Period
to 20 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 20 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 60 65 58
Rank change year-on-year +5 -7 -18
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 5,843 2,182 6,848
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.83% 4.44% 4.84%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.13% 4.76% 5.23%
Number of salaries quoted 3,029 1,766 5,175
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,500 £36,750
25th Percentile £46,250 £45,000 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,142 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% - +9.09%
75th Percentile £78,750 £73,750 £76,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £89,375 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 113,815 45,798 130,905
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.02% 93.24% 92.61%
Number of salaries quoted 75,990 37,717 104,073
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £93,750 £91,250 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 5,326 £62,500 +4.17% 701
London +11 2,904 £75,000 +7.14% 306
UK excluding London -11 2,581 £55,000 +4.76% 459
Work from Home -23 1,143 £55,000 - 143
North of England +8 802 £47,500 -5.00% 128
South East -5 729 £59,000 +2.61% 97
Yorkshire +3 445 £47,500 -5.00% 44
South West -25 335 £55,000 - 41
North West -30 311 £52,500 - 63
Midlands -38 250 £60,000 +20.00% 78
East of England -3 216 £60,000 +9.09% 46
West Midlands -38 171 £62,500 +13.64% 60
Scotland -41 147 £50,000 - 56
Wales +12 89 £55,000 +22.22% 10
East Midlands -31 79 £50,000 +14.29% 18
North East -7 47 £47,500 +5.56% 21
Northern Ireland -34 19 £45,000 - 3

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3,911 (66.93%) Agile Software Development
2 2,262 (38.71%) DevOps
3 2,146 (36.73%) AWS
4 2,136 (36.56%) Java
5 1,863 (31.88%) JavaScript
6 1,833 (31.37%) TDD
7 1,809 (30.96%) Software Engineering
8 1,727 (29.56%) Git (software)
9 1,689 (28.91%) Docker
10 1,592 (27.25%) Azure
11 1,581 (27.06%) Jenkins
12 1,575 (26.96%) Test Automation
13 1,572 (26.90%) Microservices
14 1,557 (26.65%) Python
15 1,510 (25.84%) Social Skills
16 1,483 (25.38%) SQL
17 1,473 (25.21%) Scrum
18 1,398 (23.93%) React
19 1,258 (21.53%) Kubernetes
20 1,252 (21.43%) Terraform
21 1,217 (20.83%) C#
22 1,083 (18.53%) Finance
23 1,079 (18.47%) REST
24 994 (17.01%) Continuous Delivery
25 964 (16.50%) Spring
26 953 (16.31%) BDD
27 947 (16.21%) Linux
28 945 (16.17%) Mentoring
29 934 (15.98%) HTML
30 929 (15.90%) Node.js

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 306 (5.24%) Elasticsearch
2 277 (4.74%) Apache Spark
3 200 (3.42%) Confluence
4 145 (2.48%) Apache
5 127 (2.17%) nginx
6 110 (1.88%) Tomcat
7 107 (1.83%) CMS
8 66 (1.13%) IIS
9 59 (1.01%) SharePoint
10 47 (0.80%) JBoss
11 46 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
12 27 (0.46%) Apache Airflow
13 24 (0.41%) Apache Solr
14 23 (0.39%) GemFire
15 22 (0.38%) WebLogic
16 20 (0.34%) Headless CMS
16 20 (0.34%) IBM Domino
16 20 (0.34%) Oracle Coherence
17 19 (0.33%) Sitecore CMS
18 18 (0.31%) WordPress
Applications
1 34 (0.58%) Simulink
2 23 (0.39%) Sketch
3 20 (0.34%) Campfire
3 20 (0.34%) InVision
4 16 (0.27%) Zeplin
5 13 (0.22%) Figma
6 12 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
