Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 24 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
24 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 176 193 174
Rank change year-on-year +17 -19 -22
Permanent jobs citing Waterfall 3,679 1,570 1,917
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.24% 1.71% 2.06%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.36% 1.83% 2.22%
Number of salaries quoted 2,144 1,187 1,507
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £46,250 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% - -
75th Percentile £72,500 £73,750 £71,125
90th Percentile £84,717 £86,750 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% +0.70%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 155,892 85,794 86,323
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.03% 93.40% 92.89%
Number of salaries quoted 81,873 63,741 69,405
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £44,618 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £48,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +8.25% +2.11% +5.56%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Waterfall.

Salary trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 24 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 24 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +29 3,188 £59,250 +3.04% 196
UK excluding London +53 2,024 £55,000 +10.00% 124
Work from Home +53 1,592 £58,000 +5.45% 65
London +6 1,266 £66,375 -5.18% 78
South East +61 684 £57,500 - 28
North of England +22 495 £50,000 +5.26% 28
Midlands +50 346 £52,500 +5.00% 30
Yorkshire +48 291 £50,000 +5.26% 12
West Midlands +43 258 £52,500 +5.00% 20
South West +34 238 £50,000 - 14
North West -35 169 £52,500 +13.51% 14
Scotland +9 138 £55,000 +15.79% 6
East of England -34 96 £50,000 -9.09% 15
East Midlands +13 86 £47,500 -17.39% 10
North East +5 35 £46,861 +7.73% 2
Wales -17 35 £42,000 -14.11% 4
Northern Ireland -18 1 £52,500 -34.38%

For the 6 months to 24 May 2022, IT jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 3,606 (98.02%) Agile
2 1,303 (35.42%) Finance
3 1,293 (35.15%) Project Management
4 1,200 (32.62%) Social Skills
5 900 (24.46%) Stakeholder Management
6 797 (21.66%) Project Delivery
7 793 (21.55%) Scrum
8 605 (16.44%) Problem-Solving
9 593 (16.12%) SDLC
10 583 (15.85%) DevOps
11 578 (15.71%) Azure
12 532 (14.46%) Business Analysis
13 521 (14.16%) Analytical Skills
14 480 (13.05%) PRINCE2
15 479 (13.02%) JIRA
16 468 (12.72%) Degree
17 461 (12.53%) SQL
18 436 (11.85%) Microsoft
19 432 (11.74%) Retail
20 394 (10.71%) Mentoring
21 390 (10.60%) AWS
22 374 (10.17%) QA
23 357 (9.70%) Software Engineering
24 356 (9.68%) Analytics
25 347 (9.43%) Test Automation
26 344 (9.35%) Java
27 341 (9.27%) Change Management
28 334 (9.08%) User Stories
29 323 (8.78%) JavaScript
30 310 (8.43%) C#

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 186 (5.06%) Confluence
2 142 (3.86%) SharePoint
3 79 (2.15%) CMS
4 39 (1.06%) Apache
5 37 (1.01%) WordPress
6 33 (0.90%) Drupal
7 24 (0.65%) BizTalk Server
8 23 (0.63%) SAS
9 22 (0.60%) Apache Spark
10 19 (0.52%) WebSphere
11 13 (0.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 12 (0.33%) MS Project Server
13 8 (0.22%) Sitecore CMS
14 7 (0.19%) IIS
14 7 (0.19%) Moodle
14 7 (0.19%) WebLogic
