Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH). Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 18 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Cloud Native
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
18 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 140 269 193
Rank change year-on-year +129 -76 +93
Permanent jobs citing Cloud Native 2,082 528 110
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 2.80% 1.28% 1.25%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 6.25% 3.20% 3.47%
Number of salaries quoted 820 389 91
10th Percentile £55,000 £52,250 £47,500
25th Percentile £63,750 £62,500 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £75,000 £77,500
Median % change year-on-year +6.67% -3.23% -8.82%
75th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £90,000
90th Percentile £116,246 £105,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £80,000 £80,000 £75,000
% change year-on-year - +6.67% -3.23%

Cloud Native is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 33,297 16,503 3,168
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 44.73% 39.93% 35.91%
Number of salaries quoted 17,286 11,324 2,664
10th Percentile £37,500 £34,824 £34,750
25th Percentile £47,500 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +13.04% - -
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £93,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -

Cloud Native
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Cloud Native trend for jobs with a WFH option

Cloud Native
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Cloud Native.

Cloud Native salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Cloud Native
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 18 August 2022.

Cloud Native salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 18 August 2022, Cloud Native job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 1,395 (67.00%) AWS
2 1,255 (60.28%) Agile
3 1,063 (51.06%) DevOps
3 1,063 (51.06%) Kubernetes
4 907 (43.56%) CI/CD
5 834 (40.06%) Azure
6 811 (38.95%) Python
7 727 (34.92%) Terraform
8 715 (34.34%) Docker
9 682 (32.76%) Java
10 655 (31.46%) Software Engineering
11 609 (29.25%) Microservices
11 609 (29.25%) Infrastructure as Code
12 592 (28.43%) GCP
13 569 (27.33%) Scrum
14 563 (27.04%) React
15 557 (26.75%) JavaScript
16 554 (26.61%) Finance
17 499 (23.97%) SQL
18 465 (22.33%) Social Skills
19 430 (20.65%) Kafka
20 423 (20.32%) Jenkins
21 413 (19.84%) Full Stack Development
22 386 (18.54%) Git (software)
23 365 (17.53%) Public Cloud
24 346 (16.62%) Node.js
25 345 (16.57%) TDD
26 330 (15.85%) Go
27 329 (15.80%) Continuous Integration
28 322 (15.47%) Continuous Delivery

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (2.69%) Apache Spark
2 55 (2.64%) Confluence
3 34 (1.63%) Apache
4 21 (1.01%) CMS
4 21 (1.01%) Headless CMS
4 21 (1.01%) IIS
5 19 (0.91%) Apache Airflow
5 19 (0.91%) Cloud Foundry
6 17 (0.82%) Jetty
6 17 (0.82%) SharePoint
7 9 (0.43%) DNN
7 9 (0.43%) Tomcat
8 8 (0.38%) MQSeries
9 7 (0.34%) EPiServer
10 6 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 6 (0.29%) WebSphere
11 5 (0.24%) Apache Solr
