Period
to 21 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 21 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 59 58 39
Rank change year-on-year -1 -19 +12
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 2,214 6,445 9,410
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.53% 4.71% 5.75%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.90% 5.10% 6.26%
Number of salaries quoted 2,261 5,131 7,753
Median annual salary £57,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.17% +9.09% -
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,000 £35,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £86,250 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 45,168 126,311 150,373
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.41% 92.22% 91.93%
Number of salaries quoted 37,232 99,403 119,673
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,750 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.89% - +5.88%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 21 October 2020.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 2,046 £57,500 -4.17% 492
UK excluding London +9 1,291 £50,000 -4.76% 327
London -22 846 £70,000 - 190
Work from Home +40 441 £52,500 -8.70% 95
North of England +10 409 £50,000 -8.26% 107
South East +3 327 £57,500 +4.55% 77
South West +15 223 £51,593 +3.19% 42
North West 0 194 £52,500 -0.26% 58
Yorkshire +49 186 £47,500 -13.64% 37
Midlands +15 150 £47,500 -9.52% 48
West Midlands +24 101 £50,000 -9.09% 36
Scotland -1 85 £47,500 -1.55% 14
East of England -15 64 £62,500 +19.05% 24
East Midlands +12 49 £47,500 -5.00% 12
North East +8 29 £45,000 -15.88% 12
Wales +1 23 £47,500 +1.60% 10
Northern Ireland -13 13 £41,250 -41.07% 5
Channel Islands - 1 £65,000 -

For the 6 months to 21 October 2020, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 1,335 (60.30%) Agile Software Development
2 919 (41.51%) DevOps
3 734 (33.15%) Java
4 709 (32.02%) JavaScript
5 687 (31.03%) AWS
6 676 (30.53%) Git (software)
7 669 (30.22%) Azure
8 634 (28.64%) SQL
9 631 (28.50%) Test Automation
10 623 (28.14%) TDD
11 596 (26.92%) C#
12 558 (25.20%) Python
13 522 (23.58%) Microservices
14 518 (23.40%) Software Engineering
15 497 (22.45%) .NET
16 492 (22.22%) Docker
17 486 (21.95%) Jenkins
18 483 (21.82%) Scrum
19 414 (18.70%) Linux
20 408 (18.43%) Kubernetes
21 373 (16.85%) AngularJS
22 371 (16.76%) Finance
22 371 (16.76%) Terraform
23 364 (16.44%) CSS
24 352 (15.90%) Continuous Delivery
25 335 (15.13%) HTML
26 331 (14.95%) NoSQL
27 327 (14.77%) SQL Server
28 313 (14.14%) Microsoft
29 296 (13.37%) BDD

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (3.70%) Elasticsearch
2 79 (3.57%) Confluence
3 72 (3.25%) Apache
4 55 (2.48%) Tomcat
5 48 (2.17%) CMS
6 46 (2.08%) Apache Spark
7 37 (1.67%) nginx
8 30 (1.36%) JBoss
8 30 (1.36%) SharePoint
9 24 (1.08%) WebSphere
10 17 (0.77%) OpenStack
11 16 (0.72%) NServiceBus
12 14 (0.63%) IIS
12 14 (0.63%) Moodle
13 12 (0.54%) Headless CMS
14 10 (0.45%) Umbraco
15 9 (0.41%) WebLogic
16 8 (0.36%) Red Hat Fuse
17 7 (0.32%) GlassFish
18 6 (0.27%) EPiServer
Applications
1 18 (0.81%) Sketch
2 13 (0.59%) Adobe XD
2 13 (0.59%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (0.45%) Figma
