Period
to 22 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 22 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 81 82 66
Rank change year-on-year +1 -16 +2
Permanent jobs citing BDD 1,850 4,809 7,277
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.71% 3.46% 4.37%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.01% 3.75% 4.76%
Number of salaries quoted 1,745 3,870 6,597
Median annual salary £60,000 £55,250 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.60% +5.24% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £86,250 £88,750 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 46,086 128,271 152,983
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.53% 92.20% 91.87%
Number of salaries quoted 37,446 100,644 121,806
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,750 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 22 September 2020.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 1,759 £62,500 +8.70% 391
London +7 1,050 £68,250 +5.00% 168
UK excluding London +8 787 £50,000 - 250
South East +1 231 £55,000 +4.76% 61
North of England +1 216 £50,000 +5.26% 72
Work from Home +3 206 £65,000 +13.04% 58
South West +57 139 £52,500 +23.53% 22
North West -25 96 £51,880 -1.18% 49
Yorkshire +43 94 £50,000 +13.64% 15
Midlands +111 93 £55,000 +15.79% 45
West Midlands +105 57 £55,000 +10.00% 28
Scotland +13 37 £42,500 -22.73% 12
East Midlands +59 36 £50,000 +11.11% 17
Wales +19 36 £45,000 -10.00% 13
East of England -36 29 £45,000 -14.29% 24
North East +37 26 £45,000 -6.20% 8
Northern Ireland +21 10 £40,000 -33.33% 2

For the 6 months to 22 September 2020, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 1,438 (77.73%) TDD
2 1,431 (77.35%) Agile Software Development
3 810 (43.78%) JavaScript
4 718 (38.81%) C#
5 660 (35.68%) Test Automation
6 618 (33.41%) .NET
7 587 (31.73%) AWS
8 585 (31.62%) Java
9 555 (30.00%) Scrum
10 539 (29.14%) Microservices
11 537 (29.03%) Azure
12 480 (25.95%) DevOps
13 441 (23.84%) AngularJS
14 403 (21.78%) Selenium
15 393 (21.24%) SQL
16 389 (21.03%) React
17 387 (20.92%) SQL Server
18 384 (20.76%) Node.js
19 357 (19.30%) MVC
20 346 (18.70%) Software Engineering
21 344 (18.59%) ASP.NET
22 329 (17.78%) .NET Core
23 327 (17.68%) Git (software)
24 315 (17.03%) Finance
25 311 (16.81%) HTML
25 311 (16.81%) Continuous Integration
26 292 (15.78%) Docker
26 292 (15.78%) CSS
27 290 (15.68%) OO
28 281 (15.19%) RESTful

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 142 (7.68%) Elasticsearch
2 64 (3.46%) Tomcat
3 59 (3.19%) Confluence
4 45 (2.43%) Apache
5 37 (2.00%) CMS
6 24 (1.30%) Umbraco
7 20 (1.08%) Sitecore CMS
8 18 (0.97%) Apache Spark
9 16 (0.86%) EPiServer
10 14 (0.76%) IIS
11 13 (0.70%) Oracle Workflow
12 11 (0.59%) DNN
12 11 (0.59%) Headless CMS
12 11 (0.59%) Immediacy CMS
12 11 (0.59%) Kentico
12 11 (0.59%) NServiceBus
12 11 (0.59%) Sitefinity
13 7 (0.38%) WebSphere
14 6 (0.32%) JBoss
15 5 (0.27%) OpenStack
Applications
1 5 (0.27%) Adobe Creative Suite
1 5 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 4 (0.22%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.054%) Adobe Premiere
4 1 (0.054%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 6 (0.32%) Distributed Ledger
1 6 (0.32%) Magento
2 5 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.22%) SDL Web 8
4 3 (0.16%) Oracle Cash Management
4 3 (0.16%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.054%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.054%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.054%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 587 (31.73%) AWS
2 537 (29.03%) Azure
3 137 (7.41%) GCP
4 124 (6.70%) SaaS
5 105 (5.68%) Serverless
6 96 (5.19%) GitHub
7 63 (3.41%) AWS Lambda
8 43 (2.32%) Amazon EC2
9 41 (2.22%) npm
10 38 (2.05%) Amazon SQS
11 32 (1.73%) AWS CloudFormation
12 28 (1.51%) Cloud Computing
13 24 (1.30%) PaaS
14 20 (1.08%) Firebase
15 19 (1.03%) Azure Functions
16 17 (0.92%) Amazon ECS
