Period
to 3 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 3 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
3 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 81 78 51
Rank change year-on-year -3 -27 +16
Permanent jobs citing BDD 4,321 5,478 8,968
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.71% 3.70% 5.06%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.03% 4.01% 5.49%
Number of salaries quoted 3,883 4,841 8,668
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 107,190 136,662 163,231
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.92% 92.19% 92.19%
Number of salaries quoted 84,977 107,554 132,868
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 3 April 2020.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 3 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 4,058 £57,500 +4.55% 601
London +5 2,224 £65,000 - 262
UK excluding London -3 2,029 £50,000 +5.26% 370
North of England -5 663 £50,000 +11.11% 106
South East -4 576 £55,000 +4.76% 81
Work from Home +21 450 £55,000 +4.76% 58
North West +5 341 £50,000 - 52
Yorkshire -3 287 £47,500 +8.57% 43
East of England +28 213 £57,500 +4.55% 37
South West -33 199 £50,000 +11.11% 61
Midlands +55 197 £50,000 +11.11% 54
Scotland -16 121 £50,000 +11.11% 10
West Midlands +61 108 £51,490 +14.42% 26
East Midlands +23 89 £50,000 +17.65% 28
Wales +23 71 £45,000 -21.05% 18
North East -10 35 £47,500 +11.76% 11
Northern Ireland -16 6 £32,500 -27.78% 3
Isle of Man - 5 £47,500 -

For the 6 months to 3 April 2020, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,523 (81.53%) TDD
2 3,448 (79.80%) Agile Software Development
3 1,834 (42.44%) JavaScript
4 1,788 (41.38%) C#
5 1,587 (36.73%) Scrum
6 1,564 (36.20%) Java
7 1,561 (36.13%) .NET
8 1,459 (33.77%) Test Automation
9 1,229 (28.44%) Azure
10 1,217 (28.16%) AWS
11 1,207 (27.93%) Microservices
12 1,160 (26.85%) AngularJS
13 1,032 (23.88%) Node.js
14 1,029 (23.81%) DevOps
15 967 (22.38%) SQL Server
16 962 (22.26%) MVC
17 956 (22.12%) Continuous Integration
18 914 (21.15%) Git (software)
19 909 (21.04%) React
20 865 (20.02%) ASP.NET
21 839 (19.42%) SQL
22 827 (19.14%) Selenium
23 810 (18.75%) ASP.NET Web API
24 776 (17.96%) RESTful
25 769 (17.80%) Kanban
26 752 (17.40%) .NET Framework
27 737 (17.06%) Docker
28 735 (17.01%) .NET Core
29 732 (16.94%) Software Engineering
30 725 (16.78%) ASP.NET MVC

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 426 (9.86%) Elasticsearch
2 215 (4.98%) Confluence
3 92 (2.13%) Tomcat
4 58 (1.34%) Apache
5 57 (1.32%) Apache Spark
6 45 (1.04%) CMS
7 42 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
8 39 (0.90%) Umbraco
9 30 (0.69%) Sitecore CMS
10 28 (0.65%) IIS
11 24 (0.56%) nginx
12 23 (0.53%) SharePoint
13 19 (0.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 18 (0.42%) Kentico
15 16 (0.37%) DNN
15 16 (0.37%) EPiServer
15 16 (0.37%) Immediacy CMS
15 16 (0.37%) Sitefinity
16 14 (0.32%) BizTalk Server
16 14 (0.32%) WebSphere
Applications
1 34 (0.79%) Microsoft Office
2 25 (0.58%) Adobe XD
2 25 (0.58%) InVision
2 25 (0.58%) Zeplin
3 9 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
