Period
to 20 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 20 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 355 337 310
Rank change year-on-year -18 -27 -17
Permanent jobs citing RDBMS 1,140 1,592 1,906
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.84% 0.97% 1.09%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 3.10% 3.30% 3.59%
Number of salaries quoted 908 1,206 1,325
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -4.76%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 36,723 48,213 53,140
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 26.99% 29.49% 30.47%
Number of salaries quoted 30,142 39,348 43,650
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing RDBMS.

Salary trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 20 October 2019.

Salary histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -27 1,045 £60,000 +9.09% 166
UK excluding London -56 592 £50,000 - 107
London +18 535 £75,000 +20.00% 74
North of England +30 174 £47,500 +5.56% 16
South East -85 172 £52,500 - 40
Yorkshire +32 117 £45,000 - 7
East of England +63 92 £48,000 -8.57% 8
Scotland -22 60 £42,500 -22.73% 10
North West +22 55 £54,486 +14.71% 7
South West -61 50 £47,500 +5.56% 15
Midlands -38 17 £30,000 -42.86% 13
Northern Ireland -6 15 £50,000 -35.48% 1
Wales +10 12 £35,000 -34.58% 5
East Midlands +20 9 £33,750 -22.86% 4
West Midlands -36 8 £30,000 -47.83% 8
North East +4 2 £35,000 -12.50% 2

For the 6 months to 20 October 2019, IT jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 1,140 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 722 (63.33%) SQL
3 568 (49.82%) SQL Server
4 473 (41.49%) Oracle
5 443 (38.86%) Java
5 443 (38.86%) Agile Software Development
6 290 (25.44%) AWS
7 276 (24.21%) Finance
8 252 (22.11%) Azure
9 236 (20.70%) Software Engineering
10 221 (19.39%) Microsoft
11 218 (19.12%) PostgreSQL
12 217 (19.04%) .NET
13 213 (18.68%) MySQL
14 208 (18.25%) C#
15 203 (17.81%) DevOps
16 186 (16.32%) HTML
17 184 (16.14%) Scrum
18 182 (15.96%) OO
19 180 (15.79%) Microservices
20 177 (15.53%) Linux
20 177 (15.53%) JavaScript
21 165 (14.47%) ETL
22 163 (14.30%) Python
23 161 (14.12%) Web Services
23 161 (14.12%) Spring
24 137 (12.02%) Degree
25 136 (11.93%) Data Warehouse
26 135 (11.84%) CSS
27 134 (11.75%) J2EE

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (6.84%) JBoss
2 50 (4.39%) CMS
3 44 (3.86%) Tomcat
4 42 (3.68%) WebSphere
5 40 (3.51%) Apache Solr
6 39 (3.42%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 33 (2.89%) Apache
8 31 (2.72%) WebLogic
9 26 (2.28%) Apache Spark
10 23 (2.02%) Confluence
10 23 (2.02%) Elasticsearch
11 20 (1.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 15 (1.32%) SharePoint
13 12 (1.05%) Drupal
13 12 (1.05%) Oracle Workflow
14 11 (0.96%) Umbraco
15 10 (0.88%) IIS
15 10 (0.88%) WebSphere Application Server
16 7 (0.61%) GlassFish
17 6 (0.53%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 45 (3.95%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.088%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.088%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 37 (3.25%) Magento
