Period
to 21 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 21 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 322 306 262
Rank change year-on-year -16 -44 -37
Permanent jobs citing Middleware 1,687 1,909 2,509
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.03% 1.10% 1.31%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.58% 2.73% 3.37%
Number of salaries quoted 1,121 1,334 1,830
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £60,000
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £38,750
90th Percentile £92,500 £86,250 £89,100
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% -9.09% +10.00%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 65,407 70,019 74,551
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.99% 40.19% 39.02%
Number of salaries quoted 54,084 57,920 64,590
UK median annual salary £51,200 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.40% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Middleware.

Salary trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -18 1,540 £62,500 +4.17% 238
UK excluding London -6 959 £52,500 +5.00% 169
London -25 699 £72,500 +3.57% 91
South East +47 364 £57,500 +10.58% 36
North of England +26 265 £52,500 +5.00% 46
Yorkshire +81 183 £57,500 +15.00% 29
Scotland +70 101 £45,000 - 12
North West -63 76 £47,500 -5.00% 13
East of England -36 74 £55,000 -4.35% 18
Midlands -35 71 £47,250 +5.00% 27
South West -27 64 £48,507 -11.81% 20
West Midlands -36 47 £58,750 +30.56% 18
East Midlands +1 24 £44,500 +7.88% 9
Wales +6 15 £48,000 -4.00% 8
North East -26 8 £100,000 +44.93% 4
Northern Ireland +11 5 £57,500 +43.75% 2
Channel Islands - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 21 October 2018, IT jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 551 (32.66%) Finance
2 536 (31.77%) SQL
3 530 (31.42%) Java
4 526 (31.18%) Agile Software Development
5 484 (28.69%) Oracle
6 455 (26.97%) Linux
7 341 (20.21%) SQL Server
8 301 (17.84%) Windows
9 294 (17.43%) Microsoft
10 282 (16.72%) DevOps
11 281 (16.66%) Python
12 270 (16.00%) .NET
13 265 (15.71%) Amazon AWS
14 262 (15.53%) Degree
15 259 (15.35%) C#
16 249 (14.76%) Microsoft Azure
16 249 (14.76%) Problem-Solving
17 243 (14.40%) SOA
18 237 (14.05%) Project Management
19 234 (13.87%) Web Services
20 228 (13.52%) Continuous Integration
21 226 (13.40%) Unix
22 210 (12.45%) OO
22 210 (12.45%) Test Automation
23 205 (12.15%) TDD
24 194 (11.50%) Scrum
25 190 (11.26%) JavaScript
26 186 (11.03%) XML
26 186 (11.03%) Banking
27 185 (10.97%) REST

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 152 (9.01%) WebSphere
2 135 (8.00%) WebLogic
3 104 (6.16%) Apache
4 101 (5.99%) MQSeries
5 95 (5.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 92 (5.45%) JBoss
7 79 (4.68%) Tomcat
8 57 (3.38%) IIS
9 51 (3.02%) BizTalk Server
9 51 (3.02%) CMS
9 51 (3.02%) Confluence
10 50 (2.96%) Elasticsearch
11 36 (2.13%) Apache Spark
12 35 (2.07%) OpenStack
13 28 (1.66%) Oracle Service Bus
14 27 (1.60%) Cloud Foundry
15 24 (1.42%) WebSphere Application Server
16 22 (1.30%) Mule
17 19 (1.13%) NServiceBus
18 18 (1.07%) Hyperledger
