Period
to 18 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 18 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
18 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 85 60 63
Rank change year-on-year -25 +3 +13
Permanent jobs citing BDD 5,044 8,130 8,387
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.48% 4.66% 4.72%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.78% 5.07% 5.14%
Number of salaries quoted 3,934 6,934 7,191
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,750 £45,000
% change year-on-year +3.83% +1.67% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 133,548 160,504 163,308
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.05% 91.91% 91.95%
Number of salaries quoted 105,096 128,418 131,714
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +3.16%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,889 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 18 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -18 4,780 £55,000 +4.76% 729
London -5 2,633 £65,000 +4.00% 322
UK excluding London -52 2,355 £47,500 +3.83% 451
North of England -36 720 £45,000 - 124
South East -42 719 £52,500 +10.53% 123
North West -28 364 £52,500 +16.67% 66
Yorkshire -39 331 £43,750 -2.78% 43
South West -57 289 £41,000 -13.68% 53
East of England -7 241 £52,500 +5.00% 44
Scotland -34 177 £55,000 +10.00% 23
Midlands -106 163 £47,500 +5.56% 63
East Midlands -70 84 £42,500 - 22
West Midlands -105 77 £50,000 +11.11% 41
Wales -42 38 £50,000 +17.65% 17
North East -40 22 £43,000 -14.00% 15
Northern Ireland -26 10 £50,000 +8.11% 4

For the 6 months to 18 July 2019, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,976 (78.83%) TDD
2 3,914 (77.60%) Agile Software Development
3 2,138 (42.39%) Java
4 1,895 (37.57%) JavaScript
5 1,879 (37.25%) C#
6 1,874 (37.15%) Test Automation
7 1,746 (34.62%) Scrum
8 1,533 (30.39%) Continuous Integration
9 1,518 (30.10%) .NET
10 1,262 (25.02%) Selenium
11 1,170 (23.20%) SQL
12 1,167 (23.14%) Git (software)
13 1,124 (22.28%) Finance
14 1,093 (21.67%) MVC
15 1,092 (21.65%) Software Engineering
16 1,072 (21.25%) Cucumber
17 1,020 (20.22%) DevOps
18 965 (19.13%) ASP.NET
19 962 (19.07%) QA
20 960 (19.03%) Jenkins
21 929 (18.42%) HTML
22 927 (18.38%) AngularJS
23 925 (18.34%) SQL Server
24 867 (17.19%) CSS
25 865 (17.15%) Amazon AWS
26 855 (16.95%) JIRA
27 808 (16.02%) RESTful
28 774 (15.34%) Node.js
29 757 (15.01%) ASP.NET MVC
30 753 (14.93%) Kanban

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 278 (5.51%) Confluence
2 125 (2.48%) Elasticsearch
3 89 (1.76%) IIS
4 87 (1.72%) Tomcat
5 77 (1.53%) Apache Spark
6 49 (0.97%) Apache
7 43 (0.85%) CMS
8 27 (0.54%) Cloud Foundry
9 24 (0.48%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 21 (0.42%) JBoss
11 20 (0.40%) nginx
12 19 (0.38%) WebSphere
13 18 (0.36%) WebLogic
14 16 (0.32%) Apache Solr
15 14 (0.28%) MQSeries
15 14 (0.28%) SharePoint
16 12 (0.24%) Sitecore CMS
16 12 (0.24%) Umbraco
17 11 (0.22%) BizTalk Server
18 10 (0.20%) OpenStack
Applications
1 26 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (0.20%) Chatbot
2 10 (0.20%) MS Visio
