Period
to 15 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 15 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
15 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 385 290 291
Rank change year-on-year -95 +1 -19
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 1,147 2,063 2,086
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.79% 1.17% 1.17%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.08% 2.91% 2.88%
Number of salaries quoted 860 1,387 1,485
UK median annual salary £56,550 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -5.75% +4.35% -
10th Percentile £32,000 £37,500 £35,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £88,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year -4.55% +10.00% -

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 55,203 70,919 72,505
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 37.83% 40.29% 40.57%
Number of salaries quoted 45,501 59,087 60,967
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £28,750
90th Percentile £86,250 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Middleware.

Salary trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 15 July 2019.

Salary histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 15 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -113 1,009 £60,000 -4.00% 202
UK excluding London -134 582 £52,500 -4.55% 145
London -60 500 £70,000 - 66
South East -118 193 £57,500 -6.12% 39
North of England -72 129 £53,250 -3.18% 34
North West -22 72 £55,000 +15.79% 11
South West +19 69 £47,500 +5.36% 22
Midlands +37 65 £55,500 +0.91% 19
Scotland -37 60 £43,500 -3.33% 6
Yorkshire -46 54 £55,000 -18.52% 18
East of England -59 45 £52,500 -8.70% 22
West Midlands +34 41 £50,000 +11.11% 13
East Midlands +11 24 £57,500 +4.55% 6
Wales +12 15 £41,750 -13.02% 3
Isle of Man - 5 £49,000 -
North East +10 4 £68,202 +36.40% 5
Northern Ireland -16 1 - -

For the 6 months to 15 July 2019, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 467 (40.71%) Java
2 416 (36.27%) Agile Software Development
3 351 (30.60%) SQL
4 300 (26.16%) Linux
5 291 (25.37%) Finance
6 243 (21.19%) Oracle
7 232 (20.23%) DevOps
8 217 (18.92%) Windows
9 193 (16.83%) SQL Server
10 192 (16.74%) C#
11 179 (15.61%) Web Services
12 178 (15.52%) Microsoft
13 174 (15.17%) Software Engineering
14 172 (15.00%) SOA
15 171 (14.91%) Amazon AWS
16 168 (14.65%) Python
17 145 (12.64%) JavaScript
18 143 (12.47%) Problem-Solving
19 141 (12.29%) OO
20 136 (11.86%) Degree
21 132 (11.51%) Analytics
22 131 (11.42%) UML
22 131 (11.42%) XML
23 129 (11.25%) Microsoft Azure
24 126 (10.99%) .NET
25 125 (10.90%) CSS
25 125 (10.90%) Relational Database
26 124 (10.81%) HTML
26 124 (10.81%) Migration
26 124 (10.81%) Spring

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 108 (9.42%) Apache
2 84 (7.32%) WebSphere
3 76 (6.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 64 (5.58%) JBoss
5 63 (5.49%) WebLogic
6 62 (5.41%) Tomcat
7 48 (4.18%) BizTalk Server
8 26 (2.27%) SharePoint
9 24 (2.09%) MQSeries
10 23 (2.01%) WebSphere Application Server
11 22 (1.92%) Confluence
11 22 (1.92%) IIS
12 20 (1.74%) Oracle HTTP Server
13 18 (1.57%) Oracle Service Bus
14 16 (1.39%) Mule
15 15 (1.31%) Tuxedo
