Period
to 24 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 24 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
24 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 138 148 135
Rank change year-on-year +10 -13 0
Permanent jobs citing Waterfall 3,710 4,090 4,304
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.50% 2.31% 2.48%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.73% 2.52% 2.72%
Number of salaries quoted 2,847 3,213 3,586
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.91% +1.00% -
10th Percentile £36,750 £34,200 £32,551
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - -

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 136,119 162,463 158,242
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.78% 91.80% 91.34%
Number of salaries quoted 107,178 132,306 130,225
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Waterfall.

Salary trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 24 March 2019.

Salary histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 24 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +14 3,483 £55,000 +4.76% 102
UK excluding London +4 2,225 £50,000 +5.26% 73
London +32 1,419 £62,500 - 37
South East +79 812 £55,000 +10.00% 11
North of England -49 435 £48,000 +1.05% 19
Midlands +14 338 £45,000 -1.10% 19
West Midlands +17 266 £45,000 -5.26% 12
North West -35 236 £50,000 +5.26% 12
East of England +28 227 £52,500 - 5
South West -27 226 £49,000 +8.89% 11
Yorkshire -51 169 £45,000 -7.22% 6
Scotland -8 136 £47,000 +4.44% 5
East Midlands -5 72 £47,500 +5.56% 7
Wales -7 40 £40,000 - 1
North East -10 30 £36,823 -12.33% 1
Northern Ireland -19 10 £55,000 - 2
Channel Islands - 4 £45,000 -

For the 6 months to 24 March 2019, IT jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 3,545 (95.55%) Agile Software Development
2 1,229 (33.13%) Finance
3 993 (26.77%) Project Management
4 748 (20.16%) Stakeholder Management
5 741 (19.97%) SDLC
6 722 (19.46%) Scrum
7 645 (17.39%) SQL
8 605 (16.31%) Degree
9 584 (15.74%) Business Analysis
10 564 (15.20%) Test Automation
11 556 (14.99%) PRINCE2
12 539 (14.53%) Microsoft
13 532 (14.34%) .NET
14 483 (13.02%) C#
15 470 (12.67%) Analytical Skills
16 450 (12.13%) Problem-Solving
17 424 (11.43%) QA
18 409 (11.02%) JIRA
19 397 (10.70%) Java
20 383 (10.32%) Microsoft Azure
21 375 (10.11%) JavaScript
22 362 (9.76%) Mentoring
23 361 (9.73%) SQL Server
24 350 (9.43%) User Stories
25 323 (8.71%) DevOps
26 303 (8.17%) Continuous Integration
27 290 (7.82%) Change Management
28 286 (7.71%) Oracle
29 285 (7.68%) ISEB
30 273 (7.36%) Retail

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 208 (5.61%) Confluence
2 156 (4.20%) SharePoint
3 63 (1.70%) CMS
4 48 (1.29%) IIS
5 39 (1.05%) JBoss
6 32 (0.86%) SAS
7 28 (0.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 27 (0.73%) BizTalk Server
9 26 (0.70%) WebSphere
10 24 (0.65%) Drupal
11 21 (0.57%) Tomcat
12 20 (0.54%) WebLogic
13 19 (0.51%) Apache
14 18 (0.49%) Apache Spark
15 14 (0.38%) Umbraco
16 13 (0.35%) WordPress
17 11 (0.30%) Sitecore CMS
18 10 (0.27%) Jetty
19 9 (0.24%) nginx
20 8 (0.22%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 230 (6.20%) Microsoft Office
2 186 (5.01%) Microsoft Project
3 174 (4.69%) MS Visio
