Period
to 26 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 26 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
26 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 57 43 50
Rank change year-on-year -14 +7 +12
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 5,682 8,295 9,139
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.61% 5.48% 5.21%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.02% 5.94% 5.65%
Number of salaries quoted 4,328 6,289 7,380
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,750 £34,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £91,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +1.98%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 113,176 139,595 161,664
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.92% 92.23% 92.20%
Number of salaries quoted 89,768 110,325 131,818
UK median annual salary £53,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.90% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,000 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 26 February 2020.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 26 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 5,206 £60,000 +4.35% 1,124
UK excluding London -16 3,035 £52,500 +5.00% 816
London -8 2,543 £70,000 - 426
South East -20 825 £55,000 - 173
North of England -15 753 £52,500 +5.00% 235
North West -18 406 £50,000 - 108
South West -23 380 £50,000 - 111
Midlands -3 376 £52,500 +16.67% 99
East of England +46 330 £55,000 +10.00% 81
Yorkshire -9 301 £55,000 +22.22% 105
Scotland -7 256 £45,000 - 69
West Midlands +10 246 £55,000 +37.50% 67
East Midlands -17 127 £45,000 -5.26% 32
Wales -8 98 £50,000 +13.64% 35
Northern Ireland +8 46 £55,000 +10.00% 14
North East -20 46 £45,000 -10.00% 22
Channel Islands - 2 £65,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 26 February 2020, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3,825 (67.32%) Agile Software Development
2 2,107 (37.08%) DevOps
3 1,963 (34.55%) TDD
4 1,834 (32.28%) Java
5 1,819 (32.01%) Scrum
6 1,814 (31.93%) C#
7 1,762 (31.01%) JavaScript
8 1,694 (29.81%) .NET
9 1,600 (28.16%) Jenkins
10 1,590 (27.98%) AWS
11 1,538 (27.07%) Azure
12 1,515 (26.66%) Test Automation
13 1,358 (23.90%) Software Engineering
14 1,320 (23.23%) Git (software)
15 1,305 (22.97%) SQL
16 1,303 (22.93%) Python
17 1,185 (20.86%) Docker
18 1,184 (20.84%) Continuous Delivery
19 1,143 (20.12%) Microservices
20 1,099 (19.34%) Finance
21 1,032 (18.16%) BDD
22 1,021 (17.97%) SQL Server
23 950 (16.72%) Linux
24 941 (16.56%) HTML
25 931 (16.39%) AngularJS
26 930 (16.37%) CSS
27 872 (15.35%) Microsoft
28 845 (14.87%) Kubernetes
29 779 (13.71%) REST
30 765 (13.46%) Web Services

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 327 (5.76%) Confluence
2 181 (3.19%) IIS
3 169 (2.97%) Apache Spark
4 166 (2.92%) Elasticsearch
5 119 (2.09%) Apache
6 109 (1.92%) CMS
7 95 (1.67%) Tomcat
8 81 (1.43%) nginx
9 56 (0.99%) BizTalk Server
10 42 (0.74%) JBoss
11 39 (0.69%) OpenStack
12 30 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
12 30 (0.53%) WebLogic
13 29 (0.51%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 29 (0.51%) EPiServer
14 28 (0.49%) Headless CMS
15 27 (0.48%) SharePoint
15 27 (0.48%) WebSphere
16 26 (0.46%) Apache Solr
