Period
to 27 July 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH). Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 27 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
27 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 293 213 250
Rank change year-on-year -80 +37 +5
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 209 26 63
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 0.92% 0.48% 0.77%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.46% 1.35% 2.19%
Number of salaries quoted 132 20 40
10th Percentile £39,125 £39,700 £49,975
25th Percentile £50,000 £47,813 £62,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £57,500 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.04% -23.33% +15.38%
75th Percentile £87,500 £78,750 £85,625
90th Percentile £97,500 £113,750 £105,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £62,500
% change year-on-year +4.00% - +4.17%

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 8,494 1,920 2,882
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 37.31% 35.42% 35.35%
Number of salaries quoted 6,272 1,610 2,426
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,450 £35,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £43,063 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,361 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.60% -4.40% +14.29%
75th Percentile £78,750 £73,750 £77,500
90th Percentile £93,750 £86,250 £90,000
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £53,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% +3.77% +0.95%

Data Structures
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Data Structures as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Data Structures trend for jobs with a WFH option

Data Structures
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Data Structures.

Data Structures salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Data Structures
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Data Structures over the 6 months to 27 July 2021.

Data Structures salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 27 July 2021, Data Structures job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Data Structures.

1 112 (53.59%) Java
2 97 (46.41%) Algorithms
3 91 (43.54%) Agile Software Development
4 71 (33.97%) Software Engineering
4 71 (33.97%) SQL
5 69 (33.01%) Python
6 57 (27.27%) Computer Science
7 53 (25.36%) TDD
7 53 (25.36%) AWS
8 48 (22.97%) C++
9 46 (22.01%) .NET
10 44 (21.05%) Social Skills
11 43 (20.57%) Analytics
12 41 (19.62%) Business Intelligence
13 40 (19.14%) Degree
14 39 (18.66%) Azure
15 37 (17.70%) Git (software)
15 37 (17.70%) Finance
16 34 (16.27%) Spring
17 33 (15.79%) Docker
17 33 (15.79%) Microservices
17 33 (15.79%) React
18 32 (15.31%) AngularJS
18 32 (15.31%) JavaScript
19 31 (14.83%) BDD
20 30 (14.35%) C#
20 30 (14.35%) Oracle
20 30 (14.35%) Mathematics
21 28 (13.40%) Workflow
21 28 (13.40%) Scrum

