Period
to 19 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 19 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 74 59 74
Rank change year-on-year -15 +15 +11
Permanent jobs citing BDD 6,237 8,699 7,260
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.93% 4.87% 3.92%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.29% 5.30% 4.30%
Number of salaries quoted 5,133 7,252 6,425
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 145,362 164,208 169,022
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.61% 91.89% 91.31%
Number of salaries quoted 114,777 130,654 140,219
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +3.09% +2.11%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,500 £27,625
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £44,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% -

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 5,895 £55,000 +4.76% 850
London -10 3,125 £65,000 +4.00% 390
UK excluding London -22 3,052 £47,500 +5.56% 521
North of England +15 996 £45,000 - 139
South East -24 890 £50,500 +12.22% 124
North West +5 530 £50,000 +17.65% 71
Yorkshire +26 389 £44,000 -7.37% 55
South West -39 340 £47,500 -5.00% 83
East of England -44 288 £52,500 +5.00% 39
Midlands -59 259 £47,500 +18.75% 75
Scotland -16 199 £45,000 -10.00% 45
East Midlands -39 131 £50,000 +33.33% 27
West Midlands -59 128 £45,000 +5.88% 48
North East +27 77 £45,000 - 13
Wales -22 56 £55,000 +37.50% 11
Northern Ireland -7 38 £42,500 +8.97% 5

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 5,081 (81.47%) TDD
2 4,851 (77.78%) Agile Software Development
3 2,786 (44.67%) C#
4 2,439 (39.11%) Java
5 2,329 (37.34%) JavaScript
6 2,235 (35.83%) .NET
7 2,133 (34.20%) Test Automation
8 2,003 (32.11%) Scrum
9 1,800 (28.86%) MVC
10 1,777 (28.49%) Continuous Integration
11 1,532 (24.56%) SQL Server
12 1,518 (24.34%) SQL
13 1,500 (24.05%) ASP.NET
14 1,476 (23.67%) Git (software)
15 1,422 (22.80%) Selenium
16 1,354 (21.71%) RESTful
17 1,337 (21.44%) AngularJS
18 1,317 (21.12%) ASP.NET MVC
19 1,189 (19.06%) Finance
20 1,158 (18.57%) HTML
21 1,113 (17.85%) Software Engineering
22 1,097 (17.59%) ASP.NET Web API
23 1,087 (17.43%) Amazon AWS
24 1,075 (17.24%) CSS
25 1,074 (17.22%) DevOps
26 1,072 (17.19%) Cucumber
27 1,056 (16.93%) Node.js
28 1,043 (16.72%) QA
29 1,003 (16.08%) Jenkins
30 993 (15.92%) Kanban

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 328 (5.26%) Confluence
2 184 (2.95%) Elasticsearch
3 154 (2.47%) CMS
4 127 (2.04%) Tomcat
5 100 (1.60%) IIS
6 73 (1.17%) Apache
6 73 (1.17%) Apache Spark
7 71 (1.14%) EPiServer
8 52 (0.83%) MQSeries
9 43 (0.69%) Sitecore CMS
10 35 (0.56%) Cloud Foundry
11 34 (0.55%) WebLogic
12 31 (0.50%) JBoss
13 28 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 27 (0.43%) nginx
15 26 (0.42%) Drupal
16 24 (0.38%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 21 (0.34%) Apache Solr
17 21 (0.34%) Jetty
18 19 (0.30%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 29 (0.46%) Microsoft Office
2 28 (0.45%) MS Visio
3 20 (0.32%) Microsoft Excel
4 18 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
