Period
to 28 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 28 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
28 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 343 339 408
Rank change year-on-year -4 +69 -112
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 1,058 598 1,096
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.94% 0.86% 0.76%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.29% 2.11% 2.03%
Number of salaries quoted 535 471 824
10th Percentile £40,300 £38,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £46,250 £43,503
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £62,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year - +13.64% -8.33%
75th Percentile £81,250 £81,250 £77,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £91,250 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year -12.73% +4.76% -4.55%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 46,282 28,287 54,082
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.98% 40.69% 37.55%
Number of salaries quoted 30,612 23,602 45,041
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £43,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Salary trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 28 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 28 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 931 £62,500 -3.85% 163
UK excluding London -29 521 £48,000 -12.73% 86
London +14 466 £72,500 -3.33% 83
South East -27 165 £52,500 -19.23% 25
Work from Home -137 126 £56,500 -13.08% 15
Midlands +2 107 £45,000 -0.55% 17
North of England -63 86 £46,500 -15.45% 23
West Midlands -21 82 £45,000 -8.40% 12
South West -61 61 £47,500 -13.64% 5
North West -45 58 £54,500 -16.15% 14
East of England -32 34 £48,000 -28.89% 4
Wales -20 32 £40,000 -5.88% 5
Scotland -56 32 £60,000 +14.29% 6
East Midlands -28 25 £37,500 +25.00% 4
Yorkshire -54 21 £45,345 -15.64% 9
North East -23 7 £45,345 +13.36%
Northern Ireland - 4 £50,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 28 July 2021, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 564 (53.31%) Agile Software Development
2 484 (45.75%) Java
3 353 (33.36%) REST
4 348 (32.89%) Social Skills
5 307 (29.02%) Microservices
6 292 (27.60%) Problem-Solving
7 274 (25.90%) Spring
8 257 (24.29%) SQL
9 246 (23.25%) Continuous Integration
10 244 (23.06%) Linux
11 240 (22.68%) AWS
12 229 (21.64%) Analytics
12 229 (21.64%) Finance
13 227 (21.46%) Docker
14 225 (21.27%) TDD
15 222 (20.98%) Jenkins
16 219 (20.70%) Scrum
17 215 (20.32%) Terraform
18 212 (20.04%) Web Services
19 211 (19.94%) Oracle
19 211 (19.94%) Azure
20 198 (18.71%) Big Data
21 197 (18.62%) Security Cleared
22 194 (18.34%) Coaching
22 194 (18.34%) Software Engineering
23 191 (18.05%) Open Source
24 189 (17.86%) Serverless
25 179 (16.92%) Hibernate
25 179 (16.92%) Banking
25 179 (16.92%) JavaScript

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (4.91%) Tomcat
2 49 (4.63%) WebLogic
3 48 (4.54%) Apache
3 48 (4.54%) Apache Spark
4 44 (4.16%) Cloud Foundry
5 39 (3.69%) Confluence
6 36 (3.40%) WebSphere
7 28 (2.65%) Elasticsearch
8 25 (2.36%) BizTalk Server
9 22 (2.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 20 (1.89%) Oracle Coherence
11 15 (1.42%) CMS
