Period
to 8 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 8 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
8 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 57 40 55
Rank change year-on-year -17 +15 +10
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 6,141 9,065 9,268
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.62% 5.70% 5.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.02% 6.20% 5.59%
Number of salaries quoted 4,678 6,999 7,365
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £90,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +8.70%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 122,331 146,174 165,842
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.05% 91.99% 92.23%
Number of salaries quoted 96,858 115,964 131,642
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,331 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.32% +4.66% +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,500 £28,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £43,500
% change year-on-year - +3.45% +2.35%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 8 December 2019.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 8 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 5,707 £60,000 +4.35% 973
UK excluding London -25 3,251 £52,500 +5.00% 707
London -12 2,787 £70,000 - 366
South East -25 945 £55,000 +4.76% 150
North of England -22 798 £52,500 +5.00% 195
North West -21 473 £51,138 +2.28% 90
South West -18 441 £50,000 - 69
Midlands -9 371 £50,000 +5.26% 109
East of England +36 335 £55,000 +10.00% 79
Yorkshire -30 281 £55,000 +22.22% 86
Scotland -8 258 £47,500 +5.56% 68
West Midlands +3 226 £50,000 +5.26% 74
East Midlands -10 145 £45,000 -4.26% 35
Wales -40 69 £50,000 +11.11% 33
Northern Ireland +6 52 £60,000 +50.00% 5
North East -13 43 £45,000 -10.00% 19

For the 6 months to 8 December 2019, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 4,066 (66.21%) Agile Software Development
2 2,276 (37.06%) DevOps
3 2,184 (35.56%) TDD
4 2,054 (33.45%) Java
5 2,030 (33.06%) JavaScript
6 2,016 (32.83%) C#
7 1,897 (30.89%) Scrum
8 1,715 (27.93%) .NET
9 1,689 (27.50%) Jenkins
10 1,687 (27.47%) Test Automation
11 1,638 (26.67%) AWS
12 1,561 (25.42%) Software Engineering
13 1,545 (25.16%) Azure
14 1,476 (24.04%) Git (software)
15 1,449 (23.60%) Python
16 1,381 (22.49%) SQL
17 1,369 (22.29%) Docker
18 1,264 (20.58%) Continuous Delivery
19 1,226 (19.96%) Microservices
20 1,189 (19.36%) BDD
21 1,118 (18.21%) Linux
22 1,084 (17.65%) Finance
23 1,068 (17.39%) SQL Server
24 1,000 (16.28%) HTML
25 983 (16.01%) CSS
26 944 (15.37%) AngularJS
27 925 (15.06%) Kubernetes
28 898 (14.62%) Microsoft
29 886 (14.43%) MVC
30 873 (14.22%) React

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 315 (5.13%) Confluence
2 185 (3.01%) IIS
3 167 (2.72%) Elasticsearch
4 135 (2.20%) Apache Spark
5 118 (1.92%) CMS
6 114 (1.86%) Apache
7 88 (1.43%) Tomcat
8 85 (1.38%) nginx
9 75 (1.22%) JBoss
10 62 (1.01%) SharePoint
11 56 (0.91%) BizTalk Server
12 52 (0.85%) OpenStack
13 48 (0.78%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 47 (0.77%) WebSphere
15 46 (0.75%) Apache Solr
16 41 (0.67%) Headless CMS
17 33 (0.54%) Drupal
17 33 (0.54%) WebLogic
18 31 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
