Period
to 24 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 24 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
24 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 222 162 133
Rank change year-on-year -60 -29 +27
Permanent jobs citing Waterfall 1,102 2,637 3,922
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.49% 2.15% 2.63%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.61% 2.33% 2.85%
Number of salaries quoted 960 2,112 3,178
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £36,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £83,750 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £52,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year -3.85% +4.00% +5.26%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 68,274 112,953 137,708
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.49% 92.04% 92.32%
Number of salaries quoted 53,855 90,668 110,065
Median annual salary £55,000 £53,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.80% +1.90% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,750 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Waterfall.

Salary trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 24 February 2021.

Salary histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 24 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -55 1,002 £55,000 - 221
UK excluding London -67 673 £50,000 -3.85% 167
London -25 378 £69,000 +15.00% 68
South East -44 208 £55,000 - 38
North of England -33 183 £47,500 +5.56% 40
Work from Home -48 172 £50,000 -13.04% 25
South West -29 104 £50,000 +7.53% 22
Midlands -2 98 £48,000 -9.86% 39
Yorkshire -31 93 £47,500 +5.56% 20
North West +6 79 £45,000 +2.27% 16
West Midlands +15 66 £47,500 -12.84% 29
Scotland +16 46 £50,000 +5.26% 10
East Midlands +9 31 £50,000 -1.96% 9
East of England -58 21 £50,000 -20.00% 12
Wales -40 11 £55,000 +15.79% 2
North East -17 10 £42,500 -23.39% 4
Northern Ireland +9 2 £70,000 -0.71% 5

For the 6 months to 24 February 2021, IT jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 1,065 (96.64%) Agile Software Development
2 301 (27.31%) Project Management
3 282 (25.59%) Finance
4 250 (22.69%) Scrum
5 209 (18.97%) Azure
6 207 (18.78%) DevOps
7 181 (16.42%) Stakeholder Management
7 181 (16.42%) Microsoft
8 176 (15.97%) SDLC
9 161 (14.61%) Project Delivery
10 159 (14.43%) Test Automation
11 153 (13.88%) .NET
12 148 (13.43%) Business Analysis
13 146 (13.25%) SQL
14 142 (12.89%) PRINCE2
15 141 (12.79%) C#
16 122 (11.07%) JIRA
16 122 (11.07%) Problem-Solving
17 121 (10.98%) Analytical Skills
18 117 (10.62%) AWS
18 117 (10.62%) JavaScript
19 109 (9.89%) Degree
20 103 (9.35%) Migration
21 94 (8.53%) Java
22 92 (8.35%) QA
23 90 (8.17%) User Acceptance Testing
24 89 (8.08%) ITIL
25 88 (7.99%) CRM
25 88 (7.99%) SQL Server
25 88 (7.99%) SaaS

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 71 (6.44%) SharePoint
2 39 (3.54%) Confluence
3 30 (2.72%) CMS
4 17 (1.54%) Elasticsearch
5 16 (1.45%) Sitecore CMS
6 12 (1.09%) Drupal
6 12 (1.09%) Kentico
6 12 (1.09%) OpenStack
6 12 (1.09%) Umbraco
7 6 (0.54%) Apache
8 5 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 4 (0.36%) IIS
9 4 (0.36%) Liferay
9 4 (0.36%) SAS
10 3 (0.27%) BizTalk Server
10 3 (0.27%) JBoss
