Period
to 18 October 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH). Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 18 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
18 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 301 203 247
Rank change year-on-year -98 +44 +15
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 257 42 52
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 0.94% 0.69% 0.68%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.36% 2.08% 1.92%
Number of salaries quoted 169 33 34
10th Percentile £42,500 " £50,000
25th Percentile £54,250 £46,250 £53,125
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £73,500 £55,000 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +33.64% -26.67% +15.38%
75th Percentile £90,000 £66,250 £86,875
90th Percentile £97,750 £82,500 £113,375
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% -7.69% +8.33%

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 10,890 2,019 2,713
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 39.66% 33.24% 35.40%
Number of salaries quoted 7,948 1,793 2,299
10th Percentile £36,250 £36,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% -4.17% +9.09%
75th Percentile £81,250 £75,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £91,250
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £54,163
% change year-on-year +4.35% +6.16% +3.17%

Data Structures
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Data Structures as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Data Structures trend for jobs with a WFH option

Data Structures
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Data Structures.

Data Structures salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Data Structures
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Data Structures over the 6 months to 18 October 2021.

Data Structures salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 18 October 2021, Data Structures job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Data Structures.

1 103 (40.08%) Algorithms
2 91 (35.41%) Java
2 91 (35.41%) Agile Software Development
3 84 (32.68%) SQL
4 80 (31.13%) Social Skills
5 73 (28.40%) AWS
6 72 (28.02%) Python
7 66 (25.68%) Software Engineering
7 66 (25.68%) Computer Science
8 65 (25.29%) Degree
9 60 (23.35%) Analytics
10 57 (22.18%) Finance
11 53 (20.62%) Azure
12 48 (18.68%) Git (software)
12 48 (18.68%) Oracle
13 45 (17.51%) JavaScript
13 45 (17.51%) C++
14 44 (17.12%) Business Intelligence
15 42 (16.34%) React
16 40 (15.56%) TDD
17 39 (15.18%) .NET
17 39 (15.18%) Data Science
17 39 (15.18%) Problem-Solving
18 37 (14.40%) REST
19 36 (14.01%) Microservices
19 36 (14.01%) Docker
20 35 (13.62%) AngularJS
20 35 (13.62%) HTML
21 33 (12.84%) Fintech
22 32 (12.45%) Mathematics