4 7 (0.16%) Chatbot
5 6 (0.14%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
6 5 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.023%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.023%) Gliffy
7 1 (0.023%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 44 (1.02%) Payment Gateway
2 41 (0.95%) Dynamics CRM
3 16 (0.37%) Magento
4 10 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
5 7 (0.16%) SDL Web 8
6 5 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.023%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.023%) R3 Corda
7 1 (0.023%) Sprinklr
Cloud Services
1 1,229 (28.44%) Azure
2 1,217 (28.16%) AWS
3 200 (4.63%) GitHub
4 188 (4.35%) GCP
5 183 (4.24%) Serverless
6 151 (3.49%) PaaS
7 139 (3.22%) SaaS
8 100 (2.31%) AWS Lambda
9 80 (1.85%) Amazon EC2
10 62 (1.43%) OpenShift
11 54 (1.25%) AWS CloudFormation
12 49 (1.13%) Amazon SQS
13 45 (1.04%) IaaS
14 44 (1.02%) npm
15 42 (0.97%) BrowserStack
16 40 (0.93%) Sauce Labs
17 33 (0.76%) Amazon ECS
17 33 (0.76%) Amazon S3
18 31 (0.72%) Slack
19 28 (0.65%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 128 (2.96%) Internet
2 52 (1.20%) HTTP
3 12 (0.28%) GoToMeeting
3 12 (0.28%) Skype
4 8 (0.19%) Bluetooth
4 8 (0.19%) Softphone
4 8 (0.19%) SSL
4 8 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
5 7 (0.16%) TCP/IP
5 7 (0.16%) Wireless
6 6 (0.14%) FIX Connectivity
7 4 (0.093%) Reverse Proxy
7 4 (0.093%) VoIP
8 3 (0.069%) DSL
8 3 (0.069%) SSH
8 3 (0.069%) Wireshark
9 2 (0.046%) DNS
9 2 (0.046%) Hyperconnected
9 2 (0.046%) IPv6
9 2 (0.046%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 967 (22.38%) SQL Server
2 510 (11.80%) MongoDB
3 483 (11.18%) NoSQL
4 323 (7.48%) SQL Server 2019
5 238 (5.51%) SQL Server 2016
6 223 (5.16%) MySQL
7 170 (3.93%) PostgreSQL
8 112 (2.59%) Relational Database
9 97 (2.24%) Redis
10 68 (1.57%) Big Data
11 58 (1.34%) Hadoop
12 53 (1.23%) Apache Cassandra
13 29 (0.67%) SQL Server 2012
14 28 (0.65%) Amazon RDS
15 22 (0.51%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 19 (0.44%) Cosmos DB
17 17 (0.39%) RDBMS
17 17 (0.39%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 14 (0.32%) Data Warehouse
18 14 (0.32%) HBase
Development Applications
1 914 (21.15%) Git (software)
2 827 (19.14%) Selenium
3 687 (15.90%) Jenkins
4 599 (13.86%) Cucumber
5 506 (11.71%) JIRA
6 297 (6.87%) Maven
7 273 (6.32%) WebDriver
8 237 (5.48%) SpecFlow
9 224 (5.18%) JUnit
9 224 (5.18%) SoapUI
10 203 (4.70%) Postman
11 173 (4.00%) JMeter
12 169 (3.91%) TeamCity
13 151 (3.49%) Team Foundation Server
14 143 (3.31%) Jasmine
15 137 (3.17%) NUnit
16 135 (3.12%) Bitbucket
17 121 (2.80%) Appium
18 109 (2.52%) Subversion
19 108 (2.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 718 (16.62%) Finance
2 400 (9.26%) Banking
3 282 (6.53%) Games
4 257 (5.95%) Retail
5 162 (3.75%) Public Sector
6 141 (3.26%) Marketing
7 79 (1.83%) Front Office
8 56 (1.30%) Advertising
9 55 (1.27%) Legal
10 51 (1.18%) Investment Banking
11 44 (1.02%) Back Office
12 41 (0.95%) Financial Institution
13 27 (0.62%) Telecoms
14 26 (0.60%) Publishing
