Period
to 25 October 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Algorithms in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Algorithms over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Algorithms
UK
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 170 183 214
Rank change year-on-year +13 +31 -11
Permanent jobs citing Algorithms 2,720 939 2,268
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.15% 1.92% 1.66%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 5.31% 5.46% 4.72%
Number of salaries quoted 1,159 798 1,648
10th Percentile £41,250 £38,750 £34,476
25th Percentile £50,000 £45,000 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £60,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% -4.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £84,063
90th Percentile £102,500 £105,000 £106,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Algorithms is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 51,221 17,204 48,038
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.54% 35.20% 35.26%
Number of salaries quoted 30,794 14,212 36,906
10th Percentile £32,500 £33,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £54,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +5.50% +3.81%
75th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £73,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £100,000 £91,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% +6.67% -

Algorithms
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Algorithms as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Algorithms.

Salary trend for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Algorithms over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Algorithms in the UK

Algorithms
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Algorithms within the UK over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +25 2,510 £67,500 +8.00% 415
London +25 1,436 £80,000 - 218
UK excluding London -23 1,056 £55,000 +4.76% 219
Work from Home -32 452 £70,000 +12.00% 118
South East -31 355 £57,250 +4.09% 66
North of England -84 187 £58,750 +17.50% 37
East of England -1 164 £47,500 -29.63% 41
South West -16 154 £61,250 +22.50% 23
Midlands -2 141 £61,250 +6.52% 30
Yorkshire -77 122 £60,000 +20.00% 11
West Midlands -12 109 £67,500 +28.57% 19
North West -54 60 £57,500 +4.55% 20
Scotland -110 38 £47,500 - 11
East Midlands -56 32 £45,000 -40.00% 10
Wales -42 16 £47,500 +11.76% 6
North East -46 5 £42,500 -5.56% 6
Northern Ireland -43 2 £45,000 -18.18% 6

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT jobs citing Algorithms also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Algorithms.

1 1,363 (50.11%) Python
2 1,046 (38.46%) Software Engineering
3 943 (34.67%) Machine Learning
4 893 (32.83%) Degree
5 879 (32.32%) Data Structures
6 859 (31.58%) Java
7 837 (30.77%) Agile Software Development
8 790 (29.04%) Computer Science
9 787 (28.93%) Social Skills
10 731 (26.88%) SQL
11 665 (24.45%) Data Science
12 634 (23.31%) AWS
13 606 (22.28%) C++
14 546 (20.07%) Artificial Intelligence
14 546 (20.07%) Docker
15 530 (19.49%) JavaScript
16 517 (19.01%) Finance
17 497 (18.27%) Mathematics
18 488 (17.94%) Analytics
19 485 (17.83%) Git (software)
20 475 (17.46%) Kubernetes
21 467 (17.17%) Problem-Solving
22 420 (15.44%) OO
23 413 (15.18%) Analytical Skills
