Period
to 20 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 20 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
20 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 377 333 302
Rank change year-on-year -44 -31 -27
Permanent jobs citing RDBMS 1,161 1,675 1,896
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.81% 0.97% 1.10%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.90% 3.17% 3.57%
Number of salaries quoted 921 1,275 1,337
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £33,750
90th Percentile £92,500 £82,500 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 40,000 52,846 53,041
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.83% 30.66% 30.76%
Number of salaries quoted 32,678 43,347 44,857
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £29,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing RDBMS.

Salary trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 20 June 2019.

Salary histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 20 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -53 1,011 £57,500 +4.55% 43
UK excluding London -55 673 £50,000 - 27
London -29 468 £68,750 +10.00% 22
South East -59 219 £55,000 +10.00% 2
North of England -7 158 £45,000 - 9
Scotland 0 104 £42,500 -5.56% 6
North West -12 81 £45,000 -5.26%
East of England +42 71 £55,000 -8.33% 7
Yorkshire +7 68 £45,000 - 9
South West -29 64 £41,000 +36.67% 3
Midlands -3 34 £43,000 -14.00%
Northern Ireland -14 20 £50,000 -
West Midlands +6 16 £45,000 -5.26%
East Midlands -10 16 £38,000 -27.62%
North East +17 9 £35,000 -12.50%
Wales +12 7 £36,000 -31.43%

For the 6 months to 20 June 2019, IT jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 1,161 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 691 (59.52%) SQL
3 531 (45.74%) SQL Server
4 511 (44.01%) Java
5 488 (42.03%) Oracle
6 485 (41.77%) Agile Software Development
7 262 (22.57%) Finance
8 258 (22.22%) Amazon AWS
9 241 (20.76%) .NET
10 235 (20.24%) OO
11 227 (19.55%) C#
12 222 (19.12%) Microsoft
13 212 (18.26%) Python
14 206 (17.74%) MySQL
15 202 (17.40%) Linux
15 202 (17.40%) Microsoft Azure
16 200 (17.23%) JavaScript
17 195 (16.80%) PostgreSQL
18 194 (16.71%) HTML
19 193 (16.62%) ETL
20 185 (15.93%) Spring
21 168 (14.47%) Scrum
22 166 (14.30%) NoSQL
23 161 (13.87%) Software Engineering
24 156 (13.44%) Degree
25 153 (13.18%) Data Warehouse
26 150 (12.92%) Windows
27 145 (12.49%) CSS
28 136 (11.71%) Analytics
29 131 (11.28%) OOP

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (7.84%) JBoss
2 78 (6.72%) WebLogic
3 73 (6.29%) Tomcat
4 60 (5.17%) WebSphere
5 54 (4.65%) Apache
6 40 (3.45%) Apache Spark
7 39 (3.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 34 (2.93%) CMS
9 32 (2.76%) Elasticsearch
10 30 (2.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 30 (2.58%) Apache Solr
11 21 (1.81%) Confluence
12 18 (1.55%) SharePoint
13 16 (1.38%) IIS
13 16 (1.38%) OpenStack
14 15 (1.29%) Apache Pig
15 12 (1.03%) Oracle HTTP Server
16 9 (0.78%) SAS
17 8 (0.69%) BizTalk Server
18 7 (0.60%) GlassFish
Applications
