Period
to 21 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 21 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
21 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 328 303 278
Rank change year-on-year -25 -25 -15
Permanent jobs citing RDBMS 1,675 1,896 2,468
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.97% 1.10% 1.23%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 3.17% 3.57% 4.02%
Number of salaries quoted 1,273 1,335 1,948
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £33,750 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £81,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +3.45%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 52,858 53,102 61,410
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.64% 30.78% 30.53%
Number of salaries quoted 43,346 44,895 52,277
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,500 £28,750
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing RDBMS.

Salary trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 21 June 2018.

Salary histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 21 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 1,529 £55,000 +4.76% 250
UK excluding London -18 981 £50,000 +5.26% 156
London -43 681 £62,500 - 117
South East +102 366 £50,000 - 37
North of England -4 183 £45,000 +5.88% 44
South West -10 116 £30,000 -29.41% 23
Scotland -83 115 £45,000 -10.00% 20
North West -6 114 £47,500 +5.56% 29
East of England -65 110 £60,000 +20.00% 13
Midlands +6 85 £50,000 +11.11% 16
Yorkshire -16 56 £45,000 +5.88% 12
West Midlands +13 44 £47,500 +13.10% 11
East Midlands -8 41 £52,500 +16.67% 5
North East -12 13 £40,000 +5.26% 3
Northern Ireland -9 11 - -
Wales +8 8 £52,500 +5.00% 3

For the 6 months to 21 June 2018, IT jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 1,675 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 835 (49.85%) SQL
3 715 (42.69%) Java
4 694 (41.43%) Agile Software Development
5 670 (40.00%) SQL Server
6 663 (39.58%) Oracle
7 451 (26.93%) Linux
8 403 (24.06%) .NET
9 384 (22.93%) Finance
10 381 (22.75%) Amazon AWS
11 379 (22.63%) NoSQL
12 356 (21.25%) JavaScript
13 352 (21.01%) C#
14 342 (20.42%) Python
15 291 (17.37%) Unix
16 287 (17.13%) HTML
17 270 (16.12%) Microsoft
18 261 (15.58%) Oracle Database
19 258 (15.40%) Degree
20 256 (15.28%) Scrum
20 256 (15.28%) Problem-Solving
21 254 (15.16%) Web Services
22 252 (15.04%) Spring
23 249 (14.87%) ETL
24 247 (14.75%) AngularJS
25 245 (14.63%) Big Data
25 245 (14.63%) Analytical Skills
26 243 (14.51%) XML
27 239 (14.27%) OO
28 238 (14.21%) TDD

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 125 (7.46%) Apache Spark
2 121 (7.22%) WebSphere
3 115 (6.87%) WebLogic
4 101 (6.03%) Apache
5 98 (5.85%) JBoss
6 92 (5.49%) Tomcat
7 43 (2.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 38 (2.27%) Confluence
8 38 (2.27%) Oracle HTTP Server
9 35 (2.09%) Elasticsearch
10 28 (1.67%) CMS
10 28 (1.67%) IIS
11 24 (1.43%) Apache Solr
11 24 (1.43%) SharePoint
12 17 (1.01%) OpenStack
13 16 (0.96%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 16 (0.96%) Apache Pig
