Period
to 25 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 25 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
25 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 285 287 269
Rank change year-on-year +2 -18 -42
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 2,028 2,001 2,551
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.17% 1.16% 1.27%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.86% 2.84% 3.28%
Number of salaries quoted 1,355 1,418 1,846
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.35% -4.17%
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £37,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £87,875 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +0.50%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 71,014 70,445 77,836
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.81% 40.68% 38.84%
Number of salaries quoted 59,248 59,594 67,260
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,750 £28,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Middleware.

Salary trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 25 June 2018.

Salary histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 25 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 1,849 £60,000 - 234
UK excluding London +12 1,198 £55,000 +10.00% 160
London -34 773 £70,000 - 93
South East +60 464 £60,000 +14.29% 41
North of England +53 245 £55,000 +10.00% 36
East of England +11 205 £57,500 -4.17% 32
North West +6 125 £48,000 -8.57% 12
Scotland +26 110 £45,000 -5.26% 12
Yorkshire +53 106 £70,000 +40.00% 24
Midlands -71 81 £55,000 +27.54% 19
South West -28 73 £45,000 -10.88% 13
East Midlands +19 44 £55,000 +37.50% 3
West Midlands -74 36 £42,500 -5.56% 16
Wales -1 18 £48,000 +6.03% 6
North East -15 14 £50,000 -9.09%
Northern Ireland +1 2 £57,500 +43.75% 1

For the 6 months to 25 June 2018, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 748 (36.88%) Oracle
2 684 (33.73%) Agile Software Development
3 646 (31.85%) SQL
4 637 (31.41%) Java
5 599 (29.54%) Finance
6 592 (29.19%) Linux
7 421 (20.76%) SOA
8 415 (20.46%) Microsoft
9 390 (19.23%) Web Services
10 373 (18.39%) Amazon AWS
11 370 (18.24%) DevOps
12 364 (17.95%) Continuous Integration
13 362 (17.85%) .NET
14 359 (17.70%) SQL Server
15 357 (17.60%) Microsoft Azure
16 356 (17.55%) Windows
17 349 (17.21%) C#
18 328 (16.17%) Unix
19 314 (15.48%) Problem-Solving
20 304 (14.99%) Degree
21 302 (14.89%) JavaScript
22 293 (14.45%) Test Automation
23 291 (14.35%) Scrum
24 287 (14.15%) Python
25 283 (13.95%) IBM
26 268 (13.21%) XML
27 264 (13.02%) Jenkins
28 250 (12.33%) OO
29 246 (12.13%) TDD
30 235 (11.59%) Git (software)

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 224 (11.05%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 198 (9.76%) WebSphere
3 194 (9.57%) WebLogic
4 134 (6.61%) Tomcat
5 131 (6.46%) Apache
6 103 (5.08%) Oracle Service Bus
7 90 (4.44%) JBoss
8 78 (3.85%) BizTalk Server
9 74 (3.65%) SharePoint
10 72 (3.55%) IIS
11 61 (3.01%) MQSeries
12 57 (2.81%) OpenStack
13 53 (2.61%) Elasticsearch
14 52 (2.56%) Confluence
15 45 (2.22%) Apache Spark
16 42 (2.07%) Apache Solr
17 41 (2.02%) CMS
18 34 (1.68%) WebSphere Application Server