2 36 (3.16%) SDL Web 8
3 29 (2.54%) SAP Hybris
4 26 (2.28%) WebTrends
5 11 (0.96%) Oracle Applications
6 10 (0.88%) Oracle EBS
6 10 (0.88%) Oracle Payables
7 9 (0.79%) Oracle Cash Management
7 9 (0.79%) Oracle EBS R12
8 7 (0.61%) Dynamics CRM
8 7 (0.61%) PolarLake
9 2 (0.18%) Markit EDM
9 2 (0.18%) Oracle Assets
9 2 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
9 2 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
9 2 (0.18%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
10 1 (0.088%) Adobe Campaign
10 1 (0.088%) Oracle E-Business Tax
10 1 (0.088%) Oracle Receivables
10 1 (0.088%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 290 (25.44%) AWS
2 252 (22.11%) Azure
3 76 (6.67%) SaaS
4 75 (6.58%) Power Platform
5 61 (5.35%) Cloud Computing
6 57 (5.00%) GCP
7 34 (2.98%) Serverless
8 29 (2.54%) OpenShift
9 24 (2.11%) PaaS
10 20 (1.75%) AWS CloudFormation
11 19 (1.67%) IaaS
12 17 (1.49%) Amazon SQS
13 16 (1.40%) Amazon Kinesis
13 16 (1.40%) Dynamics 365
14 13 (1.14%) GitHub
15 12 (1.05%) Amazon EC2
16 11 (0.96%) Office 365
17 8 (0.70%) Amazon S3
18 5 (0.44%) PowerApps
19 4 (0.35%) Microsoft Flow
Communications & Networking
1 70 (6.14%) HTTP
2 48 (4.21%) Internet
3 34 (2.98%) TCP/IP
4 15 (1.32%) Firewall
5 14 (1.23%) Broadband
6 11 (0.96%) DNS
7 9 (0.79%) NAS
7 9 (0.79%) SAN
8 7 (0.61%) SSL
9 5 (0.44%) DHCP
10 4 (0.35%) ATM
10 4 (0.35%) HTTPS
10 4 (0.35%) Network Security
10 4 (0.35%) PBX
10 4 (0.35%) VPN
11 2 (0.18%) BIG-IP
11 2 (0.18%) Kerberos
11 2 (0.18%) PuTTY
11 2 (0.18%) Telnet
11 2 (0.18%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,140 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 568 (49.82%) SQL Server
3 218 (19.12%) PostgreSQL
4 213 (18.68%) MySQL
5 136 (11.93%) Data Warehouse
6 133 (11.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 118 (10.35%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 112 (9.82%) NoSQL
9 100 (8.77%) Oracle Database
10 75 (6.58%) Power BI
11 68 (5.96%) MongoDB
12 58 (5.09%) SQL Server 2012
13 55 (4.82%) Big Data
14 53 (4.65%) Apache Cassandra
15 43 (3.77%) Amazon Aurora
16 42 (3.68%) GIS
17 40 (3.51%) DB2
18 39 (3.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 36 (3.16%) BusinessObjects
19 36 (3.16%) Endeca
Development Applications
1 117 (10.26%) Jenkins
2 88 (7.72%) Git (software)
3 84 (7.37%) JIRA
4 83 (7.28%) JUnit
5 62 (5.44%) TeamCity
6 58 (5.09%) Maven
7 41 (3.60%) Subversion
8 32 (2.81%) Ant
9 25 (2.19%) CruiseControl
9 25 (2.19%) FishEye
9 25 (2.19%) Hudson
10 23 (2.02%) Selenium
11 22 (1.93%) Octopus Deploy
11 22 (1.93%) SonarQube
12 20 (1.75%) ClearQuest
13 18 (1.58%) git-flow
14 17 (1.49%) CircleCI
14 17 (1.49%) Sonatype Nexus
15 16 (1.40%) Oracle Forms
16 14 (1.23%) Cucumber
General
1 276 (24.21%) Finance
2 104 (9.12%) Banking
3 57 (5.00%) Marketing
4 49 (4.30%) Front Office
5 43 (3.77%) Investment Banking
6 41 (3.60%) Legal
7 30 (2.63%) Telecoms
8 24 (2.11%) Retail
9 23 (2.02%) Public Sector
