Period
to

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 11 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
11 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 73 91 90
Rank change year-on-year +18 -1 +2
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 3,305 1,477 310
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 4.36% 3.62% 3.51%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.51% 3.81% 3.80%
Number of salaries quoted 1,088 825 239
10th Percentile £45,000 £35,000 £37,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +25.00% - -7.48%
75th Percentile £88,750 £80,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £112,500 £91,250 £106,000
UK median annual salary £74,335 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +14.36% - -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 73,249 38,751 8,153
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 96.58% 95.10% 92.32%
Number of salaries quoted 42,958 29,399 7,035
10th Percentile £36,750 £35,000 £35,000
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,189 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.43% - -
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.11% +0.91% +4.76%

Machine Learning
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Machine Learning as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Machine Learning trend for jobs with a WFH option

Machine Learning
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Machine Learning.

Machine Learning salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 11 August 2022.

Machine Learning salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 11 August 2022, Machine Learning job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1,897 (57.40%) Python
2 1,392 (42.12%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,377 (41.66%) Data Science
4 1,337 (40.45%) AWS
5 1,135 (34.34%) Software Engineering
6 1,116 (33.77%) Agile
7 1,114 (33.71%) Analytics
8 1,019 (30.83%) SQL
9 889 (26.90%) Social Skills
10 847 (25.63%) Docker
11 842 (25.48%) Finance
12 819 (24.78%) GCP
13 794 (24.02%) CI/CD
14 758 (22.93%) Algorithms
15 737 (22.30%) JavaScript
16 732 (22.15%) Java
17 723 (21.88%) Azure
18 670 (20.27%) Problem-Solving
19 627 (18.97%) React
20 574 (17.37%) Kubernetes
21 525 (15.89%) DevOps
22 506 (15.31%) Microservices
23 492 (14.89%) Git (software)
24 488 (14.77%) Degree
25 469 (14.19%) Google
26 465 (14.07%) Full Stack Development
27 462 (13.98%) Computer Science
28 456 (13.80%) Big Data
29 442 (13.37%) Analytical Skills
30 438 (13.25%) Terraform

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 227 (6.87%) Apache Spark
2 99 (3.00%) Confluence
3 88 (2.66%) Apache Airflow
4 66 (2.00%) Apache
5 43 (1.30%) Cloud Foundry
6 36 (1.09%) CMS
7 34 (1.03%) SAS
8 28 (0.85%) Apache Solr
8 28 (0.85%) Tornado
9 26 (0.79%) Jupyter
9 26 (0.79%) SharePoint
10 22 (0.67%) ThingWorx
11 20 (0.61%) WordPress
12 19 (0.57%) Oracle Workflow
13 18 (0.54%) Luigi
14 11 (0.33%) nginx
15 9 (0.27%) Drupal
16 7 (0.21%) Apache Pulsar
17 6 (0.18%) GeoServer
18 4 (0.12%) Umbraco
Applications
