Period
to 17 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 17 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
17 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 59 57 44
Rank change year-on-year -2 -13 -1
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 3,794 5,093 7,944
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.51% 4.58% 5.34%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.88% 4.97% 5.79%
Number of salaries quoted 2,880 3,957 5,971
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £45,000 £44,375
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £78,750 £76,000 £75,950
90th Percentile £88,750 £88,750 £91,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 77,807 102,415 137,251
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.47% 92.18% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 59,817 82,278 109,099
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,900 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.95% +5.56% -

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 17 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 17 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 3,440 £61,000 +1.67% 658
UK excluding London -2 1,919 £52,500 - 423
London +1 1,701 £75,000 +7.14% 286
Work from Home +13 882 £55,000 -2.65% 98
North of England +5 622 £47,500 -5.00% 123
South East -4 468 £55,000 - 91
Yorkshire +12 354 £47,500 -5.00% 42
South West -10 288 £50,500 +1.00% 70
North West -9 247 £52,500 +1.20% 71
Midlands -23 195 £57,500 +9.52% 46
Scotland -17 152 £47,500 - 35
West Midlands -14 147 £62,500 +18.15% 35
East of England -13 127 £57,500 +4.55% 43
East Midlands -20 45 £42,000 -6.67% 11
Wales +3 44 £47,500 +5.56% 15
Northern Ireland -13 28 £42,500 -5.56% 2
North East -11 21 £45,000 +12.50% 10

For the 6 months to 17 April 2021, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 2,444 (64.42%) Agile Software Development
2 1,981 (52.21%) DevOps
3 1,367 (36.03%) Azure
4 1,322 (34.84%) AWS
5 1,148 (30.26%) Git (software)
6 1,106 (29.15%) SQL
7 1,051 (27.70%) Docker
8 1,049 (27.65%) Test Automation
9 1,033 (27.23%) JavaScript
10 1,032 (27.20%) Java
11 1,006 (26.52%) Python
12 955 (25.17%) TDD
13 944 (24.88%) Jenkins
14 884 (23.30%) C#
15 836 (22.03%) Kubernetes
16 835 (22.01%) Microservices
17 830 (21.88%) Software Engineering
18 827 (21.80%) Scrum
19 825 (21.74%) Terraform
20 771 (20.32%) Continuous Delivery
21 746 (19.66%) .NET
22 738 (19.45%) Linux
23 621 (16.37%) Microsoft
24 568 (14.97%) Finance
25 551 (14.52%) React
26 536 (14.13%) CSS
27 507 (13.36%) SQL Server
28 506 (13.34%) BDD
29 490 (12.92%) Infrastructure as Code
30 471 (12.41%) Degree

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 135 (3.56%) SharePoint
2 133 (3.51%) Elasticsearch
3 130 (3.43%) Apache Spark
4 102 (2.69%) nginx
5 95 (2.50%) Confluence
6 75 (1.98%) Apache Airflow
7 71 (1.87%) Apache
8 67 (1.77%) Tomcat
9 60 (1.58%) CMS
10 58 (1.53%) IIS
11 55 (1.45%) JBoss
12 28 (0.74%) OpenStack
13 23 (0.61%) Luigi
14 20 (0.53%) Apache Pig
14 20 (0.53%) Red Hat Fuse
15 18 (0.47%) Apache ServiceMix
16 17 (0.45%) Umbraco
17 13 (0.34%) Apache Solr
17 13 (0.34%) WebSphere
18 12 (0.32%) ejabberd
Applications
1 61 (1.61%) Sketch
2 30 (0.79%) Figma
3 29 (0.76%) Adobe XD
4 28 (0.74%) InVision
5 17 (0.45%) Zeplin
6 16 (0.42%) Chatbot
