Period
to 20 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 20 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
20 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 351 351 297
Rank change year-on-year 0 -54 -36
Permanent jobs citing RDBMS 1,344 1,589 1,994
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.89% 0.90% 1.14%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 3.10% 2.93% 3.80%
Number of salaries quoted 1,046 1,192 1,469
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
10th Percentile £35,500 £32,500 £32,950
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.53% - +5.56%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 43,312 54,202 52,424
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.61% 30.66% 30.00%
Number of salaries quoted 35,589 45,124 44,771
UK median annual salary £52,095 £48,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.41% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,685
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +3.66%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing RDBMS.

Salary trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 20 February 2019.

Salary histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 20 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 1,205 £55,000 - 236
UK excluding London +34 788 £52,500 +10.53% 168
London -39 525 £67,500 +3.85% 96
South East +51 300 £57,500 +15.00% 61
North of England +28 146 £45,000 - 30
South West +31 110 £41,000 +9.33% 20
Scotland -5 93 £50,000 - 21
East of England +12 74 £60,000 +26.32% 14
North West -5 72 £42,500 -10.53% 16
Yorkshire +61 65 £45,000 +24.14% 11
Midlands +22 64 £48,750 +2.63% 15
West Midlands +41 50 £60,000 +20.00% 12
Northern Ireland -17 17 £50,000 +66.67% 5
East Midlands -2 14 £45,000 -5.26% 3
North East +21 9 £30,000 -23.00% 3
Wales +14 8 £45,000 +12.50% 2

For the 6 months to 20 February 2019, IT jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 1,344 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 744 (55.36%) SQL
3 639 (47.54%) Java
4 593 (44.12%) Oracle
5 553 (41.15%) Agile Software Development
6 537 (39.96%) SQL Server
7 360 (26.79%) Finance
8 338 (25.15%) Amazon AWS
9 316 (23.51%) Microsoft
10 315 (23.44%) NoSQL
11 307 (22.84%) JavaScript
12 302 (22.47%) .NET
13 288 (21.43%) Spring
14 285 (21.21%) Linux
15 263 (19.57%) HTML
16 258 (19.20%) Python
17 246 (18.30%) C#
18 234 (17.41%) OO
18 234 (17.41%) Microsoft Azure
19 223 (16.59%) MySQL
20 216 (16.07%) Software Engineering
21 210 (15.63%) PostgreSQL
22 199 (14.81%) Unix
23 197 (14.66%) Degree
24 187 (13.91%) Git (software)
24 187 (13.91%) CSS
25 180 (13.39%) Oracle Database
26 176 (13.10%) Scrum
27 174 (12.95%) Web Services
27 174 (12.95%) Windows

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (6.55%) JBoss
2 74 (5.51%) Apache Spark
3 67 (4.99%) Apache
4 64 (4.76%) WebSphere
5 57 (4.24%) Tomcat
6 47 (3.50%) WebLogic
7 41 (3.05%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 39 (2.90%) Elasticsearch
9 32 (2.38%) Apache Solr
10 31 (2.31%) Confluence
11 28 (2.08%) Apache Pig
12 26 (1.93%) GlassFish
13 25 (1.86%) IIS
14 24 (1.79%) CMS
15 20 (1.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 19 (1.41%) SharePoint