3 5 (0.099%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.099%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (0.099%) Microsoft Project
4 4 (0.079%) Zeplin
5 3 (0.059%) Photoshop
5 3 (0.059%) Sketch
6 2 (0.040%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.020%) EngageOne
7 1 (0.020%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 58 (1.15%) Payment Gateway
2 21 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
2 21 (0.42%) SAP Hybris
3 10 (0.20%) Magento
4 6 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.040%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.040%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.040%) Remedy ITSM
5 2 (0.040%) SDL Web 8
6 1 (0.020%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.020%) Dynamics GP
6 1 (0.020%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 865 (17.15%) Amazon AWS
2 700 (13.88%) Microsoft Azure
3 199 (3.95%) Google Cloud Platform
4 159 (3.15%) SaaS
5 146 (2.89%) Serverless
6 141 (2.80%) GitHub
7 104 (2.06%) Office 365
8 102 (2.02%) G Suite
9 90 (1.78%) PaaS
10 70 (1.39%) AWS Lambda
11 67 (1.33%) AWS CloudFormation
12 60 (1.19%) Amazon EC2
13 54 (1.07%) IaaS
14 50 (0.99%) Cloud Computing
15 49 (0.97%) npm
16 48 (0.95%) BrowserStack
17 44 (0.87%) Apigee
18 40 (0.79%) Sauce Labs
19 34 (0.67%) Firebase
20 33 (0.65%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 147 (2.91%) Internet
2 90 (1.78%) HTTP
3 19 (0.38%) Bluetooth
4 15 (0.30%) Wireless
5 13 (0.26%) SSL
6 10 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
7 9 (0.18%) TCP/IP
8 8 (0.16%) SSH
9 6 (0.12%) AMQP
9 6 (0.12%) Reverse Proxy
10 5 (0.099%) Calico
10 5 (0.099%) DNS
10 5 (0.099%) Hyperconnected
11 4 (0.079%) Firewall
11 4 (0.079%) HTTPS
12 3 (0.059%) ATM
13 2 (0.040%) PBX
13 2 (0.040%) VPN
13 2 (0.040%) Wireshark
14 1 (0.020%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 925 (18.34%) SQL Server
2 572 (11.34%) NoSQL
3 400 (7.93%) SQL Server 2016
4 312 (6.19%) MongoDB
5 288 (5.71%) MySQL
6 187 (3.71%) Big Data
7 156 (3.09%) PostgreSQL
8 141 (2.80%) Relational Database
9 115 (2.28%) Redis
10 105 (2.08%) Hadoop
11 73 (1.45%) Apache Cassandra
12 56 (1.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 51 (1.01%) RDBMS
14 46 (0.91%) CouchDB
15 42 (0.83%) Blockchain
15 42 (0.83%) Neo4j
16 33 (0.65%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 26 (0.52%) Amazon RDS
17 26 (0.52%) Data Warehouse
18 25 (0.50%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 1,262 (25.02%) Selenium
2 1,167 (23.14%) Git (software)
3 1,072 (21.25%) Cucumber
4 960 (19.03%) Jenkins
5 855 (16.95%) JIRA
6 499 (9.89%) WebDriver
7 368 (7.30%) SpecFlow
8 361 (7.16%) Maven
9 358 (7.10%) SoapUI
10 284 (5.63%) JUnit
11 279 (5.53%) TeamCity
12 256 (5.08%) JMeter
13 246 (4.88%) Appium
14 225 (4.46%) Team Foundation Server
15 154 (3.05%) Gradle
16 146 (2.89%) Visual Studio
17 141 (2.80%) NUnit
18 136 (2.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 116 (2.30%) Jasmine
19 116 (2.30%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 1,124 (22.28%) Finance
2 418 (8.29%) Banking
3 382 (7.57%) Retail
4 305 (6.05%) Games
5 144 (2.85%) Marketing
6 78 (1.55%) Telecoms
7 75 (1.49%) Financial Institution
8 70 (1.39%) Law
9 60 (1.19%) Manufacturing
10 59 (1.17%) Electronics
11 53 (1.05%) Back Office
12 52 (1.03%) Investment Banking
13 37 (0.73%) Retail Banking
14 26 (0.52%) Advertising
15 23 (0.46%) Publishing
16 20 (0.40%) Front Office
17 18 (0.36%) Aerospace
18 17 (0.34%) Automotive
19 16 (0.32%) Billing
20 12 (0.24%) Legal
Job Titles
1 2,790 (55.31%) Developer
2 837 (16.59%) .NET Developer
3 678 (13.44%) C# Developer
4 636 (12.61%) Java Developer
5 620 (12.29%) Senior Developer
6 493 (9.77%) C# .NET Developer
7 397 (7.87%) Test Engineer
8 373 (7.39%) Analyst
9 344 (6.82%) Software Developer
10 328 (6.50%) Software Engineer
11 299 (5.93%) ASP.NET Developer
12 296 (5.87%) C# ASP.NET Developer
13 294 (5.83%) Tester
14 268 (5.31%) Developer in Test
15 243 (4.82%) QA Engineer
16 213 (4.22%) Senior Java Developer
17 212 (4.20%) Test Automation Engineer
18 203 (4.02%) Test Analyst
19 181 (3.59%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
20 180 (3.57%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,518 (30.10%) .NET
2 965 (19.13%) ASP.NET
3 929 (18.42%) HTML
4 927 (18.38%) AngularJS
5 867 (17.19%) CSS
6 808 (16.02%) RESTful
7 774 (15.34%) Node.js
8 757 (15.01%) ASP.NET MVC
9 738 (14.63%) React
10 656 (13.01%) REST
11 627 (12.43%) Web Services
12 623 (12.35%) Spring
13 596 (11.82%) ASP.NET Web API
14 465 (9.22%) .NET Framework
15 413 (8.19%) HTML5
16 358 (7.10%) Gherkin
17 347 (6.88%) WCF
18 328 (6.50%) SOAP
19 289 (5.73%) Entity Framework
20 273 (5.41%) ASP.NET MVC 5
Miscellaneous
1 578 (11.46%) Greenfield Project
2 351 (6.96%) User Experience
3 301 (5.97%) Enterprise Software
4 278 (5.51%) Mobile App
5 195 (3.87%) Analytical Skills
6 89 (1.76%) Self-Motivation
7 82 (1.63%) Virtual Team
8 78 (1.55%) Algorithms
9 70 (1.39%) Cloud Native
10 62 (1.23%) Data Structures
11 41 (0.81%) Public Cloud
12 36 (0.71%) Blog
12 36 (0.71%) iPad
13 35 (0.69%) Management Information System
13 35 (0.69%) PlayStation
14 33 (0.65%) Linux Command Line
14 33 (0.65%) Online Gambling
15 31 (0.61%) Online Banking
15 31 (0.61%) Wiki
16 27 (0.54%) BBC
Operating Systems
1 326 (6.46%) Linux
2 297 (5.89%) Windows
3 249 (4.94%) Android
4 197 (3.91%) Apple iOS
5 72 (1.43%) Unix
6 27 (0.54%) Mesosphere
7 15 (0.30%) Windows Server
8 14 (0.28%) Mac OS
9 7 (0.14%) zOS
10 5 (0.099%) CentOS
10 5 (0.099%) Windows Server 2012
11 4 (0.079%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.079%) watchOS
11 4 (0.079%) Windows Mobile
12 3 (0.059%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.040%) AIX
14 1 (0.020%) Debian
14 1 (0.020%) HPUX
14 1 (0.020%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 1 (0.020%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,976 (78.83%) TDD
2 3,914 (77.60%) Agile Software Development
3 1,874 (37.15%) Test Automation
4 1,746 (34.62%) Scrum
5 1,533 (30.39%) Continuous Integration
6 1,093 (21.67%) MVC
7 1,092 (21.65%) Software Engineering
8 1,020 (20.22%) DevOps
9 753 (14.93%) Kanban
10 743 (14.73%) Microservices
11 604 (11.97%) Continuous Delivery
12 576 (11.42%) Mentoring
13 546 (10.82%) Problem-Solving
14 538 (10.67%) Pair Programming
