Period
to 24 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 24 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
24 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 87 86 69
Rank change year-on-year -1 -17 -7
Permanent jobs citing BDD 2,021 4,648 6,644
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.70% 3.47% 4.12%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.01% 3.76% 4.48%
Number of salaries quoted 2,006 3,876 5,967
Median annual salary £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £40,000 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £87,500 £83,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 50,417 123,531 148,287
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.25% 92.18% 91.98%
Number of salaries quoted 41,866 97,657 118,003
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.89% - +4.65%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 24 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 1,895 £62,500 +12.61% 423
London +11 1,085 £67,500 +2.66% 166
UK excluding London +6 887 £50,000 - 279
South East +21 308 £55,000 +4.76% 76
Work from Home -37 279 £60,000 +9.09% 81
North of England -48 190 £50,000 - 84
South West +47 146 £50,000 +16.88% 31
Midlands +74 98 £55,000 +22.22% 39
Yorkshire +9 92 £48,750 +8.33% 34
West Midlands +89 70 £55,000 +22.22% 24
North West -68 68 £50,000 - 37
Scotland +35 62 £57,500 +0.66% 12
East of England -24 51 £60,000 +14.29% 27
North East +23 30 £47,500 -5.00% 13
East Midlands +32 28 £51,250 +13.89% 14
Wales +4 25 £40,000 -20.00% 9
Northern Ireland +23 10 £40,000 -33.33% 2

For the 6 months to 24 November 2020, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 1,501 (74.27%) Agile Software Development
2 1,439 (71.20%) TDD
3 835 (41.32%) JavaScript
4 799 (39.53%) Test Automation
5 777 (38.45%) Java
6 678 (33.55%) C#
7 606 (29.99%) AWS
8 554 (27.41%) Azure
9 552 (27.31%) DevOps
10 546 (27.02%) .NET
11 545 (26.97%) Selenium
12 524 (25.93%) Microservices
13 497 (24.59%) Scrum
14 444 (21.97%) SQL
15 367 (18.16%) Software Engineering
15 367 (18.16%) AngularJS
16 345 (17.07%) QA
17 344 (17.02%) Node.js
18 340 (16.82%) Finance
19 339 (16.77%) SQL Server
20 335 (16.58%) React
21 331 (16.38%) HTML
22 328 (16.23%) Git (software)
23 327 (16.18%) Continuous Integration
24 322 (15.93%) Cucumber
25 321 (15.88%) Python
26 319 (15.78%) Docker
27 314 (15.54%) OO
28 303 (14.99%) CSS
29 299 (14.79%) REST

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (3.61%) Tomcat
2 67 (3.32%) Confluence
3 62 (3.07%) Elasticsearch
4 31 (1.53%) Apache
5 25 (1.24%) CMS
6 18 (0.89%) Apache Spark
7 16 (0.79%) IIS
7 16 (0.79%) NServiceBus
7 16 (0.79%) Oracle Workflow
8 14 (0.69%) WebSphere
9 12 (0.59%) JBoss
10 10 (0.49%) Headless CMS
10 10 (0.49%) Umbraco
11 9 (0.45%) OpenStack
12 8 (0.40%) Mule
12 8 (0.40%) Mule ESB
12 8 (0.40%) Red Hat Fuse
13 7 (0.35%) EPiServer
14 6 (0.30%) BizTalk Server
14 6 (0.30%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 6 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
1 6 (0.30%) MS Visio
2 5 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.099%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 5 (0.25%) Magento
1 5 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
2 4 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
3 3 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
4 2 (0.099%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.049%) Odoo
5 1 (0.049%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.049%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 606 (29.99%) AWS
2 554 (27.41%) Azure
3 196 (9.70%) GCP
4 136 (6.73%) Serverless
5 129 (6.38%) SaaS
6 91 (4.50%) AWS Lambda
7 83 (4.11%) GitHub
8 49 (2.42%) Amazon EC2
9 45 (2.23%) AWS CloudFormation
10 43 (2.13%) npm
11 41 (2.03%) Firebase
12 34 (1.68%) Cloud Computing
13 32 (1.58%) Amazon SQS
13 32 (1.58%) Azure Functions
14 29 (1.43%) BrowserStack
