Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH). Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 243 303 254
Rank change year-on-year +60 -49 +33
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 1,206 376 50
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 1.53% 1.01% 0.56%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.37% 2.62% 1.49%
Number of salaries quoted 436 227 41
10th Percentile £40,000 £41,250 £40,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £46,250 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £65,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.85% +13.04% -23.33%
75th Percentile £86,250 £85,625 £72,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £95,000 £97,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year - +4.00% -

Data Structures is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 35,804 14,343 3,352
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 45.54% 38.54% 37.77%
Number of salaries quoted 17,487 10,273 2,788
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £35,675
25th Percentile £46,750 £42,500 £43,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% - -4.17%
75th Percentile £83,125 £75,750 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £91,250 £90,000
UK median annual salary £61,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +6.09% +4.55% +0.13%

Data Structures
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Data Structures as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Data Structures trend for jobs with a WFH option

Data Structures
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Data Structures.

Data Structures salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Data Structures
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Data Structures over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Data Structures salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, Data Structures job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Data Structures.

1 635 (52.65%) Algorithms
2 556 (46.10%) Agile
3 549 (45.52%) Python
4 473 (39.22%) Software Engineering
5 462 (38.31%) SQL
6 369 (30.60%) Computer Science
7 350 (29.02%) Social Skills
8 346 (28.69%) CI/CD
9 334 (27.69%) Java
10 328 (27.20%) Finance
11 306 (25.37%) Degree
12 296 (24.54%) Problem-Solving
13 271 (22.47%) AWS
14 266 (22.06%) Git (software)
15 257 (21.31%) Analytics
16 229 (18.99%) Scala
17 222 (18.41%) JavaScript
18 212 (17.58%) Azure
19 192 (15.92%) Analytical Skills
19 192 (15.92%) Data Pipeline
20 191 (15.84%) Mentoring
20 191 (15.84%) Microservices
21 186 (15.42%) NoSQL
22 183 (15.17%) ETL
23 182 (15.09%) Scrum
23 182 (15.09%) Artificial Intelligence
24 181 (15.01%) Go
25 176 (14.59%) SDLC
26 169 (14.01%) OO
27 168 (13.93%) Data Modelling

