Period
to 27 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 27 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 331 351 389
Rank change year-on-year +20 +38 -50
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 1,313 424 1,090
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.03% 0.86% 0.80%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.57% 1.95% 2.13%
Number of salaries quoted 659 327 798
10th Percentile £38,750 £40,750 £37,500
25th Percentile £45,750 £47,500 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £64,000 £65,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year -1.54% +18.18% -8.33%
75th Percentile £82,500 £80,625 £77,500
90th Percentile £91,500 £85,250 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £56,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year -15.18% +6.67% +5.00%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 51,061 21,792 51,134
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.20% 44.00% 37.59%
Number of salaries quoted 32,525 18,718 42,464
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +5.77%
75th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £93,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Salary trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +6 1,157 £65,000 -3.70% 178
UK excluding London +13 633 £47,500 -15.18% 113
London -9 574 £75,000 - 76
Work from Home -135 201 £65,000 - 23
Midlands +6 189 £45,000 -32.33% 17
South East -44 164 £67,500 +1.89% 22
West Midlands +22 150 £55,000 +2.80% 12
North of England -112 96 £45,345 -17.56% 25
South West -70 74 £47,500 -5.00% 18
North West -96 63 £50,000 -16.67% 10
Wales -12 45 £40,000 -11.11% 3
East of England -61 41 £45,000 +4.65% 16
East Midlands -35 39 £35,000 -50.35% 4
Yorkshire -94 27 £46,500 -15.45% 11
Scotland -78 25 £57,500 +9.52% 12
North East - 6 £45,345 - 4
Northern Ireland -40 2 - -

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 768 (58.49%) Agile Software Development
2 549 (41.81%) Java
3 472 (35.95%) Social Skills
4 471 (35.87%) REST
5 416 (31.68%) Microservices
6 365 (27.80%) Problem-Solving
7 357 (27.19%) Spring
8 323 (24.60%) TDD
9 318 (24.22%) Jenkins
10 316 (24.07%) SQL
11 312 (23.76%) Linux
12 296 (22.54%) Continuous Integration
12 296 (22.54%) Azure
13 294 (22.39%) Finance
14 292 (22.24%) Docker
15 281 (21.40%) Scrum
16 280 (21.33%) AWS
17 277 (21.10%) Analytics
18 268 (20.41%) Terraform
19 252 (19.19%) Coaching
20 250 (19.04%) SOA
21 247 (18.81%) Serverless
22 235 (17.90%) Web Services
23 228 (17.36%) Big Data
24 227 (17.29%) Oracle
25 226 (17.21%) Software Engineering
26 220 (16.76%) Open Source
27 212 (16.15%) Security Cleared
28 210 (15.99%) JavaScript
29 206 (15.69%) GraphQL

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (4.34%) Cloud Foundry
2 56 (4.27%) WebSphere
3 54 (4.11%) Apache Spark
4 51 (3.88%) Tomcat
5 49 (3.73%) WebLogic
6 43 (3.27%) Confluence
7 42 (3.20%) Apache
8 26 (1.98%) Elasticsearch
9 22 (1.68%) Anypoint
9 22 (1.68%) BizTalk Server
9 22 (1.68%) Mule
9 22 (1.68%) Mule ESB
10 20 (1.52%) Oracle Coherence
11 19 (1.45%) JBoss
12 18 (1.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 15 (1.14%) CMS
14 14 (1.07%) IIS
14 14 (1.07%) SharePoint
15 11 (0.84%) Apache Pulsar