11 15 (1.42%) nginx
12 14 (1.32%) Red Hat Fuse
12 14 (1.32%) WebSphere Application Server
13 12 (1.13%) Apache Pulsar
14 11 (1.04%) JBoss
14 11 (1.04%) SharePoint
15 9 (0.85%) IIS
16 7 (0.66%) GlassFish
Applications
1 29 (2.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (2.17%) MS Visio
3 18 (1.70%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (1.13%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 56 (5.29%) Distributed Ledger
2 37 (3.50%) Oracle EBS
3 32 (3.02%) R3 Corda
4 29 (2.74%) Oracle ERP
5 17 (1.61%) Oracle Applications
6 15 (1.42%) Oracle EBS R12
7 11 (1.04%) Oracle 11i
8 9 (0.85%) NetSuite
8 9 (0.85%) PeopleSoft HCM
9 8 (0.76%) Dynamics AX
10 4 (0.38%) Oracle Assets
10 4 (0.38%) Oracle Cash Management
10 4 (0.38%) Oracle E-Business Tax
10 4 (0.38%) Oracle Financials
10 4 (0.38%) Oracle General Ledger
10 4 (0.38%) Oracle Payables
10 4 (0.38%) Oracle Receivables
10 4 (0.38%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
11 3 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
11 3 (0.28%) SAP EM
Cloud Services
1 240 (22.68%) AWS
2 211 (19.94%) Azure
3 189 (17.86%) Serverless
4 150 (14.18%) GitHub
5 77 (7.28%) SaaS
6 55 (5.20%) GCP
7 52 (4.91%) PaaS
8 51 (4.82%) Amazon Kinesis
9 40 (3.78%) Amazon EC2
10 27 (2.55%) Azure Data Factory
11 26 (2.46%) Cloud Computing
12 24 (2.27%) Azure Functions
12 24 (2.27%) IaaS
13 23 (2.17%) Azure Service Bus
14 20 (1.89%) AWS Lambda
14 20 (1.89%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 20 (1.89%) Azure Stack
14 20 (1.89%) Azure Storage
15 19 (1.80%) Power Platform
16 17 (1.61%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 56 (5.29%) Firewall
2 43 (4.06%) HTTP
3 33 (3.12%) TCP/IP
4 23 (2.17%) Internet
5 17 (1.61%) Bluetooth
5 17 (1.61%) Broadband
5 17 (1.61%) DVB
6 16 (1.51%) Cisco ASA
6 16 (1.51%) FTP
7 15 (1.42%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
7 15 (1.42%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
8 12 (1.13%) Network Security
9 8 (0.76%) DNS
9 8 (0.76%) VPN
10 7 (0.66%) Reverse Proxy
10 7 (0.66%) SMTP
10 7 (0.66%) SSL
11 6 (0.57%) SSH
12 4 (0.38%) HTTPS
12 4 (0.38%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 198 (18.71%) Big Data
2 98 (9.26%) Relational Database
3 89 (8.41%) Oracle Database
4 88 (8.32%) SQL Server
5 67 (6.33%) NoSQL
6 55 (5.20%) MariaDB
7 54 (5.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 49 (4.63%) Hadoop
8 49 (4.63%) MongoDB
9 47 (4.44%) Data Warehouse
10 43 (4.06%) Blockchain
11 42 (3.97%) HBase
12 39 (3.69%) PostgreSQL
13 36 (3.40%) MySQL
14 30 (2.84%) Oracle Reports
15 25 (2.36%) Redis
16 24 (2.27%) Oracle Database 11g
17 23 (2.17%) Oracle BI Publisher
18 21 (1.98%) Oracle ODI
19 20 (1.89%) Oracle BI EE
Development Applications
1 222 (20.98%) Jenkins
2 90 (8.51%) Git (software)
3 79 (7.47%) JIRA
4 46 (4.35%) Maven
5 43 (4.06%) TeamCity
6 40 (3.78%) JUnit
7 35 (3.31%) Bitbucket
8 29 (2.74%) IntelliJ
8 29 (2.74%) Sonatype Nexus
9 24 (2.27%) Selenium
10 20 (1.89%) GitLab
11 19 (1.80%) webpack
12 18 (1.70%) Mockito
13 17 (1.61%) GNU Toolchain
13 17 (1.61%) Oracle APEX
13 17 (1.61%) SoapUI
14 16 (1.51%) JMeter
15 15 (1.42%) Checkstyle
15 15 (1.42%) Oracle Forms
15 15 (1.42%) SonarQube
General
1 348 (32.89%) Social Skills
2 229 (21.64%) Finance
