Period
to 14 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Firmware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Firmware over the 6 months to 14 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Firmware
UK
6 months to
14 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 519 489 530
Rank change year-on-year -30 +41 +42
Permanent jobs citing Firmware 434 503 770
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.48% 0.52% 0.53%
As % of the System Software category 2.59% 2.98% 3.25%
Number of salaries quoted 324 367 579
10th Percentile £33,750 £29,900 £28,556
25th Percentile £41,750 £37,500 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -
75th Percentile £65,000 £61,250 £54,000
90th Percentile £72,500 £65,000 £61,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Firmware is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 16,763 16,852 23,697
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.52% 17.30% 16.41%
Number of salaries quoted 13,234 13,891 19,488
10th Percentile £30,000 £26,750 £25,750
25th Percentile £39,000 £36,250 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +4.96%

Firmware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Firmware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Firmware.

Salary trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Firmware over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Firmware within the UK over the 6 months to 14 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -28 352 £55,000 +10.00% 162
UK excluding London -10 351 £50,000 - 186
Work from Home -68 115 £60,000 - 20
South East -56 77 £55,000 - 42
East of England +38 66 £56,250 +32.35% 29
North of England +8 64 £70,000 +21.74% 24
Midlands +8 63 £45,000 +2.27% 32
Yorkshire +37 56 £70,000 +47.37% 5
London +39 48 £58,750 +29.12% 12
West Midlands +23 48 £42,500 +1.19% 13
Scotland -4 37 £47,500 -5.00% 28
South West -46 24 £50,000 - 22
East Midlands -11 15 £46,750 +3.89% 19
Wales +28 14 £38,750 +19.23% 7
North West -13 8 £43,500 -24.35% 15
Northern Ireland - 6 - - 2

For the 6 months to 14 May 2021, IT jobs citing Firmware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Firmware.

1 196 (45.16%) C
2 173 (39.86%) C++
3 161 (37.10%) Linux
4 145 (33.41%) Electronics
5 120 (27.65%) Degree
6 115 (26.50%) Social Skills
7 108 (24.88%) Software Engineering
8 107 (24.65%) Python
9 89 (20.51%) Wireless
10 77 (17.74%) Wi-Fi
11 73 (16.82%) Windows
12 71 (16.36%) Validation
13 70 (16.13%) Signal Processing
14 57 (13.13%) Embedded C
14 57 (13.13%) Computer Science
15 55 (12.67%) Embedded Systems
15 55 (12.67%) Agile Software Development
16 53 (12.21%) MATLAB
17 48 (11.06%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
18 45 (10.37%) EMC
19 44 (10.14%) Bluetooth
19 44 (10.14%) Self-Motivation
19 44 (10.14%) Problem-Solving
20 43 (9.91%) TCP/IP
21 42 (9.68%) SDLC
22 41 (9.45%) PhD
22 41 (9.45%) Continuous Integration
23 40 (9.22%) Security Cleared
24 39 (8.99%) Embedded Linux
24 39 (8.99%) Embedded C++

