Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 96 85 87
Rank change year-on-year -11 +2 -24
Permanent jobs citing BDD 3,833 2,532 4,944
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.39% 3.72% 3.45%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.62% 4.01% 3.72%
Number of salaries quoted 2,284 2,126 3,853
10th Percentile £41,250 £35,000 £35,000
25th Percentile £47,875 £43,750 £42,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year - +9.09% +4.76%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +3.26%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 105,933 63,073 132,808
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.76% 92.77% 92.68%
Number of salaries quoted 72,165 51,056 105,945
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -22 3,171 £62,000 +3.33% 664
UK excluding London -7 1,815 £55,000 +10.00% 403
London -32 1,727 £70,000 +3.70% 296
Work from Home -48 732 £60,250 -7.31% 130
South East +27 589 £55,000 -4.35% 96
North of England -68 336 £55,000 +10.00% 127
Scotland +41 255 £47,500 +17.28% 17
Midlands -1 216 £55,000 +6.80% 54
South West -49 202 £55,000 +10.00% 46
Yorkshire -41 162 £57,500 +15.00% 44
North West -44 161 £52,500 +5.00% 69
West Midlands -2 141 £55,000 +10.00% 30
Northern Ireland +28 85 £47,500 - 9
Wales +5 84 £45,000 - 18
East Midlands -18 72 £50,500 -8.18% 23
East of England -48 49 £60,000 +33.33% 36
North East -41 13 £52,500 +16.67% 14

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,118 (81.35%) Agile Software Development
2 2,841 (74.12%) TDD
3 1,902 (49.62%) Java
4 1,491 (38.90%) Test Automation
5 1,432 (37.36%) Scrum
6 1,398 (36.47%) Microservices
7 1,248 (32.56%) JavaScript
8 1,227 (32.01%) C#
9 1,193 (31.12%) DevOps
10 1,059 (27.63%) React
11 1,040 (27.13%) AWS
12 988 (25.78%) Azure
13 964 (25.15%) Git (software)
14 963 (25.12%) Software Engineering
15 918 (23.95%) .NET
16 903 (23.56%) Jenkins
17 885 (23.09%) Spring
18 877 (22.88%) Continuous Integration
19 870 (22.70%) QA
20 865 (22.57%) SQL
21 848 (22.12%) AngularJS
22 795 (20.74%) Docker
23 790 (20.61%) Node.js
24 748 (19.51%) Selenium
25 738 (19.25%) Social Skills
26 700 (18.26%) Python
27 687 (17.92%) Mentoring
28 679 (17.71%) REST
29 663 (17.30%) Finance
30 660 (17.22%) Full Stack Development

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 215 (5.61%) Confluence
2 139 (3.63%) Apache
3 110 (2.87%) GemFire
4 109 (2.84%) Apache Spark
5 108 (2.82%) Elasticsearch
6 86 (2.24%) CMS
7 61 (1.59%) Tomcat
8 30 (0.78%) Apache Solr
9 29 (0.76%) Oracle Workflow
10 22 (0.57%) ColdFusion
10 22 (0.57%) Drupal
11 19 (0.50%) SharePoint
12 18 (0.47%) JBoss
12 18 (0.47%) nginx
13 17 (0.44%) Headless CMS
14 14 (0.37%) Cloud Foundry
14 14 (0.37%) IIS
15 10 (0.26%) Umbraco
16 9 (0.23%) Red Hat Fuse
17 8 (0.21%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 12 (0.31%) Chatbot
2 10 (0.26%) MS Visio
3 8 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
3 8 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
4 7 (0.18%) EngageOne
