Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 64 55 61
Rank change year-on-year -9 +6 -19
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 4,865 2,693 5,404
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.36% 4.71% 4.63%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.64% 5.05% 5.00%
Number of salaries quoted 2,378 2,221 4,155
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £37,500
25th Percentile £50,000 £45,000 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% - +4.35%
75th Percentile £85,000 £76,250 £77,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £87,500 £88,750
UK median annual salary £65,000 £57,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +13.04% -4.17% +4.35%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 104,915 53,287 108,037
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.12% 93.17% 92.63%
Number of salaries quoted 69,831 43,997 87,307
10th Percentile £33,500 £32,500 £30,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £73,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £88,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in England.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in England

Continuous Integration
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the England region over the 6 months to 22 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -9 2,573 £75,000 - 274
North of England -11 783 £55,000 +15.79% 85
South East +12 699 £60,000 +9.09% 90
North West -6 376 £60,000 +14.29% 58
Yorkshire -17 365 £55,000 +15.79% 19
Midlands -43 259 £60,000 +20.00% 54
South West -48 220 £60,000 +20.00% 38
East of England +10 216 £65,000 +6.12% 42
West Midlands -49 165 £62,500 +8.70% 41
East Midlands -20 94 £52,500 +10.53% 12
North East -18 42 £47,500 +5.56% 8
Continuous Integration
UK

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3,355 (68.96%) Agile Software Development
2 2,065 (42.45%) CI/CD
3 2,027 (41.66%) DevOps
4 1,958 (40.25%) AWS
5 1,913 (39.32%) Java
6 1,824 (37.49%) Software Engineering
7 1,687 (34.68%) JavaScript
8 1,621 (33.32%) TDD
9 1,603 (32.95%) Python
10 1,520 (31.24%) Test Automation
11 1,440 (29.60%) Azure
12 1,349 (27.73%) Docker
13 1,339 (27.52%) Git (software)
14 1,296 (26.64%) Jenkins
15 1,245 (25.59%) SQL
16 1,233 (25.34%) React
17 1,186 (24.38%) Scrum
18 1,180 (24.25%) C#
19 1,162 (23.88%) Microservices
20 1,103 (22.67%) Kubernetes
21 1,100 (22.61%) Finance
22 1,067 (21.93%) Continuous Delivery
23 995 (20.45%) Social Skills
24 904 (18.58%) HTML
25 878 (18.05%) CSS
26 870 (17.88%) Node.js
27 858 (17.64%) Full Stack Development
28 809 (16.63%) REST
28 809 (16.63%) Serverless
29 784 (16.12%) BDD

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 206 (4.23%) Elasticsearch
2 173 (3.56%) Apache Spark
3 171 (3.51%) Confluence
4 141 (2.90%) Apache
5 109 (2.24%) nginx
6 99 (2.03%) CMS
7 95 (1.95%) IIS
8 54 (1.11%) JBoss
9 40 (0.82%) Tomcat
10 38 (0.78%) Apache Solr
11 36 (0.74%) SharePoint
12 32 (0.66%) Cloud Foundry
13 26 (0.53%) WordPress
14 25 (0.51%) Camunda
15 21 (0.43%) Drupal
16 19 (0.39%) Sitecore CMS
16 19 (0.39%) WebLogic
17 17 (0.35%) IBM Domino
17 17 (0.35%) Umbraco
18 15 (0.31%) Jupyter
Applications
1 21 (0.43%) Sketch
2 20 (0.41%) Simulink
3 16 (0.33%) InVision
4 13 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
