Period
to 18 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 18 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
18 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 159 140 145
Rank change year-on-year -19 +5 -8
Permanent jobs citing Waterfall 3,256 4,204 4,306
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.24% 2.41% 2.42%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.44% 2.62% 2.64%
Number of salaries quoted 2,390 3,308 3,484
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
10th Percentile £36,700 £36,250 £34,243
90th Percentile £82,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 133,548 160,504 163,308
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.05% 91.91% 91.95%
Number of salaries quoted 105,096 128,418 131,714
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +3.16%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,889 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Waterfall.

Salary trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Salary histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 18 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -20 2,977 £55,000 - 331
UK excluding London -16 2,058 £52,500 +5.00% 273
London 0 1,125 £61,500 -5.38% 78
South East +2 721 £55,000 +4.76% 67
North of England -49 476 £45,000 -8.16% 88
North West -9 295 £52,500 +10.53% 39
Midlands -9 254 £46,000 -3.16% 34
South West -27 248 £51,500 +10.75% 35
West Midlands -15 157 £46,000 -8.00% 22
Yorkshire -82 148 £43,500 -13.00% 27
Scotland +12 139 £44,000 - 12
East of England +3 129 £55,000 +4.76% 29
East Midlands 0 96 £45,972 +1.60% 12
Wales +29 79 £45,000 +11.91% 7
North East +4 33 £44,624 -1.93% 22
Northern Ireland -9 13 £47,500 +11.76% 1

For the 6 months to 18 July 2019, IT jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 3,100 (95.21%) Agile Software Development
2 980 (30.10%) Finance
3 808 (24.82%) Project Management
4 623 (19.13%) Stakeholder Management
5 618 (18.98%) Scrum
6 606 (18.61%) SDLC
7 558 (17.14%) Test Automation
8 502 (15.42%) Degree
9 497 (15.26%) Business Analysis
10 483 (14.83%) SQL
11 456 (14.00%) Microsoft
12 446 (13.70%) .NET
13 402 (12.35%) PRINCE2
14 398 (12.22%) C#
15 365 (11.21%) Java
16 361 (11.09%) Analytical Skills
17 359 (11.03%) Problem-Solving
18 355 (10.90%) QA
19 353 (10.84%) DevOps
20 330 (10.14%) JIRA
21 328 (10.07%) Microsoft Azure
22 293 (9.00%) Mentoring
23 292 (8.97%) SQL Server
24 290 (8.91%) Retail
25 280 (8.60%) JavaScript
26 267 (8.20%) Oracle
27 261 (8.02%) Change Management
28 245 (7.52%) CRM
29 219 (6.73%) ITIL
30 214 (6.57%) User Acceptance Testing

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 159 (4.88%) Confluence
2 145 (4.45%) SharePoint
3 44 (1.35%) CMS
4 41 (1.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 35 (1.07%) JBoss
6 31 (0.95%) Apache Spark
6 31 (0.95%) IIS
7 18 (0.55%) BizTalk Server
8 17 (0.52%) Apache
8 17 (0.52%) WebSphere
9 15 (0.46%) SAS
10 13 (0.40%) WordPress
11 12 (0.37%) Drupal
12 9 (0.28%) nginx
12 9 (0.28%) Skype for Business
12 9 (0.28%) WebLogic
13 6 (0.18%) SharePoint Server
13 6 (0.18%) Tomcat
13 6 (0.18%) Umbraco
14 5 (0.15%) NetWeaver
Applications
1 197 (6.05%) Microsoft Office
2 150 (4.61%) MS Visio
3 136 (4.18%) Microsoft Excel
4 124 (3.81%) Microsoft Project
