Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Firmware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Firmware over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Firmware
UK
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 604 542 491
Rank change year-on-year -62 -51 +64
Permanent jobs citing Firmware 861 510 394
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.48% 0.48% 0.50%
As % of the System Software category 2.71% 2.58% 2.84%
Number of salaries quoted 301 350 276
10th Percentile £31,250 £33,750 £32,500
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,750 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +11.11%
75th Percentile £67,500 £64,000 £60,313
90th Percentile £72,500 £72,500 £65,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £56,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +12.00% - +11.11%

Firmware is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 31,806 19,796 13,873
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.71% 18.52% 17.58%
Number of salaries quoted 15,681 14,341 11,478
10th Percentile £28,019 £30,000 £28,000
25th Percentile £38,750 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £79,375 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £91,250 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Firmware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Firmware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Firmware.

Salary trend for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Firmware over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Firmware in the UK

Firmware
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Firmware within the UK over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -33 707 £55,000 - 99
UK excluding London -19 622 £56,000 +12.00% 93
Work from Home -104 343 £57,500 +4.55% 38
South East +49 251 £56,500 +7.62% 17
East of England -44 138 £45,000 -20.00% 26
London -167 137 £50,000 -9.09% 11
North of England -80 81 £70,000 - 16
Yorkshire -65 51 £70,000 - 3
South West -12 48 £42,926 -14.15% 16
Scotland -51 45 £60,000 +33.33% 2
Midlands -80 43 £53,500 +25.88% 12
West Midlands -76 28 £53,500 +42.67% 8
North West -66 21 £40,000 -33.33% 11
East Midlands -39 15 £50,000 +8.70% 4
Northern Ireland -15 9 - - 2
North East - 9 £54,250 - 2
Wales -43 7 £42,500 +30.77% 2

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT jobs citing Firmware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Firmware.

1 368 (42.74%) C
2 359 (41.70%) Software Engineering
3 333 (38.68%) C++
4 295 (34.26%) Linux
5 238 (27.64%) Electronics
6 236 (27.41%) Python
7 224 (26.02%) Degree
8 211 (24.51%) IoT
9 196 (22.76%) Social Skills
10 155 (18.00%) Agile
11 148 (17.19%) Test Automation
12 146 (16.96%) Algorithms
13 139 (16.14%) Computer Science
14 132 (15.33%) FPGA
15 131 (15.21%) Signal Processing
16 130 (15.10%) Software Testing
16 130 (15.10%) Embedded C
