Period
to 19 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 19 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
19 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 214 162 139
Rank change year-on-year -52 -23 +27
Permanent jobs citing Waterfall 785 3,058 4,172
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.58% 2.16% 2.49%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.70% 2.35% 2.71%
Number of salaries quoted 691 2,299 3,467
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,750 £36,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,850 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +3.09%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 46,084 130,295 153,852
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.55% 92.19% 91.88%
Number of salaries quoted 37,357 102,249 122,489
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,750 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Waterfall.

Salary trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 19 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 19 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -53 718 £57,500 +4.55% 98
UK excluding London -49 457 £52,500 +5.00% 82
London -30 292 £70,000 +14.75% 25
South East -13 166 £60,000 +9.09% 15
Midlands +41 86 £47,500 -3.77% 7
South West +4 76 £51,250 -2.38% 16
Work from Home +42 74 £54,500 -2.24% 17
North of England -73 71 £45,000 - 30
West Midlands +63 63 £47,500 -5.00% 3
Yorkshire +23 34 £50,000 +11.11% 12
North West -53 32 £45,000 - 12
Scotland +19 24 £50,000 +13.64% 6
East Midlands +20 22 £46,250 +2.78% 4
East of England +37 20 £57,500 +4.55% 5
Wales -35 13 £65,000 +44.44% 2
North East -5 5 £41,250 -13.16% 6
Northern Ireland +19 1 £70,000 +47.37% 1

For the 6 months to 19 September 2020, IT jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 755 (96.18%) Agile Software Development
2 204 (25.99%) Finance
3 191 (24.33%) Scrum
4 178 (22.68%) Project Management
5 167 (21.27%) SDLC
6 159 (20.25%) DevOps
7 127 (16.18%) Stakeholder Management
8 124 (15.80%) JIRA
9 120 (15.29%) Test Automation
10 119 (15.16%) Degree
11 118 (15.03%) Microsoft
11 118 (15.03%) Project Delivery
12 116 (14.78%) SQL
13 106 (13.50%) Business Analysis
14 101 (12.87%) Analytical Skills
15 97 (12.36%) C#
16 96 (12.23%) Java
17 93 (11.85%) QA
18 87 (11.08%) JavaScript
19 82 (10.45%) SAP
19 82 (10.45%) Azure
20 81 (10.32%) .NET
21 71 (9.04%) Problem-Solving
22 70 (8.92%) Mentoring
23 68 (8.66%) Selenium
23 68 (8.66%) PRINCE2
23 68 (8.66%) Requirements Gathering
24 67 (8.54%) Kanban
25 62 (7.90%) Confluence
26 61 (7.77%) SaaS

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 62 (7.90%) Confluence
2 31 (3.95%) SharePoint
3 17 (2.17%) Elasticsearch
4 8 (1.02%) CMS
5 4 (0.51%) JBoss
5 4 (0.51%) K2 blackpearl
5 4 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 4 (0.51%) SAS
5 4 (0.51%) WebLogic
6 3 (0.38%) Apache
6 3 (0.38%) BizTalk Server
6 3 (0.38%) nginx
6 3 (0.38%) SharePoint 2013
6 3 (0.38%) Tomcat
6 3 (0.38%) WildFly
7 2 (0.25%) MS Project Server
7 2 (0.25%) Mule
7 2 (0.25%) Sitecore CMS
7 2 (0.25%) Skype for Business
8 1 (0.13%) EPiServer
Applications
1 47 (5.99%) Microsoft Office
2 40 (5.10%) Microsoft Project
3 33 (4.20%) Microsoft Excel
4 28 (3.57%) MS Visio
5 17 (2.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.51%) Windchill
7 1 (0.13%) Figma
Business Applications
1 17 (2.17%) SAP Hybris
2 9 (1.15%) Magento
3 6 (0.76%) SAP IS-U
4 5 (0.64%) BigMachines
4 5 (0.64%) SAP LE
4 5 (0.64%) SAP SD
5 4 (0.51%) Oracle Cash Management
5 4 (0.51%) Teamcenter
6 3 (0.38%) Actimize
6 3 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.38%) Loan IQ
6 3 (0.38%) SAP ERP
6 3 (0.38%) SAP S/4HANA
6 3 (0.38%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 2 (0.25%) Maximo
7 2 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.25%) Oracle Financials
7 2 (0.25%) SAP CO
