Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for UML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited UML over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unified Modeling Language (UML)
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 395 412 309
Rank change year-on-year +17 -103 +25
Permanent jobs citing UML 581 776 1,583
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.70% 0.68% 1.06%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.76% 0.74% 1.15%
Number of salaries quoted 422 555 1,053
10th Percentile £42,500 £37,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £48,900 £43,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,004 £52,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +27.63% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £88,750 £68,750 £68,750
90th Percentile £92,500 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,742
% change year-on-year - +2.58% +0.50%

UML is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 76,792 104,892 137,408
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.47% 92.14% 92.30%
Number of salaries quoted 59,116 84,257 109,289
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

UML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing UML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for UML in the UK

UML
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing UML.

Salary trend for UML in the UK

UML
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing UML over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for UML in the UK

UML
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing UML within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +22 545 £67,500 +28.57% 120
UK excluding London -36 313 £50,000 - 103
London +117 233 £85,000 +30.77% 30
South East -38 92 £50,000 - 31
South West -3 88 £57,500 +15.00% 17
Midlands +35 81 £50,000 -16.67% 14
Work from Home -73 68 £65,000 +10.64% 17
West Midlands +17 53 £52,500 -12.50% 8
North of England +33 36 £45,000 -12.62% 17
East Midlands +24 28 £50,000 -14.53% 6
North West +45 23 £42,500 -43.33% 12
Yorkshire -14 13 £47,000 -8.74% 5
East of England +44 10 £56,250 +2.27% 10
Wales - 4 £48,900 - 8
Scotland -11 3 £45,000 -10.00% 7

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing UML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for UML.

1 320 (55.08%) Agile Software Development
2 204 (35.11%) SQL
3 199 (34.25%) Degree
4 188 (32.36%) C#
5 178 (30.64%) Microservices
6 168 (28.92%) JavaScript
7 164 (28.23%) OO
8 161 (27.71%) SOA
9 157 (27.02%) CSS
10 155 (26.68%) .NET
11 154 (26.51%) Azure
12 148 (25.47%) Web Services
13 142 (24.44%) React
14 141 (24.27%) Java
14 141 (24.27%) Test Automation
15 139 (23.92%) SQL Server
15 139 (23.92%) DevOps
16 136 (23.41%) jQuery
17 134 (23.06%) Software Engineering
18 132 (22.72%) Finance
19 128 (22.03%) Analytical Skills
20 125 (21.51%) MVC
21 124 (21.34%) N-Tier
22 118 (20.31%) Continuous Integration
23 115 (19.79%) Twitter Bootstrap
24 114 (19.62%) Security Cleared
24 114 (19.62%) Entity Framework
25 113 (19.45%) ASP.NET Web API
26 110 (18.93%) .NET Core
27 109 (18.76%) .NET Framework

