Period
to 18 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 18 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
18 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 318 311 257
Rank change year-on-year -7 -54 -25
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 1,613 1,922 2,497
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.01% 1.07% 1.36%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.57% 2.67% 3.46%
Number of salaries quoted 1,073 1,395 1,794
UK median annual salary £57,500 £57,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - -4.17% +9.09%
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £38,750
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £51,500 £57,000
% change year-on-year -2.91% -9.65% +14.00%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 62,786 71,952 72,138
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.47% 40.16% 39.23%
Number of salaries quoted 51,501 59,988 62,441
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £84,750 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Middleware.

Salary trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 18 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -17 1,444 £60,000 - 217
UK excluding London -15 959 £50,000 -2.91% 161
London -7 619 £72,500 +4.32% 67
South East -11 319 £56,600 +7.81% 35
North of England -29 274 £50,000 - 35
Yorkshire +62 183 £55,000 -4.35% 16
Scotland +66 121 £45,000 +1.12% 6
Midlands +31 115 £53,750 +7.50% 29
North West -75 85 £49,319 -1.36% 18
West Midlands +35 82 £60,000 +26.32% 22
South West +10 78 £49,515 -5.69% 30
East of England -39 39 £56,250 -6.25% 21
East Midlands +29 30 £45,000 -16.67% 7
Wales -2 11 £40,000 -5.88% 4
North East -20 10 £100,000 +100.00% 1
Northern Ireland -16 4 £55,000 +57.14% 1
Channel Islands - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 18 December 2018, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 506 (31.37%) Agile Software Development
2 493 (30.56%) Finance
3 483 (29.94%) SQL
4 469 (29.08%) Java
5 450 (27.90%) Linux
6 379 (23.50%) Oracle
7 326 (20.21%) SQL Server
8 310 (19.22%) Windows
9 295 (18.29%) DevOps
10 266 (16.49%) C#
10 266 (16.49%) Python
11 263 (16.31%) Microsoft
12 247 (15.31%) .NET
13 223 (13.83%) Degree
14 220 (13.64%) Amazon AWS
15 217 (13.45%) Continuous Integration
16 216 (13.39%) Microsoft Azure
17 205 (12.71%) Test Automation
18 200 (12.40%) Problem-Solving
19 198 (12.28%) OO
20 197 (12.21%) Unix
21 195 (12.09%) SOA
21 195 (12.09%) Project Management
22 190 (11.78%) Service Management
23 188 (11.66%) JavaScript
24 181 (11.22%) Analytical Skills
25 176 (10.91%) Data Centre
26 175 (10.85%) Relational Database
26 175 (10.85%) XML
27 172 (10.66%) Web Services

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 122 (7.56%) WebSphere
2 106 (6.57%) MQSeries
3 104 (6.45%) WebLogic
4 97 (6.01%) Apache
5 78 (4.84%) JBoss
6 65 (4.03%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 60 (3.72%) Elasticsearch
8 59 (3.66%) Confluence
9 56 (3.47%) Tomcat
10 55 (3.41%) CMS
11 43 (2.67%) IIS
12 38 (2.36%) Apache Spark
13 33 (2.05%) BizTalk Server
14 25 (1.55%) Cloud Foundry
14 25 (1.55%) WebSphere Application Server
