Period
to 21 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 21 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
21 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 38 52 64
Rank change year-on-year +14 +12 +6
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 9,408 9,483 8,479
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.77% 5.24% 4.49%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.33% 5.73% 4.93%
Number of salaries quoted 7,311 7,517 7,307
UK median annual salary £56,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.73% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 148,602 165,637 171,838
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.11% 91.48% 90.96%
Number of salaries quoted 118,085 131,103 142,989
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +3.09% +2.11%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,750
90th Percentile £84,500 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +4.65% +1.18% -

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 21 November 2018.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 21 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 8,715 £57,500 +4.55% 1,391
UK excluding London +20 5,112 £50,000 - 908
London +2 4,142 £70,000 +7.69% 588
North of England +23 1,545 £50,000 +5.26% 235
South East +9 1,473 £52,500 +5.00% 216
North West +23 965 £50,000 +5.26% 139
South West +19 685 £50,000 +11.11% 135
Midlands +11 502 £50,000 - 113
Yorkshire +10 496 £45,000 -10.00% 70
Scotland +7 383 £45,000 - 57
East of England +25 346 £50,000 -4.76% 104
West Midlands +20 298 £50,000 - 80
East Midlands +1 204 £47,500 +2.70% 33
Wales +46 159 £45,000 +5.88% 37
North East +25 88 £47,500 +35.71% 26
Northern Ireland +11 48 £40,000 - 12

For the 6 months to 21 November 2018, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 6,547 (69.59%) Agile Software Development
2 3,843 (40.85%) TDD
3 3,660 (38.90%) Java
4 3,387 (36.00%) C#
5 3,228 (34.31%) DevOps
6 3,207 (34.09%) JavaScript
7 2,910 (30.93%) Scrum
8 2,853 (30.33%) .NET
9 2,794 (29.70%) Jenkins
10 2,689 (28.58%) Amazon AWS
11 2,688 (28.57%) Test Automation
12 2,440 (25.94%) SQL
13 2,395 (25.46%) Git (software)
14 2,222 (23.62%) Python
15 2,146 (22.81%) Finance
16 2,122 (22.56%) Software Engineering
17 2,026 (21.53%) SQL Server
18 1,963 (20.87%) Linux
19 1,946 (20.68%) BDD
20 1,932 (20.54%) Microsoft Azure
21 1,808 (19.22%) AngularJS
22 1,749 (18.59%) Docker
23 1,685 (17.91%) HTML
24 1,604 (17.05%) Microservices
25 1,581 (16.80%) CSS
26 1,578 (16.77%) Continuous Delivery
27 1,575 (16.74%) MVC
28 1,463 (15.55%) Web Services
29 1,457 (15.49%) Microsoft
30 1,364 (14.50%) OO

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 409 (4.35%) Confluence
2 304 (3.23%) Apache
3 286 (3.04%) IIS
4 268 (2.85%) Elasticsearch
5 206 (2.19%) Apache Spark
6 148 (1.57%) Tomcat
7 140 (1.49%) CMS
8 132 (1.40%) SharePoint
9 122 (1.30%) WebSphere
10 109 (1.16%) nginx
11 95 (1.01%) JBoss
12 83 (0.88%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 78 (0.83%) OpenStack
14 74 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
14 74 (0.79%) WebLogic
15 66 (0.70%) Apache Solr
16 52 (0.55%) MQSeries
17 43 (0.46%) Umbraco
18 39 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
19 36 (0.38%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 58 (0.62%) Microsoft Excel
2 32 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 24 (0.26%) Chatbot
