Period
to 15 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 15 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
15 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 65 68 74
Rank change year-on-year +3 +6 +14
Permanent jobs citing BDD 7,057 8,145 7,471
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.29% 4.69% 3.92%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.71% 5.12% 4.32%
Number of salaries quoted 5,920 6,629 6,694
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £52,500
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.27%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 149,810 159,174 173,018
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.02% 91.57% 90.85%
Number of salaries quoted 119,232 125,620 144,140
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 15 October 2018.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 15 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 6,625 £55,000 +4.76% 1,035
UK excluding London +4 3,645 £47,500 +5.56% 616
London -8 3,333 £65,000 +8.33% 479
North of England +22 1,094 £45,000 +5.88% 169
South East -9 1,058 £50,000 +11.11% 156
North West +12 567 £47,500 +11.76% 81
Yorkshire +27 446 £45,000 - 71
South West -11 412 £45,000 - 89
Midlands -22 398 £45,000 - 92
East of England -7 334 £50,000 -4.76% 50
Scotland +20 256 £45,000 -10.00% 38
West Midlands -43 203 £45,000 -0.83% 56
East Midlands -5 195 £42,500 - 36
Wales +45 92 £43,750 +6.71% 15
North East +22 81 £45,000 +12.50% 17
Northern Ireland -5 19 £42,500 +16.44% 7

For the 6 months to 15 October 2018, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 5,856 (82.98%) TDD
2 5,585 (79.14%) Agile Software Development
3 3,286 (46.56%) C#
4 2,725 (38.61%) .NET
5 2,679 (37.96%) Java
6 2,590 (36.70%) JavaScript
7 2,306 (32.68%) Test Automation
8 2,273 (32.21%) Scrum
9 2,206 (31.26%) MVC
10 1,997 (28.30%) Continuous Integration
11 1,916 (27.15%) SQL Server
12 1,864 (26.41%) ASP.NET
13 1,762 (24.97%) SQL
14 1,746 (24.74%) Git (software)
15 1,666 (23.61%) RESTful
16 1,641 (23.25%) ASP.NET MVC
17 1,604 (22.73%) Selenium
18 1,592 (22.56%) AngularJS
19 1,385 (19.63%) ASP.NET Web API
20 1,342 (19.02%) HTML
21 1,309 (18.55%) Software Engineering
22 1,294 (18.34%) Finance
23 1,248 (17.68%) Web Application Development
24 1,233 (17.47%) CSS
25 1,231 (17.44%) Amazon AWS
26 1,210 (17.15%) NoSQL
27 1,180 (16.72%) Node.js
28 1,173 (16.62%) Cucumber
29 1,167 (16.54%) DevOps
30 1,127 (15.97%) QA

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 338 (4.79%) Confluence
2 233 (3.30%) Elasticsearch
3 214 (3.03%) CMS
4 137 (1.94%) Tomcat
5 110 (1.56%) Apache Spark
6 109 (1.54%) EPiServer
7 92 (1.30%) IIS
8 76 (1.08%) Apache
9 58 (0.82%) Sitecore CMS
10 57 (0.81%) MQSeries
11 54 (0.77%) JBoss
12 48 (0.68%) Cloud Foundry
13 43 (0.61%) WebLogic
14 37 (0.52%) OpenStack
15 34 (0.48%) nginx
15 34 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 32 (0.45%) Mule
17 31 (0.44%) SharePoint
18 29 (0.41%) Jetty
19 28 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 32 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
2 21 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
