Period
to 24 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Firmware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Firmware over the 6 months to 24 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Firmware
UK
6 months to
24 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 521 490 556
Rank change year-on-year -31 +66 +86
Permanent jobs citing Firmware 326 696 740
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.44% 0.57% 0.50%
As % of the System Software category 2.42% 3.34% 3.17%
Number of salaries quoted 326 502 535
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -5.26%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,775 £28,750
90th Percentile £72,500 £68,625 £63,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -5.26%

Firmware is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 13,490 20,822 23,363
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.28% 16.97% 15.66%
Number of salaries quoted 11,176 17,250 19,284
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £29,750 £25,750 £25,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +11.76% - +6.25%

Firmware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Firmware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Firmware.

Salary trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Firmware over the 6 months to 24 February 2021.

Salary histogram for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Firmware within the UK over the 6 months to 24 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -36 268 £55,000 +10.00% 180
UK excluding London -34 246 £50,000 - 186
Work from Home -39 75 £60,000 +12.15% 19
South East -67 63 £55,000 +4.76% 55
North of England +93 51 £60,000 +4.35% 24
Midlands +58 49 £50,000 +45.99% 25
London +100 47 £55,000 -8.33% 18
Yorkshire +64 37 £70,000 +57.30% 13
West Midlands +65 35 £50,000 +57.48% 10
Scotland +29 28 £47,500 +11.76% 15
East of England +46 26 £60,000 +50.00% 30
South West +3 23 £47,500 +5.56% 27
East Midlands +29 14 £46,000 +22.67% 15
North West +53 9 £44,625 -22.39% 8
Wales +31 5 £32,500 -13.33% 9
North East +22 5 £55,000 +22.22% 3
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 24 February 2021, IT jobs citing Firmware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Firmware.

1 134 (41.10%) C
2 118 (36.20%) C++
3 107 (32.82%) Electronics
4 89 (27.30%) Linux
5 86 (26.38%) Degree
6 80 (24.54%) Python
7 67 (20.55%) Windows
8 56 (17.18%) Software Engineering
9 51 (15.64%) Microsoft
10 50 (15.34%) Wireless
11 47 (14.42%) Wi-Fi
12 45 (13.80%) Active Directory
13 44 (13.50%) Embedded Systems
14 42 (12.88%) Computer Science
15 41 (12.58%) Validation
15 41 (12.58%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
16 40 (12.27%) Embedded C
17 39 (11.96%) Agile Software Development
17 39 (11.96%) Signal Processing
18 38 (11.66%) Firewall
19 34 (10.43%) SLA
19 34 (10.43%) Test Automation
20 33 (10.12%) Algorithms
21 32 (9.82%) Configuration Management
21 32 (9.82%) SDLC
22 31 (9.51%) Problem-Solving
22 31 (9.51%) VPN
22 31 (9.51%) SCCM
23 30 (9.20%) DNS
23 30 (9.20%) Change Management

