Period
to 20 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Firmware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Firmware over the 6 months to 20 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Firmware
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 526 481 508
Rank change year-on-year -45 +27 +46
Permanent jobs citing Firmware 605 221 769
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.50% 0.45% 0.54%
As % of the System Software category 2.75% 2.41% 3.14%
Number of salaries quoted 406 166 545
10th Percentile £33,750 £35,375 £29,250
25th Percentile £41,611 £40,250 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -
75th Percentile £63,938 £57,500 £56,250
90th Percentile £72,500 £68,125 £68,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Firmware is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 22,028 9,187 24,480
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.20% 18.70% 17.32%
Number of salaries quoted 15,188 7,797 20,290
10th Percentile £29,000 £31,000 £25,500
25th Percentile £38,750 £40,250 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £76,250 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

Firmware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Firmware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Firmware.

Salary trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Firmware over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Firmware within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -61 498 £53,250 +1.43% 202
UK excluding London -4 480 £50,000 - 206
Work from Home -152 143 £55,000 +4.76% 28
South East -108 112 £45,000 -10.00% 65
North of England -32 109 £55,000 +10.00% 33
East of England -18 108 £55,000 +4.76% 46
Yorkshire -23 93 £55,000 +10.00% 14
London -181 75 £58,750 +11.90% 20
Midlands -64 69 £37,500 -21.05% 23
West Midlands -55 55 £37,500 -16.67% 9
Scotland -70 37 £45,000 +12.50% 17
South West -73 34 £60,000 +26.32% 15
North West -73 26 £45,000 +5.88% 15
Wales -27 20 £32,500 -13.33% 4
East Midlands -61 16 £47,500 -9.52% 14
North East -26 10 £45,000 -18.18% 4
Northern Ireland - 5 - - 3

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, IT jobs citing Firmware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Firmware.

1 275 (45.45%) C
2 248 (40.99%) C++
3 235 (38.84%) Linux
4 180 (29.75%) Software Engineering
5 160 (26.45%) Degree
6 159 (26.28%) Electronics
6 159 (26.28%) Social Skills
7 125 (20.66%) Python
8 118 (19.50%) Wi-Fi
8 118 (19.50%) Wireless
9 114 (18.84%) Validation
10 104 (17.19%) Computer Science
11 100 (16.53%) Windows
12 95 (15.70%) TCP/IP
13 88 (14.55%) EMC
14 87 (14.38%) Embedded C
15 84 (13.88%) MATLAB
16 77 (12.73%) Problem-Solving
17 75 (12.40%) Embedded Systems
18 73 (12.07%) Broadband
19 72 (11.90%) Bluetooth
19 72 (11.90%) Signal Processing
20 71 (11.74%) Continuous Integration
21 70 (11.57%) Agile Software Development
21 70 (11.57%) Self-Motivation
22 64 (10.58%) Embedded Linux
23 63 (10.41%) Ethernet