4 7 (0.18%) Figma
5 5 (0.13%) Sketch
6 3 (0.078%) Microsoft Office
6 3 (0.078%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.078%) PlantUML
7 2 (0.052%) Adobe XD
7 2 (0.052%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.052%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 30 (0.78%) Payment Gateway
2 28 (0.73%) Shopify
3 7 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
4 4 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
5 3 (0.078%) SDL Web 8
6 2 (0.052%) Loan IQ
7 1 (0.026%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.026%) Endur
7 1 (0.026%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.026%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 1,040 (27.13%) AWS
2 988 (25.78%) Azure
3 472 (12.31%) GitHub
4 450 (11.74%) Serverless
5 334 (8.71%) GCP
6 227 (5.92%) SaaS
7 173 (4.51%) AWS Lambda
8 98 (2.56%) Amazon S3
9 89 (2.32%) Amazon EC2
10 86 (2.24%) Amazon Kinesis
11 85 (2.22%) Amazon SQS
11 85 (2.22%) AWS CloudFormation
12 78 (2.03%) Azure Functions
13 72 (1.88%) BrowserStack
14 64 (1.67%) PaaS
15 55 (1.43%) Amazon ECS
16 51 (1.33%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 47 (1.23%) OpenShift
18 43 (1.12%) NuGet
19 42 (1.10%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 124 (3.24%) HTTP
2 69 (1.80%) Broadband
3 55 (1.43%) Internet
4 17 (0.44%) DNS
5 12 (0.31%) RTP
6 11 (0.29%) WebEx
7 10 (0.26%) SSH
8 7 (0.18%) Wireshark
9 5 (0.13%) H.323
9 5 (0.13%) SMTP
9 5 (0.13%) Wi-Fi
10 4 (0.10%) MQTT
10 4 (0.10%) Network Security
11 3 (0.078%) 5G
11 3 (0.078%) AMQP
11 3 (0.078%) TCP/IP
11 3 (0.078%) VoIP
12 2 (0.052%) SAN
12 2 (0.052%) Skype
13 1 (0.026%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 424 (11.06%) NoSQL
2 423 (11.04%) MongoDB
3 385 (10.04%) SQL Server
4 309 (8.06%) PostgreSQL
5 299 (7.80%) Big Data
6 293 (7.64%) Relational Database
7 246 (6.42%) Redis
8 206 (5.37%) MySQL
9 104 (2.71%) HBase
9 104 (2.71%) MariaDB
10 89 (2.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 62 (1.62%) Azure SQL Database
12 52 (1.36%) Amazon Aurora
12 52 (1.36%) Apache Cassandra
13 46 (1.20%) Amazon RDS
14 44 (1.15%) Oracle Database
15 41 (1.07%) RDBMS
16 31 (0.81%) Data Warehouse
17 28 (0.73%) SQL Server 2019
18 24 (0.63%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 964 (25.15%) Git (software)
2 903 (23.56%) Jenkins
3 748 (19.51%) Selenium
4 640 (16.70%) Cucumber
5 548 (14.30%) JIRA
6 359 (9.37%) Postman
7 327 (8.53%) SpecFlow
8 290 (7.57%) Cypress.io
9 253 (6.60%) JUnit
10 242 (6.31%) JMeter
11 235 (6.13%) Maven
12 215 (5.61%) REST Assured
13 190 (4.96%) WebDriver
14 165 (4.30%) Gradle
15 163 (4.25%) GitLab
16 158 (4.12%) Mockito
17 149 (3.89%) NUnit
18 141 (3.68%) Appium
19 140 (3.65%) Storybook
20 138 (3.60%) IntelliJ
General
1 738 (19.25%) Social Skills
2 663 (17.30%) Finance
3 361 (9.42%) Banking
4 340 (8.87%) Public Sector
5 218 (5.69%) Retail
6 198 (5.17%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 168 (4.38%) Marketing
8 151 (3.94%) Law
