Period
to 21 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 21 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 390 326 309
Rank change year-on-year -64 -17 -45
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 1,088 1,687 1,909
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.79% 1.03% 1.10%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.12% 2.58% 2.73%
Number of salaries quoted 796 1,121 1,334
UK median annual salary £55,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -8.33% - -
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £35,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £92,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -9.09%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 51,320 65,415 70,019
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 37.47% 39.99% 40.19%
Number of salaries quoted 42,184 54,101 57,920
UK median annual salary £55,000 £51,274 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.27% +2.55% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Middleware.

Salary trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 21 October 2019.

Salary histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -64 951 £57,500 -8.00% 190
UK excluding London -67 598 £52,500 - 142
London -27 467 £67,500 -6.90% 64
South East -89 183 £61,000 +6.09% 27
North of England -105 111 £50,000 -4.76% 32
Midlands +31 77 £48,681 +3.03% 22
Scotland -21 66 £50,575 +12.39% 11
East of England +43 55 £60,000 +9.09% 23
North West +21 55 £53,750 +13.16% 12
South West +7 54 £52,500 +8.23% 22
Yorkshire -105 49 £50,000 -13.04% 15
Wales +36 45 £45,000 -6.25% 5
West Midlands +24 44 £50,000 -14.89% 17
East Midlands +40 33 £39,000 -12.36% 5
North East +18 7 £54,486 -45.51% 5
Isle of Man - 5 £49,000 -
Northern Ireland -15 2 - -

For the 6 months to 21 October 2019, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 431 (39.61%) Java
2 355 (32.63%) Agile Software Development
3 293 (26.93%) Linux
4 277 (25.46%) SQL
5 248 (22.79%) DevOps
6 228 (20.96%) Oracle
7 226 (20.77%) Finance
8 214 (19.67%) Windows
9 198 (18.20%) Microsoft
10 194 (17.83%) SOA
11 193 (17.74%) Web Services
12 187 (17.19%) JavaScript
13 178 (16.36%) AWS
14 175 (16.08%) SQL Server
15 162 (14.89%) SDLC
16 161 (14.80%) Azure
17 156 (14.34%) Degree
18 152 (13.97%) XML
19 150 (13.79%) Software Engineering
20 147 (13.51%) C#
21 146 (13.42%) .NET
22 145 (13.33%) REST
23 142 (13.05%) Python
23 142 (13.05%) Problem-Solving
24 141 (12.96%) IBM
25 133 (12.22%) CSS
26 114 (10.48%) Analytical Skills
27 110 (10.11%) Spring
28 107 (9.83%) Migration
29 104 (9.56%) Enterprise Software

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (9.47%) WebSphere
2 96 (8.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 88 (8.09%) Tomcat
4 84 (7.72%) Apache
5 76 (6.99%) WebLogic
6 64 (5.88%) JBoss
7 50 (4.60%) BizTalk Server
8 36 (3.31%) IIS
9 35 (3.22%) Confluence
10 31 (2.85%) IBM HTTP Server
11 30 (2.76%) Mule
12 29 (2.67%) SharePoint
13 22 (2.02%) Elasticsearch
14 20 (1.84%) Mule ESB
15 19 (1.75%) Oracle Service Bus
16 16 (1.47%) nginx
17 13 (1.19%) WebSphere Application Server