11 2 (0.18%) MS Project Server
11 2 (0.18%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.18%) WebSphere
11 2 (0.18%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 31 (2.81%) Microsoft Project
2 22 (2.00%) Microsoft Office
3 20 (1.81%) MS Visio
4 18 (1.63%) Microsoft Excel
5 10 (0.91%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.18%) Windchill
7 1 (0.091%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.091%) Figma
7 1 (0.091%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.091%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 35 (3.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 28 (2.54%) Dynamics AX
3 21 (1.91%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 19 (1.72%) Loan IQ
5 10 (0.91%) SAP Hybris
6 7 (0.64%) Magento
6 7 (0.64%) NetSuite
7 5 (0.45%) Dynamics NAV
8 3 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
8 3 (0.27%) SAP IS-U
8 3 (0.27%) WebTrends
9 2 (0.18%) BigMachines
9 2 (0.18%) Oracle Cash Management
9 2 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
9 2 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
9 2 (0.18%) Oracle Receivables
9 2 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 2 (0.18%) Shopify
9 2 (0.18%) Teamcenter
10 1 (0.091%) SAP Business ByDesign
Cloud Services
1 209 (18.97%) Azure
2 117 (10.62%) AWS
3 88 (7.99%) SaaS
4 76 (6.90%) PaaS
5 50 (4.54%) Power Platform
6 45 (4.08%) Dynamics 365
7 39 (3.54%) IaaS
8 21 (1.91%) PowerApps
9 19 (1.72%) Microsoft 365
10 13 (1.18%) GCP
11 11 (1.00%) OpenShift
12 10 (0.91%) Akamai
12 10 (0.91%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 10 (0.91%) Cloud Computing
13 8 (0.73%) Slack
14 7 (0.64%) Sauce Labs
14 7 (0.64%) Serverless
15 5 (0.45%) Google Drive
15 5 (0.45%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 3 (0.27%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 14 (1.27%) DNS
2 13 (1.18%) Intranet
3 5 (0.45%) LAN
3 5 (0.45%) WAN
4 4 (0.36%) Internet
4 4 (0.36%) Network Security
5 3 (0.27%) TCP/IP
5 3 (0.27%) VLAN
6 2 (0.18%) BIG-IP
6 2 (0.18%) Ethernet
6 2 (0.18%) Firewall
6 2 (0.18%) HTTPS
6 2 (0.18%) NetScaler
6 2 (0.18%) Unified Communications
6 2 (0.18%) VPN
7 1 (0.091%) 5G
7 1 (0.091%) NAS
7 1 (0.091%) Remote Desktop
7 1 (0.091%) Skype
7 1 (0.091%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (7.99%) SQL Server
2 41 (3.72%) Data Warehouse
3 35 (3.18%) NoSQL
4 34 (3.09%) Big Data
5 25 (2.27%) Power BI
6 24 (2.18%) Relational Database
7 21 (1.91%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
8 17 (1.54%) RDBMS
9 16 (1.45%) MongoDB
9 16 (1.45%) Tableau
10 15 (1.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 13 (1.18%) MySQL
12 11 (1.00%) Azure SQL Database
12 11 (1.00%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 10 (0.91%) Crystal Reports
14 9 (0.82%) OLAP
15 8 (0.73%) Data Lake
16 7 (0.64%) OLTP
16 7 (0.64%) Oracle Database
17 5 (0.45%) SAP BW
Development Applications
1 122 (11.07%) JIRA
2 48 (4.36%) Selenium
3 41 (3.72%) Team Foundation Server
4 35 (3.18%) Cucumber
5 33 (2.99%) Git (software)
6 15 (1.36%) Postman
7 14 (1.27%) Visual Studio Team System
8 13 (1.18%) Jenkins
8 13 (1.18%) SoapUI
8 13 (1.18%) WebDriver
9 12 (1.09%) Maven
10 9 (0.82%) NUnit
10 9 (0.82%) Visual Studio
11 8 (0.73%) eggPlant
12 6 (0.54%) Cypress.io
