Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 300 298 274
Rank change year-on-year -2 -24 -47
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 1,861 2,042 2,443
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.10% 1.16% 1.24%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.72% 2.85% 3.18%
Number of salaries quoted 1,240 1,433 1,815
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% -4.17% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £38,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £86,250 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £53,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% -5.66% +9.28%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 68,389 71,636 76,825
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.47% 40.64% 38.98%
Number of salaries quoted 56,731 59,498 66,656
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Middleware.

Salary trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -16 1,695 £62,500 +4.17% 183
UK excluding London -1 1,045 £55,000 +10.00% 130
London -24 776 £70,000 - 61
South East +52 387 £58,750 +11.90% 34
North of England +18 245 £52,750 +5.50% 20
East of England +34 172 £57,500 - 24
Yorkshire +67 137 £58,250 +16.50% 10
Scotland +44 112 £45,000 -2.17% 5
North West -15 104 £47,500 -9.52% 9
Midlands -92 59 £47,750 +12.35% 19
South West -39 49 £51,250 -2.38% 25
East Midlands +4 31 £47,750 +67.54% 5
West Midlands -75 28 £52,500 +16.67% 14
Wales -11 17 £48,000 +6.03% 3
North East -34 4 £50,000 -2.91% 1
Northern Ireland -6 2 £57,500 +43.75%
Channel Islands - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 641 (34.44%) Oracle
2 603 (32.40%) SQL
3 595 (31.97%) Java
3 595 (31.97%) Agile Software Development
4 583 (31.33%) Finance
5 528 (28.37%) Linux
6 377 (20.26%) Microsoft
7 360 (19.34%) SQL Server
7 360 (19.34%) DevOps
8 340 (18.27%) Windows
9 339 (18.22%) SOA
10 329 (17.68%) Amazon AWS
11 323 (17.36%) Continuous Integration
12 316 (16.98%) Python
13 315 (16.93%) Microsoft Azure
14 312 (16.77%) .NET
15 305 (16.39%) Problem-Solving
16 301 (16.17%) Web Services
17 299 (16.07%) C#
18 276 (14.83%) Unix
19 272 (14.62%) Degree
20 270 (14.51%) Test Automation
21 269 (14.45%) JavaScript
22 252 (13.54%) Scrum
23 245 (13.16%) IBM
24 232 (12.47%) XML
25 228 (12.25%) TDD
26 218 (11.71%) Project Management
27 215 (11.55%) OO
28 210 (11.28%) Jenkins

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 204 (10.96%) WebSphere
2 172 (9.24%) WebLogic
3 159 (8.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 113 (6.07%) Apache
5 109 (5.86%) Tomcat
6 101 (5.43%) JBoss
7 77 (4.14%) Oracle Service Bus
8 75 (4.03%) MQSeries
9 73 (3.92%) IIS
10 63 (3.39%) BizTalk Server
11 52 (2.79%) Confluence
11 52 (2.79%) SharePoint
12 47 (2.53%) CMS
12 47 (2.53%) OpenStack
13 37 (1.99%) Elasticsearch
14 32 (1.72%) WebSphere Application Server
15 29 (1.56%) Mule
16 27 (1.45%) Apache Spark
17 22 (1.18%) Oracle HTTP Server
18 19 (1.02%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 18 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
1 18 (0.97%) Spreadsheet
