Period
to 13 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 13 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
13 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 325 338 288
Rank change year-on-year +13 -50 -30
Permanent jobs citing RDBMS 1,531 1,728 2,203
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.96% 0.96% 1.19%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 3.33% 3.17% 4.00%
Number of salaries quoted 1,178 1,215 1,618
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% +10.00%
10th Percentile £36,175 £32,500 £32,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 45,998 54,445 55,069
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.80% 30.30% 29.79%
Number of salaries quoted 37,790 44,893 47,090
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing RDBMS.

Salary trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Salary histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 13 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +16 1,411 £55,000 - 200
UK excluding London +26 863 £50,000 +11.11% 130
London -10 647 £65,000 - 88
South East +76 346 £55,000 +10.00% 26
North of England +8 140 £45,000 +4.35% 29
South West +19 130 £42,500 +6.25% 24
Scotland -24 95 £55,000 +29.41% 12
East of England +3 85 £60,000 +27.66% 18
Midlands +42 84 £57,500 +27.78% 15
West Midlands +49 73 £58,750 +25.00% 12
Yorkshire +51 70 £45,000 +20.00% 12
North West -27 59 £45,000 - 16
Northern Ireland -12 13 £77,500 +158.33% 1
East Midlands -4 11 £45,000 - 3
North East -6 11 £37,500 -3.74% 1
Wales -3 4 £53,500 +38.96% 4

For the 6 months to 13 December 2018, IT jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 1,531 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 834 (54.47%) SQL
3 727 (47.49%) Java
4 651 (42.52%) Oracle
5 616 (40.24%) Agile Software Development
6 599 (39.12%) SQL Server
7 408 (26.65%) Amazon AWS
8 405 (26.45%) Finance
9 392 (25.60%) NoSQL
10 378 (24.69%) Linux
11 358 (23.38%) JavaScript
12 339 (22.14%) Microsoft
13 327 (21.36%) .NET
14 323 (21.10%) HTML
15 321 (20.97%) Python
16 313 (20.44%) Spring
17 281 (18.35%) C#
18 265 (17.31%) Unix
19 256 (16.72%) Software Engineering
20 252 (16.46%) OO
21 245 (16.00%) Problem-Solving
22 241 (15.74%) Microsoft Azure
23 239 (15.61%) Oracle Database
24 236 (15.41%) Web Services
25 224 (14.63%) PostgreSQL
26 212 (13.85%) MySQL
27 209 (13.65%) XML
28 207 (13.52%) Analytical Skills
29 205 (13.39%) DevOps
29 205 (13.39%) Degree

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 112 (7.32%) JBoss
2 77 (5.03%) Apache Spark
3 72 (4.70%) Apache
4 65 (4.25%) Tomcat
5 47 (3.07%) WebSphere
6 44 (2.87%) Confluence
7 43 (2.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 42 (2.74%) Elasticsearch
9 37 (2.42%) WebLogic
10 33 (2.16%) GlassFish
11 32 (2.09%) Apache Solr
12 27 (1.76%) IIS
13 23 (1.50%) CMS
14 20 (1.31%) Apache Pig
15 17 (1.11%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 16 (1.05%) OpenStack
17 15 (0.98%) Mule
17 15 (0.98%) SharePoint
18 11 (0.72%) Apache Geronimo
19 9 (0.59%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 68 (4.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (1.83%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (0.72%) Weka