5 14 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 11 (0.18%) Chatbot
7 4 (0.064%) Snapchat
8 2 (0.032%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.032%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.016%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.016%) HipChat
9 1 (0.016%) InDesign
9 1 (0.016%) Maya
9 1 (0.016%) Mingle
9 1 (0.016%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 30 (0.48%) Eloqua
2 24 (0.38%) Magento
3 10 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
4 8 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
5 6 (0.096%) Dynamics CRM
6 5 (0.080%) SAP Hybris
7 4 (0.064%) Dynamics AX
7 4 (0.064%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.032%) Distributed Ledger
9 1 (0.016%) Eagle PACE
9 1 (0.016%) Endur
9 1 (0.016%) Global One
9 1 (0.016%) Markit EDM
9 1 (0.016%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 1,087 (17.43%) Amazon AWS
2 894 (14.33%) Microsoft Azure
3 215 (3.45%) Google Cloud Platform
4 163 (2.61%) Serverless
5 161 (2.58%) GitHub
6 136 (2.18%) npm
7 130 (2.08%) SaaS
8 92 (1.48%) Cloud Computing
9 87 (1.39%) PaaS
10 85 (1.36%) Amazon EC2
11 55 (0.88%) IaaS
12 51 (0.82%) AWS CloudFormation
12 51 (0.82%) AWS Lambda
13 46 (0.74%) Office 365
14 43 (0.69%) G Suite
14 43 (0.69%) Slack
15 40 (0.64%) Amazon S3
16 36 (0.58%) Amazon SQS
16 36 (0.58%) OpenShift
17 29 (0.46%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 294 (4.71%) Internet
2 114 (1.83%) HTTP
3 35 (0.56%) Hyperconnected
4 34 (0.55%) Wireless
5 33 (0.53%) SSL
6 25 (0.40%) Wi-Fi
7 18 (0.29%) Bluetooth
8 13 (0.21%) Broadband
8 13 (0.21%) TCP/IP
9 12 (0.19%) OpenLDAP
9 12 (0.19%) VLAN
10 11 (0.18%) AMQP
10 11 (0.18%) BIG-IP
11 8 (0.13%) SSH
12 7 (0.11%) ATM
12 7 (0.11%) Unified Communications
13 5 (0.080%) IPv4
13 5 (0.080%) IPv6
14 4 (0.064%) DNS
15 3 (0.048%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,532 (24.56%) SQL Server
2 974 (15.62%) NoSQL
3 854 (13.69%) SQL Server 2016
4 392 (6.29%) MongoDB
5 343 (5.50%) MySQL
6 326 (5.23%) Relational Database
7 298 (4.78%) PostgreSQL
8 219 (3.51%) Big Data
9 119 (1.91%) RDBMS
10 117 (1.88%) Apache Cassandra
11 100 (1.60%) Redis
12 79 (1.27%) Hadoop
13 72 (1.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 72 (1.15%) Couchbase
14 50 (0.80%) Bigtable
15 44 (0.71%) CouchDB
16 41 (0.66%) Cosmos DB
17 36 (0.58%) Amazon Redshift
18 35 (0.56%) Oracle Database
19 34 (0.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 1,476 (23.67%) Git (software)
2 1,422 (22.80%) Selenium
3 1,072 (17.19%) Cucumber
4 1,003 (16.08%) Jenkins
5 773 (12.39%) JIRA
6 520 (8.34%) WebDriver
7 501 (8.03%) SpecFlow
8 436 (6.99%) Maven
9 414 (6.64%) TeamCity
10 390 (6.25%) JUnit
11 336 (5.39%) Team Foundation Server
12 329 (5.27%) SoapUI
13 305 (4.89%) Visual Studio
14 295 (4.73%) JMeter
15 230 (3.69%) NUnit
16 218 (3.50%) Appium
17 190 (3.05%) Gradle
18 179 (2.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 170 (2.73%) Protractor
20 153 (2.45%) Mocha
General
1 1,189 (19.06%) Finance
2 479 (7.68%) Games
3 370 (5.93%) Retail
4 369 (5.92%) Banking
5 260 (4.17%) Marketing
6 131 (2.10%) Advertising
7 118 (1.89%) Electronics
