Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Firmware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Firmware over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Firmware
UK
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 540 653 592
Rank change year-on-year +113 -61 +100
Permanent jobs citing Firmware 780 609 794
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.49% 0.34% 0.43%
As % of the System Software category 3.18% 2.63% 3.47%
Number of salaries quoted 551 521 635
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +12.50% -5.88%
10th Percentile £29,000 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £65,000 £61,250 £60,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +12.50% -5.88%

Firmware is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 24,534 23,148 22,864
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.32% 12.97% 12.37%
Number of salaries quoted 20,030 19,276 19,133
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £25,000 £24,000 £23,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -

Firmware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Firmware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Firmware.

Salary trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Firmware over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Firmware within the UK over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +126 702 £45,000 - 215
UK excluding London +99 649 £45,000 - 218
South East +118 222 £45,000 - 59
Midlands +110 192 £45,000 +5.88% 42
London +116 116 £47,500 -5.00% 21
East Midlands +55 106 £47,500 +11.76% 22
West Midlands +83 86 £43,000 +4.24% 20
Scotland +14 60 £45,000 - 21
East of England -59 60 £65,000 +18.18% 36
South West +23 54 £42,500 - 20
North of England +15 52 £45,000 +5.88% 38
Yorkshire +39 25 £45,000 +2.86% 17
North West -1 17 £45,000 - 14
North East +4 10 £35,000 - 7
Wales -9 6 £40,000 -11.11% 3
Northern Ireland - 3 £30,000 -

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT jobs citing Firmware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Firmware.

1 331 (42.44%) C
2 241 (30.90%) Software Engineering
3 240 (30.77%) Degree
4 230 (29.49%) Electronics
5 221 (28.33%) C++
6 159 (20.38%) Embedded Systems
7 155 (19.87%) Agile Software Development
8 151 (19.36%) Windows
9 147 (18.85%) C#
10 146 (18.72%) Linux
11 140 (17.95%) Manufacturing
12 134 (17.18%) Microsoft
13 131 (16.79%) Embedded C
14 96 (12.31%) TCP/IP
14 96 (12.31%) Python
15 95 (12.18%) Problem-Solving
16 84 (10.77%) Android
17 82 (10.51%) VMware
18 81 (10.38%) Firewall
19 79 (10.13%) Java
20 78 (10.00%) Apple iOS
21 71 (9.10%) Bluetooth
21 71 (9.10%) ITIL
22 69 (8.85%) Validation
22 69 (8.85%) Technical Leadership
23 67 (8.59%) RS-485
24 66 (8.46%) Wi-Fi
25 65 (8.33%) Computer Science
25 65 (8.33%) CAN bus
26 64 (8.21%) Field-Programmable Gate Array

