Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 3 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
3 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 472 394 276
Rank change year-on-year -78 -118 +18
Permanent jobs citing PhD 479 233 31
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 0.60% 0.62% 0.35%
As % of the Qualifications category 2.88% 3.42% 2.16%
Number of salaries quoted 149 116 26
10th Percentile £50,000 £38,125 £40,000
25th Percentile £56,250 £46,250 £51,563
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £67,500 £66,000
Median % change year-on-year +14.81% +2.27% -5.71%
75th Percentile £101,250 £72,500 £88,438
90th Percentile £128,500 £91,250 £107,500
UK median annual salary £70,000 £62,250 £65,500
% change year-on-year +12.45% -4.96% +9.17%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 16,632 6,805 1,438
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 20.98% 18.10% 16.04%
Number of salaries quoted 8,188 4,613 1,119
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £58,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.36% - -4.76%
75th Percentile £76,625 £72,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £85,000 £83,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

PhD
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

PhD trend for jobs with a WFH option

PhD
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing PhD.

PhD salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

PhD
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing PhD over the 6 months to 3 July 2022.

PhD salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 3 July 2022, PhD job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for PhD.

1 323 (67.43%) Python
2 238 (49.69%) Machine Learning
3 235 (49.06%) Mathematics
4 210 (43.84%) Computer Science
5 183 (38.20%) Artificial Intelligence
6 177 (36.95%) Algorithms
7 170 (35.49%) Data Science
8 162 (33.82%) Agile
9 160 (33.40%) Software Engineering
9 160 (33.40%) C++
10 149 (31.11%) Java
11 135 (28.18%) Problem-Solving
12 124 (25.89%) Degree
13 115 (24.01%) Deep Learning
13 115 (24.01%) Social Skills
14 112 (23.38%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 110 (22.96%) Analytics
16 108 (22.55%) C
17 107 (22.34%) Physics
17 107 (22.34%) Computer Vision
18 98 (20.46%) Docker
18 98 (20.46%) Statistics
19 94 (19.62%) Finance
20 85 (17.75%) CI/CD
21 82 (17.12%) Project Management
22 80 (16.70%) R
23 79 (16.49%) AWS
24 78 (16.28%) GCP
25 77 (16.08%) Natural Language Processing
26 74 (15.45%) Neural Network

