Period
to 16 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 16 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 309 255 236
Rank change year-on-year -54 -19 +1
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 1,783 2,403 3,118
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.03% 1.36% 1.51%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.55% 3.48% 3.96%
Number of salaries quoted 1,295 1,702 2,329
UK median annual salary £57,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.17% +9.09% -4.35%
10th Percentile £37,500 £38,750 £35,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £91,250 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £57,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year -7.89% +14.00% -4.76%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 70,021 69,114 78,677
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.37% 39.16% 38.00%
Number of salaries quoted 58,683 59,761 67,599
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +1.12%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,750
90th Percentile £77,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Middleware.

Salary trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Salary histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -56 1,668 £60,000 - 275
UK excluding London -25 1,118 £52,500 -7.89% 183
London -106 629 £70,000 -3.45% 101
South East -9 425 £52,750 -8.26% 45
North of England +55 328 £52,500 -5.41% 58
North West +37 183 £50,000 -12.28% 43
Yorkshire +43 116 £65,000 +18.18% 13
East of England -132 98 £60,000 - 30
Midlands -43 97 £50,000 +5.26% 26
South West -4 83 £50,750 +6.84% 15
Scotland -43 64 £45,000 -10.00% 6
West Midlands -39 58 £46,250 -7.50% 19
East Midlands +2 39 £52,000 +18.86% 7
North East +4 29 £50,000 -48.72% 2
Wales +23 18 £42,500 -5.56% 3
Northern Ireland -14 10 £35,000 -36.36%

For the 6 months to 16 January 2018, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 608 (34.10%) Java
2 605 (33.93%) Agile Software Development
3 600 (33.65%) Oracle
4 571 (32.02%) Finance
5 462 (25.91%) Linux
6 432 (24.23%) SQL
7 414 (23.22%) Unix
8 329 (18.45%) SQL Server
9 314 (17.61%) SOA
10 313 (17.55%) Web Services
11 306 (17.16%) Windows
12 300 (16.83%) Microsoft
13 286 (16.04%) Degree
14 255 (14.30%) Banking
14 255 (14.30%) Amazon AWS
15 249 (13.97%) XML
16 244 (13.68%) JavaScript
17 233 (13.07%) DevOps
18 230 (12.90%) Scrum
19 228 (12.79%) .NET
20 222 (12.45%) IBM
21 218 (12.23%) C#
22 217 (12.17%) HTML
23 215 (12.06%) TDD
24 207 (11.61%) Spring
25 205 (11.50%) ITIL
26 200 (11.22%) Software Engineering
27 198 (11.10%) Microsoft Azure
28 186 (10.43%) Python
29 184 (10.32%) Tomcat

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 184 (10.32%) Tomcat
2 178 (9.98%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 149 (8.36%) WebSphere
4 125 (7.01%) Apache
5 116 (6.51%) WebLogic
6 110 (6.17%) JBoss
7 86 (4.82%) Oracle Service Bus
8 85 (4.77%) IIS
9 76 (4.26%) BizTalk Server
10 66 (3.70%) WebSphere Application Server
11 53 (2.97%) Confluence
12 44 (2.47%) CMS
13 42 (2.36%) SharePoint
14 32 (1.79%) MQSeries
15 31 (1.74%) Elasticsearch
