Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Firmware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Firmware over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Firmware
UK
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 492 546 643
Rank change year-on-year +54 +97 -20
Permanent jobs citing Firmware 764 842 675
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.54% 0.50% 0.38%
As % of the System Software category 3.12% 3.41% 2.97%
Number of salaries quoted 545 653 624
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £29,250 £31,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £68,250 £65,000 £61,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%

Firmware is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 24,514 24,728 22,736
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.31% 14.74% 12.89%
Number of salaries quoted 20,059 20,181 19,130
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% +5.88%
10th Percentile £25,500 £24,750 £24,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £38,500
% change year-on-year - +10.39% +2.67%

Firmware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Firmware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Firmware.

Salary trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Firmware over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Firmware within the UK over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +55 714 £45,000 - 205
UK excluding London +16 629 £45,000 - 216
South East +4 246 £48,500 +7.78% 77
Midlands +85 156 £37,500 -21.05% 21
London +97 122 £52,500 +23.53% 23
East Midlands +71 100 £37,500 -21.05% 6
South West +4 88 £45,000 +2.86% 20
East of England +66 66 £47,500 -26.92% 37
West Midlands +23 56 £40,000 -5.88% 15
North of England -48 35 £42,501 -5.55% 27
Scotland +5 29 £43,000 -4.44% 27
North West -12 19 £41,250 -8.33% 12
Yorkshire -30 14 £42,500 -5.56% 9
Wales +9 9 £40,000 - 7
North East +10 2 £56,250 +55.17% 6

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT jobs citing Firmware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Firmware.

1 374 (48.95%) C
2 295 (38.61%) C++
3 231 (30.24%) Degree
4 208 (27.23%) Electronics
5 206 (26.96%) Agile Software Development
6 205 (26.83%) Software Engineering
7 123 (16.10%) Windows
7 123 (16.10%) Linux
8 114 (14.92%) Embedded Systems
9 108 (14.14%) Embedded C
10 102 (13.35%) Microsoft
11 100 (13.09%) Active Directory
11 100 (13.09%) Scrum
12 96 (12.57%) ITIL
13 87 (11.39%) Python
13 87 (11.39%) SLA
14 84 (10.99%) Computer Science
15 79 (10.34%) C#
16 77 (10.08%) Azure
17 74 (9.69%) Finance
18 68 (8.90%) Unix
19 59 (7.72%) Cisco
20 58 (7.59%) Information Security
21 57 (7.46%) ServiceNow
21 57 (7.46%) Windows Server
22 56 (7.33%) Algorithms
22 56 (7.33%) Git (software)
23 54 (7.07%) Firewall
23 54 (7.07%) DNS
24 53 (6.94%) Wireless

Firmware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (1.96%) IIS
2 11 (1.44%) Confluence
2 11 (1.44%) SharePoint
3 10 (1.31%) MS Exchange
4 7 (0.92%) Skype for Business
