Period
to

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Firmware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Firmware over the 6 months to 18 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Firmware
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
18 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 556 484 277
Rank change year-on-year -72 -207 +68
Permanent jobs citing Firmware 328 185 21
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 0.44% 0.45% 0.24%
As % of the System Software category 2.34% 2.35% 1.20%
Number of salaries quoted 163 143 18
10th Percentile £30,250 £41,565 £37,125
25th Percentile £45,000 £45,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £40,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +37.50% -13.51%
75th Percentile £71,250 £72,500 £54,375
90th Percentile £72,500 - £58,000
UK median annual salary £56,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +6.67% +5.00% +11.11%

Firmware is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 14,019 7,862 1,753
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 18.83% 19.02% 19.87%
Number of salaries quoted 7,705 6,108 1,570
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £33,675
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £60,000 £57,750
Median % change year-on-year - +3.90% -7.60%
75th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £53,500
% change year-on-year - +2.80% +7.00%

Firmware
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Firmware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Firmware trend for jobs with a WFH option

Firmware
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Firmware.

Firmware salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Firmware
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Firmware over the 6 months to 18 August 2022.

Firmware salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 18 August 2022, Firmware job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Firmware.

1 149 (45.43%) C
2 147 (44.82%) C++
3 126 (38.41%) Linux
4 120 (36.59%) Python
5 115 (35.06%) Electronics
6 105 (32.01%) Software Engineering
7 84 (25.61%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 82 (25.00%) Degree
9 80 (24.39%) Embedded Firmware
10 77 (23.48%) Signal Processing
11 76 (23.17%) Social Skills
12 74 (22.56%) FPGA
13 73 (22.26%) Agile
14 72 (21.95%) Computer Science
15 71 (21.65%) IoT
16 66 (20.12%) Security Cleared
17 65 (19.82%) Wireless
18 61 (18.60%) Windows
19 59 (17.99%) Algorithms
20 58 (17.68%) MATLAB
21 56 (17.07%) Finance
22 49 (14.94%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
22 49 (14.94%) Cyberattack
22 49 (14.94%) Cyber Defence
22 49 (14.94%) Threat Intelligence
22 49 (14.94%) Embedded C
23 48 (14.63%) Problem-Solving
24 45 (13.72%) Git (software)
25 43 (13.11%) Java
25 43 (13.11%) Project Management