16 14 (1.22%) Jetty
16 14 (1.22%) Mule ESB
17 12 (1.05%) Elasticsearch
18 11 (0.96%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 28 (2.44%) Microsoft Office
2 18 (1.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 12 (1.05%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.26%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.087%) Adobe Premiere
5 1 (0.087%) Doxygen
5 1 (0.087%) FileZilla
5 1 (0.087%) Mingle
5 1 (0.087%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 22 (1.92%) Oracle BPM
2 18 (1.57%) Dynamics CRM
3 16 (1.39%) SAP ERP
4 14 (1.22%) Dynamics AX
5 13 (1.13%) Markit EDM
5 13 (1.13%) thinkFolio
6 12 (1.05%) SAP Hybris
7 10 (0.87%) Oracle EBS
7 10 (0.87%) SAP S/4HANA
8 9 (0.78%) Payment Gateway
9 8 (0.70%) Remedy ITSM
10 7 (0.61%) Oracle ERP
11 5 (0.44%) Oracle Applications
11 5 (0.44%) PeopleSoft Financials
12 4 (0.35%) BusinessWorks
12 4 (0.35%) Distributed Ledger
12 4 (0.35%) Magento
12 4 (0.35%) Oracle EBS R12
12 4 (0.35%) SAP MM
13 3 (0.26%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 171 (14.91%) Amazon AWS
2 129 (11.25%) Microsoft Azure
3 54 (4.71%) Google Cloud Platform
4 47 (4.10%) Cloud Computing
5 45 (3.92%) SaaS
6 37 (3.23%) Office 365
7 33 (2.88%) OpenShift
8 28 (2.44%) IaaS
9 17 (1.48%) PaaS
10 14 (1.22%) Power Platform
11 11 (0.96%) GitHub
11 11 (0.96%) Serverless
12 9 (0.78%) Amazon EC2
12 9 (0.78%) Apigee
12 9 (0.78%) IBM Cloud
13 8 (0.70%) Dynamics 365
14 7 (0.61%) Azure Active Directory
14 7 (0.61%) Azure Data Factory
14 7 (0.61%) BlazeMeter
14 7 (0.61%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 60 (5.23%) HTTP
2 36 (3.14%) Internet
3 33 (2.88%) Firewall
4 23 (2.01%) SAN
4 23 (2.01%) TCP/IP
5 20 (1.74%) FTP
6 16 (1.39%) DNS
6 16 (1.39%) NAS
7 14 (1.22%) SSL
8 11 (0.96%) WAN
9 10 (0.87%) LAN
10 9 (0.78%) Wireless
11 7 (0.61%) Network Security
12 6 (0.52%) DHCP
13 5 (0.44%) Ethernet
13 5 (0.44%) HTTPS
13 5 (0.44%) SMTP
14 2 (0.17%) DVB
14 2 (0.17%) Intrusion Detection
14 2 (0.17%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 193 (16.83%) SQL Server
2 125 (10.90%) Relational Database
3 120 (10.46%) Big Data
4 68 (5.93%) RDBMS
5 49 (4.27%) Oracle Database
6 48 (4.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 44 (3.84%) NoSQL
8 43 (3.75%) Data Warehouse
9 38 (3.31%) MySQL
10 34 (2.96%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 30 (2.62%) PostgreSQL
12 18 (1.57%) MongoDB
13 16 (1.39%) Apache Cassandra
13 16 (1.39%) DB2
14 15 (1.31%) Blockchain
14 15 (1.31%) Oracle Database 10g
15 14 (1.22%) Power BI
15 14 (1.22%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 12 (1.05%) Oracle Database 11g
17 11 (0.96%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 103 (8.98%) Git (software)
2 72 (6.28%) Eclipse
3 68 (5.93%) Jenkins
4 64 (5.58%) JIRA
5 59 (5.14%) Eclipse RCP
6 48 (4.18%) Maven
7 32 (2.79%) JUnit
8 26 (2.27%) Cucumber
9 25 (2.18%) Mockito
9 25 (2.18%) Subversion
10 24 (2.09%) TeamCity
10 24 (2.09%) Visual Studio
11 21 (1.83%) SoapUI
12 19 (1.66%) Gradle
13 18 (1.57%) Selenium
14 13 (1.13%) Ant
14 13 (1.13%) eggPlant
14 13 (1.13%) fastlane
14 13 (1.13%) JMeter
15 12 (1.05%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 291 (25.37%) Finance