24 402 (14.78%) DevOps
25 395 (14.52%) React
26 352 (12.94%) Azure
27 351 (12.90%) C
28 339 (12.46%) Linux
29 335 (12.32%) Full Stack Development

Algorithms
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 223 (8.20%) Apache Spark
2 121 (4.45%) Elasticsearch
3 74 (2.72%) Jupyter
4 40 (1.47%) Apache Airflow
5 35 (1.29%) Confluence
6 27 (0.99%) SAS
7 26 (0.96%) Apache
7 26 (0.96%) WordPress
8 21 (0.77%) CMS
9 20 (0.74%) Gunicorn
10 19 (0.70%) Tomcat
11 12 (0.44%) Ethereum
11 12 (0.44%) nginx
12 11 (0.40%) JBoss
13 8 (0.29%) WebSphere
14 7 (0.26%) Headless CMS
15 6 (0.22%) Apache Pig
15 6 (0.22%) IBM HTTP Server
16 5 (0.18%) Tornado
17 4 (0.15%) GemFire
Applications
1 165 (6.07%) Simulink
2 43 (1.58%) Stateflow
3 28 (1.03%) Microsoft Excel
4 18 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
5 12 (0.44%) Chatbot
6 10 (0.37%) MS Visio
6 10 (0.37%) Photoshop
7 9 (0.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 8 (0.29%) Figma
9 7 (0.26%) Adobe XD
10 6 (0.22%) Adobe Illustrator
10 6 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
11 4 (0.15%) Adobe Premiere
11 4 (0.15%) SPSS
12 3 (0.11%) CPLEX
12 3 (0.11%) GNU Octave
12 3 (0.11%) InVision
12 3 (0.11%) Sketch
12 3 (0.11%) Weka
13 2 (0.074%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 10 (0.37%) Distributed Ledger
1 10 (0.37%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.33%) R3 Corda
3 7 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
4 6 (0.22%) Shopify
5 4 (0.15%) MetaTrader
5 4 (0.15%) Summit
6 3 (0.11%) Sentinel
7 2 (0.074%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 2 (0.074%) SAP R/3
7 2 (0.074%) WebTrends
8 1 (0.037%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 634 (23.31%) AWS
2 352 (12.94%) Azure
3 284 (10.44%) GCP
4 133 (4.89%) Serverless
5 132 (4.85%) GitHub
6 90 (3.31%) Power Platform
7 77 (2.83%) Amazon SQS
8 69 (2.54%) OpenShift
8 69 (2.54%) SaaS
9 53 (1.95%) Amazon S3
10 43 (1.58%) Cloud Computing
11 42 (1.54%) Amazon SageMaker
12 36 (1.32%) Azure Data Factory
13 35 (1.29%) Snowflake
14 34 (1.25%) AWS Lambda
15 33 (1.21%) AWS CloudFormation
16 31 (1.14%) Firebase
16 31 (1.14%) npm
17 29 (1.07%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 29 (1.07%) Cloud Functions
Communications & Networking
1 91 (3.35%) HTTP
2 67 (2.46%) Wireless
3 62 (2.28%) Kerberos
4 55 (2.02%) MIMO
5 35 (1.29%) TCP/IP
5 35 (1.29%) Wi-Fi
6 33 (1.21%) 5G
7 31 (1.14%) DVB
8 29 (1.07%) 3G
9 27 (0.99%) Internet
10 26 (0.96%) LTE
11 24 (0.88%) WiMAX
12 11 (0.40%) SSH
13 10 (0.37%) MQTT
14 8 (0.29%) Multicast
15 7 (0.26%) Ethernet
16 6 (0.22%) Broadband
17 5 (0.18%) 4G
17 5 (0.18%) Software-Defined Radio
18 4 (0.15%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 255 (9.38%) NoSQL
2 211 (7.76%) Big Data
3 183 (6.73%) Relational Database
4 152 (5.59%) PostgreSQL
5 130 (4.78%) Hadoop
5 130 (4.78%) MongoDB
6 116 (4.26%) Data Warehouse
7 114 (4.19%) Data Mining
8 111 (4.08%) SQL Server
9 104 (3.82%) MySQL
10 82 (3.01%) Power BI
11 64 (2.35%) Data Lake
12 62 (2.28%) Redis
13 60 (2.21%) Apache Cassandra
14 52 (1.91%) Tableau
15 45 (1.65%) RDBMS
16 40 (1.47%) Apache Hive
17 39 (1.43%) BigQuery
18 34 (1.25%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
18 34 (1.25%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 485 (17.83%) Git (software)
2 217 (7.98%) Jenkins
3 123 (4.52%) GitLab
4 104 (3.82%) JIRA