4 172 (4.64%) Microsoft Excel
5 130 (3.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 22 (0.59%) Photoshop
7 13 (0.35%) InVision
8 6 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
9 5 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 5 (0.13%) InDesign
10 3 (0.081%) Spreadsheet
11 2 (0.054%) OmniGraffle
11 2 (0.054%) Open Workbench
11 2 (0.054%) SPSS
12 1 (0.027%) Adobe Premiere
12 1 (0.027%) XMetaL
Business Applications
1 95 (2.56%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (0.62%) SAP SD
3 20 (0.54%) Dynamics AX
4 17 (0.46%) SAP CO
4 17 (0.46%) SAP FI
4 17 (0.46%) SAP FI/CO
4 17 (0.46%) SAP S/4HANA
5 12 (0.32%) Oracle BPM
6 11 (0.30%) Oracle Applications
7 10 (0.27%) Dynamics NAV
8 9 (0.24%) Magento
9 8 (0.22%) SAP IS-U
10 6 (0.16%) Markit EDM
10 6 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
11 5 (0.13%) Exstream
11 5 (0.13%) Misys Midas
11 5 (0.13%) OpenText VIM for SAP
11 5 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
11 5 (0.13%) SAP SRM
11 5 (0.13%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 383 (10.32%) Microsoft Azure
2 196 (5.28%) Amazon AWS
3 132 (3.56%) SaaS
4 68 (1.83%) Office 365
5 50 (1.35%) PaaS
6 36 (0.97%) GitHub
6 36 (0.97%) Slack
7 34 (0.92%) IaaS
8 29 (0.78%) Cloud Computing
9 22 (0.59%) Google Cloud Platform
9 22 (0.59%) Trello
10 19 (0.51%) Serverless
11 16 (0.43%) Dynamics 365
12 12 (0.32%) G Suite
13 11 (0.30%) SuccessFactors
14 9 (0.24%) Boomi
14 9 (0.24%) IBM Cloud
14 9 (0.24%) iPaaS
15 8 (0.22%) Linode
15 8 (0.22%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 48 (1.29%) Firewall
2 36 (0.97%) HTTP
3 29 (0.78%) Intranet
4 25 (0.67%) DNS
5 21 (0.57%) TCP/IP
5 21 (0.57%) WAN
6 17 (0.46%) Broadband
6 17 (0.46%) Extranet
7 15 (0.40%) DHCP
8 12 (0.32%) Internet
9 10 (0.27%) Network Security
9 10 (0.27%) SAN
10 9 (0.24%) SSL
11 8 (0.22%) Ethernet
11 8 (0.22%) HTTPS
11 8 (0.22%) NAS
12 6 (0.16%) FCoE
12 6 (0.16%) FTP
12 6 (0.16%) Software-Defined Networking
12 6 (0.16%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 361 (9.73%) SQL Server
2 151 (4.07%) Data Warehouse
3 133 (3.58%) Big Data
4 97 (2.61%) Relational Database
5 66 (1.78%) DB2
6 55 (1.48%) NoSQL
7 50 (1.35%) Oracle Database
7 50 (1.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 48 (1.29%) RDBMS
8 48 (1.29%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 47 (1.27%) Hadoop
10 40 (1.08%) SQL Server 2016
11 36 (0.97%) Power BI
11 36 (0.97%) SQL Server 2014
12 33 (0.89%) SQL Server 2012
13 31 (0.84%) MongoDB
14 30 (0.81%) Data Lake
14 30 (0.81%) MySQL
15 25 (0.67%) PostgreSQL
16 17 (0.46%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 409 (11.02%) JIRA
2 182 (4.91%) Git (software)
3 162 (4.37%) Jenkins
4 157 (4.23%) Selenium
5 143 (3.85%) Team Foundation Server
6 101 (2.72%) Visual Studio Team System
7 75 (2.02%) Cucumber
8 61 (1.64%) Visual Studio
9 59 (1.59%) Maven
10 58 (1.56%) HP UFT
11 45 (1.21%) JMeter
12 40 (1.08%) SoapUI
12 40 (1.08%) Subversion
13 39 (1.05%) LoadRunner
14 37 (1.00%) Octopus Deploy
15 34 (0.92%) JUnit
15 34 (0.92%) WebDriver
16 33 (0.89%) SpecFlow
17 32 (0.86%) Bitbucket
18 30 (0.81%) TeamCity
General
1 1,229 (33.13%) Finance
2 273 (7.36%) Retail
3 200 (5.39%) Marketing
4 193 (5.20%) Banking