16 26 (0.46%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 32 (0.56%) MS Visio
2 28 (0.49%) Chatbot
3 16 (0.28%) Sketch
4 15 (0.26%) Photoshop
5 10 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
6 9 (0.16%) InVision
6 9 (0.16%) Zeplin
7 4 (0.070%) Microsoft Project
8 3 (0.053%) Microsoft Excel
9 1 (0.018%) HipChat
9 1 (0.018%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 34 (0.60%) SAP Hybris
2 28 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
3 21 (0.37%) WebTrends
4 19 (0.33%) SAP S/4HANA
5 16 (0.28%) Magento
6 11 (0.19%) HFM
7 10 (0.18%) Oracle FAH
8 6 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
8 6 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 6 (0.11%) SAP ERP
9 5 (0.088%) Oracle BPM
9 5 (0.088%) Shopify
10 3 (0.053%) Oracle EBS
11 2 (0.035%) Distributed Ledger
11 2 (0.035%) Dynamics GP
11 2 (0.035%) Oracle General Ledger
11 2 (0.035%) Oracle Internet Expenses
11 2 (0.035%) Oracle Payables
11 2 (0.035%) Oracle Receivables
11 2 (0.035%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,590 (27.98%) AWS
2 1,538 (27.07%) Azure
3 512 (9.01%) GCP
4 376 (6.62%) Serverless
5 254 (4.47%) GitHub
6 233 (4.10%) SaaS
7 189 (3.33%) PaaS
8 185 (3.26%) AWS Lambda
9 170 (2.99%) Amazon EC2
10 126 (2.22%) Amazon S3
11 124 (2.18%) AWS CloudFormation
12 120 (2.11%) IaaS
13 119 (2.09%) Cloud Computing
14 96 (1.69%) Amazon ECS
15 91 (1.60%) Azure Functions
16 88 (1.55%) Power Platform
17 58 (1.02%) Amazon EMR
18 57 (1.00%) Amazon SQS
18 57 (1.00%) IBM Cloud
19 56 (0.99%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 151 (2.66%) Firewall
2 124 (2.18%) Internet
3 99 (1.74%) HTTP
4 91 (1.60%) TCP/IP
5 64 (1.13%) DNS
6 52 (0.92%) SSL
7 51 (0.90%) VPN
8 43 (0.76%) Wireless
9 33 (0.58%) DMZ
10 29 (0.51%) Broadband
10 29 (0.51%) DHCP
11 23 (0.40%) Skype
12 22 (0.39%) WAN
13 20 (0.35%) Extranet
14 19 (0.33%) AMQP
14 19 (0.33%) LAN
15 18 (0.32%) Bluetooth
16 16 (0.28%) Network Security
17 13 (0.23%) SMTP
18 12 (0.21%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,021 (17.97%) SQL Server
2 490 (8.62%) NoSQL
3 273 (4.80%) Relational Database
4 262 (4.61%) Big Data
5 256 (4.51%) MySQL
6 248 (4.36%) PostgreSQL
7 214 (3.77%) MongoDB
8 156 (2.75%) SQL Server 2016
9 145 (2.55%) Hadoop
10 110 (1.94%) Azure SQL Database
11 105 (1.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 102 (1.80%) Redis
13 92 (1.62%) Amazon RDS
13 92 (1.62%) RDBMS
14 85 (1.50%) Amazon Redshift
14 85 (1.50%) Data Warehouse
14 85 (1.50%) Power BI
14 85 (1.50%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 73 (1.28%) Oracle Database
16 70 (1.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,600 (28.16%) Jenkins
2 1,320 (23.23%) Git (software)
3 708 (12.46%) JIRA
4 554 (9.75%) Selenium
5 420 (7.39%) Cucumber
6 406 (7.15%) TeamCity
7 354 (6.23%) Maven
8 304 (5.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 259 (4.56%) JUnit
10 257 (4.52%) Team Foundation Server
11 249 (4.38%) Octopus Deploy
12 221 (3.89%) Subversion
13 198 (3.48%) Bitbucket
14 194 (3.41%) Visual Studio
15 177 (3.12%) GitLab
16 162 (2.85%) SpecFlow
16 162 (2.85%) WebDriver
17 140 (2.46%) NUnit
18 136 (2.39%) SoapUI
19 131 (2.31%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 1,099 (19.34%) Finance
2 383 (6.74%) Retail
3 356 (6.27%) Banking
4 186 (3.27%) Public Sector
5 185 (3.26%) Games
