Period
to 3 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 3 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
3 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 79 85 59
Rank change year-on-year +6 -26 +5
Permanent jobs citing BDD 2,983 5,122 8,506
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.77% 3.49% 4.80%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.08% 3.79% 5.21%
Number of salaries quoted 2,809 4,311 7,995
Median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% +10.00% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 73,035 135,165 163,311
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.24% 92.22% 92.19%
Number of salaries quoted 58,160 106,325 131,241
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +3.09%
10th Percentile £31,750 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 3 July 2020.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 3 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 2,814 £60,000 +9.09% 371
London +10 1,602 £67,500 +3.85% 151
UK excluding London +20 1,353 £50,000 +5.26% 238
North of England +21 424 £50,000 +11.11% 71
South East +6 376 £58,000 +10.48% 47
Work from Home +36 322 £65,000 +18.18% 49
South West +32 213 £55,000 +29.41% 42
North West +16 210 £50,000 - 32
Yorkshire +33 185 £50,000 +14.29% 32
Midlands +70 128 £55,000 +15.79% 36
East of England -13 92 £50,000 -4.76% 24
West Midlands +76 76 £52,500 +5.00% 21
Scotland 0 70 £40,500 -26.36% 10
Wales +39 58 £45,000 +5.88% 6
East Midlands +34 52 £55,000 +29.41% 15
North East +30 29 £45,000 +5.88% 7
Northern Ireland +19 8 - - 2
Isle of Man - 4 £47,500 -

For the 6 months to 3 July 2020, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 2,461 (82.50%) TDD
2 2,392 (80.19%) Agile Software Development
3 1,382 (46.33%) JavaScript
4 1,210 (40.56%) C#
5 1,114 (37.34%) Java
6 1,076 (36.07%) Scrum
7 1,046 (35.07%) .NET
8 990 (33.19%) AWS
9 983 (32.95%) Test Automation
10 951 (31.88%) Azure
11 922 (30.91%) Microservices
12 896 (30.04%) AngularJS
13 798 (26.75%) React
14 795 (26.65%) Node.js
15 714 (23.94%) DevOps
16 642 (21.52%) SQL Server
17 613 (20.55%) MVC
18 610 (20.45%) .NET Core
19 606 (20.32%) Continuous Integration
20 586 (19.64%) Kanban
21 581 (19.48%) Git (software)
22 580 (19.44%) ASP.NET
23 577 (19.34%) SQL
24 570 (19.11%) Software Engineering
24 570 (19.11%) TypeScript
25 552 (18.50%) Selenium
26 547 (18.34%) Docker
27 540 (18.10%) .NET Framework
28 499 (16.73%) ASP.NET Web API
29 498 (16.69%) Finance

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 385 (12.91%) Elasticsearch
2 128 (4.29%) Confluence
3 87 (2.92%) Tomcat
4 69 (2.31%) Apache
5 56 (1.88%) CMS
6 43 (1.44%) Umbraco
7 36 (1.21%) Sitecore CMS
8 29 (0.97%) Apache Spark
9 27 (0.91%) EPiServer
10 23 (0.77%) nginx
11 22 (0.74%) DNN
11 22 (0.74%) Immediacy CMS
11 22 (0.74%) Kentico
11 22 (0.74%) Sitefinity
12 18 (0.60%) IIS
12 18 (0.60%) SharePoint
13 13 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
13 13 (0.44%) NServiceBus
13 13 (0.44%) Oracle Workflow
