Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 17 18 17
Rank change year-on-year +1 -1 +3
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 4,864 6,333 9,577
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 10.60% 9.99% 11.40%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.55% 10.97% 12.40%
Number of salaries quoted 3,744 5,083 7,435
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £38,750 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £64,138 £61,250 £60,000
90th Percentile £75,438 £72,500 £72,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 42,121 57,716 77,262
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 91.76% 91.04% 91.98%
Number of salaries quoted 32,228 46,164 60,519
10th Percentile £30,000 £27,750 £27,500
25th Percentile £37,500 £35,750 £34,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £61,250 £60,000 £58,750
90th Percentile £72,500 £72,500 £70,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK excluding London

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK excluding London

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK excluding London

Software Engineering
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -1 1,256 £55,000 +10.00% 310
North of England +6 1,253 £54,653 +9.31% 414
South West -7 795 £50,000 +5.26% 217
North West +5 610 £55,000 +4.76% 239
Yorkshire +3 526 £52,500 +5.00% 146
Midlands -1 525 £50,000 - 221
Scotland +2 498 £50,000 - 117
East of England +8 348 £55,000 +10.00% 232
West Midlands -2 304 £55,000 +15.79% 148
East Midlands 0 219 £50,000 - 72
Northern Ireland +10 126 £43,750 -2.78% 29
North East +1 117 £55,000 +15.79% 29
Wales -10 65 £45,000 - 47
Isle of Man - 2 £47,500 -
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 2,224 (45.72%) Agile Software Development
2 1,676 (34.46%) C#
3 1,636 (33.63%) JavaScript
4 1,609 (33.08%) Java
5 1,233 (25.35%) Python
6 1,188 (24.42%) SQL
7 1,168 (24.01%) .NET
8 1,157 (23.79%) AWS
9 1,050 (21.59%) Docker
10 1,044 (21.46%) C++
11 1,034 (21.26%) Azure
12 1,032 (21.22%) DevOps
13 945 (19.43%) Degree
14 903 (18.56%) Linux
15 798 (16.41%) AngularJS
16 767 (15.77%) React
17 758 (15.58%) Kubernetes
18 715 (14.70%) Microservices
19 702 (14.43%) HTML
20 687 (14.12%) TDD
21 680 (13.98%) Computer Science
22 655 (13.47%) Scrum
23 636 (13.08%) Node.js
24 627 (12.89%) Git (software)
25 610 (12.54%) CSS
26 602 (12.38%) OO
27 560 (11.51%) Test Automation
28 540 (11.10%) Problem-Solving
29 533 (10.96%) C
30 495 (10.18%) .NET Core

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 177 (3.64%) Confluence
2 175 (3.60%) Elasticsearch
3 105 (2.16%) Apache
4 79 (1.62%) Apache Spark
5 64 (1.32%) nginx
6 48 (0.99%) CMS
7 40 (0.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 36 (0.74%) Tomcat
9 17 (0.35%) IIS
10 16 (0.33%) Umbraco
11 15 (0.31%) OpenStack
11 15 (0.31%) Sitecore CMS
12 13 (0.27%) BizTalk Server
12 13 (0.27%) JBoss
13 11 (0.23%) SAS
14 10 (0.21%) Apache Solr
14 10 (0.21%) GemFire
15 8 (0.16%) Headless CMS
16 7 (0.14%) EPiServer
16 7 (0.14%) Sitefinity
Applications
1 45 (0.93%) Simulink
2 20 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
4 15 (0.31%) Stateflow
