Period
to 25 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 25 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
25 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 54 63 76
Rank change year-on-year +9 +13 +30
Permanent jobs citing BDD 8,601 7,937 7,246
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.95% 4.70% 3.61%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.45% 5.19% 4.01%
Number of salaries quoted 7,455 7,019 6,528
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £51,125
Median salary % change year-on-year - -2.20% +2.25%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 157,933 153,059 180,627
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 90.82% 90.55% 89.98%
Number of salaries quoted 126,923 125,473 150,145
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +3.26%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +3.66%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 25 May 2018.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +6 8,046 £50,000 - 997
UK excluding London +12 4,896 £45,000 - 568
London -5 3,608 £62,500 +4.17% 482
South East +11 1,389 £46,250 +2.78% 171
North of England +5 1,340 £45,000 +5.88% 152
South West +15 702 £47,500 +5.56% 58
North West +3 693 £42,500 - 80
Yorkshire +8 554 £45,000 +5.88% 57
Midlands -2 524 £42,500 -5.56% 82
East of England -5 481 £50,000 +11.11% 52
Scotland +35 351 £50,000 +5.26% 33
East Midlands +23 289 £42,500 -10.53% 32
West Midlands -25 235 £45,000 - 49
Wales +11 95 £40,000 -11.64% 15
North East -23 93 £50,000 +25.00% 15
Northern Ireland +7 21 £40,000 +6.67% 5

For the 6 months to 25 May 2018, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 7,335 (85.28%) TDD
2 7,138 (82.99%) Agile Software Development
3 4,186 (48.67%) C#
4 3,627 (42.17%) .NET
5 3,120 (36.27%) MVC
6 3,111 (36.17%) Java
7 2,919 (33.94%) SQL Server
8 2,783 (32.36%) Scrum
9 2,677 (31.12%) Test Automation
10 2,664 (30.97%) ASP.NET
11 2,588 (30.09%) JavaScript
12 2,486 (28.90%) RESTful
13 2,415 (28.08%) ASP.NET MVC
14 2,285 (26.57%) Git (software)
15 2,062 (23.97%) ASP.NET Web API
16 2,055 (23.89%) Continuous Integration
17 1,964 (22.83%) Web Application Development
18 1,878 (21.83%) Node.js
19 1,844 (21.44%) AngularJS
20 1,822 (21.18%) NoSQL
21 1,745 (20.29%) Ruby
22 1,744 (20.28%) SQL
23 1,737 (20.20%) ASP.NET MVC 5
24 1,708 (19.86%) Selenium
25 1,520 (17.67%) Software Engineering
26 1,518 (17.65%) SQL Server 2016
27 1,508 (17.53%) HTML
28 1,500 (17.44%) WCF
29 1,407 (16.36%) Finance
30 1,364 (15.86%) CSS

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 334 (3.88%) Confluence
2 253 (2.94%) Tomcat
3 246 (2.86%) Elasticsearch
4 209 (2.43%) Apache Spark
5 191 (2.22%) CMS
6 135 (1.57%) Apache
7 125 (1.45%) JBoss
8 103 (1.20%) IIS
9 90 (1.05%) Mule
10 82 (0.95%) EPiServer
11 66 (0.77%) SharePoint
12 65 (0.76%) OpenStack
13 61 (0.71%) WebLogic
14 60 (0.70%) nginx
15 53 (0.62%) MQSeries
15 53 (0.62%) Sitecore CMS
16 52 (0.60%) WebSphere
17 48 (0.56%) Apache Solr
17 48 (0.56%) Cloud Foundry