1 37 (3.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (1.03%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.43%) SPSS
3 5 (0.43%) Weka
4 4 (0.34%) Stata
5 2 (0.17%) ArchiCAD
5 2 (0.17%) AutoCAD
5 2 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.17%) MicroStation
5 2 (0.17%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.17%) Revit
5 2 (0.17%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 35 (3.01%) SAP Hybris
2 26 (2.24%) Magento
3 24 (2.07%) SDL Web 8
4 11 (0.95%) Dynamics CRM
4 11 (0.95%) SAP ERP
5 7 (0.60%) Oracle EBS
5 7 (0.60%) Oracle EBS R12
5 7 (0.60%) WebTrends
6 6 (0.52%) Oracle Applications
7 4 (0.34%) Oracle 11i
7 4 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
8 3 (0.26%) SAP BPC
9 1 (0.086%) Adobe Campaign
9 1 (0.086%) Maximo
9 1 (0.086%) MetaTrader
9 1 (0.086%) Oracle ERP
9 1 (0.086%) Oracle General Ledger
9 1 (0.086%) Oracle iProcurement
9 1 (0.086%) Remedy AR System
9 1 (0.086%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 258 (22.22%) Amazon AWS
2 202 (17.40%) Microsoft Azure
3 83 (7.15%) SaaS
4 62 (5.34%) Power Platform
5 45 (3.88%) PaaS
6 42 (3.62%) OpenShift
7 38 (3.27%) Cloud Computing
8 34 (2.93%) Google Cloud Platform
9 27 (2.33%) Serverless
10 26 (2.24%) IaaS
11 22 (1.89%) Amazon S3
12 19 (1.64%) AWS Lambda
13 18 (1.55%) Office 365
14 14 (1.21%) Amazon EC2
15 12 (1.03%) Dynamics 365
15 12 (1.03%) GitHub
16 11 (0.95%) Amazon EMR
17 7 (0.60%) Amazon Kinesis
17 7 (0.60%) AWS CloudFormation
18 5 (0.43%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 61 (5.25%) HTTP
2 50 (4.31%) TCP/IP
3 44 (3.79%) Firewall
4 39 (3.36%) Internet
5 26 (2.24%) Broadband
6 13 (1.12%) VPN
7 12 (1.03%) NAS
7 12 (1.03%) SAN
8 11 (0.95%) DNS
9 9 (0.78%) SSL
10 5 (0.43%) Network Security
11 4 (0.34%) DHCP
11 4 (0.34%) IPsec
11 4 (0.34%) OpenVPN
11 4 (0.34%) SNMP
12 2 (0.17%) HTTPS
12 2 (0.17%) Intranet
12 2 (0.17%) MPLS
12 2 (0.17%) WAN
12 2 (0.17%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,161 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 531 (45.74%) SQL Server
3 206 (17.74%) MySQL
4 195 (16.80%) PostgreSQL
5 166 (14.30%) NoSQL
6 153 (13.18%) Data Warehouse
7 123 (10.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 111 (9.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 110 (9.47%) Big Data
10 99 (8.53%) Oracle Database
11 87 (7.49%) Hadoop
12 83 (7.15%) MongoDB
13 70 (6.03%) SQL Server 2012
14 62 (5.34%) Power BI
15 56 (4.82%) SQL Server 2008
16 48 (4.13%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 39 (3.36%) Oracle Reports
17 39 (3.36%) SQL Server 2005
18 35 (3.01%) Apache Cassandra
19 30 (2.58%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 104 (8.96%) Git (software)
2 74 (6.37%) JUnit
3 67 (5.77%) Subversion
4 64 (5.51%) JIRA
5 62 (5.34%) Jenkins
6 39 (3.36%) Maven
7 27 (2.33%) Ant
8 26 (2.24%) Oracle Forms
8 26 (2.24%) Selenium
9 15 (1.29%) TeamCity
10 14 (1.21%) Bitbucket
10 14 (1.21%) Cucumber
10 14 (1.21%) Team Foundation Server
11 12 (1.03%) IntelliJ
12 11 (0.95%) Eclipse
12 11 (0.95%) Octopus Deploy
13 10 (0.86%) NUnit
13 10 (0.86%) SpecFlow
13 10 (0.86%) Visual Studio Team System
14 9 (0.78%) jMock
