Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for TDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited TDD over the 6 months to 14 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Test-Driven Development (TDD)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
14 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 62 40 39
Rank change year-on-year -22 -1 -1
Permanent jobs citing TDD 3,388 3,566 2,090
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 4.47% 5.95% 6.05%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.73% 6.40% 6.55%
Number of salaries quoted 1,869 2,306 1,764
10th Percentile £39,750 £36,250 £33,750
25th Percentile £47,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £59,589 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.34% +10.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £65,000 £61,250
90th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £72,500
UK median annual salary £67,500 £60,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +11.57% +0.83% +9.09%

TDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 71,688 55,741 31,898
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 94.69% 93.00% 92.37%
Number of salaries quoted 41,830 39,163 25,739
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £40,000 £37,500 £37,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £67,500 £63,750 £61,250
90th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,750 £55,000
% change year-on-year +7.62% +1.36% +4.76%

TDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing TDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for TDD in the UK excluding London

TDD
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing TDD in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for TDD in the UK excluding London

TDD
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing TDD in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 14 August 2022.

Salary histogram for TDD in the UK excluding London

TDD
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing TDD within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 14 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
South East -32 970 £60,000 +9.09% 86
North of England -12 947 £57,500 +4.55% 141
North West -7 570 £60,000 +9.09% 88
South West -9 435 £57,500 +9.52% 72
Midlands -29 404 £60,000 +20.00% 50
Yorkshire -15 333 £55,000 -4.35% 39
East of England -18 285 £62,500 +4.17% 41
West Midlands -39 281 £60,000 +17.07% 35
Scotland -21 267 £60,000 +20.00% 38
East Midlands -22 109 £52,500 +5.00% 15
Wales -24 78 £59,166 +31.48% 4
North East 0 44 £57,500 +6.98% 14
Northern Ireland -33 30 £55,000 +26.44% 8
TDD
UK

For the 6 months to 14 August 2022, IT jobs citing TDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for TDD.

1 2,743 (80.96%) Agile
2 1,461 (43.12%) Software Engineering
3 1,414 (41.74%) Java
4 1,405 (41.47%) CI/CD
5 1,291 (38.11%) JavaScript
6 1,285 (37.93%) AWS
7 1,205 (35.57%) C#
8 1,163 (34.33%) DevOps
9 1,141 (33.68%) BDD
10 1,045 (30.84%) Azure
11 1,023 (30.19%) .NET
12 1,005 (29.66%) React
13 979 (28.90%) Scrum
14 972 (28.69%) Test Automation
15 889 (26.24%) Mentoring
16 881 (26.00%) Microservices
17 870 (25.68%) SQL
18 843 (24.88%) Git (software)
19 827 (24.41%) Continuous Integration
20 800 (23.61%) Python
21 720 (21.25%) Social Skills
22 710 (20.96%) Full Stack Development
23 696 (20.54%) HTML
24 652 (19.24%) AngularJS
25 633 (18.68%) CSS
26 614 (18.12%) Finance
27 605 (17.86%) Docker
28 566 (16.71%) Node.js
28 566 (16.71%) Degree
29 556 (16.41%) TypeScript

TDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 101 (2.98%) Apache
2 100 (2.95%) Confluence
3 93 (2.74%) Apache Spark
4 49 (1.45%) CMS
5 48 (1.42%) Cloud Foundry
6 28 (0.83%) JBoss
7 23 (0.68%) nginx
8 22 (0.65%) IIS
9 21 (0.62%) Headless CMS
10 20 (0.59%) WebSphere
11 18 (0.53%) Umbraco
12 16 (0.47%) GemFire
13 14 (0.41%) Apache Airflow
14 11 (0.32%) IBM Domino
14 11 (0.32%) Sitefinity
15 10 (0.30%) GlassFish
15 10 (0.30%) Moodle
16 8 (0.24%) WebSphere Application Server
16 8 (0.24%) WordPress
17 6 (0.18%) ColdFusion
Applications
1 28 (0.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (0.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.15%) Adobe XD
4 5 (0.15%) Chatbot
4 5 (0.15%) UXPin
5 3 (0.089%) Maple
6 1 (0.030%) InVision
6 1 (0.030%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.030%) Simulink
6 1 (0.030%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 19 (0.56%) Academy Housing
2 5 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.15%) Magento
2 5 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
3 4 (0.12%) ProductWriter
4 2 (0.059%) Oracle Financials
5 1 (0.030%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.030%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.030%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,285 (37.93%) AWS
2 1,045 (30.84%) Azure
3 453 (13.37%) Serverless
4 396 (11.69%) GCP
5 230 (6.79%) GitHub
6 222 (6.55%) SaaS
7 221 (6.52%) Azure DevOps
8 214 (6.32%) AWS Lambda
9 141 (4.16%) OpenShift
10 128 (3.78%) PaaS
11 114 (3.36%) Amazon S3
12 113 (3.34%) Amazon EC2
13 75 (2.21%) Amazon SQS
14 74 (2.18%) Azure Service Bus
15 71 (2.10%) IaaS
16 65 (1.92%) Cloud Computing
17 64 (1.89%) Cloud Functions
18 62 (1.83%) AWS CloudFormation
19 58 (1.71%) Amazon Kinesis
20 53 (1.56%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 110 (3.25%) Internet
2 78 (2.30%) HTTP
3 65 (1.92%) Broadband
4 31 (0.91%) TCP/IP
5 23 (0.68%) Wireless
6 19 (0.56%) Modbus
6 19 (0.56%) RS-422
6 19 (0.56%) RS-485
7 15 (0.44%) DNS
8 13 (0.38%) HTTPS
9 11 (0.32%) AMQP
10 10 (0.30%) DHCP
10 10 (0.30%) FTP
10 10 (0.30%) IPsec
10 10 (0.30%) RS-232
11 7 (0.21%) Firewall
12 5 (0.15%) RFID
13 4 (0.12%) DLNA
13 4 (0.12%) UPnP
13 4 (0.12%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 393 (11.60%) SQL Server
2 353 (10.42%) MySQL
3 295 (8.71%) NoSQL
4 239 (7.05%) Relational Database
5 231 (6.82%) MongoDB
6 204 (6.02%) PostgreSQL
7 100 (2.95%) Amazon RDS
8 93 (2.74%) Big Data
9 88 (2.60%) Elasticsearch
10 74 (2.18%) Flink
11 68 (2.01%) Apache Cassandra
12 67 (1.98%) DynamoDB
13 48 (1.42%) Redis
14 44 (1.30%) RDBMS
15 39 (1.15%) Power BI
16 35 (1.03%) Data Warehouse
17 26 (0.77%) Hadoop
18 24 (0.71%) Amazon Athena
19 23 (0.68%) BigQuery
20 22 (0.65%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 843 (24.88%) Git (software)
2 431 (12.72%) Jenkins
3 375 (11.07%) JIRA
4 266 (7.85%) Selenium
5 163 (4.81%) Cucumber
6 147 (4.34%) Maven
7 139 (4.10%) GitLab
7 139 (4.10%) Visual Studio
8 136 (4.01%) JUnit
9 117 (3.45%) Subversion
10 97 (2.86%) WebDriver
11 93 (2.74%) SpecFlow
12 87 (2.57%) Gradle
13 81 (2.39%) Bitbucket
14 76 (2.24%) JMeter
15 72 (2.13%) Cypress.io
