Period
to 2 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 64 51 58
Rank change year-on-year -13 +7 -18
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 5,736 2,677 6,227
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.45% 4.81% 4.64%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.71% 5.18% 5.01%
Number of salaries quoted 2,825 2,256 4,772
10th Percentile £38,750 £38,750 £36,250
25th Percentile £48,750 £42,500 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% -4.17% +4.35%
75th Percentile £80,000 £74,000 £76,250
90th Percentile £97,500 £87,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% +5.00%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 121,729 51,713 124,343
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.36% 92.88% 92.59%
Number of salaries quoted 81,314 43,396 99,764
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,000 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +1.94%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,750 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 5,128 £65,000 +8.33% 700
London -4 2,745 £75,000 +7.14% 312
UK excluding London -22 2,531 £55,000 +10.00% 438
Work from Home -49 1,098 £60,000 +14.29% 133
North of England -3 803 £52,500 +5.00% 122
South East -14 685 £60,000 +9.09% 93
Yorkshire -10 416 £52,500 +10.53% 38
North West -15 344 £55,000 +4.76% 68
South West -35 284 £55,000 +8.28% 66
Midlands -54 279 £60,000 +26.32% 58
East of England -5 224 £65,000 +4.00% 45
West Midlands -61 178 £60,000 +14.29% 45
Scotland -46 144 £52,500 +10.53% 38
Wales -1 101 £55,000 +15.79% 10
East Midlands -25 101 £50,500 +6.32% 13
North East -19 43 £47,500 +5.56% 16
Northern Ireland -38 24 £50,500 +18.82% 6

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3,919 (68.32%) Agile Software Development
2 2,306 (40.20%) Java
3 2,263 (39.45%) DevOps
4 2,172 (37.87%) AWS
5 1,946 (33.93%) JavaScript
6 1,931 (33.66%) Software Engineering
7 1,831 (31.92%) TDD
8 1,705 (29.72%) Python
9 1,693 (29.52%) Docker
10 1,613 (28.12%) Azure
11 1,601 (27.91%) Jenkins
12 1,589 (27.70%) Test Automation
13 1,580 (27.55%) Git (software)
14 1,558 (27.16%) Microservices
15 1,458 (25.42%) Scrum
16 1,443 (25.16%) React
17 1,415 (24.67%) Social Skills
18 1,401 (24.42%) SQL
19 1,262 (22.00%) C#
20 1,260 (21.97%) Kubernetes
21 1,150 (20.05%) Finance
22 1,119 (19.51%) Terraform
23 1,036 (18.06%) REST
24 995 (17.35%) Continuous Delivery
25 988 (17.22%) Spring
26 979 (17.07%) Node.js
27 941 (16.41%) Full Stack Development
28 937 (16.34%) HTML
29 920 (16.04%) Problem-Solving
30 913 (15.92%) Linux

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 309 (5.39%) Elasticsearch
2 225 (3.92%) Apache Spark
3 203 (3.54%) Confluence
4 153 (2.67%) Apache
5 115 (2.00%) nginx
6 108 (1.88%) CMS
7 75 (1.31%) Tomcat
8 72 (1.26%) IIS
9 48 (0.84%) SharePoint
10 47 (0.82%) JBoss
11 42 (0.73%) Apache Solr
12 38 (0.66%) Cloud Foundry
13 29 (0.51%) WordPress
14 23 (0.40%) Sitecore CMS
15 21 (0.37%) Drupal
16 20 (0.35%) IBM Domino
16 20 (0.35%) Oracle Coherence
16 20 (0.35%) WebLogic
17 18 (0.31%) OpenStack
18 17 (0.30%) Camunda
Applications
1 30 (0.52%) Simulink
2 22 (0.38%) Figma
2 22 (0.38%) Sketch
3 18 (0.31%) InVision
4 16 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
5 13 (0.23%) Campfire
5 13 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
