Period
to 19 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 19 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
19 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 327 298 260
Rank change year-on-year -29 -38 -19
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 1,409 1,941 2,272
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.95% 1.10% 1.32%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.40% 2.71% 3.32%
Number of salaries quoted 994 1,368 1,591
UK median annual salary £55,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -7.50% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £31,250 £37,500 £38,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year - -4.55% +10.00%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 58,653 71,613 68,457
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.51% 40.73% 39.81%
Number of salaries quoted 48,150 60,629 58,801
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £78,750 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +4.65% +1.18% +4.94%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Middleware.

Salary trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 19 March 2019.

Salary histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 19 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -58 1,215 £60,000 - 194
UK excluding London -39 797 £52,500 - 132
London -16 532 £70,000 - 75
South East -75 237 £55,000 - 27
North of England -20 204 £55,000 +10.00% 41
Midlands +64 126 £60,000 +14.29% 15
Yorkshire +34 116 £70,000 +3.70% 18
Scotland +42 107 £45,000 - 9
South West +13 90 £47,500 +2.70% 20
West Midlands +43 82 £65,000 +23.81% 9
North West -31 81 £50,000 +1.52% 21
East Midlands +24 41 £50,000 -9.09% 6
East of England -62 23 £55,000 -14.06% 16
Wales +2 11 £40,000 -5.88% 2
North East -1 11 £100,000 +100.00% 2
Northern Ireland -31 3 £57,500 +64.29% 1

For the 6 months to 19 March 2019, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 502 (35.63%) Java
2 488 (34.63%) Agile Software Development
3 452 (32.08%) SQL
4 399 (28.32%) Finance
5 381 (27.04%) Linux
6 307 (21.79%) Oracle
7 295 (20.94%) Windows
8 293 (20.79%) C#
9 272 (19.30%) Python
10 270 (19.16%) SQL Server
11 236 (16.75%) DevOps
12 225 (15.97%) OO
13 205 (14.55%) Microsoft
14 204 (14.48%) Software Engineering
15 200 (14.19%) Amazon AWS
16 198 (14.05%) Big Data
17 195 (13.84%) .NET
18 185 (13.13%) Unit Testing
19 182 (12.92%) SOA
20 179 (12.70%) HTML
21 178 (12.63%) ETL
22 170 (12.07%) CSS
22 170 (12.07%) Web Services
23 169 (11.99%) Microsoft Azure
24 168 (11.92%) Analytics
25 167 (11.85%) Relational Database
26 162 (11.50%) Business Intelligence
27 161 (11.43%) C++
28 158 (11.21%) UML
28 158 (11.21%) Continuous Integration

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 142 (10.08%) Apache
2 94 (6.67%) WebSphere
3 83 (5.89%) WebLogic
4 77 (5.46%) JBoss
5 76 (5.39%) MQSeries
6 60 (4.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 53 (3.76%) Tomcat
8 48 (3.41%) Elasticsearch
9 47 (3.34%) Confluence
10 35 (2.48%) SharePoint
11 33 (2.34%) CMS
12 27 (1.92%) BizTalk Server
13 23 (1.63%) Apache Spark
14 19 (1.35%) WebSphere Application Server