8 78 (1.25%) Telecoms
9 69 (1.11%) Manufacturing
10 64 (1.03%) Law
11 58 (0.93%) Investment Banking
12 46 (0.74%) Publishing
13 36 (0.58%) Financial Institution
14 34 (0.55%) Automotive
15 31 (0.50%) Music Industry
16 27 (0.43%) Back Office
17 26 (0.42%) Military
18 23 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
19 15 (0.24%) Front Office
20 13 (0.21%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 3,696 (59.26%) Developer
2 1,460 (23.41%) .NET Developer
3 979 (15.70%) C# Developer
4 813 (13.04%) Java Developer
5 708 (11.35%) C# .NET Developer
6 641 (10.28%) Senior Developer
7 496 (7.95%) Test Engineer
8 422 (6.77%) ASP.NET Developer
9 399 (6.40%) Tester
10 398 (6.38%) C# ASP.NET Developer
11 396 (6.35%) Analyst
12 394 (6.32%) Software Engineer
13 388 (6.22%) Developer in Test
14 361 (5.79%) Software Developer
15 282 (4.52%) Test Analyst
16 276 (4.43%) QA Engineer
17 271 (4.35%) Automation Tester
18 258 (4.14%) Java Engineer
19 249 (3.99%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
20 245 (3.93%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,235 (35.83%) .NET
2 1,500 (24.05%) ASP.NET
3 1,354 (21.71%) RESTful
4 1,337 (21.44%) AngularJS
5 1,317 (21.12%) ASP.NET MVC
6 1,158 (18.57%) HTML
7 1,097 (17.59%) ASP.NET Web API
8 1,075 (17.24%) CSS
9 1,056 (16.93%) Node.js
10 775 (12.43%) Web Services
11 741 (11.88%) Spring
12 724 (11.61%) REST
13 694 (11.13%) .NET Framework
14 676 (10.84%) React
15 599 (9.60%) HTML5
16 580 (9.30%) WCF
17 566 (9.07%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 498 (7.98%) Entity Framework
19 492 (7.89%) ASP.NET MVC 5
20 466 (7.47%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 724 (11.61%) Greenfield Project
2 438 (7.02%) User Experience
3 357 (5.72%) Fintech
4 331 (5.31%) Enterprise Software
5 292 (4.68%) Mobile App
6 266 (4.26%) Analytical Skills
7 128 (2.05%) Self-Motivation
8 89 (1.43%) Virtual Team
9 72 (1.15%) Social Media
10 69 (1.11%) BBC
11 62 (0.99%) Cloud Native
12 55 (0.88%) Blog
13 51 (0.82%) Algorithms
14 45 (0.72%) Management Information System
15 38 (0.61%) Digital TV
16 36 (0.58%) Data Structures
17 33 (0.53%) Public Cloud
18 28 (0.45%) Reference Data
19 27 (0.43%) PMI
20 26 (0.42%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 393 (6.30%) Linux
2 333 (5.34%) Windows
3 260 (4.17%) Android
4 222 (3.56%) Apple iOS
5 84 (1.35%) Unix
6 35 (0.56%) CentOS
7 24 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 21 (0.34%) Mesosphere
9 15 (0.24%) Ubuntu
10 13 (0.21%) CoreOS
11 12 (0.19%) Solaris
12 10 (0.16%) Mac OS X
13 8 (0.13%) Debian
14 7 (0.11%) Windows Phone
14 7 (0.11%) Windows Phone 8
15 4 (0.064%) FreeBSD
15 4 (0.064%) watchOS
15 4 (0.064%) Windows Server
16 1 (0.016%) DC/OS
16 1 (0.016%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,081 (81.47%) TDD
2 4,851 (77.78%) Agile Software Development
3 2,133 (34.20%) Test Automation
4 2,003 (32.11%) Scrum
5 1,800 (28.86%) MVC
6 1,777 (28.49%) Continuous Integration
7 1,113 (17.85%) Software Engineering
8 1,074 (17.22%) DevOps
9 993 (15.92%) Kanban
10 986 (15.81%) Web Application Development
11 978 (15.68%) Microservices
12 807 (12.94%) OO
