Period
to 15 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Firmware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Firmware over the 6 months to 15 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Firmware
UK
6 months to
15 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 536 651 561
Rank change year-on-year +115 -90 +110
Permanent jobs citing Firmware 759 626 798
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.50% 0.36% 0.45%
As % of the System Software category 3.22% 2.67% 3.70%
Number of salaries quoted 539 507 629
UK median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -5.26% +11.76% -
10th Percentile £28,750 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £63,750 £63,750 £60,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year -5.26% +11.76% -

Firmware is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 23,579 23,416 21,585
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.56% 13.32% 12.28%
Number of salaries quoted 19,286 19,369 17,912
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £25,750 £24,250 £23,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £76,250 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -

Firmware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Firmware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Firmware.

Salary trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Firmware over the 6 months to 15 February 2019.

Salary histogram for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Firmware within the UK over the 6 months to 15 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +111 686 £45,000 -5.26% 259
UK excluding London +92 626 £45,000 -5.26% 268
Midlands +174 233 £45,000 +2.86% 43
South East +44 166 £41,000 -8.89% 67
East Midlands +111 133 £47,500 +11.76% 20
London +92 119 £48,500 +2.11% 25
West Midlands +106 100 £43,000 -9.47% 23
North of England +51 59 £45,000 - 49
East of England -40 57 £65,000 +23.81% 44
Scotland +22 51 £45,000 - 24
South West +25 46 £45,000 +2.86% 31
Yorkshire +58 31 £45,000 -14.29% 21
North West +20 23 £47,500 +18.75% 27
Wales +10 10 £40,000 -11.11% 9
North East +19 5 £35,000 -10.26% 2
Northern Ireland - 4 £30,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 15 February 2019, IT jobs citing Firmware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Firmware.

1 335 (44.14%) C
2 293 (38.60%) Degree
3 280 (36.89%) Software Engineering
4 225 (29.64%) C++
5 201 (26.48%) Electronics
6 171 (22.53%) C#
6 171 (22.53%) Agile Software Development
7 167 (22.00%) Microsoft
8 163 (21.48%) Embedded Systems
9 161 (21.21%) Linux
10 141 (18.58%) TCP/IP
11 134 (17.65%) Windows
12 131 (17.26%) Manufacturing
13 116 (15.28%) Java
14 111 (14.62%) Embedded C
15 105 (13.83%) Android
16 99 (13.04%) Apple iOS
17 96 (12.65%) RS-485
18 93 (12.25%) Modbus
19 91 (11.99%) CAN bus
20 90 (11.86%) FreeRTOS
21 88 (11.59%) Technical Leadership
21 88 (11.59%) Cybersecurity
21 88 (11.59%) Time Management
21 88 (11.59%) Marketing
22 87 (11.46%) Maven
22 87 (11.46%) ITIL
22 87 (11.46%) Firewall
23 86 (11.33%) Spring
24 85 (11.20%) Python

