Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 23 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
23 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 429 402 338
Rank change year-on-year -27 -64 +51
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 1,310 638 842
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.80% 0.69% 0.91%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.94% 1.74% 2.31%
Number of salaries quoted 671 450 644
10th Percentile £41,250 £41,700 £37,150
25th Percentile £50,000 £47,500 £45,188
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% -4.00% +10.42%
75th Percentile £85,000 £81,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £106,500 £92,750 £91,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% +4.76%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 67,591 36,570 36,435
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.47% 39.81% 39.21%
Number of salaries quoted 29,795 28,068 30,167
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £33,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £63,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +15.45% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Salary trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 23 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 23 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -16 1,091 £62,875 +0.60% 88
London -85 589 £73,750 +5.36% 48
UK excluding London +23 551 £55,000 +4.76% 46
Work from Home -88 463 £60,000 +9.09% 39
South East -56 131 £60,000 +14.29% 16
North of England -21 123 £53,769 +13.20% 4
South West +45 118 £57,500 +21.05% 3
North West -38 78 £52,500 +5.00% 4
Midlands -11 75 £45,000 - 7
Scotland -32 69 £61,750 +12.27% 4
West Midlands +3 62 £45,000 - 4
Yorkshire -29 31 £55,000 +4.76%
East of England -73 29 £47,500 -20.83% 10
North East -7 14 £43,750 -3.52%
East Midlands -18 13 £55,000 +15.79% 3
Wales -28 11 £37,616 -28.35% 1
Northern Ireland -24 2 £85,000 +70.00% 1

For the 6 months to 23 May 2022, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 505 (38.55%) Agile
2 385 (29.39%) Java
3 367 (28.02%) Finance
4 313 (23.89%) Linux
5 303 (23.13%) Social Skills
6 293 (22.37%) AWS
7 291 (22.21%) SQL
8 281 (21.45%) CI/CD
9 278 (21.22%) DevOps
10 262 (20.00%) Oracle
11 261 (19.92%) Azure
12 240 (18.32%) Kafka
13 239 (18.24%) Software Engineering
14 233 (17.79%) Microservices
15 218 (16.64%) Problem-Solving
16 216 (16.49%) Python
17 214 (16.34%) REST
18 209 (15.95%) .NET
19 208 (15.88%) C#
20 204 (15.57%) JavaScript
21 193 (14.73%) Spring
22 192 (14.66%) Microsoft
23 190 (14.50%) Docker
24 183 (13.97%) Kubernetes
25 182 (13.89%) RESTful
26 172 (13.13%) SQL Server
27 169 (12.90%) Git (software)
28 167 (12.75%) Relational Database
28 167 (12.75%) Banking
29 162 (12.37%) Degree

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 85 (6.49%) WebLogic
2 76 (5.80%) WebSphere
3 74 (5.65%) JBoss
4 69 (5.27%) IIS
5 49 (3.74%) Tomcat
6 35 (2.67%) SharePoint
7 34 (2.60%) Confluence
7 34 (2.60%) Jetty
8 28 (2.14%) Apache
9 25 (1.91%) CMS
10 23 (1.76%) Cloud Foundry
11 22 (1.68%) SAS
12 20 (1.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 17 (1.30%) Apache Spark
14 16 (1.22%) Oracle 9iAS