13 16 (0.96%) WebSphere Application Server
14 15 (0.90%) BizTalk Server
14 15 (0.90%) SAS
Applications
1 31 (1.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (1.13%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (0.66%) MS Visio
3 11 (0.66%) SPSS
4 6 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.30%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.24%) Weka
7 2 (0.12%) FrameMaker
7 2 (0.12%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 28 (1.67%) Oracle EBS
2 24 (1.43%) Oracle Applications
3 16 (0.96%) Oracle 11i
3 16 (0.96%) Oracle EBS R12
4 10 (0.60%) Magento
4 10 (0.60%) Maximo
5 9 (0.54%) SAP Hybris
5 9 (0.54%) SDL Web 8
6 5 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
6 5 (0.30%) Elite 3E
6 5 (0.30%) MetaTrader
7 4 (0.24%) CSG Singleview
7 4 (0.24%) PeopleSoft CRM
8 2 (0.12%) Eagle PACE
8 2 (0.12%) FastStats
8 2 (0.12%) PeopleSoft HCM
8 2 (0.12%) PeopleSoft HRMS
8 2 (0.12%) R3 Corda
9 1 (0.060%) Cognos TM1
9 1 (0.060%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 381 (22.75%) Amazon AWS
2 187 (11.16%) Microsoft Azure
3 94 (5.61%) SaaS
4 51 (3.04%) Cloud Computing
5 37 (2.21%) Serverless
6 36 (2.15%) IaaS
7 27 (1.61%) PaaS
8 23 (1.37%) AWS Lambda
9 22 (1.31%) Amazon S3
10 20 (1.19%) GitHub
10 20 (1.19%) Google Cloud Platform
11 16 (0.96%) IBM Cloud
12 14 (0.84%) Amazon Kinesis
12 14 (0.84%) Office 365
13 11 (0.66%) Amazon EMR
14 10 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
15 8 (0.48%) Google Analytics
16 7 (0.42%) AWS CloudFormation
17 6 (0.36%) Dynamics 365
18 5 (0.30%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 74 (4.42%) HTTP
2 49 (2.93%) TCP/IP
3 43 (2.57%) Internet
4 41 (2.45%) Firewall
5 39 (2.33%) SAN
6 34 (2.03%) NAS
7 22 (1.31%) DNS
8 20 (1.19%) VPN
9 19 (1.13%) AMQP
9 19 (1.13%) SSH
10 11 (0.66%) FTP
10 11 (0.66%) SSL
11 9 (0.54%) DHCP
12 7 (0.42%) SMS
12 7 (0.42%) SMTP
13 5 (0.30%) MQTT
14 4 (0.24%) PuTTY
15 3 (0.18%) SNMP
16 2 (0.12%) 3G
16 2 (0.12%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,675 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 670 (40.00%) SQL Server
3 379 (22.63%) NoSQL
4 261 (15.58%) Oracle Database
5 245 (14.63%) Big Data
6 230 (13.73%) MySQL
7 189 (11.28%) MongoDB
8 188 (11.22%) Data Warehouse
9 186 (11.10%) PostgreSQL
10 141 (8.42%) Hadoop
11 123 (7.34%) Apache Cassandra
11 123 (7.34%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 99 (5.91%) DB2
13 82 (4.90%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 76 (4.54%) Oracle Database 11g
15 61 (3.64%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 48 (2.87%) Oracle Database 12c
17 45 (2.69%) Apache Hive
18 42 (2.51%) SQL Server 2008
19 39 (2.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 199 (11.88%) Git (software)
2 121 (7.22%) Jenkins
2 121 (7.22%) Maven
3 100 (5.97%) Subversion
4 81 (4.84%) JIRA
5 56 (3.34%) Team Foundation Server
6 53 (3.16%) JUnit
7 45 (2.69%) Ant
8 44 (2.63%) Gradle
9 39 (2.33%) Eclipse
9 39 (2.33%) Selenium
10 32 (1.91%) Visual Studio
11 30 (1.79%) TeamCity
12 28 (1.67%) Cucumber
13 26 (1.55%) gulp
14 25 (1.49%) Vagrant
15 23 (1.37%) Bundler