19 29 (1.43%) Oracle HTTP Server
20 28 (1.38%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 18 (0.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (0.69%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (0.49%) Adobe Premiere
3 10 (0.49%) Spreadsheet
4 5 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.20%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.099%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 66 (3.25%) Oracle EBS
2 40 (1.97%) Oracle EBS R12
3 37 (1.82%) Oracle Applications
4 22 (1.08%) Oracle 11i
5 18 (0.89%) Oracle Assets
5 18 (0.89%) Oracle Payables
5 18 (0.89%) Oracle Receivables
6 17 (0.84%) Documaker
7 16 (0.79%) Oracle BPM
7 16 (0.79%) Oracle Financials
7 16 (0.79%) Oracle General Ledger
8 14 (0.69%) Oracle ERP
9 11 (0.54%) Cognos Business Intelligence
10 10 (0.49%) Cognos TM1
10 10 (0.49%) NetSuite
11 9 (0.44%) Markit EDM
11 9 (0.44%) SAP CRM
12 8 (0.39%) HFM
12 8 (0.39%) Oracle Cash Management
12 8 (0.39%) Oracle Internet Expenses
Cloud Services
1 373 (18.39%) Amazon AWS
2 357 (17.60%) Microsoft Azure
3 135 (6.66%) SaaS
4 96 (4.73%) PaaS
5 95 (4.68%) IaaS
6 66 (3.25%) IBM Cloud
7 64 (3.16%) Office 365
8 46 (2.27%) Google Cloud Platform
9 42 (2.07%) GitHub
10 29 (1.43%) Boomi
11 20 (0.99%) Cloud Computing
12 18 (0.89%) OpenShift
13 17 (0.84%) Serverless
14 16 (0.79%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 13 (0.64%) Yammer
16 10 (0.49%) Algolia
17 9 (0.44%) Azure Active Directory
18 7 (0.35%) Azure Data Factory
19 5 (0.25%) Amazon EMR
19 5 (0.25%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 170 (8.38%) Firewall
2 107 (5.28%) DNS
3 93 (4.59%) HTTP
4 86 (4.24%) SAN
5 76 (3.75%) TCP/IP
6 74 (3.65%) LAN
7 68 (3.35%) WAN
8 64 (3.16%) Internet
9 47 (2.32%) DHCP
10 40 (1.97%) NAS
11 36 (1.78%) SSL
12 32 (1.58%) Network Security
13 31 (1.53%) FTP
14 25 (1.23%) HTTPS
15 22 (1.08%) Cisco Nexus
15 22 (1.08%) SSH
16 20 (0.99%) Wireless
17 18 (0.89%) SMTP
17 18 (0.89%) SNMP
17 18 (0.89%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 359 (17.70%) SQL Server
2 221 (10.90%) Oracle Database
3 189 (9.32%) NoSQL
4 172 (8.48%) Relational Database
5 132 (6.51%) MySQL
6 130 (6.41%) MongoDB
7 116 (5.72%) PostgreSQL
8 111 (5.47%) Apache Cassandra
8 111 (5.47%) Big Data
9 82 (4.04%) Oracle Database 11g
10 74 (3.65%) RDBMS
11 72 (3.55%) Data Warehouse
12 66 (3.25%) Oracle Database 12c
13 64 (3.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 59 (2.91%) Oracle Reports
15 55 (2.71%) Bigtable
15 55 (2.71%) Oracle BI EE
16 47 (2.32%) Hadoop
17 40 (1.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 33 (1.63%) Redis
Development Applications
1 264 (13.02%) Jenkins
2 235 (11.59%) Git (software)
3 152 (7.50%) JIRA
4 120 (5.92%) Maven
5 70 (3.45%) Subversion
6 58 (2.86%) Gradle
7 57 (2.81%) Team Foundation Server
8 54 (2.66%) Selenium
9 50 (2.47%) Eclipse
10 46 (2.27%) NUnit
10 46 (2.27%) Visual Studio
11 39 (1.92%) IntelliJ
12 35 (1.73%) Oracle Forms
12 35 (1.73%) TeamCity
13 33 (1.63%) Ant
13 33 (1.63%) Sonatype Nexus
14 31 (1.53%) JUnit
15 30 (1.48%) Cucumber
16 29 (1.43%) Octopus Deploy
17 27 (1.33%) MSBuild
General
1 599 (29.54%) Finance
2 219 (10.80%) Banking
3 139 (6.85%) Retail
4 114 (5.62%) Investment Banking
