Period
to 14 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 14 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
14 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 61 59 51
Rank change year-on-year -2 -8 -11
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 4,553 3,778 7,444
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.52% 4.52% 5.18%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.86% 4.90% 5.61%
Number of salaries quoted 2,930 2,957 5,526
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £46,250 £45,000 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £75,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 93,720 77,168 132,663
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.13% 92.34% 92.34%
Number of salaries quoted 65,940 61,996 105,226
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,900 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.95% +5.56% -

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 14 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 14 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 4,190 £62,500 +4.17% 644
London +2 2,177 £75,000 +5.19% 287
UK excluding London -11 2,154 £52,500 - 416
Work from Home +10 957 £57,500 - 126
North of England +2 702 £47,500 -5.00% 114
South East -13 580 £55,000 -4.35% 82
Yorkshire +10 384 £47,500 -5.00% 31
South West -19 335 £52,500 +5.00% 58
North West -8 295 £52,500 +0.96% 73
Midlands -34 184 £60,000 +14.29% 52
East of England -11 161 £57,500 +4.55% 50
West Midlands -32 134 £62,500 +13.64% 39
Scotland -37 133 £47,500 +5.56% 37
East Midlands -33 48 £41,250 -5.71% 13
Wales -15 47 £57,500 +27.78% 20
North East -21 24 £45,345 +0.77% 10
Northern Ireland -34 18 £40,000 -11.11% 3

For the 6 months to 14 June 2021, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3,014 (66.20%) Agile Software Development
2 2,031 (44.61%) DevOps
3 1,581 (34.72%) AWS
4 1,435 (31.52%) Git (software)
5 1,414 (31.06%) Java
6 1,410 (30.97%) Azure
7 1,323 (29.06%) JavaScript
8 1,280 (28.11%) TDD
9 1,278 (28.07%) Docker
10 1,267 (27.83%) Test Automation
11 1,226 (26.93%) Software Engineering
12 1,208 (26.53%) Python
13 1,191 (26.16%) SQL
14 1,149 (25.24%) Jenkins
15 1,080 (23.72%) Social Skills
16 1,073 (23.57%) Scrum
17 1,043 (22.91%) Microservices
18 1,001 (21.99%) C#
19 983 (21.59%) Terraform
20 951 (20.89%) Kubernetes
21 879 (19.31%) Continuous Delivery
22 830 (18.23%) Linux
23 801 (17.59%) .NET
24 751 (16.49%) Finance
25 749 (16.45%) React
26 684 (15.02%) CSS
27 676 (14.85%) REST
28 667 (14.65%) BDD
29 660 (14.50%) Microsoft
30 641 (14.08%) HTML

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 203 (4.46%) Apache Spark
2 190 (4.17%) Elasticsearch
3 168 (3.69%) Confluence
4 114 (2.50%) nginx
5 99 (2.17%) SharePoint
6 87 (1.91%) CMS
7 81 (1.78%) Apache
7 81 (1.78%) Tomcat
8 77 (1.69%) Apache Airflow
9 69 (1.52%) IIS
10 29 (0.64%) Cloud Foundry
10 29 (0.64%) JBoss
11 22 (0.48%) Luigi
12 21 (0.46%) Apache Pig
13 20 (0.44%) Oracle Coherence
14 18 (0.40%) Umbraco
15 15 (0.33%) OpenStack
15 15 (0.33%) Sitecore CMS
15 15 (0.33%) WebSphere
16 14 (0.31%) GemFire
Applications
1 37 (0.81%) Sketch
2 25 (0.55%) InVision
3 20 (0.44%) Zeplin
4 16 (0.35%) Chatbot
4 16 (0.35%) Simulink
5 15 (0.33%) Figma
6 14 (0.31%) Campfire