15 16 (1.14%) IIS
15 16 (1.14%) Oracle HTTP Server
16 14 (0.99%) MS Exchange
17 13 (0.92%) Mule
17 13 (0.92%) OpenStack
18 10 (0.71%) Oracle UPK
Applications
1 17 (1.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (0.99%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.14%) Windchill
6 1 (0.071%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 29 (2.06%) Oracle Applications
2 28 (1.99%) Oracle EBS
3 20 (1.42%) SAP ERP
4 15 (1.06%) Oracle 11i
4 15 (1.06%) Oracle EBS R12
5 14 (0.99%) Payment Gateway
6 13 (0.92%) Dynamics CRM
7 10 (0.71%) Dynamics AX
7 10 (0.71%) SAP Hybris
8 9 (0.64%) Oracle BPM
8 9 (0.64%) SAP S/4HANA
9 7 (0.50%) Remedy ITSM
9 7 (0.50%) SAP CO
9 7 (0.50%) SAP FI
9 7 (0.50%) SAP FI/CO
9 7 (0.50%) SAP IS-U
10 5 (0.35%) BusinessWorks
10 5 (0.35%) Dynamics NAV
10 5 (0.35%) Teamcenter
11 4 (0.28%) Markit EDM
Cloud Services
1 200 (14.19%) Amazon AWS
2 169 (11.99%) Microsoft Azure
3 51 (3.62%) Google Cloud Platform
4 48 (3.41%) SaaS
5 38 (2.70%) Cloud Computing
6 37 (2.63%) IaaS
7 35 (2.48%) Office 365
8 33 (2.34%) PaaS
9 24 (1.70%) OpenShift
10 20 (1.42%) Amazon S3
10 20 (1.42%) AWS Lambda
10 20 (1.42%) Serverless
11 16 (1.14%) GitHub
12 13 (0.92%) Amazon EC2
13 12 (0.85%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 12 (0.85%) Boomi
14 11 (0.78%) Slack
15 9 (0.64%) Amazon EMR
15 9 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
15 9 (0.64%) AWS Data Pipeline
Communications & Networking
1 59 (4.19%) Firewall
2 42 (2.98%) Internet
3 38 (2.70%) HTTP
3 38 (2.70%) TCP/IP
4 33 (2.34%) LAN
4 33 (2.34%) SAN
4 33 (2.34%) WAN
5 23 (1.63%) Network Security
6 22 (1.56%) SSL
7 18 (1.28%) NAS
8 11 (0.78%) HTTPS
9 8 (0.57%) FTP
10 7 (0.50%) DNS
11 6 (0.43%) Cisco ISE
11 6 (0.43%) IPsec
11 6 (0.43%) iSCSI
11 6 (0.43%) SSH
11 6 (0.43%) Wireless
12 5 (0.35%) DVB
12 5 (0.35%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 270 (19.16%) SQL Server
2 198 (14.05%) Big Data
3 167 (11.85%) Relational Database
4 102 (7.24%) NoSQL
5 95 (6.74%) Oracle Database
6 81 (5.75%) PostgreSQL
7 77 (5.46%) RDBMS
8 67 (4.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 66 (4.68%) Data Warehouse
10 58 (4.12%) Apache Cassandra
11 50 (3.55%) DB2
12 43 (3.05%) MySQL
13 40 (2.84%) Hadoop
14 39 (2.77%) MongoDB
15 34 (2.41%) Oracle Database 11g
16 33 (2.34%) Bigtable
17 28 (1.99%) Oracle BI EE
18 25 (1.77%) Oracle Database 12c
19 23 (1.63%) Oracle Reports
20 22 (1.56%) Star Schema
Development Applications
1 107 (7.59%) Git (software)
2 105 (7.45%) Jenkins
3 90 (6.39%) Eclipse
4 83 (5.89%) JIRA
5 81 (5.75%) Eclipse RCP
6 65 (4.61%) Maven
7 33 (2.34%) Visual Studio
8 31 (2.20%) Selenium
9 29 (2.06%) JUnit
9 29 (2.06%) SoapUI
10 28 (1.99%) Subversion
11 27 (1.92%) Gradle
12 26 (1.85%) Mockito
13 25 (1.77%) Cucumber
14 23 (1.63%) TeamCity
15 20 (1.42%) Ant
16 17 (1.21%) CocoaPods
16 17 (1.21%) Team Foundation Server
17 14 (0.99%) Octopus Deploy
18 13 (0.92%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 399 (28.32%) Finance
2 115 (8.16%) Banking
3 65 (4.61%) Retail
4 62 (4.40%) Manufacturing
5 54 (3.83%) Marketing
6 42 (2.98%) Front Office
7 36 (2.56%) Investment Banking
8 33 (2.34%) Telecoms
