Period
to 2 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Firmware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Firmware over the 6 months to 2 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Firmware
UK
6 months to
2 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 479 471 555
Rank change year-on-year -8 +84 +114
Permanent jobs citing Firmware 254 786 778
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.45% 0.59% 0.49%
As % of the System Software category 2.42% 3.41% 3.19%
Number of salaries quoted 237 553 562
Median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £30,750 £29,550 £29,000
90th Percentile £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -

Firmware is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 10,484 23,051 24,396
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.64% 17.17% 15.26%
Number of salaries quoted 8,960 18,959 19,926
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £29,750 £25,750 £25,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +8.24% - +6.25%

Firmware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Firmware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Firmware.

Salary trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Firmware over the 6 months to 2 December 2020.

Salary histogram for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Firmware within the UK over the 6 months to 2 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -17 209 £52,500 +10.53% 128
UK excluding London -26 174 £47,500 +5.56% 135
South East -5 57 £45,000 -14.29% 40
London +137 55 £52,500 -9.48% 10
Work from Home +4 38 £47,500 +33.80% 14
North of England +153 31 £50,000 +14.94% 16
Scotland +65 26 £40,000 -11.11% 11
Midlands +26 25 £52,500 +40.00% 17
South West +62 24 £47,500 +5.56% 14
Yorkshire +104 21 £50,000 +26.58% 9
West Midlands +55 18 £70,000 +86.67% 9
East of England +73 9 £51,250 +28.13% 31
East Midlands +22 7 £52,500 +40.00% 8
North West +98 5 £42,500 -5.56% 5
North East +24 5 £55,000 +22.22% 2
Wales +46 2 £38,750 -3.13% 5

For the 6 months to 2 December 2020, IT jobs citing Firmware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Firmware.

1 102 (40.16%) C
2 87 (34.25%) C++
3 75 (29.53%) Linux
4 74 (29.13%) Electronics
5 68 (26.77%) Windows
6 65 (25.59%) Degree
7 51 (20.08%) Python
8 49 (19.29%) Software Engineering
9 46 (18.11%) Microsoft
10 38 (14.96%) Active Directory
11 37 (14.57%) Firewall
12 34 (13.39%) Embedded Systems
13 32 (12.60%) Test Automation
14 31 (12.20%) Azure
14 31 (12.20%) Computer Science
15 30 (11.81%) Mathematics
16 29 (11.42%) Analytical Skills
16 29 (11.42%) Embedded C
16 29 (11.42%) TCP/IP
16 29 (11.42%) Agile Software Development
16 29 (11.42%) VMware
17 27 (10.63%) Problem-Solving
18 26 (10.24%) Project Management
19 25 (9.84%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
19 25 (9.84%) Algorithms
20 24 (9.45%) Finance
20 24 (9.45%) Wireless
20 24 (9.45%) Management Information System
20 24 (9.45%) Configuration Management
20 24 (9.45%) VPN

