Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 410 323 356
Rank change year-on-year -87 +33 -65
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 541 1,065 1,311
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.65% 0.94% 0.88%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.62% 2.37% 2.25%
Number of salaries quoted 402 813 953
10th Percentile £41,250 £36,960 £31,250
25th Percentile £51,250 £45,000 £38,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -8.33%
75th Percentile £81,688 £83,750 £77,000
90th Percentile £92,250 £96,150 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% -

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,365 44,904 58,307
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.18% 39.45% 39.17%
Number of salaries quoted 26,876 37,302 48,226
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.27%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Salary trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -100 466 £65,000 +4.00% 100
London -1 264 £70,500 -11.88% 48
UK excluding London -119 243 £52,500 +5.00% 64
South East -29 74 £58,750 -2.08% 14
Work from Home -104 67 £66,250 +1.92% 13
North of England -6 50 £50,000 - 15
Scotland +7 38 £55,000 +2.71% 6
North West +18 36 £47,500 -32.14% 5
South West -26 33 £49,000 -10.91% 8
East of England +33 21 £65,000 +4.00% 9
Midlands -20 16 £50,000 +11.11% 3
Yorkshire -15 13 £52,500 +5.00% 5
West Midlands -10 12 £50,000 +3.31% 2
Northern Ireland - 11 £42,500 - 1
East Midlands -3 4 £55,000 +57.14% 1
North East +3 1 £45,000 +12.50% 5

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 201 (37.15%) Java
2 192 (35.49%) Agile Software Development
3 183 (33.83%) SQL
4 126 (23.29%) Finance
5 122 (22.55%) Oracle
6 121 (22.37%) Linux
7 102 (18.85%) Software Engineering
8 97 (17.93%) Web Services
9 96 (17.74%) Python
10 93 (17.19%) JavaScript
11 87 (16.08%) AWS
12 85 (15.71%) Azure
13 84 (15.53%) DevOps
14 77 (14.23%) Windows
14 77 (14.23%) Banking
15 75 (13.86%) Problem-Solving
16 70 (12.94%) Unix
17 64 (11.83%) Spring
18 60 (11.09%) Analytical Skills
19 59 (10.91%) Scrum
20 58 (10.72%) Security Cleared
21 56 (10.35%) SOA
22 54 (9.98%) REST
23 52 (9.61%) Business Intelligence
24 51 (9.43%) Microsoft
25 50 (9.24%) Git (software)
25 50 (9.24%) Microservices
26 49 (9.06%) C#
26 49 (9.06%) HTML
26 49 (9.06%) Migration

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (5.55%) Apache
1 30 (5.55%) WebLogic
2 28 (5.18%) WebSphere
3 24 (4.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 16 (2.96%) Mule
4 16 (2.96%) Tomcat
5 11 (2.03%) BizTalk Server
5 11 (2.03%) Confluence
6 10 (1.85%) Elasticsearch
6 10 (1.85%) SharePoint
6 10 (1.85%) WebSphere Application Server
7 9 (1.66%) Red Hat Fuse
8 7 (1.29%) Apache Spark
8 7 (1.29%) JBoss
9 6 (1.11%) nginx
9 6 (1.11%) OpenEdge
9 6 (1.11%) Oracle Workflow
10 5 (0.92%) IBM Transformation Extender
11 4 (0.74%) CMS
11 4 (0.74%) GlassFish
Applications
