Period
to 25 October 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge and experience of Red Hat products and/or services. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

The figures below represent the IT labour market in general and are not representative of salaries within Red Hat, Inc.

Red Hat
UK
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 422 301 349
Rank change year-on-year -121 +48 -99
Permanent jobs citing Red Hat 903 503 1,277
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.71% 1.03% 0.94%
As % of the Vendors category 1.83% 2.64% 2.23%
Number of salaries quoted 547 394 1,005
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £54,250 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +10.60% +3.33% -6.25%
75th Percentile £80,625 £70,938 £70,000
90th Percentile £91,750 £83,750 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.53% - -

Red Hat is in the Vendor Products and Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services.

All Vendors
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services 49,366 19,065 57,218
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.07% 39.00% 42.00%
Number of salaries quoted 32,754 15,247 44,115
10th Percentile £30,000 £31,250 £27,000
25th Percentile £38,750 £40,000 £36,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,625 £67,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +1.06% +4.44% -

Red Hat
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Red Hat as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat in the UK

Red Hat
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Red Hat.

Salary trend for Red Hat in the UK

Red Hat
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Red Hat over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Red Hat in the UK

Red Hat
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat within the UK over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -123 788 £65,000 +18.18% 189
UK excluding London -108 499 £52,500 +10.53% 115
London -115 348 £70,000 - 78
Work from Home -180 133 £65,000 +18.18% 19
South West -74 124 £45,000 -1.10% 22
South East -119 109 £72,500 +31.82% 30
North of England -95 101 £55,000 +22.22% 22
North West -54 68 £60,000 +14.29% 12
Midlands -103 60 £47,500 - 19
West Midlands -98 43 £50,000 -6.98% 17
East of England -75 38 £55,000 +4.76% 15
Wales -43 33 £42,500 -5.56% 4
Scotland -70 31 £42,500 -10.53% 3
Yorkshire -106 28 £55,000 +22.91% 7
East Midlands -75 17 £42,500 -10.53% 2
Northern Ireland -37 6 £40,000 -23.81%
North East -31 5 £52,500 - 3

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT jobs citing Red Hat also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Red Hat.

1 793 (87.82%) Linux
2 426 (47.18%) Ansible
3 402 (44.52%) DevOps
4 373 (41.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 370 (40.97%) AWS
6 369 (40.86%) Python
7 348 (38.54%) Azure
8 315 (34.88%) Agile Software Development
9 312 (34.55%) Docker
10 301 (33.33%) VMware
11 287 (31.78%) Finance
12 269 (29.79%) Java
13 260 (28.79%) Windows
14 258 (28.57%) CentOS
15 255 (28.24%) Kubernetes
16 250 (27.69%) Oracle
17 239 (26.47%) Jenkins
18 208 (23.03%) VMware Infrastructure
19 205 (22.70%) OpenShift
20 204 (22.59%) Bash Shell
20 204 (22.59%) Unix
21 202 (22.37%) Puppet
22 184 (20.38%) Microsoft
23 168 (18.60%) SQL
24 166 (18.38%) Degree
25 149 (16.50%) Infrastructure Engineering
26 143 (15.84%) PowerShell
27 133 (14.73%) Microservices
27 133 (14.73%) Scrum
28 126 (13.95%) Terraform

