Period
to 26 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 26 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
26 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 169 237 165
Rank change year-on-year +68 -72 -36
Permanent jobs citing Waterfall 2,835 774 2,817
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.19% 1.42% 2.07%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.32% 1.53% 2.24%
Number of salaries quoted 2,033 594 2,119
10th Percentile £37,500 £38,014 £35,365
25th Percentile £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £57,500 £53,500
Median % change year-on-year - +7.48% -2.73%
75th Percentile £70,000 £73,438 £67,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £90,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - -

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 122,279 50,484 125,788
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.34% 92.87% 92.58%
Number of salaries quoted 81,214 42,368 100,870
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,250 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +2.94%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% -

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Waterfall.

Salary trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 26 November 2021.

Salary histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 26 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +73 2,538 £57,500 - 331
UK excluding London +89 1,746 £52,500 +5.00% 246
London +17 897 £65,000 -7.14% 109
Work from Home +25 628 £60,000 +14.83% 53
South East +58 576 £60,000 +7.14% 56
North of England +80 434 £45,500 -4.21% 58
Midlands +41 351 £52,500 +10.53% 51
West Midlands +38 227 £52,500 +16.67% 37
Yorkshire +41 222 £47,500 -5.00% 19
North West +39 181 £45,000 -2.70% 26
South West +12 164 £50,300 -4.19% 32
East Midlands +15 124 £53,750 +13.16% 12
Scotland -7 95 £52,500 +5.00% 21
East of England -49 76 £60,000 +33.33% 24
Wales -2 50 £50,000 -4.76% 4
North East +2 37 £42,500 +3.66% 13
Northern Ireland -38 14 £45,000 -35.71%

For the 6 months to 26 November 2021, IT jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 2,768 (97.64%) Agile Software Development
2 938 (33.09%) Social Skills
3 916 (32.31%) Finance
4 867 (30.58%) Project Management
5 733 (25.86%) Stakeholder Management
6 674 (23.77%) Scrum
7 567 (20.00%) Project Delivery
8 485 (17.11%) Business Analysis
9 459 (16.19%) Problem-Solving
10 456 (16.08%) SDLC
11 400 (14.11%) JIRA
12 382 (13.47%) SQL
12 382 (13.47%) Microsoft
13 370 (13.05%) Azure
13 370 (13.05%) Analytical Skills
14 364 (12.84%) Degree
15 357 (12.59%) DevOps
16 326 (11.50%) PRINCE2
17 281 (9.91%) QA
18 276 (9.74%) Continuous Improvement
19 250 (8.82%) Retail
20 242 (8.54%) Change Management
21 238 (8.40%) User Stories
22 236 (8.32%) Mentoring
23 228 (8.04%) C#
24 221 (7.80%) Marketing
25 217 (7.65%) Influencing Skills
26 212 (7.48%) Analytics
26 212 (7.48%) .NET
27 207 (7.30%) Software Engineering

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 144 (5.08%) Confluence
2 97 (3.42%) SharePoint
3 71 (2.50%) WebLogic
4 51 (1.80%) CMS
5 41 (1.45%) WebSphere
6 28 (0.99%) Apache Spark
7 22 (0.78%) IIS
8 21 (0.74%) Apache
8 21 (0.74%) SAS
9 19 (0.67%) Appian
10 12 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 11 (0.39%) MS Exchange
12 10 (0.35%) Apache Solr
