Period
to 28 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 28 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
28 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 60 66 58
Rank change year-on-year +6 -8 -17
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 5,343 1,964 6,194
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.93% 4.44% 4.81%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.24% 4.76% 5.19%
Number of salaries quoted 2,742 1,620 4,746
10th Percentile £38,750 £38,750 £37,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% - +4.35%
75th Percentile £80,000 £73,750 £77,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% - +9.09%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 101,988 41,253 119,332
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.15% 93.32% 92.62%
Number of salaries quoted 69,088 34,476 95,816
10th Percentile £33,000 £33,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £57,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +0.88% +8.57% +1.94%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 28 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +14 2,875 £75,000 +7.14% 323
North of England +6 815 £47,500 -5.00% 133
South East +1 742 £60,000 +4.35% 103
Yorkshire +6 448 £47,500 -2.06% 38
South West -31 331 £55,000 +4.76% 50
North West -25 320 £52,500 - 74
Midlands -39 266 £60,000 +20.00% 86
East of England -1 218 £60,000 +6.67% 52
West Midlands -39 182 £62,500 +13.64% 61
East Midlands -31 84 £50,000 +5.26% 24
North East -4 48 £47,500 +5.56% 21
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 28 September 2021, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3,594 (67.27%) Agile Software Development
2 2,119 (39.66%) DevOps
3 2,015 (37.71%) AWS
4 1,930 (36.12%) Java
5 1,753 (32.81%) JavaScript
6 1,682 (31.48%) Software Engineering
7 1,659 (31.05%) TDD
8 1,577 (29.52%) Docker
9 1,560 (29.20%) Git (software)
10 1,485 (27.79%) Python
11 1,454 (27.21%) Test Automation
12 1,452 (27.18%) Azure
13 1,448 (27.10%) Jenkins
14 1,389 (26.00%) Microservices
15 1,366 (25.57%) SQL
15 1,366 (25.57%) Scrum
16 1,341 (25.10%) Social Skills
17 1,300 (24.33%) React
18 1,197 (22.40%) Kubernetes
19 1,170 (21.90%) C#
20 1,154 (21.60%) Terraform
21 1,053 (19.71%) Finance
22 982 (18.38%) REST
23 897 (16.79%) Continuous Delivery
24 878 (16.43%) BDD
25 875 (16.38%) Spring
26 872 (16.32%) Node.js
27 865 (16.19%) HTML
27 865 (16.19%) Linux
28 858 (16.06%) CSS

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 262 (4.90%) Apache Spark
1 262 (4.90%) Elasticsearch
2 181 (3.39%) Confluence
3 129 (2.41%) Apache
4 124 (2.32%) nginx
5 103 (1.93%) CMS
6 87 (1.63%) Tomcat
7 64 (1.20%) IIS
8 48 (0.90%) SharePoint
9 46 (0.86%) Cloud Foundry
9 46 (0.86%) JBoss
10 28 (0.52%) Apache Solr
11 22 (0.41%) GemFire
12 21 (0.39%) Apache Airflow
12 21 (0.39%) Sitecore CMS
13 20 (0.37%) IBM Domino
13 20 (0.37%) Oracle Coherence
14 19 (0.36%) Headless CMS
14 19 (0.36%) WebLogic
14 19 (0.36%) WordPress
Applications
1 35 (0.66%) Simulink
2 20 (0.37%) Campfire
3 19 (0.36%) Sketch
4 17 (0.32%) InVision
5 14 (0.26%) Zeplin
6 12 (0.22%) Figma
6 12 (0.22%) Microsoft Excel
7 8 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
8 6 (0.11%) Chatbot
8 6 (0.11%) Photoshop
9 5 (0.094%) GIMP