Red Hat
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 67 (7.42%) Apache
2 66 (7.31%) Confluence
3 61 (6.76%) Tomcat
4 49 (5.43%) Elasticsearch
5 42 (4.65%) Cloud Foundry
6 37 (4.10%) Apache Spark
7 34 (3.77%) JBoss
8 23 (2.55%) MS Exchange
9 13 (1.44%) nginx
10 12 (1.33%) WebLogic
11 11 (1.22%) OpenStack
12 10 (1.11%) WebSphere
13 7 (0.78%) IIS
13 7 (0.78%) OpenEdge
14 4 (0.44%) CMS
15 3 (0.33%) BizTalk Server
15 3 (0.33%) Oracle 9iAS
15 3 (0.33%) Oracle Application Server
16 2 (0.22%) Mule
16 2 (0.22%) SharePoint
Applications
1 7 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.66%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
4 1 (0.11%) Maya
4 1 (0.11%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 6 (0.66%) Oracle Applications
1 6 (0.66%) Oracle EBS
2 3 (0.33%) Oracle 11i
2 3 (0.33%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
2 3 (0.33%) Workfront
3 2 (0.22%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
3 2 (0.22%) SAP GTS
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle iProcurement
Cloud Services
1 370 (40.97%) AWS
2 348 (38.54%) Azure
3 205 (22.70%) OpenShift
4 117 (12.96%) GCP
5 70 (7.75%) Serverless
6 68 (7.53%) PaaS
7 56 (6.20%) Cloud Computing
8 48 (5.32%) Amazon EKS
9 47 (5.20%) Microsoft 365
10 39 (4.32%) GitHub
11 36 (3.99%) IaaS
12 33 (3.65%) Amazon EC2
13 26 (2.88%) Azure Active Directory
14 24 (2.66%) IBM Cloud
15 23 (2.55%) AWS CloudFormation
16 19 (2.10%) Azure Stack
16 19 (2.10%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 16 (1.77%) AWS Lambda
17 16 (1.77%) SaaS
18 15 (1.66%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 98 (10.85%) Firewall
2 74 (8.19%) DNS
3 72 (7.97%) VPN
4 53 (5.87%) SSL
5 49 (5.43%) LAN
6 48 (5.32%) WAN
7 43 (4.76%) DHCP
7 43 (4.76%) SAN
7 43 (4.76%) TCP/IP
8 42 (4.65%) HTTP
9 23 (2.55%) Broadband
9 23 (2.55%) OSPF
10 21 (2.33%) VLAN
11 20 (2.21%) IPv4
12 18 (1.99%) FIX Connectivity
13 17 (1.88%) Internet
13 17 (1.88%) Network Security
14 16 (1.77%) SNMP
15 14 (1.55%) NetScaler
16 10 (1.11%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 89 (9.86%) PostgreSQL
2 76 (8.42%) SQL Server
3 62 (6.87%) MongoDB
4 51 (5.65%) Oracle Database
5 42 (4.65%) Big Data
6 39 (4.32%) NoSQL
7 26 (2.88%) Apache Cassandra
7 26 (2.88%) MySQL
8 18 (1.99%) Relational Database
9 17 (1.88%) MariaDB
10 16 (1.77%) Hadoop
11 14 (1.55%) RDBMS
12 11 (1.22%) Amazon RDS
13 9 (1.00%) Data Warehouse
13 9 (1.00%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 8 (0.89%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 7 (0.78%) Oracle Database 12c
16 6 (0.66%) Blockchain
16 6 (0.66%) DB2
17 5 (0.55%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 239 (26.47%) Jenkins
2 111 (12.29%) Git (software)
3 90 (9.97%) JIRA
4 33 (3.65%) Maven
5 28 (3.10%) GitLab
6 24 (2.66%) Subversion
7 19 (2.10%) JUnit
8 16 (1.77%) Mockito
9 11 (1.22%) Bitbucket
10 6 (0.66%) Sonatype Nexus
11 5 (0.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 5 (0.55%) CMake
11 5 (0.55%) JMeter
11 5 (0.55%) ProC
11 5 (0.55%) Robot Framework
12 4 (0.44%) Eclipse
12 4 (0.44%) Oracle Forms
13 3 (0.33%) Ant
13 3 (0.33%) Artifactory
13 3 (0.33%) IntelliJ
General
1 287 (31.78%) Finance
2 106 (11.74%) Social Skills