5 4 (0.52%) SharePoint Server
6 1 (0.13%) Cloud Foundry
6 1 (0.13%) Exchange Server 2013
6 1 (0.13%) Mule
Applications
1 33 (4.32%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (1.05%) Simulink
3 7 (0.92%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.52%) Doxygen
5 3 (0.39%) Acrobat
6 2 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 10 (1.31%) Oracle EBS
2 9 (1.18%) Teamcenter
3 3 (0.39%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 77 (10.08%) Azure
2 30 (3.93%) AWS
3 29 (3.80%) Office 365
4 13 (1.70%) Cloud Computing
5 6 (0.79%) G Suite
5 6 (0.79%) Serverless
6 5 (0.65%) Azure Active Directory
6 5 (0.65%) GCP
6 5 (0.65%) OneDrive
7 4 (0.52%) Dynamics 365
7 4 (0.52%) GitHub
7 4 (0.52%) SaaS
7 4 (0.52%) Slack
8 3 (0.39%) Dropbox
9 1 (0.13%) Amazon S3
9 1 (0.13%) AWS IoT
9 1 (0.13%) IaaS
9 1 (0.13%) OpenShift
9 1 (0.13%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 54 (7.07%) DNS
1 54 (7.07%) Firewall
2 53 (6.94%) Wireless
3 52 (6.81%) DHCP
4 48 (6.28%) Bluetooth
5 37 (4.84%) TCP/IP
5 37 (4.84%) Wi-Fi
6 34 (4.45%) RS-485
7 32 (4.19%) WAN
8 30 (3.93%) LAN
9 29 (3.80%) Ethernet
9 29 (3.80%) RS-232
10 28 (3.66%) SAN
10 28 (3.66%) VPN
11 23 (3.01%) DMZ
11 23 (3.01%) Internet
12 19 (2.49%) Broadband
13 15 (1.96%) VLAN
14 12 (1.57%) Modbus
14 12 (1.57%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (4.58%) SQL Server
2 19 (2.49%) PostgreSQL
3 14 (1.83%) Big Data
4 13 (1.70%) Oracle Database
5 11 (1.44%) Oracle Exadata
6 9 (1.18%) SQL Server 2005
6 9 (1.18%) SQL Server 2017
6 9 (1.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 9 (1.18%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 8 (1.05%) RDBMS
7 8 (1.05%) Relational Database
8 6 (0.79%) Cosmos DB
9 2 (0.26%) Amazon RDS
9 2 (0.26%) Data Lake
9 2 (0.26%) Data Warehouse
9 2 (0.26%) Oracle Reports
10 1 (0.13%) Data Mining
10 1 (0.13%) MySQL
10 1 (0.13%) Oracle Database 11g
10 1 (0.13%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 56 (7.33%) Git (software)
2 46 (6.02%) Visual Studio
3 34 (4.45%) JIRA
4 22 (2.88%) CppUnit
5 11 (1.44%) Eclipse
5 11 (1.44%) Maven
6 10 (1.31%) Subversion
7 9 (1.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 8 (1.05%) CMake
9 7 (0.92%) Robot Framework
10 6 (0.79%) GNU Toolchain
11 5 (0.65%) GCC
11 5 (0.65%) LabVIEW
11 5 (0.65%) Mercurial
12 3 (0.39%) Jenkins
13 2 (0.26%) CodeWarrior
13 2 (0.26%) Rational DOORS
13 2 (0.26%) Selenium
14 1 (0.13%) Bugzilla
14 1 (0.13%) GDB
General
1 208 (27.23%) Electronics
2 74 (9.69%) Finance
3 47 (6.15%) Manufacturing
4 39 (5.10%) Telecoms
5 31 (4.06%) Games
6 30 (3.93%) Automotive
7 13 (1.70%) Retail
8 11 (1.44%) Law
9 8 (1.05%) Marketing
10 7 (0.92%) Fire and Rescue
10 7 (0.92%) Pharmaceutical
10 7 (0.92%) Public Sector
11 6 (0.79%) Aerospace
12 5 (0.65%) Advertising
13 3 (0.39%) Back Office
13 3 (0.39%) Military
14 2 (0.26%) Local Government
15 1 (0.13%) Banking
15 1 (0.13%) Multimedia
15 1 (0.13%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 237 (31.02%) Embedded Engineer
2 130 (17.02%) Software Engineer
