Period
to 19 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 19 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 122 173 126
Rank change year-on-year +51 -47 +10
Permanent jobs citing Waterfall 4,252 3,748 4,770
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.68% 2.10% 2.58%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.93% 2.28% 2.82%
Number of salaries quoted 3,286 2,887 4,030
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,479 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.80% -0.04% +5.00%
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 145,362 164,208 169,022
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.61% 91.89% 91.31%
Number of salaries quoted 114,777 130,654 140,219
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +3.09% +2.11%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,500 £27,625
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £44,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% -

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Waterfall.

Salary trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +48 4,013 £55,000 +4.76% 338
UK excluding London +49 2,614 £50,000 +5.26% 247
London +33 1,542 £64,750 +7.92% 114
South East +89 955 £54,250 +7.43% 69
North of England -12 502 £50,000 +5.26% 55
Midlands +33 396 £45,000 -5.26% 40
South West +44 338 £47,500 +5.56% 40
West Midlands +45 294 £47,000 -1.05% 26
North West -20 286 £50,000 +1.01% 25
East of England +7 256 £55,000 +4.76% 20
Yorkshire -3 199 £50,000 +5.26% 24
Scotland +1 129 £44,750 -5.79% 15
East Midlands +9 102 £44,250 -1.67% 14
Wales +2 48 £42,500 +6.25% 8
North East -15 17 £47,610 +19.02% 6
Northern Ireland -8 6 £42,500 +21.43%
Channel Islands - 4 £45,000 -

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, IT jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 4,118 (96.85%) Agile Software Development
2 1,414 (33.25%) Finance
3 1,161 (27.30%) Project Management
4 874 (20.56%) Stakeholder Management
5 844 (19.85%) SDLC
6 791 (18.60%) Scrum
7 752 (17.69%) SQL
8 701 (16.49%) .NET
9 691 (16.25%) Business Analysis
10 649 (15.26%) Degree
11 641 (15.08%) Microsoft
12 626 (14.72%) PRINCE2
13 621 (14.60%) Analytical Skills
14 583 (13.71%) Test Automation
15 564 (13.26%) C#
16 521 (12.25%) Java
17 518 (12.18%) Problem-Solving
18 480 (11.29%) SQL Server
19 472 (11.10%) JavaScript
20 446 (10.49%) JIRA
21 423 (9.95%) QA
22 419 (9.85%) User Stories
23 406 (9.55%) Microsoft Azure
24 396 (9.31%) Mentoring
25 378 (8.89%) Oracle
26 366 (8.61%) Continuous Integration
27 343 (8.07%) Change Management
28 327 (7.69%) Retail
29 323 (7.60%) Business Intelligence
30 316 (7.43%) DevOps

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 194 (4.56%) Confluence
2 188 (4.42%) SharePoint
3 68 (1.60%) IIS
4 54 (1.27%) CMS
5 44 (1.03%) JBoss
6 43 (1.01%) BizTalk Server
7 42 (0.99%) WebLogic
8 39 (0.92%) SAS
9 35 (0.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 28 (0.66%) Apache
11 23 (0.54%) Drupal
11 23 (0.54%) WebSphere
12 19 (0.45%) Tomcat
13 14 (0.33%) Appian
14 13 (0.31%) Apache Spark
14 13 (0.31%) SharePoint 2013
15 11 (0.26%) Skype for Business
15 11 (0.26%) Umbraco
16 10 (0.24%) SharePoint 2010
16 10 (0.24%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 248 (5.83%) Microsoft Project