2 17 (0.91%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (0.54%) Adobe Premiere
4 4 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.16%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 44 (2.36%) Oracle EBS
2 26 (1.40%) Oracle EBS R12
3 24 (1.29%) Oracle Applications
4 19 (1.02%) Oracle 11i
5 17 (0.91%) Documaker
6 16 (0.86%) Oracle Financials
7 14 (0.75%) Markit EDM
8 13 (0.70%) Oracle BPM
9 11 (0.59%) Cognos Business Intelligence
10 10 (0.54%) Cognos TM1
11 9 (0.48%) Oracle Receivables
12 8 (0.43%) Infor M3
12 8 (0.43%) Oracle Cash Management
12 8 (0.43%) Payment Gateway
12 8 (0.43%) StreamServe
13 7 (0.38%) Oracle Assets
13 7 (0.38%) Oracle General Ledger
13 7 (0.38%) Oracle Payables
14 6 (0.32%) Oracle FAH
14 6 (0.32%) Oracle Internet Expenses
Cloud Services
1 329 (17.68%) Amazon AWS
2 315 (16.93%) Microsoft Azure
3 89 (4.78%) SaaS
4 77 (4.14%) PaaS
5 70 (3.76%) IaaS
6 62 (3.33%) Office 365
7 57 (3.06%) IBM Cloud
8 50 (2.69%) Google Cloud Platform
9 31 (1.67%) GitHub
10 23 (1.24%) Boomi
11 21 (1.13%) Serverless
12 20 (1.07%) Cloud Computing
12 20 (1.07%) OpenShift
13 18 (0.97%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 15 (0.81%) Amazon S3
15 10 (0.54%) Algolia
16 9 (0.48%) Amazon EC2
16 9 (0.48%) AWS Lambda
16 9 (0.48%) Azure Active Directory
16 9 (0.48%) iPaaS
Communications & Networking
1 149 (8.01%) Firewall
2 102 (5.48%) DNS
3 96 (5.16%) HTTP
4 84 (4.51%) TCP/IP
5 74 (3.98%) LAN
6 67 (3.60%) WAN
7 60 (3.22%) Internet
8 57 (3.06%) SAN
9 36 (1.93%) DHCP
10 34 (1.83%) SSL
11 30 (1.61%) NAS
12 28 (1.50%) FTP
13 23 (1.24%) HTTPS
14 22 (1.18%) Network Security
14 22 (1.18%) VoIP
15 20 (1.07%) SSH
16 19 (1.02%) Cisco Nexus
17 18 (0.97%) IPsec
17 18 (0.97%) SNMP
18 17 (0.91%) ICMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 360 (19.34%) SQL Server
2 184 (9.89%) Relational Database
3 174 (9.35%) NoSQL
4 173 (9.30%) Oracle Database
5 112 (6.02%) MySQL
6 107 (5.75%) Big Data
6 107 (5.75%) MongoDB
7 105 (5.64%) PostgreSQL
8 103 (5.53%) Apache Cassandra
9 87 (4.67%) Data Warehouse
10 80 (4.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 71 (3.82%) RDBMS
12 60 (3.22%) Bigtable
13 58 (3.12%) Oracle Database 11g
14 48 (2.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 39 (2.10%) DB2
16 37 (1.99%) Oracle Database 12c
17 36 (1.93%) Oracle Reports
18 31 (1.67%) Hadoop
18 31 (1.67%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 210 (11.28%) Jenkins
2 196 (10.53%) Git (software)
3 122 (6.56%) JIRA
4 88 (4.73%) Maven
5 64 (3.44%) Subversion
6 50 (2.69%) NUnit
7 46 (2.47%) Selenium
8 43 (2.31%) TeamCity
9 38 (2.04%) Team Foundation Server
10 37 (1.99%) Visual Studio
11 35 (1.88%) Gradle
12 32 (1.72%) Eclipse
13 31 (1.67%) Sonatype Nexus
14 30 (1.61%) Bitbucket
14 30 (1.61%) JUnit
15 27 (1.45%) Artifactory
16 26 (1.40%) Oracle APEX
17 22 (1.18%) Cucumber
18 21 (1.13%) Octopus Deploy
19 20 (1.07%) IntelliJ
General
1 583 (31.33%) Finance
2 202 (10.85%) Banking
3 119 (6.39%) Retail
4 94 (5.05%) Investment Banking
5 48 (2.58%) Manufacturing
6 45 (2.42%) Financial Institution
7 37 (1.99%) Front Office
