Period
to 14 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 14 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
14 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 175 161 140
Rank change year-on-year -14 -21 +8
Permanent jobs citing Waterfall 1,498 3,297 4,289
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.98% 2.26% 2.41%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.15% 2.45% 2.61%
Number of salaries quoted 1,235 2,510 3,490
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
10th Percentile £36,250 £36,750 £36,250
90th Percentile £82,500 £82,783 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,750 £50,000
% change year-on-year +3.45% +1.50% +5.26%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 69,599 134,597 164,280
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.19% 92.20% 92.12%
Number of salaries quoted 55,532 105,909 131,480
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +3.09%
10th Percentile £32,000 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Waterfall.

Salary trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 14 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 14 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 1,377 £55,000 - 73
UK excluding London -4 926 £52,500 +3.45% 51
London -26 526 £65,000 +4.42% 28
South East +1 342 £58,250 +5.91% 12
North of England -26 170 £50,000 +6.38% 12
South West +39 146 £47,500 -5.00% 10
Midlands +6 110 £51,000 +10.87% 8
North West -44 79 £47,500 -11.33% 5
East of England +37 77 £62,500 +13.64% 3
Yorkshire +43 76 £50,000 +11.11% 4
West Midlands +18 70 £51,000 +10.87% 7
Work from Home +24 61 £57,500 +4.55% 8
Scotland -1 41 £55,000 +25.00% 6
East Midlands +17 38 £52,000 +13.11% 1
Wales -11 38 £45,000 -
North East +7 15 £75,000 +74.17% 3
Northern Ireland +11 2 £70,000 +47.37%

For the 6 months to 14 July 2020, IT jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 1,446 (96.53%) Agile Software Development
2 403 (26.90%) Finance
3 347 (23.16%) Project Management
4 320 (21.36%) Scrum
5 266 (17.76%) Test Automation
6 263 (17.56%) JIRA
7 259 (17.29%) Stakeholder Management
7 259 (17.29%) SDLC
8 254 (16.96%) SQL
9 241 (16.09%) Project Delivery
10 230 (15.35%) Microsoft
11 208 (13.89%) Degree
12 191 (12.75%) PRINCE2
13 184 (12.28%) Analytical Skills
14 172 (11.48%) DevOps
15 168 (11.21%) Java
16 162 (10.81%) QA
17 157 (10.48%) .NET
18 148 (9.88%) Confluence
19 146 (9.75%) Business Analysis
20 144 (9.61%) C#
21 136 (9.08%) Selenium
21 136 (9.08%) Requirements Gathering
22 134 (8.95%) Problem-Solving
22 134 (8.95%) Azure
23 133 (8.88%) JavaScript
24 121 (8.08%) Change Management
24 121 (8.08%) PMO
25 119 (7.94%) Retail
26 114 (7.61%) Risk Management

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 148 (9.88%) Confluence
2 63 (4.21%) SharePoint
3 27 (1.80%) CMS
4 12 (0.80%) Apache
5 11 (0.73%) SharePoint 2013
5 11 (0.73%) Tomcat
6 10 (0.67%) IIS
6 10 (0.67%) WebLogic
7 7 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 7 (0.47%) Sitecore CMS
7 7 (0.47%) Umbraco
8 6 (0.40%) Apache Spark
8 6 (0.40%) nginx
9 4 (0.27%) CICS
