Period
to 22 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 22 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 50 57 41
Rank change year-on-year +7 -16 +12
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 3,020 5,850 8,556
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.72% 4.64% 5.63%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.11% 5.04% 6.11%
Number of salaries quoted 3,148 4,796 6,983
Median annual salary £55,750 £60,000 £56,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -7.08% +6.19% +2.73%
10th Percentile £38,750 £36,250 £36,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £87,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year -9.52% +5.00% -

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 59,138 116,142 140,050
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.35% 92.11% 92.23%
Number of salaries quoted 47,696 93,062 111,895
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £46,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +6.52% +2.22% -

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 22 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +6 2,723 £57,500 -4.17% 573
UK excluding London +6 1,680 £47,500 -9.52% 402
London 0 1,221 £72,500 +3.57% 214
Work from Home +22 739 £50,000 -9.09% 95
North of England +12 560 £47,500 -9.52% 146
South East -11 374 £55,000 - 73
Yorkshire +26 305 £47,500 -13.64% 54
South West +17 261 £50,000 - 64
North West -4 224 £48,750 -2.50% 80
Midlands -9 196 £50,000 - 35
Scotland -1 146 £47,500 - 32
West Midlands +2 140 £55,000 +3.97% 21
East of England -35 69 £62,500 +8.70% 33
East Midlands -11 55 £47,500 +5.56% 14
Wales +18 54 £47,500 -2.56% 14
North East +12 31 £45,000 -7.22% 12
Northern Ireland -6 26 £42,500 -22.73% 5

For the 6 months to 22 January 2021, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 1,848 (61.19%) Agile Software Development
2 1,570 (51.99%) DevOps
3 1,034 (34.24%) Azure
4 979 (32.42%) AWS
5 930 (30.79%) Java
6 928 (30.73%) Git (software)
7 909 (30.10%) SQL
8 855 (28.31%) JavaScript
9 833 (27.58%) Test Automation
10 784 (25.96%) Docker
11 771 (25.53%) TDD
12 753 (24.93%) Python
13 747 (24.74%) C#
14 676 (22.38%) Kubernetes
15 672 (22.25%) Jenkins
16 666 (22.05%) Microservices
17 640 (21.19%) Scrum
18 635 (21.03%) Terraform
19 602 (19.93%) .NET
20 600 (19.87%) Software Engineering
21 576 (19.07%) Linux
22 500 (16.56%) Microsoft
23 498 (16.49%) Continuous Delivery
24 471 (15.60%) CSS
25 469 (15.53%) Finance
26 413 (13.68%) Infrastructure as Code
27 400 (13.25%) SQL Server
28 382 (12.65%) BDD
29 381 (12.62%) React
30 377 (12.48%) Migration

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 112 (3.71%) Elasticsearch
2 111 (3.68%) SharePoint
3 78 (2.58%) Confluence
4 70 (2.32%) nginx
5 64 (2.12%) Apache
6 59 (1.95%) JBoss
7 53 (1.75%) Tomcat
8 48 (1.59%) Apache Spark
9 38 (1.26%) CMS
10 28 (0.93%) OpenStack
11 26 (0.86%) IIS
12 25 (0.83%) Red Hat Fuse
13 23 (0.76%) Apache Airflow
13 23 (0.76%) WebSphere
14 20 (0.66%) Apache ServiceMix
15 12 (0.40%) NServiceBus
16 11 (0.36%) Moodle
17 10 (0.33%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 9 (0.30%) WebLogic
19 8 (0.26%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 59 (1.95%) Sketch
2 40 (1.32%) Adobe XD
2 40 (1.32%) Figma
3 19 (0.63%) InVision
4 15 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