5 12 (0.25%) Adobe XD
5 12 (0.25%) Campfire
6 11 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
6 11 (0.23%) Photoshop
7 5 (0.10%) GIMP
8 4 (0.082%) Spreadsheet
9 3 (0.062%) Chatbot
9 3 (0.062%) Microsoft Project
9 3 (0.062%) MS Visio
9 3 (0.062%) Zeplin
10 2 (0.041%) FileZilla
11 1 (0.021%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.021%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 19 (0.39%) Distributed Ledger
1 19 (0.39%) Oracle ERP
2 17 (0.35%) R3 Corda
3 11 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
4 9 (0.18%) WebTrends
5 8 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
6 6 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
7 5 (0.10%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
7 5 (0.10%) RMDS
8 4 (0.082%) FastStats
9 3 (0.062%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 3 (0.062%) SAP S/4HANA
10 2 (0.041%) NetSuite
10 2 (0.041%) Oracle EBS
10 2 (0.041%) Oracle EBS R12
10 2 (0.041%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 2 (0.041%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 1 (0.021%) CA PPM
11 1 (0.021%) SAP FI-CA
11 1 (0.021%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 1,958 (40.25%) AWS
2 1,440 (29.60%) Azure
3 809 (16.63%) Serverless
4 662 (13.61%) GCP
5 370 (7.61%) GitHub
6 351 (7.21%) AWS Lambda
7 305 (6.27%) SaaS
8 235 (4.83%) Cloud Computing
8 235 (4.83%) OpenShift
9 201 (4.13%) Amazon S3
10 193 (3.97%) PaaS
11 164 (3.37%) Amazon EC2
12 153 (3.14%) Amazon SQS
12 153 (3.14%) AWS CloudFormation
13 137 (2.82%) Power Platform
14 125 (2.57%) npm
15 117 (2.40%) Microsoft 365
16 114 (2.34%) Azure Data Factory
17 91 (1.87%) IaaS
18 90 (1.85%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 273 (5.61%) HTTP
2 113 (2.32%) Broadband
3 91 (1.87%) TCP/IP
4 71 (1.46%) MQTT
5 67 (1.38%) DNS
6 60 (1.23%) Firewall
7 53 (1.09%) Internet
8 43 (0.88%) HTTPS
9 34 (0.70%) Modbus
10 28 (0.58%) Network Security
11 24 (0.49%) 5G
11 24 (0.49%) DHCP
11 24 (0.49%) VPN
12 22 (0.45%) IPv6
13 18 (0.37%) RS-422
13 18 (0.37%) RS-485
13 18 (0.37%) VoIP
13 18 (0.37%) Wi-Fi
14 17 (0.35%) FTP
14 17 (0.35%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 700 (14.39%) NoSQL
2 588 (12.09%) PostgreSQL
3 416 (8.55%) SQL Server
4 358 (7.36%) MySQL
5 349 (7.17%) MongoDB
6 332 (6.82%) Relational Database
7 329 (6.76%) Big Data
8 297 (6.10%) Redis
9 164 (3.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 157 (3.23%) Hadoop
11 147 (3.02%) Apache Cassandra
12 138 (2.84%) Data Lake
13 136 (2.80%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 131 (2.69%) Power BI
15 105 (2.16%) RDBMS
16 94 (1.93%) Amazon RDS
17 87 (1.79%) HDInsight
18 73 (1.50%) Data Warehouse
19 61 (1.25%) Blockchain
20 59 (1.21%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 1,339 (27.52%) Git (software)
2 1,296 (26.64%) Jenkins
3 519 (10.67%) JIRA
4 380 (7.81%) Selenium
5 276 (5.67%) GitLab
6 257 (5.28%) Cypress.io
7 243 (4.99%) TeamCity
8 224 (4.60%) Maven
9 211 (4.34%) Subversion
10 206 (4.23%) JUnit
11 174 (3.58%) Cucumber
12 153 (3.14%) webpack
13 150 (3.08%) Bitbucket
13 150 (3.08%) Octopus Deploy
14 143 (2.94%) CircleCI
15 135 (2.77%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 125 (2.57%) JMeter
17 124 (2.55%) Mercurial
18 117 (2.40%) Team Foundation Server
19 109 (2.24%) SonarQube
General