Firmware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (2.69%) Apache
2 8 (1.03%) MS Exchange
3 6 (0.77%) IIS
4 5 (0.64%) Skype for Business
5 3 (0.38%) Confluence
6 1 (0.13%) Apache Spark
6 1 (0.13%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
6 1 (0.13%) Elasticsearch
6 1 (0.13%) Exchange Server 2007
6 1 (0.13%) WebSphere
Applications
1 13 (1.67%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (1.15%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (1.03%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.64%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.64%) Simulink
5 1 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 5 (0.64%) Remedy ITSM
2 3 (0.38%) LabWindows
2 3 (0.38%) Teamcenter
3 2 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.26%) PlanetPress Connect
3 2 (0.26%) Sage 50
Cloud Services
1 44 (5.64%) Amazon AWS
1 44 (5.64%) Microsoft Azure
2 30 (3.85%) GitHub
3 20 (2.56%) Office 365
4 18 (2.31%) Google Cloud Platform
5 2 (0.26%) SaaS
6 1 (0.13%) Azure Active Directory
6 1 (0.13%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 96 (12.31%) TCP/IP
2 81 (10.38%) Firewall
3 71 (9.10%) Bluetooth
4 67 (8.59%) RS-485
5 66 (8.46%) Wi-Fi
6 60 (7.69%) Modbus
7 51 (6.54%) Ethernet
8 49 (6.28%) Wireless
9 47 (6.03%) LAN
10 41 (5.26%) SAN
11 40 (5.13%) DNS
11 40 (5.13%) Internet
12 34 (4.36%) WAN
13 29 (3.72%) GSM
14 27 (3.46%) DHCP
15 26 (3.33%) HTTP
16 25 (3.21%) OSPF
17 23 (2.95%) NAS
17 23 (2.95%) RS-232
18 20 (2.56%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (5.77%) SQL Server
2 23 (2.95%) PostgreSQL
3 13 (1.67%) Oracle Exadata
4 12 (1.54%) Oracle Database
5 11 (1.41%) RDBMS
5 11 (1.41%) Relational Database
6 9 (1.15%) MySQL
7 1 (0.13%) NoSQL
7 1 (0.13%) Redis
7 1 (0.13%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 59 (7.56%) Visual Studio
2 58 (7.44%) Maven
3 52 (6.67%) Robot Framework
4 41 (5.26%) Git (software)
5 33 (4.23%) Jenkins
6 21 (2.69%) Subversion
7 19 (2.44%) LabVIEW
8 14 (1.79%) JIRA
9 12 (1.54%) TeamCity
10 10 (1.28%) Bugzilla
11 9 (1.15%) CppUnit
12 8 (1.03%) Eclipse
12 8 (1.03%) Selenium
13 7 (0.90%) Cucumber
14 6 (0.77%) CodeWarrior
15 5 (0.64%) GCC
15 5 (0.64%) GDB
15 5 (0.64%) HP UFT
15 5 (0.64%) Mercurial
15 5 (0.64%) SpecFlow
General
1 230 (29.49%) Electronics
2 140 (17.95%) Manufacturing
3 60 (7.69%) Marketing
4 39 (5.00%) Automotive
5 35 (4.49%) Finance
6 19 (2.44%) Retail
7 12 (1.54%) Games
8 9 (1.15%) Aerospace
8 9 (1.15%) Telecoms
9 8 (1.03%) Military
10 7 (0.90%) Banking
11 5 (0.64%) Legal
11 5 (0.64%) Multimedia
12 4 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
13 3 (0.38%) Law
14 2 (0.26%) Back Office
15 1 (0.13%) Digital Economy
15 1 (0.13%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 153 (19.62%) Software Engineer
2 130 (16.67%) Embedded Engineer
3 125 (16.03%) Firmware Engineer
4 82 (10.51%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 75 (9.62%) Electronics Engineer
6 52 (6.67%) Test Engineer
7 45 (5.77%) Hardware Engineer
8 38 (4.87%) Administrator
8 38 (4.87%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 33 (4.23%) Senior Software Engineer
10 31 (3.97%) Design Engineer
10 31 (3.97%) Developer
10 31 (3.97%) Senior Firmware Engineer
11 30 (3.85%) Senior Electronics Engineer
12 29 (3.72%) Software Test Engineer
13 28 (3.59%) Lead Software Engineer
14 27 (3.46%) Embedded Firmware Engineer
15 23 (2.95%) Electronics Design Engineer
15 23 (2.95%) Systems Engineer
16 21 (2.69%) Network Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 56 (7.18%) Spring
2 44 (5.64%) HTML
3 43 (5.51%) .NET
4 37 (4.74%) HTML5
5 21 (2.69%) .NET Framework
5 21 (2.69%) JSON
6 20 (2.56%) ASP.NET
6 20 (2.56%) COM
6 20 (2.56%) Node.js
6 20 (2.56%) RESTful
7 19 (2.44%) CSS
8 16 (2.05%) WPF
9 15 (1.92%) Flash
9 15 (1.92%) REST
10 12 (1.54%) AngularJS
11 10 (1.28%) Web Services
12 9 (1.15%) Entity Framework
13 8 (1.03%) ASP.NET Web API
13 8 (1.03%) Backbone.js
13 8 (1.03%) Qt
Miscellaneous
1 159 (20.38%) Embedded Systems
2 65 (8.33%) CAN bus
3 64 (8.21%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
4 57 (7.31%) Analytical Skills
5 54 (6.92%) Device Driver
6 49 (6.28%) Data Centre
7 37 (4.74%) Algorithms
8 30 (3.85%) VHDL
9 28 (3.59%) Self-Motivation
10 25 (3.21%) Internet of Things
11 24 (3.08%) Verilog
12 23 (2.95%) User Experience
13 15 (1.92%) Management Information System
