Period
to 25 July 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge and experience of Red Hat products and/or services. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

The figures below represent the IT labour market in general and are not representative of salaries within Red Hat, Inc.

Red Hat
UK
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 385 319 319
Rank change year-on-year -66 0 -35
Permanent jobs citing Red Hat 909 666 1,490
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.81% 0.94% 1.03%
As % of the Vendors category 2.11% 2.34% 2.48%
Number of salaries quoted 580 524 1,186
10th Percentile £36,750 £36,250 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £45,000 £39,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £58,750 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +6.82% +4.76% -4.55%
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% +2.15%

Red Hat is in the Vendor Products and Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services.

All Vendors
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services 43,062 28,494 60,198
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.29% 40.27% 41.73%
Number of salaries quoted 29,086 22,160 46,693
10th Percentile £30,750 £30,250 £27,500
25th Percentile £39,250 £39,000 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £54,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.86% +5.00% +2.04%
75th Percentile £72,000 £71,250 £67,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,000 £47,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -2.13% +4.44% +2.27%

Red Hat
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Red Hat as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat in the UK

Red Hat
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Red Hat.

Salary trend for Red Hat in the UK

Red Hat
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Red Hat over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Red Hat in the UK

Red Hat
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat within the UK over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -68 806 £60,000 +4.35% 182
UK excluding London -23 536 £47,500 -5.00% 116
London -96 322 £75,000 +7.14% 73
South West -29 130 £50,000 - 27
North of England -38 114 £52,500 +5.00% 21
South East -77 94 £60,000 +10.09% 23
Work from Home -192 94 £65,000 +18.18% 23
North West -10 77 £54,000 +2.86% 15
Midlands -58 73 £47,500 - 23
East of England +5 55 £55,000 +4.76% 11
West Midlands -63 45 £51,250 +7.89% 17
Scotland -39 37 £42,500 -24.28% 6
East Midlands -30 28 £42,500 -5.56% 6
Yorkshire -69 27 £42,500 -15.00% 5
Wales -11 26 £44,361 +38.63% 3
North East -13 10 £46,250 +20.92% 1
Northern Ireland -28 8 £37,500 -28.57% 2

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT jobs citing Red Hat also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Red Hat.

1 805 (88.56%) Linux
2 425 (46.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 378 (41.58%) DevOps
4 370 (40.70%) Ansible
5 349 (38.39%) Python
6 340 (37.40%) Docker
7 325 (35.75%) AWS
8 311 (34.21%) Azure
9 298 (32.78%) Agile Software Development
10 297 (32.67%) VMware
10 297 (32.67%) Kubernetes
11 282 (31.02%) Windows
12 275 (30.25%) CentOS
13 254 (27.94%) Java
14 242 (26.62%) Finance
15 233 (25.63%) Oracle
16 224 (24.64%) Bash Shell
17 220 (24.20%) VMware Infrastructure
18 210 (23.10%) Puppet
19 208 (22.88%) Jenkins
20 207 (22.77%) Microsoft
21 196 (21.56%) SQL
22 170 (18.70%) Unix
23 167 (18.37%) Infrastructure Engineering
24 166 (18.26%) OpenShift
25 153 (16.83%) Git (software)
26 145 (15.95%) Terraform
27 139 (15.29%) PowerShell
28 138 (15.18%) Windows Server
29 130 (14.30%) JIRA

