Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 23 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
23 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 98 109 82
Rank change year-on-year +11 -27 +4
Permanent jobs citing BDD 5,559 2,797 3,488
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.41% 3.04% 3.75%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.59% 3.26% 4.04%
Number of salaries quoted 1,943 2,188 2,832
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £50,000 £48,750 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £97,290 £86,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% +5.26%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 154,873 85,794 86,323
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.02% 93.40% 92.89%
Number of salaries quoted 81,136 63,741 69,405
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £44,604 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £48,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +8.25% +2.11% +5.56%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 23 May 2022.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 23 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +14 4,614 £65,000 +4.00% 374
London -1 3,107 £77,500 +10.71% 149
Work from Home -30 2,214 £62,500 -3.85% 215
UK excluding London -8 1,736 £55,000 - 247
North of England +37 525 £53,112 +1.17% 79
South East -49 469 £60,000 +9.09% 51
North West +48 303 £55,687 +6.07% 52
South West +8 227 £60,000 +14.29% 27
Scotland +5 213 £55,000 +4.76% 19
Yorkshire -1 205 £50,000 -4.76% 22
Midlands -40 162 £50,250 -8.64% 46
West Midlands -41 110 £51,500 -6.36% 28
East of England -43 108 £65,000 +8.33% 22
East Midlands -2 52 £50,000 +17.65% 18
Wales -27 34 £60,000 +26.32% 2
North East -9 17 £50,000 -4.76% 5
Northern Ireland -25 8 £46,000 +3.37% 1

For the 6 months to 23 May 2022, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 4,459 (80.21%) Agile
2 4,332 (77.93%) TDD
3 2,668 (47.99%) Java
4 2,519 (45.31%) Test Automation
5 2,506 (45.08%) CI/CD
6 2,227 (40.06%) JavaScript
7 2,130 (38.32%) AWS
8 2,005 (36.07%) Git (software)
9 1,938 (34.86%) Azure
10 1,916 (34.47%) DevOps
11 1,905 (34.27%) Software Engineering
12 1,892 (34.03%) Scrum
13 1,881 (33.84%) Finance
14 1,813 (32.61%) Microservices
15 1,708 (30.72%) Docker
16 1,597 (28.73%) SQL
17 1,571 (28.26%) Python
18 1,557 (28.01%) Kubernetes
19 1,449 (26.07%) .NET
20 1,420 (25.54%) C#
21 1,372 (24.68%) React
22 1,321 (23.76%) Continuous Integration
23 1,200 (21.59%) Mentoring
24 1,183 (21.28%) Social Skills
25 1,168 (21.01%) QA
26 1,132 (20.36%) Node.js
27 1,080 (19.43%) CSS
28 1,076 (19.36%) Jenkins
29 1,071 (19.27%) Full Stack Development
30 1,067 (19.19%) REST

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 305 (5.49%) Confluence
2 245 (4.41%) Apache Spark
3 214 (3.85%) Elasticsearch
4 122 (2.19%) Apache
5 89 (1.60%) CMS
6 49 (0.88%) SharePoint
6 49 (0.88%) WordPress
7 37 (0.67%) Jetty
8 32 (0.58%) Camunda
8 32 (0.58%) nginx
9 28 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