15 27 (1.34%) Amazon ECS
16 23 (1.14%) Amazon S3
17 17 (0.84%) Amazon EKS
17 17 (0.84%) Sauce Labs
18 14 (0.69%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 64 (3.17%) Skype
2 37 (1.83%) HTTP
3 25 (1.24%) Internet
4 6 (0.30%) Network Security
5 3 (0.15%) DNS
5 3 (0.15%) FIX Connectivity
6 2 (0.099%) Bluetooth
6 2 (0.099%) DHCP
6 2 (0.099%) IPv6
6 2 (0.099%) TCP/IP
6 2 (0.099%) VLAN
6 2 (0.099%) Wi-Fi
6 2 (0.099%) Wireless
6 2 (0.099%) ZigBee
7 1 (0.049%) ADSL
7 1 (0.049%) DSL
7 1 (0.049%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.049%) SSL
7 1 (0.049%) VDSL
7 1 (0.049%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 339 (16.77%) SQL Server
2 212 (10.49%) NoSQL
3 182 (9.01%) MongoDB
4 120 (5.94%) PostgreSQL
5 111 (5.49%) Relational Database
6 77 (3.81%) MySQL
7 69 (3.41%) Redis
8 50 (2.47%) Big Data
9 44 (2.18%) SQL Server 2012
10 42 (2.08%) Data Warehouse
11 35 (1.73%) SQL Server 2019
12 34 (1.68%) Apache Cassandra
13 29 (1.43%) Hadoop
14 28 (1.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 22 (1.09%) Cosmos DB
16 18 (0.89%) Amazon RDS
16 18 (0.89%) Riak
17 15 (0.74%) SQL Server 2017
18 14 (0.69%) Couchbase
18 14 (0.69%) MS Access
Development Applications
1 545 (26.97%) Selenium
2 328 (16.23%) Git (software)
3 322 (15.93%) Cucumber
4 271 (13.41%) Jenkins
5 217 (10.74%) WebDriver
6 186 (9.20%) JIRA
7 155 (7.67%) SpecFlow
8 146 (7.22%) Maven
9 99 (4.90%) Appium
10 91 (4.50%) JUnit
11 88 (4.35%) Cypress.io
11 88 (4.35%) Postman
12 82 (4.06%) SoapUI
13 75 (3.71%) TeamCity
14 62 (3.07%) NUnit
15 47 (2.33%) Jasmine
15 47 (2.33%) Mocha
16 43 (2.13%) webpack
17 39 (1.93%) Team Foundation Server
18 38 (1.88%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 340 (16.82%) Finance
2 112 (5.54%) Banking
3 85 (4.21%) Retail
4 78 (3.86%) Public Sector
5 57 (2.82%) Marketing
6 50 (2.47%) Advertising
7 49 (2.42%) Manufacturing
8 48 (2.38%) Games
9 25 (1.24%) Automotive
10 22 (1.09%) Publishing
11 21 (1.04%) Electronics
12 20 (0.99%) Front Office
13 17 (0.84%) Law
14 16 (0.79%) Private Banking
15 13 (0.64%) Back Office
15 13 (0.64%) Telecoms
16 11 (0.54%) Investment Banking
17 8 (0.40%) Financial Institution
18 6 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
18 6 (0.30%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 993 (49.13%) Developer
2 249 (12.32%) Java Developer
3 248 (12.27%) .NET Developer
4 223 (11.03%) Senior Developer
5 191 (9.45%) Analyst
6 181 (8.96%) Software Engineer
7 173 (8.56%) C# Developer
8 156 (7.72%) Full Stack Developer
9 135 (6.68%) Test Engineer
10 131 (6.48%) Software Developer
11 127 (6.28%) Test Analyst
12 116 (5.74%) C# .NET Developer
13 110 (5.44%) QA Engineer
13 110 (5.44%) Tester
14 91 (4.50%) JavaScript Developer
15 89 (4.40%) Java Engineer
15 89 (4.40%) Senior Java Developer
16 86 (4.26%) Automation Tester
17 77 (3.81%) Developer in Test
18 76 (3.76%) Automation Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 546 (27.02%) .NET
2 367 (18.16%) AngularJS
3 344 (17.02%) Node.js
4 335 (16.58%) React
5 331 (16.38%) HTML
6 303 (14.99%) CSS
7 299 (14.79%) REST
8 292 (14.45%) Spring
9 274 (13.56%) RESTful
10 243 (12.02%) ASP.NET
11 237 (11.73%) .NET Core
12 222 (10.98%) Web Services
13 168 (8.31%) Gherkin
14 163 (8.07%) HTML5
15 160 (7.92%) Spring Boot
16 149 (7.37%) .NET Framework
17 142 (7.03%) ASP.NET MVC
18 124 (6.14%) CSS3
19 116 (5.74%) SOAP
20 115 (5.69%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 164 (8.11%) Greenfield Project
2 107 (5.29%) Mobile App
3 71 (3.51%) User Experience
4 58 (2.87%) Cloud Native
5 50 (2.47%) Algorithms
6 46 (2.28%) Analytical Skills
6 46 (2.28%) Enterprise Software
7 39 (1.93%) Data Structures
8 31 (1.53%) Equities
9 28 (1.39%) Virtual Team
10 25 (1.24%) Social Network
11 18 (0.89%) Mobile Games
12 16 (0.79%) iPhone
13 14 (0.69%) Derivative
13 14 (0.69%) Renewable Energy
13 14 (0.69%) Self-Motivation
14 11 (0.54%) Fixed Income
