Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 23 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
23 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 390 444 369
Rank change year-on-year +54 -75 +25
Permanent jobs citing RDBMS 1,453 555 758
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.89% 0.60% 0.82%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 3.20% 2.28% 3.04%
Number of salaries quoted 612 385 576
10th Percentile £42,500 £36,750 £32,500
25th Percentile £50,000 £50,000 £40,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £59,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +10.17% +7.27%
75th Percentile £80,000 £97,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £101,250 £120,000 £105,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £52,500 £46,250
% change year-on-year +14.29% +13.51% -7.50%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 45,412 24,304 24,961
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.86% 26.46% 26.86%
Number of salaries quoted 20,703 18,577 20,495
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £80,000 £73,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £47,000
% change year-on-year +10.53% +1.06% +4.44%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Salary trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 23 May 2022.

Salary histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 23 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +14 1,091 £70,000 +7.69% 88
Work from Home +59 674 £70,000 +16.67% 40
London -68 672 £77,500 -8.82% 42
UK excluding London +60 456 £60,000 +14.29% 55
South East +4 169 £65,000 +8.33% 7
North of England +3 132 £57,500 +9.52% 16
North West -28 71 £57,500 +9.52% 8
Yorkshire -1 57 £50,000 -4.76% 8
South West -7 47 £72,500 +84.95% 5
Scotland -46 42 £57,500 +12.20% 9
Midlands -41 37 £61,135 +35.86% 13
West Midlands -29 20 £64,770 +29.54% 4
East of England -66 18 £50,000 +11.11% 3
East Midlands -18 15 £50,000 +17.65% 9
Northern Ireland -17 8 £46,500 -25.60% 1
North East -21 4 £45,250 +20.67%
Wales -37 3 £41,500 +22.06% 1

For the 6 months to 23 May 2022, IT jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 1,453 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 671 (46.18%) SQL
3 631 (43.43%) AWS
4 619 (42.60%) Agile
5 493 (33.93%) Java
6 446 (30.70%) Finance
7 425 (29.25%) PostgreSQL
7 425 (29.25%) Python
8 409 (28.15%) SQL Server
9 390 (26.84%) CI/CD
10 370 (25.46%) NoSQL
11 357 (24.57%) Degree
12 348 (23.95%) Oracle
13 339 (23.33%) DevOps
14 337 (23.19%) Azure
15 329 (22.64%) Git (software)
16 312 (21.47%) Microservices
17 302 (20.78%) Software Engineering
18 292 (20.10%) Terraform
19 288 (19.82%) Kubernetes
20 285 (19.61%) Social Skills
21 279 (19.20%) MySQL
22 273 (18.79%) React
23 270 (18.58%) Computer Science
24 267 (18.38%) .NET
25 265 (18.24%) Scrum
26 255 (17.55%) C#
27 252 (17.34%) TDD
28 249 (17.14%) Spring
29 239 (16.45%) OO

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (5.51%) Apache Spark
2 78 (5.37%) Elasticsearch
3 46 (3.17%) Apache Airflow
4 44 (3.03%) Apache
4 44 (3.03%) WordPress
5 32 (2.20%) JBoss
6 26 (1.79%) WebLogic
