Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 56 39 51
Rank change year-on-year -17 +12 +15
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 6,736 9,629 9,565
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.84% 5.78% 5.41%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.26% 6.30% 5.86%
Number of salaries quoted 5,047 7,514 7,565
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% - -
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,750 £35,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £88,750 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +8.89%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 128,133 152,793 163,107
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.11% 91.76% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 100,524 121,643 128,866
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -17 6,216 £60,000 +4.35% 949
UK excluding London -17 3,624 £52,500 +5.00% 651
London -9 2,989 £70,000 - 373
South East -19 1,079 £55,000 +7.84% 154
North of England -26 893 £54,500 +9.00% 161
North West -20 555 £54,068 +8.14% 83
South West -11 530 £50,000 +5.26% 83
Midlands -16 383 £52,500 +10.53% 97
Scotland -6 321 £50,000 +11.11% 50
East of England +6 301 £52,500 +5.00% 81
Yorkshire -39 298 £55,000 +18.92% 63
West Midlands -15 228 £55,000 +14.72% 70
East Midlands +3 155 £46,000 - 27
Wales -22 76 £45,000 +3.45% 23
Northern Ireland +3 54 £50,000 +33.33% 5
North East -11 40 £51,138 +13.64% 15

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 4,507 (66.91%) Agile Software Development
2 2,641 (39.21%) DevOps
3 2,389 (35.47%) Java
4 2,284 (33.91%) TDD
5 2,145 (31.84%) JavaScript
6 2,102 (31.21%) C#
7 1,956 (29.04%) Test Automation
8 1,900 (28.21%) Jenkins
9 1,897 (28.16%) AWS
10 1,865 (27.69%) Scrum
11 1,792 (26.60%) Software Engineering
12 1,755 (26.05%) Git (software)
13 1,731 (25.70%) .NET
14 1,694 (25.15%) Python
15 1,641 (24.36%) Azure
16 1,528 (22.68%) SQL
17 1,484 (22.03%) Docker
18 1,398 (20.75%) Continuous Delivery
19 1,380 (20.49%) BDD
20 1,342 (19.92%) Finance
21 1,334 (19.80%) Linux
22 1,257 (18.66%) Microservices
23 1,113 (16.52%) SQL Server
24 1,071 (15.90%) HTML
25 1,047 (15.54%) JIRA
26 1,035 (15.37%) Kubernetes
27 1,000 (14.85%) CSS
28 966 (14.34%) AngularJS
29 925 (13.73%) Microsoft
30 918 (13.63%) Ansible

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 397 (5.89%) Confluence
2 237 (3.52%) Elasticsearch
3 168 (2.49%) IIS
4 150 (2.23%) Apache
5 145 (2.15%) Apache Spark
6 127 (1.89%) SharePoint
7 117 (1.74%) CMS
8 106 (1.57%) nginx
9 99 (1.47%) Tomcat
10 91 (1.35%) WebSphere
11 82 (1.22%) JBoss
12 64 (0.95%) BizTalk Server
13 61 (0.91%) OpenStack
14 57 (0.85%) Apache Solr
15 40 (0.59%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 36 (0.53%) Drupal
16 36 (0.53%) Sitecore CMS
17 33 (0.49%) WebSphere Application Server
18 32 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
18 32 (0.48%) WebLogic
Applications
1 23 (0.34%) Chatbot
1 23 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
2 21 (0.31%) MS Visio
3 20 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
4 12 (0.18%) Photoshop
5 10 (0.15%) Zeplin
6 7 (0.10%) Adobe XD
6 7 (0.10%) InVision
6 7 (0.10%) Sketch
7 6 (0.089%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 4 (0.059%) GNU Octave
9 2 (0.030%) HipChat
