The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Android skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Android over the 3 months to 26 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Google Open Handset Alliance Android
UK
3 months to
26 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 111 146 121
Rank change year-on-year +35 -25  
Permanent jobs citing Android 2509 2278 2831
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.81% 2.35% 2.55%
As % of the Operating Systems category 11.17% 9.22% 9.63%
Number of salaries quoted 2097 1957 2400
Median salary £45,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.55%  
90% offered a salary of more than £29,000 £27,500 £26,500
10% offered a salary of more than £70,000 £72,500 £65,000
UK excluding London median salary £40,000 £40,000 £40,000

Android is in the operating system skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

Operating System Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 22460 24711 29385
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 25.11% 25.46% 26.51%
Number of salaries quoted 18530 21127 24621
Median salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +6.25%  
90% offered a salary of more than £25,500 £25,000 £24,500
10% offered a salary of more than £70,000 £65,000 £67,500
UK excluding London median salary £37,500 £37,500 £37,500

Android
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing Android as a proportion of all permanent or contract IT jobs with a match in the Operating Systems category.

Job vacancy trend for Android in the UK

Android
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Android.

Salary trend for Android in the UK

Android
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Android over the 3 months to 26 June 2017.

Salary histogram for Android in the UK

Android
Top 30 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Android within the UK over the 3 months to 26 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Last 3 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +38 2395 £45,000 -8.16% 383
London -9 1124 £55,000 - 153
South East +54 382 £40,000 -11.11% 54
East of England +56 214 £46,500 +27.39% 36
West Midlands +79 181 £35,000 -6.66% 26
North West -21 164 £40,000 - 47
City of London 0 137 £57,500 +15.00% 36
South West -1 131 £40,000 +6.66% 18
Yorkshire -9 124 £37,500 +7.14% 30
Manchester -11 117 £40,000 - 34
Cambridgeshire +27 95 £50,000 +17.64% 14
Cambridge +21 91 £50,000 +25.00% 14
Berkshire +29 83 £43,750 -2.77% 11
Scotland +5 76 £40,000 - 13
Surrey +39 75 £35,000 -30.00% 12
East Midlands +40 70 £33,500 -16.25% 17
West Yorkshire +20 70 £40,000 -11.11% 12
Hampshire +25 62 £40,000 - 12
Buckinghamshire +25 56 £42,981 +22.80% 7
Birmingham +32 55 £32,500 +11.11% 7
Oxfordshire -3 54 £50,000 -9.09% 7
Hertfordshire +11 53 £42,500 +50.44% 7
Bristol -3 51 £42,500 +30.76% 8
Leeds +10 49 £40,000 -13.51% 8
Guildford +23 47 £34,000 -15.00% 6
Milton Keynes +17 47 £43,463 +24.17% 5
Cheshire -24 34 £37,500 -16.66% 9
Coventry +23 33 £30,000 -52.00% 2
Nottinghamshire +12 31 £60,000 +50.00% 11
East Sussex +16 30 £37,500 -16.66% 3

For the 6 months to 26 June 2017, IT jobs citing Android also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Android.

1 2997 (65.67%) Apple iOS
2 1908 (41.81%) Agile Software Development
3 1731 (37.93%) Java
4 1667 (36.52%) Android Development
5 1510 (33.09%) Mobile App
6 1354 (29.67%) JavaScript
7 1249 (27.37%) HTML
8 1192 (26.12%) Windows
9 1148 (25.15%) C#
10 1007 (22.06%) CSS
11 1005 (22.02%) iOS Development
12 920 (20.16%) .NET
13 838 (18.36%) Mobile Development
14 787 (17.24%) TDD
15 766 (16.78%) SQL
16 729 (15.97%) Git (software)
17 724 (15.86%) Degree
18 651 (14.26%) Microsoft
19 648 (14.20%) Objective-C
20 642 (14.07%) Software Engineering
21 633 (13.87%) AngularJS
22 631 (13.83%) SQL Server
23 630 (13.80%) MVC
24 615 (13.48%) C++
25 612 (13.41%) Linux
26 600 (13.15%) Scrum
27 579 (12.69%) HTML5
28 573 (12.55%) User Experience
29 535 (11.72%) OO
30 524 (11.48%) Test Automation