17 17 (1.26%) OpenStack
18 14 (1.04%) Apache Geronimo
19 12 (0.89%) SAS
20 10 (0.74%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 64 (4.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (2.08%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (0.97%) Weka
4 6 (0.45%) SPSS
5 5 (0.37%) HipChat
5 5 (0.37%) Stata
6 4 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.22%) S-PLUS
8 2 (0.15%) ArchiCAD
8 2 (0.15%) AutoCAD
8 2 (0.15%) MicroStation
8 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
8 2 (0.15%) Revit
9 1 (0.074%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 30 (2.23%) SAP Hybris
2 23 (1.71%) Oracle EBS
2 23 (1.71%) Oracle EBS R12
3 19 (1.41%) Magento
3 19 (1.41%) Oracle Applications
3 19 (1.41%) SDL Web 8
4 17 (1.26%) Oracle 11i
5 11 (0.82%) SAP ERP
6 10 (0.74%) Dynamics CRM
7 5 (0.37%) MetaTrader
8 4 (0.30%) Oracle Payroll
9 2 (0.15%) Remedy AR System
9 2 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
9 2 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
10 1 (0.074%) Adobe Campaign
10 1 (0.074%) Oracle BPM
10 1 (0.074%) Payment Gateway
10 1 (0.074%) SAP BPC
10 1 (0.074%) SAP IS-U
10 1 (0.074%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 338 (25.15%) Amazon AWS
2 234 (17.41%) Microsoft Azure
3 82 (6.10%) SaaS
4 55 (4.09%) PaaS
5 52 (3.87%) Serverless
6 49 (3.65%) IaaS
7 40 (2.98%) Amazon S3
7 40 (2.98%) AWS Lambda
8 37 (2.75%) Cloud Computing
9 36 (2.68%) Google Cloud Platform
10 33 (2.46%) Amazon EC2
10 33 (2.46%) Amazon EMR
11 29 (2.16%) Office 365
12 27 (2.01%) Amazon Kinesis
13 26 (1.93%) Amazon SQS
14 24 (1.79%) Azure Active Directory
15 17 (1.26%) GitHub
16 13 (0.97%) npm
17 11 (0.82%) OpenShift
18 10 (0.74%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 53 (3.94%) HTTP
2 38 (2.83%) Internet
3 24 (1.79%) Network Security
4 20 (1.49%) TCP/IP
5 14 (1.04%) NAS
5 14 (1.04%) SAN
6 11 (0.82%) VPN
7 10 (0.74%) AMQP
8 9 (0.67%) SSL
9 8 (0.60%) Firewall
10 7 (0.52%) DNS
11 5 (0.37%) DHCP
12 4 (0.30%) SMPP
12 4 (0.30%) SMS
13 3 (0.22%) Broadband
13 3 (0.22%) LAN
13 3 (0.22%) SNMP
13 3 (0.22%) WAN
14 2 (0.15%) IPsec
14 2 (0.15%) OpenVPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,344 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 537 (39.96%) SQL Server
3 315 (23.44%) NoSQL
4 223 (16.59%) MySQL
5 210 (15.63%) PostgreSQL
6 180 (13.39%) Oracle Database
7 165 (12.28%) Big Data
8 157 (11.68%) Data Warehouse
9 133 (9.90%) Hadoop
9 133 (9.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 121 (9.00%) MongoDB
11 95 (7.07%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 77 (5.73%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 64 (4.76%) Apache Cassandra
14 61 (4.54%) Oracle Database 11g
15 54 (4.02%) SQL Server 2008
16 53 (3.94%) Power BI
17 49 (3.65%) Amazon Redshift
17 49 (3.65%) SQL Server 2014
18 43 (3.20%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 187 (13.91%) Git (software)
2 103 (7.66%) Jenkins
3 101 (7.51%) Maven
3 101 (7.51%) Subversion
4 75 (5.58%) JUnit
5 72 (5.36%) JIRA
6 45 (3.35%) Selenium
7 33 (2.46%) Ant
8 26 (1.93%) Eclipse
9 25 (1.86%) Visual Studio
10 24 (1.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 23 (1.71%) Gradle