18 31 (0.50%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 30 (0.49%) MS Visio
2 23 (0.37%) Chatbot
3 15 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
4 12 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
5 8 (0.13%) Zeplin
6 7 (0.11%) Photoshop
7 6 (0.098%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 5 (0.081%) Adobe XD
8 5 (0.081%) InVision
8 5 (0.081%) Sketch
9 3 (0.049%) HipChat
10 2 (0.033%) Microsoft Project
11 1 (0.016%) Doxygen
Business Applications
1 44 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 29 (0.47%) WebTrends
3 24 (0.39%) SAP Hybris
4 15 (0.24%) SAP ERP
5 8 (0.13%) Magento
6 6 (0.098%) HFM
7 5 (0.081%) Oracle FAH
8 4 (0.065%) FastStats
9 3 (0.049%) Oracle BPM
9 3 (0.049%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 3 (0.049%) SDL Web 8
10 2 (0.033%) Dynamics GP
10 2 (0.033%) Oracle EBS
10 2 (0.033%) Oracle EBS R12
10 2 (0.033%) Shopify
10 2 (0.033%) Temenos T24
11 1 (0.016%) Oracle Applications
11 1 (0.016%) Revive Adserver
11 1 (0.016%) SAP BPC
11 1 (0.016%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 1,638 (26.67%) AWS
2 1,545 (25.16%) Azure
3 591 (9.62%) GCP
4 358 (5.83%) Serverless
5 279 (4.54%) GitHub
6 255 (4.15%) SaaS
7 205 (3.34%) PaaS
8 175 (2.85%) AWS Lambda
9 155 (2.52%) Amazon EC2
10 142 (2.31%) Cloud Computing
11 136 (2.21%) AWS CloudFormation
12 126 (2.05%) Amazon S3
13 115 (1.87%) IaaS
14 98 (1.60%) Amazon ECS
15 77 (1.25%) npm
16 72 (1.17%) Amazon SQS
17 65 (1.06%) Azure Functions
18 62 (1.01%) OpenShift
19 56 (0.91%) Power Platform
20 53 (0.86%) CloudBees
Communications & Networking
1 180 (2.93%) Internet
2 165 (2.69%) Firewall
3 114 (1.86%) HTTP
4 111 (1.81%) TCP/IP
5 107 (1.74%) DNS
6 66 (1.07%) VPN
7 48 (0.78%) DHCP
8 45 (0.73%) SSL
9 37 (0.60%) DMZ
10 36 (0.59%) Wireless
11 31 (0.50%) Skype
12 30 (0.49%) Extranet
13 27 (0.44%) Broadband
14 23 (0.37%) AMQP
14 23 (0.37%) WAN
15 19 (0.31%) Network Security
16 14 (0.23%) Bluetooth
17 13 (0.21%) HTTPS
17 13 (0.21%) Kerberos
17 13 (0.21%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,068 (17.39%) SQL Server
2 447 (7.28%) NoSQL
3 314 (5.11%) MySQL
4 308 (5.02%) PostgreSQL
5 303 (4.93%) Relational Database
6 270 (4.40%) MongoDB
7 225 (3.66%) Big Data
8 221 (3.60%) SQL Server 2016
9 136 (2.21%) Hadoop
10 130 (2.12%) RDBMS
11 111 (1.81%) Azure SQL Database
12 110 (1.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 108 (1.76%) Redis
14 93 (1.51%) Oracle Database
15 85 (1.38%) Amazon RDS
16 82 (1.34%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 74 (1.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 70 (1.14%) Apache Cassandra
18 70 (1.14%) Data Warehouse
18 70 (1.14%) GIS
Development Applications
1 1,689 (27.50%) Jenkins
2 1,476 (24.04%) Git (software)
3 828 (13.48%) JIRA
4 678 (11.04%) Selenium
5 507 (8.26%) TeamCity
6 447 (7.28%) Cucumber
7 418 (6.81%) Maven
8 338 (5.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 312 (5.08%) Team Foundation Server
10 288 (4.69%) Octopus Deploy
11 286 (4.66%) Subversion
12 268 (4.36%) JUnit
13 207 (3.37%) Visual Studio
14 200 (3.26%) SpecFlow
15 195 (3.18%) Bitbucket
15 195 (3.18%) GitLab
16 184 (3.00%) WebDriver
17 175 (2.85%) Hudson
18 171 (2.78%) Visual Studio Team System
19 144 (2.34%) NUnit
General
1 1,084 (17.65%) Finance
2 417 (6.79%) Banking
3 382 (6.22%) Retail