9 4 (0.27%) Elasticsearch
9 4 (0.27%) JBoss
9 4 (0.27%) Red Hat Fuse
10 3 (0.20%) MS Exchange
10 3 (0.20%) SAP EP
10 3 (0.20%) SAS
Applications
1 75 (5.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 72 (4.81%) Microsoft Office
3 63 (4.21%) Microsoft Project
4 55 (3.67%) MS Visio
5 44 (2.94%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.13%) InVision
6 2 (0.13%) Sketch
7 1 (0.067%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 23 (1.54%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.53%) SAP ERP
3 7 (0.47%) Magento
3 7 (0.47%) SAP Hybris
3 7 (0.47%) SAP IS-U
4 5 (0.33%) Oracle Applications
5 4 (0.27%) assyst
5 4 (0.27%) Remedy ITSM
6 3 (0.20%) Actimize
6 3 (0.20%) Adobe Campaign
6 3 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 2 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.13%) Hyperion Planning
7 2 (0.13%) Maximo
7 2 (0.13%) SAP BPC
7 2 (0.13%) SAP CRM
7 2 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
8 1 (0.067%) SAP CO
8 1 (0.067%) SAP FI/CO
8 1 (0.067%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 134 (8.95%) Azure
2 70 (4.67%) SaaS
3 69 (4.61%) AWS
4 38 (2.54%) PaaS
5 32 (2.14%) IaaS
5 32 (2.14%) Power Platform
6 27 (1.80%) Office 365
7 22 (1.47%) Dynamics 365
8 19 (1.27%) Sauce Labs
9 15 (1.00%) BrowserStack
9 15 (1.00%) Serverless
10 13 (0.87%) Oracle Service Cloud
10 13 (0.87%) Trello
11 12 (0.80%) Cloud Computing
12 10 (0.67%) OpenShift
13 9 (0.60%) AWS Lambda
13 9 (0.60%) BlazeMeter
13 9 (0.60%) Oracle CX
14 8 (0.53%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
14 8 (0.53%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 19 (1.27%) Firewall
1 19 (1.27%) Internet
2 14 (0.93%) HTTP
3 12 (0.80%) Intranet
3 12 (0.80%) TCP/IP
4 10 (0.67%) LAN
4 10 (0.67%) MPLS
4 10 (0.67%) WAN
5 9 (0.60%) Ethernet
6 8 (0.53%) Broadband
7 7 (0.47%) DNS
7 7 (0.47%) Wi-Fi
8 6 (0.40%) Wireless
9 5 (0.33%) SSL
10 4 (0.27%) BGP
10 4 (0.27%) EIGRP
10 4 (0.27%) Extranet
10 4 (0.27%) OSPF
10 4 (0.27%) SAN
10 4 (0.27%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 86 (5.74%) SQL Server
2 46 (3.07%) Relational Database
3 45 (3.00%) Big Data
4 43 (2.87%) Data Warehouse
5 39 (2.60%) RDBMS
6 33 (2.20%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 26 (1.74%) Power BI
8 25 (1.67%) MongoDB
9 22 (1.47%) NoSQL
9 22 (1.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 20 (1.34%) MySQL
11 19 (1.27%) Oracle Database
12 18 (1.20%) BusinessObjects
13 16 (1.07%) SAP HANA
14 14 (0.93%) OLTP
15 13 (0.87%) Oracle BI EE
15 13 (0.87%) PostgreSQL
16 12 (0.80%) Qlik Sense
16 12 (0.80%) QlikView
17 10 (0.67%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 263 (17.56%) JIRA
2 136 (9.08%) Selenium
3 69 (4.61%) Git (software)
4 60 (4.01%) Jenkins
5 55 (3.67%) Cucumber
6 49 (3.27%) Team Foundation Server
7 48 (3.20%) SoapUI
8 40 (2.67%) HP UFT
9 37 (2.47%) WebDriver
10 36 (2.40%) SpecFlow
11 33 (2.20%) LoadRunner
12 25 (1.67%) Visual Studio
13 19 (1.27%) Postman
14 18 (1.20%) Subversion
15 15 (1.00%) Sonatype Nexus
16 13 (0.87%) Eclipse
17 12 (0.80%) Bitbucket
17 12 (0.80%) GitLab
17 12 (0.80%) JMeter
