Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 57 59 45
Rank change year-on-year +2 -14 0
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 3,404 4,759 7,357
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.63% 4.54% 5.33%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.00% 4.93% 5.78%
Number of salaries quoted 2,601 3,742 5,541
10th Percentile £38,750 £38,750 £36,250
25th Percentile £46,250 £46,250 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,305 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +0.51% - +9.09%
75th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £76,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £92,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year - +4.35% +4.55%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 68,083 96,540 127,330
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.59% 92.19% 92.26%
Number of salaries quoted 53,263 78,111 102,276
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £40,000 £37,981
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,750
90th Percentile £91,250 £90,000 £86,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 1,682 £75,000 +7.14% 289
North of England +6 621 £47,500 -5.00% 134
South East -6 456 £55,000 - 85
Yorkshire +14 353 £47,500 -5.00% 43
South West -5 284 £50,000 - 62
North West -11 244 £50,000 -3.62% 80
Midlands -35 193 £57,500 +11.55% 52
West Midlands -17 142 £60,000 +14.29% 39
East of England -13 125 £57,500 +4.55% 43
East Midlands -18 48 £42,500 -5.56% 12
North East -9 24 £45,000 +12.50% 11
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 2,179 (64.01%) Agile Software Development
2 1,801 (52.91%) DevOps
3 1,263 (37.10%) Azure
4 1,205 (35.40%) AWS
5 1,009 (29.64%) Git (software)
6 983 (28.88%) SQL
7 968 (28.44%) Test Automation
8 952 (27.97%) JavaScript
9 948 (27.85%) Docker
10 938 (27.56%) Java
11 934 (27.44%) Python
12 854 (25.09%) TDD
13 834 (24.50%) Jenkins
14 819 (24.06%) C#
15 778 (22.86%) Microservices
16 751 (22.06%) Software Engineering
17 743 (21.83%) Kubernetes
18 740 (21.74%) Terraform
19 703 (20.65%) Scrum
20 699 (20.53%) .NET
21 688 (20.21%) Continuous Delivery
22 636 (18.68%) Linux
23 556 (16.33%) Microsoft
24 542 (15.92%) Finance
25 514 (15.10%) React
26 504 (14.81%) CSS
27 476 (13.98%) SQL Server
28 454 (13.34%) BDD
29 444 (13.04%) Ansible
30 434 (12.75%) Degree

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 133 (3.91%) Elasticsearch
2 131 (3.85%) SharePoint
3 123 (3.61%) Apache Spark
4 94 (2.76%) nginx
5 90 (2.64%) Confluence
6 63 (1.85%) Apache Airflow
7 59 (1.73%) Apache
8 56 (1.65%) JBoss
9 54 (1.59%) CMS
10 53 (1.56%) IIS
11 33 (0.97%) Tomcat
12 28 (0.82%) OpenStack
13 23 (0.68%) Red Hat Fuse
14 22 (0.65%) Luigi
15 20 (0.59%) Apache Pig
15 20 (0.59%) Apache ServiceMix
16 13 (0.38%) Umbraco
17 12 (0.35%) Apache Solr
18 11 (0.32%) ejabberd
18 11 (0.32%) WebSphere
Applications
1 63 (1.85%) Sketch
2 33 (0.97%) Figma
3 32 (0.94%) Adobe XD
4 27 (0.79%) InVision
5 18 (0.53%) Zeplin
6 16 (0.47%) Chatbot
7 9 (0.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 8 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
9 7 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
10 6 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 4 (0.12%) AutoCAD
11 4 (0.12%) Simulink