15 510 (10.11%) OO
16 492 (9.75%) Software Testing
17 464 (9.20%) SDLC
18 448 (8.88%) Unit Testing
19 444 (8.80%) Web Application Development
20 423 (8.39%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,138 (42.39%) Java
2 1,895 (37.57%) JavaScript
3 1,879 (37.25%) C#
4 1,170 (23.20%) SQL
5 698 (13.84%) Python
6 566 (11.22%) Ruby
7 356 (7.06%) Java 8
8 299 (5.93%) Scala
9 281 (5.57%) PHP
10 154 (3.05%) Kotlin
11 153 (3.03%) T-SQL
12 140 (2.78%) C++
13 134 (2.66%) TypeScript
14 119 (2.36%) C
15 116 (2.30%) PowerShell
16 113 (2.24%) ES6
17 108 (2.14%) Go
18 91 (1.80%) Bash Shell
19 76 (1.51%) Groovy
20 52 (1.03%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 531 (10.53%) Degree
2 194 (3.85%) ISTQB
3 173 (3.43%) Computer Science Degree
4 156 (3.09%) Security Cleared
5 127 (2.52%) ISEB
6 112 (2.22%) SC Cleared
7 75 (1.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 29 (0.57%) DV Cleared
9 17 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
10 15 (0.30%) DBS Check
11 9 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
11 9 (0.18%) Postgraduate
12 7 (0.14%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 7 (0.14%) PMI Certification
13 5 (0.099%) CTC Cleared
13 5 (0.099%) Numerate Degree
14 4 (0.079%) Sun Certification
15 3 (0.059%) AWS Certification
16 2 (0.040%) CITP
16 2 (0.040%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 962 (19.07%) QA
2 28 (0.56%) WAI
3 20 (0.40%) GDPR
4 16 (0.32%) Data Quality
5 14 (0.28%) SEPA
6 9 (0.18%) PSD2
6 9 (0.18%) SLA
7 8 (0.16%) WCAG
8 6 (0.12%) TickIT
9 2 (0.040%) Actionable Recommendations
10 1 (0.020%) HL7
10 1 (0.020%) ISO 20022
10 1 (0.020%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 1 (0.020%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 638 (12.65%) Docker
2 50 (0.99%) Active Directory
3 27 (0.54%) vSphere
4 26 (0.52%) VMware Infrastructure
5 7 (0.14%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
5 7 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (0.099%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 5 (0.099%) etcd
6 5 (0.099%) Varnish
7 3 (0.059%) Firmware
8 2 (0.040%) Postfix
9 1 (0.020%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.020%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 395 (7.83%) Kubernetes
2 184 (3.65%) Ansible
3 173 (3.43%) Terraform
4 122 (2.42%) Opscode Chef
5 106 (2.10%) Puppet
6 85 (1.69%) HP Quality Center
7 62 (1.23%) Prometheus
8 45 (0.89%) Consul
9 35 (0.69%) Rancher
10 34 (0.67%) Kibana
11 29 (0.57%) Grafana
11 29 (0.57%) HP ALM
12 27 (0.54%) Automic
13 15 (0.30%) Istio
13 15 (0.30%) logstash
14 10 (0.20%) Mesos
15 7 (0.14%) Packer
15 7 (0.14%) Tivoli
16 6 (0.12%) Nagios
16 6 (0.12%) Nessus
Vendors
1 576 (11.42%) Microsoft
2 305 (6.05%) Google
3 242 (4.80%) Oracle
4 136 (2.70%) WorldPay
5 103 (2.04%) SAP
6 90 (1.78%) Splunk
7 88 (1.74%) HP
8 77 (1.53%) Xamarin
9 62 (1.23%) Atlassian
10 55 (1.09%) Salesforce.com
11 43 (0.85%) Adobe
12 40 (0.79%) New Relic
13 37 (0.73%) Apple
14 34 (0.67%) Cypress Semiconductor
15 30 (0.59%) IBM
16 28 (0.56%) AppDynamics
16 28 (0.56%) hybris
16 28 (0.56%) Sitecore
17 26 (0.52%) VMware
18 23 (0.46%) Zend