4 8 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
5 5 (0.23%) Adobe Illustrator
5 5 (0.23%) Photoshop
5 5 (0.23%) Zeplin
6 4 (0.18%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.14%) InVision
7 3 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.14%) MS Visio
8 2 (0.090%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.045%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 22 (0.99%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.54%) SAP Hybris
2 12 (0.54%) SAP S/4HANA
3 8 (0.36%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 7 (0.32%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 6 (0.27%) Magento
6 5 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
8 3 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
9 2 (0.090%) R3 Corda
9 2 (0.090%) SAP FI-CA
9 2 (0.090%) SAP PSCD
10 1 (0.045%) Maximo
10 1 (0.045%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 1 (0.045%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 687 (31.03%) AWS
2 669 (30.22%) Azure
3 143 (6.46%) SaaS
4 140 (6.32%) AWS CloudFormation
5 136 (6.14%) GCP
6 126 (5.69%) Serverless
7 121 (5.47%) GitHub
8 93 (4.20%) AWS Lambda
9 90 (4.07%) Cloud Computing
10 83 (3.75%) Amazon EC2
11 72 (3.25%) PaaS
12 70 (3.16%) Power Platform
13 52 (2.35%) npm
14 44 (1.99%) IaaS
15 43 (1.94%) Amazon S3
16 41 (1.85%) AWS CodeDeploy
17 38 (1.72%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 34 (1.54%) Amazon SQS
19 30 (1.36%) Dynamics 365
19 30 (1.36%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 45 (2.03%) Firewall
2 39 (1.76%) TCP/IP
3 34 (1.54%) HTTP
4 26 (1.17%) VPN
5 22 (0.99%) Network Security
6 21 (0.95%) DNS
7 14 (0.63%) Internet
8 11 (0.50%) Ethernet
9 10 (0.45%) H.323
9 10 (0.45%) HTTPS
9 10 (0.45%) Skype
9 10 (0.45%) SSH
10 8 (0.36%) NetScaler
10 8 (0.36%) SSL
11 6 (0.27%) VoIP
12 5 (0.23%) AMQP
12 5 (0.23%) Intrusion Detection
12 5 (0.23%) LAN
12 5 (0.23%) WAN
13 4 (0.18%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 331 (14.95%) NoSQL
2 327 (14.77%) SQL Server
3 171 (7.72%) PostgreSQL
4 144 (6.50%) MongoDB
5 138 (6.23%) MySQL
6 99 (4.47%) Relational Database
7 95 (4.29%) Redis
8 82 (3.70%) Big Data
9 61 (2.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 55 (2.48%) Hadoop
11 53 (2.39%) Data Lake
12 51 (2.30%) Data Warehouse
13 50 (2.26%) Power BI
14 49 (2.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 42 (1.90%) Apache Cassandra
16 39 (1.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 30 (1.36%) Amazon RDS
18 26 (1.17%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 25 (1.13%) InterSystems Cache
20 24 (1.08%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 676 (30.53%) Git (software)
2 486 (21.95%) Jenkins
3 217 (9.80%) JIRA
4 196 (8.85%) Selenium
5 172 (7.77%) Subversion
6 157 (7.09%) TeamCity
7 145 (6.55%) JUnit
8 129 (5.83%) Maven
9 128 (5.78%) GitLab
10 121 (5.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 103 (4.65%) Mockito
12 102 (4.61%) Cucumber
13 81 (3.66%) Mercurial
14 62 (2.80%) Octopus Deploy
15 56 (2.53%) Bitbucket
16 47 (2.12%) SonarQube
16 47 (2.12%) Team Foundation Server
17 40 (1.81%) WebDriver