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (9.73%) SAS
2 18 (7.00%) Apache Spark
3 15 (5.84%) Elasticsearch
4 10 (3.89%) Tomcat
5 6 (2.33%) Apache
6 5 (1.95%) Apache Airflow
6 5 (1.95%) GlassFish
6 5 (1.95%) Oracle Workflow
6 5 (1.95%) WebLogic
7 4 (1.56%) Apache Pig
7 4 (1.56%) Confluence
8 3 (1.17%) Luigi
9 2 (0.78%) Drupal
9 2 (0.78%) WebSphere
10 1 (0.39%) CMS
Applications
1 10 (3.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (3.50%) Spreadsheet
3 3 (1.17%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.39%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.39%) Adobe XD
4 1 (0.39%) Figma
4 1 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.39%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.39%) Sketch
4 1 (0.39%) UXPin
4 1 (0.39%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 11 (4.28%) Payment Gateway
2 8 (3.11%) Oracle Clinical
3 6 (2.33%) Oracle BRM
4 5 (1.95%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (1.56%) MetaTrader
6 2 (0.78%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.78%) Oracle iRecruitment
7 1 (0.39%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.39%) Oracle Assets
7 1 (0.39%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.39%) Oracle E-Business Tax
7 1 (0.39%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.39%) Oracle iProcurement
7 1 (0.39%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.39%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.39%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 1 (0.39%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.39%) SAP Retail
7 1 (0.39%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 73 (28.40%) AWS
2 53 (20.62%) Azure
3 27 (10.51%) Serverless
4 23 (8.95%) Power Platform
5 17 (6.61%) Amazon S3
5 17 (6.61%) GCP
6 14 (5.45%) AWS CloudFormation
7 8 (3.11%) Azure Data Factory
7 8 (3.11%) GitHub
8 7 (2.72%) Amazon EC2
8 7 (2.72%) AWS Lambda
8 7 (2.72%) npm
9 6 (2.33%) Snowflake
10 5 (1.95%) Amazon EMR
10 5 (1.95%) Amazon SQS
10 5 (1.95%) Slack
10 5 (1.95%) Twilio
11 4 (1.56%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 3 (1.17%) Amazon ECS
12 3 (1.17%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 11 (4.28%) SMS
2 1 (0.39%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (12.45%) Relational Database
2 28 (10.89%) SQL Server
3 26 (10.12%) NoSQL
4 23 (8.95%) Data Lake
4 23 (8.95%) Power BI
5 21 (8.17%) PostgreSQL
6 19 (7.39%) Big Data
6 19 (7.39%) Data Warehouse
6 19 (7.39%) Hadoop
7 18 (7.00%) MySQL
8 16 (6.23%) Oracle Database
9 15 (5.84%) RDBMS
10 14 (5.45%) Amazon Aurora
11 13 (5.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 13 (5.06%) Metadata
12 11 (4.28%) Amazon Athena
12 11 (4.28%) Amazon QuickSight
12 11 (4.28%) Apache Cassandra
12 11 (4.28%) Apache Hive
13 10 (3.89%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 48 (18.68%) Git (software)
2 15 (5.84%) Jenkins
3 12 (4.67%) GitLab
4 9 (3.50%) TeamCity
5 8 (3.11%) git-flow
6 7 (2.72%) JIRA
7 6 (2.33%) CircleCI
7 6 (2.33%) Maven
7 6 (2.33%) Team Foundation Server
7 6 (2.33%) webpack
8 5 (1.95%) Bitbucket
8 5 (1.95%) gulp
8 5 (1.95%) JMeter
9 4 (1.56%) Gradle
9 4 (1.56%) JUnit
9 4 (1.56%) Visual Studio
10 3 (1.17%) PHPUnit
11 2 (0.78%) Ant
11 2 (0.78%) Eclipse
11 2 (0.78%) Oracle Forms
General
1 80 (31.13%) Social Skills
2 57 (22.18%) Finance
3 19 (7.39%) Analytical Skills
3 19 (7.39%) Pharmaceutical
4 15 (5.84%) Banking
4 15 (5.84%) Manufacturing
4 15 (5.84%) Retail
5 13 (5.06%) Presentation Skills
6 9 (3.50%) Law
7 7 (2.72%) Games
7 7 (2.72%) Marketing
7 7 (2.72%) Public Sector
8 6 (2.33%) Influencing Skills
8 6 (2.33%) Legal
9 5 (1.95%) Investment Banking
9 5 (1.95%) Organisational Skills
10 4 (1.56%) Financial Institution
11 3 (1.17%) Telecoms
12 2 (0.78%) Advertising
12 2 (0.78%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 78 (30.35%) Developer
2 39 (15.18%) Software Engineer
3 27 (10.51%) Architect
4 25 (9.73%) Data Engineer
5 21 (8.17%) Java Developer
6 19 (7.39%) Analyst
7 17 (6.61%) Programmer
8 16 (6.23%) C++ Software Engineer