7 37 (1.99%) Marketing
8 35 (1.88%) Publishing
8 35 (1.88%) Telecoms
9 27 (1.45%) Electronics
10 25 (1.34%) Advertising
10 25 (1.34%) Law
11 20 (1.07%) Local Government
12 15 (0.81%) Back Office
12 15 (0.81%) Retail Banking
13 12 (0.64%) Military
14 9 (0.48%) Billing
15 8 (0.43%) General Ledger
15 8 (0.43%) Legal
Job Titles
1 482 (25.90%) Developer
2 366 (19.67%) Architect
3 143 (7.68%) Analyst
4 130 (6.99%) Java Developer
5 112 (6.02%) Senior Developer
6 107 (5.75%) Solutions Architect
7 104 (5.59%) Consultant
8 86 (4.62%) C# Developer
8 86 (4.62%) Software Engineer
9 77 (4.14%) Linux Engineer
10 74 (3.98%) Applications Support
11 71 (3.82%) Cloud Architect
12 69 (3.71%) .NET Developer
13 58 (3.12%) DevOps Engineer
14 56 (3.01%) Support Analyst
15 52 (2.79%) Integration Developer
16 50 (2.69%) DBA
17 47 (2.53%) Technical Architect
18 44 (2.36%) Administrator
19 43 (2.31%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 312 (16.77%) .NET
2 301 (16.17%) Web Services
3 232 (12.47%) XML
4 206 (11.07%) REST
5 172 (9.24%) Spring
6 146 (7.85%) HTML
7 137 (7.36%) SOAP
8 133 (7.15%) RESTful
9 126 (6.77%) JSON
10 118 (6.34%) AngularJS
11 108 (5.80%) ASP.NET
12 102 (5.48%) CSS
13 94 (5.05%) HTML5
14 91 (4.89%) ASP.NET Web API
15 88 (4.73%) Oracle Fusion
16 86 (4.62%) J2EE
17 81 (4.35%) JMS
18 77 (4.14%) Hibernate
19 73 (3.92%) Kafka
20 71 (3.82%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 197 (10.59%) Analytical Skills
2 175 (9.40%) Enterprise Software
3 174 (9.35%) Data Centre
4 117 (6.29%) Computer Science
5 113 (6.07%) Management Information System
6 70 (3.76%) Virtual Team
7 55 (2.96%) Mainframe
7 55 (2.96%) Public Cloud
8 53 (2.85%) Fixed Income
9 51 (2.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 50 (2.69%) Fintech
11 48 (2.58%) Self-Motivation
12 39 (2.10%) User Experience
13 38 (2.04%) Data Structures
14 37 (1.99%) Algorithms
14 37 (1.99%) Cyberthreat
14 37 (1.99%) Hybrid Cloud
14 37 (1.99%) Linux Command Line
15 31 (1.67%) DataPower
16 30 (1.61%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 528 (28.37%) Linux
2 340 (18.27%) Windows
3 276 (14.83%) Unix
4 123 (6.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 104 (5.59%) Solaris
5 104 (5.59%) Windows Server
6 72 (3.87%) AIX
7 55 (2.96%) CentOS
8 28 (1.50%) Android
8 28 (1.50%) Windows Server 2008
8 28 (1.50%) Windows Server 2012
9 26 (1.40%) Ubuntu
10 21 (1.13%) HPUX
11 14 (0.75%) Windows 10
12 7 (0.38%) zOS
13 6 (0.32%) Mac OS
14 5 (0.27%) Apple iOS
14 5 (0.27%) VMS
15 4 (0.21%) VxWorks
15 4 (0.21%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 595 (31.97%) Agile Software Development
2 360 (19.34%) DevOps
3 339 (18.22%) SOA
4 323 (17.36%) Continuous Integration
5 305 (16.39%) Problem-Solving
6 270 (14.51%) Test Automation
7 252 (13.54%) Scrum
8 228 (12.25%) TDD
9 218 (11.71%) Project Management
10 215 (11.55%) OO
11 202 (10.85%) SDLC
12 198 (10.64%) Software Engineering
13 171 (9.19%) ITIL
14 168 (9.03%) Open Source
15 144 (7.74%) Analytics
16 140 (7.52%) MVC
17 133 (7.15%) Unit Testing
18 130 (6.99%) Microservices
19 128 (6.88%) BDD
20 127 (6.82%) Enterprise Architecture