Firmware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (3.43%) Apache
2 8 (1.05%) IIS
3 7 (0.92%) MS Exchange
4 4 (0.53%) Skype for Business
5 2 (0.26%) Confluence
6 1 (0.13%) Apache Spark
6 1 (0.13%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
6 1 (0.13%) Elasticsearch
6 1 (0.13%) Exchange Server 2010
6 1 (0.13%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 25 (3.29%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.79%) Simulink
3 3 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.40%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (0.40%) Teamcenter
2 2 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.26%) LabWindows
2 2 (0.26%) PlanetPress Connect
2 2 (0.26%) Sage 50
Cloud Services
1 58 (7.64%) Microsoft Azure
2 44 (5.80%) GitHub
3 43 (5.67%) Amazon AWS
4 27 (3.56%) Office 365
5 18 (2.37%) Google Cloud Platform
6 3 (0.40%) SaaS
7 1 (0.13%) Amazon EC2
7 1 (0.13%) Azure Active Directory
7 1 (0.13%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 141 (18.58%) TCP/IP
2 96 (12.65%) RS-485
3 93 (12.25%) Modbus
4 87 (11.46%) Firewall
5 82 (10.80%) Bluetooth
6 64 (8.43%) Wi-Fi
7 54 (7.11%) DNS
8 52 (6.85%) Wireless
9 42 (5.53%) LAN
10 38 (5.01%) Internet
11 36 (4.74%) GSM
11 36 (4.74%) SAN
12 35 (4.61%) DHCP
12 35 (4.61%) WAN
13 33 (4.35%) Ethernet
14 29 (3.82%) OSPF
15 26 (3.43%) HTTP
16 23 (3.03%) VLAN
17 21 (2.77%) VoIP
17 21 (2.77%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (3.43%) PostgreSQL
1 26 (3.43%) SQL Server
2 9 (1.19%) Relational Database
3 5 (0.66%) MySQL
3 5 (0.66%) Oracle Database
3 5 (0.66%) Oracle Exadata
4 4 (0.53%) NoSQL
4 4 (0.53%) RDBMS
4 4 (0.53%) SQL Server 2008
5 3 (0.40%) Big Data
6 1 (0.13%) Amazon RDS
6 1 (0.13%) Couchbase
6 1 (0.13%) MongoDB
6 1 (0.13%) Oracle Database 11g
6 1 (0.13%) Oracle Database 12c
6 1 (0.13%) Redis
Development Applications
1 87 (11.46%) Maven
2 84 (11.07%) Visual Studio
3 82 (10.80%) Robot Framework
4 28 (3.69%) Jenkins
5 27 (3.56%) Git (software)
6 22 (2.90%) LabVIEW
7 17 (2.24%) Subversion
8 13 (1.71%) CppUnit
9 8 (1.05%) Bugzilla
9 8 (1.05%) Eclipse
10 7 (0.92%) JIRA
11 6 (0.79%) CodeWarrior
11 6 (0.79%) GCC
12 4 (0.53%) CANoe
13 3 (0.40%) Rational DOORS
14 2 (0.26%) Ant
14 2 (0.26%) Bitbucket
14 2 (0.26%) GDB
14 2 (0.26%) IDA Disassembler
14 2 (0.26%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 201 (26.48%) Electronics
2 131 (17.26%) Manufacturing
3 88 (11.59%) Marketing
4 41 (5.40%) Finance
5 35 (4.61%) Automotive
6 18 (2.37%) Telecoms
7 13 (1.71%) Games
8 10 (1.32%) Aerospace
9 6 (0.79%) Pharmaceutical
9 6 (0.79%) Retail
10 5 (0.66%) Banking
10 5 (0.66%) Law
11 3 (0.40%) Back Office
12 1 (0.13%) Avionics
12 1 (0.13%) French Language
12 1 (0.13%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 198 (26.09%) Software Engineer
2 160 (21.08%) Embedded Engineer
3 119 (15.68%) Firmware Engineer
4 112 (14.76%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 77 (10.14%) Electronics Engineer
6 56 (7.38%) Lead Software Engineer
7 39 (5.14%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 37 (4.87%) Developer
9 35 (4.61%) Senior Electronics Engineer
10 34 (4.48%) Senior Software Engineer
11 33 (4.35%) Hardware Engineer
12 32 (4.22%) Embedded Firmware Engineer
13 29 (3.82%) Test Engineer
14 24 (3.16%) Support Engineer
15 23 (3.03%) Senior Firmware Engineer
15 23 (3.03%) Technical Support
16 22 (2.90%) Applications Engineer
16 22 (2.90%) Network Engineer
16 22 (2.90%) Web Engineer
17 21 (2.77%) Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 86 (11.33%) Spring
2 57 (7.51%) HTML
3 45 (5.93%) HTML5
4 37 (4.87%) CSS
5 36 (4.74%) .NET
6 34 (4.48%) Node.js
7 31 (4.08%) COM
8 30 (3.95%) JSON
9 28 (3.69%) RESTful
10 18 (2.37%) AngularJS
11 16 (2.11%) ASP.NET
11 16 (2.11%) REST
12 15 (1.98%) .NET Framework
13 10 (1.32%) 802.1X
14 9 (1.19%) Entity Framework
14 9 (1.19%) Flash
14 9 (1.19%) WPF
15 7 (0.92%) Backbone.js
16 6 (0.79%) ASP.NET Web API
16 6 (0.79%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 163 (21.48%) Embedded Systems
2 91 (11.99%) CAN bus
3 72 (9.49%) Device Driver
4 51 (6.72%) Data Centre
5 47 (6.19%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
6 29 (3.82%) Analytical Skills
7 28 (3.69%) Algorithms
8 26 (3.43%) Self-Motivation
9 25 (3.29%) Internet of Things
9 25 (3.29%) VHDL
10 22 (2.90%) User Experience