10 2 (0.037%) MS Visio
11 1 (0.019%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 1 (0.019%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 44 (0.82%) Distributed Ledger
2 25 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
3 23 (0.43%) R3 Corda
4 9 (0.17%) WebTrends
5 8 (0.15%) Magento
5 8 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
6 7 (0.13%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 6 (0.11%) NetSuite
7 6 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
7 6 (0.11%) Shopify
8 5 (0.094%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
8 5 (0.094%) RMDS
8 5 (0.094%) SAP Hybris
8 5 (0.094%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 4 (0.075%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 4 (0.075%) SDL Web 8
9 4 (0.075%) Summit
10 3 (0.056%) Dynamics AX
11 2 (0.037%) FastStats
11 2 (0.037%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 2,015 (37.71%) AWS
2 1,452 (27.18%) Azure
3 795 (14.88%) Serverless
4 648 (12.13%) GCP
5 551 (10.31%) GitHub
6 370 (6.92%) AWS Lambda
7 322 (6.03%) SaaS
8 319 (5.97%) AWS CloudFormation
9 220 (4.12%) Amazon S3
10 216 (4.04%) OpenShift
11 193 (3.61%) PaaS
12 188 (3.52%) Cloud Computing
13 166 (3.11%) Amazon EC2
14 147 (2.75%) npm
15 125 (2.34%) Amazon SQS
16 122 (2.28%) Amazon Kinesis
17 106 (1.98%) Amazon ECS
18 75 (1.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 74 (1.38%) Power Platform
20 73 (1.37%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 389 (7.28%) HTTP
2 197 (3.69%) Broadband
3 106 (1.98%) TCP/IP
4 83 (1.55%) Firewall
5 78 (1.46%) Internet
6 61 (1.14%) DNS
7 59 (1.10%) MQTT
8 48 (0.90%) AMQP
9 43 (0.80%) VPN
10 39 (0.73%) Wireshark
11 36 (0.67%) HTTPS
11 36 (0.67%) Modbus
11 36 (0.67%) Wireless
12 35 (0.66%) Wi-Fi
13 33 (0.62%) Ethernet
13 33 (0.62%) RS-422
13 33 (0.62%) RS-485
14 31 (0.58%) 802.11
14 31 (0.58%) STUN
15 18 (0.34%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 678 (12.69%) NoSQL
2 582 (10.89%) PostgreSQL
3 515 (9.64%) Big Data
4 460 (8.61%) SQL Server
5 368 (6.89%) Relational Database
6 338 (6.33%) MySQL
7 310 (5.80%) Redis
8 308 (5.76%) MongoDB
9 285 (5.33%) Hadoop
10 233 (4.36%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 89 (1.67%) Amazon Athena
12 86 (1.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 83 (1.55%) Amazon Redshift
14 82 (1.53%) HBase
15 81 (1.52%) Amazon RDS
16 79 (1.48%) MariaDB
17 78 (1.46%) Apache Cassandra
18 77 (1.44%) Data Lake
19 75 (1.40%) Amazon Aurora
20 73 (1.37%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,560 (29.20%) Git (software)
2 1,448 (27.10%) Jenkins
3 601 (11.25%) JIRA
4 400 (7.49%) Selenium
5 358 (6.70%) TeamCity
6 283 (5.30%) GitLab
7 274 (5.13%) Cypress.io
8 272 (5.09%) Maven
9 258 (4.83%) Cucumber
10 248 (4.64%) Octopus Deploy
11 224 (4.19%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 223 (4.17%) Subversion
13 213 (3.99%) JUnit
14 208 (3.89%) webpack
15 195 (3.65%) JMeter
16 153 (2.86%) Bitbucket
17 147 (2.75%) CircleCI
18 141 (2.64%) SonarQube
19 130 (2.43%) Team Foundation Server
20 129 (2.41%) Mercurial
General
1 1,341 (25.10%) Social Skills
2 1,053 (19.71%) Finance
3 343 (6.42%) Banking
4 244 (4.57%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 239 (4.47%) Analytical Skills
6 228 (4.27%) Games