1 40 (1.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
3 14 (0.42%) Adobe Illustrator
4 12 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (0.36%) Sketch
4 12 (0.36%) Zeplin
5 11 (0.33%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 11 (0.33%) Simulink
5 11 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
6 9 (0.27%) SPSS
7 5 (0.15%) MS Visio
8 4 (0.12%) Chatbot
9 3 (0.091%) Stateflow
10 2 (0.061%) Adobe XD
11 1 (0.030%) Camtasia
11 1 (0.030%) InVision
11 1 (0.030%) Photoshop
11 1 (0.030%) Stata
Business Applications
1 17 (0.51%) Payment Gateway
1 17 (0.51%) Shopify
2 5 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
3 4 (0.12%) Magento
3 4 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.061%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.061%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 1,337 (40.45%) AWS
2 819 (24.78%) GCP
3 723 (21.88%) Azure
4 366 (11.07%) Serverless
5 343 (10.38%) SaaS
6 309 (9.35%) GitHub
7 223 (6.75%) AWS Lambda
8 195 (5.90%) Slack
9 184 (5.57%) Amazon S3
10 176 (5.33%) Power Platform
11 171 (5.17%) Cloud Computing
12 165 (4.99%) Snowflake
13 162 (4.90%) AWS CloudFormation
14 114 (3.45%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 99 (3.00%) Amazon ECS
16 92 (2.78%) Matillion
17 71 (2.15%) Amazon SQS
18 67 (2.03%) Amazon EC2
19 62 (1.88%) Azure Functions
20 61 (1.85%) Azure DevOps
Communications & Networking
1 97 (2.93%) Internet
2 52 (1.57%) AMQP
2 52 (1.57%) MQTT
3 27 (0.82%) Firewall
4 14 (0.42%) HTTP
5 13 (0.39%) SSH
6 11 (0.33%) VPN
7 10 (0.30%) Network Security
7 10 (0.30%) SSL
7 10 (0.30%) WireGuard
8 5 (0.15%) Broadband
9 4 (0.12%) DNS
9 4 (0.12%) Intrusion Detection
9 4 (0.12%) LAN
9 4 (0.12%) MIMO
9 4 (0.12%) Skype
9 4 (0.12%) Software-Defined Radio
9 4 (0.12%) TCP/IP
9 4 (0.12%) WAN
9 4 (0.12%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 456 (13.80%) Big Data
2 398 (12.04%) PostgreSQL
3 339 (10.26%) Data Warehouse
4 322 (9.74%) Data Lake
5 301 (9.11%) NoSQL
6 274 (8.29%) Elasticsearch
7 258 (7.81%) MySQL
8 190 (5.75%) SQL Server
9 176 (5.33%) MongoDB
10 175 (5.30%) Relational Database
11 167 (5.05%) Redis
12 164 (4.96%) Power BI
13 162 (4.90%) DynamoDB
14 123 (3.72%) Tableau
15 113 (3.42%) Hadoop
16 104 (3.15%) BigQuery
17 94 (2.84%) Amazon Redshift
18 93 (2.81%) Star Schema
19 86 (2.60%) Amazon RDS
20 65 (1.97%) Looker
Development Applications
1 492 (14.89%) Git (software)
2 228 (6.90%) Jenkins
3 221 (6.69%) JIRA
4 181 (5.48%) GitLab
5 111 (3.36%) Selenium
6 92 (2.78%) Cypress.io
7 88 (2.66%) CircleCI
8 86 (2.60%) Cucumber
9 70 (2.12%) Maven
10 58 (1.75%) Gradle
10 58 (1.75%) Mockito
11 47 (1.42%) Bitbucket
11 47 (1.42%) SonarQube
12 41 (1.24%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 39 (1.18%) CMake
14 36 (1.09%) Sonatype Nexus
15 34 (1.03%) JMeter
16 32 (0.97%) GoCD
16 32 (0.97%) RSpec
17 30 (0.91%) WebDriver
General
1 889 (26.90%) Social Skills
2 842 (25.48%) Finance
3 442 (13.37%) Analytical Skills
4 360 (10.89%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 332 (10.05%) Marketing
6 245 (7.41%) Banking
7 198 (5.99%) Games
