Period
to 7 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Firmware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Firmware over the 6 months to 7 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Firmware
UK
6 months to
7 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 478 521 610
Rank change year-on-year +43 +89 -36
Permanent jobs citing Firmware 617 795 733
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.54% 0.53% 0.41%
As % of the System Software category 3.13% 3.31% 3.02%
Number of salaries quoted 476 584 581
Median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £31,250
90th Percentile £65,000 £62,350 £61,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Firmware is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 19,697 24,008 24,248
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.08% 16.09% 13.59%
Number of salaries quoted 15,992 19,479 19,780
Median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +11.11% +5.88%
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,000 £24,750
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%

Firmware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Firmware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Firmware.

Salary trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Firmware over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Salary histogram for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Firmware within the UK over the 6 months to 7 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +32 559 £51,000 +13.33% 137
UK excluding London +22 512 £50,000 +11.11% 139
South East +151 260 £52,500 +28.05% 41
London +59 90 £55,000 +15.79% 13
East of England +53 54 £40,000 -30.43% 24
South West +51 54 £45,000 -10.00% 16
Midlands -107 52 £42,500 -5.56% 21
North of England +34 47 £57,500 +27.78% 23
North West +49 39 £57,500 +21.05% 14
Scotland +18 34 £45,000 -2.17% 10
East Midlands -75 27 £45,000 -10.00% 8
West Midlands -19 25 £37,500 -11.76% 13
Work from Home +32 24 £53,500 +33.75% 9
Wales -9 11 £32,500 -18.75% 5
Yorkshire +22 8 £44,500 -1.11% 3

For the 6 months to 7 April 2020, IT jobs citing Firmware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Firmware.

1 309 (50.08%) C
2 247 (40.03%) C++
3 237 (38.41%) Software Engineering
4 197 (31.93%) Degree
5 158 (25.61%) Electronics
6 150 (24.31%) Python
7 127 (20.58%) Windows
8 123 (19.94%) Wireless
9 121 (19.61%) Embedded C
10 118 (19.12%) Microsoft
11 97 (15.72%) Problem-Solving
12 96 (15.56%) Linux
13 84 (13.61%) Bluetooth
14 82 (13.29%) Embedded Systems
15 76 (12.32%) C#
15 76 (12.32%) Active Directory
16 66 (10.70%) Wi-Fi
17 65 (10.53%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
18 64 (10.37%) Azure
18 64 (10.37%) Validation
19 63 (10.21%) Self-Motivation
20 62 (10.05%) Algorithms
20 62 (10.05%) Agile Software Development
20 62 (10.05%) Git (software)
21 61 (9.89%) Firewall
22 60 (9.72%) Cisco
23 57 (9.24%) Computer Science
24 52 (8.43%) Telecoms
25 51 (8.27%) Java
26 49 (7.94%) Project Management

