Period
to 25 July 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Algorithms in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Algorithms over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Algorithms
UK
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 172 222 203
Rank change year-on-year +50 -19 -1
Permanent jobs citing Algorithms 2,289 1,106 2,538
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.04% 1.56% 1.76%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 5.21% 4.41% 5.00%
Number of salaries quoted 1,045 854 1,844
10th Percentile £40,000 £36,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £50,000 £45,000 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%
75th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £80,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £105,000 £98,375
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £51,250 £50,000
% change year-on-year +7.32% +2.50% -

Algorithms is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 43,951 25,091 50,776
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.08% 35.46% 35.20%
Number of salaries quoted 26,616 19,967 38,838
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £53,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +3.77% +0.95%
75th Percentile £78,750 £76,250 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £96,250 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Algorithms
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Algorithms as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Algorithms.

Salary trend for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Algorithms over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Algorithms within the UK over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +56 2,115 £67,500 +3.85% 417
London +56 1,240 £80,000 +6.67% 210
UK excluding London +14 922 £55,000 +7.32% 221
Work from Home -12 366 £70,000 +12.00% 82
South East -49 249 £60,000 +14.29% 68
South West +53 218 £58,000 +36.47% 40
North of England -38 141 £57,500 +15.00% 43
Midlands +24 123 £55,000 +29.41% 22
East of England +8 116 £50,000 -13.04% 35
West Midlands +27 101 £55,000 +10.00% 9
Yorkshire 0 101 £52,500 +7.69% 16
Scotland -64 59 £45,000 -14.29% 6
North West -55 38 £60,000 +14.29% 24
East Midlands -36 22 £45,000 +12.50% 12
Wales -11 12 £47,500 +11.76% 7
Northern Ireland -33 4 £40,000 -27.27% 1
North East -33 2 - - 3

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT jobs citing Algorithms also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Algorithms.

1 1,160 (50.68%) Python
2 841 (36.74%) Software Engineering
3 793 (34.64%) Machine Learning
4 760 (33.20%) Data Structures
5 718 (31.37%) Java
6 710 (31.02%) Degree
7 676 (29.53%) Computer Science
8 635 (27.74%) Agile Software Development
9 597 (26.08%) Data Science
9 597 (26.08%) Social Skills
10 593 (25.91%) SQL
11 567 (24.77%) C++
12 489 (21.36%) AWS
13 475 (20.75%) Finance
14 456 (19.92%) JavaScript
15 447 (19.53%) Artificial Intelligence
16 426 (18.61%) Docker
17 376 (16.43%) Problem-Solving
18 373 (16.30%) Mathematics
19 367 (16.03%) Kubernetes
20 353 (15.42%) Analytics
21 343 (14.98%) React
22 329 (14.37%) Git (software)
23 299 (13.06%) Azure