6 11 (0.19%) Photoshop
7 6 (0.10%) Chatbot
7 6 (0.10%) Zeplin
8 5 (0.087%) GIMP
9 3 (0.052%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 3 (0.052%) Microsoft Project
9 3 (0.052%) MS Visio
10 2 (0.035%) Adobe XD
11 1 (0.017%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.017%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 52 (0.91%) Distributed Ledger
2 31 (0.54%) R3 Corda
3 9 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
3 9 (0.16%) WebTrends
4 8 (0.14%) Unica
5 6 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
5 6 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
5 6 (0.10%) SDL Web 8
6 5 (0.087%) Dynamics NAV
6 5 (0.087%) Magento
6 5 (0.087%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
6 5 (0.087%) RMDS
6 5 (0.087%) Shopify
6 5 (0.087%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 4 (0.070%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 4 (0.070%) SAP Hybris
8 3 (0.052%) NetSuite
8 3 (0.052%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 3 (0.052%) SAP S/4HANA
9 2 (0.035%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 2,172 (37.87%) AWS
2 1,613 (28.12%) Azure
3 907 (15.81%) Serverless
4 686 (11.96%) GCP
5 625 (10.90%) GitHub
6 388 (6.76%) AWS Lambda
7 348 (6.07%) SaaS
8 282 (4.92%) OpenShift
9 277 (4.83%) AWS CloudFormation
10 248 (4.32%) Cloud Computing
11 236 (4.11%) Amazon S3
12 213 (3.71%) PaaS
13 180 (3.14%) Amazon EC2
14 176 (3.07%) Amazon SQS
15 154 (2.68%) npm
16 131 (2.28%) Power Platform
17 115 (2.00%) Amazon ECS
18 103 (1.80%) Azure Data Factory
19 101 (1.76%) Amazon Kinesis
20 100 (1.74%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 363 (6.33%) HTTP
2 179 (3.12%) Broadband
3 111 (1.94%) TCP/IP
4 86 (1.50%) Firewall
5 78 (1.36%) Internet
6 74 (1.29%) DNS
7 64 (1.12%) MQTT
8 48 (0.84%) AMQP
9 41 (0.71%) Modbus
9 41 (0.71%) VPN
10 35 (0.61%) HTTPS
11 29 (0.51%) RS-422
11 29 (0.51%) RS-485
12 28 (0.49%) Network Security
13 27 (0.47%) Wireshark
14 25 (0.44%) Wi-Fi
14 25 (0.44%) Wireless
15 24 (0.42%) Ethernet
16 21 (0.37%) DHCP
16 21 (0.37%) STUN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 688 (11.99%) NoSQL
2 624 (10.88%) PostgreSQL
3 528 (9.21%) Big Data
4 501 (8.73%) SQL Server
5 440 (7.67%) MongoDB
6 417 (7.27%) MySQL
7 410 (7.15%) Relational Database
8 339 (5.91%) Redis
9 244 (4.25%) Hadoop
10 237 (4.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 137 (2.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 133 (2.32%) Data Lake
13 130 (2.27%) Apache Cassandra
14 120 (2.09%) Power BI
15 105 (1.83%) Amazon RDS
16 92 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
17 89 (1.55%) Blockchain
18 82 (1.43%) RDBMS
19 73 (1.27%) Oracle Database
20 71 (1.24%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 1,601 (27.91%) Jenkins
2 1,580 (27.55%) Git (software)
3 584 (10.18%) JIRA
4 421 (7.34%) Selenium
5 320 (5.58%) TeamCity
6 299 (5.21%) GitLab
7 273 (4.76%) Cypress.io
8 266 (4.64%) Maven
9 223 (3.89%) Cucumber
10 222 (3.87%) Subversion
11 214 (3.73%) JUnit
12 213 (3.71%) Octopus Deploy
13 195 (3.40%) webpack
14 184 (3.21%) JMeter
15 168 (2.93%) Bitbucket
16 157 (2.74%) CircleCI
17 155 (2.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 146 (2.55%) SonarQube
19 139 (2.42%) Team Foundation Server
20 130 (2.27%) Mercurial
General
1 1,415 (24.67%) Social Skills
2 1,150 (20.05%) Finance