5 81 (2.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 16 (0.49%) InVision
7 15 (0.46%) Sketch
8 11 (0.34%) Photoshop
9 9 (0.28%) Adobe Illustrator
9 9 (0.28%) InDesign
10 5 (0.15%) Adobe XD
10 5 (0.15%) Marvel
11 3 (0.092%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 3 (0.092%) Spreadsheet
12 2 (0.061%) Chatbot
12 2 (0.061%) OmniGraffle
13 1 (0.031%) Figma
13 1 (0.031%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 71 (2.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 25 (0.77%) SAP ERP
3 19 (0.58%) SAP SD
4 15 (0.46%) Markit EDM
4 15 (0.46%) thinkFolio
5 13 (0.40%) SAP S/4HANA
6 10 (0.31%) Magento
6 10 (0.31%) Misys Midas
6 10 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
6 10 (0.31%) Oracle ERP
6 10 (0.31%) Remedy ITSM
6 10 (0.31%) SAP IBP
6 10 (0.31%) SAP PP
7 9 (0.28%) Oracle Applications
8 8 (0.25%) Dynamics NAV
9 7 (0.21%) SAP APO
9 7 (0.21%) Teamcenter
10 6 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
11 5 (0.15%) Exstream
11 5 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 328 (10.07%) Microsoft Azure
2 200 (6.14%) Amazon AWS
3 83 (2.55%) SaaS
4 67 (2.06%) Office 365
5 61 (1.87%) Power Platform
6 39 (1.20%) PaaS
7 37 (1.14%) Google Cloud Platform
8 28 (0.86%) Serverless
9 26 (0.80%) G Suite
10 24 (0.74%) Dynamics 365
11 23 (0.71%) Trello
12 22 (0.68%) Cloud Computing
12 22 (0.68%) GitHub
13 21 (0.64%) IaaS
14 16 (0.49%) PowerApps
15 14 (0.43%) SuccessFactors
16 13 (0.40%) Slack
17 11 (0.34%) npm
18 10 (0.31%) Amazon S3
18 10 (0.31%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 96 (2.95%) Broadband
2 63 (1.93%) HTTP
3 18 (0.55%) Network Security
4 17 (0.52%) DNS
5 16 (0.49%) WAN
6 15 (0.46%) Firewall
7 13 (0.40%) Intranet
8 10 (0.31%) DHCP
9 9 (0.28%) Skype
10 8 (0.25%) Internet
11 7 (0.21%) LAN
12 6 (0.18%) Extranet
12 6 (0.18%) Unified Communications
13 5 (0.15%) HTTPS
13 5 (0.15%) Wi-Fi
13 5 (0.15%) Wireless
13 5 (0.15%) ZigBee
14 4 (0.12%) Bluetooth
14 4 (0.12%) SSL
14 4 (0.12%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 292 (8.97%) SQL Server
2 132 (4.05%) Data Warehouse
3 111 (3.41%) Big Data
4 92 (2.83%) Relational Database
5 58 (1.78%) NoSQL
6 51 (1.57%) Power BI
6 51 (1.57%) RDBMS
7 48 (1.47%) BusinessObjects
8 43 (1.32%) PostgreSQL
9 41 (1.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 39 (1.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 35 (1.07%) DB2
11 35 (1.07%) MongoDB
12 31 (0.95%) Hadoop
12 31 (0.95%) SAP HANA
13 29 (0.89%) Data Lake
14 28 (0.86%) MySQL
15 27 (0.83%) Apache Hive
15 27 (0.83%) QlikView
16 24 (0.74%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 330 (10.14%) JIRA
2 121 (3.72%) Jenkins
3 119 (3.65%) Git (software)
4 118 (3.62%) Selenium
4 118 (3.62%) Team Foundation Server
5 69 (2.12%) Visual Studio Team System
6 68 (2.09%) SoapUI
7 57 (1.75%) Visual Studio
8 48 (1.47%) Octopus Deploy
8 48 (1.47%) WebDriver
9 46 (1.41%) Cucumber
10 42 (1.29%) Maven
11 34 (1.04%) TeamCity
12 30 (0.92%) Bitbucket
13 27 (0.83%) HP UFT
14 25 (0.77%) JMeter
14 25 (0.77%) SpecFlow
15 24 (0.74%) Subversion
16 20 (0.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 20 (0.61%) MSTest
General
1 980 (30.10%) Finance
2 290 (8.91%) Retail
3 175 (5.37%) Telecoms
4 143 (4.39%) Marketing
5 129 (3.96%) Banking
6 73 (2.24%) Manufacturing