5 103 (3.79%) Maven
6 84 (3.09%) Subversion
7 71 (2.61%) Mercurial
8 58 (2.13%) Octopus Deploy
9 48 (1.76%) TeamCity
10 42 (1.54%) webpack
11 41 (1.51%) Cypress.io
12 39 (1.43%) Postman
12 39 (1.43%) Selenium
13 37 (1.36%) Bitbucket
14 36 (1.32%) Team Foundation Server
15 34 (1.25%) JMeter
16 27 (0.99%) Appium
17 26 (0.96%) SonarQube
17 26 (0.96%) WebDriver
18 21 (0.77%) JUnit
General
1 787 (28.93%) Social Skills
2 517 (19.01%) Finance
3 413 (15.18%) Analytical Skills
4 203 (7.46%) Retail
5 177 (6.51%) Games
6 166 (6.10%) Marketing
7 133 (4.89%) Electronics
8 115 (4.23%) Banking
9 98 (3.60%) Automotive
10 90 (3.31%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 88 (3.24%) Manufacturing
12 81 (2.98%) Law
13 77 (2.83%) Front Office
13 77 (2.83%) Pharmaceutical
14 72 (2.65%) Public Sector
15 65 (2.39%) Presentation Skills
16 62 (2.28%) Advertising
17 57 (2.10%) Telecoms
18 53 (1.95%) Aerospace
19 46 (1.69%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 684 (25.15%) Developer
2 569 (20.92%) Software Engineer
3 275 (10.11%) Data Scientist
4 194 (7.13%) Senior Software Engineer
5 167 (6.14%) Java Developer
6 131 (4.82%) Data Engineer
7 126 (4.63%) Senior Developer
8 120 (4.41%) Java Engineer
9 102 (3.75%) Software Developer
10 101 (3.71%) Machine Learning Engineer
11 98 (3.60%) Java Software Engineer
12 97 (3.57%) Backend Developer
13 96 (3.53%) Systems Engineer
14 95 (3.49%) Full Stack Developer
15 88 (3.24%) Python Developer
16 80 (2.94%) Analyst
17 74 (2.72%) Python Engineer
18 70 (2.57%) Programmer
19 57 (2.10%) Senior Data Scientist
20 52 (1.91%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 395 (14.52%) React
2 245 (9.01%) Web Services
3 232 (8.53%) .NET
4 216 (7.94%) Node.js
5 205 (7.54%) REST
6 193 (7.10%) RESTful
7 190 (6.99%) TensorFlow
8 178 (6.54%) HTML
8 178 (6.54%) Pandas
9 164 (6.03%) Spring
10 159 (5.85%) AngularJS
11 154 (5.66%) Kafka
12 149 (5.48%) CSS
13 143 (5.26%) scikit-learn
14 125 (4.60%) PyTorch
15 122 (4.49%) NumPy
15 122 (4.49%) Spring Boot
16 90 (3.31%) Keras
17 85 (3.13%) Flask
18 79 (2.90%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 879 (32.32%) Data Structures
2 182 (6.69%) User Experience
3 153 (5.63%) Self-Motivation
4 97 (3.57%) Virtual Team
5 95 (3.49%) Robotics
6 84 (3.09%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
7 77 (2.83%) Life Science
8 70 (2.57%) Greenfield Project
9 59 (2.17%) Enterprise Software
10 58 (2.13%) Embedded Systems
11 48 (1.76%) Derivative
12 47 (1.73%) Mobile App
13 46 (1.69%) Blog
14 45 (1.65%) Hedge funds
15 44 (1.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 43 (1.58%) Augmented Reality
16 43 (1.58%) Cloud Native
17 34 (1.25%) Fixed Income
18 31 (1.14%) Social Media
19 26 (0.96%) CUDA
Operating Systems
1 339 (12.46%) Linux
2 126 (4.63%) Unix
3 89 (3.27%) Windows
4 73 (2.68%) Android
5 71 (2.61%) Apple iOS
6 32 (1.18%) Mac OS
7 19 (0.70%) Embedded Linux
8 9 (0.33%) Mesosphere
9 8 (0.29%) Solaris
10 7 (0.26%) Robot Operating System
11 4 (0.15%) DC/OS
11 4 (0.15%) watchOS
12 3 (0.11%) FreeRTOS
12 3 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 3 (0.11%) SafeRTOS
13 1 (0.037%) CentOS
13 1 (0.037%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.037%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,046 (38.46%) Software Engineering
2 943 (34.67%) Machine Learning
3 837 (30.77%) Agile Software Development