1 1,100 (22.61%) Finance
2 995 (20.45%) Social Skills
3 379 (7.79%) Analytical Skills
4 338 (6.95%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 285 (5.86%) Banking
6 220 (4.52%) Marketing
7 214 (4.40%) Games
8 190 (3.91%) Public Sector
9 175 (3.60%) Retail
10 139 (2.86%) Electronics
11 134 (2.75%) Law
12 89 (1.83%) Manufacturing
13 75 (1.54%) Telecoms
14 63 (1.29%) Front Office
15 60 (1.23%) Advertising
16 56 (1.15%) Presentation Skills
17 52 (1.07%) Investment Banking
18 51 (1.05%) Back Office
19 46 (0.95%) Financial Institution
20 45 (0.92%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,879 (38.62%) Developer
2 1,011 (20.78%) Software Engineer
3 463 (9.52%) Senior Developer
4 459 (9.43%) DevOps Engineer
5 427 (8.78%) Java Developer
6 315 (6.47%) Senior Software Engineer
7 296 (6.08%) Full Stack Developer
8 292 (6.00%) Software Developer
9 247 (5.08%) Java Engineer
10 210 (4.32%) Java Software Engineer
11 184 (3.78%) Lead Developer
12 170 (3.49%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 169 (3.47%) Data Engineer
14 168 (3.45%) Security Engineer
15 160 (3.29%) React Developer
16 159 (3.27%) Architect
17 152 (3.12%) Analyst
18 137 (2.82%) Azure Engineer
19 126 (2.59%) Cybersecurity Engineer
20 122 (2.51%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,233 (25.34%) React
2 904 (18.58%) HTML
3 878 (18.05%) CSS
4 870 (17.88%) Node.js
5 809 (16.63%) REST
6 765 (15.72%) Spring
7 731 (15.03%) .NET
8 700 (14.39%) AngularJS
9 547 (11.24%) Spring Boot
10 503 (10.34%) HTML5
11 491 (10.09%) RESTful
12 447 (9.19%) Web Services
13 420 (8.63%) Kafka
14 372 (7.65%) GraphQL
15 359 (7.38%) CSS3
16 297 (6.10%) .NET Core
17 288 (5.92%) Vue.js
18 276 (5.67%) ASP.NET
19 240 (4.93%) .NET Framework
20 230 (4.73%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 563 (11.57%) User Experience
2 279 (5.73%) Algorithms
3 236 (4.85%) Cloud Native
4 229 (4.71%) Data Structures
5 211 (4.34%) Self-Motivation
6 209 (4.30%) Mobile App
7 145 (2.98%) Enterprise Software
8 142 (2.92%) Virtual Team
9 139 (2.86%) Social Media
10 100 (2.06%) Greenfield Project
11 99 (2.03%) Management Information System
12 88 (1.81%) Public Cloud
13 84 (1.73%) Blog
14 62 (1.27%) Linux Command Line
15 55 (1.13%) Social Network
16 51 (1.05%) Cyberattack
17 45 (0.92%) NHS
18 43 (0.88%) Data Protection Act
18 43 (0.88%) Life Science
19 38 (0.78%) Cyber Defence
Operating Systems
1 763 (15.68%) Linux
2 474 (9.74%) Windows
3 281 (5.78%) Unix
4 210 (4.32%) Android
5 180 (3.70%) Apple iOS
6 58 (1.19%) Ubuntu
7 50 (1.03%) CentOS
8 43 (0.88%) Windows Server
9 36 (0.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 25 (0.51%) Mesosphere
11 22 (0.45%) Mac OS
12 17 (0.35%) VMS
13 15 (0.31%) Debian
13 15 (0.31%) ThreadX
13 15 (0.31%) Windows Embedded Compact
14 11 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
15 10 (0.21%) VxWorks
16 8 (0.16%) FreeRTOS
16 8 (0.16%) Kali Linux
17 7 (0.14%) Alpine Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,355 (68.96%) Agile Software Development
2 2,065 (42.45%) CI/CD
3 2,027 (41.66%) DevOps
4 1,824 (37.49%) Software Engineering
5 1,621 (33.32%) TDD
6 1,520 (31.24%) Test Automation
7 1,186 (24.38%) Scrum
8 1,162 (23.88%) Microservices
9 1,067 (21.93%) Continuous Delivery
10 858 (17.64%) Full Stack Development
11 784 (16.12%) BDD
12 729 (14.98%) Mentoring
