Period
to 25 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 25 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 59 58 50
Rank change year-on-year -1 -8 -9
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 4,473 3,310 6,855
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.77% 4.49% 5.14%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.11% 4.85% 5.57%
Number of salaries quoted 2,712 2,660 5,150
10th Percentile £38,750 £38,750 £36,250
25th Percentile £46,250 £46,250 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% - +9.09%
75th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £76,250
90th Percentile £91,250 £91,250 £88,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year - +4.35% +4.55%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 87,563 68,212 123,126
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 93.40% 92.44% 92.28%
Number of salaries quoted 61,128 55,493 98,644
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,000 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,762 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +1.39% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 2,349 £75,000 +3.45% 285
North of England +1 719 £47,500 -5.00% 134
South East -13 606 £55,000 -4.35% 89
Yorkshire +12 391 £47,500 -5.00% 46
South West -17 367 £52,500 +1.76% 61
North West -16 302 £52,500 +0.96% 79
Midlands -25 200 £60,000 +20.00% 54
East of England -13 175 £57,500 +4.55% 52
West Midlands -32 140 £62,500 +18.60% 40
East Midlands -17 58 £42,500 -5.56% 14
North East -20 27 £45,345 +0.77% 9
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 2,971 (66.42%) Agile Software Development
2 1,939 (43.35%) DevOps
3 1,598 (35.73%) AWS
4 1,438 (32.15%) Java
5 1,367 (30.56%) Azure
6 1,366 (30.54%) Git (software)
7 1,348 (30.14%) JavaScript
8 1,330 (29.73%) Docker
9 1,287 (28.77%) TDD
10 1,251 (27.97%) Test Automation
11 1,239 (27.70%) Software Engineering
12 1,204 (26.92%) Python
13 1,165 (26.05%) SQL
14 1,155 (25.82%) Jenkins
15 1,100 (24.59%) Social Skills
16 1,068 (23.88%) Microservices
17 1,056 (23.61%) Scrum
18 1,003 (22.42%) Terraform
19 985 (22.02%) C#
20 946 (21.15%) Kubernetes
21 828 (18.51%) Continuous Delivery
22 782 (17.48%) Finance
23 776 (17.35%) .NET
23 776 (17.35%) React
24 770 (17.21%) Linux
25 712 (15.92%) REST
26 704 (15.74%) BDD
26 704 (15.74%) CSS
27 650 (14.53%) AngularJS
28 646 (14.44%) Microsoft

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 206 (4.61%) Apache Spark
2 196 (4.38%) Elasticsearch
3 172 (3.85%) Confluence
4 122 (2.73%) nginx
5 92 (2.06%) CMS
5 92 (2.06%) SharePoint
6 80 (1.79%) Apache
7 71 (1.59%) IIS
8 65 (1.45%) Apache Airflow
9 61 (1.36%) Tomcat
10 31 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
11 26 (0.58%) JBoss
12 20 (0.45%) Apache Pig
12 20 (0.45%) Luigi
12 20 (0.45%) Oracle Coherence
13 17 (0.38%) Umbraco
14 16 (0.36%) GemFire
14 16 (0.36%) Headless CMS
14 16 (0.36%) WebSphere
15 15 (0.34%) OpenStack
Applications
1 27 (0.60%) Sketch
2 22 (0.49%) InVision
3 20 (0.45%) Zeplin
4 19 (0.42%) Simulink
5 17 (0.38%) Chatbot
6 16 (0.36%) Campfire
7 8 (0.18%) Figma
8 7 (0.16%) Microsoft Excel
9 5 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
10 4 (0.089%) AutoCAD
