Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 66 59 58
Rank change year-on-year -7 -1 -7
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 7,405 4,598 3,273
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.93% 4.85% 4.50%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.17% 5.16% 4.84%
Number of salaries quoted 2,563 2,750 2,641
10th Percentile £42,600 £38,750 £38,750
25th Percentile £51,250 £46,250 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.00% +4.17% -
75th Percentile £87,500 £80,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £91,250 £91,250
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% - +4.35%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 143,195 89,175 67,657
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 95.33% 94.03% 93.03%
Number of salaries quoted 74,995 62,554 55,189
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £32,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £56,757 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.71% +3.19% +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -7 4,621 £80,000 +6.67% 196
South East +6 930 £57,500 +4.55% 52
North of England -35 741 £55,000 +15.79% 75
South West -9 390 £67,350 +28.29% 52
North West -27 378 £60,000 +14.29% 46
Midlands +21 344 £65,000 +8.33% 31
Yorkshire -24 344 £52,500 +10.53% 20
East of England -11 307 £65,000 +11.11% 41
West Midlands +1 225 £65,000 +4.00% 20
East Midlands 0 105 £57,500 +43.75% 11
North East -28 19 £50,000 +10.27% 9
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 5,527 (74.64%) Agile
2 3,304 (44.62%) CI/CD
3 3,183 (42.98%) DevOps
4 3,078 (41.57%) AWS
5 2,854 (38.54%) Software Engineering
6 2,816 (38.03%) Java
7 2,601 (35.12%) TDD
8 2,486 (33.57%) Git (software)
9 2,461 (33.23%) JavaScript
10 2,393 (32.32%) Python
11 2,333 (31.51%) Test Automation
12 2,216 (29.93%) Azure
13 2,154 (29.09%) Jenkins
14 2,063 (27.86%) Finance
15 2,062 (27.85%) Docker
16 1,858 (25.09%) React
17 1,825 (24.65%) Scrum
18 1,780 (24.04%) Microservices
19 1,711 (23.11%) C#
20 1,643 (22.19%) Mentoring
21 1,632 (22.04%) SQL
22 1,625 (21.94%) Social Skills
23 1,572 (21.23%) Continuous Delivery
24 1,547 (20.89%) Kubernetes
25 1,467 (19.81%) Serverless
26 1,386 (18.72%) HTML
27 1,361 (18.38%) GCP
28 1,347 (18.19%) CSS
29 1,302 (17.58%) .NET
30 1,294 (17.47%) Node.js

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 248 (3.35%) Apache
2 219 (2.96%) Confluence
3 186 (2.51%) CMS
4 153 (2.07%) Apache Spark
5 114 (1.54%) IIS
6 75 (1.01%) nginx
7 56 (0.76%) Sitecore CMS
8 51 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
9 45 (0.61%) WordPress
10 41 (0.55%) Apache Airflow
11 40 (0.54%) IBM Domino
12 36 (0.49%) OpenStack
13 34 (0.46%) Tomcat
14 32 (0.43%) SharePoint
15 31 (0.42%) Drupal
16 26 (0.35%) Camunda
17 24 (0.32%) Oracle Workflow
18 19 (0.26%) Jupyter
18 19 (0.26%) Umbraco
19 17 (0.23%) Mule
Applications
1 31 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (0.26%) Campfire
3 14 (0.19%) Microsoft Excel
4 12 (0.16%) Adobe XD
5 11 (0.15%) Sketch
6 10 (0.14%) Photoshop
7 9 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 9 (0.12%) Chatbot
7 9 (0.12%) Maple
8 7 (0.095%) Microsoft Project
9 4 (0.054%) MS Visio
10 3 (0.041%) Adobe Premiere