15 23 (1.43%) SharePoint
16 21 (1.30%) OpenStack
17 20 (1.24%) Mule
18 18 (1.12%) Hyperledger
19 16 (0.99%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 16 (0.99%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (0.68%) Spreadsheet
3 7 (0.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.12%) Windchill
5 1 (0.062%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 34 (2.11%) Oracle EBS
2 28 (1.74%) Oracle Applications
3 17 (1.05%) Payment Gateway
4 16 (0.99%) Oracle EBS R12
4 16 (0.99%) SAP ERP
5 15 (0.93%) Oracle 11i
6 11 (0.68%) Dynamics CRM
7 10 (0.62%) Dynamics AX
8 8 (0.50%) Oracle Financials
8 8 (0.50%) Siebel CRM
9 7 (0.43%) Markit EDM
10 6 (0.37%) SAP Hybris
11 5 (0.31%) Distributed Ledger
11 5 (0.31%) Dynamics NAV
11 5 (0.31%) Infor M3
11 5 (0.31%) Remedy ITSM
11 5 (0.31%) StreamServe
12 4 (0.25%) BusinessWorks
12 4 (0.25%) R3 Corda
12 4 (0.25%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 220 (13.64%) Amazon AWS
2 216 (13.39%) Microsoft Azure
3 51 (3.16%) PaaS
4 48 (2.98%) Google Cloud Platform
5 41 (2.54%) Cloud Computing
6 40 (2.48%) SaaS
7 37 (2.29%) Office 365
8 36 (2.23%) IaaS
9 33 (2.05%) Amazon S3
10 29 (1.80%) Serverless
11 28 (1.74%) OpenShift
12 27 (1.67%) AWS Lambda
13 25 (1.55%) GitHub
14 20 (1.24%) Amazon EC2
15 17 (1.05%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 14 (0.87%) Amazon ElastiCache
16 14 (0.87%) IBM Cloud
17 13 (0.81%) Boomi
18 12 (0.74%) Amazon EMR
18 12 (0.74%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 70 (4.34%) Internet
2 68 (4.22%) Firewall
3 51 (3.16%) LAN
4 49 (3.04%) WAN
5 47 (2.91%) TCP/IP
6 36 (2.23%) HTTP
7 28 (1.74%) Network Security
8 23 (1.43%) DNS
9 16 (0.99%) VPN
10 15 (0.93%) SSL
11 14 (0.87%) SAN
12 12 (0.74%) Intranet
13 10 (0.62%) iSCSI
13 10 (0.62%) VoIP
14 9 (0.56%) SSH
15 8 (0.50%) NAS
16 7 (0.43%) Cisco ASA
16 7 (0.43%) Cisco ISE
16 7 (0.43%) Extranet
16 7 (0.43%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 326 (20.21%) SQL Server
2 175 (10.85%) Relational Database
3 161 (9.98%) NoSQL
4 154 (9.55%) Big Data
5 127 (7.87%) Oracle Database
6 107 (6.63%) Data Warehouse
7 95 (5.89%) PostgreSQL
8 79 (4.90%) Apache Cassandra
9 74 (4.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 73 (4.53%) RDBMS
11 68 (4.22%) MongoDB
12 61 (3.78%) DB2
13 51 (3.16%) Bigtable
14 49 (3.04%) Hadoop
15 46 (2.85%) MySQL
16 45 (2.79%) Oracle Database 11g
17 35 (2.17%) Oracle BI EE
18 32 (1.98%) Oracle Database 12c
19 28 (1.74%) Blockchain
20 24 (1.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 138 (8.56%) Git (software)
2 126 (7.81%) Jenkins
3 92 (5.70%) JIRA
4 72 (4.46%) Maven
5 46 (2.85%) Subversion
6 35 (2.17%) Eclipse
6 35 (2.17%) Visual Studio
7 31 (1.92%) Selenium
8 30 (1.86%) Team Foundation Server
9 29 (1.80%) JUnit
10 27 (1.67%) SoapUI
11 25 (1.55%) Cucumber
12 22 (1.36%) Gradle
12 22 (1.36%) TeamCity
13 21 (1.30%) Artifactory
14 20 (1.24%) Eclipse RCP
15 19 (1.18%) NUnit
16 18 (1.12%) Octopus Deploy
17 17 (1.05%) Bitbucket
17 17 (1.05%) Oracle APEX
General
1 493 (30.56%) Finance
2 144 (8.93%) Banking
3 72 (4.46%) Manufacturing
4 68 (4.22%) Retail
5 50 (3.10%) Front Office
6 46 (2.85%) Investment Banking
