Period
to 19 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 19 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
19 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 56 69 81
Rank change year-on-year +13 +12 +29
Permanent jobs citing BDD 8,882 7,202 7,238
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.06% 4.15% 3.43%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.63% 4.64% 3.86%
Number of salaries quoted 7,702 6,409 6,492
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £32,750
90th Percentile £76,250 £75,850 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 157,852 155,291 187,279
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.91% 89.54% 88.83%
Number of salaries quoted 127,991 127,938 155,140
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,750 £79,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 19 February 2018.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 19 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +13 8,345 £50,000 - 990
UK excluding London +21 4,818 £45,000 - 546
London +7 3,930 £60,000 - 486
South East +32 1,430 £45,000 - 143
North of England +11 1,291 £45,000 +5.88% 165
North West +9 765 £42,500 - 107
South West +23 625 £50,000 +11.11% 51
Midlands +24 565 £40,000 -8.05% 85
East of England -6 502 £52,500 +12.63% 60
Yorkshire +5 458 £45,000 - 50
East Midlands +33 326 £40,000 -9.60% 40
Scotland +42 284 £50,000 +5.26% 31
West Midlands -5 232 £40,000 -11.11% 45
Wales +27 96 £40,000 -20.00% 8
North East -21 68 £45,000 +12.50% 8
Northern Ireland +8 32 £39,000 +4.00% 3

For the 6 months to 19 February 2018, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 7,606 (85.63%) TDD
2 7,562 (85.14%) Agile Software Development
3 4,287 (48.27%) C#
4 3,813 (42.93%) .NET
5 3,397 (38.25%) MVC
6 3,278 (36.91%) Java
7 3,141 (35.36%) SQL Server
8 2,872 (32.34%) Scrum
9 2,829 (31.85%) ASP.NET
10 2,788 (31.39%) RESTful
11 2,778 (31.28%) JavaScript
12 2,654 (29.88%) ASP.NET MVC
13 2,576 (29.00%) Test Automation
14 2,473 (27.84%) Git (software)
15 2,285 (25.73%) Web Application Development
16 2,197 (24.74%) ASP.NET Web API
17 2,151 (24.22%) ASP.NET MVC 5
18 2,144 (24.14%) Node.js
19 2,045 (23.02%) AngularJS
20 2,035 (22.91%) Continuous Integration
21 2,026 (22.81%) Ruby
22 1,951 (21.97%) NoSQL
23 1,810 (20.38%) WCF
24 1,646 (18.53%) HTML
25 1,580 (17.79%) Selenium
26 1,556 (17.52%) SQL
27 1,483 (16.70%) Finance
28 1,468 (16.53%) CSS
29 1,421 (16.00%) Software Engineering
30 1,415 (15.93%) SQL Server 2016

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 314 (3.54%) Confluence
2 291 (3.28%) Elasticsearch
3 256 (2.88%) Tomcat
4 207 (2.33%) Apache
5 189 (2.13%) Apache Spark
6 176 (1.98%) CMS
7 109 (1.23%) IIS
8 106 (1.19%) JBoss
9 97 (1.09%) WebSphere
10 80 (0.90%) Apache Solr
11 77 (0.87%) OpenStack
12 68 (0.77%) nginx
13 66 (0.74%) SharePoint
14 63 (0.71%) BizTalk Server
15 56 (0.63%) WebLogic
16 53 (0.60%) Mule
17 52 (0.59%) Umbraco
18 51 (0.57%) SharePoint 2013
19 49 (0.55%) EPiServer
20 34 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 18 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (0.16%) Photoshop