Firmware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (1.84%) Exchange Server 2010
1 6 (1.84%) MS Exchange
2 3 (0.92%) Apache
3 2 (0.61%) Apache Spark
3 2 (0.61%) Confluence
3 2 (0.61%) OpenStack
4 1 (0.31%) CMS
4 1 (0.31%) Exchange Server 2013
4 1 (0.31%) IIS
Applications
1 17 (5.21%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (2.45%) Simulink
3 4 (1.23%) Fusion 360
4 3 (0.92%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 3 (0.92%) Remedy ITSM
2 1 (0.31%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 26 (7.98%) Microsoft 365
2 23 (7.06%) Azure
3 15 (4.60%) GitHub
4 14 (4.29%) AWS
5 6 (1.84%) Mimecast
5 6 (1.84%) PaaS
6 5 (1.53%) Cloud Computing
7 4 (1.23%) Amazon Alexa
8 3 (0.92%) IaaS
9 2 (0.61%) AWS CloudFormation
9 2 (0.61%) Power Platform
10 1 (0.31%) Dynamics 365
10 1 (0.31%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 50 (15.34%) Wireless
2 47 (14.42%) Wi-Fi
3 38 (11.66%) Firewall
4 31 (9.51%) VPN
5 30 (9.20%) DNS
6 29 (8.90%) Bluetooth
7 28 (8.59%) DHCP
8 26 (7.98%) TCP/IP
9 24 (7.36%) Internet
10 20 (6.13%) Software-Defined Radio
11 17 (5.21%) Ethernet
12 16 (4.91%) BGP
12 16 (4.91%) DVB
12 16 (4.91%) MIMO
12 16 (4.91%) VLAN
13 13 (3.99%) Network Security
14 12 (3.68%) ZigBee
15 10 (3.07%) OSPF
16 9 (2.76%) MPLS
17 7 (2.15%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12 (3.68%) SQL Server
2 6 (1.84%) Big Data
2 6 (1.84%) SQL Server 2008
2 6 (1.84%) SQL Server 2012
3 3 (0.92%) PostgreSQL
4 2 (0.61%) Amazon Redshift
4 2 (0.61%) Hadoop
4 2 (0.61%) NoSQL
4 2 (0.61%) Power BI
4 2 (0.61%) Tableau
5 1 (0.31%) InfluxDB
5 1 (0.31%) MySQL
5 1 (0.31%) Oracle Reports
5 1 (0.31%) SAP HANA
5 1 (0.31%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 22 (6.75%) Git (software)
2 21 (6.44%) JIRA
3 12 (3.68%) Subversion
4 10 (3.07%) Rational DOORS
5 7 (2.15%) Jenkins
6 5 (1.53%) Eclipse
6 5 (1.53%) Visual Studio
7 3 (0.92%) CodeSonar
7 3 (0.92%) GCC
7 3 (0.92%) GDB
7 3 (0.92%) GoogleTest
7 3 (0.92%) IDA Disassembler
7 3 (0.92%) LabVIEW
8 1 (0.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 1 (0.31%) CMake
8 1 (0.31%) GitLab
8 1 (0.31%) Robot Framework
8 1 (0.31%) Selenium
8 1 (0.31%) Valgrind
General
1 107 (32.82%) Electronics
2 29 (8.90%) Finance
3 24 (7.36%) Manufacturing
4 11 (3.37%) Aerospace
5 9 (2.76%) Military
5 9 (2.76%) Telecoms
6 8 (2.45%) Publishing
7 6 (1.84%) Automotive
7 6 (1.84%) Law
8 5 (1.53%) Public Sector
8 5 (1.53%) Retail
9 2 (0.61%) Advertising
10 1 (0.31%) Legal
10 1 (0.31%) Local Government
10 1 (0.31%) Marketing
10 1 (0.31%) Police
Job Titles
1 57 (17.48%) Embedded Engineer
2 54 (16.56%) Firmware Engineer
3 34 (10.43%) Software Engineer
4 30 (9.20%) Electronics Engineer
5 25 (7.67%) Analyst
5 25 (7.67%) Embedded Firmware Engineer
6 22 (6.75%) Embedded Software Engineer
7 19 (5.83%) Developer
8 17 (5.21%) Architect
8 17 (5.21%) Linux Engineer
8 17 (5.21%) Wireless Engineer
9 16 (4.91%) Algorithm Engineer
9 16 (4.91%) DSP Algorithm Engineer
9 16 (4.91%) DSP Engineer
9 16 (4.91%) Senior Algorithm Engineer
9 16 (4.91%) Senior DSP Engineer
9 16 (4.91%) Senior Firmware Engineer
9 16 (4.91%) Systems Architect
10 15 (4.60%) Design Engineer
11 14 (4.29%) Hardware Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9 (2.76%) Node.js
2 8 (2.45%) CSS
3 7 (2.15%) React Native
3 7 (2.15%) Yocto
4 6 (1.84%) .NET
5 5 (1.53%) AngularJS
5 5 (1.53%) HTML
5 5 (1.53%) LDAP
6 4 (1.23%) Flash
6 4 (1.23%) GraphQL
6 4 (1.23%) HTML5
6 4 (1.23%) jQuery
6 4 (1.23%) OpenCV
6 4 (1.23%) React
6 4 (1.23%) Web Services
7 3 (0.92%) PhoneGap
7 3 (0.92%) PyTorch
7 3 (0.92%) WPF
8 2 (0.61%) .NET Framework
8 2 (0.61%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 44 (13.50%) Embedded Systems
2 41 (12.58%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
3 33 (10.12%) Algorithms
4 25 (7.67%) Analytical Skills
5 24 (7.36%) Management Information System
6 21 (6.44%) Data Centre
7 20 (6.13%) Self-Motivation
8 14 (4.29%) Internet of Things
9 13 (3.99%) Mobile App
9 13 (3.99%) Smart Home
10 10 (3.07%) User Experience
11 9 (2.76%) ASIC
11 9 (2.76%) Home Automation
12 8 (2.45%) Replication
12 8 (2.45%) VHDL
13 7 (2.15%) Analogue Electronics
13 7 (2.15%) Optoelectronics
14 6 (1.84%) Clustering