3 179 (16.92%) Banking
4 91 (8.60%) Analytical Skills
5 61 (5.77%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 59 (5.58%) Presentation Skills
7 58 (5.48%) Games
8 55 (5.20%) Law
9 44 (4.16%) Investment Banking
10 36 (3.40%) Front Office
11 30 (2.84%) Influencing Skills
12 27 (2.55%) Legal
12 27 (2.55%) Retail
13 21 (1.98%) Back Office
14 18 (1.70%) Public Sector
15 16 (1.51%) Manufacturing
16 13 (1.23%) Marketing
16 13 (1.23%) Organisational Skills
17 12 (1.13%) Automotive
17 12 (1.13%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 404 (38.19%) Developer
2 204 (19.28%) Java Developer
3 124 (11.72%) Architect
4 109 (10.30%) Software Engineer
5 47 (4.44%) Senior Developer
5 47 (4.44%) Senior Software Engineer
6 45 (4.25%) Analyst
6 45 (4.25%) Solutions Architect
7 44 (4.16%) Software Developer
8 40 (3.78%) Programmer
9 39 (3.69%) Consultant
10 32 (3.02%) Integration Developer
11 30 (2.84%) Security Specialist
12 28 (2.65%) Applications Architect
12 28 (2.65%) DBA
13 27 (2.55%) Information Security Specialist
13 27 (2.55%) Information Specialist
14 26 (2.46%) DevOps Engineer
14 26 (2.46%) Oracle DBA
15 25 (2.36%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 353 (33.36%) REST
2 274 (25.90%) Spring
3 212 (20.04%) Web Services
4 179 (16.92%) Hibernate
5 170 (16.07%) GraphQL
6 142 (13.42%) Node.js
7 138 (13.04%) JavaBeans
8 103 (9.74%) Kafka
9 93 (8.79%) HTML
10 84 (7.94%) React
11 83 (7.84%) AngularJS
12 76 (7.18%) Spring Boot
13 75 (7.09%) SOAP
14 71 (6.71%) RESTful
15 70 (6.62%) .NET
16 65 (6.14%) HTML5
17 61 (5.77%) JSON
18 60 (5.67%) RabbitMQ
19 54 (5.10%) XML
20 42 (3.97%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 67 (6.33%) Enterprise Software
2 65 (6.14%) Data Structures
3 57 (5.39%) Algorithms
4 55 (5.20%) Management Information System
5 45 (4.25%) Cyberthreat
6 44 (4.16%) User Experience
7 37 (3.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 33 (3.12%) Public Cloud
9 31 (2.93%) Fixed Income
10 30 (2.84%) Self-Motivation
11 25 (2.36%) Private Cloud
12 23 (2.17%) Derivative
12 23 (2.17%) Equities
12 23 (2.17%) Mobile App
13 22 (2.08%) Hedge funds
14 18 (1.70%) Digital TV
14 18 (1.70%) Video\Live Streaming
15 17 (1.61%) MPEG
15 17 (1.61%) STB
15 17 (1.61%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 244 (23.06%) Linux
2 129 (12.19%) Unix
3 98 (9.26%) Windows
4 32 (3.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 28 (2.65%) Windows Server
6 19 (1.80%) Oracle Linux
7 11 (1.04%) Android
8 9 (0.85%) Apple iOS
8 9 (0.85%) zOS
9 8 (0.76%) OS/400
9 8 (0.76%) Windows Server 2008
10 7 (0.66%) Solaris
10 7 (0.66%) Windows Server 2012
10 7 (0.66%) Windows Server 2016
11 6 (0.57%) AIX
11 6 (0.57%) CentOS
11 6 (0.57%) Mac OS
12 5 (0.47%) CoreOS
13 1 (0.095%) Ubuntu
13 1 (0.095%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 564 (53.31%) Agile Software Development
2 307 (29.02%) Microservices
3 292 (27.60%) Problem-Solving
4 246 (23.25%) Continuous Integration
5 229 (21.64%) Analytics
6 225 (21.27%) TDD
7 219 (20.70%) Scrum
8 194 (18.34%) Coaching
8 194 (18.34%) Software Engineering
9 191 (18.05%) Open Source
10 179 (16.92%) SOA
11 178 (16.82%) DevOps
12 165 (15.60%) Computer Science
13 156 (14.74%) BDD
14 150 (14.18%) Data Analytics
15 138 (13.04%) Big Data Analytics