Firmware
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (9.15%) Confluence
2 6 (1.83%) MS Exchange
3 4 (1.22%) SharePoint
4 3 (0.91%) SAS
4 3 (0.91%) Tomcat
5 1 (0.30%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 20 (6.10%) Simulink
2 1 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.30%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 1 (0.30%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 30 (9.15%) Azure
2 17 (5.18%) Microsoft 365
3 11 (3.35%) GitHub
4 10 (3.05%) AWS
5 8 (2.44%) SaaS
6 4 (1.22%) PaaS
7 3 (0.91%) Amazon SQS
7 3 (0.91%) AWS Lambda
7 3 (0.91%) Azure Active Directory
7 3 (0.91%) Serverless
8 2 (0.61%) IaaS
8 2 (0.61%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 65 (19.82%) Wireless
2 42 (12.80%) Internet
3 40 (12.20%) Software-Defined Radio
4 36 (10.98%) Wi-Fi
5 30 (9.15%) Firewall
6 26 (7.93%) DVB
6 26 (7.93%) MIMO
7 17 (5.18%) SAN
7 17 (5.18%) VPN
8 15 (4.57%) Bluetooth
9 14 (4.27%) IPsec
9 14 (4.27%) NAS
10 13 (3.96%) Modbus
10 13 (3.96%) WAN
11 12 (3.66%) CATAPAN
11 12 (3.66%) TCP/IP
12 11 (3.35%) ZigBee
13 10 (3.05%) DNS
13 10 (3.05%) HSRP
13 10 (3.05%) RS-232
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4 (1.22%) Relational Database
1 4 (1.22%) SQL Server
2 3 (0.91%) DynamoDB
2 3 (0.91%) MySQL
3 2 (0.61%) MongoDB
3 2 (0.61%) Neo4j
3 2 (0.61%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 45 (13.72%) Git (software)
2 29 (8.84%) JIRA
3 22 (6.71%) IDA Disassembler
4 15 (4.57%) Bitbucket
5 13 (3.96%) GCC
6 11 (3.35%) Jenkins
7 10 (3.05%) TeamCity
7 10 (3.05%) Visual Studio
8 9 (2.74%) CMake
9 5 (1.52%) Rational Rhapsody
10 3 (0.91%) Maven
11 2 (0.61%) Android Studio
11 2 (0.61%) Rational DOORS
11 2 (0.61%) Rational Team Concert
General
1 115 (35.06%) Electronics
2 84 (25.61%) Inclusion and Diversity
3 76 (23.17%) Social Skills
4 56 (17.07%) Finance
5 37 (11.28%) Manufacturing
6 21 (6.40%) Military
7 19 (5.79%) Analytical Skills
8 16 (4.88%) Public Sector
9 11 (3.35%) Documentation Skills
10 9 (2.74%) Wearables
11 7 (2.13%) Aerospace
12 6 (1.83%) Law
12 6 (1.83%) Retail
13 3 (0.91%) Presentation Skills
13 3 (0.91%) Telecoms
14 1 (0.30%) Automotive
14 1 (0.30%) Aviation
14 1 (0.30%) Games
14 1 (0.30%) Influencing Skills
14 1 (0.30%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 79 (24.09%) Software Engineer
2 59 (17.99%) Firmware Engineer
3 52 (15.85%) Embedded Engineer
4 38 (11.59%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 37 (11.28%) Wireless Engineer
6 29 (8.84%) Systems Engineer
7 26 (7.93%) Algorithm Engineer
7 26 (7.93%) DSP Algorithm Engineer
7 26 (7.93%) DSP Engineer
7 26 (7.93%) Senior Algorithm Engineer
7 26 (7.93%) Senior DSP Engineer
7 26 (7.93%) Senior Software Engineer
8 22 (6.71%) Vulnerability Researcher
9 21 (6.40%) Electronics Engineer
9 21 (6.40%) Lead Software Engineer
10 19 (5.79%) Senior Firmware Engineer
11 16 (4.88%) C++ Software Engineer
12 15 (4.57%) C Software Engineer
12 15 (4.57%) C/C++ Software Engineer
13 13 (3.96%) FPGA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 23 (7.01%) Yocto
2 17 (5.18%) React
3 10 (3.05%) MFC
4 9 (2.74%) Unity (Game Engine)
5 4 (1.22%) REST
6 3 (0.91%) ARM Templates
6 3 (0.91%) Spring
7 2 (0.61%) .NET
7 2 (0.61%) Ajax
7 2 (0.61%) Android Jetpack
7 2 (0.61%) Apache Camel
7 2 (0.61%) CSS
7 2 (0.61%) HTML
7 2 (0.61%) Middleware
7 2 (0.61%) Node.js
7 2 (0.61%) RESTful
7 2 (0.61%) Spring Boot
8 1 (0.30%) 802.1X
8 1 (0.30%) Kafka
8 1 (0.30%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 74 (22.56%) FPGA
2 71 (21.65%) IoT
3 59 (17.99%) Algorithms
4 49 (14.94%) Cyber Defence
4 49 (14.94%) Cyberattack
5 30 (9.15%) Verilog
6 29 (8.84%) VHDL
7 23 (7.01%) Virtual Team
8 22 (6.71%) Embedded Systems
9 20 (6.10%) ARM Cortex
9 20 (6.10%) Smart Home
10 16 (4.88%) Self-Motivation
11 15 (4.57%) Wiki
12 13 (3.96%) Mobile App
13 12 (3.66%) Data Centre
