Period
to 18 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 18 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
18 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 333 328 307
Rank change year-on-year -5 -21 -49
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 1,136 1,474 1,867
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.91% 0.98% 1.07%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.35% 2.46% 2.64%
Number of salaries quoted 834 999 1,361
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% -4.17% -
10th Percentile £37,000 £34,350 £37,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% -4.55%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 48,405 59,812 70,761
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.95% 39.72% 40.61%
Number of salaries quoted 39,827 49,043 59,697
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £78,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Middleware.

Salary trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 18 February 2020.

Salary histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 18 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +11 994 £65,000 +8.33% 226
UK excluding London -18 635 £52,500 +5.00% 148
London +31 480 £77,500 +10.71% 90
South East +11 203 £61,000 +10.91% 47
North of England -52 100 £55,250 +0.45% 30
Midlands -11 86 £41,000 -31.67% 18
Wales +58 69 £45,000 +12.50% 9
South West -7 68 £48,000 +6.67% 20
Scotland -9 64 £53,550 +19.00% 4
West Midlands -9 52 £48,400 -19.33% 15
North West +2 49 £71,250 +42.50% 17
East of England +77 45 £62,500 +13.64% 20
Yorkshire -60 45 £50,000 -23.08% 6
East Midlands +19 33 £35,000 -30.00% 3
North East +6 6 £54,486 -45.51% 7

For the 6 months to 18 February 2020, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 375 (33.01%) Java
2 345 (30.37%) Agile Software Development
3 311 (27.38%) Linux
4 277 (24.38%) Finance
5 244 (21.48%) Oracle
6 226 (19.89%) Web Services
7 225 (19.81%) Windows
7 225 (19.81%) SQL
8 223 (19.63%) Microsoft
9 214 (18.84%) DevOps
10 188 (16.55%) AWS
11 187 (16.46%) Azure
12 180 (15.85%) SOA
13 175 (15.40%) Degree
14 171 (15.05%) IBM
15 169 (14.88%) Software Engineering
16 167 (14.70%) SDLC
17 158 (13.91%) Python
18 151 (13.29%) C#
19 149 (13.12%) JavaScript
19 149 (13.12%) .NET
20 147 (12.94%) SQL Server
21 143 (12.59%) WebSphere
21 143 (12.59%) REST
22 138 (12.15%) XML
23 133 (11.71%) Analytical Skills
24 127 (11.18%) Banking
25 120 (10.56%) WebLogic
26 117 (10.30%) Problem-Solving
27 116 (10.21%) Git (software)

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 143 (12.59%) WebSphere
2 120 (10.56%) WebLogic
3 98 (8.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 93 (8.19%) Tomcat
5 71 (6.25%) Apache
6 59 (5.19%) JBoss
7 44 (3.87%) Oracle Service Bus
8 40 (3.52%) SharePoint
9 39 (3.43%) IBM HTTP Server
10 35 (3.08%) Mule
11 28 (2.46%) Confluence
12 26 (2.29%) IIS
13 22 (1.94%) Elasticsearch
14 20 (1.76%) BizTalk Server
15 18 (1.58%) Mule ESB
16 17 (1.50%) WebSphere Application Server
17 16 (1.41%) Oracle Workflow
18 15 (1.32%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 13 (1.14%) Oracle Coherence