9 138 (3.60%) Analytical Skills
10 89 (2.32%) Games
11 65 (1.70%) Manufacturing
12 64 (1.67%) Organisational Skills
13 62 (1.62%) Advertising
14 58 (1.51%) Back Office
14 58 (1.51%) Investment Banking
15 49 (1.28%) Electronics
16 46 (1.20%) Influencing Skills
17 42 (1.10%) Telecoms
18 40 (1.04%) Financial Institution
19 39 (1.02%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,667 (43.49%) Developer
2 589 (15.37%) Software Engineer
3 523 (13.64%) Java Developer
4 463 (12.08%) Senior Developer
5 308 (8.04%) Software Developer
6 280 (7.30%) Test Engineer
7 262 (6.84%) .NET Developer
8 254 (6.63%) Analyst
9 243 (6.34%) Full Stack Developer
10 190 (4.96%) QA Engineer
11 181 (4.72%) Senior Software Engineer
12 177 (4.62%) React Developer
13 167 (4.36%) Test Analyst
14 144 (3.76%) C# Developer
15 141 (3.68%) Lead Developer
16 136 (3.55%) Automation Test Analyst
17 133 (3.47%) Senior Software Developer
17 133 (3.47%) Tester
18 128 (3.34%) Java Engineer
19 125 (3.26%) Test Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,059 (27.63%) React
2 918 (23.95%) .NET
3 885 (23.09%) Spring
4 848 (22.12%) AngularJS
5 790 (20.61%) Node.js
6 679 (17.71%) REST
7 654 (17.06%) RESTful
8 613 (15.99%) CSS
9 525 (13.70%) Web Services
10 513 (13.38%) HTML
11 454 (11.84%) Hibernate
12 412 (10.75%) .NET Core
13 278 (7.25%) Kafka
14 259 (6.76%) JSON
14 259 (6.76%) Spring Boot
15 257 (6.70%) GraphQL
16 239 (6.24%) HTML5
16 239 (6.24%) Redux
17 226 (5.90%) ASP.NET
18 224 (5.84%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 259 (6.76%) Mobile App
2 226 (5.90%) User Experience
3 203 (5.30%) Greenfield Project
4 144 (3.76%) Self-Motivation
5 116 (3.03%) Linux Command Line
6 94 (2.45%) Algorithms
7 86 (2.24%) Cloud Native
8 66 (1.72%) NHS
9 63 (1.64%) Video\Live Streaming
10 60 (1.57%) EPoS
10 60 (1.57%) iPad
10 60 (1.57%) Legacy Systems
11 58 (1.51%) Management Information System
12 55 (1.43%) Virtual Team
13 54 (1.41%) BBC
14 53 (1.38%) Data Structures
15 47 (1.23%) Video on Demand
16 46 (1.20%) Social Media
17 44 (1.15%) Over-the-Top Content
18 30 (0.78%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 307 (8.01%) Linux
2 160 (4.17%) Unix
3 147 (3.84%) Android
4 94 (2.45%) Apple iOS
5 89 (2.32%) Windows
6 23 (0.60%) Mesosphere
7 4 (0.10%) Tizen
7 4 (0.10%) webOS
7 4 (0.10%) Windows 10
8 3 (0.078%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.052%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,118 (81.35%) Agile Software Development
2 2,841 (74.12%) TDD
3 1,491 (38.90%) Test Automation
4 1,432 (37.36%) Scrum
5 1,398 (36.47%) Microservices
6 1,193 (31.12%) DevOps
7 963 (25.12%) Software Engineering
8 877 (22.88%) Continuous Integration
9 687 (17.92%) Mentoring
10 660 (17.22%) Full Stack Development
11 556 (14.51%) Software Testing
12 471 (12.29%) OO
13 463 (12.08%) Kanban
14 462 (12.05%) Problem-Solving
15 457 (11.92%) Open Source
16 447 (11.66%) Coaching
17 437 (11.40%) SDLC
18 406 (10.59%) Continuous Improvement
19 378 (9.86%) SOLID
