Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Firmware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Firmware over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Firmware
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 492 503 475
Rank change year-on-year +11 -28 +100
Permanent jobs citing Firmware 748 292 744
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.58% 0.46% 0.59%
As % of the System Software category 3.25% 2.51% 3.46%
Number of salaries quoted 380 241 503
10th Percentile £33,750 £30,000 £29,750
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +11.11%
75th Percentile £72,500 £60,000 £60,625
90th Percentile £80,000 £70,000 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Firmware is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 23,028 11,641 21,526
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.87% 18.34% 17.06%
Number of salaries quoted 15,463 9,831 17,789
10th Percentile £28,000 £29,750 £25,500
25th Percentile £38,500 £38,750 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £78,750 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +11.76% -

Firmware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Firmware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Firmware.

Salary trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Firmware over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Firmware within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +19 625 £55,000 +4.76% 182
UK excluding London +27 543 £50,000 - 190
South East -10 154 £45,000 -10.00% 45
Work from Home -132 131 £68,750 +37.50% 18
East of England +10 127 £60,000 +20.00% 47
London -151 124 £63,500 +20.95% 15
North of England -51 120 £55,000 +10.00% 25
Yorkshire -14 90 £55,000 - 7
South West -20 53 £62,500 +31.58% 31
Midlands -88 46 £42,250 -23.18% 20
Scotland -52 40 £46,250 -2.63% 12
North West -50 36 £45,000 +12.50% 9
West Midlands -68 32 £41,000 -41.43% 9
East Midlands -52 14 £47,500 -9.52% 11
North East -24 10 £45,000 -18.18% 9
Wales -41 10 £50,000 +42.86% 9
Northern Ireland -29 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT jobs citing Firmware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Firmware.

1 347 (46.39%) C
2 293 (39.17%) C++
3 289 (38.64%) Software Engineering
4 271 (36.23%) Linux
5 167 (22.33%) Electronics
6 156 (20.86%) Python
6 156 (20.86%) Degree
7 155 (20.72%) Social Skills
8 131 (17.51%) Test Automation
9 130 (17.38%) Software Testing
10 124 (16.58%) Windows
11 122 (16.31%) Embedded C
12 117 (15.64%) Wi-Fi
13 116 (15.51%) Embedded Systems
14 107 (14.30%) Wireless
15 106 (14.17%) Problem-Solving
16 99 (13.24%) TCP/IP
17 97 (12.97%) Validation
17 97 (12.97%) Agile Software Development
18 94 (12.57%) Computer Science
19 93 (12.43%) QA
20 79 (10.56%) UML
21 78 (10.43%) Device Driver
22 73 (9.76%) Bluetooth
22 73 (9.76%) Embedded C++
23 72 (9.63%) Microsoft
24 71 (9.49%) MATLAB
25 65 (8.69%) Cisco
26 64 (8.56%) Internet
