Period
to 21 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 21 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
21 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 79 53 67
Rank change year-on-year -26 +14 +15
Permanent jobs citing BDD 5,519 8,962 7,387
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.72% 5.09% 4.29%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.05% 5.55% 4.70%
Number of salaries quoted 4,541 7,864 6,547
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,350 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 136,129 161,520 157,290
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.79% 91.80% 91.33%
Number of salaries quoted 107,232 131,598 129,509
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,625
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 21 March 2019.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 21 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -24 5,202 £55,000 +10.00% 906
UK excluding London -32 2,806 £47,500 +5.56% 508
London -16 2,656 £65,000 +8.33% 448
North of England -2 902 £45,000 - 129
South East -37 781 £52,500 +16.67% 134
North West -14 452 £50,000 +17.65% 72
South West -36 395 £45,000 -10.00% 64
Yorkshire +7 389 £44,000 -2.22% 45
East of England -24 270 £55,000 +10.00% 48
Midlands -100 196 £45,000 +12.50% 83
Scotland -26 193 £45,000 -10.00% 32
West Midlands -71 103 £45,000 +12.50% 56
East Midlands -72 93 £42,500 +4.94% 27
North East -3 58 £42,500 -5.56% 12
Northern Ireland -6 42 £45,000 +13.92% 4
Wales -38 36 £57,000 +42.50% 14

For the 6 months to 21 March 2019, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 4,413 (79.96%) TDD
2 4,268 (77.33%) Agile Software Development
3 2,365 (42.85%) C#
4 2,318 (42.00%) Java
5 2,080 (37.69%) JavaScript
6 1,973 (35.75%) Test Automation
7 1,870 (33.88%) Scrum
8 1,869 (33.86%) .NET
9 1,526 (27.65%) Continuous Integration
10 1,502 (27.22%) MVC
11 1,306 (23.66%) SQL
12 1,281 (23.21%) Selenium
13 1,274 (23.08%) ASP.NET
14 1,268 (22.98%) Git (software)
15 1,235 (22.38%) SQL Server
16 1,171 (21.22%) AngularJS
17 1,146 (20.76%) Finance
18 1,106 (20.04%) ASP.NET MVC
19 1,068 (19.35%) Cucumber
20 1,061 (19.22%) Software Engineering
21 1,052 (19.06%) RESTful
22 992 (17.97%) QA
23 987 (17.88%) HTML
24 926 (16.78%) CSS
24 926 (16.78%) DevOps
25 918 (16.63%) Jenkins
26 910 (16.49%) Node.js
27 894 (16.20%) ASP.NET Web API
28 837 (15.17%) Amazon AWS
29 825 (14.95%) Kanban

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 277 (5.02%) Confluence
2 143 (2.59%) Elasticsearch
3 131 (2.37%) Tomcat
4 107 (1.94%) IIS
5 69 (1.25%) CMS
6 65 (1.18%) Apache Spark
7 56 (1.01%) Apache
8 32 (0.58%) MQSeries
9 31 (0.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 29 (0.53%) Apache Solr
10 29 (0.53%) Drupal
11 23 (0.42%) WebLogic
12 21 (0.38%) nginx
13 19 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
13 19 (0.34%) SharePoint
14 18 (0.33%) JBoss
15 17 (0.31%) Sitecore CMS
15 17 (0.31%) WebSphere
16 13 (0.24%) Mule
17 12 (0.22%) Jetty
Applications
1 21 (0.38%) MS Visio
2 14 (0.25%) Chatbot
3 10 (0.18%) Microsoft Excel
4 9 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