UML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (15.66%) SharePoint
2 32 (5.51%) Confluence
3 21 (3.61%) CMS
4 19 (3.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 12 (2.07%) Tomcat
6 8 (1.38%) Apache
6 8 (1.38%) IIS
7 6 (1.03%) IBM Domino
7 6 (1.03%) MS Exchange
8 5 (0.86%) ArcGIS
8 5 (0.86%) JBoss
8 5 (0.86%) OpenStack
9 4 (0.69%) WildFly
10 2 (0.34%) Mule
10 2 (0.34%) Skype for Business
11 1 (0.17%) Apache Airflow
11 1 (0.17%) Liferay
11 1 (0.17%) Mule ESB
11 1 (0.17%) Oracle Workflow
11 1 (0.17%) WebSphere
Applications
1 31 (5.34%) Microsoft Office
2 20 (3.44%) MS Visio
3 14 (2.41%) Simulink
4 11 (1.89%) InVision
5 6 (1.03%) Microsoft Excel
6 4 (0.69%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.69%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 83 (14.29%) Dynamics CRM
2 36 (6.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 5 (0.86%) Sentinel
4 4 (0.69%) SAP CRM
5 2 (0.34%) Cognos Business Intelligence
6 1 (0.17%) Magento
6 1 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 154 (26.51%) Azure
2 90 (15.49%) PaaS
3 86 (14.80%) AWS
4 70 (12.05%) Azure Active Directory
5 16 (2.75%) Serverless
6 15 (2.58%) Azure Functions
6 15 (2.58%) GCP
7 14 (2.41%) SaaS
8 11 (1.89%) Cloud Computing
8 11 (1.89%) Dynamics 365
8 11 (1.89%) Microsoft 365
8 11 (1.89%) Power Platform
9 7 (1.20%) IaaS
10 6 (1.03%) Amazon EKS
10 6 (1.03%) npm
11 2 (0.34%) Lucidchart
12 1 (0.17%) Akamai
12 1 (0.17%) Amazon EC2
12 1 (0.17%) Amazon S3
12 1 (0.17%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 14 (2.41%) Internet
1 14 (2.41%) Unified Communications
2 9 (1.55%) TCP/IP
3 8 (1.38%) HTTP
4 7 (1.20%) Tactical Data Link
5 5 (0.86%) Ethernet
5 5 (0.86%) SpaceWire
6 4 (0.69%) Broadband
6 4 (0.69%) Software-Defined Radio
6 4 (0.69%) VSAT
7 3 (0.52%) DLNA
7 3 (0.52%) UPnP
7 3 (0.52%) Wi-Fi
7 3 (0.52%) Wireshark
8 2 (0.34%) DNS
8 2 (0.34%) IP Telephony
8 2 (0.34%) PBX
8 2 (0.34%) Skype
8 2 (0.34%) SMTP
8 2 (0.34%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 139 (23.92%) SQL Server
2 40 (6.88%) MongoDB
2 40 (6.88%) NoSQL
3 38 (6.54%) Big Data
4 27 (4.65%) Relational Database
5 22 (3.79%) Data Warehouse
6 19 (3.27%) RDBMS
7 11 (1.89%) PostgreSQL
8 10 (1.72%) Power BI
8 10 (1.72%) Redis
9 8 (1.38%) Hazelcast
10 7 (1.20%) OLTP
11 6 (1.03%) Azure SQL Database
12 5 (0.86%) SQL Server 2012
13 4 (0.69%) Cosmos DB
13 4 (0.69%) Hadoop
13 4 (0.69%) MySQL
14 3 (0.52%) Amazon Redshift
14 3 (0.52%) Data Lake
14 3 (0.52%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 94 (16.18%) Team Foundation Server
2 82 (14.11%) Visual Studio Team System
3 80 (13.77%) Rational DOORS
4 59 (10.15%) Jenkins
5 57 (9.81%) JIRA
6 53 (9.12%) Git (software)
7 38 (6.54%) Maven
8 37 (6.37%) Artifactory
9 32 (5.51%) Rational Rhapsody
10 28 (4.82%) JUnit
11 22 (3.79%) Gradle
11 22 (3.79%) Mocha
12 20 (3.44%) Mockito
13 18 (3.10%) Selenium
14 16 (2.75%) TeamCity
15 15 (2.58%) Octopus Deploy
15 15 (2.58%) SonarQube
15 15 (2.58%) Visual Studio
16 14 (2.41%) Eclipse
17 12 (2.07%) Cucumber
General
1 132 (22.72%) Finance
2 42 (7.23%) Aerospace
2 42 (7.23%) Electronics
3 31 (5.34%) Banking
4 26 (4.48%) Public Sector
5 25 (4.30%) Advertising
6 24 (4.13%) Manufacturing
7 21 (3.61%) Telecoms
8 17 (2.93%) Marketing
9 16 (2.75%) Military
9 16 (2.75%) Retail
10 8 (1.38%) Back Office
11 6 (1.03%) German Language
11 6 (1.03%) Investment Banking
11 6 (1.03%) Law
11 6 (1.03%) Online Betting
12 5 (0.86%) Avionics
12 5 (0.86%) Local Government
13 4 (0.69%) Automotive
14 2 (0.34%) Legal
Job Titles
1 175 (30.12%) Developer
2 130 (22.38%) Architect
3 123 (21.17%) Analyst
4 117 (20.14%) C# Developer
5 98 (16.87%) Senior Developer
6 89 (15.32%) Senior C# Developer
7 88 (15.15%) Business Analyst
8 86 (14.80%) Software Engineer
9 81 (13.94%) Azure Developer
10 74 (12.74%) Solutions Architect
11 58 (9.98%) .NET Developer
11 58 (9.98%) C# .NET Developer
12 45 (7.75%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
13 43 (7.40%) Senior .NET Developer
13 43 (7.40%) Senior C# .NET Developer
14 42 (7.23%) Senior SQL Developer
14 42 (7.23%) SQL Developer
15 30 (5.16%) Embedded Engineer
16 28 (4.82%) Senior Analyst
17 23 (3.96%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 157 (27.02%) CSS
2 155 (26.68%) .NET
3 148 (25.47%) Web Services
4 142 (24.44%) React
5 136 (23.41%) jQuery
6 115 (19.79%) Twitter Bootstrap