23 299 (13.06%) Analytical Skills
23 299 (13.06%) Linux
24 295 (12.89%) OO
25 289 (12.63%) Microservices
26 273 (11.93%) C
27 265 (11.58%) C#

Algorithms
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 183 (7.99%) Apache Spark
2 88 (3.84%) Elasticsearch
3 43 (1.88%) Apache Airflow
3 43 (1.88%) Jupyter
4 32 (1.40%) Confluence
5 29 (1.27%) Apache
6 23 (1.00%) WordPress
7 22 (0.96%) SAS
8 19 (0.83%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 19 (0.83%) Tomcat
9 17 (0.74%) Gunicorn
10 16 (0.70%) nginx
11 15 (0.66%) CMS
12 12 (0.52%) JBoss
13 8 (0.35%) WebSphere
14 6 (0.26%) IIS
15 5 (0.22%) Apache Pig
15 5 (0.22%) Jetty
15 5 (0.22%) OpenStack
16 4 (0.17%) Ethereum
Applications
1 113 (4.94%) Simulink
2 45 (1.97%) Stateflow
3 15 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
4 12 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
5 10 (0.44%) Spreadsheet
6 9 (0.39%) Figma
7 8 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 7 (0.31%) Chatbot
8 7 (0.31%) MS Visio
9 4 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
9 4 (0.17%) Sketch
9 4 (0.17%) SPSS
10 3 (0.13%) Adobe XD
10 3 (0.13%) GNU Octave
10 3 (0.13%) Weka
11 2 (0.087%) InVision
11 2 (0.087%) Photoshop
12 1 (0.044%) CPLEX
Business Applications
1 6 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
1 6 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
1 6 (0.26%) Shopify
2 5 (0.22%) R3 Corda
3 4 (0.17%) Summit
4 2 (0.087%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.087%) Magento
4 2 (0.087%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 2 (0.087%) SAP R/3
4 2 (0.087%) WebTrends
5 1 (0.044%) Quorum
Cloud Services
1 489 (21.36%) AWS
2 299 (13.06%) Azure
3 183 (7.99%) GCP
4 113 (4.94%) GitHub
5 107 (4.67%) SaaS
6 85 (3.71%) Serverless
7 63 (2.75%) Power Platform
8 60 (2.62%) Cloud Computing
9 39 (1.70%) Amazon SageMaker
10 38 (1.66%) Amazon SQS
10 38 (1.66%) Snowflake
11 35 (1.53%) Amazon S3
11 35 (1.53%) AWS CloudFormation
12 27 (1.18%) Amazon ECS
12 27 (1.18%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 27 (1.18%) Azure Data Factory
13 24 (1.05%) AWS Lambda
13 24 (1.05%) npm
14 22 (0.96%) Firebase
15 20 (0.87%) Cloud Functions
Communications & Networking
1 91 (3.98%) HTTP
2 70 (3.06%) Internet
3 53 (2.32%) Wireless
4 44 (1.92%) MIMO
5 36 (1.57%) Wi-Fi
6 34 (1.49%) DVB
7 17 (0.74%) PPP
8 16 (0.70%) TCP/IP
9 13 (0.57%) 3G
9 13 (0.57%) 5G
10 12 (0.52%) LTE
11 10 (0.44%) WiMAX
12 7 (0.31%) SSH
13 6 (0.26%) IMAP
13 6 (0.26%) SMTP
14 5 (0.22%) Ethernet
14 5 (0.22%) Firewall
14 5 (0.22%) HTTPS
14 5 (0.22%) Software-Defined Radio
15 4 (0.17%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 206 (9.00%) NoSQL
2 195 (8.52%) Big Data
3 141 (6.16%) PostgreSQL
4 124 (5.42%) Relational Database
5 112 (4.89%) MongoDB
6 107 (4.67%) Data Mining
7 94 (4.11%) Data Warehouse
8 91 (3.98%) SQL Server
9 74 (3.23%) Hadoop
10 71 (3.10%) MySQL
11 52 (2.27%) Power BI
12 51 (2.23%) Data Lake
13 47 (2.05%) Redis
14 43 (1.88%) Apache Cassandra
15 34 (1.49%) Tableau
16 28 (1.22%) Apache Hive
17 26 (1.14%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
18 25 (1.09%) KDB
19 23 (1.00%) Amazon RDS
20 21 (0.92%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 329 (14.37%) Git (software)
