Period
to 29 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 29 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
29 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 112 85 89
Rank change year-on-year -27 +4 -16
Permanent jobs citing BDD 3,936 2,010 4,682
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.06% 3.71% 3.46%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.24% 3.99% 3.74%
Number of salaries quoted 2,103 1,736 3,592
10th Percentile £40,000 £39,500 £35,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £48,750 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £62,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year -4.00% +13.64% -
75th Percentile £76,250 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £83,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £54,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +9.00% - +5.26%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 121,446 50,358 125,293
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.34% 92.91% 92.58%
Number of salaries quoted 80,609 42,246 100,493
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,000 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +2.44%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% -

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 29 November 2021.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 29 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -39 3,140 £62,500 - 677
UK excluding London -3 1,878 £54,500 +9.00% 398
London -53 1,705 £70,000 +3.70% 319
Work from Home -25 852 £62,500 +4.17% 134
South East -18 591 £55,000 +4.76% 86
North of England -28 357 £52,500 +5.00% 137
Scotland +31 267 £47,500 -17.39% 30
North West +9 214 £52,500 +5.00% 83
Midlands -19 204 £50,500 -8.18% 46
South West -52 165 £55,000 +10.00% 49
Wales +24 146 £45,000 +28.57% 11
Yorkshire -60 129 £57,500 +21.05% 38
Northern Ireland +22 114 £47,500 +18.75% 6
West Midlands -68 104 £50,000 -9.09% 31
East Midlands +6 99 £50,500 +3.59% 15
East of England -119 44 £65,000 +8.33% 33
North East -51 14 £32,500 -27.78% 16

For the 6 months to 29 November 2021, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,235 (82.19%) Agile Software Development
2 2,899 (73.65%) TDD
3 1,913 (48.60%) Java
4 1,569 (39.86%) Scrum
5 1,441 (36.61%) Test Automation
6 1,391 (35.34%) Microservices
7 1,233 (31.33%) JavaScript
8 1,204 (30.59%) C#
9 1,202 (30.54%) DevOps
10 1,136 (28.86%) Git (software)
11 1,092 (27.74%) Software Engineering
12 1,065 (27.06%) React
13 1,008 (25.61%) AWS
14 994 (25.25%) Azure
15 987 (25.08%) Jenkins
16 951 (24.16%) .NET
17 937 (23.81%) Docker
18 932 (23.68%) Spring
19 922 (23.42%) Node.js
20 914 (23.22%) Continuous Integration
21 883 (22.43%) SQL
22 851 (21.62%) Python
23 838 (21.29%) AngularJS
24 806 (20.48%) QA
25 792 (20.12%) Social Skills
26 717 (18.22%) Selenium
27 714 (18.14%) REST
28 702 (17.84%) RESTful
28 702 (17.84%) Full Stack Development
29 688 (17.48%) Mentoring

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 214 (5.44%) Confluence
2 162 (4.12%) Apache
3 154 (3.91%) Elasticsearch
4 111 (2.82%) Apache Spark
5 94 (2.39%) GemFire
6 78 (1.98%) CMS
7 30 (0.76%) Tomcat
8 26 (0.66%) nginx
9 22 (0.56%) Apache Solr
10 20 (0.51%) JBoss
11 19 (0.48%) SharePoint
12 17 (0.43%) OnBase
13 13 (0.33%) IIS
13 13 (0.33%) WordPress
14 12 (0.30%) Headless CMS
15 11 (0.28%) Camunda
16 10 (0.25%) Cloud Foundry
16 10 (0.25%) OpenStack
17 8 (0.20%) Jetty
17 8 (0.20%) Umbraco
Applications
1 20 (0.51%) Figma
2 12 (0.30%) Sketch
3 7 (0.18%) Chatbot
4 6 (0.15%) EngageOne
4 6 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.15%) PlantUML
5 5 (0.13%) MS Visio
6 4 (0.10%) Microsoft Excel
7 3 (0.076%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.025%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.025%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.025%) Mingle
8 1 (0.025%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 35 (0.89%) Payment Gateway
2 29 (0.74%) Shopify
3 16 (0.41%) Magento
4 4 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
5 3 (0.076%) SDL Web 8
6 2 (0.051%) Actimize
6 2 (0.051%) Distributed Ledger