5 8 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 8 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.018%) Adobe Premiere
6 1 (0.018%) HipChat
6 1 (0.018%) Snapchat
6 1 (0.018%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 17 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
2 15 (0.27%) Magento
3 12 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
4 11 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
5 9 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
6 6 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.036%) Eloqua
8 1 (0.018%) Dynamics AX
8 1 (0.018%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.018%) Eagle PACE
8 1 (0.018%) Endur
8 1 (0.018%) Global One
8 1 (0.018%) Markit EDM
8 1 (0.018%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.018%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.018%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 837 (15.17%) Amazon AWS
2 764 (13.84%) Microsoft Azure
3 191 (3.46%) Google Cloud Platform
4 141 (2.55%) SaaS
5 130 (2.36%) Serverless
6 116 (2.10%) GitHub
7 89 (1.61%) PaaS
8 70 (1.27%) G Suite
8 70 (1.27%) Office 365
9 61 (1.11%) Cloud Computing
10 59 (1.07%) npm
11 58 (1.05%) Amazon EC2
12 57 (1.03%) AWS CloudFormation
13 53 (0.96%) AWS Lambda
14 41 (0.74%) BrowserStack
15 40 (0.72%) Amazon SQS
16 39 (0.71%) Slack
17 38 (0.69%) IaaS
18 35 (0.63%) Apigee
19 29 (0.53%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 236 (4.28%) Internet
2 66 (1.20%) HTTP
3 34 (0.62%) Wireless
4 25 (0.45%) Hyperconnected
4 25 (0.45%) SSL
5 14 (0.25%) Wi-Fi
6 11 (0.20%) Broadband
7 9 (0.16%) Bluetooth
8 8 (0.14%) AMQP
9 7 (0.13%) BIG-IP
9 7 (0.13%) SSH
9 7 (0.13%) VLAN
10 6 (0.11%) TCP/IP
11 5 (0.091%) ATM
11 5 (0.091%) OpenLDAP
12 3 (0.054%) DNS
13 2 (0.036%) DSL
13 2 (0.036%) Firewall
13 2 (0.036%) FIX Connectivity
13 2 (0.036%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,235 (22.38%) SQL Server
2 718 (13.01%) NoSQL
3 665 (12.05%) SQL Server 2016
4 323 (5.85%) MongoDB
5 298 (5.40%) MySQL
6 250 (4.53%) Relational Database
7 247 (4.48%) PostgreSQL
8 212 (3.84%) Big Data
9 118 (2.14%) Redis
10 105 (1.90%) Hadoop
11 101 (1.83%) Apache Cassandra
12 93 (1.69%) RDBMS
13 75 (1.36%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 50 (0.91%) Couchbase
15 36 (0.65%) Cosmos DB
15 36 (0.65%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 32 (0.58%) Bigtable
16 32 (0.58%) Oracle Database
17 27 (0.49%) CouchDB
17 27 (0.49%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,281 (23.21%) Selenium
2 1,268 (22.98%) Git (software)
3 1,068 (19.35%) Cucumber
4 918 (16.63%) Jenkins
5 738 (13.37%) JIRA
6 491 (8.90%) WebDriver
7 388 (7.03%) SpecFlow
8 356 (6.45%) SoapUI
9 348 (6.31%) Maven
10 335 (6.07%) JUnit
11 329 (5.96%) TeamCity
12 301 (5.45%) JMeter
13 234 (4.24%) Team Foundation Server
14 206 (3.73%) Appium
15 180 (3.26%) Visual Studio
16 162 (2.94%) Gradle
17 152 (2.75%) NUnit
18 135 (2.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 135 (2.45%) Subversion
19 124 (2.25%) Jasmine
General
1 1,146 (20.76%) Finance
2 338 (6.12%) Banking
2 338 (6.12%) Games
3 330 (5.98%) Retail
4 195 (3.53%) Marketing
