Period
to 2 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 2 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
2 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 326 346 293
Rank change year-on-year +20 -53 -29
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 1,089 1,354 1,992
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.93% 0.91% 1.13%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.37% 2.33% 2.76%
Number of salaries quoted 842 1,014 1,445
Median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% -8.33% -
10th Percentile £36,960 £31,250 £37,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,875 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - -4.76% -2.78%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 46,009 58,222 72,051
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.28% 39.33% 40.71%
Number of salaries quoted 37,824 47,759 60,993
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £43,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +3.45% +2.35%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Salary trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 2 April 2020.

Salary histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 2 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +32 957 £62,500 +4.17% 143
UK excluding London +39 630 £50,000 - 105
London +41 435 £77,500 +10.71% 50
South East +55 204 £60,000 +9.09% 14
North of England -5 100 £50,000 -3.85% 28
South West +42 81 £55,000 +15.79% 22
Midlands +12 77 £41,000 -18.00% 22
Wales +47 73 £42,500 +6.25% 1
North West +11 55 £70,000 +42.86% 11
Work from Home +14 52 £58,750 +17.50% 5
Scotland -4 50 £53,550 +19.00% 11
West Midlands +13 49 £45,500 -24.17% 10
East of England +76 45 £62,500 +11.11% 7
Yorkshire -10 35 £50,000 -25.93% 6
East Midlands +20 27 £35,000 -30.00% 12
North East +3 10 £39,849 -60.15% 11

For the 6 months to 2 April 2020, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 344 (31.59%) Java
1 344 (31.59%) Agile Software Development
2 320 (29.38%) Linux
3 310 (28.47%) Finance
4 247 (22.68%) Oracle
5 210 (19.28%) Web Services
6 208 (19.10%) DevOps
7 204 (18.73%) SQL
8 199 (18.27%) Microsoft
9 183 (16.80%) Windows
10 178 (16.35%) Azure
11 175 (16.07%) IBM
12 161 (14.78%) C#
13 158 (14.51%) Python
13 158 (14.51%) AWS
14 157 (14.42%) Degree
15 156 (14.33%) Software Engineering
16 154 (14.14%) SOA
17 148 (13.59%) .NET
18 143 (13.13%) SDLC
19 136 (12.49%) SQL Server
20 134 (12.30%) JavaScript
21 130 (11.94%) REST
22 125 (11.48%) WebSphere
23 122 (11.20%) Banking
24 119 (10.93%) Git (software)
25 115 (10.56%) Test Automation
26 113 (10.38%) WebLogic
27 106 (9.73%) Analytical Skills
28 104 (9.55%) XML

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 125 (11.48%) WebSphere
2 113 (10.38%) WebLogic
3 90 (8.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 77 (7.07%) Tomcat
5 56 (5.14%) JBoss
6 54 (4.96%) Apache
7 43 (3.95%) SharePoint
8 42 (3.86%) Oracle Service Bus
9 28 (2.57%) Confluence
9 28 (2.57%) Mule
10 21 (1.93%) IBM HTTP Server
11 20 (1.84%) WebSphere Application Server
12 17 (1.56%) Elasticsearch
13 16 (1.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 15 (1.38%) OpenStack