Red Hat
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 97 (10.67%) Confluence
2 62 (6.82%) Apache
3 55 (6.05%) Tomcat
4 36 (3.96%) Elasticsearch
5 32 (3.52%) Cloud Foundry
6 29 (3.19%) JBoss
7 24 (2.64%) Apache Spark
8 23 (2.53%) OpenStack
9 18 (1.98%) IIS
9 18 (1.98%) nginx
10 16 (1.76%) WebLogic
11 13 (1.43%) MS Exchange
12 11 (1.21%) Red Hat Fuse
13 8 (0.88%) BizTalk Server
14 6 (0.66%) OpenEdge
14 6 (0.66%) WebSphere
15 3 (0.33%) CMS
16 2 (0.22%) Commerce Server
16 2 (0.22%) SAS
16 2 (0.22%) SharePoint
Applications
1 17 (1.87%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (0.99%) MS Visio
3 6 (0.66%) Microsoft Project
4 4 (0.44%) Maya
4 4 (0.44%) NUKE
5 3 (0.33%) Houdini
5 3 (0.33%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
Business Applications
1 4 (0.44%) SAP GTS
2 3 (0.33%) Oracle Applications
2 3 (0.33%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.22%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 1 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.11%) Eikon
4 1 (0.11%) MetaTrader
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle iProcurement
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 325 (35.75%) AWS
2 311 (34.21%) Azure
3 166 (18.26%) OpenShift
4 108 (11.88%) GCP
5 53 (5.83%) Amazon EKS
5 53 (5.83%) PaaS
6 49 (5.39%) Microsoft 365
7 39 (4.29%) IaaS
8 34 (3.74%) Cloud Computing
9 27 (2.97%) IBM Cloud
10 25 (2.75%) GitHub
11 21 (2.31%) Amazon EC2
11 21 (2.31%) AWS CloudFormation
11 21 (2.31%) SaaS
11 21 (2.31%) Slack
12 15 (1.65%) Amazon ECS
13 11 (1.21%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 11 (1.21%) Amazon S3
13 11 (1.21%) Datadog
14 10 (1.10%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 115 (12.65%) Firewall
2 89 (9.79%) DNS
3 64 (7.04%) VPN
4 57 (6.27%) HTTP
5 54 (5.94%) SAN
6 48 (5.28%) TCP/IP
7 46 (5.06%) DHCP
8 44 (4.84%) SSL
9 37 (4.07%) VLAN
9 37 (4.07%) WAN
10 35 (3.85%) LAN
11 33 (3.63%) IPv4
12 30 (3.30%) OSPF
13 21 (2.31%) NAS
14 19 (2.09%) Internet
15 17 (1.87%) FIX Connectivity
16 16 (1.76%) Broadband
17 14 (1.54%) Network Security
17 14 (1.54%) SSH
18 13 (1.43%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 67 (7.37%) MongoDB
2 66 (7.26%) SQL Server
3 63 (6.93%) Oracle Database
4 57 (6.27%) NoSQL
5 53 (5.83%) Big Data
5 53 (5.83%) PostgreSQL
6 37 (4.07%) MySQL
7 34 (3.74%) Data Warehouse
8 29 (3.19%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 28 (3.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 20 (2.20%) Apache Cassandra
11 18 (1.98%) Relational Database
12 15 (1.65%) Hadoop
12 15 (1.65%) Oracle Database 12c
13 11 (1.21%) MariaDB
14 10 (1.10%) Blockchain
15 8 (0.88%) RDBMS
16 7 (0.77%) Oracle Database 11g
17 5 (0.55%) Oracle BI EE
17 5 (0.55%) Oracle ODI
Development Applications
1 208 (22.88%) Jenkins
2 153 (16.83%) Git (software)
3 130 (14.30%) JIRA
4 38 (4.18%) Subversion
5 36 (3.96%) Maven
6 31 (3.41%) GitLab
7 25 (2.75%) TeamCity
8 21 (2.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 17 (1.87%) JUnit
10 16 (1.76%) Mockito
11 10 (1.10%) Bitbucket
12 7 (0.77%) GoCD
13 6 (0.66%) Oracle APEX
14 5 (0.55%) CMake
14 5 (0.55%) JMeter
14 5 (0.55%) Robot Framework
14 5 (0.55%) Travis CI
15 4 (0.44%) CircleCI
15 4 (0.44%) Gradle
15 4 (0.44%) Snyk
General