10 27 (0.49%) Oracle Workflow
11 25 (0.45%) JBoss
12 24 (0.43%) Apache Airflow
13 22 (0.40%) IIS
14 16 (0.29%) WebSphere
15 15 (0.27%) WebLogic
15 15 (0.27%) WebSphere Application Server
16 13 (0.23%) Mule
16 13 (0.23%) Tomcat
Applications
1 33 (0.59%) Microsoft Office
2 30 (0.54%) MS Visio
3 26 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
4 15 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 14 (0.25%) Chatbot
6 9 (0.16%) Maple
6 9 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
7 4 (0.072%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.018%) EngageOne
8 1 (0.018%) InVision
Business Applications
1 27 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
2 25 (0.45%) Oracle BPM
3 23 (0.41%) Payment Gateway
4 14 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
5 11 (0.20%) Shopify
6 7 (0.13%) Magento
7 2 (0.036%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.036%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 2,130 (38.32%) AWS
2 1,938 (34.86%) Azure
3 994 (17.88%) GCP
4 982 (17.67%) Serverless
5 650 (11.69%) AWS Lambda
6 326 (5.86%) GitHub
7 322 (5.79%) SaaS
8 305 (5.49%) Amazon S3
9 240 (4.32%) OpenShift
10 203 (3.65%) Cloud Functions
11 189 (3.40%) Amazon SQS
12 187 (3.36%) AWS CloudFormation
13 176 (3.17%) Amazon EC2
14 163 (2.93%) Amazon ECS
15 154 (2.77%) Cloud Computing
16 145 (2.61%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 131 (2.36%) PaaS
18 129 (2.32%) Amazon Kinesis
19 110 (1.98%) npm
20 97 (1.74%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 209 (3.76%) Internet
2 83 (1.49%) PPP
3 64 (1.15%) Broadband
4 54 (0.97%) HTTP
5 39 (0.70%) WebEx
6 33 (0.59%) MQTT
7 21 (0.38%) DNS
7 21 (0.38%) VoIP
8 19 (0.34%) AMQP
9 10 (0.18%) Skype
10 9 (0.16%) DSL
10 9 (0.16%) Network Security
10 9 (0.16%) TCP/IP
11 7 (0.13%) Firewall
12 5 (0.090%) SSL
13 4 (0.072%) Bluetooth
13 4 (0.072%) SMTP
14 3 (0.054%) Wi-Fi
15 2 (0.036%) Kerberos
15 2 (0.036%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 803 (14.45%) MySQL
2 769 (13.83%) NoSQL
3 675 (12.14%) PostgreSQL
4 654 (11.76%) SQL Server
5 589 (10.60%) MongoDB
6 378 (6.80%) Relational Database
7 333 (5.99%) Redis
8 241 (4.34%) Apache Cassandra
9 211 (3.80%) Flink
10 171 (3.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 151 (2.72%) Big Data
12 148 (2.66%) Amazon Aurora
13 121 (2.18%) Amazon RDS
14 91 (1.64%) Amazon Athena
15 90 (1.62%) RDBMS
16 68 (1.22%) Azure SQL Database
16 68 (1.22%) Oracle Database
17 66 (1.19%) Hadoop
18 62 (1.12%) Power BI
19 49 (0.88%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 2,005 (36.07%) Git (software)
2 1,076 (19.36%) Jenkins
3 1,003 (18.04%) Selenium
4 844 (15.18%) Cucumber
5 835 (15.02%) JIRA
6 549 (9.88%) Maven
7 479 (8.62%) Gradle
8 467 (8.40%) Postman
9 430 (7.74%) Cypress.io
10 392 (7.05%) SpecFlow
11 293 (5.27%) JMeter
12 289 (5.20%) GitLab
13 282 (5.07%) JUnit
14 272 (4.89%) TeamCity
15 265 (4.77%) Subversion
16 240 (4.32%) Ant
17 226 (4.07%) Bitbucket
18 206 (3.71%) Team Foundation Server
19 196 (3.53%) Octopus Deploy