16 69 (2.04%) NUnit
17 68 (2.01%) Ant
18 65 (1.92%) Team Foundation Server
18 65 (1.92%) webpack
General
1 720 (21.25%) Social Skills
2 614 (18.12%) Finance
3 292 (8.62%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 175 (5.17%) Marketing
5 169 (4.99%) Manufacturing
6 168 (4.96%) Games
7 146 (4.31%) Analytical Skills
8 133 (3.93%) Public Sector
9 129 (3.81%) Law
10 127 (3.75%) Banking
11 107 (3.16%) Legal
12 82 (2.42%) Retail
13 67 (1.98%) Electronics
14 60 (1.77%) Telecoms
15 58 (1.71%) Automotive
16 51 (1.51%) Social Housing
17 46 (1.36%) Advertising
18 45 (1.33%) Publishing
19 39 (1.15%) Financial Institution
20 30 (0.89%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 1,565 (46.19%) Developer
2 732 (21.61%) Software Engineer
3 491 (14.49%) Senior Developer
4 385 (11.36%) Java Developer
5 366 (10.80%) Software Developer
6 268 (7.91%) .NET Developer
7 240 (7.08%) Senior Software Engineer
8 210 (6.20%) C# Developer
9 164 (4.84%) Full Stack Developer
10 142 (4.19%) Java Engineer
11 136 (4.01%) Senior Java Developer
12 130 (3.84%) Senior Software Developer
13 123 (3.63%) Technical Leader
14 118 (3.48%) Lead Developer
15 112 (3.31%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 109 (3.22%) Principal Engineer
17 100 (2.95%) Graduate
18 97 (2.86%) C# Software Developer
19 95 (2.80%) Senior Java Engineer
20 93 (2.74%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,023 (30.19%) .NET
2 1,005 (29.66%) React
3 696 (20.54%) HTML
4 652 (19.24%) AngularJS
5 633 (18.68%) CSS
6 566 (16.71%) Node.js
7 452 (13.34%) .NET Core
8 428 (12.63%) RESTful
9 374 (11.04%) Spring
10 372 (10.98%) REST
11 330 (9.74%) Vue.js
12 328 (9.68%) HTML5
13 316 (9.33%) .NET Framework
14 313 (9.24%) ASP.NET
15 271 (8.00%) Spring Boot
16 266 (7.85%) Web Services
17 241 (7.11%) Entity Framework
18 225 (6.64%) CSS3
19 219 (6.46%) ASP.NET Web API
20 184 (5.43%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 285 (8.41%) Data Structures
2 272 (8.03%) Algorithms
3 199 (5.87%) Cloud Native
4 185 (5.46%) Self-Motivation
5 184 (5.43%) User Experience
6 149 (4.40%) Greenfield Project
7 141 (4.16%) Public Cloud
8 134 (3.96%) Mobile App
9 120 (3.54%) Data Protection Act
10 119 (3.51%) Life Science
11 92 (2.72%) Enterprise Software
12 88 (2.60%) IoT
13 84 (2.48%) Virtual Team
14 70 (2.07%) Linux Command Line
15 64 (1.89%) Cyberattack
16 61 (1.80%) Cyber Defence
17 55 (1.62%) Social Media
18 49 (1.45%) Blog
19 41 (1.21%) Hackathon
20 38 (1.12%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 392 (11.57%) Linux
2 198 (5.84%) Unix
3 195 (5.76%) Windows
4 176 (5.19%) Android
5 121 (3.57%) Apple iOS
6 43 (1.27%) Ubuntu
7 28 (0.83%) VMS
8 25 (0.74%) Windows Server
9 21 (0.62%) Mesosphere
10 10 (0.30%) Mac OS
11 4 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
12 3 (0.089%) CentOS
12 3 (0.089%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.059%) FreeBSD
14 1 (0.030%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,743 (80.96%) Agile
2 1,461 (43.12%) Software Engineering
3 1,405 (41.47%) CI/CD
4 1,163 (34.33%) DevOps
5 1,141 (33.68%) BDD
6 979 (28.90%) Scrum
7 972 (28.69%) Test Automation
