Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 400 378 391
Rank change year-on-year -22 +13 -52
Permanent jobs citing RDBMS 847 524 1,179
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.75% 0.76% 0.82%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.67% 2.75% 2.94%
Number of salaries quoted 479 380 960
10th Percentile £39,200 £33,750 £33,794
25th Percentile £48,750 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £62,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +13.64% +3.77%
75th Percentile £89,375 £87,500 £73,750
90th Percentile £115,000 £110,000 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £47,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +15.79% -5.00% -

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 31,672 19,060 40,041
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.05% 27.62% 27.81%
Number of salaries quoted 21,204 15,650 33,146
10th Percentile £34,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,000
Median % change year-on-year - +5.77% +4.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Salary trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -32 745 £65,000 +4.00% 127
London -8 460 £75,000 -4.76% 55
UK excluding London -65 309 £55,000 +15.79% 80
Work from Home -108 163 £60,000 +9.09% 27
South East -65 117 £60,000 +17.07% 27
North of England -65 57 £52,500 +14.13% 21
South West -38 56 £42,500 +21.43% 10
Midlands -75 34 £55,000 +4.76% 12
West Midlands -50 31 £51,865 +6.39% 6
Scotland -63 30 £55,000 +25.71% 7
Yorkshire -59 28 £52,500 +16.67% 2
North West -68 18 £52,500 -4.55% 16
North East -18 11 £37,500 +17.63% 3
East of England -38 9 £45,000 -21.74% 1
Northern Ireland -38 5 £80,000 +39.13% 1
Wales -31 3 £34,000 - 1
East Midlands -55 3 £65,000 -32.47% 6

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 847 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 476 (56.20%) SQL
3 433 (51.12%) Agile Software Development
4 331 (39.08%) SQL Server
4 331 (39.08%) AWS
5 323 (38.13%) Oracle
6 317 (37.43%) Java
7 311 (36.72%) Finance
8 242 (28.57%) PostgreSQL
9 240 (28.34%) Social Skills
10 226 (26.68%) Python
11 203 (23.97%) Azure
12 195 (23.02%) Linux
13 194 (22.90%) Scrum
14 192 (22.67%) JavaScript
15 187 (22.08%) Software Engineering
16 177 (20.90%) Degree
16 177 (20.90%) MySQL
16 177 (20.90%) Microservices
17 170 (20.07%) Git (software)
18 169 (19.95%) C#
19 167 (19.72%) Problem-Solving
20 166 (19.60%) Data Management
21 163 (19.24%) .NET
22 162 (19.13%) NoSQL
23 151 (17.83%) Spring
24 132 (15.58%) Windows
25 128 (15.11%) Banking
26 125 (14.76%) Sybase
27 124 (14.64%) Computer Science

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (7.20%) WebLogic
2 31 (3.66%) Elasticsearch
3 19 (2.24%) Tomcat
4 18 (2.13%) Apache
5 16 (1.89%) JBoss
6 14 (1.65%) IIS
6 14 (1.65%) SharePoint
7 12 (1.42%) Apache Spark
8 10 (1.18%) CMS
8 10 (1.18%) SAS
9 9 (1.06%) Apache Airflow
10 8 (0.94%) Confluence
11 6 (0.71%) Luigi
12 4 (0.47%) Oracle Workflow
13 2 (0.24%) Appian
13 2 (0.24%) Liferay
13 2 (0.24%) Tornado
13 2 (0.24%) WebSphere
14 1 (0.12%) Apache Synapse
14 1 (0.12%) nginx
Applications