6 2 (0.051%) Loan IQ
Cloud Services
1 1,008 (25.61%) AWS
2 994 (25.25%) Azure
3 557 (14.15%) GitHub
4 489 (12.42%) Serverless
5 376 (9.55%) GCP
6 201 (5.11%) AWS Lambda
7 198 (5.03%) SaaS
8 166 (4.22%) Amazon S3
9 118 (3.00%) OpenShift
10 115 (2.92%) Amazon EC2
11 107 (2.72%) Amazon Kinesis
12 101 (2.57%) Amazon SQS
13 92 (2.34%) Amazon ECS
14 86 (2.18%) npm
15 84 (2.13%) AWS CloudFormation
16 63 (1.60%) PaaS
17 62 (1.58%) CloudFront
18 52 (1.32%) Amazon Cognito
19 44 (1.12%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 44 (1.12%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 129 (3.28%) HTTP
2 81 (2.06%) Broadband
3 55 (1.40%) Internet
4 34 (0.86%) DNS
5 32 (0.81%) AMQP
6 16 (0.41%) MQTT
6 16 (0.41%) WebEx
7 13 (0.33%) DSL
8 9 (0.23%) Wireshark
9 8 (0.20%) SMTP
10 7 (0.18%) RTP
10 7 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
11 5 (0.13%) 5G
11 5 (0.13%) ZigBee
12 3 (0.076%) Firewall
13 2 (0.051%) Network Security
14 1 (0.025%) 2G
14 1 (0.025%) H.323
14 1 (0.025%) Reverse Proxy
14 1 (0.025%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 482 (12.25%) MongoDB
2 431 (10.95%) NoSQL
3 352 (8.94%) PostgreSQL
4 325 (8.26%) SQL Server
5 320 (8.13%) Big Data
6 277 (7.04%) Redis
7 265 (6.73%) Relational Database
8 204 (5.18%) MySQL
9 134 (3.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 109 (2.77%) HBase
11 98 (2.49%) MariaDB
12 86 (2.18%) Amazon RDS
13 64 (1.63%) Amazon Athena
14 53 (1.35%) Amazon Aurora
15 42 (1.07%) RDBMS
16 39 (0.99%) Apache Cassandra
17 28 (0.71%) Blockchain
18 27 (0.69%) SQL Server 2019
19 25 (0.64%) Data Warehouse
20 24 (0.61%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 1,136 (28.86%) Git (software)
2 987 (25.08%) Jenkins
3 717 (18.22%) Selenium
4 582 (14.79%) Cucumber
5 497 (12.63%) JIRA
6 372 (9.45%) Postman
7 335 (8.51%) Cypress.io
8 311 (7.90%) JMeter
9 279 (7.09%) SpecFlow
10 236 (6.00%) JUnit
11 221 (5.61%) REST Assured
12 210 (5.34%) WebDriver
13 202 (5.13%) Maven
14 186 (4.73%) TeamCity
15 183 (4.65%) Gradle
16 171 (4.34%) Mockito
17 168 (4.27%) GitLab
18 159 (4.04%) Newman
19 141 (3.58%) Octopus Deploy
20 139 (3.53%) SonarQube
General
1 792 (20.12%) Social Skills
2 650 (16.51%) Finance
3 350 (8.89%) Banking
4 320 (8.13%) Public Sector
5 246 (6.25%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 223 (5.67%) Retail
7 155 (3.94%) Law
8 122 (3.10%) Analytical Skills
9 87 (2.21%) Games
10 86 (2.18%) Advertising
11 69 (1.75%) Publishing
12 60 (1.52%) Marketing
13 42 (1.07%) Legal
14 41 (1.04%) Automotive
15 38 (0.97%) Investment Banking
16 37 (0.94%) Back Office
17 34 (0.86%) Pharmaceutical
18 33 (0.84%) Financial Institution
19 31 (0.79%) Retail Banking
20 26 (0.66%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 1,832 (46.54%) Developer
2 582 (14.79%) Software Engineer
3 565 (14.35%) Java Developer
4 503 (12.78%) Senior Developer
5 361 (9.17%) Software Developer
6 292 (7.42%) Analyst
7 244 (6.20%) .NET Developer
8 238 (6.05%) Full Stack Developer
9 237 (6.02%) Test Engineer
10 199 (5.06%) Test Analyst
11 191 (4.85%) QA Engineer
12 171 (4.34%) Automation Test Analyst
13 163 (4.14%) Senior Software Developer
14 156 (3.96%) Senior Software Engineer
15 151 (3.84%) C# Developer
16 150 (3.81%) React Developer
17 143 (3.63%) Tester
18 137 (3.48%) Lead Developer
19 126 (3.20%) Senior Java Developer
20 119 (3.02%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,065 (27.06%) React
2 951 (24.16%) .NET
3 932 (23.68%) Spring
4 922 (23.42%) Node.js
5 838 (21.29%) AngularJS
6 714 (18.14%) REST
7 702 (17.84%) RESTful
8 538 (13.67%) CSS
9 484 (12.30%) Web Services
10 483 (12.27%) Hibernate
11 466 (11.84%) HTML
12 346 (8.79%) .NET Core
13 310 (7.88%) GraphQL
13 310 (7.88%) Kafka
14 306 (7.77%) Spring Boot
15 272 (6.91%) JSON
15 272 (6.91%) Redux
16 213 (5.41%) HTML5
16 213 (5.41%) RabbitMQ
17 210 (5.34%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 254 (6.45%) User Experience
2 171 (4.34%) Mobile App
3 170 (4.32%) Greenfield Project
4 128 (3.25%) Self-Motivation
5 116 (2.95%) Algorithms
6 106 (2.69%) Linux Command Line
7 97 (2.46%) Video\Live Streaming
8 92 (2.34%) Enterprise Software
9 81 (2.06%) Video on Demand
