Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 460 370 364
Rank change year-on-year -90 -6 -2
Permanent jobs citing RDBMS 456 906 1,285
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.55% 0.80% 0.86%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.08% 2.95% 3.03%
Number of salaries quoted 347 698 1,029
10th Percentile £36,250 £32,500 £35,500
25th Percentile £50,000 £40,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £59,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.17% +7.27% -
75th Percentile £90,625 £80,000 £76,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £101,250 £91,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.53% -5.00% -

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 21,917 30,681 42,357
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 26.39% 26.95% 28.45%
Number of salaries quoted 17,685 25,311 35,070
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £73,750 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +7.78% - +5.88%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Salary trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -87 396 £65,000 +5.69% 88
London +7 257 £80,000 +6.67% 39
UK excluding London -117 176 £52,500 +10.53% 55
Work from Home -52 105 £62,500 -7.41% 19
South East -42 60 £60,000 +25.00% 10
North of England -5 48 £51,859 -8.61% 23
Scotland -14 27 £50,000 - 4
Yorkshire -5 22 £45,000 -10.00% 9
North West -4 19 £52,500 -26.83% 13
Midlands +22 13 £50,000 +15.61% 3
Wales +16 9 £36,000 -20.00% 1
South West -9 8 £35,000 - 10
North East +16 7 £37,500 +17.63% 1
West Midlands +7 7 £57,500 +43.75% 2
Northern Ireland -3 7 £62,500 - 2
East Midlands +21 6 £42,500 -64.58% 1
East of England +26 4 £47,500 -13.64% 2

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 456 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 261 (57.24%) Agile Software Development
3 253 (55.48%) SQL
4 200 (43.86%) Finance
5 188 (41.23%) Java
5 188 (41.23%) SQL Server
6 187 (41.01%) AWS
7 147 (32.24%) Oracle
8 146 (32.02%) Python
9 135 (29.61%) Microservices
10 131 (28.73%) PostgreSQL
11 128 (28.07%) MySQL
12 126 (27.63%) Software Engineering
13 118 (25.88%) NoSQL
14 102 (22.37%) Linux
15 100 (21.93%) Azure
16 95 (20.83%) JavaScript
16 95 (20.83%) Git (software)
16 95 (20.83%) Degree
17 94 (20.61%) Banking
18 90 (19.74%) Test Automation
19 89 (19.52%) C#
20 84 (18.42%) Sybase
21 82 (17.98%) Problem-Solving
22 81 (17.76%) Web Services
22 81 (17.76%) Scrum
23 79 (17.32%) Computer Science
24 76 (16.67%) gRPC
25 75 (16.45%) Asset Management
26 74 (16.23%) .NET

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (5.04%) Confluence
2 15 (3.29%) Apache Spark
3 13 (2.85%) Apache
3 13 (2.85%) Elasticsearch
4 10 (2.19%) Tomcat
5 9 (1.97%) JBoss
6 8 (1.75%) CMS
7 6 (1.32%) SAS
8 4 (0.88%) IIS
8 4 (0.88%) Jupyter
9 3 (0.66%) WebLogic
10 2 (0.44%) Apache Airflow
10 2 (0.44%) Liferay
10 2 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 1 (0.22%) GlassFish
11 1 (0.22%) Oracle Application Server
11 1 (0.22%) SharePoint
11 1 (0.22%) WebSphere
11 1 (0.22%) WordPress
Applications
1 5 (1.10%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.66%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.22%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.22%) Weka
Business Applications
1 4 (0.88%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 3 (0.66%) HFM
2 3 (0.66%) Oracle Applications
2 3 (0.66%) Oracle Assets
2 3 (0.66%) Oracle ERP
2 3 (0.66%) Oracle General Ledger
2 3 (0.66%) Oracle Payables
2 3 (0.66%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
3 2 (0.44%) Oracle Clinical
4 1 (0.22%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 187 (41.01%) AWS
2 100 (21.93%) Azure
3 68 (14.91%) Serverless
4 64 (14.04%) Amazon ECS
5 61 (13.38%) Amazon EC2