Firmware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (2.11%) MS Exchange
2 6 (0.97%) Exchange Server 2013
3 5 (0.81%) SharePoint
4 3 (0.49%) Confluence
5 2 (0.32%) IIS
5 2 (0.32%) Pachyderm
5 2 (0.32%) Skype for Business
6 1 (0.16%) Exchange Server 2010
6 1 (0.16%) Joomla!
6 1 (0.16%) WordPress
Applications
1 30 (4.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 27 (4.38%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (3.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 13 (2.11%) OrCAD
5 4 (0.65%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.32%) Simulink
7 1 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.16%) Stateflow
7 1 (0.16%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 4 (0.65%) Infor M3
2 2 (0.32%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.16%) Sage 200
Cloud Services
1 64 (10.37%) Azure
2 31 (5.02%) AWS
3 30 (4.86%) Office 365
4 20 (3.24%) GCP
5 18 (2.92%) GitHub
6 10 (1.62%) Cloud Computing
7 9 (1.46%) SaaS
8 7 (1.13%) Azure Active Directory
9 3 (0.49%) G Suite
9 3 (0.49%) Twilio
10 1 (0.16%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 123 (19.94%) Wireless
2 84 (13.61%) Bluetooth
3 66 (10.70%) Wi-Fi
4 61 (9.89%) Firewall
5 47 (7.62%) TCP/IP
6 46 (7.46%) Internet
7 32 (5.19%) DNS
8 30 (4.86%) LAN
9 28 (4.54%) RS-232
10 26 (4.21%) DHCP
11 23 (3.73%) LTE
11 23 (3.73%) VLAN
11 23 (3.73%) WAN
12 21 (3.40%) MQTT
13 19 (3.08%) VPN
14 18 (2.92%) Ethernet
14 18 (2.92%) SAN
14 18 (2.92%) VoIP
14 18 (2.92%) ZigBee
15 17 (2.76%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (2.76%) SQL Server
2 8 (1.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
2 8 (1.30%) SQL Server Reporting Services
3 7 (1.13%) SQL Server 2005
3 7 (1.13%) SQL Server 2017
4 4 (0.65%) Data Mining
4 4 (0.65%) PostgreSQL
5 3 (0.49%) MySQL
6 2 (0.32%) Big Data
6 2 (0.32%) NoSQL
6 2 (0.32%) Oracle Exadata
7 1 (0.16%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 1 (0.16%) Data Warehouse
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle Database
7 1 (0.16%) SQL Server 2008
7 1 (0.16%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 62 (10.05%) Git (software)
2 26 (4.21%) GCC
3 25 (4.05%) Eclipse
3 25 (4.05%) JIRA
4 22 (3.57%) Visual Studio
5 21 (3.40%) Subversion
6 18 (2.92%) Bugzilla
7 14 (2.27%) Jenkins
8 10 (1.62%) TestLink
9 8 (1.30%) Rational DOORS
10 6 (0.97%) CMake
10 6 (0.97%) GitLab
11 4 (0.65%) Bitbucket
11 4 (0.65%) LabVIEW
11 4 (0.65%) StarTeam
12 2 (0.32%) GNU Toolchain
13 1 (0.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 1 (0.16%) Cucumber
13 1 (0.16%) Selenium
13 1 (0.16%) Visual Studio Tools for Office
General
1 158 (25.61%) Electronics
2 52 (8.43%) Telecoms
3 28 (4.54%) Finance
4 27 (4.38%) Manufacturing
5 21 (3.40%) Automotive
5 21 (3.40%) Games
5 21 (3.40%) Marketing
6 10 (1.62%) Banking
7 8 (1.30%) Law
8 6 (0.97%) Advertising
8 6 (0.97%) Pharmaceutical
8 6 (0.97%) Retail
9 5 (0.81%) Welsh Language
10 3 (0.49%) Public Sector
11 2 (0.32%) Brand Awareness
12 1 (0.16%) French Language
12 1 (0.16%) Italian Language
12 1 (0.16%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 156 (25.28%) Software Engineer
2 132 (21.39%) Embedded Engineer
3 131 (21.23%) Firmware Engineer
4 88 (14.26%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 49 (7.94%) Senior Software Engineer
6 45 (7.29%) Design Engineer
7 43 (6.97%) Developer
8 38 (6.16%) Embedded Firmware Engineer
9 34 (5.51%) Network Engineer
10 32 (5.19%) Systems Engineer
11 31 (5.02%) C++ Software Engineer
12 30 (4.86%) Electronics Engineer
12 30 (4.86%) Embedded C++ Engineer
12 30 (4.86%) Senior Firmware Engineer
13 26 (4.21%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 25 (4.05%) IT Engineer
14 25 (4.05%) Support Engineer
15 23 (3.73%) Embedded C++ Software Engineer
15 23 (3.73%) Test Engineer
16 22 (3.57%) Embedded C Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (4.86%) HTML
2 27 (4.38%) HTML5
2 27 (4.38%) Qt
3 26 (4.21%) .NET
4 21 (3.40%) JSON
5 14 (2.27%) NumPy
5 14 (2.27%) SciPy
6 12 (1.94%) 802.1X
7 6 (0.97%) Boost C++ Libraries
7 6 (0.97%) Web Services
8 5 (0.81%) jQuery
8 5 (0.81%) LDAP
8 5 (0.81%) Node.js
9 4 (0.65%) ASP.NET
9 4 (0.65%) ASP.NET MVC
9 4 (0.65%) Flash
9 4 (0.65%) Middleware
9 4 (0.65%) React Native
9 4 (0.65%) XMPP
10 3 (0.49%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 82 (13.29%) Embedded Systems
2 65 (10.53%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