4 12 (0.13%) Photoshop
5 11 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
6 10 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
7 9 (0.096%) Mingle
8 8 (0.085%) MS Visio
9 5 (0.053%) Maya
9 5 (0.053%) Open Workbench
10 3 (0.032%) InVision
10 3 (0.032%) Spreadsheet
11 2 (0.021%) HipChat
11 2 (0.021%) Snapchat
12 1 (0.011%) Adobe Premiere
12 1 (0.011%) Fireworks
12 1 (0.011%) GIMP
12 1 (0.011%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 109 (1.16%) Dynamics CRM
2 45 (0.48%) Payment Gateway
3 28 (0.30%) thinkFolio
4 19 (0.20%) Actimize
5 16 (0.17%) Magento
6 13 (0.14%) Bloomberg AIM
6 13 (0.14%) Eagle PACE
7 9 (0.096%) Dynamics AX
7 9 (0.096%) FastStats
7 9 (0.096%) Front Arena
7 9 (0.096%) Markit EDM
7 9 (0.096%) Ripple
8 8 (0.085%) Oracle Retail
9 7 (0.074%) BusinessWorks
9 7 (0.074%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 6 (0.064%) Oracle EBS
11 5 (0.053%) Oracle BPM
12 4 (0.043%) NetSuite
12 4 (0.043%) Oracle Applications
12 4 (0.043%) SunGard GMI
Cloud Services
1 2,689 (28.58%) Amazon AWS
2 1,932 (20.54%) Microsoft Azure
3 592 (6.29%) Google Cloud Platform
4 504 (5.36%) GitHub
5 437 (4.64%) SaaS
6 317 (3.37%) Serverless
7 297 (3.16%) PaaS
8 295 (3.14%) Cloud Computing
9 190 (2.02%) AWS CloudFormation
10 177 (1.88%) Amazon EC2
11 143 (1.52%) IaaS
12 139 (1.48%) Amazon S3
13 125 (1.33%) AWS Lambda
14 99 (1.05%) OpenShift
15 85 (0.90%) npm
16 81 (0.86%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 62 (0.66%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 56 (0.60%) Azure Active Directory
19 47 (0.50%) Amazon SQS
20 46 (0.49%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 316 (3.36%) Internet
2 268 (2.85%) HTTP
3 187 (1.99%) Firewall
4 130 (1.38%) DNS
5 92 (0.98%) TCP/IP
5 92 (0.98%) VPN
6 72 (0.77%) Hyperconnected
7 69 (0.73%) Broadband
8 50 (0.53%) SSL
9 37 (0.39%) HTTPS
10 34 (0.36%) Wireless
11 32 (0.34%) Network Security
12 28 (0.30%) SAN
13 27 (0.29%) Wi-Fi
14 25 (0.27%) VLAN
15 22 (0.23%) DHCP
16 21 (0.22%) LAN
16 21 (0.22%) NAS
17 20 (0.21%) WAN
18 19 (0.20%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,026 (21.53%) SQL Server
2 1,009 (10.72%) NoSQL
3 623 (6.62%) MySQL
4 613 (6.52%) Big Data
5 590 (6.27%) SQL Server 2016
6 521 (5.54%) MongoDB
7 506 (5.38%) PostgreSQL
8 497 (5.28%) Relational Database
9 259 (2.75%) Hadoop
10 253 (2.69%) Apache Cassandra
11 241 (2.56%) Oracle Database
12 208 (2.21%) Redis
13 204 (2.17%) RDBMS
14 166 (1.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 162 (1.72%) Data Warehouse
16 146 (1.55%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 131 (1.39%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 130 (1.38%) Amazon RDS
19 103 (1.09%) Azure SQL Database
20 95 (1.01%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 2,794 (29.70%) Jenkins
2 2,395 (25.46%) Git (software)
3 1,100 (11.69%) Selenium
4 1,028 (10.93%) JIRA
5 962 (10.23%) TeamCity
6 873 (9.28%) Maven
7 706 (7.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 657 (6.98%) Team Foundation Server
9 654 (6.95%) Subversion
10 651 (6.92%) Cucumber
11 590 (6.27%) Visual Studio
12 498 (5.29%) JUnit
13 489 (5.20%) Octopus Deploy
14 348 (3.70%) NUnit
15 342 (3.64%) SpecFlow
16 306 (3.25%) WebDriver
17 294 (3.13%) Gradle
18 275 (2.92%) Visual Studio Team System
19 271 (2.88%) Vagrant
20 251 (2.67%) GitLab
General
1 2,146 (22.81%) Finance
