Period
to 31 July 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 31 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
31 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 51 39 88
Rank change year-on-year -12 +49 +8
Permanent jobs citing REST 1,322 342 302
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 5.76% 6.32% 3.73%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.44% 12.62% 8.38%
Number of salaries quoted 982 299 283
10th Percentile £33,775 £40,000 £37,500
25th Percentile £42,517 £43,750 £44,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year - +4.55% +10.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £76,875 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £59,500 £55,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +8.18% -4.35% +4.55%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 10,624 2,710 3,605
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 46.32% 50.05% 44.52%
Number of salaries quoted 8,320 2,412 3,291
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £41,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% - +10.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £85,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

REST
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

REST trend for jobs with a WFH option

REST
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing REST.

REST salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

REST
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing REST over the 6 months to 31 July 2021.

REST salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 31 July 2021, REST job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for REST.

1 743 (56.20%) JavaScript
2 689 (52.12%) Agile Software Development
3 445 (33.66%) React
4 417 (31.54%) Microservices
5 416 (31.47%) Git (software)
6 405 (30.64%) Java
7 386 (29.20%) CSS
8 375 (28.37%) SQL
9 371 (28.06%) HTML
10 352 (26.63%) AngularJS
11 349 (26.40%) AWS
12 330 (24.96%) C#
13 326 (24.66%) Docker
14 318 (24.05%) Azure
15 313 (23.68%) Full Stack Development
16 302 (22.84%) Node.js
17 299 (22.62%) .NET
18 297 (22.47%) Software Engineering
19 286 (21.63%) TypeScript
20 275 (20.80%) Scrum
21 261 (19.74%) SOAP
22 248 (18.76%) Web Services
22 248 (18.76%) Python
23 245 (18.53%) Front End Development
24 238 (18.00%) TDD
25 237 (17.93%) DevOps
25 237 (17.93%) Social Skills
26 234 (17.70%) Linux
27 232 (17.55%) Kubernetes
28 229 (17.32%) SQL Server