7 8 (0.14%) Chatbot
7 8 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
8 7 (0.12%) Photoshop
9 5 (0.086%) GIMP
10 3 (0.051%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.017%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 1 (0.017%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 48 (0.82%) Distributed Ledger
2 30 (0.51%) Dynamics CRM
3 27 (0.46%) R3 Corda
4 10 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
5 9 (0.15%) WebTrends
6 8 (0.14%) Magento
7 7 (0.12%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 7 (0.12%) Unica
8 6 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
8 6 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
8 6 (0.10%) SDL Web 8
8 6 (0.10%) Shopify
9 5 (0.086%) Dynamics AX
9 5 (0.086%) NetSuite
9 5 (0.086%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
9 5 (0.086%) RMDS
9 5 (0.086%) SAP Hybris
9 5 (0.086%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 4 (0.068%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 4 (0.068%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 2,146 (36.73%) AWS
2 1,592 (27.25%) Azure
3 858 (14.68%) Serverless
4 687 (11.76%) GCP
5 607 (10.39%) GitHub
6 389 (6.66%) AWS Lambda
7 356 (6.09%) SaaS
8 326 (5.58%) AWS CloudFormation
9 224 (3.83%) Amazon S3
10 211 (3.61%) PaaS
11 209 (3.58%) OpenShift
12 194 (3.32%) Cloud Computing
13 179 (3.06%) Amazon EC2
14 149 (2.55%) npm
15 133 (2.28%) Amazon SQS
16 116 (1.99%) Amazon ECS
16 116 (1.99%) Amazon Kinesis
17 75 (1.28%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 75 (1.28%) IaaS
18 74 (1.27%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 393 (6.73%) HTTP
2 205 (3.51%) Broadband
3 107 (1.83%) TCP/IP
4 99 (1.69%) Firewall
5 85 (1.45%) Internet
6 62 (1.06%) DNS
7 59 (1.01%) MQTT
8 50 (0.86%) VPN
9 48 (0.82%) AMQP
10 40 (0.68%) Wireshark
11 39 (0.67%) Wireless
12 37 (0.63%) HTTPS
13 36 (0.62%) Wi-Fi
14 35 (0.60%) Ethernet
14 35 (0.60%) Modbus
15 32 (0.55%) 802.11
15 32 (0.55%) RS-422
15 32 (0.55%) RS-485
15 32 (0.55%) STUN
16 26 (0.44%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 704 (12.05%) NoSQL
2 603 (10.32%) PostgreSQL
3 561 (9.60%) Big Data
4 527 (9.02%) SQL Server
5 410 (7.02%) Relational Database
6 368 (6.30%) MySQL
7 353 (6.04%) MongoDB
8 323 (5.53%) Redis
9 319 (5.46%) Hadoop
10 240 (4.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 89 (1.52%) Amazon Redshift
12 87 (1.49%) Amazon Athena
13 84 (1.44%) Amazon RDS
13 84 (1.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 83 (1.42%) HBase
15 82 (1.40%) Apache Cassandra
16 81 (1.39%) MariaDB
17 77 (1.32%) Blockchain
18 75 (1.28%) Amazon Aurora
19 74 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,727 (29.56%) Git (software)
2 1,581 (27.06%) Jenkins
3 661 (11.31%) JIRA
4 424 (7.26%) Selenium
5 377 (6.45%) TeamCity
6 312 (5.34%) GitLab
7 296 (5.07%) Cypress.io
8 293 (5.01%) Maven
9 285 (4.88%) Cucumber
10 262 (4.48%) Octopus Deploy
11 237 (4.06%) Subversion
12 235 (4.02%) JUnit
13 232 (3.97%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 217 (3.71%) webpack
15 194 (3.32%) JMeter
16 168 (2.88%) CircleCI
17 165 (2.82%) Bitbucket
18 139 (2.38%) SonarQube
18 139 (2.38%) Team Foundation Server
19 130 (2.22%) Mercurial
General
1 1,510 (25.84%) Social Skills
2 1,083 (18.53%) Finance
3 380 (6.50%) Banking
