Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Firmware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Firmware over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Firmware
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 481 553 656
Rank change year-on-year +72 +103 -46
Permanent jobs citing Firmware 781 784 632
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.57% 0.48% 0.35%
As % of the System Software category 3.34% 3.17% 2.71%
Number of salaries quoted 542 567 558
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,150 £31,250
90th Percentile £70,000 £65,000 £61,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000

Firmware is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 23,379 24,721 23,317
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.19% 15.16% 12.94%
Number of salaries quoted 19,217 20,168 19,534
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +11.11% +5.88%
10th Percentile £25,500 £25,000 £23,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £39,513
% change year-on-year - +7.56% +5.37%

Firmware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Firmware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Firmware.

Salary trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Firmware over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Firmware within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +95 725 £47,500 +5.56% 229
UK excluding London +34 623 £45,000 - 229
South East +60 285 £52,500 +16.67% 70
London +111 141 £58,000 +28.89% 28
Midlands -3 123 £37,500 -16.67% 35
South West +25 81 £45,000 +2.86% 23
East Midlands +6 74 £37,500 -21.05% 20
East of England +60 68 £42,500 -34.62% 36
West Midlands +1 49 £47,500 +10.47% 15
Scotland +1 29 £45,000 - 24
North of England +6 27 £44,500 -1.11% 37
Yorkshire -4 13 £39,500 -12.22% 19
North West +29 11 £45,000 - 13
Wales +14 10 £40,000 - 4
North East +13 3 £48,750 +39.29% 5

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT jobs citing Firmware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Firmware.

1 406 (51.98%) C
2 300 (38.41%) C++
3 245 (31.37%) Software Engineering
4 243 (31.11%) Degree
5 218 (27.91%) Electronics
6 213 (27.27%) Agile Software Development
7 132 (16.90%) Active Directory
8 129 (16.52%) Microsoft
9 128 (16.39%) Windows
9 128 (16.39%) Linux
10 122 (15.62%) Embedded C
11 120 (15.36%) Python
12 116 (14.85%) SLA
13 105 (13.44%) Embedded Systems
14 104 (13.32%) ITIL
15 98 (12.55%) Azure
16 96 (12.29%) Finance
17 91 (11.65%) Scrum
18 88 (11.27%) Unix
19 85 (10.88%) Computer Science
20 83 (10.63%) Information Security
21 81 (10.37%) ServiceNow
22 78 (9.99%) Ticket Management
22 78 (9.99%) Self-Motivation
23 71 (9.09%) Wireless
23 71 (9.09%) Solaris
23 71 (9.09%) C#
23 71 (9.09%) DNS
23 71 (9.09%) Git (software)
24 68 (8.71%) Algorithms

Firmware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (1.92%) IIS
2 13 (1.66%) Confluence
3 9 (1.15%) SharePoint
3 9 (1.15%) Skype for Business
4 8 (1.02%) MS Exchange
5 3 (0.38%) SharePoint Server