7 9 (0.24%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 9 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
8 6 (0.16%) Microsoft Excel
8 6 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 5 (0.13%) Simulink
10 4 (0.11%) AutoCAD
11 3 (0.079%) Photoshop
12 2 (0.053%) Spreadsheet
13 1 (0.026%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 94 (2.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.26%) NetSuite
3 8 (0.21%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 7 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
4 7 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
5 4 (0.11%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 4 (0.11%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.053%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.053%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.053%) Oracle Payables
6 2 (0.053%) Oracle Receivables
6 2 (0.053%) SAP Business One
6 2 (0.053%) SAP CRM
6 2 (0.053%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.053%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.053%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.026%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.026%) Magento
7 1 (0.026%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,367 (36.03%) Azure
2 1,322 (34.84%) AWS
3 370 (9.75%) GCP
4 310 (8.17%) Serverless
5 265 (6.98%) SaaS
6 262 (6.91%) PaaS
7 254 (6.69%) GitHub
8 240 (6.33%) AWS CloudFormation
9 132 (3.48%) Azure Active Directory
10 131 (3.45%) AWS Lambda
11 115 (3.03%) Azure Functions
12 110 (2.90%) Power Platform
13 97 (2.56%) Amazon EC2
14 91 (2.40%) IaaS
15 90 (2.37%) Cloud Computing
16 80 (2.11%) Amazon ECS
17 79 (2.08%) Amazon S3
18 64 (1.69%) Azure Data Factory
19 59 (1.56%) Amazon EKS
20 58 (1.53%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 102 (2.69%) HTTP
2 101 (2.66%) Firewall
3 98 (2.58%) TCP/IP
4 64 (1.69%) Internet
5 45 (1.19%) Wireless
6 44 (1.16%) Wireshark
7 43 (1.13%) Broadband
8 41 (1.08%) HTTPS
8 41 (1.08%) Wi-Fi
9 39 (1.03%) MQTT
10 37 (0.98%) 802.11
10 37 (0.98%) Ethernet
10 37 (0.98%) STUN
11 31 (0.82%) VPN
12 20 (0.53%) DNS
13 17 (0.45%) LAN
13 17 (0.45%) VLAN
14 14 (0.37%) BGP
15 13 (0.34%) Diameter Protocol
15 13 (0.34%) Modbus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 507 (13.36%) SQL Server
2 402 (10.60%) NoSQL
3 328 (8.65%) PostgreSQL
4 201 (5.30%) MySQL
5 192 (5.06%) Relational Database
6 184 (4.85%) Big Data
7 167 (4.40%) MongoDB
8 140 (3.69%) Redis
9 107 (2.82%) Azure SQL Database
10 103 (2.71%) Hadoop
11 79 (2.08%) Amazon Redshift
12 75 (1.98%) Cosmos DB
13 69 (1.82%) Data Warehouse
13 69 (1.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 66 (1.74%) Power BI
15 58 (1.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 56 (1.48%) Data Lake
17 54 (1.42%) Amazon Athena
18 52 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 51 (1.34%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 1,148 (30.26%) Git (software)
2 944 (24.88%) Jenkins
3 340 (8.96%) JIRA
4 281 (7.41%) Selenium
5 265 (6.98%) TeamCity
6 209 (5.51%) Cucumber
7 200 (5.27%) Subversion
8 192 (5.06%) GitLab
9 189 (4.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 187 (4.93%) Maven
11 182 (4.80%) Team Foundation Server
12 152 (4.01%) Octopus Deploy
13 151 (3.98%) JUnit
13 151 (3.98%) Visual Studio Team System
14 122 (3.22%) Cypress.io
15 108 (2.85%) Visual Studio
