Period
to 23 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 23 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 81 75 56
Rank change year-on-year -6 -19 +15
Permanent jobs citing BDD 4,492 5,901 8,790
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.57% 3.89% 5.03%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.88% 4.22% 5.46%
Number of salaries quoted 3,433 4,842 7,547
UK median annual salary £56,675 £55,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.05% +10.00% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 115,658 139,904 160,974
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.97% 92.15% 92.20%
Number of salaries quoted 91,616 110,302 129,818
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,485 £29,769 £28,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.22% - +5.88%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 23 January 2020.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 4,238 £57,500 +4.55% 819
London 0 2,295 £65,000 - 345
UK excluding London -14 2,122 £50,000 +5.26% 525
South East -8 670 £55,000 +4.76% 121
North of England -19 654 £50,000 +11.11% 160
North West -8 381 £50,000 - 81
East of England +46 276 £57,500 +9.52% 55
Yorkshire -19 244 £45,000 +2.27% 67
South West -52 185 £47,500 - 80
Midlands -9 161 £47,500 - 58
Scotland -33 100 £66,250 +47.22% 25
East Midlands -6 84 £47,500 -5.00% 21
Wales +21 82 £50,000 -9.09% 18
West Midlands -12 74 £47,500 +5.56% 37
North East -27 29 £48,452 +7.67% 12
Northern Ireland -21 7 £60,000 +41.18% 6
Isle of Man - 1 £60,000 - 2

For the 6 months to 23 January 2020, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,628 (80.77%) TDD
2 3,515 (78.25%) Agile Software Development
3 1,798 (40.03%) C#
4 1,724 (38.38%) JavaScript
5 1,670 (37.18%) Java
6 1,657 (36.89%) Scrum
7 1,633 (36.35%) Test Automation
8 1,505 (33.50%) .NET
9 1,103 (24.55%) DevOps
10 1,061 (23.62%) Continuous Integration
11 1,039 (23.13%) AWS
12 1,009 (22.46%) Azure
13 1,000 (22.26%) Microservices
14 985 (21.93%) Git (software)
15 948 (21.10%) AngularJS
16 943 (20.99%) Selenium
17 925 (20.59%) MVC
18 892 (19.86%) SQL Server
19 883 (19.66%) SQL
20 835 (18.59%) Node.js
21 808 (17.99%) HTML
22 804 (17.90%) RESTful
23 795 (17.70%) ASP.NET
24 773 (17.21%) Jenkins
25 752 (16.74%) Finance
26 746 (16.61%) CSS
27 742 (16.52%) QA
28 723 (16.10%) Kanban
29 718 (15.98%) Docker
30 710 (15.81%) React

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 298 (6.63%) Confluence
2 230 (5.12%) Elasticsearch
3 106 (2.36%) Tomcat
4 70 (1.56%) Apache Spark
5 42 (0.93%) CMS
6 39 (0.87%) Cloud Foundry
7 33 (0.73%) Apache
8 29 (0.65%) IIS
9 27 (0.60%) Sitecore CMS
10 21 (0.47%) Umbraco
11 20 (0.45%) WebSphere
12 19 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
13 17 (0.38%) SharePoint
14 16 (0.36%) Drupal
15 15 (0.33%) JBoss
15 15 (0.33%) nginx
16 13 (0.29%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 12 (0.27%) Headless CMS
17 12 (0.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 12 (0.27%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 40 (0.89%) Microsoft Office