Applications
1 20 (1.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (1.07%) Spreadsheet
3 12 (0.71%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.12%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 38 (2.25%) Oracle EBS
2 22 (1.30%) Oracle Applications
3 19 (1.13%) Oracle EBS R12
4 15 (0.89%) Oracle 11i
5 14 (0.83%) Markit EDM
6 12 (0.71%) Payment Gateway
7 11 (0.65%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 11 (0.65%) Oracle Financials
8 10 (0.59%) Dynamics CRM
8 10 (0.59%) SAP ERP
9 9 (0.53%) Cognos TM1
9 9 (0.53%) Documaker
10 8 (0.47%) Infor M3
10 8 (0.47%) Siebel CRM
10 8 (0.47%) StreamServe
11 7 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
12 5 (0.30%) Oracle BPM
13 4 (0.24%) Distributed Ledger
13 4 (0.24%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
13 4 (0.24%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 265 (15.71%) Amazon AWS
2 249 (14.76%) Microsoft Azure
3 60 (3.56%) PaaS
4 59 (3.50%) IaaS
5 57 (3.38%) SaaS
6 53 (3.14%) Google Cloud Platform
7 40 (2.37%) Cloud Computing
8 38 (2.25%) Office 365
9 34 (2.02%) GitHub
10 28 (1.66%) IBM Cloud
11 26 (1.54%) Serverless
12 23 (1.36%) Amazon S3
13 19 (1.13%) OpenShift
14 15 (0.89%) AWS Lambda
15 14 (0.83%) Amazon EC2
16 13 (0.77%) Amazon ElastiCache
17 10 (0.59%) Boomi
17 10 (0.59%) iPaaS
18 9 (0.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 9 (0.53%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 88 (5.22%) Firewall
2 70 (4.15%) Internet
3 67 (3.97%) TCP/IP
4 61 (3.62%) HTTP
5 52 (3.08%) DNS
6 49 (2.90%) LAN
7 47 (2.79%) WAN
8 23 (1.36%) SSL
9 21 (1.24%) Network Security
10 19 (1.13%) FTP
10 19 (1.13%) SAN
11 16 (0.95%) SSH
11 16 (0.95%) VPN
12 15 (0.89%) Cisco ASA
12 15 (0.89%) DHCP
12 15 (0.89%) IPsec
13 14 (0.83%) NAS
14 13 (0.77%) HTTPS
15 12 (0.71%) VoIP
16 10 (0.59%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 341 (20.21%) SQL Server
2 177 (10.49%) Relational Database
3 172 (10.20%) NoSQL
4 143 (8.48%) Big Data
5 132 (7.82%) Oracle Database
6 106 (6.28%) Data Warehouse
7 104 (6.16%) PostgreSQL
8 101 (5.99%) MongoDB
9 91 (5.39%) Apache Cassandra
10 82 (4.86%) MySQL
11 80 (4.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 75 (4.45%) RDBMS
13 59 (3.50%) DB2
14 52 (3.08%) Bigtable
15 44 (2.61%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 41 (2.43%) Hadoop
16 41 (2.43%) Oracle Database 11g
17 35 (2.07%) SQL Server 2008
18 34 (2.02%) Oracle BI EE
19 32 (1.90%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 179 (10.61%) Git (software)
2 153 (9.07%) Jenkins
3 97 (5.75%) JIRA
4 95 (5.63%) Maven
5 58 (3.44%) Subversion
6 40 (2.37%) JUnit
7 38 (2.25%) Team Foundation Server
8 37 (2.19%) Gradle
9 33 (1.96%) Eclipse
10 32 (1.90%) Selenium
11 31 (1.84%) NUnit
12 30 (1.78%) TeamCity
13 28 (1.66%) Bitbucket
13 28 (1.66%) Visual Studio
14 27 (1.60%) Artifactory
15 25 (1.48%) Cucumber
15 25 (1.48%) Sonatype Nexus
16 23 (1.36%) IntelliJ
17 22 (1.30%) Oracle APEX
18 21 (1.24%) Moq
General
1 551 (32.66%) Finance
2 186 (11.03%) Banking
3 76 (4.51%) Investment Banking
3 76 (4.51%) Retail
4 61 (3.62%) Manufacturing
