Period
to 27 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 27 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 395 454 377
Rank change year-on-year +59 -77 -29
Permanent jobs citing RDBMS 994 263 1,141
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.78% 0.53% 0.84%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.81% 1.85% 3.08%
Number of salaries quoted 518 196 916
10th Percentile £40,875 £41,125 £32,158
25th Percentile £47,813 £45,938 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £62,500 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +8.70% +4.55%
75th Percentile £77,500 £81,563 £77,500
90th Percentile £103,250 £95,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £54,500 £52,500 £47,750
% change year-on-year +3.81% +9.95% -4.50%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 35,355 14,197 37,090
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.84% 28.67% 27.27%
Number of salaries quoted 22,535 12,067 30,787
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,000 £38,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Salary trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Salary histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +18 810 £65,000 +4.00% 111
London +3 487 £75,000 -3.23% 53
UK excluding London -53 348 £54,500 +3.81% 68
Work from Home -49 269 £67,500 +28.57% 28
South East -95 109 £60,000 - 11
North of England -84 73 £50,000 +4.17% 23
South West -37 60 £60,000 +18.81% 5
Midlands -124 45 £55,000 +10.00% 7
West Midlands -82 38 £54,365 +12.09% 3
Yorkshire -81 36 £52,500 +15.38% 4
Scotland -70 27 £55,000 +37.50% 8
North West -84 25 £42,500 -19.05% 18
East of England -83 22 £60,000 -7.69% 12
North East -20 12 £32,500 -38.10% 1
Northern Ireland -33 11 £41,500 -33.60% 1
East Midlands -68 7 £65,000 +26.83% 4
Wales - 3 £50,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, IT jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 994 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 508 (51.11%) SQL
3 410 (41.25%) Agile Software Development
4 400 (40.24%) Oracle
5 343 (34.51%) Social Skills
6 335 (33.70%) SQL Server
7 327 (32.90%) AWS
8 323 (32.49%) Finance
9 307 (30.89%) Java
10 257 (25.86%) Azure
11 243 (24.45%) JavaScript
12 229 (23.04%) Degree
13 219 (22.03%) Python
14 209 (21.03%) PostgreSQL
15 204 (20.52%) C#
16 200 (20.12%) NoSQL
17 198 (19.92%) Linux
18 197 (19.82%) .NET
19 194 (19.52%) Git (software)
20 190 (19.11%) Windows
21 189 (19.01%) Spring
22 188 (18.91%) Scrum
23 184 (18.51%) Data Management
24 183 (18.41%) Docker
25 180 (18.11%) Problem-Solving
26 173 (17.40%) Software Engineering
27 169 (17.00%) TDD
28 165 (16.60%) Kafka
29 164 (16.50%) GCP
30 159 (16.00%) Kubernetes

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (8.25%) WebLogic
2 55 (5.53%) Elasticsearch
3 32 (3.22%) Tomcat
4 27 (2.72%) Apache
5 26 (2.62%) Apache Spark
6 20 (2.01%) IIS
7 19 (1.91%) SAS
8 15 (1.51%) SharePoint
9 14 (1.41%) Apache Airflow
9 14 (1.41%) JBoss
10 11 (1.11%) Apache Pig
11 10 (1.01%) Luigi
12 8 (0.80%) CMS
13 6 (0.60%) Cloud Foundry
13 6 (0.60%) nginx
14 5 (0.50%) Oracle Spatial
