Period
to 16 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 16 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
16 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 157 133 123
Rank change year-on-year -24 -10 +10
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 938 1,502 2,320
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 2.01% 2.40% 2.76%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 7.85% 9.08% 9.91%
Number of salaries quoted 697 1,170 1,860
10th Percentile £32,300 £31,250 £28,750
25th Percentile £37,750 £36,250 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £49,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.21% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £61,250 £61,000 £60,000
90th Percentile £71,250 £77,500 £68,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 11,947 16,544 23,411
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 25.59% 26.46% 27.86%
Number of salaries quoted 9,895 13,737 19,176
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,500
25th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £34,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £48,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.78% - +5.88%
75th Percentile £60,313 £58,000 £57,500
90th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £68,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK excluding London

Relational Database
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK excluding London

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 16 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK excluding London

Relational Database
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 16 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -18 288 £55,000 +10.00% 43
North of England -46 175 £47,500 +5.56% 73
South West +10 126 £45,000 +12.50% 29
Midlands +11 116 £42,500 -5.56% 34
North West -32 98 £50,000 +11.11% 38
East of England +3 92 £55,000 - 16
Scotland -28 90 £50,000 +2.56% 23
West Midlands -42 66 £45,000 - 24
Yorkshire -20 65 £45,000 -5.26% 29
East Midlands +30 48 £39,750 -11.67% 10
Wales +18 31 £45,000 +12.50% 3
Northern Ireland +7 23 £45,000 - 3
North East -6 12 £36,583 -3.09% 6
Isle of Man - 2 - -
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 16 April 2021, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 492 (52.45%) SQL
2 419 (44.67%) Agile Software Development
3 373 (39.77%) JavaScript
4 296 (31.56%) SQL Server
5 265 (28.25%) Java
6 240 (25.59%) AWS
7 233 (24.84%) Azure
8 230 (24.52%) C#
9 227 (24.20%) DevOps
10 226 (24.09%) Degree
11 218 (23.24%) Software Engineering
12 216 (23.03%) Python
13 215 (22.92%) Git (software)
14 211 (22.49%) MySQL
15 205 (21.86%) HTML
15 205 (21.86%) Scrum
16 199 (21.22%) Microservices
17 198 (21.11%) Linux
18 187 (19.94%) .NET
19 184 (19.62%) CSS
20 181 (19.30%) RDBMS
21 178 (18.98%) Computer Science
22 166 (17.70%) Finance
23 162 (17.27%) Problem-Solving
24 158 (16.84%) PostgreSQL
25 151 (16.10%) Microsoft
26 147 (15.67%) Business Intelligence
26 147 (15.67%) RESTful
27 138 (14.71%) Web Services
27 138 (14.71%) TDD

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (4.05%) Apache Spark
2 18 (1.92%) Confluence
3 17 (1.81%) Apache
4 16 (1.71%) Apache Airflow
5 15 (1.60%) Luigi
5 15 (1.60%) WebSphere
6 13 (1.39%) SAS
7 12 (1.28%) Elasticsearch
7 12 (1.28%) IIS
8 11 (1.17%) OpenStack
9 9 (0.96%) Tomcat
10 8 (0.85%) GemFire
11 6 (0.64%) CMS
12 5 (0.53%) Apache Synapse
13 4 (0.43%) Exchange Server 2010
13 4 (0.43%) MS Exchange
13 4 (0.43%) Oracle Workflow
14 3 (0.32%) JBoss
14 3 (0.32%) SharePoint
14 3 (0.32%) WebLogic
Applications
1 22 (2.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (1.39%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.75%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.11%) EngageOne
5 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.11%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 15 (1.60%) Shopify
2 12 (1.28%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (0.75%) Magento
3 7 (0.75%) NetSuite
4 6 (0.64%) Dynamics AX
5 5 (0.53%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.21%) Cognos Business Intelligence
6 2 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