5 100 (1.81%) Telecoms
6 90 (1.63%) Electronics
7 77 (1.40%) Manufacturing
8 75 (1.36%) Law
9 69 (1.25%) Advertising
10 59 (1.07%) Financial Institution
11 48 (0.87%) Back Office
11 48 (0.87%) Investment Banking
12 42 (0.76%) Publishing
13 28 (0.51%) Music Industry
14 27 (0.49%) Automotive
15 15 (0.27%) Retail Banking
16 12 (0.22%) Aerospace
17 10 (0.18%) Legal
18 9 (0.16%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,243 (58.76%) Developer
2 1,209 (21.91%) .NET Developer
3 875 (15.85%) C# Developer
4 740 (13.41%) Java Developer
5 647 (11.72%) C# .NET Developer
6 623 (11.29%) Senior Developer
7 510 (9.24%) Test Engineer
8 375 (6.79%) ASP.NET Developer
9 371 (6.72%) C# ASP.NET Developer
9 371 (6.72%) Tester
10 349 (6.32%) Analyst
11 332 (6.02%) Software Engineer
12 316 (5.73%) Developer in Test
13 306 (5.54%) Software Developer
14 277 (5.02%) QA Engineer
15 268 (4.86%) Test Automation Engineer
16 249 (4.51%) Test Analyst
17 239 (4.33%) Automation Tester
18 218 (3.95%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 216 (3.91%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,869 (33.86%) .NET
2 1,274 (23.08%) ASP.NET
3 1,171 (21.22%) AngularJS
4 1,106 (20.04%) ASP.NET MVC
5 1,052 (19.06%) RESTful
6 987 (17.88%) HTML
7 926 (16.78%) CSS
8 910 (16.49%) Node.js
9 894 (16.20%) ASP.NET Web API
10 686 (12.43%) Spring
11 673 (12.19%) React
12 653 (11.83%) Web Services
13 573 (10.38%) .NET Framework
14 568 (10.29%) REST
15 509 (9.22%) HTML5
16 487 (8.82%) WCF
17 397 (7.19%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 394 (7.14%) Entity Framework
19 393 (7.12%) JSON
20 388 (7.03%) ASP.NET MVC 5
Miscellaneous
1 696 (12.61%) Greenfield Project
2 348 (6.31%) Fintech
3 343 (6.21%) Enterprise Software
4 326 (5.91%) User Experience
5 235 (4.26%) Mobile App
6 197 (3.57%) Analytical Skills
7 85 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
8 76 (1.38%) Virtual Team
9 51 (0.92%) Algorithms
10 49 (0.89%) Social Media
11 47 (0.85%) BBC
12 41 (0.74%) Blog
13 33 (0.60%) Digital TV
14 32 (0.58%) Cloud Native
15 30 (0.54%) PlayStation
16 29 (0.53%) PMI
16 29 (0.53%) Public Cloud
17 27 (0.49%) Hedge funds
17 27 (0.49%) Internet of Things
18 25 (0.45%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 347 (6.29%) Linux
2 306 (5.54%) Windows
3 222 (4.02%) Android
4 181 (3.28%) Apple iOS
5 70 (1.27%) Unix
6 28 (0.51%) CentOS
7 26 (0.47%) Mesosphere
8 21 (0.38%) Ubuntu
9 12 (0.22%) Solaris
10 10 (0.18%) Mac OS X
11 7 (0.13%) CoreOS
11 7 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 7 (0.13%) Windows Phone
11 7 (0.13%) Windows Phone 8
12 6 (0.11%) watchOS
13 5 (0.091%) Mac OS
14 4 (0.072%) zOS
15 3 (0.054%) Windows Server
16 2 (0.036%) Debian
17 1 (0.018%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,413 (79.96%) TDD
2 4,268 (77.33%) Agile Software Development
3 1,973 (35.75%) Test Automation
4 1,870 (33.88%) Scrum
5 1,526 (27.65%) Continuous Integration
6 1,502 (27.22%) MVC
7 1,061 (19.22%) Software Engineering
8 926 (16.78%) DevOps
9 825 (14.95%) Kanban
10 781 (14.15%) Microservices
11 735 (13.32%) Web Application Development
12 653 (11.83%) Continuous Delivery