9 2 (0.030%) Maya
9 2 (0.030%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.015%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.015%) Doxygen
10 1 (0.015%) Fireworks
Business Applications
1 90 (1.34%) Dynamics CRM
2 21 (0.31%) WebTrends
3 19 (0.28%) SAP ERP
4 15 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
5 6 (0.089%) FastStats
6 3 (0.045%) Magento
6 3 (0.045%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 3 (0.045%) SDL Web 8
7 2 (0.030%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.030%) Oracle EBS R12
7 2 (0.030%) RMDS
7 2 (0.030%) Summit
7 2 (0.030%) Temenos T24
8 1 (0.015%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.015%) ION MarketView
8 1 (0.015%) LatentZero
8 1 (0.015%) LongView
8 1 (0.015%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.015%) Shopify
8 1 (0.015%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 1,897 (28.16%) AWS
2 1,641 (24.36%) Azure
3 626 (9.29%) GCP
4 387 (5.75%) Serverless
5 326 (4.84%) GitHub
6 296 (4.39%) SaaS
7 250 (3.71%) PaaS
8 215 (3.19%) AWS Lambda
9 193 (2.87%) Amazon EC2
10 191 (2.84%) Cloud Computing
11 166 (2.46%) AWS CloudFormation
12 161 (2.39%) Amazon S3
13 151 (2.24%) IaaS
14 117 (1.74%) Amazon SQS
15 109 (1.62%) OpenShift
16 92 (1.37%) Amazon ECS
16 92 (1.37%) Office 365
17 90 (1.34%) npm
18 81 (1.20%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 62 (0.92%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 149 (2.21%) HTTP
2 148 (2.20%) Internet
3 143 (2.12%) Firewall
4 132 (1.96%) TCP/IP
5 121 (1.80%) DNS
6 74 (1.10%) Broadband
7 62 (0.92%) DHCP
8 47 (0.70%) Skype
8 47 (0.70%) VPN
9 37 (0.55%) SSL
10 34 (0.50%) NetScaler
11 29 (0.43%) Extranet
12 27 (0.40%) Network Security
13 25 (0.37%) HTTPS
14 24 (0.36%) DMZ
15 20 (0.30%) FTP
15 20 (0.30%) WAN
16 18 (0.27%) SSH
17 16 (0.24%) Bluetooth
17 16 (0.24%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,113 (16.52%) SQL Server
2 486 (7.21%) NoSQL
3 398 (5.91%) MySQL
4 371 (5.51%) PostgreSQL
5 340 (5.05%) MongoDB
6 316 (4.69%) Relational Database
7 302 (4.48%) Big Data
8 173 (2.57%) SQL Server 2016
9 163 (2.42%) Hadoop
10 144 (2.14%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 132 (1.96%) Amazon RDS
12 131 (1.94%) Redis
13 122 (1.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 116 (1.72%) Data Warehouse
15 114 (1.69%) RDBMS
16 100 (1.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 94 (1.40%) Apache Cassandra
18 93 (1.38%) Azure SQL Database
19 69 (1.02%) Amazon Redshift
20 68 (1.01%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 1,900 (28.21%) Jenkins
2 1,755 (26.05%) Git (software)
3 1,047 (15.54%) JIRA
4 863 (12.81%) Selenium
5 594 (8.82%) TeamCity
6 532 (7.90%) Cucumber
7 485 (7.20%) Maven
8 429 (6.37%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 400 (5.94%) Team Foundation Server
10 361 (5.36%) Subversion
11 348 (5.17%) Octopus Deploy
12 278 (4.13%) JUnit
13 262 (3.89%) WebDriver
14 254 (3.77%) Visual Studio
15 244 (3.62%) Visual Studio Team System
16 230 (3.41%) SpecFlow
17 226 (3.36%) GitLab
18 195 (2.89%) Bitbucket
19 182 (2.70%) SoapUI
20 160 (2.38%) Appium
General
1 1,342 (19.92%) Finance
2 545 (8.09%) Banking
3 459 (6.81%) Retail
4 234 (3.47%) Games
5 216 (3.21%) Public Sector
6 190 (2.82%) Marketing
7 151 (2.24%) Telecoms
8 125 (1.86%) Manufacturing