24 61 (10.08%) Device Driver
25 59 (9.75%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
26 56 (9.26%) Embedded C++

Firmware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (1.16%) MS Exchange
2 4 (0.66%) IIS
2 4 (0.66%) SharePoint
3 2 (0.33%) Confluence
3 2 (0.33%) WinCC
4 1 (0.17%) Elasticsearch
4 1 (0.17%) Jetty
4 1 (0.17%) NServiceBus
4 1 (0.17%) OpenStack
Applications
1 40 (6.61%) Simulink
2 16 (2.64%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.83%) Fusion 360
4 3 (0.50%) Zemax
5 2 (0.33%) OrCAD
Business Applications
1 7 (1.16%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 31 (5.12%) AWS
2 25 (4.13%) Azure
3 16 (2.64%) Amazon S3
4 15 (2.48%) Amazon Cognito
4 15 (2.48%) Amazon EC2
4 15 (2.48%) npm
4 15 (2.48%) Power Platform
5 10 (1.65%) Microsoft 365
6 4 (0.66%) GitHub
7 3 (0.50%) Cloud Computing
8 2 (0.33%) Amazon Alexa
9 1 (0.17%) AWS CodePipeline
9 1 (0.17%) AWS IoT
9 1 (0.17%) Azure Service Bus
9 1 (0.17%) GCP
9 1 (0.17%) Mimecast
9 1 (0.17%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 118 (19.50%) Wi-Fi
1 118 (19.50%) Wireless
2 95 (15.70%) TCP/IP
3 73 (12.07%) Broadband
4 72 (11.90%) Bluetooth
5 63 (10.41%) Ethernet
6 52 (8.60%) MQTT
7 42 (6.94%) Internet
8 36 (5.95%) DVB
8 36 (5.95%) MIMO
9 35 (5.79%) Firewall
10 30 (4.96%) VPN
11 20 (3.31%) DNS
11 20 (3.31%) SAN
11 20 (3.31%) Software-Defined Radio
11 20 (3.31%) ZigBee
12 15 (2.48%) OSPF
12 15 (2.48%) VoIP
13 14 (2.31%) IPsec
14 13 (2.15%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (2.64%) Data Lake
2 15 (2.48%) Power BI
3 9 (1.49%) Oracle Reports
4 5 (0.83%) SQL Server
5 4 (0.66%) Relational Database
6 3 (0.50%) NoSQL
6 3 (0.50%) PostgreSQL
7 2 (0.33%) InfluxDB
7 2 (0.33%) Redis
7 2 (0.33%) SQL Server 2008
7 2 (0.33%) SQL Server 2019
8 1 (0.17%) Amazon Aurora
8 1 (0.17%) Amazon RDS
8 1 (0.17%) Big Data
8 1 (0.17%) Data Mining
8 1 (0.17%) Data Warehouse
8 1 (0.17%) MySQL
8 1 (0.17%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 45 (7.44%) Jenkins
2 37 (6.12%) JIRA
3 36 (5.95%) Git (software)
3 36 (5.95%) Rational Rhapsody
4 34 (5.62%) Subversion
5 28 (4.63%) Rational DOORS
6 22 (3.64%) Rational Team Concert
7 15 (2.48%) Babel
7 15 (2.48%) webpack
8 9 (1.49%) Oracle Forms
9 5 (0.83%) LabVIEW
10 4 (0.66%) GitLab
10 4 (0.66%) IDA Disassembler
10 4 (0.66%) Selenium
10 4 (0.66%) Visual Studio
11 3 (0.50%) Cucumber
11 3 (0.50%) NetBeans
12 2 (0.33%) Gerrit
12 2 (0.33%) JMeter
12 2 (0.33%) TestRail
General
1 159 (26.28%) Electronics
1 159 (26.28%) Social Skills
2 56 (9.26%) Analytical Skills
3 43 (7.11%) Telecoms
4 42 (6.94%) Manufacturing
5 27 (4.46%) Finance
6 24 (3.97%) Influencing Skills
7 15 (2.48%) Organisational Skills
7 15 (2.48%) Wearables
8 13 (2.15%) Automotive
9 10 (1.65%) Law
10 8 (1.32%) Aerospace
10 8 (1.32%) Presentation Skills
11 7 (1.16%) Marketing
11 7 (1.16%) Military
12 6 (0.99%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 5 (0.83%) Advertising
13 5 (0.83%) iGaming
13 5 (0.83%) Legal