11 3 (0.067%) Photoshop
12 2 (0.045%) Spreadsheet
13 1 (0.022%) Adobe XD
13 1 (0.022%) Microsoft PowerPoint
13 1 (0.022%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 69 (1.54%) Dynamics CRM
2 25 (0.56%) Distributed Ledger
3 8 (0.18%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 8 (0.18%) NetSuite
4 7 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
5 6 (0.13%) Magento
5 6 (0.13%) R3 Corda
5 6 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
6 5 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
6 5 (0.11%) Shopify
7 4 (0.089%) Summit
8 3 (0.067%) Oracle Receivables
9 2 (0.045%) FastStats
9 2 (0.045%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.045%) Oracle Payables
9 2 (0.045%) SAP Business One
9 2 (0.045%) SDL Web 8
9 2 (0.045%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 1 (0.022%) Dynamics NAV
10 1 (0.022%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,598 (35.73%) AWS
2 1,367 (30.56%) Azure
3 542 (12.12%) Serverless
4 536 (11.98%) GCP
5 399 (8.92%) GitHub
6 299 (6.68%) SaaS
7 256 (5.72%) AWS CloudFormation
8 215 (4.81%) AWS Lambda
9 207 (4.63%) PaaS
10 133 (2.97%) Amazon S3
11 128 (2.86%) Amazon EC2
12 117 (2.62%) OpenShift
13 116 (2.59%) Cloud Computing
14 108 (2.41%) Azure Service Bus
15 104 (2.33%) Azure Active Directory
16 101 (2.26%) Azure Functions
17 95 (2.12%) npm
18 80 (1.79%) Amazon ECS
19 78 (1.74%) Amazon EMR
20 75 (1.68%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 248 (5.54%) HTTP
2 110 (2.46%) Broadband
3 97 (2.17%) Firewall
4 84 (1.88%) TCP/IP
5 69 (1.54%) Internet
6 47 (1.05%) Wireless
6 47 (1.05%) Wireshark
7 44 (0.98%) Wi-Fi
8 42 (0.94%) HTTPS
9 41 (0.92%) VPN
10 38 (0.85%) MQTT
11 37 (0.83%) 802.11
11 37 (0.83%) Ethernet
11 37 (0.83%) STUN
12 33 (0.74%) AMQP
13 30 (0.67%) DNS
14 26 (0.58%) VLAN
15 25 (0.56%) Modbus
15 25 (0.56%) RS-422
15 25 (0.56%) RS-485
Database & Business Intelligence
1 546 (12.21%) NoSQL
2 476 (10.64%) SQL Server
3 434 (9.70%) PostgreSQL
4 398 (8.90%) Big Data
5 289 (6.46%) MySQL
6 276 (6.17%) Relational Database
7 229 (5.12%) MongoDB
8 222 (4.96%) Hadoop
9 214 (4.78%) Redis
10 133 (2.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 92 (2.06%) Amazon Redshift
12 87 (1.95%) Neo4j
13 80 (1.79%) Amazon Athena
14 71 (1.59%) Electronic Patient Records
15 67 (1.50%) MariaDB
16 60 (1.34%) Azure SQL Database
16 60 (1.34%) Data Warehouse
17 56 (1.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 53 (1.18%) RDBMS
19 51 (1.14%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 1,366 (30.54%) Git (software)
2 1,155 (25.82%) Jenkins
3 477 (10.66%) JIRA
4 333 (7.44%) TeamCity
5 319 (7.13%) Selenium
6 261 (5.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 240 (5.37%) Cucumber
8 234 (5.23%) Maven
9 225 (5.03%) GitLab
10 213 (4.76%) Cypress.io
11 206 (4.61%) Octopus Deploy
12 201 (4.49%) JUnit
13 179 (4.00%) Subversion
14 148 (3.31%) JMeter
15 137 (3.06%) webpack
16 136 (3.04%) Vagrant
17 126 (2.82%) Team Foundation Server
18 120 (2.68%) Visual Studio Team System
19 115 (2.57%) Mercurial
20 105 (2.35%) Visual Studio
General
1 1,100 (24.59%) Social Skills
2 782 (17.48%) Finance
3 253 (5.66%) Banking
4 216 (4.83%) Analytical Skills
5 188 (4.20%) Public Sector