8 182 (5.51%) Retail
9 145 (4.39%) Public Sector
10 107 (3.24%) Law
11 90 (2.72%) Advertising
12 79 (2.39%) Publishing
13 71 (2.15%) Financial Institution
14 69 (2.09%) Presentation Skills
15 47 (1.42%) Legal
16 45 (1.36%) Manufacturing
17 44 (1.33%) Organisational Skills
18 43 (1.30%) Electronics
19 33 (1.00%) Automotive
19 33 (1.00%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 601 (18.18%) Developer
2 536 (16.22%) Software Engineer
3 403 (12.19%) Data Engineer
4 331 (10.02%) Data Scientist
5 159 (4.81%) Senior Developer
6 156 (4.72%) Architect
7 146 (4.42%) Senior Software Engineer
8 139 (4.21%) Senior Data Scientist
9 131 (3.96%) Python Engineer
10 124 (3.75%) Java Developer
11 123 (3.72%) DevOps Engineer
12 116 (3.51%) Analyst
13 115 (3.48%) Machine Learning Engineer
14 109 (3.30%) Full Stack Developer
15 107 (3.24%) Graduate
16 89 (2.69%) Senior Data Engineer
17 81 (2.45%) Graduate Software Engineer
18 80 (2.42%) Python Software Engineer
19 73 (2.21%) Backend Developer
20 69 (2.09%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 627 (18.97%) React
2 290 (8.77%) Node.js
3 244 (7.38%) Kafka
4 222 (6.72%) HTML
5 216 (6.54%) CSS
6 212 (6.41%) TensorFlow
7 185 (5.60%) .NET
8 175 (5.30%) Spring
9 171 (5.17%) REST
10 165 (4.99%) RESTful
11 155 (4.69%) GraphQL
12 150 (4.54%) RabbitMQ
13 139 (4.21%) AngularJS
14 130 (3.93%) scikit-learn
15 129 (3.90%) Pandas
16 127 (3.84%) PyTorch
17 121 (3.66%) Vue.js
18 118 (3.57%) NumPy
19 107 (3.24%) Django
20 101 (3.06%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 758 (22.93%) Algorithms
2 329 (9.95%) User Experience
3 220 (6.66%) Self-Motivation
4 182 (5.51%) Data Structures
5 160 (4.84%) Cloud Native
6 148 (4.48%) Social Network
7 136 (4.11%) Mobile App
8 107 (3.24%) IoT
9 96 (2.90%) Greenfield Project
10 82 (2.48%) Blog
11 78 (2.36%) Cyberattack
12 73 (2.21%) Robotics
13 59 (1.79%) Management Information System
14 53 (1.60%) Mobile Computing
15 51 (1.54%) Augmented Reality
16 48 (1.45%) Social Media
17 41 (1.24%) Cyber Defence
18 39 (1.18%) Linux Command Line
18 39 (1.18%) Public Cloud
19 37 (1.12%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 396 (11.98%) Linux
2 126 (3.81%) Windows
3 125 (3.78%) Android
4 103 (3.12%) Unix
5 88 (2.66%) Apple iOS
6 20 (0.61%) Mac OS
7 16 (0.48%) Ubuntu
8 9 (0.27%) Windows Server
9 8 (0.24%) CentOS
10 4 (0.12%) Kali Linux
11 3 (0.091%) VMS
12 2 (0.061%) Angstrom
12 2 (0.061%) Robot Operating System
13 1 (0.030%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,392 (42.12%) Artificial Intelligence
2 1,377 (41.66%) Data Science
3 1,135 (34.34%) Software Engineering
4 1,116 (33.77%) Agile
5 1,114 (33.71%) Analytics
6 794 (24.02%) CI/CD
7 670 (20.27%) Problem-Solving
8 525 (15.89%) DevOps
9 506 (15.31%) Microservices
10 465 (14.07%) Full Stack Development
11 462 (13.98%) Computer Science
12 422 (12.77%) Data Analytics
13 404 (12.22%) Data Engineering
14 392 (11.86%) Visualisation
15 378 (11.44%) Data Pipeline
16 371 (11.23%) ETL
17 355 (10.74%) Computer Vision
17 355 (10.74%) Mathematics
18 346 (10.47%) Business Intelligence
19 337 (10.20%) Natural Language Processing