7 180 (3.37%) Marketing
8 174 (3.26%) Public Sector
9 161 (3.01%) Retail
10 138 (2.58%) Electronics
10 138 (2.58%) Law
11 78 (1.46%) Telecoms
12 74 (1.38%) Presentation Skills
13 69 (1.29%) Manufacturing
14 61 (1.14%) Advertising
15 51 (0.95%) Back Office
16 50 (0.94%) Investment Banking
17 46 (0.86%) Front Office
18 43 (0.80%) Automotive
19 38 (0.71%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 2,188 (40.95%) Developer
2 846 (15.83%) Software Engineer
3 604 (11.30%) Java Developer
4 496 (9.28%) DevOps Engineer
5 492 (9.21%) Senior Developer
6 299 (5.60%) Senior Software Engineer
7 289 (5.41%) Full Stack Developer
8 251 (4.70%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 237 (4.44%) Platform Engineer
10 231 (4.32%) AWS Engineer
10 231 (4.32%) Software Developer
11 195 (3.65%) Architect
12 191 (3.57%) Lead Developer
13 169 (3.16%) .NET Developer
14 159 (2.98%) AWS DevOps
15 158 (2.96%) Azure Engineer
16 152 (2.84%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 149 (2.79%) React Developer
18 147 (2.75%) JavaScript Developer
19 142 (2.66%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,300 (24.33%) React
2 982 (18.38%) REST
3 875 (16.38%) Spring
4 872 (16.32%) Node.js
5 865 (16.19%) HTML
6 858 (16.06%) CSS
7 771 (14.43%) .NET
8 761 (14.24%) AngularJS
9 625 (11.70%) Web Services
10 593 (11.10%) RESTful
11 518 (9.69%) GraphQL
12 513 (9.60%) Spring Boot
13 492 (9.21%) Kafka
14 466 (8.72%) HTML5
15 307 (5.75%) .NET Core
16 306 (5.73%) Redux
17 302 (5.65%) CSS3
18 299 (5.60%) RabbitMQ
19 284 (5.32%) JSON
20 274 (5.13%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 551 (10.31%) User Experience
2 256 (4.79%) Algorithms
3 224 (4.19%) Mobile App
4 188 (3.52%) Self-Motivation
5 178 (3.33%) Cloud Native
6 174 (3.26%) Data Structures
7 159 (2.98%) Social Media
8 106 (1.98%) Greenfield Project
9 100 (1.87%) Virtual Team
10 99 (1.85%) Enterprise Software
11 85 (1.59%) Linux Command Line
12 65 (1.22%) Management Information System
13 55 (1.03%) NHS
14 51 (0.95%) Public Cloud
15 48 (0.90%) Video\Live Streaming
16 47 (0.88%) N-Tier
17 44 (0.82%) Cyberattack
18 42 (0.79%) Blog
19 38 (0.71%) Legacy Systems
20 33 (0.62%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 865 (16.19%) Linux
2 487 (9.11%) Windows
3 266 (4.98%) Unix
4 235 (4.40%) Android
5 173 (3.24%) Apple iOS
6 69 (1.29%) CentOS
7 63 (1.18%) Windows Server
8 61 (1.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 44 (0.82%) Mesosphere
10 36 (0.67%) Ubuntu
11 14 (0.26%) Windows Server 2016
12 13 (0.24%) Debian
13 12 (0.22%) VMS
14 10 (0.19%) Mac OS
15 6 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
15 6 (0.11%) Solaris
16 5 (0.094%) Mac OS X
17 4 (0.075%) AIX
17 4 (0.075%) VxWorks
17 4 (0.075%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,594 (67.27%) Agile Software Development
2 2,119 (39.66%) DevOps
3 1,682 (31.48%) Software Engineering
4 1,659 (31.05%) TDD
5 1,454 (27.21%) Test Automation
6 1,389 (26.00%) Microservices
7 1,366 (25.57%) Scrum
8 897 (16.79%) Continuous Delivery
9 878 (16.43%) BDD
10 838 (15.68%) Full Stack Development
11 836 (15.65%) Mentoring
12 722 (13.51%) Problem-Solving
13 679 (12.71%) Open Source
14 617 (11.55%) Computer Science
15 606 (11.34%) Analytics
16 588 (11.01%) OO
17 563 (10.54%) SDLC