6 165 (2.90%) Marketing
7 124 (2.18%) Telecoms
8 115 (2.02%) Legal
9 75 (1.32%) Manufacturing
10 70 (1.23%) Electronics
11 64 (1.13%) Front Office
12 62 (1.09%) Back Office
13 48 (0.84%) Automotive
14 42 (0.74%) Financial Institution
15 32 (0.56%) Law
16 28 (0.49%) Advertising
16 28 (0.49%) Investment Banking
17 22 (0.39%) Billing
18 19 (0.33%) Military
18 19 (0.33%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,525 (44.44%) Developer
2 633 (11.14%) DevOps Engineer
3 624 (10.98%) Software Engineer
4 604 (10.63%) Senior Developer
5 584 (10.28%) Java Developer
6 531 (9.35%) .NET Developer
7 368 (6.48%) C# Developer
8 331 (5.83%) Software Developer
9 300 (5.28%) Architect
10 257 (4.52%) C# .NET Developer
11 227 (4.00%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 195 (3.43%) JavaScript Developer
13 192 (3.38%) Full Stack Developer
14 189 (3.33%) Lead Developer
15 184 (3.24%) Senior Java Developer
16 175 (3.08%) Senior Software Engineer
17 160 (2.82%) Test Engineer
18 155 (2.73%) AWS Engineer
19 154 (2.71%) Java Engineer
20 149 (2.62%) QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,694 (29.81%) .NET
2 941 (16.56%) HTML
3 931 (16.39%) AngularJS
4 930 (16.37%) CSS
5 779 (13.71%) REST
6 765 (13.46%) Web Services
7 756 (13.31%) RESTful
8 736 (12.95%) React
9 617 (10.86%) Node.js
10 601 (10.58%) Spring
11 585 (10.30%) ASP.NET
12 473 (8.32%) .NET Framework
13 446 (7.85%) HTML5
14 396 (6.97%) ASP.NET Web API
15 372 (6.55%) .NET Core
16 360 (6.34%) ASP.NET MVC
17 345 (6.07%) JSON
17 345 (6.07%) XML
18 308 (5.42%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 305 (5.37%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 403 (7.09%) User Experience
2 337 (5.93%) Greenfield Project
3 306 (5.39%) Mobile App
4 285 (5.02%) Analytical Skills
5 172 (3.03%) Self-Motivation
6 164 (2.89%) Public Cloud
7 157 (2.76%) Enterprise Software
8 143 (2.52%) Cloud Native
9 109 (1.92%) Blog
10 107 (1.88%) Data Structures
11 80 (1.41%) Algorithms
12 62 (1.09%) Management Information System
13 60 (1.06%) Virtual Team
14 53 (0.93%) Hedge funds
15 51 (0.90%) iPad
15 51 (0.90%) N-Tier
16 47 (0.83%) Data Centre
17 45 (0.79%) Animation
18 44 (0.77%) Hybrid Cloud
19 43 (0.76%) PlayStation
Operating Systems
1 950 (16.72%) Linux
2 600 (10.56%) Windows
3 384 (6.76%) Unix
4 268 (4.72%) Apple iOS
5 239 (4.21%) Android
6 139 (2.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 99 (1.74%) CentOS
8 97 (1.71%) Windows Server
9 32 (0.56%) Ubuntu
10 29 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
11 25 (0.44%) Solaris
12 23 (0.40%) Debian
13 20 (0.35%) Mesosphere
14 16 (0.28%) CoreOS
15 14 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
15 14 (0.25%) zOS
16 13 (0.23%) Windows 8
17 11 (0.19%) Windows 7
18 9 (0.16%) Mac OS
19 6 (0.11%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,825 (67.32%) Agile Software Development
2 2,107 (37.08%) DevOps
3 1,963 (34.55%) TDD
4 1,819 (32.01%) Scrum
5 1,515 (26.66%) Test Automation
6 1,358 (23.90%) Software Engineering
7 1,184 (20.84%) Continuous Delivery
8 1,143 (20.12%) Microservices
9 1,032 (18.16%) BDD
10 737 (12.97%) MVC
11 732 (12.88%) Unit Testing
12 688 (12.11%) Problem-Solving
13 656 (11.55%) OO
14 643 (11.32%) Mentoring
15 636 (11.19%) Kanban
16 552 (9.71%) Continuous Deployment
17 508 (8.94%) SDLC