9 27 (1.92%) Financial Institution
9 27 (1.92%) Local Government
10 15 (1.06%) Advertising
11 14 (0.99%) Back Office
11 14 (0.99%) Law
12 13 (0.92%) Electronics
13 11 (0.78%) Billing
14 8 (0.57%) Legal
15 6 (0.43%) Automotive
16 4 (0.28%) Aerospace
16 4 (0.28%) Prime Brokerage
16 4 (0.28%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 296 (21.01%) Developer
2 250 (17.74%) Architect
3 132 (9.37%) Software Engineer
4 110 (7.81%) Senior Software Engineer
5 90 (6.39%) Analyst
6 77 (5.46%) Consultant
7 75 (5.32%) C# Developer
8 74 (5.25%) Java Developer
9 73 (5.18%) Junior
10 66 (4.68%) .NET Developer
10 66 (4.68%) Junior Software Engineer
11 64 (4.54%) Senior Developer
12 56 (3.97%) Solutions Architect
13 53 (3.76%) C# .NET Developer
14 51 (3.62%) Administrator
15 45 (3.19%) DBA
16 44 (3.12%) SQL Developer
17 42 (2.98%) Technical Architect
18 40 (2.84%) Cloud Architect
19 39 (2.77%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 195 (13.84%) .NET
2 179 (12.70%) HTML
3 170 (12.07%) CSS
3 170 (12.07%) Web Services
4 134 (9.51%) XML
5 126 (8.94%) REST
6 120 (8.52%) SOAP
7 105 (7.45%) Spring
8 90 (6.39%) AngularJS
9 83 (5.89%) JSP
10 73 (5.18%) JSON
11 66 (4.68%) JMS
12 58 (4.12%) ASP.NET
13 56 (3.97%) J2EE
14 55 (3.90%) Kafka
15 54 (3.83%) ASP.NET Web API
15 54 (3.83%) WCF
16 47 (3.34%) RESTful
17 43 (3.05%) jQuery
18 42 (2.98%) Oracle Fusion
Miscellaneous
1 143 (10.15%) Analytical Skills
2 136 (9.65%) Data Centre
3 92 (6.53%) Enterprise Software
4 63 (4.47%) Self-Motivation
5 59 (4.19%) Management Information System
6 43 (3.05%) Virtual Team
7 33 (2.34%) User Experience
8 31 (2.20%) Mobile App
9 24 (1.70%) Public Cloud
10 23 (1.63%) Derivative
10 23 (1.63%) Greenfield Project
10 23 (1.63%) Taxonomies
11 22 (1.56%) Fixed Income
12 20 (1.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 20 (1.42%) Private Cloud
13 18 (1.28%) CMDB
14 17 (1.21%) Cloud Native
14 17 (1.21%) Mainframe
15 15 (1.06%) Clustering
16 13 (0.92%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 381 (27.04%) Linux
2 295 (20.94%) Windows
3 135 (9.58%) Unix
4 88 (6.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 84 (5.96%) Windows Server
6 37 (2.63%) CentOS
7 31 (2.20%) Apple iOS
8 28 (1.99%) AIX
8 28 (1.99%) Solaris
9 21 (1.49%) Android
10 14 (0.99%) HPUX
11 11 (0.78%) Windows 10
12 10 (0.71%) Windows 7
12 10 (0.71%) Windows 8
13 5 (0.35%) Ubuntu
13 5 (0.35%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
13 5 (0.35%) zOS
14 3 (0.21%) Fedora
15 2 (0.14%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 488 (34.63%) Agile Software Development
2 236 (16.75%) DevOps
3 225 (15.97%) OO
4 204 (14.48%) Software Engineering
5 185 (13.13%) Unit Testing
6 182 (12.92%) SOA
7 178 (12.63%) ETL
8 168 (11.92%) Analytics
9 162 (11.50%) Business Intelligence
10 158 (11.21%) Continuous Integration
10 158 (11.21%) UML
11 145 (10.29%) Test Automation
12 140 (9.94%) Problem-Solving
13 136 (9.65%) Migration
14 120 (8.52%) OOD
15 111 (7.88%) SDLC
16 108 (7.67%) Project Management
17 99 (7.03%) IT Strategy
17 99 (7.03%) TDD
18 98 (6.96%) Service Management
Programming Languages
1 502 (35.63%) Java
2 452 (32.08%) SQL
3 293 (20.79%) C#
4 272 (19.30%) Python