26 64 (8.56%) Embedded Software Development

Firmware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (1.47%) SharePoint
2 9 (1.20%) Confluence
3 8 (1.07%) MS Exchange
4 4 (0.53%) Skype for Business
5 3 (0.40%) WinCC
6 2 (0.27%) IIS
7 1 (0.13%) CloudStack
7 1 (0.13%) Kinematics
7 1 (0.13%) OpenStack
Applications
1 34 (4.55%) Simulink
2 17 (2.27%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (0.67%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 42 (5.61%) Azure
2 39 (5.21%) Microsoft 365
3 27 (3.61%) AWS
4 25 (3.34%) PaaS
5 20 (2.67%) IaaS
6 15 (2.01%) SaaS
7 10 (1.34%) Serverless
8 7 (0.94%) AWS IoT
9 4 (0.53%) Amazon S3
9 4 (0.53%) Mimecast
10 3 (0.40%) Azure Active Directory
11 2 (0.27%) Amazon SQS
11 2 (0.27%) AWS CloudFormation
11 2 (0.27%) AWS Lambda
11 2 (0.27%) GitHub
12 1 (0.13%) Amazon EC2
12 1 (0.13%) Cloud Computing
12 1 (0.13%) GCP
12 1 (0.13%) npm
12 1 (0.13%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 117 (15.64%) Wi-Fi
2 107 (14.30%) Wireless
3 99 (13.24%) TCP/IP
4 73 (9.76%) Bluetooth
5 64 (8.56%) Internet
6 52 (6.95%) Ethernet
7 50 (6.68%) MQTT
8 42 (5.61%) Firewall
9 40 (5.35%) Broadband
10 32 (4.28%) VPN
11 30 (4.01%) VoIP
12 26 (3.48%) DVB
12 26 (3.48%) MIMO
12 26 (3.48%) Modbus
13 23 (3.07%) WAN
13 23 (3.07%) ZigBee
14 21 (2.81%) BGP
14 21 (2.81%) DNS
14 21 (2.81%) OSPF
15 20 (2.67%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (2.14%) MySQL
1 16 (2.14%) PostgreSQL
2 13 (1.74%) InfluxDB
2 13 (1.74%) MariaDB
2 13 (1.74%) SQLite
3 9 (1.20%) SQL Server
4 8 (1.07%) Big Data
5 6 (0.80%) NoSQL
6 2 (0.27%) SQL Server 2008
6 2 (0.27%) SQL Server 2019
7 1 (0.13%) Data Lake
7 1 (0.13%) OpenStack Swift
7 1 (0.13%) Power BI
7 1 (0.13%) Redis
7 1 (0.13%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 30 (4.01%) Rational DOORS
2 28 (3.74%) Jenkins
3 25 (3.34%) Rational Rhapsody
4 24 (3.21%) Git (software)
5 23 (3.07%) Rational Team Concert
6 21 (2.81%) JIRA
7 18 (2.41%) Subversion
8 16 (2.14%) Team Foundation Server
9 15 (2.01%) Visual Studio
10 10 (1.34%) Robot Framework
11 9 (1.20%) IDA Disassembler
12 6 (0.80%) LabVIEW
13 5 (0.67%) GCC
13 5 (0.67%) Selenium
14 4 (0.53%) Bitbucket
14 4 (0.53%) Cucumber
15 2 (0.27%) CMake
15 2 (0.27%) Cypress.io
15 2 (0.27%) NetBeans
15 2 (0.27%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 167 (22.33%) Electronics
2 155 (20.72%) Social Skills
3 59 (7.89%) Manufacturing
4 49 (6.55%) Analytical Skills
5 46 (6.15%) Finance
6 42 (5.61%) Automotive
7 38 (5.08%) Telecoms
8 28 (3.74%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 19 (2.54%) Public Sector
10 18 (2.41%) Marketing
10 18 (2.41%) Organisational Skills
11 17 (2.27%) Games
12 12 (1.60%) Influencing Skills
13 10 (1.34%) Aerospace
14 9 (1.20%) Advertising
15 8 (1.07%) Law
15 8 (1.07%) Presentation Skills
16 4 (0.53%) Documentation Skills
17 3 (0.40%) Legal
17 3 (0.40%) Retail
Job Titles
1 239 (31.95%) Software Engineer
2 222 (29.68%) Embedded Engineer
3 142 (18.98%) Embedded Software Engineer