Firmware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (3.15%) Confluence
2 4 (1.57%) Exchange Server 2010
2 4 (1.57%) IIS
2 4 (1.57%) MS Exchange
3 2 (0.79%) Apache
3 2 (0.79%) OpenStack
4 1 (0.39%) CMS
4 1 (0.39%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 10 (3.94%) Simulink
2 8 (3.15%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (1.57%) Fusion 360
4 3 (1.18%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.79%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 1 (0.39%) Oracle EBS
1 1 (0.39%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 31 (12.20%) Azure
2 20 (7.87%) Office 365
3 12 (4.72%) AWS
4 10 (3.94%) GitHub
5 7 (2.76%) PaaS
6 5 (1.97%) Cloud Computing
7 4 (1.57%) Mimecast
8 2 (0.79%) AWS CloudFormation
8 2 (0.79%) IaaS
9 1 (0.39%) Azure Active Directory
9 1 (0.39%) Dynamics 365
9 1 (0.39%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 37 (14.57%) Firewall
2 29 (11.42%) TCP/IP
3 24 (9.45%) VPN
3 24 (9.45%) Wireless
4 23 (9.06%) DNS
4 23 (9.06%) Wi-Fi
5 19 (7.48%) DHCP
6 18 (7.09%) Ethernet
7 16 (6.30%) Bluetooth
7 16 (6.30%) Network Security
8 15 (5.91%) VLAN
9 12 (4.72%) BGP
9 12 (4.72%) Internet
10 11 (4.33%) WAN
11 8 (3.15%) OSPF
12 7 (2.76%) 3G
12 7 (2.76%) 4G
12 7 (2.76%) Intrusion Detection
12 7 (2.76%) VoIP
13 6 (2.36%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (5.91%) SQL Server
2 8 (3.15%) MySQL
3 7 (2.76%) PostgreSQL
4 6 (2.36%) SQL Server 2008
5 5 (1.97%) Big Data
5 5 (1.97%) InfluxDB
6 4 (1.57%) SQL Server 2012
7 2 (0.79%) Amazon Redshift
7 2 (0.79%) NoSQL
7 2 (0.79%) SQL Server 2019
8 1 (0.39%) MongoDB
8 1 (0.39%) Oracle Database
8 1 (0.39%) SAP HANA
8 1 (0.39%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 22 (8.66%) JIRA
2 15 (5.91%) Git (software)
2 15 (5.91%) Jenkins
3 12 (4.72%) Subversion
4 10 (3.94%) Rational DOORS
5 9 (3.54%) Selenium
6 7 (2.76%) Visual Studio
7 5 (1.97%) Eclipse
7 5 (1.97%) GitLab
8 3 (1.18%) CodeSonar
8 3 (1.18%) GoogleTest
8 3 (1.18%) SpecFlow
8 3 (1.18%) WebDriver
9 2 (0.79%) LabVIEW
10 1 (0.39%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 1 (0.39%) Bugzilla
10 1 (0.39%) TestLink
General
1 74 (29.13%) Electronics
2 24 (9.45%) Finance
3 14 (5.51%) Telecoms
4 12 (4.72%) Manufacturing
5 9 (3.54%) Automotive
6 6 (2.36%) Retail
7 5 (1.97%) Military
7 5 (1.97%) Publishing
8 4 (1.57%) Aerospace
8 4 (1.57%) Public Sector
9 2 (0.79%) Advertising
9 2 (0.79%) Banking
9 2 (0.79%) Law
10 1 (0.39%) Back Office
10 1 (0.39%) Local Government
10 1 (0.39%) Marketing
10 1 (0.39%) Police
Job Titles
1 51 (20.08%) Embedded Engineer
2 33 (12.99%) Firmware Engineer
3 31 (12.20%) Software Engineer
4 27 (10.63%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 19 (7.48%) Embedded C++ Engineer
6 17 (6.69%) Hardware Engineer
7 15 (5.91%) Analyst
7 15 (5.91%) Design Engineer
7 15 (5.91%) Developer
8 14 (5.51%) Tester
9 13 (5.12%) Electronics Engineer
9 13 (5.12%) Embedded Firmware Engineer
9 13 (5.12%) Interoperability Testing (IOT) Engineer
9 13 (5.12%) Platform Engineer
9 13 (5.12%) Server Engineer
10 11 (4.33%) Embedded C Engineer
11 10 (3.94%) C Software Engineer
11 10 (3.94%) Senior Server Engineer
12 9 (3.54%) DevOps Engineer
12 9 (3.54%) Embedded C Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (5.12%) CSS
2 10 (3.94%) HTML
3 9 (3.54%) .NET
4 8 (3.15%) React Native
5 6 (2.36%) Node.js
6 5 (1.97%) GraphQL
6 5 (1.97%) HTML5
6 5 (1.97%) jQuery
6 5 (1.97%) RabbitMQ
6 5 (1.97%) React
6 5 (1.97%) Web Services
7 4 (1.57%) LDAP
8 3 (1.18%) ASP.NET
8 3 (1.18%) ASP.NET MVC
8 3 (1.18%) Flash
8 3 (1.18%) OpenCV
8 3 (1.18%) PhoneGap
8 3 (1.18%) PyTorch
8 3 (1.18%) Qt
8 3 (1.18%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 34 (13.39%) Embedded Systems
2 29 (11.42%) Analytical Skills
3 25 (9.84%) Algorithms
3 25 (9.84%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
4 24 (9.45%) Management Information System
5 15 (5.91%) Mobile App
6 11 (4.33%) Data Centre
7 10 (3.94%) ASIC
8 9 (3.54%) User Experience
9 6 (2.36%) Analogue Electronics
9 6 (2.36%) CPLD
9 6 (2.36%) Internet of Things
9 6 (2.36%) Self-Motivation
9 6 (2.36%) VHDL