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (3.78%) CMS
2 36 (2.72%) Confluence
3 30 (2.27%) IIS
4 28 (2.12%) Apache Spark
5 24 (1.82%) Tomcat
6 21 (1.59%) Umbraco
7 20 (1.51%) Elasticsearch
8 19 (1.44%) SharePoint
9 18 (1.36%) Apache
10 13 (0.98%) JBoss
11 11 (0.83%) nginx
11 11 (0.83%) WebLogic
12 9 (0.68%) WordPress
13 8 (0.61%) BizTalk Server
13 8 (0.61%) Mule
13 8 (0.61%) Mule ESB
13 8 (0.61%) Red Hat Fuse
14 7 (0.53%) Apache Solr
15 4 (0.30%) MODX
15 4 (0.30%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 8 (0.61%) Figma
2 7 (0.53%) Sketch
3 6 (0.45%) Spreadsheet
4 5 (0.38%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 4 (0.30%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.30%) Zeplin
6 3 (0.23%) InVision
6 3 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
7 2 (0.15%) Adobe XD
7 2 (0.15%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.076%) Microsoft Excel
8 1 (0.076%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 23 (1.74%) Payment Gateway
2 15 (1.13%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.30%) Magento
3 4 (0.30%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.23%) Shopify
5 2 (0.15%) Elite 3E
5 2 (0.15%) Relativity
5 2 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.076%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.076%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.076%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.076%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.076%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.076%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.076%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.076%) Social Studio
6 1 (0.076%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.076%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 349 (26.40%) AWS
2 318 (24.05%) Azure
3 143 (10.82%) GCP
4 93 (7.03%) SaaS
5 86 (6.51%) Serverless
6 78 (5.90%) GitHub
7 46 (3.48%) AWS Lambda
8 39 (2.95%) Amazon EC2
9 35 (2.65%) Amazon S3
9 35 (2.65%) Power Platform
10 31 (2.34%) npm
11 26 (1.97%) AWS CloudFormation
12 22 (1.66%) Amazon SQS
13 18 (1.36%) PaaS
14 17 (1.29%) Amazon EKS
15 15 (1.13%) Azure Service Bus
16 14 (1.06%) AWS Fargate
16 14 (1.06%) Power Automate
17 13 (0.98%) Amazon ECS
18 12 (0.91%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 57 (4.31%) HTTP
2 12 (0.91%) Firewall
3 11 (0.83%) VPN
4 9 (0.68%) Internet
4 9 (0.68%) SMS
5 8 (0.61%) DNS
6 5 (0.38%) MQTT
6 5 (0.38%) SSL
6 5 (0.38%) TCP/IP
7 4 (0.30%) H.323
7 4 (0.30%) RTP
7 4 (0.30%) Wireless
8 3 (0.23%) 3G
8 3 (0.23%) 4G
8 3 (0.23%) Wi-Fi
9 2 (0.15%) AMQP
9 2 (0.15%) Bluetooth
9 2 (0.15%) SAN
9 2 (0.15%) Skype
9 2 (0.15%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 229 (17.32%) SQL Server
2 215 (16.26%) MySQL
3 171 (12.93%) MongoDB
4 153 (11.57%) PostgreSQL
5 136 (10.29%) NoSQL
6 81 (6.13%) Relational Database
7 73 (5.52%) Redis
8 50 (3.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 44 (3.33%) Big Data
10 33 (2.50%) Amazon RDS
10 33 (2.50%) Power BI
11 26 (1.97%) Hadoop
12 24 (1.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 23 (1.74%) Apache Hive
13 23 (1.74%) Oracle Database
14 21 (1.59%) Amazon Aurora
14 21 (1.59%) MariaDB
15 18 (1.36%) RDBMS
16 16 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
17 14 (1.06%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 416 (31.47%) Git (software)
2 175 (13.24%) Jenkins
3 96 (7.26%) JIRA
4 57 (4.31%) Cypress.io
5 56 (4.24%) GitLab
6 51 (3.86%) Maven
7 44 (3.33%) webpack
8 42 (3.18%) JUnit
9 39 (2.95%) Postman
10 38 (2.87%) Selenium
11 37 (2.80%) Cucumber
11 37 (2.80%) Visual Studio
12 33 (2.50%) Gradle
13 27 (2.04%) gulp
14 23 (1.74%) Mocha
15 21 (1.59%) Bitbucket
15 21 (1.59%) CircleCI
16 20 (1.51%) Mockito
17 18 (1.36%) TeamCity
18 17 (1.29%) JMeter
General
1 237 (17.93%) Social Skills
2 228 (17.25%) Finance
3 119 (9.00%) Retail
4 65 (4.92%) Telecoms
5 61 (4.61%) Analytical Skills
6 59 (4.46%) Marketing
7 53 (4.01%) Banking
8 47 (3.56%) Public Sector
9 40 (3.03%) Games
10 39 (2.95%) Legal
11 28 (2.12%) Electronics
12 20 (1.51%) Back Office
13 17 (1.29%) Organisational Skills
13 17 (1.29%) Presentation Skills
14 16 (1.21%) Financial Institution
15 15 (1.13%) Automotive
16 13 (0.98%) Manufacturing
16 13 (0.98%) Music Industry
17 11 (0.83%) Billing
17 11 (0.83%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 857 (64.83%) Developer
2 203 (15.36%) Senior Developer
3 161 (12.18%) Java Developer
4 140 (10.59%) JavaScript Developer
5 113 (8.55%) PHP Developer
6 109 (8.25%) .NET Developer
7 107 (8.09%) Software Engineer
8 101 (7.64%) Full Stack Developer
9 99 (7.49%) Software Developer
10 83 (6.28%) C# Developer
11 82 (6.20%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 71 (5.37%) Java Engineer
13 68 (5.14%) React Developer
14 54 (4.08%) C# .NET Developer
15 47 (3.56%) Senior Java Developer
16 42 (3.18%) Architect
17 41 (3.10%) Lead Developer
18 40 (3.03%) Angular Developer