Firmware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (2.30%) MS Exchange
2 4 (0.92%) Exchange Server 2010
3 3 (0.69%) Apache
4 2 (0.46%) Apache Spark
4 2 (0.46%) Confluence
4 2 (0.46%) SAS
5 1 (0.23%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 17 (3.92%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (3.00%) Simulink
3 5 (1.15%) Fusion 360
4 2 (0.46%) Zemax
5 1 (0.23%) OrCAD
Business Applications
1 4 (0.92%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 20 (4.61%) Azure
2 17 (3.92%) Microsoft 365
3 12 (2.76%) AWS
4 10 (2.30%) Amazon Alexa
5 9 (2.07%) GitHub
6 7 (1.61%) Power Platform
7 4 (0.92%) Amazon Cognito
7 4 (0.92%) Amazon EC2
7 4 (0.92%) Amazon S3
7 4 (0.92%) Mimecast
7 4 (0.92%) npm
8 3 (0.69%) Cloud Computing
8 3 (0.69%) IaaS
9 2 (0.46%) PaaS
10 1 (0.23%) Azure Service Bus
10 1 (0.23%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 89 (20.51%) Wireless
2 77 (17.74%) Wi-Fi
3 44 (10.14%) Bluetooth
4 43 (9.91%) TCP/IP
5 37 (8.53%) Internet
6 35 (8.06%) VPN
7 32 (7.37%) DVB
7 32 (7.37%) MIMO
8 29 (6.68%) Firewall
9 25 (5.76%) DNS
9 25 (5.76%) Software-Defined Radio
10 24 (5.53%) ZigBee
11 23 (5.30%) DHCP
12 22 (5.07%) Broadband
13 20 (4.61%) Ethernet
14 15 (3.46%) MQTT
15 10 (2.30%) BGP
15 10 (2.30%) SAN
16 8 (1.84%) OSPF
17 7 (1.61%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (1.61%) Power BI
2 6 (1.38%) SQL Server
3 4 (0.92%) Data Lake
3 4 (0.92%) Relational Database
3 4 (0.92%) SQL Server 2008
3 4 (0.92%) SQL Server 2012
4 3 (0.69%) Big Data
5 2 (0.46%) Hadoop
5 2 (0.46%) InfluxDB
5 2 (0.46%) PostgreSQL
5 2 (0.46%) Tableau
6 1 (0.23%) NoSQL
6 1 (0.23%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 31 (7.14%) Git (software)
2 18 (4.15%) JIRA
3 14 (3.23%) Subversion
4 13 (3.00%) Jenkins
5 11 (2.53%) Rational Rhapsody
6 8 (1.84%) LabVIEW
6 8 (1.84%) Rational DOORS
7 7 (1.61%) GCC
7 7 (1.61%) Rational Team Concert
8 5 (1.15%) webpack
9 4 (0.92%) Babel
9 4 (0.92%) Visual Studio
10 3 (0.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 3 (0.69%) GDB
10 3 (0.69%) IDA Disassembler
10 3 (0.69%) NetBeans
11 2 (0.46%) GitLab
11 2 (0.46%) Selenium
12 1 (0.23%) Team Foundation Server
12 1 (0.23%) Valgrind
General
1 145 (33.41%) Electronics
2 115 (26.50%) Social Skills
3 36 (8.29%) Manufacturing
4 32 (7.37%) Finance
5 28 (6.45%) Influencing Skills
6 25 (5.76%) Analytical Skills
7 14 (3.23%) Telecoms
8 12 (2.76%) Aerospace
9 11 (2.53%) Automotive
10 10 (2.30%) Military
11 9 (2.07%) Law
12 7 (1.61%) Presentation Skills
13 5 (1.15%) Organisational Skills
13 5 (1.15%) Wearables
14 4 (0.92%) Publishing
15 3 (0.69%) Public Sector
16 2 (0.46%) iGaming
16 2 (0.46%) Marketing
17 1 (0.23%) Documentation Skills
17 1 (0.23%) Legal
Job Titles
1 80 (18.43%) Embedded Engineer
2 77 (17.74%) Firmware Engineer
3 68 (15.67%) Software Engineer
4 47 (10.83%) Developer
4 47 (10.83%) Electronics Engineer
5 43 (9.91%) Embedded Software Engineer
6 37 (8.53%) Embedded Firmware Engineer
6 37 (8.53%) Linux Engineer
7 34 (7.83%) Architect
8 32 (7.37%) Algorithm Engineer
8 32 (7.37%) DSP Algorithm Engineer
8 32 (7.37%) DSP Engineer
8 32 (7.37%) Senior Algorithm Engineer
8 32 (7.37%) Senior DSP Engineer
8 32 (7.37%) Wireless Engineer
9 30 (6.91%) C++ Software Engineer
10 27 (6.22%) Embedded C++ Engineer
11 26 (5.99%) Embedded Linux Engineer
12 25 (5.76%) Embedded C++ Software Engineer
12 25 (5.76%) Embedded Linux Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (3.46%) Node.js
1 15 (3.46%) Yocto
2 13 (3.00%) .NET
2 13 (3.00%) HTML
3 12 (2.76%) CSS
4 10 (2.30%) AngularJS
5 6 (1.38%) .NET Core
5 6 (1.38%) React
6 5 (1.15%) 802.1X
6 5 (1.15%) NumPy
6 5 (1.15%) Pandas
6 5 (1.15%) React Native
6 5 (1.15%) RESTful
7 4 (0.92%) D3.js
7 4 (0.92%) Keras
7 4 (0.92%) REST
7 4 (0.92%) SVG
7 4 (0.92%) TensorFlow
8 3 (0.69%) Flash
8 3 (0.69%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 55 (12.67%) Embedded Systems
2 48 (11.06%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
3 44 (10.14%) Self-Motivation
4 36 (8.29%) Algorithms
5 22 (5.07%) Data Centre
6 21 (4.84%) Internet of Things
7 20 (4.61%) Robotics
8 18 (4.15%) Home Automation
9 17 (3.92%) Analogue Electronics
9 17 (3.92%) Device Driver
10 15 (3.46%) User Experience
11 13 (3.00%) Smart Home
12 11 (2.53%) Management Information System
13 9 (2.07%) Replication
14 8 (1.84%) Optoelectronics