4 207 (3.37%) Games
5 188 (3.06%) Marketing
6 173 (2.82%) Public Sector
7 138 (2.25%) Telecoms
8 114 (1.86%) Manufacturing
9 100 (1.63%) Electronics
9 100 (1.63%) Legal
10 60 (0.98%) Back Office
11 47 (0.77%) Front Office
12 40 (0.65%) Automotive
13 38 (0.62%) Investment Banking
14 33 (0.54%) Advertising
15 31 (0.50%) Law
16 28 (0.46%) Military
17 27 (0.44%) Aerospace
17 27 (0.44%) Financial Institution
18 23 (0.37%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,678 (43.61%) Developer
2 803 (13.08%) Software Engineer
3 647 (10.54%) DevOps Engineer
4 629 (10.24%) Senior Developer
5 596 (9.71%) Java Developer
6 561 (9.14%) .NET Developer
7 411 (6.69%) C# Developer
8 341 (5.55%) Software Developer
9 299 (4.87%) C# .NET Developer
10 258 (4.20%) Architect
11 230 (3.75%) Test Engineer
12 225 (3.66%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 218 (3.55%) Senior Software Engineer
14 208 (3.39%) Lead Developer
15 198 (3.22%) Senior Java Developer
16 193 (3.14%) Consultant
17 189 (3.08%) Java Engineer
18 173 (2.82%) JavaScript Developer
19 170 (2.77%) Full Stack Developer
20 167 (2.72%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,715 (27.93%) .NET
2 1,000 (16.28%) HTML
3 983 (16.01%) CSS
4 944 (15.37%) AngularJS
5 873 (14.22%) React
6 824 (13.42%) REST
7 814 (13.26%) Web Services
8 813 (13.24%) RESTful
9 746 (12.15%) Node.js
10 692 (11.27%) ASP.NET
11 651 (10.60%) Spring
12 481 (7.83%) .NET Framework
13 466 (7.59%) ASP.NET MVC
14 450 (7.33%) ASP.NET Web API
15 443 (7.21%) HTML5
16 389 (6.33%) XML
17 379 (6.17%) JSON
18 363 (5.91%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 343 (5.59%) .NET Core
20 326 (5.31%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 410 (6.68%) User Experience
2 360 (5.86%) Greenfield Project
3 326 (5.31%) Mobile App
4 275 (4.48%) Analytical Skills
5 194 (3.16%) Self-Motivation
6 184 (3.00%) Public Cloud
7 175 (2.85%) Enterprise Software
8 135 (2.20%) Cloud Native
9 127 (2.07%) Algorithms
10 103 (1.68%) Data Structures
11 92 (1.50%) Blog
12 82 (1.34%) iPad
13 77 (1.25%) Management Information System
14 63 (1.03%) Virtual Team
15 62 (1.01%) Data Centre
16 61 (0.99%) PlayStation
17 51 (0.83%) Hedge funds
18 50 (0.81%) N-Tier
19 48 (0.78%) Linux Command Line
20 40 (0.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 1,118 (18.21%) Linux
2 683 (11.12%) Windows
3 440 (7.16%) Unix
4 285 (4.64%) Android
5 279 (4.54%) Apple iOS
6 132 (2.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 124 (2.02%) CentOS
8 122 (1.99%) Windows Server
9 52 (0.85%) Ubuntu
10 31 (0.50%) Mesosphere
11 27 (0.44%) Solaris
12 26 (0.42%) Debian
13 24 (0.39%) Windows Server 2008
14 21 (0.34%) Windows 8
15 20 (0.33%) zOS
16 18 (0.29%) CoreOS
16 18 (0.29%) Windows 7
16 18 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
17 14 (0.23%) Mac OS
17 14 (0.23%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,066 (66.21%) Agile Software Development
2 2,276 (37.06%) DevOps
3 2,184 (35.56%) TDD
4 1,897 (30.89%) Scrum
5 1,687 (27.47%) Test Automation
6 1,561 (25.42%) Software Engineering
7 1,264 (20.58%) Continuous Delivery
8 1,226 (19.96%) Microservices
9 1,189 (19.36%) BDD
10 886 (14.43%) MVC
11 785 (12.78%) OO
12 765 (12.46%) Kanban
13 760 (12.38%) Unit Testing
14 736 (11.99%) Mentoring
15 726 (11.82%) Problem-Solving