7 8 (0.18%) Adobe XD
8 7 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
9 6 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
10 4 (0.088%) AutoCAD
11 3 (0.066%) Photoshop
12 2 (0.044%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 2 (0.044%) Spreadsheet
13 1 (0.022%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 1 (0.022%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 74 (1.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.48%) Distributed Ledger
3 9 (0.20%) NetSuite
4 8 (0.18%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 7 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
6 5 (0.11%) Magento
6 5 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
7 4 (0.088%) Summit
8 3 (0.066%) Oracle BPM
8 3 (0.066%) Oracle Receivables
8 3 (0.066%) Shopify
9 2 (0.044%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.044%) Oracle Payables
9 2 (0.044%) R3 Corda
9 2 (0.044%) SAP Business One
9 2 (0.044%) SAP CRM
9 2 (0.044%) SAP ERP
9 2 (0.044%) SAP S/4HANA
10 1 (0.022%) Dynamics NAV
10 1 (0.022%) FastStats
Cloud Services
1 1,581 (34.72%) AWS
2 1,410 (30.97%) Azure
3 510 (11.20%) GCP
4 495 (10.87%) Serverless
5 358 (7.86%) GitHub
6 304 (6.68%) SaaS
7 255 (5.60%) AWS CloudFormation
8 219 (4.81%) PaaS
9 204 (4.48%) AWS Lambda
10 141 (3.10%) Amazon EC2
11 127 (2.79%) Amazon S3
12 120 (2.64%) Cloud Computing
13 117 (2.57%) Azure Service Bus
14 108 (2.37%) Azure Active Directory
15 106 (2.33%) Azure Functions
16 91 (2.00%) OpenShift
17 81 (1.78%) Amazon EMR
18 77 (1.69%) Amazon ECS
18 77 (1.69%) IaaS
19 74 (1.63%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 221 (4.85%) HTTP
2 113 (2.48%) Firewall
3 101 (2.22%) Broadband
4 92 (2.02%) TCP/IP
5 72 (1.58%) Internet
6 49 (1.08%) Wireless
7 47 (1.03%) Wireshark
8 46 (1.01%) Wi-Fi
9 44 (0.97%) HTTPS
10 43 (0.94%) VPN
11 40 (0.88%) MQTT
12 39 (0.86%) 802.11
12 39 (0.86%) Ethernet
12 39 (0.86%) STUN
13 31 (0.68%) DNS
14 25 (0.55%) VLAN
15 21 (0.46%) Modbus
16 20 (0.44%) RS-422
16 20 (0.44%) RS-485
17 19 (0.42%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 536 (11.77%) NoSQL
2 482 (10.59%) SQL Server
3 411 (9.03%) PostgreSQL
4 347 (7.62%) Big Data
5 272 (5.97%) Relational Database
6 248 (5.45%) MySQL
7 222 (4.88%) MongoDB
8 204 (4.48%) Hadoop
9 188 (4.13%) Redis
10 124 (2.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 97 (2.13%) Amazon Redshift
12 86 (1.89%) Neo4j
13 81 (1.78%) Amazon Athena
14 72 (1.58%) Electronic Patient Records
15 71 (1.56%) Azure SQL Database
16 65 (1.43%) MariaDB
17 59 (1.30%) Data Warehouse
18 57 (1.25%) Apache Cassandra
19 55 (1.21%) RDBMS
20 51 (1.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1,435 (31.52%) Git (software)
2 1,149 (25.24%) Jenkins
3 512 (11.25%) JIRA
4 333 (7.31%) TeamCity
5 322 (7.07%) Selenium
6 266 (5.84%) Cucumber
7 256 (5.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 253 (5.56%) Maven
9 241 (5.29%) GitLab
10 211 (4.63%) Subversion
11 210 (4.61%) JUnit
12 202 (4.44%) Cypress.io
13 195 (4.28%) Octopus Deploy
14 144 (3.16%) Team Foundation Server
15 142 (3.12%) Vagrant
16 133 (2.92%) Visual Studio Team System
17 123 (2.70%) JMeter
18 114 (2.50%) CircleCI
19 113 (2.48%) Mercurial
20 112 (2.46%) webpack
General
1 1,080 (23.72%) Social Skills
2 751 (16.49%) Finance
3 232 (5.10%) Analytical Skills