6 2 (0.21%) HFM
6 2 (0.21%) iTrent
6 2 (0.21%) Odoo
6 2 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.21%) Oracle Assets
6 2 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
6 2 (0.21%) Oracle General Ledger
6 2 (0.21%) Oracle Payables
6 2 (0.21%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 1 (0.11%) Elite 3E
7 1 (0.11%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 240 (25.59%) AWS
2 233 (24.84%) Azure
3 74 (7.89%) Power Platform
4 58 (6.18%) SaaS
5 52 (5.54%) Serverless
6 51 (5.44%) GCP
7 31 (3.30%) GitHub
8 22 (2.35%) PaaS
9 21 (2.24%) Amazon EC2
10 19 (2.03%) OpenShift
11 18 (1.92%) Amazon S3
12 16 (1.71%) Azure Data Factory
13 15 (1.60%) Amazon ECS
13 15 (1.60%) Amazon EKS
13 15 (1.60%) Cloud Computing
14 14 (1.49%) Dynamics 365
15 13 (1.39%) Amazon Kinesis
16 10 (1.07%) Azure Functions
17 9 (0.96%) AWS Lambda
17 9 (0.96%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 25 (2.67%) HTTP
2 18 (1.92%) Internet
3 15 (1.60%) Firewall
3 15 (1.60%) TCP/IP
4 11 (1.17%) Wireshark
5 7 (0.75%) AMQP
5 7 (0.75%) DHCP
6 6 (0.64%) SNMP
7 4 (0.43%) DNS
7 4 (0.43%) Network Security
7 4 (0.43%) Unified Communications
7 4 (0.43%) VoIP
7 4 (0.43%) VPN
8 3 (0.32%) SAN
9 2 (0.21%) FTP
9 2 (0.21%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.21%) MQTT
9 2 (0.21%) SSL
10 1 (0.11%) IPv4
10 1 (0.11%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 296 (31.56%) SQL Server
2 211 (22.49%) MySQL
3 181 (19.30%) RDBMS
4 158 (16.84%) PostgreSQL
5 99 (10.55%) Data Warehouse
6 98 (10.45%) NoSQL
7 70 (7.46%) Power BI
8 67 (7.14%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 53 (5.65%) Big Data
10 43 (4.58%) Redis
11 40 (4.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 39 (4.16%) MongoDB
13 33 (3.52%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 29 (3.09%) Oracle Database
15 27 (2.88%) Data Lake
16 25 (2.67%) Hadoop
17 23 (2.45%) Amazon Redshift
18 22 (2.35%) Tableau
19 17 (1.81%) Amazon RDS
20 14 (1.49%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 215 (22.92%) Git (software)
2 81 (8.64%) Jenkins
3 45 (4.80%) JIRA
4 35 (3.73%) Maven
5 34 (3.62%) Visual Studio
6 30 (3.20%) TeamCity
7 29 (3.09%) Team Foundation Server
8 27 (2.88%) JUnit
9 24 (2.56%) Cucumber
9 24 (2.56%) Subversion
10 23 (2.45%) Gradle
11 21 (2.24%) IntelliJ
12 20 (2.13%) Selenium
13 18 (1.92%) GitLab
14 16 (1.71%) Octopus Deploy
15 15 (1.60%) Flyway
16 14 (1.49%) Eclipse
17 13 (1.39%) Bitbucket
18 11 (1.17%) Sonatype Nexus
18 11 (1.17%) webpack
General
1 166 (17.70%) Finance
2 77 (8.21%) Marketing
3 57 (6.08%) Public Sector
4 48 (5.12%) Retail
5 27 (2.88%) Law
6 19 (2.03%) Manufacturing
7 18 (1.92%) Games
8 17 (1.81%) Automotive
9 16 (1.71%) Telecoms
10 15 (1.60%) Banking
11 14 (1.49%) Electronics
12 10 (1.07%) Pharmaceutical
13 8 (0.85%) Legal
14 4 (0.43%) Billing
14 4 (0.43%) French Language
14 4 (0.43%) German Language
14 4 (0.43%) Housing Association
14 4 (0.43%) Police
15 3 (0.32%) Local Government
16 2 (0.21%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 509 (54.26%) Developer
2 106 (11.30%) Software Engineer
3 97 (10.34%) Java Developer
4 90 (9.59%) Senior Developer
5 75 (8.00%) Full Stack Developer
6 74 (7.89%) Software Developer
7 62 (6.61%) .NET Developer
7 62 (6.61%) Data Engineer
8 51 (5.44%) Architect
9 48 (5.12%) C# Developer
10 46 (4.90%) Analyst
11 44 (4.69%) PHP Developer
12 37 (3.94%) Junior
13 33 (3.52%) C# .NET Developer
13 33 (3.52%) JavaScript Developer
14 26 (2.77%) DBA
14 26 (2.77%) Python Developer
15 25 (2.67%) DevOps Engineer
15 25 (2.67%) React Developer
16 24 (2.56%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 205 (21.86%) HTML
2 187 (19.94%) .NET
3 184 (19.62%) CSS
4 147 (15.67%) RESTful
5 138 (14.71%) Web Services
6 128 (13.65%) Spring
7 119 (12.69%) REST
8 115 (12.26%) React
9 113 (12.05%) AngularJS
10 106 (11.30%) Node.js
11 82 (8.74%) .NET Framework
12 77 (8.21%) JSON
13 75 (8.00%) ASP.NET
14 69 (7.36%) .NET Core
15 64 (6.82%) HTML5
15 64 (6.82%) Spring Boot
16 60 (6.40%) Vue.js
17 53 (5.65%) XML
18 52 (5.54%) SOAP
19 42 (4.48%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 133 (14.18%) Analytical Skills
2 67 (7.14%) User Experience
3 53 (5.65%) Self-Motivation
4 52 (5.54%) Mobile App
5 40 (4.26%) Greenfield Project