19 38 (2.87%) Python Developer
20 36 (2.72%) Senior PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 445 (33.66%) React
2 386 (29.20%) CSS
3 371 (28.06%) HTML
4 352 (26.63%) AngularJS
5 302 (22.84%) Node.js
6 299 (22.62%) .NET
7 261 (19.74%) SOAP
8 248 (18.76%) Web Services
9 173 (13.09%) JSON
10 165 (12.48%) jQuery
11 164 (12.41%) Vue.js
12 145 (10.97%) ASP.NET
13 139 (10.51%) Spring
14 137 (10.36%) GraphQL
15 135 (10.21%) Kafka
16 114 (8.62%) XML
17 112 (8.47%) RESTful
18 108 (8.17%) .NET Framework
19 100 (7.56%) .NET Core
20 98 (7.41%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 164 (12.41%) User Experience
2 88 (6.66%) Greenfield Project
3 67 (5.07%) Mobile App
4 60 (4.54%) Enterprise Software
5 52 (3.93%) Self-Motivation
6 45 (3.40%) iPad
7 41 (3.10%) Hedge funds
8 39 (2.95%) Virtual Team
9 24 (1.82%) Management Information System
10 21 (1.59%) Algorithms
11 20 (1.51%) Data Structures
12 19 (1.44%) Client/Server
13 18 (1.36%) Clustering
13 18 (1.36%) NHS
14 14 (1.06%) Data Centre
15 11 (0.83%) Cloud Native
15 11 (0.83%) Public Cloud
16 10 (0.76%) Legacy Code
17 8 (0.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 8 (0.61%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 234 (17.70%) Linux
2 71 (5.37%) Windows
3 58 (4.39%) Apple iOS
4 55 (4.16%) Android
5 38 (2.87%) Unix
6 10 (0.76%) Windows Server
7 8 (0.61%) Mac OS X
7 8 (0.61%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
9 3 (0.23%) CentOS
9 3 (0.23%) Fedora
10 2 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
10 2 (0.15%) Windows 10
10 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2016
11 1 (0.076%) Debian
11 1 (0.076%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 689 (52.12%) Agile Software Development
2 417 (31.54%) Microservices
3 313 (23.68%) Full Stack Development
4 297 (22.47%) Software Engineering
5 275 (20.80%) Scrum
6 245 (18.53%) Front End Development
7 238 (18.00%) TDD
8 237 (17.93%) DevOps
9 219 (16.57%) Test Automation
10 217 (16.41%) MVC
11 146 (11.04%) Continuous Integration
12 134 (10.14%) SDLC
13 133 (10.06%) E-Commerce
14 131 (9.91%) Problem-Solving
15 121 (9.15%) Mentoring
15 121 (9.15%) Unit Testing
16 119 (9.00%) Fintech
17 112 (8.47%) Computer Science
18 107 (8.09%) Web Development
19 102 (7.72%) OO
Programming Languages
1 743 (56.20%) JavaScript
2 405 (30.64%) Java
3 375 (28.37%) SQL
4 330 (24.96%) C#
5 286 (21.63%) TypeScript
6 248 (18.76%) Python
7 170 (12.86%) PHP
8 100 (7.56%) Go
9 58 (4.39%) Kotlin
10 53 (4.01%) Scala
11 51 (3.86%) Java 8
12 45 (3.40%) T-SQL
13 44 (3.33%) C++
14 42 (3.18%) C
15 40 (3.03%) PowerShell
16 36 (2.72%) PHP 7
17 32 (2.42%) ES6
18 27 (2.04%) Cython
19 22 (1.66%) Gremlin
20 16 (1.21%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 126 (9.53%) Degree
2 70 (5.30%) Computer Science Degree
3 33 (2.50%) PhD
4 29 (2.19%) Security Cleared
5 26 (1.97%) SC Cleared
6 24 (1.82%) BPSS Clearance
7 18 (1.36%) AWS Certification
8 12 (0.91%) Numerate Degree
9 9 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
10 2 (0.15%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 1 (0.076%) CITP
11 1 (0.076%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 1 (0.076%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 87 (6.58%) QA
2 60 (4.54%) Accessibility
3 17 (1.29%) GDPR
4 12 (0.91%) WCAG
5 7 (0.53%) SLA
6 4 (0.30%) Data Quality
6 4 (0.30%) HIPAA
7 3 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 3 (0.23%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.15%) CDISC
8 2 (0.15%) GxP
8 2 (0.15%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.076%) GRC
9 1 (0.076%) PMO
9 1 (0.076%) SEPA
System Software
1 326 (24.66%) Docker
2 5 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
3 3 (0.23%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.15%) Firmware
4 2 (0.15%) Hyper-V
4 2 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.15%) vSphere
5 1 (0.076%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 232 (17.55%) Kubernetes
2 78 (5.90%) Ansible
3 69 (5.22%) Terraform
4 40 (3.03%) Opscode Chef
5 39 (2.95%) Puppet
6 27 (2.04%) Docker Swarm
7 8 (0.61%) Single Sign-On
8 6 (0.45%) FlexNet
8 6 (0.45%) Grafana
8 6 (0.45%) Kibana
9 4 (0.30%) QRadar
9 4 (0.30%) SCCM
10 3 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
10 3 (0.23%) HAProxy
10 3 (0.23%) Oozie
10 3 (0.23%) Rundeck
11 2 (0.15%) Rancher
12 1 (0.076%) linkerd
12 1 (0.076%) logstash
12 1 (0.076%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 148 (11.20%) Microsoft
2 83 (6.28%) Google
3 70 (5.30%) Zend
4 66 (4.99%) Oracle
5 35 (2.65%) Yahoo!
6 24 (1.82%) Mercator
6 24 (1.82%) Salesforce.com
7 20 (1.51%) SAP
8 19 (1.44%) IBM
9 16 (1.21%) Atlassian
9 16 (1.21%) ServiceNow
10 14 (1.06%) MuleSoft
10 14 (1.06%) Pega
11 11 (0.83%) Elastic Path
11 11 (0.83%) Guidewire
12 9 (0.68%) Adobe
13 8 (0.61%) AppDynamics
13 8 (0.61%) Kony
14 7 (0.53%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
14 7 (0.53%) Temenos