Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 25 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
25 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 61 62 61
Rank change year-on-year +1 -1 -13
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 8,571 4,126 4,188
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 5.22% 4.47% 4.54%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.49% 4.79% 4.88%
Number of salaries quoted 2,916 2,916 3,264
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £37,500
25th Percentile £51,250 £46,250 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% - +4.35%
75th Percentile £87,500 £80,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +14.29% - +5.00%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 156,116 86,136 85,734
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.04% 93.41% 92.89%
Number of salaries quoted 81,833 64,007 68,913
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £44,750 £41,250 £40,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £48,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +8.25% +2.11% +5.56%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -5 7,046 £67,500 +8.00% 419
London -7 4,338 £80,000 +6.67% 195
Work from Home +3 3,570 £67,500 +11.20% 184
UK excluding London +3 2,921 £60,000 +14.29% 253
South East +10 892 £60,000 +9.09% 53
North of England -18 761 £55,000 +15.79% 79
North West -5 398 £60,000 +14.29% 44
South West +14 366 £67,350 +28.29% 18
Yorkshire -18 337 £52,500 +10.53% 29
Midlands +26 320 £65,000 +6.56% 39
East of England -5 288 £65,000 +13.04% 32
Scotland +7 272 £57,500 +21.05% 23
West Midlands -1 211 £65,000 +4.00% 25
East Midlands +34 98 £60,000 +54.84% 13
Wales -13 65 £51,250 +2.50% 8
North East -12 26 £45,000 -0.38% 6
Northern Ireland -28 6 £60,000 +41.18% 1

For the 6 months to 25 May 2022, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 6,297 (73.47%) Agile
2 3,764 (43.92%) CI/CD
3 3,610 (42.12%) DevOps
4 3,581 (41.78%) AWS
5 3,276 (38.22%) Software Engineering
6 3,178 (37.08%) Java
7 2,988 (34.86%) Git (software)
8 2,895 (33.78%) TDD
9 2,880 (33.60%) JavaScript
10 2,739 (31.96%) Python
11 2,692 (31.41%) Test Automation
12 2,650 (30.92%) Docker
13 2,554 (29.80%) Azure
14 2,405 (28.06%) Jenkins
15 2,321 (27.08%) Finance
16 2,224 (25.95%) React
17 2,214 (25.83%) Kubernetes
18 2,111 (24.63%) Scrum
19 2,095 (24.44%) Microservices
20 1,908 (22.26%) SQL
21 1,811 (21.13%) Continuous Delivery
22 1,810 (21.12%) C#
23 1,768 (20.63%) Social Skills
24 1,736 (20.25%) Mentoring
25 1,615 (18.84%) GCP
26 1,582 (18.46%) Node.js
27 1,561 (18.21%) HTML
28 1,535 (17.91%) CSS
29 1,498 (17.48%) Serverless
30 1,468 (17.13%) QA

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 516 (6.02%) Elasticsearch
2 309 (3.61%) Confluence
3 274 (3.20%) Apache
4 196 (2.29%) CMS
5 188 (2.19%) Apache Spark
6 124 (1.45%) IIS
7 97 (1.13%) nginx
8 85 (0.99%) WordPress
9 66 (0.77%) Sitecore CMS
10 57 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
11 55 (0.64%) Apache Airflow
12 49 (0.57%) SharePoint
13 48 (0.56%) Tomcat
14 43 (0.50%) Apache Solr
15 35 (0.41%) IBM Domino
16 34 (0.40%) OpenStack
17 32 (0.37%) JBoss
18 30 (0.35%) Drupal
19 28 (0.33%) Camunda
20 25 (0.29%) WebSphere
Applications
1 33 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
2 22 (0.26%) Campfire