19 13 (1.14%) SAS
Applications
1 15 (1.32%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (1.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 12 (1.06%) Chatbot
4 11 (0.97%) Simulink
5 5 (0.44%) Microsoft Excel
6 3 (0.26%) HipChat
7 2 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.088%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 29 (2.55%) Oracle BPM
2 17 (1.50%) Oracle EBS
3 13 (1.14%) Documaker
3 13 (1.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 11 (0.97%) HFM
5 10 (0.88%) Dynamics AX
5 10 (0.88%) Oracle FAH
6 9 (0.79%) Oracle ERP
7 6 (0.53%) BusinessWorks
7 6 (0.53%) Oracle CRM
8 5 (0.44%) Distributed Ledger
8 5 (0.44%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 5 (0.44%) NetSuite
9 4 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
9 4 (0.35%) Markit EDM
9 4 (0.35%) Oracle Applications
9 4 (0.35%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 4 (0.35%) thinkFolio
10 3 (0.26%) SAP ICH
11 2 (0.18%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 188 (16.55%) AWS
2 187 (16.46%) Azure
3 68 (5.99%) SaaS
4 66 (5.81%) IaaS
5 60 (5.28%) PaaS
6 43 (3.79%) GCP
7 34 (2.99%) OpenShift
8 30 (2.64%) Boomi
8 30 (2.64%) Cloud Computing
9 22 (1.94%) GitHub
9 22 (1.94%) Serverless
10 18 (1.58%) Power Platform
11 16 (1.41%) Oracle CX
12 13 (1.14%) iPaaS
13 12 (1.06%) Office 365
14 11 (0.97%) AWS Fargate
15 7 (0.62%) Oracle Service Cloud
16 6 (0.53%) Amazon Cognito
16 6 (0.53%) Amazon EC2
17 5 (0.44%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 83 (7.31%) HTTP
2 39 (3.43%) Firewall
3 21 (1.85%) DNS
3 21 (1.85%) Internet
4 20 (1.76%) TCP/IP
5 19 (1.67%) Network Security
5 19 (1.67%) SAN
6 16 (1.41%) X.509
7 13 (1.14%) FTP
8 11 (0.97%) DHCP
8 11 (0.97%) SNA
8 11 (0.97%) SSL
9 9 (0.79%) NAS
9 9 (0.79%) WAN
10 7 (0.62%) Intrusion Detection
11 6 (0.53%) LAN
12 5 (0.44%) Ethernet
12 5 (0.44%) HTTPS
12 5 (0.44%) SSH
12 5 (0.44%) Tactical Data Link
Database & Business Intelligence
1 147 (12.94%) SQL Server
2 69 (6.07%) Big Data
3 40 (3.52%) Oracle Database
4 38 (3.35%) Relational Database
4 38 (3.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 36 (3.17%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 35 (3.08%) NoSQL
7 29 (2.55%) SQL Server 2016
8 27 (2.38%) SQL Server 2012
9 26 (2.29%) Data Warehouse
9 26 (2.29%) Oracle Database 12c
10 25 (2.20%) Oracle ODI
10 25 (2.20%) SQL Server 2014
11 20 (1.76%) DB2
12 19 (1.67%) RDBMS
13 17 (1.50%) Blockchain
13 17 (1.50%) Power BI
14 15 (1.32%) MySQL
14 15 (1.32%) Redis
15 14 (1.23%) Oracle BI EE
Development Applications
1 116 (10.21%) Git (software)
2 101 (8.89%) Jenkins
3 77 (6.78%) JIRA
4 68 (5.99%) Maven
5 53 (4.67%) JUnit
6 44 (3.87%) SoapUI
7 40 (3.52%) Selenium
8 33 (2.90%) Cucumber
8 33 (2.90%) Subversion
9 32 (2.82%) Eclipse
10 29 (2.55%) TeamCity
11 28 (2.46%) Eclipse RCP
12 20 (1.76%) Visual Studio
13 18 (1.58%) Bitbucket
14 17 (1.50%) Octopus Deploy
15 16 (1.41%) Rational DOORS
16 15 (1.32%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 14 (1.23%) GitLab
18 12 (1.06%) ClearQuest
18 12 (1.06%) JBehave
General
1 277 (24.38%) Finance
2 127 (11.18%) Banking
