Period
to 20 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 20 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
20 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 373 353 346
Rank change year-on-year -20 -7 -58
Permanent jobs citing RDBMS 993 1,353 1,573
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.79% 0.90% 0.91%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.95% 3.16% 2.97%
Number of salaries quoted 772 1,054 1,166
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% - -
10th Percentile £31,250 £35,575 £32,500
90th Percentile £97,250 £87,500 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £47,000
% change year-on-year -4.76% +11.70% -1.05%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 33,619 42,843 52,894
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 26.81% 28.64% 30.55%
Number of salaries quoted 27,603 35,189 43,854
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.38% +1.05%
10th Percentile £32,000 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing RDBMS.

Salary trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 20 January 2020.

Salary histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 20 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -28 893 £60,000 +9.09% 174
UK excluding London -38 550 £50,000 -4.76% 118
London +3 425 £80,000 +18.52% 79
South East -33 192 £50,000 -9.09% 36
North of England +71 146 £50,000 +11.11% 25
Yorkshire +61 87 £50,000 +11.11% 8
North West +36 58 £69,096 +57.93% 14
East of England +35 50 £55,000 -8.33% 11
South West -44 50 £38,750 -8.82% 11
Scotland -8 49 £45,000 -18.18% 16
Midlands 0 26 £39,750 -20.50% 12
West Midlands -16 25 £39,500 -34.17% 9
Wales +10 21 £45,000 - 6
Northern Ireland +13 16 - - 1
East Midlands +8 1 £52,500 +16.67% 3
North East -3 1 £35,000 +7.69% 3

For the 6 months to 20 January 2020, IT jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 993 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 603 (60.73%) SQL
3 436 (43.91%) SQL Server
4 414 (41.69%) Oracle
5 367 (36.96%) Java
5 367 (36.96%) Agile Software Development
6 298 (30.01%) AWS
7 233 (23.46%) Software Engineering
8 221 (22.26%) Finance
9 217 (21.85%) Azure
10 194 (19.54%) MySQL
11 193 (19.44%) PostgreSQL
12 186 (18.73%) Microsoft
13 185 (18.63%) .NET
14 182 (18.33%) C#
15 172 (17.32%) DevOps
16 170 (17.12%) Microservices
17 168 (16.92%) Python
18 167 (16.82%) Web Services
19 163 (16.41%) Spring
20 161 (16.21%) Scrum
21 160 (16.11%) Linux
22 147 (14.80%) Degree
23 145 (14.60%) JavaScript
24 142 (14.30%) HTML
25 130 (13.09%) Docker
26 122 (12.29%) CSS
27 116 (11.68%) NoSQL
28 114 (11.48%) RESTful
28 114 (11.48%) OO

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (4.53%) JBoss
2 39 (3.93%) WebSphere
3 33 (3.32%) Tomcat
4 30 (3.02%) IIS
5 27 (2.72%) Apache Spark
6 26 (2.62%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 26 (2.62%) Apache Solr
6 26 (2.62%) CMS
7 25 (2.52%) Apache
8 22 (2.22%) Confluence
9 21 (2.11%) Elasticsearch
10 17 (1.71%) WebSphere Application Server
11 13 (1.31%) SharePoint
12 10 (1.01%) OpenStack