13 629 (12.93%) Problem-Solving
14 617 (12.68%) Computer Science
15 608 (12.50%) OO
16 587 (12.07%) Analytics
17 533 (10.96%) Unit Testing
18 474 (9.74%) SDLC
19 429 (8.82%) Coaching
20 427 (8.78%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 1,913 (39.32%) Java
2 1,687 (34.68%) JavaScript
3 1,603 (32.95%) Python
4 1,245 (25.59%) SQL
5 1,180 (24.25%) C#
6 776 (15.95%) TypeScript
7 460 (9.46%) C++
8 361 (7.42%) PowerShell
9 320 (6.58%) C
10 267 (5.49%) Go
11 247 (5.08%) Ruby
12 240 (4.93%) Bash
13 226 (4.65%) Scala
14 221 (4.54%) Shell Script
15 220 (4.52%) Kotlin
16 216 (4.44%) PHP
17 204 (4.19%) ES6
18 180 (3.70%) Java 8
19 146 (3.00%) Perl
20 138 (2.84%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 743 (15.27%) Degree
2 330 (6.78%) Computer Science Degree
3 282 (5.80%) Security Cleared
4 228 (4.69%) SC Cleared
5 73 (1.50%) ISTQB
6 68 (1.40%) Master's Degree
7 59 (1.21%) AWS Certification
8 50 (1.03%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 32 (0.66%) DV Cleared
10 26 (0.53%) CISSP
11 25 (0.51%) ISEB
12 17 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
12 17 (0.35%) SANS
13 15 (0.31%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 15 (0.31%) CCSP
13 15 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
14 14 (0.29%) OCP
14 14 (0.29%) Oracle Certification
15 10 (0.21%) OSCP
16 7 (0.14%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 737 (15.15%) QA
2 158 (3.25%) Accessibility
3 55 (1.13%) WCAG
4 48 (0.99%) GDPR
4 48 (0.99%) MISRA
5 28 (0.58%) Def Stans
6 22 (0.45%) Data Quality
7 20 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 15 (0.31%) IEC 62304
9 14 (0.29%) ISO 13485
9 14 (0.29%) PCI DSS
10 12 (0.25%) HIPAA
11 11 (0.23%) NIST
12 8 (0.16%) NIST 800
13 6 (0.12%) SLA
14 4 (0.082%) ISO 9001
15 3 (0.062%) 21 CFR Part 11
15 3 (0.062%) GxP
16 2 (0.041%) IEC 61508
16 2 (0.041%) MiFID
System Software
1 1,349 (27.73%) Docker
2 60 (1.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 54 (1.11%) Firmware
4 38 (0.78%) VMware Infrastructure
5 34 (0.70%) Active Directory
5 34 (0.70%) Virtual Machines
6 21 (0.43%) Varnish
7 18 (0.37%) Postfix
8 14 (0.29%) HDFS
9 13 (0.27%) VirtualBox
10 8 (0.16%) Hyper-V
11 7 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
12 4 (0.082%) VMware NSX
13 3 (0.062%) vSphere
14 1 (0.021%) Ceph
14 1 (0.021%) VMware ESXi
14 1 (0.021%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,103 (22.67%) Kubernetes
2 729 (14.98%) Terraform
3 537 (11.04%) Ansible
4 280 (5.76%) Puppet
5 278 (5.71%) Opscode Chef
6 119 (2.45%) Prometheus
7 83 (1.71%) Kibana
8 81 (1.66%) Grafana
9 51 (1.05%) Cobbler
10 49 (1.01%) Rancher
11 39 (0.80%) Consul
12 38 (0.78%) Docker Swarm
13 36 (0.74%) logstash
13 36 (0.74%) Opsgenie
14 32 (0.66%) Packer
15 28 (0.58%) Nagios
16 27 (0.55%) Graylog
17 24 (0.49%) Automic
17 24 (0.49%) Hadoop YARN
18 20 (0.41%) Graphite
Vendors
1 537 (11.04%) Microsoft
2 389 (8.00%) Google
3 345 (7.09%) Oracle
4 140 (2.88%) Databricks
5 112 (2.30%) Red Hat
6 94 (1.93%) Palantir
7 72 (1.48%) Splunk
8 70 (1.44%) New Relic
9 62 (1.27%) SaltStack
10 57 (1.17%) Salesforce.com
11 52 (1.07%) Atlassian
12 49 (1.01%) VMware
13 45 (0.92%) IBM
14 43 (0.88%) SAP
15 41 (0.84%) LexisNexis
16 38 (0.78%) Samsung
17 37 (0.76%) Apple
18 35 (0.72%) ServiceNow
18 35 (0.72%) Sophos
19 34 (0.70%) Adobe