14 16 (1.22%) Oracle Application Server
15 13 (0.99%) Anypoint
15 13 (0.99%) Mule
15 13 (0.99%) Mule ESB
16 12 (0.92%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 18 (1.37%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.53%) Photoshop
3 6 (0.46%) Chatbot
3 6 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.076%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.076%) Sketch
5 1 (0.076%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 34 (2.60%) Oracle EBS R12
2 27 (2.06%) Oracle EBS
3 26 (1.98%) Temenos T24
4 25 (1.91%) Oracle Applications
5 24 (1.83%) Distributed Ledger
5 24 (1.83%) R3 Corda
6 20 (1.53%) Oracle 11i
7 14 (1.07%) SAP S/4HANA
8 13 (0.99%) NetSuite
9 12 (0.92%) Payment Gateway
10 9 (0.69%) SAP APO
10 9 (0.69%) SAP CRM
11 4 (0.31%) Magento
11 4 (0.31%) SAP HCM
11 4 (0.31%) SAP HR
12 3 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
12 3 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
12 3 (0.23%) Sentinel
13 2 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
13 2 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 293 (22.37%) AWS
2 261 (19.92%) Azure
3 83 (6.34%) OpenShift
4 65 (4.96%) GCP
5 59 (4.50%) SaaS
6 55 (4.20%) Boomi
7 51 (3.89%) PaaS
8 49 (3.74%) IaaS
9 47 (3.59%) Serverless
10 37 (2.82%) Amazon ECS
11 34 (2.60%) AWS Lambda
12 31 (2.37%) Microsoft 365
13 30 (2.29%) Power Platform
14 23 (1.76%) GitHub
15 18 (1.37%) Cloud Computing
15 18 (1.37%) PowerApps
16 15 (1.15%) Amazon EC2
16 15 (1.15%) Pulumi
17 13 (0.99%) Amazon S3
17 13 (0.99%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 80 (6.11%) HTTP
2 41 (3.13%) Firewall
3 39 (2.98%) TCP/IP
4 37 (2.82%) DNS
5 35 (2.67%) LAN
6 31 (2.37%) WAN
7 27 (2.06%) SAN
8 22 (1.68%) ATM
9 16 (1.22%) NAS
10 15 (1.15%) Broadband
11 13 (0.99%) BIG-IP
12 12 (0.92%) Kerberos
13 11 (0.84%) Internet
14 8 (0.61%) HTTPS
15 7 (0.53%) DHCP
15 7 (0.53%) SSL
15 7 (0.53%) Wireless
16 6 (0.46%) PBX
16 6 (0.46%) SNMP
16 6 (0.46%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 172 (13.13%) SQL Server
2 167 (12.75%) Relational Database
3 103 (7.86%) MySQL
4 96 (7.33%) Oracle Database
5 80 (6.11%) MongoDB
6 74 (5.65%) PostgreSQL
7 71 (5.42%) Amazon Aurora
8 65 (4.96%) Redis
9 60 (4.58%) Big Data
10 58 (4.43%) NoSQL
11 48 (3.66%) Oracle Database 11g
12 43 (3.28%) Azure SQL Database
13 39 (2.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 38 (2.90%) Data Warehouse
15 35 (2.67%) Hazelcast
16 30 (2.29%) Oracle Database 10g
17 19 (1.45%) MariaDB
18 17 (1.30%) Hadoop
19 16 (1.22%) OLTP
19 16 (1.22%) Oracle OLAP
Development Applications
1 169 (12.90%) Git (software)
2 161 (12.29%) Jenkins
3 119 (9.08%) JIRA
4 86 (6.56%) GitLab
5 70 (5.34%) JUnit
6 58 (4.43%) Cucumber
7 44 (3.36%) Maven
8 43 (3.28%) Bitbucket
9 42 (3.21%) NUnit
10 35 (2.67%) Moq
11 34 (2.60%) Artifactory
11 34 (2.60%) SpecFlow
11 34 (2.60%) Visual Studio
12 25 (1.91%) Oracle Forms
13 22 (1.68%) webpack
14 16 (1.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 15 (1.15%) Mocha
15 15 (1.15%) Postman
16 14 (1.07%) Selenium
16 14 (1.07%) SoapUI
General
1 367 (28.02%) Finance
2 303 (23.13%) Social Skills
3 167 (12.75%) Banking
4 137 (10.46%) Retail
5 99 (7.56%) Analytical Skills