7 24 (1.65%) Tomcat
8 20 (1.38%) Ethereum
9 19 (1.31%) Oracle Spatial
10 18 (1.24%) CMS
11 16 (1.10%) nginx
12 13 (0.89%) ColdFusion
12 13 (0.89%) Jupyter
12 13 (0.89%) Sitecore CMS
13 12 (0.83%) Hedera
13 12 (0.83%) WebSphere
14 11 (0.76%) IIS
15 10 (0.69%) Apache Solr
16 6 (0.41%) Jadu
Applications
1 75 (5.16%) Microsoft Excel
2 48 (3.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 6 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.14%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.069%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 46 (3.17%) Oracle Clinical
2 44 (3.03%) Temenos T24
3 24 (1.65%) Distributed Ledger
4 11 (0.76%) Shopify
5 6 (0.41%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 5 (0.34%) Exstream
7 2 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
7 2 (0.14%) Oracle FAH
8 1 (0.069%) Payment Gateway
8 1 (0.069%) Raiser's Edge
8 1 (0.069%) ResourceLink
8 1 (0.069%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 631 (43.43%) AWS
2 337 (23.19%) Azure
3 237 (16.31%) GCP
4 124 (8.53%) GitHub
5 96 (6.61%) Serverless
6 71 (4.89%) SaaS
7 70 (4.82%) Amazon EC2
8 65 (4.47%) Amazon S3
9 58 (3.99%) Power Platform
10 57 (3.92%) AWS Lambda
11 55 (3.79%) AWS CloudFormation
12 52 (3.58%) Amazon SQS
13 51 (3.51%) Amazon EMR
14 38 (2.62%) Snowflake
15 36 (2.48%) Slack
16 35 (2.41%) Datadog
17 33 (2.27%) Cloud Computing
18 27 (1.86%) Amazon ECS
18 27 (1.86%) dbt
19 20 (1.38%) Pulumi
Communications & Networking
1 28 (1.93%) MQTT
2 20 (1.38%) SAN
3 17 (1.17%) DNS
3 17 (1.17%) Firewall
4 15 (1.03%) SSL
5 12 (0.83%) HTTP
6 11 (0.76%) Internet
6 11 (0.76%) RTSP
7 8 (0.55%) 5G
8 5 (0.34%) Fibre Channel
8 5 (0.34%) iSCSI
9 4 (0.28%) Broadband
9 4 (0.28%) Unified Communications
9 4 (0.28%) VoIP
9 4 (0.28%) WAN
10 3 (0.21%) AMQP
10 3 (0.21%) SD-WAN
11 2 (0.14%) DHCP
12 1 (0.069%) FTP
12 1 (0.069%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,453 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 425 (29.25%) PostgreSQL
3 409 (28.15%) SQL Server
4 370 (25.46%) NoSQL
5 279 (19.20%) MySQL
6 188 (12.94%) Big Data
7 144 (9.91%) Data Warehouse
8 107 (7.36%) Redis
9 84 (5.78%) Oracle Database
10 78 (5.37%) MongoDB
11 69 (4.75%) Data Lake
12 63 (4.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 60 (4.13%) DB2
14 53 (3.65%) Hadoop
15 50 (3.44%) Tableau
16 48 (3.30%) Power BI
17 46 (3.17%) Amazon Athena
17 46 (3.17%) OLTP
18 45 (3.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 43 (2.96%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 329 (22.64%) Git (software)
2 113 (7.78%) Jenkins
3 76 (5.23%) Gradle
3 76 (5.23%) JUnit
4 57 (3.92%) GitLab
5 56 (3.85%) Selenium
6 55 (3.79%) Subversion
7 54 (3.72%) NUnit
8 53 (3.65%) Cypress.io
9 42 (2.89%) Liquibase
10 39 (2.68%) Octopus Deploy
11 35 (2.41%) JIRA
11 35 (2.41%) Team Foundation Server
12 34 (2.34%) JMeter
12 34 (2.34%) webpack
13 32 (2.20%) Bitbucket Server
14 30 (2.06%) Moq
14 30 (2.06%) Postman
15 29 (2.00%) Eclipse
15 29 (2.00%) IntelliJ
General
1 446 (30.70%) Finance
2 285 (19.61%) Social Skills
3 234 (16.10%) Analytical Skills
4 172 (11.84%) Banking
5 55 (3.79%) Presentation Skills
6 54 (3.72%) Games