11 5 (0.24%) Drupal
11 5 (0.24%) OpenStack
12 3 (0.14%) nginx
Applications
1 7 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.14%) Chatbot
2 3 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.048%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.048%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.048%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 17 (0.82%) Payment Gateway
2 12 (0.58%) Dynamics NAV
3 10 (0.48%) Magento
4 9 (0.43%) R3 Corda
5 5 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
6 4 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
6 4 (0.19%) Fidessa
6 4 (0.19%) Shopify
7 3 (0.14%) NetSuite
8 2 (0.096%) Oracle Applications
9 1 (0.048%) Distributed Ledger
9 1 (0.048%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 1,395 (67.00%) AWS
2 834 (40.06%) Azure
3 592 (28.43%) GCP
4 318 (15.27%) Serverless
5 300 (14.41%) AWS CloudFormation
6 269 (12.92%) SaaS
7 192 (9.22%) GitHub
8 172 (8.26%) Cloud Computing
9 169 (8.12%) PaaS
10 168 (8.07%) AWS Lambda
11 156 (7.49%) Azure DevOps
12 154 (7.40%) Amazon EKS
13 126 (6.05%) IaaS
14 122 (5.86%) Amazon S3
15 115 (5.52%) OpenShift
16 114 (5.48%) Amazon ECS
17 111 (5.33%) Datadog
18 94 (4.51%) Amazon EC2
19 69 (3.31%) Amazon Kinesis
20 62 (2.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 66 (3.17%) HTTP
2 49 (2.35%) DNS
3 46 (2.21%) Software-Defined Networking
4 41 (1.97%) Internet
5 29 (1.39%) Firewall
6 23 (1.10%) Network Security
7 21 (1.01%) DSL
7 21 (1.01%) VPN
8 13 (0.62%) SMS
9 12 (0.58%) Broadband
9 12 (0.58%) PPP
10 9 (0.43%) HTTPS
10 9 (0.43%) X.509
11 8 (0.38%) DHCP
12 6 (0.29%) Unified Communications
12 6 (0.29%) Wireless
13 5 (0.24%) TCP/IP
14 4 (0.19%) FIX Connectivity
14 4 (0.19%) Intranet
14 4 (0.19%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 268 (12.87%) PostgreSQL
2 214 (10.28%) NoSQL
3 160 (7.68%) Elasticsearch
4 149 (7.16%) Big Data
5 110 (5.28%) MySQL
6 109 (5.24%) Relational Database
7 102 (4.90%) SQL Server
8 82 (3.94%) Data Warehouse
9 81 (3.89%) MongoDB
10 80 (3.84%) Redis
11 79 (3.79%) Amazon RDS
12 73 (3.51%) DynamoDB
13 67 (3.22%) RDBMS
14 41 (1.97%) Electronic Patient Records
15 39 (1.87%) Power BI
16 37 (1.78%) Data Lake
17 35 (1.68%) Amazon Athena
18 34 (1.63%) BigQuery
19 30 (1.44%) Azure SQL Database
20 29 (1.39%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 423 (20.32%) Jenkins
2 386 (18.54%) Git (software)
3 95 (4.56%) GitLab
4 82 (3.94%) Selenium
5 74 (3.55%) Cucumber
5 74 (3.55%) JUnit
6 69 (3.31%) JIRA
7 54 (2.59%) Bitbucket
8 50 (2.40%) RSpec
9 39 (1.87%) Spinnaker
10 35 (1.68%) Cypress.io
10 35 (1.68%) Visual Studio
11 30 (1.44%) TeamCity
12 27 (1.30%) Terragrunt
13 26 (1.25%) NUnit
13 26 (1.25%) Octopus Deploy
14 25 (1.20%) webpack
15 22 (1.06%) Travis CI
16 20 (0.96%) IBM UrbanCode
17 18 (0.86%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 554 (26.61%) Finance
2 465 (22.33%) Social Skills
3 244 (11.72%) Public Sector
4 188 (9.03%) Banking
5 164 (7.88%) Retail
6 156 (7.49%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 139 (6.68%) Analytical Skills
8 110 (5.28%) Games
9 59 (2.83%) Advertising
9 59 (2.83%) Marketing