10 5 (1.97%) Device Driver
10 5 (1.97%) Public Cloud
10 5 (1.97%) Replication
11 4 (1.57%) Clustering
11 4 (1.57%) Driving Licence
11 4 (1.57%) Verilog
Operating Systems
1 75 (29.53%) Linux
2 68 (26.77%) Windows
3 17 (6.69%) Unix
4 14 (5.51%) Android
4 14 (5.51%) Windows Server
5 11 (4.33%) Apple iOS
6 7 (2.76%) VMS
6 7 (2.76%) Windows 10
7 6 (2.36%) Windows Server 2008
8 5 (1.97%) Debian
8 5 (1.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 4 (1.57%) CentOS
9 4 (1.57%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (1.18%) Embedded Linux
10 3 (1.18%) Mac OS
10 3 (1.18%) Solaris
10 3 (1.18%) Windows Server 2019
11 1 (0.39%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 49 (19.29%) Software Engineering
2 32 (12.60%) Test Automation
3 31 (12.20%) Computer Science
4 30 (11.81%) Mathematics
5 29 (11.42%) Agile Software Development
6 27 (10.63%) Problem-Solving
7 26 (10.24%) Project Management
8 24 (9.45%) Configuration Management
8 24 (9.45%) ITIL
9 22 (8.66%) Analytics
9 22 (8.66%) Change Management
10 21 (8.27%) Information Security
10 21 (8.27%) Prototyping
11 20 (7.87%) DevOps
12 19 (7.48%) Capacity Planning
12 19 (7.48%) UML
13 17 (6.69%) SDLC
13 17 (6.69%) Software Testing
14 16 (6.30%) Low Latency
15 15 (5.91%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 102 (40.16%) C
2 87 (34.25%) C++
3 51 (20.08%) Python
4 29 (11.42%) Embedded C
5 23 (9.06%) C#
6 19 (7.48%) Java
7 18 (7.09%) Perl
8 17 (6.69%) MATLAB
8 17 (6.69%) PowerShell
9 16 (6.30%) SQL
10 11 (4.33%) Bash Shell
11 8 (3.15%) JavaScript
12 6 (2.36%) Assembly Language
12 6 (2.36%) Embedded C++
13 3 (1.18%) PHP
13 3 (1.18%) Scala
14 2 (0.79%) AWK
14 2 (0.79%) Groovy
14 2 (0.79%) sed
14 2 (0.79%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 65 (25.59%) Degree
2 21 (8.27%) Cisco Certification
3 16 (6.30%) Security Cleared
4 15 (5.91%) CCNA
5 12 (4.72%) CCNP
6 10 (3.94%) DV Cleared
7 9 (3.54%) PhD
8 7 (2.76%) HNC
8 7 (2.76%) HND
9 6 (2.36%) Computer Science Degree
10 4 (1.57%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 3 (1.18%) ITIL Certification
11 3 (1.18%) Microsoft Certification
11 3 (1.18%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 3 (1.18%) SC Cleared
12 2 (0.79%) ISEB
12 2 (0.79%) MCSA
12 2 (0.79%) MCSE
12 2 (0.79%) RHCE
12 2 (0.79%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (8.66%) SLA
2 9 (3.54%) ISO 13485
3 8 (3.15%) QA
4 6 (2.36%) MISRA
5 5 (1.97%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (1.57%) ISO 9001
6 4 (1.57%) JTAG
7 3 (1.18%) ISO 26262
7 3 (1.18%) MISRA C
8 2 (0.79%) COBIT
8 2 (0.79%) HIPAA
8 2 (0.79%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 38 (14.96%) Active Directory
2 20 (7.87%) VMware Infrastructure
3 14 (5.51%) BitLocker
4 10 (3.94%) Docker
5 9 (3.54%) VMware ESXi
6 6 (2.36%) XenApp
7 5 (1.97%) Hyper-V
7 5 (1.97%) KVM
8 4 (1.57%) Virtual Servers
8 4 (1.57%) Xen
9 2 (0.79%) DFS Replication
9 2 (0.79%) OCFS2
9 2 (0.79%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.79%) Postfix
9 2 (0.79%) qmail
9 2 (0.79%) Samba
9 2 (0.79%) Sendmail
9 2 (0.79%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 2 (0.79%) Veritas Volume Manager
9 2 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 22 (8.66%) SCCM
2 14 (5.51%) Norton AntiVirus
3 8 (3.15%) Ansible
3 8 (3.15%) Kubernetes
4 5 (1.97%) Docker Swarm
4 5 (1.97%) Grafana
4 5 (1.97%) Graylog
4 5 (1.97%) Prometheus
4 5 (1.97%) Rancher
5 4 (1.57%) Puppet
5 4 (1.57%) Single Sign-On
6 2 (0.79%) Cobbler
6 2 (0.79%) Failover Clustering
6 2 (0.79%) FortiGate
6 2 (0.79%) Red Hat Spacewalk
6 2 (0.79%) SELinux
7 1 (0.39%) HP ALM
7 1 (0.39%) Microsoft Intune
7 1 (0.39%) Terraform
7 1 (0.39%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 46 (18.11%) Microsoft
2 29 (11.42%) VMware
3 22 (8.66%) Cisco
4 16 (6.30%) Xilinx
5 14 (5.51%) FireEye
5 14 (5.51%) IBM
5 14 (5.51%) McAfee
5 14 (5.51%) Symantec
5 14 (5.51%) Tanium
6 13 (5.12%) Citrix
7 9 (3.54%) Altera
7 9 (3.54%) CheckPoint
7 9 (3.54%) HP
7 9 (3.54%) TOWER Software
8 7 (2.76%) Red Hat
9 6 (2.36%) Dell
9 6 (2.36%) SolarWinds
10 5 (1.97%) EMC
10 5 (1.97%) Perforce
10 5 (1.97%) Veeam