3 119 (15.58%) Firmware Engineer
4 108 (14.14%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 57 (7.46%) Support Engineer
6 48 (6.28%) Developer
7 46 (6.02%) Senior Firmware Engineer
8 45 (5.89%) Embedded C Engineer
9 43 (5.63%) C Software Engineer
9 43 (5.63%) Electronics Engineer
10 36 (4.71%) Design Engineer
10 36 (4.71%) Embedded C Software Engineer
11 35 (4.58%) Embedded Firmware Engineer
12 33 (4.32%) Network Engineer
13 31 (4.06%) C++ Software Engineer
14 28 (3.66%) C/C++ Software Engineer
14 28 (3.66%) Embedded C++ Engineer
14 28 (3.66%) Infrastructure Engineer
15 27 (3.53%) Operations Support Engineer
16 24 (3.14%) Embedded C/C++ Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22 (2.88%) .NET
2 17 (2.23%) Flash
3 15 (1.96%) LDAP
4 14 (1.83%) Kafka
5 13 (1.70%) CSS
5 13 (1.70%) HTML
5 13 (1.70%) Spring
6 11 (1.44%) HTML5
7 10 (1.31%) Qt
8 9 (1.18%) Node.js
9 8 (1.05%) Middleware
10 7 (0.92%) Vue.js
11 6 (0.79%) .NET Core
11 6 (0.79%) ASP.NET
11 6 (0.79%) Yocto
12 5 (0.65%) 802.1X
12 5 (0.65%) LLVM
12 5 (0.65%) OpenEmbedded
13 4 (0.52%) NumPy
13 4 (0.52%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 114 (14.92%) Embedded Systems
2 56 (7.33%) Algorithms
3 51 (6.68%) Self-Motivation
4 40 (5.24%) Management Information System
5 38 (4.97%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
6 29 (3.80%) User Experience
7 27 (3.53%) Data Centre
8 25 (3.27%) Robotics
9 22 (2.88%) Device Driver
9 22 (2.88%) Smartphone
10 21 (2.75%) Analytical Skills
11 20 (2.62%) Analogue Electronics
12 19 (2.49%) Clustering
13 18 (2.36%) Greenfield Project
13 18 (2.36%) VHDL
14 15 (1.96%) CAN bus
15 11 (1.44%) Driving Licence
16 10 (1.31%) Internet of Things
17 9 (1.18%) ASIC
17 9 (1.18%) Mobile Computing
Operating Systems
1 123 (16.10%) Linux
1 123 (16.10%) Windows
2 68 (8.90%) Unix
3 57 (7.46%) Windows Server
4 48 (6.28%) Solaris
5 41 (5.37%) FreeRTOS
6 20 (2.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 20 (2.62%) Windows Server 2012
7 15 (1.96%) Android
8 14 (1.83%) Embedded Linux
8 14 (1.83%) Windows 10
9 13 (1.70%) Apple iOS
10 11 (1.44%) VxWorks
10 11 (1.44%) Windows Server 2008
11 9 (1.18%) CentOS
12 8 (1.05%) Ubuntu
13 7 (0.92%) Windows 8
14 5 (0.65%) OpenWrt
14 5 (0.65%) Oracle Linux
14 5 (0.65%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 206 (26.96%) Agile Software Development
2 205 (26.83%) Software Engineering
3 100 (13.09%) Scrum
4 96 (12.57%) ITIL
5 84 (10.99%) Computer Science
6 58 (7.59%) Information Security
7 51 (6.68%) Ticket Management
8 48 (6.28%) High Availability
9 45 (5.89%) Validation
10 44 (5.76%) Software Testing
11 41 (5.37%) Problem-Solving
12 39 (5.10%) Test Automation
13 38 (4.97%) Change Control
14 35 (4.58%) Project Management
15 34 (4.45%) Mentoring
16 32 (4.19%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 31 (4.06%) Collaborative Working
18 30 (3.93%) Continuous Integration
18 30 (3.93%) Patch Management
18 30 (3.93%) Schematic Capture
Programming Languages
1 374 (48.95%) C
2 295 (38.61%) C++