3 20 (0.28%) MS Visio
4 15 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
5 11 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.071%) Snapchat
7 3 (0.043%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.028%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.028%) Mingle
9 1 (0.014%) InDesign
9 1 (0.014%) Maya
Business Applications
1 44 (0.62%) Eloqua
2 29 (0.41%) Magento
3 17 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
4 12 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
5 11 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
6 7 (0.099%) Dynamics AX
6 7 (0.099%) Dynamics NAV
7 4 (0.057%) Distributed Ledger
8 2 (0.028%) Endur
9 1 (0.014%) Global One
9 1 (0.014%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 1,231 (17.44%) Amazon AWS
2 1,037 (14.69%) Microsoft Azure
3 185 (2.62%) GitHub
4 181 (2.56%) Google Cloud Platform
5 175 (2.48%) npm
6 158 (2.24%) Serverless
7 133 (1.88%) SaaS
8 103 (1.46%) Cloud Computing
9 89 (1.26%) PaaS
10 79 (1.12%) Amazon EC2
11 76 (1.08%) Slack
12 75 (1.06%) IaaS
13 45 (0.64%) BrowserStack
14 41 (0.58%) Amazon Kinesis
14 41 (0.58%) AWS Lambda
15 38 (0.54%) Office 365
16 37 (0.52%) AWS CloudFormation
17 34 (0.48%) G Suite
18 33 (0.47%) Sauce Labs
19 32 (0.45%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 326 (4.62%) Internet
2 131 (1.86%) HTTP
3 47 (0.67%) Hyperconnected
4 25 (0.35%) SSL
4 25 (0.35%) Wireless
5 21 (0.30%) Wi-Fi
6 20 (0.28%) TCP/IP
7 19 (0.27%) Bluetooth
7 19 (0.27%) IPv4
7 19 (0.27%) IPv6
8 18 (0.26%) VLAN
9 16 (0.23%) AMQP
10 12 (0.17%) OpenLDAP
11 11 (0.16%) Broadband
12 8 (0.11%) Skype
13 7 (0.099%) BIG-IP
13 7 (0.099%) Unified Communications
14 6 (0.085%) DNS
15 5 (0.071%) Intranet
16 4 (0.057%) ATM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,916 (27.15%) SQL Server
2 1,210 (17.15%) NoSQL
3 1,051 (14.89%) SQL Server 2016
4 484 (6.86%) MongoDB
5 357 (5.06%) MySQL
6 332 (4.70%) Relational Database
7 275 (3.90%) Big Data
8 274 (3.88%) PostgreSQL
9 153 (2.17%) Apache Cassandra
10 115 (1.63%) Hadoop
10 115 (1.63%) RDBMS
11 97 (1.37%) Redis
12 82 (1.16%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 73 (1.03%) Couchbase
14 63 (0.89%) CouchDB
15 55 (0.78%) Bigtable
16 44 (0.62%) Amazon Redshift
17 42 (0.60%) Blockchain
17 42 (0.60%) Data Warehouse
18 40 (0.57%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,746 (24.74%) Git (software)
2 1,604 (22.73%) Selenium
3 1,173 (16.62%) Cucumber
4 1,077 (15.26%) Jenkins
5 798 (11.31%) JIRA
6 611 (8.66%) SpecFlow
7 568 (8.05%) WebDriver
8 496 (7.03%) Maven
9 477 (6.76%) TeamCity
10 417 (5.91%) JUnit
11 392 (5.55%) Team Foundation Server
12 343 (4.86%) Visual Studio
13 316 (4.48%) SoapUI
14 285 (4.04%) NUnit
15 281 (3.98%) JMeter
16 233 (3.30%) Appium
17 227 (3.22%) Protractor
18 217 (3.07%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 217 (3.07%) Gradle
19 193 (2.73%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 1,294 (18.34%) Finance
2 555 (7.86%) Games
3 425 (6.02%) Retail
4 408 (5.78%) Banking
5 308 (4.36%) Marketing
6 204 (2.89%) Advertising
7 142 (2.01%) Electronics
8 105 (1.49%) Telecoms