3 103 (11.41%) Analytical Skills
4 46 (5.09%) Banking
5 36 (3.99%) Legal
6 31 (3.43%) Advertising
7 27 (2.99%) Public Sector
8 25 (2.77%) Law
9 23 (2.55%) Telecoms
10 20 (2.21%) Back Office
11 17 (1.88%) Financial Institution
12 16 (1.77%) Documentation Skills
13 15 (1.66%) Presentation Skills
13 15 (1.66%) Retail
14 12 (1.33%) Marketing
15 10 (1.11%) Organisational Skills
16 8 (0.89%) Manufacturing
17 7 (0.78%) Electronics
18 6 (0.66%) Investment Banking
19 5 (0.55%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 144 (15.95%) Linux Engineer
2 129 (14.29%) DevOps Engineer
3 110 (12.18%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 90 (9.97%) Developer
5 86 (9.52%) Analyst
6 79 (8.75%) Architect
7 65 (7.20%) Administrator
8 54 (5.98%) Consultant
9 48 (5.32%) Software Engineer
10 46 (5.09%) Cloud Engineer
11 42 (4.65%) Analyst Developer
11 42 (4.65%) Pricing Analyst
11 42 (4.65%) Pricing Developer
12 40 (4.43%) DBA
13 39 (4.32%) Support Analyst
14 37 (4.10%) Linux/Unix DevOps
14 37 (4.10%) Senior Software Engineer
15 35 (3.88%) Cloud Architect
16 33 (3.65%) Linux DevOps Engineer
17 32 (3.54%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 97 (10.74%) Spring
2 93 (10.30%) Java EE
3 89 (9.86%) Kafka
4 68 (7.53%) React
4 68 (7.53%) Spring Boot
5 66 (7.31%) AngularJS
6 56 (6.20%) REST
7 43 (4.76%) Elastic Stack
8 39 (4.32%) HTML
9 34 (3.77%) Apache NiFi
10 28 (3.10%) Middleware
10 28 (3.10%) Web Services
11 24 (2.66%) Node.js
12 23 (2.55%) CSS
13 21 (2.33%) Ember.js
13 21 (2.33%) FIX Protocol
13 21 (2.33%) GWT
13 21 (2.33%) LAMP
13 21 (2.33%) Spring Cloud
14 20 (2.21%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 97 (10.74%) User Experience
2 80 (8.86%) Public Cloud
3 79 (8.75%) Data Centre
4 62 (6.87%) Clustering
5 60 (6.64%) Management Information System
6 52 (5.76%) Self-Motivation
7 48 (5.32%) Virtual Team
8 45 (4.98%) Hybrid Cloud
8 45 (4.98%) SWIFT
9 42 (4.65%) Cloud Native
10 37 (4.10%) iPhone
11 30 (3.32%) Cyberattack
12 25 (2.77%) Enterprise Storage
12 25 (2.77%) PKI
13 18 (1.99%) Enterprise Software
13 18 (1.99%) Private Cloud
14 17 (1.88%) Linux Command Line
15 15 (1.66%) Eurex
16 12 (1.33%) Greenfield Project
17 9 (1.00%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 793 (87.82%) Linux
2 373 (41.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 260 (28.79%) Windows
4 258 (28.57%) CentOS
5 204 (22.59%) Unix
6 113 (12.51%) Windows Server
7 90 (9.97%) Ubuntu
8 58 (6.42%) Solaris
9 47 (5.20%) Windows Server 2016
10 46 (5.09%) Windows Server 2012
11 32 (3.54%) SUSE
12 28 (3.10%) Windows Server 2019
13 27 (2.99%) AIX
14 25 (2.77%) Oracle Linux
15 20 (2.21%) Debian
16 15 (1.66%) HPUX
17 12 (1.33%) Windows 10
18 10 (1.11%) Windows Server 2008
19 3 (0.33%) Apple iOS
19 3 (0.33%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 402 (44.52%) DevOps
2 315 (34.88%) Agile Software Development
3 149 (16.50%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 133 (14.73%) Microservices
4 133 (14.73%) Scrum
5 126 (13.95%) Computer Science
6 105 (11.63%) Mentoring
6 105 (11.63%) Software Engineering
7 103 (11.41%) ITIL
8 102 (11.30%) Infrastructure as Code
9 96 (10.63%) Problem-Solving
10 95 (10.52%) Configuration Management
11 86 (9.52%) Continuous Delivery