18 38 (1.72%) NUnit
18 38 (1.72%) Vagrant
General
1 371 (16.76%) Finance
2 125 (5.65%) Public Sector
3 95 (4.29%) Banking
4 87 (3.93%) Marketing
5 50 (2.26%) Telecoms
6 49 (2.21%) Manufacturing
7 47 (2.12%) Electronics
8 45 (2.03%) Retail
9 41 (1.85%) Games
10 32 (1.45%) Law
11 30 (1.36%) Front Office
12 24 (1.08%) Back Office
13 21 (0.95%) Advertising
14 19 (0.86%) Investment Banking
15 15 (0.68%) Pharmaceutical
16 12 (0.54%) Automotive
17 9 (0.41%) Legal
18 8 (0.36%) Publishing
19 5 (0.23%) Financial Institution
20 4 (0.18%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,014 (45.80%) Developer
2 345 (15.58%) DevOps Engineer
3 228 (10.30%) Java Developer
3 228 (10.30%) Senior Developer
3 228 (10.30%) Software Engineer
4 162 (7.32%) Full Stack Developer
5 142 (6.41%) AWS Engineer
6 137 (6.19%) .NET Developer
7 133 (6.01%) Platform Engineer
8 124 (5.60%) AWS DevOps
9 120 (5.42%) Software Developer
10 119 (5.37%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 107 (4.83%) C# Developer
12 103 (4.65%) JavaScript Developer
13 100 (4.52%) Java Engineer
14 92 (4.16%) Architect
15 87 (3.93%) Azure Engineer
16 75 (3.39%) Lead Developer
17 74 (3.34%) C# .NET Developer
18 67 (3.03%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 497 (22.45%) .NET
2 373 (16.85%) AngularJS
3 364 (16.44%) CSS
4 335 (15.13%) HTML
5 292 (13.19%) Node.js
6 281 (12.69%) React
7 279 (12.60%) REST
8 276 (12.47%) RESTful
9 271 (12.24%) Spring
10 239 (10.79%) Web Services
11 213 (9.62%) .NET Core
12 159 (7.18%) .NET Framework
13 155 (7.00%) ASP.NET
14 140 (6.32%) HTML5
15 118 (5.33%) RabbitMQ
16 96 (4.34%) Hibernate
16 96 (4.34%) Kafka
17 93 (4.20%) SOAP
18 92 (4.16%) Elastic Stack
19 85 (3.84%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 135 (6.10%) Mobile App
2 122 (5.51%) User Experience
3 105 (4.74%) Analytical Skills
4 95 (4.29%) Greenfield Project
5 84 (3.79%) Algorithms
6 69 (3.12%) Cloud Native
7 67 (3.03%) Data Structures
8 61 (2.76%) Enterprise Software
9 55 (2.48%) Self-Motivation
10 46 (2.08%) Public Cloud
11 39 (1.76%) N-Tier
12 31 (1.40%) Blog
13 30 (1.36%) Virtual Team
14 27 (1.22%) Social Media
15 26 (1.17%) Data Centre
16 23 (1.04%) Clustering
17 17 (0.77%) Video Conferencing
18 16 (0.72%) Linux Command Line
18 16 (0.72%) Management Information System
19 15 (0.68%) e-Learning
Operating Systems
1 414 (18.70%) Linux
2 204 (9.21%) Windows
3 103 (4.65%) Android
4 86 (3.88%) Unix
5 67 (3.03%) CentOS
6 64 (2.89%) Apple iOS
7 61 (2.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 54 (2.44%) Windows Server
9 19 (0.86%) Ubuntu
9 19 (0.86%) VMS
10 14 (0.63%) CoreOS
10 14 (0.63%) Debian
11 8 (0.36%) Mesosphere
11 8 (0.36%) zOS
12 5 (0.23%) Amazon Linux
13 4 (0.18%) FreeBSD
13 4 (0.18%) FreeNAS
14 3 (0.14%) Mac OS
14 3 (0.14%) Mac OS X
14 3 (0.14%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,335 (60.30%) Agile Software Development
2 919 (41.51%) DevOps
3 631 (28.50%) Test Automation
4 623 (28.14%) TDD
5 522 (23.58%) Microservices
6 518 (23.40%) Software Engineering
7 483 (21.82%) Scrum
8 352 (15.90%) Continuous Delivery
9 296 (13.37%) BDD
10 272 (12.29%) OO
11 258 (11.65%) Continuous Deployment
12 257 (11.61%) Open Source