1 26 (4.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (3.33%) MS Visio
3 16 (2.96%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (1.48%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 21 (3.88%) Oracle EBS
2 19 (3.51%) Oracle ERP
3 11 (2.03%) Oracle EBS R12
4 9 (1.66%) NetSuite
4 9 (1.66%) Oracle Applications
4 9 (1.66%) PeopleSoft HCM
5 8 (1.48%) Dynamics AX
5 8 (1.48%) SAP CRM
6 7 (1.29%) Oracle Payables
6 7 (1.29%) Oracle Receivables
7 6 (1.11%) Oracle Assets
7 6 (1.11%) Oracle Cash Management
7 6 (1.11%) Oracle E-Business Tax
7 6 (1.11%) Oracle Financials
7 6 (1.11%) Oracle General Ledger
7 6 (1.11%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
8 5 (0.92%) Oracle 11i
9 4 (0.74%) Magento
10 3 (0.55%) Oracle BPM
10 3 (0.55%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 87 (16.08%) AWS
2 85 (15.71%) Azure
3 40 (7.39%) SaaS
4 24 (4.44%) Boomi
5 23 (4.25%) GCP
6 14 (2.59%) PaaS
7 11 (2.03%) GitHub
8 10 (1.85%) IaaS
8 10 (1.85%) Power Platform
9 9 (1.66%) Microsoft 365
10 8 (1.48%) OpenShift
10 8 (1.48%) Serverless
11 7 (1.29%) npm
11 7 (1.29%) ServiceMax
12 6 (1.11%) Dynamics 365
13 5 (0.92%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 5 (0.92%) Amazon EC2
13 5 (0.92%) AWS Lambda
13 5 (0.92%) NuGet
13 5 (0.92%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 35 (6.47%) Firewall
2 13 (2.40%) LAN
3 12 (2.22%) WAN
4 11 (2.03%) Internet
5 10 (1.85%) Cisco ASA
5 10 (1.85%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
5 10 (1.85%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
6 9 (1.66%) FTP
7 8 (1.48%) TCP/IP
8 6 (1.11%) SSH
9 5 (0.92%) VPN
10 4 (0.74%) HTTP
10 4 (0.74%) Network Security
10 4 (0.74%) Reverse Proxy
11 3 (0.55%) HbbTV
12 2 (0.37%) CHAP
12 2 (0.37%) DSL
12 2 (0.37%) OSPF
12 2 (0.37%) SD-WAN
12 2 (0.37%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (8.50%) SQL Server
2 34 (6.28%) Oracle Database
3 31 (5.73%) Relational Database
4 29 (5.36%) Big Data
5 26 (4.81%) Oracle Reports
6 25 (4.62%) Data Warehouse
6 25 (4.62%) Oracle BI Publisher
7 19 (3.51%) Oracle ODI
8 17 (3.14%) NoSQL
9 15 (2.77%) MySQL
9 15 (2.77%) Oracle BI EE
10 12 (2.22%) Oracle Database 11g
10 12 (2.22%) PostgreSQL
11 10 (1.85%) Essbase
11 10 (1.85%) Hadoop
11 10 (1.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 9 (1.66%) MongoDB
13 8 (1.48%) Redis
13 8 (1.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 7 (1.29%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 50 (9.24%) Git (software)
2 36 (6.65%) JIRA
3 29 (5.36%) Jenkins
4 24 (4.44%) TeamCity
5 21 (3.88%) JUnit
6 19 (3.51%) Cucumber
7 17 (3.14%) JBehave
7 17 (3.14%) Oracle APEX
8 15 (2.77%) Selenium
9 14 (2.59%) Maven
10 11 (2.03%) Eclipse
10 11 (2.03%) Oracle Forms
11 10 (1.85%) NUnit
12 8 (1.48%) Eclipse RCP
12 8 (1.48%) webpack
13 7 (1.29%) Ant
13 7 (1.29%) JMeter
13 7 (1.29%) Mockito
14 6 (1.11%) Cypress.io
14 6 (1.11%) gulp
General
1 126 (23.29%) Finance
2 77 (14.23%) Banking
3 39 (7.21%) Retail
