Period
to 25 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 25 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
25 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 59 46 43
Rank change year-on-year -13 -3 +11
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 4,185 7,576 9,854
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.54% 5.22% 5.67%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.92% 5.66% 6.14%
Number of salaries quoted 3,521 5,878 8,006
Median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +2.04%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 85,057 133,895 160,542
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.23% 92.27% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 67,499 104,899 129,205
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 25 May 2020.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -11 3,802 £60,000 - 297
UK excluding London -9 2,190 £52,500 +5.00% 220
London -5 1,899 £70,000 - 95
South East -5 633 £57,500 +4.55% 52
North of England -8 569 £50,000 - 71
North West -16 305 £51,880 -1.18% 38
Work from Home +14 282 £57,500 +4.55% 34
South West -18 278 £50,000 +5.26% 39
Midlands -13 238 £55,000 +15.79% 18
Yorkshire +9 233 £50,000 +11.11% 18
East of England +19 197 £57,500 +15.00% 22
Scotland -7 172 £46,000 -8.00% 6
West Midlands +5 168 £55,747 +11.49% 14
Wales +22 82 £45,000 +11.80% 8
East Midlands -35 67 £45,000 - 4
Northern Ireland +10 42 £45,000 -10.00% 3
North East -4 32 £42,500 -5.56% 15
Channel Islands - 2 £65,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 25 May 2020, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 2,821 (67.41%) Agile Software Development
2 1,591 (38.02%) DevOps
3 1,397 (33.38%) TDD
4 1,333 (31.85%) Java
5 1,304 (31.16%) JavaScript
6 1,239 (29.61%) Scrum
7 1,237 (29.56%) C#
8 1,235 (29.51%) Azure
9 1,214 (29.01%) AWS
10 1,154 (27.57%) .NET
11 1,126 (26.91%) Test Automation
12 1,103 (26.36%) Jenkins
13 1,048 (25.04%) Python
14 1,043 (24.92%) Git (software)
15 970 (23.18%) SQL
16 932 (22.27%) Software Engineering
17 872 (20.84%) Finance
18 839 (20.05%) Docker
19 838 (20.02%) Continuous Delivery
20 787 (18.81%) Microservices
21 723 (17.28%) BDD
22 710 (16.97%) HTML
23 705 (16.85%) SQL Server
24 695 (16.61%) AngularJS
25 667 (15.94%) CSS
26 663 (15.84%) Linux
27 637 (15.22%) Kubernetes
28 597 (14.27%) Microsoft
29 553 (13.21%) JIRA
30 543 (12.97%) Web Services

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 284 (6.79%) Confluence
2 137 (3.27%) Elasticsearch
3 128 (3.06%) Apache Spark
4 118 (2.82%) IIS
5 101 (2.41%) CMS
6 99 (2.37%) Apache
7 93 (2.22%) Tomcat
8 58 (1.39%) nginx
9 34 (0.81%) BizTalk Server
9 34 (0.81%) OpenStack
10 33 (0.79%) SharePoint
11 29 (0.69%) WebSphere
12 26 (0.62%) Umbraco
13 22 (0.53%) JBoss
13 22 (0.53%) Sitecore CMS
14 21 (0.50%) EPiServer
15 20 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 17 (0.41%) Apache Solr
16 17 (0.41%) WebLogic
17 16 (0.38%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 27 (0.65%) Sketch
2 20 (0.48%) Photoshop
3 13 (0.31%) Chatbot
3 13 (0.31%) InVision
4 10 (0.24%) Zeplin
5 8 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
6 5 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
