Period
to 4 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 4 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
4 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 229 165 126
Rank change year-on-year -64 -39 +50
Permanent jobs citing Waterfall 826 2,789 4,351
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.46% 2.06% 2.69%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.58% 2.23% 2.92%
Number of salaries quoted 716 2,190 3,551
Median annual salary £57,250 £54,282 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.47% -1.31% +4.76%
10th Percentile £37,832 £35,365 £36,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 52,278 125,094 149,093
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.19% 92.18% 92.03%
Number of salaries quoted 43,371 99,073 118,586
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,886
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +3.17% +1.77%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.89% - +3.45%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Waterfall.

Salary trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 4 December 2020.

Salary histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 4 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -57 750 £57,500 +4.55% 128
UK excluding London -71 458 £50,000 - 80
London -16 324 £70,000 +16.67% 53
South East -30 153 £57,500 +4.55% 24
Work from Home -5 122 £51,250 -10.87% 26
North of England -64 94 £45,000 - 14
Midlands +25 87 £47,500 -5.00% 17
South West -19 65 £52,500 +5.00% 12
West Midlands +39 58 £45,000 -14.29% 15
Yorkshire -33 56 £50,000 +11.11% 5
North West -24 32 £45,000 - 8
Scotland +30 30 £50,000 +11.11% 2
East Midlands +28 28 £47,500 - 2
East of England -6 19 £45,000 -25.00% 8
Wales -42 7 £55,000 +22.22% 3
North East -11 6 £41,750 -12.11% 1
Northern Ireland +16 3 £70,000 -0.71% 1

For the 6 months to 4 December 2020, IT jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 783 (94.79%) Agile Software Development
2 195 (23.61%) DevOps
3 193 (23.37%) Project Management
3 193 (23.37%) Finance
4 183 (22.15%) Scrum
5 155 (18.77%) SDLC
6 138 (16.71%) SQL
7 132 (15.98%) Stakeholder Management
8 128 (15.50%) Project Delivery
9 122 (14.77%) Azure
10 121 (14.65%) Business Analysis
11 120 (14.53%) Test Automation
12 116 (14.04%) JavaScript
13 113 (13.68%) Microsoft
14 109 (13.20%) C#
15 102 (12.35%) .NET
16 99 (11.99%) Java
17 96 (11.62%) Analytical Skills
18 95 (11.50%) Problem-Solving
19 88 (10.65%) JIRA
20 85 (10.29%) Microservices
21 84 (10.17%) AWS
22 83 (10.05%) PRINCE2
22 83 (10.05%) Degree
23 82 (9.93%) QA
24 78 (9.44%) SaaS
25 76 (9.20%) Mentoring
26 72 (8.72%) User Acceptance Testing
27 70 (8.47%) CSS
28 69 (8.35%) Web Services

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (6.30%) SharePoint
2 27 (3.27%) Elasticsearch
3 25 (3.03%) Confluence
4 14 (1.69%) CMS
5 5 (0.61%) JBoss
5 5 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 5 (0.61%) SAS
6 4 (0.48%) K2 blackpearl
6 4 (0.48%) WebLogic
7 3 (0.36%) BizTalk Server
7 3 (0.36%) Liferay
7 3 (0.36%) Sitecore CMS
7 3 (0.36%) Skype for Business
7 3 (0.36%) WildFly
8 2 (0.24%) Apache
8 2 (0.24%) Camunda
8 2 (0.24%) MQSeries
8 2 (0.24%) MS Project Server
8 2 (0.24%) OpenStack
8 2 (0.24%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 25 (3.03%) Microsoft Project
2 20 (2.42%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (2.18%) Microsoft Office
4 15 (1.82%) MS Visio
5 11 (1.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.48%) Windchill
7 1 (0.12%) Figma
7 1 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 23 (2.78%) SAP Hybris
2 21 (2.54%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 16 (1.94%) Dynamics CRM
4 14 (1.69%) Loan IQ
5 13 (1.57%) Magento
6 6 (0.73%) Dynamics AX
7 5 (0.61%) BigMachines
7 5 (0.61%) SAP LE
7 5 (0.61%) SAP SD
8 4 (0.48%) Dynamics NAV
8 4 (0.48%) NetSuite
8 4 (0.48%) Oracle Cash Management
8 4 (0.48%) SAP IS-U
8 4 (0.48%) Teamcenter
9 3 (0.36%) Actimize
9 3 (0.36%) Oracle Financials
9 3 (0.36%) Shopify
9 3 (0.36%) WebTrends
