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 4 (0.93%) Publishing
13 4 (0.93%) Retail Finance
14 3 (0.70%) Investment Banking
14 3 (0.70%) Telecoms
14 3 (0.70%) Wearables
Job Titles
1 120 (27.84%) Developer
2 69 (16.01%) Senior Developer
3 59 (13.69%) Software Engineer
4 36 (8.35%) Python Developer
5 34 (7.89%) Senior Python Developer
6 33 (7.66%) Python Developer - Fintech
7 30 (6.96%) Architect
8 28 (6.50%) Senior Software Engineer
9 24 (5.57%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 22 (5.10%) Android Engineer
11 18 (4.18%) Solutions Architect
12 17 (3.94%) Technical Leader
13 12 (2.78%) Java Engineer
14 11 (2.55%) Designer
14 11 (2.55%) Senior Java Engineer
14 11 (2.55%) Solutions Designer
15 9 (2.09%) Lead Architect
15 9 (2.09%) Principal Engineer
15 9 (2.09%) Principal Software Engineer
15 9 (2.09%) Web Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 141 (32.71%) React
2 107 (24.83%) Node.js
3 56 (12.99%) CSS
4 45 (10.44%) RESTful
5 42 (9.74%) Spring
6 41 (9.51%) REST
7 40 (9.28%) Spring Boot
8 38 (8.82%) .NET
9 36 (8.35%) Jest
10 33 (7.66%) SQLAlchemy
11 31 (7.19%) Vue.js
12 30 (6.96%) Redux
13 28 (6.50%) AngularJS
14 27 (6.26%) HTML
15 26 (6.03%) WebdriverIO
16 24 (5.57%) Web Services
17 22 (5.10%) Retrofit
18 17 (3.94%) GraphQL
18 17 (3.94%) gRPC
18 17 (3.94%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 58 (13.46%) User Experience
2 47 (10.90%) Virtual Team
3 35 (8.12%) Cloud Native
4 33 (7.66%) Derivative
5 28 (6.50%) Greenfield Project
6 17 (3.94%) Social Media
7 16 (3.71%) Life Science
8 12 (2.78%) Wiki
9 11 (2.55%) Hybrid Cloud
10 10 (2.32%) Algorithms
11 9 (2.09%) BBC
11 9 (2.09%) Legacy Systems
12 8 (1.86%) Public Cloud
13 7 (1.62%) Data Centre
13 7 (1.62%) Legacy Code
14 6 (1.39%) Data Structures
15 5 (1.16%) Client/Server
15 5 (1.16%) Management Information System
15 5 (1.16%) Mobile App
15 5 (1.16%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 38 (8.82%) Android
2 24 (5.57%) Linux
3 12 (2.78%) Apple iOS
4 11 (2.55%) Windows
5 6 (1.39%) Windows Server
6 4 (0.93%) Unix
7 2 (0.46%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.23%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 215 (49.88%) Agile Software Development
2 140 (32.48%) Mentoring
3 135 (31.32%) Test Automation
4 134 (31.09%) Software Engineering
5 128 (29.70%) Microservices
6 121 (28.07%) DevOps
7 104 (24.13%) TDD
8 88 (20.42%) Continuous Improvement
9 86 (19.95%) Analytics
10 76 (17.63%) Scrum
11 69 (16.01%) Software Testing
12 67 (15.55%) Continuous Integration
13 65 (15.08%) Front End Development
14 64 (14.85%) E-Commerce
15 62 (14.39%) Coaching
16 61 (14.15%) Problem-Solving
17 52 (12.06%) Technical Leadership
18 49 (11.37%) Open Source
19 45 (10.44%) Fintech
20 42 (9.74%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 145 (33.64%) JavaScript
2 121 (28.07%) Java
3 76 (17.63%) Python
4 43 (9.98%) SQL
5 38 (8.82%) TypeScript
6 35 (8.12%) PHP
7 31 (7.19%) C#
8 25 (5.80%) Kotlin
9 18 (4.18%) Ruby
10 14 (3.25%) PowerShell
11 10 (2.32%) Scala
11 10 (2.32%) VBA
12 9 (2.09%) ES6
13 6 (1.39%) C++
14 4 (0.93%) C
14 4 (0.93%) Delphi
14 4 (0.93%) Go
15 3 (0.70%) Apple Swift
15 3 (0.70%) Bash Shell
15 3 (0.70%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 15 (3.48%) Degree
2 4 (0.93%) MCSA
2 4 (0.93%) Microsoft Certification
2 4 (0.93%) SC Cleared
2 4 (0.93%) Security Cleared
2 4 (0.93%) VCAP
3 1 (0.23%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (4.41%) QA
2 17 (3.94%) SLA
3 8 (1.86%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.93%) Accessibility
4 4 (0.93%) Basel III
5 2 (0.46%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.46%) SOC 2
6 1 (0.23%) MiFID
6 1 (0.23%) PMO
System Software
1 42 (9.74%) Docker
2 4 (0.93%) Active Directory
2 4 (0.93%) NFS
2 4 (0.93%) VMware ESXi
2 4 (0.93%) VMware Infrastructure
2 4 (0.93%) vSphere
3 2 (0.46%) HDFS
4 1 (0.23%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 33 (7.66%) Kubernetes
2 22 (5.10%) Terraform
3 13 (3.02%) Ansible
4 10 (2.32%) Puppet
5 7 (1.62%) Grafana
5 7 (1.62%) Opscode Chef
5 7 (1.62%) Prometheus
6 4 (0.93%) vRealize
7 2 (0.46%) Kibana
8 1 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
8 1 (0.23%) HP SIM
8 1 (0.23%) Packer
8 1 (0.23%) SCOM
Vendors
1 41 (9.51%) Oracle
2 38 (8.82%) Microsoft
3 17 (3.94%) Facebook
4 15 (3.48%) Google
4 15 (3.48%) Instagram
5 12 (2.78%) New Relic
6 8 (1.86%) SAP
7 6 (1.39%) Alibaba
8 5 (1.16%) Cadence
8 5 (1.16%) PeopleSoft
9 4 (0.93%) VMware
10 3 (0.70%) AppDynamics
10 3 (0.70%) MuleSoft
10 3 (0.70%) NVIDIA
10 3 (0.70%) Progress
10 3 (0.70%) Salesforce.com
10 3 (0.70%) Splunk
10 3 (0.70%) Workday
10 3 (0.70%) Xamarin
11 2 (0.46%) Spotify