3 76 (6.69%) Retail
4 54 (4.75%) Marketing
5 34 (2.99%) Aerospace
5 34 (2.99%) Manufacturing
6 33 (2.90%) Advertising
7 29 (2.55%) Telecoms
8 23 (2.02%) Public Sector
9 17 (1.50%) Investment Banking
10 16 (1.41%) Front Office
11 14 (1.23%) Billing
11 14 (1.23%) Law
12 13 (1.14%) Automotive
12 13 (1.14%) Local Government
13 11 (0.97%) Electronics
13 11 (0.97%) Games
14 10 (0.88%) Military
15 9 (0.79%) Legal
15 9 (0.79%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 315 (27.73%) Developer
2 214 (18.84%) Architect
3 139 (12.24%) Consultant
4 98 (8.63%) Solutions Architect
5 91 (8.01%) Java Developer
6 89 (7.83%) Software Engineer
7 64 (5.63%) Senior Developer
8 55 (4.84%) Java Engineer
9 48 (4.23%) Middleware Engineer
10 46 (4.05%) Integration Developer
11 43 (3.79%) Analyst
11 43 (3.79%) Technical Consultant
12 42 (3.70%) Senior Consultant
13 40 (3.52%) Middleware Developer
13 40 (3.52%) Software Developer
14 38 (3.35%) Applications Developer
15 37 (3.26%) Full Stack Developer
16 33 (2.90%) Integration Architect
17 31 (2.73%) Applications Support
17 31 (2.73%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 226 (19.89%) Web Services
2 149 (13.12%) .NET
3 143 (12.59%) REST
4 138 (12.15%) XML
5 115 (10.12%) CSS
6 106 (9.33%) SOAP
7 103 (9.07%) HTML
8 77 (6.78%) Spring
9 71 (6.25%) jQuery
10 70 (6.16%) JSON
11 69 (6.07%) AngularJS
12 68 (5.99%) Oracle Fusion
13 63 (5.55%) ASP.NET
13 63 (5.55%) RESTful
14 60 (5.28%) JMS
15 56 (4.93%) J2EE
16 53 (4.67%) XSLT
17 46 (4.05%) WebSphere MQ
18 43 (3.79%) Ajax
19 39 (3.43%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 133 (11.71%) Analytical Skills
2 70 (6.16%) Management Information System
3 59 (5.19%) Enterprise Software
4 56 (4.93%) Self-Motivation
5 53 (4.67%) Data Centre
6 45 (3.96%) Greenfield Project
7 40 (3.52%) Public Cloud
8 35 (3.08%) Client/Server
9 33 (2.90%) User Experience
10 30 (2.64%) iSeries
11 26 (2.29%) Algorithms
12 22 (1.94%) Cloud Native
13 19 (1.67%) Virtual Team
14 18 (1.58%) Mainframe
15 16 (1.41%) Blog
15 16 (1.41%) Hedge funds
16 13 (1.14%) Grid Computing
16 13 (1.14%) Internet of Things
17 12 (1.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 12 (1.06%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 311 (27.38%) Linux
2 225 (19.81%) Windows
3 70 (6.16%) Unix
4 64 (5.63%) Windows Server
5 60 (5.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 44 (3.87%) OS/400
7 19 (1.67%) AIX
8 18 (1.58%) Windows Server 2012
9 16 (1.41%) Windows 7
10 14 (1.23%) Solaris
11 11 (0.97%) VxWorks
12 7 (0.62%) Windows Server 2008
13 6 (0.53%) HPUX
14 5 (0.44%) Oracle Linux
15 4 (0.35%) Windows 10
15 4 (0.35%) zOS
16 3 (0.26%) Windows 8
17 2 (0.18%) Android
17 2 (0.18%) CentOS
17 2 (0.18%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 345 (30.37%) Agile Software Development
2 214 (18.84%) DevOps
3 180 (15.85%) SOA
4 169 (14.88%) Software Engineering
5 167 (14.70%) SDLC
6 117 (10.30%) Problem-Solving
7 104 (9.15%) OO
8 102 (8.98%) Microservices
9 96 (8.45%) Test Automation
10 95 (8.36%) Analytics
11 93 (8.19%) ITIL
12 91 (8.01%) Technical Leadership
13 82 (7.22%) Business Intelligence
13 82 (7.22%) Migration
