Period
to 16 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 16 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
16 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 337 390 292
Rank change year-on-year +53 -98 +4
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 644 1,142 2,060
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.87% 0.78% 1.17%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.15% 2.07% 2.90%
Number of salaries quoted 532 889 1,422
Median annual salary £62,500 £55,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +13.64% -8.33% -
10th Percentile £39,883 £32,000 £37,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £91,250 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.52% -4.55% +10.00%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29,915 55,180 70,942
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.22% 37.84% 40.31%
Number of salaries quoted 24,707 45,518 59,119
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Salary trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 16 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 16 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +76 587 £65,000 +8.33% 59
UK excluding London +106 381 £57,500 +9.52% 44
London +22 248 £75,000 +7.14% 17
South East +85 127 £65,000 +13.04% 10
North of England +127 89 £60,000 +9.09% 12
North West +100 58 £67,500 +22.73% 5
South West +87 55 £55,000 +15.79% 7
Wales +53 37 £42,500 -1.00% 1
Midlands +83 35 £45,750 -8.50% 8
Work from Home +45 30 £72,500 +45.00% 8
East of England +64 24 £67,500 +28.57% 5
West Midlands +78 23 £49,125 -1.75% 5
Yorkshire +81 21 £51,250 -8.89% 1
Scotland +44 14 £62,500 +43.68% 1
East Midlands +61 11 £30,000 -45.95% 3
North East +33 10 £40,000 -41.35% 6

For the 6 months to 16 July 2020, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 204 (31.68%) Finance
2 201 (31.21%) Agile Software Development
3 191 (29.66%) Linux
4 179 (27.80%) Java
5 148 (22.98%) Oracle
6 123 (19.10%) C#
7 122 (18.94%) DevOps
8 118 (18.32%) Azure
9 115 (17.86%) AWS
9 115 (17.86%) SQL
10 112 (17.39%) Microsoft
11 109 (16.93%) .NET
12 98 (15.22%) JavaScript
13 92 (14.29%) SQL Server
14 91 (14.13%) IBM
15 88 (13.66%) Python
16 87 (13.51%) Test Automation
17 81 (12.58%) Windows
18 78 (12.11%) Degree
19 77 (11.96%) WebSphere
20 76 (11.80%) Scrum
20 76 (11.80%) Web Services
21 73 (11.34%) SOA
22 72 (11.18%) Software Engineering
23 70 (10.87%) REST
24 65 (10.09%) Banking
25 64 (9.94%) HTML
26 56 (8.70%) CSS
27 55 (8.54%) AngularJS
28 54 (8.39%) ITIL

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 77 (11.96%) WebSphere
2 53 (8.23%) WebLogic
3 46 (7.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 45 (6.99%) Tomcat
5 33 (5.12%) Apache
6 27 (4.19%) SharePoint
7 23 (3.57%) JBoss
8 21 (3.26%) Confluence
9 18 (2.80%) WebSphere Application Server
10 16 (2.48%) IBM Transformation Extender
11 15 (2.33%) Mule
11 15 (2.33%) OpenStack
12 13 (2.02%) Apache Spark
13 12 (1.86%) MS Exchange
14 11 (1.71%) Oracle HTTP Server
15 10 (1.55%) IIS
16 9 (1.40%) CICS
16 9 (1.40%) Oracle Service Bus
16 9 (1.40%) SharePoint 2013