6 95 (7.25%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 64 (4.89%) Law
8 50 (3.82%) Influencing Skills
9 46 (3.51%) Public Sector
10 40 (3.05%) Telecoms
11 37 (2.82%) Marketing
12 29 (2.21%) Games
13 28 (2.14%) Legal
14 23 (1.76%) Investment Banking
15 18 (1.37%) Advertising
15 18 (1.37%) Aerospace
15 18 (1.37%) Front Office
16 17 (1.30%) Electronics
17 16 (1.22%) Documentation Skills
18 15 (1.15%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 314 (23.97%) Developer
2 180 (13.74%) Architect
3 165 (12.60%) Software Engineer
4 88 (6.72%) Solutions Architect
5 80 (6.11%) DBA
6 67 (5.11%) Senior Software Engineer
7 66 (5.04%) Analyst
8 59 (4.50%) Middleware Engineer
9 56 (4.27%) Full Stack Developer
9 56 (4.27%) Senior Developer
10 54 (4.12%) Java Engineer
11 52 (3.97%) Administrator
11 52 (3.97%) Senior Java Engineer
12 45 (3.44%) Oracle DBA
13 43 (3.28%) Software Developer
14 42 (3.21%) Infrastructure Engineer
15 39 (2.98%) .NET Developer
15 39 (2.98%) Java Developer
16 37 (2.82%) Data Engineer
16 37 (2.82%) Senior Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 240 (18.32%) Kafka
2 214 (16.34%) REST
3 209 (15.95%) .NET
4 193 (14.73%) Spring
5 182 (13.89%) RESTful
6 160 (12.21%) HTML
7 158 (12.06%) Web Services
8 145 (11.07%) Spring Boot
9 142 (10.84%) Node.js
10 138 (10.53%) React
11 122 (9.31%) JSON
12 106 (8.09%) CSS
13 91 (6.95%) AngularJS
14 85 (6.49%) .NET Framework
14 85 (6.49%) HTML5
15 72 (5.50%) .NET Core
16 70 (5.34%) ASP.NET
17 57 (4.35%) ActiveMQ
18 56 (4.27%) jQuery
18 56 (4.27%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 81 (6.18%) Public Cloud
2 53 (4.05%) Cloud Native
2 53 (4.05%) Enterprise Software
3 51 (3.89%) User Experience
4 47 (3.59%) Replication
5 43 (3.28%) Data Centre
6 41 (3.13%) Management Information System
7 40 (3.05%) Equities
8 39 (2.98%) Linux Command Line
9 38 (2.90%) Blockchain
9 38 (2.90%) Fixed Income
10 36 (2.75%) Self-Motivation
11 35 (2.67%) Virtual Team
12 27 (2.06%) SWIFT
13 25 (1.91%) Private Cloud
14 24 (1.83%) Greenfield Project
15 23 (1.76%) Mobile App
16 21 (1.60%) Algorithms
17 17 (1.30%) Data Structures
17 17 (1.30%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 313 (23.89%) Linux
2 138 (10.53%) Windows
3 100 (7.63%) Unix
4 76 (5.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 46 (3.51%) Android
6 37 (2.82%) Windows Server
7 29 (2.21%) Solaris
8 16 (1.22%) Apple iOS
9 12 (0.92%) AIX
10 9 (0.69%) Windows Server 2003
11 7 (0.53%) Windows Server 2008
12 5 (0.38%) HPUX
12 5 (0.38%) Windows 2000
13 3 (0.23%) Debian
13 3 (0.23%) Mac OS
13 3 (0.23%) Ubuntu
13 3 (0.23%) zOS
14 1 (0.076%) SUSE
14 1 (0.076%) VMS
14 1 (0.076%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 505 (38.55%) Agile
2 281 (21.45%) CI/CD
3 278 (21.22%) DevOps
4 239 (18.24%) Software Engineering
5 233 (17.79%) Microservices
6 218 (16.64%) Problem-Solving
7 160 (12.21%) Test Automation
8 155 (11.83%) Open Source
9 152 (11.60%) Computer Science
10 135 (10.31%) Mentoring
11 133 (10.15%) Continuous Integration
11 133 (10.15%) Scrum
12 128 (9.77%) Full Stack Development
13 110 (8.40%) SOA
14 109 (8.32%) Service Delivery
15 103 (7.86%) SDLC
16 96 (7.33%) Project Delivery
17 95 (7.25%) Analytics
18 88 (6.72%) Migration