3 17 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
3 17 (0.20%) Sketch
4 16 (0.19%) Adobe XD
5 11 (0.13%) Photoshop
6 9 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 9 (0.11%) Chatbot
6 9 (0.11%) Maple
7 6 (0.070%) InVision
8 4 (0.047%) Simulink
8 4 (0.047%) Spreadsheet
9 3 (0.035%) Microsoft Project
10 2 (0.023%) FileZilla
10 2 (0.023%) GIMP
10 2 (0.023%) Pixelmator
10 2 (0.023%) Zeplin
11 1 (0.012%) Adobe Premiere
11 1 (0.012%) EngageOne
11 1 (0.012%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 56 (0.65%) Payment Gateway
2 28 (0.33%) Oracle BPM
3 21 (0.25%) Oracle ERP
4 20 (0.23%) WebTrends
5 17 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
6 6 (0.070%) FastStats
6 6 (0.070%) SAP Hybris
7 4 (0.047%) NetSuite
8 3 (0.035%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
9 2 (0.023%) Distributed Ledger
9 2 (0.023%) Oracle General Ledger
10 1 (0.012%) Lawson
10 1 (0.012%) Magento
10 1 (0.012%) SAP ERP
10 1 (0.012%) Sentinel
10 1 (0.012%) Shopify
10 1 (0.012%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 1 (0.012%) Staffware
10 1 (0.012%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 3,581 (41.78%) AWS
2 2,554 (29.80%) Azure
3 1,615 (18.84%) GCP
4 1,498 (17.48%) Serverless
5 921 (10.75%) GitHub
6 595 (6.94%) AWS Lambda
7 572 (6.67%) SaaS
8 457 (5.33%) PaaS
9 378 (4.41%) Amazon S3
10 330 (3.85%) Cloud Computing
11 315 (3.68%) AWS CloudFormation
12 297 (3.47%) Amazon EC2
13 242 (2.82%) GitHub Actions
14 219 (2.56%) OpenShift
15 217 (2.53%) Amazon ECS
16 215 (2.51%) Amazon SQS
17 191 (2.23%) npm
18 187 (2.18%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 174 (2.03%) Amazon Kinesis
20 172 (2.01%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 451 (5.26%) HTTP
2 188 (2.19%) Broadband
3 93 (1.09%) DNS
4 92 (1.07%) TCP/IP
5 81 (0.95%) Internet
6 68 (0.79%) Firewall
6 68 (0.79%) MQTT
7 58 (0.68%) PPP
8 56 (0.65%) VoIP
9 46 (0.54%) 5G
10 45 (0.53%) Network Security
10 45 (0.53%) WebEx
11 43 (0.50%) HTTPS
12 38 (0.44%) SNA
13 28 (0.33%) Modbus
14 26 (0.30%) DHCP
14 26 (0.30%) VPN
15 25 (0.29%) Reverse Proxy
16 24 (0.28%) DSL
17 23 (0.27%) RS-485
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,067 (12.45%) NoSQL
2 942 (10.99%) PostgreSQL
3 851 (9.93%) Relational Database
4 676 (7.89%) MySQL
5 673 (7.85%) SQL Server
6 612 (7.14%) MongoDB
7 575 (6.71%) Big Data
8 512 (5.97%) Redis
9 303 (3.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 257 (3.00%) Hadoop
11 247 (2.88%) Apache Cassandra
12 215 (2.51%) RDBMS
13 162 (1.89%) Data Lake
14 158 (1.84%) Amazon RDS
15 149 (1.74%) Power BI
16 142 (1.66%) Data Warehouse
17 122 (1.42%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 108 (1.26%) Amazon Athena
19 76 (0.89%) Amazon Aurora
19 76 (0.89%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 2,988 (34.86%) Git (software)
2 2,405 (28.06%) Jenkins
3 1,088 (12.69%) JIRA
4 694 (8.10%) Selenium
5 581 (6.78%) Maven
6 490 (5.72%) JUnit
7 472 (5.51%) TeamCity
8 454 (5.30%) Cypress.io
9 437 (5.10%) GitLab
10 385 (4.49%) Gradle
11 381 (4.45%) Cucumber
12 359 (4.19%) Octopus Deploy
13 338 (3.94%) Bitbucket
14 305 (3.56%) Mockito
15 294 (3.43%) CircleCI
16 264 (3.08%) Team Foundation Server
17 260 (3.03%) Postman
18 233 (2.72%) Subversion
19 225 (2.63%) Travis CI
20 221 (2.58%) webpack
General
1 2,321 (27.08%) Finance
2 1,768 (20.63%) Social Skills
3 756 (8.82%) Banking