10 1 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 1 (0.12%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 122 (14.77%) Azure
2 84 (10.17%) AWS
3 78 (9.44%) SaaS
4 60 (7.26%) PaaS
5 41 (4.96%) IaaS
6 31 (3.75%) Power Platform
7 30 (3.63%) Dynamics 365
8 23 (2.78%) Akamai
8 23 (2.78%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 18 (2.18%) Sauce Labs
10 12 (1.45%) Office 365
11 11 (1.33%) PowerApps
12 9 (1.09%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 6 (0.73%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
14 4 (0.48%) GCP
14 4 (0.48%) Logic Apps
15 3 (0.36%) Azure Active Directory
15 3 (0.36%) Oracle CX
15 3 (0.36%) Power Automate
15 3 (0.36%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 24 (2.91%) DNS
2 8 (0.97%) Intranet
3 4 (0.48%) Network Security
3 4 (0.48%) Unified Communications
4 3 (0.36%) Internet
4 3 (0.36%) Skype
4 3 (0.36%) VoIP
5 2 (0.24%) LAN
5 2 (0.24%) MQTT
5 2 (0.24%) WAN
6 1 (0.12%) DHCP
6 1 (0.12%) Ethernet
6 1 (0.12%) HTTP
6 1 (0.12%) IPv4
6 1 (0.12%) IPv6
6 1 (0.12%) MPLS
6 1 (0.12%) PPP
6 1 (0.12%) Remote Desktop
6 1 (0.12%) Wi-Fi
6 1 (0.12%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 65 (7.87%) SQL Server
2 26 (3.15%) Big Data
2 26 (3.15%) Data Warehouse
3 17 (2.06%) NoSQL
4 14 (1.69%) Power BI
4 14 (1.69%) Relational Database
4 14 (1.69%) Tableau
5 13 (1.57%) MySQL
6 11 (1.33%) Azure SQL Database
6 11 (1.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 10 (1.21%) Blockchain
8 9 (1.09%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 8 (0.97%) RDBMS
10 7 (0.85%) Data Lake
10 7 (0.85%) Oracle Database
10 7 (0.85%) SQL Server 2014
11 6 (0.73%) Crystal Reports
11 6 (0.73%) OLAP
11 6 (0.73%) PostgreSQL
11 6 (0.73%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 88 (10.65%) JIRA
2 50 (6.05%) Selenium
3 44 (5.33%) Git (software)
4 38 (4.60%) Cucumber
4 38 (4.60%) Team Foundation Server
5 25 (3.03%) SoapUI
6 19 (2.30%) eggPlant
7 18 (2.18%) Jenkins
8 12 (1.45%) Subversion
8 12 (1.45%) WebDriver
9 11 (1.33%) Visual Studio Team System
10 10 (1.21%) Postman
10 10 (1.21%) Visual Studio
11 9 (1.09%) Maven
12 8 (0.97%) SpecFlow
13 7 (0.85%) GitLab
14 6 (0.73%) Eclipse
14 6 (0.73%) webpack
15 5 (0.61%) Bitbucket
15 5 (0.61%) Rational Rose
General
1 193 (23.37%) Finance
2 55 (6.66%) Banking
3 51 (6.17%) Retail
4 35 (4.24%) Back Office
5 28 (3.39%) Public Sector
6 26 (3.15%) Investment Banking
6 26 (3.15%) Legal
7 21 (2.54%) Marketing
8 18 (2.18%) Manufacturing
9 13 (1.57%) Advertising
9 13 (1.57%) Front Office
9 13 (1.57%) Games
10 9 (1.09%) Publishing
11 8 (0.97%) Financial Institution
11 8 (0.97%) Law
12 7 (0.85%) Telecoms
13 5 (0.61%) Automotive
13 5 (0.61%) Billing
14 4 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
15 3 (0.36%) Military
Job Titles
1 194 (23.49%) Analyst
2 164 (19.85%) Project Manager
3 141 (17.07%) Business Analyst
4 117 (14.16%) Architect
5 84 (10.17%) Developer
6 71 (8.60%) Solutions Architect
7 49 (5.93%) IT Manager
8 43 (5.21%) IT Project Manager
9 36 (4.36%) Senior Manager
10 32 (3.87%) Lead Architect
11 29 (3.51%) Senior Project Manager
12 26 (3.15%) Senior Analyst
13 25 (3.03%) Consultant
13 25 (3.03%) Senior Architect
14 24 (2.91%) C# Developer
14 24 (2.91%) Delivery Manager
14 24 (2.91%) Tester
15 23 (2.78%) .NET Developer
16 22 (2.66%) Test Analyst
17 21 (2.54%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 102 (12.35%) .NET
2 70 (8.47%) CSS
3 69 (8.35%) Web Services
4 51 (6.17%) .NET Framework
4 51 (6.17%) HTML
5 49 (5.93%) React
6 43 (5.21%) .NET Core
7 42 (5.08%) ASP.NET Web API
8 41 (4.96%) SOAP
9 40 (4.84%) Entity Framework
9 40 (4.84%) jQuery
10 39 (4.72%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 32 (3.87%) REST
12 31 (3.75%) XML
13 25 (3.03%) AngularJS
13 25 (3.03%) JSON
14 20 (2.42%) HTML5
14 20 (2.42%) Node.js
14 20 (2.42%) Spring
15 15 (1.82%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 96 (11.62%) Analytical Skills
2 50 (6.05%) User Experience
3 41 (4.96%) Management Information System
4 35 (4.24%) N-Tier
5 30 (3.63%) FMCG
5 30 (3.63%) Self-Motivation