14 15 (1.38%) Oracle Workflow
15 13 (1.19%) CMS
15 13 (1.19%) MS Exchange
15 13 (1.19%) Mule ESB
15 13 (1.19%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 18 (1.65%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 13 (1.19%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (1.01%) Simulink
4 7 (0.64%) Chatbot
5 6 (0.55%) Microsoft Excel
6 2 (0.18%) HipChat
6 2 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.18%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 31 (2.85%) Oracle BPM
2 13 (1.19%) Oracle CRM
3 10 (0.92%) Documaker
4 9 (0.83%) HFM
4 9 (0.83%) Oracle ERP
4 9 (0.83%) Oracle FAH
5 8 (0.73%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 7 (0.64%) Oracle EBS
7 6 (0.55%) Oracle Applications
7 6 (0.55%) Oracle Payables
7 6 (0.55%) Oracle Receivables
8 5 (0.46%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 5 (0.46%) NetSuite
9 4 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
9 4 (0.37%) Markit EDM
9 4 (0.37%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 4 (0.37%) thinkFolio
10 3 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
10 3 (0.28%) SAP FI/CO
10 3 (0.28%) SAP ICH
Cloud Services
1 178 (16.35%) Azure
2 158 (14.51%) AWS
3 68 (6.24%) SaaS
4 67 (6.15%) PaaS
5 53 (4.87%) IaaS
6 46 (4.22%) GCP
7 26 (2.39%) Serverless
8 25 (2.30%) OpenShift
9 23 (2.11%) Oracle CX
10 22 (2.02%) Cloud Computing
10 22 (2.02%) GitHub
11 20 (1.84%) Boomi
12 14 (1.29%) Office 365
12 14 (1.29%) Power Platform
13 13 (1.19%) Oracle Service Cloud
14 10 (0.92%) iPaaS
15 9 (0.83%) AWS Fargate
15 9 (0.83%) BlazeMeter
16 7 (0.64%) Dynamics 365
16 7 (0.64%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 63 (5.79%) HTTP
2 28 (2.57%) Firewall
3 24 (2.20%) FTP
4 22 (2.02%) Network Security
5 21 (1.93%) DNS
6 19 (1.74%) SAN
7 17 (1.56%) Internet
7 17 (1.56%) SSL
7 17 (1.56%) TCP/IP
8 14 (1.29%) DHCP
9 13 (1.19%) SSH
10 11 (1.01%) SNA
11 10 (0.92%) X.509
12 7 (0.64%) WAN
13 6 (0.55%) Broadband
14 5 (0.46%) Intranet
14 5 (0.46%) Intrusion Detection
14 5 (0.46%) Tactical Data Link
14 5 (0.46%) VPN
15 4 (0.37%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 136 (12.49%) SQL Server
2 61 (5.60%) Oracle Database
3 45 (4.13%) Big Data
4 35 (3.21%) Relational Database
5 33 (3.03%) Data Warehouse
6 30 (2.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 28 (2.57%) NoSQL
7 28 (2.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 25 (2.30%) Oracle ODI
9 24 (2.20%) Oracle Database 12c
10 22 (2.02%) Oracle Reports
11 21 (1.93%) SQL Server 2012
11 21 (1.93%) SQL Server 2016
12 20 (1.84%) DB2
13 17 (1.56%) Redis
13 17 (1.56%) SQL Server 2014
14 15 (1.38%) MySQL
14 15 (1.38%) Oracle Database 11g
15 13 (1.19%) Blockchain
15 13 (1.19%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 119 (10.93%) Git (software)
2 98 (9.00%) Jenkins
3 69 (6.34%) JIRA
4 57 (5.23%) Maven
5 53 (4.87%) JUnit
6 43 (3.95%) Cucumber
7 40 (3.67%) Selenium
7 40 (3.67%) SoapUI
8 36 (3.31%) Eclipse
9 32 (2.94%) Eclipse RCP
10 24 (2.20%) TeamCity
11 21 (1.93%) Subversion
12 18 (1.65%) Postman
13 17 (1.56%) Bitbucket
13 17 (1.56%) JBehave
13 17 (1.56%) Visual Studio
14 16 (1.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 16 (1.47%) Rational DOORS