13 13 (0.44%) WebSphere
Applications
1 11 (0.37%) Adobe XD
1 11 (0.37%) InVision
1 11 (0.37%) Zeplin
2 9 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 5 (0.17%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.10%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.034%) Adobe Premiere
6 1 (0.034%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 13 (0.44%) Magento
2 9 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.30%) SDL Web 8
3 8 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
4 4 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
4 4 (0.13%) R3 Corda
5 3 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.067%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.034%) Sprinklr
Cloud Services
1 990 (33.19%) AWS
2 951 (31.88%) Azure
3 151 (5.06%) GCP
4 134 (4.49%) Serverless
5 132 (4.43%) SaaS
6 129 (4.32%) GitHub
7 96 (3.22%) PaaS
8 85 (2.85%) AWS Lambda
9 76 (2.55%) Amazon EC2
10 53 (1.78%) AWS CloudFormation
11 46 (1.54%) Amazon SQS
12 45 (1.51%) npm
13 33 (1.11%) Amazon ECS
14 32 (1.07%) IaaS
15 29 (0.97%) Amazon EKS
15 29 (0.97%) Amazon S3
16 27 (0.91%) Cloud Computing
17 24 (0.80%) OpenShift
18 22 (0.74%) AWS CodePipeline
19 21 (0.70%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 76 (2.55%) Internet
2 57 (1.91%) HTTP
3 17 (0.57%) Skype
4 8 (0.27%) FIX Connectivity
5 7 (0.23%) Wireless
6 6 (0.20%) SSL
6 6 (0.20%) TCP/IP
7 5 (0.17%) SMTP
8 4 (0.13%) Bluetooth
8 4 (0.13%) Reverse Proxy
9 3 (0.10%) Firewall
9 3 (0.10%) Network Security
9 3 (0.10%) NFC
10 2 (0.067%) Broadband
10 2 (0.067%) DNS
10 2 (0.067%) IPv6
10 2 (0.067%) SSH
10 2 (0.067%) VoIP
10 2 (0.067%) WebEx
10 2 (0.067%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 642 (21.52%) SQL Server
2 465 (15.59%) MongoDB
3 317 (10.63%) SQL Server 2019
4 292 (9.79%) NoSQL
5 173 (5.80%) MySQL
6 142 (4.76%) PostgreSQL
7 113 (3.79%) Relational Database
8 66 (2.21%) Redis
9 37 (1.24%) Apache Cassandra
9 37 (1.24%) Hadoop
10 35 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 33 (1.11%) SQL Server 2016
12 24 (0.80%) Big Data
12 24 (0.80%) SQL Server 2012
13 18 (0.60%) Data Warehouse
14 17 (0.57%) HBase
15 15 (0.50%) Oracle Database
15 15 (0.50%) RDBMS
16 14 (0.47%) Amazon RDS
17 12 (0.40%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 581 (19.48%) Git (software)
2 552 (18.50%) Selenium
3 487 (16.33%) Jenkins
4 380 (12.74%) Cucumber
5 299 (10.02%) JIRA
6 204 (6.84%) Maven
7 185 (6.20%) WebDriver
8 184 (6.17%) SpecFlow
9 135 (4.53%) SoapUI
10 133 (4.46%) Postman
11 132 (4.43%) JUnit
12 123 (4.12%) TeamCity
13 120 (4.02%) JMeter
14 104 (3.49%) webpack
15 99 (3.32%) Jasmine
16 94 (3.15%) Bitbucket
17 86 (2.88%) Mocha
18 83 (2.78%) NUnit
19 81 (2.72%) Appium
20 75 (2.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 498 (16.69%) Finance
2 250 (8.38%) Banking
3 167 (5.60%) Games
4 149 (4.99%) Retail
5 87 (2.92%) Marketing
6 83 (2.78%) Public Sector
7 60 (2.01%) Front Office
8 51 (1.71%) Advertising
9 48 (1.61%) Investment Banking
10 31 (1.04%) Financial Institution
11 27 (0.91%) Legal
