Period
to 22 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 22 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
22 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 63 64 75
Rank change year-on-year +1 +11 +21
Permanent jobs citing BDD 7,607 8,341 7,638
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.50% 4.73% 3.88%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.94% 5.17% 4.27%
Number of salaries quoted 6,446 6,913 6,879
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £52,500
10th Percentile £32,750 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 153,897 161,447 178,984
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.10% 91.57% 90.83%
Number of salaries quoted 122,571 128,209 149,408
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 22 August 2018.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 22 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 7,135 £52,500 - 916
UK excluding London +4 4,095 £47,500 +5.56% 491
London -6 3,452 £63,000 +5.00% 463
North of England +17 1,188 £45,000 +5.88% 138
South East -5 1,137 £47,500 +5.56% 137
North West +16 598 £45,000 +5.88% 85
South West +5 520 £47,500 +5.56% 58
Yorkshire +22 499 £45,000 - 44
Midlands -17 455 £45,000 - 67
East of England -2 390 £47,500 -5.00% 53
Scotland +42 300 £50,000 +5.26% 25
West Midlands -23 245 £45,000 - 34
East Midlands -2 210 £42,500 -5.56% 32
Wales +19 97 £42,500 - 10
North East +4 91 £50,000 +25.00% 9
Northern Ireland -16 19 £47,500 +30.14% 3

For the 6 months to 22 August 2018, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 6,368 (83.71%) TDD
2 6,099 (80.18%) Agile Software Development
3 3,572 (46.96%) C#
4 3,039 (39.95%) .NET
5 2,866 (37.68%) Java
6 2,607 (34.27%) JavaScript
7 2,509 (32.98%) MVC
8 2,495 (32.80%) Scrum
9 2,458 (32.31%) Test Automation
10 2,250 (29.58%) SQL Server
11 2,164 (28.45%) ASP.NET
12 2,009 (26.41%) Continuous Integration
13 1,928 (25.35%) RESTful
14 1,907 (25.07%) Git (software)
15 1,894 (24.90%) ASP.NET MVC
16 1,795 (23.60%) SQL
17 1,693 (22.26%) AngularJS
18 1,677 (22.05%) Selenium
19 1,636 (21.51%) ASP.NET Web API
20 1,457 (19.15%) Web Application Development
21 1,432 (18.82%) NoSQL
22 1,422 (18.69%) Software Engineering
23 1,394 (18.33%) HTML
24 1,371 (18.02%) Node.js
25 1,345 (17.68%) Finance
26 1,290 (16.96%) Ruby
27 1,272 (16.72%) CSS
28 1,270 (16.70%) SQL Server 2016
29 1,209 (15.89%) QA
30 1,201 (15.79%) Amazon AWS

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 326 (4.29%) Confluence
2 239 (3.14%) Elasticsearch
3 201 (2.64%) CMS
4 194 (2.55%) Tomcat
5 142 (1.87%) Apache Spark
6 105 (1.38%) EPiServer
7 102 (1.34%) JBoss
8 89 (1.17%) IIS
9 84 (1.10%) Apache
10 69 (0.91%) Mule
11 62 (0.82%) Sitecore CMS
12 60 (0.79%) MQSeries
13 58 (0.76%) WebLogic
14 53 (0.70%) Cloud Foundry
15 44 (0.58%) OpenStack
16 42 (0.55%) WebSphere
17 41 (0.54%) Jetty
17 41 (0.54%) SharePoint
18 38 (0.50%) nginx
19 37 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 26 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
2 18 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (0.20%) MS Visio
