Period
to 27 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 27 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 363 337 329
Rank change year-on-year -26 -8 -6
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 524 1,121 1,456
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.80% 0.90% 0.97%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.88% 2.31% 2.46%
Number of salaries quoted 458 847 1,007
Median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £57,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +0.88% -1.30%
10th Percentile £38,750 £36,960 £35,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £95,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - -4.76%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 27,817 48,518 59,301
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.62% 38.87% 39.58%
Number of salaries quoted 23,537 40,181 49,084
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Salary trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 465 £65,000 +8.33% 105
UK excluding London -23 266 £52,500 +5.00% 79
London +12 218 £74,000 -1.33% 40
North of England +78 81 £47,500 -14.41% 16
Work from Home -51 80 £57,000 +1.33% 23
North West +78 56 £42,500 -37.04% 6
South West +61 54 £51,500 +2.38% 7
South East +18 46 £72,500 +26.09% 26
Midlands +32 34 £65,000 +55.25% 4
Scotland -3 28 £52,500 -1.96% 11
Yorkshire +34 25 £53,000 +6.00% 6
West Midlands +24 23 £50,000 +3.31% 3
East of England +66 15 £72,500 +11.54% 12
East Midlands +36 11 £70,500 +101.43% 1
Northern Ireland +22 8 £42,500 - 2

For the 6 months to 27 January 2021, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 181 (34.54%) Agile Software Development
2 166 (31.68%) SQL
3 160 (30.53%) Java
4 159 (30.34%) Finance
5 130 (24.81%) Oracle
6 101 (19.27%) AWS
7 97 (18.51%) Azure
8 94 (17.94%) Linux
9 77 (14.69%) JavaScript
10 73 (13.93%) Software Engineering
11 69 (13.17%) Python
12 62 (11.83%) Windows
13 60 (11.45%) Unix
13 60 (11.45%) Microsoft
13 60 (11.45%) Scrum
14 59 (11.26%) Spring
15 58 (11.07%) Microservices
16 57 (10.88%) DevOps
17 56 (10.69%) Security Cleared
17 56 (10.69%) Banking
17 56 (10.69%) Migration
18 54 (10.31%) Problem-Solving
19 52 (9.92%) SOA
19 52 (9.92%) HTML
19 52 (9.92%) Degree
20 51 (9.73%) Web Services
21 49 (9.35%) Analytics
22 47 (8.97%) Git (software)
22 47 (8.97%) C#
23 46 (8.78%) PL/SQL

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (5.73%) WebSphere
2 24 (4.58%) Apache
2 24 (4.58%) WebLogic
3 21 (4.01%) Mule
3 21 (4.01%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 20 (3.82%) Confluence
5 10 (1.91%) Red Hat Fuse
5 10 (1.91%) SharePoint
6 8 (1.53%) BizTalk Server
7 7 (1.34%) Apache Spark
8 6 (1.15%) WebSphere Application Server
9 5 (0.95%) Elasticsearch
9 5 (0.95%) OpenEdge
9 5 (0.95%) Oracle HTTP Server
9 5 (0.95%) Tomcat
10 4 (0.76%) IBM Transformation Extender
10 4 (0.76%) Oracle Service Bus
11 3 (0.57%) CMS
11 3 (0.57%) nginx
