Period
to 14 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 14 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
14 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 204 174 150
Rank change year-on-year -30 -24 0
Permanent jobs citing Waterfall 1,521 2,028 3,485
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.68% 2.08% 2.41%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.81% 2.26% 2.61%
Number of salaries quoted 1,163 1,590 2,580
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,975 £37,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
75th Percentile £74,375 £70,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £87,250 £82,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £52,133
% change year-on-year -4.76% +0.70% +9.75%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 83,974 89,905 133,436
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.77% 92.32% 92.39%
Number of salaries quoted 62,579 72,288 105,621
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Waterfall.

Salary trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 14 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -22 1,380 £57,500 +4.55% 156
UK excluding London -37 943 £50,000 -4.76% 114
London -27 489 £70,000 +12.00% 54
South East -28 279 £56,250 -2.17% 31
Work from Home -14 275 £55,000 - 35
North of England -16 253 £47,500 -5.00% 24
South West -39 144 £50,000 +11.11% 7
Midlands +7 139 £50,000 -7.41% 25
Yorkshire -12 121 £47,500 +4.40% 4
North West +19 120 £46,250 -9.76% 16
West Midlands +20 103 £50,000 -3.85% 21
Scotland +1 62 £47,500 -5.00% 11
East of England -60 51 £50,000 -17.70% 15
East Midlands -9 36 £57,500 +4.55% 3
Wales -22 14 £51,950 +9.37%
North East -26 11 £43,500 -42.00% 4
Northern Ireland +7 3 £75,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 14 May 2021, IT jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 1,476 (97.04%) Agile Software Development
2 433 (28.47%) Social Skills
3 415 (27.28%) Project Management
4 414 (27.22%) Finance
5 390 (25.64%) Scrum
6 292 (19.20%) Azure
7 282 (18.54%) Stakeholder Management
8 273 (17.95%) Microsoft
9 248 (16.31%) SDLC
10 226 (14.86%) Project Delivery
11 224 (14.73%) DevOps
12 218 (14.33%) Business Analysis
13 203 (13.35%) SQL
14 189 (12.43%) PRINCE2
15 183 (12.03%) Test Automation
16 181 (11.90%) JIRA
17 171 (11.24%) Requirements Gathering
18 170 (11.18%) Problem-Solving
19 164 (10.78%) Analytical Skills
20 163 (10.72%) .NET
21 157 (10.32%) AWS
22 145 (9.53%) C#
23 141 (9.27%) Java
24 140 (9.20%) CRM
25 135 (8.88%) Migration
26 129 (8.48%) SaaS
27 128 (8.42%) JavaScript
28 120 (7.89%) Degree
29 115 (7.56%) User Acceptance Testing
30 111 (7.30%) User Experience

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (4.93%) SharePoint
2 62 (4.08%) Confluence
3 31 (2.04%) CMS
4 22 (1.45%) Apache Spark
5 18 (1.18%) Sitecore CMS
6 15 (0.99%) Drupal
7 12 (0.79%) Kentico
7 12 (0.79%) Umbraco
8 11 (0.72%) OpenStack
9 9 (0.59%) Apache
10 8 (0.53%) WebLogic
11 7 (0.46%) IIS
11 7 (0.46%) MS Exchange
11 7 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 6 (0.39%) CICS
12 6 (0.39%) SAS
13 4 (0.26%) Elasticsearch
14 3 (0.20%) BizTalk Server
14 3 (0.20%) JBoss
14 3 (0.20%) Joomla!