6 184 (4.11%) Games
7 170 (3.80%) Marketing
8 147 (3.29%) Electronics
8 147 (3.29%) Retail
9 100 (2.24%) Telecoms
10 81 (1.81%) Manufacturing
11 79 (1.77%) Law
12 74 (1.65%) Automotive
13 55 (1.23%) Presentation Skills
14 46 (1.03%) Front Office
15 42 (0.94%) Advertising
16 33 (0.74%) Investment Banking
17 32 (0.72%) Legal
18 28 (0.63%) Back Office
18 28 (0.63%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,776 (39.70%) Developer
2 623 (13.93%) Software Engineer
3 506 (11.31%) DevOps Engineer
4 461 (10.31%) Java Developer
5 429 (9.59%) Senior Developer
6 260 (5.81%) .NET Developer
7 256 (5.72%) Full Stack Developer
8 248 (5.54%) AWS Engineer
9 213 (4.76%) Platform Engineer
10 203 (4.54%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 182 (4.07%) Architect
12 181 (4.05%) C# Developer
13 176 (3.93%) AWS DevOps
14 172 (3.85%) Senior Software Engineer
15 170 (3.80%) Azure Engineer
16 168 (3.76%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 165 (3.69%) Software Developer
18 150 (3.35%) JavaScript Developer
19 126 (2.82%) Lead Developer
20 124 (2.77%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 776 (17.35%) .NET
1 776 (17.35%) React
2 712 (15.92%) REST
3 704 (15.74%) CSS
4 650 (14.53%) AngularJS
5 641 (14.33%) HTML
6 640 (14.31%) Spring
7 594 (13.28%) Node.js
8 508 (11.36%) Web Services
9 507 (11.33%) RESTful
10 391 (8.74%) .NET Core
11 375 (8.38%) GraphQL
12 334 (7.47%) HTML5
13 310 (6.93%) Spring Boot
14 302 (6.75%) Kafka
15 240 (5.37%) CSS3
16 224 (5.01%) Hibernate
17 223 (4.99%) CGI
18 216 (4.83%) .NET Framework
19 215 (4.81%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 364 (8.14%) User Experience
2 212 (4.74%) Mobile App
3 182 (4.07%) Algorithms
4 146 (3.26%) Self-Motivation
5 132 (2.95%) Data Structures
6 111 (2.48%) Cloud Native
7 101 (2.26%) Greenfield Project
8 100 (2.24%) Linux Command Line
9 90 (2.01%) N-Tier
10 60 (1.34%) Enterprise Software
11 58 (1.30%) Social Media
12 49 (1.10%) Video\Live Streaming
13 48 (1.07%) Hybrid Cloud
13 48 (1.07%) NHS
14 43 (0.96%) Blog
15 41 (0.92%) Derivative
16 34 (0.76%) Data Centre
16 34 (0.76%) Virtual Team
17 33 (0.74%) Management Information System
17 33 (0.74%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 770 (17.21%) Linux
2 436 (9.75%) Windows
3 189 (4.23%) Unix
4 165 (3.69%) Android
5 108 (2.41%) Apple iOS
6 91 (2.03%) Windows Server
7 80 (1.79%) CentOS
8 56 (1.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 39 (0.87%) Ubuntu
10 21 (0.47%) Debian
11 18 (0.40%) Windows Server 2016
12 14 (0.31%) Embedded Linux
13 6 (0.13%) VMS
14 5 (0.11%) FreeRTOS
14 5 (0.11%) Mesosphere
15 4 (0.089%) Mac OS X
16 3 (0.067%) Solaris
16 3 (0.067%) Tizen
16 3 (0.067%) webOS
17 2 (0.045%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,971 (66.42%) Agile Software Development
2 1,939 (43.35%) DevOps
3 1,287 (28.77%) TDD
4 1,251 (27.97%) Test Automation
5 1,239 (27.70%) Software Engineering
6 1,068 (23.88%) Microservices
7 1,056 (23.61%) Scrum
8 828 (18.51%) Continuous Delivery
9 704 (15.74%) BDD
10 563 (12.59%) Mentoring
11 552 (12.34%) Problem-Solving
12 518 (11.58%) Open Source
13 507 (11.33%) SDLC
14 476 (10.64%) OO
15 475 (10.62%) Computer Science
16 464 (10.37%) Unit Testing