16 9 (0.69%) nginx
Applications
1 37 (2.82%) MS Visio
2 20 (1.52%) Microsoft Project
3 10 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
4 9 (0.69%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 61 (4.65%) Distributed Ledger
2 38 (2.89%) R3 Corda
3 30 (2.28%) Oracle EBS
4 19 (1.45%) Oracle ERP
5 13 (0.99%) Oracle Applications
6 9 (0.69%) Oracle 11i
7 7 (0.53%) Oracle EBS R12
8 5 (0.38%) Payment Gateway
8 5 (0.38%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
8 5 (0.38%) RMDS
8 5 (0.38%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 5 (0.38%) SAP Business ByDesign
9 4 (0.30%) SAP CRM
10 3 (0.23%) NetSuite
10 3 (0.23%) SAP EM
11 2 (0.15%) Orchestrade
11 2 (0.15%) Remedy AR System
11 2 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
11 2 (0.15%) SAP ERP
11 2 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 296 (22.54%) Azure
2 280 (21.33%) AWS
3 247 (18.81%) Serverless
4 193 (14.70%) GitHub
5 87 (6.63%) PaaS
6 78 (5.94%) SaaS
7 61 (4.65%) GCP
8 56 (4.27%) Amazon Kinesis
9 48 (3.66%) Amazon EC2
9 48 (3.66%) Azure Data Factory
10 44 (3.35%) Azure Functions
10 44 (3.35%) Cloud Computing
11 43 (3.27%) Azure Service Bus
12 39 (2.97%) IaaS
13 36 (2.74%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 36 (2.74%) Azure Stack
13 36 (2.74%) Azure Storage
14 32 (2.44%) Power Platform
15 26 (1.98%) AWS Lambda
16 19 (1.45%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 100 (7.62%) HTTP
2 60 (4.57%) Firewall
3 56 (4.27%) TCP/IP
4 54 (4.11%) Broadband
5 49 (3.73%) FTP
6 36 (2.74%) Bluetooth
6 36 (2.74%) DVB
7 32 (2.44%) HTTPS
8 24 (1.83%) Cisco ASA
9 20 (1.52%) Internet
10 19 (1.45%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
10 19 (1.45%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
11 15 (1.14%) DNS
11 15 (1.14%) Network Security
12 10 (0.76%) SMTP
12 10 (0.76%) SSL
13 8 (0.61%) Reverse Proxy
14 4 (0.30%) DHCP
14 4 (0.30%) MQTT
14 4 (0.30%) POP3
Database & Business Intelligence
1 228 (17.36%) Big Data
2 144 (10.97%) SQL Server
3 141 (10.74%) Relational Database
4 96 (7.31%) NoSQL
5 85 (6.47%) Oracle Database
6 72 (5.48%) PostgreSQL
7 59 (4.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 55 (4.19%) MariaDB
9 50 (3.81%) MongoDB
10 49 (3.73%) Hadoop
11 48 (3.66%) HBase
12 47 (3.58%) Blockchain
13 44 (3.35%) RDBMS
14 39 (2.97%) MySQL
15 29 (2.21%) Data Warehouse
16 27 (2.06%) Oracle Database 11g
17 26 (1.98%) Power BI
18 24 (1.83%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 23 (1.75%) Redis
20 20 (1.52%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 318 (24.22%) Jenkins
2 107 (8.15%) Git (software)
3 101 (7.69%) JIRA
4 78 (5.94%) Maven
5 56 (4.27%) JUnit
6 49 (3.73%) Bitbucket
7 39 (2.97%) Selenium
7 39 (2.97%) TeamCity
8 37 (2.82%) IntelliJ
9 36 (2.74%) GNU Toolchain
10 35 (2.67%) Sonatype Nexus
11 30 (2.28%) GitLab
12 24 (1.83%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 24 (1.83%) Protractor
13 21 (1.60%) Jasmine
14 20 (1.52%) webpack
15 19 (1.45%) JMeter
15 19 (1.45%) SoapUI
16 18 (1.37%) Cucumber
17 17 (1.29%) Mockito
General
1 472 (35.95%) Social Skills
2 294 (22.39%) Finance
3 189 (14.39%) Banking
4 105 (8.00%) Analytical Skills
5 66 (5.03%) Law
6 65 (4.95%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 64 (4.87%) Games