5 11 (0.23%) AutoCAD
6 6 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 5 (0.10%) MS Visio
8 4 (0.082%) Gliffy
9 3 (0.062%) Adobe Illustrator
9 3 (0.062%) Figma
9 3 (0.062%) GIMP
9 3 (0.062%) Inkscape
9 3 (0.062%) Photoshop
9 3 (0.062%) Sketch
9 3 (0.062%) Zeplin
10 2 (0.041%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.041%) Microsoft Project
11 1 (0.021%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 12 (0.25%) Shopify
2 11 (0.23%) Magento
3 8 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
4 7 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
5 6 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 4 (0.082%) NetSuite
7 3 (0.062%) Payment Gateway
7 3 (0.062%) Sentinel
8 2 (0.041%) SAP Business One
9 1 (0.021%) Dynamics NAV
9 1 (0.021%) Elite 3E
9 1 (0.021%) Infor M3
9 1 (0.021%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,157 (23.79%) AWS
2 1,034 (21.26%) Azure
3 389 (8.00%) GCP
4 272 (5.59%) SaaS
5 140 (2.88%) Serverless
6 121 (2.49%) AWS CloudFormation
7 112 (2.30%) Cloud Computing
8 108 (2.22%) GitHub
9 100 (2.06%) PaaS
10 73 (1.50%) AWS Lambda
11 55 (1.13%) Amazon EC2
12 49 (1.01%) IaaS
13 48 (0.99%) npm
14 23 (0.47%) Amazon S3
15 20 (0.41%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
15 20 (0.41%) Dynamics 365
15 20 (0.41%) Power Platform
16 19 (0.39%) OpenShift
17 17 (0.35%) Amazon Kinesis
17 17 (0.35%) AWS IoT
Communications & Networking
1 110 (2.26%) Internet
2 87 (1.79%) TCP/IP
3 62 (1.27%) Wireless
4 53 (1.09%) Ethernet
5 50 (1.03%) HTTP
6 43 (0.88%) Bluetooth
7 38 (0.78%) Wireshark
8 36 (0.74%) Wi-Fi
9 22 (0.45%) Modbus
9 22 (0.45%) MQTT
10 21 (0.43%) RS-485
11 17 (0.35%) ZigBee
12 16 (0.33%) Firewall
12 16 (0.33%) HTTPS
12 16 (0.33%) RS-422
13 14 (0.29%) DNS
13 14 (0.29%) Software-Defined Radio
14 13 (0.27%) Broadband
15 9 (0.19%) RS-232
15 9 (0.19%) RTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 462 (9.50%) SQL Server
2 439 (9.03%) NoSQL
3 302 (6.21%) Big Data
4 271 (5.57%) MySQL
5 233 (4.79%) PostgreSQL
6 209 (4.30%) Relational Database
7 185 (3.80%) MongoDB
8 112 (2.30%) Redis
9 76 (1.56%) Hadoop
10 56 (1.15%) Apache Hive
11 52 (1.07%) Amazon RDS
12 47 (0.97%) Data Warehouse
13 44 (0.90%) GIS
14 42 (0.86%) RDBMS
15 33 (0.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 28 (0.58%) Cosmos DB
17 25 (0.51%) Apache Cassandra
18 24 (0.49%) Neo4j
19 21 (0.43%) MariaDB
20 20 (0.41%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 627 (12.89%) Git (software)
2 359 (7.38%) Jenkins
3 282 (5.80%) JIRA
4 167 (3.43%) Subversion
5 134 (2.75%) Visual Studio
6 109 (2.24%) JUnit
7 108 (2.22%) Selenium
8 102 (2.10%) Maven
9 98 (2.01%) Mercurial
10 80 (1.64%) GitLab
11 78 (1.60%) Eclipse
12 72 (1.48%) Cucumber
13 66 (1.36%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 63 (1.30%) webpack
15 49 (1.01%) Bitbucket
16 39 (0.80%) Team Foundation Server
17 38 (0.78%) Rational DOORS
17 38 (0.78%) SonarQube
18 36 (0.74%) TeamCity
19 32 (0.66%) IntelliJ
General
1 461 (9.48%) Finance
2 209 (4.30%) Electronics
3 175 (3.60%) Law
4 165 (3.39%) Marketing
5 143 (2.94%) Manufacturing
6 132 (2.71%) Public Sector
7 100 (2.06%) Banking
8 83 (1.71%) Retail
9 81 (1.67%) Games