17 12 (0.80%) TestRail
General
1 403 (26.90%) Finance
2 119 (7.94%) Retail
3 88 (5.87%) Banking
4 52 (3.47%) Marketing
5 42 (2.80%) Telecoms
6 26 (1.74%) Law
7 24 (1.60%) Manufacturing
8 23 (1.54%) Games
9 21 (1.40%) Retail Banking
10 19 (1.27%) Legal
10 19 (1.27%) Public Sector
11 18 (1.20%) Advertising
11 18 (1.20%) Billing
12 10 (0.67%) Back Office
13 9 (0.60%) German Language
14 8 (0.53%) Automotive
14 8 (0.53%) Local Government
15 5 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
16 4 (0.27%) Electronics
16 4 (0.27%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 355 (23.70%) Analyst
2 314 (20.96%) Project Manager
3 219 (14.62%) Business Analyst
4 173 (11.55%) Developer
5 121 (8.08%) Architect
6 77 (5.14%) IT Manager
7 63 (4.21%) Solutions Architect
7 63 (4.21%) Test Leader
8 58 (3.87%) IT Project Manager
9 53 (3.54%) Senior Analyst
9 53 (3.54%) Test Analyst
10 43 (2.87%) Senior Manager
11 40 (2.67%) Tester
12 38 (2.54%) Digital Project Manager
13 35 (2.34%) Scrum Master
13 35 (2.34%) Senior Business Analyst
14 32 (2.14%) Software Engineer
15 31 (2.07%) Technical Analyst
15 31 (2.07%) Technical Business Analyst
16 30 (2.00%) Systems Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 157 (10.48%) .NET
2 97 (6.48%) HTML
3 83 (5.54%) CSS
4 68 (4.54%) SOAP
5 56 (3.74%) Middleware
5 56 (3.74%) Web Services
6 55 (3.67%) AngularJS
7 52 (3.47%) jQuery
8 39 (2.60%) XML
9 36 (2.40%) ASP.NET
10 35 (2.34%) RESTful
11 34 (2.27%) .NET Framework
12 28 (1.87%) REST
13 26 (1.74%) JSON
14 20 (1.34%) Entity Framework
14 20 (1.34%) Gherkin
15 19 (1.27%) WCF
16 18 (1.20%) Velocity
17 17 (1.13%) Node.js
17 17 (1.13%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 184 (12.28%) Analytical Skills
2 66 (4.41%) Virtual Team
3 55 (3.67%) User Experience
4 54 (3.60%) Mobile App
5 36 (2.40%) Management Information System
5 36 (2.40%) Self-Motivation
6 34 (2.27%) Mainframe
7 24 (1.60%) Reinsurance
8 21 (1.40%) Greenfield Project
9 17 (1.13%) Data Centre
9 17 (1.13%) PMI
10 15 (1.00%) Client/Server
11 14 (0.93%) Robotics
11 14 (0.93%) Social Media
12 13 (0.87%) BYOD
12 13 (0.87%) Cloud Native
13 12 (0.80%) FMCG
13 12 (0.80%) Internet of Things
14 10 (0.67%) Public Cloud
15 9 (0.60%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 75 (5.01%) Windows
2 51 (3.40%) Linux
3 43 (2.87%) Unix
4 17 (1.13%) Windows Server
5 12 (0.80%) Android
6 8 (0.53%) Apple iOS
7 7 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 5 (0.33%) CoreOS
8 5 (0.33%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.27%) CentOS
9 4 (0.27%) Fedora
9 4 (0.27%) Windows 10
9 4 (0.27%) zOS
10 2 (0.13%) VMS
11 1 (0.067%) Debian
11 1 (0.067%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,446 (96.53%) Agile Software Development
2 347 (23.16%) Project Management
3 320 (21.36%) Scrum
4 266 (17.76%) Test Automation
5 259 (17.29%) SDLC
5 259 (17.29%) Stakeholder Management
6 241 (16.09%) Project Delivery
7 191 (12.75%) PRINCE2
8 172 (11.48%) DevOps
9 146 (9.75%) Business Analysis
10 136 (9.08%) Requirements Gathering
11 134 (8.95%) Problem-Solving
12 121 (8.08%) Change Management
