Period
to 27 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 27 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
27 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 92 81 77
Rank change year-on-year -11 -4 -20
Permanent jobs citing BDD 2,540 4,460 5,746
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.42% 3.63% 3.80%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.70% 3.94% 4.12%
Number of salaries quoted 2,558 3,955 5,138
Median annual salary £61,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.96% +4.55% +10.00%
10th Percentile £41,250 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 68,713 113,154 139,559
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.55% 92.04% 92.32%
Number of salaries quoted 54,021 90,766 111,626
Median annual salary £55,000 £53,053 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.67% +1.05% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,750 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 27 February 2021.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 27 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 2,296 £62,500 +8.70% 509
London -1 1,275 £70,000 +7.69% 222
UK excluding London -14 1,120 £52,500 +5.00% 333
Work from Home -48 482 £60,000 +9.09% 116
South East +31 424 £52,500 -4.55% 84
North of England -83 204 £50,000 - 93
South West +19 148 £50,000 - 42
Midlands +13 123 £57,500 +15.00% 41
Scotland +15 99 £60,000 +9.09% 41
Yorkshire -57 96 £50,000 +5.26% 23
North West -76 89 £50,000 - 57
West Midlands +37 88 £60,000 +18.25% 31
East of England -23 87 £65,000 +13.04% 24
East Midlands -10 32 £47,500 -2.56% 10
Wales +5 30 £45,000 -10.00% 5
North East -3 19 £50,000 +4.22% 13
Northern Ireland +16 10 £40,000 - 3

For the 6 months to 27 February 2021, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 1,871 (73.66%) Agile Software Development
2 1,801 (70.91%) TDD
3 1,035 (40.75%) Java
4 1,003 (39.49%) Test Automation
5 925 (36.42%) JavaScript
6 845 (33.27%) C#
7 769 (30.28%) DevOps
8 714 (28.11%) AWS
9 688 (27.09%) Microservices
10 664 (26.14%) Selenium
11 653 (25.71%) Azure
12 604 (23.78%) .NET
13 559 (22.01%) SQL
14 555 (21.85%) Scrum
15 492 (19.37%) QA
16 483 (19.02%) Software Engineering
17 478 (18.82%) Python
18 443 (17.44%) Continuous Integration
19 420 (16.54%) Docker
20 416 (16.38%) Cucumber
21 405 (15.94%) Finance
22 404 (15.91%) AngularJS
23 400 (15.75%) HTML
24 398 (15.67%) React
25 394 (15.51%) Git (software)
26 377 (14.84%) Spring
27 368 (14.49%) CSS
28 366 (14.41%) Node.js
29 357 (14.06%) REST
30 356 (14.02%) OO

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 117 (4.61%) Confluence
2 77 (3.03%) Elasticsearch
3 59 (2.32%) Tomcat
4 28 (1.10%) CMS
5 21 (0.83%) ColdFusion
6 19 (0.75%) Apache
6 19 (0.75%) IIS
7 17 (0.67%) NServiceBus
8 16 (0.63%) Apache Spark
9 14 (0.55%) Mule
9 14 (0.55%) Mule ESB
9 14 (0.55%) Red Hat Fuse
10 13 (0.51%) JBoss
11 11 (0.43%) OpenStack
12 9 (0.35%) Umbraco
12 9 (0.35%) WebSphere
13 7 (0.28%) Headless CMS
14 6 (0.24%) Apache Solr
14 6 (0.24%) BizTalk Server
15 5 (0.20%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 11 (0.43%) Chatbot
2 9 (0.35%) Adobe Illustrator
3 6 (0.24%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.079%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.079%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.039%) Adobe XD
6 1 (0.039%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.039%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 17 (0.67%) Payment Gateway
2 13 (0.51%) Shopify
3 2 (0.079%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.079%) Endur
3 2 (0.079%) Magento
3 2 (0.079%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.039%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.039%) Odoo
4 1 (0.039%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.039%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 714 (28.11%) AWS
2 653 (25.71%) Azure
3 233 (9.17%) GCP
4 198 (7.80%) Serverless
5 170 (6.69%) SaaS
6 108 (4.25%) AWS Lambda
7 64 (2.52%) AWS CloudFormation
8 58 (2.28%) BrowserStack
9 57 (2.24%) Azure Functions