12 10 (1.01%) Oracle Workflow
13 8 (0.81%) GlassFish
14 6 (0.60%) ArcGIS
14 6 (0.60%) GeoServer
14 6 (0.60%) WebLogic
15 3 (0.30%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 38 (3.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.30%) Camtasia
4 1 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 26 (2.62%) WebTrends
2 25 (2.52%) Magento
2 25 (2.52%) SDL Web 8
3 18 (1.81%) SAP Hybris
4 13 (1.31%) Oracle Cash Management
5 10 (1.01%) Oracle EBS
6 9 (0.91%) Oracle Applications
6 9 (0.91%) Oracle EBS R12
6 9 (0.91%) Oracle Payables
7 7 (0.70%) PolarLake
8 4 (0.40%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 3 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
10 2 (0.20%) Markit EDM
11 1 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
11 1 (0.10%) Oracle ASCP
11 1 (0.10%) Oracle Assets
11 1 (0.10%) Oracle E-Business Tax
11 1 (0.10%) Oracle ERP
11 1 (0.10%) Oracle Receivables
11 1 (0.10%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 298 (30.01%) AWS
2 217 (21.85%) Azure
3 88 (8.86%) SaaS
4 61 (6.14%) GCP
5 42 (4.23%) Cloud Computing
6 33 (3.32%) Serverless
7 30 (3.02%) Amazon Kinesis
8 28 (2.82%) Power Platform
9 24 (2.42%) Amazon EC2
9 24 (2.42%) IaaS
10 23 (2.32%) Amazon SQS
11 18 (1.81%) AWS CloudFormation
12 13 (1.31%) PaaS
13 12 (1.21%) Amazon S3
14 10 (1.01%) OpenShift
15 9 (0.91%) GitHub
16 8 (0.81%) Azure Active Directory
17 6 (0.60%) Amazon EMR
17 6 (0.60%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 6 (0.60%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 41 (4.13%) HTTP
2 38 (3.83%) Internet
3 30 (3.02%) TCP/IP
4 9 (0.91%) SAN
4 9 (0.91%) VPN
5 8 (0.81%) DNS
5 8 (0.81%) NAS
6 6 (0.60%) Firewall
6 6 (0.60%) Network Security
6 6 (0.60%) PBX
7 4 (0.40%) ATM
7 4 (0.40%) DHCP
7 4 (0.40%) SSL
8 3 (0.30%) HTTPS
8 3 (0.30%) MQTT
9 2 (0.20%) BIG-IP
9 2 (0.20%) PuTTY
9 2 (0.20%) Skype
9 2 (0.20%) Telnet
9 2 (0.20%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 993 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 436 (43.91%) SQL Server
3 194 (19.54%) MySQL
4 193 (19.44%) PostgreSQL
5 116 (11.68%) NoSQL
6 110 (11.08%) Oracle Database
7 86 (8.66%) Data Warehouse
8 64 (6.45%) Amazon Aurora
8 64 (6.45%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 56 (5.64%) MongoDB
10 55 (5.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 54 (5.44%) Big Data
12 52 (5.24%) Apache Cassandra
13 49 (4.93%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 38 (3.83%) SQL Server 2008
15 31 (3.12%) Redis
16 29 (2.92%) Hadoop
17 28 (2.82%) Amazon Redshift
17 28 (2.82%) GIS
17 28 (2.82%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 104 (10.47%) Jenkins
2 86 (8.66%) Git (software)
3 69 (6.95%) JIRA
4 63 (6.34%) TeamCity
5 55 (5.54%) JUnit
6 45 (4.53%) Maven
7 28 (2.82%) Octopus Deploy
8 23 (2.32%) Selenium
9 20 (2.01%) Sonatype Nexus
10 19 (1.91%) Subversion
11 18 (1.81%) Ant
12 17 (1.71%) ClearQuest
12 17 (1.71%) CruiseControl
12 17 (1.71%) FishEye
12 17 (1.71%) git-flow
12 17 (1.71%) Hudson
13 16 (1.61%) SonarQube
14 15 (1.51%) CircleCI
15 13 (1.31%) Visual Studio
16 12 (1.21%) HP UFT