16 25 (1.40%) Apache Spark
17 21 (1.18%) Jetty
18 19 (1.07%) Documentum
19 17 (0.95%) IBM HTTP Server
19 17 (0.95%) nginx
Applications
1 26 (1.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.45%) Simulink
2 8 (0.45%) Spreadsheet
3 7 (0.39%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 66 (3.70%) Oracle EBS
2 35 (1.96%) Oracle ERP
3 27 (1.51%) SAP CRM
4 26 (1.46%) Oracle EBS R12
5 24 (1.35%) SAP Hybris
6 23 (1.29%) Oracle Applications
7 17 (0.95%) Magento
7 17 (0.95%) Payment Gateway
8 16 (0.90%) SAP SRM
9 15 (0.84%) BusinessWorks
10 13 (0.73%) SAP SD
11 11 (0.62%) Remedy ITSM
11 11 (0.62%) SAP ERP
12 10 (0.56%) Distributed Ledger
13 9 (0.50%) Oracle BPM
14 6 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
14 6 (0.34%) Maximo
14 6 (0.34%) NetSuite
14 6 (0.34%) Oracle 11i
15 5 (0.28%) Oracle HRMS
Cloud Services
1 255 (14.30%) Amazon AWS
2 198 (11.10%) Microsoft Azure
3 97 (5.44%) PaaS
4 95 (5.33%) SaaS
5 71 (3.98%) IaaS
6 64 (3.59%) Cloud Computing
7 44 (2.47%) Office 365
8 28 (1.57%) OpenShift
9 19 (1.07%) GitHub
9 19 (1.07%) Serverless
10 18 (1.01%) Google Cloud Platform
11 16 (0.90%) Bluemix
11 16 (0.90%) IBM Cloud
11 16 (0.90%) Yammer
12 14 (0.79%) AWS CloudFormation
13 13 (0.73%) Boomi
13 13 (0.73%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 10 (0.56%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 7 (0.39%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 6 (0.34%) Cloudflare
Communications & Networking
1 91 (5.10%) HTTP
2 81 (4.54%) Firewall
3 48 (2.69%) Internet
4 46 (2.58%) TCP/IP
5 38 (2.13%) LAN
5 38 (2.13%) WAN
6 36 (2.02%) SAN
7 31 (1.74%) LDAP
8 29 (1.63%) SSL
9 26 (1.46%) DNS
9 26 (1.46%) FTP
10 23 (1.29%) DHCP
11 21 (1.18%) Network Security
12 17 (0.95%) Intranet
13 16 (0.90%) VPN
14 14 (0.79%) Wireless
15 13 (0.73%) IPsec
16 12 (0.67%) AMQP
17 11 (0.62%) HTTPS
18 9 (0.50%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 329 (18.45%) SQL Server
2 147 (8.24%) Oracle Database
3 128 (7.18%) Relational Database
4 92 (5.16%) MySQL
5 75 (4.21%) Data Warehouse
6 74 (4.15%) RDBMS
7 73 (4.09%) MongoDB
8 67 (3.76%) Big Data
9 66 (3.70%) Oracle Database 12c
10 64 (3.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 60 (3.37%) NoSQL
12 59 (3.31%) PostgreSQL
13 52 (2.92%) Oracle BI EE
14 46 (2.58%) Oracle Database 11g
15 44 (2.47%) Oracle Reports
16 42 (2.36%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 41 (2.30%) SQL Server 2008
18 31 (1.74%) Hadoop
19 30 (1.68%) Amazon RDS
19 30 (1.68%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 166 (9.31%) Git (software)
2 157 (8.81%) Jenkins
3 139 (7.80%) JIRA
4 111 (6.23%) Maven
5 79 (4.43%) Subversion
6 66 (3.70%) Selenium
7 54 (3.03%) JUnit
8 38 (2.13%) Oracle Forms
9 31 (1.74%) Sonatype Nexus
10 29 (1.63%) Eclipse
10 29 (1.63%) NUnit
11 28 (1.57%) LSMW
11 28 (1.57%) Team Foundation Server
12 27 (1.51%) Gradle
13 26 (1.46%) Ant
13 26 (1.46%) JDeveloper
13 26 (1.46%) Mockito
13 26 (1.46%) TeamCity
14 24 (1.35%) IntelliJ
15 23 (1.29%) Visual Studio
General
1 571 (32.02%) Finance
2 255 (14.30%) Banking
3 119 (6.67%) Investment Banking
4 103 (5.78%) Retail
5 86 (4.82%) Telecoms
6 70 (3.93%) Marketing
