Period
to 26 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 26 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
26 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 481 380 348
Rank change year-on-year -101 -32 +4
Permanent jobs citing RDBMS 313 991 1,365
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.48% 0.80% 0.91%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 1.76% 2.95% 3.14%
Number of salaries quoted 303 804 1,145
Median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
10th Percentile £40,000 £31,325 £36,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 17,797 33,560 43,434
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.38% 27.09% 28.80%
Number of salaries quoted 14,924 27,761 36,084
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +9.38%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.89% - +5.88%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Salary trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 26 January 2021.

Salary histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 26 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -95 277 £60,000 -2.44% 73
London +3 157 £72,500 -9.38% 34
UK excluding London -95 142 £52,500 +5.00% 47
Work from Home -49 53 £65,000 +10.64% 17
North of England -13 38 £50,000 - 11
South East -6 37 £60,000 +20.00% 10
Midlands +82 29 £48,500 +22.01% 5
West Midlands +53 19 £48,500 +22.78% 3
Yorkshire -21 17 £45,000 -10.00% 4
North West +33 16 £55,000 -19.35% 5
Scotland +6 12 £40,000 -21.95% 4
East Midlands +60 10 £50,000 -4.76% 2
East of England +56 8 £65,000 +15.56% 3
Wales +31 7 £65,000 +44.44% 2
South West +30 7 £42,500 +13.33% 10
North East +18 5 £51,218 +46.34% 2
Northern Ireland +2 5 £62,500 - 1

For the 6 months to 26 January 2021, IT jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 313 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 139 (44.41%) SQL
3 136 (43.45%) Agile Software Development
4 116 (37.06%) Finance
5 103 (32.91%) NoSQL
6 101 (32.27%) Python
7 100 (31.95%) SQL Server
8 93 (29.71%) AWS
9 92 (29.39%) Java
10 78 (24.92%) MySQL
10 78 (24.92%) Linux
11 76 (24.28%) Oracle
12 72 (23.00%) Git (software)
13 68 (21.73%) JavaScript
14 66 (21.09%) Docker
14 66 (21.09%) Microservices
15 63 (20.13%) Azure
16 62 (19.81%) Degree
17 61 (19.49%) Software Engineering
18 59 (18.85%) Test Automation
19 58 (18.53%) PostgreSQL
20 56 (17.89%) Scrum
20 56 (17.89%) RESTful
21 52 (16.61%) Computer Science
21 52 (16.61%) Kubernetes
21 52 (16.61%) DevOps
22 48 (15.34%) Spring
23 46 (14.70%) C#
24 45 (14.38%) Data Modelling
24 45 (14.38%) Microsoft

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (10.86%) Apache Spark
2 19 (6.07%) Apache
3 16 (5.11%) Confluence
4 11 (3.51%) Elasticsearch
5 7 (2.24%) Tomcat
6 6 (1.92%) SAS
7 5 (1.60%) Jupyter
8 2 (0.64%) CMS
8 2 (0.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 2 (0.64%) SharePoint
9 1 (0.32%) Apache Airflow
9 1 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
9 1 (0.32%) IIS
9 1 (0.32%) JBoss
9 1 (0.32%) Oracle Application Server
9 1 (0.32%) WordPress
Applications
1 3 (0.96%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (0.96%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.32%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.32%) Weka
Business Applications
1 4 (1.28%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 3 (0.96%) HFM
2 3 (0.96%) Oracle Applications
2 3 (0.96%) Oracle Assets
2 3 (0.96%) Oracle ERP
2 3 (0.96%) Oracle General Ledger
2 3 (0.96%) Oracle Payables
2 3 (0.96%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
2 3 (0.96%) SAP IS-U
3 2 (0.64%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 93 (29.71%) AWS
2 63 (20.13%) Azure
3 29 (9.27%) GCP
4 20 (6.39%) Cloud Computing
5 18 (5.75%) Serverless
6 16 (5.11%) Amazon ECS