Applications
1 50 (3.29%) Microsoft Project
2 48 (3.16%) Microsoft Office
3 34 (2.24%) MS Visio
4 30 (1.97%) Microsoft Excel
5 16 (1.05%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 6 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.33%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.13%) InfoPath
9 1 (0.066%) InVision
9 1 (0.066%) Mingle
9 1 (0.066%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.066%) Sketch
9 1 (0.066%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 58 (3.81%) Dynamics CRM
2 34 (2.24%) Dynamics AX
3 13 (0.85%) NetSuite
4 9 (0.59%) Loan IQ
5 8 (0.53%) Magento
6 7 (0.46%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 5 (0.33%) Oracle EBS
8 4 (0.26%) SAP GTS
8 4 (0.26%) Shopify
9 3 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
9 3 (0.20%) SAP ERP
9 3 (0.20%) VisionPLUS
10 2 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
10 2 (0.13%) Oracle Receivables
10 2 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
10 2 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
11 1 (0.066%) Orchard Housing
11 1 (0.066%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 1 (0.066%) SAP Business ByDesign
11 1 (0.066%) SAP FI/CO
Cloud Services
1 292 (19.20%) Azure
2 157 (10.32%) AWS
3 129 (8.48%) SaaS
4 87 (5.72%) Power Platform
5 77 (5.06%) PaaS
6 74 (4.87%) Dynamics 365
7 56 (3.68%) GCP
8 51 (3.35%) IaaS
9 43 (2.83%) PowerApps
10 29 (1.91%) Microsoft 365
11 17 (1.12%) OpenShift
12 14 (0.92%) Cloud Computing
13 12 (0.79%) Azure Active Directory
14 11 (0.72%) Azure Stack
15 9 (0.59%) GitHub
16 8 (0.53%) Azure Logic Apps
16 8 (0.53%) Serverless
16 8 (0.53%) Slack
17 6 (0.39%) Azure Service Bus
17 6 (0.39%) Azure Synapse Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 12 (0.79%) LAN
1 12 (0.79%) WAN
2 10 (0.66%) Firewall
3 9 (0.59%) Internet
3 9 (0.59%) Intranet
4 7 (0.46%) DNS
5 6 (0.39%) TCP/IP
6 5 (0.33%) IPv4
7 4 (0.26%) 5G
7 4 (0.26%) HTTPS
7 4 (0.26%) VLAN
7 4 (0.26%) VPN
8 3 (0.20%) Network Security
8 3 (0.20%) WebEx
9 2 (0.13%) Ethernet
9 2 (0.13%) GSM
9 2 (0.13%) HTTP
9 2 (0.13%) NetScaler
9 2 (0.13%) SNMP
9 2 (0.13%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 93 (6.11%) SQL Server
2 80 (5.26%) Data Warehouse
3 56 (3.68%) Big Data
4 45 (2.96%) NoSQL
4 45 (2.96%) Power BI
5 33 (2.17%) MongoDB
6 31 (2.04%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
7 28 (1.84%) Relational Database
8 25 (1.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 23 (1.51%) MySQL
9 23 (1.51%) RDBMS
10 19 (1.25%) Hadoop
10 19 (1.25%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 19 (1.25%) Tableau
11 17 (1.12%) Apache Hive
11 17 (1.12%) Data Lake
12 16 (1.05%) Oracle Database
13 14 (0.92%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 12 (0.79%) PostgreSQL
15 11 (0.72%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 181 (11.90%) JIRA
2 64 (4.21%) Selenium
3 61 (4.01%) Git (software)
4 51 (3.35%) Team Foundation Server
5 42 (2.76%) Cucumber
6 37 (2.43%) Jenkins
7 23 (1.51%) Postman
8 15 (0.99%) Maven
9 14 (0.92%) TeamCity
9 14 (0.92%) Visual Studio
10 13 (0.85%) NUnit
10 13 (0.85%) SoapUI
10 13 (0.85%) Visual Studio Team System
11 12 (0.79%) WebDriver
12 11 (0.72%) Octopus Deploy
12 11 (0.72%) Visual Studio Coded UI
13 10 (0.66%) SpecFlow
14 8 (0.53%) Bitbucket
