Period
to 17 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 17 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 162 131 170
Rank change year-on-year -31 +39 -41
Permanent jobs citing Waterfall 2,956 4,263 3,776
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.15% 2.59% 2.16%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.34% 2.82% 2.34%
Number of salaries quoted 2,181 3,362 2,925
UK median annual salary £54,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -0.91% +4.76% -
10th Percentile £36,250 £36,750 £34,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 126,404 150,983 161,680
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.13% 91.80% 92.32%
Number of salaries quoted 99,380 120,151 127,603
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,250
90th Percentile £86,250 £83,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Waterfall.

Salary trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 17 October 2019.

Salary histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -36 2,670 £55,000 - 322
UK excluding London -25 1,903 £50,000 - 269
London -32 975 £60,000 -7.69% 78
South East -34 623 £55,000 +4.76% 93
North of England -5 484 £45,000 -10.00% 57
North West -7 253 £45,000 -7.22% 33
South West -19 248 £50,000 +5.26% 38
Yorkshire -19 196 £45,000 -10.00% 22
Midlands -66 190 £49,362 +3.92% 38
East of England -7 136 £60,000 +9.09% 22
Wales +66 119 £45,000 +3.45% 7
Scotland -13 100 £45,000 +1.12% 15
West Midlands -88 97 £50,750 +1.50% 23
East Midlands 0 92 £45,967 +2.15% 15
North East +21 35 £47,500 -9.52% 2
Northern Ireland -9 6 £47,500 +8.57% 3

For the 6 months to 17 October 2019, IT jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 2,886 (97.63%) Agile Software Development
2 895 (30.28%) Finance
3 769 (26.01%) Project Management
4 611 (20.67%) Stakeholder Management
5 544 (18.40%) Scrum
6 498 (16.85%) Test Automation
7 486 (16.44%) SDLC
8 459 (15.53%) Microsoft
9 441 (14.92%) Project Delivery
10 432 (14.61%) Business Analysis
11 417 (14.11%) DevOps
12 398 (13.46%) SQL
13 395 (13.36%) .NET
14 382 (12.92%) PRINCE2
15 372 (12.58%) JIRA
16 335 (11.33%) C#
17 327 (11.06%) Analytical Skills
18 322 (10.89%) Problem-Solving
19 319 (10.79%) Degree
20 307 (10.39%) Mentoring
21 299 (10.12%) Java
22 293 (9.91%) JavaScript
23 284 (9.61%) QA
24 279 (9.44%) Azure
24 279 (9.44%) Retail
25 251 (8.49%) Coaching
26 244 (8.25%) Change Management
27 236 (7.98%) SQL Server
28 229 (7.75%) Oracle
29 226 (7.65%) User Acceptance Testing

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 174 (5.89%) Confluence
2 149 (5.04%) SharePoint
3 31 (1.05%) IIS
4 30 (1.01%) CMS
5 25 (0.85%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 24 (0.81%) Apache Spark
7 21 (0.71%) Tomcat
8 16 (0.54%) SAS
9 15 (0.51%) Apache
10 14 (0.47%) JBoss
10 14 (0.47%) WordPress
11 10 (0.34%) Drupal
11 10 (0.34%) WebLogic
11 10 (0.34%) WebSphere
12 8 (0.27%) MS Exchange
12 8 (0.27%) Oracle Workflow
12 8 (0.27%) SharePoint 2013
13 7 (0.24%) BizTalk Server
14 6 (0.20%) nginx
14 6 (0.20%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 164 (5.55%) Microsoft Office
2 143 (4.84%) MS Visio
3 130 (4.40%) Microsoft Excel
4 104 (3.52%) Microsoft Project