2 90 (3.93%) Jenkins
3 82 (3.58%) GitLab
4 65 (2.84%) Subversion
5 62 (2.71%) JIRA
6 57 (2.49%) Mercurial
7 47 (2.05%) Maven
8 43 (1.88%) TeamCity
9 35 (1.53%) Bitbucket
9 35 (1.53%) Octopus Deploy
10 30 (1.31%) webpack
11 21 (0.92%) Cypress.io
11 21 (0.92%) Selenium
12 19 (0.83%) JMeter
12 19 (0.83%) SonarQube
13 18 (0.79%) IntelliJ
13 18 (0.79%) Postman
14 15 (0.66%) Appium
14 15 (0.66%) Team Foundation Server
15 14 (0.61%) WebDriver
General
1 597 (26.08%) Social Skills
2 475 (20.75%) Finance
3 299 (13.06%) Analytical Skills
4 159 (6.95%) Retail
5 156 (6.82%) Games
6 141 (6.16%) Marketing
7 109 (4.76%) Banking
8 104 (4.54%) Electronics
9 73 (3.19%) Law
10 66 (2.88%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 66 (2.88%) Manufacturing
11 59 (2.58%) Front Office
11 59 (2.58%) Pharmaceutical
12 57 (2.49%) Advertising
13 55 (2.40%) Telecoms
14 43 (1.88%) Automotive
14 43 (1.88%) Presentation Skills
15 40 (1.75%) Public Sector
16 39 (1.70%) Wearables
17 38 (1.66%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 567 (24.77%) Developer
2 413 (18.04%) Software Engineer
3 259 (11.31%) Data Scientist
4 132 (5.77%) Java Developer
5 117 (5.11%) Senior Software Engineer
6 112 (4.89%) Java Engineer
6 112 (4.89%) Senior Developer
7 100 (4.37%) Data Engineer
8 90 (3.93%) Java Software Engineer
9 77 (3.36%) Backend Developer
10 66 (2.88%) Programmer
10 66 (2.88%) Python Engineer
11 65 (2.84%) Analyst
11 65 (2.84%) Systems Engineer
12 64 (2.80%) Full Stack Developer
13 61 (2.66%) Machine Learning Engineer
14 60 (2.62%) Python Developer
14 60 (2.62%) Software Developer
15 55 (2.40%) Senior Data Scientist
16 45 (1.97%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 343 (14.98%) React
2 202 (8.82%) .NET
3 178 (7.78%) Node.js
4 169 (7.38%) TensorFlow
5 162 (7.08%) Pandas
6 152 (6.64%) REST
7 146 (6.38%) HTML
8 145 (6.33%) Spring
9 138 (6.03%) Web Services
10 136 (5.94%) Kafka
11 133 (5.81%) CSS
12 132 (5.77%) scikit-learn
13 121 (5.29%) AngularJS
14 117 (5.11%) NumPy
15 105 (4.59%) PyTorch
16 88 (3.84%) Flask
17 82 (3.58%) RESTful
18 79 (3.45%) GraphQL
19 70 (3.06%) .NET Core
19 70 (3.06%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 760 (33.20%) Data Structures
2 183 (7.99%) User Experience
3 102 (4.46%) Self-Motivation
4 92 (4.02%) Robotics
5 71 (3.10%) Greenfield Project
6 67 (2.93%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
6 67 (2.93%) Virtual Team
7 60 (2.62%) Enterprise Software
8 52 (2.27%) Blog
9 47 (2.05%) Derivative
10 46 (2.01%) Hedge funds
11 45 (1.97%) Public Cloud
12 41 (1.79%) Data Centre
12 41 (1.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 40 (1.75%) Augmented Reality
14 32 (1.40%) Smartphone
15 30 (1.31%) Embedded Systems
15 30 (1.31%) Life Science
15 30 (1.31%) Mobile App
16 28 (1.22%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 299 (13.06%) Linux
2 92 (4.02%) Unix
3 72 (3.15%) Windows
4 44 (1.92%) Apple iOS
5 38 (1.66%) Android
6 21 (0.92%) Embedded Linux
7 9 (0.39%) Ubuntu
8 7 (0.31%) Solaris
9 6 (0.26%) CentOS
10 5 (0.22%) Mesosphere
11 3 (0.13%) Mac OS
11 3 (0.13%) Robot Operating System
11 3 (0.13%) watchOS
12 1 (0.044%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.044%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 841 (36.74%) Software Engineering