4 683 (7.97%) Analytical Skills
5 654 (7.63%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 511 (5.96%) Games
7 400 (4.67%) Public Sector
8 388 (4.53%) Retail
9 363 (4.24%) Marketing
10 328 (3.83%) Manufacturing
11 201 (2.35%) Electronics
12 176 (2.05%) Advertising
13 162 (1.89%) Telecoms
14 152 (1.77%) Automotive
15 136 (1.59%) Law
16 110 (1.28%) Financial Institution
17 96 (1.12%) Presentation Skills
18 90 (1.05%) Organisational Skills
19 83 (0.97%) Pharmaceutical
20 77 (0.90%) Legal
Job Titles
1 2,853 (33.29%) Developer
2 2,032 (23.71%) Software Engineer
3 743 (8.67%) DevOps Engineer
4 718 (8.38%) Senior Developer
5 662 (7.72%) Senior Software Engineer
6 541 (6.31%) Java Engineer
7 538 (6.28%) Java Developer
8 456 (5.32%) Full Stack Developer
9 432 (5.04%) Software Developer
10 403 (4.70%) Principal Engineer
11 354 (4.13%) Architect
12 296 (3.45%) Data Engineer
13 264 (3.08%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 262 (3.06%) Test Engineer
15 253 (2.95%) Java Software Engineer
16 224 (2.61%) Lead Developer
17 210 (2.45%) Senior DevOps
18 200 (2.33%) .NET Developer
19 199 (2.32%) Cloud Engineer
20 198 (2.31%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,224 (25.95%) React
2 1,582 (18.46%) Node.js
3 1,561 (18.21%) HTML
4 1,535 (17.91%) CSS
5 1,447 (16.88%) .NET
6 1,382 (16.12%) Spring
7 1,348 (15.73%) REST
8 1,283 (14.97%) AngularJS
9 1,243 (14.50%) RESTful
10 886 (10.34%) HTML5
11 822 (9.59%) Kafka
11 822 (9.59%) Spring Boot
12 781 (9.11%) CSS3
13 735 (8.58%) Web Services
14 661 (7.71%) GraphQL
15 612 (7.14%) Vue.js
16 583 (6.80%) JSON
17 511 (5.96%) .NET Core
18 459 (5.36%) Jest
19 440 (5.13%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 936 (10.92%) User Experience
2 581 (6.78%) Algorithms
3 500 (5.83%) Cloud Native
4 477 (5.57%) Mobile App
5 394 (4.60%) Self-Motivation
6 376 (4.39%) Data Structures
7 332 (3.87%) Social Media
8 305 (3.56%) Public Cloud
9 235 (2.74%) Greenfield Project
10 225 (2.63%) Enterprise Software
11 223 (2.60%) Social Network
12 221 (2.58%) Blog
13 208 (2.43%) Virtual Team
14 200 (2.33%) Life Science
15 187 (2.18%) Blockchain
16 171 (2.00%) IoT
17 165 (1.93%) Cyberattack
18 152 (1.77%) Management Information System
19 135 (1.58%) Cyber Defence
20 125 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1,400 (16.33%) Linux
2 695 (8.11%) Windows
3 510 (5.95%) Android
4 457 (5.33%) Apple iOS
5 333 (3.89%) Unix
6 144 (1.68%) Ubuntu
7 131 (1.53%) Mesosphere
8 94 (1.10%) CentOS
9 71 (0.83%) Windows Server
10 36 (0.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 35 (0.41%) Mac OS
12 32 (0.37%) Embedded Linux
13 31 (0.36%) Debian
14 16 (0.19%) Robot Operating System
15 10 (0.12%) zOS
16 9 (0.11%) Alpine Linux
16 9 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
17 7 (0.082%) Solaris
18 6 (0.070%) Kali Linux
18 6 (0.070%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,297 (73.47%) Agile
2 3,764 (43.92%) CI/CD
3 3,610 (42.12%) DevOps
4 3,276 (38.22%) Software Engineering
5 2,895 (33.78%) TDD
6 2,692 (31.41%) Test Automation
7 2,111 (24.63%) Scrum
8 2,095 (24.44%) Microservices
9 1,811 (21.13%) Continuous Delivery
10 1,736 (20.25%) Mentoring
11 1,440 (16.80%) Full Stack Development
12 1,327 (15.48%) BDD
13 1,301 (15.18%) SDLC
14 1,284 (14.98%) Problem-Solving
15 1,125 (13.13%) Computer Science
16 1,023 (11.94%) OO