12 10 (0.35%) BizTalk Server
13 6 (0.21%) Drupal
14 5 (0.18%) IBM Domino
14 5 (0.18%) Kentico
14 5 (0.18%) SharePoint 2010
14 5 (0.18%) SharePoint 2013
15 4 (0.14%) Elasticsearch
Applications
1 142 (5.01%) Microsoft Project
2 140 (4.94%) MS Visio
3 139 (4.90%) Microsoft Office
4 109 (3.84%) Microsoft Excel
5 59 (2.08%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 13 (0.46%) Spreadsheet
7 7 (0.25%) Figma
7 7 (0.25%) InVision
7 7 (0.25%) Sketch
7 7 (0.25%) Windchill
8 2 (0.071%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.035%) Adobe XD
9 1 (0.035%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.035%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 35 (1.23%) SAP S/4HANA
2 20 (0.71%) Dynamics CRM
3 16 (0.56%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 16 (0.56%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 11 (0.39%) Dynamics AX
4 11 (0.39%) NetSuite
5 10 (0.35%) IntelliMatch
5 10 (0.35%) Primavera
6 9 (0.32%) Magento
7 8 (0.28%) Elite 3E
7 8 (0.28%) SAP ERP
8 6 (0.21%) SAP BRIM
8 6 (0.21%) SAP MDG
8 6 (0.21%) Workday HCM
9 5 (0.18%) SAP BPC
9 5 (0.18%) SAP CO
9 5 (0.18%) SAP FI
9 5 (0.18%) SAP FI/CO
9 5 (0.18%) SAP MM
10 4 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 370 (13.05%) Azure
2 189 (6.67%) AWS
3 134 (4.73%) SaaS
4 103 (3.63%) Power Platform
5 101 (3.56%) PaaS
6 71 (2.50%) Microsoft 365
7 69 (2.43%) GCP
8 64 (2.26%) IaaS
9 29 (1.02%) Dynamics 365
9 29 (1.02%) Slack
10 28 (0.99%) GitHub
10 28 (0.99%) Salesforce Service Cloud
11 25 (0.88%) Azure Service Bus
12 23 (0.81%) Serverless
13 22 (0.78%) AWS CloudFormation
14 21 (0.74%) Azure Key Vault
15 19 (0.67%) Taleo
16 17 (0.60%) Azure Active Directory
17 16 (0.56%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
18 15 (0.53%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 46 (1.62%) HTTP
2 42 (1.48%) FTP
3 39 (1.38%) HTTPS
4 18 (0.63%) LAN
5 16 (0.56%) WAN
6 11 (0.39%) DNS
6 11 (0.39%) Firewall
6 11 (0.39%) Wi-Fi
7 10 (0.35%) Ethernet
7 10 (0.35%) Internet
8 9 (0.32%) Network Security
9 8 (0.28%) TCP/IP
10 6 (0.21%) Extranet
10 6 (0.21%) IPv4
10 6 (0.21%) SD-WAN
11 5 (0.18%) 5G
11 5 (0.18%) ATM
11 5 (0.18%) VPN
12 4 (0.14%) DHCP
12 4 (0.14%) GSM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 155 (5.47%) SQL Server
2 128 (4.51%) Data Warehouse
3 101 (3.56%) Relational Database
4 93 (3.28%) Power BI
5 74 (2.61%) Oracle Database
6 73 (2.57%) RDBMS
7 72 (2.54%) Oracle Database 10g
7 72 (2.54%) Oracle Database 11g
7 72 (2.54%) Oracle Database 12c
8 69 (2.43%) NoSQL
9 61 (2.15%) Big Data
10 57 (2.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 44 (1.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 36 (1.27%) MySQL
13 30 (1.06%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 30 (1.06%) Tableau
14 27 (0.95%) Data Lake
14 27 (0.95%) MongoDB
15 26 (0.92%) Azure SQL Database
16 25 (0.88%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 400 (14.11%) JIRA
2 118 (4.16%) Selenium
3 68 (2.40%) Git (software)
4 52 (1.83%) Jenkins
5 47 (1.66%) Postman
6 40 (1.41%) SoapUI
6 40 (1.41%) SpecFlow
7 30 (1.06%) Appium
7 30 (1.06%) Team Foundation Server
8 27 (0.95%) Cucumber
8 27 (0.95%) JMeter
9 25 (0.88%) Maven
10 24 (0.85%) Katalon Studio
11 23 (0.81%) Bitbucket
12 22 (0.78%) Visual Studio
13 15 (0.53%) TestRail
14 12 (0.42%) SonarQube