7 2 (0.25%) SAP FI
7 2 (0.25%) SAP FI/CO
Cloud Services
1 82 (10.45%) Azure
2 61 (7.77%) SaaS
3 57 (7.26%) AWS
4 32 (4.08%) IaaS
4 32 (4.08%) PaaS
5 25 (3.18%) Power Platform
6 19 (2.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 18 (2.29%) Office 365
8 17 (2.17%) Akamai
9 16 (2.04%) Sauce Labs
10 9 (1.15%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
10 9 (1.15%) Salesforce Service Cloud
11 7 (0.89%) BrowserStack
11 7 (0.89%) Dynamics 365
12 6 (0.76%) Cloud Computing
12 6 (0.76%) PowerApps
12 6 (0.76%) Trello
13 5 (0.64%) Force.com
14 4 (0.51%) Apigee
15 3 (0.38%) Oracle CX
Communications & Networking
1 19 (2.42%) DNS
2 7 (0.89%) Firewall
3 6 (0.76%) Internet
4 4 (0.51%) Network Security
4 4 (0.51%) Skype
5 3 (0.38%) Intranet
5 3 (0.38%) VoIP
6 2 (0.25%) Broadband
6 2 (0.25%) DHCP
6 2 (0.25%) Ethernet
6 2 (0.25%) GSM
6 2 (0.25%) HTTP
6 2 (0.25%) IPv6
6 2 (0.25%) MPLS
6 2 (0.25%) MQTT
6 2 (0.25%) TCP/IP
6 2 (0.25%) Unified Communications
7 1 (0.13%) IPv4
7 1 (0.13%) PPP
7 1 (0.13%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (5.73%) SQL Server
2 27 (3.44%) Relational Database
3 26 (3.31%) Data Warehouse
4 21 (2.68%) RDBMS
5 17 (2.17%) Big Data
6 15 (1.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 14 (1.78%) Power BI
8 13 (1.66%) MySQL
8 13 (1.66%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 12 (1.53%) Blockchain
10 10 (1.27%) Oracle Database
11 9 (1.15%) OLAP
11 9 (1.15%) SAP HANA
11 9 (1.15%) SQL Server 2014
12 7 (0.89%) MongoDB
12 7 (0.89%) OLTP
12 7 (0.89%) SAP BW
13 6 (0.76%) NoSQL
13 6 (0.76%) PostgreSQL
14 5 (0.64%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 124 (15.80%) JIRA
2 68 (8.66%) Selenium
3 52 (6.62%) Git (software)
4 35 (4.46%) Cucumber
4 35 (4.46%) Team Foundation Server
5 34 (4.33%) SoapUI
6 22 (2.80%) Jenkins
7 17 (2.17%) eggPlant
8 15 (1.91%) HP UFT
8 15 (1.91%) Visual Studio
8 15 (1.91%) WebDriver
9 14 (1.78%) SpecFlow
10 13 (1.66%) LoadRunner
10 13 (1.66%) Subversion
11 11 (1.40%) Bitbucket
12 10 (1.27%) GitLab
13 9 (1.15%) TestRail
14 8 (1.02%) Eclipse
14 8 (1.02%) Postman
15 7 (0.89%) Maven
General
1 204 (25.99%) Finance
2 56 (7.13%) Retail
3 45 (5.73%) Banking
4 21 (2.68%) Manufacturing
4 21 (2.68%) Marketing
5 18 (2.29%) Telecoms
6 17 (2.17%) Legal
7 15 (1.91%) Games
8 14 (1.78%) Advertising
9 13 (1.66%) Public Sector
10 12 (1.53%) Law
11 11 (1.40%) Billing
12 10 (1.27%) Back Office
13 8 (1.02%) Publishing
14 6 (0.76%) Investment Banking
15 5 (0.64%) Automotive
15 5 (0.64%) Front Office
16 3 (0.38%) Financial Institution
16 3 (0.38%) Military
16 3 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 163 (20.76%) Analyst
2 157 (20.00%) Project Manager
3 109 (13.89%) Business Analyst
4 90 (11.46%) Developer
5 73 (9.30%) Architect
6 43 (5.48%) IT Manager
7 33 (4.20%) Consultant
8 32 (4.08%) Solutions Architect
9 30 (3.82%) IT Project Manager
10 28 (3.57%) Senior Manager
10 28 (3.57%) Test Leader
11 27 (3.44%) Tester
12 24 (3.06%) Test Engineer
13 18 (2.29%) .NET Developer
13 18 (2.29%) Senior Analyst
13 18 (2.29%) Software Project Manager
13 18 (2.29%) Test Automation Engineer
14 17 (2.17%) Automation Tester
14 17 (2.17%) Delivery Manager
14 17 (2.17%) Infrastructure Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (10.32%) .NET
2 60 (7.64%) HTML
3 51 (6.50%) SOAP
3 51 (6.50%) Web Services
4 50 (6.37%) CSS
5 34 (4.33%) XML
6 33 (4.20%) REST
7 27 (3.44%) AngularJS
8 24 (3.06%) JSON
9 22 (2.80%) .NET Framework
9 22 (2.80%) ASP.NET
9 22 (2.80%) Middleware
10 20 (2.55%) jQuery
11 17 (2.17%) HTML5
11 17 (2.17%) Node.js
12 12 (1.53%) Entity Framework
12 12 (1.53%) React
12 12 (1.53%) WPF
13 11 (1.40%) Spring
13 11 (1.40%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 101 (12.87%) Analytical Skills
2 37 (4.71%) User Experience
3 33 (4.20%) Management Information System
4 29 (3.69%) Self-Motivation
5 27 (3.44%) Virtual Team
6 26 (3.31%) FMCG