7 50 (1.54%) Billing
8 46 (1.41%) Advertising
9 39 (1.20%) Back Office
9 39 (1.20%) Financial Institution
10 32 (0.98%) Legal
11 27 (0.83%) Law
12 24 (0.74%) Aerospace
13 18 (0.55%) Electronics
13 18 (0.55%) Front Office
14 16 (0.49%) Local Government
15 15 (0.46%) General Ledger
16 12 (0.37%) Publishing
17 11 (0.34%) Automotive
18 7 (0.21%) Games
Job Titles
1 1,013 (31.11%) Analyst
2 670 (20.58%) Business Analyst
3 578 (17.75%) Project Manager
4 373 (11.46%) Developer
5 255 (7.83%) Architect
6 153 (4.70%) Senior Analyst
7 151 (4.64%) IT Manager
8 149 (4.58%) Test Analyst
9 124 (3.81%) Senior Manager
10 123 (3.78%) IT Project Manager
11 117 (3.59%) Service Analyst
12 116 (3.56%) Financial Analyst
13 114 (3.50%) Solutions Architect
14 113 (3.47%) Test Engineer
15 109 (3.35%) Test Manager
16 108 (3.32%) Consultant
17 100 (3.07%) Senior Project Manager
18 98 (3.01%) .NET Developer
19 90 (2.76%) Senior Developer
20 85 (2.61%) Senior Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 446 (13.70%) .NET
2 198 (6.08%) HTML
3 189 (5.80%) Web Services
4 185 (5.68%) CSS
5 144 (4.42%) AngularJS
6 115 (3.53%) .NET Framework
7 109 (3.35%) React
8 107 (3.29%) ASP.NET
8 107 (3.29%) REST
9 103 (3.16%) jQuery
10 99 (3.04%) ASP.NET Web API
11 96 (2.95%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 92 (2.83%) Spring
13 82 (2.52%) SOAP
14 79 (2.43%) XML
15 78 (2.40%) .NET Core
16 70 (2.15%) Entity Framework
17 69 (2.12%) Node.js
18 68 (2.09%) RESTful
19 64 (1.97%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 361 (11.09%) Analytical Skills
2 154 (4.73%) User Experience
3 129 (3.96%) Self-Motivation
4 117 (3.59%) Mobile App
5 96 (2.95%) Enterprise Software
6 94 (2.89%) Management Information System
7 61 (1.87%) PMI
8 55 (1.69%) Greenfield Project
9 48 (1.47%) Virtual Team
10 43 (1.32%) N-Tier
11 35 (1.07%) Driving Licence
12 28 (0.86%) Data Centre
13 27 (0.83%) BYOD
14 26 (0.80%) Client/Server
15 25 (0.77%) NHS
16 22 (0.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 22 (0.68%) Smart Meter
17 20 (0.61%) Public Cloud
18 18 (0.55%) Equities
19 16 (0.49%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 176 (5.41%) Linux
2 165 (5.07%) Windows
3 54 (1.66%) Unix
4 49 (1.50%) Apple iOS
5 48 (1.47%) Android
6 28 (0.86%) Windows Server
7 20 (0.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 15 (0.46%) CentOS
9 11 (0.34%) Embedded Linux
10 10 (0.31%) Ubuntu
11 9 (0.28%) Fedora
11 9 (0.28%) Windows 10
12 8 (0.25%) Solaris
13 6 (0.18%) AIX
14 4 (0.12%) Windows 7
15 3 (0.092%) FreeRTOS
15 3 (0.092%) Mac OS
16 2 (0.061%) Windows Server 2008
16 2 (0.061%) Windows Server 2012
17 1 (0.031%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,100 (95.21%) Agile Software Development
2 808 (24.82%) Project Management
3 623 (19.13%) Stakeholder Management
4 618 (18.98%) Scrum
5 606 (18.61%) SDLC
6 558 (17.14%) Test Automation
7 497 (15.26%) Business Analysis
8 402 (12.35%) PRINCE2
9 359 (11.03%) Problem-Solving
10 353 (10.84%) DevOps
11 293 (9.00%) Mentoring
12 261 (8.02%) Change Management
13 245 (7.52%) CRM
14 219 (6.73%) ITIL
15 214 (6.57%) Test Strategy
15 214 (6.57%) User Acceptance Testing
16 209 (6.42%) Continuous Improvement
17 207 (6.36%) Coaching
18 205 (6.30%) Continuous Integration
19 203 (6.23%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 483 (14.83%) SQL