18 12 (1.10%) Jetty
18 12 (1.10%) Oracle Workflow
19 10 (0.92%) Tuxedo
Applications
1 28 (2.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 25 (2.30%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (1.01%) Chatbot
3 11 (1.01%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.28%) Adobe Premiere
4 3 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.28%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.18%) FileZilla
6 1 (0.092%) Doxygen
6 1 (0.092%) HipChat
6 1 (0.092%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 29 (2.67%) Oracle BPM
2 18 (1.65%) Dynamics AX
2 18 (1.65%) Oracle EBS
3 15 (1.38%) Dynamics CRM
4 11 (1.01%) Oracle ERP
5 9 (0.83%) Shopify
6 8 (0.74%) Distributed Ledger
6 8 (0.74%) Markit EDM
6 8 (0.74%) thinkFolio
7 7 (0.64%) BusinessWorks
7 7 (0.64%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 6 (0.55%) SAP ERP
8 6 (0.55%) SAP MM
8 6 (0.55%) SAP S/4HANA
9 5 (0.46%) Documaker
9 5 (0.46%) Eikon
9 5 (0.46%) Magento
10 4 (0.37%) HFM
11 3 (0.28%) Oracle FAH
11 3 (0.28%) PeopleSoft Financials
Cloud Services
1 178 (16.36%) AWS
2 161 (14.80%) Azure
3 49 (4.50%) SaaS
4 44 (4.04%) GCP
5 42 (3.86%) IaaS
6 38 (3.49%) Cloud Computing
7 33 (3.03%) OpenShift
8 32 (2.94%) Office 365
9 22 (2.02%) Boomi
10 20 (1.84%) Power Platform
11 17 (1.56%) PaaS
12 11 (1.01%) Amazon EC2
12 11 (1.01%) Apigee
13 10 (0.92%) Serverless
14 9 (0.83%) BlazeMeter
14 9 (0.83%) Dynamics 365
15 8 (0.74%) Amazon S3
15 8 (0.74%) Route 53
16 7 (0.64%) GitHub
17 6 (0.55%) Kong
Communications & Networking
1 78 (7.17%) HTTP
2 38 (3.49%) Firewall
3 36 (3.31%) Internet
4 29 (2.67%) DNS
5 16 (1.47%) TCP/IP
6 14 (1.29%) LAN
6 14 (1.29%) SAN
6 14 (1.29%) WAN
7 12 (1.10%) X.509
8 11 (1.01%) DHCP
9 10 (0.92%) FTP
9 10 (0.92%) Wireless
10 9 (0.83%) NAS
10 9 (0.83%) SSL
11 6 (0.55%) Ethernet
12 5 (0.46%) HTTPS
13 4 (0.37%) Intrusion Detection
13 4 (0.37%) Network Security
13 4 (0.37%) SMTP
14 3 (0.28%) iSCSI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 175 (16.08%) SQL Server
2 81 (7.44%) Big Data
3 73 (6.71%) Relational Database
4 53 (4.87%) RDBMS
5 52 (4.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 50 (4.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 45 (4.14%) Oracle Database
8 31 (2.85%) MySQL
9 29 (2.67%) GIS
10 28 (2.57%) Geospatial Data
11 27 (2.48%) NoSQL
12 24 (2.21%) Data Warehouse
13 22 (2.02%) JasperReports
14 20 (1.84%) Power BI
15 19 (1.75%) SQL Server 2012
15 19 (1.75%) SQL Server 2014
15 19 (1.75%) SQL Server 2016
16 17 (1.56%) Blockchain
16 17 (1.56%) Oracle Database 11g
17 16 (1.47%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 92 (8.46%) Git (software)
2 78 (7.17%) JIRA
3 73 (6.71%) Jenkins
4 44 (4.04%) Maven
5 40 (3.68%) SoapUI
6 38 (3.49%) Subversion
7 37 (3.40%) Selenium
8 36 (3.31%) JUnit
9 33 (3.03%) TeamCity
10 32 (2.94%) Eclipse
11 28 (2.57%) Hudson
12 25 (2.30%) Ant
12 25 (2.30%) CruiseControl
12 25 (2.30%) FishEye
13 23 (2.11%) Cucumber
13 23 (2.11%) Visual Studio
14 22 (2.02%) Eclipse RCP
15 20 (1.84%) ClearQuest
16 19 (1.75%) JMeter
17 15 (1.38%) LoadRunner
General
1 226 (20.77%) Finance
2 99 (9.10%) Banking
3 91 (8.36%) Retail