17 449 (10.04%) Infrastructure as Code
18 434 (9.70%) Analytics
19 404 (9.03%) Continuous Improvement
20 386 (8.63%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 1,438 (32.15%) Java
2 1,348 (30.14%) JavaScript
3 1,204 (26.92%) Python
4 1,165 (26.05%) SQL
5 985 (22.02%) C#
6 459 (10.26%) TypeScript
7 379 (8.47%) PowerShell
8 329 (7.36%) C++
9 304 (6.80%) Java 8
10 264 (5.90%) C
11 209 (4.67%) Bash Shell
12 191 (4.27%) Go
13 189 (4.23%) Ruby
14 158 (3.53%) Kotlin
15 156 (3.49%) PHP
16 136 (3.04%) T-SQL
17 129 (2.88%) ES6
18 92 (2.06%) Scala
19 85 (1.90%) Groovy
20 70 (1.56%) Perl
Qualifications
1 528 (11.80%) Degree
2 404 (9.03%) Security Cleared
3 346 (7.74%) SC Cleared
4 205 (4.58%) Computer Science Degree
5 83 (1.86%) AWS Certification
6 44 (0.98%) DV Cleared
7 41 (0.92%) ISTQB
8 26 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
9 23 (0.51%) SANS
10 17 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 16 (0.36%) OCP
11 16 (0.36%) Oracle Certification
12 15 (0.34%) PhD
13 14 (0.31%) ISEB
13 14 (0.31%) Master's Degree
14 13 (0.29%) RHCE
14 13 (0.29%) RHCSA
15 10 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
16 6 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
17 5 (0.11%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 494 (11.04%) QA
2 91 (2.03%) Accessibility
3 50 (1.12%) GDPR
4 44 (0.98%) WCAG
5 27 (0.60%) MISRA
6 20 (0.45%) PCI DSS
6 20 (0.45%) PMO
7 18 (0.40%) Def Stans
8 9 (0.20%) Data Quality
9 8 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 5 (0.11%) HIPAA
10 5 (0.11%) HL7
10 5 (0.11%) NIST
11 4 (0.089%) IEC 61508
11 4 (0.089%) IEC 62304
11 4 (0.089%) ISO 26262
11 4 (0.089%) MISRA C
11 4 (0.089%) NCSC
11 4 (0.089%) SLA
11 4 (0.089%) SOC 2
System Software
1 1,330 (29.73%) Docker
2 86 (1.92%) VMware Infrastructure
3 77 (1.72%) VirtualBox
4 73 (1.63%) Active Directory
5 50 (1.12%) Firmware
6 29 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
7 28 (0.63%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 22 (0.49%) Postfix
9 20 (0.45%) KVM
10 17 (0.38%) HDFS
11 15 (0.34%) iptables
11 15 (0.34%) QEMU
12 14 (0.31%) vSphere
13 13 (0.29%) Kamailio
14 11 (0.25%) LXC
15 9 (0.20%) etcd
16 8 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
17 6 (0.13%) Hyper-V
18 3 (0.067%) VMware NSX
19 2 (0.045%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1,003 (22.42%) Terraform
2 946 (21.15%) Kubernetes
3 589 (13.17%) Ansible
4 343 (7.67%) Puppet
5 303 (6.77%) Opscode Chef
6 133 (2.97%) Docker Swarm
7 126 (2.82%) Grafana
8 105 (2.35%) Prometheus
9 74 (1.65%) Packer
10 67 (1.50%) Consul
11 61 (1.36%) Graphite
12 60 (1.34%) Graylog
13 59 (1.32%) Kibana
14 56 (1.25%) Nagios
15 34 (0.76%) ZABBIX
16 32 (0.72%) Rancher
17 22 (0.49%) Istio
17 22 (0.49%) Salt
18 20 (0.45%) HAProxy
19 18 (0.40%) Opsview
Vendors
1 646 (14.44%) Microsoft
2 423 (9.46%) Google
3 345 (7.71%) Oracle
4 124 (2.77%) VMware
5 123 (2.75%) IBM
6 105 (2.35%) Atlassian
7 88 (1.97%) EnterpriseDB
8 78 (1.74%) Cloudera
8 78 (1.74%) Salesforce.com
9 76 (1.70%) Hortonworks
10 75 (1.68%) Samsung
11 73 (1.63%) Talend
12 72 (1.61%) Splunk
13 67 (1.50%) Informatica
13 67 (1.50%) SAP
14 59 (1.32%) Nintex
15 35 (0.78%) Red Hat
16 30 (0.67%) Adobe
17 29 (0.65%) Cisco
18 27 (0.60%) HP