Android
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 160 (3.51%) MS Exchange
2 149 (3.26%) CMS
3 98 (2.15%) Exchange Server 2010
4 89 (1.95%) Apache
5 81 (1.77%) Drupal
6 77 (1.69%) JBoss
7 74 (1.62%) SharePoint
7 74 (1.62%) Tomcat
8 66 (1.45%) Skype for Business
9 65 (1.42%) WebSphere
10 62 (1.36%) WordPress
11 59 (1.29%) WebLogic
12 53 (1.16%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
12 53 (1.16%) Elasticsearch
13 50 (1.10%) Apache Spark
13 50 (1.10%) IIS
14 45 (0.99%) Umbraco
15 41 (0.90%) OpenStack
16 35 (0.77%) nginx
17 34 (0.74%) Jetty
Applications
1 292 (6.40%) Microsoft Office
2 79 (1.73%) Photoshop
3 63 (1.38%) Adobe Illustrator
4 40 (0.88%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 36 (0.79%) InVision
5 36 (0.79%) Microsoft Excel
6 20 (0.44%) InDesign
7 17 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 12 (0.26%) Adobe Captivate
9 11 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
10 9 (0.20%) 3ds Max
10 9 (0.20%) Maya
10 9 (0.20%) MS Visio
11 7 (0.15%) Chatbot
11 7 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
12 6 (0.13%) Autodesk Inventor
12 6 (0.13%) Moqups
12 6 (0.13%) Revit
13 5 (0.11%) Adobe Premiere
14 4 (0.088%) Acrobat
Business Applications
1 27 (0.59%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 11 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.24%) Magento
3 10 (0.22%) Movex
4 4 (0.088%) Dynamics AX
5 3 (0.066%) Dynamics NAV
5 3 (0.066%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.044%) BASE24
6 2 (0.044%) thinkFolio
7 1 (0.022%) Eikon
7 1 (0.022%) GoldMine
7 1 (0.022%) OpenText MBPM
7 1 (0.022%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.022%) Retail-J
7 1 (0.022%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.022%) Sentinel
7 1 (0.022%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 327 (7.16%) Amazon AWS
2 284 (6.22%) Google Play
3 263 (5.76%) Microsoft Azure
4 175 (3.83%) GitHub
5 171 (3.75%) Office 365
6 119 (2.61%) SaaS
7 56 (1.23%) IaaS
8 42 (0.92%) Cloud Computing
8 42 (0.92%) Mimecast
9 40 (0.88%) PaaS
10 37 (0.81%) Amazon S3
11 26 (0.57%) Amazon EC2
12 20 (0.44%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 19 (0.42%) Google Cloud Platform
14 18 (0.39%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 18 (0.39%) G Suite
15 17 (0.37%) Azure Machine Learning
15 17 (0.37%) iTunes
16 12 (0.26%) Adobe Creative Cloud
17 8 (0.18%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 162 (3.55%) TCP/IP
2 124 (2.72%) LAN
3 115 (2.52%) Internet
4 109 (2.39%) Wireless
5 107 (2.34%) DNS
6 96 (2.10%) VPN
7 95 (2.08%) WAN
8 93 (2.04%) HTTP
9 87 (1.91%) Firewall
10 84 (1.84%) Skype
11 76 (1.67%) VoIP
12 73 (1.60%) Ethernet
13 71 (1.56%) DHCP
14 63 (1.38%) Wi-Fi
15 46 (1.01%) Cisco IOS
16 40 (0.88%) Bluetooth
17 32 (0.70%) WLAN
18 29 (0.64%) Network Security
18 29 (0.64%) SAN
19 21 (0.46%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 631 (13.83%) SQL Server
2 402 (8.81%) MySQL
3 164 (3.59%) NoSQL
4 143 (3.13%) MongoDB
5 120 (2.63%) Big Data
6 100 (2.19%) PostgreSQL
7 93 (2.04%) SQLite
8 83 (1.82%) SQL Server 2014
9 77 (1.69%) Relational Database
10 67 (1.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 65 (1.42%) Redis
12 63 (1.38%) Apache Cassandra
13 60 (1.31%) Hadoop
14 57 (1.25%) Data Warehouse
14 57 (1.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 50 (1.10%) SQL Server 2016
16 46 (1.01%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 40 (0.88%) SQL Server 2008
18 37 (0.81%) Riak
19 31 (0.68%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 729 (15.97%) Git (software)
2 314 (6.88%) Android Studio
3 256 (5.61%) JIRA