6 1 (0.13%) Cloud Foundry
6 1 (0.13%) Exchange Server 2013
6 1 (0.13%) Mule
Applications
1 46 (5.89%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (1.28%) MS Visio
3 9 (1.15%) Simulink
4 4 (0.51%) Doxygen
4 4 (0.51%) OrCAD
5 2 (0.26%) Acrobat
5 2 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
6 1 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 12 (1.54%) Teamcenter
2 11 (1.41%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.38%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.13%) Sage 200
4 1 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 98 (12.55%) Azure
2 33 (4.23%) Office 365
3 27 (3.46%) AWS
4 17 (2.18%) Cloud Computing
5 13 (1.66%) GCP
6 6 (0.77%) Serverless
7 5 (0.64%) OneDrive
8 4 (0.51%) Dynamics 365
9 3 (0.38%) G Suite
9 3 (0.38%) Slack
10 2 (0.26%) Azure Active Directory
10 2 (0.26%) Dropbox
10 2 (0.26%) SaaS
11 1 (0.13%) Amazon S3
11 1 (0.13%) IaaS
11 1 (0.13%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 71 (9.09%) DNS
1 71 (9.09%) Wireless
2 66 (8.45%) DHCP
3 63 (8.07%) Bluetooth
3 63 (8.07%) Firewall
4 36 (4.61%) VPN
5 35 (4.48%) RS-232
5 35 (4.48%) Wi-Fi
6 34 (4.35%) DMZ
6 34 (4.35%) RS-485
7 33 (4.23%) LAN
7 33 (4.23%) WAN
8 32 (4.10%) TCP/IP
9 28 (3.59%) SAN
10 27 (3.46%) Ethernet
11 19 (2.43%) Internet
12 15 (1.92%) Broadband
13 14 (1.79%) NAS
13 14 (1.79%) Network Security
14 12 (1.54%) NFC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (5.51%) SQL Server
2 24 (3.07%) Big Data
3 20 (2.56%) PostgreSQL
4 18 (2.30%) Oracle Exadata
4 18 (2.30%) SQL Server 2005
4 18 (2.30%) SQL Server 2017
4 18 (2.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 18 (2.30%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 16 (2.05%) Oracle Database
6 9 (1.15%) RDBMS
6 9 (1.15%) Relational Database
7 5 (0.64%) Cosmos DB
8 2 (0.26%) Amazon RDS
8 2 (0.26%) Data Lake
8 2 (0.26%) Data Warehouse
8 2 (0.26%) Oracle Reports
9 1 (0.13%) Data Mining
9 1 (0.13%) Oracle Database 11g
9 1 (0.13%) SQL Server 2008
9 1 (0.13%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 71 (9.09%) Git (software)
2 44 (5.63%) Visual Studio
3 40 (5.12%) JIRA
4 15 (1.92%) CMake
4 15 (1.92%) Eclipse
5 14 (1.79%) CppUnit
6 13 (1.66%) GCC
7 12 (1.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 10 (1.28%) Subversion
9 6 (0.77%) Bugzilla
10 5 (0.64%) GNU Toolchain
10 5 (0.64%) Mercurial
10 5 (0.64%) TestLink
11 4 (0.51%) Maven
12 3 (0.38%) Jenkins
12 3 (0.38%) LabVIEW
12 3 (0.38%) Robot Framework
13 2 (0.26%) Visual Studio Tools for Office
14 1 (0.13%) DbUnit
14 1 (0.13%) Rational DOORS
General
1 218 (27.91%) Electronics
2 96 (12.29%) Finance
3 46 (5.89%) Telecoms
4 42 (5.38%) Manufacturing
5 35 (4.48%) Games
6 34 (4.35%) Automotive
7 15 (1.92%) Law
8 10 (1.28%) Pharmaceutical
9 9 (1.15%) Banking
9 9 (1.15%) Public Sector
10 7 (0.90%) Advertising
11 6 (0.77%) Marketing
12 4 (0.51%) Fire and Rescue
13 3 (0.38%) Aerospace
13 3 (0.38%) Back Office
14 2 (0.26%) Military
14 2 (0.26%) Retail
15 1 (0.13%) Avionics
15 1 (0.13%) Legal