17 110 (12.78%) Windows
18 104 (12.08%) MATLAB
19 101 (11.73%) Security Cleared
20 98 (11.38%) Inclusion and Diversity
21 97 (11.27%) Manufacturing
22 96 (11.15%) Wireless
23 94 (10.92%) Project Management
24 93 (10.80%) Embedded C++
25 92 (10.69%) C#
26 89 (10.34%) Problem-Solving
27 87 (10.10%) Embedded Linux
28 80 (9.29%) Embedded Systems
29 79 (9.18%) Finance

Firmware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (3.95%) Confluence
2 12 (1.39%) MS Exchange
3 9 (1.05%) SharePoint
4 3 (0.35%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
4 3 (0.35%) Exchange Server 2013
5 1 (0.12%) Exchange Server 2010
5 1 (0.12%) Kinematics
5 1 (0.12%) SAS
5 1 (0.12%) Tomcat
Applications
1 62 (7.20%) Simulink
2 8 (0.93%) AutoCAD
3 5 (0.58%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 74 (8.59%) Azure
2 39 (4.53%) AWS
3 33 (3.83%) Microsoft 365
4 26 (3.02%) Serverless
5 25 (2.90%) GitHub
6 19 (2.21%) SaaS
7 17 (1.97%) GCP
8 16 (1.86%) PaaS
9 13 (1.51%) IaaS
10 7 (0.81%) AWS IoT
11 6 (0.70%) AWS Lambda
12 5 (0.58%) Azure Active Directory
12 5 (0.58%) Azure Synapse Analytics
13 3 (0.35%) Azure Key Vault
14 1 (0.12%) Amazon SQS
14 1 (0.12%) Azure ExpressRoute
14 1 (0.12%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 96 (11.15%) Wireless
2 72 (8.36%) Internet
3 68 (7.90%) Wi-Fi
4 61 (7.08%) Software-Defined Radio
5 49 (5.69%) Bluetooth
5 49 (5.69%) TCP/IP
6 43 (4.99%) Firewall
7 26 (3.02%) DVB
7 26 (3.02%) GSM
7 26 (3.02%) LTE
7 26 (3.02%) MIMO
8 25 (2.90%) UMTS
8 25 (2.90%) ZigBee
9 24 (2.79%) VPN
10 23 (2.67%) Modbus
10 23 (2.67%) WAN
11 22 (2.56%) DNS
12 20 (2.32%) Cisco IOS
13 18 (2.09%) RS-232
13 18 (2.09%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 21 (2.44%) MySQL
2 18 (2.09%) Big Data
3 16 (1.86%) SQL Server
4 12 (1.39%) PostgreSQL
5 10 (1.16%) Relational Database
6 9 (1.05%) MongoDB
6 9 (1.05%) NoSQL
7 6 (0.70%) Elasticsearch
8 5 (0.58%) InfluxDB
8 5 (0.58%) MariaDB
9 4 (0.46%) Neo4j
10 2 (0.23%) Oracle Database
11 1 (0.12%) DynamoDB
11 1 (0.12%) MS Access
11 1 (0.12%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 62 (7.20%) Git (software)
2 44 (5.11%) JIRA
3 34 (3.95%) Jenkins
4 20 (2.32%) IDA Disassembler
5 19 (2.21%) GCC
6 18 (2.09%) Visual Studio
7 16 (1.86%) NetBeans
8 15 (1.74%) Bitbucket
9 11 (1.28%) Cucumber
10 10 (1.16%) CMake
10 10 (1.16%) TeamCity
11 7 (0.81%) Rational DOORS
12 6 (0.70%) LabVIEW
12 6 (0.70%) Rational Rhapsody
12 6 (0.70%) Rational Team Concert
13 5 (0.58%) GitLab
13 5 (0.58%) Team Foundation Server
13 5 (0.58%) Zephyr
14 3 (0.35%) Subversion
15 2 (0.23%) Robot Framework
General
1 238 (27.64%) Electronics
2 196 (22.76%) Social Skills
3 98 (11.38%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 97 (11.27%) Manufacturing
5 79 (9.18%) Finance
6 38 (4.41%) Analytical Skills
7 37 (4.30%) Military
8 34 (3.95%) Public Sector
9 30 (3.48%) Aerospace
9 30 (3.48%) Telecoms
10 26 (3.02%) Wearables
11 19 (2.21%) Automotive
12 16 (1.86%) Marketing