16 105 (2.77%) Vagrant
17 94 (2.48%) Mercurial
18 79 (2.08%) Mockito
19 78 (2.06%) CircleCI
General
1 568 (14.97%) Finance
2 213 (5.61%) Public Sector
3 155 (4.09%) Marketing
4 145 (3.82%) Games
5 128 (3.37%) Banking
5 128 (3.37%) Retail
6 111 (2.93%) Electronics
7 99 (2.61%) Telecoms
8 78 (2.06%) Manufacturing
9 72 (1.90%) Automotive
10 48 (1.27%) Front Office
11 43 (1.13%) Back Office
12 34 (0.90%) Law
13 27 (0.71%) Advertising
14 21 (0.55%) Investment Banking
15 20 (0.53%) Legal
16 19 (0.50%) Aerospace
17 17 (0.45%) Financial Institution
18 13 (0.34%) Billing
18 13 (0.34%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,450 (38.22%) Developer
2 605 (15.95%) DevOps Engineer
3 394 (10.38%) Senior Developer
4 370 (9.75%) Software Engineer
5 336 (8.86%) Java Developer
6 264 (6.96%) .NET Developer
7 256 (6.75%) AWS Engineer
8 243 (6.40%) Platform Engineer
9 233 (6.14%) Full Stack Developer
10 231 (6.09%) C# Developer
11 221 (5.82%) Azure Engineer
12 207 (5.46%) AWS DevOps
13 200 (5.27%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 164 (4.32%) Architect
15 157 (4.14%) Software Developer
16 146 (3.85%) C# .NET Developer
17 144 (3.80%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 142 (3.74%) Azure Developer
19 140 (3.69%) JavaScript Developer
20 127 (3.35%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 746 (19.66%) .NET
2 551 (14.52%) React
3 536 (14.13%) CSS
4 461 (12.15%) AngularJS
5 427 (11.25%) HTML
6 402 (10.60%) RESTful
7 399 (10.52%) Web Services
8 396 (10.44%) .NET Core
9 395 (10.41%) Spring
10 381 (10.04%) Node.js
11 379 (9.99%) REST
12 261 (6.88%) .NET Framework
13 230 (6.06%) jQuery
14 213 (5.61%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 193 (5.09%) ASP.NET
16 192 (5.06%) ASP.NET Web API
17 190 (5.01%) HTML5
18 162 (4.27%) Entity Framework
18 162 (4.27%) Spring Boot
19 159 (4.19%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 262 (6.91%) User Experience
2 217 (5.72%) Analytical Skills
3 205 (5.40%) Mobile App
4 127 (3.35%) N-Tier
5 102 (2.69%) Greenfield Project
6 99 (2.61%) Algorithms
7 96 (2.53%) Self-Motivation
8 93 (2.45%) Enterprise Software
9 85 (2.24%) Data Structures
10 80 (2.11%) Linux Command Line
11 76 (2.00%) Cloud Native
12 46 (1.21%) NHS
13 45 (1.19%) Virtual Team
14 43 (1.13%) Reinsurance
15 41 (1.08%) Hybrid Cloud
16 36 (0.95%) Internet of Things
17 33 (0.87%) Blog
18 31 (0.82%) Management Information System
18 31 (0.82%) Public Cloud
19 30 (0.79%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 738 (19.45%) Linux
2 431 (11.36%) Windows
3 154 (4.06%) Unix
4 134 (3.53%) Android
5 129 (3.40%) Apple iOS
6 96 (2.53%) Windows Server
7 82 (2.16%) CentOS
8 59 (1.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 35 (0.92%) Ubuntu
10 20 (0.53%) Debian
11 15 (0.40%) Embedded Linux
12 12 (0.32%) Windows Server 2016
13 9 (0.24%) CoreOS
13 9 (0.24%) zOS
14 7 (0.18%) VMS
15 6 (0.16%) Mac OS X
16 4 (0.11%) FreeRTOS
17 3 (0.079%) Nucleus RTOS
18 2 (0.053%) Mac OS
18 2 (0.053%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,444 (64.42%) Agile Software Development
2 1,981 (52.21%) DevOps
3 1,049 (27.65%) Test Automation
4 955 (25.17%) TDD
5 835 (22.01%) Microservices
6 830 (21.88%) Software Engineering
7 827 (21.80%) Scrum
8 771 (20.32%) Continuous Delivery
9 506 (13.34%) BDD
10 490 (12.92%) Infrastructure as Code
11 468 (12.34%) Mentoring