5 14 (0.46%) Zeplin
6 11 (0.36%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 9 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
8 8 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 6 (0.20%) Chatbot
10 3 (0.099%) MS Visio
11 2 (0.066%) AutoCAD
12 1 (0.033%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 59 (1.95%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (0.56%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 12 (0.40%) Payment Gateway
4 7 (0.23%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 6 (0.20%) Magento
6 4 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
6 4 (0.13%) Sentinel
7 2 (0.066%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.066%) SAP FI-CA
7 2 (0.066%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.066%) SAP PSCD
7 2 (0.066%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.066%) Shopify
8 1 (0.033%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 1 (0.033%) SAP CRM
8 1 (0.033%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,034 (34.24%) Azure
2 979 (32.42%) AWS
3 218 (7.22%) AWS CloudFormation
4 204 (6.75%) SaaS
5 195 (6.46%) Serverless
6 194 (6.42%) PaaS
7 191 (6.32%) GCP
8 178 (5.89%) GitHub
9 102 (3.38%) AWS Lambda
10 92 (3.05%) Power Platform
11 85 (2.81%) Amazon EC2
12 83 (2.75%) Azure Functions
13 82 (2.72%) Azure Active Directory
14 74 (2.45%) Cloud Computing
15 69 (2.28%) IaaS
16 60 (1.99%) Azure Data Factory
17 58 (1.92%) Amazon ECS
18 54 (1.79%) Amazon S3
19 52 (1.72%) Dynamics 365
20 46 (1.52%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 79 (2.62%) TCP/IP
2 58 (1.92%) Firewall
3 57 (1.89%) HTTP
4 38 (1.26%) Internet
5 26 (0.86%) Ethernet
6 24 (0.79%) Wireshark
7 22 (0.73%) Network Security
8 21 (0.70%) MQTT
8 21 (0.70%) VPN
9 20 (0.66%) HTTPS
9 20 (0.66%) Wi-Fi
10 18 (0.60%) 802.11
10 18 (0.60%) Broadband
10 18 (0.60%) STUN
10 18 (0.60%) Wireless
11 12 (0.40%) DNS
12 9 (0.30%) LAN
12 9 (0.30%) SSL
13 8 (0.26%) H.323
13 8 (0.26%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 400 (13.25%) SQL Server
2 347 (11.49%) NoSQL
3 238 (7.88%) PostgreSQL
4 172 (5.70%) MySQL
5 148 (4.90%) MongoDB
6 139 (4.60%) Relational Database
7 126 (4.17%) Redis
8 98 (3.25%) Azure SQL Database
9 78 (2.58%) Big Data
10 61 (2.02%) Cosmos DB
11 58 (1.92%) Data Warehouse
11 58 (1.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 55 (1.82%) Data Lake
13 52 (1.72%) Power BI
14 44 (1.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 43 (1.42%) Hadoop
16 41 (1.36%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 39 (1.29%) Amazon RDS
18 38 (1.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 34 (1.13%) Microsoft Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 928 (30.73%) Git (software)
2 672 (22.25%) Jenkins
3 270 (8.94%) Selenium
4 254 (8.41%) JIRA
5 210 (6.95%) Subversion
6 199 (6.59%) TeamCity
7 162 (5.36%) Cucumber
8 151 (5.00%) GitLab
9 145 (4.80%) JUnit
10 131 (4.34%) Maven
11 117 (3.87%) Team Foundation Server
12 99 (3.28%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 97 (3.21%) Mercurial
14 94 (3.11%) Octopus Deploy
15 90 (2.98%) Visual Studio Team System
16 86 (2.85%) Visual Studio
17 84 (2.78%) Mockito
18 74 (2.45%) Bitbucket
19 63 (2.09%) SpecFlow
20 55 (1.82%) Appium
General
1 469 (15.53%) Finance
2 172 (5.70%) Public Sector