10 56 (2.20%) GitHub
11 55 (2.17%) Amazon EC2
12 49 (1.93%) PaaS
13 42 (1.65%) Amazon SQS
13 42 (1.65%) Firebase
14 37 (1.46%) Cloud Computing
15 33 (1.30%) npm
16 31 (1.22%) Amazon ECS
16 31 (1.22%) Cloud Functions
17 25 (0.98%) Amazon EKS
18 22 (0.87%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 60 (2.36%) Skype
2 49 (1.93%) HTTP
3 39 (1.54%) Internet
4 3 (0.12%) AMQP
4 3 (0.12%) DNS
5 2 (0.079%) Bluetooth
5 2 (0.079%) DHCP
5 2 (0.079%) IPv6
5 2 (0.079%) SSL
5 2 (0.079%) VLAN
5 2 (0.079%) Wi-Fi
5 2 (0.079%) Wireless
5 2 (0.079%) ZigBee
6 1 (0.039%) ADSL
6 1 (0.039%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.039%) LAN
6 1 (0.039%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.039%) VDSL
6 1 (0.039%) VoIP
6 1 (0.039%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 350 (13.78%) SQL Server
2 217 (8.54%) MongoDB
3 209 (8.23%) NoSQL
4 156 (6.14%) PostgreSQL
5 121 (4.76%) Relational Database
6 93 (3.66%) MySQL
7 87 (3.43%) Redis
8 63 (2.48%) Big Data
9 43 (1.69%) Cosmos DB
10 39 (1.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 32 (1.26%) SQL Server 2012
12 30 (1.18%) Apache Cassandra
13 29 (1.14%) SQL Server 2019
14 22 (0.87%) Amazon RDS
15 21 (0.83%) Data Warehouse
15 21 (0.83%) RDBMS
16 20 (0.79%) Hadoop
17 19 (0.75%) Riak
18 16 (0.63%) Couchbase
19 15 (0.59%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 664 (26.14%) Selenium
2 416 (16.38%) Cucumber
3 394 (15.51%) Git (software)
4 346 (13.62%) Jenkins
5 266 (10.47%) JIRA
6 240 (9.45%) WebDriver
7 221 (8.70%) SpecFlow
8 162 (6.38%) Maven
9 134 (5.28%) Postman
10 133 (5.24%) Appium
11 108 (4.25%) Cypress.io
12 99 (3.90%) JUnit
13 88 (3.46%) NUnit
14 83 (3.27%) TeamCity
15 71 (2.80%) SoapUI
16 67 (2.64%) JMeter
17 58 (2.28%) Visual Studio
18 46 (1.81%) Visual Studio Team System
19 43 (1.69%) Octopus Deploy
19 43 (1.69%) Protractor
General
1 405 (15.94%) Finance
2 154 (6.06%) Banking
3 144 (5.67%) Public Sector
4 136 (5.35%) Retail
5 115 (4.53%) Marketing
6 69 (2.72%) Games
7 61 (2.40%) Manufacturing
8 50 (1.97%) Advertising
9 43 (1.69%) Electronics
10 40 (1.57%) Financial Institution
11 38 (1.50%) Automotive
12 32 (1.26%) Investment Banking
13 29 (1.14%) Back Office
14 25 (0.98%) Private Banking
15 19 (0.75%) Publishing
16 18 (0.71%) Telecoms
17 17 (0.67%) Legal
18 15 (0.59%) Front Office
19 14 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
20 10 (0.39%) Law
Job Titles
1 1,115 (43.90%) Developer
2 304 (11.97%) Software Engineer
3 297 (11.69%) Java Developer
4 294 (11.57%) Senior Developer
5 246 (9.69%) .NET Developer
6 214 (8.43%) Analyst
7 203 (7.99%) Test Engineer
8 177 (6.97%) QA Engineer
9 164 (6.46%) Full Stack Developer
10 162 (6.38%) C# Developer
11 148 (5.83%) Java Engineer
12 143 (5.63%) Software Developer
13 139 (5.47%) Test Analyst
14 131 (5.16%) Tester
15 109 (4.29%) Automation Tester
16 105 (4.13%) Test Automation Engineer
17 103 (4.06%) C# .NET Developer
18 102 (4.02%) Senior Software Engineer
19 96 (3.78%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
20 91 (3.58%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 604 (23.78%) .NET
2 404 (15.91%) AngularJS
3 400 (15.75%) HTML
4 398 (15.67%) React
5 377 (14.84%) Spring
6 368 (14.49%) CSS
7 366 (14.41%) Node.js
8 357 (14.06%) REST
9 303 (11.93%) RESTful
10 278 (10.94%) .NET Core
11 259 (10.20%) Web Services
12 208 (8.19%) ASP.NET
13 202 (7.95%) HTML5
14 201 (7.91%) Gherkin
15 177 (6.97%) Spring Boot
16 157 (6.18%) CSS3
17 137 (5.39%) .NET Framework
18 136 (5.35%) SOAP
19 133 (5.24%) Kafka
20 121 (4.76%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 218 (8.58%) Mobile App
2 182 (7.17%) Greenfield Project
3 92 (3.62%) User Experience
4 67 (2.64%) Cloud Native
4 67 (2.64%) Data Structures
5 59 (2.32%) Algorithms
6 57 (2.24%) Enterprise Software
7 46 (1.81%) EPoS
8 38 (1.50%) Analytical Skills
9 30 (1.18%) Equities
9 30 (1.18%) Self-Motivation
10 29 (1.14%) Management Information System
11 25 (0.98%) iPad
12 24 (0.94%) Social Network
13 20 (0.79%) Internet of Things
14 18 (0.71%) Mobile Games
15 15 (0.59%) Data Centre
