Period
to 18 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Firmware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Firmware over the 6 months to 18 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Firmware
UK
6 months to
18 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 472 497 551
Rank change year-on-year +25 +54 +96
Permanent jobs citing Firmware 231 764 842
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.46% 0.54% 0.50%
As % of the System Software category 2.45% 3.12% 3.41%
Number of salaries quoted 188 549 657
Median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £36,100 £29,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £66,250 £67,750 £65,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Firmware is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 9,420 24,516 24,728
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.64% 17.31% 14.74%
Number of salaries quoted 7,868 20,059 20,181
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% +2.04% +8.89%
10th Percentile £30,750 £25,500 £24,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,250 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +8.82% - +10.39%

Firmware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Firmware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Firmware.

Salary trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Firmware over the 6 months to 18 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Firmware within the UK over the 6 months to 18 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 202 £52,500 +16.67% 71
UK excluding London +25 182 £50,000 +11.11% 71
South East +51 61 £50,000 +3.09% 19
London +166 33 £52,500 - 8
East of England +104 33 £52,500 +10.53% 12
North of England +187 27 £50,000 +17.65% 16
South West +68 23 £48,750 +8.33% 6
Work from Home +71 20 £52,500 -6.67% 4
Midlands +11 18 £46,250 +23.33% 10
Scotland +93 16 £40,000 -6.98% 6
West Midlands +73 13 £45,000 +2.86% 7
North West +128 12 £40,000 -3.03% 5
Yorkshire +142 11 £50,000 +17.65% 10
East Midlands -1 5 £50,000 +33.33% 3
Wales +45 4 £37,500 -6.25% 2
North East +30 4 £55,000 -2.22% 1

For the 6 months to 18 September 2020, IT jobs citing Firmware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Firmware.

1 93 (40.26%) C
2 82 (35.50%) C++
3 76 (32.90%) Degree
4 67 (29.00%) Software Engineering
5 57 (24.68%) Electronics
6 55 (23.81%) Linux
7 50 (21.65%) Windows
8 40 (17.32%) Embedded Systems
9 37 (16.02%) Python
10 32 (13.85%) Embedded C
11 31 (13.42%) Firewall
11 31 (13.42%) Problem-Solving
12 30 (12.99%) Microsoft
13 24 (10.39%) Validation
13 24 (10.39%) Test Automation
14 23 (9.96%) Wireless
15 22 (9.52%) Manufacturing
15 22 (9.52%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
15 22 (9.52%) Agile Software Development
15 22 (9.52%) Analytical Skills
16 21 (9.09%) Algorithms
16 21 (9.09%) Finance
17 20 (8.66%) Active Directory
18 19 (8.23%) Wi-Fi
18 19 (8.23%) Software Testing
18 19 (8.23%) Git (software)
18 19 (8.23%) Mathematics
19 18 (7.79%) Computer Science
19 18 (7.79%) VMware
19 18 (7.79%) VPN