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (7.30%) Apache Spark
2 67 (5.56%) Apache Airflow
3 24 (1.99%) Ethereum
4 17 (1.41%) Confluence
5 10 (0.83%) SilverStripe
6 9 (0.75%) MQSeries
7 8 (0.66%) Hyperledger
7 8 (0.66%) nginx
8 7 (0.58%) MetaMask
8 7 (0.58%) SAS
8 7 (0.58%) WordPress
9 6 (0.50%) Oracle Workflow
10 5 (0.41%) SharePoint
11 2 (0.17%) Apache
12 1 (0.083%) Apache Pig
12 1 (0.083%) Apache Pulsar
12 1 (0.083%) CMS
12 1 (0.083%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 37 (3.07%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (0.75%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 8 (0.66%) Spreadsheet
4 5 (0.41%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 60 (4.98%) Distributed Ledger
2 24 (1.99%) Payment Gateway
3 16 (1.33%) R3 Corda
4 8 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
5 7 (0.58%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 7 (0.58%) Shopify
6 6 (0.50%) Oracle EBS
7 5 (0.41%) Elite 3E
7 5 (0.41%) MetaTrader
8 4 (0.33%) Magento
8 4 (0.33%) SAP MDM
9 2 (0.17%) Oracle Assets
9 2 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
9 2 (0.17%) Oracle E-Business Tax
9 2 (0.17%) Oracle Financials
9 2 (0.17%) Oracle iProcurement
9 2 (0.17%) Oracle Payables
9 2 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
9 2 (0.17%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
9 2 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 271 (22.47%) AWS
2 212 (17.58%) Azure
3 155 (12.85%) GCP
4 118 (9.78%) Serverless
5 101 (8.37%) Amazon S3
6 98 (8.13%) Snowflake
7 86 (7.13%) GitHub
8 58 (4.81%) Power Platform
9 52 (4.31%) Amazon Kinesis
9 52 (4.31%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 52 (4.31%) Matillion
10 51 (4.23%) SaaS
11 43 (3.57%) AWS Lambda
12 40 (3.32%) Cloud Functions
13 39 (3.23%) Cloud Computing
14 38 (3.15%) npm
15 25 (2.07%) Azure Data Factory
16 22 (1.82%) Amazon EMR
16 22 (1.82%) OpenShift
17 18 (1.49%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 19 (1.58%) Internet
2 14 (1.16%) SMS
3 12 (1.00%) Broadband
4 11 (0.91%) HTTP
5 7 (0.58%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
6 4 (0.33%) Reverse Proxy
7 3 (0.25%) TCP/IP
8 2 (0.17%) AMQP
8 2 (0.17%) SD-WAN
8 2 (0.17%) WAN
9 1 (0.083%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 186 (15.42%) NoSQL
2 166 (13.76%) Data Warehouse
3 161 (13.35%) Data Lake
4 134 (11.11%) SQL Server
5 117 (9.70%) Big Data
6 99 (8.21%) MySQL
7 96 (7.96%) Relational Database
8 79 (6.55%) PostgreSQL
9 76 (6.30%) Amazon Redshift
10 74 (6.14%) Amazon Athena
10 74 (6.14%) Elasticsearch
11 66 (5.47%) BigQuery
12 60 (4.98%) Hadoop
13 57 (4.73%) Power BI
14 52 (4.31%) Star Schema
15 51 (4.23%) MongoDB
16 48 (3.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 46 (3.81%) Apache Hive
18 41 (3.40%) Sqoop
19 40 (3.32%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 266 (22.06%) Git (software)
2 122 (10.12%) Jenkins
3 86 (7.13%) GitLab
4 75 (6.22%) JIRA
5 48 (3.98%) CircleCI
6 28 (2.32%) webpack
7 22 (1.82%) Cypress.io
8 21 (1.74%) Maven
9 18 (1.49%) GoCD
10 16 (1.33%) Babel
11 15 (1.24%) Bitbucket
11 15 (1.24%) IntelliJ
11 15 (1.24%) JUnit
12 14 (1.16%) Gradle
13 13 (1.08%) TeamCity
14 12 (1.00%) Mocha
15 10 (0.83%) Eclipse
15 10 (0.83%) Visual Studio Code
16 9 (0.75%) Browser DevTools
17 8 (0.66%) Cucumber
General
1 350 (29.02%) Social Skills
2 328 (27.20%) Finance
3 192 (15.92%) Analytical Skills
4 108 (8.96%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 99 (8.21%) Banking
6 69 (5.72%) Advertising
7 62 (5.14%) Public Sector
8 59 (4.89%) Games
9 58 (4.81%) Marketing
10 37 (3.07%) Legal
11 36 (2.99%) Manufacturing
12 31 (2.57%) Aerospace
13 28 (2.32%) Telecoms
14 27 (2.24%) Retail
15 26 (2.16%) Electronics
16 20 (1.66%) Influencing Skills
17 18 (1.49%) Law
18 17 (1.41%) Back Office
19 16 (1.33%) Presentation Skills
20 14 (1.16%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 396 (32.84%) Developer
2 259 (21.48%) Software Engineer
3 222 (18.41%) Data Engineer
4 121 (10.03%) Analyst
5 104 (8.62%) Senior Developer
6 88 (7.30%) Senior Software Engineer
7 67 (5.56%) Senior Data Engineer
8 61 (5.06%) Haskell Developer
9 59 (4.89%) Software Developer
10 58 (4.81%) Java Developer
11 45 (3.73%) Haskell Engineer
12 44 (3.65%) Senior Java Developer
