Period
to 23 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 23 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 41 53 61
Rank change year-on-year +12 +8 +9
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 8,571 8,985 8,127
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.65% 5.15% 4.62%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.16% 5.61% 5.06%
Number of salaries quoted 6,527 7,214 6,879
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £33,750
90th Percentile £91,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 139,208 160,294 160,636
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.70% 91.81% 91.33%
Number of salaries quoted 109,691 129,242 132,828
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £29,850 £28,500 £27,651
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 23 January 2019.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +13 7,932 £57,500 +4.55% 1,526
UK excluding London +19 4,635 £50,000 - 1,008
London -4 3,787 £70,000 +7.69% 615
South East +16 1,355 £55,000 +10.00% 242
North of England +17 1,301 £50,000 - 268
North West +19 776 £50,000 - 153
South West +10 689 £50,000 +11.11% 143
Midlands +12 467 £45,000 -5.26% 154
Yorkshire +18 444 £45,000 -10.00% 94
Scotland +3 359 £45,000 - 54
East of England -15 310 £50,000 -4.76% 106
West Midlands +33 267 £45,000 -12.20% 103
East Midlands -3 200 £45,000 - 51
Wales +29 126 £44,500 +4.71% 31
North East +33 85 £50,000 +42.86% 21
Northern Ireland +4 55 £50,000 +20.48% 12

For the 6 months to 23 January 2019, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 5,909 (68.94%) Agile Software Development
2 3,444 (40.18%) TDD
3 3,389 (39.54%) Java
4 3,007 (35.08%) C#
5 2,963 (34.57%) DevOps
6 2,905 (33.89%) JavaScript
7 2,501 (29.18%) Jenkins
8 2,493 (29.09%) .NET
9 2,483 (28.97%) Test Automation
10 2,446 (28.54%) Scrum
11 2,352 (27.44%) Amazon AWS
12 2,224 (25.95%) Git (software)
13 2,120 (24.73%) SQL
14 2,037 (23.77%) Python
15 1,962 (22.89%) Software Engineering
16 1,889 (22.04%) Linux
17 1,844 (21.51%) Finance
18 1,722 (20.09%) SQL Server
18 1,722 (20.09%) Microsoft Azure
19 1,679 (19.59%) BDD
20 1,615 (18.84%) AngularJS
21 1,516 (17.69%) Docker
22 1,483 (17.30%) HTML
23 1,469 (17.14%) Continuous Delivery
24 1,465 (17.09%) Microservices
25 1,405 (16.39%) MVC
26 1,399 (16.32%) Microsoft
27 1,366 (15.94%) CSS
28 1,281 (14.95%) Web Services
29 1,277 (14.90%) OO

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 413 (4.82%) Confluence
2 306 (3.57%) IIS
3 305 (3.56%) Apache
4 240 (2.80%) Elasticsearch
5 188 (2.19%) Apache Spark
6 147 (1.72%) Tomcat
7 115 (1.34%) nginx
8 114 (1.33%) CMS
9 112 (1.31%) SharePoint
10 108 (1.26%) WebSphere
11 96 (1.12%) JBoss
12 68 (0.79%) Apache Solr
13 56 (0.65%) WebLogic
14 53 (0.62%) OpenStack
15 51 (0.60%) Cloud Foundry
16 47 (0.55%) BizTalk Server
17 44 (0.51%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 44 (0.51%) MQSeries
18 39 (0.46%) NServiceBus
19 36 (0.42%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 71 (0.83%) Chatbot
2 21 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 19 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
4 17 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
5 16 (0.19%) Photoshop
6 10 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
7 8 (0.093%) InVision
