Period
to 19 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 19 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
19 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 40 54 64
Rank change year-on-year +14 +10 +10
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 10,043 9,522 9,025
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.77% 5.36% 4.44%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.36% 5.91% 4.93%
Number of salaries quoted 7,840 7,685 7,855
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +3.09% +7.78% -

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 157,849 161,235 182,922
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 90.67% 90.75% 90.02%
Number of salaries quoted 126,086 129,822 152,126
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,056 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.92% +3.28% -
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.19%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 19 July 2018.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 19 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +12 9,364 £55,000 - 1,323
UK excluding London +19 5,601 £50,000 +3.09% 863
London -6 4,299 £67,500 +3.85% 549
North of England +11 1,590 £50,000 +5.26% 273
South East +10 1,576 £50,000 - 198
North West +17 1,016 £50,000 +5.26% 174
South West +12 722 £46,500 +3.33% 96
Midlands +12 599 £47,500 - 103
East of England +33 573 £52,500 +5.00% 104
Yorkshire +3 487 £50,000 - 80
Scotland +8 415 £45,000 +12.50% 53
West Midlands +23 355 £47,500 - 66
East Midlands +17 244 £46,000 +2.22% 37
Wales +18 108 £42,500 -5.56% 22
North East +11 90 £45,000 +28.57% 19
Northern Ireland +21 36 £47,500 +8.57% 14

For the 6 months to 19 July 2018, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 7,022 (69.92%) Agile Software Development
2 3,992 (39.75%) TDD
3 3,838 (38.22%) Java
4 3,482 (34.67%) DevOps
5 3,458 (34.43%) C#
6 3,167 (31.53%) JavaScript
7 3,145 (31.32%) Scrum
8 3,014 (30.01%) .NET
9 2,923 (29.10%) Jenkins
10 2,912 (29.00%) Amazon AWS
11 2,894 (28.82%) Test Automation
12 2,683 (26.72%) SQL
13 2,472 (24.61%) Git (software)
14 2,374 (23.64%) Software Engineering
15 2,323 (23.13%) Python
16 2,271 (22.61%) Linux
17 2,235 (22.25%) Finance
18 2,055 (20.46%) SQL Server
19 2,029 (20.20%) BDD
20 1,986 (19.77%) AngularJS
21 1,931 (19.23%) Docker
22 1,924 (19.16%) Microsoft Azure
23 1,865 (18.57%) HTML
24 1,806 (17.98%) Web Services
25 1,719 (17.12%) MVC
26 1,715 (17.08%) CSS
27 1,585 (15.78%) Microservices
28 1,500 (14.94%) RESTful
29 1,377 (13.71%) Degree
30 1,358 (13.52%) Ansible

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 351 (3.49%) Apache
2 337 (3.36%) Confluence
3 315 (3.14%) Elasticsearch
4 277 (2.76%) Apache Spark
5 242 (2.41%) CMS
6 192 (1.91%) Tomcat
7 174 (1.73%) IIS
8 153 (1.52%) nginx
9 138 (1.37%) SharePoint
10 132 (1.31%) OpenStack
11 130 (1.29%) JBoss
12 98 (0.98%) Apache Solr
13 97 (0.97%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 91 (0.91%) WebSphere
15 86 (0.86%) WebLogic
16 76 (0.76%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 64 (0.64%) Drupal
17 64 (0.64%) Umbraco
18 58 (0.58%) MQSeries
19 51 (0.51%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 121 (1.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 30 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 10 (0.100%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.060%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.050%) Adobe Premiere