15 11 (0.39%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 10 (0.35%) GitLab
16 10 (0.35%) TeamCity
General
1 938 (33.09%) Social Skills
2 916 (32.31%) Finance
3 370 (13.05%) Analytical Skills
4 250 (8.82%) Retail
5 221 (7.80%) Marketing
6 217 (7.65%) Influencing Skills
7 154 (5.43%) Public Sector
8 129 (4.55%) Advertising
9 119 (4.20%) Law
10 115 (4.06%) Presentation Skills
11 95 (3.35%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 93 (3.28%) Legal
13 89 (3.14%) Banking
14 66 (2.33%) Telecoms
15 65 (2.29%) Manufacturing
16 64 (2.26%) Organisational Skills
17 55 (1.94%) Back Office
18 36 (1.27%) Games
19 29 (1.02%) Billing
20 23 (0.81%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 684 (24.13%) Analyst
2 678 (23.92%) Project Manager
3 522 (18.41%) Business Analyst
4 249 (8.78%) Architect
5 246 (8.68%) IT Manager
6 211 (7.44%) IT Project Manager
7 206 (7.27%) Developer
8 135 (4.76%) Solutions Architect
9 108 (3.81%) Senior Manager
10 104 (3.67%) Senior Analyst
11 102 (3.60%) Delivery Manager
12 94 (3.32%) Senior Project Manager
13 74 (2.61%) Software Engineer
14 73 (2.57%) Senior Business Analyst
15 68 (2.40%) Oracle Developer
16 67 (2.36%) Digital Project Manager
17 62 (2.19%) Programme Manager
18 58 (2.05%) IT Analyst
19 57 (2.01%) IT Business Analyst
19 57 (2.01%) Technical Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 212 (7.48%) .NET
2 104 (3.67%) HTML
3 102 (3.60%) Web Services
4 98 (3.46%) XML
5 78 (2.75%) JSON
6 74 (2.61%) React
7 73 (2.57%) CSS
7 73 (2.57%) REST
8 65 (2.29%) Middleware
9 58 (2.05%) AngularJS
10 53 (1.87%) SOAP
11 51 (1.80%) .NET Core
12 39 (1.38%) ASP.NET
13 37 (1.31%) WebSphere MQ
14 35 (1.23%) .NET Framework
14 35 (1.23%) jQuery
14 35 (1.23%) RabbitMQ
14 35 (1.23%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 33 (1.16%) ASP.NET Web API
16 31 (1.09%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 148 (5.22%) User Experience
2 118 (4.16%) Management Information System
3 88 (3.10%) Self-Motivation
4 78 (2.75%) Social Media
5 62 (2.19%) Virtual Team
6 49 (1.73%) PMI
7 46 (1.62%) Mobile App
8 43 (1.52%) Data Centre
9 41 (1.45%) EFT
10 39 (1.38%) Legacy Applications
11 32 (1.13%) Public Cloud
12 29 (1.02%) Algorithms
12 29 (1.02%) Client/Server
12 29 (1.02%) EPoS
13 28 (0.99%) Data Protection Act
13 28 (0.99%) Greenfield Project
14 26 (0.92%) Legacy Systems
14 26 (0.92%) N-Tier
15 23 (0.81%) Enterprise Software
15 23 (0.81%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 185 (6.53%) Linux
2 157 (5.54%) Windows
3 46 (1.62%) Apple iOS
4 43 (1.52%) Unix
5 40 (1.41%) AIX
6 38 (1.34%) Windows Server
7 35 (1.23%) Android
8 8 (0.28%) Solaris
9 7 (0.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 5 (0.18%) Windows Server 2016
11 4 (0.14%) HPUX
11 4 (0.14%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.071%) CentOS
12 2 (0.071%) VMS
13 1 (0.035%) Kali Linux
13 1 (0.035%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,768 (97.64%) Agile Software Development
2 867 (30.58%) Project Management
3 733 (25.86%) Stakeholder Management
4 674 (23.77%) Scrum
5 567 (20.00%) Project Delivery
6 485 (17.11%) Business Analysis
7 459 (16.19%) Problem-Solving
8 456 (16.08%) SDLC
9 357 (12.59%) DevOps
10 326 (11.50%) PRINCE2
11 276 (9.74%) Continuous Improvement
12 242 (8.54%) Change Management
13 238 (8.40%) User Stories
14 236 (8.32%) Mentoring