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (5.43%) Apache Airflow
2 22 (4.59%) SAS
3 13 (2.71%) Apache Spark
4 9 (1.88%) nginx
5 4 (0.84%) Apache
6 2 (0.42%) Kinematics
6 2 (0.42%) OpenStack
7 1 (0.21%) Ethereum
7 1 (0.21%) IIS
7 1 (0.21%) Tomcat
7 1 (0.21%) WebLogic
7 1 (0.21%) WebSphere
7 1 (0.21%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 8 (1.67%) Simulink
2 4 (0.84%) Stateflow
3 2 (0.42%) Stata
4 1 (0.21%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 8 (1.67%) Payment Gateway
1 8 (1.67%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 79 (16.49%) AWS
2 78 (16.28%) GCP
3 50 (10.44%) Cloud Computing
4 24 (5.01%) Azure
5 8 (1.67%) SaaS
5 8 (1.67%) Squarespace
6 7 (1.46%) Datadog
7 5 (1.04%) Power Platform
7 5 (1.04%) Slack
8 4 (0.84%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 4 (0.84%) Amazon EKS
8 4 (0.84%) Amazon ElastiCache
8 4 (0.84%) Cloudflare
8 4 (0.84%) CloudFront
9 2 (0.42%) GitHub
10 1 (0.21%) Amazon EMR
10 1 (0.21%) Amazon S3
10 1 (0.21%) Amazon SageMaker
10 1 (0.21%) dbt
10 1 (0.21%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 55 (11.48%) Wireless
2 26 (5.43%) DVB
2 26 (5.43%) MIMO
2 26 (5.43%) Wi-Fi
3 7 (1.46%) HTTP
4 4 (0.84%) Internet
5 2 (0.42%) Radio Access Network
5 2 (0.42%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.21%) 5G
6 1 (0.21%) SD-WAN
6 1 (0.21%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (4.18%) Big Data
1 20 (4.18%) NoSQL
2 18 (3.76%) Redis
3 17 (3.55%) PostgreSQL
4 13 (2.71%) Spotfire
5 11 (2.30%) Hadoop
6 10 (2.09%) Metadata
7 8 (1.67%) MongoDB
8 6 (1.25%) MySQL
9 5 (1.04%) Data Mining
9 5 (1.04%) Power BI
9 5 (1.04%) Tableau
10 4 (0.84%) Amazon RDS
11 3 (0.63%) Geospatial Data
11 3 (0.63%) GIS
11 3 (0.63%) Spatial Data
12 2 (0.42%) Data Warehouse
12 2 (0.42%) Flink
12 2 (0.42%) Oracle Database
12 2 (0.42%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 29 (6.05%) GDB
2 12 (2.51%) Git (software)
2 12 (2.51%) Jenkins
3 7 (1.46%) GitLab
3 7 (1.46%) JIRA
4 5 (1.04%) fastlane
4 5 (1.04%) Gradle
5 3 (0.63%) git-flow
6 2 (0.42%) LabVIEW
6 2 (0.42%) MLflow
6 2 (0.42%) Visual Studio
General
1 115 (24.01%) Social Skills
2 112 (23.38%) Inclusion and Diversity
3 94 (19.62%) Finance
4 66 (13.78%) Games
5 63 (13.15%) Analytical Skills
6 54 (11.27%) Public Sector
7 48 (10.02%) Pharmaceutical
8 34 (7.10%) Marketing
9 13 (2.71%) Electronics
9 13 (2.71%) Law
10 12 (2.51%) Banking
11 11 (2.30%) Manufacturing
11 11 (2.30%) Presentation Skills
12 10 (2.09%) Advertising
13 6 (1.25%) Telecoms
14 5 (1.04%) Retail
15 4 (0.84%) Financial Institution
16 2 (0.42%) Aerospace
16 2 (0.42%) Influencing Skills
16 2 (0.42%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 115 (24.01%) Software Engineer
2 95 (19.83%) Data Scientist
3 61 (12.73%) Machine Learning Engineer
4 59 (12.32%) Graduate
5 45 (9.39%) Graduate Software Engineer
6 41 (8.56%) Senior Data Scientist
6 41 (8.56%) Senior Software Engineer
7 32 (6.68%) Developer
8 30 (6.26%) Computer Scientist
8 30 (6.26%) Computer Vision Scientist
9 26 (5.43%) Algorithm Engineer
9 26 (5.43%) DSP Algorithm Engineer
9 26 (5.43%) DSP Engineer
9 26 (5.43%) Senior Algorithm Engineer
9 26 (5.43%) Senior DSP Engineer
9 26 (5.43%) Wireless Engineer
10 22 (4.59%) Programmer
11 19 (3.97%) Embedded Engineer
12 18 (3.76%) C++ Software Engineer
12 18 (3.76%) Machine Learning Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (10.65%) PyTorch
2 48 (10.02%) TensorFlow
3 47 (9.81%) React
4 46 (9.60%) OpenCV