15 6 (0.16%) EPiServer
15 6 (0.16%) Umbraco
16 5 (0.14%) Oracle Application Server
17 4 (0.11%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 183 (4.97%) Microsoft Project
2 165 (4.48%) MS Visio
3 159 (4.32%) Microsoft Office
4 144 (3.91%) Microsoft Excel
5 117 (3.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 28 (0.76%) Chatbot
7 17 (0.46%) Photoshop
8 11 (0.30%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 7 (0.19%) Adobe XD
10 4 (0.11%) Windchill
11 3 (0.082%) Sketch
12 2 (0.054%) Campfire
13 1 (0.027%) Blender
13 1 (0.027%) InVision
Business Applications
1 53 (1.44%) Unit4 Business World
2 41 (1.11%) Dynamics CRM
3 24 (0.65%) Dynamics NAV
4 18 (0.49%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 11 (0.30%) SAP S/4HANA
6 10 (0.27%) NetSuite
7 9 (0.24%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 8 (0.22%) Avolution ABACUS
8 8 (0.22%) Social Studio
9 7 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
10 6 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
11 4 (0.11%) Changepoint
11 4 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
11 4 (0.11%) Maximo
11 4 (0.11%) SAP LE
11 4 (0.11%) Workday HCM
12 3 (0.082%) SAP MDG
12 3 (0.082%) Shopify
13 2 (0.054%) Oracle CRM
13 2 (0.054%) SAP BRIM
Cloud Services
1 578 (15.71%) Azure
2 390 (10.60%) AWS
3 181 (4.92%) Microsoft 365
4 176 (4.78%) SaaS
5 167 (4.54%) Power Platform
6 109 (2.96%) GCP
7 67 (1.82%) IaaS
8 62 (1.69%) PaaS
9 57 (1.55%) GitHub
10 51 (1.39%) Dynamics 365
10 51 (1.39%) OpenShift
11 48 (1.30%) Cloud Computing
12 30 (0.82%) Azure Logic Apps
13 26 (0.71%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 24 (0.65%) PowerApps
15 21 (0.57%) Sauce Labs
15 21 (0.57%) Serverless
16 20 (0.54%) Azure Data Factory
17 19 (0.52%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
18 18 (0.49%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 31 (0.84%) Firewall
2 28 (0.76%) ATM
2 28 (0.76%) DNS
3 25 (0.68%) Broadband
4 23 (0.63%) Internet
5 21 (0.57%) WAN
6 18 (0.49%) LAN
7 17 (0.46%) Ethernet
8 16 (0.43%) BGP
8 16 (0.43%) Cisco IOS
8 16 (0.43%) Cisco Nexus
8 16 (0.43%) DMVPN
8 16 (0.43%) OSPF
8 16 (0.43%) VoIP
8 16 (0.43%) VXLAN
9 15 (0.41%) Network Security
10 14 (0.38%) Intrusion Detection
11 12 (0.33%) Kerberos
11 12 (0.33%) Unified Communications
12 11 (0.30%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 198 (5.38%) SQL Server
2 130 (3.53%) Big Data
3 118 (3.21%) Power BI
4 96 (2.61%) MongoDB
5 93 (2.53%) Data Warehouse
6 65 (1.77%) Relational Database
7 53 (1.44%) MySQL
7 53 (1.44%) NoSQL
8 43 (1.17%) Tableau
9 42 (1.14%) Data Lake
10 41 (1.11%) PostgreSQL
11 36 (0.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 32 (0.87%) Metadata
12 32 (0.87%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 26 (0.71%) Hadoop
14 25 (0.68%) Apache Cassandra
15 22 (0.60%) Oracle Database
16 19 (0.52%) Apache Hive
17 14 (0.38%) Azure SQL Database
18 11 (0.30%) HBase
Development Applications
1 479 (13.02%) JIRA
2 205 (5.57%) Git (software)
3 123 (3.34%) Selenium
4 84 (2.28%) Cucumber
4 84 (2.28%) Jenkins
5 62 (1.69%) Team Foundation Server
6 53 (1.44%) Postman
7 50 (1.36%) SoapUI
8 38 (1.03%) Visual Studio
9 32 (0.87%) JMeter
9 32 (0.87%) Maven
10 26 (0.71%) Sonatype Nexus
11 24 (0.65%) REST Assured
12 22 (0.60%) SpecFlow