General
1 221 (22.26%) Finance
2 77 (7.75%) Banking
3 37 (3.73%) Marketing
4 26 (2.62%) Retail
5 19 (1.91%) Front Office
6 16 (1.61%) Automotive
6 16 (1.61%) Law
6 16 (1.61%) Public Sector
7 15 (1.51%) Legal
7 15 (1.51%) Telecoms
8 13 (1.31%) Games
8 13 (1.31%) Investment Banking
9 9 (0.91%) General Ledger
10 8 (0.81%) Advertising
10 8 (0.81%) Back Office
11 6 (0.60%) Billing
12 5 (0.50%) Local Government
12 5 (0.50%) Manufacturing
13 3 (0.30%) Electronics
14 2 (0.20%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 337 (33.94%) Developer
2 176 (17.72%) Java Developer
3 138 (13.90%) Software Engineer
4 137 (13.80%) DBA
5 89 (8.96%) Java Engineer
6 86 (8.66%) Java Software Developer
7 83 (8.36%) Administrator
7 83 (8.36%) Java Software Engineer
8 80 (8.06%) Architect
9 79 (7.96%) Analyst
10 69 (6.95%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 66 (6.65%) AWS Engineer
12 65 (6.55%) Consultant
13 63 (6.34%) Software Developer
13 63 (6.34%) SQL DBA
14 59 (5.94%) AWS Developer
15 57 (5.74%) Data Engineer
16 56 (5.64%) AWS Software Engineer
17 44 (4.43%) Senior Developer
18 42 (4.23%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 185 (18.63%) .NET
2 167 (16.82%) Web Services
3 163 (16.41%) Spring
4 142 (14.30%) HTML
5 122 (12.29%) CSS
6 114 (11.48%) RESTful
7 106 (10.67%) J2EE
8 99 (9.97%) XML
9 91 (9.16%) ASP.NET
10 81 (8.16%) AngularJS
11 79 (7.96%) JSON
12 72 (7.25%) Hibernate
13 68 (6.85%) ASP.NET MVC
14 67 (6.75%) .NET Framework
14 67 (6.75%) J2SE
15 64 (6.45%) REST
16 63 (6.34%) Dropwizard
16 63 (6.34%) Spring Boot
17 62 (6.24%) gRPC
18 61 (6.14%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 72 (7.25%) Analytical Skills
2 62 (6.24%) Pricing Data
2 62 (6.24%) Self-Motivation
3 38 (3.83%) Virtual Team
4 36 (3.63%) Enterprise Software
5 34 (3.42%) Clustering
6 29 (2.92%) Replication
7 28 (2.82%) Management Information System
8 26 (2.62%) Mobile App
9 23 (2.32%) Algorithms
9 23 (2.32%) Data Structures
9 23 (2.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 22 (2.22%) Data Centre
11 20 (2.01%) User Experience
12 18 (1.81%) Linux Command Line
13 17 (1.71%) Derivative
13 17 (1.71%) Greenfield Project
14 15 (1.51%) Private Cloud
15 14 (1.41%) Public Cloud
16 11 (1.11%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 160 (16.11%) Linux
2 100 (10.07%) Unix
3 98 (9.87%) Windows
4 57 (5.74%) Windows Server
5 19 (1.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 18 (1.81%) Oracle Linux
7 17 (1.71%) Android
7 17 (1.71%) Apple iOS
8 15 (1.51%) CentOS
9 13 (1.31%) Solaris
10 11 (1.11%) Ubuntu
10 11 (1.11%) Windows Server 2012
11 4 (0.40%) VME
12 3 (0.30%) HPUX
12 3 (0.30%) Mac OS
12 3 (0.30%) Windows Server 2003
13 1 (0.10%) AIX
13 1 (0.10%) Embedded Linux
13 1 (0.10%) ThreadX
Processes & Methodologies
1 367 (36.96%) Agile Software Development
2 233 (23.46%) Software Engineering
3 172 (17.32%) DevOps
4 170 (17.12%) Microservices
5 161 (16.21%) Scrum
6 114 (11.48%) OO
6 114 (11.48%) Problem-Solving
7 111 (11.18%) Computer Science
8 109 (10.98%) Data Modelling
9 108 (10.88%) MVC
9 108 (10.88%) TDD