2 195 (4.59%) Microsoft Office
3 172 (4.05%) Microsoft Excel
4 160 (3.76%) MS Visio
5 132 (3.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 18 (0.42%) Photoshop
7 7 (0.16%) InVision
8 6 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 3 (0.071%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.047%) Adobe Premiere
10 2 (0.047%) SPSS
10 2 (0.047%) XMetaL
11 1 (0.024%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.024%) Maya
11 1 (0.024%) OmniGraffle
11 1 (0.024%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 143 (3.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 58 (1.36%) Dynamics AX
3 21 (0.49%) SAP FI
4 20 (0.47%) SAP CO
4 20 (0.47%) SAP FI/CO
4 20 (0.47%) SAP S/4HANA
4 20 (0.47%) Scribe Insight
5 18 (0.42%) Dynamics NAV
6 12 (0.28%) Dynamics GP
7 11 (0.26%) SAP SD
8 9 (0.21%) SAP ERP
9 8 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
10 7 (0.16%) BPCS
10 7 (0.16%) Lawson
10 7 (0.16%) Maximo
10 7 (0.16%) VisionPLUS
11 5 (0.12%) CA PPM
11 5 (0.12%) SAP PSCD
11 5 (0.12%) SAP SRM
11 5 (0.12%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 406 (9.55%) Microsoft Azure
2 265 (6.23%) Amazon AWS
3 116 (2.73%) SaaS
4 89 (2.09%) Office 365
5 69 (1.62%) PaaS
6 53 (1.25%) GitHub
6 53 (1.25%) IaaS
7 30 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
8 29 (0.68%) Dynamics 365
9 24 (0.56%) Slack
10 16 (0.38%) Trello
11 14 (0.33%) Google Cloud Platform
12 13 (0.31%) Boomi
13 11 (0.26%) IBM Cloud
14 10 (0.24%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
14 10 (0.24%) SuccessFactors
15 9 (0.21%) Azure Active Directory
15 9 (0.21%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 7 (0.16%) Azure Machine Learning
16 7 (0.16%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 50 (1.18%) Firewall
2 33 (0.78%) Intranet
3 31 (0.73%) HTTP
4 25 (0.59%) TCP/IP
5 22 (0.52%) Network Security
5 22 (0.52%) WAN
6 19 (0.45%) Skype
7 18 (0.42%) DNS
8 14 (0.33%) Broadband
8 14 (0.33%) Extranet
8 14 (0.33%) VoIP
9 13 (0.31%) SAN
10 11 (0.26%) DHCP
11 10 (0.24%) Ethernet
11 10 (0.24%) Internet
11 10 (0.24%) MPLS
11 10 (0.24%) VPN
12 9 (0.21%) CTI
13 8 (0.19%) SMS
14 7 (0.16%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 480 (11.29%) SQL Server
2 223 (5.24%) Data Warehouse
3 167 (3.93%) Big Data
4 123 (2.89%) Relational Database
5 85 (2.00%) Oracle Database
6 84 (1.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 76 (1.79%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 71 (1.67%) RDBMS
9 52 (1.22%) Power BI
10 51 (1.20%) Hadoop
11 50 (1.18%) MySQL
11 50 (1.18%) SQL Server 2014
12 49 (1.15%) NoSQL
13 46 (1.08%) BusinessObjects
14 42 (0.99%) MongoDB
15 41 (0.96%) SQL Server 2008
16 40 (0.94%) SQL Server 2016
17 37 (0.87%) SQL Server 2012
18 36 (0.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 31 (0.73%) DB2
Development Applications
1 446 (10.49%) JIRA
2 200 (4.70%) Git (software)
3 197 (4.63%) Selenium
4 187 (4.40%) Jenkins
5 170 (4.00%) Team Foundation Server
6 125 (2.94%) Visual Studio Team System
7 92 (2.16%) Visual Studio
8 79 (1.86%) Cucumber
9 68 (1.60%) WebDriver
10 62 (1.46%) JUnit
11 59 (1.39%) Subversion
12 56 (1.32%) Maven
13 48 (1.13%) HP UFT
14 46 (1.08%) SpecFlow
15 43 (1.01%) Octopus Deploy
16 41 (0.96%) SoapUI
17 39 (0.92%) JMeter
18 34 (0.80%) NUnit
19 32 (0.75%) Eclipse