14 11 (0.54%) STB
15 10 (0.49%) Credit Risk
15 10 (0.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 135 (6.68%) Linux
2 94 (4.65%) Android
3 73 (3.61%) Apple iOS
4 59 (2.92%) Windows
5 34 (1.68%) Unix
6 9 (0.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.15%) Windows Server
8 2 (0.099%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.049%) Windows Embedded Compact
9 1 (0.049%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,501 (74.27%) Agile Software Development
2 1,439 (71.20%) TDD
3 799 (39.53%) Test Automation
4 552 (27.31%) DevOps
5 524 (25.93%) Microservices
6 497 (24.59%) Scrum
7 367 (18.16%) Software Engineering
8 327 (16.18%) Continuous Integration
9 314 (15.54%) OO
10 254 (12.57%) MVC
11 223 (11.03%) Fintech
12 203 (10.04%) Kanban
13 194 (9.60%) Mentoring
14 192 (9.50%) SDET
15 179 (8.86%) Continuous Delivery
16 146 (7.22%) SDLC
17 132 (6.53%) Open Source
18 130 (6.43%) SOLID
19 126 (6.23%) Unit Testing
20 122 (6.04%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 835 (41.32%) JavaScript
2 777 (38.45%) Java
3 678 (33.55%) C#
4 444 (21.97%) SQL
5 321 (15.88%) Python
6 238 (11.78%) TypeScript
7 142 (7.03%) Java 8
8 79 (3.91%) Ruby
9 70 (3.46%) Scala
10 66 (3.27%) C++
11 57 (2.82%) Go
12 50 (2.47%) ES6
13 49 (2.42%) Kotlin
14 45 (2.23%) C
15 39 (1.93%) T-SQL
16 34 (1.68%) PHP
17 31 (1.53%) PowerShell
18 30 (1.48%) Shell Script
19 19 (0.94%) PL/SQL
20 15 (0.74%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 151 (7.47%) Degree
2 99 (4.90%) Security Cleared
3 61 (3.02%) SC Cleared
4 52 (2.57%) ISTQB
5 37 (1.83%) Computer Science Degree
6 21 (1.04%) ISEB
7 17 (0.84%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 10 (0.49%) Master's Degree
8 10 (0.49%) OSCP
9 7 (0.35%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 6 (0.30%) DV Cleared
10 6 (0.30%) ISEB Practitioner
11 5 (0.25%) CEH
11 5 (0.25%) CREST Certified
11 5 (0.25%) OSCE
12 3 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
13 2 (0.099%) MCPD
13 2 (0.099%) Numerate Degree
13 2 (0.099%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 345 (17.07%) QA
2 26 (1.29%) Data Quality
3 12 (0.59%) GDPR
4 5 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.25%) NIST
4 5 (0.25%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.20%) MiFID
5 4 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 3 (0.15%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.15%) PSD2
6 3 (0.15%) TARGET2
7 1 (0.049%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.049%) SLA
System Software
1 319 (15.78%) Docker
2 21 (1.04%) Active Directory
3 19 (0.94%) NDS
4 18 (0.89%) NetIQ eDirectory
5 15 (0.74%) VMware Infrastructure
6 14 (0.69%) vSphere
7 10 (0.49%) Postfix
8 7 (0.35%) HDFS
9 6 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 5 (0.25%) Firmware
11 3 (0.15%) LXC
12 1 (0.049%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 207 (10.24%) Kubernetes
2 117 (5.79%) Terraform
3 70 (3.46%) Ansible
3 70 (3.46%) Puppet
4 41 (2.03%) Opscode Chef
5 26 (1.29%) Istio
6 22 (1.09%) NetIQ Identity Manager
7 15 (0.74%) Tivoli
8 13 (0.64%) Marathon
8 13 (0.64%) Mesos
9 11 (0.54%) Kibana
10 10 (0.49%) Oracle Identity Manager
10 10 (0.49%) Tivoli Identity Manager
11 8 (0.40%) HP Quality Center
12 6 (0.30%) Consul
12 6 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
12 6 (0.30%) MIIS
12 6 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
13 5 (0.25%) linkerd
13 5 (0.25%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 200 (9.90%) Microsoft
2 116 (5.74%) Oracle
3 62 (3.07%) Google
4 33 (1.63%) Atlassian
5 28 (1.39%) IBM
6 25 (1.24%) NetIQ
6 25 (1.24%) Splunk
7 23 (1.14%) ForgeRock
8 18 (0.89%) VMware
9 16 (0.79%) SAP
10 15 (0.74%) Okta
11 13 (0.64%) Facebook
11 13 (0.64%) Pega
12 11 (0.54%) MuleSoft
12 11 (0.54%) Salesforce.com
13 10 (0.49%) CyberArk
13 10 (0.49%) WSO2
14 9 (0.45%) Xamarin
15 8 (0.40%) Ping Identity
15 8 (0.40%) Zend