Programming Languages
1 603 (32.40%) SQL
2 595 (31.97%) Java
3 316 (16.98%) Python
4 299 (16.07%) C#
5 269 (14.45%) JavaScript
6 189 (10.16%) PowerShell
7 121 (6.50%) Bash Shell
8 103 (5.53%) PL/SQL
9 97 (5.21%) Ruby
10 93 (5.00%) C++
11 89 (4.78%) Shell Script
12 88 (4.73%) Perl
13 74 (3.98%) XPath
14 56 (3.01%) C
14 56 (3.01%) Java 8
14 56 (3.01%) T-SQL
15 55 (2.96%) PHP
16 29 (1.56%) Go
17 21 (1.13%) Scala
18 20 (1.07%) Korn
Qualifications
1 272 (14.62%) Degree
2 72 (3.87%) Security Cleared
3 63 (3.39%) Computer Science Degree
4 56 (3.01%) Microsoft Certification
5 51 (2.74%) SC Cleared
6 40 (2.15%) MCSE
7 24 (1.29%) Master's Degree
7 24 (1.29%) PMI Certification
8 23 (1.24%) MCSD
8 23 (1.24%) Numerate Degree
9 21 (1.13%) TOGAF Certification
10 18 (0.97%) ITIL Certification
11 17 (0.91%) MCSA
12 15 (0.81%) DV Cleared
12 15 (0.81%) RHCE
13 13 (0.70%) RHCSA
14 12 (0.64%) CISSP
14 12 (0.64%) PhD
15 10 (0.54%) CISM
16 8 (0.43%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 74 (3.98%) PMO
2 70 (3.76%) QA
3 33 (1.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 33 (1.77%) SLA
4 21 (1.13%) PCI DSS
5 13 (0.70%) GCP
6 7 (0.38%) COBIT
6 7 (0.38%) GDPR
7 6 (0.32%) Web Application Security Consortium
8 5 (0.27%) ISO 9001
9 4 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 3 (0.16%) Data Quality
10 3 (0.16%) PA-DSS
11 2 (0.11%) ISO 20022
11 2 (0.11%) MISRA
11 2 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 1 (0.054%) Actionable Recommendations
12 1 (0.054%) HL7
12 1 (0.054%) SEPA
12 1 (0.054%) TARGET2
System Software
1 170 (9.13%) VMware Infrastructure
2 155 (8.33%) Docker
3 117 (6.29%) Active Directory
4 78 (4.19%) Hyper-V
5 46 (2.47%) Oracle RAC
6 35 (1.88%) Virtual Desktop
7 34 (1.83%) vSphere
8 28 (1.50%) Virtual Servers
9 20 (1.07%) NFS
10 18 (0.97%) VirtualBox
10 18 (0.97%) VMware ESXi
11 17 (0.91%) Samba
12 16 (0.86%) Virtual Machines
13 15 (0.81%) VMware NSX
14 14 (0.75%) HDFS
15 12 (0.64%) Apache Flume
15 12 (0.64%) Veritas Cluster Server
16 11 (0.59%) Microsoft App-V
17 9 (0.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 9 (0.48%) KVM
Systems Management
1 186 (9.99%) Ansible
2 172 (9.24%) Puppet
3 108 (5.80%) Opscode Chef
4 68 (3.65%) Terraform
5 62 (3.33%) Kubernetes
6 51 (2.74%) vRealize
7 43 (2.31%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 42 (2.26%) vCenter Server
9 32 (1.72%) Nagios
10 28 (1.50%) SCOM
11 21 (1.13%) Data Guard
12 20 (1.07%) Oracle RMAN
12 20 (1.07%) Rancher
13 19 (1.02%) ZABBIX
14 18 (0.97%) Tivoli
15 17 (0.91%) SCCM
15 17 (0.91%) Sysdig
15 17 (0.91%) Xymon
16 16 (0.86%) Tivoli Storage Manager
17 11 (0.59%) Host Intrusion Detection System
Vendors
1 641 (34.44%) Oracle
2 377 (20.26%) Microsoft
3 245 (13.16%) IBM
4 209 (11.23%) VMware
5 128 (6.88%) Red Hat
6 87 (4.67%) Cisco
7 85 (4.57%) Google
8 80 (4.30%) Splunk
9 78 (4.19%) TIBCO
10 73 (3.92%) SAP
11 67 (3.60%) HP
12 66 (3.55%) ServiceNow
12 66 (3.55%) WorldPay
13 60 (3.22%) Salesforce.com
14 53 (2.85%) BMC
14 53 (2.85%) Cognizant
15 52 (2.79%) AppDynamics
16 51 (2.74%) Citrix
17 49 (2.63%) F5
18 43 (2.31%) MuleSoft