14 81 (7.13%) Continuous Improvement
15 79 (6.95%) Project Management
16 78 (6.87%) Continuous Integration
17 76 (6.69%) Mentoring
18 75 (6.60%) Scrum
19 73 (6.43%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 375 (33.01%) Java
2 225 (19.81%) SQL
3 158 (13.91%) Python
4 151 (13.29%) C#
5 149 (13.12%) JavaScript
6 103 (9.07%) C++
7 87 (7.66%) Shell Script
8 78 (6.87%) Bash Shell
9 74 (6.51%) C
10 50 (4.40%) Perl
11 33 (2.90%) PL/SQL
12 29 (2.55%) Java 8
13 22 (1.94%) XPath
14 21 (1.85%) Groovy
14 21 (1.85%) PHP
15 20 (1.76%) TypeScript
16 19 (1.67%) T-SQL
16 19 (1.67%) VB.NET
17 17 (1.50%) Ada
18 16 (1.41%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 175 (15.40%) Degree
2 37 (3.26%) Security Cleared
3 28 (2.46%) IBM Certification
4 23 (2.02%) AWS Certification
5 21 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
6 17 (1.50%) SC Cleared
7 15 (1.32%) TOGAF Certification
8 10 (0.88%) ITIL Certification
9 9 (0.79%) CISM
9 9 (0.79%) CISSP
10 6 (0.53%) CEH
11 5 (0.44%) GIAC
11 5 (0.44%) IISP
11 5 (0.44%) ISTQB
11 5 (0.44%) PMP
12 4 (0.35%) DV Cleared
13 3 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 3 (0.26%) Oracle Certification
14 2 (0.18%) HND
14 2 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (2.38%) SLA
2 26 (2.29%) QA
3 18 (1.58%) GDPR
4 8 (0.70%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.44%) GLP
5 5 (0.44%) GxP
6 4 (0.35%) ISO 9001
6 4 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.35%) NIST
6 4 (0.35%) NIST 800
7 3 (0.26%) PMO
7 3 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.088%) COBIT
9 1 (0.088%) JTAG
System Software
1 104 (9.15%) Docker
2 61 (5.37%) VMware Infrastructure
3 49 (4.31%) Active Directory
4 21 (1.85%) Hyper-V
5 16 (1.41%) Virtual Machines
6 10 (0.88%) Microsoft App-V
7 8 (0.70%) vSphere
8 7 (0.62%) Forefront TMG
8 7 (0.62%) VMware ESXi
9 6 (0.53%) HDFS
10 5 (0.44%) Firmware
10 5 (0.44%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.35%) KVM
11 4 (0.35%) Oracle RAC
12 3 (0.26%) OpenAM
13 2 (0.18%) ISA Server
13 2 (0.18%) NFS
14 1 (0.088%) RACF
14 1 (0.088%) Samba
14 1 (0.088%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 90 (7.92%) Ansible
2 47 (4.14%) Kubernetes
3 40 (3.52%) Puppet
4 37 (3.26%) Opscode Chef
5 25 (2.20%) Oracle Identity Management
6 19 (1.67%) Terraform
7 18 (1.58%) Red Hat Satellite
8 16 (1.41%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 12 (1.06%) SCCM
10 10 (0.88%) Tivoli
11 8 (0.70%) BMC PATROL
12 6 (0.53%) EMC NetWorker
12 6 (0.53%) Single Sign-On
13 5 (0.44%) Data Guard
13 5 (0.44%) HAProxy
13 5 (0.44%) HP Quality Center
13 5 (0.44%) TIBCO Hawk
14 3 (0.26%) BladeLogic
14 3 (0.26%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
14 3 (0.26%) Nagios
Vendors
1 244 (21.48%) Oracle
2 223 (19.63%) Microsoft
3 171 (15.05%) IBM
4 76 (6.69%) VMware
5 70 (6.16%) Red Hat
6 59 (5.19%) MuleSoft
7 51 (4.49%) TIBCO
8 50 (4.40%) Google
9 49 (4.31%) SAP
10 41 (3.61%) WorldPay
11 38 (3.35%) Salesforce.com
12 32 (2.82%) Adobe
13 29 (2.55%) Dell
14 21 (1.85%) EMC
15 20 (1.76%) HP
16 19 (1.67%) FIS
16 19 (1.67%) webMethods
17 17 (1.50%) Hyperion
18 16 (1.41%) Atlassian
19 15 (1.32%) Cisco