4 33 (6.10%) Investment Banking
5 32 (5.91%) Front Office
6 19 (3.51%) Back Office
7 18 (3.33%) Telecoms
8 15 (2.77%) Financial Institution
8 15 (2.77%) Manufacturing
9 12 (2.22%) Aerospace
9 12 (2.22%) Public Sector
10 8 (1.48%) Automotive
10 8 (1.48%) Marketing
11 7 (1.29%) Avionics
11 7 (1.29%) Law
12 6 (1.11%) Advertising
12 6 (1.11%) Military
13 5 (0.92%) Legal
13 5 (0.92%) Publishing
14 4 (0.74%) Games
Job Titles
1 178 (32.90%) Developer
2 70 (12.94%) Architect
3 47 (8.69%) Analyst
4 46 (8.50%) Software Engineer
5 44 (8.13%) Java Developer
6 30 (5.55%) Solutions Architect
7 25 (4.62%) MuleSoft Developer
7 25 (4.62%) Senior Developer
8 23 (4.25%) Consultant
8 23 (4.25%) DBA
8 23 (4.25%) Integration Developer
9 22 (4.07%) Java Engineer
10 20 (3.70%) JavaScript Developer
10 20 (3.70%) Software Developer
11 19 (3.51%) DevOps Engineer
12 18 (3.33%) Lead Developer
13 17 (3.14%) Security Specialist
13 17 (3.14%) Support Analyst
14 16 (2.96%) Oracle Consultant
14 16 (2.96%) Oracle DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 97 (17.93%) Web Services
2 64 (11.83%) Spring
3 54 (9.98%) REST
4 49 (9.06%) HTML
5 46 (8.50%) XML
6 41 (7.58%) Node.js
7 40 (7.39%) CSS
8 38 (7.02%) SOAP
9 32 (5.91%) AngularJS
10 28 (5.18%) JSON
11 26 (4.81%) .NET
11 26 (4.81%) Hibernate
11 26 (4.81%) RESTful
12 22 (4.07%) Express
13 21 (3.88%) Oracle Fusion
14 19 (3.51%) HTML5
15 16 (2.96%) React
16 15 (2.77%) XSLT
17 14 (2.59%) JMS
18 13 (2.40%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 60 (11.09%) Analytical Skills
2 39 (7.21%) Management Information System
3 33 (6.10%) Self-Motivation
4 22 (4.07%) Cyberthreat
5 21 (3.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 17 (3.14%) Fixed Income
6 17 (3.14%) Mobile App
7 16 (2.96%) Data Structures
7 16 (2.96%) Enterprise Software
7 16 (2.96%) SWIFT
8 15 (2.77%) Greenfield Project
8 15 (2.77%) Mainframe
9 12 (2.22%) Equities
9 12 (2.22%) Replication
10 11 (2.03%) Derivative
10 11 (2.03%) Hedge funds
11 10 (1.85%) Algorithms
11 10 (1.85%) Virtual Team
12 9 (1.66%) NHS
13 8 (1.48%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 121 (22.37%) Linux
2 77 (14.23%) Windows
3 70 (12.94%) Unix
4 34 (6.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 21 (3.88%) Windows Server
6 16 (2.96%) CentOS
7 12 (2.22%) Oracle Linux
8 8 (1.48%) Solaris
9 5 (0.92%) Apple iOS
10 4 (0.74%) Android
11 3 (0.55%) AIX
11 3 (0.55%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (0.55%) Windows Server 2012
11 3 (0.55%) Windows Server 2016
12 2 (0.37%) zOS
13 1 (0.18%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 192 (35.49%) Agile Software Development
2 102 (18.85%) Software Engineering
3 84 (15.53%) DevOps
4 75 (13.86%) Problem-Solving
5 59 (10.91%) Scrum
6 56 (10.35%) SOA
7 52 (9.61%) Business Intelligence
8 50 (9.24%) Microservices
9 49 (9.06%) Migration
10 45 (8.32%) ETL
11 44 (8.13%) Analytics
12 43 (7.95%) ERP
13 41 (7.58%) SDLC
14 37 (6.84%) Test Automation