3 10 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.045%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.023%) HipChat
5 2 (0.023%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.023%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.023%) S-PLUS
6 1 (0.011%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 65 (0.73%) Dynamics CRM
2 36 (0.41%) Payment Gateway
3 35 (0.39%) Magento
4 21 (0.24%) Eloqua
5 16 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
6 5 (0.056%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.034%) Staffware
8 2 (0.023%) Maximo
9 1 (0.011%) Dynamics AX
9 1 (0.011%) Endur
9 1 (0.011%) LatentZero
9 1 (0.011%) thinkFolio
9 1 (0.011%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 1,256 (14.14%) Amazon AWS
2 636 (7.16%) Microsoft Azure
3 270 (3.04%) GitHub
4 246 (2.77%) SaaS
5 137 (1.54%) npm
6 122 (1.37%) PaaS
7 117 (1.32%) IaaS
8 89 (1.00%) Amazon EC2
9 87 (0.98%) Google Cloud Platform
10 80 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
11 68 (0.77%) Serverless
12 59 (0.66%) Slack
13 50 (0.56%) Google Play
14 35 (0.39%) Office 365
15 32 (0.36%) OpenShift
16 30 (0.34%) Amazon S3
16 30 (0.34%) BlazeMeter
17 28 (0.32%) Trello
18 26 (0.29%) AWS CloudFormation
18 26 (0.29%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 486 (5.47%) Internet
2 202 (2.27%) HTTP
3 100 (1.13%) Wireless
4 93 (1.05%) Hyperconnected
5 49 (0.55%) Firewall
6 29 (0.33%) DNS
7 28 (0.32%) VPN
8 24 (0.27%) SSL
9 23 (0.26%) TCP/IP
10 22 (0.25%) ATM
11 20 (0.23%) AMQP
12 18 (0.20%) WAN
13 16 (0.18%) DMZ
14 15 (0.17%) DHCP
15 13 (0.15%) MQTT
16 10 (0.11%) Broadband
17 8 (0.090%) OpenVPN
18 7 (0.079%) Skype
19 6 (0.068%) Kerberos
20 5 (0.056%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,141 (35.36%) SQL Server
2 1,951 (21.97%) NoSQL
3 1,415 (15.93%) SQL Server 2016
4 848 (9.55%) SQL Server 2014
5 582 (6.55%) MongoDB
6 498 (5.61%) Big Data
7 495 (5.57%) MySQL
8 382 (4.30%) Relational Database
9 220 (2.48%) Hadoop
10 213 (2.40%) PostgreSQL
11 192 (2.16%) Redis
12 187 (2.11%) Apache Cassandra
13 128 (1.44%) RDBMS
14 72 (0.81%) Couchbase
15 66 (0.74%) Neo4j
16 65 (0.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 65 (0.73%) Oracle Database
17 56 (0.63%) Riak
18 51 (0.57%) HBase
19 43 (0.48%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 2,473 (27.84%) Git (software)
2 1,580 (17.79%) Selenium
3 1,385 (15.59%) Cucumber
4 1,284 (14.46%) Jenkins
5 949 (10.68%) JIRA
6 685 (7.71%) WebDriver
7 622 (7.00%) JUnit
8 530 (5.97%) Maven
9 459 (5.17%) NUnit
10 397 (4.47%) Team Foundation Server
11 394 (4.44%) TeamCity
12 386 (4.35%) SpecFlow
13 314 (3.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 282 (3.17%) Visual Studio
15 273 (3.07%) SoapUI
16 270 (3.04%) Gradle
17 232 (2.61%) Moq
18 230 (2.59%) Subversion
19 211 (2.38%) JMeter
19 211 (2.38%) Rhino Mocks
General
1 1,483 (16.70%) Finance
2 610 (6.87%) Games
3 573 (6.45%) Banking
4 504 (5.67%) Retail
5 481 (5.42%) Advertising
6 443 (4.99%) Marketing
7 201 (2.26%) Electronics
8 191 (2.15%) Investment Banking
9 149 (1.68%) Music Industry
9 149 (1.68%) Telecoms
10 130 (1.46%) Retail Banking
11 85 (0.96%) Manufacturing
12 79 (0.89%) Front Office