8 63 (4.80%) Presentation Skills
9 40 (3.05%) Marketing
10 28 (2.13%) Investment Banking
11 26 (1.98%) Legal
12 25 (1.90%) Public Sector
13 20 (1.52%) Influencing Skills
14 19 (1.45%) Front Office
14 19 (1.45%) Organisational Skills
14 19 (1.45%) Retail
15 17 (1.29%) Retail Banking
16 14 (1.07%) Back Office
17 12 (0.91%) Telecoms
18 11 (0.84%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 502 (38.23%) Developer
2 240 (18.28%) Java Developer
3 161 (12.26%) Architect
4 155 (11.81%) Software Engineer
5 73 (5.56%) Senior Developer
6 67 (5.10%) Senior Software Engineer
7 66 (5.03%) Software Developer
8 64 (4.87%) Solutions Architect
9 56 (4.27%) Analyst
10 50 (3.81%) Programmer
11 47 (3.58%) C++ Developer
12 41 (3.12%) DBA
13 38 (2.89%) .NET Developer
14 36 (2.74%) Full Stack Developer
15 33 (2.51%) C++ Software Developer
16 32 (2.44%) Lead Developer
16 32 (2.44%) Security Specialist
17 31 (2.36%) Principal Engineer
17 31 (2.36%) Principal Software Engineer
18 30 (2.28%) Information Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 471 (35.87%) REST
2 357 (27.19%) Spring
3 235 (17.90%) Web Services
4 206 (15.69%) GraphQL
5 191 (14.55%) Hibernate
6 169 (12.87%) Node.js
7 165 (12.57%) JavaBeans
8 133 (10.13%) Kafka
9 127 (9.67%) HTML
10 117 (8.91%) .NET
11 115 (8.76%) SOAP
12 112 (8.53%) React
13 107 (8.15%) Spring Boot
14 101 (7.69%) XML
15 94 (7.16%) AngularJS
16 92 (7.01%) RabbitMQ
17 91 (6.93%) HTML5
18 88 (6.70%) JSON
19 62 (4.72%) RESTful
20 59 (4.49%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 86 (6.55%) Enterprise Software
2 73 (5.56%) User Experience
3 68 (5.18%) Public Cloud
4 67 (5.10%) Data Structures
5 59 (4.49%) Algorithms
6 52 (3.96%) STB
7 43 (3.27%) Management Information System
8 41 (3.12%) Cyberthreat
9 37 (2.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 36 (2.74%) Digital TV
10 36 (2.74%) MPEG
10 36 (2.74%) Social Media
11 33 (2.51%) Mobile App
12 32 (2.44%) Private Cloud
13 29 (2.21%) Client/Server
13 29 (2.21%) Legacy Applications
14 28 (2.13%) EFT
15 27 (2.06%) Video\Live Streaming
16 23 (1.75%) Data Centre
16 23 (1.75%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 312 (23.76%) Linux
2 143 (10.89%) Unix
3 137 (10.43%) Windows
4 31 (2.36%) AIX
4 31 (2.36%) Android
5 28 (2.13%) Apple iOS
6 16 (1.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 13 (0.99%) Windows Server
8 12 (0.91%) zOS
9 11 (0.84%) OS/400
10 10 (0.76%) CoreOS
11 6 (0.46%) Mac OS
11 6 (0.46%) Oracle Linux
11 6 (0.46%) Solaris
12 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
12 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2016
13 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
14 1 (0.076%) CentOS
14 1 (0.076%) VxWorks
14 1 (0.076%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 768 (58.49%) Agile Software Development
2 416 (31.68%) Microservices
3 365 (27.80%) Problem-Solving
4 323 (24.60%) TDD
5 296 (22.54%) Continuous Integration
6 281 (21.40%) Scrum
7 277 (21.10%) Analytics
8 252 (19.19%) Coaching
9 250 (19.04%) SOA
10 226 (17.21%) Software Engineering
11 220 (16.76%) Open Source
12 200 (15.23%) BDD
13 193 (14.70%) DevOps
14 192 (14.62%) Computer Science
15 180 (13.71%) Data Analytics