9 81 (1.67%) Legal
10 69 (1.42%) Automotive
11 67 (1.38%) Telecoms
12 62 (1.27%) Aerospace
13 40 (0.82%) Publishing
14 34 (0.70%) Military
15 28 (0.58%) Financial Institution
16 27 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
17 19 (0.39%) Advertising
18 13 (0.27%) Billing
19 12 (0.25%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 2,297 (47.22%) Software Engineer
2 1,595 (32.79%) Developer
3 561 (11.53%) Senior Software Engineer
4 373 (7.67%) Software Developer
5 335 (6.89%) Java Engineer
6 330 (6.78%) Senior Developer
7 310 (6.37%) C# Developer
8 299 (6.15%) Java Software Engineer
9 236 (4.85%) .NET Developer
10 222 (4.56%) Java Developer
11 219 (4.50%) C++ Software Engineer
12 203 (4.17%) Embedded Engineer
13 196 (4.03%) C# Software Engineer
14 178 (3.66%) Embedded Software Engineer
15 164 (3.37%) Full Stack Developer
16 163 (3.35%) DevOps Engineer
17 148 (3.04%) .NET Software Engineer
18 145 (2.98%) Python Engineer
19 133 (2.73%) C# .NET Developer
20 131 (2.69%) Graduate
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,168 (24.01%) .NET
2 798 (16.41%) AngularJS
3 767 (15.77%) React
4 702 (14.43%) HTML
5 636 (13.08%) Node.js
6 610 (12.54%) CSS
7 495 (10.18%) .NET Core
8 384 (7.89%) Vue.js
9 375 (7.71%) Spring
10 360 (7.40%) REST
11 317 (6.52%) RESTful
12 289 (5.94%) ASP.NET
13 256 (5.26%) Web Services
14 253 (5.20%) .NET Framework
15 242 (4.98%) HTML5
16 235 (4.83%) Kafka
17 173 (3.56%) Spring Boot
18 144 (2.96%) jQuery
19 135 (2.78%) CSS3
20 127 (2.61%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 323 (6.64%) Algorithms
2 270 (5.55%) Greenfield Project
3 238 (4.89%) Analytical Skills
4 192 (3.95%) User Experience
5 187 (3.84%) Data Structures
6 130 (2.67%) Mobile App
7 119 (2.45%) Enterprise Software
8 105 (2.16%) Embedded Systems
9 90 (1.85%) Self-Motivation
10 81 (1.67%) Management Information System
11 60 (1.23%) Public Cloud
12 58 (1.19%) Virtual Team
13 55 (1.13%) Cyberattack
14 46 (0.95%) Cloud Native
15 43 (0.88%) Device Driver
16 37 (0.76%) Robotics
17 36 (0.74%) Data Centre
18 35 (0.72%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
18 35 (0.72%) Linux Command Line
19 27 (0.56%) LIMS
Operating Systems
1 903 (18.56%) Linux
2 310 (6.37%) Windows
3 129 (2.65%) Android
4 117 (2.41%) Unix
5 102 (2.10%) Apple iOS
6 86 (1.77%) Embedded Linux
7 49 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 38 (0.78%) CentOS
9 22 (0.45%) Windows Server
10 8 (0.16%) VxWorks
11 7 (0.14%) Ubuntu
12 6 (0.12%) FreeRTOS
12 6 (0.12%) Windows 10
13 5 (0.10%) Debian
14 2 (0.041%) Amazon Linux
14 2 (0.041%) Fedora
14 2 (0.041%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.041%) Robot Operating System
14 2 (0.041%) VMS
15 1 (0.021%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,224 (45.72%) Agile Software Development
2 1,032 (21.22%) DevOps
3 715 (14.70%) Microservices
4 687 (14.12%) TDD
5 680 (13.98%) Computer Science
6 655 (13.47%) Scrum
7 602 (12.38%) OO
8 560 (11.51%) Test Automation
9 540 (11.10%) Problem-Solving
10 487 (10.01%) Mentoring
11 398 (8.18%) Continuous Integration
12 381 (7.83%) MVC
13 356 (7.32%) Software Testing
14 354 (7.28%) OOP
15 349 (7.18%) SDLC