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (7.18%) Apache Spark
2 14 (6.70%) SAS
3 6 (2.87%) Elasticsearch
4 5 (2.39%) Apache
4 5 (2.39%) Apache Pig
4 5 (2.39%) Oracle Workflow
5 4 (1.91%) Apache Airflow
5 4 (1.91%) Confluence
6 3 (1.44%) GlassFish
6 3 (1.44%) Luigi
6 3 (1.44%) Tomcat
6 3 (1.44%) WebLogic
7 2 (0.96%) Drupal
7 2 (0.96%) WebSphere
8 1 (0.48%) nginx
Applications
1 7 (3.35%) MS Visio
2 6 (2.87%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.96%) Adobe Illustrator
3 2 (0.96%) Adobe XD
3 2 (0.96%) Photoshop
3 2 (0.96%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 9 (4.31%) Payment Gateway
2 6 (2.87%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (2.39%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.96%) Oracle Clinical
4 2 (0.96%) Oracle iRecruitment
5 1 (0.48%) Oracle Assets
5 1 (0.48%) Oracle BRM
5 1 (0.48%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.48%) Oracle E-Business Tax
5 1 (0.48%) Oracle Financials
5 1 (0.48%) Oracle iProcurement
5 1 (0.48%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.48%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.48%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 1 (0.48%) SAP Retail
5 1 (0.48%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 53 (25.36%) AWS
2 39 (18.66%) Azure
3 19 (9.09%) Power Platform
3 19 (9.09%) Serverless
4 13 (6.22%) AWS CloudFormation
5 10 (4.78%) Amazon S3
6 7 (3.35%) SaaS
7 6 (2.87%) Azure Data Factory
7 6 (2.87%) GCP
7 6 (2.87%) Snowflake
8 4 (1.91%) Amazon EC2
8 4 (1.91%) Amazon ECS
8 4 (1.91%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 3 (1.44%) Amazon ElastiCache
9 3 (1.44%) Amazon EMR
9 3 (1.44%) Amazon Kinesis
9 3 (1.44%) AWS Lambda
9 3 (1.44%) Lucidchart
9 3 (1.44%) PaaS
10 2 (0.96%) Google Workspace
Communications & Networking
1 9 (4.31%) SMS
2 3 (1.44%) Ethernet
2 3 (1.44%) FlexRay
3 1 (0.48%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (9.09%) Data Lake
1 19 (9.09%) Power BI
1 19 (9.09%) Relational Database
2 18 (8.61%) Hadoop
2 18 (8.61%) NoSQL
3 16 (7.66%) Data Warehouse
4 15 (7.18%) MySQL
4 15 (7.18%) PostgreSQL
5 12 (5.74%) Apache Hive
5 12 (5.74%) Big Data
5 12 (5.74%) Oracle Database
6 11 (5.26%) SQL Server
7 9 (4.31%) Amazon Athena
7 9 (4.31%) Amazon Aurora
7 9 (4.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 9 (4.31%) Amazon QuickSight
7 9 (4.31%) Tableau
8 6 (2.87%) Metadata
8 6 (2.87%) MongoDB
8 6 (2.87%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 37 (17.70%) Git (software)
2 14 (6.70%) Jenkins
3 9 (4.31%) git-flow
4 6 (2.87%) JIRA
5 5 (2.39%) GitLab
6 4 (1.91%) Team Foundation Server
6 4 (1.91%) TeamCity
6 4 (1.91%) Visual Studio
7 3 (1.44%) Bitbucket
7 3 (1.44%) Maven
8 2 (0.96%) Ant
8 2 (0.96%) Gradle
8 2 (0.96%) Oracle Forms
8 2 (0.96%) Subversion
9 1 (0.48%) Cucumber
9 1 (0.48%) Eclipse
9 1 (0.48%) JUnit
9 1 (0.48%) Octopus Deploy
9 1 (0.48%) PHPUnit
General
1 44 (21.05%) Social Skills
2 37 (17.70%) Finance
3 17 (8.13%) Manufacturing
4 15 (7.18%) Law
5 13 (6.22%) Analytical Skills
5 13 (6.22%) Banking
6 10 (4.78%) Retail
7 9 (4.31%) Pharmaceutical
8 8 (3.83%) Games
9 7 (3.35%) Presentation Skills
10 6 (2.87%) Organisational Skills
10 6 (2.87%) Public Sector
11 5 (2.39%) Legal
11 5 (2.39%) Telecoms
12 3 (1.44%) Automotive
12 3 (1.44%) Investment Banking
13 2 (0.96%) Documentation Skills
13 2 (0.96%) Electronics
13 2 (0.96%) Marketing
14 1 (0.48%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 67 (32.06%) Developer
2 45 (21.53%) Software Engineer
3 25 (11.96%) Software Developer
4 21 (10.05%) Senior Software Engineer
5 20 (9.57%) Java Developer
6 18 (8.61%) Analyst
6 18 (8.61%) C++ Software Engineer
7 17 (8.13%) Architect
8 16 (7.66%) Data Engineer
9 14 (6.70%) Cloud Engineer
10 13 (6.22%) Consultant