5 161 (11.43%) C++
6 155 (11.00%) JavaScript
7 62 (4.40%) PowerShell
8 59 (4.19%) Bash Shell
9 57 (4.05%) C
9 57 (4.05%) Java 8
10 44 (3.12%) VB
11 43 (3.05%) PL/SQL
12 41 (2.91%) VB.NET
13 38 (2.70%) XPath
14 35 (2.48%) Shell Script
15 32 (2.27%) Perl
16 29 (2.06%) VBScript
17 27 (1.92%) ABAP
17 27 (1.92%) Ruby
18 24 (1.70%) PHP
Qualifications
1 154 (10.93%) Degree
2 80 (5.68%) Security Cleared
3 42 (2.98%) Computer Science Degree
4 37 (2.63%) SC Cleared
5 33 (2.34%) DV Cleared
6 18 (1.28%) ITIL Certification
7 14 (0.99%) Chartered Engineer
7 14 (0.99%) CISSP
8 13 (0.92%) Master's Degree
9 9 (0.64%) ISEB
9 9 (0.64%) RHCE
10 8 (0.57%) RHCSA
11 7 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
11 7 (0.50%) ISTQB
11 7 (0.50%) TOGAF Certification
12 6 (0.43%) CCNP
13 5 (0.35%) GIAC
13 5 (0.35%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 5 (0.35%) Numerate Degree
14 4 (0.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 98 (6.96%) QA
2 65 (4.61%) PMO
3 39 (2.77%) SLA
4 24 (1.70%) HL7
5 13 (0.92%) MiFID
6 12 (0.85%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.57%) GDPR
8 5 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 3 (0.21%) Data Quality
9 3 (0.21%) EMIR
10 2 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
10 2 (0.14%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 2 (0.14%) MISRA
10 2 (0.14%) MISRA C
11 1 (0.071%) COBIT
11 1 (0.071%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.071%) ISO 8583
11 1 (0.071%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 1 (0.071%) SEPA
System Software
1 74 (5.25%) Docker
2 59 (4.19%) VMware Infrastructure
3 44 (3.12%) Oracle RAC
4 39 (2.77%) Active Directory
5 32 (2.27%) Virtual Machines
6 17 (1.21%) Hyper-V
7 16 (1.14%) vSphere
8 11 (0.78%) Virtual Servers
9 10 (0.71%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 7 (0.50%) Firmware
10 7 (0.50%) NFS
10 7 (0.50%) VMware ESXi
11 3 (0.21%) PowerHA
11 3 (0.21%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 3 (0.21%) Xen
12 2 (0.14%) Gluster
12 2 (0.14%) KVM
12 2 (0.14%) LXC
12 2 (0.14%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 2 (0.14%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 77 (5.46%) Ansible
2 69 (4.90%) Puppet
3 41 (2.91%) Opscode Chef
4 31 (2.20%) Kubernetes
4 31 (2.20%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
5 24 (1.70%) Data Guard
6 18 (1.28%) Hadoop YARN
6 18 (1.28%) HP Quality Center
6 18 (1.28%) Oracle RMAN
6 18 (1.28%) Terraform
7 15 (1.06%) Tivoli
8 14 (0.99%) logstash
8 14 (0.99%) SCOM
9 11 (0.78%) CloudHub
9 11 (0.78%) Kibana
10 10 (0.71%) Ambari
10 10 (0.71%) Single Sign-On
11 9 (0.64%) HP ALM
12 8 (0.57%) vRealize
13 7 (0.50%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 307 (21.79%) Oracle
2 205 (14.55%) Microsoft
3 108 (7.67%) VMware
4 107 (7.59%) IBM
5 97 (6.88%) SAP
6 84 (5.96%) TIBCO
7 79 (5.61%) Red Hat
8 67 (4.76%) Google
9 52 (3.69%) MuleSoft
10 49 (3.48%) Solace
11 45 (3.19%) HP
12 34 (2.41%) Cognizant
13 33 (2.34%) Adobe
14 30 (2.13%) Salesforce.com
15 24 (1.70%) Rackspace
16 20 (1.42%) Splunk
17 19 (1.35%) ServiceNow
18 17 (1.21%) SolarWinds
19 15 (1.06%) Riverbed
19 15 (1.06%) Workday