12 3 (0.088%) Photoshop
13 2 (0.059%) Spreadsheet
14 1 (0.029%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 86 (2.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.29%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 9 (0.26%) NetSuite
4 7 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
4 7 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
5 4 (0.12%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 4 (0.12%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.059%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.059%) Oracle Payables
6 2 (0.059%) Oracle Receivables
6 2 (0.059%) SAP Business One
7 1 (0.029%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.029%) Magento
7 1 (0.029%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.029%) SAP CRM
7 1 (0.029%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.029%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.029%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.029%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,263 (37.10%) Azure
2 1,205 (35.40%) AWS
3 337 (9.90%) GCP
4 279 (8.20%) Serverless
5 254 (7.46%) SaaS
6 253 (7.43%) PaaS
7 227 (6.67%) GitHub
8 199 (5.85%) AWS CloudFormation
9 127 (3.73%) Azure Active Directory
10 116 (3.41%) AWS Lambda
11 108 (3.17%) Azure Functions
12 102 (3.00%) Power Platform
13 88 (2.59%) IaaS
14 81 (2.38%) Cloud Computing
15 74 (2.17%) Amazon EC2
16 71 (2.09%) Amazon ECS
17 65 (1.91%) Amazon S3
18 60 (1.76%) Azure Data Factory
19 52 (1.53%) Amazon EKS
19 52 (1.53%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 93 (2.73%) Firewall
2 92 (2.70%) HTTP
2 92 (2.70%) TCP/IP
3 60 (1.76%) Internet
4 43 (1.26%) Wireless
5 42 (1.23%) Wireshark
6 40 (1.18%) Wi-Fi
7 39 (1.15%) HTTPS
8 38 (1.12%) Broadband
8 38 (1.12%) MQTT
9 36 (1.06%) 802.11
9 36 (1.06%) Ethernet
9 36 (1.06%) STUN
10 31 (0.91%) VPN
11 21 (0.62%) DNS
12 17 (0.50%) VLAN
13 16 (0.47%) LAN
14 13 (0.38%) BGP
14 13 (0.38%) SNMP
15 12 (0.35%) Diameter Protocol
Database & Business Intelligence
1 476 (13.98%) SQL Server
2 378 (11.10%) NoSQL
3 313 (9.20%) PostgreSQL
4 187 (5.49%) MySQL
5 174 (5.11%) Relational Database
6 169 (4.96%) Big Data
7 146 (4.29%) MongoDB
8 140 (4.11%) Redis
9 101 (2.97%) Azure SQL Database
10 95 (2.79%) Hadoop
11 68 (2.00%) Amazon Redshift
12 64 (1.88%) Cosmos DB
13 62 (1.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 60 (1.76%) Power BI
15 58 (1.70%) Data Lake
15 58 (1.70%) Data Warehouse
16 53 (1.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 52 (1.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 46 (1.35%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 45 (1.32%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 1,009 (29.64%) Git (software)
2 834 (24.50%) Jenkins
3 277 (8.14%) JIRA
4 267 (7.84%) Selenium
5 248 (7.29%) TeamCity
6 173 (5.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 173 (5.08%) GitLab
7 167 (4.91%) Cucumber
8 156 (4.58%) Subversion
9 154 (4.52%) Team Foundation Server
10 147 (4.32%) Octopus Deploy
11 144 (4.23%) Maven
12 142 (4.17%) Visual Studio Team System
13 133 (3.91%) JUnit
14 112 (3.29%) Cypress.io
15 106 (3.11%) Visual Studio
16 92 (2.70%) Mercurial
17 91 (2.67%) Vagrant
18 76 (2.23%) Mockito
19 69 (2.03%) SpecFlow
General
1 542 (15.92%) Finance