12 6 (0.54%) JMeter
12 6 (0.54%) MSTest
12 6 (0.54%) SpecFlow
13 5 (0.45%) Bitbucket
13 5 (0.45%) TeamCity
General
1 282 (25.59%) Finance
2 77 (6.99%) Banking
3 56 (5.08%) Retail
4 52 (4.72%) Law
5 49 (4.45%) Marketing
6 43 (3.90%) Public Sector
7 39 (3.54%) Investment Banking
8 38 (3.45%) Legal
9 33 (2.99%) Back Office
10 23 (2.09%) Advertising
11 18 (1.63%) Manufacturing
12 16 (1.45%) Telecoms
13 12 (1.09%) Front Office
13 12 (1.09%) Games
14 10 (0.91%) Financial Institution
15 7 (0.64%) Publishing
16 5 (0.45%) German Language
17 4 (0.36%) Avionics
17 4 (0.36%) French Language
17 4 (0.36%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 268 (24.32%) Analyst
2 225 (20.42%) Project Manager
3 213 (19.33%) Business Analyst
4 129 (11.71%) Architect
5 103 (9.35%) Developer
6 85 (7.71%) Solutions Architect
7 71 (6.44%) IT Manager
8 60 (5.44%) IT Project Manager
9 43 (3.90%) Senior Manager
10 41 (3.72%) Digital Project Manager
11 40 (3.63%) Software Engineer
12 37 (3.36%) Senior Project Manager
13 34 (3.09%) .NET Developer
14 32 (2.90%) C# Developer
14 32 (2.90%) Test Analyst
15 31 (2.81%) Senior Analyst
16 27 (2.45%) Senior Developer
17 25 (2.27%) Lead Architect
17 25 (2.27%) Senior Architect
18 23 (2.09%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 153 (13.88%) .NET
2 68 (6.17%) Web Services
3 67 (6.08%) CSS
4 59 (5.35%) .NET Framework
5 54 (4.90%) .NET Core
6 50 (4.54%) React
7 49 (4.45%) ASP.NET Web API
8 46 (4.17%) Entity Framework
9 44 (3.99%) HTML
10 42 (3.81%) jQuery
11 38 (3.45%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 38 (3.45%) XML
12 30 (2.72%) JSON
12 30 (2.72%) SOAP
13 29 (2.63%) REST
14 25 (2.27%) AngularJS
15 18 (1.63%) Spring
16 17 (1.54%) Node.js
17 16 (1.45%) RESTful
18 12 (1.09%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 121 (10.98%) Analytical Skills
2 68 (6.17%) User Experience
3 56 (5.08%) Management Information System
4 48 (4.36%) Enterprise Software
5 42 (3.81%) Self-Motivation
6 37 (3.36%) N-Tier
7 31 (2.81%) Cloud Native
8 26 (2.36%) Greenfield Project
8 26 (2.36%) Mobile App
9 17 (1.54%) PMI
10 15 (1.36%) FMCG
10 15 (1.36%) Mainframe
11 11 (1.00%) Enterprise Cloud
11 11 (1.00%) Private Cloud
12 10 (0.91%) Client/Server
13 9 (0.82%) Derivative
13 9 (0.82%) Virtual Team
14 8 (0.73%) Graphic Design
14 8 (0.73%) Motion Graphics
14 8 (0.73%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 49 (4.45%) Windows
2 38 (3.45%) Linux
3 19 (1.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 14 (1.27%) Android
4 14 (1.27%) Unix
5 10 (0.91%) Apple iOS
5 10 (0.91%) Windows Server
6 2 (0.18%) CentOS
6 2 (0.18%) Fedora
6 2 (0.18%) Mac OS
6 2 (0.18%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.091%) Embedded Linux
7 1 (0.091%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,065 (96.64%) Agile Software Development
2 301 (27.31%) Project Management
3 250 (22.69%) Scrum
4 207 (18.78%) DevOps
5 181 (16.42%) Stakeholder Management
6 176 (15.97%) SDLC
7 161 (14.61%) Project Delivery
8 159 (14.43%) Test Automation
9 148 (13.43%) Business Analysis
10 142 (12.89%) PRINCE2
11 122 (11.07%) Problem-Solving
12 103 (9.35%) Migration
13 90 (8.17%) User Acceptance Testing
14 89 (8.08%) ITIL
15 88 (7.99%) CRM
16 82 (7.44%) Requirements Gathering