16 22 (1.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 18 (1.07%) SonarQube
18 17 (1.01%) Bitbucket
General
1 384 (22.93%) Finance
2 138 (8.24%) Banking
3 110 (6.57%) Retail
4 89 (5.31%) Financial Institution
5 85 (5.07%) Investment Banking
6 56 (3.34%) Games
7 46 (2.75%) Marketing
8 26 (1.55%) Advertising
9 24 (1.43%) Law
10 23 (1.37%) Legal
10 23 (1.37%) Telecoms
11 22 (1.31%) Manufacturing
12 21 (1.25%) Electronics
13 18 (1.07%) Billing
14 17 (1.01%) Back Office
15 12 (0.72%) Front Office
16 11 (0.66%) Pharmaceutical
17 10 (0.60%) Military
18 9 (0.54%) Automotive
19 6 (0.36%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 703 (41.97%) Developer
2 244 (14.57%) Java Developer
3 188 (11.22%) DBA
4 154 (9.19%) Analyst
5 135 (8.06%) Software Developer
6 134 (8.00%) Architect
7 125 (7.46%) Senior Developer
8 114 (6.81%) .NET Developer
8 114 (6.81%) C# Developer
9 101 (6.03%) Administrator
10 79 (4.72%) Software Engineer
11 78 (4.66%) Applications Support
12 76 (4.54%) SQL DBA
13 75 (4.48%) Oracle DBA
14 74 (4.42%) C# Software Developer
15 73 (4.36%) Consultant
16 72 (4.30%) Support Analyst
17 70 (4.18%) C# .NET Developer
18 63 (3.76%) Java Engineer
19 62 (3.70%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 403 (24.06%) .NET
2 287 (17.13%) HTML
3 254 (15.16%) Web Services
4 252 (15.04%) Spring
5 247 (14.75%) AngularJS
6 243 (14.51%) XML
7 177 (10.57%) RESTful
8 168 (10.03%) CSS
9 163 (9.73%) REST
10 160 (9.55%) J2EE
11 142 (8.48%) Hibernate
12 141 (8.42%) React
13 130 (7.76%) ASP.NET
14 127 (7.58%) HTML5
15 126 (7.52%) JSON
16 125 (7.46%) .NET Framework
17 113 (6.75%) Spring Boot
18 106 (6.33%) SOAP
19 103 (6.15%) Java EE
20 100 (5.97%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 245 (14.63%) Analytical Skills
2 210 (12.54%) Computer Science
3 121 (7.22%) Fintech
4 81 (4.84%) Enterprise Software
5 80 (4.78%) Self-Motivation
6 78 (4.66%) Algorithms
7 74 (4.42%) Greenfield Project
8 58 (3.46%) Management Information System
9 57 (3.40%) Cyberthreat
10 56 (3.34%) Data Structures
11 50 (2.99%) Mobile App
12 41 (2.45%) Clustering
13 35 (2.09%) Replication
14 34 (2.03%) Linux Command Line
14 34 (2.03%) Virtual Team
15 32 (1.91%) User Experience
16 21 (1.25%) Derivative
17 16 (0.96%) Analytical Mindset
18 15 (0.90%) Life Science
19 14 (0.84%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 451 (26.93%) Linux
2 291 (17.37%) Unix
3 203 (12.12%) Windows
4 73 (4.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 45 (2.69%) Windows Server
6 27 (1.61%) Solaris
7 20 (1.19%) Android
8 17 (1.01%) Apple iOS
9 7 (0.42%) AIX
9 7 (0.42%) HPUX
9 7 (0.42%) Mac OS
9 7 (0.42%) VMS
10 6 (0.36%) Ubuntu
11 5 (0.30%) CentOS
12 4 (0.24%) Mac OS X
12 4 (0.24%) Oracle Linux
13 3 (0.18%) Windows 7
14 2 (0.12%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 1 (0.060%) Mesosphere
15 1 (0.060%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 694 (41.43%) Agile Software Development
2 256 (15.28%) Problem-Solving
2 256 (15.28%) Scrum
3 249 (14.87%) ETL
4 239 (14.27%) OO
5 238 (14.21%) TDD
6 219 (13.07%) DevOps
7 211 (12.60%) Microservices
8 208 (12.42%) Software Engineering