4 267 (4.57%) Games
5 253 (4.33%) Analytical Skills
6 251 (4.30%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 214 (3.66%) Public Sector
8 186 (3.18%) Marketing
9 177 (3.03%) Retail
10 143 (2.45%) Electronics
11 137 (2.34%) Law
12 82 (1.40%) Telecoms
13 80 (1.37%) Advertising
14 78 (1.33%) Presentation Skills
15 70 (1.20%) Manufacturing
16 61 (1.04%) Back Office
17 50 (0.86%) Investment Banking
18 49 (0.84%) Automotive
18 49 (0.84%) Legal
19 43 (0.74%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 2,442 (41.79%) Developer
2 881 (15.08%) Software Engineer
3 704 (12.05%) Java Developer
4 539 (9.22%) Senior Developer
5 535 (9.16%) DevOps Engineer
6 307 (5.25%) Full Stack Developer
7 300 (5.13%) Senior Software Engineer
8 274 (4.69%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 267 (4.57%) Software Developer
10 245 (4.19%) Platform Engineer
11 238 (4.07%) AWS Engineer
12 218 (3.73%) Architect
13 212 (3.63%) Lead Developer
14 183 (3.13%) .NET Developer
15 170 (2.91%) AWS DevOps
16 162 (2.77%) Azure Engineer
17 158 (2.70%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 158 (2.70%) React Developer
18 154 (2.64%) JavaScript Developer
19 146 (2.50%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,398 (23.93%) React
2 1,079 (18.47%) REST
3 964 (16.50%) Spring
4 934 (15.98%) HTML
5 929 (15.90%) Node.js
6 914 (15.64%) CSS
7 849 (14.53%) .NET
8 805 (13.78%) AngularJS
9 670 (11.47%) Web Services
10 665 (11.38%) RESTful
11 562 (9.62%) GraphQL
12 523 (8.95%) Spring Boot
13 505 (8.64%) Kafka
14 493 (8.44%) HTML5
15 332 (5.68%) .NET Core
15 332 (5.68%) Hibernate
16 327 (5.60%) CSS3
17 315 (5.39%) Redux
18 313 (5.36%) RabbitMQ
19 293 (5.01%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 599 (10.25%) User Experience
2 260 (4.45%) Mobile App
3 256 (4.38%) Algorithms
4 206 (3.53%) Self-Motivation
5 192 (3.29%) Cloud Native
6 172 (2.94%) Data Structures
7 166 (2.84%) Social Media
8 119 (2.04%) Greenfield Project
9 104 (1.78%) Enterprise Software
10 101 (1.73%) Virtual Team
11 90 (1.54%) Linux Command Line
12 64 (1.10%) Public Cloud
13 57 (0.98%) Management Information System
13 57 (0.98%) NHS
14 50 (0.86%) N-Tier
15 48 (0.82%) Data Centre
15 48 (0.82%) Video\Live Streaming
16 47 (0.80%) Cyberattack
17 43 (0.74%) Blog
18 39 (0.67%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 947 (16.21%) Linux
2 527 (9.02%) Windows
3 275 (4.71%) Unix
4 247 (4.23%) Android
5 187 (3.20%) Apple iOS
6 93 (1.59%) CentOS
7 92 (1.57%) Windows Server
8 64 (1.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 45 (0.77%) Mesosphere
10 38 (0.65%) Ubuntu
11 16 (0.27%) Windows Server 2016
12 14 (0.24%) Mac OS
13 12 (0.21%) Debian
13 12 (0.21%) VMS
14 11 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
15 6 (0.10%) Solaris
16 5 (0.086%) Mac OS X
17 4 (0.068%) AIX
17 4 (0.068%) VxWorks
17 4 (0.068%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,911 (66.93%) Agile Software Development
2 2,262 (38.71%) DevOps
3 1,833 (31.37%) TDD
4 1,809 (30.96%) Software Engineering
5 1,575 (26.96%) Test Automation
6 1,572 (26.90%) Microservices
7 1,473 (25.21%) Scrum
8 994 (17.01%) Continuous Delivery
9 953 (16.31%) BDD
10 945 (16.17%) Mentoring
11 892 (15.27%) Full Stack Development
12 825 (14.12%) Problem-Solving
13 734 (12.56%) Open Source
14 651 (11.14%) OO