17 8 (1.24%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 13 (2.02%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 5 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.78%) Simulink
3 3 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.16%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 13 (2.02%) Oracle BPM
2 8 (1.24%) Oracle CRM
2 8 (1.24%) Oracle Payables
2 8 (1.24%) Oracle Receivables
3 7 (1.09%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (1.09%) Oracle ERP
4 6 (0.93%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 3 (0.47%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.31%) Magento
6 2 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.31%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.31%) SAP CO
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle FAH
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle General Ledger
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle Internet Expenses
7 1 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.16%) SAP FI
7 1 (0.16%) SAP PM
7 1 (0.16%) SAP PP
7 1 (0.16%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 118 (18.32%) Azure
2 115 (17.86%) AWS
3 50 (7.76%) SaaS
4 28 (4.35%) PaaS
5 23 (3.57%) GCP
6 18 (2.80%) Serverless
7 17 (2.64%) Cloud Computing
8 15 (2.33%) Office 365
9 14 (2.17%) Amazon EC2
9 14 (2.17%) Amazon Kinesis
10 11 (1.71%) BlazeMeter
10 11 (1.71%) IaaS
11 10 (1.55%) GitHub
12 9 (1.40%) Oracle CX
13 7 (1.09%) Oracle Service Cloud
14 6 (0.93%) Power Platform
15 5 (0.78%) Boomi
15 5 (0.78%) iPaaS
16 4 (0.62%) AWS Lambda
16 4 (0.62%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 37 (5.75%) TCP/IP
2 28 (4.35%) FTP
3 25 (3.88%) HTTP
4 22 (3.42%) SSL
5 21 (3.26%) SSH
6 17 (2.64%) Firewall
7 14 (2.17%) Network Security
8 12 (1.86%) SAN
8 12 (1.86%) WAN
9 11 (1.71%) DNS
10 8 (1.24%) VPN
11 6 (0.93%) Broadband
11 6 (0.93%) DHCP
11 6 (0.93%) Wireless
12 5 (0.78%) Skype
13 4 (0.62%) Internet
13 4 (0.62%) Intranet
13 4 (0.62%) WebEx
14 3 (0.47%) 2G
14 3 (0.47%) 3G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 92 (14.29%) SQL Server
2 47 (7.30%) Oracle Database
3 23 (3.57%) Data Warehouse
3 23 (3.57%) Relational Database
4 20 (3.11%) Oracle Reports
5 19 (2.95%) Big Data
6 14 (2.17%) MySQL
6 14 (2.17%) Oracle Database 11g
7 12 (1.86%) NoSQL
7 12 (1.86%) Oracle Database 12c
7 12 (1.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 11 (1.71%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 9 (1.40%) DB2
9 9 (1.40%) Hadoop
9 9 (1.40%) Oracle Database 10g
9 9 (1.40%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 8 (1.24%) Oracle BI Publisher
10 8 (1.24%) Oracle ODI
11 7 (1.09%) PostgreSQL
12 6 (0.93%) Redis
Development Applications
1 51 (7.92%) Git (software)
2 43 (6.68%) Jenkins
2 43 (6.68%) JIRA
3 26 (4.04%) Cucumber
4 23 (3.57%) Selenium
5 19 (2.95%) JUnit
6 16 (2.48%) SoapUI
7 14 (2.17%) Oracle Forms
7 14 (2.17%) Postman
8 12 (1.86%) JMeter
8 12 (1.86%) Maven
9 11 (1.71%) Eclipse
9 11 (1.71%) eggPlant
9 11 (1.71%) REST Assured
10 10 (1.55%) JBehave
10 10 (1.55%) TeamCity
11 9 (1.40%) LoadRunner
11 9 (1.40%) The Grinder
12 8 (1.24%) Bitbucket
12 8 (1.24%) Rational DOORS
General