20 375 (9.78%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1,902 (49.62%) Java
2 1,248 (32.56%) JavaScript
3 1,227 (32.01%) C#
4 865 (22.57%) SQL
5 700 (18.26%) Python
6 381 (9.94%) TypeScript
7 303 (7.91%) Java 8
8 214 (5.58%) PHP
9 156 (4.07%) Go
10 145 (3.78%) Groovy
11 132 (3.44%) Scala
12 125 (3.26%) Ruby
12 125 (3.26%) Shell Script
13 99 (2.58%) Kotlin
14 85 (2.22%) C
15 84 (2.19%) PowerShell
16 65 (1.70%) C++
17 62 (1.62%) Bash Shell
18 59 (1.54%) ES6
18 59 (1.54%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 537 (14.01%) Security Cleared
2 510 (13.31%) SC Cleared
3 361 (9.42%) Degree
4 150 (3.91%) ISTQB
5 111 (2.90%) Computer Science Degree
6 98 (2.56%) OCP
6 98 (2.56%) Oracle Certification
7 87 (2.27%) ISEB
8 76 (1.98%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 25 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
10 14 (0.37%) Master's Degree
11 13 (0.34%) DV Cleared
12 8 (0.21%) AWS Certification
13 7 (0.18%) CITP
14 5 (0.13%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 3 (0.078%) HNC
15 3 (0.078%) IIBA
15 3 (0.078%) OSCE
15 3 (0.078%) OSCP
15 3 (0.078%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 870 (22.70%) QA
2 101 (2.64%) Accessibility
3 28 (0.73%) Data Quality
4 17 (0.44%) GDPR
5 9 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 8 (0.21%) ISO 20022
7 7 (0.18%) SOC 2
8 6 (0.16%) SEPA
8 6 (0.16%) WAI
9 4 (0.10%) HIPAA
10 3 (0.078%) NIST
10 3 (0.078%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.078%) SOC 1
11 1 (0.026%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 1 (0.026%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.026%) WCAG
System Software
1 795 (20.74%) Docker
2 103 (2.69%) HDFS
3 79 (2.06%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (0.81%) NDS
4 31 (0.81%) NetIQ eDirectory
5 30 (0.78%) Active Directory
6 19 (0.50%) Postfix
7 9 (0.23%) Firmware
8 5 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 5 (0.13%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.13%) Xen
9 2 (0.052%) vSphere
10 1 (0.026%) KVM
10 1 (0.026%) LXC
Systems Management
1 576 (15.03%) Kubernetes
2 305 (7.96%) Terraform
3 222 (5.79%) Ansible
4 96 (2.50%) Opscode Chef
5 72 (1.88%) Puppet
6 55 (1.43%) Kibana
7 39 (1.02%) Grafana
8 36 (0.94%) logstash
9 31 (0.81%) Prometheus
10 30 (0.78%) Consul
10 30 (0.78%) NetIQ Identity Manager
10 30 (0.78%) Opsgenie
11 26 (0.68%) Graphite
11 26 (0.68%) Graylog
11 26 (0.68%) HP Quality Center
12 23 (0.60%) Automic
13 16 (0.42%) Packer
14 15 (0.39%) MIIS
15 14 (0.37%) Istio
16 8 (0.21%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 306 (7.98%) Microsoft
2 179 (4.67%) Google
3 169 (4.41%) Oracle
4 127 (3.31%) VMware
5 113 (2.95%) Okta
6 47 (1.23%) Splunk
7 37 (0.97%) Atlassian
8 36 (0.94%) New Relic
9 35 (0.91%) SAP
10 32 (0.83%) Salesforce.com
11 31 (0.81%) ForgeRock
11 31 (0.81%) NetIQ
12 28 (0.73%) Elastic Path
13 26 (0.68%) HP
14 25 (0.65%) Xamarin
15 23 (0.60%) Adobe
15 23 (0.60%) IBM
16 18 (0.47%) Apple
17 16 (0.42%) PayPal
18 14 (0.37%) Cognizant