Period
to 23 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 23 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 86 67 64
Rank change year-on-year -19 -3 +11
Permanent jobs citing BDD 4,692 6,988 8,329
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.43% 4.24% 4.74%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.73% 4.62% 5.13%
Number of salaries quoted 3,524 5,850 6,795
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £88,750 £83,775 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 125,865 151,275 162,221
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.11% 91.81% 92.33%
Number of salaries quoted 99,112 120,344 128,025
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,250
90th Percentile £86,250 £83,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 4,455 £57,500 +4.55% 714
London -4 2,445 £67,500 +3.85% 295
UK excluding London -43 2,187 £50,000 +5.26% 460
South East -19 763 £55,000 +10.00% 117
North of England -39 624 £50,000 +11.11% 136
North West -19 387 £51,500 +6.19% 77
East of England +36 276 £52,500 +5.00% 51
Yorkshire -53 221 £45,000 - 49
South West -61 217 £42,500 -5.56% 52
Midlands -114 127 £47,500 +5.56% 63
Scotland -55 109 £55,000 +22.22% 25
Wales -6 71 £50,000 +14.29% 12
East Midlands -63 68 £45,000 - 23
West Midlands -101 54 £48,250 +1.58% 40
North East -39 16 £48,452 +7.67% 10
Northern Ireland -20 7 £60,000 +41.18% 4

For the 6 months to 23 October 2019, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,711 (79.09%) TDD
2 3,604 (76.81%) Agile Software Development
3 1,880 (40.07%) Java
4 1,796 (38.28%) Test Automation
5 1,703 (36.30%) JavaScript
6 1,692 (36.06%) C#
7 1,616 (34.44%) Scrum
8 1,365 (29.09%) .NET
9 1,286 (27.41%) Continuous Integration
10 1,114 (23.74%) DevOps
11 1,100 (23.44%) Selenium
12 1,045 (22.27%) Git (software)
13 941 (20.06%) SQL
14 912 (19.44%) HTML
15 908 (19.35%) QA
16 882 (18.80%) Jenkins
17 870 (18.54%) AWS
18 848 (18.07%) JIRA
19 846 (18.03%) MVC
20 839 (17.88%) Finance
21 836 (17.82%) Cucumber
22 815 (17.37%) CSS
23 808 (17.22%) Microservices
24 783 (16.69%) SQL Server
25 779 (16.60%) AngularJS
26 775 (16.52%) Software Engineering
27 772 (16.45%) Azure
28 716 (15.26%) ASP.NET
29 714 (15.22%) Kanban
30 713 (15.20%) REST

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 324 (6.91%) Confluence
2 98 (2.09%) Tomcat
3 83 (1.77%) Elasticsearch
4 67 (1.43%) Apache Spark
5 43 (0.92%) CMS
5 43 (0.92%) IIS
6 40 (0.85%) Apache
7 34 (0.72%) Cloud Foundry
8 28 (0.60%) WebSphere
9 23 (0.49%) JBoss
10 19 (0.40%) WebSphere Application Server
11 18 (0.38%) Umbraco
12 16 (0.34%) Sitecore CMS
13 15 (0.32%) SharePoint
14 14 (0.30%) Drupal
14 14 (0.30%) Headless CMS
15 13 (0.28%) BizTalk Server
15 13 (0.28%) nginx
16 12 (0.26%) WildFly
17 11 (0.23%) OpenStack
Applications
1 33 (0.70%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (0.19%) Chatbot
2 9 (0.19%) MS Visio
3 6 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (0.11%) Gliffy
5 4 (0.085%) Zeplin