13 114 (7.61%) Risk Management
14 108 (7.21%) Kanban
15 106 (7.08%) User Stories
16 103 (6.88%) Mentoring
17 101 (6.74%) Decision-Making
18 98 (6.54%) ITIL
19 95 (6.34%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 254 (16.96%) SQL
2 168 (11.21%) Java
3 144 (9.61%) C#
4 133 (8.88%) JavaScript
5 87 (5.81%) Python
6 48 (3.20%) PL/SQL
7 44 (2.94%) C
8 34 (2.27%) PHP
9 23 (1.54%) PowerShell
9 23 (1.54%) TypeScript
10 21 (1.40%) VBA
11 19 (1.27%) VB.NET
12 17 (1.13%) Ruby
13 16 (1.07%) T-SQL
14 14 (0.93%) Bash Shell
15 13 (0.87%) C++
15 13 (0.87%) Java 8
16 10 (0.67%) Shell Script
17 9 (0.60%) Perl
18 8 (0.53%) R
Qualifications
1 208 (13.89%) Degree
2 88 (5.87%) ISTQB
3 83 (5.54%) ISEB
4 68 (4.54%) Security Cleared
5 63 (4.21%) Computer Science Degree
6 53 (3.54%) PMP
7 45 (3.00%) SC Cleared
8 40 (2.67%) PMI Certification
9 29 (1.94%) CISSP
10 26 (1.74%) CBAP
11 25 (1.67%) IIBA
12 24 (1.60%) PRINCE2 Certification
13 22 (1.47%) Cisco Certification
14 20 (1.34%) CISM
15 17 (1.13%) DV Cleared
16 15 (1.00%) Microsoft Certification
17 13 (0.87%) (ISC)2 CCSP
17 13 (0.87%) CEH
18 12 (0.80%) CCSP
18 12 (0.80%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 162 (10.81%) QA
2 121 (8.08%) PMO
3 22 (1.47%) GDPR
3 22 (1.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 20 (1.34%) PCI DSS
5 17 (1.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 14 (0.93%) MiFID
7 11 (0.73%) Data Quality
7 11 (0.73%) ISO 9001
8 10 (0.67%) EMIR
9 6 (0.40%) COBIT
10 5 (0.33%) SLA
11 3 (0.20%) IFRS
11 3 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 3 (0.20%) NIST
11 3 (0.20%) RMADS
12 2 (0.13%) GxP
12 2 (0.13%) PSD2
12 2 (0.13%) Solvency II
13 1 (0.067%) ISO 9000
System Software
1 23 (1.54%) Docker
2 13 (0.87%) VMware Infrastructure
3 9 (0.60%) VirtualBox
4 8 (0.53%) VMware ESXi
5 6 (0.40%) Apache Flume
6 5 (0.33%) GlusterFS
7 4 (0.27%) Hyper-V
7 4 (0.27%) NFS
7 4 (0.27%) Samba
7 4 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (0.27%) Xen
8 3 (0.20%) Active Directory
9 2 (0.13%) HDFS
10 1 (0.067%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 32 (2.14%) Kubernetes
2 29 (1.94%) Ansible
3 19 (1.27%) Terraform
4 12 (0.80%) CA Service Virtualization
5 11 (0.73%) Puppet
6 10 (0.67%) Nagios
6 10 (0.67%) WebSphere Cast Iron
7 8 (0.53%) OSSEC
8 7 (0.47%) Opscode Chef
8 7 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
9 6 (0.40%) Istio
9 6 (0.40%) Oozie
10 4 (0.27%) Amdocs OSS
10 4 (0.27%) Cisco Prime
10 4 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
10 4 (0.27%) Icinga
10 4 (0.27%) Observium
10 4 (0.27%) OpenNMS
10 4 (0.27%) vCenter Server
10 4 (0.27%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 230 (15.35%) Microsoft
2 113 (7.54%) SAP
3 99 (6.61%) Oracle
4 52 (3.47%) Salesforce.com
5 39 (2.60%) IBM
6 26 (1.74%) Tableau
7 15 (1.00%) Adobe
7 15 (1.00%) Google
7 15 (1.00%) Informatica
7 15 (1.00%) Red Hat
7 15 (1.00%) Unisys
7 15 (1.00%) VMware
8 14 (0.93%) Atlassian
8 14 (0.93%) hybris
9 13 (0.87%) CA
10 12 (0.80%) Sun
11 11 (0.73%) Cisco
11 11 (0.73%) Workday
12 10 (0.67%) Blue Prism
12 10 (0.67%) New Relic