4 790 (29.04%) Computer Science
5 665 (24.45%) Data Science
6 546 (20.07%) Artificial Intelligence
7 497 (18.27%) Mathematics
8 488 (17.94%) Analytics
9 467 (17.17%) Problem-Solving
10 420 (15.44%) OO
11 402 (14.78%) DevOps
12 335 (12.32%) Full Stack Development
13 333 (12.24%) TDD
14 323 (11.88%) Microservices
15 289 (10.63%) Continuous Integration
16 255 (9.38%) Statistics
17 249 (9.15%) Test Automation
18 234 (8.60%) Visualisation
19 232 (8.53%) Natural Language Processing
20 227 (8.35%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 1,363 (50.11%) Python
2 859 (31.58%) Java
3 731 (26.88%) SQL
4 606 (22.28%) C++
5 530 (19.49%) JavaScript
6 351 (12.90%) C
7 305 (11.21%) C#
8 271 (9.96%) MATLAB
9 207 (7.61%) Go
10 198 (7.28%) TypeScript
11 151 (5.55%) R
12 144 (5.29%) Java 8
13 132 (4.85%) Scala
14 110 (4.04%) PHP
15 100 (3.68%) Bash Shell
16 62 (2.28%) Kotlin
17 57 (2.10%) ES6
18 56 (2.06%) Rust
19 55 (2.02%) Ruby
20 52 (1.91%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 893 (32.83%) Degree
2 260 (9.56%) PhD
3 256 (9.41%) Computer Science Degree
4 101 (3.71%) Master's Degree
5 56 (2.06%) HND
6 47 (1.73%) Security Cleared
7 44 (1.62%) Numerate Degree
8 35 (1.29%) Microsoft Certification
9 11 (0.40%) AWS Certification
9 11 (0.40%) SC Cleared
10 10 (0.37%) Postgraduate
11 8 (0.29%) MCSA
12 4 (0.15%) Six Sigma Black Belt
13 2 (0.074%) CFA
13 2 (0.074%) DBS Check
13 2 (0.074%) TOGAF Certification
14 1 (0.037%) BC Cleared
14 1 (0.037%) DV Cleared
14 1 (0.037%) PMI Certification
14 1 (0.037%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 118 (4.34%) QA
2 36 (1.32%) Data Quality
3 31 (1.14%) Accessibility
4 22 (0.81%) GRC
5 16 (0.59%) GxP
5 16 (0.59%) ISO 9001
6 13 (0.48%) GDPR
6 13 (0.48%) ISO 26262
7 7 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 7 (0.26%) MISRA
8 6 (0.22%) Good Clinical Practice
9 5 (0.18%) Actionable Recommendations
9 5 (0.18%) Cyber Essentials
9 5 (0.18%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 5 (0.18%) GLP
9 5 (0.18%) GMP
9 5 (0.18%) ISO 13485
9 5 (0.18%) NIST
10 4 (0.15%) IEC 61131
11 3 (0.11%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 546 (20.07%) Docker
2 49 (1.80%) Firmware
3 27 (0.99%) Active Directory
4 11 (0.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 11 (0.40%) etcd
5 8 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.11%) HDFS
7 2 (0.074%) VMware Infrastructure
8 1 (0.037%) NFS
Systems Management
1 475 (17.46%) Kubernetes
2 157 (5.77%) Terraform
3 121 (4.45%) Ansible
4 50 (1.84%) Prometheus
5 47 (1.73%) Grafana
6 43 (1.58%) Opscode Chef
7 37 (1.36%) Puppet
8 33 (1.21%) Kibana
9 30 (1.10%) logstash
10 16 (0.59%) Kubeflow
11 11 (0.40%) Consul
11 11 (0.40%) Packer
12 9 (0.33%) Automic
13 8 (0.29%) Istio
13 8 (0.29%) Mesos
14 5 (0.18%) Opsview
15 4 (0.15%) Apache Brooklyn
15 4 (0.15%) HAProxy
15 4 (0.15%) Pingdom
15 4 (0.15%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 218 (8.01%) Google
2 139 (5.11%) Microsoft
3 104 (3.82%) Oracle
4 39 (1.43%) Databricks
5 38 (1.40%) Facebook
6 36 (1.32%) SAP
7 35 (1.29%) YouTube
8 26 (0.96%) Gemalto
9 25 (0.92%) MathWorks
10 24 (0.88%) Xilinx
11 23 (0.85%) Alibaba
12 21 (0.77%) Atlassian
12 21 (0.77%) Instagram
12 21 (0.77%) OpenAI
12 21 (0.77%) Samsung
13 20 (0.74%) Apple
13 20 (0.74%) Greenplum
13 20 (0.74%) IBM
14 18 (0.66%) Adobe
15 16 (0.59%) Altera