3 367 (6.40%) Banking
4 353 (6.15%) Analytical Skills
5 258 (4.50%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 237 (4.13%) Games
7 227 (3.96%) Marketing
8 211 (3.68%) Public Sector
9 205 (3.57%) Retail
10 147 (2.56%) Electronics
11 142 (2.48%) Law
12 84 (1.46%) Telecoms
13 79 (1.38%) Advertising
14 77 (1.34%) Manufacturing
15 74 (1.29%) Presentation Skills
16 71 (1.24%) Front Office
17 62 (1.08%) Investment Banking
18 44 (0.77%) Legal
19 42 (0.73%) Back Office
20 38 (0.66%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 2,426 (42.29%) Developer
2 929 (16.20%) Software Engineer
3 713 (12.43%) Java Developer
4 531 (9.26%) DevOps Engineer
5 508 (8.86%) Senior Developer
6 322 (5.61%) Full Stack Developer
6 322 (5.61%) Senior Software Engineer
7 298 (5.20%) Software Developer
8 236 (4.11%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 201 (3.50%) Lead Developer
10 198 (3.45%) Architect
11 168 (2.93%) Java Engineer
11 168 (2.93%) Platform Engineer
12 157 (2.74%) Azure Engineer
12 157 (2.74%) Data Engineer
13 153 (2.67%) React Developer
14 149 (2.60%) Java Software Engineer
15 148 (2.58%) JavaScript Developer
16 147 (2.56%) AWS Engineer
17 142 (2.48%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,443 (25.16%) React
2 1,036 (18.06%) REST
3 988 (17.22%) Spring
4 979 (17.07%) Node.js
5 937 (16.34%) HTML
6 877 (15.29%) CSS
7 809 (14.10%) .NET
8 793 (13.82%) AngularJS
9 668 (11.65%) Web Services
10 634 (11.05%) RESTful
11 620 (10.81%) Spring Boot
12 532 (9.27%) Kafka
13 529 (9.22%) HTML5
14 507 (8.84%) GraphQL
15 329 (5.74%) CSS3
16 315 (5.49%) Hibernate
17 305 (5.32%) .NET Core
18 298 (5.20%) Vue.js
19 296 (5.16%) RabbitMQ
20 293 (5.11%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 616 (10.74%) User Experience
2 306 (5.33%) Algorithms
3 264 (4.60%) Cloud Native
4 254 (4.43%) Mobile App
5 237 (4.13%) Self-Motivation
6 223 (3.89%) Data Structures
7 166 (2.89%) Social Media
8 165 (2.88%) Enterprise Software
9 161 (2.81%) Virtual Team
10 110 (1.92%) Management Information System
11 104 (1.81%) Greenfield Project
12 94 (1.64%) Public Cloud
13 79 (1.38%) Blog
14 72 (1.26%) Linux Command Line
15 51 (0.89%) NHS
16 48 (0.84%) Cyberattack
16 48 (0.84%) Legacy Code
17 45 (0.78%) N-Tier
18 44 (0.77%) Video\Live Streaming
19 42 (0.73%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 913 (15.92%) Linux
2 526 (9.17%) Windows
3 308 (5.37%) Unix
4 254 (4.43%) Android
5 204 (3.56%) Apple iOS
6 92 (1.60%) CentOS
7 64 (1.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 59 (1.03%) Windows Server
9 45 (0.78%) Mesosphere
10 39 (0.68%) Ubuntu
11 30 (0.52%) Mac OS
12 14 (0.24%) VMS
13 11 (0.19%) ThreadX
13 11 (0.19%) VxWorks
13 11 (0.19%) Windows Embedded Compact
14 10 (0.17%) Debian
15 9 (0.16%) FreeRTOS
15 9 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
16 7 (0.12%) AIX
17 6 (0.10%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,919 (68.32%) Agile Software Development
2 2,263 (39.45%) DevOps
3 1,931 (33.66%) Software Engineering
4 1,831 (31.92%) TDD
5 1,589 (27.70%) Test Automation
6 1,558 (27.16%) Microservices
7 1,458 (25.42%) Scrum
8 995 (17.35%) Continuous Delivery
9 941 (16.41%) Full Stack Development
10 920 (16.04%) Problem-Solving
11 909 (15.85%) BDD
12 880 (15.34%) Mentoring
13 708 (12.34%) Analytics
14 688 (11.99%) Computer Science
15 678 (11.82%) Open Source