18 481 (8.47%) Configuration Management
19 432 (7.60%) Computer Science
20 419 (7.37%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1,834 (32.28%) Java
2 1,814 (31.93%) C#
3 1,762 (31.01%) JavaScript
4 1,305 (22.97%) SQL
5 1,303 (22.93%) Python
6 365 (6.42%) Ruby
7 340 (5.98%) PowerShell
8 332 (5.84%) Bash Shell
9 326 (5.74%) C++
10 309 (5.44%) TypeScript
11 250 (4.40%) PHP
12 242 (4.26%) Java 8
13 241 (4.24%) C
14 197 (3.47%) Kotlin
15 192 (3.38%) T-SQL
16 187 (3.29%) Scala
17 165 (2.90%) Go
18 123 (2.16%) Shell Script
19 120 (2.11%) PL/SQL
20 116 (2.04%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 599 (10.54%) Degree
2 228 (4.01%) Security Cleared
3 212 (3.73%) Computer Science Degree
4 180 (3.17%) SC Cleared
5 111 (1.95%) ISTQB
6 70 (1.23%) DV Cleared
7 56 (0.99%) ISEB
8 52 (0.92%) Microsoft Certification
9 40 (0.70%) MCP
10 39 (0.69%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 37 (0.65%) RHCE
12 34 (0.60%) AWS Certification
13 33 (0.58%) Postgraduate
14 21 (0.37%) TOGAF Certification
15 15 (0.26%) PMI Certification
16 14 (0.25%) Master's Degree
17 10 (0.18%) PhD
18 9 (0.16%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
19 8 (0.14%) HND
20 7 (0.12%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 638 (11.23%) QA
2 28 (0.49%) SLA
3 27 (0.48%) Data Quality
4 22 (0.39%) GDPR
5 16 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 11 (0.19%) PCI DSS
7 7 (0.12%) PMBOK
7 7 (0.12%) Solvency II
8 6 (0.11%) MISRA
9 5 (0.088%) HL7
9 5 (0.088%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 3 (0.053%) CDISC
10 3 (0.053%) Cyber Essentials
10 3 (0.053%) PMO
11 2 (0.035%) ISO 9000
11 2 (0.035%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.035%) WAI
12 1 (0.018%) JTAG
12 1 (0.018%) MiFID
12 1 (0.018%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,185 (20.86%) Docker
2 100 (1.76%) Active Directory
3 67 (1.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 65 (1.14%) VirtualBox
5 46 (0.81%) Firmware
6 35 (0.62%) Virtual Machines
7 25 (0.44%) Hyper-V
8 21 (0.37%) NFS
9 20 (0.35%) vSphere
10 19 (0.33%) Postfix
11 12 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
11 12 (0.21%) vCloud
12 11 (0.19%) oVirt
12 11 (0.19%) RHEV
13 10 (0.18%) HDFS
14 6 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 6 (0.11%) LXC
15 5 (0.088%) GlusterFS
15 5 (0.088%) Varnish
15 5 (0.088%) Xen
Systems Management
1 845 (14.87%) Kubernetes
2 672 (11.83%) Ansible
3 621 (10.93%) Terraform
4 517 (9.10%) Puppet
5 363 (6.39%) Opscode Chef
6 127 (2.24%) Prometheus
7 126 (2.22%) Docker Swarm
8 122 (2.15%) Packer
9 98 (1.72%) Grafana
10 91 (1.60%) Rancher
11 83 (1.46%) Consul
12 74 (1.30%) Kibana
13 64 (1.13%) Nagios
14 59 (1.04%) Salt
15 52 (0.92%) Graphite
16 42 (0.74%) Automic
17 36 (0.63%) HP ALM
18 35 (0.62%) ZABBIX
19 23 (0.40%) Opsview
20 21 (0.37%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 872 (15.35%) Microsoft
2 433 (7.62%) Oracle
3 375 (6.60%) Google
4 154 (2.71%) Red Hat
5 143 (2.52%) SAP
6 130 (2.29%) IBM
7 122 (2.15%) Splunk
8 101 (1.78%) VMware
9 99 (1.74%) Salesforce.com
10 76 (1.34%) Tableau
11 62 (1.09%) Cloudera
11 62 (1.09%) Hortonworks
12 60 (1.06%) New Relic
13 58 (1.02%) MuleSoft
13 58 (1.02%) WorldPay
14 56 (0.99%) Atlassian
15 54 (0.95%) Adobe
16 52 (0.92%) Talend
17 50 (0.88%) HP
18 49 (0.86%) Informatica