7 8 (0.093%) Mingle
8 6 (0.070%) MS Visio
9 5 (0.058%) Maya
9 5 (0.058%) Open Workbench
10 2 (0.023%) HipChat
10 2 (0.023%) Simulink
10 2 (0.023%) Snapchat
11 1 (0.012%) Adobe Premiere
11 1 (0.012%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 89 (1.04%) Dynamics CRM
2 53 (0.62%) thinkFolio
3 37 (0.43%) Payment Gateway
4 23 (0.27%) Actimize
5 20 (0.23%) Magento
6 13 (0.15%) Temenos T24
7 10 (0.12%) FastStats
7 10 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
8 8 (0.093%) Oracle Applications
8 8 (0.093%) Oracle Retail
9 7 (0.082%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 6 (0.070%) Oracle EBS
11 5 (0.058%) SAP FI-CA
11 5 (0.058%) SAP PSCD
12 4 (0.047%) Bloomberg AIM
12 4 (0.047%) Dynamics AX
12 4 (0.047%) Eagle PACE
12 4 (0.047%) SAP ERP
12 4 (0.047%) SunGard GMI
13 3 (0.035%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 2,352 (27.44%) Amazon AWS
2 1,722 (20.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 555 (6.48%) Google Cloud Platform
4 483 (5.64%) GitHub
5 396 (4.62%) SaaS
6 295 (3.44%) Cloud Computing
7 291 (3.40%) PaaS
8 268 (3.13%) Serverless
9 167 (1.95%) AWS CloudFormation
10 147 (1.72%) Amazon EC2
11 126 (1.47%) IaaS
12 116 (1.35%) Amazon S3
13 106 (1.24%) AWS Lambda
14 104 (1.21%) OpenShift
15 92 (1.07%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 76 (0.89%) npm
17 68 (0.79%) Slack
18 54 (0.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 51 (0.60%) Azure Active Directory
20 50 (0.58%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 290 (3.38%) HTTP
2 261 (3.05%) Internet
3 141 (1.65%) Firewall
4 80 (0.93%) DNS
5 79 (0.92%) TCP/IP
6 71 (0.83%) VPN
7 62 (0.72%) Broadband
8 55 (0.64%) SSL
9 54 (0.63%) Hyperconnected
10 43 (0.50%) HTTPS
11 41 (0.48%) Wireless
12 36 (0.42%) H.323
13 33 (0.39%) Network Security
14 27 (0.32%) VLAN
15 26 (0.30%) Wi-Fi
16 24 (0.28%) DHCP
16 24 (0.28%) Extranet
17 20 (0.23%) SAN
18 17 (0.20%) SSH
19 16 (0.19%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,722 (20.09%) SQL Server
2 924 (10.78%) NoSQL
3 584 (6.81%) MySQL
4 547 (6.38%) Big Data
5 512 (5.97%) Relational Database
6 504 (5.88%) SQL Server 2016
7 476 (5.55%) PostgreSQL
8 474 (5.53%) MongoDB
9 232 (2.71%) Apache Cassandra
10 220 (2.57%) Redis
11 212 (2.47%) Hadoop
12 200 (2.33%) Oracle Database
13 173 (2.02%) RDBMS
14 151 (1.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 117 (1.37%) Data Warehouse
16 115 (1.34%) Amazon RDS
17 105 (1.23%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 104 (1.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 98 (1.14%) Azure SQL Database
20 63 (0.74%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 2,501 (29.18%) Jenkins
2 2,224 (25.95%) Git (software)
3 1,006 (11.74%) JIRA
4 878 (10.24%) Selenium
5 852 (9.94%) TeamCity
6 800 (9.33%) Maven
7 613 (7.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 598 (6.98%) Team Foundation Server
9 592 (6.91%) Subversion
10 576 (6.72%) Cucumber
11 544 (6.35%) Visual Studio
12 457 (5.33%) Octopus Deploy
13 392 (4.57%) JUnit
14 295 (3.44%) SpecFlow
15 293 (3.42%) NUnit
16 265 (3.09%) Gradle
17 252 (2.94%) WebDriver
18 237 (2.77%) Vagrant
19 228 (2.66%) Visual Studio Team System
20 207 (2.42%) Bitbucket
General
1 1,844 (21.51%) Finance
2 556 (6.49%) Banking
3 429 (5.01%) Retail
4 359 (4.19%) Games
5 271 (3.16%) Marketing