11 2 (0.027%) FileZilla
11 2 (0.027%) GIMP
11 2 (0.027%) Pixelmator
11 2 (0.027%) Simulink
12 1 (0.014%) InVision
12 1 (0.014%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 1 (0.014%) Spreadsheet
12 1 (0.014%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 59 (0.80%) Payment Gateway
2 26 (0.35%) Oracle BPM
3 22 (0.30%) WebTrends
4 11 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
5 8 (0.11%) Fidessa
6 7 (0.095%) Oracle ERP
7 6 (0.081%) SAP Hybris
8 5 (0.068%) FastStats
9 4 (0.054%) NetSuite
10 2 (0.027%) Oracle General Ledger
10 2 (0.027%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
11 1 (0.014%) Distributed Ledger
11 1 (0.014%) Magento
11 1 (0.014%) SAP ERP
11 1 (0.014%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 3,078 (41.57%) AWS
2 2,216 (29.93%) Azure
3 1,467 (19.81%) Serverless
4 1,361 (18.38%) GCP
5 678 (9.16%) GitHub
6 623 (8.41%) AWS Lambda
7 554 (7.48%) Azure DevOps
8 459 (6.20%) SaaS
9 369 (4.98%) PaaS
10 343 (4.63%) Amazon S3
11 321 (4.33%) Cloud Computing
12 261 (3.52%) Amazon EC2
13 254 (3.43%) AWS CloudFormation
14 199 (2.69%) OpenShift
15 197 (2.66%) Amazon ECS
16 196 (2.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 196 (2.65%) Amazon Kinesis
17 195 (2.63%) Amazon SQS
18 194 (2.62%) GitHub Actions
19 192 (2.59%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 425 (5.74%) HTTP
2 191 (2.58%) Broadband
3 90 (1.22%) TCP/IP
4 88 (1.19%) DNS
5 81 (1.09%) Internet
6 62 (0.84%) MQTT
7 59 (0.80%) VoIP
8 53 (0.72%) Wireshark
9 51 (0.69%) Firewall
10 49 (0.66%) WebEx
11 46 (0.62%) Network Security
12 38 (0.51%) VPN
13 36 (0.49%) SNA
14 35 (0.47%) 5G
15 34 (0.46%) HTTPS
16 29 (0.39%) Bluetooth
16 29 (0.39%) PPP
17 24 (0.32%) Reverse Proxy
17 24 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
18 23 (0.31%) Modbus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 923 (12.46%) NoSQL
2 711 (9.60%) PostgreSQL
3 704 (9.51%) Relational Database
4 575 (7.77%) SQL Server
5 526 (7.10%) MySQL
6 522 (7.05%) MongoDB
7 462 (6.24%) Big Data
8 421 (5.69%) Redis
9 377 (5.09%) Elasticsearch
10 299 (4.04%) DynamoDB
11 228 (3.08%) Hadoop
12 209 (2.82%) Apache Cassandra
13 162 (2.19%) RDBMS
14 160 (2.16%) Data Lake
15 157 (2.12%) Data Warehouse
16 149 (2.01%) Amazon RDS
17 146 (1.97%) Amazon Athena
18 134 (1.81%) Power BI
19 103 (1.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 71 (0.96%) HBase
Development Applications
1 2,486 (33.57%) Git (software)
2 2,154 (29.09%) Jenkins
3 1,004 (13.56%) JIRA
4 567 (7.66%) Selenium
5 562 (7.59%) Maven
6 482 (6.51%) TeamCity
7 438 (5.91%) JUnit
8 385 (5.20%) Cypress.io
9 379 (5.12%) Gradle
10 371 (5.01%) Octopus Deploy
11 357 (4.82%) GitLab
12 306 (4.13%) Mockito
13 276 (3.73%) Cucumber
14 268 (3.62%) Team Foundation Server
15 264 (3.57%) Bitbucket
16 245 (3.31%) CircleCI
17 238 (3.21%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 228 (3.08%) Travis CI
19 210 (2.84%) Postman
20 200 (2.70%) Subversion
General
1 2,063 (27.86%) Finance
2 1,625 (21.94%) Social Skills
3 624 (8.43%) Banking
4 614 (8.29%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 566 (7.64%) Analytical Skills
6 454 (6.13%) Games
7 327 (4.42%) Retail
8 306 (4.13%) Manufacturing
9 268 (3.62%) Marketing
10 220 (2.97%) Electronics