19 86 (6.56%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 385 (29.39%) Java
2 291 (22.21%) SQL
3 216 (16.49%) Python
4 208 (15.88%) C#
5 204 (15.57%) JavaScript
6 109 (8.32%) C++
7 86 (6.56%) TypeScript
8 75 (5.73%) Kotlin
9 72 (5.50%) PowerShell
10 68 (5.19%) C
11 57 (4.35%) T-SQL
12 56 (4.27%) Shell Script
13 34 (2.60%) Go
13 34 (2.60%) Scala
14 31 (2.37%) Bash
15 21 (1.60%) Ada
16 19 (1.45%) Embedded C
17 18 (1.37%) Apex Code
18 16 (1.22%) Groovy
19 15 (1.15%) PHP
Qualifications
1 162 (12.37%) Degree
2 93 (7.10%) Security Cleared
3 78 (5.95%) SC Cleared
4 46 (3.51%) Computer Science Degree
5 20 (1.53%) ISTQB
6 17 (1.30%) ISEB
7 12 (0.92%) TOGAF Certification
8 10 (0.76%) DV Cleared
8 10 (0.76%) Master's Degree
9 9 (0.69%) BPSS Clearance
10 7 (0.53%) PMI Certification
11 5 (0.38%) CCNA
11 5 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
11 5 (0.38%) PMP
12 4 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
12 4 (0.31%) RHCE
13 3 (0.23%) CISA
13 3 (0.23%) CISM
13 3 (0.23%) CISSP
13 3 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 58 (4.43%) QA
2 36 (2.75%) Def Stans
2 36 (2.75%) MISRA
3 17 (1.30%) IEC 61508
3 17 (1.30%) MISRA C
3 17 (1.30%) SLA
4 16 (1.22%) Accessibility
5 10 (0.76%) PMO
6 9 (0.69%) HIPAA
7 6 (0.46%) HL7
8 5 (0.38%) Data Quality
8 5 (0.38%) NIST
9 4 (0.31%) GDPR
9 4 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 3 (0.23%) COBIT
11 2 (0.15%) NIST 800
12 1 (0.076%) ISO 22301
12 1 (0.076%) ISO 31000
12 1 (0.076%) NCSC
12 1 (0.076%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 190 (14.50%) Docker
2 72 (5.50%) Oracle RAC
3 49 (3.74%) Active Directory
4 39 (2.98%) VMware Infrastructure
5 13 (0.99%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (0.53%) Virtual Desktop
6 7 (0.53%) VMware ESXi
7 6 (0.46%) Hyper-V
7 6 (0.46%) Samba
8 5 (0.38%) vSphere
9 3 (0.23%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 2 (0.15%) Varnish
10 2 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.076%) Firmware
11 1 (0.076%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.076%) NFS
11 1 (0.076%) OpenAM
11 1 (0.076%) RACF
11 1 (0.076%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 183 (13.97%) Kubernetes
2 89 (6.79%) Terraform
3 88 (6.72%) Ansible
4 71 (5.42%) Data Guard
5 42 (3.21%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
6 23 (1.76%) Tivoli Storage Manager
7 18 (1.37%) Puppet
8 14 (1.07%) NetBackup
9 13 (0.99%) HP Quality Center
9 13 (0.99%) Oracle Identity Management
10 12 (0.92%) Tivoli
11 10 (0.76%) Oracle Identity Manager
12 9 (0.69%) Single Sign-On
12 9 (0.69%) Tivoli Identity Manager
13 8 (0.61%) Oracle RMAN
13 8 (0.61%) Podman
14 7 (0.53%) Microsoft Intune
14 7 (0.53%) Opscode Chef
14 7 (0.53%) VxRail
15 6 (0.46%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Vendors
1 262 (20.00%) Oracle
2 192 (14.66%) Microsoft
3 91 (6.95%) IBM
4 90 (6.87%) Red Hat
5 60 (4.58%) Cisco
6 49 (3.74%) Dell
7 47 (3.59%) MuleSoft
8 46 (3.51%) Google
8 46 (3.51%) VMware
9 32 (2.44%) Salesforce.com
10 30 (2.29%) SAP
11 28 (2.14%) HP
12 26 (1.98%) F5
12 26 (1.98%) Temenos
13 22 (1.68%) Intel
14 20 (1.53%) EMC
14 20 (1.53%) TIBCO
15 18 (1.37%) Apple
15 18 (1.37%) Citrix
15 18 (1.37%) NetApp