15 212 (7.48%) Analytics
16 207 (7.30%) Software Engineering
17 204 (7.20%) Migration
18 203 (7.16%) Test Automation
19 199 (7.02%) Business Case
20 197 (6.95%) Requirements Gathering
Programming Languages
1 382 (13.47%) SQL
2 228 (8.04%) C#
3 187 (6.60%) Java
4 170 (6.00%) JavaScript
5 151 (5.33%) C
6 134 (4.73%) Python
7 90 (3.17%) PowerShell
8 84 (2.96%) PL/SQL
9 48 (1.69%) Bash Shell
10 40 (1.41%) T-SQL
11 38 (1.34%) C++
12 37 (1.31%) PHP
13 28 (0.99%) R
14 26 (0.92%) Apex Code
15 24 (0.85%) Apple Swift
15 24 (0.85%) Objective-C
16 16 (0.56%) TypeScript
17 14 (0.49%) VB.NET
18 13 (0.46%) VBA
19 11 (0.39%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
Qualifications
1 364 (12.84%) Degree
2 118 (4.16%) Security Cleared
3 98 (3.46%) PMI Certification
4 86 (3.03%) SC Cleared
5 72 (2.54%) PMP
6 60 (2.12%) Computer Science Degree
7 49 (1.73%) ISTQB
8 43 (1.52%) ISEB
9 40 (1.41%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 30 (1.06%) ITIL Certification
11 29 (1.02%) DV Cleared
12 27 (0.95%) CBAP
13 24 (0.85%) IIBA
14 23 (0.81%) Master's Degree
15 21 (0.74%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
16 18 (0.63%) Microsoft Certification
17 17 (0.60%) HNC
17 17 (0.60%) HND
18 15 (0.53%) CISSP
18 15 (0.53%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 281 (9.91%) QA
2 157 (5.54%) PMO
3 66 (2.33%) Data Quality
4 51 (1.80%) GDPR
5 30 (1.06%) ISO 9001
6 26 (0.92%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 21 (0.74%) Accessibility
8 19 (0.67%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 18 (0.63%) SLA
10 15 (0.53%) NIST
11 11 (0.39%) GRC
12 9 (0.32%) PCI DSS
13 8 (0.28%) ISAE 3402
13 8 (0.28%) ISO 31000
13 8 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 6 (0.21%) Def Stans
15 5 (0.18%) NCSC
15 5 (0.18%) NIST 800
16 4 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
17 3 (0.11%) PMBOK
System Software
1 58 (2.05%) Docker
2 31 (1.09%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 10 (0.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.28%) ISA Server
5 7 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.21%) Hyper-V
6 6 (0.21%) vSphere
7 4 (0.14%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 4 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.035%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 71 (2.50%) Terraform
2 53 (1.87%) Kubernetes
3 33 (1.16%) Ansible
4 14 (0.49%) Nessus
5 13 (0.46%) Opscode Chef
5 13 (0.46%) Puppet
6 12 (0.42%) SCCM
7 11 (0.39%) Microsoft Intune
8 10 (0.35%) HP ALM
8 10 (0.35%) Mesos
9 9 (0.32%) ITRS Geneos
9 9 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
10 8 (0.28%) Trend Micro Deep Security
11 7 (0.25%) PTC Integrity
12 6 (0.21%) Automic
12 6 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
13 5 (0.18%) BMC PATROL
14 4 (0.14%) vCenter Server
15 3 (0.11%) Docker Swarm
16 2 (0.071%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 382 (13.47%) Microsoft
2 189 (6.67%) Oracle
3 123 (4.34%) SAP
4 107 (3.77%) Salesforce.com
5 68 (2.40%) Google
6 65 (2.29%) IBM
7 58 (2.05%) Workday
8 38 (1.34%) ServiceNow
9 30 (1.06%) Apple
10 28 (0.99%) Adobe
11 27 (0.95%) Atlassian
12 25 (0.88%) Databricks
13 21 (0.74%) VMware
14 20 (0.71%) HP
15 19 (0.67%) Avature
15 19 (0.67%) Cisco
15 19 (0.67%) Kenexa
15 19 (0.67%) LexisNexis
16 18 (0.63%) CheckPoint
16 18 (0.63%) Sparx