15 36 (6.65%) Project Management
15 36 (6.65%) Software Testing
16 34 (6.28%) Continuous Integration
16 34 (6.28%) Workflow
17 33 (6.10%) ITIL
18 31 (5.73%) Data Integration
Programming Languages
1 201 (37.15%) Java
2 183 (33.83%) SQL
3 96 (17.74%) Python
4 93 (17.19%) JavaScript
5 49 (9.06%) C#
6 40 (7.39%) PL/SQL
7 36 (6.65%) C++
8 24 (4.44%) TypeScript
9 19 (3.51%) C
9 19 (3.51%) Perl
10 18 (3.33%) PowerShell
11 17 (3.14%) Java 8
12 14 (2.59%) Scala
13 13 (2.40%) Bash Shell
14 11 (2.03%) Go
15 8 (1.48%) Ada
15 8 (1.48%) Ada 95
16 7 (1.29%) Haskell
16 7 (1.29%) Shell Script
16 7 (1.29%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 58 (10.72%) Security Cleared
2 45 (8.32%) Degree
3 33 (6.10%) SC Cleared
4 23 (4.25%) CISSP
5 19 (3.51%) Oracle Certification
6 18 (3.33%) BPSS Clearance
6 18 (3.33%) Computer Science Degree
7 15 (2.77%) CISA
7 15 (2.77%) CISM
8 11 (2.03%) DBS Check
9 7 (1.29%) SANS
10 5 (0.92%) CompTIA Security+
10 5 (0.92%) CREST Certified
10 5 (0.92%) GCIH
10 5 (0.92%) OSCP
11 4 (0.74%) ISTQB
11 4 (0.74%) Microsoft Certification
12 3 (0.55%) ISEB
12 3 (0.55%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 3 (0.55%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (5.55%) QA
2 25 (4.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 23 (4.25%) COBIT
4 22 (4.07%) PCI DSS
5 18 (3.33%) GDPR
6 11 (2.03%) GRC
6 11 (2.03%) HL7
7 9 (1.66%) SLA
8 4 (0.74%) NIST
9 3 (0.55%) ISO 9001
9 3 (0.55%) OIPF
10 2 (0.37%) NIST 800
11 1 (0.18%) Data Quality
11 1 (0.18%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 1 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 41 (7.58%) Docker
2 18 (3.33%) Oracle RAC
3 10 (1.85%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.92%) Hyper-V
5 3 (0.55%) Active Directory
5 3 (0.55%) VMware ESXi
6 2 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.37%) HDFS
7 1 (0.18%) NFS
7 1 (0.18%) oVirt
Systems Management
1 44 (8.13%) Kubernetes
2 26 (4.81%) Ansible
3 16 (2.96%) Data Guard
4 11 (2.03%) Oracle RMAN
5 10 (1.85%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
6 9 (1.66%) Puppet
6 9 (1.66%) Terraform
7 7 (1.29%) Opscode Chef
8 5 (0.92%) Kibana
8 5 (0.92%) Single Sign-On
9 4 (0.74%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
9 4 (0.74%) Grafana
9 4 (0.74%) logstash
10 3 (0.55%) vCenter Server
11 2 (0.37%) Graphite
11 2 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
11 2 (0.37%) Oozie
11 2 (0.37%) PowerCLI
11 2 (0.37%) Prometheus
11 2 (0.37%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 122 (22.55%) Oracle
2 51 (9.43%) Microsoft
3 46 (8.50%) MuleSoft
4 33 (6.10%) IBM
5 29 (5.36%) Red Hat
5 29 (5.36%) Salesforce.com
6 22 (4.07%) SAP
7 21 (3.88%) Cisco
7 21 (3.88%) Solace
8 19 (3.51%) Guidewire
8 19 (3.51%) ServiceNow
9 18 (3.33%) JD Edwards
10 17 (3.14%) VMware
11 13 (2.40%) PeopleSoft
12 12 (2.22%) Dell
13 11 (2.03%) CheckPoint
13 11 (2.03%) F5
13 11 (2.03%) Hyperion
13 11 (2.03%) TIBCO
14 10 (1.85%) Zscaler