15 1 (0.13%) Welsh Language
Job Titles
1 230 (29.45%) Embedded Engineer
2 157 (20.10%) Firmware Engineer
3 146 (18.69%) Software Engineer
4 109 (13.96%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 57 (7.30%) Support Engineer
6 55 (7.04%) Senior Firmware Engineer
7 53 (6.79%) Embedded C Engineer
8 52 (6.66%) Developer
9 50 (6.40%) Embedded Firmware Engineer
10 49 (6.27%) C Software Engineer
10 49 (6.27%) Network Engineer
11 41 (5.25%) Embedded C Software Engineer
12 40 (5.12%) C++ Software Engineer
13 38 (4.87%) Design Engineer
13 38 (4.87%) Electronics Engineer
14 37 (4.74%) Operations Support Engineer
15 36 (4.61%) Embedded C++ Engineer
16 34 (4.35%) C/C++ Software Engineer
16 34 (4.35%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 32 (4.10%) Embedded C/C++ Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 28 (3.59%) LDAP
2 24 (3.07%) Kafka
3 23 (2.94%) Flash
4 19 (2.43%) .NET
5 13 (1.66%) HTML
5 13 (1.66%) NumPy
5 13 (1.66%) Qt
5 13 (1.66%) SciPy
6 12 (1.54%) HTML5
7 9 (1.15%) 802.1X
7 9 (1.15%) CSS
8 7 (0.90%) Vue.js
8 7 (0.90%) XMPP
9 6 (0.77%) .NET Core
9 6 (0.77%) JSON
9 6 (0.77%) Middleware
10 5 (0.64%) Boost C++ Libraries
10 5 (0.64%) LLVM
10 5 (0.64%) Node.js
10 5 (0.64%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 105 (13.44%) Embedded Systems
2 78 (9.99%) Self-Motivation
3 68 (8.71%) Algorithms
4 58 (7.43%) Management Information System
5 53 (6.79%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
6 39 (4.99%) Data Centre
7 35 (4.48%) User Experience
8 33 (4.23%) Clustering
9 27 (3.46%) Analytical Skills
10 19 (2.43%) Greenfield Project
10 19 (2.43%) Robotics
10 19 (2.43%) Smartphone
11 18 (2.30%) Device Driver
12 17 (2.18%) Driving Licence
12 17 (2.18%) VHDL
13 14 (1.79%) CAN bus
14 13 (1.66%) Analogue Electronics
15 11 (1.41%) CCTV
16 9 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
16 9 (1.15%) Mobile Computing
Operating Systems
1 128 (16.39%) Linux
1 128 (16.39%) Windows
2 88 (11.27%) Unix
3 71 (9.09%) Solaris
4 48 (6.15%) Windows Server
5 26 (3.33%) FreeRTOS
6 24 (3.07%) Windows Server 2012
7 17 (2.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 15 (1.92%) Windows 10
9 13 (1.66%) Android
10 12 (1.54%) Apple iOS
11 11 (1.41%) Embedded Linux
11 11 (1.41%) VxWorks
12 10 (1.28%) Windows Server 2008
13 9 (1.15%) Windows 8
14 7 (0.90%) Oracle Linux
15 6 (0.77%) Windows XP
16 5 (0.64%) CentOS
17 4 (0.51%) Ubuntu
17 4 (0.51%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 245 (31.37%) Software Engineering
2 213 (27.27%) Agile Software Development
3 104 (13.32%) ITIL
4 91 (11.65%) Scrum
5 85 (10.88%) Computer Science
6 83 (10.63%) Information Security
7 78 (9.99%) Ticket Management
8 68 (8.71%) High Availability
9 53 (6.79%) Problem-Solving
10 50 (6.40%) Patch Management
11 49 (6.27%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 49 (6.27%) Mentoring
12 46 (5.89%) Test Automation
13 43 (5.51%) Continuous Integration
13 43 (5.51%) Validation
14 37 (4.74%) Collaborative Working
14 37 (4.74%) Software Testing
15 36 (4.61%) Change Control