15 7 (1.61%) Mobile App
15 7 (1.61%) Virtual Team
16 6 (1.38%) Driving Licence
17 5 (1.15%) iPad
17 5 (1.15%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 161 (37.10%) Linux
2 73 (16.82%) Windows
3 39 (8.99%) Embedded Linux
4 27 (6.22%) Android
5 24 (5.53%) Apple iOS
6 22 (5.07%) Unix
7 7 (1.61%) FreeRTOS
7 7 (1.61%) Windows Server
8 6 (1.38%) AIX
8 6 (1.38%) VMS
9 5 (1.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 4 (0.92%) Debian
10 4 (0.92%) Solaris
10 4 (0.92%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.46%) CentOS
11 2 (0.46%) SUSE
11 2 (0.46%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.23%) SafeRTOS
12 1 (0.23%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 108 (24.88%) Software Engineering
2 71 (16.36%) Validation
3 70 (16.13%) Signal Processing
4 57 (13.13%) Computer Science
5 55 (12.67%) Agile Software Development
6 44 (10.14%) Problem-Solving
7 42 (9.68%) SDLC
8 41 (9.45%) Continuous Integration
9 35 (8.06%) Software Testing
9 35 (8.06%) Stakeholder Management
10 34 (7.83%) Product Roadmap
11 33 (7.60%) Test Automation
12 32 (7.37%) V-Model
13 31 (7.14%) Configuration Management
14 29 (6.68%) Software Architecture
15 28 (6.45%) Mentoring
16 25 (5.76%) DevOps
17 24 (5.53%) People Management
17 24 (5.53%) Project Delivery
18 22 (5.07%) Product Requirements
Programming Languages
1 196 (45.16%) C
2 173 (39.86%) C++
3 107 (24.65%) Python
4 57 (13.13%) Embedded C
5 53 (12.21%) MATLAB
6 39 (8.99%) Embedded C++
7 26 (5.99%) C#
8 21 (4.84%) Java
8 21 (4.84%) JavaScript
9 19 (4.38%) Bash Shell
10 18 (4.15%) SQL
11 15 (3.46%) Perl
12 14 (3.23%) PowerShell
13 10 (2.30%) Ada
14 8 (1.84%) Go
15 5 (1.15%) Scala
16 4 (0.92%) Shell Script
17 3 (0.69%) Assembly Language
17 3 (0.69%) AWK
17 3 (0.69%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 120 (27.65%) Degree
2 41 (9.45%) PhD
3 40 (9.22%) Security Cleared
4 25 (5.76%) SC Cleared
5 21 (4.84%) Cisco Certification
6 19 (4.38%) Computer Science Degree
7 18 (4.15%) CCNA
8 14 (3.23%) CCNP
9 10 (2.30%) DV Cleared
10 9 (2.07%) Numerate Degree
11 7 (1.61%) RHCE
12 4 (0.92%) HNC
12 4 (0.92%) IBM AIX Certification
12 4 (0.92%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 3 (0.69%) CCIE
13 3 (0.69%) CCIE Service Provider
13 3 (0.69%) Chartered Engineer
13 3 (0.69%) HND
13 3 (0.69%) JNCIP
13 3 (0.69%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (7.14%) SLA
2 23 (5.30%) MISRA
3 17 (3.92%) Def Stans
4 14 (3.23%) QA
5 8 (1.84%) ISO 13485
6 7 (1.61%) MISRA C
7 6 (1.38%) ISO 9001
7 6 (1.38%) JTAG
8 4 (0.92%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.69%) DO-178B
9 3 (0.69%) GRC
9 3 (0.69%) JSP 440
10 2 (0.46%) GDPR
10 2 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 2 (0.46%) NCSC
11 1 (0.23%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 26 (5.99%) Active Directory
2 19 (4.38%) Docker
3 16 (3.69%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (3.00%) BitLocker
5 11 (2.53%) VMware ESXi
6 7 (1.61%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (1.38%) KVM
8 5 (1.15%) Virtual Servers
9 3 (0.69%) OCFS2
9 3 (0.69%) Oracle RAC
9 3 (0.69%) Postfix
9 3 (0.69%) qmail
9 3 (0.69%) Samba
9 3 (0.69%) Sendmail
9 3 (0.69%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 3 (0.69%) Veritas Volume Manager
9 3 (0.69%) VMware NSX
9 3 (0.69%) vSphere
9 3 (0.69%) Xen
9 3 (0.69%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 19 (4.38%) SCCM
2 12 (2.76%) Ansible
3 6 (1.38%) Kubernetes
4 5 (1.15%) Norton AntiVirus
5 4 (0.92%) Grafana
5 4 (0.92%) Prometheus
6 3 (0.69%) Failover Clustering
6 3 (0.69%) SELinux
6 3 (0.69%) Terraform
6 3 (0.69%) vCenter Server
7 2 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
7 2 (0.46%) Graylog
7 2 (0.46%) OPNET
7 2 (0.46%) PowerCLI
7 2 (0.46%) Rancher
7 2 (0.46%) vRealize
7 2 (0.46%) vRealize Orchestrator
7 2 (0.46%) ZABBIX
8 1 (0.23%) SCOM
8 1 (0.23%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 45 (10.37%) EMC
2 34 (7.83%) Microsoft
3 26 (5.99%) HP
4 24 (5.53%) IBM
4 24 (5.53%) McAfee
5 23 (5.30%) VMware
6 18 (4.15%) Cisco
7 14 (3.23%) Palo Alto
7 14 (3.23%) ServiceNow
8 11 (2.53%) Blue Coat
8 11 (2.53%) CheckPoint
8 11 (2.53%) Google
8 11 (2.53%) Instagram
8 11 (2.53%) Red Hat
9 10 (2.30%) Oracle
10 8 (1.84%) Apple
10 8 (1.84%) Becrypt
10 8 (1.84%) MobileIron
10 8 (1.84%) Remedy
11 6 (1.38%) Veeam