5 163 (4.39%) Telecoms
6 95 (2.56%) Advertising
7 57 (1.54%) Legal
8 51 (1.37%) Law
9 40 (1.08%) Billing
10 36 (0.97%) Manufacturing
11 35 (0.94%) Financial Institution
12 32 (0.86%) Back Office
13 26 (0.70%) Electronics
14 23 (0.62%) Front Office
15 21 (0.57%) Investment Banking
16 17 (0.46%) Games
16 17 (0.46%) Local Government
17 16 (0.43%) Publishing
18 15 (0.40%) French Language
19 11 (0.30%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 1,130 (30.46%) Analyst
2 743 (20.03%) Business Analyst
3 727 (19.60%) Project Manager
4 433 (11.67%) Architect
5 415 (11.19%) Developer
6 239 (6.44%) Senior Analyst
7 216 (5.82%) Test Analyst
8 196 (5.28%) IT Manager
9 167 (4.50%) Solutions Architect
10 165 (4.45%) IT Project Manager
11 160 (4.31%) Senior Business Analyst
12 128 (3.45%) .NET Developer
13 116 (3.13%) Senior Developer
13 116 (3.13%) Test Manager
14 102 (2.75%) Consultant
14 102 (2.75%) Senior Manager
15 100 (2.70%) Tester
16 89 (2.40%) Lead Business Analyst
17 88 (2.37%) C# Developer
17 88 (2.37%) IT Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 532 (14.34%) .NET
2 266 (7.17%) HTML
3 249 (6.71%) CSS
4 229 (6.17%) Web Services
5 183 (4.93%) XML
6 148 (3.99%) .NET Framework
7 145 (3.91%) jQuery
8 141 (3.80%) REST
9 140 (3.77%) JSON
10 136 (3.67%) ASP.NET Web API
11 134 (3.61%) SOAP
12 132 (3.56%) AngularJS
13 129 (3.48%) ASP.NET
14 112 (3.02%) Spring
15 106 (2.86%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 92 (2.48%) Entity Framework
17 91 (2.45%) React
18 86 (2.32%) HTML5
19 81 (2.18%) Middleware
20 73 (1.97%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 470 (12.67%) Analytical Skills
2 181 (4.88%) User Experience
3 146 (3.94%) Self-Motivation
4 133 (3.58%) Mobile App
5 122 (3.29%) Management Information System
6 94 (2.53%) PMI
7 88 (2.37%) Enterprise Software
8 69 (1.86%) N-Tier
9 67 (1.81%) Fintech
10 60 (1.62%) Greenfield Project
11 47 (1.27%) FMCG
12 44 (1.19%) NHS
13 43 (1.16%) Virtual Team
14 37 (1.00%) Client/Server
15 30 (0.81%) Data Centre
16 29 (0.78%) Driving Licence
17 23 (0.62%) Taxonomies
18 21 (0.57%) Data Structures
18 21 (0.57%) Reinsurance
19 20 (0.54%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 202 (5.44%) Linux
2 199 (5.36%) Windows
3 98 (2.64%) Unix
4 78 (2.10%) Apple iOS
5 51 (1.37%) Windows Server
6 46 (1.24%) Android
7 29 (0.78%) AIX
8 26 (0.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 15 (0.40%) Windows 10
10 12 (0.32%) Embedded Linux
11 11 (0.30%) Windows 7
12 8 (0.22%) CentOS
12 8 (0.22%) Windows XP
13 5 (0.13%) Fedora
13 5 (0.13%) Ubuntu
13 5 (0.13%) VMS
14 4 (0.11%) Mac OS X
15 3 (0.081%) pSOS
16 2 (0.054%) Solaris
16 2 (0.054%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,545 (95.55%) Agile Software Development
2 993 (26.77%) Project Management
3 748 (20.16%) Stakeholder Management
4 741 (19.97%) SDLC
5 722 (19.46%) Scrum
6 584 (15.74%) Business Analysis
7 564 (15.20%) Test Automation
8 556 (14.99%) PRINCE2
9 450 (12.13%) Problem-Solving
10 362 (9.76%) Mentoring
11 350 (9.43%) User Stories
12 323 (8.71%) DevOps
13 303 (8.17%) Continuous Integration
14 290 (7.82%) Change Management
15 262 (7.06%) User Acceptance Testing
16 257 (6.93%) CRM
17 230 (6.20%) UML
18 224 (6.04%) Coaching
19 222 (5.98%) Business Intelligence