11 198 (2.67%) Public Sector
12 179 (2.42%) Automotive
13 136 (1.84%) Telecoms
14 130 (1.76%) Law
15 113 (1.53%) Presentation Skills
16 108 (1.46%) Advertising
17 95 (1.28%) Legal
18 85 (1.15%) Front Office
19 72 (0.97%) Pharmaceutical
20 68 (0.92%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 2,429 (32.80%) Developer
2 1,759 (23.75%) Software Engineer
3 635 (8.58%) Senior Developer
4 535 (7.22%) Senior Software Engineer
5 518 (7.00%) DevOps Engineer
6 465 (6.28%) Java Engineer
7 459 (6.20%) Software Developer
8 456 (6.16%) Java Developer
9 401 (5.42%) Principal Engineer
10 392 (5.29%) Full Stack Developer
11 334 (4.51%) Architect
12 267 (3.61%) Data Engineer
13 212 (2.86%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 204 (2.75%) Test Engineer
15 196 (2.65%) Java Software Engineer
15 196 (2.65%) Lead Developer
16 194 (2.62%) .NET Developer
17 179 (2.42%) Cloud Engineer
17 179 (2.42%) React Developer
18 173 (2.34%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,858 (25.09%) React
2 1,386 (18.72%) HTML
3 1,347 (18.19%) CSS
4 1,302 (17.58%) .NET
5 1,294 (17.47%) Node.js
6 1,267 (17.11%) REST
7 1,180 (15.94%) AngularJS
8 1,178 (15.91%) Spring
9 1,099 (14.84%) RESTful
10 812 (10.97%) HTML5
11 738 (9.97%) Kafka
12 732 (9.89%) CSS3
13 698 (9.43%) Spring Boot
14 672 (9.07%) Web Services
15 581 (7.85%) JSON
16 547 (7.39%) Vue.js
17 518 (7.00%) GraphQL
18 464 (6.27%) .NET Core
19 421 (5.69%) ASP.NET
20 419 (5.66%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 864 (11.67%) User Experience
2 552 (7.45%) Algorithms
3 404 (5.46%) Data Structures
4 395 (5.33%) Mobile App
5 365 (4.93%) Cloud Native
6 336 (4.54%) Self-Motivation
7 309 (4.17%) Social Media
8 232 (3.13%) Social Network
9 213 (2.88%) Life Science
10 182 (2.46%) Greenfield Project
11 181 (2.44%) Blog
12 175 (2.36%) Public Cloud
13 168 (2.27%) Enterprise Software
14 152 (2.05%) Cyberattack
15 131 (1.77%) Linux Command Line
16 121 (1.63%) Virtual Team
17 117 (1.58%) Cyber Defence
18 110 (1.49%) Hackathon
19 101 (1.36%) IoT
20 100 (1.35%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 1,174 (15.85%) Linux
2 602 (8.13%) Windows
3 481 (6.50%) Android
4 419 (5.66%) Apple iOS
5 310 (4.19%) Unix
6 141 (1.90%) Mesosphere
7 126 (1.70%) Ubuntu
8 77 (1.04%) CentOS
9 61 (0.82%) Windows Server
10 34 (0.46%) Embedded Linux
11 22 (0.30%) Mac OS
12 20 (0.27%) Debian
13 17 (0.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 17 (0.23%) Robot Operating System
14 9 (0.12%) Alpine Linux
14 9 (0.12%) Solaris
15 8 (0.11%) Amazon Linux
15 8 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
16 6 (0.081%) FreeRTOS
16 6 (0.081%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,527 (74.64%) Agile
2 3,304 (44.62%) CI/CD
3 3,183 (42.98%) DevOps
4 2,854 (38.54%) Software Engineering
5 2,601 (35.12%) TDD
6 2,333 (31.51%) Test Automation
7 1,825 (24.65%) Scrum
8 1,780 (24.04%) Microservices
9 1,643 (22.19%) Mentoring
10 1,572 (21.23%) Continuous Delivery
11 1,281 (17.30%) Full Stack Development
12 1,190 (16.07%) BDD
13 1,115 (15.06%) Problem-Solving
14 1,098 (14.83%) SDLC
15 1,024 (13.83%) Computer Science
16 999 (13.49%) Software Testing
17 933 (12.60%) Coaching
18 917 (12.38%) Continuous Improvement
19 892 (12.05%) OO
