Period
to 5 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 5 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
5 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 60 51 40
Rank change year-on-year -9 -11 +13
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 2,944 7,237 9,927
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.46% 5.06% 5.79%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.83% 5.49% 6.30%
Number of salaries quoted 2,618 5,724 8,142
Median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,000 £35,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +3.09%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 60,945 131,863 157,652
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.25% 92.22% 91.96%
Number of salaries quoted 48,645 103,883 125,817
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +1.01%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 5 August 2020.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 5 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -10 2,710 £60,000 - 347
UK excluding London -3 1,629 £52,500 - 259
London -17 1,235 £70,000 - 123
North of England +8 496 £50,000 -4.76% 83
South East -3 441 £57,500 +4.55% 32
Work from Home +18 266 £57,500 -4.17% 40
North West -6 253 £52,250 -4.13% 55
South West 0 247 £52,500 +10.53% 55
Yorkshire +37 210 £50,000 - 22
Midlands -21 144 £50,000 -2.44% 42
East of England +14 140 £55,000 +4.76% 12
West Midlands -4 103 £52,500 -4.55% 25
Scotland -12 102 £49,500 -1.00% 26
East Midlands -17 41 £45,000 -2.17% 17
North East +15 34 £45,000 - 6
Wales +3 34 £50,000 +11.11% 9
Northern Ireland -7 27 £45,000 -10.00% 1
Channel Islands - 2 £65,000 -

For the 6 months to 5 August 2020, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 1,924 (65.35%) Agile Software Development
2 1,145 (38.89%) DevOps
3 968 (32.88%) JavaScript
4 949 (32.24%) Java
5 917 (31.15%) Azure
6 912 (30.98%) AWS
7 893 (30.33%) TDD
8 848 (28.80%) C#
9 800 (27.17%) Git (software)
10 799 (27.14%) Python
11 790 (26.83%) SQL
12 786 (26.70%) Test Automation
13 776 (26.36%) Scrum
14 760 (25.82%) .NET
15 728 (24.73%) Jenkins
16 646 (21.94%) Docker
17 643 (21.84%) Software Engineering
18 589 (20.01%) Microservices
19 546 (18.55%) Linux
20 543 (18.44%) Continuous Delivery
21 540 (18.34%) Finance
22 514 (17.46%) SQL Server
23 506 (17.19%) AngularJS
24 489 (16.61%) Kubernetes
25 486 (16.51%) HTML
26 462 (15.69%) CSS
27 453 (15.39%) BDD
28 412 (13.99%) Microsoft
29 398 (13.52%) Terraform
30 374 (12.70%) JIRA

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 179 (6.08%) Confluence
2 91 (3.09%) Elasticsearch
3 88 (2.99%) Apache
4 80 (2.72%) Apache Spark
5 77 (2.62%) Tomcat
6 71 (2.41%) CMS
7 56 (1.90%) IIS
8 35 (1.19%) nginx
9 33 (1.12%) OpenStack
10 31 (1.05%) SharePoint
11 27 (0.92%) JBoss
12 24 (0.82%) WebSphere
13 16 (0.54%) BizTalk Server
13 16 (0.54%) Umbraco
14 13 (0.44%) Apache Airflow
14 13 (0.44%) NServiceBus
15 11 (0.37%) Headless CMS
15 11 (0.37%) WordPress
16 10 (0.34%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 10 (0.34%) WebLogic
Applications
1 22 (0.75%) Sketch
2 15 (0.51%) Photoshop
3 9 (0.31%) InVision
4 7 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
5 6 (0.20%) Zeplin