6 27 (3.27%) Cloud Native
7 24 (2.91%) Enterprise Software
8 22 (2.66%) Mainframe
9 21 (2.54%) Client/Server
10 20 (2.42%) PMI
11 19 (2.30%) Mobile App
12 16 (1.94%) Greenfield Project
13 9 (1.09%) Social Media
14 8 (0.97%) Data Centre
15 7 (0.85%) Fixed Income
16 6 (0.73%) Graphic Design
16 6 (0.73%) Motion Graphics
17 5 (0.61%) Hedge funds
17 5 (0.61%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 34 (4.12%) Windows
2 15 (1.82%) Linux
3 10 (1.21%) Unix
4 5 (0.61%) Windows Server
5 4 (0.48%) Android
6 3 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
7 1 (0.12%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 783 (94.79%) Agile Software Development
2 195 (23.61%) DevOps
3 193 (23.37%) Project Management
4 183 (22.15%) Scrum
5 155 (18.77%) SDLC
6 132 (15.98%) Stakeholder Management
7 128 (15.50%) Project Delivery
8 121 (14.65%) Business Analysis
9 120 (14.53%) Test Automation
10 95 (11.50%) Problem-Solving
11 85 (10.29%) Microservices
12 83 (10.05%) PRINCE2
13 76 (9.20%) Mentoring
14 72 (8.72%) User Acceptance Testing
15 69 (8.35%) Analytics
16 65 (7.87%) Continuous Improvement
17 60 (7.26%) Coaching
17 60 (7.26%) Migration
18 59 (7.14%) Kanban
19 57 (6.90%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 138 (16.71%) SQL
2 116 (14.04%) JavaScript
3 109 (13.20%) C#
4 99 (11.99%) Java
5 63 (7.63%) Python
6 34 (4.12%) PowerShell
7 30 (3.63%) TypeScript
8 25 (3.03%) T-SQL
9 24 (2.91%) C
9 24 (2.91%) Ruby
10 23 (2.78%) Go
11 13 (1.57%) PHP
12 11 (1.33%) PL/SQL
13 10 (1.21%) C++
14 7 (0.85%) VB
15 6 (0.73%) Apex Code
16 5 (0.61%) Java 8
17 4 (0.48%) VBA
18 3 (0.36%) VB.NET
18 3 (0.36%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 83 (10.05%) Degree
2 53 (6.42%) ISTQB
3 50 (6.05%) Security Cleared
4 42 (5.08%) ISEB
5 33 (4.00%) SC Cleared
6 30 (3.63%) PMI Certification
7 18 (2.18%) ISEB Practitioner
8 17 (2.06%) PMP
9 14 (1.69%) Computer Science Degree
10 10 (1.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 10 (1.21%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 9 (1.09%) DV Cleared
11 9 (1.09%) Master's Degree
12 8 (0.97%) ITIL Certification
12 8 (0.97%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 6 (0.73%) HNC
13 6 (0.73%) HND
13 6 (0.73%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 5 (0.61%) Cisco Certification
14 5 (0.61%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 82 (9.93%) QA
2 29 (3.51%) PMO
3 21 (2.54%) MiFID
4 17 (2.06%) EMIR
5 15 (1.82%) Dodd-Frank
6 9 (1.09%) ISO 9001
6 9 (1.09%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.97%) GDPR
7 8 (0.97%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 7 (0.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 6 (0.73%) PMBOK
10 5 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 4 (0.48%) Data Quality
12 3 (0.36%) COBIT
12 3 (0.36%) GxP
12 3 (0.36%) IFRS
12 3 (0.36%) SLA
13 2 (0.24%) HL7
13 2 (0.24%) NIST
14 1 (0.12%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 32 (3.87%) Docker
2 3 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
2 3 (0.36%) vSphere
3 2 (0.24%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.24%) Firmware
3 2 (0.24%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 33 (4.00%) Ansible
2 29 (3.51%) Puppet
3 27 (3.27%) Terraform
4 26 (3.15%) Opscode Chef
5 25 (3.03%) Kubernetes
6 24 (2.91%) Single Sign-On
7 4 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
8 3 (0.36%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
8 3 (0.36%) Kibana
8 3 (0.36%) logstash
8 3 (0.36%) vRealize
9 1 (0.12%) Control-M
9 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Intune
9 1 (0.12%) SCCM
9 1 (0.12%) SCOM
Vendors
1 113 (13.68%) Microsoft
2 63 (7.63%) Oracle
3 62 (7.51%) SAP
4 40 (4.84%) Salesforce.com
5 30 (3.63%) hybris
6 26 (3.15%) Nintex
7 23 (2.78%) Adobe
7 23 (2.78%) New Relic
7 23 (2.78%) Sparx
8 14 (1.69%) Murex
9 10 (1.21%) DocuSign
10 9 (1.09%) Sitecore
11 8 (0.97%) Atlassian
11 8 (0.97%) Google
11 8 (0.97%) Unisys
12 7 (0.85%) IBM
13 6 (0.73%) ATG
13 6 (0.73%) Demandware
13 6 (0.73%) JD Edwards
14 5 (0.61%) Conga