16 672 (10.94%) Continuous Deployment
17 643 (10.47%) SDLC
18 564 (9.18%) Computer Science
19 515 (8.39%) Open Source
20 488 (7.95%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 2,054 (33.45%) Java
2 2,030 (33.06%) JavaScript
3 2,016 (32.83%) C#
4 1,449 (23.60%) Python
5 1,381 (22.49%) SQL
6 435 (7.08%) C++
7 400 (6.51%) Ruby
8 398 (6.48%) PowerShell
9 357 (5.81%) Bash Shell
10 290 (4.72%) Java 8
11 265 (4.32%) C
12 251 (4.09%) PHP
13 247 (4.02%) TypeScript
14 220 (3.58%) T-SQL
15 191 (3.11%) Go
16 190 (3.09%) Kotlin
17 171 (2.78%) Scala
18 132 (2.15%) Shell Script
19 131 (2.13%) ES6
20 111 (1.81%) Perl
Qualifications
1 748 (12.18%) Degree
2 258 (4.20%) Computer Science Degree
3 252 (4.10%) Security Cleared
4 171 (2.78%) SC Cleared
5 121 (1.97%) ISTQB
6 106 (1.73%) DV Cleared
7 67 (1.09%) Microsoft Certification
8 46 (0.75%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 45 (0.73%) MCP
10 44 (0.72%) RHCE
11 43 (0.70%) ISEB
12 27 (0.44%) AWS Certification
12 27 (0.44%) Postgraduate
13 18 (0.29%) PMI Certification
14 14 (0.23%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 10 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
15 10 (0.16%) PhD
16 9 (0.15%) CCNA
17 8 (0.13%) CISSP
18 7 (0.11%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 675 (10.99%) QA
2 34 (0.55%) SLA
3 28 (0.46%) GDPR
4 21 (0.34%) Data Quality
5 14 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 13 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 11 (0.18%) PCI DSS
8 9 (0.15%) NIST
9 7 (0.11%) Solvency II
10 6 (0.098%) MISRA
11 4 (0.065%) Cyber Essentials
11 4 (0.065%) HL7
11 4 (0.065%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 3 (0.049%) CDISC
12 3 (0.049%) PMO
12 3 (0.049%) WAI
13 2 (0.033%) COBIT
13 2 (0.033%) MiFID
14 1 (0.016%) NCSC
14 1 (0.016%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,369 (22.29%) Docker
2 145 (2.36%) Active Directory
3 80 (1.30%) VMware Infrastructure
4 46 (0.75%) VirtualBox
5 45 (0.73%) Firmware
6 37 (0.60%) Hyper-V
7 32 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
8 25 (0.41%) NFS
9 22 (0.36%) vSphere
10 20 (0.33%) Varnish
11 17 (0.28%) vCloud
12 16 (0.26%) oVirt
12 16 (0.26%) RHEV
13 15 (0.24%) HDFS
13 15 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
14 14 (0.23%) LXC
15 13 (0.21%) Microsoft App-V
15 13 (0.21%) XenApp
15 13 (0.21%) XenDesktop
16 10 (0.16%) Xen
Systems Management
1 925 (15.06%) Kubernetes
2 761 (12.39%) Ansible
3 639 (10.41%) Terraform
4 631 (10.28%) Puppet
5 474 (7.72%) Opscode Chef
6 138 (2.25%) Docker Swarm
7 134 (2.18%) Prometheus
8 129 (2.10%) Consul
9 121 (1.97%) Packer
10 100 (1.63%) Grafana
11 98 (1.60%) Rancher
12 96 (1.56%) Salt
13 87 (1.42%) Kibana
14 81 (1.32%) Nagios
15 78 (1.27%) Graphite
16 64 (1.04%) Automic
17 48 (0.78%) ZABBIX
18 42 (0.68%) logstash
19 35 (0.57%) Opsview
20 34 (0.55%) Mesos
Vendors
1 898 (14.62%) Microsoft
2 445 (7.25%) Google
3 438 (7.13%) Oracle
4 188 (3.06%) Splunk
5 179 (2.91%) SAP
6 139 (2.26%) Red Hat
7 124 (2.02%) VMware
8 116 (1.89%) IBM
9 113 (1.84%) Salesforce.com
10 104 (1.69%) Atlassian
11 82 (1.34%) Adobe
12 72 (1.17%) MuleSoft
12 72 (1.17%) New Relic
13 68 (1.11%) ServiceNow
13 68 (1.11%) Sitecore
14 57 (0.93%) hybris
15 51 (0.83%) AppDynamics
16 50 (0.81%) WorldPay
17 43 (0.70%) Dynatrace
17 43 (0.70%) Tableau