5 47 (2.32%) Telecoms
6 45 (2.22%) Financial Institution
6 45 (2.22%) Publishing
7 41 (2.02%) Marketing
8 40 (1.97%) Manufacturing
9 31 (1.53%) Law
10 29 (1.43%) Retail Banking
11 28 (1.38%) Advertising
12 26 (1.28%) Front Office
13 23 (1.13%) Electronics
14 22 (1.08%) Local Government
15 20 (0.99%) Military
16 17 (0.84%) Back Office
17 13 (0.64%) Billing
18 11 (0.54%) Games
19 8 (0.39%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 502 (24.75%) Developer
2 427 (21.06%) Architect
3 163 (8.04%) Analyst
4 129 (6.36%) Java Developer
5 123 (6.07%) Solutions Architect
6 116 (5.72%) Consultant
6 116 (5.72%) Senior Developer
7 92 (4.54%) Software Engineer
8 90 (4.44%) Cloud Architect
9 87 (4.29%) C# Developer
10 86 (4.24%) Applications Support
11 83 (4.09%) DevOps Engineer
12 78 (3.85%) .NET Developer
13 71 (3.50%) Linux Engineer
14 68 (3.35%) Support Analyst
15 53 (2.61%) DBA
16 48 (2.37%) Oracle DBA
17 47 (2.32%) Integration Developer
17 47 (2.32%) Lead Developer
17 47 (2.32%) Oracle Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 390 (19.23%) Web Services
2 362 (17.85%) .NET
3 268 (13.21%) XML
4 229 (11.29%) REST
5 160 (7.89%) HTML
6 157 (7.74%) RESTful
6 157 (7.74%) Spring
7 152 (7.50%) JSON
8 149 (7.35%) SOAP
9 126 (6.21%) Oracle Fusion
10 123 (6.07%) ASP.NET
11 119 (5.87%) CSS
12 117 (5.77%) AngularJS
13 99 (4.88%) ASP.NET Web API
14 90 (4.44%) HTML5
15 89 (4.39%) J2EE
16 86 (4.24%) Hibernate
17 85 (4.19%) JMS
18 81 (3.99%) Kafka
19 75 (3.70%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 210 (10.36%) Enterprise Software
2 205 (10.11%) Analytical Skills
3 190 (9.37%) Data Centre
4 128 (6.31%) Computer Science
5 125 (6.16%) Management Information System
6 79 (3.90%) Virtual Team
7 78 (3.85%) Public Cloud
8 66 (3.25%) Fintech
9 60 (2.96%) Mainframe
10 54 (2.66%) User Experience
11 53 (2.61%) Hybrid Cloud
12 52 (2.56%) Mobile App
13 47 (2.32%) Fixed Income
13 47 (2.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 47 (2.32%) Self-Motivation
14 43 (2.12%) Linux Command Line
15 40 (1.97%) Algorithms
16 37 (1.82%) Data Structures
17 34 (1.68%) Cyberthreat
18 32 (1.58%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 592 (29.19%) Linux
2 356 (17.55%) Windows
3 328 (16.17%) Unix
4 109 (5.37%) Solaris
5 105 (5.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 103 (5.08%) Windows Server
7 64 (3.16%) AIX
8 44 (2.17%) Android
9 43 (2.12%) CentOS
10 30 (1.48%) Windows Server 2008
11 26 (1.28%) Windows Server 2012
12 22 (1.08%) Ubuntu
13 16 (0.79%) Apple iOS
13 16 (0.79%) HPUX
14 11 (0.54%) Windows 10
15 9 (0.44%) Windows Server 2003
16 8 (0.39%) Oracle Linux
17 4 (0.20%) VMS
17 4 (0.20%) Windows 8
18 3 (0.15%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 684 (33.73%) Agile Software Development
2 421 (20.76%) SOA
3 370 (18.24%) DevOps
4 364 (17.95%) Continuous Integration
5 314 (15.48%) Problem-Solving
6 293 (14.45%) Test Automation
7 291 (14.35%) Scrum
8 250 (12.33%) OO
9 246 (12.13%) TDD
10 233 (11.49%) Software Engineering
11 221 (10.90%) Open Source
12 208 (10.26%) Project Management
13 202 (9.96%) SDLC
14 197 (9.71%) ITIL
15 166 (8.19%) MVC
16 164 (8.09%) Analytics
17 150 (7.40%) Enterprise Architecture
18 149 (7.35%) TOGAF