General
1 262 (22.57%) Finance
2 77 (6.63%) Banking
3 65 (5.60%) Marketing
4 44 (3.79%) Telecoms
5 41 (3.53%) Front Office
6 35 (3.01%) Investment Banking
7 26 (2.24%) Legal
7 26 (2.24%) Retail
8 22 (1.89%) Financial Institution
9 16 (1.38%) Advertising
10 14 (1.21%) Manufacturing
11 10 (0.86%) Electronics
12 8 (0.69%) Law
13 7 (0.60%) Back Office
13 7 (0.60%) Local Government
14 6 (0.52%) Publishing
15 3 (0.26%) Automotive
16 2 (0.17%) Games
16 2 (0.17%) International Banking
16 2 (0.17%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 464 (39.97%) Developer
2 176 (15.16%) Java Developer
3 133 (11.46%) Analyst
3 133 (11.46%) Architect
4 115 (9.91%) DBA
5 94 (8.10%) Senior Developer
6 88 (7.58%) Software Developer
7 67 (5.77%) SQL DBA
8 60 (5.17%) Applications Support
9 56 (4.82%) Data Architect
10 55 (4.74%) Support Analyst
11 53 (4.57%) Linux Engineer
11 53 (4.57%) Solutions Architect
12 50 (4.31%) Consultant
12 50 (4.31%) Software Engineer
13 49 (4.22%) SQL Analyst
13 49 (4.22%) SQL Developer
14 48 (4.13%) Administrator
15 44 (3.79%) Applications Support Analyst
15 44 (3.79%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 241 (20.76%) .NET
2 194 (16.71%) HTML
3 185 (15.93%) Spring
4 145 (12.49%) CSS
5 128 (11.02%) J2EE
6 113 (9.73%) Web Services
7 112 (9.65%) XML
8 103 (8.87%) AngularJS
9 96 (8.27%) Hibernate
10 89 (7.67%) REST
11 79 (6.80%) ASP.NET
12 77 (6.63%) RESTful
13 64 (5.51%) Middleware
14 62 (5.34%) Spring Boot
15 60 (5.17%) HTML5
15 60 (5.17%) SOAP
16 58 (5.00%) JMS
16 58 (5.00%) jQuery
16 58 (5.00%) JSON
17 55 (4.74%) React
Miscellaneous
1 107 (9.22%) Enterprise Software
2 102 (8.79%) Analytical Skills
3 48 (4.13%) Clustering
4 46 (3.96%) Data Structures
5 42 (3.62%) Management Information System
5 42 (3.62%) Replication
6 34 (2.93%) Virtual Team
7 32 (2.76%) Private Cloud
7 32 (2.76%) User Experience
8 29 (2.50%) Algorithms
9 27 (2.33%) Greenfield Project
10 26 (2.24%) Self-Motivation
11 21 (1.81%) Mobile App
12 19 (1.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 19 (1.64%) Linux Command Line
13 16 (1.38%) Credit Risk
13 16 (1.38%) Fixed Income
14 15 (1.29%) Derivative
15 12 (1.03%) Data Centre
15 12 (1.03%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 202 (17.40%) Linux
2 150 (12.92%) Windows
3 117 (10.08%) Unix
4 34 (2.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 29 (2.50%) Windows Server
6 13 (1.12%) Apple iOS
6 13 (1.12%) CentOS
7 12 (1.03%) Android
8 10 (0.86%) Solaris
9 9 (0.78%) Windows Server 2012
10 8 (0.69%) AIX
11 7 (0.60%) DC/OS
11 7 (0.60%) Mesosphere
11 7 (0.60%) Ubuntu
12 3 (0.26%) ThreadX
12 3 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
13 2 (0.17%) VME
14 1 (0.086%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.086%) Windows 7
14 1 (0.086%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 485 (41.77%) Agile Software Development
2 235 (20.24%) OO
3 193 (16.62%) ETL
4 168 (14.47%) Scrum
5 161 (13.87%) Software Engineering
6 136 (11.71%) Analytics
7 131 (11.28%) OOP
8 130 (11.20%) DevOps
9 122 (10.51%) Business Intelligence
10 121 (10.42%) SDLC
11 115 (9.91%) MVC