4 10 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
5 9 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.066%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.026%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.026%) Mingle
8 1 (0.013%) Blender
8 1 (0.013%) Maya
Business Applications
1 42 (0.55%) Eloqua
2 28 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
3 26 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
4 24 (0.32%) Magento
5 15 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
6 11 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
7 7 (0.092%) Dynamics AX
7 7 (0.092%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.026%) Endur
Cloud Services
1 1,201 (15.79%) Amazon AWS
2 976 (12.83%) Microsoft Azure
3 209 (2.75%) GitHub
4 168 (2.21%) npm
5 141 (1.85%) Google Cloud Platform
6 134 (1.76%) SaaS
7 113 (1.49%) Serverless
8 106 (1.39%) Slack
9 91 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
9 91 (1.20%) PaaS
10 81 (1.06%) IaaS
11 78 (1.03%) Amazon EC2
12 57 (0.75%) BrowserStack
13 47 (0.62%) Office 365
14 41 (0.54%) Sauce Labs
15 40 (0.53%) G Suite
16 38 (0.50%) Amazon Kinesis
17 31 (0.41%) AWS Lambda
18 29 (0.38%) AWS CloudFormation
18 29 (0.38%) BlazeMeter
Communications & Networking
1 346 (4.55%) Internet
2 116 (1.52%) HTTP
3 60 (0.79%) Hyperconnected
4 47 (0.62%) Wireless
5 32 (0.42%) TCP/IP
6 31 (0.41%) IPv4
6 31 (0.41%) IPv6
7 22 (0.29%) SSL
8 17 (0.22%) Bluetooth
9 16 (0.21%) AMQP
9 16 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
10 13 (0.17%) VLAN
11 12 (0.16%) Skype
12 10 (0.13%) DNS
13 8 (0.11%) Broadband
13 8 (0.11%) Intranet
14 7 (0.092%) Unified Communications
15 6 (0.079%) OpenLDAP
15 6 (0.079%) SMTP
16 3 (0.039%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,250 (29.58%) SQL Server
2 1,432 (18.82%) NoSQL
3 1,270 (16.70%) SQL Server 2016
4 494 (6.49%) MongoDB
5 351 (4.61%) MySQL
6 327 (4.30%) Big Data
7 306 (4.02%) Relational Database
8 282 (3.71%) PostgreSQL
9 193 (2.54%) Apache Cassandra
10 153 (2.01%) Hadoop
11 111 (1.46%) Redis
12 93 (1.22%) RDBMS
13 85 (1.12%) Couchbase
14 80 (1.05%) Blockchain
15 79 (1.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 61 (0.80%) Bigtable
17 54 (0.71%) CouchDB
18 51 (0.67%) SQL Server 2012
19 48 (0.63%) SQL Server 2014
20 46 (0.60%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,907 (25.07%) Git (software)
2 1,677 (22.05%) Selenium
3 1,198 (15.75%) Cucumber
4 1,075 (14.13%) Jenkins
5 836 (10.99%) JIRA
6 593 (7.80%) WebDriver
7 592 (7.78%) SpecFlow
8 509 (6.69%) Maven
9 492 (6.47%) JUnit
10 439 (5.77%) TeamCity
11 413 (5.43%) Team Foundation Server
12 347 (4.56%) Visual Studio
13 332 (4.36%) SoapUI
14 331 (4.35%) NUnit
15 283 (3.72%) JMeter
16 244 (3.21%) Gradle
17 223 (2.93%) Protractor
18 218 (2.87%) Appium
19 211 (2.77%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 195 (2.56%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 1,345 (17.68%) Finance
2 599 (7.87%) Games
3 495 (6.51%) Retail
4 424 (5.57%) Banking
5 353 (4.64%) Marketing
6 269 (3.54%) Advertising
7 169 (2.22%) Electronics
8 141 (1.85%) Telecoms