7 4 (0.096%) Microsoft Project
7 4 (0.096%) MS Visio
8 3 (0.072%) Adobe XD
9 2 (0.048%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.024%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 27 (0.65%) SAP Hybris
2 25 (0.60%) SAP S/4HANA
3 21 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
4 12 (0.29%) Magento
5 9 (0.22%) BusinessWorks
6 8 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
7 6 (0.14%) HFM
7 6 (0.14%) Oracle FAH
7 6 (0.14%) WebTrends
8 5 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
9 3 (0.072%) R3 Corda
9 3 (0.072%) Remedy ITSM
9 3 (0.072%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 3 (0.072%) Sentinel
9 3 (0.072%) Shopify
10 2 (0.048%) Maximo
10 2 (0.048%) Oracle EBS
10 2 (0.048%) Oracle General Ledger
10 2 (0.048%) thinkFolio
10 2 (0.048%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 1,235 (29.51%) Azure
2 1,214 (29.01%) AWS
3 351 (8.39%) GCP
4 308 (7.36%) Serverless
5 222 (5.30%) SaaS
6 209 (4.99%) GitHub
7 173 (4.13%) AWS Lambda
8 143 (3.42%) PaaS
9 140 (3.35%) Amazon EC2
10 120 (2.87%) Power Platform
11 101 (2.41%) AWS CloudFormation
12 100 (2.39%) Cloud Computing
13 93 (2.22%) Amazon S3
14 89 (2.13%) IaaS
15 77 (1.84%) Azure Functions
16 72 (1.72%) OpenShift
17 56 (1.34%) Amazon SQS
18 54 (1.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 54 (1.29%) Amazon ECS
19 49 (1.17%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 104 (2.49%) HTTP
2 98 (2.34%) Firewall
3 72 (1.72%) Internet
4 61 (1.46%) TCP/IP
5 36 (0.86%) SSL
6 25 (0.60%) Skype
7 24 (0.57%) DNS
8 22 (0.53%) VPN
9 21 (0.50%) Broadband
9 21 (0.50%) WAN
10 19 (0.45%) Wireless
11 18 (0.43%) LAN
12 17 (0.41%) Network Security
13 15 (0.36%) Bluetooth
14 11 (0.26%) SAN
15 10 (0.24%) FTP
15 10 (0.24%) HTTPS
16 9 (0.22%) 3GPP
16 9 (0.22%) ZigBee
17 8 (0.19%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 705 (16.85%) SQL Server
2 382 (9.13%) NoSQL
3 211 (5.04%) PostgreSQL
4 207 (4.95%) Big Data
5 206 (4.92%) MySQL
6 185 (4.42%) MongoDB
7 180 (4.30%) Relational Database
8 117 (2.80%) Hadoop
9 113 (2.70%) Data Warehouse
10 112 (2.68%) Power BI
11 92 (2.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 79 (1.89%) Amazon RDS
13 78 (1.86%) Redis
14 74 (1.77%) Cosmos DB
15 72 (1.72%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 68 (1.62%) Data Lake
17 67 (1.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 65 (1.55%) Azure SQL Database
19 63 (1.51%) Amazon Redshift
20 62 (1.48%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,103 (26.36%) Jenkins
2 1,043 (24.92%) Git (software)
3 553 (13.21%) JIRA
4 395 (9.44%) Selenium
5 313 (7.48%) Cucumber
6 284 (6.79%) TeamCity
7 245 (5.85%) Maven
8 205 (4.90%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 185 (4.42%) JUnit
10 168 (4.01%) Bitbucket
11 166 (3.97%) Visual Studio
12 161 (3.85%) Octopus Deploy
13 160 (3.82%) Subversion
14 146 (3.49%) Team Foundation Server
15 126 (3.01%) GitLab
16 125 (2.99%) SoapUI
17 104 (2.49%) WebDriver
18 103 (2.46%) webpack
19 101 (2.41%) SonarQube
19 101 (2.41%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 872 (20.84%) Finance
2 282 (6.74%) Banking
3 246 (5.88%) Retail
4 141 (3.37%) Public Sector
5 138 (3.30%) Games
6 127 (3.03%) Marketing