17 48 (0.56%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 14 (0.16%) Photoshop
2 11 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.081%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.047%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.035%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.023%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.023%) S-PLUS
7 1 (0.012%) Blender
Business Applications
1 56 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 33 (0.38%) Eloqua
3 31 (0.36%) Payment Gateway
4 30 (0.35%) Distributed Ledger
5 14 (0.16%) Magento
6 10 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.035%) Staffware
8 1 (0.012%) Dynamics AX
8 1 (0.012%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 1,263 (14.68%) Amazon AWS
2 856 (9.95%) Microsoft Azure
3 237 (2.76%) GitHub
4 195 (2.27%) SaaS
5 156 (1.81%) npm
6 127 (1.48%) Slack
7 113 (1.31%) IaaS
8 109 (1.27%) PaaS
9 93 (1.08%) Google Cloud Platform
10 78 (0.91%) Amazon EC2
11 73 (0.85%) Cloud Computing
11 73 (0.85%) Serverless
12 56 (0.65%) BrowserStack
13 52 (0.60%) Sauce Labs
14 45 (0.52%) Trello
15 44 (0.51%) Office 365
16 38 (0.44%) BlazeMeter
17 33 (0.38%) G Suite
18 32 (0.37%) Runscope
19 28 (0.33%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 374 (4.35%) Internet
2 117 (1.36%) HTTP
3 113 (1.31%) Wireless
4 80 (0.93%) Hyperconnected
5 31 (0.36%) TCP/IP
6 27 (0.31%) IPv4
6 27 (0.31%) IPv6
7 18 (0.21%) SSL
8 14 (0.16%) DNS
8 14 (0.16%) Skype
9 11 (0.13%) VLAN
10 9 (0.10%) AMQP
10 9 (0.10%) SMTP
11 8 (0.093%) Broadband
12 7 (0.081%) VPN
13 6 (0.070%) Intranet
13 6 (0.070%) OpenLDAP
13 6 (0.070%) OpenVPN
13 6 (0.070%) Unified Communications
14 5 (0.058%) DMZ
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,919 (33.94%) SQL Server
2 1,822 (21.18%) NoSQL
3 1,518 (17.65%) SQL Server 2016
4 518 (6.02%) MongoDB
5 464 (5.39%) Big Data
6 393 (4.57%) MySQL
7 385 (4.48%) SQL Server 2014
8 312 (3.63%) Relational Database
9 281 (3.27%) PostgreSQL
10 218 (2.53%) Apache Cassandra
11 203 (2.36%) Hadoop
12 136 (1.58%) Redis
13 95 (1.10%) RDBMS
14 93 (1.08%) Couchbase
15 89 (1.03%) Blockchain
16 60 (0.70%) SQL Server 2012
17 59 (0.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 57 (0.66%) Neo4j
19 55 (0.64%) Bigtable
20 46 (0.53%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 2,285 (26.57%) Git (software)
2 1,708 (19.86%) Selenium
3 1,274 (14.81%) Cucumber
4 1,176 (13.67%) Jenkins
5 943 (10.96%) JIRA
6 657 (7.64%) WebDriver
7 564 (6.56%) JUnit
8 560 (6.51%) Maven
9 483 (5.62%) SpecFlow
10 447 (5.20%) Team Foundation Server
11 407 (4.73%) NUnit
12 387 (4.50%) TeamCity
13 333 (3.87%) SoapUI
14 313 (3.64%) Visual Studio
15 298 (3.46%) Gradle
16 270 (3.14%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 254 (2.95%) JMeter
18 193 (2.24%) Bitbucket
19 187 (2.17%) Jasmine
20 186 (2.16%) gulp
General
1 1,407 (16.36%) Finance
2 582 (6.77%) Games
3 520 (6.05%) Retail
4 460 (5.35%) Banking
5 431 (5.01%) Marketing
6 428 (4.98%) Advertising
7 223 (2.59%) Electronics
8 165 (1.92%) Telecoms
9 99 (1.15%) Manufacturing
10 83 (0.97%) Music Industry