5 53 (3.14%) Front Office
6 49 (2.90%) Financial Institution
7 47 (2.79%) Marketing
8 36 (2.13%) Telecoms
9 29 (1.72%) Electronics
10 24 (1.42%) Law
11 20 (1.19%) Back Office
12 18 (1.07%) Advertising
13 16 (0.95%) Local Government
14 10 (0.59%) Publishing
15 9 (0.53%) Games
15 9 (0.53%) Legal
16 6 (0.36%) Military
17 5 (0.30%) Corporate Banking
18 4 (0.24%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 438 (25.96%) Developer
2 316 (18.73%) Architect
3 130 (7.71%) Java Developer
4 115 (6.82%) Analyst
5 101 (5.99%) Senior Developer
6 92 (5.45%) Consultant
7 80 (4.74%) Software Engineer
8 78 (4.62%) C# Developer
9 71 (4.21%) Solutions Architect
10 69 (4.09%) .NET Developer
11 68 (4.03%) Technical Architect
12 64 (3.79%) IT Engineer
13 55 (3.26%) Linux Engineer
14 52 (3.08%) Support Analyst
15 47 (2.79%) Administrator
15 47 (2.79%) Java Engineer
16 45 (2.67%) Integration Developer
17 44 (2.61%) Applications Support
17 44 (2.61%) DBA
18 42 (2.49%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 270 (16.00%) .NET
2 234 (13.87%) Web Services
3 186 (11.03%) XML
4 185 (10.97%) REST
5 171 (10.14%) Spring
6 134 (7.94%) HTML
7 123 (7.29%) SOAP
8 119 (7.05%) AngularJS
9 110 (6.52%) Kafka
10 101 (5.99%) RESTful
11 100 (5.93%) JSON
12 88 (5.22%) CSS
13 86 (5.10%) Oracle Fusion
14 85 (5.04%) ASP.NET
15 82 (4.86%) JMS
16 80 (4.74%) HTML5
17 79 (4.68%) J2EE
18 77 (4.56%) RabbitMQ
19 76 (4.51%) ASP.NET Web API
20 72 (4.27%) WebSphere MQ
Miscellaneous
1 178 (10.55%) Analytical Skills
2 169 (10.02%) Data Centre
3 119 (7.05%) Enterprise Software
4 94 (5.57%) Management Information System
5 89 (5.28%) Computer Science
6 62 (3.68%) Virtual Team
7 51 (3.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 49 (2.90%) Fixed Income
8 49 (2.90%) Self-Motivation
9 47 (2.79%) Mainframe
10 37 (2.19%) Fintech
11 35 (2.07%) Cyberthreat
12 32 (1.90%) Data Structures
13 31 (1.84%) Algorithms
13 31 (1.84%) Derivative
13 31 (1.84%) User Experience
14 26 (1.54%) Client/Server
14 26 (1.54%) PMI
15 25 (1.48%) Hybrid Cloud
16 23 (1.36%) DataPower
Operating Systems
1 455 (26.97%) Linux
2 301 (17.84%) Windows
3 226 (13.40%) Unix
4 117 (6.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 109 (6.46%) Windows Server
6 82 (4.86%) Solaris
7 68 (4.03%) AIX
8 59 (3.50%) CentOS
9 25 (1.48%) HPUX
9 25 (1.48%) Windows Server 2008
10 22 (1.30%) Ubuntu
11 17 (1.01%) Windows Server 2012
11 17 (1.01%) zOS
12 16 (0.95%) Android
13 14 (0.83%) Windows 10
14 10 (0.59%) Apple iOS
15 7 (0.41%) Windows 7
15 7 (0.41%) Windows 8
16 6 (0.36%) Mac OS
17 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 526 (31.18%) Agile Software Development
2 282 (16.72%) DevOps
3 249 (14.76%) Problem-Solving
4 243 (14.40%) SOA
5 237 (14.05%) Project Management
6 228 (13.52%) Continuous Integration
7 210 (12.45%) OO
7 210 (12.45%) Test Automation
8 205 (12.15%) TDD
9 194 (11.50%) Scrum
10 180 (10.67%) Software Engineering
11 178 (10.55%) Service Management
12 170 (10.08%) IT Strategy
13 168 (9.96%) SDLC
14 147 (8.71%) Unit Testing
15 128 (7.59%) Analytics
16 127 (7.53%) ITIL
17 117 (6.94%) MVC
18 112 (6.64%) Microservices
19 111 (6.58%) ERP