5 5 (0.050%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.030%) InVision
6 3 (0.030%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.020%) FrameMaker
7 2 (0.020%) Mingle
7 2 (0.020%) RoboHelp
7 2 (0.020%) Simulink
8 1 (0.010%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.010%) Blender
8 1 (0.010%) Fireworks
8 1 (0.010%) GIMP
8 1 (0.010%) Weka
Business Applications
1 79 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 49 (0.49%) thinkFolio
3 46 (0.46%) Payment Gateway
4 44 (0.44%) Eagle PACE
4 44 (0.44%) Front Arena
5 30 (0.30%) Distributed Ledger
6 28 (0.28%) Magento
7 20 (0.20%) Bloomberg AIM
8 15 (0.15%) Markit EDM
9 12 (0.12%) Ripple
10 11 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 9 (0.090%) BusinessWorks
12 8 (0.080%) Dynamics AX
13 7 (0.070%) Oracle EBS R12
14 6 (0.060%) Sentinel
15 5 (0.050%) Dynamics NAV
15 5 (0.050%) LatentZero
15 5 (0.050%) Oracle Retail
16 4 (0.040%) ION MarketView
16 4 (0.040%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 2,912 (29.00%) Amazon AWS
2 1,924 (19.16%) Microsoft Azure
3 555 (5.53%) Google Cloud Platform
4 553 (5.51%) GitHub
5 333 (3.32%) SaaS
6 290 (2.89%) Serverless
7 247 (2.46%) PaaS
8 214 (2.13%) Amazon EC2
9 205 (2.04%) IaaS
10 186 (1.85%) AWS CloudFormation
11 184 (1.83%) Cloud Computing
12 183 (1.82%) Amazon S3
13 130 (1.29%) AWS Lambda
14 116 (1.16%) OpenShift
15 112 (1.12%) npm
16 90 (0.90%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 90 (0.90%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 73 (0.73%) Slack
18 69 (0.69%) NuGet
19 65 (0.65%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 345 (3.44%) Internet
2 335 (3.34%) HTTP
3 195 (1.94%) DNS
4 189 (1.88%) Firewall
5 180 (1.79%) TCP/IP
6 86 (0.86%) Hyperconnected
7 70 (0.70%) SSL
8 65 (0.65%) Broadband
9 64 (0.64%) VPN
10 63 (0.63%) WAN
11 60 (0.60%) LAN
12 53 (0.53%) Network Security
13 52 (0.52%) Wireless
14 48 (0.48%) DHCP
15 44 (0.44%) SAN
16 42 (0.42%) SMS
17 37 (0.37%) SSH
18 35 (0.35%) Wireshark
19 31 (0.31%) NAS
20 27 (0.27%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,055 (20.46%) SQL Server
2 1,137 (11.32%) NoSQL
3 717 (7.14%) MySQL
4 609 (6.06%) Big Data
5 578 (5.76%) MongoDB
6 573 (5.71%) SQL Server 2016
7 556 (5.54%) Relational Database
8 549 (5.47%) PostgreSQL
9 386 (3.84%) Apache Cassandra
10 377 (3.75%) Hadoop
11 247 (2.46%) Redis
12 178 (1.77%) RDBMS
13 171 (1.70%) Data Warehouse
14 168 (1.67%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 168 (1.67%) Oracle Database
15 162 (1.61%) Blockchain
16 148 (1.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 119 (1.18%) Neo4j
18 117 (1.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 109 (1.09%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 2,923 (29.10%) Jenkins
2 2,472 (24.61%) Git (software)
3 1,320 (13.14%) Selenium
4 961 (9.57%) JIRA
5 856 (8.52%) TeamCity
6 712 (7.09%) Cucumber
7 686 (6.83%) Subversion
8 682 (6.79%) Team Foundation Server
9 656 (6.53%) Maven
10 625 (6.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 586 (5.83%) JUnit
12 515 (5.13%) NUnit
13 465 (4.63%) Octopus Deploy
14 406 (4.04%) Visual Studio
15 368 (3.66%) Jasmine
16 352 (3.50%) Vagrant
17 311 (3.10%) MSTest
18 301 (3.00%) SpecFlow
19 297 (2.96%) WebDriver
20 287 (2.86%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 2,235 (22.25%) Finance