5 78 (2.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 8 (0.27%) Chatbot
6 8 (0.27%) Photoshop
7 7 (0.24%) InVision
7 7 (0.24%) Sketch
8 6 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
8 6 (0.20%) InDesign
9 4 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 3 (0.10%) Adobe Premiere
11 2 (0.068%) InfoPath
11 2 (0.068%) Spreadsheet
11 2 (0.068%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 60 (2.03%) Dynamics CRM
2 36 (1.22%) SAP ERP
3 21 (0.71%) Oracle EBS
4 14 (0.47%) Magento
5 10 (0.34%) Oracle Applications
6 9 (0.30%) Oracle EBS R12
6 9 (0.30%) Oracle Payables
6 9 (0.30%) SAP APO
6 9 (0.30%) SAP IBP
6 9 (0.30%) SAP PP
6 9 (0.30%) SAP S/4HANA
6 9 (0.30%) thinkFolio
7 8 (0.27%) Markit EDM
7 8 (0.27%) Oracle Cash Management
7 8 (0.27%) Remedy ITSM
7 8 (0.27%) SAP BPC
7 8 (0.27%) SAP SD
8 7 (0.24%) SAP PSCD
8 7 (0.24%) Teamcenter
9 6 (0.20%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 279 (9.44%) Azure
2 197 (6.66%) AWS
3 78 (2.64%) Office 365
4 73 (2.47%) SaaS
5 68 (2.30%) Power Platform
6 48 (1.62%) GCP
7 38 (1.29%) GitHub
8 34 (1.15%) Trello
9 32 (1.08%) PaaS
10 28 (0.95%) Dynamics 365
11 20 (0.68%) G Suite
12 17 (0.58%) Slack
13 16 (0.54%) Serverless
14 14 (0.47%) PowerApps
15 13 (0.44%) Azure Active Directory
16 12 (0.41%) IaaS
17 11 (0.37%) npm
18 10 (0.34%) Microsoft Flow
18 10 (0.34%) SuccessFactors
19 7 (0.24%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 60 (2.03%) HTTP
2 46 (1.56%) Broadband
3 17 (0.58%) Firewall
4 16 (0.54%) Network Security
5 15 (0.51%) DNS
6 12 (0.41%) Intranet
6 12 (0.41%) TCP/IP
6 12 (0.41%) WAN
7 9 (0.30%) LAN
8 8 (0.27%) SSL
9 7 (0.24%) Internet
9 7 (0.24%) Remote Desktop
9 7 (0.24%) Skype
9 7 (0.24%) Wireless
10 5 (0.17%) Wi-Fi
11 4 (0.14%) DHCP
11 4 (0.14%) VPN
11 4 (0.14%) WLAN
11 4 (0.14%) ZigBee
12 3 (0.10%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 236 (7.98%) SQL Server
2 127 (4.30%) Data Warehouse
3 104 (3.52%) Big Data
4 64 (2.17%) Relational Database
5 61 (2.06%) Power BI
6 49 (1.66%) PostgreSQL
7 46 (1.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 44 (1.49%) NoSQL
8 44 (1.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 40 (1.35%) RDBMS
10 37 (1.25%) MongoDB
11 35 (1.18%) MySQL
12 31 (1.05%) BusinessObjects
13 30 (1.01%) Hadoop
14 27 (0.91%) Azure SQL Database
15 23 (0.78%) Data Lake
16 22 (0.74%) Oracle Reports
17 21 (0.71%) Apache Hive
18 20 (0.68%) SAP HANA
19 19 (0.64%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 372 (12.58%) JIRA
2 139 (4.70%) Selenium
3 133 (4.50%) Git (software)
4 111 (3.76%) Team Foundation Server
5 109 (3.69%) Jenkins
6 90 (3.04%) Visual Studio
7 64 (2.17%) WebDriver
8 60 (2.03%) Cucumber
9 58 (1.96%) Visual Studio Team System
10 50 (1.69%) SoapUI
11 49 (1.66%) Octopus Deploy
12 37 (1.25%) TeamCity
13 35 (1.18%) JMeter
14 33 (1.12%) Subversion
15 31 (1.05%) Maven
16 27 (0.91%) HP UFT
17 26 (0.88%) Bitbucket
18 25 (0.85%) TestRail
19 24 (0.81%) GitLab
20 23 (0.78%) LoadRunner
General
1 895 (30.28%) Finance
2 279 (9.44%) Retail
3 121 (4.09%) Public Sector
4 116 (3.92%) Telecoms
5 100 (3.38%) Banking
6 97 (3.28%) Marketing
7 89 (3.01%) Manufacturing
8 55 (1.86%) Advertising
9 44 (1.49%) Billing