15 15 (1.38%) Octopus Deploy
16 12 (1.10%) Oracle Forms
General
1 310 (28.47%) Finance
2 122 (11.20%) Banking
3 55 (5.05%) Marketing
4 52 (4.78%) Retail
5 43 (3.95%) Advertising
6 35 (3.21%) Manufacturing
7 28 (2.57%) Aerospace
8 27 (2.48%) Telecoms
9 18 (1.65%) Back Office
10 16 (1.47%) Investment Banking
10 16 (1.47%) Public Sector
11 15 (1.38%) Electronics
11 15 (1.38%) Local Government
12 13 (1.19%) Law
13 11 (1.01%) Automotive
13 11 (1.01%) Front Office
14 10 (0.92%) Billing
14 10 (0.92%) Games
14 10 (0.92%) Military
15 9 (0.83%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 303 (27.82%) Developer
2 200 (18.37%) Architect
3 111 (10.19%) Consultant
4 89 (8.17%) Solutions Architect
5 87 (7.99%) Java Developer
5 87 (7.99%) Software Engineer
6 68 (6.24%) Senior Developer
7 52 (4.78%) Middleware Developer
8 49 (4.50%) Analyst
9 47 (4.32%) Java Engineer
10 46 (4.22%) Administrator
11 43 (3.95%) Senior Consultant
12 41 (3.76%) Middleware Engineer
13 38 (3.49%) Integration Developer
14 36 (3.31%) Systems Developer
15 33 (3.03%) Integration Architect
16 31 (2.85%) Full Stack Developer
17 30 (2.75%) Senior Java Developer
18 29 (2.66%) DevOps Engineer
19 28 (2.57%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 210 (19.28%) Web Services
2 148 (13.59%) .NET
3 130 (11.94%) REST
4 104 (9.55%) SOAP
4 104 (9.55%) XML
5 101 (9.27%) CSS
6 99 (9.09%) HTML
7 70 (6.43%) AngularJS
8 69 (6.34%) Spring
9 67 (6.15%) Oracle Fusion
10 61 (5.60%) jQuery
11 55 (5.05%) RESTful
12 52 (4.78%) JSON
13 51 (4.68%) JMS
13 51 (4.68%) Node.js
14 46 (4.22%) ASP.NET
15 43 (3.95%) J2EE
16 39 (3.58%) WebSphere MQ
17 36 (3.31%) Kafka
17 36 (3.31%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 106 (9.73%) Analytical Skills
2 71 (6.52%) Management Information System
3 58 (5.33%) Self-Motivation
4 43 (3.95%) Data Centre
5 36 (3.31%) Enterprise Software
5 36 (3.31%) Greenfield Project
6 35 (3.21%) Public Cloud
7 32 (2.94%) User Experience
8 31 (2.85%) Client/Server
9 27 (2.48%) Mainframe
10 25 (2.30%) Algorithms
11 24 (2.20%) iSeries
12 19 (1.74%) Reinsurance
13 17 (1.56%) Blog
14 16 (1.47%) Hedge funds
15 15 (1.38%) Internet of Things
16 14 (1.29%) Hybrid Cloud
17 13 (1.19%) Cloud Native
17 13 (1.19%) Virtual Team
18 11 (1.01%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 320 (29.38%) Linux
2 183 (16.80%) Windows
3 74 (6.80%) Unix
4 64 (5.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 57 (5.23%) Windows Server
6 31 (2.85%) OS/400
7 27 (2.48%) AIX
8 18 (1.65%) Windows Server 2012
8 18 (1.65%) Windows Server 2016
9 17 (1.56%) Solaris
10 11 (1.01%) HPUX
10 11 (1.01%) VxWorks
11 10 (0.92%) Windows 7
12 9 (0.83%) Oracle Linux
13 4 (0.37%) Android
13 4 (0.37%) zOS
14 3 (0.28%) Apple iOS
14 3 (0.28%) Ubuntu
15 2 (0.18%) CentOS
15 2 (0.18%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 344 (31.59%) Agile Software Development
2 208 (19.10%) DevOps
3 156 (14.33%) Software Engineering
4 154 (14.14%) SOA
5 143 (13.13%) SDLC
6 115 (10.56%) Test Automation
7 95 (8.72%) ITIL
7 95 (8.72%) Scrum
8 94 (8.63%) Microservices
9 89 (8.17%) Problem-Solving
10 85 (7.81%) OO
11 82 (7.53%) Continuous Integration
12 80 (7.35%) Technical Leadership