4 98 (13.10%) Architect
5 87 (11.63%) Firmware Engineer
6 62 (8.29%) Embedded Firmware Engineer
7 56 (7.49%) Embedded C++ Engineer
8 54 (7.22%) C++ Software Engineer
9 53 (7.09%) Software Architect
10 52 (6.95%) Linux Engineer
11 49 (6.55%) Senior Software Engineer
12 48 (6.42%) UML Architect
13 47 (6.28%) Embedded C Engineer
13 47 (6.28%) Embedded C/C++ Engineer
13 47 (6.28%) Embedded C++ Software Engineer
14 45 (6.02%) C Software Engineer
14 45 (6.02%) C/C++ Embedded Software Engineer
14 45 (6.02%) C/C++ Software Engineer
14 45 (6.02%) Embedded C Software Engineer
14 45 (6.02%) Embedded C/C++ Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (6.82%) Yocto
2 32 (4.28%) CSS
2 32 (4.28%) HTML
3 13 (1.74%) SVG
4 12 (1.60%) .NET
5 7 (0.94%) OpenCV
6 5 (0.67%) AngularJS
6 5 (0.67%) Boost C++ Libraries
6 5 (0.67%) GStreamer
6 5 (0.67%) REST
6 5 (0.67%) STL
7 4 (0.53%) .NET Core
7 4 (0.53%) Spring
7 4 (0.53%) Spring Boot
7 4 (0.53%) Unreal Engine
8 3 (0.40%) TensorFlow
8 3 (0.40%) Unity (Game Engine)
9 2 (0.27%) Ionic Framework
9 2 (0.27%) JSON
9 2 (0.27%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 116 (15.51%) Embedded Systems
2 78 (10.43%) Device Driver
3 60 (8.02%) FPGA
4 56 (7.49%) Algorithms
5 43 (5.75%) Robotics
6 37 (4.95%) User Experience
7 35 (4.68%) Internet of Things
8 32 (4.28%) Data Centre
9 30 (4.01%) Analogue Electronics
10 27 (3.61%) Self-Motivation
11 26 (3.48%) Management Information System
12 24 (3.21%) VHDL
13 21 (2.81%) ASIC
14 14 (1.87%) Cyberattack
15 12 (1.60%) Home Automation
15 12 (1.60%) Life Science
16 11 (1.47%) Renewable Energy
17 9 (1.20%) Augmented Reality
17 9 (1.20%) Cyberthreat
17 9 (1.20%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 271 (36.23%) Linux
2 124 (16.58%) Windows
3 50 (6.68%) Embedded Linux
4 43 (5.75%) Android
5 25 (3.34%) Windows Server
6 24 (3.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 23 (3.07%) Windows 10
8 19 (2.54%) Unix
8 19 (2.54%) Windows Server 2016
9 18 (2.41%) Windows Server 2019
10 16 (2.14%) CentOS
11 15 (2.01%) Windows Server 2012
12 13 (1.74%) ThreadX
12 13 (1.74%) Windows Embedded Compact
13 11 (1.47%) Apple iOS
14 9 (1.20%) Mac OS
15 6 (0.80%) FreeRTOS
16 4 (0.53%) AIX
17 3 (0.40%) Ubuntu
18 2 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 289 (38.64%) Software Engineering
2 131 (17.51%) Test Automation
3 130 (17.38%) Software Testing
4 106 (14.17%) Problem-Solving
5 97 (12.97%) Agile Software Development
5 97 (12.97%) Validation
6 94 (12.57%) Computer Science
7 79 (10.56%) UML
8 64 (8.56%) Embedded Software Development
9 56 (7.49%) Cybersecurity
10 55 (7.35%) Continuous Integration
11 49 (6.55%) Network Management
11 49 (6.55%) SDLC
12 46 (6.15%) Signal Processing
13 40 (5.35%) Project Management
14 37 (4.95%) Device Driver Development
15 36 (4.81%) Mentoring
16 35 (4.68%) Requirements Gathering
17 33 (4.41%) Software Architecture
18 32 (4.28%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 347 (46.39%) C