13 19 (0.52%) Bitbucket
13 19 (0.52%) LoadRunner
14 18 (0.49%) Browser DevTools
14 18 (0.49%) eggPlant
14 18 (0.49%) Xdebug
15 17 (0.46%) HP UFT
General
1 1,303 (35.42%) Finance
2 1,200 (32.62%) Social Skills
3 521 (14.16%) Analytical Skills
4 432 (11.74%) Retail
5 309 (8.40%) Banking
6 273 (7.42%) Marketing
7 262 (7.12%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 248 (6.74%) Presentation Skills
9 209 (5.68%) Public Sector
10 195 (5.30%) Influencing Skills
11 173 (4.70%) Law
12 143 (3.89%) Legal
13 112 (3.04%) Telecoms
14 95 (2.58%) Aviation
15 94 (2.56%) Organisational Skills
16 86 (2.34%) Back Office
17 75 (2.04%) Aerospace
18 65 (1.77%) Manufacturing
19 59 (1.60%) Games
20 54 (1.47%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 939 (25.52%) Project Manager
2 835 (22.70%) Analyst
3 620 (16.85%) Business Analyst
4 332 (9.02%) Architect
5 310 (8.43%) IT Manager
6 262 (7.12%) IT Project Manager
7 225 (6.12%) Developer
8 216 (5.87%) Solutions Architect
9 184 (5.00%) Senior Manager
10 161 (4.38%) Senior Project Manager
11 154 (4.19%) Senior Analyst
12 139 (3.78%) Senior Business Analyst
13 131 (3.56%) Software Engineer
14 104 (2.83%) Consultant
15 92 (2.50%) IT Analyst
16 90 (2.45%) Business IT Analyst
16 90 (2.45%) IT Business Analyst
17 83 (2.26%) Test Manager
18 77 (2.09%) Product Owner
18 77 (2.09%) Scrum Master
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 301 (8.18%) .NET
2 275 (7.47%) HTML
3 184 (5.00%) CSS
4 164 (4.46%) JSON
4 164 (4.46%) React
5 149 (4.05%) XML
6 145 (3.94%) AngularJS
7 141 (3.83%) REST
8 122 (3.32%) HTML5
9 86 (2.34%) .NET Core
9 86 (2.34%) SOAP
10 82 (2.23%) Middleware
10 82 (2.23%) Web Services
11 73 (1.98%) CSS3
12 70 (1.90%) Node.js
13 66 (1.79%) ASP.NET
14 54 (1.47%) .NET Framework
15 50 (1.36%) Kafka
16 48 (1.30%) Swagger
17 37 (1.01%) JSP
Miscellaneous
1 235 (6.39%) User Experience
2 170 (4.62%) Management Information System
2 170 (4.62%) PMI
3 125 (3.40%) Self-Motivation
4 79 (2.15%) IoT
5 74 (2.01%) Data Centre
6 69 (1.88%) Mobile App
7 62 (1.69%) Cyberattack
8 54 (1.47%) Virtual Team
9 52 (1.41%) Cloud Native
10 49 (1.33%) Enterprise Software
11 47 (1.28%) Public Cloud
12 37 (1.01%) Blockchain
13 35 (0.95%) Cyber Defence
14 33 (0.90%) Client/Server
14 33 (0.90%) Life Science
14 33 (0.90%) Smart City
15 29 (0.79%) Greenfield Project
15 29 (0.79%) Social Media
16 28 (0.76%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 158 (4.29%) Windows
2 94 (2.56%) Linux
3 52 (1.41%) Unix
4 49 (1.33%) Apple iOS
5 29 (0.79%) Android
6 15 (0.41%) Windows Phone
7 12 (0.33%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.14%) Windows 10
9 4 (0.11%) AIX
9 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
10 3 (0.082%) HPUX
10 3 (0.082%) Ubuntu
11 2 (0.054%) OpenVMS
11 2 (0.054%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 2 (0.054%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.054%) Windows Server 2016
12 1 (0.027%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.027%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,606 (98.02%) Agile
2 1,293 (35.15%) Project Management
3 900 (24.46%) Stakeholder Management
4 797 (21.66%) Project Delivery
5 793 (21.55%) Scrum
6 605 (16.44%) Problem-Solving
7 593 (16.12%) SDLC
8 583 (15.85%) DevOps
9 532 (14.46%) Business Analysis