9 97 (1.28%) Manufacturing
10 71 (0.93%) Law
11 69 (0.91%) Investment Banking
12 55 (0.72%) Publishing
13 53 (0.70%) Financial Institution
14 41 (0.54%) Military
15 40 (0.53%) Music Industry
16 31 (0.41%) Automotive
17 30 (0.39%) Multimedia
18 22 (0.29%) Front Office
19 21 (0.28%) Back Office
20 15 (0.20%) Legal
Job Titles
1 4,579 (60.19%) Developer
2 2,019 (26.54%) .NET Developer
3 1,110 (14.59%) C# Developer
4 870 (11.44%) Java Developer
5 818 (10.75%) C# .NET Developer
6 732 (9.62%) Senior Developer
7 553 (7.27%) Software Engineer
8 541 (7.11%) ASP.NET Developer
9 523 (6.88%) Software Developer
10 515 (6.77%) C# ASP.NET Developer
11 506 (6.65%) Test Engineer
12 496 (6.52%) Tester
13 446 (5.86%) Analyst
14 391 (5.14%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
15 379 (4.98%) Developer in Test
16 367 (4.82%) Automation Tester
17 346 (4.55%) QA Engineer
18 304 (4.00%) JavaScript Developer
19 290 (3.81%) Java Engineer
20 268 (3.52%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,039 (39.95%) .NET
2 2,164 (28.45%) ASP.NET
3 1,928 (25.35%) RESTful
4 1,894 (24.90%) ASP.NET MVC
5 1,693 (22.26%) AngularJS
6 1,636 (21.51%) ASP.NET Web API
7 1,394 (18.33%) HTML
8 1,371 (18.02%) Node.js
9 1,272 (16.72%) CSS
10 1,028 (13.51%) .NET Framework
11 1,024 (13.46%) ASP.NET MVC 5
12 1,005 (13.21%) Web Services
13 953 (12.53%) WCF
14 883 (11.61%) REST
15 824 (10.83%) Entity Framework
16 797 (10.48%) Spring
17 722 (9.49%) HTML5
18 714 (9.39%) React
19 651 (8.56%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 575 (7.56%) KnockoutJS
Miscellaneous
1 917 (12.05%) Greenfield Project
2 631 (8.29%) User Experience
3 454 (5.97%) Computer Science
4 415 (5.46%) Enterprise Software
5 368 (4.84%) Mobile App
6 339 (4.46%) Fintech
7 332 (4.36%) Analytical Skills
8 114 (1.50%) Self-Motivation
9 97 (1.28%) Virtual Team
10 96 (1.26%) Algorithms
11 95 (1.25%) Data Structures
12 82 (1.08%) Cloud Native
13 78 (1.03%) Social Media
14 62 (0.82%) BBC
15 59 (0.78%) Blog
16 47 (0.62%) Digital TV
17 43 (0.57%) Online Games
17 43 (0.57%) Tandem
18 41 (0.54%) Management Information System
18 41 (0.54%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 551 (7.24%) Linux
2 356 (4.68%) Windows
3 308 (4.05%) Android
4 246 (3.23%) Apple iOS
5 121 (1.59%) Unix
6 21 (0.28%) FreeBSD
7 20 (0.26%) Ubuntu
8 19 (0.25%) CentOS
9 17 (0.22%) Mac OS
9 17 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 16 (0.21%) Nucleus RTOS
10 16 (0.21%) Windows Phone
11 10 (0.13%) Windows Server
12 7 (0.092%) CoreOS
12 7 (0.092%) Debian
13 5 (0.066%) Mesosphere
14 4 (0.053%) Amazon Linux
15 3 (0.039%) Mac OS X
15 3 (0.039%) Windows XP
16 1 (0.013%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,368 (83.71%) TDD
2 6,099 (80.18%) Agile Software Development
3 2,509 (32.98%) MVC
4 2,495 (32.80%) Scrum
5 2,458 (32.31%) Test Automation
6 2,009 (26.41%) Continuous Integration
7 1,457 (19.15%) Web Application Development
8 1,422 (18.69%) Software Engineering
9 1,165 (15.31%) DevOps
10 1,140 (14.99%) Kanban
11 1,009 (13.26%) Microservices
12 958 (12.59%) OO
13 786 (10.33%) Problem-Solving