2 97 (8.46%) Banking
3 78 (6.80%) Retail
4 47 (4.10%) Marketing
5 41 (3.57%) Manufacturing
6 29 (2.53%) Front Office
7 27 (2.35%) Local Government
8 24 (2.09%) Financial Institution
9 21 (1.83%) Investment Banking
9 21 (1.83%) Telecoms
10 19 (1.66%) Automotive
11 17 (1.48%) Advertising
12 16 (1.39%) Legal
13 13 (1.13%) Back Office
14 12 (1.05%) Electronics
15 11 (0.96%) Billing
16 9 (0.78%) Aerospace
16 9 (0.78%) Law
17 7 (0.61%) Games
18 5 (0.44%) Military
Job Titles
1 223 (19.44%) Developer
2 214 (18.66%) Architect
3 106 (9.24%) Analyst
4 104 (9.07%) Software Engineer
5 73 (6.36%) Java Developer
6 68 (5.93%) Solutions Architect
7 67 (5.84%) Senior Software Engineer
8 66 (5.75%) Consultant
9 51 (4.45%) Junior
10 48 (4.18%) Cloud Architect
11 42 (3.66%) Systems Engineer
12 41 (3.57%) Junior Software Engineer
12 41 (3.57%) Software Developer
13 37 (3.23%) C# Developer
13 37 (3.23%) DevOps Engineer
13 37 (3.23%) Principal Engineer
14 34 (2.96%) Senior Developer
15 33 (2.88%) .NET Developer
16 31 (2.70%) AWS Architect
16 31 (2.70%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 179 (15.61%) Web Services
2 131 (11.42%) XML
3 126 (10.99%) .NET
4 125 (10.90%) CSS
5 124 (10.81%) HTML
5 124 (10.81%) Spring
6 114 (9.94%) REST
7 88 (7.67%) SOAP
8 71 (6.19%) JSON
9 66 (5.75%) JMS
10 58 (5.06%) J2EE
11 56 (4.88%) JSP
12 54 (4.71%) AngularJS
13 52 (4.53%) RESTful
13 52 (4.53%) XSLT
14 51 (4.45%) ASP.NET
15 50 (4.36%) Java EE
16 37 (3.23%) ASP.NET Web API
16 37 (3.23%) jQuery
17 34 (2.96%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 108 (9.42%) Enterprise Software
2 95 (8.28%) Analytical Skills
3 60 (5.23%) Management Information System
4 49 (4.27%) Data Centre
5 44 (3.84%) User Experience
6 31 (2.70%) Equities
7 30 (2.62%) Self-Motivation
8 27 (2.35%) Virtual Team
9 26 (2.27%) Public Cloud
10 23 (2.01%) Mobile App
11 22 (1.92%) Greenfield Project
12 19 (1.66%) Derivative
13 18 (1.57%) Mainframe
14 16 (1.39%) Client/Server
15 14 (1.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 12 (1.05%) Clustering
16 12 (1.05%) Taxonomies
17 11 (0.96%) Algorithms
17 11 (0.96%) Cloud Native
18 9 (0.78%) DataPower
Operating Systems
1 300 (26.16%) Linux
2 217 (18.92%) Windows
3 99 (8.63%) Unix
4 64 (5.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 27 (2.35%) Windows Server
6 25 (2.18%) Android
7 23 (2.01%) Apple iOS
8 14 (1.22%) AIX
9 12 (1.05%) Solaris
10 10 (0.87%) Windows 10
11 7 (0.61%) VME
12 6 (0.52%) Ubuntu
12 6 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (0.44%) Fedora
13 5 (0.44%) Windows Vista
14 3 (0.26%) CentOS
14 3 (0.26%) OS/400
14 3 (0.26%) SUSE
14 3 (0.26%) VMS
14 3 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 416 (36.27%) Agile Software Development
2 232 (20.23%) DevOps
3 174 (15.17%) Software Engineering
4 172 (15.00%) SOA
5 143 (12.47%) Problem-Solving
6 141 (12.29%) OO
7 132 (11.51%) Analytics
8 131 (11.42%) UML
9 124 (10.81%) Migration
10 119 (10.37%) SDLC
11 115 (10.03%) Mentoring
12 109 (9.50%) Continuous Integration
13 107 (9.33%) Business Intelligence
14 103 (8.98%) ETL
15 99 (8.63%) Open Source
15 99 (8.63%) Unit Testing
16 89 (7.76%) ITIL
17 86 (7.50%) TDD
18 85 (7.41%) Project Management