Firmware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (4.76%) Confluence
2 3 (1.30%) Exchange Server 2013
2 3 (1.30%) IIS
2 3 (1.30%) MS Exchange
3 2 (0.87%) SharePoint
4 1 (0.43%) Exchange Server 2010
4 1 (0.43%) OpenStack
Applications
1 8 (3.46%) Microsoft Excel
1 8 (3.46%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (3.03%) Simulink
3 6 (2.60%) TargetLink
4 2 (0.87%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.43%) Fusion 360
5 1 (0.43%) OrCAD
Business Applications
1 1 (0.43%) Oracle EBS
1 1 (0.43%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 16 (6.93%) Azure
2 10 (4.33%) AWS
3 8 (3.46%) Office 365
4 4 (1.73%) Cloud Computing
4 4 (1.73%) GCP
4 4 (1.73%) GitHub
5 1 (0.43%) AWS CloudFormation
5 1 (0.43%) Azure Active Directory
5 1 (0.43%) Mimecast
5 1 (0.43%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 31 (13.42%) Firewall
2 23 (9.96%) Wireless
3 19 (8.23%) Wi-Fi
4 18 (7.79%) VPN
5 15 (6.49%) Ethernet
5 15 (6.49%) TCP/IP
6 14 (6.06%) DNS
6 14 (6.06%) Internet
7 13 (5.63%) 4G
8 12 (5.19%) 5G
8 12 (5.19%) Bluetooth
8 12 (5.19%) Network Security
9 11 (4.76%) 3G
9 11 (4.76%) VoIP
10 10 (4.33%) DHCP
10 10 (4.33%) VLAN
10 10 (4.33%) WAN
11 9 (3.90%) BGP
12 8 (3.46%) OSPF
13 7 (3.03%) FlexRay
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (4.33%) MySQL
1 10 (4.33%) SQL Server
2 7 (3.03%) PostgreSQL
3 5 (2.16%) InfluxDB
4 3 (1.30%) SQL Server 2008
5 2 (0.87%) SQL Server 2019
6 1 (0.43%) Data Mining
6 1 (0.43%) MongoDB
6 1 (0.43%) NoSQL
6 1 (0.43%) Oracle Database
6 1 (0.43%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 19 (8.23%) Git (software)
2 17 (7.36%) JIRA
3 15 (6.49%) Jenkins
4 9 (3.90%) Selenium
5 5 (2.16%) GitLab
5 5 (2.16%) Visual Studio
6 3 (1.30%) SpecFlow
6 3 (1.30%) Subversion
6 3 (1.30%) WebDriver
7 2 (0.87%) Bugzilla
7 2 (0.87%) CMake
7 2 (0.87%) GCC
7 2 (0.87%) GNU Toolchain
7 2 (0.87%) LabVIEW
8 1 (0.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 1 (0.43%) Bitbucket
8 1 (0.43%) SCons
8 1 (0.43%) StarTeam
8 1 (0.43%) TestLink
General
1 57 (24.68%) Electronics
2 22 (9.52%) Manufacturing
3 21 (9.09%) Finance
4 15 (6.49%) Automotive
5 13 (5.63%) Telecoms
6 4 (1.73%) Marketing
6 4 (1.73%) Publishing
6 4 (1.73%) Retail
7 3 (1.30%) Aerospace
8 2 (0.87%) Banking
8 2 (0.87%) Law
9 1 (0.43%) Avionics
9 1 (0.43%) Back Office
9 1 (0.43%) Military
9 1 (0.43%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 57 (24.68%) Software Engineer
2 45 (19.48%) Embedded Engineer
3 34 (14.72%) Firmware Engineer
4 31 (13.42%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 24 (10.39%) Senior Software Engineer
6 17 (7.36%) Embedded C++ Engineer
7 16 (6.93%) Electronics Engineer
8 15 (6.49%) Design Engineer
9 13 (5.63%) C Software Engineer
9 13 (5.63%) C++ Software Engineer
10 11 (4.76%) Embedded C Engineer
10 11 (4.76%) Embedded C Software Engineer
10 11 (4.76%) Hardware Engineer
10 11 (4.76%) Operations Engineer
10 11 (4.76%) Senior Firmware Engineer
10 11 (4.76%) Tester
11 10 (4.33%) C/C++ Software Engineer
11 10 (4.33%) Network Engineer
11 10 (4.33%) Support Engineer
12 9 (3.90%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (5.63%) HTML
2 9 (3.90%) HTML5
3 8 (3.46%) CSS
4 7 (3.03%) Qt
5 5 (2.16%) RabbitMQ
6 4 (1.73%) .NET
6 4 (1.73%) GraphQL
6 4 (1.73%) jQuery
6 4 (1.73%) Node.js
6 4 (1.73%) React
6 4 (1.73%) React Native
7 3 (1.30%) ASP.NET
7 3 (1.30%) ASP.NET MVC
8 2 (0.87%) LLVM
8 2 (0.87%) PyQt
8 2 (0.87%) Web Services
9 1 (0.43%) CGI
9 1 (0.43%) Flash
Miscellaneous
1 40 (17.32%) Embedded Systems
2 22 (9.52%) Analytical Skills
2 22 (9.52%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
3 21 (9.09%) Algorithms
4 11 (4.76%) Data Centre
4 11 (4.76%) Management Information System
5 9 (3.90%) Device Driver
5 9 (3.90%) User Experience
6 8 (3.46%) ASIC
6 8 (3.46%) Mobile App
7 7 (3.03%) Analogue Electronics
7 7 (3.03%) Smart Meter
7 7 (3.03%) VHDL
8 6 (2.60%) Driving Licence
8 6 (2.60%) Robotics