7 114 (19.62%) Entity Framework
8 113 (19.45%) ASP.NET Web API
9 110 (18.93%) .NET Core
10 109 (18.76%) .NET Framework
11 74 (12.74%) HTML
11 74 (12.74%) REST
12 54 (9.29%) XML
13 49 (8.43%) JSON
14 35 (6.02%) AngularJS
14 35 (6.02%) SOAP
15 33 (5.68%) ASP.NET
15 33 (5.68%) Spring
16 31 (5.34%) Node.js
17 23 (3.96%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 128 (22.03%) Analytical Skills
2 124 (21.34%) N-Tier
3 43 (7.40%) Reinsurance
4 38 (6.54%) User Experience
5 25 (4.30%) Management Information System
6 23 (3.96%) Cyberthreat
7 18 (3.10%) Embedded Systems
8 15 (2.58%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
9 14 (2.41%) Enterprise Software
10 12 (2.07%) Algorithms
11 10 (1.72%) Greenfield Project
11 10 (1.72%) VHDL
12 9 (1.55%) Internet of Things
12 9 (1.55%) Reference Data
12 9 (1.55%) Self-Motivation
13 8 (1.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 8 (1.38%) Mobile App
13 8 (1.38%) New Media
13 8 (1.38%) Video\Live Streaming
14 7 (1.20%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 62 (10.67%) Linux
2 39 (6.71%) Windows
3 24 (4.13%) Unix
4 4 (0.69%) Android
5 3 (0.52%) Embedded Linux
6 2 (0.34%) VxWorks
6 2 (0.34%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.17%) Apple iOS
7 1 (0.17%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 320 (55.08%) Agile Software Development
2 178 (30.64%) Microservices
3 164 (28.23%) OO
4 161 (27.71%) SOA
5 141 (24.27%) Test Automation
6 139 (23.92%) DevOps
7 134 (23.06%) Software Engineering
8 125 (21.51%) MVC
9 118 (20.31%) Continuous Integration
10 103 (17.73%) SOLID
11 100 (17.21%) TOGAF
12 99 (17.04%) Problem-Solving
13 95 (16.35%) Computer Science
14 94 (16.18%) Deployment Automation
15 93 (16.01%) CRM
16 92 (15.83%) SDLC
17 90 (15.49%) Scrum
18 88 (15.15%) Don't repeat yourself (DRY)
19 83 (14.29%) Migration
20 76 (13.08%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 204 (35.11%) SQL
2 188 (32.36%) C#
3 168 (28.92%) JavaScript
4 141 (24.27%) Java
5 102 (17.56%) C++
6 90 (15.49%) T-SQL
7 88 (15.15%) PowerShell
8 56 (9.64%) C
9 36 (6.20%) Python
10 26 (4.48%) PL/SQL
11 23 (3.96%) Java 8
12 14 (2.41%) MATLAB
13 10 (1.72%) Bash Shell
14 7 (1.20%) R
14 7 (1.20%) TypeScript
15 6 (1.03%) Shell Script
16 5 (0.86%) Ada
16 5 (0.86%) COBOL
16 5 (0.86%) Embedded C
16 5 (0.86%) Embedded C++
Qualifications
1 199 (34.25%) Degree
2 114 (19.62%) Security Cleared
3 69 (11.88%) SC Cleared
4 52 (8.95%) Computer Science Degree
4 52 (8.95%) DV Cleared
5 22 (3.79%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
6 11 (1.89%) ISEB
7 6 (1.03%) PhD
8 4 (0.69%) IIBA
8 4 (0.69%) TOGAF Certification
9 3 (0.52%) CITP
9 3 (0.52%) HND
9 3 (0.52%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.17%) AAT
10 1 (0.17%) ACCA
10 1 (0.17%) BC Cleared
10 1 (0.17%) CBAP
10 1 (0.17%) Chartered Engineer
10 1 (0.17%) ISEB Practitioner
10 1 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (4.82%) QA
2 9 (1.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 7 (1.20%) Cyber Essentials
4 6 (1.03%) ISO/IEC 15288
5 5 (0.86%) GRC
5 5 (0.86%) GxP
5 5 (0.86%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 5 (0.86%) MISRA
6 4 (0.69%) Def Stans
7 3 (0.52%) ISO 20022
8 2 (0.34%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 2 (0.34%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.34%) GDPR
8 2 (0.34%) PMO
9 1 (0.17%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.17%) SEPA
System Software
1 39 (6.71%) Docker
2 20 (3.44%) Firmware
3 15 (2.58%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (1.38%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.34%) Virtual Desktop
6 1 (0.17%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 90 (15.49%) Terraform
2 68 (11.70%) Opscode Chef
3 36 (6.20%) Kubernetes
4 11 (1.89%) Ansible
5 4 (0.69%) SELinux
5 4 (0.69%) vRealize
6 3 (0.52%) MIIS
6 3 (0.52%) Nmap
6 3 (0.52%) Single Sign-On
7 2 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.17%) CloudHub
Vendors
1 88 (15.15%) Nintex
2 70 (12.05%) Microsoft
3 56 (9.64%) IBM
4 44 (7.57%) Oracle
5 39 (6.71%) Sparx
6 21 (3.61%) SAP
7 17 (2.93%) BiZZdesign
8 16 (2.75%) Google
8 16 (2.75%) VMware
9 12 (2.07%) Cisco
10 11 (1.89%) YouTube
11 10 (1.72%) Avaya
12 9 (1.55%) Juniper
13 8 (1.38%) Facebook
13 8 (1.38%) Twitter
14 7 (1.20%) Dell
15 6 (1.03%) Xilinx
16 5 (0.86%) Citrix
17 4 (0.69%) Instagram
17 4 (0.69%) MuleSoft