4 225 (4.93%) Subversion
5 216 (4.73%) Xcode
6 202 (4.43%) Jenkins
7 170 (3.72%) Selenium
8 146 (3.20%) Visual Studio
9 140 (3.07%) Eclipse
10 131 (2.87%) Gradle
11 129 (2.83%) Team Foundation Server
12 110 (2.41%) Appium
13 107 (2.34%) JUnit
14 89 (1.95%) Cucumber
15 88 (1.93%) Maven
16 74 (1.62%) gulp
17 67 (1.47%) WebDriver
18 65 (1.42%) Calabash
19 61 (1.34%) Robolectric
20 54 (1.18%) Mockito
General
1 515 (11.28%) Finance
2 339 (7.43%) Games
3 297 (6.51%) Retail
4 248 (5.43%) Banking
5 200 (4.38%) Electronics
6 194 (4.25%) Marketing
7 186 (4.08%) Telecoms
8 81 (1.77%) Manufacturing
9 74 (1.62%) Legal
10 71 (1.56%) Publishing
11 67 (1.47%) Law
12 63 (1.38%) Advertising
13 46 (1.01%) Automotive
14 36 (0.79%) Retail Banking
15 35 (0.77%) Financial Institution
16 31 (0.68%) Back Office
17 29 (0.64%) Investment Banking
18 19 (0.42%) Billing
18 19 (0.42%) Multimedia
19 18 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2590 (56.75%) Developer
2 951 (20.84%) Android Developer
3 385 (8.44%) Senior Developer
4 383 (8.39%) iOS Developer
5 381 (8.35%) .NET Developer
6 375 (8.22%) Java Developer
7 340 (7.45%) Software Engineer
8 329 (7.21%) Analyst
9 326 (7.14%) C# Developer
10 290 (6.35%) Mobile Developer
11 282 (6.18%) Software Developer
12 262 (5.74%) Applications Developer
13 238 (5.21%) iOS Android Developer
14 200 (4.38%) C# .NET Developer
15 190 (4.16%) Android Engineer
16 174 (3.81%) Junior
17 169 (3.70%) Mobile Applications Developer
18 157 (3.44%) Java Android Developer
19 153 (3.35%) Support Analyst
20 150 (3.29%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1249 (27.37%) HTML
2 1007 (22.06%) CSS
3 920 (20.16%) .NET
4 633 (13.87%) AngularJS
5 579 (12.69%) HTML5
6 516 (11.31%) ASP.NET
7 457 (10.01%) Web Services
8 409 (8.96%) jQuery
9 389 (8.52%) Android SDK
10 366 (8.02%) REST
11 352 (7.71%) JSON
12 327 (7.16%) XML
13 318 (6.97%) RESTful
14 297 (6.51%) React
15 296 (6.49%) Node.js
16 289 (6.33%) ASP.NET MVC
17 260 (5.70%) CSS3
18 238 (5.21%) SOAP
19 234 (5.13%) iOS SDK
20 195 (4.27%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 1510 (33.09%) Mobile App
2 573 (12.55%) User Experience
3 461 (10.10%) Computer Science
4 297 (6.51%) iPhone
5 240 (5.26%) Analytical Skills
6 195 (4.27%) Blackberry
7 166 (3.64%) Greenfield Project
8 151 (3.31%) Smartphone
9 113 (2.48%) Algorithms
10 100 (2.19%) Data Structures
11 96 (2.10%) iPad
12 94 (2.06%) Fintech
13 82 (1.80%) Enterprise Software
14 63 (1.38%) Client/Server
15 61 (1.34%) Social Media
16 52 (1.14%) e-Learning
17 49 (1.07%) mHealth
18 44 (0.96%) Augmented Reality
19 43 (0.94%) Embedded Systems
20 40 (0.88%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 2997 (65.67%) Apple iOS
2 1192 (26.12%) Windows
3 612 (13.41%) Linux
4 288 (6.31%) Windows 7
5 188 (4.12%) Windows Server
6 179 (3.92%) Mac OS X
7 173 (3.79%) Windows 10
8 145 (3.18%) Unix
9 141 (3.09%) Windows Phone
10 114 (2.50%) Mac OS
11 107 (2.34%) Windows Server 2012
12 102 (2.23%) Windows Mobile
13 100 (2.19%) Windows Server 2008
14 76 (1.67%) Windows 8
15 65 (1.42%) Embedded Linux
16 56 (1.23%) Windows Embedded Compact
17 29 (0.64%) Windows XP
18 26 (0.57%) Windows Server 2003
19 21 (0.46%) VxWorks
20 11 (0.24%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1908 (41.81%) Agile Software Development
2 1667 (36.52%) Android Development
3 1005 (22.02%) iOS Development
4 838 (18.36%) Mobile Development
5 787 (17.24%) TDD
6 642 (14.07%) Software Engineering
7 630 (13.80%) MVC
8 600 (13.15%) Scrum
9 535 (11.72%) OO
10 524 (11.48%) Test Automation
11 422 (9.25%) Continuous Integration
11 422 (9.25%) Web Development