2 16 (0.36%) Adobe XD
2 16 (0.36%) InVision
2 16 (0.36%) Zeplin
3 10 (0.22%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
5 5 (0.11%) Gliffy
6 4 (0.089%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.067%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.067%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 72 (1.60%) Payment Gateway
2 59 (1.31%) Dynamics CRM
3 11 (0.24%) Magento
4 8 (0.18%) SDL Web 8
5 5 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
6 4 (0.089%) Distributed Ledger
6 4 (0.089%) Oracle Retail
7 2 (0.045%) SAP S/4HANA
8 1 (0.022%) Endur
8 1 (0.022%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.022%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 1,039 (23.13%) AWS
2 1,009 (22.46%) Azure
3 222 (4.94%) GitHub
4 211 (4.70%) Serverless
5 192 (4.27%) GCP
6 135 (3.01%) PaaS
7 96 (2.14%) SaaS
8 86 (1.91%) AWS Lambda
9 84 (1.87%) Amazon EC2
10 59 (1.31%) Slack
11 58 (1.29%) BrowserStack
12 57 (1.27%) OpenShift
13 46 (1.02%) AWS CloudFormation
14 38 (0.85%) Sauce Labs
15 36 (0.80%) Amazon SQS
16 35 (0.78%) G Suite
17 34 (0.76%) Office 365
18 33 (0.73%) Amazon S3
18 33 (0.73%) Firebase
19 32 (0.71%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 125 (2.78%) Internet
2 49 (1.09%) HTTP
3 12 (0.27%) GoToMeeting
3 12 (0.27%) Skype
3 12 (0.27%) SSL
4 11 (0.24%) DNS
5 9 (0.20%) FIX Connectivity
5 9 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
6 8 (0.18%) Softphone
7 5 (0.11%) ATM
7 5 (0.11%) Bluetooth
7 5 (0.11%) Wireless
8 4 (0.089%) Intranet
8 4 (0.089%) Reverse Proxy
8 4 (0.089%) SSH
8 4 (0.089%) TCP/IP
8 4 (0.089%) Wireshark
9 3 (0.067%) DSL
9 3 (0.067%) VoIP
10 2 (0.045%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 892 (19.86%) SQL Server
2 467 (10.40%) NoSQL
3 346 (7.70%) SQL Server 2016
4 313 (6.97%) MongoDB
5 220 (4.90%) MySQL
6 156 (3.47%) PostgreSQL
7 136 (3.03%) SQL Server 2019
8 127 (2.83%) Redis
9 119 (2.65%) Big Data
10 82 (1.83%) Relational Database
11 74 (1.65%) Hadoop
12 45 (1.00%) Apache Cassandra
13 40 (0.89%) Amazon RDS
14 36 (0.80%) Cosmos DB
15 28 (0.62%) Apache Hive
16 23 (0.51%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 22 (0.49%) Azure SQL Database
18 19 (0.42%) CouchDB
19 18 (0.40%) Riak
20 17 (0.38%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 985 (21.93%) Git (software)
2 943 (20.99%) Selenium
3 773 (17.21%) Jenkins
4 702 (15.63%) Cucumber
5 664 (14.78%) JIRA
6 329 (7.32%) Maven
7 309 (6.88%) WebDriver
8 266 (5.92%) SpecFlow
9 258 (5.74%) JUnit
10 214 (4.76%) SoapUI
11 209 (4.65%) Postman
12 202 (4.50%) TeamCity
13 195 (4.34%) JMeter
14 163 (3.63%) Team Foundation Server
15 156 (3.47%) Appium
15 156 (3.47%) Jasmine
16 151 (3.36%) Bitbucket
16 151 (3.36%) NUnit
17 137 (3.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 114 (2.54%) Mocha
General
1 752 (16.74%) Finance
2 398 (8.86%) Banking
3 311 (6.92%) Retail
4 290 (6.46%) Games
5 152 (3.38%) Marketing
6 150 (3.34%) Public Sector
7 75 (1.67%) Front Office