15 19 (0.44%) Automotive
16 17 (0.39%) Aerospace
16 17 (0.39%) Law
17 12 (0.28%) Retail Finance
18 11 (0.25%) Manufacturing
19 10 (0.23%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 2,570 (59.48%) Developer
2 883 (20.44%) .NET Developer
3 585 (13.54%) Java Developer
4 564 (13.05%) C# Developer
5 545 (12.61%) Senior Developer
6 367 (8.49%) C# .NET Developer
7 346 (8.01%) Software Engineer
8 271 (6.27%) Software Developer
9 249 (5.76%) Analyst
10 215 (4.98%) Test Engineer
11 208 (4.81%) Senior Java Developer
12 194 (4.49%) Junior
13 184 (4.26%) Full Stack Developer
14 181 (4.19%) QA Engineer
15 175 (4.05%) Tester
16 173 (4.00%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 173 (4.00%) Java Engineer
17 167 (3.86%) JavaScript Developer
18 165 (3.82%) React Developer
19 164 (3.80%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,561 (36.13%) .NET
2 1,160 (26.85%) AngularJS
3 1,032 (23.88%) Node.js
4 909 (21.04%) React
5 865 (20.02%) ASP.NET
6 810 (18.75%) ASP.NET Web API
7 776 (17.96%) RESTful
8 752 (17.40%) .NET Framework
9 735 (17.01%) .NET Core
10 725 (16.78%) ASP.NET MVC
11 711 (16.45%) HTML
12 696 (16.11%) CSS
13 559 (12.94%) Spring
14 558 (12.91%) Entity Framework
15 552 (12.77%) Web Services
16 494 (11.43%) Vue.js
17 478 (11.06%) REST
18 337 (7.80%) HTML5
19 275 (6.36%) CSS3
20 258 (5.97%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 481 (11.13%) Greenfield Project
2 232 (5.37%) User Experience
3 210 (4.86%) Enterprise Software
4 197 (4.56%) Mobile App
5 136 (3.15%) Analytical Skills
6 117 (2.71%) Cloud Native
7 112 (2.59%) Self-Motivation
8 74 (1.71%) Data Structures
9 70 (1.62%) Algorithms
10 60 (1.39%) Public Cloud
11 52 (1.20%) Blog
12 50 (1.16%) Virtual Team
13 46 (1.06%) Tandem
14 45 (1.04%) Client/Server
15 41 (0.95%) Hedge funds
16 36 (0.83%) Derivative
17 33 (0.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 33 (0.76%) iPad
17 33 (0.76%) Social Network
18 29 (0.67%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 269 (6.23%) Linux
2 196 (4.54%) Android
3 168 (3.89%) Unix
4 166 (3.84%) Windows
5 162 (3.75%) Apple iOS
6 78 (1.81%) Mac OS X
7 18 (0.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 15 (0.35%) CentOS
9 8 (0.19%) VMS
10 6 (0.14%) Mac OS
10 6 (0.14%) watchOS
11 2 (0.046%) ThreadX
11 2 (0.046%) Windows 10
11 2 (0.046%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.023%) FreeBSD
12 1 (0.023%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,523 (81.53%) TDD
2 3,448 (79.80%) Agile Software Development
3 1,587 (36.73%) Scrum
4 1,459 (33.77%) Test Automation
5 1,207 (27.93%) Microservices
6 1,029 (23.81%) DevOps
7 962 (22.26%) MVC
8 956 (22.12%) Continuous Integration
9 769 (17.80%) Kanban
10 732 (16.94%) Software Engineering
11 599 (13.86%) Web Application Development
12 527 (12.20%) OO
13 436 (10.09%) Continuous Delivery
14 415 (9.60%) Mentoring
15 394 (9.12%) SOLID
16 385 (8.91%) Problem-Solving
17 375 (8.68%) E-Commerce
18 358 (8.29%) SDLC
19 304 (7.04%) Open Source
20 300 (6.94%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,834 (42.44%) JavaScript
2 1,788 (41.38%) C#
3 1,564 (36.20%) Java