10 480 (13.05%) PRINCE2
11 394 (10.71%) Mentoring
12 357 (9.70%) Software Engineering
13 356 (9.68%) Analytics
14 347 (9.43%) Test Automation
15 341 (9.27%) Change Management
16 334 (9.08%) User Stories
17 301 (8.18%) Coaching
18 273 (7.42%) Data Modelling
19 270 (7.34%) Migration
20 268 (7.28%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 461 (12.53%) SQL
2 344 (9.35%) Java
3 323 (8.78%) JavaScript
4 310 (8.43%) C#
5 268 (7.28%) Python
6 141 (3.83%) C
7 104 (2.83%) C++
8 64 (1.74%) T-SQL
9 49 (1.33%) PHP
10 47 (1.28%) TypeScript
11 40 (1.09%) Go
12 34 (0.92%) Bash
12 34 (0.92%) ES6
13 32 (0.87%) PowerShell
14 29 (0.79%) Apex Code
15 18 (0.49%) Perl
15 18 (0.49%) PL/SQL
16 16 (0.43%) Ruby
17 13 (0.35%) Scala
18 11 (0.30%) SOQL
Qualifications
1 468 (12.72%) Degree
2 256 (6.96%) Security Cleared
3 236 (6.41%) PMI Certification
4 196 (5.33%) SC Cleared
5 189 (5.14%) ISTQB
6 136 (3.70%) ISEB
7 89 (2.42%) PMP
8 88 (2.39%) PRINCE2 Certification
9 60 (1.63%) Computer Science Degree
10 41 (1.11%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
11 34 (0.92%) DBS Check
12 31 (0.84%) DV Cleared
13 26 (0.71%) IIBA
13 26 (0.71%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 24 (0.65%) CISSP
14 24 (0.65%) TOGAF Certification
15 21 (0.57%) CTC Cleared
16 20 (0.54%) AWS Certification
17 19 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
18 18 (0.49%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 374 (10.17%) QA
2 220 (5.98%) PMO
3 84 (2.28%) Accessibility
4 68 (1.85%) GDPR
5 55 (1.49%) Data Quality
6 36 (0.98%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 22 (0.60%) NIST
8 19 (0.52%) SLA
9 15 (0.41%) AUTOSAR
10 13 (0.35%) ISO 9001
10 13 (0.35%) WAI
11 11 (0.30%) P3O
12 8 (0.22%) DO-178B
13 5 (0.14%) GxP
13 5 (0.14%) NCSC
13 5 (0.14%) NIST 800
13 5 (0.14%) PCI DSS
13 5 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 4 (0.11%) Def Stans
15 3 (0.082%) PMBOK
System Software
1 197 (5.35%) Docker
2 37 (1.01%) Active Directory
3 36 (0.98%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.11%) Firmware
4 4 (0.11%) Hyper-V
4 4 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.082%) Openswan
5 3 (0.082%) Virtual Desktop
6 2 (0.054%) VMware ESXi
6 2 (0.054%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 118 (3.21%) Kubernetes
2 59 (1.60%) Ansible
3 35 (0.95%) Terraform
4 23 (0.63%) Puppet
5 20 (0.54%) HP ALM
6 18 (0.49%) vCenter Server
7 15 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
8 9 (0.24%) Oracle Identity Management
8 9 (0.24%) Oracle Identity Manager
8 9 (0.24%) Tivoli
8 9 (0.24%) Tivoli Identity Manager
9 7 (0.19%) HP Quality Center
10 6 (0.16%) Opscode Chef
10 6 (0.16%) SCCM
11 5 (0.14%) Docker Swarm
11 5 (0.14%) Microsoft Intune
11 5 (0.14%) Nessus
11 5 (0.14%) WSUS
12 4 (0.11%) PTC Integrity
13 3 (0.082%) Istio
Vendors
1 436 (11.85%) Microsoft
2 251 (6.82%) Salesforce.com
3 133 (3.62%) Oracle
4 115 (3.13%) LexisNexis
5 114 (3.10%) SAP
6 95 (2.58%) Google
7 67 (1.82%) Atlassian
8 60 (1.63%) Northgate
9 55 (1.49%) Civica
10 42 (1.14%) Cisco
11 39 (1.06%) VMware
12 37 (1.01%) Adobe
13 29 (0.79%) IBM
14 27 (0.73%) ServiceNow
15 25 (0.68%) HP
16 23 (0.63%) Sun
17 22 (0.60%) Genesys
18 21 (0.57%) Capita
19 20 (0.54%) Pardot
19 20 (0.54%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud