Period
to 6 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 6 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
6 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 103 83 80
Rank change year-on-year -20 -3 -27
Permanent jobs citing BDD 2,745 3,766 5,317
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.12% 3.69% 3.62%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.36% 4.00% 3.92%
Number of salaries quoted 2,201 3,032 4,264
10th Percentile £41,250 £35,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £50,000 £42,500 £40,625
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +10.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £86,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 81,609 94,244 135,671
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.66% 92.26% 92.34%
Number of salaries quoted 61,819 75,665 107,345
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 6 May 2021.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 6 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -19 2,444 £62,500 +7.76% 519
London -22 1,352 £70,000 +7.69% 240
UK excluding London -32 1,205 £55,000 +10.00% 316
Work from Home -58 556 £62,500 +8.70% 92
South East +31 423 £55,000 - 78
North of England -90 241 £52,500 +5.00% 87
South West -15 184 £52,500 +5.00% 38
Yorkshire -58 135 £52,500 +10.53% 16
Midlands -22 130 £55,000 +6.82% 44
Scotland -8 114 £52,500 +5.00% 28
West Midlands +3 100 £55,000 +10.00% 30
North West -76 99 £55,000 +4.76% 61
East of England -30 78 £63,000 +9.57% 29
East Midlands -40 27 £42,500 -22.73% 13
Wales -9 25 £45,000 - 8
Northern Ireland +16 12 £44,500 - 4
North East -18 7 £67,500 +50.00% 10

For the 6 months to 6 May 2021, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 2,072 (75.48%) Agile Software Development
2 2,029 (73.92%) TDD
3 1,120 (40.80%) Java
4 1,088 (39.64%) Test Automation
5 952 (34.68%) C#
6 949 (34.57%) JavaScript
7 882 (32.13%) DevOps
8 837 (30.49%) Microservices
9 792 (28.85%) AWS
10 768 (27.98%) Azure
11 741 (26.99%) Scrum
12 669 (24.37%) Selenium
13 633 (23.06%) .NET
14 588 (21.42%) SQL
15 581 (21.17%) Software Engineering
16 576 (20.98%) QA
17 552 (20.11%) Continuous Integration
18 523 (19.05%) React
19 517 (18.83%) Git (software)
20 506 (18.43%) Docker
21 482 (17.56%) Python
22 456 (16.61%) Jenkins
23 455 (16.58%) Cucumber
23 455 (16.58%) Finance
24 454 (16.54%) AngularJS
25 442 (16.10%) Social Skills
26 438 (15.96%) Spring
27 434 (15.81%) Kubernetes
28 413 (15.05%) CSS
29 409 (14.90%) HTML

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 133 (4.85%) Confluence
2 77 (2.81%) Elasticsearch
3 63 (2.30%) Tomcat
4 45 (1.64%) CMS
5 37 (1.35%) ColdFusion
6 34 (1.24%) Apache
7 25 (0.91%) Oracle Workflow
8 24 (0.87%) Apache Spark
9 19 (0.69%) GemFire
10 14 (0.51%) Drupal
10 14 (0.51%) IIS
10 14 (0.51%) JBoss
10 14 (0.51%) Red Hat Fuse
11 13 (0.47%) Mule
11 13 (0.47%) Mule ESB
11 13 (0.47%) NServiceBus
12 12 (0.44%) Apache Solr
13 11 (0.40%) Headless CMS
13 11 (0.40%) nginx
14 10 (0.36%) Umbraco
Applications
1 13 (0.47%) Adobe Illustrator
1 13 (0.47%) Chatbot
2 6 (0.22%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.18%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.11%) Figma
5 2 (0.073%) EngageOne
6 1 (0.036%) Adobe XD
6 1 (0.036%) Microsoft Office
6 1 (0.036%) Mingle
6 1 (0.036%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.036%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 17 (0.62%) Payment Gateway
2 14 (0.51%) Shopify
3 4 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.073%) Endur
6 1 (0.036%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.036%) Magento
6 1 (0.036%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.036%) Oracle Receivables
6 1 (0.036%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 792 (28.85%) AWS
2 768 (27.98%) Azure
3 242 (8.82%) GCP
4 238 (8.67%) Serverless
5 175 (6.38%) SaaS
6 106 (3.86%) AWS Lambda
6 106 (3.86%) GitHub
7 77 (2.81%) Azure Functions
8 73 (2.66%) PaaS
9 65 (2.37%) BrowserStack
10 64 (2.33%) AWS CloudFormation
11 60 (2.19%) Azure Service Bus
12 57 (2.08%) Amazon EC2
13 50 (1.82%) Amazon SQS
14 41 (1.49%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 36 (1.31%) Azure Service Fabric
16 34 (1.24%) Firebase
17 32 (1.17%) Amazon ECS
17 32 (1.17%) Azure Event Grid
17 32 (1.17%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 61 (2.22%) HTTP
2 40 (1.46%) Internet
3 29 (1.06%) Skype
4 13 (0.47%) Broadband
5 12 (0.44%) DNS
6 10 (0.36%) SSH
7 5 (0.18%) RTP
8 4 (0.15%) H.323
8 4 (0.15%) Network Security
9 3 (0.11%) AMQP
9 3 (0.11%) SAN
9 3 (0.11%) SMTP
9 3 (0.11%) TCP/IP
10 2 (0.073%) SSL
10 2 (0.073%) VoIP
10 2 (0.073%) Wi-Fi
11 1 (0.036%) Firewall
11 1 (0.036%) HTTPS
11 1 (0.036%) IPv6
11 1 (0.036%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 360 (13.11%) SQL Server
2 241 (8.78%) NoSQL
3 222 (8.09%) MongoDB
4 163 (5.94%) Relational Database
5 159 (5.79%) PostgreSQL
6 116 (4.23%) MySQL
7 84 (3.06%) Redis
8 75 (2.73%) Big Data
9 51 (1.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 45 (1.64%) Azure SQL Database
11 34 (1.24%) Apache Cassandra
12 31 (1.13%) RDBMS
13 27 (0.98%) SQL Server 2019
14 22 (0.80%) Amazon RDS
15 21 (0.77%) Data Warehouse
15 21 (0.77%) Oracle Database
16 17 (0.62%) SQL Server 2012
17 15 (0.55%) HBase
17 15 (0.55%) MariaDB
18 13 (0.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 669 (24.37%) Selenium
2 517 (18.83%) Git (software)
3 456 (16.61%) Jenkins
4 455 (16.58%) Cucumber
5 360 (13.11%) JIRA
6 278 (10.13%) SpecFlow
7 190 (6.92%) WebDriver
8 184 (6.70%) Maven
9 170 (6.19%) Postman
10 146 (5.32%) Cypress.io
11 138 (5.03%) JUnit
12 123 (4.48%) Appium
13 110 (4.01%) NUnit
14 95 (3.46%) TeamCity
15 87 (3.17%) JMeter
16 80 (2.91%) GitLab
17 77 (2.81%) Visual Studio
18 61 (2.22%) REST Assured
19 60 (2.19%) Octopus Deploy
20 58 (2.11%) SoapUI
General
1 455 (16.58%) Finance
2 442 (16.10%) Social Skills
3 194 (7.07%) Banking
4 185 (6.74%) Marketing
5 181 (6.59%) Public Sector
6 148 (5.39%) Retail
7 84 (3.06%) Games
8 74 (2.70%) Analytical Skills
9 62 (2.26%) Organisational Skills
10 60 (2.19%) Electronics
11 55 (2.00%) Manufacturing
12 53 (1.93%) Influencing Skills
13 52 (1.89%) Investment Banking
14 48 (1.75%) Financial Institution
15 41 (1.49%) Advertising
15 41 (1.49%) Law
16 38 (1.38%) Back Office
17 34 (1.24%) Telecoms
18 31 (1.13%) Automotive
19 29 (1.06%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,181 (43.02%) Developer
2 377 (13.73%) Software Engineer
3 321 (11.69%) Java Developer
3 321 (11.69%) Senior Developer
4 240 (8.74%) Test Engineer
5 230 (8.38%) .NET Developer
6 182 (6.63%) QA Engineer
7 179 (6.52%) Full Stack Developer
8 175 (6.38%) Software Developer
9 170 (6.19%) Analyst
10 165 (6.01%) C# Developer
11 148 (5.39%) Java Engineer
12 143 (5.21%) Senior Software Engineer
13 118 (4.30%) Tester
14 111 (4.04%) Test Automation Engineer
15 108 (3.93%) C# .NET Developer
16 101 (3.68%) JavaScript Developer
17 98 (3.57%) Development Engineer
18 97 (3.53%) Lead Developer
18 97 (3.53%) Software Development Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 633 (23.06%) .NET
2 523 (19.05%) React
3 454 (16.54%) AngularJS
4 438 (15.96%) Spring
5 413 (15.05%) CSS
6 409 (14.90%) HTML
7 391 (14.24%) Node.js
7 391 (14.24%) REST
8 364 (13.26%) RESTful
9 356 (12.97%) .NET Core
10 339 (12.35%) Web Services
11 207 (7.54%) HTML5
12 205 (7.47%) ASP.NET
13 200 (7.29%) Spring Boot
14 187 (6.81%) Gherkin
15 169 (6.16%) CSS3
16 153 (5.57%) Hibernate
17 145 (5.28%) Kafka
18 142 (5.17%) .NET Framework
19 131 (4.77%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 260 (9.47%) Mobile App
2 194 (7.07%) Greenfield Project
3 125 (4.55%) User Experience
4 86 (3.13%) EPoS
5 76 (2.77%) Self-Motivation
6 73 (2.66%) Cloud Native
7 69 (2.51%) Algorithms
8 68 (2.48%) Data Structures
9 58 (2.11%) Management Information System
10 44 (1.60%) Enterprise Software
11 43 (1.57%) iPad
11 43 (1.57%) NHS
12 27 (0.98%) Linux Command Line
13 21 (0.77%) Blog
14 18 (0.66%) Data Centre
14 18 (0.66%) Equities
14 18 (0.66%) Internet of Things
14 18 (0.66%) Over-the-Top Content
15 17 (0.62%) Social Network
16 16 (0.58%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 187 (6.81%) Linux
2 100 (3.64%) Android
3 76 (2.77%) Apple iOS
4 64 (2.33%) Unix
5 49 (1.79%) Windows
6 2 (0.073%) Mac OS X
6 2 (0.073%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.036%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.036%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,072 (75.48%) Agile Software Development
2 2,029 (73.92%) TDD
3 1,088 (39.64%) Test Automation
4 882 (32.13%) DevOps
5 837 (30.49%) Microservices
6 741 (26.99%) Scrum
7 581 (21.17%) Software Engineering
8 552 (20.11%) Continuous Integration
9 407 (14.83%) Mentoring
10 385 (14.03%) OO
11 378 (13.77%) Software Testing
12 331 (12.06%) SDLC
13 317 (11.55%) Continuous Delivery
14 311 (11.33%) Fintech
15 306 (11.15%) Kanban
16 229 (8.34%) Pair Programming
17 218 (7.94%) Problem-Solving
18 214 (7.80%) MVC
19 210 (7.65%) SDET
20 184 (6.70%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 1,120 (40.80%) Java
2 952 (34.68%) C#
3 949 (34.57%) JavaScript
4 588 (21.42%) SQL
5 482 (17.56%) Python
6 304 (11.07%) TypeScript
7 158 (5.76%) Java 8
8 101 (3.68%) PHP
9 90 (3.28%) Go
10 87 (3.17%) Ruby
11 81 (2.95%) Scala
12 71 (2.59%) C++
13 56 (2.04%) Bash Shell
14 51 (1.86%) Groovy
14 51 (1.86%) Kotlin
15 47 (1.71%) PowerShell
16 44 (1.60%) C
17 41 (1.49%) ES6
18 37 (1.35%) Shell Script
19 30 (1.09%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 219 (7.98%) Degree
2 126 (4.59%) ISTQB
3 114 (4.15%) Security Cleared
4 98 (3.57%) SC Cleared
5 84 (3.06%) ISEB
6 82 (2.99%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 62 (2.26%) Computer Science Degree
8 17 (0.62%) Microsoft Certification
9 12 (0.44%) OCP
9 12 (0.44%) Oracle Certification
10 9 (0.33%) DV Cleared
11 8 (0.29%) OSCP
12 7 (0.26%) OSCE
13 5 (0.18%) AWS Certification
13 5 (0.18%) CITP
14 4 (0.15%) ISEB Practitioner
15 3 (0.11%) HNC
15 3 (0.11%) IIBA
16 2 (0.073%) APMG
16 2 (0.073%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 576 (20.98%) QA
2 34 (1.24%) Data Quality
3 20 (0.73%) GDPR
4 13 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.29%) SOC 2
6 7 (0.26%) NIST
6 7 (0.26%) PCI DSS
6 7 (0.26%) SOC 1
7 5 (0.18%) ISO 20022
7 5 (0.18%) ISO 9001
8 2 (0.073%) MiFID
8 2 (0.073%) SEPA
9 1 (0.036%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.036%) ISO 13485
9 1 (0.036%) WCAG
System Software
1 506 (18.43%) Docker
2 31 (1.13%) NDS
3 30 (1.09%) Active Directory
3 30 (1.09%) NetIQ eDirectory
4 18 (0.66%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.44%) HDFS
6 8 (0.29%) Postfix
7 5 (0.18%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.18%) Xen
8 4 (0.15%) Firmware
8 4 (0.15%) vSphere
9 1 (0.036%) KVM
9 1 (0.036%) LXC
Systems Management
1 434 (15.81%) Kubernetes
2 136 (4.95%) Terraform
3 107 (3.90%) Ansible
4 66 (2.40%) Puppet
5 50 (1.82%) Opscode Chef
6 28 (1.02%) NetIQ Identity Manager
7 24 (0.87%) Istio
8 23 (0.84%) HP Quality Center
9 19 (0.69%) Kibana
9 19 (0.69%) Prometheus
10 17 (0.62%) Fortio
10 17 (0.62%) Kiali
11 13 (0.47%) MIIS
12 9 (0.33%) Grafana
13 7 (0.26%) Consul
13 7 (0.26%) linkerd
14 6 (0.22%) Docker Swarm
14 6 (0.22%) Rancher
15 5 (0.18%) Salt
16 4 (0.15%) Mesos
Vendors
1 289 (10.53%) Microsoft
2 119 (4.34%) Oracle
3 102 (3.72%) Google
4 36 (1.31%) SAP
5 35 (1.28%) Xamarin
6 34 (1.24%) VMware
7 31 (1.13%) ForgeRock
7 31 (1.13%) NetIQ
8 30 (1.09%) Splunk
9 28 (1.02%) Atlassian
10 25 (0.91%) Okta
11 24 (0.87%) IBM
11 24 (0.87%) Salesforce.com
12 23 (0.84%) New Relic
13 21 (0.77%) Adobe
14 14 (0.51%) AppDynamics
15 13 (0.47%) Elastic Path
16 12 (0.44%) HP
17 11 (0.40%) ESRI
17 11 (0.40%) Pega