4 225 (4.94%) Banking
5 211 (4.63%) Public Sector
6 203 (4.46%) Games
7 179 (3.93%) Marketing
8 142 (3.12%) Electronics
9 139 (3.05%) Retail
10 106 (2.33%) Telecoms
11 80 (1.76%) Automotive
12 79 (1.74%) Manufacturing
13 73 (1.60%) Law
14 62 (1.36%) Presentation Skills
15 47 (1.03%) Back Office
16 45 (0.99%) Advertising
17 40 (0.88%) Front Office
18 31 (0.68%) Organisational Skills
19 30 (0.66%) Billing
20 27 (0.59%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 1,793 (39.38%) Developer
2 605 (13.29%) Software Engineer
3 551 (12.10%) DevOps Engineer
4 456 (10.02%) Senior Developer
5 436 (9.58%) Java Developer
6 267 (5.86%) .NET Developer
7 260 (5.71%) Full Stack Developer
8 259 (5.69%) AWS Engineer
9 229 (5.03%) Platform Engineer
10 202 (4.44%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 196 (4.30%) C# Developer
12 195 (4.28%) AWS DevOps
13 191 (4.20%) Azure Engineer
14 185 (4.06%) Architect
15 182 (4.00%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 179 (3.93%) Software Developer
17 154 (3.38%) Senior Software Engineer
18 146 (3.21%) JavaScript Developer
18 146 (3.21%) Lead Developer
19 128 (2.81%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 801 (17.59%) .NET
2 749 (16.45%) React
3 684 (15.02%) CSS
4 676 (14.85%) REST
5 641 (14.08%) HTML
6 636 (13.97%) AngularJS
7 582 (12.78%) Spring
8 551 (12.10%) Node.js
9 514 (11.29%) RESTful
10 510 (11.20%) Web Services
11 395 (8.68%) .NET Core
12 310 (6.81%) HTML5
13 303 (6.65%) GraphQL
14 273 (6.00%) Kafka
15 260 (5.71%) Spring Boot
16 235 (5.16%) .NET Framework
17 223 (4.90%) CSS3
18 208 (4.57%) jQuery
19 206 (4.52%) ASP.NET
20 200 (4.39%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 382 (8.39%) User Experience
2 221 (4.85%) Mobile App
3 159 (3.49%) Algorithms
4 149 (3.27%) Self-Motivation
5 124 (2.72%) Data Structures
6 108 (2.37%) Cloud Native
6 108 (2.37%) Greenfield Project
7 101 (2.22%) Linux Command Line
8 92 (2.02%) N-Tier
9 67 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
10 57 (1.25%) Hybrid Cloud
11 51 (1.12%) Social Media
12 49 (1.08%) NHS
13 41 (0.90%) Blog
14 40 (0.88%) Data Centre
15 38 (0.83%) Video\Live Streaming
16 35 (0.77%) Renewable Energy
16 35 (0.77%) Virtual Team
17 34 (0.75%) Management Information System
18 33 (0.72%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 830 (18.23%) Linux
2 465 (10.21%) Windows
3 195 (4.28%) Unix
4 155 (3.40%) Android
5 113 (2.48%) Apple iOS
6 110 (2.42%) Windows Server
7 80 (1.76%) CentOS
8 51 (1.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 40 (0.88%) Ubuntu
10 22 (0.48%) Embedded Linux
11 19 (0.42%) Windows Server 2016
12 18 (0.40%) Debian
13 7 (0.15%) VMS
14 4 (0.088%) FreeRTOS
14 4 (0.088%) Mac OS X
15 3 (0.066%) Nucleus RTOS
16 2 (0.044%) Mac OS
16 2 (0.044%) Solaris
16 2 (0.044%) Windows 10
17 1 (0.022%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,014 (66.20%) Agile Software Development
2 2,031 (44.61%) DevOps
3 1,280 (28.11%) TDD
4 1,267 (27.83%) Test Automation
5 1,226 (26.93%) Software Engineering
6 1,073 (23.57%) Scrum
7 1,043 (22.91%) Microservices
8 879 (19.31%) Continuous Delivery
9 667 (14.65%) BDD
10 607 (13.33%) Mentoring
11 521 (11.44%) Problem-Solving
12 507 (11.14%) SDLC
13 487 (10.70%) OO
14 484 (10.63%) Infrastructure as Code