16 17 (0.92%) Amazon S3
17 16 (0.86%) BrowserStack
18 14 (0.76%) Azure Data Factory
19 12 (0.65%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 46 (2.49%) Skype
2 41 (2.22%) HTTP
3 32 (1.73%) Internet
4 8 (0.43%) Network Security
5 5 (0.27%) SMTP
6 4 (0.22%) FIX Connectivity
7 3 (0.16%) NFC
7 3 (0.16%) SSL
7 3 (0.16%) Wireless
8 2 (0.11%) Broadband
8 2 (0.11%) Firewall
9 1 (0.054%) ADSL
9 1 (0.054%) BIG-IP
9 1 (0.054%) DNS
9 1 (0.054%) DSL
9 1 (0.054%) Intranet
9 1 (0.054%) IPv6
9 1 (0.054%) TCP/IP
9 1 (0.054%) VLAN
9 1 (0.054%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 387 (20.92%) SQL Server
2 239 (12.92%) MongoDB
3 215 (11.62%) NoSQL
4 108 (5.84%) SQL Server 2019
5 103 (5.57%) Relational Database
6 96 (5.19%) MySQL
7 94 (5.08%) PostgreSQL
8 64 (3.46%) Redis
9 42 (2.27%) Data Warehouse
10 34 (1.84%) Apache Cassandra
10 34 (1.84%) SQL Server 2012
11 29 (1.57%) Big Data
12 23 (1.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 22 (1.19%) Hadoop
14 17 (0.92%) Amazon RDS
14 17 (0.92%) Riak
15 16 (0.86%) Cosmos DB
16 14 (0.76%) MS Access
17 13 (0.70%) RDBMS
18 12 (0.65%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 403 (21.78%) Selenium
2 327 (17.68%) Git (software)
3 266 (14.38%) Jenkins
4 230 (12.43%) Cucumber
5 176 (9.51%) JIRA
6 154 (8.32%) WebDriver
7 129 (6.97%) Maven
8 126 (6.81%) SpecFlow
9 83 (4.49%) TeamCity
10 73 (3.95%) SoapUI
11 70 (3.78%) JUnit
12 66 (3.57%) Postman
13 61 (3.30%) Cypress.io
14 60 (3.24%) Mocha
14 60 (3.24%) webpack
15 53 (2.86%) Appium
16 51 (2.76%) Jasmine
16 51 (2.76%) NUnit
17 45 (2.43%) Mockito
18 37 (2.00%) Bitbucket
General
1 315 (17.03%) Finance
2 110 (5.95%) Banking
3 80 (4.32%) Retail
4 72 (3.89%) Games
5 57 (3.08%) Marketing
6 42 (2.27%) Advertising
7 38 (2.05%) Public Sector
8 27 (1.46%) Front Office
9 21 (1.14%) Investment Banking
9 21 (1.14%) Manufacturing
10 20 (1.08%) Publishing
11 16 (0.86%) Electronics
12 14 (0.76%) Law
12 14 (0.76%) Telecoms
13 8 (0.43%) Private Banking
14 6 (0.32%) Back Office
14 6 (0.32%) Financial Institution
15 5 (0.27%) Automotive
15 5 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
15 5 (0.27%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,051 (56.81%) Developer
2 342 (18.49%) .NET Developer
3 228 (12.32%) C# Developer
4 216 (11.68%) Senior Developer
5 209 (11.30%) Java Developer
6 169 (9.14%) Software Engineer
7 168 (9.08%) C# .NET Developer
8 144 (7.78%) Analyst
9 128 (6.92%) Full Stack Developer
10 124 (6.70%) Software Developer
11 107 (5.78%) Test Engineer
12 92 (4.97%) Test Analyst
13 84 (4.54%) JavaScript Developer
14 81 (4.38%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 79 (4.27%) Tester
16 69 (3.73%) Senior Java Developer
17 66 (3.57%) QA Engineer
18 55 (2.97%) Java Engineer
19 54 (2.92%) React Developer
20 52 (2.81%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 618 (33.41%) .NET
2 441 (23.84%) AngularJS
3 389 (21.03%) React
4 384 (20.76%) Node.js
5 344 (18.59%) ASP.NET
6 329 (17.78%) .NET Core
7 311 (16.81%) HTML
8 292 (15.78%) CSS
9 281 (15.19%) RESTful
10 262 (14.16%) REST
11 248 (13.41%) .NET Framework
12 245 (13.24%) ASP.NET MVC
13 226 (12.22%) Web Services
14 225 (12.16%) Spring
15 209 (11.30%) ASP.NET Web API
16 181 (9.78%) Entity Framework
17 165 (8.92%) Vue.js
18 139 (7.51%) HTML5
19 126 (6.81%) Spring Boot
20 111 (6.00%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 176 (9.51%) Greenfield Project
2 80 (4.32%) User Experience
3 70 (3.78%) Mobile App
4 65 (3.51%) Analytical Skills
4 65 (3.51%) Cloud Native
5 55 (2.97%) Virtual Team
6 34 (1.84%) Enterprise Software
7 26 (1.41%) Algorithms
7 26 (1.41%) Self-Motivation
7 26 (1.41%) Tandem
8 25 (1.35%) Equities
9 24 (1.30%) Social Network
10 21 (1.14%) Derivative
11 17 (0.92%) Hedge funds
12 16 (0.86%) Public Cloud
13 13 (0.70%) Mobile Games
14 12 (0.65%) Data Structures
14 12 (0.65%) Social Media
15 11 (0.59%) iPhone
15 11 (0.59%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 106 (5.73%) Linux