20 195 (3.51%) WebDriver
General
1 1,881 (33.84%) Finance
2 1,183 (21.28%) Social Skills
3 658 (11.84%) Banking
4 492 (8.85%) Manufacturing
5 430 (7.74%) Analytical Skills
6 407 (7.32%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 300 (5.40%) Games
8 262 (4.71%) Retail
9 249 (4.48%) Public Sector
10 190 (3.42%) Organisational Skills
11 174 (3.13%) Marketing
12 125 (2.25%) Law
13 108 (1.94%) Advertising
14 85 (1.53%) Financial Institution
15 81 (1.46%) Legal
16 68 (1.22%) Publishing
17 61 (1.10%) Presentation Skills
17 61 (1.10%) Retail Banking
18 60 (1.08%) Telecoms
19 57 (1.03%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 2,003 (36.03%) Developer
2 959 (17.25%) Software Engineer
3 757 (13.62%) Senior Developer
4 525 (9.44%) Java Engineer
5 463 (8.33%) Java Developer
6 364 (6.55%) Senior Software Engineer
7 347 (6.24%) Full Stack Developer
8 339 (6.10%) Software Developer
9 327 (5.88%) Senior Java Engineer
10 325 (5.85%) Test Engineer
11 308 (5.54%) Analyst
12 285 (5.13%) .NET Developer
13 276 (4.96%) QA Engineer
14 251 (4.52%) Technical Leader
15 210 (3.78%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 190 (3.42%) Senior Java Developer
17 187 (3.36%) C# Developer
18 171 (3.08%) Tester
19 169 (3.04%) Architect
20 159 (2.86%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,449 (26.07%) .NET
2 1,372 (24.68%) React
3 1,132 (20.36%) Node.js
4 1,080 (19.43%) CSS
5 1,067 (19.19%) REST
6 1,048 (18.85%) HTML
7 1,009 (18.15%) RESTful
8 904 (16.26%) AngularJS
9 871 (15.67%) Spring
10 686 (12.34%) Kafka
11 645 (11.60%) .NET Core
12 639 (11.49%) Spring Boot
13 515 (9.26%) HTML5
14 505 (9.08%) ASP.NET
15 472 (8.49%) Web Services
16 392 (7.05%) CSS3
17 365 (6.57%) GraphQL
18 341 (6.13%) JSON
19 323 (5.81%) .NET Framework
20 311 (5.59%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 415 (7.47%) Cloud Native
2 414 (7.45%) Life Science
3 410 (7.38%) User Experience
4 358 (6.44%) Algorithms
5 321 (5.77%) Data Structures
6 301 (5.41%) Mobile App
7 281 (5.05%) Public Cloud
8 275 (4.95%) Greenfield Project
9 270 (4.86%) Enterprise Software
10 266 (4.79%) Self-Motivation
11 204 (3.67%) Linux Command Line
12 125 (2.25%) Virtual Team
13 109 (1.96%) Social Network
14 78 (1.40%) Sports Betting
15 74 (1.33%) Legacy Systems
16 69 (1.24%) PlayStation
17 65 (1.17%) Blockchain
18 63 (1.13%) PMI
19 62 (1.12%) Blog
20 60 (1.08%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 458 (8.24%) Linux
2 339 (6.10%) Unix
3 208 (3.74%) Android
4 195 (3.51%) Windows
5 145 (2.61%) Apple iOS
6 79 (1.42%) Ubuntu
7 67 (1.21%) Mesosphere
8 20 (0.36%) VMS
9 6 (0.11%) CentOS
9 6 (0.11%) Mac OS
9 6 (0.11%) Tizen
9 6 (0.11%) webOS
9 6 (0.11%) Windows Embedded Compact
10 5 (0.090%) Windows Server
11 4 (0.072%) Embedded Linux
12 3 (0.054%) FreeBSD
12 3 (0.054%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.036%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,459 (80.21%) Agile
2 4,332 (77.93%) TDD
3 2,519 (45.31%) Test Automation
4 2,506 (45.08%) CI/CD
5 1,916 (34.47%) DevOps
6 1,905 (34.27%) Software Engineering