7 13 (4.15%) Amazon EC2
7 13 (4.15%) AWS Lambda
8 12 (3.83%) Power Platform
8 12 (3.83%) SaaS
9 11 (3.51%) Slack
10 10 (3.19%) PaaS
10 10 (3.19%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
11 9 (2.88%) Amazon S3
12 8 (2.56%) Amazon SQS
13 7 (2.24%) OpenShift
14 4 (1.28%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 4 (1.28%) IaaS
15 3 (0.96%) AWS CloudFormation
15 3 (0.96%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 13 (4.15%) TCP/IP
2 12 (3.83%) HTTP
3 11 (3.51%) SAN
4 8 (2.56%) Firewall
4 8 (2.56%) Kerberos
5 6 (1.92%) LAN
5 6 (1.92%) WAN
6 5 (1.60%) DMZ
6 5 (1.60%) Fibre Channel
6 5 (1.60%) Internet
6 5 (1.60%) VPN
7 4 (1.28%) DNS
7 4 (1.28%) ICMP
7 4 (1.28%) SSH
8 3 (0.96%) 5G
8 3 (0.96%) 802.11
8 3 (0.96%) FTP
8 3 (0.96%) Reverse Proxy
8 3 (0.96%) SNMP
8 3 (0.96%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 313 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 103 (32.91%) NoSQL
3 100 (31.95%) SQL Server
4 78 (24.92%) MySQL
5 58 (18.53%) PostgreSQL
6 36 (11.50%) Big Data
6 36 (11.50%) Data Warehouse
7 30 (9.58%) Hadoop
8 25 (7.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 22 (7.03%) MongoDB
10 21 (6.71%) Oracle Database
11 18 (5.75%) Amazon Redshift
12 16 (5.11%) Data Lake
12 16 (5.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 14 (4.47%) Apache Cassandra
13 14 (4.47%) Apache Hive
14 13 (4.15%) DB2
14 13 (4.15%) SQL Server 2016
15 12 (3.83%) Power BI
15 12 (3.83%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 72 (23.00%) Git (software)
2 30 (9.58%) Jenkins
3 24 (7.67%) JIRA
4 11 (3.51%) Visual Studio
5 10 (3.19%) Maven
6 9 (2.88%) Team Foundation Server
7 7 (2.24%) GitLab
7 7 (2.24%) JUnit
7 7 (2.24%) Subversion
8 5 (1.60%) Bitbucket
9 4 (1.28%) Artifactory
9 4 (1.28%) Selenium
9 4 (1.28%) SonarQube
10 3 (0.96%) CircleCI
10 3 (0.96%) ERwin
10 3 (0.96%) FitNesse
10 3 (0.96%) Gradle
10 3 (0.96%) Oracle Forms
10 3 (0.96%) Visual Studio Team System
11 1 (0.32%) Bitbucket Server
General
1 116 (37.06%) Finance
2 37 (11.82%) Banking
3 28 (8.95%) Marketing
4 17 (5.43%) Retail
5 15 (4.79%) Public Sector
6 11 (3.51%) Manufacturing
7 7 (2.24%) Telecoms
8 5 (1.60%) Games
9 3 (0.96%) General Ledger
9 3 (0.96%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.64%) Advertising
10 2 (0.64%) Back Office
10 2 (0.64%) Dutch Language
10 2 (0.64%) Electronics
10 2 (0.64%) French Language
10 2 (0.64%) German Language
10 2 (0.64%) Law
10 2 (0.64%) Pharmaceutical
10 2 (0.64%) Spanish Language
11 1 (0.32%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 138 (44.09%) Developer
2 49 (15.65%) Java Developer
3 40 (12.78%) Architect
4 27 (8.63%) DBA
5 24 (7.67%) Software Developer
6 22 (7.03%) Data Engineer
6 22 (7.03%) Software Engineer
7 21 (6.71%) AWS Engineer
7 21 (6.71%) Full Stack Developer
8 20 (6.39%) Analyst
8 20 (6.39%) Digital Developer
8 20 (6.39%) Senior Developer
9 18 (5.75%) Python Developer
10 16 (5.11%) Python Engineer
10 16 (5.11%) Solutions Architect
11 15 (4.79%) Administrator
12 14 (4.47%) AWS Developer
13 11 (3.51%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 11 (3.51%) Oracle DBA
13 11 (3.51%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 56 (17.89%) RESTful
2 48 (15.34%) Spring
3 43 (13.74%) HTML
4 41 (13.10%) .NET
5 39 (12.46%) Kafka
6 37 (11.82%) CSS
7 35 (11.18%) React
8 32 (10.22%) gRPC
8 32 (10.22%) Web Services
9 31 (9.90%) Spring Boot
10 26 (8.31%) AngularJS
11 24 (7.67%) GraphQL
12 21 (6.71%) XML
13 19 (6.07%) HTML5
14 18 (5.75%) Pandas
15 16 (5.11%) Django
15 16 (5.11%) JSON
15 16 (5.11%) REST
16 14 (4.47%) Node.js
17 13 (4.15%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 34 (10.86%) Analytical Skills
2 20 (6.39%) Social Network
3 13 (4.15%) User Experience
4 12 (3.83%) Enterprise Software
4 12 (3.83%) Fixed Income
4 12 (3.83%) Self-Motivation