15 648 (11.09%) Computer Science
16 640 (10.95%) Analytics
17 624 (10.68%) SDLC
18 617 (10.56%) Continuous Improvement
19 595 (10.18%) Coaching
20 582 (9.96%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,136 (36.56%) Java
2 1,863 (31.88%) JavaScript
3 1,557 (26.65%) Python
4 1,483 (25.38%) SQL
5 1,217 (20.83%) C#
6 744 (12.73%) TypeScript
7 408 (6.98%) C++
8 393 (6.73%) PowerShell
9 386 (6.61%) Java 8
10 322 (5.51%) Go
11 314 (5.37%) C
12 247 (4.23%) Kotlin
13 227 (3.88%) Bash Shell
14 206 (3.53%) Ruby
15 203 (3.47%) ES6
16 201 (3.44%) PHP
17 172 (2.94%) Scala
18 136 (2.33%) Shell Script
19 134 (2.29%) T-SQL
20 99 (1.69%) Perl
Qualifications
1 654 (11.19%) Degree
2 526 (9.00%) Security Cleared
3 457 (7.82%) SC Cleared
4 314 (5.37%) Computer Science Degree
5 104 (1.78%) AWS Certification
6 44 (0.75%) Master's Degree
7 42 (0.72%) ISTQB
8 41 (0.70%) DV Cleared
9 34 (0.58%) BPSS Clearance
10 29 (0.50%) OCP
10 29 (0.50%) Oracle Certification
11 26 (0.44%) RHCE
12 21 (0.36%) SANS
13 20 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
14 17 (0.29%) SAFe Agilist
15 16 (0.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 14 (0.24%) ISEB
17 12 (0.21%) RHCSA
18 11 (0.19%) CISSP
19 10 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 688 (11.77%) QA
2 158 (2.70%) Accessibility
3 59 (1.01%) GDPR
3 59 (1.01%) WCAG
4 45 (0.77%) MISRA
5 34 (0.58%) Def Stans
6 20 (0.34%) Data Quality
6 20 (0.34%) PMO
7 17 (0.29%) PCI DSS
8 12 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 7 (0.12%) SLA
10 6 (0.10%) NIST
11 5 (0.086%) HL7
12 4 (0.068%) HIPAA
12 4 (0.068%) NCSC
12 4 (0.068%) SOC 2
13 3 (0.051%) Cyber Essentials
13 3 (0.051%) ISO 9001
13 3 (0.051%) PMBOK
13 3 (0.051%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,689 (28.91%) Docker
2 73 (1.25%) VMware Infrastructure
3 71 (1.22%) Firmware
4 67 (1.15%) Active Directory
5 55 (0.94%) VirtualBox
6 52 (0.89%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 48 (0.82%) Virtual Machines
8 29 (0.50%) HDFS
8 29 (0.50%) vSphere
9 26 (0.44%) Postfix
10 14 (0.24%) XenApp
10 14 (0.24%) XenDesktop
11 12 (0.21%) Varnish
12 11 (0.19%) etcd
13 8 (0.14%) LXC
13 8 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
13 8 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
14 7 (0.12%) KVM
15 5 (0.086%) iptables
15 5 (0.086%) QEMU
Systems Management
1 1,258 (21.53%) Kubernetes
2 1,252 (21.43%) Terraform
3 770 (13.18%) Ansible
4 424 (7.26%) Puppet
5 352 (6.02%) Opscode Chef
6 162 (2.77%) Grafana
7 146 (2.50%) Prometheus
8 113 (1.93%) Docker Swarm
9 101 (1.73%) Kibana
10 94 (1.61%) Consul
11 72 (1.23%) Graphite
12 67 (1.15%) Graylog
13 65 (1.11%) Packer
14 55 (0.94%) Nagios
15 49 (0.84%) Opsgenie
16 44 (0.75%) logstash
17 43 (0.74%) Automic
18 41 (0.70%) ZABBIX
19 33 (0.56%) Rancher
20 27 (0.46%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 712 (12.19%) Microsoft
2 472 (8.08%) Oracle
3 441 (7.55%) Google
4 132 (2.26%) IBM
4 132 (2.26%) Splunk
5 129 (2.21%) Atlassian
6 118 (2.02%) VMware
7 115 (1.97%) Samsung
8 94 (1.61%) EnterpriseDB
9 76 (1.30%) Talend
10 75 (1.28%) Salesforce.com
11 68 (1.16%) Red Hat
12 66 (1.13%) Instagram
13 65 (1.11%) Cloudera
14 62 (1.06%) SAP
15 56 (0.96%) Hortonworks
16 55 (0.94%) Adobe
17 52 (0.89%) Informatica
17 52 (0.89%) New Relic
18 46 (0.79%) Databricks