16 35 (4.48%) Project Delivery
17 32 (4.10%) Prototyping
Programming Languages
1 406 (51.98%) C
2 300 (38.41%) C++
3 122 (15.62%) Embedded C
4 120 (15.36%) Python
5 71 (9.09%) C#
6 61 (7.81%) SQL
7 52 (6.66%) Java
8 43 (5.51%) PowerShell
9 37 (4.74%) ANSI C
10 35 (4.48%) Bash Shell
11 33 (4.23%) Embedded C++
12 23 (2.94%) MATLAB
13 22 (2.82%) JavaScript
14 16 (2.05%) Perl
15 10 (1.28%) Assembly Language
15 10 (1.28%) VB
16 9 (1.15%) Kotlin
17 4 (0.51%) Delphi
18 3 (0.38%) PHP
18 3 (0.38%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 243 (31.11%) Degree
2 53 (6.79%) Microsoft Certification
3 46 (5.89%) MCP
4 40 (5.12%) Cisco Certification
5 26 (3.33%) CCNA
5 26 (3.33%) CCNP
6 25 (3.20%) RHCE
7 24 (3.07%) Computer Science Degree
8 23 (2.94%) Security Cleared
9 15 (1.92%) DV Cleared
10 11 (1.41%) SC Cleared
11 8 (1.02%) DBS Check
12 7 (0.90%) MCSE
13 6 (0.77%) PhD
13 6 (0.77%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 5 (0.64%) MCSA
15 4 (0.51%) A+ Certification
15 4 (0.51%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 3 (0.38%) Master's Degree
16 3 (0.38%) Server+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 116 (14.85%) SLA
2 13 (1.66%) JTAG
3 12 (1.54%) Cyber Essentials
3 12 (1.54%) QA
4 8 (1.02%) MISRA
5 7 (0.90%) GDPR
6 5 (0.64%) ISO 9001
6 5 (0.64%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.51%) ISO 26262
8 3 (0.38%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 3 (0.38%) IEC 61508
8 3 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.13%) ISO 13485
9 1 (0.13%) MISRA C
System Software
1 132 (16.90%) Active Directory
2 40 (5.12%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (3.71%) Hyper-V
4 27 (3.46%) NFS
5 18 (2.30%) Oracle RAC
6 13 (1.66%) Virtual Servers
7 11 (1.41%) VMware NSX
8 7 (0.90%) XenApp
9 6 (0.77%) BitLocker
9 6 (0.77%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 6 (0.77%) Virtual Machines
10 5 (0.64%) vSphere
11 4 (0.51%) VMware ESXi
12 1 (0.13%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 1 (0.13%) Docker
12 1 (0.13%) Xen
12 1 (0.13%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 35 (4.48%) Ansible
2 29 (3.71%) Data Guard
3 24 (3.07%) SCCM
4 19 (2.43%) WSUS
5 15 (1.92%) Microsoft Intune
6 10 (1.28%) Backup Exec
6 10 (1.28%) FortiGate
6 10 (1.28%) Single Sign-On
7 9 (1.15%) McAfee ePO
8 8 (1.02%) AirWatch
9 7 (0.90%) Cisco CME
9 7 (0.90%) Cisco CUCM
9 7 (0.90%) Microsoft Clustering
9 7 (0.90%) NetBackup
9 7 (0.90%) Opscode Chef
10 6 (0.77%) Jamf Pro
11 4 (0.51%) Perfmon
11 4 (0.51%) Tivoli Storage Manager
11 4 (0.51%) vRealize
12 1 (0.13%) EMC VPLEX
Vendors
1 129 (16.52%) Microsoft
2 81 (10.37%) ServiceNow
3 64 (8.19%) Cisco
4 62 (7.94%) VMware
5 59 (7.55%) Oracle
6 35 (4.48%) Splunk
7 30 (3.84%) Citrix
7 30 (3.84%) Dell
8 26 (3.33%) Freescale
8 26 (3.33%) Renesas
9 20 (2.56%) Palo Alto
10 18 (2.30%) Avaya
10 18 (2.30%) EMC
10 18 (2.30%) Xilinx
11 16 (2.05%) CheckPoint
11 16 (2.05%) HP
11 16 (2.05%) McAfee
11 16 (2.05%) SAP
12 15 (1.92%) Red Hat
13 14 (1.79%) Apple