12 428 (11.28%) OO
13 417 (10.99%) Deployment Automation
14 386 (10.17%) Migration
15 357 (9.41%) SDLC
16 351 (9.25%) Problem-Solving
17 346 (9.12%) Configuration Management
18 330 (8.70%) Computer Science
19 326 (8.59%) Unit Testing
20 320 (8.43%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 1,106 (29.15%) SQL
2 1,033 (27.23%) JavaScript
3 1,032 (27.20%) Java
4 1,006 (26.52%) Python
5 884 (23.30%) C#
6 333 (8.78%) PowerShell
7 255 (6.72%) C++
8 251 (6.62%) TypeScript
9 212 (5.59%) Bash Shell
10 191 (5.03%) Ruby
11 183 (4.82%) C
12 170 (4.48%) T-SQL
13 128 (3.37%) Java 8
14 125 (3.29%) Go
15 116 (3.06%) PHP
16 104 (2.74%) Kotlin
17 79 (2.08%) Scala
18 77 (2.03%) Groovy
19 50 (1.32%) ES6
20 49 (1.29%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 471 (12.41%) Degree
2 291 (7.67%) Security Cleared
3 223 (5.88%) SC Cleared
4 158 (4.16%) Computer Science Degree
5 55 (1.45%) AWS Certification
6 46 (1.21%) ISTQB
7 37 (0.98%) DV Cleared
8 28 (0.74%) ISEB
9 25 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
10 24 (0.63%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 21 (0.55%) BPSS Clearance
12 19 (0.50%) SANS
13 14 (0.37%) RHCE
13 14 (0.37%) RHCSA
14 11 (0.29%) PhD
15 7 (0.18%) Master's Degree
16 6 (0.16%) DBS Check
16 6 (0.16%) ISEB Practitioner
17 5 (0.13%) HNC
17 5 (0.13%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 320 (8.43%) QA
2 27 (0.71%) GDPR
3 21 (0.55%) WCAG
4 19 (0.50%) Data Quality
5 14 (0.37%) MISRA
6 11 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 9 (0.24%) PCI DSS
8 6 (0.16%) MiFID
8 6 (0.16%) SLA
9 5 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
9 5 (0.13%) EMIR
9 5 (0.13%) ISO 26262
9 5 (0.13%) NIST
10 4 (0.11%) Def Stans
10 4 (0.11%) IEC 61508
10 4 (0.11%) IEC 62304
10 4 (0.11%) ISO 9001
10 4 (0.11%) MISRA C
11 2 (0.053%) ISO 22301
11 2 (0.053%) NCSC
System Software
1 1,051 (27.70%) Docker
2 99 (2.61%) VMware Infrastructure
3 86 (2.27%) Active Directory
4 53 (1.40%) VirtualBox
5 36 (0.95%) vSphere
6 31 (0.82%) Firmware
7 26 (0.69%) Postfix
8 19 (0.50%) KVM
9 17 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
10 13 (0.34%) iptables
10 13 (0.34%) QEMU
11 12 (0.32%) Kamailio
12 11 (0.29%) Hyper-V
13 7 (0.18%) LXC
14 6 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 6 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
15 4 (0.11%) HDFS
16 3 (0.079%) VMware NSX
17 2 (0.053%) NFS
17 2 (0.053%) Xen
Systems Management
1 836 (22.03%) Kubernetes
2 825 (21.74%) Terraform
3 469 (12.36%) Ansible
4 395 (10.41%) Puppet
5 354 (9.33%) Opscode Chef
6 112 (2.95%) Docker Swarm
7 94 (2.48%) Prometheus
8 84 (2.21%) Grafana
9 72 (1.90%) Packer
10 57 (1.50%) Nagios
11 53 (1.40%) Consul
12 50 (1.32%) Rancher
13 46 (1.21%) Kibana
14 44 (1.16%) Graylog
15 35 (0.92%) Graphite
16 31 (0.82%) ZABBIX
17 22 (0.58%) HAProxy
18 13 (0.34%) Galera Cluster
18 13 (0.34%) Opsview
19 12 (0.32%) Salt
Vendors
1 621 (16.37%) Microsoft
2 339 (8.94%) Google
3 296 (7.80%) Oracle
4 128 (3.37%) EnterpriseDB
5 126 (3.32%) VMware
6 98 (2.58%) IBM
7 88 (2.32%) Nintex
8 85 (2.24%) Salesforce.com
9 76 (2.00%) Atlassian
10 70 (1.85%) Adobe
11 59 (1.56%) Red Hat
12 51 (1.34%) Cloudera
13 49 (1.29%) Hortonworks
14 47 (1.24%) SAP
15 46 (1.21%) Databricks
16 45 (1.19%) Talend
17 42 (1.11%) Informatica
18 41 (1.08%) Splunk
19 36 (0.95%) Xamarin
20 34 (0.90%) Apple