7 73 (1.74%) Telecoms
8 61 (1.46%) Front Office
9 58 (1.39%) Legal
10 42 (1.00%) Back Office
11 40 (0.96%) Manufacturing
12 38 (0.91%) Electronics
13 32 (0.76%) Investment Banking
14 27 (0.65%) Automotive
15 25 (0.60%) Financial Institution
16 24 (0.57%) Publishing
17 22 (0.53%) Law
18 17 (0.41%) Retail Banking
19 15 (0.36%) Aerospace
20 13 (0.31%) Military
Job Titles
1 1,902 (45.45%) Developer
2 528 (12.62%) DevOps Engineer
3 458 (10.94%) Senior Developer
4 428 (10.23%) Java Developer
5 406 (9.70%) Software Engineer
6 332 (7.93%) .NET Developer
7 273 (6.52%) C# Developer
8 247 (5.90%) Software Developer
9 195 (4.66%) Architect
10 182 (4.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 176 (4.21%) Full Stack Developer
12 171 (4.09%) C# .NET Developer
13 160 (3.82%) JavaScript Developer
14 137 (3.27%) Platform Engineer
15 126 (3.01%) Senior Java Developer
16 122 (2.92%) AWS Engineer
17 111 (2.65%) QA Engineer
18 110 (2.63%) Lead Developer
19 109 (2.60%) Junior
20 107 (2.56%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,154 (27.57%) .NET
2 710 (16.97%) HTML
3 695 (16.61%) AngularJS
4 667 (15.94%) CSS
5 543 (12.97%) Web Services
6 531 (12.69%) React
7 506 (12.09%) REST
8 487 (11.64%) Node.js
9 467 (11.16%) RESTful
10 429 (10.25%) Spring
11 354 (8.46%) HTML5
12 334 (7.98%) ASP.NET
13 309 (7.38%) .NET Framework
14 302 (7.22%) .NET Core
15 233 (5.57%) XML
16 225 (5.38%) ASP.NET Web API
17 222 (5.30%) CSS3
18 211 (5.04%) JSON
19 198 (4.73%) SOAP
20 189 (4.52%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 334 (7.98%) User Experience
2 252 (6.02%) Analytical Skills
3 234 (5.59%) Mobile App
4 212 (5.07%) Greenfield Project
5 131 (3.13%) Public Cloud
6 127 (3.03%) Enterprise Software
7 107 (2.56%) Cloud Native
8 103 (2.46%) Self-Motivation
9 81 (1.94%) Blog
10 74 (1.77%) Data Structures
11 62 (1.48%) Algorithms
12 49 (1.17%) Virtual Team
13 39 (0.93%) Hybrid Cloud
14 38 (0.91%) Animation
15 37 (0.88%) N-Tier
16 35 (0.84%) Hedge funds
17 34 (0.81%) iPad
18 32 (0.76%) Data Centre
19 30 (0.72%) Management Information System
20 28 (0.67%) Acoustics
Operating Systems
1 663 (15.84%) Linux
2 400 (9.56%) Windows
3 225 (5.38%) Unix
4 206 (4.92%) Apple iOS
5 172 (4.11%) Android
6 100 (2.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 76 (1.82%) Windows Server
8 71 (1.70%) CentOS
9 32 (0.76%) Ubuntu
10 21 (0.50%) Windows Server 2012
11 16 (0.38%) CoreOS
11 16 (0.38%) Debian
12 13 (0.31%) Windows Server 2019
13 12 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
14 10 (0.24%) Mac OS
15 9 (0.22%) Mac OS X
15 9 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
16 7 (0.17%) FreeNAS
16 7 (0.17%) Windows 10
16 7 (0.17%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,821 (67.41%) Agile Software Development
2 1,591 (38.02%) DevOps
3 1,397 (33.38%) TDD
4 1,239 (29.61%) Scrum
5 1,126 (26.91%) Test Automation
6 932 (22.27%) Software Engineering
7 838 (20.02%) Continuous Delivery
8 787 (18.81%) Microservices
9 723 (17.28%) BDD
10 499 (11.92%) Unit Testing
11 476 (11.37%) Problem-Solving
12 456 (10.90%) Kanban
13 407 (9.73%) Continuous Deployment
14 400 (9.56%) Configuration Management
15 391 (9.34%) Mentoring
16 383 (9.15%) MVC
17 382 (9.13%) OO