6 58 (12.72%) AWS Lambda
7 40 (8.77%) GCP
8 20 (4.39%) SaaS
9 17 (3.73%) Cloud Computing
10 14 (3.07%) Amazon Kinesis
11 13 (2.85%) Slack
12 12 (2.63%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
13 11 (2.41%) PaaS
13 11 (2.41%) Power Platform
14 8 (1.75%) Amazon S3
15 7 (1.54%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 7 (1.54%) Amazon SQS
15 7 (1.54%) AWS CloudFormation
16 6 (1.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 6 (1.32%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 13 (2.85%) HTTP
2 12 (2.63%) TCP/IP
3 9 (1.97%) SNMP
4 8 (1.75%) Internet
4 8 (1.75%) SAN
5 7 (1.54%) Firewall
6 6 (1.32%) LAN
6 6 (1.32%) WAN
7 5 (1.10%) DMZ
7 5 (1.10%) DNS
7 5 (1.10%) Fibre Channel
7 5 (1.10%) VPN
8 4 (0.88%) FTP
9 3 (0.66%) 802.11
9 3 (0.66%) ICMP
9 3 (0.66%) Reverse Proxy
9 3 (0.66%) SSH
10 2 (0.44%) DHCP
10 2 (0.44%) Kerberos
10 2 (0.44%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 456 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 188 (41.23%) SQL Server
3 131 (28.73%) PostgreSQL
4 128 (28.07%) MySQL
5 118 (25.88%) NoSQL
6 52 (11.40%) Amazon Aurora
7 39 (8.55%) MongoDB
8 37 (8.11%) Data Warehouse
9 31 (6.80%) Big Data
10 30 (6.58%) Oracle Database
11 29 (6.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 22 (4.82%) Hadoop
13 20 (4.39%) SQL Server 2016
14 19 (4.17%) Amazon Redshift
14 19 (4.17%) DB2
15 18 (3.95%) Tableau
16 17 (3.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 16 (3.51%) Snowflake Schema
18 15 (3.29%) BigQuery
19 13 (2.85%) Looker
Development Applications
1 95 (20.83%) Git (software)
2 54 (11.84%) Jenkins
3 44 (9.65%) JIRA
4 18 (3.95%) Octopus Deploy
5 16 (3.51%) Team Foundation Server
6 13 (2.85%) TeamCity
7 12 (2.63%) Gradle
7 12 (2.63%) Maven
7 12 (2.63%) Subversion
7 12 (2.63%) Visual Studio
8 11 (2.41%) IntelliJ
8 11 (2.41%) Selenium
8 11 (2.41%) Visual Studio Coded UI
9 10 (2.19%) Eclipse
10 6 (1.32%) Artifactory
10 6 (1.32%) JUnit
10 6 (1.32%) SpecFlow
11 4 (0.88%) Bitbucket Server
11 4 (0.88%) Cucumber
11 4 (0.88%) SonarQube
General
1 200 (43.86%) Finance
2 94 (20.61%) Banking
3 28 (6.14%) Marketing
4 19 (4.17%) Public Sector
5 17 (3.73%) Retail
6 12 (2.63%) Games
7 8 (1.75%) Investment Banking
8 6 (1.32%) Automotive
8 6 (1.32%) Law
9 5 (1.10%) Financial Institution
10 4 (0.88%) Back Office
10 4 (0.88%) French Language
10 4 (0.88%) German Language
10 4 (0.88%) Manufacturing
11 3 (0.66%) Front Office
11 3 (0.66%) General Ledger
12 2 (0.44%) Dutch Language
12 2 (0.44%) Spanish Language
13 1 (0.22%) Avionics
13 1 (0.22%) Police
Job Titles
1 256 (56.14%) Developer
2 96 (21.05%) Java Developer
3 75 (16.45%) Software Engineer
4 64 (14.04%) AWS Developer
5 61 (13.38%) AWS Engineer
6 55 (12.06%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 53 (11.62%) AWS Software Engineer
8 52 (11.40%) Programmer
8 52 (11.40%) Software Programmer
9 41 (8.99%) Software Developer
10 39 (8.55%) Senior Developer
11 37 (8.11%) Architect
11 37 (8.11%) Java Engineer
11 37 (8.11%) Python Developer
12 35 (7.68%) Java Software Developer
13 33 (7.24%) Python Engineer
14 30 (6.58%) Python Software Engineer
15 28 (6.14%) Java Software Engineer
16 27 (5.92%) Analyst
17 26 (5.70%) Python Programmer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (17.76%) Web Services
2 76 (16.67%) gRPC
3 74 (16.23%) .NET
4 70 (15.35%) Spring
5 67 (14.69%) HTML
5 67 (14.69%) React
6 63 (13.82%) RESTful
7 51 (11.18%) REST
8 50 (10.96%) CSS
9 45 (9.87%) AngularJS
10 41 (8.99%) Kafka
11 39 (8.55%) XML
12 37 (8.11%) .NET Framework
12 37 (8.11%) HTML5
13 34 (7.46%) JSON
13 34 (7.46%) Spring Boot
14 30 (6.58%) GraphQL
15 27 (5.92%) ASP.NET Web API
16 26 (5.70%) J2EE
17 24 (5.26%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 57 (12.50%) Analytical Skills
2 52 (11.40%) Hedge funds