9 188 (11.22%) MVC
10 175 (10.45%) Continuous Integration
11 173 (10.33%) SDLC
12 170 (10.15%) Business Intelligence
13 154 (9.19%) Test Automation
14 145 (8.66%) Analytics
15 135 (8.06%) Open Source
16 116 (6.93%) Mentoring
17 114 (6.81%) Data Modelling
18 110 (6.57%) Performance Tuning
19 96 (5.73%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 835 (49.85%) SQL
2 715 (42.69%) Java
3 356 (21.25%) JavaScript
4 352 (21.01%) C#
5 342 (20.42%) Python
6 144 (8.60%) Perl
7 136 (8.12%) Java 8
8 129 (7.70%) PL/SQL
9 122 (7.28%) C++
10 121 (7.22%) T-SQL
11 120 (7.16%) Shell Script
12 106 (6.33%) Bash Shell
13 104 (6.21%) PowerShell
14 76 (4.54%) Scala
15 66 (3.94%) Ruby
16 61 (3.64%) PHP
17 58 (3.46%) C
18 41 (2.45%) TypeScript
19 35 (2.09%) R
20 31 (1.85%) XAML
Qualifications
1 258 (15.40%) Degree
2 76 (4.54%) Computer Science Degree
3 44 (2.63%) Security Cleared
4 24 (1.43%) Master's Degree
5 22 (1.31%) OCP
5 22 (1.31%) Oracle Certification
6 18 (1.07%) Microsoft Certification
7 17 (1.01%) Numerate Degree
8 13 (0.78%) ISTQB
9 12 (0.72%) SC Cleared
10 9 (0.54%) MCDBA
11 8 (0.48%) MCSA
11 8 (0.48%) MCSE
11 8 (0.48%) PhD
12 7 (0.42%) OCA
13 5 (0.30%) ITIL Certification
13 5 (0.30%) MCITP
13 5 (0.30%) PMI Certification
14 4 (0.24%) PMP
14 4 (0.24%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 111 (6.63%) QA
2 61 (3.64%) Data Quality
3 32 (1.91%) GDPR
4 21 (1.25%) SLA
5 16 (0.96%) PCI DSS
6 15 (0.90%) GCP
6 15 (0.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 15 (0.90%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 8 (0.48%) SEPA
8 7 (0.42%) ISO 9001
9 3 (0.18%) HL7
10 1 (0.060%) MiFID
System Software
1 135 (8.06%) Docker
2 88 (5.25%) Oracle RAC
3 23 (1.37%) Active Directory
4 21 (1.25%) HDFS
5 19 (1.13%) Apache Flume
6 18 (1.07%) VMware Infrastructure
7 6 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
8 5 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (0.24%) KVM
9 4 (0.24%) Xen
10 3 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 2 (0.12%) NFS
12 1 (0.060%) Hyper-V
12 1 (0.060%) oVirt
12 1 (0.060%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 87 (5.19%) Puppet
2 59 (3.52%) Ansible
3 58 (3.46%) Kubernetes
4 49 (2.93%) Data Guard
5 46 (2.75%) Oracle RMAN
6 43 (2.57%) Opscode Chef
7 29 (1.73%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 24 (1.43%) Terraform
9 13 (0.78%) ITRS Geneos
10 11 (0.66%) Mesos
11 10 (0.60%) Galera Cluster
12 9 (0.54%) Nagios
13 8 (0.48%) Single Sign-On
14 7 (0.42%) Salt
15 6 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
15 6 (0.36%) Oozie
16 5 (0.30%) logstash
17 4 (0.24%) Microsoft Clustering
17 4 (0.24%) Red Hat Spacewalk
17 4 (0.24%) Suricata
Vendors
1 663 (39.58%) Oracle
2 270 (16.12%) Microsoft
3 93 (5.55%) Sybase
4 64 (3.82%) SAP
5 61 (3.64%) Red Hat
6 59 (3.52%) IBM
7 50 (2.99%) Tableau
8 39 (2.33%) Google
9 35 (2.09%) Informatica
9 35 (2.09%) Splunk
10 33 (1.97%) Teradata
11 28 (1.67%) Talend
12 27 (1.61%) ServiceNow
13 24 (1.43%) AppDynamics
14 22 (1.31%) hybris
14 22 (1.31%) Salesforce.com
15 19 (1.13%) VMware
16 16 (0.96%) Atlassian
16 16 (0.96%) MuleSoft
17 14 (0.84%) Cloudera