3 63 (10.21%) Self-Motivation
4 62 (10.05%) Algorithms
5 49 (7.94%) Analytical Skills
6 36 (5.83%) Data Centre
7 27 (4.38%) Internet of Things
8 26 (4.21%) Smart Meter
9 25 (4.05%) Robotics
10 23 (3.73%) User Experience
11 19 (3.08%) CAN bus
11 19 (3.08%) Driving Licence
11 19 (3.08%) Private Cloud
12 17 (2.76%) Clustering
13 15 (2.43%) Device Driver
14 12 (1.94%) CMDB
14 12 (1.94%) Handset
14 12 (1.94%) Management Information System
14 12 (1.94%) Smart Energy
15 11 (1.78%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 127 (20.58%) Windows
2 96 (15.56%) Linux
3 46 (7.46%) Windows Server
4 20 (3.24%) Apple iOS
4 20 (3.24%) FreeRTOS
5 19 (3.08%) Android
6 17 (2.76%) Embedded Linux
7 14 (2.27%) Windows Server 2012
8 13 (2.11%) Unix
9 11 (1.78%) Solaris
9 11 (1.78%) Windows 10
10 7 (1.13%) Windows Server 2016
11 6 (0.97%) Windows XP
12 5 (0.81%) OpenWrt
13 4 (0.65%) Windows 7
13 4 (0.65%) Windows 8
14 3 (0.49%) AIX
14 3 (0.49%) CentOS
15 2 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 2 (0.32%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 237 (38.41%) Software Engineering
2 97 (15.72%) Problem-Solving
3 64 (10.37%) Validation
4 62 (10.05%) Agile Software Development
5 57 (9.24%) Computer Science
6 49 (7.94%) Project Management
7 47 (7.62%) Secure Coding
8 43 (6.97%) Software Testing
9 41 (6.65%) ITIL
10 36 (5.83%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 35 (5.67%) Test Automation
12 33 (5.35%) Collaborative Working
12 33 (5.35%) Systems Engineering
13 32 (5.19%) Mathematics
14 30 (4.86%) Configuration Management
14 30 (4.86%) High Availability
15 28 (4.54%) Continuous Integration
16 27 (4.38%) Incident Management
16 27 (4.38%) Mentoring
17 26 (4.21%) Physics
Programming Languages
1 309 (50.08%) C
2 247 (40.03%) C++
3 150 (24.31%) Python
4 121 (19.61%) Embedded C
5 76 (12.32%) C#
6 51 (8.27%) Java
7 43 (6.97%) SQL
8 42 (6.81%) Embedded C++
9 38 (6.16%) PowerShell
10 37 (6.00%) JavaScript
11 31 (5.02%) MATLAB
12 25 (4.05%) ANSI C
13 24 (3.89%) Bash Shell
14 19 (3.08%) Perl
15 15 (2.43%) PHP
16 13 (2.11%) Kotlin
17 10 (1.62%) Assembly Language
18 8 (1.30%) Apple Swift
19 3 (0.49%) Groovy
20 1 (0.16%) Tcl
Qualifications
1 197 (31.93%) Degree
2 46 (7.46%) Cisco Certification
3 38 (6.16%) Security Cleared
4 37 (6.00%) CCNA
5 27 (4.38%) SC Cleared
6 24 (3.89%) DV Cleared
7 23 (3.73%) CCNP
8 14 (2.27%) Microsoft Certification
9 12 (1.94%) Numerate Degree
10 11 (1.78%) Computer Science Degree
11 9 (1.46%) MCP
12 8 (1.30%) PhD
13 7 (1.13%) HNC
14 6 (0.97%) CCIE
14 6 (0.97%) CWNA
14 6 (0.97%) DBS Check
15 5 (0.81%) HND
15 5 (0.81%) RHCE
16 4 (0.65%) ITIL Certification
16 4 (0.65%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (4.21%) SLA
2 14 (2.27%) MISRA
3 9 (1.46%) QA
4 8 (1.30%) Cyber Essentials
5 7 (1.13%) PCI DSS
6 6 (0.97%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.65%) IEC 62304
7 4 (0.65%) ISO 9001
7 4 (0.65%) JTAG
8 3 (0.49%) IEC 61508
8 3 (0.49%) ISO 13485
8 3 (0.49%) ISO 26262
9 2 (0.32%) MISRA C
10 1 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
System Software
1 76 (12.32%) Active Directory
2 36 (5.83%) VMware Infrastructure
3 32 (5.19%) Hyper-V
4 21 (3.40%) Virtual Machines
5 16 (2.59%) VMware ESXi
6 8 (1.30%) Virtual Servers
7 5 (0.81%) NFS
7 5 (0.81%) XenApp
8 4 (0.65%) BitLocker
8 4 (0.65%) Citrix Hypervisor
8 4 (0.65%) VMware NSX
8 4 (0.65%) XenDesktop
9 2 (0.32%) Docker
9 2 (0.32%) Oracle RAC
10 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 1 (0.16%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 28 (4.54%) SCCM
2 17 (2.76%) WSUS
3 11 (1.78%) vCenter Server
4 9 (1.46%) Microsoft Clustering
4 9 (1.46%) Microsoft Intune
5 7 (1.13%) Kubernetes
6 6 (0.97%) Ansible
7 5 (0.81%) AirWatch
7 5 (0.81%) McAfee ePO
8 4 (0.65%) Cisco CME
8 4 (0.65%) Cisco CUCM
8 4 (0.65%) FortiGate
9 3 (0.49%) Data Guard
10 2 (0.32%) Backup Exec
10 2 (0.32%) HP ALM
10 2 (0.32%) NetBackup
10 2 (0.32%) Perfmon
11 1 (0.16%) Jamf Pro
11 1 (0.16%) Terraform
11 1 (0.16%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 118 (19.12%) Microsoft
2 60 (9.72%) Cisco
3 44 (7.13%) VMware
4 31 (5.02%) SAP
5 22 (3.57%) Xilinx
6 20 (3.24%) Freescale
6 20 (3.24%) Google
6 20 (3.24%) Renesas
7 16 (2.59%) Citrix
8 15 (2.43%) Dell
8 15 (2.43%) HP
9 14 (2.27%) Altera
9 14 (2.27%) Palo Alto
9 14 (2.27%) ServiceNow
10 13 (2.11%) EMC
10 13 (2.11%) McAfee
11 12 (1.94%) Meraki
12 10 (1.62%) Apple
13 9 (1.46%) Becrypt
13 9 (1.46%) Brocade