7 60 (3.37%) Front Office
8 59 (3.31%) Retail Banking
9 58 (3.25%) Manufacturing
10 50 (2.80%) Electronics
11 36 (2.02%) Law
12 33 (1.85%) Publishing
13 31 (1.74%) Financial Institution
14 30 (1.68%) Advertising
15 18 (1.01%) Local Government
16 17 (0.95%) Legal
17 16 (0.90%) Billing
18 13 (0.73%) Military
19 8 (0.45%) Back Office
20 7 (0.39%) Games
Job Titles
1 516 (28.94%) Developer
2 363 (20.36%) Architect
3 208 (11.67%) Java Developer
4 142 (7.96%) Analyst
5 127 (7.12%) Senior Developer
6 101 (5.66%) Solutions Architect
7 100 (5.61%) Consultant
8 85 (4.77%) Cloud Architect
9 83 (4.66%) Software Engineer
10 70 (3.93%) Applications Support
11 65 (3.65%) DBA
12 58 (3.25%) Senior Java Developer
13 53 (2.97%) Enterprise Architect
14 49 (2.75%) .NET Developer
15 48 (2.69%) Administrator
15 48 (2.69%) Lead Developer
16 46 (2.58%) Middleware Specialist
17 44 (2.47%) Middleware Engineer
18 40 (2.24%) Oracle Developer
18 40 (2.24%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 313 (17.55%) Web Services
2 249 (13.97%) XML
3 228 (12.79%) .NET
4 217 (12.17%) HTML
5 207 (11.61%) Spring
6 171 (9.59%) RESTful
7 169 (9.48%) JSON
8 167 (9.37%) CSS
9 158 (8.86%) Oracle Fusion
10 157 (8.81%) SOAP
11 151 (8.47%) REST
12 111 (6.23%) AngularJS
13 107 (6.00%) HTML5
13 107 (6.00%) J2EE
14 99 (5.55%) ASP.NET
15 91 (5.10%) Java EE
16 90 (5.05%) Hibernate
17 88 (4.94%) CSS3
18 77 (4.32%) .NET Framework
19 74 (4.15%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 158 (8.86%) Analytical Skills
2 146 (8.19%) Computer Science
3 138 (7.74%) Enterprise Software
4 84 (4.71%) Data Centre
5 76 (4.26%) Management Information System
6 65 (3.65%) Mainframe
7 62 (3.48%) Mobile App
8 50 (2.80%) Fintech
9 46 (2.58%) User Experience
10 45 (2.52%) Clustering
11 42 (2.36%) Hybrid Cloud
12 34 (1.91%) Virtual Team
13 31 (1.74%) Equities
14 29 (1.63%) Derivative
14 29 (1.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 28 (1.57%) Public Cloud
16 26 (1.46%) Client/Server
17 23 (1.29%) Greenfield Project
18 22 (1.23%) Algorithms
19 18 (1.01%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 462 (25.91%) Linux
2 414 (23.22%) Unix
3 306 (17.16%) Windows
4 113 (6.34%) Windows Server
5 76 (4.26%) Solaris
6 52 (2.92%) AIX
7 49 (2.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 38 (2.13%) Android
9 34 (1.91%) Apple iOS
10 21 (1.18%) Windows Server 2003
11 13 (0.73%) Windows Server 2008
12 11 (0.62%) Windows 7
13 8 (0.45%) OS/400
14 7 (0.39%) CentOS
15 6 (0.34%) HPUX
15 6 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
16 5 (0.28%) Embedded Linux
17 4 (0.22%) Debian
17 4 (0.22%) Ubuntu
17 4 (0.22%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 605 (33.93%) Agile Software Development
2 314 (17.61%) SOA
3 233 (13.07%) DevOps
4 230 (12.90%) Scrum
5 215 (12.06%) TDD
6 205 (11.50%) ITIL
7 200 (11.22%) Software Engineering
8 180 (10.10%) Open Source
9 177 (9.93%) OO
10 164 (9.20%) Test Automation
11 160 (8.97%) Continuous Integration
12 154 (8.64%) SDLC
13 153 (8.58%) TOGAF
14 142 (7.96%) Migration
15 135 (7.57%) High Availability
16 133 (7.46%) Project Management
17 129 (7.23%) MVC
18 124 (6.95%) Change Management