4 6 (0.39%) HipChat
4 6 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.13%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.065%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.065%) ArchiCAD
6 1 (0.065%) AutoCAD
6 1 (0.065%) GIMP
6 1 (0.065%) MicroStation
6 1 (0.065%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.065%) Revit
6 1 (0.065%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 24 (1.57%) Oracle EBS
1 24 (1.57%) Oracle EBS R12
2 23 (1.50%) SAP Hybris
3 21 (1.37%) Oracle Applications
4 20 (1.31%) Oracle 11i
5 16 (1.05%) SDL Web 8
6 12 (0.78%) Magento
7 9 (0.59%) Remedy ITSM
8 7 (0.46%) SAP ERP
9 4 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
9 4 (0.26%) MetaTrader
9 4 (0.26%) Oracle Payroll
10 3 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
10 3 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
11 2 (0.13%) Sentinel
12 1 (0.065%) CSG Singleview
12 1 (0.065%) PeopleSoft CRM
12 1 (0.065%) Remedy AR System
12 1 (0.065%) Siebel CRM
12 1 (0.065%) TrackWise
Cloud Services
1 408 (26.65%) Amazon AWS
2 241 (15.74%) Microsoft Azure
3 74 (4.83%) SaaS
4 58 (3.79%) Serverless
5 56 (3.66%) PaaS
6 53 (3.46%) IaaS
7 45 (2.94%) Amazon EC2
7 45 (2.94%) Amazon S3
8 43 (2.81%) Cloud Computing
8 43 (2.81%) Google Cloud Platform
9 42 (2.74%) AWS Lambda
10 37 (2.42%) Amazon EMR
11 35 (2.29%) Amazon SQS
12 34 (2.22%) Amazon Kinesis
13 31 (2.02%) Azure Active Directory
14 26 (1.70%) GitHub
14 26 (1.70%) Office 365
15 20 (1.31%) OpenShift
16 16 (1.05%) npm
17 11 (0.72%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 55 (3.59%) HTTP
2 36 (2.35%) Internet
3 34 (2.22%) Network Security
4 29 (1.89%) TCP/IP
5 25 (1.63%) SAN
6 19 (1.24%) NAS
7 13 (0.85%) SSL
8 11 (0.72%) DNS
9 9 (0.59%) AMQP
9 9 (0.59%) VPN
10 7 (0.46%) Firewall
10 7 (0.46%) FTP
11 5 (0.33%) SMS
12 4 (0.26%) DHCP
12 4 (0.26%) SMPP
12 4 (0.26%) SMTP
12 4 (0.26%) SNMP
13 3 (0.20%) LAN
13 3 (0.20%) WAN
14 2 (0.13%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,531 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 599 (39.12%) SQL Server
3 392 (25.60%) NoSQL
4 239 (15.61%) Oracle Database
5 224 (14.63%) PostgreSQL
6 212 (13.85%) MySQL
7 197 (12.87%) Big Data
8 167 (10.91%) MongoDB
9 163 (10.65%) Data Warehouse
10 135 (8.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 132 (8.62%) Hadoop
12 100 (6.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 94 (6.14%) Oracle Database 11g
14 88 (5.75%) Apache Cassandra
15 86 (5.62%) SQL Server 2008
16 77 (5.03%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 55 (3.59%) Amazon Redshift
18 54 (3.53%) Oracle Database 10g
19 52 (3.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 50 (3.27%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 197 (12.87%) Git (software)
2 150 (9.80%) Jenkins
3 134 (8.75%) Maven
4 126 (8.23%) Subversion
5 90 (5.88%) JIRA
6 56 (3.66%) JUnit
7 52 (3.40%) Selenium
8 37 (2.42%) Bitbucket
9 33 (2.16%) Gradle
10 31 (2.02%) Ant
11 29 (1.89%) Eclipse
11 29 (1.89%) TeamCity
12 28 (1.83%) Visual Studio
13 27 (1.76%) Team Foundation Server
14 26 (1.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 22 (1.44%) NUnit