15 465 (10.21%) Computer Science
16 443 (9.73%) Unit Testing
17 439 (9.64%) Open Source
18 417 (9.16%) Continuous Improvement
19 409 (8.98%) Deployment Automation
20 379 (8.32%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,414 (31.06%) Java
2 1,323 (29.06%) JavaScript
3 1,208 (26.53%) Python
4 1,191 (26.16%) SQL
5 1,001 (21.99%) C#
6 441 (9.69%) TypeScript
7 384 (8.43%) PowerShell
8 320 (7.03%) C++
9 251 (5.51%) C
10 244 (5.36%) Java 8
11 211 (4.63%) Bash Shell
12 198 (4.35%) Ruby
13 157 (3.45%) PHP
14 152 (3.34%) Go
15 150 (3.29%) Kotlin
16 143 (3.14%) T-SQL
17 114 (2.50%) ES6
18 104 (2.28%) Scala
19 93 (2.04%) Groovy
20 74 (1.63%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 549 (12.06%) Degree
2 365 (8.02%) Security Cleared
3 295 (6.48%) SC Cleared
4 203 (4.46%) Computer Science Degree
5 89 (1.95%) AWS Certification
6 44 (0.97%) ISTQB
7 35 (0.77%) DV Cleared
8 33 (0.72%) Microsoft Certification
9 31 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
10 25 (0.55%) SANS
11 19 (0.42%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 16 (0.35%) ISEB
12 16 (0.35%) RHCE
13 15 (0.33%) PhD
14 14 (0.31%) OCP
14 14 (0.31%) Oracle Certification
14 14 (0.31%) RHCSA
15 13 (0.29%) Master's Degree
16 8 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
17 6 (0.13%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 471 (10.34%) QA
2 102 (2.24%) Accessibility
3 48 (1.05%) GDPR
4 40 (0.88%) WCAG
5 22 (0.48%) MISRA
6 20 (0.44%) PMO
7 19 (0.42%) PCI DSS
8 14 (0.31%) Def Stans
9 11 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 9 (0.20%) Data Quality
11 7 (0.15%) NIST
12 5 (0.11%) HIPAA
12 5 (0.11%) HL7
12 5 (0.11%) SLA
13 4 (0.088%) IEC 61508
13 4 (0.088%) IEC 62304
13 4 (0.088%) ISO 26262
13 4 (0.088%) MISRA C
13 4 (0.088%) NCSC
13 4 (0.088%) SOC 2
System Software
1 1,278 (28.07%) Docker
2 96 (2.11%) VMware Infrastructure
3 81 (1.78%) Active Directory
4 77 (1.69%) VirtualBox
5 55 (1.21%) Firmware
6 33 (0.72%) Virtual Machines
7 29 (0.64%) vSphere
8 24 (0.53%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 23 (0.51%) Postfix
10 19 (0.42%) KVM
11 15 (0.33%) HDFS
12 14 (0.31%) iptables
12 14 (0.31%) LXC
12 14 (0.31%) QEMU
13 13 (0.29%) Kamailio
14 8 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
15 7 (0.15%) etcd
15 7 (0.15%) Hyper-V
16 3 (0.066%) VMware NSX
17 2 (0.044%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 983 (21.59%) Terraform
2 951 (20.89%) Kubernetes
3 566 (12.43%) Ansible
4 349 (7.67%) Puppet
5 324 (7.12%) Opscode Chef
6 136 (2.99%) Docker Swarm
7 122 (2.68%) Grafana
8 94 (2.06%) Prometheus
9 78 (1.71%) Packer
10 62 (1.36%) Consul
11 58 (1.27%) Graylog
11 58 (1.27%) Nagios
12 57 (1.25%) Graphite
12 57 (1.25%) Kibana
13 37 (0.81%) ZABBIX
14 36 (0.79%) Rancher
15 19 (0.42%) HAProxy
15 19 (0.42%) Salt
16 18 (0.40%) Opsview
17 17 (0.37%) Istio
Vendors
1 660 (14.50%) Microsoft
2 437 (9.60%) Google
3 330 (7.25%) Oracle
4 137 (3.01%) VMware
5 125 (2.75%) IBM
6 102 (2.24%) EnterpriseDB
7 99 (2.17%) Atlassian
8 81 (1.78%) Salesforce.com
9 78 (1.71%) Cloudera
10 76 (1.67%) Hortonworks
11 74 (1.63%) Talend
12 67 (1.47%) Informatica
13 63 (1.38%) Nintex
13 63 (1.38%) Samsung
14 61 (1.34%) SAP
15 60 (1.32%) Splunk
16 42 (0.92%) Red Hat
17 39 (0.86%) Adobe
18 30 (0.66%) Databricks
19 28 (0.61%) Cisco