14 3 (0.50%) Games
Job Titles
1 165 (27.27%) Embedded Engineer
2 141 (23.31%) Software Engineer
3 109 (18.02%) Embedded Software Engineer
4 104 (17.19%) Firmware Engineer
5 102 (16.86%) Embedded C++ Engineer
6 86 (14.21%) Embedded C Engineer
6 86 (14.21%) Embedded C/C++ Engineer
6 86 (14.21%) Linux Engineer
7 82 (13.55%) C++ Software Engineer
8 80 (13.22%) C Software Engineer
8 80 (13.22%) C/C++ Embedded Software Engineer
8 80 (13.22%) C/C++ Software Engineer
8 80 (13.22%) Embedded C Software Engineer
8 80 (13.22%) Embedded C/C++ Software Engineer
8 80 (13.22%) Embedded C++ Software Engineer
9 75 (12.40%) Embedded Linux Engineer
10 73 (12.07%) Embedded Linux Software Engineer
11 64 (10.58%) Embedded Firmware Engineer
12 59 (9.75%) Developer
13 57 (9.42%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 49 (8.10%) HTML
2 47 (7.77%) CSS
3 23 (3.80%) Yocto
4 20 (3.31%) REST
5 19 (3.14%) TensorFlow
6 17 (2.81%) .NET
7 16 (2.64%) React
7 16 (2.64%) React Native
7 16 (2.64%) RESTful
8 15 (2.48%) D3.js
8 15 (2.48%) Keras
8 15 (2.48%) NumPy
8 15 (2.48%) Pandas
9 12 (1.98%) Node.js
10 11 (1.82%) AngularJS
11 10 (1.65%) .NET Core
12 9 (1.49%) 802.1X
13 8 (1.32%) OpenCV
14 4 (0.66%) Gherkin
14 4 (0.66%) Unity (Game Engine)
Miscellaneous
1 75 (12.40%) Embedded Systems
2 70 (11.57%) Self-Motivation
3 61 (10.08%) Device Driver
4 59 (9.75%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
5 50 (8.26%) Algorithms
6 29 (4.79%) User Experience
7 23 (3.80%) Analogue Electronics
7 23 (3.80%) Robotics
8 22 (3.64%) Data Centre
9 21 (3.47%) VHDL
10 17 (2.81%) Internet of Things
11 15 (2.48%) 3D Graphics
11 15 (2.48%) Home Automation
12 10 (1.65%) Management Information System
12 10 (1.65%) Smart Meter
13 7 (1.16%) Cyberthreat
14 6 (0.99%) Mobile App
14 6 (0.99%) Virtual Team
15 5 (0.83%) Cyber Defence
15 5 (0.83%) Smart Home
Operating Systems
1 235 (38.84%) Linux
2 100 (16.53%) Windows
3 64 (10.58%) Embedded Linux
4 32 (5.29%) Android
5 25 (4.13%) Apple iOS
6 15 (2.48%) Windows Server
7 8 (1.32%) Debian
7 8 (1.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 8 (1.32%) Unix
8 6 (0.99%) CentOS
9 5 (0.83%) Windows Server 2016
10 4 (0.66%) Windows 10
10 4 (0.66%) Windows Server 2019
11 3 (0.50%) Solaris
11 3 (0.50%) VMS
12 2 (0.33%) Ubuntu
12 2 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.17%) AIX
13 1 (0.17%) VxWorks
13 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 180 (29.75%) Software Engineering
2 114 (18.84%) Validation
3 104 (17.19%) Computer Science
4 77 (12.73%) Problem-Solving
5 72 (11.90%) Signal Processing
6 71 (11.74%) Continuous Integration
7 70 (11.57%) Agile Software Development
8 56 (9.26%) SDLC
8 56 (9.26%) UML
9 54 (8.93%) Device Driver Development
10 51 (8.43%) Requirements Gathering
11 46 (7.60%) Stakeholder Management
12 41 (6.78%) DevOps
13 40 (6.61%) Software Architecture
13 40 (6.61%) V-Model
14 37 (6.12%) TDD
15 36 (5.95%) Configuration Management
15 36 (5.95%) Project Management
16 34 (5.62%) SysML