4 839 (19.42%) SQL
5 612 (14.16%) TypeScript
6 509 (11.78%) Python
7 335 (7.75%) Ruby
8 286 (6.62%) Java 8
9 217 (5.02%) PHP
10 173 (4.00%) Scala
11 128 (2.96%) Kotlin
12 107 (2.48%) T-SQL
13 101 (2.34%) ES6
14 82 (1.90%) C++
15 69 (1.60%) Go
16 66 (1.53%) PowerShell
17 63 (1.46%) Apple Swift
18 56 (1.30%) Objective-C
19 46 (1.06%) Bash Shell
20 41 (0.95%) C
Qualifications
1 312 (7.22%) Degree
2 113 (2.62%) Security Cleared
3 105 (2.43%) ISTQB
4 99 (2.29%) Computer Science Degree
5 81 (1.87%) ISEB
6 74 (1.71%) SC Cleared
7 26 (0.60%) Microsoft Certification
8 19 (0.44%) Postgraduate
9 16 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 14 (0.32%) DV Cleared
11 13 (0.30%) MCP
12 10 (0.23%) AWS Certification
12 10 (0.23%) IIBA
12 10 (0.23%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 10 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
13 4 (0.093%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.093%) Master's Degree
13 4 (0.093%) MBA
14 3 (0.069%) PMI Certification
14 3 (0.069%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 580 (13.42%) QA
2 11 (0.25%) GDPR
2 11 (0.25%) PMO
3 10 (0.23%) SLA
4 7 (0.16%) ISO 15022
4 7 (0.16%) ISO 20022
5 6 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 5 (0.12%) Data Quality
7 4 (0.093%) PMBOK
8 3 (0.069%) ISO 9001
8 3 (0.069%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.046%) WAI
10 1 (0.023%) IEC 62304
10 1 (0.023%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.023%) JTAG
10 1 (0.023%) MiFID
10 1 (0.023%) NIST
10 1 (0.023%) PSD2
10 1 (0.023%) WCAG
System Software
1 737 (17.06%) Docker
2 22 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (0.39%) Postfix
4 15 (0.35%) vSphere
5 6 (0.14%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.12%) Hyper-V
6 5 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (0.093%) Virtual Servers
8 3 (0.069%) NDS
8 3 (0.069%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 3 (0.069%) Time Sharing Option
9 2 (0.046%) HDFS
10 1 (0.023%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.023%) Firmware
10 1 (0.023%) LXC
Systems Management
1 469 (10.85%) Kubernetes
2 164 (3.80%) Terraform
3 115 (2.66%) Ansible
4 84 (1.94%) Puppet
5 79 (1.83%) Opscode Chef
6 54 (1.25%) HP Quality Center
7 22 (0.51%) Istio
8 13 (0.30%) Kibana
9 12 (0.28%) Rancher
10 11 (0.25%) HP ALM
11 9 (0.21%) CA Service Virtualization
11 9 (0.21%) Grafana
12 7 (0.16%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 6 (0.14%) Prometheus
14 5 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
15 4 (0.093%) logstash
15 4 (0.093%) Packer
16 3 (0.069%) CA Single Sign-On
16 3 (0.069%) Oozie
16 3 (0.069%) Oracle Identity Manager
Vendors
1 490 (11.34%) Microsoft
2 170 (3.93%) Google
3 164 (3.80%) Oracle
4 91 (2.11%) WorldPay
5 73 (1.69%) FIS
6 63 (1.46%) Adobe
7 58 (1.34%) HP
8 54 (1.25%) SAP
9 40 (0.93%) Xamarin
10 37 (0.86%) Apple
10 37 (0.86%) Red Hat
10 37 (0.86%) Sitecore
11 35 (0.81%) Facebook
12 33 (0.76%) Salesforce.com
13 23 (0.53%) Atlassian
14 22 (0.51%) VMware
15 21 (0.49%) Cognizant
15 21 (0.49%) Zend
16 20 (0.46%) IBM
17 19 (0.44%) CA