11 3 (0.57%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 16 (3.05%) MS Visio
2 15 (2.86%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (2.48%) Microsoft Office
4 10 (1.91%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 16 (3.05%) Magento
1 16 (3.05%) Oracle ERP
2 11 (2.10%) Oracle Payables
2 11 (2.10%) Oracle Receivables
2 11 (2.10%) Shopify
3 10 (1.91%) Actimize
4 6 (1.15%) Oracle EBS
4 6 (1.15%) SAP CRM
5 4 (0.76%) Oracle Applications
6 3 (0.57%) Endur
6 3 (0.57%) Findur
6 3 (0.57%) NetSuite
6 3 (0.57%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.57%) Oracle EBS R12
6 3 (0.57%) Oracle General Ledger
6 3 (0.57%) PeopleSoft HCM
7 2 (0.38%) Oracle Assets
7 2 (0.38%) Oracle Cash Management
7 2 (0.38%) SAP HCM
7 2 (0.38%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 101 (19.27%) AWS
2 97 (18.51%) Azure
3 27 (5.15%) GCP
4 25 (4.77%) SaaS
5 20 (3.82%) GitHub
6 17 (3.24%) Boomi
7 15 (2.86%) OpenShift
8 13 (2.48%) Apigee
9 11 (2.10%) Amazon EKS
9 11 (2.10%) Office 365
10 9 (1.72%) PaaS
11 7 (1.34%) IaaS
12 6 (1.15%) Power Platform
12 6 (1.15%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
12 6 (1.15%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 5 (0.95%) Dynamics 365
13 5 (0.95%) NuGet
13 5 (0.95%) Serverless
14 4 (0.76%) Amazon EC2
14 4 (0.76%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 21 (4.01%) Firewall
2 18 (3.44%) LAN
2 18 (3.44%) WAN
3 13 (2.48%) Internet
4 9 (1.72%) HTTP
4 9 (1.72%) TCP/IP
5 8 (1.53%) DNS
6 6 (1.15%) FTP
6 6 (1.15%) SSH
7 5 (0.95%) Cisco ASA
7 5 (0.95%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
7 5 (0.95%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
7 5 (0.95%) Intrusion Detection
7 5 (0.95%) SMS
8 4 (0.76%) Wireless
9 3 (0.57%) HbbTV
9 3 (0.57%) Network Security
10 2 (0.38%) DSL
10 2 (0.38%) OSPF
10 2 (0.38%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (8.21%) SQL Server
2 35 (6.68%) Big Data
3 21 (4.01%) MySQL
3 21 (4.01%) Oracle Reports
4 18 (3.44%) NoSQL
5 17 (3.24%) Oracle BI Publisher
5 17 (3.24%) Oracle Database
6 15 (2.86%) PostgreSQL
7 14 (2.67%) Relational Database
8 13 (2.48%) Data Warehouse
9 10 (1.91%) Oracle ODI
9 10 (1.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 9 (1.72%) Hadoop
11 8 (1.53%) DB2
11 8 (1.53%) Oracle Database 12c
11 8 (1.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 7 (1.34%) Oracle Database 11g
13 6 (1.15%) KDB
14 5 (0.95%) Oracle BI EE
14 5 (0.95%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 47 (8.97%) Git (software)
2 39 (7.44%) JIRA
3 36 (6.87%) Jenkins
4 28 (5.34%) Oracle APEX
5 26 (4.96%) JUnit
6 25 (4.77%) Cucumber
7 23 (4.39%) Oracle Forms
8 17 (3.24%) JBehave
9 12 (2.29%) Artifactory
9 12 (2.29%) Maven
9 12 (2.29%) TeamCity
10 11 (2.10%) CircleCI
10 11 (2.10%) PHPUnit
10 11 (2.10%) Sonatype Nexus
11 8 (1.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 8 (1.53%) Bitbucket
11 8 (1.53%) Eclipse
11 8 (1.53%) Eclipse RCP
11 8 (1.53%) Selenium
12 7 (1.34%) Ant