14 11 (3.35%) Analogue Electronics
15 10 (3.05%) Home Automation
15 10 (3.05%) Linux Command Line
16 9 (2.74%) Arduino
17 8 (2.44%) MicroBlaze
Operating Systems
1 126 (38.41%) Linux
2 61 (18.60%) Windows
3 38 (11.59%) Android
4 28 (8.54%) Embedded Linux
5 25 (7.62%) FreeRTOS
6 24 (7.32%) Apple iOS
7 20 (6.10%) Windows Server
8 12 (3.66%) ThreadX
9 9 (2.74%) Windows Mobile
10 6 (1.83%) Unix
11 5 (1.52%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.91%) Oracle Linux
12 3 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 3 (0.91%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.30%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.30%) Windows Server 2016
13 1 (0.30%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 105 (32.01%) Software Engineering
2 77 (23.48%) Signal Processing
3 73 (22.26%) Agile
4 72 (21.95%) Computer Science
5 49 (14.94%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
5 49 (14.94%) Threat Intelligence
6 48 (14.63%) Problem-Solving
7 43 (13.11%) Project Management
8 38 (11.59%) Test Automation
9 33 (10.06%) Mathematics
10 29 (8.84%) Continuous Integration
11 28 (8.54%) UML
12 24 (7.32%) DevOps
13 23 (7.01%) Analytics
13 23 (7.01%) Validation
14 22 (6.71%) Reverse Engineering
14 22 (6.71%) Software Testing
15 21 (6.40%) OO
16 20 (6.10%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 20 (6.10%) Physics
Programming Languages
1 149 (45.43%) C
2 147 (44.82%) C++
3 120 (36.59%) Python
4 58 (17.68%) MATLAB
5 49 (14.94%) Embedded C
6 43 (13.11%) Java
7 35 (10.67%) Embedded C++
8 28 (8.54%) C#
9 15 (4.57%) JavaScript
10 10 (3.05%) Assembly Language
11 6 (1.83%) PowerShell
11 6 (1.83%) Shell Script
12 5 (1.52%) Bash
12 5 (1.52%) SQL
13 4 (1.22%) Scala
14 2 (0.61%) AWK
14 2 (0.61%) ES6
14 2 (0.61%) Kotlin
14 2 (0.61%) sed
15 1 (0.30%) Go
Qualifications
1 82 (25.00%) Degree
2 66 (20.12%) Security Cleared
3 39 (11.89%) SC Cleared
4 31 (9.45%) PhD
5 21 (6.40%) Cisco Certification
6 15 (4.57%) CCNA
7 13 (3.96%) CCNP
8 11 (3.35%) Computer Science Degree
9 7 (2.13%) Network+ Certification
10 5 (1.52%) DBS Check
11 4 (1.22%) CISSP
12 3 (0.91%) MCSE
12 3 (0.91%) Microsoft Certification
13 2 (0.61%) CISM
13 2 (0.61%) DV Cleared
13 2 (0.61%) SSCP
13 2 (0.61%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 1 (0.30%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 1 (0.30%) BPSS Clearance
14 1 (0.30%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (4.88%) SLA
2 14 (4.27%) ECSS
3 10 (3.05%) MISRA
4 5 (1.52%) Def Stans
4 5 (1.52%) DO-178B
4 5 (1.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.61%) GDPR
5 2 (0.61%) NCSC
5 2 (0.61%) QA
6 1 (0.30%) IEC 62304
6 1 (0.30%) MISRA C
System Software
1 80 (24.39%) Embedded Firmware
2 21 (6.40%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (5.49%) Active Directory
4 16 (4.88%) Docker
5 8 (2.44%) Hyper-V
6 7 (2.13%) GPFS
6 7 (2.13%) vSphere
7 5 (1.52%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.61%) Citrix Hypervisor
8 2 (0.61%) KVM
8 2 (0.61%) NFS
9 1 (0.30%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.30%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 8 (2.44%) Nagios
2 6 (1.83%) Kubernetes
3 5 (1.52%) Dell DRAC
3 5 (1.52%) vCenter Server
4 4 (1.22%) FortiGate
4 4 (1.22%) SCCM
4 4 (1.22%) WSUS
5 3 (0.91%) Ansible
5 3 (0.91%) HAProxy
5 3 (0.91%) ZABBIX
6 2 (0.61%) Microsoft Intune
6 2 (0.61%) Terraform
6 2 (0.61%) Tivoli Storage Manager
7 1 (0.30%) HP ALM
7 1 (0.30%) Jamf Pro
7 1 (0.30%) Nessus
Vendors
1 34 (10.37%) Microsoft
2 27 (8.23%) VMware
3 16 (4.88%) Xilinx
4 15 (4.57%) Cisco
5 13 (3.96%) HP
5 13 (3.96%) Siemens
6 12 (3.66%) QNX
7 11 (3.35%) Palo Alto
8 10 (3.05%) EMC
8 10 (3.05%) IBM
9 8 (2.44%) Red Hat
10 6 (1.83%) Aruba
10 6 (1.83%) Fortinet
10 6 (1.83%) Juniper
11 5 (1.52%) Apple
11 5 (1.52%) Dell
11 5 (1.52%) Isilon
11 5 (1.52%) NetApp
11 5 (1.52%) Oracle
12 4 (1.22%) CheckPoint