11 20 (2.64%) Management Information System
12 19 (2.50%) Verilog
13 14 (1.84%) Greenfield Project
14 10 (1.32%) ASIC
15 9 (1.19%) Handset
16 8 (1.05%) Enterprise Software
16 8 (1.05%) Smart Home
17 7 (0.92%) CMDB
17 7 (0.92%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 161 (21.21%) Linux
2 134 (17.65%) Windows
3 105 (13.83%) Android
4 99 (13.04%) Apple iOS
5 90 (11.86%) FreeRTOS
6 64 (8.43%) Windows Server
7 31 (4.08%) Windows 10
8 22 (2.90%) Windows Server 2012
9 19 (2.50%) Embedded Linux
9 19 (2.50%) Windows 7
9 19 (2.50%) Windows Server 2008
10 13 (1.71%) Windows XP
11 12 (1.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 10 (1.32%) Unix
13 9 (1.19%) Windows 8
14 7 (0.92%) CentOS
14 7 (0.92%) Ubuntu
15 6 (0.79%) Mac OS X
15 6 (0.79%) Windows Server 2003
16 5 (0.66%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 280 (36.89%) Software Engineering
2 171 (22.53%) Agile Software Development
3 88 (11.59%) Cybersecurity
3 88 (11.59%) Technical Leadership
3 88 (11.59%) Time Management
4 87 (11.46%) ITIL
5 74 (9.75%) Unit Testing
6 64 (8.43%) Scrum
7 63 (8.30%) Problem-Solving
8 62 (8.17%) Computer Science
9 52 (6.85%) OO
10 51 (6.72%) Continuous Integration
11 44 (5.80%) Mathematics
12 43 (5.67%) TDD
12 43 (5.67%) Validation
13 40 (5.27%) Infrastructure Engineering
14 37 (4.87%) Disaster Recovery
15 35 (4.61%) Project Management
16 34 (4.48%) Collaborative Working
16 34 (4.48%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 335 (44.14%) C
2 225 (29.64%) C++
3 171 (22.53%) C#
4 116 (15.28%) Java
5 111 (14.62%) Embedded C
6 85 (11.20%) Python
7 83 (10.94%) JavaScript
8 28 (3.69%) VB
9 27 (3.56%) SQL
10 21 (2.77%) Embedded C++
11 20 (2.64%) Assembly Language
12 19 (2.50%) Perl
13 11 (1.45%) Bash Shell
13 11 (1.45%) MATLAB
14 8 (1.05%) PowerShell
15 7 (0.92%) Tcl
16 4 (0.53%) PHP
16 4 (0.53%) Shell Script
17 3 (0.40%) ANSI C
17 3 (0.40%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 293 (38.60%) Degree
2 50 (6.59%) Security Cleared
3 39 (5.14%) Computer Science Degree
4 29 (3.82%) Cisco Certification
5 25 (3.29%) ITIL Certification
6 23 (3.03%) SC Cleared
7 19 (2.50%) CCNA
8 18 (2.37%) Microsoft Certification
9 13 (1.71%) MCSE
10 12 (1.58%) DV Cleared
11 11 (1.45%) HND
12 9 (1.19%) HNC
12 9 (1.19%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 9 (1.19%) MCSA
13 6 (0.79%) CCNP
13 6 (0.79%) Master's Degree
14 5 (0.66%) ISEB
15 4 (0.53%) VCP6
15 4 (0.53%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 2 (0.26%) MOS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (5.53%) SLA
2 22 (2.90%) QA
3 12 (1.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 10 (1.32%) ISO 13485
4 10 (1.32%) ISO 9001
5 7 (0.92%) ISO 26262
6 6 (0.79%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.66%) JTAG
8 3 (0.40%) ISO 22301
8 3 (0.40%) MISRA
9 2 (0.26%) IEC 62304
10 1 (0.13%) DO-254
10 1 (0.13%) GDPR
10 1 (0.13%) IEC 61508
10 1 (0.13%) ISO 15765
10 1 (0.13%) MISRA C
10 1 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 59 (7.77%) Active Directory
2 47 (6.19%) VMware Infrastructure
3 30 (3.95%) Hyper-V
4 16 (2.11%) XenApp
5 15 (1.98%) VMware ESXi
5 15 (1.98%) XenDesktop
6 12 (1.58%) Docker
7 8 (1.05%) vSphere
8 5 (0.66%) Oracle RAC
8 5 (0.66%) VMware NSX
9 4 (0.53%) DFS Replication
9 4 (0.53%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 4 (0.53%) NFS
9 4 (0.53%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.26%) BitLocker
11 1 (0.13%) KVM
Systems Management
1 23 (3.03%) SCCM
2 20 (2.64%) WSUS
3 18 (2.37%) Ansible
4 13 (1.71%) Kubernetes
5 12 (1.58%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
5 12 (1.58%) SCDPM
6 8 (1.05%) Perfmon
6 8 (1.05%) vCenter Server
7 7 (0.92%) vMotion
8 5 (0.66%) Data Guard
8 5 (0.66%) EMC NetWorker
8 5 (0.66%) Microsoft Intune
9 4 (0.53%) Backup Exec
9 4 (0.53%) McAfee ePO
9 4 (0.53%) Opscode Chef
10 3 (0.40%) AirWatch
11 1 (0.13%) HP SIM
11 1 (0.13%) Kibana
11 1 (0.13%) Puppet
11 1 (0.13%) Terraform
Vendors
1 167 (22.00%) Microsoft
2 73 (9.62%) Cisco
3 58 (7.64%) VMware
4 33 (4.35%) HP
5 25 (3.29%) EMC
6 22 (2.90%) Citrix
7 20 (2.64%) Fortinet
8 19 (2.50%) CheckPoint
9 18 (2.37%) Atmel
10 17 (2.24%) Dell
11 14 (1.84%) Oracle
12 13 (1.71%) Nokia
12 13 (1.71%) Red Hat
13 12 (1.58%) F5
13 12 (1.58%) Xilinx
14 9 (1.19%) Apple
15 8 (1.05%) Acme Packet
15 8 (1.05%) BT
15 8 (1.05%) CA
15 8 (1.05%) GENBAND