14 673 (8.85%) Continuous Delivery
15 650 (8.54%) Mentoring
16 636 (8.36%) SDLC
17 591 (7.77%) Pair Programming
18 588 (7.73%) Open Source
19 585 (7.69%) Unit Testing
20 524 (6.89%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 3,572 (46.96%) C#
2 2,866 (37.68%) Java
3 2,607 (34.27%) JavaScript
4 1,795 (23.60%) SQL
5 1,290 (16.96%) Ruby
6 889 (11.69%) Python
7 574 (7.55%) Java 8
8 403 (5.30%) Scala
9 345 (4.54%) PHP
10 257 (3.38%) TypeScript
11 253 (3.33%) C++
12 217 (2.85%) T-SQL
13 200 (2.63%) ES6
14 186 (2.45%) C
15 153 (2.01%) VB.NET
16 147 (1.93%) Groovy
17 115 (1.51%) PowerShell
18 102 (1.34%) Go
18 102 (1.34%) Objective-C
19 101 (1.33%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 759 (9.98%) Degree
2 208 (2.73%) Computer Science Degree
3 206 (2.71%) ISEB
4 193 (2.54%) ISTQB
5 190 (2.50%) Security Cleared
6 132 (1.74%) SC Cleared
7 55 (0.72%) Microsoft Certification
8 47 (0.62%) SAFe Agilist
9 44 (0.58%) DV Cleared
10 41 (0.54%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 28 (0.37%) MCPD
12 23 (0.30%) Master's Degree
13 14 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
14 11 (0.14%) PMI Certification
15 9 (0.12%) AWS Certification
15 9 (0.12%) DBS Check
16 6 (0.079%) APMG
16 6 (0.079%) PMP
17 5 (0.066%) BC Cleared
18 4 (0.053%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,209 (15.89%) QA
2 52 (0.68%) GCP
3 16 (0.21%) Data Quality
4 13 (0.17%) GDPR
5 9 (0.12%) PMO
6 7 (0.092%) PSD2
7 6 (0.079%) SLA
8 5 (0.066%) WCAG
9 4 (0.053%) MiFID
10 1 (0.013%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.013%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 1 (0.013%) PMBOK
10 1 (0.013%) SEPA
System Software
1 675 (8.87%) Docker
2 37 (0.49%) Active Directory
3 34 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 30 (0.39%) Firmware
5 15 (0.20%) HDFS
6 13 (0.17%) Hyper-V
7 12 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
8 11 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 6 (0.079%) Varnish
10 5 (0.066%) VirtualBox
11 4 (0.053%) Apache Flume
12 3 (0.039%) iptables
13 2 (0.026%) zsh
14 1 (0.013%) vCloud
14 1 (0.013%) Virtual Servers
14 1 (0.013%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 243 (3.19%) Ansible
2 213 (2.80%) Opscode Chef
3 201 (2.64%) Kubernetes
4 174 (2.29%) Puppet
5 78 (1.03%) Kibana
6 75 (0.99%) Terraform
7 44 (0.58%) HP Quality Center
8 37 (0.49%) HockeyApp
9 27 (0.35%) HP ALM
10 25 (0.33%) Marathon
11 22 (0.29%) Salt
12 21 (0.28%) Icinga
13 18 (0.24%) Mesos
14 16 (0.21%) Cobbler
15 15 (0.20%) logstash
16 14 (0.18%) Packer
17 11 (0.14%) Nagios
18 10 (0.13%) ZABBIX
19 7 (0.092%) ITRS Geneos
20 6 (0.079%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 864 (11.36%) Microsoft
2 389 (5.11%) Oracle
3 382 (5.02%) Google
4 211 (2.77%) Facebook
5 161 (2.12%) Atlassian
6 132 (1.74%) Apple
7 117 (1.54%) Xamarin
8 103 (1.35%) SAP
9 84 (1.10%) Splunk
10 72 (0.95%) Sitecore
11 69 (0.91%) Capita
12 64 (0.84%) Yahoo!
13 61 (0.80%) Sony
14 59 (0.78%) AppDynamics
15 58 (0.76%) HP
16 42 (0.55%) Marketo
17 41 (0.54%) VMware
18 38 (0.50%) WorldPay
19 37 (0.49%) IBM
20 33 (0.43%) ATG