6 3 (0.064%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.064%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.064%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.043%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.043%) Sketch
8 1 (0.021%) EngageOne
8 1 (0.021%) InDesign
8 1 (0.021%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 71 (1.51%) Payment Gateway
2 47 (1.00%) Dynamics CRM
3 9 (0.19%) SDL Web 8
4 8 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
5 5 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
6 4 (0.085%) Magento
6 4 (0.085%) Oracle Retail
7 3 (0.064%) SAP S/4HANA
8 2 (0.043%) Oracle BPM
9 1 (0.021%) Dynamics GP
9 1 (0.021%) Endur
9 1 (0.021%) NetSuite
9 1 (0.021%) Oracle EBS
9 1 (0.021%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 870 (18.54%) AWS
2 772 (16.45%) Azure
3 213 (4.54%) Serverless
4 210 (4.48%) GCP
4 210 (4.48%) GitHub
5 124 (2.64%) PaaS
6 115 (2.45%) SaaS
7 79 (1.68%) Amazon EC2
8 75 (1.60%) AWS Lambda
9 63 (1.34%) G Suite
10 59 (1.26%) Office 365
11 57 (1.21%) Slack
12 51 (1.09%) BrowserStack
13 50 (1.07%) AWS CloudFormation
14 48 (1.02%) OpenShift
15 40 (0.85%) Firebase
16 36 (0.77%) Amazon S3
17 34 (0.72%) npm
17 34 (0.72%) Sauce Labs
18 31 (0.66%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 121 (2.58%) Internet
2 75 (1.60%) HTTP
3 16 (0.34%) DNS
4 14 (0.30%) Bluetooth
5 12 (0.26%) SSL
6 10 (0.21%) SSH
7 8 (0.17%) Wireless
8 7 (0.15%) ATM
9 6 (0.13%) GoToMeeting
9 6 (0.13%) Skype
9 6 (0.13%) TCP/IP
9 6 (0.13%) Wi-Fi
10 5 (0.11%) AMQP
10 5 (0.11%) HTTPS
11 4 (0.085%) FIX Connectivity
11 4 (0.085%) Intranet
12 3 (0.064%) VPN
13 2 (0.043%) Calico
13 2 (0.043%) PBX
13 2 (0.043%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 783 (16.69%) SQL Server
2 427 (9.10%) NoSQL
3 329 (7.01%) SQL Server 2016
4 238 (5.07%) MySQL
5 203 (4.33%) MongoDB
6 140 (2.98%) Big Data
7 116 (2.47%) Redis
8 108 (2.30%) PostgreSQL
9 99 (2.11%) Relational Database
10 82 (1.75%) Hadoop
11 43 (0.92%) Apache Cassandra
12 36 (0.77%) Amazon RDS
13 35 (0.75%) Cosmos DB
14 32 (0.68%) CouchDB
15 30 (0.64%) Blockchain
16 28 (0.60%) Apache Hive
16 28 (0.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 27 (0.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 26 (0.55%) Neo4j
19 24 (0.51%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 1,100 (23.44%) Selenium
2 1,045 (22.27%) Git (software)
3 882 (18.80%) Jenkins
4 848 (18.07%) JIRA
5 836 (17.82%) Cucumber
6 398 (8.48%) WebDriver
7 348 (7.42%) Maven
8 344 (7.33%) SpecFlow
9 256 (5.46%) TeamCity
10 245 (5.22%) JUnit
11 243 (5.18%) JMeter
12 239 (5.09%) SoapUI
13 199 (4.24%) Appium
14 190 (4.05%) Team Foundation Server
15 150 (3.20%) NUnit
16 141 (3.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 136 (2.90%) Visual Studio
18 133 (2.83%) Gradle
19 132 (2.81%) Visual Studio Team System
20 120 (2.56%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 839 (17.88%) Finance
2 387 (8.25%) Banking
3 357 (7.61%) Retail
4 292 (6.22%) Games
5 136 (2.90%) Marketing
6 102 (2.17%) Public Sector
7 74 (1.58%) Telecoms
8 60 (1.28%) Back Office
9 59 (1.26%) Investment Banking
10 53 (1.13%) Front Office