Programming Languages
1 1,897 (57.40%) Python
2 1,019 (30.83%) SQL
3 737 (22.30%) JavaScript
4 732 (22.15%) Java
5 379 (11.47%) TypeScript
6 285 (8.62%) R
7 253 (7.66%) C++
8 250 (7.56%) C#
9 235 (7.11%) C
10 184 (5.57%) Go
11 163 (4.93%) Scala
12 116 (3.51%) Kotlin
13 112 (3.39%) Ruby
14 109 (3.30%) PHP
15 105 (3.18%) MATLAB
16 87 (2.63%) Bash
17 54 (1.63%) ES6
18 43 (1.30%) Rust
19 37 (1.12%) Shell Script
20 35 (1.06%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 488 (14.77%) Degree
2 213 (6.44%) PhD
3 106 (3.21%) Computer Science Degree
4 94 (2.84%) Security Cleared
5 70 (2.12%) AWS Certification
6 68 (2.06%) Master's Degree
7 51 (1.54%) Numerate Degree
8 45 (1.36%) SC Cleared
9 21 (0.64%) DV Cleared
10 17 (0.51%) MPhil
11 12 (0.36%) Sun Certification
12 8 (0.24%) MBA
13 6 (0.18%) DBS Check
14 5 (0.15%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 5 (0.15%) MCSE
14 5 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
14 5 (0.15%) Postgraduate
14 5 (0.15%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 4 (0.12%) CCNA
15 4 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 312 (9.44%) QA
2 204 (6.17%) Data Quality
3 75 (2.27%) Accessibility
4 26 (0.79%) GDPR
5 16 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 5 (0.15%) WCAG
7 4 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
7 4 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 4 (0.12%) HIPAA
7 4 (0.12%) NIST
7 4 (0.12%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.12%) WAI
8 3 (0.091%) HL7
9 2 (0.061%) Actionable Recommendations
9 2 (0.061%) DICOM
9 2 (0.061%) IEC 62304
9 2 (0.061%) IFRS
9 2 (0.061%) IFRS 9
9 2 (0.061%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.030%) NCSC
System Software
1 847 (25.63%) Docker
2 75 (2.27%) Virtual Machines
3 28 (0.85%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 22 (0.67%) Active Directory
5 13 (0.39%) Hyper-V
6 6 (0.18%) zsh
7 5 (0.15%) Apache Flume
7 5 (0.15%) Firmware
7 5 (0.15%) NFS
7 5 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
8 4 (0.12%) Embedded Firmware
9 2 (0.061%) Ceph
9 2 (0.061%) Lustre
10 1 (0.030%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 574 (17.37%) Kubernetes
2 438 (13.25%) Terraform
3 161 (4.87%) Ansible
4 61 (1.85%) Opscode Chef
5 56 (1.69%) Grafana
6 47 (1.42%) Prometheus
7 46 (1.39%) Istio
8 36 (1.09%) Puppet
9 30 (0.91%) Fortio
9 30 (0.91%) Kiali
10 24 (0.73%) HP Quality Center
11 19 (0.57%) Kubeflow
12 17 (0.51%) Bugsnag
12 17 (0.51%) Consul
13 16 (0.48%) Jamf Pro
14 15 (0.45%) Rancher
15 10 (0.30%) Packer
15 10 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
16 9 (0.27%) Argo
17 8 (0.24%) Opsgenie
Vendors
1 469 (14.19%) Google
2 165 (4.99%) Microsoft
3 88 (2.66%) Databricks
4 61 (1.85%) Apple
5 51 (1.54%) Okta
6 49 (1.48%) CrowdStrike
7 48 (1.45%) Oracle
8 47 (1.42%) Sony
9 40 (1.21%) IBM
10 34 (1.03%) Brandwatch
11 30 (0.91%) Spotify
12 28 (0.85%) SAP
13 24 (0.73%) Splunk
14 22 (0.67%) PTC
15 19 (0.57%) Adobe
15 19 (0.57%) Cloudera
15 19 (0.57%) Hitachi
15 19 (0.57%) Perforce
16 17 (0.51%) Atlassian
17 16 (0.48%) Funding Circle