2 533 (5.67%) Banking
3 469 (4.99%) Retail
4 368 (3.91%) Games
5 309 (3.28%) Marketing
6 272 (2.89%) Telecoms
7 193 (2.05%) Manufacturing
8 191 (2.03%) Front Office
9 188 (2.00%) Electronics
10 156 (1.66%) Advertising
11 112 (1.19%) Law
12 96 (1.02%) Investment Banking
13 75 (0.80%) Back Office
14 72 (0.77%) Financial Institution
14 72 (0.77%) Publishing
15 52 (0.55%) Military
16 44 (0.47%) Legal
17 39 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
18 37 (0.39%) Automotive
19 24 (0.26%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 4,448 (47.28%) Developer
2 1,397 (14.85%) .NET Developer
3 1,227 (13.04%) C# Developer
4 1,104 (11.73%) Java Developer
5 1,078 (11.46%) DevOps Engineer
6 938 (9.97%) C# .NET Developer
7 930 (9.89%) Software Engineer
8 918 (9.76%) Senior Developer
9 657 (6.98%) Software Developer
10 487 (5.18%) Test Engineer
11 459 (4.88%) Architect
12 375 (3.99%) Java Engineer
13 296 (3.15%) C# Software Developer
14 289 (3.07%) Lead Developer
15 282 (3.00%) Agile Developer
16 281 (2.99%) ASP.NET Developer
17 269 (2.86%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 268 (2.85%) JavaScript Developer
19 255 (2.71%) Senior DevOps
20 254 (2.70%) Developer in Test
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,853 (30.33%) .NET
2 1,808 (19.22%) AngularJS
3 1,685 (17.91%) HTML
4 1,581 (16.80%) CSS
5 1,463 (15.55%) Web Services
6 1,298 (13.80%) RESTful
7 1,270 (13.50%) ASP.NET
8 1,044 (11.10%) REST
9 1,021 (10.85%) React
10 1,000 (10.63%) ASP.NET Web API
11 906 (9.63%) Spring
12 885 (9.41%) Node.js
13 854 (9.08%) ASP.NET MVC
14 742 (7.89%) HTML5
15 651 (6.92%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 640 (6.80%) XML
17 627 (6.66%) jQuery
18 591 (6.28%) .NET Framework
19 531 (5.64%) JSON
20 529 (5.62%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 873 (9.28%) Computer Science
2 746 (7.93%) Greenfield Project
3 672 (7.14%) User Experience
4 593 (6.30%) Analytical Skills
5 414 (4.40%) Enterprise Software
6 384 (4.08%) Fintech
7 375 (3.99%) Mobile App
8 277 (2.94%) Algorithms
9 252 (2.68%) Self-Motivation
10 225 (2.39%) Public Cloud
11 179 (1.90%) Data Structures
12 146 (1.55%) Linux Command Line
13 128 (1.36%) Virtual Team
14 120 (1.28%) N-Tier
15 119 (1.26%) Fixed Income
16 117 (1.24%) Management Information System
17 115 (1.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 112 (1.19%) Hedge funds
19 111 (1.18%) Equities
20 94 (1.00%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,963 (20.87%) Linux
2 999 (10.62%) Windows
3 657 (6.98%) Unix
4 410 (4.36%) Apple iOS
5 374 (3.98%) Android
6 227 (2.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 194 (2.06%) CentOS
8 167 (1.78%) Windows Server
9 126 (1.34%) Ubuntu
10 49 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
11 45 (0.48%) CoreOS
12 32 (0.34%) Debian
13 21 (0.22%) Mac OS
13 21 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
14 20 (0.21%) VMS
15 19 (0.20%) Mesosphere
16 18 (0.19%) Mac OS X
17 16 (0.17%) DC/OS
18 15 (0.16%) SUSE
18 15 (0.16%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,547 (69.59%) Agile Software Development
2 3,843 (40.85%) TDD
3 3,228 (34.31%) DevOps
4 2,910 (30.93%) Scrum
5 2,688 (28.57%) Test Automation
6 2,122 (22.56%) Software Engineering
7 1,946 (20.68%) BDD
8 1,604 (17.05%) Microservices
9 1,578 (16.77%) Continuous Delivery
10 1,575 (16.74%) MVC
11 1,364 (14.50%) OO
12 1,271 (13.51%) Kanban