11 44 (0.94%) Manufacturing
12 41 (0.87%) Financial Institution
13 33 (0.70%) Advertising
13 33 (0.70%) Legal
14 31 (0.66%) Electronics
15 27 (0.58%) Law
16 20 (0.43%) Billing
17 19 (0.40%) Aerospace
18 17 (0.36%) Automotive
19 15 (0.32%) Military
Job Titles
1 2,474 (52.73%) Developer
2 648 (13.81%) .NET Developer
3 581 (12.38%) Java Developer
4 545 (11.62%) C# Developer
5 535 (11.40%) Senior Developer
6 386 (8.23%) C# .NET Developer
7 365 (7.78%) Analyst
8 329 (7.01%) Test Engineer
9 320 (6.82%) Software Developer
10 310 (6.61%) Software Engineer
11 264 (5.63%) Tester
12 241 (5.14%) QA Engineer
13 218 (4.65%) ASP.NET Developer
14 217 (4.62%) C# ASP.NET Developer
15 209 (4.45%) Senior Java Developer
16 204 (4.35%) Test Analyst
17 174 (3.71%) Developer in Test
18 167 (3.56%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 159 (3.39%) Test Automation Engineer
20 140 (2.98%) Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,365 (29.09%) .NET
2 912 (19.44%) HTML
3 815 (17.37%) CSS
4 779 (16.60%) AngularJS
5 716 (15.26%) ASP.NET
6 713 (15.20%) REST
7 681 (14.51%) RESTful
8 663 (14.13%) React
9 644 (13.73%) Node.js
10 625 (13.32%) Web Services
11 552 (11.76%) ASP.NET MVC
11 552 (11.76%) Spring
12 496 (10.57%) ASP.NET Web API
13 432 (9.21%) .NET Framework
14 348 (7.42%) HTML5
15 334 (7.12%) Gherkin
16 313 (6.67%) WCF
17 303 (6.46%) SOAP
18 249 (5.31%) Entity Framework
19 241 (5.14%) ASP.NET MVC 5
Miscellaneous
1 441 (9.40%) Greenfield Project
2 298 (6.35%) User Experience
3 278 (5.92%) Mobile App
4 168 (3.58%) Enterprise Software
5 165 (3.52%) Analytical Skills
6 105 (2.24%) Cloud Native
7 102 (2.17%) Data Structures
8 99 (2.11%) Algorithms
8 99 (2.11%) Self-Motivation
9 52 (1.11%) Online Gambling
10 50 (1.07%) Virtual Team
11 49 (1.04%) PlayStation
12 48 (1.02%) Public Cloud
13 35 (0.75%) Blog
14 29 (0.62%) Social Network
15 27 (0.58%) Life Science
15 27 (0.58%) Management Information System
16 26 (0.55%) Linux Command Line
17 24 (0.51%) Equities
18 23 (0.49%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 351 (7.48%) Linux
2 278 (5.92%) Windows
3 262 (5.58%) Android
4 198 (4.22%) Apple iOS
5 89 (1.90%) Unix
6 24 (0.51%) Mac OS
7 21 (0.45%) Mesosphere
8 15 (0.32%) Windows Server
9 12 (0.26%) zOS
10 9 (0.19%) CentOS
11 5 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
12 4 (0.085%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 3 (0.064%) VMS
13 3 (0.064%) Windows 10
14 2 (0.043%) AIX
14 2 (0.043%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.043%) Windows Mobile
15 1 (0.021%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,711 (79.09%) TDD
2 3,604 (76.81%) Agile Software Development
3 1,796 (38.28%) Test Automation
4 1,616 (34.44%) Scrum
5 1,286 (27.41%) Continuous Integration
6 1,114 (23.74%) DevOps
7 846 (18.03%) MVC
8 808 (17.22%) Microservices
9 775 (16.52%) Software Engineering
10 714 (15.22%) Kanban
11 537 (11.45%) OO
12 527 (11.23%) Mentoring
13 500 (10.66%) Continuous Delivery
14 485 (10.34%) Problem-Solving
15 416 (8.87%) E-Commerce
16 414 (8.82%) SOLID
17 412 (8.78%) SDLC
18 402 (8.57%) Pair Programming