9 108 (1.60%) Electronics
10 81 (1.20%) Legal
11 55 (0.82%) Front Office
12 54 (0.80%) Back Office
13 52 (0.77%) Financial Institution
14 45 (0.67%) Law
15 41 (0.61%) Aerospace
16 38 (0.56%) Military
17 37 (0.55%) Investment Banking
18 33 (0.49%) Advertising
19 25 (0.37%) Automotive
20 17 (0.25%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 2,770 (41.12%) Developer
2 851 (12.63%) Software Engineer
3 775 (11.51%) DevOps Engineer
4 635 (9.43%) Java Developer
5 616 (9.14%) Senior Developer
6 532 (7.90%) .NET Developer
7 474 (7.04%) C# Developer
8 398 (5.91%) Software Developer
9 336 (4.99%) C# .NET Developer
10 321 (4.77%) Test Engineer
11 270 (4.01%) Architect
12 249 (3.70%) Consultant
13 235 (3.49%) AWS Engineer
14 233 (3.46%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 229 (3.40%) Java Engineer
16 210 (3.12%) Senior Software Engineer
17 209 (3.10%) Senior Java Developer
18 196 (2.91%) JavaScript Developer
19 191 (2.84%) Lead Developer
19 191 (2.84%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,731 (25.70%) .NET
2 1,071 (15.90%) HTML
3 1,000 (14.85%) CSS
4 966 (14.34%) AngularJS
5 913 (13.55%) Web Services
6 899 (13.35%) React
7 866 (12.86%) REST
8 832 (12.35%) Node.js
9 772 (11.46%) RESTful
10 682 (10.12%) Spring
11 665 (9.87%) ASP.NET
12 529 (7.85%) HTML5
13 466 (6.92%) ASP.NET Web API
14 463 (6.87%) .NET Framework
15 442 (6.56%) ASP.NET MVC
16 423 (6.28%) JSON
17 411 (6.10%) XML
18 347 (5.15%) SOAP
19 346 (5.14%) Spring Boot
20 307 (4.56%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 448 (6.65%) User Experience
2 343 (5.09%) Analytical Skills
3 342 (5.08%) Greenfield Project
4 311 (4.62%) Mobile App
5 234 (3.47%) Algorithms
6 222 (3.30%) Enterprise Software
7 188 (2.79%) Self-Motivation
8 185 (2.75%) Public Cloud
9 132 (1.96%) Cloud Native
10 108 (1.60%) Data Structures
11 90 (1.34%) Hedge funds
12 76 (1.13%) Management Information System
13 62 (0.92%) Blog
14 60 (0.89%) Virtual Team
15 59 (0.88%) PlayStation
16 58 (0.86%) Linux Command Line
17 51 (0.76%) Robotics
18 50 (0.74%) iPad
19 49 (0.73%) N-Tier
20 46 (0.68%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,334 (19.80%) Linux
2 746 (11.07%) Windows
3 515 (7.65%) Unix
4 276 (4.10%) Android
5 238 (3.53%) Apple iOS
6 123 (1.83%) Windows Server
7 114 (1.69%) CentOS
8 102 (1.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 67 (0.99%) Ubuntu
10 42 (0.62%) Mac OS
11 34 (0.50%) Mesosphere
12 29 (0.43%) CoreOS
13 26 (0.39%) Debian
14 19 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
15 15 (0.22%) Solaris
15 15 (0.22%) Windows 8
15 15 (0.22%) zOS
16 14 (0.21%) Windows 7
17 13 (0.19%) Oracle Linux
18 12 (0.18%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,507 (66.91%) Agile Software Development
2 2,641 (39.21%) DevOps
3 2,284 (33.91%) TDD
4 1,956 (29.04%) Test Automation
5 1,865 (27.69%) Scrum
6 1,792 (26.60%) Software Engineering
7 1,398 (20.75%) Continuous Delivery
8 1,380 (20.49%) BDD
9 1,257 (18.66%) Microservices
10 859 (12.75%) MVC
11 857 (12.72%) Problem-Solving
12 856 (12.71%) OO
13 851 (12.63%) Mentoring
14 798 (11.85%) Kanban
15 731 (10.85%) SDLC
16 720 (10.69%) Unit Testing
17 685 (10.17%) Continuous Deployment
18 649 (9.63%) Open Source
19 648 (9.62%) Computer Science
20 601 (8.92%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 2,389 (35.47%) Java