17 33 (5.45%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 275 (45.45%) C
2 248 (40.99%) C++
3 125 (20.66%) Python
4 87 (14.38%) Embedded C
5 84 (13.88%) MATLAB
6 56 (9.26%) Embedded C++
7 34 (5.62%) JavaScript
8 29 (4.79%) C#
9 21 (3.47%) SQL
10 20 (3.31%) Ada
10 20 (3.31%) Java
11 10 (1.65%) PowerShell
12 9 (1.49%) Go
12 9 (1.49%) Scala
13 7 (1.16%) Bash Shell
13 7 (1.16%) Perl
14 6 (0.99%) Assembly Language
15 3 (0.50%) Lua
16 1 (0.17%) Groovy
16 1 (0.17%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 160 (26.45%) Degree
2 49 (8.10%) Security Cleared
3 41 (6.78%) PhD
4 31 (5.12%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (2.81%) Cisco Certification
6 16 (2.64%) CCNP
7 14 (2.31%) CCNA
7 14 (2.31%) SC Cleared
8 10 (1.65%) JNCIA
9 9 (1.49%) Master's Degree
10 7 (1.16%) Microsoft Certification
11 6 (0.99%) DV Cleared
12 5 (0.83%) HNC
13 4 (0.66%) HND
14 3 (0.50%) CCIE
14 3 (0.50%) CISM
14 3 (0.50%) CISSP
14 3 (0.50%) MCSA
14 3 (0.50%) MCSE
14 3 (0.50%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (7.27%) MISRA
2 42 (6.94%) Def Stans
3 15 (2.48%) QA
4 11 (1.82%) SLA
5 7 (1.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 6 (0.99%) JTAG
7 5 (0.83%) IEC 61508
8 3 (0.50%) DO-178B
8 3 (0.50%) GDPR
8 3 (0.50%) NCSC
8 3 (0.50%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.33%) 21 CFR Part 11
9 2 (0.33%) Accessibility
9 2 (0.33%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.17%) DO-254
10 1 (0.17%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.17%) MISRA C
10 1 (0.17%) NIST
10 1 (0.17%) SOC 2
System Software
1 20 (3.31%) Active Directory
2 18 (2.98%) Docker
3 17 (2.81%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (2.48%) Virtual Machines
5 8 (1.32%) VMware ESXi
6 7 (1.16%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.83%) BitLocker
7 5 (0.83%) KVM
7 5 (0.83%) Virtual Servers
7 5 (0.83%) VMware NSX
8 2 (0.33%) DFS Replication
8 2 (0.33%) vSphere
8 2 (0.33%) XenApp
9 1 (0.17%) NFS
9 1 (0.17%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 13 (2.15%) Ansible
2 9 (1.49%) NetBackup
3 8 (1.32%) Grafana
4 7 (1.16%) Prometheus
5 6 (0.99%) SCCM
5 6 (0.99%) ZABBIX
6 4 (0.66%) Kubernetes
7 3 (0.50%) Active Directory Federation Services
7 3 (0.50%) PowerCLI
7 3 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
7 3 (0.50%) Terraform
7 3 (0.50%) vCenter Server
7 3 (0.50%) vRealize
7 3 (0.50%) vRealize Orchestrator
8 2 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
8 2 (0.33%) FortiGate
8 2 (0.33%) Graylog
8 2 (0.33%) Rancher
9 1 (0.17%) Graphite
9 1 (0.17%) McAfee ePO
Vendors
1 88 (14.55%) EMC
2 46 (7.60%) IBM
3 44 (7.27%) Instagram
4 33 (5.45%) Cisco
5 32 (5.29%) Microsoft
6 27 (4.46%) HP
7 22 (3.64%) VMware
8 20 (3.31%) Palo Alto
9 17 (2.81%) NetApp
10 16 (2.64%) Juniper
11 15 (2.48%) Fortinet
12 12 (1.98%) Dell
13 11 (1.82%) Meraki
14 10 (1.65%) Veritas
15 9 (1.49%) Hitachi
15 9 (1.49%) Oracle
16 8 (1.32%) Red Hat
17 7 (1.16%) Apple
17 7 (1.16%) Citrix
17 7 (1.16%) Remedy