1 242 (26.62%) Finance
2 105 (11.55%) Social Skills
3 65 (7.15%) Analytical Skills
4 53 (5.83%) Public Sector
5 48 (5.28%) Banking
6 42 (4.62%) Legal
7 39 (4.29%) Telecoms
8 38 (4.18%) Back Office
9 24 (2.64%) Law
10 19 (2.09%) Advertising
11 17 (1.87%) Marketing
12 15 (1.65%) Electronics
12 15 (1.65%) Manufacturing
13 13 (1.43%) Documentation Skills
14 11 (1.21%) Financial Institution
14 11 (1.21%) Influencing Skills
15 10 (1.10%) Investment Banking
15 10 (1.10%) Presentation Skills
16 7 (0.77%) Retail
17 4 (0.44%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 152 (16.72%) Linux Engineer
2 144 (15.84%) DevOps Engineer
3 126 (13.86%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 84 (9.24%) Administrator
5 58 (6.38%) Software Engineer
6 54 (5.94%) Architect
7 52 (5.72%) Developer
8 49 (5.39%) Cloud Engineer
9 48 (5.28%) Applications Support
9 48 (5.28%) Senior Software Engineer
10 47 (5.17%) Analyst
11 44 (4.84%) DBA
11 44 (4.84%) Linux/Unix DevOps
12 43 (4.73%) Linux Administrator
13 41 (4.51%) Support Analyst
14 40 (4.40%) Consultant
14 40 (4.40%) Senior DevOps
14 40 (4.40%) Systems Administrator
15 38 (4.18%) Senior DevOps Engineer
16 37 (4.07%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 91 (10.01%) Kafka
2 60 (6.60%) Web Services
3 58 (6.38%) Spring
4 47 (5.17%) Java EE
5 45 (4.95%) Elastic Stack
6 42 (4.62%) Apache NiFi
7 38 (4.18%) REST
8 36 (3.96%) Spring Boot
9 35 (3.85%) .NET
10 33 (3.63%) Middleware
11 28 (3.08%) HTML
12 23 (2.53%) LAMP
13 22 (2.42%) FIX Protocol
13 22 (2.42%) XML
14 21 (2.31%) RabbitMQ
15 18 (1.98%) React
16 16 (1.76%) AngularJS
17 15 (1.65%) Apache Camel
17 15 (1.65%) CSS
17 15 (1.65%) Spring Cloud
Miscellaneous
1 95 (10.45%) Data Centre
2 74 (8.14%) Public Cloud
3 42 (4.62%) SWIFT
3 42 (4.62%) User Experience
4 39 (4.29%) Clustering
4 39 (4.29%) Cyberattack
5 35 (3.85%) Cloud Native
6 30 (3.30%) Linux Command Line
7 28 (3.08%) iPhone
8 21 (2.31%) Hybrid Cloud
9 20 (2.20%) Private Cloud
10 17 (1.87%) Management Information System
11 16 (1.76%) Enterprise Storage
12 15 (1.65%) PKI
13 13 (1.43%) Eurex
14 12 (1.32%) EMC VNX
15 11 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
16 9 (0.99%) Virtual Team
17 8 (0.88%) FMCG
17 8 (0.88%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 805 (88.56%) Linux
2 425 (46.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 282 (31.02%) Windows
4 275 (30.25%) CentOS
5 170 (18.70%) Unix
6 138 (15.18%) Windows Server
7 112 (12.32%) Ubuntu
8 45 (4.95%) Windows Server 2016
9 40 (4.40%) Windows Server 2012
10 35 (3.85%) Oracle Linux
11 32 (3.52%) Solaris
12 29 (3.19%) SUSE
13 24 (2.64%) Windows Server 2019
14 20 (2.20%) Windows Server 2008
15 17 (1.87%) VMS
16 14 (1.54%) Debian
17 12 (1.32%) Windows 10
18 9 (0.99%) HPUX
19 8 (0.88%) AIX
20 6 (0.66%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 378 (41.58%) DevOps
2 298 (32.78%) Agile Software Development
3 167 (18.37%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 130 (14.30%) Configuration Management
5 125 (13.75%) Mentoring
6 121 (13.31%) Software Engineering
7 108 (11.88%) Scrum
8 103 (11.33%) Microservices
9 102 (11.22%) ITIL
10 98 (10.78%) Open Source
11 95 (10.45%) Infrastructure as Code
12 86 (9.46%) Site Reliability Engineering