8 55 (1.22%) Back Office
9 51 (1.14%) Advertising
9 51 (1.14%) Legal
9 51 (1.14%) Telecoms
10 48 (1.07%) Investment Banking
11 37 (0.82%) Financial Institution
12 26 (0.58%) Manufacturing
13 24 (0.53%) Automotive
14 21 (0.47%) Aerospace
15 16 (0.36%) Billing
16 12 (0.27%) Electronics
16 12 (0.27%) Law
16 12 (0.27%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 2,483 (55.28%) Developer
2 804 (17.90%) .NET Developer
3 581 (12.93%) C# Developer
4 566 (12.60%) Java Developer
5 515 (11.46%) Senior Developer
6 385 (8.57%) C# .NET Developer
7 323 (7.19%) Software Engineer
8 293 (6.52%) Software Developer
9 280 (6.23%) Analyst
10 244 (5.43%) QA Engineer
11 233 (5.19%) Test Engineer
12 211 (4.70%) Senior Java Developer
13 207 (4.61%) Tester
14 177 (3.94%) Test Analyst
15 173 (3.85%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 171 (3.81%) Junior
17 151 (3.36%) Junior Developer
18 150 (3.34%) Full Stack Developer
19 148 (3.29%) ASP.NET Developer
19 148 (3.29%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,505 (33.50%) .NET
2 948 (21.10%) AngularJS
3 835 (18.59%) Node.js
4 808 (17.99%) HTML
5 804 (17.90%) RESTful
6 795 (17.70%) ASP.NET
7 746 (16.61%) CSS
8 710 (15.81%) React
9 701 (15.61%) ASP.NET Web API
10 656 (14.60%) ASP.NET MVC
11 607 (13.51%) Web Services
12 606 (13.49%) .NET Framework
13 576 (12.82%) REST
14 541 (12.04%) Spring
15 447 (9.95%) .NET Core
16 411 (9.15%) Entity Framework
17 365 (8.13%) HTML5
18 299 (6.66%) WCF
19 285 (6.34%) Vue.js
20 275 (6.12%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 428 (9.53%) Greenfield Project
2 244 (5.43%) Mobile App
3 230 (5.12%) User Experience
4 168 (3.74%) Enterprise Software
5 152 (3.38%) Analytical Skills
6 109 (2.43%) Self-Motivation
7 103 (2.29%) Cloud Native
8 90 (2.00%) Data Structures
9 82 (1.83%) Algorithms
10 49 (1.09%) Blog
11 46 (1.02%) Public Cloud
12 42 (0.93%) Online Gambling
12 42 (0.93%) Virtual Team
13 36 (0.80%) Social Network
14 29 (0.65%) Life Science
14 29 (0.65%) PlayStation
15 27 (0.60%) Derivative
15 27 (0.60%) iPad
16 26 (0.58%) Equities
17 25 (0.56%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 325 (7.24%) Linux
2 209 (4.65%) Android
3 206 (4.59%) Windows
4 173 (3.85%) Apple iOS
5 143 (3.18%) Unix
6 53 (1.18%) Mac OS X
7 18 (0.40%) CentOS
8 17 (0.38%) Mac OS
9 13 (0.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 7 (0.16%) Mesosphere
11 6 (0.13%) zOS
12 5 (0.11%) watchOS
13 3 (0.067%) Windows Server
14 2 (0.045%) VMS
15 1 (0.022%) FreeBSD
15 1 (0.022%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,628 (80.77%) TDD
2 3,515 (78.25%) Agile Software Development
3 1,657 (36.89%) Scrum
4 1,633 (36.35%) Test Automation
5 1,103 (24.55%) DevOps
6 1,061 (23.62%) Continuous Integration
7 1,000 (22.26%) Microservices
8 925 (20.59%) MVC
9 723 (16.10%) Kanban
10 677 (15.07%) Software Engineering
11 528 (11.75%) Web Application Development
12 523 (11.64%) OO
13 462 (10.28%) Mentoring
14 457 (10.17%) E-Commerce
15 432 (9.62%) SOLID
16 429 (9.55%) Continuous Delivery