19 82 (7.15%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 467 (40.71%) Java
2 351 (30.60%) SQL
3 192 (16.74%) C#
4 168 (14.65%) Python
5 145 (12.64%) JavaScript
6 114 (9.94%) C++
7 59 (5.14%) C
8 56 (4.88%) Bash Shell
9 42 (3.66%) PowerShell
10 41 (3.57%) Perl
11 37 (3.23%) Java 8
12 36 (3.14%) T-SQL
13 34 (2.96%) PL/SQL
14 31 (2.70%) XPath
15 29 (2.53%) VB
16 25 (2.18%) Shell Script
17 23 (2.01%) PHP
18 20 (1.74%) ABAP
19 18 (1.57%) VB.NET
20 16 (1.39%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 136 (11.86%) Degree
2 86 (7.50%) Security Cleared
3 38 (3.31%) SC Cleared
4 35 (3.05%) Computer Science Degree
5 34 (2.96%) DV Cleared
6 21 (1.83%) ITIL Certification
7 11 (0.96%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 11 (0.96%) Microsoft Certification
8 9 (0.78%) Chartered Engineer
8 9 (0.78%) CISSP
8 9 (0.78%) TOGAF Certification
9 8 (0.70%) MCSD
9 8 (0.70%) Numerate Degree
10 7 (0.61%) Cisco Certification
10 7 (0.61%) RHCE
11 6 (0.52%) Master's Degree
12 5 (0.44%) CCNA
13 4 (0.35%) PMI Certification
13 4 (0.35%) SAP Certification
14 3 (0.26%) IBM Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (5.41%) QA
2 37 (3.23%) SLA
3 12 (1.05%) PMO
4 11 (0.96%) HL7
5 6 (0.52%) Dodd-Frank
5 6 (0.52%) EMIR
5 6 (0.52%) MiFID
6 4 (0.35%) GDPR
6 4 (0.35%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.26%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 3 (0.26%) NIST
8 2 (0.17%) ISO 9001
8 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 2 (0.17%) MISRA
8 2 (0.17%) MISRA C
8 2 (0.17%) NIST 800
9 1 (0.087%) JTAG
9 1 (0.087%) NCSC
System Software
1 57 (4.97%) Docker
2 52 (4.53%) Active Directory
3 48 (4.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (1.66%) Oracle RAC
5 13 (1.13%) Forefront TMG
6 11 (0.96%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (0.87%) Hyper-V
7 10 (0.87%) vSphere
8 7 (0.61%) Firmware
9 5 (0.44%) PowerHA
10 4 (0.35%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.26%) Gluster
11 3 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.17%) iptables
12 2 (0.17%) NFS
12 2 (0.17%) Postfix
12 2 (0.17%) Samba
12 2 (0.17%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.17%) VMware Server
13 1 (0.087%) LXC
Systems Management
1 65 (5.67%) Ansible
2 50 (4.36%) Puppet
3 38 (3.31%) Opscode Chef
4 30 (2.62%) Kubernetes
5 24 (2.09%) Terraform
6 14 (1.22%) Single Sign-On
7 10 (0.87%) HP Quality Center
8 8 (0.70%) Data Guard
8 8 (0.70%) Docker Swarm
9 7 (0.61%) SCCM
9 7 (0.61%) Tivoli
10 6 (0.52%) CloudHub
11 5 (0.44%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
11 5 (0.44%) Nagios
12 4 (0.35%) CA Single Sign-On
12 4 (0.35%) Nessus
12 4 (0.35%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 4 (0.35%) Prometheus
12 4 (0.35%) TIBCO Hawk
12 4 (0.35%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 243 (21.19%) Oracle
2 178 (15.52%) Microsoft
3 117 (10.20%) IBM
4 95 (8.28%) VMware
5 75 (6.54%) Red Hat
6 66 (5.75%) SAP
7 51 (4.45%) TIBCO
8 50 (4.36%) Google
9 42 (3.66%) Salesforce.com
10 31 (2.70%) MuleSoft
11 28 (2.44%) Rackspace
12 25 (2.18%) Solace
13 24 (2.09%) Adobe
14 23 (2.01%) WorldPay
15 20 (1.74%) HP
16 15 (1.31%) Atlassian
16 15 (1.31%) hybris
17 14 (1.22%) ServiceNow
17 14 (1.22%) WSO2
18 13 (1.13%) Fidessa