16 165 (12.57%) Big Data Analytics
17 142 (10.81%) Full Stack Development
18 131 (9.98%) Test Automation
19 113 (8.61%) Unit Testing
20 109 (8.30%) OO
Programming Languages
1 549 (41.81%) Java
2 316 (24.07%) SQL
3 210 (15.99%) JavaScript
4 200 (15.23%) Java 8
5 174 (13.25%) Python
6 150 (11.42%) C++
7 120 (9.14%) C
8 103 (7.84%) C#
9 87 (6.63%) Bash Shell
10 64 (4.87%) TypeScript
11 60 (4.57%) Kotlin
12 55 (4.19%) PowerShell
13 43 (3.27%) Shell Script
14 25 (1.90%) Groovy
15 24 (1.83%) Go
16 18 (1.37%) PHP
17 15 (1.14%) Ada
17 15 (1.14%) Apex Code
17 15 (1.14%) PL/SQL
17 15 (1.14%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 212 (16.15%) Security Cleared
2 198 (15.08%) SC Cleared
3 197 (15.00%) Degree
4 106 (8.07%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (1.45%) Oracle Certification
6 10 (0.76%) ITIL Certification
7 9 (0.69%) PMI Certification
8 7 (0.53%) Master's Degree
8 7 (0.53%) TOGAF Certification
9 6 (0.46%) PMP
10 4 (0.30%) CCENT
10 4 (0.30%) CISSP
10 4 (0.30%) ISEB
10 4 (0.30%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 4 (0.30%) Network+ Certification
11 3 (0.23%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.15%) DV Cleared
12 2 (0.15%) ISTQB
12 2 (0.15%) RHCA
13 1 (0.076%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (4.72%) QA
2 29 (2.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 28 (2.13%) Data Quality
4 26 (1.98%) COBIT
5 25 (1.90%) PCI DSS
6 22 (1.68%) PMO
7 16 (1.22%) GDPR
8 15 (1.14%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 15 (1.14%) Def Stans
8 15 (1.14%) GxP
8 15 (1.14%) MISRA
9 10 (0.76%) IEC 61508
9 10 (0.76%) MISRA C
9 10 (0.76%) SLA
10 6 (0.46%) GRC
11 5 (0.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 4 (0.30%) Accessibility
12 4 (0.30%) HIPAA
13 2 (0.15%) ISO 20022
13 2 (0.15%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 292 (22.24%) Docker
2 30 (2.28%) VMware Infrastructure
3 20 (1.52%) Oracle RAC
4 8 (0.61%) Active Directory
5 7 (0.53%) vSphere
6 6 (0.46%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.38%) iptables
7 5 (0.38%) NFS
7 5 (0.38%) Postfix
7 5 (0.38%) Samba
8 4 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.23%) Microsoft App-V
10 2 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.076%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 268 (20.41%) Terraform
2 125 (9.52%) Kubernetes
3 96 (7.31%) Ansible
4 20 (1.52%) Grafana
4 20 (1.52%) Istio
5 19 (1.45%) Data Guard
6 16 (1.22%) Puppet
6 16 (1.22%) Single Sign-On
7 13 (0.99%) Kibana
7 13 (0.99%) logstash
8 12 (0.91%) Opscode Chef
8 12 (0.91%) Prometheus
9 10 (0.76%) HP Quality Center
9 10 (0.76%) Oracle RMAN
10 9 (0.69%) ITRS Geneos
10 9 (0.69%) vRealize
11 8 (0.61%) Graphite
11 8 (0.61%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 8 (0.61%) ZABBIX
12 7 (0.53%) Nagios
Vendors
1 227 (17.29%) Oracle
2 176 (13.40%) Microsoft
3 84 (6.40%) IBM
4 60 (4.57%) MuleSoft
5 41 (3.12%) SAP
5 41 (3.12%) VMware
6 38 (2.89%) Cognizant
7 37 (2.82%) Spotify
7 37 (2.82%) YouTube
8 35 (2.67%) ServiceNow
9 34 (2.59%) Cisco
10 30 (2.28%) Solace
11 29 (2.21%) Red Hat
12 23 (1.75%) CheckPoint
12 23 (1.75%) Salesforce.com
12 23 (1.75%) Zscaler
13 20 (1.52%) F5
14 19 (1.45%) Apple
14 19 (1.45%) Atlassian
14 19 (1.45%) Murex