4 36 (3.31%) Marketing
5 27 (2.48%) Advertising
6 25 (2.30%) Aerospace
6 25 (2.30%) Front Office
6 25 (2.30%) Public Sector
7 21 (1.93%) Automotive
7 21 (1.93%) Manufacturing
8 18 (1.65%) Legal
9 17 (1.56%) Investment Banking
10 15 (1.38%) Local Government
11 14 (1.29%) Telecoms
12 12 (1.10%) Law
13 11 (1.01%) Back Office
13 11 (1.01%) Billing
13 11 (1.01%) Financial Institution
13 11 (1.01%) Games
14 10 (0.92%) Military
Job Titles
1 256 (23.53%) Developer
2 172 (15.81%) Architect
3 104 (9.56%) Consultant
4 78 (7.17%) Software Engineer
5 77 (7.08%) Analyst
6 70 (6.43%) Solutions Architect
7 63 (5.79%) Java Developer
8 50 (4.60%) Software Developer
9 43 (3.95%) Applications Support
10 39 (3.58%) Technical Consultant
11 37 (3.40%) DevOps Engineer
12 36 (3.31%) Cloud Architect
12 36 (3.31%) Integration Developer
12 36 (3.31%) Support Analyst
13 35 (3.22%) Principal Engineer
14 33 (3.03%) Java Engineer
15 29 (2.67%) Technical Leader
16 28 (2.57%) Oracle Developer
17 27 (2.48%) Middleware Engineer
17 27 (2.48%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 193 (17.74%) Web Services
2 152 (13.97%) XML
3 146 (13.42%) .NET
4 145 (13.33%) REST
5 133 (12.22%) CSS
6 110 (10.11%) Spring
7 98 (9.01%) HTML
8 92 (8.46%) SOAP
9 91 (8.36%) JSON
10 72 (6.62%) JMS
10 72 (6.62%) XSLT
11 65 (5.97%) RESTful
12 64 (5.88%) Ajax
13 62 (5.70%) ASP.NET
13 62 (5.70%) J2EE
14 59 (5.42%) jQuery
15 53 (4.87%) AngularJS
16 43 (3.95%) Apache Flex
17 42 (3.86%) XSD
18 40 (3.68%) WebSphere MQ
Miscellaneous
1 114 (10.48%) Analytical Skills
2 104 (9.56%) Enterprise Software
3 67 (6.16%) Management Information System
4 48 (4.41%) Data Centre
5 44 (4.04%) User Experience
6 42 (3.86%) Greenfield Project
7 34 (3.13%) Public Cloud
8 29 (2.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 27 (2.48%) Self-Motivation
10 23 (2.11%) Virtual Team
11 22 (2.02%) Client/Server
12 21 (1.93%) iSeries
13 20 (1.84%) Cloud Native
14 19 (1.75%) Equities
15 15 (1.38%) Mainframe
16 14 (1.29%) Algorithms
17 13 (1.19%) Derivative
18 10 (0.92%) Mobile App
19 9 (0.83%) Clustering
19 9 (0.83%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 293 (26.93%) Linux
2 214 (19.67%) Windows
3 85 (7.81%) Unix
4 42 (3.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 42 (3.86%) Windows Server
5 29 (2.67%) OS/400
6 13 (1.19%) Windows 10
6 13 (1.19%) Windows Server 2008
7 11 (1.01%) Solaris
8 9 (0.83%) AIX
9 8 (0.74%) Android
9 8 (0.74%) Apple iOS
9 8 (0.74%) Windows 7
10 7 (0.64%) VME
11 5 (0.46%) Fedora
11 5 (0.46%) Ubuntu
12 4 (0.37%) SUSE
12 4 (0.37%) Windows Vista
13 3 (0.28%) Windows 8
13 3 (0.28%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 355 (32.63%) Agile Software Development
2 248 (22.79%) DevOps
3 194 (17.83%) SOA
4 162 (14.89%) SDLC
5 150 (13.79%) Software Engineering
6 142 (13.05%) Problem-Solving
7 107 (9.83%) Migration
8 103 (9.47%) Mentoring
9 99 (9.10%) Continuous Integration
10 96 (8.82%) ITIL
11 91 (8.36%) Project Management
12 89 (8.18%) OO
12 89 (8.18%) TDD
13 84 (7.72%) Computer Science
13 84 (7.72%) Scrum
14 82 (7.54%) Open Source
15 78 (7.17%) Analytics
15 78 (7.17%) Test Automation