16 657 (11.45%) OO
17 619 (10.79%) Coaching
18 581 (10.13%) Continuous Improvement
19 568 (9.90%) Unit Testing
20 529 (9.22%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,306 (40.20%) Java
2 1,946 (33.93%) JavaScript
3 1,705 (29.72%) Python
4 1,401 (24.42%) SQL
5 1,262 (22.00%) C#
6 768 (13.39%) TypeScript
7 458 (7.98%) C++
8 398 (6.94%) PowerShell
9 368 (6.42%) Java 8
10 358 (6.24%) C
11 345 (6.01%) Go
12 271 (4.72%) Bash Shell
13 267 (4.65%) Kotlin
14 252 (4.39%) Ruby
15 232 (4.04%) Scala
16 225 (3.92%) ES6
16 225 (3.92%) Shell Script
17 215 (3.75%) PHP
18 147 (2.56%) T-SQL
19 137 (2.39%) Perl
Qualifications
1 772 (13.46%) Degree
2 516 (9.00%) Security Cleared
3 450 (7.85%) SC Cleared
4 368 (6.42%) Computer Science Degree
5 96 (1.67%) AWS Certification
6 59 (1.03%) Master's Degree
7 51 (0.89%) DV Cleared
8 46 (0.80%) ISTQB
9 26 (0.45%) BPSS Clearance
10 25 (0.44%) CISSP
11 24 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
12 22 (0.38%) ISEB
13 21 (0.37%) OCP
13 21 (0.37%) Oracle Certification
14 20 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
14 20 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 20 (0.35%) SANS
15 18 (0.31%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 18 (0.31%) SAFe Agilist
16 16 (0.28%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 702 (12.24%) QA
2 162 (2.82%) Accessibility
3 53 (0.92%) MISRA
4 51 (0.89%) GDPR
4 51 (0.89%) WCAG
5 36 (0.63%) Def Stans
6 24 (0.42%) Data Quality
7 20 (0.35%) PMO
8 10 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 10 (0.17%) PCI DSS
8 10 (0.17%) SLA
9 8 (0.14%) IEC 62304
9 8 (0.14%) ISO 13485
10 7 (0.12%) HIPAA
11 6 (0.10%) NIST
12 5 (0.087%) NIST 800
13 3 (0.052%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 3 (0.052%) GxP
13 3 (0.052%) ISO 9001
13 3 (0.052%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,693 (29.52%) Docker
2 55 (0.96%) Firmware
3 54 (0.94%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 53 (0.92%) Virtual Machines
5 52 (0.91%) Active Directory
6 50 (0.87%) VMware Infrastructure
7 25 (0.44%) Postfix
8 23 (0.40%) Varnish
9 22 (0.38%) VirtualBox
10 20 (0.35%) HDFS
11 17 (0.30%) vSphere
12 13 (0.23%) XenApp
12 13 (0.23%) XenDesktop
13 9 (0.16%) Hyper-V
13 9 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
14 8 (0.14%) etcd
15 6 (0.10%) VMware NSX
16 3 (0.052%) VMware ESXi
17 2 (0.035%) KVM
18 1 (0.017%) QEMU
Systems Management
1 1,260 (21.97%) Kubernetes
2 1,119 (19.51%) Terraform
3 723 (12.60%) Ansible
4 390 (6.80%) Puppet
5 326 (5.68%) Opscode Chef
6 139 (2.42%) Prometheus
7 127 (2.21%) Grafana
8 92 (1.60%) Kibana
9 66 (1.15%) Consul
10 59 (1.03%) Docker Swarm
11 49 (0.85%) logstash
12 48 (0.84%) Opsgenie
13 45 (0.78%) Graylog
14 43 (0.75%) Automic
15 41 (0.71%) Packer
16 40 (0.70%) Nagios
17 38 (0.66%) Graphite
18 37 (0.65%) Cobbler
19 35 (0.61%) Rancher
20 25 (0.44%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 666 (11.61%) Microsoft
2 508 (8.86%) Oracle
3 441 (7.69%) Google
4 126 (2.20%) Databricks
5 124 (2.16%) Splunk
6 121 (2.11%) Red Hat
7 96 (1.67%) Atlassian
8 82 (1.43%) Samsung
9 73 (1.27%) IBM
10 72 (1.26%) Salesforce.com
11 71 (1.24%) VMware
12 70 (1.22%) New Relic
13 68 (1.19%) Palantir
14 58 (1.01%) EnterpriseDB
15 53 (0.92%) SAP
16 52 (0.91%) Adobe
16 52 (0.91%) ServiceNow
17 48 (0.84%) SaltStack
18 39 (0.68%) Cloudera
19 36 (0.63%) Talend