6 5 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.17%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.10%) Adobe XD
7 3 (0.10%) Microsoft Excel
8 2 (0.068%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 21 (0.71%) SAP Hybris
1 21 (0.71%) SAP S/4HANA
2 18 (0.61%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (0.24%) Distributed Ledger
4 6 (0.20%) Magento
5 3 (0.10%) BusinessWorks
5 3 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
6 2 (0.068%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 2 (0.068%) Markit EDM
6 2 (0.068%) Maximo
6 2 (0.068%) R3 Corda
6 2 (0.068%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.068%) thinkFolio
6 2 (0.068%) Unit4 Business World
7 1 (0.034%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.034%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 917 (31.15%) Azure
2 912 (30.98%) AWS
3 230 (7.81%) GCP
4 210 (7.13%) Serverless
5 167 (5.67%) GitHub
6 149 (5.06%) SaaS
7 132 (4.48%) AWS Lambda
8 125 (4.25%) Power Platform
9 124 (4.21%) Amazon EC2
10 117 (3.97%) AWS CloudFormation
11 96 (3.26%) Cloud Computing
12 91 (3.09%) PaaS
13 79 (2.68%) Amazon S3
14 60 (2.04%) IaaS
15 55 (1.87%) OpenShift
16 47 (1.60%) Amazon ECS
17 46 (1.56%) Azure Functions
18 41 (1.39%) Amazon SQS
19 40 (1.36%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 38 (1.29%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 68 (2.31%) Firewall
1 68 (2.31%) HTTP
2 45 (1.53%) TCP/IP
3 32 (1.09%) DNS
4 30 (1.02%) VPN
5 22 (0.75%) Internet
6 19 (0.65%) Skype
7 17 (0.58%) WAN
8 16 (0.54%) SSL
9 14 (0.48%) Network Security
9 14 (0.48%) Wireless
10 13 (0.44%) HTTPS
11 12 (0.41%) LAN
11 12 (0.41%) SAN
12 11 (0.37%) Broadband
12 11 (0.37%) SSH
13 10 (0.34%) H.323
14 7 (0.24%) DSL
14 7 (0.24%) NAS
15 6 (0.20%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 514 (17.46%) SQL Server
2 333 (11.31%) NoSQL
3 182 (6.18%) PostgreSQL
4 179 (6.08%) MySQL
5 161 (5.47%) MongoDB
6 141 (4.79%) Big Data
7 116 (3.94%) Relational Database
8 111 (3.77%) Power BI
9 94 (3.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 93 (3.16%) Data Warehouse
11 88 (2.99%) Redis
12 83 (2.82%) Hadoop
13 80 (2.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 77 (2.62%) Data Lake
15 76 (2.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 63 (2.14%) Apache Cassandra
17 62 (2.11%) Cosmos DB
18 58 (1.97%) Amazon RDS
19 52 (1.77%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 42 (1.43%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 800 (27.17%) Git (software)
2 728 (24.73%) Jenkins
3 374 (12.70%) JIRA
4 271 (9.21%) Selenium
5 211 (7.17%) TeamCity
6 193 (6.56%) Maven
7 172 (5.84%) Cucumber
8 170 (5.77%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 165 (5.60%) JUnit
10 155 (5.26%) Subversion
11 130 (4.42%) GitLab
12 116 (3.94%) Bitbucket
13 104 (3.53%) Team Foundation Server
14 102 (3.46%) Octopus Deploy
15 92 (3.13%) Mockito
15 92 (3.13%) Visual Studio
16 77 (2.62%) SonarQube
17 68 (2.31%) WebDriver
17 68 (2.31%) webpack
18 66 (2.24%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 540 (18.34%) Finance
2 160 (5.43%) Banking
3 114 (3.87%) Retail
4 103 (3.50%) Marketing
5 90 (3.06%) Games
6 88 (2.99%) Public Sector
7 48 (1.63%) Front Office