11 12 (5.74%) AWS Engineer
11 12 (5.74%) Java Engineer
11 12 (5.74%) Programmer
12 11 (5.26%) Data Architect
12 11 (5.26%) Java Software Engineer
13 10 (4.78%) Senior Java Engineer
13 10 (4.78%) Senior Java Software Engineer
14 9 (4.31%) C# Developer
14 9 (4.31%) Senior Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 46 (22.01%) .NET
2 34 (16.27%) Spring
3 33 (15.79%) React
4 32 (15.31%) AngularJS
5 26 (12.44%) Web Services
6 25 (11.96%) .NET Framework
7 24 (11.48%) .NET Core
8 23 (11.00%) HTML
8 23 (11.00%) Node.js
9 20 (9.57%) Entity Framework
10 19 (9.09%) CSS
10 19 (9.09%) Spring Boot
11 18 (8.61%) REST
12 17 (8.13%) Kafka
13 16 (7.66%) GraphQL
14 15 (7.18%) JSON
15 14 (6.70%) gRPC
15 14 (6.70%) OpenGL
15 14 (6.70%) Protocol Buffers
15 14 (6.70%) WebGL
Miscellaneous
1 97 (46.41%) Algorithms
2 24 (11.48%) Legacy Systems
3 20 (9.57%) LIMS
4 17 (8.13%) Self-Motivation
5 14 (6.70%) CUDA
6 13 (6.22%) Management Information System
7 12 (5.74%) Mobile App
7 12 (5.74%) Virtual Team
8 9 (4.31%) Client/Server
9 6 (2.87%) Enterprise Software
9 6 (2.87%) Greenfield Project
10 4 (1.91%) Clustering
10 4 (1.91%) CMDB
10 4 (1.91%) Data Centre
10 4 (1.91%) User Experience
11 3 (1.44%) Equities
11 3 (1.44%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
11 3 (1.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 3 (1.44%) Public Cloud
12 2 (0.96%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 20 (9.57%) Linux
2 5 (2.39%) Windows
3 2 (0.96%) Android
3 2 (0.96%) Apple iOS
3 2 (0.96%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 91 (43.54%) Agile Software Development
2 71 (33.97%) Software Engineering
3 57 (27.27%) Computer Science
4 53 (25.36%) TDD
5 43 (20.57%) Analytics
6 41 (19.62%) Business Intelligence
7 33 (15.79%) Microservices
8 31 (14.83%) BDD
9 30 (14.35%) Mathematics
10 28 (13.40%) Scrum
10 28 (13.40%) Workflow
11 24 (11.48%) Data Management
11 24 (11.48%) Data Science
12 23 (11.00%) Continuous Improvement
12 23 (11.00%) Information Management
13 22 (10.53%) Data Analytics
14 21 (10.05%) OO
15 20 (9.57%) Data Modelling
16 19 (9.09%) DevOps
16 19 (9.09%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 112 (53.59%) Java
2 71 (33.97%) SQL
3 69 (33.01%) Python
4 48 (22.97%) C++
5 32 (15.31%) JavaScript
6 30 (14.35%) C#
7 24 (11.48%) TypeScript
8 20 (9.57%) VB
9 18 (8.61%) Kotlin
9 18 (8.61%) Scala
10 13 (6.22%) PHP
11 12 (5.74%) PL/SQL
12 9 (4.31%) Go
13 8 (3.83%) Ruby
14 7 (3.35%) C
14 7 (3.35%) Java 8
15 5 (2.39%) T-SQL
16 4 (1.91%) R
17 3 (1.44%) Clojure
17 3 (1.44%) F#
Qualifications
1 40 (19.14%) Degree
2 9 (4.31%) AWS Certification
2 9 (4.31%) Numerate Degree
3 7 (3.35%) Computer Science Degree
4 6 (2.87%) SC Cleared
4 6 (2.87%) Security Cleared
5 4 (1.91%) Master's Degree
6 2 (0.96%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (6.22%) GDPR
2 11 (5.26%) Data Quality
3 8 (3.83%) CDISC
4 7 (3.35%) Accessibility
5 5 (2.39%) QA
6 3 (1.44%) ISO 20022
6 3 (1.44%) ISO 26262
6 3 (1.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.96%) COBIT
7 2 (0.96%) Good Clinical Practice
7 2 (0.96%) NIST
8 1 (0.48%) HL7
8 1 (0.48%) SLA
System Software
1 33 (15.79%) Docker
2 1 (0.48%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 26 (12.44%) Kubernetes
1 26 (12.44%) Terraform
2 2 (0.96%) Puppet
3 1 (0.48%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 30 (14.35%) Oracle
2 9 (4.31%) Microsoft
3 6 (2.87%) Siebel
4 5 (2.39%) Cognos
4 5 (2.39%) Dataiku
4 5 (2.39%) MuleSoft
5 4 (1.91%) Databricks
5 4 (1.91%) IBM
5 4 (1.91%) ServiceNow
6 3 (1.44%) Foundry
6 3 (1.44%) Google
6 3 (1.44%) OpenText
6 3 (1.44%) Palantir
6 3 (1.44%) SAP
6 3 (1.44%) Xamarin
7 2 (0.96%) Alteryx
7 2 (0.96%) Facebook
7 2 (0.96%) IFS
7 2 (0.96%) Salesforce.com
7 2 (0.96%) Teradata