16 21 (1.37%) IntelliJ
17 18 (1.18%) Cucumber
17 18 (1.18%) SpecFlow
18 14 (0.91%) SoapUI
General
1 405 (26.45%) Finance
2 182 (11.89%) Banking
3 71 (4.64%) Retail
4 68 (4.44%) Marketing
5 62 (4.05%) Investment Banking
6 46 (3.00%) Financial Institution
7 36 (2.35%) Electronics
7 36 (2.35%) Front Office
8 31 (2.02%) Telecoms
9 30 (1.96%) Games
10 29 (1.89%) Manufacturing
11 19 (1.24%) Law
12 17 (1.11%) Back Office
13 12 (0.78%) Advertising
14 11 (0.72%) Military
15 9 (0.59%) Legal
16 7 (0.46%) Billing
17 5 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
18 4 (0.26%) Automotive
18 4 (0.26%) Interactive Media
Job Titles
1 653 (42.65%) Developer
2 283 (18.48%) Java Developer
3 227 (14.83%) Architect
4 174 (11.37%) Analyst
5 166 (10.84%) DBA
6 139 (9.08%) Senior Developer
7 114 (7.45%) Applications Support
8 110 (7.18%) Support Analyst
9 93 (6.07%) Applications Support Analyst
10 88 (5.75%) Software Developer
11 83 (5.42%) Solutions Architect
12 82 (5.36%) Software Engineer
13 81 (5.29%) Administrator
14 77 (5.03%) .NET Developer
15 75 (4.90%) Oracle DBA
16 66 (4.31%) C# Developer
17 65 (4.25%) Data Architect
17 65 (4.25%) SQL Developer
18 58 (3.79%) SQL DBA
18 58 (3.79%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 327 (21.36%) .NET
2 323 (21.10%) HTML
3 313 (20.44%) Spring
4 236 (15.41%) Web Services
5 209 (13.65%) XML
6 200 (13.06%) CSS
7 194 (12.67%) AngularJS
8 175 (11.43%) Hibernate
9 149 (9.73%) Spring Boot
10 128 (8.36%) RESTful
11 124 (8.10%) HTML5
12 118 (7.71%) J2EE
12 118 (7.71%) jQuery
13 116 (7.58%) ASP.NET
14 110 (7.18%) Java EE
15 100 (6.53%) REST
16 97 (6.34%) Node.js
17 91 (5.94%) JSON
17 91 (5.94%) React
18 88 (5.75%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 207 (13.52%) Analytical Skills
2 139 (9.08%) Fintech
3 93 (6.07%) Enterprise Software
4 71 (4.64%) Algorithms
5 59 (3.85%) Data Structures
6 56 (3.66%) Greenfield Project
7 55 (3.59%) Self-Motivation
8 50 (3.27%) Management Information System
9 46 (3.00%) Clustering
10 45 (2.94%) Virtual Team
11 41 (2.68%) Linux Command Line
12 39 (2.55%) User Experience
13 27 (1.76%) Mobile App
14 24 (1.57%) Analytical Mindset
15 20 (1.31%) Replication
16 18 (1.18%) Cyberthreat
17 17 (1.11%) Derivative
18 16 (1.05%) Reference Data
19 15 (0.98%) CMDB
19 15 (0.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 378 (24.69%) Linux
2 265 (17.31%) Unix
3 184 (12.02%) Windows
4 86 (5.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 68 (4.44%) Windows Server
6 25 (1.63%) AIX
7 22 (1.44%) Solaris
8 20 (1.31%) CentOS
9 18 (1.18%) Ubuntu
10 12 (0.78%) Oracle Linux
11 9 (0.59%) Windows Server 2012
12 8 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
13 7 (0.46%) Android
13 7 (0.46%) Apple iOS
13 7 (0.46%) DC/OS
13 7 (0.46%) Mesosphere
14 6 (0.39%) Windows 2000
15 5 (0.33%) Debian
16 3 (0.20%) Windows Server 2003
17 2 (0.13%) Tru64
Processes & Methodologies
1 616 (40.24%) Agile Software Development
2 256 (16.72%) Software Engineering
3 252 (16.46%) OO
4 245 (16.00%) Problem-Solving
5 205 (13.39%) DevOps
6 204 (13.32%) Microservices
7 200 (13.06%) Scrum
8 195 (12.74%) Continuous Integration
9 186 (12.15%) Analytics
10 183 (11.95%) TDD