Programming Languages
1 536 (31.77%) SQL
2 530 (31.42%) Java
3 281 (16.66%) Python
4 259 (15.35%) C#
5 190 (11.26%) JavaScript
6 107 (6.34%) PowerShell
7 103 (6.11%) C++
8 95 (5.63%) Shell Script
9 79 (4.68%) PL/SQL
10 74 (4.39%) C
11 71 (4.21%) Bash Shell
12 67 (3.97%) Perl
13 59 (3.50%) Java 8
14 58 (3.44%) XPath
15 55 (3.26%) Ruby
16 41 (2.43%) T-SQL
17 36 (2.13%) PHP
18 24 (1.42%) Go
18 24 (1.42%) Scala
19 23 (1.36%) VB
Qualifications
1 262 (15.53%) Degree
2 93 (5.51%) Security Cleared
3 61 (3.62%) SC Cleared
4 47 (2.79%) Computer Science Degree
5 27 (1.60%) PMI Certification
6 25 (1.48%) Microsoft Certification
7 23 (1.36%) MCSE
8 21 (1.24%) DV Cleared
9 20 (1.19%) Master's Degree
10 19 (1.13%) ITIL Certification
10 19 (1.13%) Numerate Degree
10 19 (1.13%) RHCE
11 15 (0.89%) RHCSA
12 12 (0.71%) PhD
13 11 (0.65%) CISSP
14 8 (0.47%) ISEB
15 7 (0.41%) MCSD
15 7 (0.41%) PRINCE2 Certification
16 6 (0.36%) CISM
16 6 (0.36%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 128 (7.59%) PMO
2 77 (4.56%) QA
3 37 (2.19%) SLA
4 22 (1.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 18 (1.07%) PCI DSS
6 7 (0.41%) GDPR
6 7 (0.41%) ISO 9001
7 6 (0.36%) COBIT
7 6 (0.36%) HL7
7 6 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 4 (0.24%) Data Quality
9 3 (0.18%) ISO 20022
9 3 (0.18%) MiFID
9 3 (0.18%) PA-DSS
10 2 (0.12%) Web Application Security Consortium
11 1 (0.059%) Actionable Recommendations
11 1 (0.059%) ISO 8583
11 1 (0.059%) JTAG
11 1 (0.059%) MISRA
11 1 (0.059%) SEPA
System Software
1 124 (7.35%) Docker
2 96 (5.69%) VMware Infrastructure
3 66 (3.91%) Active Directory
4 56 (3.32%) Hyper-V
5 30 (1.78%) Oracle RAC
6 25 (1.48%) Virtual Machines
7 20 (1.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 16 (0.95%) vSphere
9 15 (0.89%) VMware ESXi
10 14 (0.83%) HDFS
11 13 (0.77%) VirtualBox
12 11 (0.65%) NFS
12 11 (0.65%) Virtual Desktop
13 10 (0.59%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 9 (0.53%) Samba
15 6 (0.36%) KVM
15 6 (0.36%) Microsoft App-V
16 5 (0.30%) Apache Flume
16 5 (0.30%) vCloud
17 4 (0.24%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 134 (7.94%) Ansible
2 126 (7.47%) Puppet
3 56 (3.32%) Opscode Chef
4 52 (3.08%) Kubernetes
5 42 (2.49%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
6 25 (1.48%) Terraform
6 25 (1.48%) vRealize
7 22 (1.30%) SCOM
8 20 (1.19%) Host Intrusion Detection System
8 20 (1.19%) ZABBIX
9 19 (1.13%) Data Guard
9 19 (1.13%) Oracle RMAN
10 17 (1.01%) Tivoli
10 17 (1.01%) Xymon
11 16 (0.95%) Hadoop YARN
11 16 (0.95%) Nagios
11 16 (0.95%) vCenter Server
12 15 (0.89%) Automic
13 14 (0.83%) SCCM
14 11 (0.65%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 484 (28.69%) Oracle
2 294 (17.43%) Microsoft
3 181 (10.73%) IBM
4 123 (7.29%) VMware
5 109 (6.46%) Red Hat
6 83 (4.92%) Google
7 74 (4.39%) TIBCO
8 72 (4.27%) SAP
9 55 (3.26%) Solace
10 53 (3.14%) HP
11 52 (3.08%) Splunk
12 45 (2.67%) MuleSoft
13 41 (2.43%) Cisco
14 35 (2.07%) ServiceNow
15 30 (1.78%) Salesforce.com
15 30 (1.78%) SolarWinds
16 29 (1.72%) Cognizant
17 26 (1.54%) Sybase
18 25 (1.48%) F5
18 25 (1.48%) Informatica