1 42 (4.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 26 (3.07%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 24 (2.83%) Microsoft Office
4 14 (1.65%) InVision
4 14 (1.65%) Sketch
5 5 (0.59%) MS Visio
6 4 (0.47%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.24%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.24%) Oracle Smart View
8 2 (0.24%) SPSS
8 2 (0.24%) Stata
Business Applications
1 35 (4.13%) Oracle Clinical
2 13 (1.53%) IBM Planning Analytics
3 10 (1.18%) Primavera
4 3 (0.35%) Adobe Campaign
5 2 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.24%) Oracle Assets
5 2 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.24%) Oracle General Ledger
5 2 (0.24%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.24%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 2 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.24%) Relativity
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
6 1 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 331 (39.08%) AWS
2 203 (23.97%) Azure
3 102 (12.04%) GCP
4 93 (10.98%) Serverless
5 81 (9.56%) AWS Lambda
6 76 (8.97%) Amazon ECS
7 71 (8.38%) Amazon EC2
8 49 (5.79%) Power Platform
9 44 (5.19%) SaaS
10 31 (3.66%) Amazon Kinesis
11 28 (3.31%) PaaS
12 22 (2.60%) GitHub
13 19 (2.24%) IaaS
13 19 (2.24%) Snowflake
14 16 (1.89%) Amazon SQS
15 14 (1.65%) AWS CloudFormation
16 10 (1.18%) Amazon ElastiCache
16 10 (1.18%) Amazon S3
16 10 (1.18%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 10 (1.18%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 29 (3.42%) HTTP
2 23 (2.72%) Network Security
3 22 (2.60%) TCP/IP
4 21 (2.48%) Firewall
5 10 (1.18%) DNS
6 9 (1.06%) Internet
6 9 (1.06%) SSL
7 7 (0.83%) SAN
7 7 (0.83%) SNMP
8 4 (0.47%) MQTT
9 3 (0.35%) 5G
9 3 (0.35%) Broadband
9 3 (0.35%) Cisco ASA
9 3 (0.35%) Cisco Nexus
9 3 (0.35%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
9 3 (0.35%) FTP
9 3 (0.35%) LAN
9 3 (0.35%) NetScaler
9 3 (0.35%) SD-WAN
9 3 (0.35%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 847 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 331 (39.08%) SQL Server
3 242 (28.57%) PostgreSQL
4 177 (20.90%) MySQL
5 162 (19.13%) NoSQL
6 106 (12.51%) Oracle Database
7 72 (8.50%) Oracle Database 12c
8 70 (8.26%) Big Data
9 67 (7.91%) Amazon Aurora
10 66 (7.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 64 (7.56%) Data Warehouse
12 61 (7.20%) DB2
12 61 (7.20%) Oracle Database 11g
13 53 (6.26%) Oracle Database 10g
14 50 (5.90%) MongoDB
15 49 (5.79%) Power BI
16 48 (5.67%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 47 (5.55%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 44 (5.19%) Tableau
19 37 (4.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 170 (20.07%) Git (software)
2 93 (10.98%) Jenkins
3 52 (6.14%) Gradle
4 49 (5.79%) Eclipse
5 46 (5.43%) Octopus Deploy
6 45 (5.31%) IntelliJ
7 42 (4.96%) Team Foundation Server
8 40 (4.72%) JIRA
9 38 (4.49%) Bitbucket Server
10 36 (4.25%) NUnit
11 23 (2.72%) Selenium
12 17 (2.01%) TeamCity
13 16 (1.89%) Maven
14 15 (1.77%) Visual Studio
15 14 (1.65%) Subversion
16 13 (1.53%) JUnit
17 11 (1.30%) SpecFlow