16 14 (0.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 14 (0.55%) Smartphone
17 13 (0.51%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 166 (6.54%) Linux
2 104 (4.09%) Android
3 85 (3.35%) Apple iOS
4 64 (2.52%) Windows
5 40 (1.57%) Unix
6 5 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.12%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.039%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.039%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.039%) VMS
8 1 (0.039%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,871 (73.66%) Agile Software Development
2 1,801 (70.91%) TDD
3 1,003 (39.49%) Test Automation
4 769 (30.28%) DevOps
5 688 (27.09%) Microservices
6 555 (21.85%) Scrum
7 483 (19.02%) Software Engineering
8 443 (17.44%) Continuous Integration
9 356 (14.02%) OO
10 316 (12.44%) Fintech
11 294 (11.57%) Mentoring
12 259 (10.20%) Continuous Delivery
13 253 (9.96%) SDLC
14 242 (9.53%) SDET
15 217 (8.54%) Kanban
16 209 (8.23%) MVC
17 188 (7.40%) Pair Programming
18 162 (6.38%) SOLID
19 151 (5.94%) Open Source
20 146 (5.75%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 1,035 (40.75%) Java
2 925 (36.42%) JavaScript
3 845 (33.27%) C#
4 559 (22.01%) SQL
5 478 (18.82%) Python
6 297 (11.69%) TypeScript
7 156 (6.14%) Java 8
8 91 (3.58%) Scala
9 89 (3.50%) C++
10 83 (3.27%) Ruby
11 78 (3.07%) Go
12 65 (2.56%) PHP
13 48 (1.89%) C
14 47 (1.85%) Kotlin
15 44 (1.73%) Bash Shell
15 44 (1.73%) ES6
16 42 (1.65%) PowerShell
17 39 (1.54%) T-SQL
18 30 (1.18%) Groovy
19 23 (0.91%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 186 (7.32%) Degree
2 112 (4.41%) Security Cleared
3 96 (3.78%) ISTQB
4 94 (3.70%) SC Cleared
5 58 (2.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 54 (2.13%) ISEB
7 45 (1.77%) Computer Science Degree
8 16 (0.63%) OSCP
9 10 (0.39%) OSCE
10 7 (0.28%) ISEB Practitioner
10 7 (0.28%) Master's Degree
10 7 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
11 6 (0.24%) CEH
11 6 (0.24%) CREST Certified
12 5 (0.20%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 2 (0.079%) APMG
13 2 (0.079%) DV Cleared
13 2 (0.079%) MCPD
13 2 (0.079%) Numerate Degree
14 1 (0.039%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 492 (19.37%) QA
2 18 (0.71%) GDPR
3 15 (0.59%) Data Quality
3 15 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 10 (0.39%) NIST
4 10 (0.39%) PCI DSS
5 5 (0.20%) ISO 9001
6 3 (0.12%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.12%) MiFID
7 2 (0.079%) PSD2
7 2 (0.079%) SEPA
7 2 (0.079%) TARGET2
8 1 (0.039%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.039%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.039%) WCAG
System Software
1 420 (16.54%) Docker
2 9 (0.35%) Postfix
3 8 (0.31%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.31%) NDS
4 7 (0.28%) NetIQ eDirectory
5 6 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.20%) vSphere
7 2 (0.079%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.079%) Firmware
7 2 (0.079%) HDFS
7 2 (0.079%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.079%) Xen
8 1 (0.039%) KVM
8 1 (0.039%) LXC
8 1 (0.039%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 322 (12.68%) Kubernetes
2 147 (5.79%) Terraform
3 95 (3.74%) Ansible
4 85 (3.35%) Puppet
5 39 (1.54%) Opscode Chef
6 31 (1.22%) Istio
7 24 (0.94%) Fortio
7 24 (0.94%) Kiali
8 20 (0.79%) Kibana
9 18 (0.71%) HP Quality Center
10 16 (0.63%) Prometheus
11 10 (0.39%) Consul
11 10 (0.39%) linkerd
11 10 (0.39%) MIIS
12 7 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
13 6 (0.24%) Rancher
14 5 (0.20%) Docker Swarm
14 5 (0.20%) Marathon
14 5 (0.20%) Mesos
14 5 (0.20%) NetIQ Identity Manager
Vendors
1 251 (9.88%) Microsoft
2 80 (3.15%) Google
3 77 (3.03%) Oracle
4 35 (1.38%) Splunk
5 34 (1.34%) Atlassian
5 34 (1.34%) Xamarin
6 25 (0.98%) IBM
7 20 (0.79%) SAP
8 17 (0.67%) Salesforce.com
9 15 (0.59%) Pega
10 13 (0.51%) Adobe
10 13 (0.51%) WSO2
11 12 (0.47%) Elastic Path
12 11 (0.43%) AppDynamics
13 10 (0.39%) FNZ
14 9 (0.35%) ForgeRock
14 9 (0.35%) NetIQ
14 9 (0.35%) ServiceNow
15 8 (0.31%) Apple
15 8 (0.31%) New Relic