12 25 (0.84%) Publishing
13 24 (0.80%) Telecoms
14 18 (0.60%) Back Office
15 17 (0.57%) Electronics
15 17 (0.57%) Law
16 14 (0.47%) Manufacturing
17 7 (0.23%) Aerospace
18 5 (0.17%) Military
18 5 (0.17%) Police
Job Titles
1 1,844 (61.82%) Developer
2 589 (19.75%) .NET Developer
3 440 (14.75%) Java Developer
4 408 (13.68%) Senior Developer
5 348 (11.67%) C# Developer
6 272 (9.12%) Software Engineer
7 238 (7.98%) C# .NET Developer
8 197 (6.60%) Software Developer
9 181 (6.07%) Test Engineer
10 165 (5.53%) Full Stack Developer
11 150 (5.03%) Senior Java Developer
12 149 (4.99%) JavaScript Developer
13 140 (4.69%) Analyst
14 126 (4.22%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 121 (4.06%) Java Engineer
16 115 (3.86%) Tester
17 109 (3.65%) React Developer
18 105 (3.52%) Junior
19 98 (3.29%) Test Analyst
20 93 (3.12%) QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,046 (35.07%) .NET
2 896 (30.04%) AngularJS
3 798 (26.75%) React
4 795 (26.65%) Node.js
5 610 (20.45%) .NET Core
6 580 (19.44%) ASP.NET
7 540 (18.10%) .NET Framework
8 499 (16.73%) ASP.NET Web API
9 480 (16.09%) CSS
9 480 (16.09%) HTML
10 469 (15.72%) Vue.js
11 462 (15.49%) ASP.NET MVC
12 451 (15.12%) RESTful
13 425 (14.25%) Entity Framework
14 414 (13.88%) Spring
15 387 (12.97%) Web Services
16 364 (12.20%) REST
17 226 (7.58%) HTML5
18 193 (6.47%) Spring Boot
19 179 (6.00%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 340 (11.40%) Greenfield Project
2 160 (5.36%) User Experience
3 131 (4.39%) Enterprise Software
4 120 (4.02%) Mobile App
5 118 (3.96%) Cloud Native
6 107 (3.59%) Analytical Skills
7 68 (2.28%) Virtual Team
8 63 (2.11%) Self-Motivation
9 56 (1.88%) Tandem
10 46 (1.54%) Public Cloud
11 39 (1.31%) Hedge funds
12 38 (1.27%) Algorithms
13 37 (1.24%) Data Structures
14 31 (1.04%) Client/Server
15 30 (1.01%) Derivative
16 29 (0.97%) N-Tier
17 28 (0.94%) Social Network
18 24 (0.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 22 (0.74%) Blog
19 22 (0.74%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 176 (5.90%) Linux
2 113 (3.79%) Android
3 110 (3.69%) Unix
3 110 (3.69%) Windows
4 94 (3.15%) Apple iOS
5 41 (1.37%) Mac OS X
6 14 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 8 (0.27%) VMS
8 5 (0.17%) CentOS
9 4 (0.13%) Windows 10
9 4 (0.13%) Windows Server
10 2 (0.067%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.067%) ThreadX
10 2 (0.067%) watchOS
11 1 (0.034%) CoreOS
11 1 (0.034%) FreeBSD
11 1 (0.034%) Windows Embedded Compact
11 1 (0.034%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,461 (82.50%) TDD
2 2,392 (80.19%) Agile Software Development
3 1,076 (36.07%) Scrum
4 983 (32.95%) Test Automation
5 922 (30.91%) Microservices
6 714 (23.94%) DevOps
7 613 (20.55%) MVC
8 606 (20.32%) Continuous Integration
9 586 (19.64%) Kanban
10 570 (19.11%) Software Engineering
11 434 (14.55%) OO
12 361 (12.10%) Web Application Development
13 301 (10.09%) Continuous Delivery
14 277 (9.29%) SOLID
15 251 (8.41%) Mentoring
16 240 (8.05%) SDLC
17 238 (7.98%) Problem-Solving