12 113 (9.73%) TDD
13 111 (9.56%) Mentoring
14 99 (8.53%) Microservices
15 98 (8.44%) Test Automation
16 97 (8.35%) Problem-Solving
17 94 (8.10%) Data Modelling
18 91 (7.84%) Migration
19 89 (7.67%) Multithreading
20 86 (7.41%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 691 (59.52%) SQL
2 511 (44.01%) Java
3 227 (19.55%) C#
4 212 (18.26%) Python
5 200 (17.23%) JavaScript
6 117 (10.08%) T-SQL
7 82 (7.06%) C++
8 81 (6.98%) PowerShell
9 74 (6.37%) Perl
10 73 (6.29%) PL/SQL
11 69 (5.94%) Bash Shell
12 58 (5.00%) Ruby
13 39 (3.36%) Shell Script
14 38 (3.27%) PHP
15 35 (3.01%) Scala
16 34 (2.93%) C
17 25 (2.15%) VB.NET
18 19 (1.64%) Java 8
19 13 (1.12%) Clojure
19 13 (1.12%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 156 (13.44%) Degree
2 57 (4.91%) Security Cleared
3 31 (2.67%) Computer Science Degree
4 30 (2.58%) SC Cleared
5 22 (1.89%) Microsoft Certification
6 10 (0.86%) Numerate Degree
7 7 (0.60%) CEH
7 7 (0.60%) MCP
8 5 (0.43%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.43%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.34%) MCSA
9 4 (0.34%) MCSE
10 3 (0.26%) MBA
10 3 (0.26%) MCSD
11 2 (0.17%) HNC
11 2 (0.17%) HND
11 2 (0.17%) MBCS
11 2 (0.17%) PhD
12 1 (0.086%) ITIL Certification
12 1 (0.086%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 54 (4.65%) QA
2 39 (3.36%) Data Quality
3 22 (1.89%) GDPR
4 19 (1.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 12 (1.03%) Basel III
5 12 (1.03%) SLA
6 2 (0.17%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.17%) PSD2
6 2 (0.17%) SEPA
System Software
1 121 (10.42%) Docker
2 52 (4.48%) Oracle RAC
3 34 (2.93%) Active Directory
4 31 (2.67%) VMware Infrastructure
5 16 (1.38%) HDFS
6 11 (0.95%) Xen
7 7 (0.60%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.34%) Apache Flume
8 4 (0.34%) PowerDNS
8 4 (0.34%) vCloud
9 3 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.26%) Citrix Hypervisor
9 3 (0.26%) Varnish
10 2 (0.17%) RHEV
10 2 (0.17%) vSphere
11 1 (0.086%) Firmware
11 1 (0.086%) GridGain
11 1 (0.086%) Oracle Clusterware
11 1 (0.086%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 78 (6.72%) Puppet
2 72 (6.20%) Kubernetes
3 57 (4.91%) Ansible
4 40 (3.45%) Opscode Chef
5 25 (2.15%) Terraform
6 19 (1.64%) Oracle RMAN
7 17 (1.46%) Data Guard
8 8 (0.69%) Control-M
8 8 (0.69%) Nagios
9 7 (0.60%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 7 (0.60%) Prometheus
10 6 (0.52%) Grafana
10 6 (0.52%) Hadoop YARN
10 6 (0.52%) Mesos
11 5 (0.43%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
12 4 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (0.34%) HAProxy
13 2 (0.17%) NetBackup
13 2 (0.17%) Oozie
14 1 (0.086%) OVSD
Vendors
1 488 (42.03%) Oracle
2 222 (19.12%) Microsoft
3 84 (7.24%) SAP
4 72 (6.20%) Tableau
5 63 (5.43%) Salesforce.com
6 49 (4.22%) IBM
7 42 (3.62%) Google
7 42 (3.62%) VMware
8 35 (3.01%) Adobe
8 35 (3.01%) hybris
9 34 (2.93%) Red Hat
10 30 (2.58%) Talend
11 28 (2.41%) Elastic Path
12 26 (2.24%) Sybase
13 25 (2.15%) Pega
13 25 (2.15%) Teradata
14 24 (2.07%) Interwoven
14 24 (2.07%) Sun
15 23 (1.98%) Atlassian
16 20 (1.72%) Informatica