12 392 (8.59%) Mobile Application Development
13 318 (6.97%) Unit Testing
14 312 (6.84%) Mentoring
15 303 (6.64%) E-Commerce
16 296 (6.49%) OOP
17 283 (6.20%) BDD
18 277 (6.07%) SDLC
19 245 (5.37%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1731 (37.93%) Java
2 1354 (29.67%) JavaScript
3 1148 (25.15%) C#
4 766 (16.78%) SQL
5 648 (14.20%) Objective-C
6 615 (13.48%) C++
7 471 (10.32%) Python
8 459 (10.06%) PHP
9 423 (9.27%) Apple Swift
10 422 (9.25%) C
11 205 (4.49%) Ruby
12 122 (2.67%) VB.NET
13 119 (2.61%) Perl
14 86 (1.88%) ES6
14 86 (1.88%) PowerShell
15 74 (1.62%) VB
16 64 (1.40%) Scala
17 63 (1.38%) Go
18 61 (1.34%) Bash Shell
19 54 (1.18%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 724 (15.86%) Degree
2 275 (6.03%) Computer Science Degree
3 148 (3.24%) Microsoft Certification
4 137 (3.00%) Security Cleared
5 67 (1.47%) MCP
6 61 (1.34%) MCSE
7 57 (1.25%) SC Cleared
8 56 (1.23%) DV Cleared
9 47 (1.03%) ITIL Certification
10 30 (0.66%) HND
10 30 (0.66%) ISTQB
11 29 (0.64%) A+ Certification
12 26 (0.57%) CISSP
13 25 (0.55%) CCA
13 25 (0.55%) Citrix Certification
13 25 (0.55%) ISEB
14 24 (0.53%) CCNA
14 24 (0.53%) Cisco Certification
15 23 (0.50%) Master's Degree
16 19 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 353 (7.73%) QA
2 42 (0.92%) SLA
3 22 (0.48%) PCI DSS
4 13 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 12 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 10 (0.22%) ISO 9001
7 5 (0.11%) ISO 14001
8 4 (0.088%) GDPR
9 3 (0.066%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.044%) GCP
10 2 (0.044%) ISO 22301
10 2 (0.044%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 2 (0.044%) JTAG
10 2 (0.044%) MISRA
10 2 (0.044%) SEPA
11 1 (0.022%) COBIT
11 1 (0.022%) ISO 13485
11 1 (0.022%) ISO 9000
11 1 (0.022%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 1 (0.022%) WAI
System Software
1 334 (7.32%) Active Directory
2 135 (2.96%) Docker
3 73 (1.60%) VMware Infrastructure
4 49 (1.07%) XenDesktop
5 48 (1.05%) Firmware
6 37 (0.81%) XenApp
7 31 (0.68%) Hyper-V
8 18 (0.39%) Terminal Services
9 13 (0.28%) Virtual Desktop
10 9 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
11 5 (0.11%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 5 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
11 5 (0.11%) vSphere
12 4 (0.088%) Xen
13 3 (0.066%) VirtualBox
14 2 (0.044%) Microsoft App-V
14 2 (0.044%) NDS
14 2 (0.044%) Virtual Machines
15 1 (0.022%) Postfix
15 1 (0.022%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 79 (1.73%) SCCM
2 69 (1.51%) AirWatch
3 56 (1.23%) Opscode Chef
4 44 (0.96%) Puppet
5 35 (0.77%) Ansible
6 33 (0.72%) Kibana
7 32 (0.70%) Nagios
8 31 (0.68%) Kubernetes
9 28 (0.61%) logstash
10 27 (0.59%) Salt
11 17 (0.37%) Microsoft Intune
12 16 (0.35%) HockeyApp
13 14 (0.31%) WSUS
14 13 (0.28%) Nessus
15 12 (0.26%) Nmap
16 11 (0.24%) HP Quality Center
17 7 (0.15%) Backup Exec
17 7 (0.15%) Jamf Pro
18 5 (0.11%) Opsview
18 5 (0.11%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 651 (14.26%) Microsoft
2 501 (10.98%) Google
3 351 (7.69%) Xamarin
4 292 (6.40%) Apple
5 148 (3.24%) VMware
6 144 (3.16%) Oracle
7 126 (2.76%) Adobe
8 107 (2.34%) Citrix
9 99 (2.17%) Facebook
10 77 (1.69%) Cisco
11 66 (1.45%) HP
12 42 (0.92%) Twitter
13 36 (0.79%) IBM
14 35 (0.77%) Bloomberg
14 35 (0.77%) Reuters
14 35 (0.77%) SAP
15 34 (0.74%) Atlassian
15 34 (0.74%) McAfee
16 32 (0.70%) Zend
17 31 (0.68%) Sitecore
Manchester, Lancashire
Ascent People Ltd
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum + Benefits + Bonus + Gym
Posted: 58 minutes ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