10 80 (2.03%) Cloud Native
11 79 (2.01%) Virtual Team
12 71 (1.80%) Data Structures
13 65 (1.65%) Over-the-Top Content
14 52 (1.32%) Social Media
15 50 (1.27%) BBC
16 42 (1.07%) Life Science
17 40 (1.02%) iPad
18 33 (0.84%) Internet of Things
19 32 (0.81%) Public Cloud
20 31 (0.79%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 295 (7.49%) Linux
2 171 (4.34%) Android
3 170 (4.32%) Unix
4 125 (3.18%) Apple iOS
5 116 (2.95%) Windows
6 34 (0.86%) Mesosphere
7 7 (0.18%) VMS
8 4 (0.10%) Tizen
8 4 (0.10%) webOS
8 4 (0.10%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.025%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.025%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,235 (82.19%) Agile Software Development
2 2,899 (73.65%) TDD
3 1,569 (39.86%) Scrum
4 1,441 (36.61%) Test Automation
5 1,391 (35.34%) Microservices
6 1,202 (30.54%) DevOps
7 1,092 (27.74%) Software Engineering
8 914 (23.22%) Continuous Integration
9 702 (17.84%) Full Stack Development
10 688 (17.48%) Mentoring
11 515 (13.08%) Coaching
12 494 (12.55%) Problem-Solving
13 480 (12.20%) Open Source
14 461 (11.71%) Software Testing
15 441 (11.20%) SOLID
16 436 (11.08%) User Stories
17 426 (10.82%) Continuous Improvement
18 422 (10.72%) Kanban
19 393 (9.98%) SOA
20 376 (9.55%) OO
Programming Languages
1 1,913 (48.60%) Java
2 1,233 (31.33%) JavaScript
3 1,204 (30.59%) C#
4 883 (22.43%) SQL
5 851 (21.62%) Python
6 429 (10.90%) TypeScript
7 323 (8.21%) Java 8
8 239 (6.07%) PHP
9 173 (4.40%) Scala
10 167 (4.24%) Go
11 166 (4.22%) Ruby
12 141 (3.58%) Groovy
13 130 (3.30%) Shell Script
14 102 (2.59%) PowerShell
15 101 (2.57%) Kotlin
16 93 (2.36%) C
17 89 (2.26%) ES6
18 71 (1.80%) Bash Shell
19 65 (1.65%) Java 11
20 64 (1.63%) C++
Qualifications
1 626 (15.90%) Security Cleared
2 598 (15.19%) SC Cleared
3 388 (9.86%) Degree
4 152 (3.86%) Computer Science Degree
5 97 (2.46%) OCP
5 97 (2.46%) Oracle Certification
6 83 (2.11%) ISTQB
7 39 (0.99%) ISEB
8 29 (0.74%) Master's Degree
9 24 (0.61%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 17 (0.43%) HND
11 9 (0.23%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 9 (0.23%) SAFe Agilist
12 6 (0.15%) DV Cleared
12 6 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
13 3 (0.076%) CITP
13 3 (0.076%) ISEB Practitioner
14 2 (0.051%) CTC Cleared
15 1 (0.025%) CEH
15 1 (0.025%) IIBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 806 (20.48%) QA
2 92 (2.34%) Accessibility
3 12 (0.30%) WAI
4 7 (0.18%) GDPR
5 4 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (0.10%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.10%) SLA
6 2 (0.051%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 2 (0.051%) PSD2
7 1 (0.025%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.025%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.025%) NCSC
7 1 (0.025%) SEPA
7 1 (0.025%) SOC 2
System Software
1 937 (23.81%) Docker
2 101 (2.57%) HDFS
3 74 (1.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (0.61%) Postfix
5 8 (0.20%) Active Directory
6 7 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 7 (0.18%) Firmware
7 2 (0.051%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.051%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 555 (14.10%) Kubernetes
2 398 (10.11%) Terraform
3 217 (5.51%) Ansible
4 93 (2.36%) Opscode Chef
5 76 (1.93%) Kibana
6 60 (1.52%) Puppet
7 56 (1.42%) logstash
8 53 (1.35%) Grafana
9 40 (1.02%) Opsgenie
10 34 (0.86%) Automic
10 34 (0.86%) Prometheus
11 33 (0.84%) Consul
12 24 (0.61%) Graphite
12 24 (0.61%) Graylog
13 20 (0.51%) MIIS
14 19 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
15 16 (0.41%) HAProxy
15 16 (0.41%) Pingdom
15 16 (0.41%) ZABBIX
16 15 (0.38%) Packer
Vendors
1 234 (5.95%) Microsoft
2 200 (5.08%) Google
3 130 (3.30%) Oracle
4 103 (2.62%) Okta
5 99 (2.52%) VMware
6 52 (1.32%) Cognizant
7 46 (1.17%) Splunk
8 34 (0.86%) New Relic
9 30 (0.76%) Salesforce.com
10 26 (0.66%) Xamarin
11 25 (0.64%) Elastic Path
12 24 (0.61%) Guidewire
13 22 (0.56%) HP
14 20 (0.51%) Apple
14 20 (0.51%) Bloomberg
15 19 (0.48%) Atlassian
16 18 (0.46%) Murex
17 17 (0.43%) Adobe
17 17 (0.43%) Hyland
18 16 (0.41%) Sun