6 240 (2.80%) Telecoms
7 207 (2.42%) Manufacturing
8 177 (2.07%) Electronics
9 127 (1.48%) Front Office
10 118 (1.38%) Advertising
11 94 (1.10%) Legal
12 91 (1.06%) Law
13 64 (0.75%) Military
14 63 (0.74%) Investment Banking
15 57 (0.67%) Back Office
16 46 (0.54%) Publishing
17 38 (0.44%) Automotive
17 38 (0.44%) Financial Institution
18 33 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
19 32 (0.37%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 4,074 (47.53%) Developer
2 1,259 (14.69%) .NET Developer
3 1,072 (12.51%) C# Developer
4 1,062 (12.39%) Java Developer
5 953 (11.12%) DevOps Engineer
6 833 (9.72%) Software Engineer
7 831 (9.70%) C# .NET Developer
8 826 (9.64%) Senior Developer
9 578 (6.74%) Software Developer
10 472 (5.51%) Test Engineer
11 427 (4.98%) Architect
12 311 (3.63%) Java Engineer
13 265 (3.09%) ASP.NET Developer
14 258 (3.01%) Full Stack Developer
15 255 (2.98%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 248 (2.89%) C# Software Developer
17 244 (2.85%) JavaScript Developer
18 233 (2.72%) .NET Software Developer
18 233 (2.72%) Developer in Test
18 233 (2.72%) Test Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,493 (29.09%) .NET
2 1,615 (18.84%) AngularJS
3 1,483 (17.30%) HTML
4 1,366 (15.94%) CSS
5 1,281 (14.95%) Web Services
6 1,133 (13.22%) RESTful
7 1,117 (13.03%) ASP.NET
8 1,114 (13.00%) REST
9 931 (10.86%) React
10 905 (10.56%) Spring
11 876 (10.22%) Node.js
12 851 (9.93%) ASP.NET Web API
13 769 (8.97%) ASP.NET MVC
14 663 (7.74%) HTML5
15 600 (7.00%) XML
16 565 (6.59%) JSON
17 557 (6.50%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 508 (5.93%) jQuery
19 495 (5.78%) SOAP
20 490 (5.72%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 680 (7.93%) Greenfield Project
2 583 (6.80%) User Experience
3 463 (5.40%) Analytical Skills
4 350 (4.08%) Enterprise Software
5 305 (3.56%) Mobile App
6 297 (3.47%) Algorithms
7 285 (3.33%) Fintech
8 214 (2.50%) Self-Motivation
9 207 (2.42%) Public Cloud
10 177 (2.07%) Management Information System
11 133 (1.55%) Data Structures
12 116 (1.35%) Linux Command Line
13 115 (1.34%) Fixed Income
14 106 (1.24%) Derivative
15 104 (1.21%) Virtual Team
16 103 (1.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 97 (1.13%) Equities
18 96 (1.12%) Data Centre
19 88 (1.03%) Cloud Native
20 86 (1.00%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 1,889 (22.04%) Linux
2 950 (11.08%) Windows
3 617 (7.20%) Unix
4 403 (4.70%) Apple iOS
5 381 (4.45%) Android
6 210 (2.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 191 (2.23%) CentOS
8 167 (1.95%) Windows Server
9 135 (1.58%) Ubuntu
10 46 (0.54%) CoreOS
11 39 (0.46%) Windows Server 2008
12 31 (0.36%) Debian
12 31 (0.36%) Mac OS
13 26 (0.30%) Mesosphere
13 26 (0.30%) VMS
14 19 (0.22%) Mac OS X
14 19 (0.22%) Windows 10
15 16 (0.19%) DC/OS
15 16 (0.19%) SUSE
15 16 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,909 (68.94%) Agile Software Development
2 3,444 (40.18%) TDD
3 2,963 (34.57%) DevOps
4 2,483 (28.97%) Test Automation
5 2,446 (28.54%) Scrum
6 1,962 (22.89%) Software Engineering
7 1,679 (19.59%) BDD
8 1,469 (17.14%) Continuous Delivery
9 1,465 (17.09%) Microservices
10 1,405 (16.39%) MVC
11 1,277 (14.90%) OO
12 1,125 (13.13%) Kanban
13 938 (10.94%) Open Source
14 926 (10.80%) Problem-Solving
15 911 (10.63%) SDLC