17 421 (9.37%) Problem-Solving
18 348 (7.75%) Unit Testing
19 345 (7.68%) SDLC
20 327 (7.28%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1,798 (40.03%) C#
2 1,724 (38.38%) JavaScript
3 1,670 (37.18%) Java
4 883 (19.66%) SQL
5 527 (11.73%) Python
6 365 (8.13%) TypeScript
7 355 (7.90%) Ruby
8 313 (6.97%) Java 8
9 222 (4.94%) PHP
10 152 (3.38%) Scala
11 140 (3.12%) ES6
12 126 (2.80%) Kotlin
13 109 (2.43%) C++
14 108 (2.40%) T-SQL
15 81 (1.80%) PowerShell
16 78 (1.74%) Go
17 64 (1.42%) C
18 59 (1.31%) Bash Shell
19 45 (1.00%) Apple Swift
20 40 (0.89%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 381 (8.48%) Degree
2 143 (3.18%) Computer Science Degree
3 128 (2.85%) Security Cleared
4 125 (2.78%) ISTQB
5 103 (2.29%) ISEB
6 88 (1.96%) SC Cleared
7 37 (0.82%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 29 (0.65%) DV Cleared
9 25 (0.56%) Postgraduate
10 16 (0.36%) MCP
11 13 (0.29%) PMI Certification
12 12 (0.27%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 12 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
13 10 (0.22%) AWS Certification
14 8 (0.18%) IIBA
14 8 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
15 5 (0.11%) BPSS Clearance
15 5 (0.11%) CSPO
15 5 (0.11%) Master's Degree
16 4 (0.089%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 742 (16.52%) QA
2 19 (0.42%) Data Quality
3 11 (0.24%) GDPR
4 7 (0.16%) PMO
5 5 (0.11%) SLA
6 4 (0.089%) PMBOK
7 3 (0.067%) ISO 20022
7 3 (0.067%) TickIT
8 2 (0.045%) ISO 15022
8 2 (0.045%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.045%) WAI
9 1 (0.022%) HL7
9 1 (0.022%) IEC 62304
9 1 (0.022%) ISO 13485
9 1 (0.022%) MiFID
9 1 (0.022%) PSD2
9 1 (0.022%) SEPA
9 1 (0.022%) WCAG
System Software
1 718 (15.98%) Docker
2 21 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 16 (0.36%) Active Directory
4 14 (0.31%) Postfix
5 10 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (0.20%) vSphere
7 5 (0.11%) Firmware
7 5 (0.11%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.089%) vCloud
8 4 (0.089%) Virtual Servers
9 3 (0.067%) Microsoft App-V
10 2 (0.045%) Apache Flume
11 1 (0.022%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 377 (8.39%) Kubernetes
2 168 (3.74%) Terraform
3 145 (3.23%) Ansible
4 137 (3.05%) Puppet
5 112 (2.49%) Opscode Chef
6 83 (1.85%) HP Quality Center
7 31 (0.69%) Istio
8 25 (0.56%) Kibana
9 23 (0.51%) Rancher
10 17 (0.38%) Hadoop YARN
11 16 (0.36%) Marathon
11 16 (0.36%) Mesos
11 16 (0.36%) Oozie
12 14 (0.31%) HP ALM
13 12 (0.27%) Prometheus
14 9 (0.20%) Consul
14 9 (0.20%) Grafana
15 7 (0.16%) Automic
15 7 (0.16%) logstash
15 7 (0.16%) Packer
Vendors
1 478 (10.64%) Microsoft
2 196 (4.36%) Google
3 186 (4.14%) WorldPay
4 170 (3.78%) Oracle
5 80 (1.78%) HP
6 77 (1.71%) FIS
7 70 (1.56%) Atlassian
8 55 (1.22%) SAP
9 54 (1.20%) Adobe
9 54 (1.20%) Apple
10 45 (1.00%) Salesforce.com
11 40 (0.89%) Xamarin
12 34 (0.76%) Red Hat
12 34 (0.76%) Sitecore
13 27 (0.60%) Facebook
14 25 (0.56%) VMware
15 22 (0.49%) hybris
16 20 (0.45%) IBM
17 16 (0.36%) Hortonworks
18 15 (0.33%) Zend