19 148 (7.30%) Change Management
20 145 (7.15%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 646 (31.85%) SQL
2 637 (31.41%) Java
3 349 (17.21%) C#
4 302 (14.89%) JavaScript
5 287 (14.15%) Python
6 210 (10.36%) PowerShell
7 130 (6.41%) PL/SQL
8 119 (5.87%) Bash Shell
9 105 (5.18%) C++
10 98 (4.83%) Ruby
11 91 (4.49%) Perl
12 90 (4.44%) Shell Script
13 76 (3.75%) XPath
14 73 (3.60%) Java 8
15 66 (3.25%) PHP
16 53 (2.61%) T-SQL
17 51 (2.51%) C
18 24 (1.18%) Scala
18 24 (1.18%) VB
19 23 (1.13%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 304 (14.99%) Degree
2 69 (3.40%) Microsoft Certification
3 65 (3.21%) Computer Science Degree
3 65 (3.21%) Security Cleared
4 41 (2.02%) MCSE
5 36 (1.78%) SC Cleared
6 35 (1.73%) MCSD
7 34 (1.68%) TOGAF Certification
8 25 (1.23%) MCSA
9 20 (0.99%) DV Cleared
9 20 (0.99%) ITIL Certification
10 19 (0.94%) Master's Degree
10 19 (0.94%) Numerate Degree
11 18 (0.89%) PMI Certification
12 14 (0.69%) CISSP
12 14 (0.69%) MCAD
13 13 (0.64%) CISM
14 10 (0.49%) Cisco Certification
14 10 (0.49%) VCDX
15 8 (0.39%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 59 (2.91%) QA
2 55 (2.71%) PMO
3 38 (1.87%) SLA
4 37 (1.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 25 (1.23%) PCI DSS
6 12 (0.59%) GCP
6 12 (0.59%) GDPR
7 10 (0.49%) COBIT
8 7 (0.35%) Web Application Security Consortium
9 6 (0.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.15%) ISO 9001
10 3 (0.15%) PA-DSS
11 2 (0.099%) ISO 20022
11 2 (0.099%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 2 (0.099%) MISRA
12 1 (0.049%) Basel III
12 1 (0.049%) Data Quality
12 1 (0.049%) SEPA
12 1 (0.049%) TARGET2
System Software
1 197 (9.71%) VMware Infrastructure
2 156 (7.69%) Docker
3 119 (5.87%) Active Directory
4 73 (3.60%) Hyper-V
5 57 (2.81%) Oracle RAC
6 32 (1.58%) Apache Flume
7 31 (1.53%) vSphere
8 30 (1.48%) Virtual Desktop
8 30 (1.48%) Virtual Servers
9 29 (1.43%) NFS
9 29 (1.43%) VMware NSX
10 26 (1.28%) Virtual Machines
11 24 (1.18%) VMware ESXi
12 19 (0.94%) KVM
12 19 (0.94%) VirtualBox
13 17 (0.84%) Samba
14 15 (0.74%) HDFS
15 12 (0.59%) Microsoft App-V
16 11 (0.54%) Veritas Cluster Server
17 6 (0.30%) Tivoli Directory Server
Systems Management
1 202 (9.96%) Puppet
2 185 (9.12%) Ansible
3 119 (5.87%) Opscode Chef
4 73 (3.60%) Terraform
5 62 (3.06%) Kubernetes
6 52 (2.56%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 48 (2.37%) vCenter Server
7 48 (2.37%) vRealize
8 46 (2.27%) Nagios
9 23 (1.13%) Kibana
10 22 (1.08%) Oracle RMAN
11 20 (0.99%) Rancher
11 20 (0.99%) SCOM
12 19 (0.94%) Oracle Identity Manager
12 19 (0.94%) Tivoli Storage Manager
13 17 (0.84%) Data Guard
13 17 (0.84%) Single Sign-On
13 17 (0.84%) Sysdig
13 17 (0.84%) Tivoli
14 15 (0.74%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 748 (36.88%) Oracle
2 415 (20.46%) Microsoft
3 283 (13.95%) IBM
4 234 (11.54%) VMware
5 124 (6.11%) Red Hat
6 99 (4.88%) Cisco
7 93 (4.59%) Google
7 93 (4.59%) SAP
8 83 (4.09%) TIBCO
9 72 (3.55%) Splunk
9 72 (3.55%) WorldPay
10 68 (3.35%) Salesforce.com
11 65 (3.21%) ServiceNow
12 60 (2.96%) Cognizant
13 58 (2.86%) BMC
13 58 (2.86%) HP
14 52 (2.56%) Citrix
14 52 (2.56%) MuleSoft
15 50 (2.47%) AppDynamics
16 47 (2.32%) Xamarin