3 108 (14.14%) Embedded C
4 87 (11.39%) Python
5 79 (10.34%) C#
6 52 (6.81%) Java
7 47 (6.15%) SQL
8 34 (4.45%) Embedded C++
9 29 (3.80%) ANSI C
9 29 (3.80%) PowerShell
10 27 (3.53%) Bash Shell
11 26 (3.40%) JavaScript
12 19 (2.49%) MATLAB
13 11 (1.44%) Assembly Language
13 11 (1.44%) VB
14 9 (1.18%) Perl
15 4 (0.52%) Delphi
15 4 (0.52%) Kotlin
16 3 (0.39%) Ruby
16 3 (0.39%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 231 (30.24%) Degree
2 40 (5.24%) Security Cleared
3 38 (4.97%) Microsoft Certification
4 31 (4.06%) Cisco Certification
5 29 (3.80%) SC Cleared
6 28 (3.66%) MCP
7 26 (3.40%) Computer Science Degree
8 19 (2.49%) CCNA
9 16 (2.09%) RHCE
10 13 (1.70%) CCNP
11 9 (1.18%) MCSE
11 9 (1.18%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 8 (1.05%) DV Cleared
13 7 (0.92%) MCSA
14 6 (0.79%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 3 (0.39%) A+ Certification
15 3 (0.39%) HNC
15 3 (0.39%) HND
15 3 (0.39%) ITIL Certification
15 3 (0.39%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 87 (11.39%) SLA
2 22 (2.88%) QA
3 17 (2.23%) ISO 9001
4 15 (1.96%) JTAG
5 9 (1.18%) IEC 61508
6 7 (0.92%) DO-254
6 7 (0.92%) GDPR
6 7 (0.92%) MISRA
6 7 (0.92%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.65%) Def Stans
7 5 (0.65%) ISO 26262
8 3 (0.39%) Cyber Essentials
9 2 (0.26%) ISO 13485
9 2 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 1 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 1 (0.13%) GPG13
10 1 (0.13%) ISO 14001
10 1 (0.13%) MISRA C
System Software
1 100 (13.09%) Active Directory
2 34 (4.45%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (3.80%) Hyper-V
4 14 (1.83%) NFS
5 11 (1.44%) Oracle RAC
5 11 (1.44%) Virtual Servers
6 8 (1.05%) VMware NSX
6 8 (1.05%) XenApp
7 6 (0.79%) BitLocker
8 5 (0.65%) vSphere
9 4 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (0.52%) VMware ESXi
10 3 (0.39%) Docker
10 3 (0.39%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 3 (0.39%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.13%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 1 (0.13%) Xen
Systems Management
1 21 (2.75%) Ansible
1 21 (2.75%) Data Guard
2 18 (2.36%) WSUS
3 17 (2.23%) SCCM
4 10 (1.31%) Microsoft Intune
5 9 (1.18%) Backup Exec
6 8 (1.05%) Single Sign-On
7 7 (0.92%) FortiGate
8 6 (0.79%) Jamf Pro
8 6 (0.79%) Perfmon
9 5 (0.65%) McAfee ePO
9 5 (0.65%) Microsoft Clustering
9 5 (0.65%) NetBackup
9 5 (0.65%) Opscode Chef
10 4 (0.52%) AirWatch
10 4 (0.52%) vRealize
11 3 (0.39%) vCenter Server
12 2 (0.26%) Cisco CME
12 2 (0.26%) EMC VPLEX
12 2 (0.26%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
Vendors
1 102 (13.35%) Microsoft
2 59 (7.72%) Cisco
3 57 (7.46%) ServiceNow
4 51 (6.68%) VMware
5 38 (4.97%) Oracle
6 28 (3.66%) Citrix
7 24 (3.14%) Splunk
8 22 (2.88%) EMC
9 20 (2.62%) Dell
10 18 (2.36%) Freescale
10 18 (2.36%) Renesas
11 17 (2.23%) Red Hat
12 14 (1.83%) HP
12 14 (1.83%) SAP
13 13 (1.70%) Palo Alto
14 12 (1.57%) Apple
15 11 (1.44%) Avaya
15 11 (1.44%) Green Hills
15 11 (1.44%) QNX
16 10 (1.31%) Xilinx