7 52 (3.58%) Financial Institution
8 51 (3.51%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 50 (3.44%) Retail
10 45 (3.10%) Law
10 45 (3.10%) Public Sector
11 35 (2.41%) Advertising
12 32 (2.20%) Investment Banking
12 32 (2.20%) Telecoms
13 28 (1.93%) Aviation
14 27 (1.86%) Organisational Skills
15 24 (1.65%) Marketing
16 21 (1.45%) Influencing Skills
17 18 (1.24%) Front Office
18 17 (1.17%) Police
Job Titles
1 522 (35.93%) Developer
2 159 (10.94%) Software Engineer
3 130 (8.95%) Java Developer
4 122 (8.40%) Full Stack Developer
5 116 (7.98%) DevOps Engineer
6 105 (7.23%) Software Developer
7 103 (7.09%) Senior Developer
8 100 (6.88%) Data Engineer
9 88 (6.06%) Java Engineer
10 81 (5.57%) Senior Software Engineer
11 79 (5.44%) DBA
12 72 (4.96%) Analyst
13 70 (4.82%) Lead Developer
14 56 (3.85%) Data Manager
15 53 (3.65%) Architect
16 43 (2.96%) Senior Java Engineer
17 40 (2.75%) Xamarin Developer
18 37 (2.55%) Applications Support
19 34 (2.34%) C# Developer
20 31 (2.13%) Senior Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 273 (18.79%) React
2 267 (18.38%) .NET
3 249 (17.14%) Spring
4 205 (14.11%) REST
5 189 (13.01%) Kafka
6 183 (12.59%) .NET Core
7 172 (11.84%) Spring Boot
8 165 (11.36%) CSS
9 150 (10.32%) AngularJS
10 148 (10.19%) RESTful
11 146 (10.05%) ASP.NET Web API
12 144 (9.91%) HTML
12 144 (9.91%) Node.js
13 134 (9.22%) RabbitMQ
14 130 (8.95%) Hibernate
15 104 (7.16%) Web Services
16 88 (6.06%) ASP.NET
16 88 (6.06%) HTML5
17 87 (5.99%) .NET Framework
18 78 (5.37%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 76 (5.23%) User Experience
2 68 (4.68%) Cloud Native
3 54 (3.72%) Greenfield Project
4 53 (3.65%) Algorithms
5 48 (3.30%) Mobile App
6 45 (3.10%) Blockchain
7 40 (2.75%) Enterprise Software
8 38 (2.62%) Data Structures
9 36 (2.48%) Legacy Systems
9 36 (2.48%) Self-Motivation
10 35 (2.41%) Derivative
11 33 (2.27%) Management Information System
12 27 (1.86%) Virtual Team
13 21 (1.45%) Blog
13 21 (1.45%) PMI
13 21 (1.45%) Sports Betting
14 20 (1.38%) Clustering
14 20 (1.38%) Renewable Energy
15 19 (1.31%) Social Network
16 15 (1.03%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 224 (15.42%) Windows
2 192 (13.21%) Linux
3 114 (7.85%) Unix
4 64 (4.40%) Windows Server
5 47 (3.23%) Android
5 47 (3.23%) Apple iOS
6 41 (2.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 13 (0.89%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
8 8 (0.55%) CentOS
9 5 (0.34%) MVS
9 5 (0.34%) zOS
10 3 (0.21%) AIX
11 1 (0.069%) Alpine Linux
11 1 (0.069%) Solaris
11 1 (0.069%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.069%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.069%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 619 (42.60%) Agile
2 390 (26.84%) CI/CD
3 339 (23.33%) DevOps
4 312 (21.47%) Microservices
5 302 (20.78%) Software Engineering
6 270 (18.58%) Computer Science
7 265 (18.24%) Scrum
8 252 (17.34%) TDD
9 239 (16.45%) OO
10 218 (15.00%) Open Source
11 213 (14.66%) Continuous Integration
11 213 (14.66%) Problem-Solving
12 195 (13.42%) Full Stack Development
13 193 (13.28%) Data Science
14 183 (12.59%) Analytics
15 177 (12.18%) Unit Testing