9 5 (2.16%) Public Cloud
9 5 (2.16%) Smart Energy
10 4 (1.73%) Internet of Things
10 4 (1.73%) Self-Motivation
11 2 (0.87%) SIMD
Operating Systems
1 55 (23.81%) Linux
2 50 (21.65%) Windows
3 12 (5.19%) Windows Server
4 8 (3.46%) Unix
4 8 (3.46%) Windows 10
5 7 (3.03%) Android
6 6 (2.60%) Apple iOS
7 5 (2.16%) Debian
7 5 (2.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (2.16%) VMS
8 4 (1.73%) Embedded Linux
8 4 (1.73%) Windows Server 2012
9 3 (1.30%) CentOS
9 3 (1.30%) Mac OS
9 3 (1.30%) Solaris
9 3 (1.30%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.87%) FreeRTOS
10 2 (0.87%) Windows 7
10 2 (0.87%) Windows Server 2019
11 1 (0.43%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 67 (29.00%) Software Engineering
2 31 (13.42%) Problem-Solving
3 24 (10.39%) Test Automation
3 24 (10.39%) Validation
4 22 (9.52%) Agile Software Development
5 19 (8.23%) Mathematics
5 19 (8.23%) Software Testing
6 18 (7.79%) Computer Science
7 17 (7.36%) ITIL
8 16 (6.93%) Change Management
8 16 (6.93%) Information Security
9 14 (6.06%) Project Management
9 14 (6.06%) Prototyping
10 13 (5.63%) Open Source
10 13 (5.63%) SDLC
10 13 (5.63%) Secure Coding
11 12 (5.19%) Configuration Management
12 11 (4.76%) Cybersecurity
13 10 (4.33%) DevOps
13 10 (4.33%) Infrastructure Engineering
Programming Languages
1 93 (40.26%) C
2 82 (35.50%) C++
3 37 (16.02%) Python
4 32 (13.85%) Embedded C
5 14 (6.06%) Embedded C++
5 14 (6.06%) PowerShell
6 12 (5.19%) C#
7 11 (4.76%) Java
7 11 (4.76%) Perl
8 10 (4.33%) JavaScript
9 8 (3.46%) Assembly Language
9 8 (3.46%) Bash Shell
9 8 (3.46%) MATLAB
10 6 (2.60%) SQL
11 4 (1.73%) Tcl
12 3 (1.30%) ANSI C
12 3 (1.30%) Kotlin
13 2 (0.87%) Groovy
13 2 (0.87%) Shell Script
14 1 (0.43%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 76 (32.90%) Degree
2 17 (7.36%) Cisco Certification
3 15 (6.49%) Security Cleared
4 13 (5.63%) CCNA
5 12 (5.19%) CCNP
6 9 (3.90%) SC Cleared
7 8 (3.46%) HNC
7 8 (3.46%) HND
8 7 (3.03%) DV Cleared
9 5 (2.16%) PhD
10 4 (1.73%) ISEB
11 3 (1.30%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 2 (0.87%) Computer Science Degree
12 2 (0.87%) MCSA
12 2 (0.87%) MCSE
12 2 (0.87%) Microsoft Certification
13 1 (0.43%) CCENT
13 1 (0.43%) CWNA
13 1 (0.43%) ITIL Certification
13 1 (0.43%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (4.76%) MISRA
2 10 (4.33%) QA
3 9 (3.90%) SLA
4 7 (3.03%) ISO 26262
4 7 (3.03%) MISRA C
5 5 (2.16%) JTAG
6 4 (1.73%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.87%) COBIT
7 2 (0.87%) IEC 61508
7 2 (0.87%) IEC 62304
7 2 (0.87%) ISO 13485
7 2 (0.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.43%) DO-254
8 1 (0.43%) HIPAA
System Software
1 20 (8.66%) Active Directory
2 16 (6.93%) VMware Infrastructure
3 9 (3.90%) Docker
4 8 (3.46%) BitLocker
5 7 (3.03%) Hyper-V
5 7 (3.03%) VMware ESXi
6 3 (1.30%) Virtual Servers
7 2 (0.87%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 2 (0.87%) DFS Replication
7 2 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.87%) XenApp
7 2 (0.87%) XenDesktop
8 1 (0.43%) KVM
8 1 (0.43%) Xen
Systems Management
1 15 (6.49%) SCCM
2 7 (3.03%) Ansible
3 6 (2.60%) Kubernetes
3 6 (2.60%) Norton AntiVirus
4 5 (2.16%) Docker Swarm
4 5 (2.16%) Grafana
4 5 (2.16%) Graylog
4 5 (2.16%) Prometheus
4 5 (2.16%) Rancher
5 3 (1.30%) Puppet
5 3 (1.30%) Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.43%) Cobbler
6 1 (0.43%) HP ALM
6 1 (0.43%) Microsoft Intune
6 1 (0.43%) Red Hat Spacewalk
6 1 (0.43%) Terraform
6 1 (0.43%) vCenter Server
6 1 (0.43%) WSUS
Vendors
1 30 (12.99%) Microsoft
2 18 (7.79%) VMware
3 12 (5.19%) CheckPoint
3 12 (5.19%) Cisco
3 12 (5.19%) McAfee
4 9 (3.90%) EMC
5 8 (3.46%) Palo Alto
6 7 (3.03%) Citrix
6 7 (3.03%) Meraki
6 7 (3.03%) ServiceNow
7 6 (2.60%) FireEye
7 6 (2.60%) HP
7 6 (2.60%) IBM
7 6 (2.60%) Symantec
7 6 (2.60%) Tanium
8 5 (2.16%) SAP
8 5 (2.16%) SolarWinds
9 4 (1.73%) Blue Coat
9 4 (1.73%) Red Hat
9 4 (1.73%) TOWER Software