18 215 (7.21%) Fintech
19 211 (7.07%) E-Commerce
20 195 (6.54%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,382 (46.33%) JavaScript
2 1,210 (40.56%) C#
3 1,114 (37.34%) Java
4 577 (19.34%) SQL
5 570 (19.11%) TypeScript
6 383 (12.84%) Python
7 202 (6.77%) Java 8
8 153 (5.13%) Ruby
9 147 (4.93%) PHP
10 116 (3.89%) Scala
11 80 (2.68%) Kotlin
12 72 (2.41%) T-SQL
13 65 (2.18%) C++
13 65 (2.18%) ES6
13 65 (2.18%) Go
14 45 (1.51%) PowerShell
15 37 (1.24%) Bash Shell
15 37 (1.24%) C
16 36 (1.21%) Apple Swift
17 31 (1.04%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 210 (7.04%) Degree
2 133 (4.46%) Security Cleared
3 84 (2.82%) SC Cleared
4 72 (2.41%) ISTQB
5 64 (2.15%) Computer Science Degree
6 46 (1.54%) ISEB
7 17 (0.57%) Microsoft Certification
8 14 (0.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 11 (0.37%) DV Cleared
10 7 (0.23%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 6 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
12 5 (0.17%) Postgraduate
13 4 (0.13%) CISA
13 4 (0.13%) CISSP
13 4 (0.13%) Master's Degree
13 4 (0.13%) MBA
13 4 (0.13%) MCP
13 4 (0.13%) Sun Certification
14 3 (0.10%) IIBA
14 3 (0.10%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 392 (13.14%) QA
2 8 (0.27%) GDPR
2 8 (0.27%) SLA
3 7 (0.23%) ISO 15022
3 7 (0.23%) ISO 20022
3 7 (0.23%) PMO
4 5 (0.17%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.10%) ISO 9001
5 3 (0.10%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.067%) NIST
7 1 (0.034%) ISO 13485
7 1 (0.034%) JTAG
7 1 (0.034%) MiFID
7 1 (0.034%) WAI
System Software
1 547 (18.34%) Docker
2 45 (1.51%) VMware Infrastructure
3 34 (1.14%) vSphere
4 15 (0.50%) Active Directory
5 14 (0.47%) NDS
6 13 (0.44%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 11 (0.37%) Postfix
8 3 (0.10%) Firmware
8 3 (0.10%) Time Sharing Option
9 2 (0.067%) HDFS
9 2 (0.067%) LXC
9 2 (0.067%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.034%) iptables
10 1 (0.034%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.034%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 357 (11.97%) Kubernetes
2 126 (4.22%) Terraform
3 72 (2.41%) Ansible
4 51 (1.71%) Puppet
5 50 (1.68%) Opscode Chef
6 29 (0.97%) HP Quality Center
7 25 (0.84%) NetIQ Identity Manager
8 23 (0.77%) Istio
9 13 (0.44%) Tivoli
10 12 (0.40%) Kibana
11 9 (0.30%) CA Service Virtualization
12 8 (0.27%) Oracle Identity Manager
12 8 (0.27%) Tivoli Identity Manager
13 7 (0.23%) HP ALM
13 7 (0.23%) logstash
14 6 (0.20%) Rancher
15 4 (0.13%) Grafana
16 3 (0.10%) Marathon
16 3 (0.10%) Mesos
16 3 (0.10%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 346 (11.60%) Microsoft
2 171 (5.73%) Oracle
3 118 (3.96%) Google
4 45 (1.51%) VMware
5 44 (1.48%) SAP
6 42 (1.41%) Sitecore
7 31 (1.04%) Adobe
8 29 (0.97%) HP
9 27 (0.91%) NetIQ
10 24 (0.80%) Salesforce.com
10 24 (0.80%) Xamarin
11 22 (0.74%) Alterian
11 22 (0.74%) ForgeRock
11 22 (0.74%) Zend
12 21 (0.70%) Cognizant
13 17 (0.57%) Splunk
14 16 (0.54%) Apple
14 16 (0.54%) CA
14 16 (0.54%) Facebook
14 16 (0.54%) Foundry