15 4 (0.40%) Jupyter
15 4 (0.40%) Oracle Workflow
15 4 (0.40%) Tornado
15 4 (0.40%) WebSphere
Applications
1 94 (9.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 69 (6.94%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 36 (3.62%) Microsoft Office
4 14 (1.41%) InVision
4 14 (1.41%) Sketch
5 11 (1.11%) Spreadsheet
6 5 (0.50%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.20%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.20%) Oracle Smart View
7 2 (0.20%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.20%) SPSS
7 2 (0.20%) Stata
8 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 91 (9.15%) Oracle Clinical
2 14 (1.41%) IBM Planning Analytics
3 9 (0.91%) Adobe Campaign
4 8 (0.80%) Primavera
5 3 (0.30%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.20%) Oracle Assets
6 2 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.20%) Oracle EBS R12
6 2 (0.20%) Oracle ERP
6 2 (0.20%) Oracle General Ledger
6 2 (0.20%) Oracle Payables
6 2 (0.20%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 2 (0.20%) Relativity
7 1 (0.10%) JDE EnterpriseOne
7 1 (0.10%) Markit EDM
7 1 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 327 (32.90%) AWS
2 257 (25.86%) Azure
3 164 (16.50%) GCP
4 60 (6.04%) Power Platform
5 54 (5.43%) Serverless
6 40 (4.02%) GitHub
7 34 (3.42%) IaaS
8 33 (3.32%) SaaS
9 31 (3.12%) AWS Lambda
10 29 (2.92%) PaaS
11 28 (2.82%) Snowflake
12 27 (2.72%) Amazon EC2
13 26 (2.62%) Amazon SQS
14 21 (2.11%) Azure Synapse Analytics
15 17 (1.71%) Amazon ECS
16 15 (1.51%) Amazon Kinesis
17 14 (1.41%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 14 (1.41%) Slack
18 12 (1.21%) Matillion
19 11 (1.11%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 37 (3.72%) HTTP
2 33 (3.32%) Firewall
3 21 (2.11%) Network Security
4 20 (2.01%) TCP/IP
5 18 (1.81%) MQTT
6 16 (1.61%) SSL
7 15 (1.51%) DNS
8 10 (1.01%) VPN
9 9 (0.91%) 5G
9 9 (0.91%) Broadband
10 7 (0.70%) Internet
10 7 (0.70%) SMTP
11 6 (0.60%) SAN
12 3 (0.30%) Cisco ASA
12 3 (0.30%) Cisco Nexus
12 3 (0.30%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
12 3 (0.30%) LAN
12 3 (0.30%) NetScaler
12 3 (0.30%) SD-WAN
12 3 (0.30%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 994 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 335 (33.70%) SQL Server
3 209 (21.03%) PostgreSQL
4 200 (20.12%) NoSQL
5 158 (15.90%) MySQL
6 131 (13.18%) Oracle Database
7 107 (10.76%) Data Warehouse
8 91 (9.15%) Big Data
9 84 (8.45%) Oracle Database 12c
10 82 (8.25%) Oracle Database 11g
11 75 (7.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 73 (7.34%) Oracle Database 10g
13 67 (6.74%) DB2
14 60 (6.04%) Power BI
15 58 (5.84%) Tableau
16 55 (5.53%) Redis
16 55 (5.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 50 (5.03%) MongoDB
17 50 (5.03%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 41 (4.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 194 (19.52%) Git (software)
2 98 (9.86%) Jenkins
3 79 (7.95%) NUnit
4 78 (7.85%) Team Foundation Server
5 76 (7.65%) Octopus Deploy
6 55 (5.53%) Postman
7 52 (5.23%) Cypress.io
8 51 (5.13%) Moq
9 49 (4.93%) Gradle
10 42 (4.23%) Eclipse