10 15 (1.32%) Automotive
11 14 (1.23%) Law
12 12 (1.05%) Back Office
13 11 (0.96%) Games
14 10 (0.88%) Electronics
14 10 (0.88%) General Ledger
14 10 (0.88%) Manufacturing
15 8 (0.70%) International Banking
16 6 (0.53%) Billing
17 5 (0.44%) Publishing
18 4 (0.35%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 411 (36.05%) Developer
2 194 (17.02%) Java Developer
3 148 (12.98%) DBA
4 117 (10.26%) Software Engineer
5 103 (9.04%) Analyst
6 90 (7.89%) Architect
7 83 (7.28%) Administrator
8 77 (6.75%) Java Engineer
8 77 (6.75%) SQL DBA
9 70 (6.14%) Software Developer
10 69 (6.05%) Java Software Developer
11 68 (5.96%) Java Software Engineer
12 60 (5.26%) Senior Developer
13 58 (5.09%) Consultant
13 58 (5.09%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 53 (4.65%) Data Engineer
14 53 (4.65%) SQL Developer
15 50 (4.39%) AWS Engineer
16 49 (4.30%) Solutions Architect
17 46 (4.04%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 217 (19.04%) .NET
2 186 (16.32%) HTML
3 161 (14.12%) Spring
3 161 (14.12%) Web Services
4 135 (11.84%) CSS
5 134 (11.75%) J2EE
6 115 (10.09%) XML
7 109 (9.56%) RESTful
8 101 (8.86%) AngularJS
9 92 (8.07%) ASP.NET
10 87 (7.63%) REST
11 83 (7.28%) Hibernate
12 77 (6.75%) JSON
13 71 (6.23%) J2SE
14 67 (5.88%) .NET Framework
15 65 (5.70%) ASP.NET MVC
16 63 (5.53%) HTML5
16 63 (5.53%) jQuery
17 59 (5.18%) JMS
18 55 (4.82%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 83 (7.28%) Self-Motivation
2 70 (6.14%) Analytical Skills
3 61 (5.35%) Management Information System
4 53 (4.65%) Enterprise Software
5 48 (4.21%) Clustering
6 46 (4.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 46 (4.04%) Replication
7 43 (3.77%) Pricing Data
8 42 (3.68%) Derivative
9 40 (3.51%) Greenfield Project
9 40 (3.51%) Virtual Team
10 33 (2.89%) Fixed Income
11 30 (2.63%) Equities
12 27 (2.37%) Private Cloud
13 23 (2.02%) Credit Risk
13 23 (2.02%) Data Structures
14 19 (1.67%) Mobile App
14 19 (1.67%) User Experience
15 18 (1.58%) Algorithms
16 15 (1.32%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 177 (15.53%) Linux
2 121 (10.61%) Windows
3 102 (8.95%) Unix
4 38 (3.33%) Windows Server
5 15 (1.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 14 (1.23%) Oracle Linux
6 14 (1.23%) Windows Server 2012
7 10 (0.88%) Apple iOS
7 10 (0.88%) Solaris
8 9 (0.79%) Android
8 9 (0.79%) CentOS
9 6 (0.53%) VME
10 4 (0.35%) Mac OS X
10 4 (0.35%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.26%) ThreadX
11 3 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
12 2 (0.18%) AIX
13 1 (0.088%) HPUX
13 1 (0.088%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 443 (38.86%) Agile Software Development
2 236 (20.70%) Software Engineering
3 203 (17.81%) DevOps
4 184 (16.14%) Scrum
5 182 (15.96%) OO
6 180 (15.79%) Microservices
7 165 (14.47%) ETL
8 129 (11.32%) TDD
9 128 (11.23%) Problem-Solving
10 126 (11.05%) Analytics
11 123 (10.79%) Continuous Integration
12 119 (10.44%) Business Intelligence
13 100 (8.77%) MVC
14 98 (8.60%) Data Modelling
15 96 (8.42%) Unit Testing