8 889 (26.24%) Mentoring
9 881 (26.00%) Microservices
10 827 (24.41%) Continuous Integration
11 710 (20.96%) Full Stack Development
12 546 (16.12%) Unit Testing
13 529 (15.61%) Coaching
14 493 (14.55%) Software Testing
15 470 (13.87%) Pair Programming
16 469 (13.84%) SDLC
17 455 (13.43%) Problem-Solving
18 452 (13.34%) MVC
19 412 (12.16%) OO
20 401 (11.84%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,414 (41.74%) Java
2 1,291 (38.11%) JavaScript
3 1,205 (35.57%) C#
4 870 (25.68%) SQL
5 800 (23.61%) Python
6 556 (16.41%) TypeScript
7 335 (9.89%) C++
8 290 (8.56%) PHP
9 274 (8.09%) C
10 198 (5.84%) Ruby
11 138 (4.07%) PowerShell
12 120 (3.54%) Kotlin
13 113 (3.34%) Objective-C
14 109 (3.22%) T-SQL
15 102 (3.01%) Go
16 87 (2.57%) Perl
17 85 (2.51%) Shell Script
18 84 (2.48%) ES6
19 62 (1.83%) Scala
20 47 (1.39%) Bash
Qualifications
1 566 (16.71%) Degree
2 284 (8.38%) Computer Science Degree
3 101 (2.98%) Security Cleared
4 69 (2.04%) Microsoft Certification
5 59 (1.74%) SC Cleared
6 26 (0.77%) PhD
7 25 (0.74%) AWS Certification
7 25 (0.74%) ISEB
8 24 (0.71%) Numerate Degree
9 20 (0.59%) ISTQB
10 12 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 12 (0.35%) PMI Certification
11 11 (0.32%) MCAD
12 10 (0.30%) DBS Check
12 10 (0.30%) Postgraduate
13 9 (0.27%) Master's Degree
14 7 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
14 7 (0.21%) Oracle Certification
15 6 (0.18%) CBAP
15 6 (0.18%) IIBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 281 (8.29%) QA
2 199 (5.87%) Accessibility
3 11 (0.32%) HL7
4 10 (0.30%) Data Quality
4 10 (0.30%) GDPR
5 8 (0.24%) ISO 9001
6 7 (0.21%) WCAG
7 5 (0.15%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.12%) WAI
9 1 (0.030%) Def Stans
9 1 (0.030%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.030%) MISRA
9 1 (0.030%) PSD2
System Software
1 605 (17.86%) Docker
2 26 (0.77%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (0.50%) Firmware
4 11 (0.32%) Active Directory
4 11 (0.32%) Embedded Firmware
5 7 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.059%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.059%) IAG
7 2 (0.059%) KVM
8 1 (0.030%) Postfix
8 1 (0.030%) zsh
Systems Management
1 520 (15.35%) Kubernetes
2 209 (6.17%) Terraform
3 78 (2.30%) Ansible
4 62 (1.83%) Prometheus
5 51 (1.51%) Opscode Chef
6 42 (1.24%) Grafana
7 30 (0.89%) Puppet
8 23 (0.68%) Consul
8 23 (0.68%) Kibana
9 21 (0.62%) Automic
9 21 (0.62%) logstash
10 17 (0.50%) Control-M
11 11 (0.32%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 11 (0.32%) Bugsnag
12 10 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
13 5 (0.15%) Cisco IPCC
13 5 (0.15%) Packer
14 4 (0.12%) HP Quality Center
15 3 (0.089%) Rancher
16 2 (0.059%) Podman
Vendors
1 465 (13.72%) Microsoft
2 245 (7.23%) Google
3 100 (2.95%) Oracle
4 64 (1.89%) Sun
5 58 (1.71%) FIS
5 58 (1.71%) MuleSoft
6 40 (1.18%) CA
6 40 (1.18%) Hitachi
7 34 (1.00%) Xamarin
8 30 (0.89%) Atlassian
8 30 (0.89%) Zend
9 29 (0.86%) IBM
10 26 (0.77%) VMware
11 24 (0.71%) Splunk
12 23 (0.68%) SAP
13 22 (0.65%) Salesforce.com
14 19 (0.56%) CyberSource
14 19 (0.56%) QinetiQ
15 15 (0.44%) LexisNexis
16 14 (0.41%) Databricks