13 753 (12.07%) Continuous Delivery
14 550 (8.82%) Problem-Solving
15 534 (8.56%) Mentoring
16 533 (8.55%) Pair Programming
17 531 (8.51%) Unit Testing
18 499 (8.00%) Open Source
19 496 (7.95%) Software Testing
20 474 (7.60%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,786 (44.67%) C#
2 2,439 (39.11%) Java
3 2,329 (37.34%) JavaScript
4 1,518 (24.34%) SQL
5 861 (13.80%) Python
6 837 (13.42%) Ruby
7 469 (7.52%) Java 8
8 317 (5.08%) PHP
9 288 (4.62%) Scala
10 245 (3.93%) C++
11 225 (3.61%) TypeScript
12 207 (3.32%) T-SQL
13 179 (2.87%) ES6
14 167 (2.68%) PowerShell
15 156 (2.50%) Go
16 131 (2.10%) C
17 95 (1.52%) Bash Shell
18 93 (1.49%) F#
19 90 (1.44%) Groovy
19 90 (1.44%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 725 (11.62%) Degree
2 231 (3.70%) Computer Science Degree
3 192 (3.08%) ISTQB
4 158 (2.53%) Security Cleared
5 134 (2.15%) ISEB
6 125 (2.00%) SC Cleared
7 33 (0.53%) SAFe Agilist
8 28 (0.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 27 (0.43%) PMI Certification
10 26 (0.42%) DV Cleared
10 26 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
11 18 (0.29%) Master's Degree
12 11 (0.18%) MCPD
13 9 (0.14%) DBS Check
13 9 (0.14%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 8 (0.13%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 5 (0.080%) Numerate Degree
16 4 (0.064%) APMG
16 4 (0.064%) PMP
17 3 (0.048%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,043 (16.72%) QA
2 29 (0.46%) Data Quality
3 22 (0.35%) GDPR
4 15 (0.24%) WCAG
5 10 (0.16%) PMO
5 10 (0.16%) PSD2
6 4 (0.064%) PMBOK
6 4 (0.064%) SEPA
7 1 (0.016%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.016%) MiFID
7 1 (0.016%) SLA
7 1 (0.016%) WAI
System Software
1 717 (11.50%) Docker
2 68 (1.09%) Active Directory
3 24 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (0.18%) iptables
5 8 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 8 (0.13%) VirtualBox
6 7 (0.11%) Firmware
7 6 (0.096%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (0.096%) vSphere
8 4 (0.064%) Apache Flume
8 4 (0.064%) HDFS
8 4 (0.064%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.064%) Varnish
9 3 (0.048%) Postfix
10 2 (0.032%) LXC
10 2 (0.032%) Microsoft App-V
10 2 (0.032%) zsh
11 1 (0.016%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 269 (4.31%) Kubernetes
2 200 (3.21%) Ansible
3 143 (2.29%) Opscode Chef
4 123 (1.97%) Terraform
5 115 (1.84%) Puppet
6 59 (0.95%) Kibana
7 56 (0.90%) HP Quality Center
8 49 (0.79%) HP ALM
9 27 (0.43%) Consul
10 25 (0.40%) Prometheus
11 21 (0.34%) Automic
12 17 (0.27%) Packer
13 15 (0.24%) Rancher
14 14 (0.22%) ZABBIX
15 13 (0.21%) HAProxy
16 12 (0.19%) logstash
16 12 (0.19%) Nessus
17 9 (0.14%) Marathon
17 9 (0.14%) Nagios
18 7 (0.11%) Salt
Vendors
1 707 (11.34%) Microsoft
2 380 (6.09%) Google
3 324 (5.19%) Oracle
4 129 (2.07%) Facebook
5 128 (2.05%) Atlassian
6 116 (1.86%) Apple
7 105 (1.68%) SAP
8 89 (1.43%) HP
9 86 (1.38%) Xamarin
10 71 (1.14%) Yahoo!
11 70 (1.12%) Sony
12 69 (1.11%) Sitecore
13 64 (1.03%) Splunk
14 54 (0.87%) WorldPay
15 40 (0.64%) Zend
16 30 (0.48%) Marketo
17 29 (0.46%) Adobe
17 29 (0.46%) IBM
18 28 (0.45%) Alias
18 28 (0.45%) VMware