11 69 (0.80%) Investment Banking
12 63 (0.73%) Law
13 56 (0.65%) Financial Institution
14 55 (0.64%) Publishing
15 44 (0.51%) Back Office
16 38 (0.44%) Legal
17 26 (0.30%) Automotive
18 23 (0.27%) Military
19 17 (0.20%) Front Office
20 15 (0.17%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 5,348 (62.18%) Developer
2 2,544 (29.58%) .NET Developer
3 1,105 (12.85%) C# Developer
4 976 (11.35%) Java Developer
5 820 (9.53%) C# .NET Developer
6 692 (8.05%) Senior Developer
7 566 (6.58%) Software Developer
8 557 (6.48%) ASP.NET Developer
9 548 (6.37%) C# ASP.NET Developer
10 523 (6.08%) Tester
11 521 (6.06%) Software Engineer
12 503 (5.85%) Test Engineer
13 463 (5.38%) Analyst
14 444 (5.16%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
15 398 (4.63%) QA Engineer
16 384 (4.46%) Automation Tester
17 317 (3.69%) Developer in Test
18 314 (3.65%) Agile Developer
19 296 (3.44%) Java Engineer
20 285 (3.31%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,627 (42.17%) .NET
2 2,664 (30.97%) ASP.NET
3 2,486 (28.90%) RESTful
4 2,415 (28.08%) ASP.NET MVC
5 2,062 (23.97%) ASP.NET Web API
6 1,878 (21.83%) Node.js
7 1,844 (21.44%) AngularJS
8 1,737 (20.20%) ASP.NET MVC 5
9 1,508 (17.53%) HTML
10 1,500 (17.44%) WCF
11 1,364 (15.86%) CSS
12 1,253 (14.57%) .NET Framework
13 1,059 (12.31%) Web Services
14 1,033 (12.01%) Entity Framework
15 846 (9.84%) REST
16 819 (9.52%) Spring
17 777 (9.03%) HTML5
18 730 (8.49%) React
19 721 (8.38%) Code First Entity Framework
20 690 (8.02%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 1,082 (12.58%) Greenfield Project
2 639 (7.43%) User Experience
3 464 (5.39%) Enterprise Software
4 433 (5.03%) Computer Science
5 390 (4.53%) Mobile App
6 333 (3.87%) Analytical Skills
7 325 (3.78%) Fintech
8 127 (1.48%) Algorithms
8 127 (1.48%) Self-Motivation
9 113 (1.31%) Data Structures
10 93 (1.08%) Tandem
11 87 (1.01%) Social Media
12 76 (0.88%) Digital TV
13 75 (0.87%) Virtual Team
14 71 (0.83%) Cloud Native
15 70 (0.81%) BBC
15 70 (0.81%) Social Network
16 56 (0.65%) Linux Command Line
17 55 (0.64%) Xbox
18 51 (0.59%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 698 (8.12%) Linux
2 451 (5.24%) Windows
3 351 (4.08%) Android
4 306 (3.56%) Apple iOS
5 167 (1.94%) Unix
6 28 (0.33%) Mac OS
7 27 (0.31%) Nucleus RTOS
7 27 (0.31%) Windows Phone
8 24 (0.28%) Ubuntu
9 23 (0.27%) CentOS
9 23 (0.27%) Windows Server
10 17 (0.20%) FreeBSD
11 13 (0.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 10 (0.12%) Amazon Linux
13 7 (0.081%) Debian
14 6 (0.070%) CoreOS
15 3 (0.035%) Solaris
16 2 (0.023%) FreeRTOS
16 2 (0.023%) Mac OS X
16 2 (0.023%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,335 (85.28%) TDD
2 7,138 (82.99%) Agile Software Development
3 3,120 (36.27%) MVC
4 2,783 (32.36%) Scrum
5 2,677 (31.12%) Test Automation
6 2,055 (23.89%) Continuous Integration
7 1,964 (22.83%) Web Application Development
8 1,520 (17.67%) Software Engineering
9 1,235 (14.36%) Kanban
10 1,160 (13.49%) OO
11 1,126 (13.09%) DevOps
12 989 (11.50%) Microservices
13 807 (9.38%) Problem-Solving