20 858 (11.59%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 2,816 (38.03%) Java
2 2,461 (33.23%) JavaScript
3 2,393 (32.32%) Python
4 1,711 (23.11%) C#
5 1,632 (22.04%) SQL
6 1,254 (16.93%) TypeScript
7 747 (10.09%) C++
8 605 (8.17%) C
9 585 (7.90%) Go
10 533 (7.20%) PowerShell
11 452 (6.10%) Bash
12 393 (5.31%) Ruby
13 363 (4.90%) Kotlin
14 358 (4.83%) Scala
15 317 (4.28%) Objective-C
16 256 (3.46%) PHP
17 238 (3.21%) ES6
18 171 (2.31%) Apple Swift
19 159 (2.15%) Shell Script
20 119 (1.61%) Perl
Qualifications
1 1,240 (16.75%) Degree
2 676 (9.13%) Computer Science Degree
3 333 (4.50%) Security Cleared
4 214 (2.89%) SC Cleared
5 85 (1.15%) Master's Degree
6 80 (1.08%) ISTQB
7 41 (0.55%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 36 (0.49%) PhD
9 32 (0.43%) AWS Certification
10 31 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
11 27 (0.36%) ISEB
12 19 (0.26%) DBS Check
12 19 (0.26%) PMI Certification
13 18 (0.24%) DV Cleared
14 17 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
15 16 (0.22%) Postgraduate
16 14 (0.19%) CISSP
16 14 (0.19%) Sun Certification
17 11 (0.15%) MCAD
18 10 (0.14%) CCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,226 (16.56%) QA
2 436 (5.89%) Accessibility
3 70 (0.95%) MISRA
4 63 (0.85%) Data Quality
5 48 (0.65%) Automotive SPICE
6 42 (0.57%) WCAG
7 39 (0.53%) GDPR
8 37 (0.50%) WAI
9 30 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 21 (0.28%) Def Stans
10 21 (0.28%) GRC
11 19 (0.26%) PCI DSS
12 16 (0.22%) ISO 9001
12 16 (0.22%) SLA
13 15 (0.20%) HL7
14 14 (0.19%) HIPAA
15 12 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials
15 12 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 12 (0.16%) IEC 62304
15 12 (0.16%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 2,062 (27.85%) Docker
2 140 (1.89%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 78 (1.05%) Active Directory
4 70 (0.95%) VMware Infrastructure
5 57 (0.77%) Firmware
6 28 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
8 8 (0.11%) VirtualBox
8 8 (0.11%) vSphere
9 7 (0.095%) Postfix
10 6 (0.081%) Hyper-V
10 6 (0.081%) LXC
10 6 (0.081%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.054%) zsh
12 3 (0.041%) VMware NSX
13 2 (0.027%) Ceph
13 2 (0.027%) HDFS
13 2 (0.027%) KVM
13 2 (0.027%) Lustre
14 1 (0.014%) DRBD
Systems Management
1 1,547 (20.89%) Kubernetes
2 1,044 (14.10%) Terraform
3 681 (9.20%) Ansible
4 338 (4.56%) Puppet
5 331 (4.47%) Opscode Chef
6 321 (4.33%) Prometheus
7 220 (2.97%) Grafana
8 153 (2.07%) Kibana
9 142 (1.92%) Consul
10 141 (1.90%) Automic
11 124 (1.67%) Istio
12 113 (1.53%) logstash
13 70 (0.95%) Rancher
14 53 (0.72%) HAProxy
15 52 (0.70%) Bugsnag
16 46 (0.62%) Docker Swarm
17 40 (0.54%) Graphite
18 35 (0.47%) ZABBIX
19 34 (0.46%) Opsgenie
19 34 (0.46%) Packer
Vendors
1 920 (12.42%) Microsoft
2 684 (9.24%) Google
3 328 (4.43%) Splunk
4 254 (3.43%) Oracle
5 154 (2.08%) Databricks
6 99 (1.34%) Samsung
7 95 (1.28%) New Relic
8 93 (1.26%) VMware
9 92 (1.24%) Salesforce.com
10 84 (1.13%) Apple
11 81 (1.09%) Adobe
12 80 (1.08%) AppDynamics
13 75 (1.01%) IBM
13 75 (1.01%) Red Hat
14 74 (1.00%) Confluent
15 73 (0.99%) Funding Circle
15 73 (0.99%) Hitachi
16 71 (0.96%) Zend
17 67 (0.90%) Atlassian
18 65 (0.88%) Sitecore