4 12 (3.83%) Virtual Team
5 11 (3.51%) Algorithms
6 10 (3.19%) Clustering
7 9 (2.88%) NHS
8 8 (2.56%) Hedge funds
8 8 (2.56%) Pricing Data
9 7 (2.24%) Derivative
10 6 (1.92%) Greenfield Project
10 6 (1.92%) Replication
11 5 (1.60%) Data Centre
12 4 (1.28%) Client/Server
13 3 (0.96%) Blog
13 3 (0.96%) Management Information System
13 3 (0.96%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 78 (24.92%) Linux
2 30 (9.58%) Windows
3 24 (7.67%) Unix
4 10 (3.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 6 (1.92%) CentOS
6 5 (1.60%) Oracle Linux
6 5 (1.60%) Ubuntu
6 5 (1.60%) Windows Server
7 4 (1.28%) Android
7 4 (1.28%) Apple iOS
7 4 (1.28%) Windows 7
8 3 (0.96%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.32%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 136 (43.45%) Agile Software Development
2 66 (21.09%) Microservices
3 61 (19.49%) Software Engineering
4 59 (18.85%) Test Automation
5 56 (17.89%) Scrum
6 52 (16.61%) Computer Science
6 52 (16.61%) DevOps
7 45 (14.38%) Data Modelling
8 44 (14.06%) ETL
9 43 (13.74%) Problem-Solving
10 39 (12.46%) Business Intelligence
10 39 (12.46%) OO
11 31 (9.90%) Continuous Improvement
12 29 (9.27%) Asset Management
13 28 (8.95%) Analytics
13 28 (8.95%) Machine Learning
14 27 (8.63%) TDD
15 26 (8.31%) Open Source
16 25 (7.99%) Continuous Integration
16 25 (7.99%) Domain-Driven Design
Programming Languages
1 139 (44.41%) SQL
2 101 (32.27%) Python
3 92 (29.39%) Java
4 68 (21.73%) JavaScript
5 46 (14.70%) C#
6 39 (12.46%) Scala
7 31 (9.90%) Shell Script
8 22 (7.03%) Java 8
8 22 (7.03%) PHP
8 22 (7.03%) T-SQL
9 14 (4.47%) Go
9 14 (4.47%) R
10 13 (4.15%) PowerShell
11 12 (3.83%) Ruby
11 12 (3.83%) VB
12 9 (2.88%) PL/SQL
13 8 (2.56%) C++
14 7 (2.24%) Kotlin
15 6 (1.92%) Groovy
16 5 (1.60%) Perl
Qualifications
1 62 (19.81%) Degree
2 27 (8.63%) Computer Science Degree
3 18 (5.75%) Security Cleared
4 8 (2.56%) CTC Cleared
5 4 (1.28%) SC Cleared
6 3 (0.96%) AWS Certification
6 3 (0.96%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.64%) Numerate Degree
7 2 (0.64%) SAP Certification
8 1 (0.32%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.32%) OCP
8 1 (0.32%) Oracle Certification
8 1 (0.32%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (10.86%) QA
2 17 (5.43%) GDPR
3 10 (3.19%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.64%) NIST
4 2 (0.64%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.64%) SLA
5 1 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 66 (21.09%) Docker
2 10 (3.19%) HDFS
3 5 (1.60%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 4 (1.28%) Apache Flume
4 4 (1.28%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.96%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.32%) Active Directory
6 1 (0.32%) Lustre
6 1 (0.32%) Oracle RAC
6 1 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 52 (16.61%) Kubernetes
2 18 (5.75%) Ansible
3 12 (3.83%) Terraform
4 7 (2.24%) Hadoop YARN
5 6 (1.92%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
6 5 (1.60%) Oozie
6 5 (1.60%) Oracle RMAN
7 4 (1.28%) Consul
7 4 (1.28%) Grafana
7 4 (1.28%) NetBackup
7 4 (1.28%) Opscode Chef
7 4 (1.28%) Puppet
7 4 (1.28%) SCOrch
7 4 (1.28%) Single Sign-On
7 4 (1.28%) systemd
8 3 (0.96%) Nagios
8 3 (0.96%) Prometheus
8 3 (0.96%) Zipkin
9 2 (0.64%) Data Guard
10 1 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 76 (24.28%) Oracle
2 45 (14.38%) Microsoft
3 18 (5.75%) Sybase
4 17 (5.43%) Salesforce.com
5 16 (5.11%) Red Hat
6 15 (4.79%) Google
7 10 (3.19%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
7 10 (3.19%) Talend
8 9 (2.88%) Databricks
9 8 (2.56%) Cloudera
9 8 (2.56%) Cognos
9 8 (2.56%) Informatica
9 8 (2.56%) SAP
10 7 (2.24%) Splunk
11 6 (1.92%) Zend
12 5 (1.60%) Aareon
12 5 (1.60%) MicroStrategy
12 5 (1.60%) Sun
12 5 (1.60%) Teradata
12 5 (1.60%) TIBCO