13 75 (6.89%) Project Management
14 74 (6.80%) Stakeholder Management
15 73 (6.70%) Performance Tuning
16 72 (6.61%) Analytics
17 71 (6.52%) Business Intelligence
17 71 (6.52%) Migration
18 69 (6.34%) Waterfall
Programming Languages
1 344 (31.59%) Java
2 204 (18.73%) SQL
3 161 (14.78%) C#
4 158 (14.51%) Python
5 134 (12.30%) JavaScript
6 101 (9.27%) C++
7 86 (7.90%) Shell Script
8 67 (6.15%) Bash Shell
9 66 (6.06%) C
10 38 (3.49%) Perl
11 23 (2.11%) PHP
12 22 (2.02%) VB.NET
13 21 (1.93%) TypeScript
14 20 (1.84%) Java 8
14 20 (1.84%) PL/SQL
15 16 (1.47%) MATLAB
16 15 (1.38%) PowerShell
16 15 (1.38%) XPath
16 15 (1.38%) XQuery
17 14 (1.29%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 157 (14.42%) Degree
2 49 (4.50%) Security Cleared
3 27 (2.48%) SC Cleared
4 23 (2.11%) AWS Certification
5 18 (1.65%) Computer Science Degree
5 18 (1.65%) IBM Certification
6 14 (1.29%) TOGAF Certification
7 13 (1.19%) ITIL Certification
8 12 (1.10%) PMP
9 11 (1.01%) CISM
9 11 (1.01%) CISSP
9 11 (1.01%) Microsoft Certification
10 8 (0.73%) DV Cleared
11 7 (0.64%) Oracle Certification
12 6 (0.55%) CBAP
12 6 (0.55%) CEH
13 5 (0.46%) CISA
13 5 (0.46%) GIAC
13 5 (0.46%) ISTQB
13 5 (0.46%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (2.66%) QA
2 23 (2.11%) SLA
3 21 (1.93%) GDPR
4 12 (1.10%) NIST
5 11 (1.01%) Data Quality
6 7 (0.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 7 (0.64%) NIST 800
7 6 (0.55%) GxP
8 4 (0.37%) GLP
8 4 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 3 (0.28%) COBIT
10 2 (0.18%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.18%) PMO
11 1 (0.092%) JTAG
System Software
1 94 (8.63%) Docker
2 52 (4.78%) VMware Infrastructure
3 25 (2.30%) Active Directory
4 10 (0.92%) Microsoft App-V
4 10 (0.92%) vSphere
5 8 (0.73%) Hyper-V
6 7 (0.64%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (0.55%) VMware ESXi
8 5 (0.46%) Virtual Servers
9 4 (0.37%) Firmware
9 4 (0.37%) OpenAM
9 4 (0.37%) Oracle RAC
10 3 (0.28%) HDFS
11 2 (0.18%) OpenSSH
11 2 (0.18%) Samba
12 1 (0.092%) ACF2
12 1 (0.092%) Cronacle
12 1 (0.092%) RACF
12 1 (0.092%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 1 (0.092%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 80 (7.35%) Ansible
2 44 (4.04%) Kubernetes
3 34 (3.12%) Opscode Chef
4 30 (2.75%) Puppet
5 21 (1.93%) Oracle Identity Management
6 18 (1.65%) Red Hat Satellite
7 16 (1.47%) Terraform
8 15 (1.38%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 12 (1.10%) Tivoli
10 11 (1.01%) HP Quality Center
11 10 (0.92%) SCCM
12 8 (0.73%) BMC PATROL
13 7 (0.64%) Single Sign-On
14 5 (0.46%) BladeLogic
15 4 (0.37%) EMC NetWorker
16 3 (0.28%) Data Guard
16 3 (0.28%) Nessus
17 2 (0.18%) MOM
17 2 (0.18%) Prometheus
17 2 (0.18%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 247 (22.68%) Oracle
2 199 (18.27%) Microsoft
3 175 (16.07%) IBM
4 74 (6.80%) Red Hat
5 65 (5.97%) VMware
6 53 (4.87%) MuleSoft
7 44 (4.04%) TIBCO
8 42 (3.86%) SAP
9 40 (3.67%) Google
10 33 (3.03%) Salesforce.com
11 26 (2.39%) Adobe
11 26 (2.39%) WorldPay
12 25 (2.30%) HP
13 20 (1.84%) Cisco
13 20 (1.84%) Dell
14 19 (1.74%) FIS
14 19 (1.74%) Hyperion
15 17 (1.56%) webMethods
16 15 (1.38%) Solace
17 14 (1.29%) EMC