16 96 (9.07%) Test Automation
17 89 (8.41%) Full Stack Development
18 80 (7.56%) Continuous Improvement
18 80 (7.56%) OO
Programming Languages
1 484 (45.75%) Java
2 257 (24.29%) SQL
3 179 (16.92%) JavaScript
4 175 (16.54%) Python
5 168 (15.88%) Java 8
6 90 (8.51%) C++
7 81 (7.66%) C
8 68 (6.43%) C#
9 47 (4.44%) TypeScript
10 43 (4.06%) Kotlin
10 43 (4.06%) PL/SQL
11 35 (3.31%) Bash Shell
12 33 (3.12%) Shell Script
13 25 (2.36%) PowerShell
14 19 (1.80%) Go
15 17 (1.61%) Perl
16 12 (1.13%) Rust
16 12 (1.13%) T-SQL
17 11 (1.04%) Scala
18 10 (0.95%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 197 (18.62%) Security Cleared
2 173 (16.35%) SC Cleared
3 158 (14.93%) Degree
4 82 (7.75%) Computer Science Degree
5 29 (2.74%) Oracle Certification
6 19 (1.80%) BPSS Clearance
7 13 (1.23%) CISSP
8 5 (0.47%) CISA
8 5 (0.47%) CISM
9 4 (0.38%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 4 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
10 3 (0.28%) CCENT
10 3 (0.28%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.28%) DV Cleared
10 3 (0.28%) ISEB
10 3 (0.28%) ISTQB
10 3 (0.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 3 (0.28%) ITIL Certification
10 3 (0.28%) MCSD
10 3 (0.28%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (4.06%) QA
2 34 (3.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 30 (2.84%) GDPR
4 28 (2.65%) COBIT
4 28 (2.65%) PCI DSS
5 20 (1.89%) PMO
6 18 (1.70%) Data Quality
7 12 (1.13%) GRC
8 10 (0.95%) SLA
9 6 (0.57%) HIPAA
9 6 (0.57%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 5 (0.47%) NIST
11 4 (0.38%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 4 (0.38%) Accessibility
11 4 (0.38%) GxP
12 3 (0.28%) ISO 9001
13 2 (0.19%) HL7
13 2 (0.19%) ISO 15022
13 2 (0.19%) ISO 20022
13 2 (0.19%) MiFID
System Software
1 227 (21.46%) Docker
2 34 (3.21%) VMware Infrastructure
3 24 (2.27%) Oracle RAC
4 16 (1.51%) Hyper-V
5 8 (0.76%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.47%) iptables
6 5 (0.47%) NFS
6 5 (0.47%) Postfix
6 5 (0.47%) Samba
6 5 (0.47%) vSphere
7 4 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
8 3 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.095%) Firmware
9 1 (0.095%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 215 (20.32%) Terraform
2 92 (8.70%) Kubernetes
3 80 (7.56%) Ansible
4 23 (2.17%) Data Guard
5 18 (1.70%) Grafana
6 17 (1.61%) Puppet
7 15 (1.42%) Kibana
7 15 (1.42%) logstash
7 15 (1.42%) Oracle RMAN
8 13 (1.23%) Opscode Chef
8 13 (1.23%) Single Sign-On
9 12 (1.13%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 11 (1.04%) Istio
11 10 (0.95%) Prometheus
12 8 (0.76%) Graphite
12 8 (0.76%) HP Quality Center
12 8 (0.76%) vRealize
12 8 (0.76%) ZABBIX
13 6 (0.57%) Computer Incident Response Team
13 6 (0.57%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Vendors
1 211 (19.94%) Oracle
2 113 (10.68%) Microsoft
3 62 (5.86%) IBM
4 45 (4.25%) VMware
5 35 (3.31%) Solace
6 33 (3.12%) Red Hat
6 33 (3.12%) ServiceNow
7 32 (3.02%) MuleSoft
8 28 (2.65%) Cisco
9 27 (2.55%) SAP
10 21 (1.98%) Guidewire
10 21 (1.98%) Salesforce.com
11 19 (1.80%) CheckPoint
12 18 (1.70%) YouTube
13 17 (1.61%) Atlassian
13 17 (1.61%) JD Edwards
13 17 (1.61%) Spotify
14 16 (1.51%) F5
15 15 (1.42%) Apple
15 15 (1.42%) Pega