3 108 (3.58%) Marketing
4 107 (3.54%) Banking
5 86 (2.85%) Games
6 81 (2.68%) Telecoms
7 76 (2.52%) Retail
8 67 (2.22%) Manufacturing
9 60 (1.99%) Electronics
10 45 (1.49%) Back Office
11 44 (1.46%) Front Office
12 42 (1.39%) Automotive
13 36 (1.19%) Law
14 22 (0.73%) Advertising
15 19 (0.63%) Aerospace
16 18 (0.60%) Investment Banking
17 14 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
18 13 (0.43%) Legal
19 12 (0.40%) Financial Institution
20 5 (0.17%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,219 (40.36%) Developer
2 521 (17.25%) DevOps Engineer
3 311 (10.30%) Senior Developer
4 284 (9.40%) Java Developer
5 265 (8.77%) Software Engineer
6 247 (8.18%) AWS Engineer
7 220 (7.28%) Platform Engineer
8 217 (7.19%) AWS DevOps
9 210 (6.95%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 205 (6.79%) Full Stack Developer
11 203 (6.72%) Azure Engineer
12 200 (6.62%) .NET Developer
13 184 (6.09%) C# Developer
14 158 (5.23%) Software Developer
15 150 (4.97%) Architect
16 133 (4.40%) JavaScript Developer
17 126 (4.17%) Java Engineer
18 125 (4.14%) C# .NET Developer
19 90 (2.98%) Lead Developer
20 89 (2.95%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 602 (19.93%) .NET
2 471 (15.60%) CSS
3 381 (12.62%) React
4 374 (12.38%) HTML
5 355 (11.75%) AngularJS
6 354 (11.72%) RESTful
7 321 (10.63%) Spring
8 313 (10.36%) Node.js
9 305 (10.10%) Web Services
10 295 (9.77%) .NET Core
11 292 (9.67%) REST
12 208 (6.89%) .NET Framework
13 171 (5.66%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 164 (5.43%) jQuery
15 151 (5.00%) HTML5
16 145 (4.80%) ASP.NET Web API
17 136 (4.50%) RabbitMQ
18 131 (4.34%) ASP.NET
19 126 (4.17%) Entity Framework
20 119 (3.94%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 187 (6.19%) User Experience
2 149 (4.93%) Mobile App
3 129 (4.27%) Analytical Skills
4 108 (3.58%) Greenfield Project
5 99 (3.28%) Algorithms
6 96 (3.18%) N-Tier
7 89 (2.95%) Enterprise Software
8 87 (2.88%) Data Structures
9 57 (1.89%) Cloud Native
10 55 (1.82%) Self-Motivation
11 44 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
12 43 (1.42%) Virtual Team
13 39 (1.29%) Public Cloud
14 32 (1.06%) Blog
15 29 (0.96%) Reinsurance
16 28 (0.93%) e-Learning
16 28 (0.93%) Internet of Things
17 25 (0.83%) Management Information System
18 23 (0.76%) Hybrid Cloud
19 22 (0.73%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 576 (19.07%) Linux
2 339 (11.23%) Windows
3 137 (4.54%) Android
4 116 (3.84%) Unix
5 113 (3.74%) Apple iOS
6 79 (2.62%) Windows Server
7 74 (2.45%) CentOS
8 57 (1.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 19 (0.63%) Ubuntu
10 17 (0.56%) CoreOS
11 15 (0.50%) zOS
12 14 (0.46%) VMS
13 9 (0.30%) Debian
14 8 (0.26%) Windows Server 2016
15 5 (0.17%) Mac OS X
16 4 (0.13%) Amazon Linux
17 3 (0.099%) Nucleus RTOS
18 2 (0.066%) Embedded Linux
18 2 (0.066%) Mesosphere
18 2 (0.066%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,848 (61.19%) Agile Software Development
2 1,570 (51.99%) DevOps
3 833 (27.58%) Test Automation
4 771 (25.53%) TDD
5 666 (22.05%) Microservices
6 640 (21.19%) Scrum
7 600 (19.87%) Software Engineering
8 498 (16.49%) Continuous Delivery
9 413 (13.68%) Infrastructure as Code
10 382 (12.65%) BDD
11 377 (12.48%) Migration
12 364 (12.05%) Deployment Automation
13 363 (12.02%) OO
14 335 (11.09%) Mentoring