2 623 (6.20%) Banking
3 538 (5.36%) Retail
4 432 (4.30%) Marketing
5 363 (3.61%) Games
6 292 (2.91%) Telecoms
7 272 (2.71%) Advertising
8 251 (2.50%) Front Office
9 164 (1.63%) Investment Banking
10 138 (1.37%) Manufacturing
11 110 (1.10%) Electronics
12 106 (1.06%) Financial Institution
13 101 (1.01%) Law
14 87 (0.87%) Back Office
15 67 (0.67%) Publishing
16 53 (0.53%) Legal
17 46 (0.46%) Military
18 40 (0.40%) Multimedia
19 37 (0.37%) Music Industry
20 34 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 4,697 (46.77%) Developer
2 1,349 (13.43%) .NET Developer
3 1,210 (12.05%) DevOps Engineer
4 1,193 (11.88%) C# Developer
5 1,126 (11.21%) Java Developer
6 1,069 (10.64%) Software Engineer
7 979 (9.75%) Senior Developer
8 876 (8.72%) C# .NET Developer
9 683 (6.80%) Software Developer
10 479 (4.77%) Java Engineer
11 426 (4.24%) Architect
12 391 (3.89%) Test Engineer
13 364 (3.62%) Lead Developer
14 336 (3.35%) JavaScript Developer
15 318 (3.17%) AWS Engineer
16 314 (3.13%) Senior Software Engineer
17 308 (3.07%) ASP.NET Developer
18 305 (3.04%) Senior Java Developer
19 300 (2.99%) Tester
20 299 (2.98%) C# ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,014 (30.01%) .NET
2 1,986 (19.77%) AngularJS
3 1,865 (18.57%) HTML
4 1,806 (17.98%) Web Services
5 1,715 (17.08%) CSS
6 1,500 (14.94%) RESTful
7 1,341 (13.35%) ASP.NET
8 1,138 (11.33%) REST
9 1,066 (10.61%) React
10 957 (9.53%) ASP.NET MVC
10 957 (9.53%) ASP.NET Web API
11 928 (9.24%) Spring
12 889 (8.85%) Node.js
13 809 (8.06%) HTML5
14 764 (7.61%) jQuery
15 613 (6.10%) .NET Framework
16 609 (6.06%) XML
17 572 (5.70%) SOAP
18 539 (5.37%) JSON
18 539 (5.37%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 899 (8.95%) Computer Science
2 739 (7.36%) Greenfield Project
3 684 (6.81%) Analytical Skills
4 671 (6.68%) User Experience
5 469 (4.67%) Mobile App
6 448 (4.46%) Fintech
7 400 (3.98%) Enterprise Software
8 301 (3.00%) Self-Motivation
9 278 (2.77%) Algorithms
10 231 (2.30%) Linux Command Line
11 230 (2.29%) Public Cloud
12 227 (2.26%) Data Structures
13 151 (1.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 145 (1.44%) Equities
15 142 (1.41%) Hedge funds
16 136 (1.35%) Management Information System
17 126 (1.25%) Virtual Team
18 110 (1.10%) Fixed Income
19 98 (0.98%) Blog
20 95 (0.95%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 2,271 (22.61%) Linux
2 1,218 (12.13%) Windows
3 676 (6.73%) Unix
4 370 (3.68%) Apple iOS
5 356 (3.54%) Android
6 162 (1.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 157 (1.56%) Windows Server
8 119 (1.18%) Ubuntu
9 106 (1.06%) CentOS
10 52 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
11 47 (0.47%) Debian
12 46 (0.46%) CoreOS
13 35 (0.35%) VMS
14 31 (0.31%) Solaris
15 26 (0.26%) Mac OS X
16 23 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
16 23 (0.23%) Fedora
16 23 (0.23%) Nucleus RTOS
17 22 (0.22%) Mac OS
18 18 (0.18%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,022 (69.92%) Agile Software Development
2 3,992 (39.75%) TDD
3 3,482 (34.67%) DevOps
4 3,145 (31.32%) Scrum
5 2,894 (28.82%) Test Automation
6 2,374 (23.64%) Software Engineering
7 2,029 (20.20%) BDD
8 1,719 (17.12%) MVC
9 1,585 (15.78%) Microservices
10 1,357 (13.51%) Continuous Delivery
11 1,325 (13.19%) OO
12 1,294 (12.88%) Problem-Solving
13 1,207 (12.02%) Kanban
14 1,101 (10.96%) Unit Testing
15 1,100 (10.95%) Configuration Management
16 1,084 (10.79%) SDLC