10 41 (1.39%) Legal
11 33 (1.12%) Financial Institution
12 30 (1.01%) Back Office
13 28 (0.95%) Aerospace
14 17 (0.58%) Law
15 16 (0.54%) Electronics
15 16 (0.54%) Publishing
16 14 (0.47%) Front Office
17 13 (0.44%) General Ledger
18 12 (0.41%) Local Government
19 9 (0.30%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 843 (28.52%) Analyst
2 581 (19.65%) Business Analyst
3 521 (17.63%) Project Manager
4 340 (11.50%) Developer
5 208 (7.04%) Architect
6 140 (4.74%) Senior Manager
7 133 (4.50%) IT Manager
8 115 (3.89%) Senior Analyst
9 111 (3.76%) Test Engineer
10 108 (3.65%) Service Analyst
11 107 (3.62%) Financial Analyst
12 106 (3.59%) IT Project Manager
13 105 (3.55%) Test Manager
14 104 (3.52%) Consultant
15 101 (3.42%) Test Analyst
16 99 (3.35%) Senior Project Manager
17 96 (3.25%) Finance Business Analyst
17 96 (3.25%) Financial Business Analyst
17 96 (3.25%) Financial Services Business Analyst
18 93 (3.15%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 395 (13.36%) .NET
2 190 (6.43%) Web Services
3 178 (6.02%) CSS
3 178 (6.02%) HTML
4 134 (4.53%) ASP.NET
5 122 (4.13%) AngularJS
6 99 (3.35%) React
7 94 (3.18%) REST
8 88 (2.98%) .NET Framework
9 87 (2.94%) jQuery
10 80 (2.71%) ASP.NET Web API
11 75 (2.54%) Node.js
12 73 (2.47%) .NET Core
12 73 (2.47%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 72 (2.44%) Spring
14 71 (2.40%) RESTful
15 61 (2.06%) XML
16 51 (1.73%) HTML5
17 48 (1.62%) Entity Framework
17 48 (1.62%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 327 (11.06%) Analytical Skills
2 132 (4.47%) User Experience
3 101 (3.42%) Self-Motivation
4 83 (2.81%) Enterprise Software
5 79 (2.67%) Management Information System
6 68 (2.30%) Mobile App
7 62 (2.10%) Virtual Team
8 49 (1.66%) Greenfield Project
9 46 (1.56%) Data Centre
10 35 (1.18%) PMI
11 33 (1.12%) N-Tier
12 26 (0.88%) BYOD
13 20 (0.68%) Robotics
14 18 (0.61%) Data Structures
14 18 (0.61%) Smart Meter
15 15 (0.51%) NHS
16 14 (0.47%) CMDB
17 13 (0.44%) Data Protection Act
18 12 (0.41%) PKI
19 11 (0.37%) e-Learning
Operating Systems
1 193 (6.53%) Windows
2 141 (4.77%) Linux
3 70 (2.37%) Unix
4 46 (1.56%) Android
5 37 (1.25%) Apple iOS
6 19 (0.64%) CentOS
7 18 (0.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 18 (0.61%) Windows 7
8 17 (0.58%) Windows Server
9 11 (0.37%) Ubuntu
9 11 (0.37%) Windows 10
10 10 (0.34%) Fedora
11 9 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
12 8 (0.27%) Windows 8
13 5 (0.17%) Mac OS
14 4 (0.14%) Solaris
14 4 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
15 1 (0.034%) OS/2
15 1 (0.034%) Windows XP
15 1 (0.034%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,886 (97.63%) Agile Software Development
2 769 (26.01%) Project Management
3 611 (20.67%) Stakeholder Management
4 544 (18.40%) Scrum
5 498 (16.85%) Test Automation
6 486 (16.44%) SDLC
7 441 (14.92%) Project Delivery
8 432 (14.61%) Business Analysis
9 417 (14.11%) DevOps
10 382 (12.92%) PRINCE2
11 322 (10.89%) Problem-Solving
12 307 (10.39%) Mentoring
13 251 (8.49%) Coaching
14 244 (8.25%) Change Management
15 226 (7.65%) User Acceptance Testing
16 216 (7.31%) ITIL
17 187 (6.33%) Analytics
17 187 (6.33%) TDD
18 185 (6.26%) Kanban
19 182 (6.16%) Software Delivery