19 392 (8.35%) Software Testing
20 371 (7.91%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,880 (40.07%) Java
2 1,703 (36.30%) JavaScript
3 1,692 (36.06%) C#
4 941 (20.06%) SQL
5 612 (13.04%) Python
6 401 (8.55%) Ruby
7 339 (7.23%) Java 8
8 254 (5.41%) PHP
9 206 (4.39%) Scala
10 161 (3.43%) TypeScript
11 160 (3.41%) Kotlin
12 122 (2.60%) Go
13 120 (2.56%) ES6
14 115 (2.45%) T-SQL
15 114 (2.43%) C++
16 97 (2.07%) PowerShell
17 96 (2.05%) Bash Shell
18 94 (2.00%) C
19 50 (1.07%) Groovy
20 47 (1.00%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 468 (9.97%) Degree
2 181 (3.86%) ISTQB
3 175 (3.73%) Computer Science Degree
4 149 (3.18%) Security Cleared
5 127 (2.71%) ISEB
6 104 (2.22%) SC Cleared
7 71 (1.51%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 35 (0.75%) DV Cleared
9 14 (0.30%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 14 (0.30%) PMI Certification
9 14 (0.30%) Postgraduate
10 7 (0.15%) MCP
10 7 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
11 6 (0.13%) Numerate Degree
12 5 (0.11%) BPSS Clearance
12 5 (0.11%) Master's Degree
13 4 (0.085%) CISSP
14 3 (0.064%) CTC Cleared
14 3 (0.064%) MCPD
14 3 (0.064%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 908 (19.35%) QA
2 20 (0.43%) GDPR
3 19 (0.40%) Data Quality
4 8 (0.17%) WAI
5 7 (0.15%) TickIT
6 6 (0.13%) WCAG
7 3 (0.064%) PMO
7 3 (0.064%) SLA
8 2 (0.043%) Actionable Recommendations
8 2 (0.043%) PSD2
9 1 (0.021%) HL7
9 1 (0.021%) IEC 62304
9 1 (0.021%) ISO 13485
9 1 (0.021%) ISO 20022
9 1 (0.021%) SEPA
System Software
1 668 (14.24%) Docker
2 32 (0.68%) Active Directory
3 30 (0.64%) VMware Infrastructure
4 26 (0.55%) vSphere
5 9 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (0.15%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 5 (0.11%) Firmware
7 5 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
8 4 (0.085%) vCloud
9 3 (0.064%) Postfix
10 2 (0.043%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 2 (0.043%) etcd
11 1 (0.021%) Apache Flume
11 1 (0.021%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.021%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 355 (7.57%) Kubernetes
2 168 (3.58%) Terraform
3 156 (3.32%) Ansible
4 138 (2.94%) Puppet
5 120 (2.56%) Opscode Chef
6 104 (2.22%) HP Quality Center
7 32 (0.68%) Kibana
8 30 (0.64%) Istio
9 29 (0.62%) Consul
10 27 (0.58%) Rancher
11 26 (0.55%) HP ALM
12 25 (0.53%) Prometheus
13 22 (0.47%) Mesos
14 21 (0.45%) Automic
15 17 (0.36%) Marathon
16 15 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
16 15 (0.32%) Oozie
17 8 (0.17%) logstash
17 8 (0.17%) Packer
17 8 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 478 (10.19%) Microsoft
2 224 (4.77%) Google
3 216 (4.60%) WorldPay
4 204 (4.35%) Oracle
5 102 (2.17%) Atlassian
6 92 (1.96%) HP
7 72 (1.53%) SAP
8 51 (1.09%) Salesforce.com
9 47 (1.00%) Apple
10 46 (0.98%) Cypress Semiconductor
11 42 (0.90%) Splunk
12 40 (0.85%) Xamarin
13 35 (0.75%) Adobe
14 34 (0.72%) VMware
15 28 (0.60%) IBM
16 27 (0.58%) hybris
17 22 (0.47%) Zend
18 20 (0.43%) Sitecore
19 15 (0.32%) FIS
19 15 (0.32%) Hortonworks