8 44 (1.49%) Telecoms
9 39 (1.32%) Manufacturing
10 38 (1.29%) Electronics
11 35 (1.19%) Investment Banking
12 27 (0.92%) Law
13 22 (0.75%) Publishing
14 20 (0.68%) Back Office
15 15 (0.51%) Financial Institution
15 15 (0.51%) Legal
16 11 (0.37%) Automotive
16 11 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
16 11 (0.37%) Retail Banking
17 9 (0.31%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,378 (46.81%) Developer
2 439 (14.91%) DevOps Engineer
3 322 (10.94%) Senior Developer
4 268 (9.10%) Software Engineer
5 263 (8.93%) Java Developer
6 214 (7.27%) .NET Developer
7 184 (6.25%) C# Developer
8 178 (6.05%) Software Developer
9 153 (5.20%) Full Stack Developer
10 131 (4.45%) Platform Engineer
11 121 (4.11%) JavaScript Developer
12 118 (4.01%) AWS Engineer
13 115 (3.91%) C# .NET Developer
14 111 (3.77%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 110 (3.74%) Architect
16 89 (3.02%) Azure Engineer
17 88 (2.99%) AWS DevOps
17 88 (2.99%) Lead Developer
18 87 (2.96%) Java Engineer
19 86 (2.92%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 760 (25.82%) .NET
2 506 (17.19%) AngularJS
3 486 (16.51%) HTML
4 462 (15.69%) CSS
5 360 (12.23%) React
6 359 (12.19%) Node.js
7 340 (11.55%) Web Services
8 330 (11.21%) REST
9 318 (10.80%) Spring
10 297 (10.09%) RESTful
11 265 (9.00%) .NET Core
12 238 (8.08%) ASP.NET
13 227 (7.71%) HTML5
14 216 (7.34%) .NET Framework
15 139 (4.72%) XML
16 136 (4.62%) ASP.NET Web API
17 129 (4.38%) SOAP
18 123 (4.18%) CSS3
19 122 (4.14%) Kafka
20 113 (3.84%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 205 (6.96%) User Experience
2 190 (6.45%) Analytical Skills
3 155 (5.26%) Mobile App
4 140 (4.76%) Greenfield Project
5 89 (3.02%) Cloud Native
6 80 (2.72%) Public Cloud
7 74 (2.51%) Enterprise Software
7 74 (2.51%) Self-Motivation
8 63 (2.14%) Algorithms
9 54 (1.83%) Data Structures
10 50 (1.70%) Blog
11 36 (1.22%) Virtual Team
12 32 (1.09%) N-Tier
13 26 (0.88%) Social Media
14 24 (0.82%) Animation
14 24 (0.82%) Clustering
14 24 (0.82%) Linux Command Line
15 23 (0.78%) Management Information System
15 23 (0.78%) Video Conferencing
16 21 (0.71%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 546 (18.55%) Linux
2 270 (9.17%) Windows
3 157 (5.33%) Unix
4 115 (3.91%) Android
5 108 (3.67%) Apple iOS
6 81 (2.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 69 (2.34%) CentOS
8 65 (2.21%) Windows Server
9 36 (1.22%) Ubuntu
10 20 (0.68%) Debian
11 16 (0.54%) CoreOS
12 12 (0.41%) VMS
13 10 (0.34%) Mesosphere
14 9 (0.31%) Mac OS X
15 7 (0.24%) FreeBSD
15 7 (0.24%) FreeNAS
15 7 (0.24%) Mac OS
15 7 (0.24%) Oracle Linux
16 6 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
16 6 (0.20%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,924 (65.35%) Agile Software Development
2 1,145 (38.89%) DevOps
3 893 (30.33%) TDD
4 786 (26.70%) Test Automation
5 776 (26.36%) Scrum
6 643 (21.84%) Software Engineering
7 589 (20.01%) Microservices
8 543 (18.44%) Continuous Delivery
9 453 (15.39%) BDD
10 348 (11.82%) Continuous Deployment
11 311 (10.56%) Configuration Management
12 302 (10.26%) Unit Testing
13 288 (9.78%) Kanban
14 285 (9.68%) Mentoring
15 277 (9.41%) OO
16 271 (9.21%) Open Source
17 270 (9.17%) Problem-Solving
18 256 (8.70%) MVC