12 85 (9.41%) Data Modelling
13 83 (9.19%) Migration
13 83 (9.19%) Open Source
14 81 (8.97%) Test Automation
15 80 (8.86%) Continuous Integration
16 75 (8.31%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 63 (6.98%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 369 (40.86%) Python
2 269 (29.79%) Java
3 204 (22.59%) Bash Shell
4 168 (18.60%) SQL
5 143 (15.84%) PowerShell
6 119 (13.18%) JavaScript
7 105 (11.63%) Perl
8 96 (10.63%) C
8 96 (10.63%) C++
9 73 (8.08%) C#
10 72 (7.97%) Shell Script
11 49 (5.43%) Go
12 45 (4.98%) Ruby
13 40 (4.43%) Java 8
14 14 (1.55%) Groovy
15 7 (0.78%) PHP
16 6 (0.66%) Clojure
16 6 (0.66%) PL/SQL
17 5 (0.55%) T-SQL
18 4 (0.44%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 166 (18.38%) Degree
2 100 (11.07%) Security Cleared
3 73 (8.08%) Computer Science Degree
4 49 (5.43%) RHCE
5 43 (4.76%) SC Cleared
6 25 (2.77%) RHCSA
7 17 (1.88%) CCNA
7 17 (1.88%) Cisco Certification
8 16 (1.77%) AWS Certification
8 16 (1.77%) Microsoft Certification
9 15 (1.66%) MCSE
10 13 (1.44%) DV Cleared
10 13 (1.44%) GIAC
11 12 (1.33%) Master's Degree
11 12 (1.33%) MCSA
11 12 (1.33%) Numerate Degree
12 9 (1.00%) CCENT
12 9 (1.00%) OCP
12 9 (1.00%) Oracle Certification
12 9 (1.00%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 57 (6.31%) QA
2 14 (1.55%) SLA
3 13 (1.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 10 (1.11%) GDPR
5 5 (0.55%) Cyber Essentials
5 5 (0.55%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 3 (0.33%) Accessibility
7 2 (0.22%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.22%) WCAG
8 1 (0.11%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.11%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.11%) NIST
System Software
1 312 (34.55%) Docker
2 208 (23.03%) VMware Infrastructure
3 100 (11.07%) Active Directory
4 72 (7.97%) vSphere
5 38 (4.21%) VMware ESXi
6 33 (3.65%) NFS
7 26 (2.88%) Hyper-V
7 26 (2.88%) iptables
8 19 (2.10%) Virtual Machines
9 16 (1.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 14 (1.55%) XenApp
10 14 (1.55%) XenDesktop
11 11 (1.22%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 10 (1.11%) KVM
12 10 (1.11%) Virtual Servers
13 9 (1.00%) Ceph
13 9 (1.00%) Postfix
13 9 (1.00%) Samba
14 8 (0.89%) Firmware
15 4 (0.44%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 426 (47.18%) Ansible
2 255 (28.24%) Kubernetes
3 202 (22.37%) Puppet
4 126 (13.95%) Terraform
5 86 (9.52%) Opscode Chef
6 45 (4.98%) SCCM
7 42 (4.65%) Prometheus
8 29 (3.21%) Nagios
8 29 (3.21%) Salt
9 27 (2.99%) Grafana
10 21 (2.33%) Docker Swarm
10 21 (2.33%) ZABBIX
11 19 (2.10%) Packer
12 15 (1.66%) Icinga
13 13 (1.44%) Failover Clustering
14 12 (1.33%) Rancher
14 12 (1.33%) Red Hat Satellite
15 11 (1.22%) vCenter Server
16 10 (1.11%) HAProxy
17 9 (1.00%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 301 (33.33%) VMware
2 250 (27.69%) Oracle
3 184 (20.38%) Microsoft
4 83 (9.19%) Google
5 71 (7.86%) Cisco
6 47 (5.20%) IBM
7 41 (4.54%) SAP
8 27 (2.99%) Splunk
9 25 (2.77%) Juniper
9 25 (2.77%) SolarWinds
9 25 (2.77%) Sun
10 24 (2.66%) F5
11 22 (2.44%) 3PAR
11 22 (2.44%) Apple
12 21 (2.33%) Bloomberg
12 21 (2.33%) SaltStack
13 20 (2.21%) Brocade
13 20 (2.21%) Symantec
14 19 (2.10%) Reuters
14 19 (2.10%) Scality