15 306 (10.13%) Continuous Deployment
16 283 (9.37%) Open Source
17 279 (9.24%) Unit Testing
18 269 (8.91%) Problem-Solving
19 264 (8.74%) MVC
20 238 (7.88%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 930 (30.79%) Java
2 909 (30.10%) SQL
3 855 (28.31%) JavaScript
4 753 (24.93%) Python
5 747 (24.74%) C#
6 239 (7.91%) PowerShell
7 193 (6.39%) C++
8 186 (6.16%) TypeScript
9 168 (5.56%) Ruby
10 159 (5.26%) Bash Shell
11 130 (4.30%) T-SQL
12 122 (4.04%) Go
13 115 (3.81%) Java 8
14 105 (3.48%) C
15 101 (3.34%) PHP
16 66 (2.19%) Kotlin
17 57 (1.89%) Scala
18 45 (1.49%) Groovy
19 40 (1.32%) Perl
20 38 (1.26%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 355 (11.75%) Degree
2 237 (7.85%) Security Cleared
3 193 (6.39%) SC Cleared
4 120 (3.97%) Computer Science Degree
5 49 (1.62%) AWS Certification
6 48 (1.59%) ISTQB
7 37 (1.23%) ISEB
8 34 (1.13%) DV Cleared
9 27 (0.89%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 12 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
11 8 (0.26%) PhD
11 8 (0.26%) RHCE
11 8 (0.26%) SANS
12 6 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
13 5 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
13 5 (0.17%) ISEB Practitioner
14 4 (0.13%) Master's Degree
15 3 (0.099%) HND
16 2 (0.066%) MCSA
16 2 (0.066%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 206 (6.82%) QA
2 18 (0.60%) Data Quality
2 18 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 15 (0.50%) GDPR
4 9 (0.30%) SLA
4 9 (0.30%) WCAG
5 7 (0.23%) ISO 22301
6 6 (0.20%) ISO 9001
6 6 (0.20%) MiFID
7 5 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
7 5 (0.17%) EMIR
8 4 (0.13%) MISRA
9 3 (0.099%) ISO 26262
10 2 (0.066%) IEC 61508
10 2 (0.066%) IEC 62304
10 2 (0.066%) MISRA C
10 2 (0.066%) NIST
10 2 (0.066%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.033%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 784 (25.96%) Docker
2 73 (2.42%) VMware Infrastructure
3 68 (2.25%) Active Directory
4 39 (1.29%) vSphere
5 17 (0.56%) Postfix
6 14 (0.46%) VirtualBox
7 11 (0.36%) Hyper-V
8 9 (0.30%) Firmware
9 8 (0.26%) KVM
9 8 (0.26%) XenApp
9 8 (0.26%) XenDesktop
10 5 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
10 5 (0.17%) Xen
11 4 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 4 (0.13%) HDFS
11 4 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
12 3 (0.099%) Virtual Desktop
13 2 (0.066%) GlusterFS
14 1 (0.033%) iptables
14 1 (0.033%) QEMU
Systems Management
1 676 (22.38%) Kubernetes
2 635 (21.03%) Terraform
3 369 (12.22%) Puppet
4 354 (11.72%) Ansible
5 295 (9.77%) Opscode Chef
6 63 (2.09%) Prometheus
7 48 (1.59%) Grafana
8 38 (1.26%) Docker Swarm
9 36 (1.19%) Packer
10 35 (1.16%) Rancher
11 29 (0.96%) Nagios
12 26 (0.86%) Graphite
13 25 (0.83%) Kibana
14 24 (0.79%) Consul
14 24 (0.79%) Graylog
15 14 (0.46%) ZABBIX
16 9 (0.30%) HAProxy
17 8 (0.26%) Failover Clustering
18 7 (0.23%) QRadar
18 7 (0.23%) Salt
Vendors
1 500 (16.56%) Microsoft
2 233 (7.72%) Oracle
3 199 (6.59%) Google
4 125 (4.14%) EnterpriseDB
5 96 (3.18%) VMware
6 70 (2.32%) Adobe
7 68 (2.25%) Salesforce.com
8 56 (1.85%) Atlassian
8 56 (1.85%) IBM
8 56 (1.85%) Nintex
9 54 (1.79%) Red Hat
10 52 (1.72%) Databricks
11 47 (1.56%) SAP
12 39 (1.29%) Splunk
13 30 (0.99%) Xamarin
14 25 (0.83%) Apple
15 22 (0.73%) Dell
15 22 (0.73%) WSO2
16 20 (0.66%) MuleSoft
16 20 (0.66%) TIBCO