12 22 (1.64%) Bitbucket
12 22 (1.64%) NUnit
13 21 (1.56%) IntelliJ
13 21 (1.56%) Oracle Forms
13 21 (1.56%) Team Foundation Server
14 19 (1.41%) TeamCity
15 16 (1.19%) Cucumber
16 15 (1.12%) SpecFlow
General
1 360 (26.79%) Finance
2 136 (10.12%) Banking
3 78 (5.80%) Marketing
4 48 (3.57%) Retail
5 34 (2.53%) Telecoms
6 33 (2.46%) Front Office
7 30 (2.23%) Investment Banking
8 29 (2.16%) Financial Institution
9 28 (2.08%) Electronics
10 25 (1.86%) Manufacturing
11 23 (1.71%) Advertising
12 18 (1.34%) Law
13 17 (1.26%) Military
14 12 (0.89%) Back Office
14 12 (0.89%) Legal
15 11 (0.82%) Games
16 8 (0.60%) Local Government
17 6 (0.45%) Billing
18 4 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
18 4 (0.30%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 605 (45.01%) Developer
2 264 (19.64%) Java Developer
3 212 (15.77%) Architect
4 150 (11.16%) Senior Developer
5 145 (10.79%) Analyst
6 120 (8.93%) DBA
7 90 (6.70%) Applications Support
8 86 (6.40%) Support Analyst
9 81 (6.03%) Data Architect
9 81 (6.03%) Software Developer
9 81 (6.03%) Solutions Architect
10 78 (5.80%) Applications Support Analyst
11 67 (4.99%) Oracle Developer
12 65 (4.84%) Senior Java Developer
13 61 (4.54%) .NET Developer
14 59 (4.39%) Software Engineer
15 58 (4.32%) Administrator
15 58 (4.32%) Lead Developer
16 57 (4.24%) C# Developer
16 57 (4.24%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 302 (22.47%) .NET
2 288 (21.43%) Spring
3 263 (19.57%) HTML
4 187 (13.91%) CSS
5 174 (12.95%) Web Services
6 171 (12.72%) AngularJS
7 164 (12.20%) XML
8 141 (10.49%) Hibernate
9 131 (9.75%) Spring Boot
10 126 (9.38%) J2EE
11 114 (8.48%) jQuery
12 106 (7.89%) ASP.NET
13 92 (6.85%) RESTful
14 90 (6.70%) JSON
15 88 (6.55%) HTML5
15 88 (6.55%) REST
16 85 (6.32%) React
17 78 (5.80%) Ajax
17 78 (5.80%) Java EE
17 78 (5.80%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 145 (10.79%) Analytical Skills
2 102 (7.59%) Fintech
3 91 (6.77%) Enterprise Software
4 65 (4.84%) Algorithms
5 63 (4.69%) Data Structures
6 50 (3.72%) Self-Motivation
7 49 (3.65%) Management Information System
8 46 (3.42%) User Experience
9 45 (3.35%) Greenfield Project
10 41 (3.05%) Virtual Team
11 35 (2.60%) Clustering
12 32 (2.38%) Replication
13 31 (2.31%) Linux Command Line
14 22 (1.64%) Analytical Mindset
15 21 (1.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 19 (1.41%) Market Risk
17 18 (1.34%) Credit Risk
17 18 (1.34%) Mobile App
18 17 (1.26%) Data Centre
19 15 (1.12%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 285 (21.21%) Linux
2 199 (14.81%) Unix
3 174 (12.95%) Windows
4 64 (4.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 43 (3.20%) Windows Server
6 24 (1.79%) CentOS
7 22 (1.64%) Ubuntu
8 21 (1.56%) AIX
9 17 (1.26%) DC/OS
9 17 (1.26%) Mesosphere
9 17 (1.26%) Solaris
10 12 (0.89%) Windows Server 2012
11 11 (0.82%) Apple iOS
12 10 (0.74%) Android
13 8 (0.60%) Windows Server 2008
14 6 (0.45%) Windows 2000
15 4 (0.30%) Debian
15 4 (0.30%) Oracle Linux
15 4 (0.30%) Windows Server 2003
16 2 (0.15%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 553 (41.15%) Agile Software Development
2 234 (17.41%) OO
3 216 (16.07%) Software Engineering
4 176 (13.10%) Scrum
5 173 (12.87%) Analytics
6 170 (12.65%) DevOps