16 75 (6.89%) Microservices
17 74 (6.80%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 431 (39.61%) Java
2 277 (25.46%) SQL
3 187 (17.19%) JavaScript
4 147 (13.51%) C#
5 142 (13.05%) Python
6 83 (7.63%) C
7 76 (6.99%) C++
8 60 (5.51%) Bash Shell
9 56 (5.15%) Shell Script
10 47 (4.32%) Perl
11 42 (3.86%) PL/SQL
12 41 (3.77%) Java 8
12 41 (3.77%) T-SQL
13 26 (2.39%) PHP
13 26 (2.39%) PowerShell
13 26 (2.39%) XPath
14 21 (1.93%) VB
15 19 (1.75%) Groovy
16 13 (1.19%) Jython
17 12 (1.10%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 156 (14.34%) Degree
2 66 (6.07%) Security Cleared
3 35 (3.22%) SC Cleared
4 31 (2.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 18 (1.65%) IBM Certification
6 15 (1.38%) ITIL Certification
7 11 (1.01%) DV Cleared
7 11 (1.01%) Microsoft Certification
8 8 (0.74%) AWS Certification
8 8 (0.74%) MCSD
9 5 (0.46%) CCNA
9 5 (0.46%) Cisco Certification
9 5 (0.46%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 5 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
9 5 (0.46%) SAP Certification
10 4 (0.37%) RHCE
11 3 (0.28%) Master's Degree
11 3 (0.28%) MCSE
11 3 (0.28%) TOGAF Certification
12 2 (0.18%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (3.58%) QA
2 34 (3.13%) SLA
3 6 (0.55%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.55%) ISO 9001
3 6 (0.55%) PMO
4 3 (0.28%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (0.18%) GLP
5 2 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 2 (0.18%) MISRA
5 2 (0.18%) MISRA C
6 1 (0.092%) COBIT
6 1 (0.092%) GDPR
System Software
1 84 (7.72%) Active Directory
2 80 (7.35%) Docker
3 44 (4.04%) VMware Infrastructure
4 22 (2.02%) Hyper-V
5 21 (1.93%) Forefront TMG
6 15 (1.38%) Virtual Machines
7 8 (0.74%) vSphere
8 7 (0.64%) HDFS
9 6 (0.55%) Firmware
9 6 (0.55%) VMware ESXi
10 5 (0.46%) Oracle RAC
10 5 (0.46%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.37%) KVM
11 4 (0.37%) PowerHA
12 3 (0.28%) NFS
13 2 (0.18%) ISA Server
14 1 (0.092%) Cronacle
14 1 (0.092%) Samba
14 1 (0.092%) VMware Server
14 1 (0.092%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 82 (7.54%) Ansible
2 50 (4.60%) Opscode Chef
2 50 (4.60%) Puppet
3 37 (3.40%) Kubernetes
4 22 (2.02%) Terraform
5 12 (1.10%) Oracle Identity Management
6 11 (1.01%) HAProxy
6 11 (1.01%) Single Sign-On
7 10 (0.92%) HP Quality Center
8 9 (0.83%) SCCM
9 8 (0.74%) Data Guard
9 8 (0.74%) Docker Swarm
10 7 (0.64%) TIBCO Hawk
11 6 (0.55%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 5 (0.46%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
12 5 (0.46%) Nagios
13 4 (0.37%) BMC PATROL
13 4 (0.37%) CA Single Sign-On
13 4 (0.37%) Prometheus
13 4 (0.37%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 228 (20.96%) Oracle
2 198 (18.20%) Microsoft
3 141 (12.96%) IBM
4 70 (6.43%) VMware
5 63 (5.79%) Red Hat
6 59 (5.42%) Google
7 55 (5.06%) TIBCO
8 52 (4.78%) Salesforce.com
9 43 (3.95%) WorldPay
10 42 (3.86%) MuleSoft
11 38 (3.49%) SAP
12 36 (3.31%) Atlassian
13 30 (2.76%) Adobe
14 20 (1.84%) WSO2
15 19 (1.75%) Dell
16 18 (1.65%) webMethods
17 17 (1.56%) HP
18 16 (1.47%) Rackspace
18 16 (1.47%) Solace
19 12 (1.10%) Sitecore