2 199 (5.85%) Public Sector
3 131 (3.85%) Games
4 125 (3.67%) Marketing
5 122 (3.58%) Retail
6 120 (3.53%) Banking
7 108 (3.17%) Electronics
8 96 (2.82%) Telecoms
9 77 (2.26%) Manufacturing
10 69 (2.03%) Automotive
11 48 (1.41%) Front Office
12 31 (0.91%) Law
13 23 (0.68%) Advertising
14 20 (0.59%) Investment Banking
15 18 (0.53%) Aerospace
15 18 (0.53%) Back Office
15 18 (0.53%) Legal
16 17 (0.50%) Financial Institution
17 15 (0.44%) Publishing
18 11 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,285 (37.75%) Developer
2 548 (16.10%) DevOps Engineer
3 359 (10.55%) Senior Developer
4 331 (9.72%) Software Engineer
5 269 (7.90%) Java Developer
6 260 (7.64%) .NET Developer
7 223 (6.55%) C# Developer
8 220 (6.46%) Full Stack Developer
9 219 (6.43%) AWS Engineer
10 205 (6.02%) Platform Engineer
11 188 (5.52%) Azure Engineer
12 175 (5.14%) AWS DevOps
13 170 (4.99%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 157 (4.61%) Architect
15 143 (4.20%) C# .NET Developer
16 137 (4.02%) Azure Developer
17 135 (3.97%) Software Developer
18 129 (3.79%) JavaScript Developer
19 127 (3.73%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
20 121 (3.55%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 699 (20.53%) .NET
2 514 (15.10%) React
3 504 (14.81%) CSS
4 421 (12.37%) AngularJS
5 393 (11.55%) .NET Core
6 377 (11.08%) HTML
7 363 (10.66%) Web Services
8 361 (10.61%) RESTful
9 355 (10.43%) Node.js
10 338 (9.93%) Spring
11 324 (9.52%) REST
12 242 (7.11%) .NET Framework
13 221 (6.49%) jQuery
14 210 (6.17%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 179 (5.26%) ASP.NET Web API
16 166 (4.88%) ASP.NET
16 166 (4.88%) HTML5
17 156 (4.58%) Entity Framework
18 153 (4.49%) Vue.js
19 148 (4.35%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 218 (6.40%) User Experience
2 187 (5.49%) Analytical Skills
3 174 (5.11%) Mobile App
4 126 (3.70%) N-Tier
5 97 (2.85%) Greenfield Project
6 94 (2.76%) Algorithms
7 91 (2.67%) Self-Motivation
8 87 (2.56%) Enterprise Software
9 80 (2.35%) Data Structures
10 69 (2.03%) Cloud Native
11 66 (1.94%) Linux Command Line
12 48 (1.41%) Virtual Team
13 43 (1.26%) Reinsurance
14 41 (1.20%) NHS
15 37 (1.09%) Hybrid Cloud
16 33 (0.97%) Blog
17 32 (0.94%) Internet of Things
18 29 (0.85%) Derivative
19 28 (0.82%) Data Centre
20 27 (0.79%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 636 (18.68%) Linux
2 369 (10.84%) Windows
3 138 (4.05%) Unix
4 137 (4.02%) Android
5 113 (3.32%) Apple iOS
6 86 (2.53%) Windows Server
7 73 (2.14%) CentOS
8 58 (1.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 27 (0.79%) Ubuntu
10 19 (0.56%) Debian
11 12 (0.35%) Embedded Linux
12 10 (0.29%) CoreOS
12 10 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
12 10 (0.29%) zOS
13 6 (0.18%) VMS
14 5 (0.15%) Mac OS X
15 4 (0.12%) FreeRTOS
16 3 (0.088%) Nucleus RTOS
17 2 (0.059%) Mac OS
17 2 (0.059%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,179 (64.01%) Agile Software Development
2 1,801 (52.91%) DevOps
3 968 (28.44%) Test Automation
4 854 (25.09%) TDD
5 778 (22.86%) Microservices
6 751 (22.06%) Software Engineering
7 703 (20.65%) Scrum
8 688 (20.21%) Continuous Delivery
9 454 (13.34%) BDD
10 421 (12.37%) Infrastructure as Code
11 406 (11.93%) OO
12 405 (11.90%) Mentoring
13 379 (11.13%) Deployment Automation