1 204 (31.68%) Finance
2 65 (10.09%) Banking
3 24 (3.73%) Advertising
3 24 (3.73%) Back Office
4 23 (3.57%) Marketing
5 18 (2.80%) Local Government
6 16 (2.48%) Retail
7 12 (1.86%) Manufacturing
8 11 (1.71%) Electronics
8 11 (1.71%) Public Sector
8 11 (1.71%) Telecoms
9 9 (1.40%) German Language
10 8 (1.24%) Aerospace
10 8 (1.24%) Games
10 8 (1.24%) Investment Banking
11 6 (0.93%) Front Office
12 4 (0.62%) Fire and Rescue
12 4 (0.62%) Legal
13 3 (0.47%) Law
13 3 (0.47%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 161 (25.00%) Developer
2 136 (21.12%) Architect
3 52 (8.07%) Solutions Architect
4 49 (7.61%) Middleware Developer
5 42 (6.52%) Analyst
6 41 (6.37%) Administrator
7 40 (6.21%) Software Engineer
8 38 (5.90%) Consultant
9 36 (5.59%) Senior Developer
10 31 (4.81%) Java Developer
10 31 (4.81%) Systems Administrator
11 30 (4.66%) Systems Developer
12 25 (3.88%) Integration Developer
13 21 (3.26%) Middleware Engineer
13 21 (3.26%) Senior Systems Administrator
14 20 (3.11%) Linux Administrator
14 20 (3.11%) Linux Systems Administrator
15 19 (2.95%) Backend Developer
16 18 (2.80%) .NET Architect
16 18 (2.80%) DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 109 (16.93%) .NET
2 76 (11.80%) Web Services
3 70 (10.87%) REST
4 64 (9.94%) HTML
5 56 (8.70%) CSS
6 55 (8.54%) AngularJS
7 52 (8.07%) React
8 49 (7.61%) SOAP
9 41 (6.37%) .NET Framework
10 38 (5.90%) Node.js
11 34 (5.28%) Spring
12 33 (5.12%) XML
13 31 (4.81%) jQuery
14 30 (4.66%) Kafka
15 26 (4.04%) JSON
15 26 (4.04%) Oracle Fusion
16 24 (3.73%) RabbitMQ
16 24 (3.73%) RESTful
16 24 (3.73%) WebSphere MQ
17 23 (3.57%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 39 (6.06%) Self-Motivation
2 38 (5.90%) Analytical Skills
2 38 (5.90%) Management Information System
3 26 (4.04%) Mainframe
4 25 (3.88%) Data Centre
5 18 (2.80%) Greenfield Project
5 18 (2.80%) Reinsurance
6 17 (2.64%) Enterprise Software
6 17 (2.64%) User Experience
7 16 (2.48%) Hybrid Cloud
8 15 (2.33%) Algorithms
9 13 (2.02%) PKI
10 12 (1.86%) Virtual Team
11 11 (1.71%) Clustering
11 11 (1.71%) Data Structures
11 11 (1.71%) Mobile App
12 10 (1.55%) Embedded Systems
12 10 (1.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 10 (1.55%) SWIFT
13 9 (1.40%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 191 (29.66%) Linux
2 81 (12.58%) Windows
3 50 (7.76%) Unix
4 32 (4.97%) Windows Server
5 30 (4.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 18 (2.80%) AIX
7 16 (2.48%) Oracle Linux
8 14 (2.17%) Solaris
9 7 (1.09%) HPUX
10 6 (0.93%) Android
11 5 (0.78%) OS/400
11 5 (0.78%) VxWorks
12 3 (0.47%) Apple iOS
12 3 (0.47%) Ubuntu
12 3 (0.47%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.31%) CentOS
14 1 (0.16%) Amazon Linux
14 1 (0.16%) SUSE
14 1 (0.16%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 201 (31.21%) Agile Software Development
2 122 (18.94%) DevOps
3 87 (13.51%) Test Automation
4 76 (11.80%) Scrum
5 73 (11.34%) SOA
6 72 (11.18%) Software Engineering
7 54 (8.39%) ITIL
8 53 (8.23%) Waterfall
9 50 (7.76%) SDLC
10 48 (7.45%) Project Management
11 47 (7.30%) Migration
12 44 (6.83%) Continuous Integration
13 42 (6.52%) Microservices