17 11 (1.30%) Visual Studio Coded UI
18 10 (1.18%) Postman
18 10 (1.18%) SoapUI
General
1 311 (36.72%) Finance
2 240 (28.34%) Social Skills
3 128 (15.11%) Banking
4 86 (10.15%) Analytical Skills
5 46 (5.43%) Presentation Skills
6 33 (3.90%) Investment Banking
7 32 (3.78%) Public Sector
8 28 (3.31%) Games
9 26 (3.07%) Marketing
9 26 (3.07%) Telecoms
10 24 (2.83%) Manufacturing
11 20 (2.36%) Pharmaceutical
12 16 (1.89%) Retail
13 14 (1.65%) Electronics
14 13 (1.53%) Law
15 12 (1.42%) Automotive
15 12 (1.42%) Back Office
16 10 (1.18%) Legal
16 10 (1.18%) Organisational Skills
17 5 (0.59%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 401 (47.34%) Developer
2 139 (16.41%) Java Developer
3 130 (15.35%) Software Engineer
4 82 (9.68%) Senior Developer
5 76 (8.97%) AWS Developer
6 68 (8.03%) Programmer
7 67 (7.91%) AWS Engineer
7 67 (7.91%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 65 (7.67%) AWS Software Engineer
9 64 (7.56%) Architect
9 64 (7.56%) Software Programmer
10 57 (6.73%) Python Engineer
11 54 (6.38%) Java Engineer
12 49 (5.79%) Oracle Developer
12 49 (5.79%) Python Software Engineer
13 48 (5.67%) Software Developer
14 41 (4.84%) Full Stack Developer
15 39 (4.60%) Analyst
15 39 (4.60%) Java Software Engineer
15 39 (4.60%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 163 (19.24%) .NET
2 151 (17.83%) Spring
3 120 (14.17%) React
4 106 (12.51%) HTML
5 96 (11.33%) AngularJS
6 92 (10.86%) Web Services
7 89 (10.51%) REST
8 82 (9.68%) RESTful
9 78 (9.21%) Kafka
10 77 (9.09%) gRPC
11 70 (8.26%) Node.js
12 69 (8.15%) .NET Framework
13 68 (8.03%) Spring Boot
14 64 (7.56%) ASP.NET
15 59 (6.97%) CSS
16 57 (6.73%) HTML5
17 48 (5.67%) RabbitMQ
18 46 (5.43%) ASP.NET Web API
19 43 (5.08%) .NET Core
20 41 (4.84%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 64 (7.56%) Hedge funds
1 64 (7.56%) Pricing Data
2 52 (6.14%) Enterprise Software
3 41 (4.84%) Clustering
4 38 (4.49%) Derivative
5 29 (3.42%) Blog
6 25 (2.95%) Data Structures
7 24 (2.83%) Fixed Income
7 24 (2.83%) Virtual Team
8 20 (2.36%) Algorithms
8 20 (2.36%) User Experience
9 18 (2.13%) Management Information System
10 16 (1.89%) Legacy Systems
11 12 (1.42%) NHS
12 10 (1.18%) Cloud Native
12 10 (1.18%) Industrial Internet of Things
12 10 (1.18%) Robotics
13 9 (1.06%) Client/Server
13 9 (1.06%) Legacy Code
13 9 (1.06%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 195 (23.02%) Linux
2 132 (15.58%) Windows
3 111 (13.11%) Unix
4 22 (2.60%) Apple iOS
5 20 (2.36%) Android
5 20 (2.36%) Windows Server
6 17 (2.01%) Mac OS X
7 16 (1.89%) Solaris
8 5 (0.59%) CentOS
9 4 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 3 (0.35%) AIX
11 2 (0.24%) Debian
11 2 (0.24%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.12%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.12%) MVS
12 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 433 (51.12%) Agile Software Development
2 194 (22.90%) Scrum
3 187 (22.08%) Software Engineering
4 177 (20.90%) Microservices
5 167 (19.72%) Problem-Solving
6 166 (19.60%) Data Management
7 124 (14.64%) Computer Science
8 121 (14.29%) DevOps
9 117 (13.81%) Full Stack Development