14 8 (0.53%) MSTest
14 8 (0.53%) Oracle APEX
General
1 433 (28.47%) Social Skills
2 414 (27.22%) Finance
3 164 (10.78%) Analytical Skills
4 105 (6.90%) Banking
5 90 (5.92%) Retail
6 83 (5.46%) Marketing
7 81 (5.33%) Law
8 65 (4.27%) Public Sector
9 55 (3.62%) Influencing Skills
10 53 (3.48%) Presentation Skills
11 36 (2.37%) Advertising
12 35 (2.30%) Legal
13 31 (2.04%) Organisational Skills
13 31 (2.04%) Telecoms
14 30 (1.97%) Investment Banking
15 23 (1.51%) Manufacturing
16 21 (1.38%) Documentation Skills
17 18 (1.18%) Retail Banking
18 16 (1.05%) Back Office
18 16 (1.05%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 380 (24.98%) Analyst
2 332 (21.83%) Business Analyst
3 293 (19.26%) Project Manager
4 160 (10.52%) Architect
5 134 (8.81%) Developer
6 94 (6.18%) Solutions Architect
7 92 (6.05%) IT Manager
8 75 (4.93%) IT Project Manager
9 73 (4.80%) Senior Manager
10 53 (3.48%) Digital Project Manager
11 47 (3.09%) Senior Analyst
12 46 (3.02%) Senior Project Manager
13 40 (2.63%) Consultant
13 40 (2.63%) IT Analyst
14 39 (2.56%) Senior Architect
14 39 (2.56%) Senior Business Analyst
15 38 (2.50%) Software Engineer
16 37 (2.43%) Business IT Analyst
16 37 (2.43%) Delivery Manager
16 37 (2.43%) IT Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 163 (10.72%) .NET
2 74 (4.87%) HTML
3 64 (4.21%) XML
4 61 (4.01%) CSS
5 52 (3.42%) AngularJS
5 52 (3.42%) React
6 50 (3.29%) .NET Framework
7 49 (3.22%) Web Services
8 47 (3.09%) .NET Core
8 47 (3.09%) Node.js
9 43 (2.83%) JSON
10 40 (2.63%) ASP.NET Web API
11 39 (2.56%) jQuery
12 37 (2.43%) Entity Framework
13 29 (1.91%) REST
14 28 (1.84%) SOAP
15 27 (1.78%) ASP.NET
15 27 (1.78%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 18 (1.18%) HTML5
16 18 (1.18%) MEAN Stack
Miscellaneous
1 111 (7.30%) User Experience
2 60 (3.94%) Self-Motivation
3 49 (3.22%) Management Information System
4 48 (3.16%) Enterprise Software
5 34 (2.24%) Greenfield Project
6 32 (2.10%) Mobile App
7 26 (1.71%) Data Centre
8 24 (1.58%) Virtual Team
9 21 (1.38%) Cloud Native
10 20 (1.31%) N-Tier
10 20 (1.31%) Public Cloud
11 19 (1.25%) Mainframe
12 18 (1.18%) Derivative
12 18 (1.18%) PMI
13 16 (1.05%) New Media
13 16 (1.05%) Video\Live Streaming
14 12 (0.79%) NHS
15 11 (0.72%) Blog
15 11 (0.72%) Enterprise Cloud
15 11 (0.72%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 71 (4.67%) Windows
2 65 (4.27%) Linux
3 25 (1.64%) Android
3 25 (1.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 23 (1.51%) Windows Server
5 22 (1.45%) Unix
6 17 (1.12%) Apple iOS
7 6 (0.39%) Windows 10
7 6 (0.39%) Windows Server 2016
8 2 (0.13%) CentOS
8 2 (0.13%) Fedora
8 2 (0.13%) Kali Linux
8 2 (0.13%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.13%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.066%) Embedded Linux
9 1 (0.066%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,476 (97.04%) Agile Software Development
2 415 (27.28%) Project Management
3 390 (25.64%) Scrum
4 282 (18.54%) Stakeholder Management
5 248 (16.31%) SDLC
6 226 (14.86%) Project Delivery
7 224 (14.73%) DevOps
8 218 (14.33%) Business Analysis
9 189 (12.43%) PRINCE2
10 183 (12.03%) Test Automation
11 171 (11.24%) Requirements Gathering
12 170 (11.18%) Problem-Solving
13 140 (9.20%) CRM
14 135 (8.88%) Migration
15 115 (7.56%) User Acceptance Testing