9 84 (1.19%) Manufacturing
10 71 (1.01%) Investment Banking
11 66 (0.94%) Law
12 59 (0.84%) Publishing
13 41 (0.58%) Financial Institution
14 36 (0.51%) Military
15 35 (0.50%) Music Industry
16 30 (0.43%) Multimedia
17 28 (0.40%) Automotive
18 24 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
19 20 (0.28%) Back Office
19 20 (0.28%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 4,250 (60.22%) Developer
2 1,776 (25.17%) .NET Developer
3 1,073 (15.20%) C# Developer
4 841 (11.92%) Java Developer
5 763 (10.81%) C# .NET Developer
6 734 (10.40%) Senior Developer
7 510 (7.23%) Test Engineer
8 477 (6.76%) ASP.NET Developer
9 476 (6.75%) Software Engineer
10 474 (6.72%) Software Developer
11 443 (6.28%) C# ASP.NET Developer
12 427 (6.05%) Tester
13 414 (5.87%) Analyst
14 407 (5.77%) Developer in Test
15 320 (4.53%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
16 314 (4.45%) Automation Tester
17 306 (4.34%) QA Engineer
18 300 (4.25%) Lead Developer
19 291 (4.12%) Java Engineer
20 284 (4.02%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,725 (38.61%) .NET
2 1,864 (26.41%) ASP.NET
3 1,666 (23.61%) RESTful
4 1,641 (23.25%) ASP.NET MVC
5 1,592 (22.56%) AngularJS
6 1,385 (19.63%) ASP.NET Web API
7 1,342 (19.02%) HTML
8 1,233 (17.47%) CSS
9 1,180 (16.72%) Node.js
10 927 (13.14%) Web Services
11 880 (12.47%) .NET Framework
12 872 (12.36%) REST
13 784 (11.11%) Spring
14 739 (10.47%) WCF
15 725 (10.27%) HTML5
16 700 (9.92%) React
17 693 (9.82%) ASP.NET MVC 5
18 672 (9.52%) Entity Framework
19 658 (9.32%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 559 (7.92%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 834 (11.82%) Greenfield Project
2 587 (8.32%) User Experience
3 462 (6.55%) Computer Science
4 376 (5.33%) Enterprise Software
5 362 (5.13%) Fintech
6 339 (4.80%) Mobile App
7 327 (4.63%) Analytical Skills
8 122 (1.73%) Self-Motivation
9 100 (1.42%) Virtual Team
10 80 (1.13%) Cloud Native
11 77 (1.09%) Social Media
12 71 (1.01%) Data Structures
13 70 (0.99%) Algorithms
14 67 (0.95%) BBC
15 51 (0.72%) Blog
16 41 (0.58%) Management Information System
17 36 (0.51%) Digital TV
17 36 (0.51%) Robotics
18 33 (0.47%) Linux Command Line
19 32 (0.45%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 449 (6.36%) Linux
2 348 (4.93%) Windows
3 263 (3.73%) Android
4 227 (3.22%) Apple iOS
5 106 (1.50%) Unix
6 32 (0.45%) CentOS
7 25 (0.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 17 (0.24%) Ubuntu
9 12 (0.17%) Mesosphere
10 10 (0.14%) CoreOS
10 10 (0.14%) Debian
10 10 (0.14%) Nucleus RTOS
10 10 (0.14%) Windows Phone
11 8 (0.11%) FreeBSD
11 8 (0.11%) Solaris
12 7 (0.099%) Mac OS X
13 6 (0.085%) Windows Server
14 4 (0.057%) Mac OS
15 2 (0.028%) Windows XP
16 1 (0.014%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,856 (82.98%) TDD
2 5,585 (79.14%) Agile Software Development
3 2,306 (32.68%) Test Automation
4 2,273 (32.21%) Scrum
5 2,206 (31.26%) MVC
6 1,997 (28.30%) Continuous Integration
7 1,309 (18.55%) Software Engineering
8 1,248 (17.68%) Web Application Development
9 1,167 (16.54%) DevOps
10 1,080 (15.30%) Kanban
11 1,045 (14.81%) Microservices
12 897 (12.71%) OO