14 6 (1.84%) CPLD
14 6 (1.84%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 89 (27.30%) Linux
2 67 (20.55%) Windows
3 24 (7.36%) Unix
4 19 (5.83%) Android
4 19 (5.83%) Apple iOS
5 14 (4.29%) Embedded Linux
6 10 (3.07%) Windows Server
7 6 (1.84%) FreeRTOS
7 6 (1.84%) Windows Server 2008
8 4 (1.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (1.23%) Solaris
8 4 (1.23%) VMS
9 3 (0.92%) AIX
10 2 (0.61%) CentOS
10 2 (0.61%) Windows 10
10 2 (0.61%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.31%) Debian
11 1 (0.31%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.31%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 56 (17.18%) Software Engineering
2 42 (12.88%) Computer Science
3 41 (12.58%) Validation
4 39 (11.96%) Agile Software Development
4 39 (11.96%) Signal Processing
5 34 (10.43%) Test Automation
6 32 (9.82%) Configuration Management
6 32 (9.82%) SDLC
7 31 (9.51%) Problem-Solving
8 30 (9.20%) Change Management
9 26 (7.98%) Analytics
9 26 (7.98%) ITIL
9 26 (7.98%) Project Management
10 25 (7.67%) Capacity Planning
10 25 (7.67%) Information Security
11 24 (7.36%) Product Roadmap
11 24 (7.36%) Prototyping
12 22 (6.75%) Mathematics
13 19 (5.83%) Project Delivery
13 19 (5.83%) V-Model
Programming Languages
1 134 (41.10%) C
2 118 (36.20%) C++
3 80 (24.54%) Python
4 40 (12.27%) Embedded C
5 29 (8.90%) MATLAB
6 26 (7.98%) Java
7 25 (7.67%) C#
8 19 (5.83%) Perl
9 18 (5.52%) Embedded C++
9 18 (5.52%) SQL
10 12 (3.68%) Bash Shell
11 10 (3.07%) PowerShell
12 8 (2.45%) JavaScript
13 6 (1.84%) Assembly Language
14 3 (0.92%) AWK
14 3 (0.92%) PHP
14 3 (0.92%) Scala
14 3 (0.92%) sed
15 2 (0.61%) Shell Script
16 1 (0.31%) Lua
Qualifications
1 86 (26.38%) Degree
2 28 (8.59%) Cisco Certification
3 27 (8.28%) Security Cleared
4 25 (7.67%) PhD
5 23 (7.06%) CCNA
6 17 (5.21%) CCNP
7 13 (3.99%) DV Cleared
8 12 (3.68%) SC Cleared
9 9 (2.76%) Computer Science Degree
10 6 (1.84%) RHCE
10 6 (1.84%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 5 (1.53%) HNC
11 5 (1.53%) HND
11 5 (1.53%) Numerate Degree
12 3 (0.92%) CCIE
12 3 (0.92%) CCIE Service Provider
12 3 (0.92%) IBM AIX Certification
12 3 (0.92%) JNCIP
12 3 (0.92%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 3 (0.92%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (10.43%) SLA
2 14 (4.29%) ISO 13485
3 11 (3.37%) MISRA
4 9 (2.76%) QA
5 8 (2.45%) ISO 9001
6 7 (2.15%) MISRA C
7 3 (0.92%) Def Stans
7 3 (0.92%) IEC 62304
7 3 (0.92%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 3 (0.92%) JSP 440
7 3 (0.92%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.61%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.31%) ISO 26262
System Software
1 45 (13.80%) Active Directory
2 23 (7.06%) BitLocker
3 16 (4.91%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (3.68%) VMware ESXi
5 10 (3.07%) Docker
6 7 (2.15%) XenApp
7 6 (1.84%) KVM
8 5 (1.53%) Xen
9 3 (0.92%) OCFS2
9 3 (0.92%) Oracle RAC
9 3 (0.92%) Postfix
9 3 (0.92%) qmail
9 3 (0.92%) Samba
9 3 (0.92%) Sendmail
9 3 (0.92%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 3 (0.92%) Veritas Volume Manager
9 3 (0.92%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.92%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.61%) Hyper-V
10 2 (0.61%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 31 (9.51%) SCCM
2 16 (4.91%) Norton AntiVirus
3 5 (1.53%) Ansible
4 4 (1.23%) Kubernetes
5 3 (0.92%) Failover Clustering
5 3 (0.92%) SELinux
6 2 (0.61%) Cobbler
6 2 (0.61%) FortiGate
6 2 (0.61%) Puppet
6 2 (0.61%) Red Hat Spacewalk
6 2 (0.61%) vCenter Server
7 1 (0.31%) Graylog
7 1 (0.31%) HP ALM
7 1 (0.31%) OPNET
7 1 (0.31%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.31%) Rancher
7 1 (0.31%) Red Hat Satellite
7 1 (0.31%) SCOM
7 1 (0.31%) SCOrch
7 1 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 51 (15.64%) Microsoft
2 29 (8.90%) McAfee
3 27 (8.28%) Cisco
4 25 (7.67%) VMware
5 21 (6.44%) HP
5 21 (6.44%) IBM
6 19 (5.83%) EMC
7 16 (4.91%) FireEye
7 16 (4.91%) Symantec
7 16 (4.91%) Tanium
8 15 (4.60%) Xilinx
9 12 (3.68%) CheckPoint
10 10 (3.07%) Citrix
10 10 (3.07%) Oracle
10 10 (3.07%) Red Hat
11 9 (2.76%) Palo Alto
12 8 (2.45%) Altera
12 8 (2.45%) TOWER Software
13 7 (2.15%) Apple
13 7 (2.15%) Remedy