6 39 (4.16%) Enterprise Software
7 38 (4.05%) Data Structures
8 30 (3.20%) Virtual Team
9 28 (2.99%) Management Information System
9 28 (2.99%) N-Tier
10 23 (2.45%) EPoS
11 21 (2.24%) Linux Command Line
12 20 (2.13%) Driving Licence
13 18 (1.92%) Algorithms
13 18 (1.92%) Cloud Native
14 13 (1.39%) Renewable Energy
14 13 (1.39%) Video\Live Streaming
15 10 (1.07%) Data Centre
15 10 (1.07%) Fixed Income
15 10 (1.07%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 198 (21.11%) Linux
2 63 (6.72%) Unix
3 57 (6.08%) Windows
4 30 (3.20%) Windows Server
5 13 (1.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 11 (1.17%) Android
6 11 (1.17%) Embedded Linux
7 5 (0.53%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.43%) Apple iOS
8 4 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
9 3 (0.32%) CentOS
9 3 (0.32%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.21%) Amazon Linux
10 2 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
11 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 419 (44.67%) Agile Software Development
2 227 (24.20%) DevOps
3 218 (23.24%) Software Engineering
4 205 (21.86%) Scrum
5 199 (21.22%) Microservices
6 178 (18.98%) Computer Science
7 162 (17.27%) Problem-Solving
8 147 (15.67%) Business Intelligence
9 138 (14.71%) TDD
10 123 (13.11%) OO
11 116 (12.37%) Test Automation
12 110 (11.73%) Analytics
12 110 (11.73%) Data Modelling
13 102 (10.87%) SDLC
14 98 (10.45%) ETL
15 86 (9.17%) Continuous Integration
15 86 (9.17%) Unit Testing
16 77 (8.21%) MVC
17 72 (7.68%) Mentoring
18 71 (7.57%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 492 (52.45%) SQL
2 373 (39.77%) JavaScript
3 265 (28.25%) Java
4 230 (24.52%) C#
5 216 (23.03%) Python
6 87 (9.28%) PHP
7 63 (6.72%) T-SQL
8 52 (5.54%) C++
9 45 (4.80%) TypeScript
10 41 (4.37%) Ruby
11 32 (3.41%) R
12 31 (3.30%) Java 8
13 30 (3.20%) Bash Shell
14 28 (2.99%) C
15 27 (2.88%) Scala
16 22 (2.35%) PL/SQL
17 19 (2.03%) PowerShell
18 18 (1.92%) Go
19 17 (1.81%) Perl
20 14 (1.49%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 226 (24.09%) Degree
2 106 (11.30%) Computer Science Degree
3 39 (4.16%) Security Cleared
4 31 (3.30%) Microsoft Certification
5 15 (1.60%) SC Cleared
6 12 (1.28%) HND
7 9 (0.96%) AWS Certification
7 9 (0.96%) HNC
8 7 (0.75%) CTC Cleared
9 6 (0.64%) MCDBA
9 6 (0.64%) MCSA
9 6 (0.64%) MCSE
9 6 (0.64%) OCP
9 6 (0.64%) Oracle Certification
10 5 (0.53%) PhD
11 4 (0.43%) CCNA
11 4 (0.43%) Cisco Certification
11 4 (0.43%) MCP
11 4 (0.43%) Microsoft Certified Architect
11 4 (0.43%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 84 (8.96%) QA
2 25 (2.67%) Data Quality
3 7 (0.75%) GDPR
4 4 (0.43%) CDISC
4 4 (0.43%) Good Clinical Practice
4 4 (0.43%) JTAG
5 2 (0.21%) 21 CFR Part 11
5 2 (0.21%) GxP
5 2 (0.21%) IEC 62304
5 2 (0.21%) ISO 13485
5 2 (0.21%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.11%) GRC
6 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.11%) WCAG
System Software
1 87 (9.28%) Docker
2 11 (1.17%) Active Directory
2 11 (1.17%) Hyper-V
2 11 (1.17%) VMware Infrastructure
3 6 (0.64%) HDFS
4 5 (0.53%) Oracle RAC
5 4 (0.43%) Firmware
5 4 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
6 2 (0.21%) XenApp
7 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 1 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 76 (8.10%) Kubernetes
2 51 (5.44%) Ansible
3 37 (3.94%) Terraform
4 18 (1.92%) Opscode Chef
5 9 (0.96%) Puppet
6 7 (0.75%) Prometheus
7 6 (0.64%) Kibana
8 5 (0.53%) Data Guard
8 5 (0.53%) Oracle RMAN
8 5 (0.53%) Zipkin
9 4 (0.43%) Packer
9 4 (0.43%) Proxmox
10 3 (0.32%) Grafana
10 3 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.21%) Hadoop YARN
12 1 (0.11%) HP Quality Center
12 1 (0.11%) Icinga
12 1 (0.11%) Oozie
12 1 (0.11%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 151 (16.10%) Microsoft
2 116 (12.37%) Oracle
3 49 (5.22%) Google
4 39 (4.16%) Salesforce.com
5 28 (2.99%) IBM
6 21 (2.24%) Red Hat
7 20 (2.13%) VMware
8 18 (1.92%) SAP
9 17 (1.81%) Splunk
10 13 (1.39%) Databricks
10 13 (1.39%) ServiceNow
11 11 (1.17%) Sybase
11 11 (1.17%) Telerik
12 10 (1.07%) Cognos
13 9 (0.96%) Informatica
13 9 (0.96%) WSO2
14 8 (0.85%) MuleSoft
14 8 (0.85%) Okta
14 8 (0.85%) SaltStack
14 8 (0.85%) Talend