2 293 (39.17%) C++
3 156 (20.86%) Python
4 122 (16.31%) Embedded C
5 73 (9.76%) Embedded C++
6 71 (9.49%) MATLAB
7 55 (7.35%) C#
8 38 (5.08%) Java
9 22 (2.94%) Ada
10 16 (2.14%) PowerShell
11 14 (1.87%) SQL
12 10 (1.34%) JavaScript
12 10 (1.34%) TypeScript
13 7 (0.94%) Haskell
13 7 (0.94%) Rust
13 7 (0.94%) Shell Script
14 4 (0.53%) Bash
15 3 (0.40%) Assembly Language
15 3 (0.40%) Lua
16 2 (0.27%) AWK
Qualifications
1 156 (20.86%) Degree
2 48 (6.42%) Security Cleared
3 39 (5.21%) Cisco Certification
4 34 (4.55%) CCNA
5 32 (4.28%) SC Cleared
6 28 (3.74%) PhD
7 24 (3.21%) Computer Science Degree
8 21 (2.81%) JNCIA
9 18 (2.41%) DV Cleared
10 17 (2.27%) CCNP
11 13 (1.74%) CISSP
11 13 (1.74%) GIAC
11 13 (1.74%) SANS
12 12 (1.60%) Microsoft Certification
13 9 (1.20%) MCSE
14 7 (0.94%) Master's Degree
15 5 (0.67%) HNC
15 5 (0.67%) HND
16 4 (0.53%) CCIE
16 4 (0.53%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (12.43%) QA
2 41 (5.48%) MISRA
3 32 (4.28%) Def Stans
4 18 (2.41%) SLA
5 11 (1.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 10 (1.34%) IEC 61508
7 9 (1.20%) DO-178B
7 9 (1.20%) ISO 9001
8 7 (0.94%) ISO 13485
8 7 (0.94%) NIST
9 6 (0.80%) PCI DSS
10 5 (0.67%) ECSS
11 4 (0.53%) DO-254
11 4 (0.53%) JTAG
11 4 (0.53%) SOC 2
12 3 (0.40%) IEC 62304
12 3 (0.40%) ISO 26262
13 1 (0.13%) IEC 61131
System Software
1 43 (5.75%) Active Directory
2 15 (2.01%) Docker
3 13 (1.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (1.60%) Hyper-V
5 10 (1.34%) BitLocker
6 6 (0.80%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.80%) VMware NSX
7 5 (0.67%) vSphere
8 3 (0.40%) Citrix Hypervisor
8 3 (0.40%) Microsoft App-V
8 3 (0.40%) Virtual Desktop
8 3 (0.40%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.27%) DFS Replication
9 2 (0.27%) NFS
9 2 (0.27%) Terminal Services
9 2 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
9 2 (0.27%) XenApp
10 1 (0.13%) Ceph
10 1 (0.13%) GPFS
10 1 (0.13%) NDS
Systems Management
1 30 (4.01%) Kubernetes
2 17 (2.27%) Terraform
3 12 (1.60%) SCCM
4 4 (0.53%) McAfee ePO
4 4 (0.53%) VxRail
5 3 (0.40%) Jamf Pro
5 3 (0.40%) SCOM
6 2 (0.27%) Microsoft Clustering
6 2 (0.27%) WSUS
6 2 (0.27%) ZABBIX
7 1 (0.13%) Active Directory Federation Services
7 1 (0.13%) HP SiteScope
7 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
7 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Intune
7 1 (0.13%) PaperCut
7 1 (0.13%) PowerCLI
7 1 (0.13%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.13%) vCenter Server
7 1 (0.13%) vRealize
7 1 (0.13%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 72 (9.63%) Microsoft
2 65 (8.69%) Cisco
3 62 (8.29%) EMC
4 30 (4.01%) IBM
5 26 (3.48%) Fortinet
6 24 (3.21%) Juniper
7 22 (2.94%) Meraki
8 20 (2.67%) Palo Alto
9 19 (2.54%) HP
10 18 (2.41%) VMware
11 16 (2.14%) CheckPoint
12 15 (2.01%) Aruba
13 14 (1.87%) Apple
14 13 (1.74%) Klocwork
15 12 (1.60%) Red Hat
16 10 (1.34%) McAfee
17 8 (1.07%) Citrix
18 7 (0.94%) Dell
18 7 (0.94%) MobileIron
18 7 (0.94%) Remedy