20 30 (0.71%) LoadRunner
General
1 1,414 (33.25%) Finance
2 327 (7.69%) Retail
3 288 (6.77%) Banking
4 171 (4.02%) Marketing
5 126 (2.96%) Telecoms
6 104 (2.45%) Advertising
7 62 (1.46%) Legal
8 57 (1.34%) Manufacturing
9 45 (1.06%) Investment Banking
9 45 (1.06%) Law
10 44 (1.03%) Back Office
11 31 (0.73%) Electronics
11 31 (0.73%) Games
12 30 (0.71%) Front Office
13 29 (0.68%) Billing
14 25 (0.59%) Financial Institution
15 20 (0.47%) Publishing
16 17 (0.40%) Local Government
17 15 (0.35%) French Language
18 12 (0.28%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 1,247 (29.33%) Analyst
2 839 (19.73%) Project Manager
3 822 (19.33%) Business Analyst
4 541 (12.72%) Architect
5 474 (11.15%) Developer
6 307 (7.22%) Senior Analyst
7 257 (6.04%) IT Manager
8 251 (5.90%) Test Analyst
9 240 (5.64%) Solutions Architect
10 211 (4.96%) Senior Business Analyst
11 182 (4.28%) IT Project Manager
12 151 (3.55%) Senior Manager
13 150 (3.53%) .NET Developer
14 142 (3.34%) Senior Developer
15 129 (3.03%) Senior Project Manager
16 127 (2.99%) Consultant
17 116 (2.73%) Lead Business Analyst
18 115 (2.70%) C# Developer
19 114 (2.68%) Test Manager
20 111 (2.61%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 701 (16.49%) .NET
2 310 (7.29%) HTML
3 297 (6.98%) Web Services
4 292 (6.87%) CSS
5 229 (5.39%) XML
6 158 (3.72%) .NET Framework
7 155 (3.65%) ASP.NET Web API
8 147 (3.46%) jQuery
9 136 (3.20%) AngularJS
10 134 (3.15%) JSON
11 125 (2.94%) ASP.NET
12 111 (2.61%) Entity Framework
13 110 (2.59%) HTML5
14 109 (2.56%) WPF
15 102 (2.40%) SOAP
16 99 (2.33%) React
17 97 (2.28%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 95 (2.23%) REST
19 94 (2.21%) Spring
20 89 (2.09%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 621 (14.60%) Analytical Skills
2 234 (5.50%) User Experience
3 161 (3.79%) Self-Motivation
4 136 (3.20%) Management Information System
5 109 (2.56%) Mobile App
6 106 (2.49%) PMI
7 100 (2.35%) Enterprise Software
8 90 (2.12%) N-Tier
9 80 (1.88%) Fintech
10 70 (1.65%) Virtual Team
11 66 (1.55%) FMCG
12 61 (1.43%) Greenfield Project
13 58 (1.36%) Data Centre
14 48 (1.13%) Data Structures
15 42 (0.99%) NHS
16 32 (0.75%) Client/Server
17 30 (0.71%) Mobile Payment
18 28 (0.66%) Reinsurance
19 25 (0.59%) Enterprise Cloud
19 25 (0.59%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 288 (6.77%) Windows
2 216 (5.08%) Linux
3 123 (2.89%) Unix
4 104 (2.45%) Apple iOS
5 53 (1.25%) Android
5 53 (1.25%) Windows Server
6 51 (1.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 24 (0.56%) AIX
8 18 (0.42%) CentOS
9 17 (0.40%) Ubuntu
10 16 (0.38%) Fedora
11 15 (0.35%) Windows 10
12 11 (0.26%) Windows 7
13 10 (0.24%) Windows XP
14 7 (0.16%) Mac OS X
14 7 (0.16%) Solaris
15 5 (0.12%) VMS
16 4 (0.094%) Embedded Linux
16 4 (0.094%) HPUX
16 4 (0.094%) pSOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,118 (96.85%) Agile Software Development
2 1,161 (27.30%) Project Management
3 874 (20.56%) Stakeholder Management
4 844 (19.85%) SDLC
5 791 (18.60%) Scrum
6 691 (16.25%) Business Analysis
7 626 (14.72%) PRINCE2
8 583 (13.71%) Test Automation
9 518 (12.18%) Problem-Solving
10 419 (9.85%) User Stories
11 396 (9.31%) Mentoring
12 366 (8.61%) Continuous Integration
13 343 (8.07%) Change Management
14 323 (7.60%) Business Intelligence
15 316 (7.43%) DevOps