10 44 (2.11%) Presentation Skills
11 39 (1.87%) Esports
12 37 (1.78%) Financial Institution
13 34 (1.63%) Legal
13 34 (1.63%) Publishing
14 27 (1.30%) Automotive
15 16 (0.77%) Manufacturing
16 14 (0.67%) Organisational Skills
17 13 (0.62%) Telecoms
18 12 (0.58%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 562 (26.99%) Developer
2 339 (16.28%) DevOps Engineer
3 322 (15.47%) Software Engineer
4 255 (12.25%) Cloud Engineer
5 206 (9.89%) Senior Developer
6 184 (8.84%) Architect
7 172 (8.26%) Senior DevOps
8 158 (7.59%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 103 (4.95%) Software Developer
10 99 (4.76%) Full Stack Developer
11 83 (3.99%) Data Engineer
12 80 (3.84%) Python Developer
13 78 (3.75%) Senior Cloud Engineer
14 76 (3.65%) Java Developer
15 74 (3.55%) Solutions Architect
16 66 (3.17%) Senior Software Developer
17 65 (3.12%) Senior Full Stack Developer
18 62 (2.98%) Cloud Architect
19 61 (2.93%) Java Engineer
20 57 (2.74%) Lead DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 563 (27.04%) React
2 430 (20.65%) Kafka
3 346 (16.62%) Node.js
4 309 (14.84%) .NET
5 261 (12.54%) AngularJS
6 161 (7.73%) Spring
7 158 (7.59%) GraphQL
8 141 (6.77%) Spring Boot
9 132 (6.34%) REST
10 77 (3.70%) ASP.NET
11 76 (3.65%) React Native
12 70 (3.36%) CSS
13 63 (3.03%) J2EE
14 62 (2.98%) Akka
15 61 (2.93%) JSON
15 61 (2.93%) Next.js
16 59 (2.83%) Elastic Stack
16 59 (2.83%) HTML
16 59 (2.83%) RESTful
17 56 (2.69%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 365 (17.53%) Public Cloud
2 133 (6.39%) IoT
3 122 (5.86%) iPhone
4 120 (5.76%) Blockchain
5 112 (5.38%) Data Centre
6 100 (4.80%) Greenfield Project
7 93 (4.47%) Mobile Payment
8 76 (3.65%) Virtual Team
9 70 (3.36%) Mobile App
10 62 (2.98%) Blog
11 61 (2.93%) Self-Motivation
12 60 (2.88%) Algorithms
13 56 (2.69%) Cyberattack
14 55 (2.64%) User Experience
15 44 (2.11%) Management Information System
15 44 (2.11%) Sports Betting
16 43 (2.07%) Hybrid Cloud
17 41 (1.97%) Cyber Defence
18 40 (1.92%) Legacy Systems
19 33 (1.59%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 319 (15.32%) Linux
2 148 (7.11%) Windows
3 52 (2.50%) Unix
4 32 (1.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 26 (1.25%) Windows Server
6 22 (1.06%) Android
7 16 (0.77%) Apple iOS
8 7 (0.34%) Ubuntu
9 6 (0.29%) Windows 10
10 5 (0.24%) AIX
11 4 (0.19%) Solaris
11 4 (0.19%) VMS
12 2 (0.096%) CatOS
12 2 (0.096%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.096%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.096%) SUSE
13 1 (0.048%) CentOS
13 1 (0.048%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,255 (60.28%) Agile
2 1,063 (51.06%) DevOps
3 907 (43.56%) CI/CD
4 655 (31.46%) Software Engineering
5 609 (29.25%) Infrastructure as Code
5 609 (29.25%) Microservices
6 569 (27.33%) Scrum
7 413 (19.84%) Full Stack Development
8 345 (16.57%) TDD
9 329 (15.80%) Continuous Integration
10 322 (15.47%) Continuous Delivery
11 317 (15.23%) Open Source
12 284 (13.64%) Containerisation
13 277 (13.30%) Problem-Solving
13 277 (13.30%) Test Automation
14 232 (11.14%) Mentoring
15 217 (10.42%) Fintech
16 211 (10.13%) Artificial Intelligence
17 203 (9.75%) SDLC