8 16 (6.23%) Cloud Engineer
9 15 (5.84%) Consultant
10 14 (5.45%) AWS Engineer
10 14 (5.45%) Data Architect
11 13 (5.06%) Software Developer
12 11 (4.28%) C# Developer
12 11 (4.28%) Full Stack Developer
12 11 (4.28%) JavaScript Developer
12 11 (4.28%) Senior Cloud Engineer
12 11 (4.28%) Senior Programmer
13 10 (3.89%) Administrator
13 10 (3.89%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (16.34%) React
2 39 (15.18%) .NET
3 37 (14.40%) REST
4 35 (13.62%) AngularJS
4 35 (13.62%) HTML
5 32 (12.45%) Node.js
6 30 (11.67%) Spring
7 27 (10.51%) Web Services
8 26 (10.12%) CSS
9 22 (8.56%) .NET Framework
10 19 (7.39%) JSON
11 18 (7.00%) .NET Core
11 18 (7.00%) Kafka
12 17 (6.61%) Entity Framework
12 17 (6.61%) jQuery
13 16 (6.23%) GraphQL
13 16 (6.23%) Spring Boot
14 15 (5.84%) Vue.js
15 14 (5.45%) gRPC
15 14 (5.45%) Protocol Buffers
Miscellaneous
1 103 (40.08%) Algorithms
2 18 (7.00%) Mobile App
3 17 (6.61%) Management Information System
3 17 (6.61%) Virtual Team
4 16 (6.23%) Legacy Systems
5 15 (5.84%) Self-Motivation
6 12 (4.67%) CUDA
6 12 (4.67%) LIMS
7 11 (4.28%) Client/Server
8 7 (2.72%) Greenfield Project
8 7 (2.72%) User Experience
9 6 (2.33%) Enterprise Software
10 4 (1.56%) Biotechnology
10 4 (1.56%) Clustering
10 4 (1.56%) Derivative
10 4 (1.56%) NHS
10 4 (1.56%) Robotics
11 3 (1.17%) Equities
11 3 (1.17%) Public Cloud
12 2 (0.78%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 24 (9.34%) Linux
2 13 (5.06%) Windows
3 6 (2.33%) Android
4 4 (1.56%) Apple iOS
4 4 (1.56%) Robot Operating System
4 4 (1.56%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 91 (35.41%) Agile Software Development
2 66 (25.68%) Computer Science
2 66 (25.68%) Software Engineering
3 60 (23.35%) Analytics
4 44 (17.12%) Business Intelligence
5 40 (15.56%) TDD
6 39 (15.18%) Data Science
6 39 (15.18%) Problem-Solving
7 36 (14.01%) Microservices
8 33 (12.84%) Fintech
9 32 (12.45%) Mathematics
10 31 (12.06%) Data Modelling
10 31 (12.06%) DevOps
11 30 (11.67%) Data Management
12 29 (11.28%) Data Analytics
12 29 (11.28%) OO
13 26 (10.12%) Migration
14 25 (9.73%) Machine Learning
15 24 (9.34%) ETL
16 23 (8.95%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 91 (35.41%) Java
2 84 (32.68%) SQL
3 72 (28.02%) Python
4 45 (17.51%) C++
4 45 (17.51%) JavaScript
5 29 (11.28%) TypeScript
6 24 (9.34%) C#
7 21 (8.17%) Scala
8 18 (7.00%) Kotlin
9 13 (5.06%) VB
10 12 (4.67%) PHP
10 12 (4.67%) PL/SQL
11 11 (4.28%) Java 8
12 10 (3.89%) Go
13 6 (2.33%) C
14 4 (1.56%) Bash Shell
14 4 (1.56%) ES6
14 4 (1.56%) Groovy
14 4 (1.56%) R
14 4 (1.56%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 65 (25.29%) Degree
2 11 (4.28%) AWS Certification
2 11 (4.28%) Computer Science Degree
2 11 (4.28%) Numerate Degree
3 9 (3.50%) Master's Degree
4 7 (2.72%) SC Cleared
4 7 (2.72%) Security Cleared
5 2 (0.78%) BPSS Clearance
5 2 (0.78%) IIBA
5 2 (0.78%) ISEB
5 2 (0.78%) PhD
6 1 (0.39%) AAT
6 1 (0.39%) ACCA
6 1 (0.39%) CIMA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (7.00%) Accessibility
1 18 (7.00%) Data Quality
2 14 (5.45%) GDPR
3 13 (5.06%) CDISC
4 8 (3.11%) Good Clinical Practice
4 8 (3.11%) QA
5 2 (0.78%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.39%) COBIT
6 1 (0.39%) HL7
6 1 (0.39%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.39%) NIST
6 1 (0.39%) SLA
System Software
1 36 (14.01%) Docker
2 1 (0.39%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 29 (11.28%) Terraform
2 22 (8.56%) Kubernetes
3 5 (1.95%) Ansible
3 5 (1.95%) Kibana
3 5 (1.95%) logstash
4 2 (0.78%) Puppet
5 1 (0.39%) Hadoop YARN
5 1 (0.39%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 48 (18.68%) Oracle
2 14 (5.45%) Microsoft
3 9 (3.50%) Databricks
4 5 (1.95%) Foundry
4 5 (1.95%) Google
4 5 (1.95%) Informatica
4 5 (1.95%) MuleSoft
4 5 (1.95%) Palantir
4 5 (1.95%) SAP
4 5 (1.95%) SendGrid
5 4 (1.56%) IBM
5 4 (1.56%) Salesforce.com
5 4 (1.56%) Teradata
6 3 (1.17%) Dataiku
7 2 (0.78%) Alteryx
7 2 (0.78%) Cognos
7 2 (0.78%) OpenText
7 2 (0.78%) Siebel
7 2 (0.78%) Trillium
8 1 (0.39%) ServiceNow