11 181 (11.82%) Computer Science
12 167 (10.91%) Business Intelligence
13 162 (10.58%) ETL
14 141 (9.21%) MVC
15 137 (8.95%) Multithreading
16 133 (8.69%) ITIL
16 133 (8.69%) SDLC
17 126 (8.23%) Performance Tuning
17 126 (8.23%) Test Automation
18 124 (8.10%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 834 (54.47%) SQL
2 727 (47.49%) Java
3 358 (23.38%) JavaScript
4 321 (20.97%) Python
5 281 (18.35%) C#
6 183 (11.95%) PL/SQL
7 139 (9.08%) Shell Script
8 112 (7.32%) PowerShell
9 95 (6.21%) T-SQL
10 87 (5.68%) Java 8
11 66 (4.31%) C++
12 63 (4.11%) Scala
13 42 (2.74%) Bash Shell
14 38 (2.48%) C
15 37 (2.42%) Go
16 36 (2.35%) Ruby
17 35 (2.29%) PHP
18 28 (1.83%) Perl
18 28 (1.83%) VB.NET
19 25 (1.63%) R
Qualifications
1 205 (13.39%) Degree
2 61 (3.98%) Computer Science Degree
2 61 (3.98%) Security Cleared
3 55 (3.59%) Microsoft Certification
4 35 (2.29%) MCSA
4 35 (2.29%) MCSE
5 33 (2.16%) SC Cleared
6 15 (0.98%) Numerate Degree
7 13 (0.85%) Master's Degree
8 9 (0.59%) MCDBA
8 9 (0.59%) Oracle Certification
9 8 (0.52%) ITIL Certification
10 7 (0.46%) OCP
10 7 (0.46%) PhD
11 5 (0.33%) MCP
12 3 (0.20%) OCA
12 3 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
13 2 (0.13%) GSEC
13 2 (0.13%) MBA
13 2 (0.13%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 60 (3.92%) Data Quality
2 56 (3.66%) QA
3 33 (2.16%) SLA
4 18 (1.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 11 (0.72%) GDPR
6 9 (0.59%) IFRS
7 6 (0.39%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.39%) PMO
8 5 (0.33%) PSD2
9 3 (0.20%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.065%) HL7
10 1 (0.065%) MiFID
10 1 (0.065%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 112 (7.32%) Docker
2 94 (6.14%) Active Directory
3 69 (4.51%) Oracle RAC
4 36 (2.35%) VMware Infrastructure
5 29 (1.89%) HDFS
6 11 (0.72%) Apache Flume
6 11 (0.72%) Firmware
7 10 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (0.39%) KVM
8 6 (0.39%) oVirt
9 5 (0.33%) VirtualBox
10 4 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 4 (0.26%) Hyper-V
11 3 (0.20%) vSphere
12 2 (0.13%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 2 (0.13%) Xen
13 1 (0.065%) Shibboleth
Systems Management
1 75 (4.90%) Ansible
2 63 (4.11%) Data Guard
3 55 (3.59%) Kubernetes
4 45 (2.94%) Opscode Chef
4 45 (2.94%) Puppet
5 37 (2.42%) Oracle RMAN
6 23 (1.50%) Terraform
7 21 (1.37%) Nagios
8 20 (1.31%) BMC PATROL
9 19 (1.24%) Mesos
10 18 (1.18%) Control-M
10 18 (1.18%) Salt
11 17 (1.11%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 12 (0.78%) Oozie
13 10 (0.65%) Grafana
14 9 (0.59%) Microsoft Clustering
14 9 (0.59%) Oracle ZFS
15 8 (0.52%) Kibana
15 8 (0.52%) Prometheus
16 7 (0.46%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 651 (42.52%) Oracle
2 339 (22.14%) Microsoft
3 86 (5.62%) Google
4 66 (4.31%) Sybase
5 61 (3.98%) SAP
6 55 (3.59%) Red Hat
7 53 (3.46%) Informatica
8 43 (2.81%) hybris
9 42 (2.74%) IBM
10 40 (2.61%) Tableau
11 37 (2.42%) VMware
12 36 (2.35%) Salesforce.com
13 33 (2.16%) Adobe
14 32 (2.09%) AppDynamics
15 29 (1.89%) BMC
16 24 (1.57%) Teradata
17 23 (1.50%) Atlassian
17 23 (1.50%) Citrix
18 18 (1.18%) Splunk
18 18 (1.18%) Trillium