14 13 (1.67%) ASIC
14 13 (1.67%) Mobile App
15 11 (1.41%) Clustering
15 11 (1.41%) CMDB
16 9 (1.15%) Greenfield Project
16 9 (1.15%) Smart Home
17 8 (1.03%) Handset
Operating Systems
1 151 (19.36%) Windows
2 146 (18.72%) Linux
3 84 (10.77%) Android
4 78 (10.00%) Apple iOS
5 57 (7.31%) FreeRTOS
6 55 (7.05%) Windows Server
7 30 (3.85%) Embedded Linux
8 25 (3.21%) Windows 10
9 22 (2.82%) Windows Server 2012
10 21 (2.69%) Windows 7
11 20 (2.56%) Windows Server 2008
12 18 (2.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 12 (1.54%) Oracle Linux
14 11 (1.41%) Windows XP
15 10 (1.28%) Unix
16 9 (1.15%) Windows 8
17 5 (0.64%) Mac OS X
18 4 (0.51%) Ubuntu
18 4 (0.51%) VxWorks
19 3 (0.38%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 241 (30.90%) Software Engineering
2 155 (19.87%) Agile Software Development
3 95 (12.18%) Problem-Solving
4 71 (9.10%) ITIL
5 69 (8.85%) Technical Leadership
5 69 (8.85%) Validation
6 65 (8.33%) Computer Science
7 58 (7.44%) Continuous Integration
7 58 (7.44%) Time Management
8 56 (7.18%) Test Automation
9 55 (7.05%) Scrum
9 55 (7.05%) Unit Testing
10 54 (6.92%) Cybersecurity
11 51 (6.54%) OO
12 49 (6.28%) Project Management
13 42 (5.38%) Mentoring
14 40 (5.13%) Infrastructure Engineering
14 40 (5.13%) Mathematics
15 38 (4.87%) Disaster Recovery
16 37 (4.74%) Collaborative Working
Programming Languages
1 331 (42.44%) C
2 221 (28.33%) C++
3 147 (18.85%) C#
4 131 (16.79%) Embedded C
5 96 (12.31%) Python
6 79 (10.13%) Java
7 64 (8.21%) JavaScript
8 38 (4.87%) Embedded C++
9 31 (3.97%) SQL
10 24 (3.08%) MATLAB
11 23 (2.95%) Assembly Language
12 22 (2.82%) Perl
12 22 (2.82%) VB
13 20 (2.56%) PowerShell
14 13 (1.67%) Tcl
15 10 (1.28%) Shell Script
16 9 (1.15%) Bash Shell
17 6 (0.77%) Ruby
17 6 (0.77%) T-SQL
18 4 (0.51%) PHP
Qualifications
1 240 (30.77%) Degree
2 43 (5.51%) Security Cleared
3 24 (3.08%) Computer Science Degree
4 23 (2.95%) Cisco Certification
5 16 (2.05%) SC Cleared
6 14 (1.79%) ITIL Certification
7 12 (1.54%) Microsoft Certification
8 11 (1.41%) CCNP
8 11 (1.41%) DV Cleared
9 10 (1.28%) CCIE
9 10 (1.28%) CCNA
10 8 (1.03%) HNC
10 8 (1.03%) MCSE
11 7 (0.90%) HND
12 6 (0.77%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 5 (0.64%) Master's Degree
14 4 (0.51%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 4 (0.51%) PhD
15 3 (0.38%) CISSP
15 3 (0.38%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (5.00%) SLA
2 30 (3.85%) QA
3 13 (1.67%) ISO 26262
4 10 (1.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (1.03%) ISO 9001
6 7 (0.90%) ISO 13485
7 6 (0.77%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 4 (0.51%) GDPR
8 4 (0.51%) JTAG
9 3 (0.38%) Cyber Essentials
9 3 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 2 (0.26%) IEC 62304
10 2 (0.26%) ISO 22301
10 2 (0.26%) MISRA
System Software
1 60 (7.69%) Active Directory
2 56 (7.18%) VMware Infrastructure
3 20 (2.56%) VMware ESXi
4 17 (2.18%) Hyper-V
5 13 (1.67%) vSphere
6 12 (1.54%) Docker
6 12 (1.54%) XenApp
7 11 (1.41%) Oracle RAC
7 11 (1.41%) XenDesktop
8 7 (0.90%) NFS
8 7 (0.90%) Virtual Servers
9 4 (0.51%) GPFS
9 4 (0.51%) VMware Server
9 4 (0.51%) VMware Workstation
10 3 (0.38%) BitLocker
10 3 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
10 3 (0.38%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.26%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 1 (0.13%) Sendmail
12 1 (0.13%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 27 (3.46%) SCCM
2 24 (3.08%) Ansible
3 19 (2.44%) WSUS
4 13 (1.67%) Kubernetes
5 11 (1.41%) Data Guard
5 11 (1.41%) Opscode Chef
5 11 (1.41%) vMotion
6 9 (1.15%) AirWatch
7 8 (1.03%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
7 8 (1.03%) SCDPM
7 8 (1.03%) vCenter Server
8 5 (0.64%) Microsoft Intune
9 4 (0.51%) Tivoli
9 4 (0.51%) Tivoli Storage Manager
10 3 (0.38%) HP SIM
10 3 (0.38%) McAfee ePO
10 3 (0.38%) Perfmon
10 3 (0.38%) PowerCLI
11 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Clustering
11 1 (0.13%) Terraform
Vendors
1 134 (17.18%) Microsoft
2 82 (10.51%) VMware
3 49 (6.28%) Cisco
4 26 (3.33%) HP
5 24 (3.08%) CheckPoint
6 22 (2.82%) Oracle
7 20 (2.56%) EMC
8 19 (2.44%) Red Hat
9 17 (2.18%) Citrix
10 16 (2.05%) Dell
10 16 (2.05%) Fortinet
11 14 (1.79%) Atmel
12 12 (1.54%) F5
13 11 (1.41%) Xilinx
14 7 (0.90%) Apple
14 7 (0.90%) BT
14 7 (0.90%) Nokia
15 5 (0.64%) BMC
15 5 (0.64%) Juniper
15 5 (0.64%) Remedy