18 555 (10.39%) Continuous Improvement
18 555 (10.39%) Unit Testing
19 526 (9.84%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 1,930 (36.12%) Java
2 1,753 (32.81%) JavaScript
3 1,485 (27.79%) Python
4 1,366 (25.57%) SQL
5 1,170 (21.90%) C#
6 708 (13.25%) TypeScript
7 414 (7.75%) C++
8 385 (7.21%) PowerShell
9 340 (6.36%) Java 8
10 315 (5.90%) C
11 302 (5.65%) Go
12 234 (4.38%) Kotlin
13 223 (4.17%) Bash Shell
14 203 (3.80%) ES6
15 189 (3.54%) Ruby
16 184 (3.44%) PHP
17 156 (2.92%) Scala
18 141 (2.64%) Shell Script
19 129 (2.41%) T-SQL
20 105 (1.97%) Perl
Qualifications
1 607 (11.36%) Degree
2 458 (8.57%) Security Cleared
3 406 (7.60%) SC Cleared
4 284 (5.32%) Computer Science Degree
5 103 (1.93%) AWS Certification
6 42 (0.79%) DV Cleared
6 42 (0.79%) ISTQB
7 27 (0.51%) OCP
7 27 (0.51%) Oracle Certification
8 26 (0.49%) Master's Degree
9 21 (0.39%) SANS
10 19 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 18 (0.34%) CISSP
12 16 (0.30%) ISEB
13 15 (0.28%) Cisco Certification
13 15 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
14 13 (0.24%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 11 (0.21%) CCSP
15 11 (0.21%) RHCE
15 11 (0.21%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 656 (12.28%) QA
2 119 (2.23%) Accessibility
3 56 (1.05%) GDPR
4 55 (1.03%) WCAG
5 45 (0.84%) MISRA
6 36 (0.67%) Def Stans
7 20 (0.37%) Data Quality
7 20 (0.37%) PMO
8 16 (0.30%) PCI DSS
9 12 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 6 (0.11%) NIST
11 5 (0.094%) HL7
12 4 (0.075%) HIPAA
12 4 (0.075%) SLA
12 4 (0.075%) SOC 2
13 3 (0.056%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 3 (0.056%) GxP
13 3 (0.056%) ISO 9001
13 3 (0.056%) NCSC
13 3 (0.056%) PMBOK
System Software
1 1,577 (29.52%) Docker
2 58 (1.09%) Firmware
3 54 (1.01%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 50 (0.94%) VirtualBox
5 49 (0.92%) VMware Infrastructure
6 43 (0.80%) Active Directory
7 31 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
8 28 (0.52%) HDFS
9 27 (0.51%) Postfix
10 14 (0.26%) Varnish
11 11 (0.21%) etcd
12 9 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
13 8 (0.15%) LXC
14 7 (0.13%) KVM
15 6 (0.11%) vSphere
16 5 (0.094%) iptables
16 5 (0.094%) QEMU
17 4 (0.075%) Hyper-V
17 4 (0.075%) Kamailio
17 4 (0.075%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 1,197 (22.40%) Kubernetes
2 1,154 (21.60%) Terraform
3 723 (13.53%) Ansible
4 397 (7.43%) Puppet
5 335 (6.27%) Opscode Chef
6 158 (2.96%) Grafana
7 148 (2.77%) Prometheus
8 106 (1.98%) Docker Swarm
9 99 (1.85%) Kibana
10 90 (1.68%) Consul
11 69 (1.29%) Graphite
12 64 (1.20%) Graylog
12 64 (1.20%) Packer
13 53 (0.99%) Nagios
14 51 (0.95%) Opsgenie
15 43 (0.80%) Automic
15 43 (0.80%) logstash
16 39 (0.73%) ZABBIX
17 32 (0.60%) Rancher
18 27 (0.51%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 659 (12.33%) Microsoft
2 444 (8.31%) Oracle
3 423 (7.92%) Google
4 132 (2.47%) Splunk
5 122 (2.28%) Atlassian
6 121 (2.26%) IBM
7 111 (2.08%) Samsung
8 93 (1.74%) EnterpriseDB
9 85 (1.59%) VMware
10 70 (1.31%) Instagram
11 67 (1.25%) Salesforce.com
12 62 (1.16%) Red Hat
13 61 (1.14%) SAP
13 61 (1.14%) Talend
14 59 (1.10%) Cloudera
15 57 (1.07%) Databricks
16 53 (0.99%) New Relic
17 51 (0.95%) Hortonworks
18 48 (0.90%) ServiceNow
19 47 (0.88%) Informatica