Programming Languages
1 398 (13.46%) SQL
2 335 (11.33%) C#
3 299 (10.12%) Java
4 293 (9.91%) JavaScript
5 144 (4.87%) Python
6 79 (2.67%) C
7 76 (2.57%) PowerShell
8 74 (2.50%) C++
9 57 (1.93%) T-SQL
10 55 (1.86%) PL/SQL
11 46 (1.56%) PHP
12 33 (1.12%) Bash Shell
13 24 (0.81%) R
14 23 (0.78%) Ruby
14 23 (0.78%) VB.NET
15 20 (0.68%) TypeScript
16 19 (0.64%) VBA
17 18 (0.61%) Java 8
17 18 (0.61%) Shell Script
17 18 (0.61%) VB
Qualifications
1 319 (10.79%) Degree
2 125 (4.23%) Security Cleared
3 124 (4.19%) ISTQB
4 115 (3.89%) ISEB
5 83 (2.81%) PMP
6 77 (2.60%) SC Cleared
7 74 (2.50%) PMI Certification
8 57 (1.93%) Computer Science Degree
9 52 (1.76%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 46 (1.56%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 38 (1.29%) CISSP
12 36 (1.22%) CISM
13 29 (0.98%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
14 26 (0.88%) DV Cleared
15 21 (0.71%) Master's Degree
15 21 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
16 20 (0.68%) Cisco Certification
17 19 (0.64%) ITIL Certification
18 17 (0.58%) HNC
19 13 (0.44%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 284 (9.61%) QA
2 136 (4.60%) PMO
3 54 (1.83%) GDPR
4 46 (1.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 46 (1.56%) PCI DSS
5 32 (1.08%) Data Quality
6 16 (0.54%) EMIR
6 16 (0.54%) MiFID
6 16 (0.54%) SLA
7 13 (0.44%) COBIT
7 13 (0.44%) Solvency II
8 9 (0.30%) ISO 9001
9 6 (0.20%) WCAG
10 4 (0.14%) ISO 20022
10 4 (0.14%) ISO 8583
10 4 (0.14%) NIST
10 4 (0.14%) P3O
10 4 (0.14%) PMBOK
10 4 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 4 (0.14%) SEPA
System Software
1 90 (3.04%) Docker
2 30 (1.01%) Active Directory
3 22 (0.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (0.54%) Apache Flume
5 14 (0.47%) HDFS
6 13 (0.44%) VMware ESXi
7 10 (0.34%) NFS
7 10 (0.34%) Samba
7 10 (0.34%) VirtualBox
7 10 (0.34%) Xen
8 3 (0.10%) ISA Server
8 3 (0.10%) vSphere
9 2 (0.068%) Firmware
9 2 (0.068%) LXC
9 2 (0.068%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (0.068%) VMware NSX
10 1 (0.034%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.034%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.034%) IAG
10 1 (0.034%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 59 (2.00%) Kubernetes
2 34 (1.15%) HP Quality Center
3 27 (0.91%) Ansible
4 24 (0.81%) Terraform
5 22 (0.74%) Puppet
6 16 (0.54%) HP ALM
7 15 (0.51%) Oozie
8 11 (0.37%) Nessus
9 10 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
9 10 (0.34%) Nagios
9 10 (0.34%) OpenNMS
9 10 (0.34%) Opscode Chef
9 10 (0.34%) vCenter Server
9 10 (0.34%) ZABBIX
10 8 (0.27%) SCCM
11 7 (0.24%) SCOM
12 6 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
13 5 (0.17%) Tivoli
14 4 (0.14%) CA Single Sign-On
15 3 (0.10%) IBM Guardium
Vendors
1 459 (15.53%) Microsoft
2 229 (7.75%) Oracle
3 213 (7.21%) SAP
4 80 (2.71%) Salesforce.com
5 67 (2.27%) Google
6 63 (2.13%) Tableau
7 48 (1.62%) HP
8 45 (1.52%) Atlassian
9 43 (1.45%) IBM
10 34 (1.15%) Sitecore
11 33 (1.12%) Pega
12 28 (0.95%) VMware
12 28 (0.95%) WorldPay
13 26 (0.88%) Adobe
14 22 (0.74%) Nintex
15 21 (0.71%) Cloudera
16 19 (0.64%) Informatica
17 18 (0.61%) Apple
18 17 (0.58%) Cisco
18 17 (0.58%) Red Hat