7 169 (12.57%) Business Intelligence
8 163 (12.13%) Computer Science
9 155 (11.53%) Microservices
9 155 (11.53%) Problem-Solving
10 153 (11.38%) ETL
11 152 (11.31%) TDD
12 151 (11.24%) MVC
13 150 (11.16%) Continuous Integration
14 131 (9.75%) Multithreading
15 130 (9.67%) SDLC
16 129 (9.60%) Mentoring
17 121 (9.00%) Performance Tuning
18 113 (8.41%) Test Automation
19 111 (8.26%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 744 (55.36%) SQL
2 639 (47.54%) Java
3 307 (22.84%) JavaScript
4 258 (19.20%) Python
5 246 (18.30%) C#
6 169 (12.57%) PL/SQL
7 109 (8.11%) Shell Script
8 105 (7.81%) PowerShell
9 89 (6.62%) T-SQL
10 65 (4.84%) C++
11 59 (4.39%) Java 8
12 48 (3.57%) Scala
13 42 (3.13%) C
13 42 (3.13%) Go
14 30 (2.23%) Perl
15 29 (2.16%) Ruby
16 28 (2.08%) PHP
17 27 (2.01%) VB.NET
18 23 (1.71%) R
18 23 (1.71%) VBA
Qualifications
1 197 (14.66%) Degree
2 74 (5.51%) Security Cleared
3 61 (4.54%) Computer Science Degree
4 53 (3.94%) Microsoft Certification
5 49 (3.65%) SC Cleared
6 26 (1.93%) MCSA
6 26 (1.93%) MCSE
7 18 (1.34%) Numerate Degree
8 11 (0.82%) Master's Degree
9 10 (0.74%) MCP
10 8 (0.60%) MCDBA
11 6 (0.45%) PhD
12 5 (0.37%) ITIL Certification
12 5 (0.37%) MBA
13 4 (0.30%) Oracle Certification
14 3 (0.22%) OCP
14 3 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
15 2 (0.15%) OCA
15 2 (0.15%) Sun Certification
16 1 (0.074%) Siebel Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 54 (4.02%) QA
2 40 (2.98%) Data Quality
3 24 (1.79%) SLA
4 23 (1.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 14 (1.04%) GDPR
6 9 (0.67%) IFRS
7 6 (0.45%) PMO
8 5 (0.37%) PSD2
9 3 (0.22%) IFRS 9
10 2 (0.15%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.074%) MiFID
System Software
1 119 (8.85%) Docker
2 72 (5.36%) Active Directory
3 45 (3.35%) Oracle RAC
4 31 (2.31%) VMware Infrastructure
5 30 (2.23%) HDFS
6 12 (0.89%) Apache Flume
7 10 (0.74%) Xen
8 9 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
9 5 (0.37%) VirtualBox
10 4 (0.30%) Firmware
10 4 (0.30%) Hyper-V
11 3 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 2 (0.15%) PowerDNS
12 2 (0.15%) vCloud
12 2 (0.15%) vSphere
13 1 (0.074%) Shibboleth
Systems Management
1 51 (3.79%) Ansible
2 50 (3.72%) Kubernetes
3 46 (3.42%) Data Guard
4 41 (3.05%) Oracle RMAN
5 34 (2.53%) Puppet
6 27 (2.01%) Terraform
7 23 (1.71%) Mesos
8 20 (1.49%) Opscode Chef
9 15 (1.12%) Control-M
10 13 (0.97%) Nagios
11 11 (0.82%) BMC PATROL
11 11 (0.82%) Oozie
12 9 (0.67%) Salt
13 7 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
13 7 (0.52%) Grafana
13 7 (0.52%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 7 (0.52%) Prometheus
14 6 (0.45%) Microsoft Clustering
15 5 (0.37%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
15 5 (0.37%) Rancher
Vendors
1 593 (44.12%) Oracle
2 316 (23.51%) Microsoft
3 69 (5.13%) Google
3 69 (5.13%) SAP
4 46 (3.42%) Tableau
5 42 (3.13%) Red Hat
6 39 (2.90%) Salesforce.com
7 38 (2.83%) Adobe
7 38 (2.83%) hybris
8 33 (2.46%) VMware
9 31 (2.31%) Informatica
9 31 (2.31%) Teradata
10 27 (2.01%) Sybase
11 24 (1.79%) Atlassian
12 21 (1.56%) Alteryx
13 19 (1.41%) AppDynamics
13 19 (1.41%) Elastic Path
13 19 (1.41%) IBM
13 19 (1.41%) Interwoven
14 17 (1.26%) Talend