7 1,892 (34.03%) Scrum
8 1,813 (32.61%) Microservices
9 1,321 (23.76%) Continuous Integration
10 1,200 (21.59%) Mentoring
11 1,071 (19.27%) Full Stack Development
12 908 (16.33%) Kanban
13 790 (14.21%) Problem-Solving
14 773 (13.91%) Coaching
15 739 (13.29%) OOP
16 725 (13.04%) OO
17 677 (12.18%) SDLC
18 667 (12.00%) Software Testing
19 615 (11.06%) MVC
20 611 (10.99%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,668 (47.99%) Java
2 2,227 (40.06%) JavaScript
3 1,597 (28.73%) SQL
4 1,571 (28.26%) Python
5 1,420 (25.54%) C#
6 826 (14.86%) TypeScript
7 459 (8.26%) PHP
8 403 (7.25%) Ruby
9 402 (7.23%) PowerShell
10 307 (5.52%) Go
11 260 (4.68%) Kotlin
12 250 (4.50%) Shell Script
13 232 (4.17%) Scala
14 224 (4.03%) Perl
15 155 (2.79%) ES6
16 130 (2.34%) C++
17 98 (1.76%) C
18 96 (1.73%) T-SQL
19 87 (1.57%) Bash
20 69 (1.24%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 381 (6.85%) Degree
2 208 (3.74%) Security Cleared
3 176 (3.17%) Computer Science Degree
4 172 (3.09%) ISTQB
5 153 (2.75%) SC Cleared
6 106 (1.91%) ISEB
7 75 (1.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 63 (1.13%) PMI Certification
9 44 (0.79%) Microsoft Certification
10 38 (0.68%) Master's Degree
11 14 (0.25%) ISEB Practitioner
12 12 (0.22%) IIBA
13 9 (0.16%) AWS Certification
14 8 (0.14%) Oracle Certification
15 6 (0.11%) HND
16 5 (0.090%) DV Cleared
17 4 (0.072%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
17 4 (0.072%) OCP
17 4 (0.072%) OCPJP
17 4 (0.072%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,168 (21.01%) QA
2 169 (3.04%) Accessibility
3 24 (0.43%) GDPR
4 22 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 11 (0.20%) HIPAA
5 11 (0.20%) WCAG
6 9 (0.16%) Data Quality
7 7 (0.13%) WAI
8 6 (0.11%) PMO
9 5 (0.090%) FATCA
10 4 (0.072%) ISO 13485
10 4 (0.072%) NCSC
11 3 (0.054%) SLA
12 1 (0.018%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 1,708 (30.72%) Docker
2 26 (0.47%) Active Directory
3 14 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
4 13 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.14%) Firmware
6 6 (0.11%) Postfix
7 3 (0.054%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 1,557 (28.01%) Kubernetes
2 601 (10.81%) Terraform
3 241 (4.34%) Ansible
4 204 (3.67%) Puppet
5 202 (3.63%) Opscode Chef
6 127 (2.28%) Prometheus
7 108 (1.94%) Kibana
8 102 (1.83%) logstash
9 71 (1.28%) Grafana
9 71 (1.28%) Istio
10 67 (1.21%) Automic
11 52 (0.94%) Consul
12 46 (0.83%) Fortio
12 46 (0.83%) Kiali
13 37 (0.67%) Opsgenie
14 29 (0.52%) MIIS
15 28 (0.50%) HAProxy
15 28 (0.50%) Pingdom
15 28 (0.50%) ZABBIX
16 25 (0.45%) Rancher
Vendors
1 677 (12.18%) Google
2 641 (11.53%) Microsoft
3 217 (3.90%) Oracle
4 92 (1.65%) Splunk
5 71 (1.28%) Atlassian
5 71 (1.28%) Confluent
6 67 (1.21%) New Relic
7 66 (1.19%) Zend
8 61 (1.10%) LexisNexis
9 45 (0.81%) Dell
10 32 (0.58%) IBM
11 30 (0.54%) Databricks
12 29 (0.52%) HP
13 25 (0.45%) Sun
14 23 (0.41%) SAP
14 23 (0.41%) Xamarin
15 22 (0.40%) Apple
15 22 (0.40%) Civica
15 22 (0.40%) hybris
16 21 (0.38%) Perfecto Mobile