2 793 (34.64%) Machine Learning
3 676 (29.53%) Computer Science
4 635 (27.74%) Agile Software Development
5 597 (26.08%) Data Science
6 447 (19.53%) Artificial Intelligence
7 376 (16.43%) Problem-Solving
8 373 (16.30%) Mathematics
9 353 (15.42%) Analytics
10 295 (12.89%) OO
11 289 (12.63%) Microservices
12 257 (11.23%) TDD
13 252 (11.01%) DevOps
14 220 (9.61%) Continuous Integration
14 220 (9.61%) Open Source
14 220 (9.61%) Test Automation
15 205 (8.96%) Natural Language Processing
16 195 (8.52%) Statistics
17 188 (8.21%) Visualisation
18 181 (7.91%) Physics
Programming Languages
1 1,160 (50.68%) Python
2 718 (31.37%) Java
3 593 (25.91%) SQL
4 567 (24.77%) C++
5 456 (19.92%) JavaScript
6 273 (11.93%) C
7 265 (11.58%) C#
8 233 (10.18%) MATLAB
9 182 (7.95%) TypeScript
10 161 (7.03%) Go
11 123 (5.37%) R
12 118 (5.16%) Scala
13 83 (3.63%) Java 8
13 83 (3.63%) PHP
14 64 (2.80%) Ruby
15 61 (2.66%) Bash Shell
16 48 (2.10%) ES6
17 46 (2.01%) Kotlin
18 41 (1.79%) PowerShell
19 36 (1.57%) Rust
Qualifications
1 710 (31.02%) Degree
2 261 (11.40%) PhD
3 252 (11.01%) Computer Science Degree
4 145 (6.33%) Master's Degree
5 54 (2.36%) Security Cleared
6 50 (2.18%) Numerate Degree
7 30 (1.31%) Microsoft Certification
8 9 (0.39%) Postgraduate
9 7 (0.31%) HND
10 6 (0.26%) DV Cleared
10 6 (0.26%) SC Cleared
11 5 (0.22%) AWS Certification
12 4 (0.17%) MCSA
13 2 (0.087%) CFA
13 2 (0.087%) TOGAF Certification
14 1 (0.044%) BC Cleared
14 1 (0.044%) BPSS Clearance
14 1 (0.044%) PMI Certification
14 1 (0.044%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 48 (2.10%) QA
2 33 (1.44%) Accessibility
3 22 (0.96%) Data Quality
4 20 (0.87%) GRC
5 11 (0.48%) GDPR
6 9 (0.39%) IEC 61131
7 8 (0.35%) ISO 26262
8 7 (0.31%) ISO 9001
9 6 (0.26%) GxP
9 6 (0.26%) ISO 13485
10 5 (0.22%) Good Clinical Practice
11 4 (0.17%) IEC 62304
11 4 (0.17%) MISRA
12 3 (0.13%) CDISC
12 3 (0.13%) DICOM
12 3 (0.13%) ISO 20022
13 2 (0.087%) EMIR
13 2 (0.087%) GLP
13 2 (0.087%) GMP
13 2 (0.087%) WCAG
System Software
1 426 (18.61%) Docker
2 47 (2.05%) Firmware
3 27 (1.18%) Active Directory
4 11 (0.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 11 (0.48%) etcd
5 3 (0.13%) EMC RecoverPoint
5 3 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.13%) vSphere
6 1 (0.044%) NFS
Systems Management
1 367 (16.03%) Kubernetes
2 115 (5.02%) Terraform
3 43 (1.88%) Prometheus
4 40 (1.75%) Puppet
5 37 (1.62%) Opscode Chef
6 35 (1.53%) Grafana
7 31 (1.35%) Ansible
8 16 (0.70%) Kibana
9 11 (0.48%) Consul
9 11 (0.48%) logstash
10 8 (0.35%) Mesos
11 7 (0.31%) Kubeflow
12 5 (0.22%) Automic
12 5 (0.22%) Istio
12 5 (0.22%) systemd
13 4 (0.17%) Marathon
14 3 (0.13%) NetBackup
14 3 (0.13%) vRealize
15 2 (0.087%) SELinux
16 1 (0.044%) Oozie
Vendors
1 137 (5.99%) Google
2 128 (5.59%) Oracle
3 119 (5.20%) Microsoft
4 97 (4.24%) Instagram
5 41 (1.79%) Databricks
6 35 (1.53%) SAP
7 32 (1.40%) PagerDuty
8 26 (1.14%) Gemalto
9 25 (1.09%) Atlassian
10 22 (0.96%) OpenAI
11 20 (0.87%) Greenplum
12 18 (0.79%) Samsung
13 16 (0.70%) Facebook
14 15 (0.66%) MathWorks
15 12 (0.52%) Alibaba
15 12 (0.52%) Huawei
15 12 (0.52%) IBM
15 12 (0.52%) TOWER Software
15 12 (0.52%) Xilinx
16 11 (0.48%) Salesforce.com