11 38 (3.82%) Bitbucket Server
12 36 (3.62%) IntelliJ
12 36 (3.62%) Selenium
13 31 (3.12%) JMeter
14 30 (3.02%) SoapUI
15 23 (2.31%) JUnit
16 20 (2.01%) Maven
17 19 (1.91%) JIRA
18 18 (1.81%) Log4Net
18 18 (1.81%) TestCafe
General
1 343 (34.51%) Social Skills
2 323 (32.49%) Finance
3 89 (8.95%) Analytical Skills
4 86 (8.65%) Presentation Skills
5 76 (7.65%) Banking
6 43 (4.33%) Public Sector
7 36 (3.62%) Telecoms
8 32 (3.22%) Marketing
9 31 (3.12%) Investment Banking
10 26 (2.62%) Games
10 26 (2.62%) Pharmaceutical
11 25 (2.52%) Manufacturing
12 18 (1.81%) Electronics
13 16 (1.61%) Law
13 16 (1.61%) Retail
14 15 (1.51%) Legal
15 11 (1.11%) Back Office
16 9 (0.91%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 7 (0.70%) Financial Institution
17 7 (0.70%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 404 (40.64%) Developer
2 117 (11.77%) Java Developer
3 99 (9.96%) Software Engineer
4 92 (9.26%) Data Manager
5 86 (8.65%) Architect
6 71 (7.14%) Full Stack Developer
7 67 (6.74%) Oracle Developer
8 66 (6.64%) Senior Developer
9 56 (5.63%) Analyst
10 46 (4.63%) Senior Software Engineer
11 44 (4.43%) Senior Manager
12 42 (4.23%) Software Developer
13 38 (3.82%) DBA
14 37 (3.72%) React Developer
15 36 (3.62%) Solutions Architect
16 33 (3.32%) Data Architect
17 31 (3.12%) Cloud Architect
17 31 (3.12%) Python Engineer
17 31 (3.12%) Technical Leader
18 29 (2.92%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 197 (19.82%) .NET
2 189 (19.01%) Spring
3 165 (16.60%) Kafka
4 138 (13.88%) React
5 135 (13.58%) Node.js
6 113 (11.37%) REST
7 112 (11.27%) AngularJS
8 107 (10.76%) Spring Boot
9 97 (9.76%) HTML
10 79 (7.95%) Web Services
11 71 (7.14%) ASP.NET
12 70 (7.04%) RabbitMQ
13 65 (6.54%) Jest
14 64 (6.44%) .NET Framework
15 62 (6.24%) RESTful
16 61 (6.14%) XML
17 52 (5.23%) CSS
18 50 (5.03%) Enzyme
19 48 (4.83%) HTML5
20 44 (4.43%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 46 (4.63%) Algorithms
2 44 (4.43%) Data Structures
3 39 (3.92%) Enterprise Software
4 36 (3.62%) Derivative
4 36 (3.62%) User Experience
5 27 (2.72%) Management Information System
6 23 (2.31%) Blog
7 21 (2.11%) Clustering
8 18 (1.81%) Client/Server
9 16 (1.61%) Self-Motivation
10 14 (1.41%) Fixed Income
10 14 (1.41%) Replication
11 13 (1.31%) Hedge funds
12 12 (1.21%) Pricing Data
13 11 (1.11%) Legacy Systems
13 11 (1.11%) NHS
13 11 (1.11%) Virtual Team
14 10 (1.01%) Cloud Native
14 10 (1.01%) Public Cloud
15 9 (0.91%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 198 (19.92%) Linux
2 190 (19.11%) Windows
3 116 (11.67%) Unix
4 33 (3.32%) Android
5 32 (3.22%) Apple iOS
6 26 (2.62%) Windows Server
7 12 (1.21%) Mac OS X
8 10 (1.01%) Windows Server 2012
8 10 (1.01%) Windows Server 2016
9 9 (0.91%) Solaris
10 6 (0.60%) CentOS
11 4 (0.40%) AIX
12 2 (0.20%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 1 (0.10%) Kali Linux
13 1 (0.10%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.10%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 410 (41.25%) Agile Software Development
2 188 (18.91%) Scrum
3 184 (18.51%) Data Management
4 180 (18.11%) Problem-Solving