14 325 (9.55%) Migration
15 313 (9.20%) Configuration Management
15 313 (9.20%) SDLC
16 307 (9.02%) Unit Testing
17 304 (8.93%) Problem-Solving
18 301 (8.84%) Open Source
19 298 (8.75%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 983 (28.88%) SQL
2 952 (27.97%) JavaScript
3 938 (27.56%) Java
4 934 (27.44%) Python
5 819 (24.06%) C#
6 314 (9.22%) PowerShell
7 246 (7.23%) C++
8 226 (6.64%) TypeScript
9 201 (5.90%) Bash Shell
10 179 (5.26%) Ruby
11 176 (5.17%) C
12 159 (4.67%) T-SQL
13 126 (3.70%) Go
14 121 (3.55%) Java 8
15 108 (3.17%) PHP
16 99 (2.91%) Kotlin
17 69 (2.03%) Groovy
18 67 (1.97%) Scala
19 48 (1.41%) ES6
20 45 (1.32%) Perl
Qualifications
1 434 (12.75%) Degree
2 266 (7.81%) Security Cleared
3 202 (5.93%) SC Cleared
4 137 (4.02%) Computer Science Degree
5 48 (1.41%) AWS Certification
6 46 (1.35%) ISTQB
7 37 (1.09%) DV Cleared
8 28 (0.82%) ISEB
9 24 (0.71%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 24 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
10 18 (0.53%) SANS
11 14 (0.41%) PhD
12 13 (0.38%) RHCE
12 13 (0.38%) RHCSA
13 7 (0.21%) Master's Degree
14 6 (0.18%) DBS Check
14 6 (0.18%) ISEB Practitioner
15 5 (0.15%) Numerate Degree
16 3 (0.088%) Cisco Certification
16 3 (0.088%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 297 (8.73%) QA
2 23 (0.68%) GDPR
3 20 (0.59%) WCAG
4 15 (0.44%) Data Quality
5 13 (0.38%) MISRA
6 9 (0.26%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.18%) MiFID
8 5 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
8 5 (0.15%) EMIR
8 5 (0.15%) ISO 26262
8 5 (0.15%) SLA
9 4 (0.12%) Def Stans
9 4 (0.12%) IEC 61508
9 4 (0.12%) IEC 62304
9 4 (0.12%) MISRA C
10 3 (0.088%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 3 (0.088%) NIST
11 2 (0.059%) ISO 22301
11 2 (0.059%) NCSC
11 2 (0.059%) SOC 2
System Software
1 948 (27.85%) Docker
2 96 (2.82%) VMware Infrastructure
3 81 (2.38%) Active Directory
4 49 (1.44%) VirtualBox
5 34 (1.00%) vSphere
6 28 (0.82%) Firmware
7 20 (0.59%) Postfix
8 18 (0.53%) KVM
9 15 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
10 12 (0.35%) iptables
10 12 (0.35%) QEMU
11 11 (0.32%) Hyper-V
11 11 (0.32%) Kamailio
12 6 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 5 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
14 4 (0.12%) HDFS
14 4 (0.12%) LXC
15 2 (0.059%) NFS
15 2 (0.059%) VMware NSX
15 2 (0.059%) Xen
Systems Management
1 743 (21.83%) Kubernetes
2 740 (21.74%) Terraform
3 444 (13.04%) Ansible
4 344 (10.11%) Puppet
5 308 (9.05%) Opscode Chef
6 98 (2.88%) Docker Swarm
7 84 (2.47%) Prometheus
8 71 (2.09%) Grafana
9 65 (1.91%) Packer
10 49 (1.44%) Consul
11 46 (1.35%) Nagios
12 45 (1.32%) Kibana
12 45 (1.32%) Rancher
13 43 (1.26%) Graylog
14 31 (0.91%) Graphite
15 25 (0.73%) ZABBIX
16 22 (0.65%) HAProxy
17 12 (0.35%) Galera Cluster
18 10 (0.29%) Istio
18 10 (0.29%) Opsview
Vendors
1 556 (16.33%) Microsoft
2 314 (9.22%) Google
3 238 (6.99%) Oracle
4 122 (3.58%) VMware
5 99 (2.91%) EnterpriseDB
6 86 (2.53%) Nintex
7 80 (2.35%) IBM
8 79 (2.32%) Salesforce.com
9 68 (2.00%) Adobe
10 67 (1.97%) Atlassian
11 56 (1.65%) Red Hat
12 47 (1.38%) Databricks
13 46 (1.35%) Cloudera
14 44 (1.29%) Hortonworks
15 42 (1.23%) SAP
16 39 (1.15%) Talend
17 37 (1.09%) Informatica
17 37 (1.09%) Xamarin
18 36 (1.06%) Splunk
19 29 (0.85%) Dell