13 633 (11.47%) OO
14 521 (9.44%) Unit Testing
15 510 (9.24%) Open Source
16 506 (9.17%) Pair Programming
17 485 (8.79%) Software Testing
18 470 (8.52%) Mentoring
19 432 (7.83%) SDLC
20 399 (7.23%) Test Scripting
Programming Languages
1 2,365 (42.85%) C#
2 2,318 (42.00%) Java
3 2,080 (37.69%) JavaScript
4 1,306 (23.66%) SQL
5 755 (13.68%) Python
6 660 (11.96%) Ruby
7 410 (7.43%) Java 8
8 290 (5.25%) PHP
9 251 (4.55%) Scala
10 208 (3.77%) C++
11 204 (3.70%) TypeScript
12 181 (3.28%) T-SQL
13 157 (2.84%) ES6
14 155 (2.81%) PowerShell
15 129 (2.34%) Go
16 107 (1.94%) C
17 96 (1.74%) Kotlin
18 83 (1.50%) Bash Shell
19 66 (1.20%) Groovy
20 61 (1.11%) F#
Qualifications
1 606 (10.98%) Degree
2 193 (3.50%) Computer Science Degree
3 187 (3.39%) Security Cleared
4 169 (3.06%) ISTQB
5 139 (2.52%) SC Cleared
6 112 (2.03%) ISEB
7 48 (0.87%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 36 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
9 30 (0.54%) PMI Certification
10 24 (0.43%) DV Cleared
11 20 (0.36%) DBS Check
12 10 (0.18%) MCPD
12 10 (0.18%) Postgraduate
13 9 (0.16%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 7 (0.13%) AWS Certification
14 7 (0.13%) BPSS Clearance
14 7 (0.13%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 6 (0.11%) Master's Degree
16 5 (0.091%) Numerate Degree
17 3 (0.054%) CIPFA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 992 (17.97%) QA
2 29 (0.53%) Data Quality
3 24 (0.43%) WCAG
4 18 (0.33%) GDPR
4 18 (0.33%) WAI
5 16 (0.29%) SEPA
6 8 (0.14%) PSD2
7 4 (0.072%) SLA
8 1 (0.018%) COBIT
8 1 (0.018%) HL7
8 1 (0.018%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.018%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.018%) MiFID
8 1 (0.018%) PMO
8 1 (0.018%) TickIT
System Software
1 673 (12.19%) Docker
2 69 (1.25%) Active Directory
3 20 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (0.13%) iptables
5 7 (0.13%) vSphere
6 5 (0.091%) Varnish
7 3 (0.054%) Firmware
7 3 (0.054%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.036%) Apache Flume
8 2 (0.036%) LXC
8 2 (0.036%) Postfix
9 1 (0.018%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.018%) HDFS
9 1 (0.018%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.018%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 295 (5.35%) Kubernetes
2 198 (3.59%) Ansible
3 164 (2.97%) Terraform
4 116 (2.10%) Opscode Chef
5 110 (1.99%) Puppet
6 61 (1.11%) HP Quality Center
7 44 (0.80%) Prometheus
8 42 (0.76%) HP ALM
9 41 (0.74%) Consul
10 37 (0.67%) Kibana
11 36 (0.65%) Rancher
12 26 (0.47%) Automic
13 21 (0.38%) Nessus
14 14 (0.25%) Grafana
15 12 (0.22%) Mesos
16 10 (0.18%) linkerd
16 10 (0.18%) ZABBIX
17 7 (0.13%) HAProxy
17 7 (0.13%) logstash
18 6 (0.11%) Salt
Vendors
1 672 (12.18%) Microsoft
2 340 (6.16%) Google
3 253 (4.58%) Oracle
4 113 (2.05%) SAP
5 95 (1.72%) HP
6 85 (1.54%) Facebook
7 84 (1.52%) Xamarin
8 79 (1.43%) WorldPay
9 73 (1.32%) Apple
10 66 (1.20%) Splunk
11 55 (1.00%) Atlassian
12 48 (0.87%) Sitecore
12 48 (0.87%) Sony
13 47 (0.85%) Yahoo!
14 38 (0.69%) Zend
15 37 (0.67%) Salesforce.com
16 35 (0.63%) Adobe
17 30 (0.54%) IBM
18 24 (0.43%) New Relic
19 22 (0.40%) Cypress Semiconductor