General
1 159 (30.34%) Finance
2 56 (10.69%) Banking
3 45 (8.59%) Retail
4 24 (4.58%) Front Office
5 21 (4.01%) Telecoms
6 19 (3.63%) Investment Banking
7 15 (2.86%) Back Office
7 15 (2.86%) Financial Institution
8 12 (2.29%) Aerospace
8 12 (2.29%) Public Sector
9 10 (1.91%) Marketing
10 8 (1.53%) Advertising
11 7 (1.34%) Avionics
11 7 (1.34%) Law
12 6 (1.15%) Military
13 5 (0.95%) Automotive
13 5 (0.95%) Games
13 5 (0.95%) Publishing
14 4 (0.76%) Legal
14 4 (0.76%) Mandarin Language
Job Titles
1 150 (28.63%) Developer
2 90 (17.18%) Architect
3 49 (9.35%) Analyst
4 41 (7.82%) Solutions Architect
5 38 (7.25%) Java Developer
6 35 (6.68%) Software Engineer
7 28 (5.34%) Oracle Developer
8 23 (4.39%) Integration Developer
8 23 (4.39%) Java Engineer
8 23 (4.39%) Lead Developer
9 21 (4.01%) MuleSoft Developer
10 20 (3.82%) Senior Manager
11 19 (3.63%) Platform Engineer
12 18 (3.44%) Senior Developer
13 16 (3.05%) Business Analyst
13 16 (3.05%) Technical Leader
14 15 (2.86%) Consultant
15 14 (2.67%) .NET Architect
15 14 (2.67%) Project Manager
15 14 (2.67%) Senior Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (11.26%) Spring
2 52 (9.92%) HTML
3 51 (9.73%) Web Services
4 45 (8.59%) REST
5 40 (7.63%) CSS
6 38 (7.25%) Oracle Fusion
7 32 (6.11%) AngularJS
8 31 (5.92%) XML
9 30 (5.73%) SOAP
10 26 (4.96%) .NET
11 22 (4.20%) JMS
12 20 (3.82%) Hibernate
12 20 (3.82%) React
13 16 (3.05%) JSON
13 16 (3.05%) Node.js
14 13 (2.48%) JDBC
14 13 (2.48%) Laravel
15 12 (2.29%) .NET Framework
15 12 (2.29%) ASP.NET Web API
15 12 (2.29%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 44 (8.40%) Analytical Skills
2 24 (4.58%) Greenfield Project
2 24 (4.58%) User Experience
3 21 (4.01%) Management Information System
3 21 (4.01%) Self-Motivation
4 18 (3.44%) Clustering
5 17 (3.24%) Enterprise Software
6 14 (2.67%) Data Centre
6 14 (2.67%) Mainframe
7 13 (2.48%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 11 (2.10%) Mobile App
8 11 (2.10%) Replication
9 9 (1.72%) Cyberthreat
9 9 (1.72%) Data Structures
9 9 (1.72%) NHS
9 9 (1.72%) SWIFT
10 8 (1.53%) Public Cloud
10 8 (1.53%) Virtual Team
11 6 (1.15%) Algorithms
11 6 (1.15%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 94 (17.94%) Linux
2 62 (11.83%) Windows
3 60 (11.45%) Unix
4 20 (3.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 13 (2.48%) CentOS
6 11 (2.10%) Windows Server
7 8 (1.53%) Oracle Linux
8 5 (0.95%) Solaris
9 4 (0.76%) AIX
10 1 (0.19%) Apple iOS
10 1 (0.19%) HPUX
10 1 (0.19%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.19%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 181 (34.54%) Agile Software Development
2 73 (13.93%) Software Engineering
3 60 (11.45%) Scrum
4 58 (11.07%) Microservices
5 57 (10.88%) DevOps
6 56 (10.69%) Migration
7 54 (10.31%) Problem-Solving
8 52 (9.92%) SOA
9 49 (9.35%) Analytics
10 42 (8.02%) Project Management
11 39 (7.44%) Business Intelligence
11 39 (7.44%) Performance Tuning
12 37 (7.06%) TOGAF