13 70 (0.79%) Publishing
14 61 (0.69%) Financial Institution
15 59 (0.66%) Back Office
16 51 (0.57%) Law
17 41 (0.46%) Legal
18 19 (0.21%) Automotive
19 17 (0.19%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 5,772 (64.99%) Developer
2 2,748 (30.94%) .NET Developer
3 1,135 (12.78%) Java Developer
4 1,068 (12.02%) C# Developer
5 746 (8.40%) C# .NET Developer
6 744 (8.38%) Senior Developer
7 530 (5.97%) Tester
8 507 (5.71%) ASP.NET Developer
9 506 (5.70%) C# ASP.NET Developer
10 488 (5.49%) Software Engineer
11 441 (4.97%) Software Developer
12 428 (4.82%) Agile Developer
13 386 (4.35%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
14 384 (4.32%) Test Engineer
15 371 (4.18%) Analyst
15 371 (4.18%) Automation Tester
16 339 (3.82%) QA Engineer
17 335 (3.77%) Java Engineer
18 297 (3.34%) JavaScript Developer
19 273 (3.07%) Agile C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,813 (42.93%) .NET
2 2,829 (31.85%) ASP.NET
3 2,788 (31.39%) RESTful
4 2,654 (29.88%) ASP.NET MVC
5 2,197 (24.74%) ASP.NET Web API
6 2,151 (24.22%) ASP.NET MVC 5
7 2,144 (24.14%) Node.js
8 2,045 (23.02%) AngularJS
9 1,810 (20.38%) WCF
10 1,646 (18.53%) HTML
11 1,468 (16.53%) CSS
12 1,255 (14.13%) .NET Framework
13 1,043 (11.74%) Entity Framework
14 995 (11.20%) Web Services
15 980 (11.03%) Spring
16 940 (10.58%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 937 (10.55%) REST
18 841 (9.47%) KnockoutJS
19 825 (9.29%) HTML5
20 807 (9.09%) React
Miscellaneous
1 1,129 (12.71%) Greenfield Project
2 567 (6.38%) User Experience
3 500 (5.63%) Computer Science
4 486 (5.47%) Enterprise Software
5 411 (4.63%) Fintech
6 384 (4.32%) Analytical Skills
7 377 (4.24%) Mobile App
8 135 (1.52%) Tandem
9 127 (1.43%) Social Media
10 117 (1.32%) Algorithms
11 114 (1.28%) BBC
12 101 (1.14%) Digital TV
13 97 (1.09%) Linux Command Line
14 94 (1.06%) Social Network
15 93 (1.05%) Client/Server
16 90 (1.01%) Data Structures
17 68 (0.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 59 (0.66%) Xbox
19 45 (0.51%) Public Cloud
20 42 (0.47%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 799 (9.00%) Linux
2 391 (4.40%) Windows
3 389 (4.38%) Android
4 366 (4.12%) Apple iOS
5 260 (2.93%) Unix
6 27 (0.30%) Windows Server
7 25 (0.28%) CentOS
8 21 (0.24%) Mac OS X
9 20 (0.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 20 (0.23%) Windows Phone
10 19 (0.21%) Nucleus RTOS
11 16 (0.18%) Ubuntu
12 11 (0.12%) Mac OS
13 7 (0.079%) Solaris
14 6 (0.068%) CoreOS
14 6 (0.068%) Debian
15 4 (0.045%) Amazon Linux
16 2 (0.023%) DC/OS
16 2 (0.023%) FreeRTOS
17 1 (0.011%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,606 (85.63%) TDD
2 7,562 (85.14%) Agile Software Development
3 3,397 (38.25%) MVC
4 2,872 (32.34%) Scrum
5 2,576 (29.00%) Test Automation
6 2,285 (25.73%) Web Application Development
7 2,035 (22.91%) Continuous Integration
8 1,421 (16.00%) Software Engineering
9 1,346 (15.15%) OO
10 1,213 (13.66%) Kanban
11 1,056 (11.89%) DevOps
12 982 (11.06%) Microservices
13 752 (8.47%) SDLC
14 700 (7.88%) E-Commerce
15 684 (7.70%) Mentoring
16 611 (6.88%) Unit Testing
17 599 (6.74%) Continuous Delivery
17 599 (6.74%) Open Source