4 46 (9.60%) RabbitMQ
4 46 (9.60%) scikit-learn
5 45 (9.39%) Qt
5 45 (9.39%) ZeroMQ
6 37 (7.72%) HTML
7 29 (6.05%) HTML5
7 29 (6.05%) Redux
8 28 (5.85%) NumPy
9 23 (4.80%) Pandas
10 17 (3.55%) Celery
10 17 (3.55%) SciPy
11 14 (2.92%) Django
11 14 (2.92%) Torch
12 9 (1.88%) Node.js
13 7 (1.46%) Shiny
14 6 (1.25%) Smart Contracts
Miscellaneous
1 177 (36.95%) Algorithms
2 60 (12.53%) Cyberattack
3 45 (9.39%) Mobile Computing
4 43 (8.98%) Cyber Defence
5 41 (8.56%) Self-Motivation
6 34 (7.10%) Embedded Systems
7 33 (6.89%) Acoustics
8 27 (5.64%) Cybercrime
9 26 (5.43%) FPGA
9 26 (5.43%) Mobile App
10 23 (4.80%) Equities
11 20 (4.18%) Robotics
12 16 (3.34%) Fixed Income
12 16 (3.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 14 (2.92%) Biotechnology
14 13 (2.71%) User Experience
15 12 (2.51%) Cyberthreat
15 12 (2.51%) Hedge funds
15 12 (2.51%) Life Science
16 9 (1.88%) Bitcoin
Operating Systems
1 59 (12.32%) Linux
2 50 (10.44%) Windows
3 11 (2.30%) Mac OS
4 9 (1.88%) Android
5 5 (1.04%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.63%) Unix
7 2 (0.42%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 238 (49.69%) Machine Learning
2 235 (49.06%) Mathematics
3 210 (43.84%) Computer Science
4 183 (38.20%) Artificial Intelligence
5 170 (35.49%) Data Science
6 162 (33.82%) Agile
7 160 (33.40%) Software Engineering
8 135 (28.18%) Problem-Solving
9 115 (24.01%) Deep Learning
10 110 (22.96%) Analytics
11 107 (22.34%) Computer Vision
11 107 (22.34%) Physics
12 98 (20.46%) Statistics
13 85 (17.75%) CI/CD
14 82 (17.12%) Project Management
15 77 (16.08%) Natural Language Processing
16 74 (15.45%) Neural Network
17 70 (14.61%) Mentoring
18 63 (13.15%) Microservices
18 63 (13.15%) Use Case
Programming Languages
1 323 (67.43%) Python
2 160 (33.40%) C++
3 149 (31.11%) Java
4 108 (22.55%) C
5 80 (16.70%) R
6 67 (13.99%) MATLAB
7 66 (13.78%) SQL
8 22 (4.59%) JavaScript
9 14 (2.92%) Cython
10 10 (2.09%) Shell Script
11 9 (1.88%) C#
11 9 (1.88%) Scala
12 7 (1.46%) VBA
13 6 (1.25%) Go
13 6 (1.25%) Haskell
13 6 (1.25%) Rust
14 5 (1.04%) Clojure
14 5 (1.04%) Kotlin
14 5 (1.04%) ML
15 3 (0.63%) Perl
Qualifications
1 124 (25.89%) Degree
2 32 (6.68%) Master's Degree
3 26 (5.43%) Security Cleared
4 22 (4.59%) SC Cleared
5 15 (3.13%) Computer Science Degree
6 12 (2.51%) Numerate Degree
7 6 (1.25%) MBA
8 5 (1.04%) Postgraduate
9 2 (0.42%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.21%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (4.59%) CDISC
1 22 (4.59%) QA
2 5 (1.04%) Accessibility
2 5 (1.04%) GDPR
2 5 (1.04%) HIPAA
2 5 (1.04%) SOC 2
3 4 (0.84%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.21%) IEC 61131
System Software
1 98 (20.46%) Docker
2 32 (6.68%) Firmware
3 12 (2.51%) NFS
4 11 (2.30%) VMware Infrastructure
5 9 (1.88%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.21%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 35 (7.31%) Ansible
2 25 (5.22%) Kubernetes
3 9 (1.88%) Prometheus
4 8 (1.67%) Terraform
5 5 (1.04%) Docker Swarm
5 5 (1.04%) Opsgenie
6 4 (0.84%) Grafana
7 2 (0.42%) Kibana
7 2 (0.42%) Kustomize
8 1 (0.21%) Kubeflow
8 1 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 45 (9.39%) Sony
2 14 (2.92%) Facebook
3 12 (2.51%) Google
3 12 (2.51%) Microsoft
4 11 (2.30%) VMware
5 10 (2.09%) Apple
6 8 (1.67%) TikTok
6 8 (1.67%) WooCommerce
7 5 (1.04%) EMC
8 4 (0.84%) OpenAI
9 3 (0.63%) IBM
9 3 (0.63%) Oracle
10 2 (0.42%) NVIDIA
10 2 (0.42%) SAP
11 1 (0.21%) Lauterbach
11 1 (0.21%) Thales