2 2,145 (31.84%) JavaScript
3 2,102 (31.21%) C#
4 1,694 (25.15%) Python
5 1,528 (22.68%) SQL
6 570 (8.46%) C++
7 497 (7.38%) PowerShell
8 440 (6.53%) Ruby
9 405 (6.01%) Bash Shell
10 358 (5.31%) C
11 348 (5.17%) PHP
12 294 (4.36%) Java 8
13 283 (4.20%) T-SQL
14 241 (3.58%) Go
15 218 (3.24%) TypeScript
16 209 (3.10%) Scala
17 170 (2.52%) Kotlin
18 164 (2.43%) ES6
19 129 (1.92%) Perl
20 115 (1.71%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 870 (12.92%) Degree
2 317 (4.71%) Security Cleared
3 295 (4.38%) Computer Science Degree
4 177 (2.63%) SC Cleared
5 141 (2.09%) DV Cleared
6 133 (1.97%) ISTQB
7 64 (0.95%) Microsoft Certification
8 60 (0.89%) RHCE
9 49 (0.73%) AWS Certification
10 48 (0.71%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 40 (0.59%) MCP
12 35 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
12 35 (0.52%) ISEB
13 33 (0.49%) CCNA
14 25 (0.37%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 20 (0.30%) RHCSA
16 19 (0.28%) CCA
17 17 (0.25%) Citrix Certification
18 16 (0.24%) CISSP
19 14 (0.21%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 735 (10.91%) QA
2 34 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 20000
2 34 (0.50%) SLA
3 29 (0.43%) GDPR
4 25 (0.37%) NIST
5 21 (0.31%) Data Quality
6 18 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 17 (0.25%) WAI
8 10 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
8 10 (0.15%) PCI DSS
9 9 (0.13%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 6 (0.089%) WCAG
11 5 (0.074%) PMO
12 3 (0.045%) MiFID
12 3 (0.045%) PSD2
12 3 (0.045%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 2 (0.030%) COBIT
13 2 (0.030%) FedRAMP
13 2 (0.030%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 2 (0.030%) MISRA
System Software
1 1,484 (22.03%) Docker
2 161 (2.39%) Active Directory
3 149 (2.21%) VMware Infrastructure
4 68 (1.01%) Hyper-V
5 40 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
5 40 (0.59%) vSphere
6 35 (0.52%) Microsoft App-V
7 34 (0.50%) XenApp
7 34 (0.50%) XenDesktop
8 32 (0.48%) Firmware
8 32 (0.48%) VirtualBox
9 24 (0.36%) oVirt
9 24 (0.36%) RHEV
10 21 (0.31%) HDFS
11 20 (0.30%) Varnish
12 17 (0.25%) NFS
13 16 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 12 (0.18%) LXC
15 11 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
15 11 (0.16%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,035 (15.37%) Kubernetes
2 918 (13.63%) Ansible
3 731 (10.85%) Terraform
4 726 (10.78%) Puppet
5 612 (9.09%) Opscode Chef
6 152 (2.26%) Consul
7 145 (2.15%) Docker Swarm
8 135 (2.00%) Packer
9 130 (1.93%) Prometheus
10 118 (1.75%) Nagios
11 116 (1.72%) Grafana
12 102 (1.51%) Salt
13 78 (1.16%) Kibana
14 76 (1.13%) Rancher
15 75 (1.11%) Graphite
16 68 (1.01%) Automic
17 52 (0.77%) SCOrch
18 51 (0.76%) logstash
18 51 (0.76%) Rundeck
19 46 (0.68%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 925 (13.73%) Microsoft
2 496 (7.36%) Google
3 419 (6.22%) Oracle
4 247 (3.67%) Splunk
5 188 (2.79%) VMware
6 177 (2.63%) SAP
7 170 (2.52%) Atlassian
8 139 (2.06%) Red Hat
9 108 (1.60%) Salesforce.com
10 98 (1.45%) IBM
11 81 (1.20%) ServiceNow
12 76 (1.13%) Adobe
12 76 (1.13%) AppDynamics
12 76 (1.13%) New Relic
13 70 (1.04%) Sitecore
14 58 (0.86%) MuleSoft
15 56 (0.83%) CA
16 52 (0.77%) Cisco
16 52 (0.77%) RedGate
17 51 (0.76%) Nintex