20 215 (5.80%) Use Case
Programming Languages
1 645 (17.39%) SQL
2 483 (13.02%) C#
3 397 (10.70%) Java
4 375 (10.11%) JavaScript
5 128 (3.45%) Python
6 106 (2.86%) C
7 89 (2.40%) T-SQL
8 74 (1.99%) C++
9 70 (1.89%) PHP
10 57 (1.54%) PL/SQL
11 55 (1.48%) PowerShell
12 41 (1.11%) VB
13 37 (1.00%) Java 8
14 35 (0.94%) Bash Shell
14 35 (0.94%) Perl
15 24 (0.65%) VBScript
16 23 (0.62%) Shell Script
16 23 (0.62%) VBA
17 22 (0.59%) R
18 21 (0.57%) Scala
Qualifications
1 605 (16.31%) Degree
2 285 (7.68%) ISEB
3 260 (7.01%) Security Cleared
4 239 (6.44%) ISTQB
5 167 (4.50%) SC Cleared
6 160 (4.31%) PMI Certification
7 133 (3.58%) Computer Science Degree
8 116 (3.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 116 (3.13%) PMP
9 83 (2.24%) DV Cleared
10 51 (1.37%) CISSP
11 38 (1.02%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 37 (1.00%) APMP
12 37 (1.00%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 32 (0.86%) Microsoft Certification
14 29 (0.78%) CISM
15 28 (0.75%) Cisco Certification
16 23 (0.62%) TOGAF Certification
17 22 (0.59%) MCSE
18 18 (0.49%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 424 (11.43%) QA
2 230 (6.20%) PMO
3 50 (1.35%) Data Quality
4 41 (1.11%) GDPR
5 36 (0.97%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 33 (0.89%) PCI DSS
7 21 (0.57%) WCAG
8 16 (0.43%) SLA
9 12 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 11 (0.30%) GAMP
11 10 (0.27%) ISO 9001
12 8 (0.22%) ISO 20022
12 8 (0.22%) SEPA
13 7 (0.19%) COBIT
14 5 (0.13%) ISO 8583
15 2 (0.054%) Disclosure Scotland
15 2 (0.054%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 2 (0.054%) ISO/IEC 27005
15 2 (0.054%) RMADS
16 1 (0.027%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 51 (1.37%) VMware Infrastructure
2 39 (1.05%) Active Directory
3 33 (0.89%) Docker
4 21 (0.57%) Hyper-V
5 15 (0.40%) VMware NSX
6 12 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
7 11 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
8 10 (0.27%) HDFS
9 9 (0.24%) Apache Flume
10 8 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
10 8 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
11 7 (0.19%) Firmware
11 7 (0.19%) NFS
11 7 (0.19%) Samba
12 5 (0.13%) VirtualBox
12 5 (0.13%) Xen
13 2 (0.054%) vSphere
14 1 (0.027%) ISA Server
Systems Management
1 65 (1.75%) HP ALM
2 63 (1.70%) Puppet
3 58 (1.56%) HP Quality Center
4 30 (0.81%) Nessus
5 27 (0.73%) Ansible
6 20 (0.54%) SCCM
7 15 (0.40%) Kubernetes
8 14 (0.38%) Control-M
9 11 (0.30%) Nagios
9 11 (0.30%) vCenter Server
10 10 (0.27%) Oozie
11 8 (0.22%) Grafana
11 8 (0.22%) Graphite
11 8 (0.22%) Microsoft Clustering
11 8 (0.22%) WSUS
12 7 (0.19%) Opscode Chef
12 7 (0.19%) Terraform
13 6 (0.16%) OSSEC
14 5 (0.13%) Docker Swarm
14 5 (0.13%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 539 (14.53%) Microsoft
2 286 (7.71%) Oracle
3 206 (5.55%) SAP
4 100 (2.70%) HP
5 97 (2.61%) Salesforce.com
6 80 (2.16%) VMware
7 70 (1.89%) IBM
8 56 (1.51%) Google
9 48 (1.29%) Tableau
10 47 (1.27%) Nintex
11 44 (1.19%) Atlassian
12 38 (1.02%) Informatica
13 30 (0.81%) Adobe
13 30 (0.81%) Cisco
14 27 (0.73%) Sitecore
15 22 (0.59%) MuleSoft
16 21 (0.57%) Ab Initio
17 20 (0.54%) ServiceNow
18 19 (0.51%) CheckPoint
19 15 (0.40%) Autodesk