18 345 (8.24%) SDLC
19 310 (7.41%) Open Source
20 307 (7.34%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,333 (31.85%) Java
2 1,304 (31.16%) JavaScript
3 1,237 (29.56%) C#
4 1,048 (25.04%) Python
5 970 (23.18%) SQL
6 286 (6.83%) TypeScript
7 278 (6.64%) PowerShell
8 267 (6.38%) Ruby
9 263 (6.28%) Bash Shell
10 239 (5.71%) C++
11 206 (4.92%) PHP
12 172 (4.11%) C
13 160 (3.82%) Kotlin
14 158 (3.78%) Java 8
15 151 (3.61%) T-SQL
16 146 (3.49%) Scala
17 138 (3.30%) Go
18 97 (2.32%) Apple Swift
19 88 (2.10%) PL/SQL
19 88 (2.10%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 373 (8.91%) Degree
2 195 (4.66%) Security Cleared
3 150 (3.58%) Computer Science Degree
3 150 (3.58%) SC Cleared
4 69 (1.65%) ISTQB
5 51 (1.22%) ISEB
6 44 (1.05%) DV Cleared
7 42 (1.00%) AWS Certification
8 25 (0.60%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 24 (0.57%) Microsoft Certification
10 23 (0.55%) TOGAF Certification
11 9 (0.22%) RHCE
12 8 (0.19%) CISSP
12 8 (0.19%) HND
12 8 (0.19%) Master's Degree
12 8 (0.19%) PhD
13 7 (0.17%) ITIL Certification
13 7 (0.17%) MCP
13 7 (0.17%) Postgraduate
14 6 (0.14%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 484 (11.57%) QA
2 19 (0.45%) Data Quality
3 16 (0.38%) GDPR
4 11 (0.26%) PCI DSS
5 10 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 7 (0.17%) PMBOK
7 5 (0.12%) SLA
8 4 (0.096%) ISO 9001
8 4 (0.096%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 3 (0.072%) Cyber Essentials
9 3 (0.072%) HL7
9 3 (0.072%) PMO
10 2 (0.048%) IEC 62304
10 2 (0.048%) ISO 9000
11 1 (0.024%) BS25999
11 1 (0.024%) CDISC
11 1 (0.024%) JTAG
11 1 (0.024%) MISRA
11 1 (0.024%) WAI
System Software
1 839 (20.05%) Docker
2 87 (2.08%) VMware Infrastructure
3 60 (1.43%) Active Directory
4 46 (1.10%) VirtualBox
5 39 (0.93%) vSphere
6 22 (0.53%) Hyper-V
6 22 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
7 21 (0.50%) Firmware
8 19 (0.45%) Postfix
9 17 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 13 (0.31%) KVM
11 10 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
12 8 (0.19%) HDFS
13 6 (0.14%) oVirt
13 6 (0.14%) RHEV
14 5 (0.12%) GlusterFS
14 5 (0.12%) Terminal Services
14 5 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
15 4 (0.096%) vCloud
16 3 (0.072%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 637 (15.22%) Kubernetes
2 495 (11.83%) Terraform
3 468 (11.18%) Ansible
4 302 (7.22%) Puppet
5 265 (6.33%) Opscode Chef
6 89 (2.13%) Docker Swarm
7 79 (1.89%) Packer
8 76 (1.82%) Prometheus
9 65 (1.55%) Grafana
10 46 (1.10%) Kibana
11 43 (1.03%) Consul
12 40 (0.96%) Nagios
13 38 (0.91%) Rancher
14 36 (0.86%) HP ALM
15 32 (0.76%) Graphite
16 17 (0.41%) ZABBIX
17 16 (0.38%) Salt
18 14 (0.33%) Cobbler
19 13 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
20 10 (0.24%) Oracle Identity Management
Vendors
1 597 (14.27%) Microsoft
2 284 (6.79%) Oracle
3 270 (6.45%) Google
4 117 (2.80%) VMware
5 100 (2.39%) Red Hat
6 91 (2.17%) IBM
7 76 (1.82%) Tableau
8 71 (1.70%) SAP
9 70 (1.67%) Atlassian
10 59 (1.41%) Hortonworks
10 59 (1.41%) Splunk
11 51 (1.22%) HP
12 47 (1.12%) Cloudera
13 44 (1.05%) Salesforce.com
14 41 (0.98%) CA
15 38 (0.91%) hybris
16 36 (0.86%) Delphix
17 32 (0.76%) Talend
18 31 (0.74%) Sitecore
19 30 (0.72%) Adobe