2 80 (4.32%) Windows
3 77 (4.16%) Android
4 61 (3.30%) Apple iOS
5 44 (2.38%) Unix
6 7 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 4 (0.22%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.16%) Windows 10
9 2 (0.11%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.11%) VMS
9 2 (0.11%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.054%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.054%) Windows Embedded Compact
10 1 (0.054%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,438 (77.73%) TDD
2 1,431 (77.35%) Agile Software Development
3 660 (35.68%) Test Automation
4 555 (30.00%) Scrum
5 539 (29.14%) Microservices
6 480 (25.95%) DevOps
7 357 (19.30%) MVC
8 346 (18.70%) Software Engineering
9 311 (16.81%) Continuous Integration
10 290 (15.68%) OO
11 280 (15.14%) Kanban
12 165 (8.92%) Fintech
13 163 (8.81%) Mentoring
14 162 (8.76%) SOLID
15 139 (7.51%) Continuous Delivery
16 138 (7.46%) Web Application Development
17 131 (7.08%) Open Source
18 129 (6.97%) SDET
19 123 (6.65%) SDLC
20 118 (6.38%) ATDD
Programming Languages
1 810 (43.78%) JavaScript
2 718 (38.81%) C#
3 585 (31.62%) Java
4 393 (21.24%) SQL
5 266 (14.38%) TypeScript
6 226 (12.22%) Python
7 108 (5.84%) Java 8
8 73 (3.95%) Ruby
9 49 (2.65%) Scala
10 48 (2.59%) Go
11 47 (2.54%) ES6
11 47 (2.54%) T-SQL
12 45 (2.43%) Kotlin
13 43 (2.32%) PHP
14 41 (2.22%) PowerShell
15 39 (2.11%) C++
16 28 (1.51%) C
17 27 (1.46%) Shell Script
18 20 (1.08%) PL/SQL
19 15 (0.81%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 141 (7.62%) Degree
2 119 (6.43%) Security Cleared
3 68 (3.68%) SC Cleared
4 35 (1.89%) Computer Science Degree
4 35 (1.89%) ISTQB
5 18 (0.97%) ISEB
6 9 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 8 (0.43%) DV Cleared
8 7 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
9 6 (0.32%) Master's Degree
10 5 (0.27%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 4 (0.22%) CISA
11 4 (0.22%) CISSP
11 4 (0.22%) ITIL Certification
12 3 (0.16%) Sun Certification
13 2 (0.11%) CEH
13 2 (0.11%) CISM
13 2 (0.11%) CRISC
13 2 (0.11%) MCPD
13 2 (0.11%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 269 (14.54%) QA
2 19 (1.03%) Data Quality
3 7 (0.38%) GDPR
4 4 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 3 (0.16%) ISO 20022
5 3 (0.16%) MiFID
5 3 (0.16%) PSD2
5 3 (0.16%) TARGET2
6 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.11%) NIST
6 2 (0.11%) SLA
7 1 (0.054%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 292 (15.78%) Docker
2 29 (1.57%) VMware Infrastructure
3 22 (1.19%) vSphere
4 17 (0.92%) Active Directory
5 16 (0.86%) NDS
6 15 (0.81%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 11 (0.59%) Postfix
8 5 (0.27%) Firmware
8 5 (0.27%) HDFS
8 5 (0.27%) LXC
9 4 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 2 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
11 1 (0.054%) iptables
11 1 (0.054%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 192 (10.38%) Kubernetes
2 91 (4.92%) Terraform
3 58 (3.14%) Ansible
4 47 (2.54%) Puppet
5 44 (2.38%) Opscode Chef
6 27 (1.46%) Istio
7 25 (1.35%) NetIQ Identity Manager
8 14 (0.76%) Tivoli
9 13 (0.70%) Marathon
9 13 (0.70%) Mesos
10 8 (0.43%) Kibana
10 8 (0.43%) Oracle Identity Manager
10 8 (0.43%) Tivoli Identity Manager
11 7 (0.38%) HP Quality Center
11 7 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
12 6 (0.32%) logstash
13 5 (0.27%) HP ALM
13 5 (0.27%) MIIS
14 4 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
15 3 (0.16%) Oracle Identity Management
Vendors
1 210 (11.35%) Microsoft
2 133 (7.19%) Oracle
3 57 (3.08%) Google
4 32 (1.73%) VMware
5 27 (1.46%) NetIQ
6 23 (1.24%) ForgeRock
6 23 (1.24%) Sitecore
7 20 (1.08%) SAP
8 18 (0.97%) IBM
9 15 (0.81%) Splunk
9 15 (0.81%) Zend
10 13 (0.70%) Facebook
10 13 (0.70%) Okta
11 12 (0.65%) Atlassian
12 11 (0.59%) Alterian
12 11 (0.59%) Salesforce.com
13 10 (0.54%) CyberArk
14 9 (0.49%) Apple
15 8 (0.43%) HP
15 8 (0.43%) Xamarin