16 896 (10.45%) Computer Science
17 854 (9.96%) Configuration Management
18 829 (9.67%) Mentoring
19 775 (9.04%) Unit Testing
20 665 (7.76%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 3,389 (39.54%) Java
2 3,007 (35.08%) C#
3 2,905 (33.89%) JavaScript
4 2,120 (24.73%) SQL
5 2,037 (23.77%) Python
6 688 (8.03%) Ruby
7 628 (7.33%) C++
8 619 (7.22%) PowerShell
9 587 (6.85%) Bash Shell
10 528 (6.16%) Java 8
11 407 (4.75%) PHP
12 323 (3.77%) C
12 323 (3.77%) Scala
13 307 (3.58%) Go
14 304 (3.55%) Perl
15 279 (3.26%) T-SQL
16 203 (2.37%) Shell Script
16 203 (2.37%) TypeScript
17 136 (1.59%) ES6
18 132 (1.54%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 1,271 (14.83%) Degree
2 419 (4.89%) Computer Science Degree
3 346 (4.04%) Security Cleared
4 193 (2.25%) SC Cleared
5 135 (1.58%) ISTQB
6 99 (1.16%) DV Cleared
7 80 (0.93%) ISEB
8 79 (0.92%) AWS Certification
9 55 (0.64%) Microsoft Certification
10 51 (0.60%) RHCSA
11 44 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
11 44 (0.51%) RHCE
12 22 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 21 (0.25%) Master's Degree
14 18 (0.21%) CISSP
15 15 (0.18%) ITIL Certification
16 13 (0.15%) MCPD
16 13 (0.15%) PRINCE2 Certification
17 12 (0.14%) PhD
18 11 (0.13%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 838 (9.78%) QA
2 47 (0.55%) GDPR
3 30 (0.35%) PMO
3 30 (0.35%) WCAG
4 26 (0.30%) SLA
5 22 (0.26%) PCI DSS
6 20 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 17 (0.20%) MiFID
8 16 (0.19%) ISO 9001
9 15 (0.18%) Data Quality
10 12 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 8 (0.093%) GAMP
12 7 (0.082%) HL7
12 7 (0.082%) ISO 22301
12 7 (0.082%) ISO 9000
13 6 (0.070%) WAI
14 5 (0.058%) ISO 14001
15 4 (0.047%) EMIR
15 4 (0.047%) FATCA
15 4 (0.047%) PMBOK
System Software
1 1,516 (17.69%) Docker
2 198 (2.31%) VMware Infrastructure
3 173 (2.02%) Active Directory
4 80 (0.93%) Virtual Machines
5 75 (0.88%) Hyper-V
6 54 (0.63%) Firmware
7 48 (0.56%) HDFS
8 44 (0.51%) VirtualBox
9 32 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 27 (0.32%) oVirt
10 27 (0.32%) RHEV
11 18 (0.21%) iptables
11 18 (0.21%) LXC
11 18 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
12 17 (0.20%) vSphere
13 14 (0.16%) Xen
14 13 (0.15%) Varnish
15 10 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
16 9 (0.11%) XenServer
17 8 (0.093%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 1,136 (13.25%) Ansible
2 1,098 (12.81%) Puppet
3 850 (9.92%) Kubernetes
4 819 (9.56%) Opscode Chef
5 642 (7.49%) Terraform
6 161 (1.88%) Consul
7 148 (1.73%) Packer
8 146 (1.70%) Nagios
9 130 (1.52%) Docker Swarm
10 126 (1.47%) Graphite
11 120 (1.40%) Salt
12 101 (1.18%) Grafana
13 98 (1.14%) Prometheus
14 67 (0.78%) Rundeck
15 61 (0.71%) HP Quality Center
16 60 (0.70%) Automic
17 53 (0.62%) ZABBIX
18 52 (0.61%) Opsview
19 48 (0.56%) Kibana
20 36 (0.42%) Mesos
Vendors
1 1,399 (16.32%) Microsoft
2 772 (9.01%) Oracle
3 483 (5.64%) Google
4 255 (2.98%) VMware
5 246 (2.87%) Atlassian
6 223 (2.60%) Red Hat
6 223 (2.60%) Splunk
7 205 (2.39%) SAP
8 106 (1.24%) Facebook
9 93 (1.09%) IBM
10 89 (1.04%) Sitecore
11 81 (0.95%) Xamarin
12 76 (0.89%) Apple
13 73 (0.85%) ServiceNow
14 70 (0.82%) Adobe
15 68 (0.79%) Charles River
16 61 (0.71%) RedGate
17 60 (0.70%) Tableau
18 58 (0.68%) Twitter
19 54 (0.63%) Delphix