2 52 (11.40%) Pricing Data
3 28 (6.14%) Enterprise Software
3 28 (6.14%) Fixed Income
4 26 (5.70%) Virtual Team
5 25 (5.48%) Clustering
6 19 (4.17%) Social Network
7 14 (3.07%) Self-Motivation
8 11 (2.41%) Blog
9 10 (2.19%) Algorithms
9 10 (2.19%) NHS
10 9 (1.97%) Derivative
10 9 (1.97%) Management Information System
11 8 (1.75%) Data Structures
12 6 (1.32%) Greenfield Project
13 5 (1.10%) User Experience
14 4 (0.88%) Client/Server
14 4 (0.88%) Data Centre
14 4 (0.88%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 102 (22.37%) Linux
2 47 (10.31%) Unix
3 46 (10.09%) Windows
4 8 (1.75%) Windows Server
5 7 (1.54%) Apple iOS
5 7 (1.54%) Solaris
6 6 (1.32%) CentOS
7 5 (1.10%) Android
7 5 (1.10%) Oracle Linux
7 5 (1.10%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.66%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 261 (57.24%) Agile Software Development
2 135 (29.61%) Microservices
3 126 (27.63%) Software Engineering
4 90 (19.74%) Test Automation
5 82 (17.98%) Problem-Solving
6 81 (17.76%) Scrum
7 79 (17.32%) Computer Science
8 75 (16.45%) Asset Management
9 71 (15.57%) DevOps
10 62 (13.60%) Data Management
11 61 (13.38%) OO
12 55 (12.06%) Project Delivery
13 52 (11.40%) Enterprise Data Management
13 52 (11.40%) Investment Management
13 52 (11.40%) Open Source
14 50 (10.96%) Continuous Integration
15 49 (10.75%) ETL
16 39 (8.55%) Continuous Improvement
17 33 (7.24%) Migration
18 32 (7.02%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 253 (55.48%) SQL
2 188 (41.23%) Java
3 146 (32.02%) Python
4 95 (20.83%) JavaScript
5 89 (19.52%) C#
6 38 (8.33%) Scala
7 31 (6.80%) Shell Script
7 31 (6.80%) T-SQL
8 26 (5.70%) PowerShell
9 25 (5.48%) Java 8
10 24 (5.26%) Ruby
11 16 (3.51%) PL/SQL
11 16 (3.51%) VB
12 14 (3.07%) Go
13 12 (2.63%) Perl
14 11 (2.41%) C++
14 11 (2.41%) TypeScript
15 10 (2.19%) Bash Shell
15 10 (2.19%) Groovy
16 9 (1.97%) R
Qualifications
1 95 (20.83%) Degree
2 53 (11.62%) Computer Science Degree
3 19 (4.17%) Security Cleared
4 10 (2.19%) Microsoft Certification
5 7 (1.54%) CTC Cleared
5 7 (1.54%) SC Cleared
6 5 (1.10%) AWS Certification
6 5 (1.10%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.22%) FFIEC
8 1 (0.22%) OCP
8 1 (0.22%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (6.58%) QA
2 8 (1.75%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.66%) GDPR
4 2 (0.44%) EMIR
4 2 (0.44%) Good Clinical Practice
4 2 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.44%) MiFID
5 1 (0.22%) GLBA
5 1 (0.22%) NIST
5 1 (0.22%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.22%) WAI
System Software
1 63 (13.82%) Docker
2 10 (2.19%) Oracle RAC
2 10 (2.19%) VMware Infrastructure
3 5 (1.10%) HDFS
4 4 (0.88%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.44%) Microsoft Virtual Server
5 2 (0.44%) Virtual Servers
6 1 (0.22%) Lustre
Systems Management
1 54 (11.84%) Kubernetes
2 24 (5.26%) Terraform
3 14 (3.07%) Ansible
4 12 (2.63%) Grafana
5 11 (2.41%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (2.19%) Oracle RMAN
7 5 (1.10%) Puppet
8 4 (0.88%) Data Guard
9 3 (0.66%) Consul
9 3 (0.66%) Hadoop YARN
9 3 (0.66%) Nagios
9 3 (0.66%) Prometheus
9 3 (0.66%) Single Sign-On
9 3 (0.66%) systemd
9 3 (0.66%) Zipkin
10 2 (0.44%) Oozie
11 1 (0.22%) HP Quality Center
11 1 (0.22%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 147 (32.24%) Oracle
2 84 (18.42%) Sybase
3 56 (12.28%) Microsoft
4 25 (5.48%) Google
5 14 (3.07%) Salesforce.com
6 12 (2.63%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
7 11 (2.41%) Talend
7 11 (2.41%) Telerik
8 10 (2.19%) Aareon
8 10 (2.19%) Informatica
8 10 (2.19%) Sun
8 10 (2.19%) VMware
9 7 (1.54%) MicroStrategy
9 7 (1.54%) TIBCO
10 6 (1.32%) Alteryx
10 6 (1.32%) Cognos
10 6 (1.32%) Red Hat
11 5 (1.10%) Teradata
12 4 (0.88%) ESRI
12 4 (0.88%) Sparx