13 794 (11.25%) Continuous Delivery
14 723 (10.25%) Problem-Solving
15 634 (8.98%) Mentoring
16 562 (7.96%) SDLC
17 560 (7.94%) Unit Testing
18 558 (7.91%) Pair Programming
19 552 (7.82%) Open Source
20 509 (7.21%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 3,286 (46.56%) C#
2 2,679 (37.96%) Java
3 2,590 (36.70%) JavaScript
4 1,762 (24.97%) SQL
5 1,085 (15.37%) Ruby
6 913 (12.94%) Python
7 498 (7.06%) Java 8
8 355 (5.03%) Scala
9 326 (4.62%) PHP
10 243 (3.44%) TypeScript
11 238 (3.37%) C++
12 215 (3.05%) T-SQL
13 207 (2.93%) ES6
14 162 (2.30%) C
15 141 (2.00%) PowerShell
16 138 (1.96%) Go
17 109 (1.54%) Apple Swift
18 105 (1.49%) F#
19 104 (1.47%) Bash Shell
20 103 (1.46%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 775 (10.98%) Degree
2 236 (3.34%) Computer Science Degree
3 210 (2.98%) ISTQB
4 180 (2.55%) ISEB
5 161 (2.28%) Security Cleared
6 114 (1.62%) SC Cleared
7 48 (0.68%) SAFe Agilist
8 45 (0.64%) Microsoft Certification
9 41 (0.58%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 38 (0.54%) DV Cleared
11 29 (0.41%) Master's Degree
12 22 (0.31%) MCPD
13 19 (0.27%) PMI Certification
14 9 (0.13%) DBS Check
15 5 (0.071%) APMG
15 5 (0.071%) AWS Certification
15 5 (0.071%) BC Cleared
15 5 (0.071%) PMP
16 4 (0.057%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 4 (0.057%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,127 (15.97%) QA
2 20 (0.28%) Data Quality
3 15 (0.21%) GDPR
4 12 (0.17%) PMO
5 10 (0.14%) PSD2
6 9 (0.13%) WCAG
7 4 (0.057%) MiFID
7 4 (0.057%) PMBOK
7 4 (0.057%) SLA
8 1 (0.014%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.014%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.014%) SEPA
System Software
1 701 (9.93%) Docker
2 54 (0.77%) Active Directory
3 25 (0.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (0.34%) Firmware
5 10 (0.14%) HDFS
6 9 (0.13%) Hyper-V
6 9 (0.13%) VirtualBox
7 7 (0.099%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 7 (0.099%) iptables
7 7 (0.099%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (0.085%) Varnish
9 3 (0.043%) Apache Flume
10 2 (0.028%) Postfix
10 2 (0.028%) zsh
11 1 (0.014%) Microsoft App-V
11 1 (0.014%) vCloud
11 1 (0.014%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 232 (3.29%) Ansible
2 230 (3.26%) Kubernetes
3 192 (2.72%) Opscode Chef
4 148 (2.10%) Puppet
5 90 (1.28%) Terraform
6 85 (1.20%) Kibana
7 55 (0.78%) HP Quality Center
8 28 (0.40%) HP ALM
9 21 (0.30%) Salt
10 18 (0.26%) Packer
11 16 (0.23%) Prometheus
12 15 (0.21%) logstash
12 15 (0.21%) Mesos
12 15 (0.21%) ZABBIX
13 14 (0.20%) HockeyApp
14 12 (0.17%) Marathon
15 11 (0.16%) Automic
15 11 (0.16%) Consul
15 11 (0.16%) Nagios
16 9 (0.13%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 819 (11.61%) Microsoft
2 391 (5.54%) Google
3 386 (5.47%) Oracle
4 170 (2.41%) Facebook
5 157 (2.22%) Atlassian
6 137 (1.94%) Apple
7 127 (1.80%) Xamarin
8 110 (1.56%) SAP
9 72 (1.02%) Sitecore
10 69 (0.98%) Yahoo!
11 66 (0.94%) Sony
12 63 (0.89%) HP
13 61 (0.86%) Splunk
14 44 (0.62%) Marketo
15 40 (0.57%) Adobe
16 37 (0.52%) Alias
17 36 (0.51%) Talend
18 35 (0.50%) IBM
19 33 (0.47%) VMware
20 32 (0.45%) Zend