6 26 (3.31%) Mobile App
7 22 (2.80%) Mainframe
8 21 (2.68%) Cloud Native
8 21 (2.68%) Greenfield Project
9 20 (2.55%) Client/Server
10 15 (1.91%) PMI
11 8 (1.02%) Data Centre
11 8 (1.02%) Enterprise Software
11 8 (1.02%) Robotics
12 6 (0.76%) BYOD
12 6 (0.76%) Fixed Income
12 6 (0.76%) N-Tier
13 4 (0.51%) Derivative
13 4 (0.51%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 36 (4.59%) Windows
2 19 (2.42%) Linux
3 10 (1.27%) Unix
4 6 (0.76%) Android
5 5 (0.64%) Windows Server
6 3 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
7 1 (0.13%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 755 (96.18%) Agile Software Development
2 191 (24.33%) Scrum
3 178 (22.68%) Project Management
4 167 (21.27%) SDLC
5 159 (20.25%) DevOps
6 127 (16.18%) Stakeholder Management
7 120 (15.29%) Test Automation
8 118 (15.03%) Project Delivery
9 106 (13.50%) Business Analysis
10 71 (9.04%) Problem-Solving
11 70 (8.92%) Mentoring
12 68 (8.66%) PRINCE2
12 68 (8.66%) Requirements Gathering
13 67 (8.54%) Kanban
14 61 (7.77%) Change Management
14 61 (7.77%) Continuous Improvement
15 58 (7.39%) Coaching
16 53 (6.75%) Analytics
17 52 (6.62%) User Stories
18 51 (6.50%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 116 (14.78%) SQL
2 97 (12.36%) C#
3 96 (12.23%) Java
4 87 (11.08%) JavaScript
5 56 (7.13%) Python
6 31 (3.95%) TypeScript
7 24 (3.06%) C
8 21 (2.68%) Ruby
9 17 (2.17%) Go
10 16 (2.04%) PHP
11 14 (1.78%) PowerShell
11 14 (1.78%) T-SQL
12 12 (1.53%) PL/SQL
13 8 (1.02%) VBA
14 7 (0.89%) Apex Code
15 6 (0.76%) VB.NET
16 5 (0.64%) C++
16 5 (0.64%) Java 8
16 5 (0.64%) Kotlin
16 5 (0.64%) R
Qualifications
1 119 (15.16%) Degree
2 55 (7.01%) ISEB
3 53 (6.75%) ISTQB
4 44 (5.61%) Security Cleared
5 32 (4.08%) Computer Science Degree
6 30 (3.82%) SC Cleared
7 25 (3.18%) PMP
8 24 (3.06%) PMI Certification
9 16 (2.04%) ISEB Practitioner
10 15 (1.91%) Master's Degree
11 11 (1.40%) CBAP
11 11 (1.40%) DV Cleared
12 10 (1.27%) CISSP
12 10 (1.27%) ITIL Certification
13 9 (1.15%) IIBA
14 8 (1.02%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 7 (0.89%) Cisco Certification
15 7 (0.89%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 6 (0.76%) CEH
16 6 (0.76%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (11.85%) QA
2 55 (7.01%) PMO
3 13 (1.66%) MiFID
4 12 (1.53%) GDPR
5 11 (1.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 10 (1.27%) EMIR
6 10 (1.27%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 5 (0.64%) COBIT
8 5 (0.64%) ISO 9001
8 5 (0.64%) PMBOK
9 4 (0.51%) Data Quality
10 3 (0.38%) Dodd-Frank
10 3 (0.38%) GxP
10 3 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 3 (0.38%) NIST
10 3 (0.38%) RMADS
10 3 (0.38%) SLA
11 2 (0.25%) IFRS
11 2 (0.25%) PSD2
System Software
1 27 (3.44%) Docker
2 3 (0.38%) vSphere
3 2 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.13%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.13%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 26 (3.31%) Ansible
2 23 (2.93%) Puppet
3 21 (2.68%) Kubernetes
3 21 (2.68%) Opscode Chef
4 17 (2.17%) Single Sign-On
5 7 (0.89%) Terraform
6 3 (0.38%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
6 3 (0.38%) vRealize
7 2 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
7 2 (0.25%) Istio
7 2 (0.25%) WebSphere Cast Iron
8 1 (0.13%) Control-M
8 1 (0.13%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.13%) Kibana
8 1 (0.13%) logstash
8 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 118 (15.03%) Microsoft
2 82 (10.45%) SAP
3 47 (5.99%) Oracle
4 37 (4.71%) Salesforce.com
5 23 (2.93%) hybris
6 19 (2.42%) Adobe
7 17 (2.17%) New Relic
8 13 (1.66%) Atlassian
8 13 (1.66%) IBM
9 10 (1.27%) DocuSign
9 10 (1.27%) Unisys
10 9 (1.15%) MuleSoft
11 8 (1.02%) Tableau
12 6 (0.76%) ATG
12 6 (0.76%) Demandware
13 5 (0.64%) Apttus
13 5 (0.64%) Automation Anywhere
13 5 (0.64%) Blue Prism
13 5 (0.64%) Conga
13 5 (0.64%) Sitecore