10 115 (13.58%) Test Automation
11 111 (13.11%) TDD
12 106 (12.51%) OO
13 102 (12.04%) ETL
14 84 (9.92%) Business Intelligence
15 79 (9.33%) Asset Management
16 77 (9.09%) Open Source
17 76 (8.97%) Data Modelling
17 76 (8.97%) Project Delivery
17 76 (8.97%) Waterfall
18 74 (8.74%) Event-Driven
Programming Languages
1 476 (56.20%) SQL
2 317 (37.43%) Java
3 226 (26.68%) Python
4 192 (22.67%) JavaScript
5 169 (19.95%) C#
6 89 (10.51%) PL/SQL
7 63 (7.44%) Scala
8 54 (6.38%) PowerShell
8 54 (6.38%) T-SQL
9 53 (6.26%) TypeScript
10 37 (4.37%) C++
11 30 (3.54%) Go
12 27 (3.19%) Ruby
13 26 (3.07%) C
13 26 (3.07%) Shell Script
14 23 (2.72%) Java 8
15 21 (2.48%) Bash Shell
15 21 (2.48%) Kotlin
16 18 (2.13%) PHP
17 15 (1.77%) VBA
Qualifications
1 177 (20.90%) Degree
2 44 (5.19%) Computer Science Degree
3 24 (2.83%) Numerate Degree
4 21 (2.48%) Security Cleared
5 20 (2.36%) Microsoft Certification
6 16 (1.89%) SC Cleared
7 8 (0.94%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 8 (0.94%) Master's Degree
8 7 (0.83%) DBS Check
8 7 (0.83%) Oracle Certification
9 6 (0.71%) CEH
9 6 (0.71%) CISA
9 6 (0.71%) GIAC
9 6 (0.71%) ISEB
9 6 (0.71%) OSCE
9 6 (0.71%) OSCP
10 5 (0.59%) PhD
11 4 (0.47%) AWS Certification
11 4 (0.47%) OCP
12 3 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 72 (8.50%) QA
2 38 (4.49%) Good Clinical Practice
3 35 (4.13%) Data Quality
4 27 (3.19%) GDPR
5 24 (2.83%) EMIR
5 24 (2.83%) MiFID
6 9 (1.06%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 7 (0.83%) NIST
7 7 (0.83%) WAI
8 3 (0.35%) Accessibility
8 3 (0.35%) PSD2
9 2 (0.24%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.12%) GLBA
10 1 (0.12%) SEPA
10 1 (0.12%) SLA
System Software
1 110 (12.99%) Docker
2 17 (2.01%) Oracle RAC
3 15 (1.77%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.94%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.24%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.24%) iptables
5 2 (0.24%) Microsoft Virtual Server
5 2 (0.24%) Postfix
5 2 (0.24%) Sendmail
5 2 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
6 1 (0.12%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.12%) Firmware
6 1 (0.12%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 84 (9.92%) Kubernetes
2 62 (7.32%) Terraform
3 31 (3.66%) Grafana
4 25 (2.95%) Ansible
5 20 (2.36%) Opscode Chef
6 13 (1.53%) Data Guard
7 11 (1.30%) Oracle RMAN
7 11 (1.30%) Puppet
8 10 (1.18%) Docker Swarm
9 6 (0.71%) HP ALM
9 6 (0.71%) HP Fortify
9 6 (0.71%) WebInspect
10 5 (0.59%) HAProxy
11 4 (0.47%) Kibana
11 4 (0.47%) logstash
11 4 (0.47%) MIIS
11 4 (0.47%) Opsgenie
11 4 (0.47%) Pingdom
11 4 (0.47%) Prometheus
11 4 (0.47%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 323 (38.13%) Oracle
2 125 (14.76%) Sybase
3 118 (13.93%) Microsoft
4 56 (6.61%) Google
5 22 (2.60%) VMware
6 19 (2.24%) IBM
7 14 (1.65%) SAP
8 13 (1.53%) Informatica
9 12 (1.42%) GoldenSource
10 11 (1.30%) Splunk
11 10 (1.18%) Alteryx
11 10 (1.18%) Autodesk
11 10 (1.18%) Databricks
12 9 (1.06%) HP
12 9 (1.06%) Sun
12 9 (1.06%) Talend
13 8 (0.94%) AppDynamics
13 8 (0.94%) Red Hat
14 7 (0.83%) New Relic
14 7 (0.83%) Telerik