16 347 (7.13%) Machine Learning
17 338 (6.95%) Unit Testing
18 325 (6.68%) Artificial Intelligence
19 312 (6.41%) Mathematics
20 276 (5.67%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 1,676 (34.46%) C#
2 1,636 (33.63%) JavaScript
3 1,609 (33.08%) Java
4 1,233 (25.35%) Python
5 1,188 (24.42%) SQL
6 1,044 (21.46%) C++
7 533 (10.96%) C
8 434 (8.92%) TypeScript
9 349 (7.18%) Go
10 274 (5.63%) Ruby
11 247 (5.08%) PHP
12 154 (3.17%) Scala
13 127 (2.61%) T-SQL
14 110 (2.26%) Kotlin
15 105 (2.16%) Java 8
16 96 (1.97%) Bash Shell
17 89 (1.83%) Embedded C
18 74 (1.52%) ES6
19 63 (1.30%) MATLAB
20 62 (1.27%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 945 (19.43%) Degree
2 375 (7.71%) Security Cleared
3 337 (6.93%) Computer Science Degree
4 283 (5.82%) SC Cleared
5 82 (1.69%) Numerate Degree
6 66 (1.36%) PhD
7 65 (1.34%) Master's Degree
8 48 (0.99%) HND
9 44 (0.90%) HNC
10 41 (0.84%) DV Cleared
11 17 (0.35%) ISTQB
12 15 (0.31%) AWS Certification
13 11 (0.23%) DBS Check
14 10 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
14 10 (0.21%) Chartered Engineer
14 10 (0.21%) RHCE
14 10 (0.21%) RHCSA
15 9 (0.19%) ISEB
15 9 (0.19%) PMI Certification
16 7 (0.14%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 230 (4.73%) QA
2 17 (0.35%) ISO 9001
2 17 (0.35%) MISRA
3 16 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 16 (0.33%) SLA
4 15 (0.31%) Data Quality
5 14 (0.29%) GDPR
5 14 (0.29%) ISO 26262
6 9 (0.19%) Def Stans
6 9 (0.19%) IEC 61508
6 9 (0.19%) MISRA C
7 8 (0.16%) PCI DSS
8 7 (0.14%) PMO
9 6 (0.12%) IEC 61131
9 6 (0.12%) IEC 62304
9 6 (0.12%) JTAG
10 5 (0.10%) CDISC
11 4 (0.082%) ARP4754
11 4 (0.082%) ISO 13485
12 3 (0.062%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,050 (21.59%) Docker
2 60 (1.23%) Firmware
3 59 (1.21%) VMware Infrastructure
4 25 (0.51%) KVM
5 21 (0.43%) VirtualBox
6 15 (0.31%) Hyper-V
7 12 (0.25%) HDFS
8 7 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
9 6 (0.12%) Active Directory
9 6 (0.12%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.062%) Postfix
10 3 (0.062%) RACF
10 3 (0.062%) VMware ESXi
10 3 (0.062%) vSphere
11 2 (0.041%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.021%) GlusterFS
12 1 (0.021%) XenApp
12 1 (0.021%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 758 (15.58%) Kubernetes
2 329 (6.76%) Terraform
3 216 (4.44%) Ansible
4 57 (1.17%) Puppet
5 51 (1.05%) Opscode Chef
6 32 (0.66%) Packer
7 25 (0.51%) Docker Swarm
8 23 (0.47%) Consul
9 22 (0.45%) Prometheus
10 21 (0.43%) Grafana
11 19 (0.39%) CFEngine
11 19 (0.39%) Demisto
12 14 (0.29%) Nagios
13 9 (0.19%) Graphite
14 8 (0.16%) HP Fortify
15 7 (0.14%) Single Sign-On
15 7 (0.14%) ZABBIX
16 6 (0.12%) Kibana
17 5 (0.10%) logstash
17 5 (0.10%) Oozie
Vendors
1 349 (7.18%) Microsoft
2 232 (4.77%) Oracle
3 113 (2.32%) Google
4 77 (1.58%) VMware
5 74 (1.52%) Atlassian
6 60 (1.23%) IBM
7 59 (1.21%) Red Hat
8 51 (1.05%) Twitter
9 41 (0.84%) SAP
10 36 (0.74%) Xamarin
11 34 (0.70%) Salesforce.com
12 31 (0.64%) PagerDuty
13 28 (0.58%) Splunk
14 21 (0.43%) ServiceNow
15 19 (0.39%) ArcSight
16 17 (0.35%) Xceptor
17 16 (0.33%) Sitecore
18 15 (0.31%) Dell
19 13 (0.27%) HP
19 13 (0.27%) MuleSoft