18 197 (9.46%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 811 (38.95%) Python
2 682 (32.76%) Java
3 557 (26.75%) JavaScript
4 499 (23.97%) SQL
5 330 (15.85%) Go
6 302 (14.51%) C#
7 238 (11.43%) TypeScript
8 202 (9.70%) Ruby
9 168 (8.07%) Scala
10 162 (7.78%) Kotlin
11 160 (7.68%) Bash
12 142 (6.82%) PowerShell
13 80 (3.84%) Groovy
14 48 (2.31%) PHP
15 31 (1.49%) Clojure
15 31 (1.49%) Lisp
16 25 (1.20%) C++
17 19 (0.91%) Shell Script
18 15 (0.72%) Perl
19 13 (0.62%) R
Qualifications
1 209 (10.04%) AWS Certification
2 182 (8.74%) Degree
3 138 (6.63%) Security Cleared
4 127 (6.10%) SC Cleared
5 59 (2.83%) Computer Science Degree
6 29 (1.39%) Azure Certification
7 25 (1.20%) Numerate Degree
8 19 (0.91%) Master's Degree
9 16 (0.77%) PMI Certification
10 13 (0.62%) CISSP
10 13 (0.62%) Microsoft Certification
11 7 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
11 7 (0.34%) CISM
12 6 (0.29%) AWS Certified DevOps Engineer
12 6 (0.29%) AWS Certified Solutions Architect
12 6 (0.29%) CISA
12 6 (0.29%) SANS
13 5 (0.24%) CCNA
13 5 (0.24%) CCNP
13 5 (0.24%) NCDA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 129 (6.20%) QA
2 41 (1.97%) GDPR
3 36 (1.73%) SOC 2
4 33 (1.59%) Data Quality
5 28 (1.34%) Accessibility
6 15 (0.72%) GxP
6 15 (0.72%) SLA
7 12 (0.58%) HIPAA
8 10 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 9 (0.43%) HL7
9 9 (0.43%) NIST
10 7 (0.34%) PCI DSS
11 3 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.048%) ISO 9001
12 1 (0.048%) NCSC
12 1 (0.048%) PMO
12 1 (0.048%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 715 (34.34%) Docker
2 69 (3.31%) Active Directory
3 28 (1.34%) Virtual Machines
4 21 (1.01%) VMware Infrastructure
5 14 (0.67%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 8 (0.38%) Virtual Desktop
7 5 (0.24%) etcd
7 5 (0.24%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 5 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
7 5 (0.24%) vSphere
8 3 (0.14%) NFS
8 3 (0.14%) Samba
9 2 (0.096%) Ceph
9 2 (0.096%) Firmware
9 2 (0.096%) flannel
9 2 (0.096%) Gluster
9 2 (0.096%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.096%) VMware NSX
10 1 (0.048%) LXC
10 1 (0.048%) OpenDJ
Systems Management
1 1,063 (51.06%) Kubernetes
2 727 (34.92%) Terraform
3 320 (15.37%) Ansible
4 165 (7.93%) Puppet
5 108 (5.19%) Prometheus
6 105 (5.04%) Opscode Chef
7 100 (4.80%) Grafana
8 46 (2.21%) Packer
9 37 (1.78%) Istio
10 30 (1.44%) SCCM
11 25 (1.20%) Kibana
12 20 (0.96%) Graphite
12 20 (0.96%) StatsD
13 18 (0.86%) logstash
14 15 (0.72%) Rancher
14 15 (0.72%) Single Sign-On
15 13 (0.62%) Bugsnag
16 12 (0.58%) HAProxy
17 10 (0.48%) Failover Clustering
17 10 (0.48%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 252 (12.10%) Microsoft
2 240 (11.53%) Google
3 123 (5.91%) Oracle
4 61 (2.93%) Spotify
5 26 (1.25%) Citrix
6 25 (1.20%) BT
6 25 (1.20%) IBM
6 25 (1.20%) VMware
7 24 (1.15%) Mapbox
7 24 (1.15%) Virgin Media
8 22 (1.06%) Atlassian
9 20 (0.96%) PagerDuty
9 20 (0.96%) Splunk
10 19 (0.91%) Dynatrace
10 19 (0.91%) FNZ
11 18 (0.86%) Salesforce.com
12 17 (0.82%) Red Hat
13 16 (0.77%) New Relic
14 14 (0.67%) ServiceNow
15 13 (0.62%) YouTube