The People Network
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum, Benefits Amazing Beneifts
Posted: 4 hours ago
Watford, Hertfordshire
Spring Technology
Salary: Bonus
Posted: 3 hours ago
City, London
Understanding Recruitment
Salary: £50000 - £55000 per annum
Posted: 10 hours ago
Sheffield, South Yorkshire
Engage PSG
Salary: £50000 - £60000 per annum + Perks
Posted: 6 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Car finance 247
Salary: £42000 - £45000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 5 hours ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Amazing Prospects Ltd
Salary: £35k - 45k per year + Top Benefits Package
Posted: 4 hours ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Rebel Recruitment
Salary: From £27,000 to £32,000 per annum
Posted: 5 hours ago
Hertford, Hertfordshire
Understanding Recruitment
Salary: £40000.00 - £45000.00 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 4 hours ago
Newbury, Berkshire
Dawson & Walsh
Salary: £30000 - £50000 per annum + Bonus + Pension + Benefits
Posted: 9 hours ago
Halifax, West Yorkshire
Cloud Computing International
Salary: £32000 - £37000 per annum + Bens
Posted: 2 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Austin Fraser
Salary: £40000.00 - £50000.00 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 3 hours ago
Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire
Optima Connections
Salary: From £40,000 to £50,000 per annum + Bonus + Benefits
Posted: 5 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Ascend Consulting
Salary: Up to £32,000 per annum
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
Parallel Consulting
Salary: £60000 - £70000 per annum + bonus and benefits
Posted: 5 hours ago
Bath, Avon
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Salary: 55,000 to 65,000 + Benefits
Posted: 4 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Dawson & Walsh
Salary: £30000 - £50000 per annum + Bonus + Pension + Benefits
Posted: 9 hours ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Dawson & Walsh
Salary: £50000 - £70000 per annum + Bonus + Pension + Benefits
Posted: 9 hours ago
Watford, Hertfordshire
Dawson & Walsh
Salary: £30000 - £45000 per annum + Bonus + Pension + Benefits
Posted: 9 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Dawson & Walsh
Salary: £30000 - £50000 per annum + Bonus + Pension + Benefits
Posted: 9 hours ago
Burton-On-Trent, Staffordshire
Harvey Nash plc
Posted: 6 hours ago
London
Dawson & Walsh
Salary: £60000 - £80000 per annum + £10k Sign-On Fee + Bonus
Posted: 9 hours ago
Chippenham, Wiltshire
The People Network
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum, Benefits superb benefits
Posted: 4 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Salary: £42,000 - £60,000 and strong benefits
Posted: 4 hours ago
City, London
Total Recruitment Specialists Limited / TRG / Total recruitment group
Salary: £50000 - £65000 Per Annum
Posted: Yesterday
London
Total Recruitment Specialists Limited / TRG / Total recruitment group
Salary: £30000 - £40000 Per Annum
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Total Recruitment Specialists Limited / TRG / Total recruitment group
Salary: £5000 - £60000 Per Annum
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Harrington Starr
Salary: £60000 - £80000 per annum + bonus + benefits
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Software Personnel International Ltd
Salary: From £40,000 to £45,000 per annum Excellent Benefits
Posted: 3 hours ago
Hertfordshire
TELSTRA Associates
Salary: From £25,000 to £30,000 per annum £25-30k+
Posted: 4 hours ago