16 159 (10.94%) MVC
17 158 (10.87%) SDLC
18 152 (10.46%) ETL
19 147 (10.12%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 671 (46.18%) SQL
2 493 (33.93%) Java
3 425 (29.25%) Python
4 255 (17.55%) C#
5 234 (16.10%) JavaScript
6 138 (9.50%) TypeScript
7 129 (8.88%) PowerShell
8 125 (8.60%) Scala
9 110 (7.57%) Shell Script
10 90 (6.19%) PL/SQL
11 77 (5.30%) Bash
12 74 (5.09%) Go
12 74 (5.09%) PHP
13 62 (4.27%) Kotlin
14 56 (3.85%) Rust
15 40 (2.75%) T-SQL
16 30 (2.06%) R
17 26 (1.79%) Haskell
18 23 (1.58%) ES6
19 21 (1.45%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 357 (24.57%) Degree
2 195 (13.42%) Computer Science Degree
3 56 (3.85%) Microsoft Certification
4 24 (1.65%) Master's Degree
5 21 (1.45%) PMI Certification
6 18 (1.24%) AWS Certification
7 16 (1.10%) Security Cleared
8 8 (0.55%) Oracle Certification
9 7 (0.48%) ISTQB
9 7 (0.48%) SC Cleared
10 5 (0.34%) CFA
10 5 (0.34%) ISEB
10 5 (0.34%) MBA
10 5 (0.34%) MCSE
11 4 (0.28%) OCPJP
11 4 (0.28%) Sun Certification
12 2 (0.14%) DV Cleared
12 2 (0.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 2 (0.14%) OCP
12 2 (0.14%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 152 (10.46%) QA
2 47 (3.23%) Data Quality
3 46 (3.17%) Good Clinical Practice
4 27 (1.86%) EMIR
4 27 (1.86%) MiFID
5 24 (1.65%) PCI DSS
6 21 (1.45%) FATCA
6 21 (1.45%) SOC 2
7 16 (1.10%) SLA
8 12 (0.83%) Accessibility
9 11 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 9 (0.62%) GDPR
11 3 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 3 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.14%) HIPAA
12 2 (0.14%) IEC 62304
13 1 (0.069%) COBIT
13 1 (0.069%) PMO
13 1 (0.069%) PSD2
System Software
1 228 (15.69%) Docker
2 20 (1.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 20 (1.38%) HDFS
3 14 (0.96%) zsh
4 10 (0.69%) Active Directory
5 7 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.28%) vCloud
7 3 (0.21%) Apache Flume
7 3 (0.21%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 3 (0.21%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.069%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.069%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.069%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 292 (20.10%) Terraform
2 288 (19.82%) Kubernetes
3 59 (4.06%) Opscode Chef
4 52 (3.58%) Ansible
5 38 (2.62%) Kibana
6 32 (2.20%) logstash
7 31 (2.13%) Grafana
8 28 (1.93%) HAProxy
8 28 (1.93%) MIIS
8 28 (1.93%) Opsgenie
8 28 (1.93%) Pingdom
8 28 (1.93%) Puppet
8 28 (1.93%) ZABBIX
9 23 (1.58%) Oozie
10 20 (1.38%) Data Guard
10 20 (1.38%) Hadoop YARN
11 16 (1.10%) Oracle RMAN
12 13 (0.89%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 11 (0.76%) Oracle Identity Manager
14 7 (0.48%) Istio
Vendors
1 348 (23.95%) Oracle
2 140 (9.64%) Google
3 124 (8.53%) Microsoft
4 62 (4.27%) Sybase
5 49 (3.37%) New Relic
6 48 (3.30%) Red Hat
7 44 (3.03%) IBM
7 44 (3.03%) Temenos
8 40 (2.75%) Apple
8 40 (2.75%) Databricks
8 40 (2.75%) WooCommerce
8 40 (2.75%) Xamarin
9 22 (1.51%) Talend
10 20 (1.38%) Marin
11 19 (1.31%) Teradata
12 18 (1.24%) Salesforce.com
13 17 (1.17%) VMware
14 16 (1.10%) Delphix
15 15 (1.03%) Informatica
16 14 (0.96%) Sun