13 39 (3.23%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 37 (3.07%) Full Stack Developer
14 37 (3.07%) Python Developer
15 35 (2.90%) Senior Analyst
16 31 (2.57%) Data Analyst
16 31 (2.57%) JavaScript Developer
17 28 (2.32%) Business Analyst
17 28 (2.32%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 168 (13.93%) React
2 151 (12.52%) Node.js
3 147 (12.19%) Kafka
4 124 (10.28%) REST
5 95 (7.88%) .NET
6 94 (7.79%) HTML
7 88 (7.30%) CSS
8 87 (7.21%) Spring
9 82 (6.80%) PySpark
10 79 (6.55%) RESTful
11 72 (5.97%) AngularJS
12 69 (5.72%) JSON
13 68 (5.64%) Web Services
14 62 (5.14%) Spring Boot
15 55 (4.56%) Spark Streaming
16 53 (4.39%) OAuth
17 49 (4.06%) Vue.js
17 49 (4.06%) XML
18 41 (3.40%) Django
19 40 (3.32%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 635 (52.65%) Algorithms
2 137 (11.36%) Blockchain
3 103 (8.54%) Self-Motivation
4 86 (7.13%) User Experience
5 70 (5.80%) Virtual Team
6 57 (4.73%) Greenfield Project
7 54 (4.48%) Cardano
7 54 (4.48%) Mobile App
8 47 (3.90%) Legacy Code
9 36 (2.99%) Cloud Native
10 30 (2.49%) Management Information System
11 27 (2.24%) Low-Code
12 22 (1.82%) Web3
13 19 (1.58%) Client/Server
14 17 (1.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 15 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
16 14 (1.16%) Legacy Systems
16 14 (1.16%) Public Cloud
17 13 (1.08%) IoT
17 13 (1.08%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 155 (12.85%) Linux
2 100 (8.29%) Unix
3 52 (4.31%) Android
4 29 (2.40%) Apple iOS
5 22 (1.82%) Windows
6 3 (0.25%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.17%) AIX
7 2 (0.17%) FreeBSD
7 2 (0.17%) HPUX
8 1 (0.083%) Alpine Linux
8 1 (0.083%) CentOS
8 1 (0.083%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 556 (46.10%) Agile
2 473 (39.22%) Software Engineering
3 369 (30.60%) Computer Science
4 346 (28.69%) CI/CD
5 296 (24.54%) Problem-Solving
6 257 (21.31%) Analytics
7 192 (15.92%) Data Pipeline
8 191 (15.84%) Mentoring
8 191 (15.84%) Microservices
9 183 (15.17%) ETL
10 182 (15.09%) Artificial Intelligence
10 182 (15.09%) Scrum
11 176 (14.59%) SDLC
12 169 (14.01%) OO
13 168 (13.93%) Data Modelling
14 152 (12.60%) Data Analytics
15 149 (12.35%) Machine Learning
16 142 (11.77%) Business Intelligence
16 142 (11.77%) Data Engineering
17 140 (11.61%) Functional Programming
Programming Languages
1 549 (45.52%) Python
2 462 (38.31%) SQL
3 334 (27.69%) Java
4 229 (18.99%) Scala
5 222 (18.41%) JavaScript
6 181 (15.01%) Go
7 128 (10.61%) TypeScript
8 103 (8.54%) C++
9 90 (7.46%) Haskell
10 87 (7.21%) C#
11 85 (7.05%) Ruby
12 52 (4.31%) Clojure
13 44 (3.65%) Elixir
14 33 (2.74%) PHP
15 32 (2.65%) T-SQL
16 31 (2.57%) Kotlin
17 30 (2.49%) C
18 23 (1.91%) VBA
19 21 (1.74%) R
20 19 (1.58%) Rust
Qualifications
1 306 (25.37%) Degree
2 128 (10.61%) Computer Science Degree
3 52 (4.31%) Master's Degree
4 35 (2.90%) AWS Certification
5 15 (1.24%) Numerate Degree
6 9 (0.75%) PhD
7 8 (0.66%) IBM Certification
8 7 (0.58%) SC Cleared
8 7 (0.58%) Security Cleared
9 6 (0.50%) HND
10 3 (0.25%) ISEB
10 3 (0.25%) Postgraduate
10 3 (0.25%) TOGAF Certification
11 1 (0.083%) BPSS Clearance
11 1 (0.083%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 132 (10.95%) Data Quality
2 37 (3.07%) QA
3 22 (1.82%) GDPR
4 19 (1.58%) SLA
5 16 (1.33%) Accessibility
6 15 (1.24%) CDISC
7 12 (1.00%) Good Clinical Practice
8 2 (0.17%) PMO
System Software
1 144 (11.94%) Docker
2 42 (3.48%) Apache Flume
3 4 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.083%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 130 (10.78%) Kubernetes
2 95 (7.88%) Terraform
3 41 (3.40%) Oozie
4 25 (2.07%) Kibana
5 16 (1.33%) Prometheus
6 13 (1.08%) Ansible
7 11 (0.91%) Grafana
7 11 (0.91%) Rancher
8 10 (0.83%) Single Sign-On
9 4 (0.33%) Packer
10 2 (0.17%) Kustomize
11 1 (0.083%) logstash
Vendors
1 85 (7.05%) Google
2 78 (6.47%) Microsoft
3 62 (5.14%) Databricks
4 54 (4.48%) Funding Circle
5 46 (3.81%) Oracle
6 41 (3.40%) Cloudera
7 39 (3.23%) SAP
8 35 (2.90%) Instagram
9 27 (2.24%) TikTok
10 23 (1.91%) IBM
11 18 (1.49%) Revolut
11 18 (1.49%) Zopa
12 17 (1.41%) Apple
13 16 (1.33%) Salesforce.com
14 14 (1.16%) Sun
15 13 (1.08%) YouTube
16 8 (0.66%) PagerDuty
17 7 (0.58%) Alteryx
17 7 (0.58%) ConsenSys
17 7 (0.58%) VMware