13 36 (6.87%) Integration Testing
13 36 (6.87%) IT Strategy
14 33 (6.30%) E-Commerce
14 33 (6.30%) Multithreading
15 32 (6.11%) Continuous Integration
15 32 (6.11%) OO
16 31 (5.92%) ERP
Programming Languages
1 166 (31.68%) SQL
2 160 (30.53%) Java
3 77 (14.69%) JavaScript
4 69 (13.17%) Python
5 47 (8.97%) C#
6 46 (8.78%) PL/SQL
7 31 (5.92%) C++
8 17 (3.24%) C
9 16 (3.05%) Java 8
9 16 (3.05%) Perl
10 15 (2.86%) PHP
11 12 (2.29%) PowerShell
12 11 (2.10%) Bash Shell
12 11 (2.10%) Shell Script
12 11 (2.10%) TypeScript
13 10 (1.91%) Go
13 10 (1.91%) Scala
14 8 (1.53%) Ada
14 8 (1.53%) Ada 95
15 6 (1.15%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 56 (10.69%) Security Cleared
2 52 (9.92%) Degree
3 45 (8.59%) SC Cleared
4 29 (5.53%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (3.24%) CISSP
6 14 (2.67%) Oracle Certification
7 12 (2.29%) CISA
7 12 (2.29%) CISM
8 11 (2.10%) TOGAF Certification
9 9 (1.72%) DBS Check
10 6 (1.15%) BPSS Clearance
10 6 (1.15%) Master's Degree
10 6 (1.15%) SANS
11 5 (0.95%) CompTIA Security+
11 5 (0.95%) CREST Certified
11 5 (0.95%) GCIH
11 5 (0.95%) OSCP
12 4 (0.76%) PMI Certification
13 3 (0.57%) Cisco Certification
13 3 (0.57%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (5.15%) QA
2 12 (2.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 11 (2.10%) GDPR
3 11 (2.10%) SLA
4 10 (1.91%) COBIT
4 10 (1.91%) PCI DSS
5 9 (1.72%) FATCA
5 9 (1.72%) HL7
6 3 (0.57%) EMIR
6 3 (0.57%) NIST
6 3 (0.57%) OIPF
7 1 (0.19%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.19%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 22 (4.20%) Docker
2 9 (1.72%) Oracle RAC
3 5 (0.95%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.76%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.38%) HDFS
6 1 (0.19%) ACF2
6 1 (0.19%) Job Entry Subsystem
6 1 (0.19%) NFS
6 1 (0.19%) oVirt
6 1 (0.19%) RACF
6 1 (0.19%) Squid
6 1 (0.19%) Time Sharing Option
6 1 (0.19%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
6 1 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 33 (6.30%) Kubernetes
2 20 (3.82%) Ansible
3 15 (2.86%) Terraform
4 7 (1.34%) Data Guard
4 7 (1.34%) Oracle RMAN
5 4 (0.76%) Kibana
5 4 (0.76%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
6 3 (0.57%) Grafana
6 3 (0.57%) logstash
6 3 (0.57%) Puppet
7 2 (0.38%) Graphite
7 2 (0.38%) Hadoop YARN
7 2 (0.38%) HP Quality Center
7 2 (0.38%) Nagios
7 2 (0.38%) Oozie
7 2 (0.38%) Prometheus
7 2 (0.38%) ZABBIX
8 1 (0.19%) OMEGAMON
8 1 (0.19%) Oracle Identity Management
8 1 (0.19%) Rancher
Vendors
1 130 (24.81%) Oracle
2 60 (11.45%) Microsoft
3 41 (7.82%) IBM
4 40 (7.63%) MuleSoft
5 26 (4.96%) Solace
6 22 (4.20%) Salesforce.com
7 21 (4.01%) Red Hat
8 17 (3.24%) SAP
9 16 (3.05%) TIBCO
10 14 (2.67%) Cisco
10 14 (2.67%) Google
11 11 (2.10%) Bloomberg
11 11 (2.10%) ServiceNow
11 11 (2.10%) Veracode
11 11 (2.10%) VMware
11 11 (2.10%) Zend
12 10 (1.91%) Guidewire
13 8 (1.53%) Jitterbit
14 7 (1.34%) Atlassian
14 7 (1.34%) Splunk