17 81 (7.35%) Microservices
18 77 (6.99%) Analytics
18 77 (6.99%) Kanban
19 74 (6.72%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 146 (13.25%) SQL
2 141 (12.79%) C#
3 117 (10.62%) JavaScript
4 94 (8.53%) Java
5 46 (4.17%) Python
6 28 (2.54%) C
6 28 (2.54%) PowerShell
7 24 (2.18%) T-SQL
8 17 (1.54%) C++
9 16 (1.45%) PHP
10 13 (1.18%) Ruby
11 11 (1.00%) TypeScript
11 11 (1.00%) VB
12 10 (0.91%) Go
13 9 (0.82%) PL/SQL
14 4 (0.36%) VBScript
15 3 (0.27%) Bash Shell
15 3 (0.27%) Objective-C
15 3 (0.27%) VB.NET
15 3 (0.27%) VBA
Qualifications
1 109 (9.89%) Degree
2 61 (5.54%) Security Cleared
3 50 (4.54%) ISTQB
4 36 (3.27%) ISEB
5 34 (3.09%) SC Cleared
6 28 (2.54%) PMI Certification
7 26 (2.36%) PMP
8 24 (2.18%) HNC
8 24 (2.18%) HND
9 20 (1.81%) Microsoft Certification
10 14 (1.27%) Computer Science Degree
11 13 (1.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 10 (0.91%) DV Cleared
12 10 (0.91%) PRINCE2 Certification
13 9 (0.82%) Master's Degree
14 8 (0.73%) CISSP
15 7 (0.64%) ISEB Practitioner
15 7 (0.64%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 7 (0.64%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
16 5 (0.45%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 92 (8.35%) QA
2 35 (3.18%) PMO
3 28 (2.54%) MiFID
4 27 (2.45%) EMIR
5 22 (2.00%) PMBOK
6 21 (1.91%) Dodd-Frank
7 8 (0.73%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 7 (0.64%) COBIT
8 7 (0.64%) GDPR
8 7 (0.64%) NIST
9 6 (0.54%) Data Quality
9 6 (0.54%) ISO 9001
10 5 (0.45%) WCAG
11 3 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 3 (0.27%) SLA
12 2 (0.18%) IFRS
12 2 (0.18%) Solvency II
13 1 (0.091%) HL7
13 1 (0.091%) PCI DSS
13 1 (0.091%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 25 (2.27%) Docker
2 4 (0.36%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.27%) Firmware
3 3 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
3 3 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.18%) HDFS
4 2 (0.18%) Hyper-V
4 2 (0.18%) NFS
4 2 (0.18%) Samba
4 2 (0.18%) VirtualBox
4 2 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
4 2 (0.18%) Xen
5 1 (0.091%) Time Sharing Option
5 1 (0.091%) Virtual Desktop
5 1 (0.091%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.091%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 52 (4.72%) Terraform
2 42 (3.81%) Ansible
3 18 (1.63%) Kubernetes
4 14 (1.27%) Single Sign-On
5 13 (1.18%) Puppet
6 10 (0.91%) Opscode Chef
7 4 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
8 3 (0.27%) Data Guard
8 3 (0.27%) Kibana
8 3 (0.27%) logstash
8 3 (0.27%) Oracle RMAN
9 2 (0.18%) CA Single Sign-On
9 2 (0.18%) Control-M
9 2 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
9 2 (0.18%) Hadoop YARN
9 2 (0.18%) Nagios
9 2 (0.18%) Oozie
9 2 (0.18%) OpenNMS
9 2 (0.18%) vCenter Server
9 2 (0.18%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 181 (16.42%) Microsoft
2 84 (7.62%) Oracle
3 43 (3.90%) SAP
4 38 (3.45%) Salesforce.com
5 29 (2.63%) Sitecore
6 28 (2.54%) Nintex
7 24 (2.18%) Sparx
8 22 (2.00%) Murex
9 18 (1.63%) Google
10 11 (1.00%) hybris
11 10 (0.91%) Adobe
11 10 (0.91%) JD Edwards
11 10 (0.91%) New Relic
12 8 (0.73%) Atlassian
12 8 (0.73%) IBM
12 8 (0.73%) ServiceNow
13 5 (0.45%) Okta
14 4 (0.36%) Databricks
14 4 (0.36%) Delphix
14 4 (0.36%) DocuSign