16 103 (6.77%) Business Intelligence
17 100 (6.57%) Change Management
17 100 (6.57%) ITIL
18 95 (6.25%) Kanban
19 94 (6.18%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 203 (13.35%) SQL
2 145 (9.53%) C#
3 141 (9.27%) Java
4 128 (8.42%) JavaScript
5 65 (4.27%) Python
6 37 (2.43%) C
7 30 (1.97%) T-SQL
8 26 (1.71%) PHP
9 25 (1.64%) PowerShell
10 21 (1.38%) C++
11 18 (1.18%) PL/SQL
12 16 (1.05%) TypeScript
13 15 (0.99%) Ruby
14 11 (0.72%) Bash Shell
14 11 (0.72%) VB
15 9 (0.59%) VB.NET
15 9 (0.59%) VBScript
16 8 (0.53%) Scala
17 7 (0.46%) ES6
18 6 (0.39%) COBOL
Qualifications
1 120 (7.89%) Degree
2 63 (4.14%) Security Cleared
3 41 (2.70%) ISTQB
4 34 (2.24%) ISEB
4 34 (2.24%) PMI Certification
4 34 (2.24%) PMP
4 34 (2.24%) SC Cleared
5 27 (1.78%) Microsoft Certification
6 21 (1.38%) DV Cleared
6 21 (1.38%) HNC
6 21 (1.38%) HND
7 12 (0.79%) Computer Science Degree
8 10 (0.66%) CISSP
8 10 (0.66%) IIBA
8 10 (0.66%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 9 (0.59%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 6 (0.39%) CBAP
10 6 (0.39%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
11 5 (0.33%) CISA
11 5 (0.33%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 101 (6.64%) QA
2 60 (3.94%) PMO
3 27 (1.78%) Data Quality
4 22 (1.45%) MiFID
5 21 (1.38%) EMIR
5 21 (1.38%) GDPR
5 21 (1.38%) PMBOK
6 13 (0.85%) Dodd-Frank
7 11 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 7 (0.46%) NIST
9 6 (0.39%) COBIT
9 6 (0.39%) PCI DSS
10 5 (0.33%) WCAG
11 4 (0.26%) ISO 9001
11 4 (0.26%) SLA
12 3 (0.20%) ISO 20022
12 3 (0.20%) Solvency II
13 2 (0.13%) GRC
13 2 (0.13%) GxP
13 2 (0.13%) P3O
System Software
1 33 (2.17%) Docker
2 11 (0.72%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.53%) Apache Flume
4 6 (0.39%) Time Sharing Option
5 4 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
5 4 (0.26%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.13%) HDFS
6 2 (0.13%) NFS
6 2 (0.13%) Samba
6 2 (0.13%) VirtualBox
6 2 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
6 2 (0.13%) Xen
7 1 (0.066%) Firmware
7 1 (0.066%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.066%) KVM
7 1 (0.066%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.066%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.066%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 60 (3.94%) Terraform
2 49 (3.22%) Ansible
3 23 (1.51%) Kubernetes
4 9 (0.59%) Puppet
5 7 (0.46%) Opscode Chef
6 6 (0.39%) SCCM
7 4 (0.26%) Data Guard
7 4 (0.26%) Oracle RMAN
7 4 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
8 3 (0.20%) HP ALM
9 2 (0.13%) CA Single Sign-On
9 2 (0.13%) Control-M
9 2 (0.13%) Docker Swarm
9 2 (0.13%) Hadoop YARN
9 2 (0.13%) Nagios
9 2 (0.13%) Nessus
9 2 (0.13%) Nmap
9 2 (0.13%) OpenNMS
9 2 (0.13%) vCenter Server
9 2 (0.13%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 273 (17.95%) Microsoft
2 97 (6.38%) Oracle
3 49 (3.22%) Google
4 42 (2.76%) SAP
5 36 (2.37%) Sitecore
6 34 (2.24%) Salesforce.com
7 18 (1.18%) IBM
8 16 (1.05%) Sparx
9 15 (0.99%) Nintex
9 15 (0.99%) ServiceNow
10 14 (0.92%) Atlassian
10 14 (0.92%) JD Edwards
11 13 (0.85%) Murex
12 11 (0.72%) hybris
13 9 (0.59%) Red Hat
13 9 (0.59%) Teradata
13 9 (0.59%) Xamarin
14 8 (0.53%) Talend
15 7 (0.46%) Databricks
15 7 (0.46%) Demandware