19 123 (6.90%) Performance Tuning
20 121 (6.79%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 608 (34.10%) Java
2 432 (24.23%) SQL
3 244 (13.68%) JavaScript
4 218 (12.23%) C#
5 186 (10.43%) Python
6 112 (6.28%) Shell Script
7 110 (6.17%) C++
8 107 (6.00%) Perl
9 96 (5.38%) PL/SQL
10 83 (4.66%) Bash Shell
11 75 (4.21%) PowerShell
12 74 (4.15%) C
13 56 (3.14%) Ruby
14 53 (2.97%) T-SQL
15 47 (2.64%) PHP
16 38 (2.13%) ABAP
17 29 (1.63%) Scala
18 26 (1.46%) MATLAB
18 26 (1.46%) XPath
19 24 (1.35%) SAPscript
Qualifications
1 286 (16.04%) Degree
2 102 (5.72%) Computer Science Degree
3 66 (3.70%) Security Cleared
4 53 (2.97%) Microsoft Certification
5 37 (2.08%) MCSD
6 36 (2.02%) SC Cleared
7 24 (1.35%) MCAD
8 20 (1.12%) Master's Degree
9 18 (1.01%) CISSP
10 16 (0.90%) MCSE
11 13 (0.73%) DV Cleared
11 13 (0.73%) Oracle Certification
12 12 (0.67%) Numerate Degree
12 12 (0.67%) OCMJD
12 12 (0.67%) OCPJP
12 12 (0.67%) OCPJWCD
12 12 (0.67%) Sun Certification
13 11 (0.62%) CISM
14 10 (0.56%) MCTS
15 9 (0.50%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 96 (5.38%) QA
2 74 (4.15%) SLA
3 23 (1.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 22 (1.23%) PCI DSS
5 18 (1.01%) Data Quality
6 16 (0.90%) Disclosure Scotland
7 14 (0.79%) PMO
8 10 (0.56%) IEC 61508
8 10 (0.56%) Web Application Security Consortium
9 8 (0.45%) Basel III
9 8 (0.45%) IEC 62304
9 8 (0.45%) ISO 9001
10 7 (0.39%) COBIT
10 7 (0.39%) GPG13
11 6 (0.34%) RosettaNet
11 6 (0.34%) SEPA
11 6 (0.34%) TARGET2
12 4 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 4 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 4 (0.22%) OIPF
System Software
1 84 (4.71%) VMware Infrastructure
2 79 (4.43%) Docker
3 35 (1.96%) Hyper-V
4 34 (1.91%) Virtual Machines
5 25 (1.40%) Active Directory
6 24 (1.35%) VMware ESXi
7 18 (1.01%) Oracle RAC
8 13 (0.73%) NFS
9 12 (0.67%) Firmware
10 11 (0.62%) vSphere
11 10 (0.56%) HDFS
11 10 (0.56%) KVM
12 9 (0.50%) VMware NSX
13 7 (0.39%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 7 (0.39%) Virtual Servers
14 5 (0.28%) Apache Flume
14 5 (0.28%) VirtualBox
15 3 (0.17%) Snort
16 2 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 2 (0.11%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 95 (5.33%) Puppet
2 68 (3.81%) Ansible
3 55 (3.08%) Opscode Chef
4 35 (1.96%) Kubernetes
5 25 (1.40%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
6 23 (1.29%) Tivoli
7 21 (1.18%) Terraform
8 20 (1.12%) CA Wily
9 17 (0.95%) BladeLogic
9 17 (0.95%) Data Guard
10 15 (0.84%) Mesos
11 14 (0.79%) Ganglia
11 14 (0.79%) Oracle RMAN
12 13 (0.73%) Nagios
12 13 (0.73%) rkt
12 13 (0.73%) ZABBIX
13 9 (0.50%) vCenter Server
14 6 (0.34%) Red Hat Satellite
14 6 (0.34%) TIBCO Hawk
14 6 (0.34%) vRealize
Vendors
1 600 (33.65%) Oracle
2 300 (16.83%) Microsoft
3 222 (12.45%) IBM
4 134 (7.52%) VMware
5 122 (6.84%) SAP
6 111 (6.23%) TIBCO
7 80 (4.49%) Red Hat
8 45 (2.52%) MuleSoft
9 41 (2.30%) hybris
10 40 (2.24%) Splunk
11 37 (2.08%) Sybase
12 35 (1.96%) EMC
13 33 (1.85%) Salesforce.com
13 33 (1.85%) Tableau
14 29 (1.63%) HP
14 29 (1.63%) Informatica
15 28 (1.57%) AppDynamics
15 28 (1.57%) Google
15 28 (1.57%) Sun
16 22 (1.23%) Pega