16 310 (7.29%) Software Delivery
17 301 (7.08%) User Acceptance Testing
18 274 (6.44%) Coaching
19 266 (6.26%) UML
20 257 (6.04%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 752 (17.69%) SQL
2 564 (13.26%) C#
3 521 (12.25%) Java
4 472 (11.10%) JavaScript
5 168 (3.95%) Python
6 138 (3.25%) T-SQL
7 122 (2.87%) C
8 118 (2.78%) PowerShell
9 81 (1.90%) C++
10 77 (1.81%) PHP
11 52 (1.22%) PL/SQL
12 51 (1.20%) Bash Shell
13 49 (1.15%) VB
14 36 (0.85%) Java 8
15 28 (0.66%) R
16 27 (0.63%) Perl
17 26 (0.61%) Shell Script
18 24 (0.56%) VBScript
19 21 (0.49%) Apple Swift
19 21 (0.49%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 649 (15.26%) Degree
2 307 (7.22%) ISEB
3 266 (6.26%) Security Cleared
4 207 (4.87%) ISTQB
5 180 (4.23%) PMI Certification
6 145 (3.41%) PMP
7 126 (2.96%) Computer Science Degree
8 115 (2.70%) SC Cleared
9 113 (2.66%) DV Cleared
10 106 (2.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 52 (1.22%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 51 (1.20%) PRINCE2 Certification
13 45 (1.06%) Microsoft Certification
14 41 (0.96%) CISSP
15 31 (0.73%) Cisco Certification
16 25 (0.59%) MCSE
17 22 (0.52%) APMP
18 20 (0.47%) TOGAF Certification
19 19 (0.45%) CEH
20 18 (0.42%) IIBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 423 (9.95%) QA
2 208 (4.89%) PMO
3 57 (1.34%) GDPR
4 56 (1.32%) Data Quality
5 33 (0.78%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 21 (0.49%) PCI DSS
6 21 (0.49%) SLA
7 13 (0.31%) ISO 9001
8 12 (0.28%) WCAG
9 11 (0.26%) COBIT
10 8 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 6 (0.14%) GAMP
11 6 (0.14%) PMBOK
12 5 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 4 (0.094%) PSD2
14 3 (0.071%) MiFID
14 3 (0.071%) SEPA
15 2 (0.047%) GxP
15 2 (0.047%) ISO 13485
15 2 (0.047%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 73 (1.72%) Docker
2 60 (1.41%) Active Directory
3 56 (1.32%) VMware Infrastructure
4 22 (0.52%) VMware ESXi
5 17 (0.40%) VirtualBox
6 16 (0.38%) Xen
7 12 (0.28%) Hyper-V
8 11 (0.26%) NFS
8 11 (0.26%) Samba
9 10 (0.24%) Firmware
9 10 (0.24%) Microsoft App-V
10 9 (0.21%) HDFS
10 9 (0.21%) VMware NSX
11 7 (0.16%) LXC
11 7 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
12 4 (0.094%) Apache Flume
12 4 (0.094%) Oracle RAC
13 3 (0.071%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 69 (1.62%) HP ALM
2 61 (1.43%) Puppet
3 49 (1.15%) Ansible
4 40 (0.94%) HP Quality Center
5 38 (0.89%) SCCM
6 26 (0.61%) Kubernetes
7 23 (0.54%) Nagios
7 23 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
8 21 (0.49%) vCenter Server
9 16 (0.38%) Docker Swarm
9 16 (0.38%) OpenNMS
9 16 (0.38%) ZABBIX
10 15 (0.35%) Nessus
11 13 (0.31%) Control-M
11 13 (0.31%) EMC NetWorker
12 10 (0.24%) SCOM
12 10 (0.24%) WSUS
13 9 (0.21%) Oozie
14 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Clustering
15 5 (0.12%) Kibana
Vendors
1 641 (15.08%) Microsoft
2 378 (8.89%) Oracle
3 269 (6.33%) SAP
4 98 (2.30%) HP
5 90 (2.12%) Salesforce.com
6 87 (2.05%) VMware
7 75 (1.76%) IBM
8 68 (1.60%) Tableau
9 65 (1.53%) Nintex
10 48 (1.13%) TIBCO
11 43 (1.01%) Atlassian
12 42 (0.99%) Google
13 41 (0.96%) Sitecore
14 40 (0.94%) Informatica
15 35 (0.82%) Cisco
16 30 (0.71%) ServiceNow
17 27 (0.63%) Red Hat
18 25 (0.59%) Adobe
19 24 (0.56%) CheckPoint
20 21 (0.49%) Hortonworks