7 45 (2.79%) Marketing
8 38 (2.36%) Telecoms
9 30 (1.86%) Financial Institution
10 26 (1.61%) Electronics
11 24 (1.49%) Law
12 21 (1.30%) Back Office
13 17 (1.05%) Advertising
14 13 (0.81%) Local Government
15 9 (0.56%) Legal
16 5 (0.31%) Corporate Banking
16 5 (0.31%) Games
17 4 (0.25%) Billing
17 4 (0.25%) Digital Economy
17 4 (0.25%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 401 (24.86%) Developer
2 245 (15.19%) Architect
3 105 (6.51%) Analyst
4 104 (6.45%) Java Developer
5 93 (5.77%) Senior Developer
6 81 (5.02%) C# Developer
6 81 (5.02%) Consultant
7 76 (4.71%) Software Engineer
8 74 (4.59%) .NET Developer
9 63 (3.91%) Administrator
10 60 (3.72%) IT Engineer
11 59 (3.66%) Technical Architect
12 55 (3.41%) DBA
13 53 (3.29%) Python Engineer
14 50 (3.10%) Middleware Engineer
14 50 (3.10%) Senior Software Engineer
15 47 (2.91%) Solutions Architect
16 46 (2.85%) Support Analyst
17 45 (2.79%) Java Engineer
18 44 (2.73%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 247 (15.31%) .NET
2 175 (10.85%) XML
3 172 (10.66%) Web Services
4 163 (10.11%) REST
5 148 (9.18%) Spring
6 145 (8.99%) HTML
7 130 (8.06%) AngularJS
8 120 (7.44%) SOAP
9 110 (6.82%) CSS
10 94 (5.83%) Kafka
11 89 (5.52%) JSON
12 84 (5.21%) JMS
13 78 (4.84%) ASP.NET
13 78 (4.84%) ASP.NET Web API
14 76 (4.71%) RESTful
14 76 (4.71%) WCF
15 72 (4.46%) Oracle Fusion
15 72 (4.46%) WebSphere MQ
16 69 (4.28%) RabbitMQ
17 67 (4.15%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 181 (11.22%) Analytical Skills
2 176 (10.91%) Data Centre
3 100 (6.20%) Enterprise Software
4 79 (4.90%) Management Information System
5 71 (4.40%) Self-Motivation
6 62 (3.84%) Virtual Team
7 38 (2.36%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 34 (2.11%) Mainframe
9 33 (2.05%) User Experience
10 30 (1.86%) Fixed Income
11 28 (1.74%) Derivative
12 25 (1.55%) CMDB
13 24 (1.49%) DataPower
13 24 (1.49%) Greenfield Project
14 23 (1.43%) Taxonomies
15 22 (1.36%) Fintech
16 20 (1.24%) Mobile App
17 19 (1.18%) Client/Server
17 19 (1.18%) iSeries
18 16 (0.99%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 450 (27.90%) Linux
2 310 (19.22%) Windows
3 197 (12.21%) Unix
4 123 (7.63%) Windows Server
5 107 (6.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 60 (3.72%) AIX
7 59 (3.66%) Solaris
8 55 (3.41%) CentOS
9 25 (1.55%) HPUX
10 21 (1.30%) Windows 10
11 19 (1.18%) zOS
12 15 (0.93%) Windows Server 2008
13 14 (0.87%) Windows 7
13 14 (0.87%) Windows 8
14 13 (0.81%) Ubuntu
15 12 (0.74%) Apple iOS
16 6 (0.37%) Android
16 6 (0.37%) Mac OS
17 4 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
18 2 (0.12%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 506 (31.37%) Agile Software Development
2 295 (18.29%) DevOps
3 217 (13.45%) Continuous Integration
4 205 (12.71%) Test Automation
5 200 (12.40%) Problem-Solving
6 198 (12.28%) OO
7 195 (12.09%) Project Management
7 195 (12.09%) SOA
8 190 (11.78%) Service Management
9 172 (10.66%) TDD
10 170 (10.54%) Unit Testing
11 165 (10.23%) IT Strategy
12 159 (9.86%) Software Engineering
13 140 (8.68%) Scrum
14 135 (8.37%) SDLC
15 134 (8.31%) ETL
16 129 (8.00%) Analytics
17 126 (7.81%) ITIL