13 1,080 (11.48%) Problem-Solving
14 1,017 (10.81%) SDLC
15 989 (10.51%) Open Source
16 940 (9.99%) Configuration Management
17 911 (9.68%) Mentoring
18 879 (9.34%) Unit Testing
19 806 (8.57%) Continuous Deployment
20 698 (7.42%) Dependency Injection
Programming Languages
1 3,660 (38.90%) Java
2 3,387 (36.00%) C#
3 3,207 (34.09%) JavaScript
4 2,440 (25.94%) SQL
5 2,222 (23.62%) Python
6 815 (8.66%) Ruby
7 696 (7.40%) PowerShell
8 638 (6.78%) Bash Shell
9 608 (6.46%) C++
10 547 (5.81%) Java 8
11 463 (4.92%) PHP
12 390 (4.15%) Scala
13 389 (4.13%) T-SQL
14 379 (4.03%) Go
15 320 (3.40%) Perl
16 304 (3.23%) C
17 242 (2.57%) Shell Script
18 227 (2.41%) TypeScript
19 160 (1.70%) ES6
20 111 (1.18%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 1,283 (13.64%) Degree
2 412 (4.38%) Computer Science Degree
3 358 (3.81%) Security Cleared
4 179 (1.90%) SC Cleared
5 150 (1.59%) ISTQB
6 132 (1.40%) DV Cleared
7 91 (0.97%) ISEB
8 78 (0.83%) AWS Certification
9 64 (0.68%) Numerate Degree
10 57 (0.61%) RHCSA
11 50 (0.53%) RHCE
12 40 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
13 38 (0.40%) Master's Degree
14 19 (0.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 15 (0.16%) PhD
16 13 (0.14%) ITIL Certification
17 11 (0.12%) CISSP
17 11 (0.12%) DBS Check
17 11 (0.12%) MCPD
18 8 (0.085%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 921 (9.79%) QA
2 46 (0.49%) GDPR
3 33 (0.35%) SLA
4 31 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 28 (0.30%) PCI DSS
6 26 (0.28%) PMO
7 20 (0.21%) Data Quality
7 20 (0.21%) WCAG
8 16 (0.17%) ISO 9001
9 11 (0.12%) MiFID
10 7 (0.074%) DICOM
11 5 (0.053%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 4 (0.043%) EMIR
12 4 (0.043%) FATCA
12 4 (0.043%) ISO 14001
12 4 (0.043%) PMBOK
13 3 (0.032%) SEPA
14 2 (0.021%) Disclosure Scotland
14 2 (0.021%) PA-DSS
14 2 (0.021%) Web Application Security Consortium
System Software
1 1,749 (18.59%) Docker
2 192 (2.04%) VMware Infrastructure
3 187 (1.99%) Active Directory
4 89 (0.95%) Virtual Machines
5 72 (0.77%) Hyper-V
6 55 (0.58%) HDFS
7 51 (0.54%) Firmware
8 47 (0.50%) VirtualBox
9 41 (0.44%) Xen
10 32 (0.34%) vSphere
10 32 (0.34%) XenServer
11 30 (0.32%) oVirt
11 30 (0.32%) RHEV
12 28 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 18 (0.19%) Apache Flume
14 15 (0.16%) LXC
14 15 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
15 14 (0.15%) iptables
16 12 (0.13%) Varnish
16 12 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,275 (13.55%) Ansible
2 1,183 (12.57%) Puppet
3 947 (10.07%) Opscode Chef
4 905 (9.62%) Kubernetes
5 775 (8.24%) Terraform
6 185 (1.97%) Packer
7 173 (1.84%) Consul
8 172 (1.83%) Nagios
9 167 (1.78%) Docker Swarm
10 159 (1.69%) Salt
11 132 (1.40%) Graphite
12 123 (1.31%) Grafana
13 92 (0.98%) Prometheus
14 91 (0.97%) ZABBIX
15 66 (0.70%) Opsview
15 66 (0.70%) Rundeck
16 55 (0.58%) Automic
17 52 (0.55%) HP Quality Center
18 50 (0.53%) Kibana
19 41 (0.44%) Mesos
Vendors
1 1,457 (15.49%) Microsoft
2 815 (8.66%) Oracle
3 584 (6.21%) Google
4 279 (2.97%) VMware
5 248 (2.64%) Red Hat
6 241 (2.56%) Atlassian
7 228 (2.42%) SAP
8 202 (2.15%) Splunk
9 147 (1.56%) Facebook
10 106 (1.13%) Adobe
11 105 (1.12%) Xamarin
12 102 (1.08%) Apple
13 100 (1.06%) IBM
14 87 (0.92%) Sitecore
15 82 (0.87%) ServiceNow
16 80 (0.85%) Cloudera
17 79 (0.84%) New Relic
18 72 (0.77%) Twitter
19 67 (0.71%) Tableau
20 65 (0.69%) Hortonworks