14 680 (7.91%) Mentoring
15 679 (7.89%) SDLC
16 615 (7.15%) Unit Testing
17 606 (7.05%) Open Source
18 599 (6.96%) Continuous Delivery
19 598 (6.95%) E-Commerce
19 598 (6.95%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 4,186 (48.67%) C#
2 3,111 (36.17%) Java
3 2,588 (30.09%) JavaScript
4 1,745 (20.29%) Ruby
5 1,744 (20.28%) SQL
6 950 (11.05%) Python
7 595 (6.92%) Java 8
8 468 (5.44%) Scala
9 384 (4.46%) PHP
10 360 (4.19%) C++
11 313 (3.64%) TypeScript
12 217 (2.52%) T-SQL
13 206 (2.40%) VB.NET
14 195 (2.27%) ES6
15 186 (2.16%) C
16 171 (1.99%) Groovy
17 141 (1.64%) Objective-C
18 116 (1.35%) Apple Swift
19 109 (1.27%) Shell Script
20 101 (1.17%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 697 (8.10%) Degree
2 220 (2.56%) ISEB
3 206 (2.40%) Security Cleared
4 163 (1.90%) Computer Science Degree
5 158 (1.84%) ISTQB
6 141 (1.64%) SC Cleared
7 69 (0.80%) Microsoft Certification
8 51 (0.59%) SAFe Agilist
9 33 (0.38%) MCPD
10 32 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 25 (0.29%) DV Cleared
12 23 (0.27%) Master's Degree
13 15 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
14 14 (0.16%) PMI Certification
15 12 (0.14%) PhD
16 10 (0.12%) MCP
17 9 (0.10%) MCAD
17 9 (0.10%) MCSD
17 9 (0.10%) MCTS
18 8 (0.093%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,295 (15.06%) QA
2 35 (0.41%) GCP
3 14 (0.16%) GDPR
3 14 (0.16%) PSD2
4 13 (0.15%) PMO
5 11 (0.13%) Data Quality
6 9 (0.10%) SLA
7 4 (0.047%) MiFID
7 4 (0.047%) WCAG
8 2 (0.023%) EMIR
8 2 (0.023%) ISO 13485
8 2 (0.023%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 653 (7.59%) Docker
2 41 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
3 27 (0.31%) Firmware
4 24 (0.28%) HDFS
5 23 (0.27%) Active Directory
6 20 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
7 13 (0.15%) Hyper-V
8 12 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 10 (0.12%) Apache Flume
10 7 (0.081%) VirtualBox
11 3 (0.035%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.012%) iptables
12 1 (0.012%) Varnish
12 1 (0.012%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 251 (2.92%) Ansible
2 233 (2.71%) Puppet
3 223 (2.59%) Opscode Chef
4 172 (2.00%) Kubernetes
5 84 (0.98%) HockeyApp
6 68 (0.79%) Terraform
7 64 (0.74%) Kibana
8 41 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
9 27 (0.31%) HP ALM
10 22 (0.26%) Mesos
11 19 (0.22%) Salt
12 18 (0.21%) Marathon
13 17 (0.20%) Cobbler
13 17 (0.20%) Icinga
14 11 (0.13%) ZABBIX
15 9 (0.10%) logstash
16 8 (0.093%) CA Service Virtualization
17 7 (0.081%) Grafana
18 6 (0.070%) Ambari
18 6 (0.070%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 947 (11.01%) Microsoft
2 363 (4.22%) Google
3 356 (4.14%) Oracle
4 323 (3.76%) Facebook
5 198 (2.30%) Atlassian
6 124 (1.44%) Apple
7 95 (1.10%) Splunk
8 91 (1.06%) SAP
9 85 (0.99%) Xamarin
10 83 (0.97%) Capita
11 80 (0.93%) AppDynamics
12 70 (0.81%) Yahoo!
13 69 (0.80%) HP
13 69 (0.80%) Sony
14 66 (0.77%) Sitecore
15 59 (0.69%) WorldPay
16 49 (0.57%) Salesforce.com
17 48 (0.56%) VMware
18 43 (0.50%) IBM
19 42 (0.49%) ATG