13 85 (9.35%) Scaled Agile Framework
14 80 (8.80%) Cybersecurity
15 79 (8.69%) Test Automation
16 76 (8.36%) DevSecOps
16 76 (8.36%) Machine Learning
17 74 (8.14%) Cyber Intelligence
18 73 (8.03%) Data Science
19 68 (7.48%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 349 (38.39%) Python
2 254 (27.94%) Java
3 224 (24.64%) Bash Shell
4 196 (21.56%) SQL
5 139 (15.29%) PowerShell
6 68 (7.48%) Perl
7 66 (7.26%) Go
8 56 (6.16%) JavaScript
9 55 (6.05%) C++
9 55 (6.05%) Ruby
10 53 (5.83%) Shell Script
11 46 (5.06%) C
12 34 (3.74%) C#
13 30 (3.30%) Java 8
14 11 (1.21%) Groovy
15 10 (1.10%) Clojure
15 10 (1.10%) PL/SQL
16 7 (0.77%) PHP
17 5 (0.55%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
18 4 (0.44%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 117 (12.87%) Security Cleared
2 83 (9.13%) Degree
3 75 (8.25%) RHCE
4 54 (5.94%) SC Cleared
5 50 (5.50%) Computer Science Degree
6 41 (4.51%) RHCSA
7 30 (3.30%) GIAC
8 24 (2.64%) Cisco Certification
9 21 (2.31%) DV Cleared
10 20 (2.20%) Microsoft Certification
11 19 (2.09%) MCSE
11 19 (2.09%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 17 (1.87%) AWS Certification
13 14 (1.54%) CCNA
14 11 (1.21%) MCSA
15 9 (0.99%) CCNP
16 8 (0.88%) OCP
16 8 (0.88%) Oracle Certification
17 7 (0.77%) CCENT
17 7 (0.77%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (7.26%) QA
2 19 (2.09%) SLA
3 16 (1.76%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (0.77%) Cyber Essentials
5 6 (0.66%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 5 (0.55%) NIST
7 4 (0.44%) GDPR
8 2 (0.22%) NCSC
9 1 (0.11%) Accessibility
9 1 (0.11%) Actionable Recommendations
9 1 (0.11%) Government Security Classifications
9 1 (0.11%) GRC
9 1 (0.11%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.11%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 340 (37.40%) Docker
2 220 (24.20%) VMware Infrastructure
3 118 (12.98%) Active Directory
4 57 (6.27%) VMware ESXi
5 53 (5.83%) vSphere
6 44 (4.84%) Hyper-V
7 29 (3.19%) NFS
8 27 (2.97%) XenDesktop
9 23 (2.53%) Virtual Machines
10 22 (2.42%) iptables
11 21 (2.31%) Virtual Servers
12 19 (2.09%) XenApp
13 14 (1.54%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 14 (1.54%) KVM
14 12 (1.32%) Samba
15 11 (1.21%) Veritas Cluster Server
16 10 (1.10%) Postfix
17 9 (0.99%) Microsoft Virtual Server
18 8 (0.88%) Ceph
19 7 (0.77%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 370 (40.70%) Ansible
2 297 (32.67%) Kubernetes
3 210 (23.10%) Puppet
4 145 (15.95%) Terraform
5 55 (6.05%) Opscode Chef
6 41 (4.51%) Prometheus
7 37 (4.07%) Docker Swarm
8 34 (3.74%) Red Hat Satellite
9 31 (3.41%) Grafana
10 29 (3.19%) Packer
11 26 (2.86%) SCCM
12 25 (2.75%) vRealize
13 21 (2.31%) HAProxy
13 21 (2.31%) ZABBIX
14 19 (2.09%) Salt
15 18 (1.98%) Nagios
16 17 (1.87%) vCenter Server
17 16 (1.76%) Consul
17 16 (1.76%) NetBackup
18 14 (1.54%) SCOM
Vendors
1 297 (32.67%) VMware
2 233 (25.63%) Oracle
3 207 (22.77%) Microsoft
4 83 (9.13%) Cisco
5 80 (8.80%) Google
6 69 (7.59%) IBM
7 46 (5.06%) SAP
8 36 (3.96%) Citrix
8 36 (3.96%) EMC
8 36 (3.96%) F5
9 25 (2.75%) HP
10 24 (2.64%) Dell
11 23 (2.53%) 3PAR
11 23 (2.53%) Splunk
12 21 (2.31%) Juniper
13 20 (2.20%) Bloomberg
14 19 (2.09%) Reuters
14 19 (2.09%) Veeam
15 18 (1.98%) NetApp
16 16 (1.76%) Brocade