2 398 (12.22%) C#
3 365 (11.21%) Java
4 280 (8.60%) JavaScript
5 136 (4.18%) C++
6 119 (3.65%) Python
7 94 (2.89%) C
8 65 (2.00%) T-SQL
9 45 (1.38%) PHP
10 40 (1.23%) Scala
11 39 (1.20%) PowerShell
12 37 (1.14%) PL/SQL
13 32 (0.98%) Bash Shell
14 27 (0.83%) VB.NET
15 24 (0.74%) Embedded C
15 24 (0.74%) Embedded C++
16 21 (0.64%) R
17 20 (0.61%) VBA
18 14 (0.43%) Perl
19 13 (0.40%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 502 (15.42%) Degree
2 194 (5.96%) Security Cleared
3 188 (5.77%) ISTQB
4 147 (4.51%) ISEB
5 126 (3.87%) SC Cleared
6 104 (3.19%) PMI Certification
7 97 (2.98%) Computer Science Degree
8 84 (2.58%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 65 (2.00%) PMP
10 57 (1.75%) CISSP
11 50 (1.54%) CISM
12 46 (1.41%) DV Cleared
13 34 (1.04%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 31 (0.95%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 30 (0.92%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
16 27 (0.83%) Microsoft Certification
17 21 (0.64%) Master's Degree
18 20 (0.61%) APMP
18 20 (0.61%) Cisco Certification
19 16 (0.49%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 355 (10.90%) QA
2 157 (4.82%) PMO
3 56 (1.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 54 (1.66%) PCI DSS
5 53 (1.63%) GDPR
6 50 (1.54%) Data Quality
7 17 (0.52%) SLA
8 15 (0.46%) COBIT
8 15 (0.46%) ISO 9001
8 15 (0.46%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 13 (0.40%) ISO 20022
10 11 (0.34%) NIST
11 10 (0.31%) ISO 8583
11 10 (0.31%) SEPA
12 7 (0.21%) ISAE 3402
12 7 (0.21%) ISO 22301
12 7 (0.21%) ISO 31000
12 7 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 6 (0.18%) WCAG
14 5 (0.15%) MiFID
System Software
1 58 (1.78%) Docker
2 29 (0.89%) VMware Infrastructure
3 20 (0.61%) Active Directory
4 13 (0.40%) HDFS
5 11 (0.34%) Apache Flume
6 10 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
7 9 (0.28%) NFS
7 9 (0.28%) Samba
7 9 (0.28%) VirtualBox
7 9 (0.28%) Xen
8 8 (0.25%) VMware NSX
9 7 (0.21%) Firmware
9 7 (0.21%) ISA Server
9 7 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
10 6 (0.18%) Hyper-V
11 4 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
12 3 (0.092%) vSphere
13 1 (0.031%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 1 (0.031%) LXC
13 1 (0.031%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 43 (1.32%) Puppet
2 39 (1.20%) HP Quality Center
3 38 (1.17%) Kubernetes
4 28 (0.86%) HP ALM
5 19 (0.58%) Nessus
6 15 (0.46%) Ansible
7 12 (0.37%) IBM Guardium
8 10 (0.31%) Oozie
9 9 (0.28%) Docker Swarm
9 9 (0.28%) Nagios
9 9 (0.28%) OpenNMS
9 9 (0.28%) vCenter Server
9 9 (0.28%) ZABBIX
10 8 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
11 7 (0.21%) Trend Micro Deep Security
12 6 (0.18%) Control-M
12 6 (0.18%) Tivoli
13 5 (0.15%) OSSEC
14 4 (0.12%) CA Single Sign-On
14 4 (0.12%) SCOM
Vendors
1 456 (14.00%) Microsoft
2 267 (8.20%) Oracle
3 198 (6.08%) SAP
4 108 (3.32%) Salesforce.com
5 86 (2.64%) Tableau
6 76 (2.33%) Google
7 73 (2.24%) HP
8 58 (1.78%) Pega
9 56 (1.72%) IBM
10 43 (1.32%) Atlassian
11 38 (1.17%) VMware
12 36 (1.11%) Informatica
13 35 (1.07%) Nintex
14 31 (0.95%) Adobe
15 30 (0.92%) Sitecore
16 22 (0.68%) Ab Initio
16 22 (0.68%) Cisco
16 22 (0.68%) ServiceNow
17 17 (0.52%) BT
17 17 (0.52%) CA