17 1,012 (11.81%) Continuous Improvement
17 1,012 (11.81%) Software Testing
18 996 (11.62%) Coaching
19 976 (11.39%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 3,178 (37.08%) Java
2 2,880 (33.60%) JavaScript
3 2,739 (31.96%) Python
4 1,908 (22.26%) SQL
5 1,810 (21.12%) C#
6 1,449 (16.91%) TypeScript
7 754 (8.80%) C++
8 596 (6.95%) Go
9 569 (6.64%) C
10 551 (6.43%) Bash
11 522 (6.09%) PowerShell
12 480 (5.60%) Ruby
13 466 (5.44%) Scala
14 454 (5.30%) Kotlin
15 375 (4.38%) PHP
16 302 (3.52%) Objective-C
17 283 (3.30%) ES6
18 228 (2.66%) Shell Script
19 200 (2.33%) Apple Swift
20 169 (1.97%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,360 (15.87%) Degree
2 715 (8.34%) Computer Science Degree
3 372 (4.34%) Security Cleared
4 277 (3.23%) SC Cleared
5 154 (1.80%) ISTQB
6 107 (1.25%) Master's Degree
7 83 (0.97%) ISEB
8 74 (0.86%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 70 (0.82%) AWS Certification
10 52 (0.61%) PMI Certification
11 50 (0.58%) PhD
12 26 (0.30%) DBS Check
13 24 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
14 21 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
14 21 (0.25%) DV Cleared
15 20 (0.23%) ISEB Practitioner
16 15 (0.18%) RHCE
17 14 (0.16%) CISSP
18 13 (0.15%) Sun Certification
19 11 (0.13%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,468 (17.13%) QA
2 437 (5.10%) Accessibility
3 58 (0.68%) WCAG
4 57 (0.67%) MISRA
5 52 (0.61%) Data Quality
6 48 (0.56%) GDPR
7 37 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 34 (0.40%) WAI
9 28 (0.33%) GRC
10 23 (0.27%) Def Stans
11 21 (0.25%) HIPAA
12 20 (0.23%) PCI DSS
13 19 (0.22%) SLA
14 17 (0.20%) ISO 13485
15 16 (0.19%) ISO 9001
16 15 (0.18%) HL7
16 15 (0.18%) IEC 62304
17 12 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
17 12 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
18 10 (0.12%) NIST
System Software
1 2,650 (30.92%) Docker
2 173 (2.02%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 111 (1.30%) Active Directory
4 103 (1.20%) VMware Infrastructure
5 56 (0.65%) Firmware
6 43 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
7 23 (0.27%) Hyper-V
8 19 (0.22%) vSphere
9 12 (0.14%) GlusterFS
10 11 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
11 10 (0.12%) Postfix
12 7 (0.082%) VirtualBox
13 4 (0.047%) Ceph
13 4 (0.047%) Virtual Servers
13 4 (0.047%) VMware NSX
14 3 (0.035%) Lustre
14 3 (0.035%) LXC
14 3 (0.035%) zsh
15 2 (0.023%) HDFS
15 2 (0.023%) KVM
Systems Management
1 2,214 (25.83%) Kubernetes
2 1,337 (15.60%) Terraform
3 798 (9.31%) Ansible
4 404 (4.71%) Puppet
5 364 (4.25%) Opscode Chef
6 325 (3.79%) Prometheus
7 228 (2.66%) Grafana
8 179 (2.09%) Kibana
9 137 (1.60%) Consul
10 127 (1.48%) Automic
10 127 (1.48%) logstash
11 104 (1.21%) Istio
12 66 (0.77%) Rancher
13 60 (0.70%) HAProxy
14 58 (0.68%) ZABBIX
15 57 (0.67%) Docker Swarm
16 52 (0.61%) Bugsnag
17 50 (0.58%) Graphite
18 42 (0.49%) Opsgenie
19 40 (0.47%) Packer
Vendors
1 1,071 (12.50%) Microsoft
2 829 (9.67%) Google
3 335 (3.91%) Oracle
4 299 (3.49%) Splunk
5 169 (1.97%) Databricks
6 139 (1.62%) Apple
7 124 (1.45%) New Relic
7 124 (1.45%) VMware
8 114 (1.33%) Salesforce.com
9 98 (1.14%) Red Hat
10 97 (1.13%) Samsung
11 88 (1.03%) Adobe
12 82 (0.96%) Confluent
13 76 (0.89%) Zend
14 75 (0.88%) Sitecore
15 72 (0.84%) IBM
16 69 (0.81%) Atlassian
16 69 (0.81%) Xamarin
17 66 (0.77%) Spotify
18 60 (0.70%) AppDynamics