18 116 (7.19%) Business Intelligence
19 114 (7.07%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 483 (29.94%) SQL
2 469 (29.08%) Java
3 266 (16.49%) C#
3 266 (16.49%) Python
4 188 (11.66%) JavaScript
5 112 (6.94%) C++
6 81 (5.02%) PowerShell
7 78 (4.84%) C
8 67 (4.15%) Shell Script
9 63 (3.91%) Java 8
10 56 (3.47%) XPath
11 53 (3.29%) PL/SQL
12 52 (3.22%) Bash Shell
13 50 (3.10%) Ruby
14 41 (2.54%) Perl
15 37 (2.29%) VB
16 30 (1.86%) VB.NET
17 29 (1.80%) T-SQL
18 25 (1.55%) Scala
19 22 (1.36%) Go
Qualifications
1 223 (13.83%) Degree
2 91 (5.64%) Security Cleared
3 56 (3.47%) SC Cleared
4 54 (3.35%) Computer Science Degree
5 20 (1.24%) DV Cleared
6 18 (1.12%) ITIL Certification
6 18 (1.12%) Master's Degree
6 18 (1.12%) RHCE
7 17 (1.05%) RHCSA
8 14 (0.87%) PMI Certification
9 13 (0.81%) ISEB
10 12 (0.74%) CISSP
11 11 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
12 10 (0.62%) MCSE
13 8 (0.50%) PhD
14 7 (0.43%) CISM
14 7 (0.43%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 6 (0.37%) CISA
15 6 (0.37%) HND
15 6 (0.37%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 130 (8.06%) PMO
2 96 (5.95%) QA
3 44 (2.73%) SLA
4 16 (0.99%) PCI DSS
5 15 (0.93%) HL7
6 14 (0.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 11 (0.68%) MiFID
8 9 (0.56%) GDPR
9 7 (0.43%) Data Quality
10 5 (0.31%) ISO 9001
10 5 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 3 (0.19%) COBIT
12 2 (0.12%) Web Application Security Consortium
13 1 (0.062%) EMIR
13 1 (0.062%) ISO 20022
13 1 (0.062%) ISO 8583
13 1 (0.062%) JTAG
13 1 (0.062%) MISRA
13 1 (0.062%) MISRA C
13 1 (0.062%) SEPA
System Software
1 123 (7.63%) Docker
2 65 (4.03%) VMware Infrastructure
3 57 (3.53%) Active Directory
4 38 (2.36%) Hyper-V
4 38 (2.36%) Virtual Machines
5 31 (1.92%) Oracle RAC
6 22 (1.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 15 (0.93%) vSphere
8 14 (0.87%) VMware ESXi
9 11 (0.68%) NFS
10 10 (0.62%) HDFS
10 10 (0.62%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 8 (0.50%) Virtual Desktop
12 4 (0.25%) Firmware
12 4 (0.25%) KVM
12 4 (0.25%) PowerHA
12 4 (0.25%) Time Sharing Option
12 4 (0.25%) VirtualBox
12 4 (0.25%) Xen
13 3 (0.19%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 122 (7.56%) Ansible
2 107 (6.63%) Puppet
3 58 (3.60%) Opscode Chef
4 54 (3.35%) Kubernetes
5 51 (3.16%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
6 25 (1.55%) Hadoop YARN
7 24 (1.49%) SCOM
8 22 (1.36%) Terraform
9 21 (1.30%) Data Guard
10 18 (1.12%) Oracle RMAN
11 15 (0.93%) Automic
11 15 (0.93%) HP Quality Center
11 15 (0.93%) vRealize
12 14 (0.87%) Host Intrusion Detection System
12 14 (0.87%) logstash
13 13 (0.81%) vCenter Server
14 12 (0.74%) Tivoli
15 11 (0.68%) Kibana
15 11 (0.68%) SCCM
16 10 (0.62%) Ambari
Vendors
1 379 (23.50%) Oracle
2 263 (16.31%) Microsoft
3 143 (8.87%) IBM
4 102 (6.32%) Red Hat
5 97 (6.01%) VMware
6 93 (5.77%) TIBCO
7 81 (5.02%) SAP
8 67 (4.15%) Solace
9 63 (3.91%) Google
10 60 (3.72%) MuleSoft
11 52 (3.22%) HP
12 43 (2.67%) Splunk
13 39 (2.42%) Cognizant
14 28 (1.74%) SolarWinds
15 25 (1.55%) Riverbed
16 24 (1.49%) ServiceNow
17 20 (1.24%) Salesforce.com
18 19 (1.18%) EMC
18 19 (1.18%) NetApp
18 19 (1.18%) Sybase