17 987 (9.83%) Open Source
18 971 (9.67%) Continuous Deployment
19 916 (9.12%) Mentoring
20 768 (7.65%) Dependency Injection
Programming Languages
1 3,838 (38.22%) Java
2 3,458 (34.43%) C#
3 3,167 (31.53%) JavaScript
4 2,683 (26.72%) SQL
5 2,323 (23.13%) Python
6 1,009 (10.05%) Ruby
7 760 (7.57%) Bash Shell
8 705 (7.02%) PowerShell
9 695 (6.92%) C++
10 557 (5.55%) PHP
11 515 (5.13%) Scala
12 458 (4.56%) Java 8
13 434 (4.32%) T-SQL
14 432 (4.30%) C
15 358 (3.56%) Go
16 326 (3.25%) Perl
17 308 (3.07%) Shell Script
18 209 (2.08%) TypeScript
19 160 (1.59%) Groovy
19 160 (1.59%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,377 (13.71%) Degree
2 451 (4.49%) Computer Science Degree
3 416 (4.14%) Security Cleared
4 203 (2.02%) SC Cleared
5 184 (1.83%) DV Cleared
6 128 (1.27%) ISTQB
7 79 (0.79%) Numerate Degree
8 75 (0.75%) Master's Degree
9 66 (0.66%) AWS Certification
10 60 (0.60%) ISEB
11 42 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
12 38 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 29 (0.29%) MCPD
14 24 (0.24%) RHCSA
14 24 (0.24%) Sun Certification
15 21 (0.21%) PMI Certification
15 21 (0.21%) RHCE
16 17 (0.17%) CISSP
17 15 (0.15%) PMP
17 15 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,026 (10.22%) QA
2 230 (2.29%) GCP
3 56 (0.56%) PCI DSS
4 37 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 29 (0.29%) GDPR
6 22 (0.22%) Data Quality
6 22 (0.22%) SLA
6 22 (0.22%) WCAG
7 17 (0.17%) ISO 9001
8 11 (0.11%) MISRA
9 9 (0.090%) Disclosure Scotland
10 6 (0.060%) Cyber Essentials
10 6 (0.060%) ISO 14001
10 6 (0.060%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 6 (0.060%) SEPA
11 5 (0.050%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 5 (0.050%) MiFID
11 5 (0.050%) Web Application Security Consortium
12 4 (0.040%) DICOM
12 4 (0.040%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 1,931 (19.23%) Docker
2 286 (2.85%) VMware Infrastructure
3 257 (2.56%) Active Directory
4 135 (1.34%) Hyper-V
5 96 (0.96%) VirtualBox
6 94 (0.94%) Virtual Machines
7 88 (0.88%) Xen
8 86 (0.86%) vSphere
9 67 (0.67%) HDFS
10 54 (0.54%) Apache Flume
10 54 (0.54%) KVM
11 42 (0.42%) Firmware
12 36 (0.36%) XenServer
13 32 (0.32%) Virtual Servers
14 30 (0.30%) oVirt
14 30 (0.30%) RHEV
14 30 (0.30%) Virtual Desktop
15 25 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
16 19 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 19 (0.19%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1,358 (13.52%) Ansible
2 1,288 (12.82%) Puppet
3 1,148 (11.43%) Opscode Chef
4 949 (9.45%) Terraform
5 845 (8.41%) Kubernetes
6 241 (2.40%) Nagios
7 166 (1.65%) Packer
8 144 (1.43%) Salt
9 136 (1.35%) Docker Swarm
10 123 (1.22%) Consul
11 102 (1.02%) ZABBIX
12 91 (0.91%) Graphite
13 76 (0.76%) Grafana
14 75 (0.75%) Rundeck
15 68 (0.68%) Kibana
16 50 (0.50%) Icinga
17 47 (0.47%) HAProxy
18 42 (0.42%) Cobbler
18 42 (0.42%) Hadoop YARN
19 41 (0.41%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 1,300 (12.94%) Microsoft
2 750 (7.47%) Oracle
3 668 (6.65%) Google
4 363 (3.61%) VMware
5 264 (2.63%) Splunk
6 200 (1.99%) Atlassian
7 192 (1.91%) IBM
8 191 (1.90%) Facebook
8 191 (1.90%) Red Hat
9 173 (1.72%) SAP
10 150 (1.49%) AppDynamics
11 146 (1.45%) Xamarin
12 140 (1.39%) Cloudera
13 134 (1.33%) New Relic
14 104 (1.04%) WorldPay
15 102 (1.02%) Adobe
16 100 (1.00%) ServiceNow
17 98 (0.98%) Hortonworks
18 93 (0.93%) Salesforce.com
19 90 (0.90%) Twitter