13 15 (1.74%) Banking
13 15 (1.74%) Documentation Skills
13 15 (1.74%) Games
14 14 (1.63%) Retail
15 13 (1.51%) Legal
16 12 (1.39%) Law
17 10 (1.16%) Aviation
Job Titles
1 272 (31.59%) Software Engineer
2 178 (20.67%) Embedded Engineer
3 130 (15.10%) Embedded Software Engineer
4 85 (9.87%) Firmware Engineer
5 66 (7.67%) Senior Software Engineer
6 56 (6.50%) Architect
7 54 (6.27%) Systems Engineer
8 53 (6.16%) Electronics Engineer
9 47 (5.46%) FPGA Engineer
10 42 (4.88%) Junior
11 40 (4.65%) Graduate
11 40 (4.65%) Network Engineer
12 37 (4.30%) Junior Software Engineer
13 35 (4.07%) Wireless Engineer
14 33 (3.83%) Developer
14 33 (3.83%) DSP Engineer
14 33 (3.83%) Graduate Software Engineer
14 33 (3.83%) Lead Software Engineer
15 32 (3.72%) C++ Software Engineer
15 32 (3.72%) Senior Embedded Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (4.53%) Yocto
2 23 (2.67%) React
3 22 (2.56%) .NET
4 18 (2.09%) Node.js
5 14 (1.63%) Qt
6 13 (1.51%) SVG
7 12 (1.39%) MFC
8 11 (1.28%) Gherkin
9 10 (1.16%) Unity (Game Engine)
10 8 (0.93%) .NET Core
10 8 (0.93%) GraphQL
10 8 (0.93%) React Native
11 6 (0.70%) OAuth
11 6 (0.70%) OAuth2
11 6 (0.70%) OpenAPI
11 6 (0.70%) Swagger
11 6 (0.70%) Web Services
12 5 (0.58%) REST
12 5 (0.58%) SwiftUI
13 4 (0.46%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 211 (24.51%) IoT
2 146 (16.96%) Algorithms
3 132 (15.33%) FPGA
4 80 (9.29%) Embedded Systems
5 64 (7.43%) VHDL
6 58 (6.74%) Verilog
7 56 (6.50%) Cyberattack
8 53 (6.16%) ARM Cortex
9 47 (5.46%) Cyber Defence
10 46 (5.34%) Mobile App
11 32 (3.72%) ASIC
12 30 (3.48%) Analogue Electronics
12 30 (3.48%) Virtual Team
13 29 (3.37%) User Experience
14 28 (3.25%) Self-Motivation
15 26 (3.02%) Data Centre
16 22 (2.56%) Smart Home
17 21 (2.44%) Renewable Energy
18 20 (2.32%) Robotics
19 18 (2.09%) Grid Computing
Operating Systems
1 295 (34.26%) Linux
2 110 (12.78%) Windows
3 87 (10.10%) Embedded Linux
4 48 (5.57%) Android
5 39 (4.53%) FreeRTOS
6 35 (4.07%) Apple iOS
7 33 (3.83%) Windows Server
8 25 (2.90%) Unix
9 17 (1.97%) Windows 10
10 16 (1.86%) Windows Server 2012
11 13 (1.51%) ThreadX
11 13 (1.51%) Windows Server 2016
12 10 (1.16%) Mac OS
13 9 (1.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 8 (0.93%) Windows Server 2019
15 6 (0.70%) CentOS
16 5 (0.58%) Windows Server 2008
17 4 (0.46%) Windows Mobile
18 3 (0.35%) Oracle Linux
19 1 (0.12%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 359 (41.70%) Software Engineering
2 155 (18.00%) Agile
3 148 (17.19%) Test Automation
4 139 (16.14%) Computer Science
5 131 (15.21%) Signal Processing
6 130 (15.10%) Software Testing
7 94 (10.92%) Project Management
8 89 (10.34%) Problem-Solving
9 78 (9.06%) Validation
10 63 (7.32%) Analytics
11 61 (7.08%) Mentoring
12 59 (6.85%) DevOps
13 58 (6.74%) Continuous Integration
13 58 (6.74%) Digital Signal Processing
13 58 (6.74%) UML
14 56 (6.50%) Collaborative Working
15 51 (5.92%) Systems Engineering