13 233 (10.52%) Infrastructure as Code
14 228 (10.30%) Unit Testing
15 225 (10.16%) MVC
16 211 (9.53%) Mentoring
17 198 (8.94%) Fintech
18 193 (8.72%) Deployment Automation
19 178 (8.04%) Migration
20 170 (7.68%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 734 (33.15%) Java
2 709 (32.02%) JavaScript
3 634 (28.64%) SQL
4 596 (26.92%) C#
5 558 (25.20%) Python
6 168 (7.59%) TypeScript
7 153 (6.91%) PowerShell
8 151 (6.82%) C++
9 146 (6.59%) Go
10 143 (6.46%) Ruby
11 141 (6.37%) PHP
12 112 (5.06%) Bash Shell
13 103 (4.65%) Java 8
14 82 (3.70%) T-SQL
15 78 (3.52%) C
16 68 (3.07%) Kotlin
17 63 (2.85%) Scala
18 46 (2.08%) Perl
19 33 (1.49%) Clojure
20 32 (1.45%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 242 (10.93%) Degree
2 159 (7.18%) Security Cleared
3 142 (6.41%) SC Cleared
4 88 (3.97%) Computer Science Degree
5 58 (2.62%) AWS Certification
6 34 (1.54%) ISTQB
7 29 (1.31%) ISEB
8 25 (1.13%) DV Cleared
9 10 (0.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 9 (0.41%) PhD
11 8 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
11 8 (0.36%) RHCE
12 4 (0.18%) CISSP
12 4 (0.18%) Postgraduate
13 3 (0.14%) HND
13 3 (0.14%) Master's Degree
13 3 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
14 2 (0.090%) CCIE
14 2 (0.090%) Cisco Certification
14 2 (0.090%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 184 (8.31%) QA
2 16 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 14 (0.63%) GDPR
4 10 (0.45%) Data Quality
5 8 (0.36%) SLA
6 6 (0.27%) ISO 22301
6 6 (0.27%) ISO 9001
6 6 (0.27%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.090%) MiFID
8 2 (0.090%) NIST
9 1 (0.045%) Dodd-Frank
9 1 (0.045%) EMIR
System Software
1 492 (22.22%) Docker
2 57 (2.57%) VMware Infrastructure
3 32 (1.45%) vSphere
4 27 (1.22%) Active Directory
5 12 (0.54%) Postfix
6 11 (0.50%) KVM
7 10 (0.45%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 10 (0.45%) HDFS
8 9 (0.41%) Hyper-V
8 9 (0.41%) VirtualBox
9 8 (0.36%) XenApp
9 8 (0.36%) XenDesktop
10 6 (0.27%) Firmware
10 6 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
11 5 (0.23%) GlusterFS
11 5 (0.23%) Xen
12 4 (0.18%) VMware Workstation
13 3 (0.14%) iptables
13 3 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
14 2 (0.090%) LXC
Systems Management
1 408 (18.43%) Kubernetes
2 371 (16.76%) Terraform
3 271 (12.24%) Ansible
4 235 (10.61%) Puppet
5 160 (7.23%) Opscode Chef
6 69 (3.12%) Prometheus
7 59 (2.66%) Grafana
8 48 (2.17%) Graphite
9 28 (1.26%) Docker Swarm
10 23 (1.04%) Packer
11 21 (0.95%) Consul
12 18 (0.81%) ZABBIX
13 17 (0.77%) Nagios
13 17 (0.77%) Rancher
14 15 (0.68%) Kibana
14 15 (0.68%) logstash
15 13 (0.59%) Salt
16 11 (0.50%) Graylog
16 11 (0.50%) NetIQ Identity Manager
17 8 (0.36%) Mesos
Vendors
1 313 (14.14%) Microsoft
2 148 (6.68%) Oracle
3 125 (5.65%) Google
4 76 (3.43%) VMware
5 50 (2.26%) SAP
6 41 (1.85%) EnterpriseDB
7 37 (1.67%) Atlassian
7 37 (1.67%) Splunk
8 36 (1.63%) IBM
9 34 (1.54%) Salesforce.com
10 33 (1.49%) Red Hat
11 21 (0.95%) New Relic
12 20 (0.90%) Adobe
13 19 (0.86%) Databricks
14 15 (0.68%) Tableau
15 14 (0.63%) hybris
15 14 (0.63%) Xamarin
16 13 (0.59%) Cadence
16 13 (0.59%) Hortonworks
17 12 (0.54%) NetIQ