10 104 (10.47%) Continuous Integration
11 99 (9.97%) SDLC
12 97 (9.77%) ETL
13 92 (9.26%) Open Source
14 89 (8.96%) Analytics
14 89 (8.96%) Data Management
15 85 (8.56%) Migration
16 84 (8.46%) High Availability
17 82 (8.26%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 603 (60.73%) SQL
2 367 (36.96%) Java
3 182 (18.33%) C#
4 168 (16.92%) Python
5 145 (14.60%) JavaScript
6 68 (6.85%) PL/SQL
7 66 (6.65%) PowerShell
8 65 (6.55%) Scala
9 61 (6.14%) Bash Shell
10 50 (5.04%) Shell Script
11 49 (4.93%) T-SQL
12 44 (4.43%) Java 8
13 34 (3.42%) C
14 33 (3.32%) Perl
14 33 (3.32%) Ruby
15 32 (3.22%) PHP
16 21 (2.11%) C++
17 18 (1.81%) VB.NET
18 16 (1.61%) Groovy
19 15 (1.51%) Korn
Qualifications
1 147 (14.80%) Degree
2 59 (5.94%) Computer Science Degree
3 41 (4.13%) Microsoft Certification
4 25 (2.52%) Security Cleared
5 19 (1.91%) SC Cleared
6 14 (1.41%) MCP
7 12 (1.21%) Master's Degree
7 12 (1.21%) MCAD
7 12 (1.21%) MCPD
7 12 (1.21%) MCTS
8 10 (1.01%) Oracle Certification
9 9 (0.91%) HND
10 6 (0.60%) AWS Certification
10 6 (0.60%) ISTQB
11 4 (0.40%) DV Cleared
11 4 (0.40%) MCSD
12 2 (0.20%) MCSE
12 2 (0.20%) OCP
13 1 (0.10%) ITIL Certification
13 1 (0.10%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (4.93%) QA
2 28 (2.82%) Data Quality
3 27 (2.72%) SLA
4 10 (1.01%) PMO
5 7 (0.70%) GDPR
6 6 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.50%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 3 (0.30%) HL7
9 1 (0.10%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.10%) PSD2
System Software
1 130 (13.09%) Docker
2 56 (5.64%) Active Directory
3 34 (3.42%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (1.31%) Oracle RAC
5 8 (0.81%) Apache Flume
6 6 (0.60%) Firmware
6 6 (0.60%) GridGain
6 6 (0.60%) HDFS
6 6 (0.60%) KVM
7 5 (0.50%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.50%) VMware ESXi
7 5 (0.50%) vSphere
8 4 (0.40%) Xen
9 2 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (0.20%) XenApp
10 1 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.10%) Cronacle
10 1 (0.10%) iptables
10 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 1 (0.10%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 96 (9.67%) Kubernetes
2 57 (5.74%) Ansible
3 44 (4.43%) Puppet
4 37 (3.73%) Opscode Chef
4 37 (3.73%) Terraform
5 21 (2.11%) Prometheus
6 19 (1.91%) Grafana
6 19 (1.91%) Kibana
7 18 (1.81%) Data Guard
7 18 (1.81%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 16 (1.61%) Istio
8 16 (1.61%) linkerd
9 15 (1.51%) Oracle RMAN
10 10 (1.01%) Oozie
11 8 (0.81%) Rancher
12 7 (0.70%) Nagios
12 7 (0.70%) ZABBIX
13 6 (0.60%) HP Quality Center
13 6 (0.60%) Packer
13 6 (0.60%) StatsD
Vendors
1 414 (41.69%) Oracle
2 186 (18.73%) Microsoft
3 81 (8.16%) Sybase
4 48 (4.83%) Adobe
5 42 (4.23%) Google
5 42 (4.23%) VMware
6 36 (3.63%) Salesforce.com
7 34 (3.42%) SAP
8 31 (3.12%) IBM
9 29 (2.92%) Atlassian
10 28 (2.82%) Red Hat
11 25 (2.52%) Elastic Path
11 25 (2.52%) hybris
11 25 (2.52%) Interwoven
12 15 (1.51%) RedGate
13 14 (1.41%) Informatica
13 14 (1.41%) TIBCO
14 13 (1.31%) Sun
15 11 (1.11%) Talend
16 10 (1.01%) Demandware