16 50 (5.81%) Physics
17 49 (5.69%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
17 49 (5.69%) Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 368 (42.74%) C
2 333 (38.68%) C++
3 236 (27.41%) Python
4 130 (15.10%) Embedded C
5 104 (12.08%) MATLAB
6 93 (10.80%) Embedded C++
7 92 (10.69%) C#
8 72 (8.36%) Java
9 25 (2.90%) JavaScript
10 20 (2.32%) Kotlin
11 18 (2.09%) Rust
11 18 (2.09%) TypeScript
12 17 (1.97%) Bash
12 17 (1.97%) Haskell
12 17 (1.97%) SQL
13 16 (1.86%) PowerShell
14 14 (1.63%) Shell Script
15 12 (1.39%) Assembly Language
15 12 (1.39%) Perl
16 7 (0.81%) Go
Qualifications
1 224 (26.02%) Degree
2 101 (11.73%) Security Cleared
3 76 (8.83%) SC Cleared
4 46 (5.34%) Cisco Certification
5 42 (4.88%) PhD
6 30 (3.48%) Computer Science Degree
7 24 (2.79%) CCNA
8 16 (1.86%) CCIE
9 13 (1.51%) CCNP
10 11 (1.28%) AAT
10 11 (1.28%) CISSP
11 8 (0.93%) DV Cleared
12 7 (0.81%) JNCIA
12 7 (0.81%) Microsoft Certification
13 6 (0.70%) MCSE
13 6 (0.70%) Network+ Certification
14 5 (0.58%) ISEB
14 5 (0.58%) ISTQB
15 4 (0.46%) DBS Check
15 4 (0.46%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (9.06%) QA
2 22 (2.56%) MISRA
3 18 (2.09%) ECSS
4 17 (1.97%) SLA
5 10 (1.16%) MISRA C
6 6 (0.70%) Def Stans
6 6 (0.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.58%) JTAG
8 4 (0.46%) DO-178B
8 4 (0.46%) IEC 62304
8 4 (0.46%) ISO 13485
8 4 (0.46%) ISO 9001
8 4 (0.46%) NCSC
9 2 (0.23%) DO-254
9 2 (0.23%) GDPR
9 2 (0.23%) IEC 61508
9 2 (0.23%) ISO 26262
9 2 (0.23%) JSP 440
9 2 (0.23%) NIST
9 2 (0.23%) NIST 800
System Software
1 41 (4.76%) Active Directory
2 29 (3.37%) Docker
3 24 (2.79%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (2.32%) Hyper-V
5 14 (1.63%) Virtual Machines
6 13 (1.51%) vSphere
7 7 (0.81%) GPFS
8 4 (0.46%) Citrix Hypervisor
9 3 (0.35%) Microsoft App-V
10 2 (0.23%) BitLocker
10 2 (0.23%) KVM
10 2 (0.23%) NFS
10 2 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.23%) XenApp
11 1 (0.12%) NDS
11 1 (0.12%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 18 (2.09%) Ansible
2 13 (1.51%) Kubernetes
2 13 (1.51%) SCCM
3 9 (1.05%) Terraform
4 8 (0.93%) Nagios
4 8 (0.93%) WSUS
5 6 (0.70%) Dell DRAC
5 6 (0.70%) vCenter Server
6 5 (0.58%) HP ALM
7 4 (0.46%) Microsoft Intune
8 3 (0.35%) Backup Exec
8 3 (0.35%) FortiGate
8 3 (0.35%) HAProxy
8 3 (0.35%) Jamf Pro
8 3 (0.35%) ZABBIX
9 2 (0.23%) Microsoft Clustering
9 2 (0.23%) SCOM
9 2 (0.23%) Tivoli Storage Manager
10 1 (0.12%) HP Quality Center
10 1 (0.12%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 75 (8.71%) Microsoft
2 56 (6.50%) Cisco
3 53 (6.16%) VMware
4 41 (4.76%) Xilinx
5 40 (4.65%) EMC
6 35 (4.07%) Palo Alto
7 31 (3.60%) Fortinet
7 31 (3.60%) HP
8 30 (3.48%) Juniper
9 19 (2.21%) F5
9 19 (2.21%) Siemens
10 18 (2.09%) Apple
11 15 (1.74%) Aruba
11 15 (1.74%) FIS
11 15 (1.74%) IBM
11 15 (1.74%) WorldPay
12 14 (1.63%) Dell
13 12 (1.39%) CheckPoint
13 12 (1.39%) QNX
14 11 (1.28%) Oracle