14 38 (5.90%) IT Strategy
14 38 (5.90%) Stakeholder Management
15 35 (5.43%) High Availability
15 35 (5.43%) Problem-Solving
16 34 (5.28%) Project Delivery
16 34 (5.28%) Root Cause Analysis
17 33 (5.12%) OO
Programming Languages
1 179 (27.80%) Java
2 123 (19.10%) C#
3 115 (17.86%) SQL
4 98 (15.22%) JavaScript
5 88 (13.66%) Python
6 52 (8.07%) C++
7 46 (7.14%) Shell Script
8 37 (5.75%) Bash Shell
8 37 (5.75%) C
9 21 (3.26%) Perl
10 17 (2.64%) PowerShell
11 16 (2.48%) PHP
12 14 (2.17%) Go
13 12 (1.86%) VB.NET
14 11 (1.71%) VB
15 9 (1.40%) R
16 8 (1.24%) PL/SQL
16 8 (1.24%) VBScript
17 7 (1.09%) TypeScript
18 6 (0.93%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 78 (12.11%) Degree
2 34 (5.28%) Security Cleared
3 17 (2.64%) SC Cleared
4 16 (2.48%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (2.33%) TOGAF Certification
6 13 (2.02%) DV Cleared
7 12 (1.86%) PMP
8 11 (1.71%) Microsoft Certification
9 8 (1.24%) Oracle Certification
10 7 (1.09%) AWS Certification
11 6 (0.93%) CBAP
11 6 (0.93%) CISA
11 6 (0.93%) CISM
11 6 (0.93%) CISSP
12 5 (0.78%) MCAD
12 5 (0.78%) PMI Certification
13 4 (0.62%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.62%) RHCE
14 3 (0.47%) ISTQB
15 2 (0.31%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (3.57%) QA
2 13 (2.02%) GDPR
2 13 (2.02%) NIST
3 9 (1.40%) Data Quality
3 9 (1.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 9 (1.40%) SLA
4 8 (1.24%) NIST 800
5 5 (0.78%) GxP
5 5 (0.78%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 4 (0.62%) COBIT
7 3 (0.47%) ISO 9001
8 2 (0.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.16%) JTAG
9 1 (0.16%) PMO
System Software
1 36 (5.59%) Docker
2 17 (2.64%) VMware Infrastructure
3 16 (2.48%) Active Directory
4 9 (1.40%) vSphere
5 6 (0.93%) VMware ESXi
6 4 (0.62%) Firmware
6 4 (0.62%) OpenAM
7 3 (0.47%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.31%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.31%) Samba
8 2 (0.31%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.31%) XenApp
9 1 (0.16%) ACF2
9 1 (0.16%) KVM
9 1 (0.16%) OpenSSH
9 1 (0.16%) RACF
9 1 (0.16%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 38 (5.90%) Kubernetes
2 30 (4.66%) Ansible
3 13 (2.02%) Terraform
4 12 (1.86%) Puppet
5 11 (1.71%) HP Quality Center
5 11 (1.71%) Oracle Identity Management
5 11 (1.71%) Tivoli
6 9 (1.40%) Opscode Chef
7 6 (0.93%) BladeLogic
8 5 (0.78%) Red Hat Satellite
8 5 (0.78%) Single Sign-On
9 4 (0.62%) Kibana
9 4 (0.62%) logstash
9 4 (0.62%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 3 (0.47%) Nessus
11 2 (0.31%) BMC PATROL
11 2 (0.31%) CA Wily
11 2 (0.31%) CloudHub
11 2 (0.31%) Data Guard
11 2 (0.31%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 148 (22.98%) Oracle
2 112 (17.39%) Microsoft
3 91 (14.13%) IBM
4 34 (5.28%) Red Hat
5 29 (4.50%) TIBCO
6 28 (4.35%) VMware
7 24 (3.73%) MuleSoft
8 19 (2.95%) HP
8 19 (2.95%) Solace
9 14 (2.17%) Salesforce.com
9 14 (2.17%) webMethods
10 13 (2.02%) Cisco
10 13 (2.02%) SAP
11 12 (1.86%) F5
11 12 (1.86%) Hyperion
12 8 (1.24%) Google
12 8 (1.24%) Palo Alto
13 6 (0.93%) NetApp
13 6 (0.93%) PeopleSoft
13 6 (0.93%) Sybase