18 515 (5.80%) Pair Programming
19 500 (5.63%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 4,287 (48.27%) C#
2 3,278 (36.91%) Java
3 2,778 (31.28%) JavaScript
4 2,026 (22.81%) Ruby
5 1,556 (17.52%) SQL
6 919 (10.35%) Python
7 472 (5.31%) Scala
8 447 (5.03%) PHP
9 341 (3.84%) C++
10 242 (2.72%) TypeScript
11 217 (2.44%) ES6
12 205 (2.31%) T-SQL
13 176 (1.98%) VB.NET
14 171 (1.93%) Groovy
15 160 (1.80%) Objective-C
16 133 (1.50%) Go
17 126 (1.42%) Bash Shell
18 125 (1.41%) Apple Swift
18 125 (1.41%) C
19 97 (1.09%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 715 (8.05%) Degree
2 202 (2.27%) Computer Science Degree
3 185 (2.08%) ISEB
4 175 (1.97%) ISTQB
5 171 (1.93%) Security Cleared
6 116 (1.31%) SC Cleared
7 50 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
8 27 (0.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 27 (0.30%) PhD
9 23 (0.26%) Master's Degree
10 22 (0.25%) PMI Certification
11 19 (0.21%) MCPD
12 18 (0.20%) Sun Certification
13 16 (0.18%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 15 (0.17%) MCP
15 14 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
15 14 (0.16%) MCAD
15 14 (0.16%) MCSD
15 14 (0.16%) MCTS
16 13 (0.15%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,305 (14.69%) QA
2 34 (0.38%) GCP
3 14 (0.16%) GDPR
4 12 (0.14%) PCI DSS
4 12 (0.14%) PSD2
5 10 (0.11%) PMO
6 9 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 8 (0.090%) Data Quality
8 7 (0.079%) ISO 20022
8 7 (0.079%) ISO 8583
9 5 (0.056%) ISO 13485
9 5 (0.056%) SEPA
10 4 (0.045%) SLA
11 3 (0.034%) COBIT
11 3 (0.034%) ISO 9001
11 3 (0.034%) MiFID
12 2 (0.023%) EMIR
12 2 (0.023%) WCAG
13 1 (0.011%) DICOM
13 1 (0.011%) HL7
System Software
1 665 (7.49%) Docker
2 34 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
3 28 (0.32%) HDFS
4 22 (0.25%) Active Directory
5 17 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
6 15 (0.17%) Apache Flume
7 13 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 9 (0.10%) VirtualBox
9 8 (0.090%) Hyper-V
10 6 (0.068%) Firmware
11 5 (0.056%) vSphere
12 4 (0.045%) iptables
12 4 (0.045%) VMware ESXi
13 2 (0.023%) Cygwin
13 2 (0.023%) Dovecot
13 2 (0.023%) Virtual Servers
14 1 (0.011%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 281 (3.16%) Puppet
2 246 (2.77%) Opscode Chef
3 208 (2.34%) Ansible
4 178 (2.00%) Kubernetes
5 78 (0.88%) HockeyApp
5 78 (0.88%) Kibana
6 51 (0.57%) Terraform
7 40 (0.45%) HP Quality Center
8 21 (0.24%) CA Service Virtualization
8 21 (0.24%) Mesos
9 15 (0.17%) Grafana
10 14 (0.16%) Cobbler
10 14 (0.16%) Prometheus
10 14 (0.16%) Salt
10 14 (0.16%) ZABBIX
11 12 (0.14%) Hadoop YARN
11 12 (0.14%) Nagios
12 11 (0.12%) Zipkin
13 10 (0.11%) Marathon
14 6 (0.068%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 804 (9.05%) Microsoft
2 448 (5.04%) Google
3 419 (4.72%) Facebook
4 391 (4.40%) Oracle
5 180 (2.03%) Atlassian
6 176 (1.98%) Apple
7 112 (1.26%) Sony
7 112 (1.26%) Yahoo!
8 86 (0.97%) SAP
9 83 (0.93%) IBM
10 80 (0.90%) HP
11 69 (0.78%) Xamarin
12 67 (0.75%) Capita
12 67 (0.75%) Splunk
13 59 (0.66%) AppDynamics
14 58 (0.65%) Zend
15 53 (0.60%) Sitecore
16 49 (0.55%) VMware
17 46 (0.52%) hybris
18 45 (0.51%) Red Hat