5 173 (17.40%) Software Engineering
6 169 (17.00%) TDD
7 157 (15.79%) Full Stack Development
8 152 (15.29%) DevOps
9 148 (14.89%) Microservices
10 135 (13.58%) Business Intelligence
11 129 (12.98%) ETL
12 111 (11.17%) Project Management
12 111 (11.17%) Unit Testing
13 109 (10.97%) Computer Science
14 107 (10.76%) Data Modelling
15 93 (9.36%) DataOps
16 92 (9.26%) Analytics
16 92 (9.26%) Clinical Data Management
17 88 (8.85%) OO
18 87 (8.75%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 508 (51.11%) SQL
2 307 (30.89%) Java
3 243 (24.45%) JavaScript
4 219 (22.03%) Python
5 204 (20.52%) C#
6 108 (10.87%) PL/SQL
7 102 (10.26%) TypeScript
8 66 (6.64%) PowerShell
9 45 (4.53%) Scala
10 42 (4.23%) T-SQL
11 39 (3.92%) Kotlin
12 37 (3.72%) C++
12 37 (3.72%) Java 8
13 32 (3.22%) Bash Shell
14 31 (3.12%) C
15 30 (3.02%) Go
16 26 (2.62%) PHP
17 20 (2.01%) ES6
17 20 (2.01%) Shell Script
18 19 (1.91%) R
Qualifications
1 229 (23.04%) Degree
2 32 (3.22%) Numerate Degree
3 30 (3.02%) Computer Science Degree
4 23 (2.31%) Security Cleared
5 20 (2.01%) SC Cleared
6 14 (1.41%) DBS Check
7 10 (1.01%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 9 (0.91%) CEH
8 9 (0.91%) CISA
8 9 (0.91%) GIAC
8 9 (0.91%) Microsoft Certification
8 9 (0.91%) OSCE
8 9 (0.91%) OSCP
9 8 (0.80%) ISEB
10 6 (0.60%) Cisco Certification
10 6 (0.60%) Oracle Certification
11 5 (0.50%) ITIL Certification
11 5 (0.50%) Master's Degree
12 4 (0.40%) PhD
13 3 (0.30%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 101 (10.16%) QA
2 94 (9.46%) Good Clinical Practice
3 42 (4.23%) Data Quality
4 29 (2.92%) GDPR
5 21 (2.11%) EMIR
5 21 (2.11%) MiFID
6 13 (1.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 10 (1.01%) SLA
8 9 (0.91%) NIST
9 7 (0.70%) Accessibility
10 5 (0.50%) WAI
11 3 (0.30%) PCI DSS
11 3 (0.30%) PSD2
12 2 (0.20%) ISO 8583
13 1 (0.10%) SEPA
System Software
1 183 (18.41%) Docker
2 9 (0.91%) Oracle RAC
2 9 (0.91%) VMware Infrastructure
3 6 (0.60%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.30%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.20%) HDFS
6 1 (0.10%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.10%) Firmware
6 1 (0.10%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 159 (16.00%) Kubernetes
2 87 (8.75%) Terraform
3 71 (7.14%) Grafana
4 34 (3.42%) Opscode Chef
5 27 (2.72%) Ansible
5 27 (2.72%) Kibana
5 27 (2.72%) logstash
6 19 (1.91%) HAProxy
7 18 (1.81%) Opsgenie
7 18 (1.81%) Pingdom
7 18 (1.81%) ZABBIX
8 14 (1.41%) MIIS
9 13 (1.31%) Puppet
10 11 (1.11%) Oozie
11 10 (1.01%) Data Guard
12 9 (0.91%) Docker Swarm
12 9 (0.91%) HP Fortify
12 9 (0.91%) Prometheus
12 9 (0.91%) WebInspect
13 8 (0.80%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 400 (40.24%) Oracle
2 153 (15.39%) Microsoft
3 108 (10.87%) Google
4 58 (5.84%) Sybase
5 24 (2.41%) Informatica
5 24 (2.41%) Splunk
6 22 (2.21%) IBM
6 22 (2.21%) New Relic
7 20 (2.01%) Dynatrace
7 20 (2.01%) SAP
8 16 (1.61%) Cloudera
8 16 (1.61%) VMware
9 14 (1.41%) MuleSoft
9 14 (1.41%) Red Hat
9 14 (1.41%) Sun
10 13 (1.31%) GoldenSource
11 12 (1.21%) StreamSets
12 11 (1.11%) Adobe
12 11 (1.11%) Hortonworks
13 10 (1.01%) Xamarin