19 240 (8.15%) Fintech
20 224 (7.61%) Infrastructure as Code
Programming Languages
1 968 (32.88%) JavaScript
2 949 (32.24%) Java
3 848 (28.80%) C#
4 799 (27.14%) Python
5 790 (26.83%) SQL
6 222 (7.54%) PowerShell
7 210 (7.13%) TypeScript
8 203 (6.90%) Bash Shell
9 191 (6.49%) Ruby
10 189 (6.42%) C++
11 179 (6.08%) PHP
12 161 (5.47%) Go
13 131 (4.45%) C
14 126 (4.28%) T-SQL
15 106 (3.60%) Java 8
16 100 (3.40%) Kotlin
17 88 (2.99%) Scala
18 59 (2.00%) Groovy
19 56 (1.90%) Perl
20 52 (1.77%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 262 (8.90%) Degree
2 152 (5.16%) Security Cleared
3 119 (4.04%) SC Cleared
4 95 (3.23%) Computer Science Degree
5 52 (1.77%) AWS Certification
6 39 (1.32%) ISTQB
7 30 (1.02%) DV Cleared
7 30 (1.02%) ISEB
8 17 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
9 11 (0.37%) PhD
10 10 (0.34%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 9 (0.31%) TOGAF Certification
12 6 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
13 5 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
13 5 (0.17%) OCP
13 5 (0.17%) Oracle Certification
14 4 (0.14%) Master's Degree
14 4 (0.14%) Postgraduate
14 4 (0.14%) Sun Certification
15 3 (0.10%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 293 (9.95%) QA
2 20 (0.68%) GDPR
3 13 (0.44%) Data Quality
4 10 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 7 (0.24%) ISO 9001
6 6 (0.20%) SLA
7 5 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 4 (0.14%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.068%) HL7
9 2 (0.068%) IEC 62304
9 2 (0.068%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.034%) BS25999
10 1 (0.034%) ISO 9000
10 1 (0.034%) JTAG
10 1 (0.034%) MiFID
10 1 (0.034%) NIST
System Software
1 646 (21.94%) Docker
2 74 (2.51%) VMware Infrastructure
3 41 (1.39%) vSphere
4 39 (1.32%) Active Directory
5 24 (0.82%) VirtualBox
6 19 (0.65%) Hyper-V
7 18 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 16 (0.54%) KVM
9 14 (0.48%) Firmware
10 10 (0.34%) Postfix
10 10 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
10 10 (0.34%) Virtual Servers
11 9 (0.31%) HDFS
12 5 (0.17%) GlusterFS
12 5 (0.17%) Terminal Services
12 5 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
13 4 (0.14%) iptables
14 3 (0.10%) Xen
15 2 (0.068%) LXC
15 2 (0.068%) oVirt
Systems Management
1 489 (16.61%) Kubernetes
2 398 (13.52%) Terraform
3 335 (11.38%) Ansible
4 255 (8.66%) Puppet
5 213 (7.24%) Opscode Chef
6 73 (2.48%) Prometheus
7 68 (2.31%) Grafana
8 59 (2.00%) Docker Swarm
9 52 (1.77%) Packer
10 49 (1.66%) Graphite
11 42 (1.43%) Consul
12 30 (1.02%) Kibana
13 28 (0.95%) Rancher
14 27 (0.92%) Nagios
15 19 (0.65%) ZABBIX
16 18 (0.61%) logstash
17 14 (0.48%) Salt
18 13 (0.44%) HP Quality Center
18 13 (0.44%) NetIQ Identity Manager
19 10 (0.34%) Automic
Vendors
1 412 (13.99%) Microsoft
2 186 (6.32%) Oracle
3 182 (6.18%) Google
4 105 (3.57%) VMware
5 59 (2.00%) Atlassian
6 55 (1.87%) SAP
7 53 (1.80%) IBM
7 53 (1.80%) Splunk
8 48 (1.63%) Red Hat
9 46 (1.56%) Tableau
10 38 (1.29%) Hortonworks
11 26 (0.88%) hybris
12 23 (0.78%) Cloudera
13 20 (0.68%) New Relic
13 20 (0.68%) Salesforce.com
14 19 (0.65%) SaltStack
15 18 (0.61%) EnterpriseDB
16 17 (0.58%) Databricks
17 16 (0.54%) Adobe
17 16 (0.54%) NetIQ