16 95 (8.33%) SDLC
17 93 (8.16%) Open Source
18 90 (7.89%) High Availability
19 89 (7.81%) Computer Science
19 89 (7.81%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 722 (63.33%) SQL
2 443 (38.86%) Java
3 208 (18.25%) C#
4 177 (15.53%) JavaScript
5 163 (14.30%) Python
6 103 (9.04%) T-SQL
7 62 (5.44%) PowerShell
8 60 (5.26%) Bash Shell
9 53 (4.65%) PL/SQL
10 51 (4.47%) Scala
11 49 (4.30%) Perl
12 47 (4.12%) C++
13 46 (4.04%) Java 8
14 40 (3.51%) Shell Script
15 39 (3.42%) C
16 38 (3.33%) Ruby
17 37 (3.25%) PHP
18 31 (2.72%) VB.NET
19 19 (1.67%) XAML
20 14 (1.23%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 137 (12.02%) Degree
2 48 (4.21%) Computer Science Degree
3 34 (2.98%) Security Cleared
4 28 (2.46%) Microsoft Certification
5 20 (1.75%) Master's Degree
6 19 (1.67%) SC Cleared
7 14 (1.23%) MCP
8 12 (1.05%) MCAD
8 12 (1.05%) MCPD
8 12 (1.05%) MCTS
9 9 (0.79%) HND
10 7 (0.61%) DV Cleared
11 5 (0.44%) CEH
12 3 (0.26%) ISTQB
12 3 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
12 3 (0.26%) OCP
12 3 (0.26%) Oracle Certification
13 2 (0.18%) HNC
13 2 (0.18%) ITIL Certification
13 2 (0.18%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (3.77%) QA
2 31 (2.72%) Data Quality
3 12 (1.05%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 10 (0.88%) SLA
5 7 (0.61%) Basel III
6 4 (0.35%) GDPR
7 3 (0.26%) HL7
7 3 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.088%) PSD2
System Software
1 132 (11.58%) Docker
2 54 (4.74%) Active Directory
3 31 (2.72%) Oracle RAC
4 23 (2.02%) VMware Infrastructure
5 9 (0.79%) Firmware
6 6 (0.53%) GridGain
6 6 (0.53%) HDFS
7 5 (0.44%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 4 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (0.35%) vSphere
8 4 (0.35%) Xen
9 2 (0.18%) Apache Flume
9 2 (0.18%) XenApp
10 1 (0.088%) Cronacle
10 1 (0.088%) iptables
10 1 (0.088%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 1 (0.088%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.088%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 86 (7.54%) Kubernetes
2 71 (6.23%) Ansible
3 61 (5.35%) Puppet
4 53 (4.65%) Opscode Chef
5 36 (3.16%) Terraform
6 19 (1.67%) Data Guard
7 14 (1.23%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 13 (1.14%) Oracle RMAN
9 12 (1.05%) Istio
10 11 (0.96%) linkerd
10 11 (0.96%) Prometheus
11 8 (0.70%) Grafana
11 8 (0.70%) HP Quality Center
12 7 (0.61%) Oozie
13 5 (0.44%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
13 5 (0.44%) Nagios
13 5 (0.44%) ZABBIX
14 3 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
14 3 (0.26%) StatsD
15 2 (0.18%) nmon
Vendors
1 473 (41.49%) Oracle
2 221 (19.39%) Microsoft
3 78 (6.84%) Sybase
4 67 (5.88%) Salesforce.com
5 63 (5.53%) Adobe
6 59 (5.18%) SAP
7 45 (3.95%) Google
8 41 (3.60%) VMware
9 38 (3.33%) Tableau
10 37 (3.25%) Atlassian
10 37 (3.25%) Elastic Path
10 37 (3.25%) hybris
11 36 (3.16%) Interwoven
12 35 (3.07%) IBM
13 26 (2.28%) Red Hat
14 24 (2.11%) Sun
15 21 (1.84%) Informatica
16 19 (1.67%) Teradata
17 18 (1.58%) Talend
17 18 (1.58%) TIBCO