Period
to 30 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 30 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 195 182 160
Rank change year-on-year -13 -22 -15
Permanent jobs citing Waterfall 2,086 1,298 3,193
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.84% 1.89% 2.22%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.96% 2.04% 2.39%
Number of salaries quoted 1,522 1,053 2,352
10th Percentile £39,500 £36,800 £36,750
25th Percentile £45,000 £43,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £73,750 £72,500 £67,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 106,493 63,646 133,396
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.75% 92.77% 92.67%
Number of salaries quoted 72,664 51,555 106,467
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Waterfall.

Salary trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 30 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -16 1,863 £57,500 +4.55% 294
UK excluding London -11 1,271 £50,000 -4.76% 202
London -29 671 £72,500 +7.41% 102
South East -34 385 £55,000 -6.78% 47
Work from Home -20 376 £60,000 - 39
North of England +39 315 £47,500 +1.06% 49
Midlands +11 237 £51,500 +0.98% 57
Yorkshire +8 163 £47,000 -4.08% 15
West Midlands +2 163 £50,000 +1.52% 38
South West -59 149 £50,300 +0.60% 23
North West +22 143 £47,500 +5.56% 30
Scotland -16 94 £47,500 -13.64% 6
East Midlands -14 74 £57,000 +6.54% 19
East of England -22 74 £55,000 -6.38% 16
Wales -39 18 £52,500 +5.00% 3
North East -15 14 £47,500 -36.67% 4
Northern Ireland -31 5 £52,500 -25.00% 1

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, IT jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 2,040 (97.79%) Agile Software Development
2 676 (32.41%) Social Skills
3 629 (30.15%) Finance
4 574 (27.52%) Scrum
5 565 (27.09%) Project Management
6 449 (21.52%) Stakeholder Management
7 367 (17.59%) SDLC
8 355 (17.02%) Azure
9 343 (16.44%) Business Analysis
10 325 (15.58%) Project Delivery
11 324 (15.53%) SQL
11 324 (15.53%) Microsoft
12 295 (14.14%) Problem-Solving
13 292 (14.00%) DevOps
14 264 (12.66%) JIRA
15 240 (11.51%) Analytical Skills
16 239 (11.46%) Requirements Gathering
17 234 (11.22%) PRINCE2
18 197 (9.44%) AWS
19 194 (9.30%) Java
20 187 (8.96%) Test Automation
21 177 (8.49%) Degree
22 172 (8.25%) Migration
23 168 (8.05%) Business Intelligence
24 165 (7.91%) User Stories
25 163 (7.81%) Oracle
26 159 (7.62%) Change Management
27 151 (7.24%) JavaScript
28 148 (7.09%) C#
29 145 (6.95%) Workshop Facilitation

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (4.94%) Confluence
2 64 (3.07%) SharePoint
3 60 (2.88%) WebLogic
4 39 (1.87%) Apache Spark
5 34 (1.63%) CMS
6 17 (0.81%) Apache
7 13 (0.62%) Drupal
7 13 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 11 (0.53%) IIS
8 11 (0.53%) MS Exchange
9 9 (0.43%) Sitecore CMS
10 8 (0.38%) BizTalk Server
10 8 (0.38%) SAS
11 7 (0.34%) Joomla!
11 7 (0.34%) OpenStack
11 7 (0.34%) Umbraco
12 6 (0.29%) Apache Solr
12 6 (0.29%) CICS
13 5 (0.24%) SharePoint 2010
13 5 (0.24%) WebSphere
Applications
1 92 (4.41%) Microsoft Office
2 82 (3.93%) Microsoft Project
3 76 (3.64%) Microsoft Excel
4 69 (3.31%) MS Visio
5 43 (2.06%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 10 (0.48%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.24%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.14%) InVision
8 3 (0.14%) Sketch
9 2 (0.096%) InfoPath
10 1 (0.048%) Mingle
10 1 (0.048%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.048%) Simulink
10 1 (0.048%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 43 (2.06%) Dynamics CRM
2 21 (1.01%) Dynamics AX
3 19 (0.91%) SAP S/4HANA
4 15 (0.72%) NetSuite
5 12 (0.58%) SAP ERP
6 10 (0.48%) Magento
7 7 (0.34%) IntelliMatch
8 6 (0.29%) Distributed Ledger
8 6 (0.29%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 5 (0.24%) Elite 3E
9 5 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
10 4 (0.19%) SAP BRIM
10 4 (0.19%) SAP CO
10 4 (0.19%) SAP FI
10 4 (0.19%) SAP FI/CO
10 4 (0.19%) SAP GTS
10 4 (0.19%) SAP MDG
10 4 (0.19%) SAP PM
10 4 (0.19%) Shopify
11 3 (0.14%) SAP BPC
Cloud Services
1 355 (17.02%) Azure
2 197 (9.44%) AWS
3 134 (6.42%) SaaS
4 113 (5.42%) Power Platform
5 101 (4.84%) PaaS
6 88 (4.22%) GCP
7 80 (3.84%) IaaS
8 71 (3.40%) Dynamics 365
9 44 (2.11%) Microsoft 365
10 37 (1.77%) PowerApps
11 25 (1.20%) GitHub
12 21 (1.01%) OpenShift
13 17 (0.81%) AWS CloudFormation
13 17 (0.81%) Serverless
14 16 (0.77%) Slack
15 15 (0.72%) Azure Active Directory
16 14 (0.67%) Azure Service Bus
16 14 (0.67%) Cloud Computing
17 13 (0.62%) Azure Stack
18 12 (0.58%) Azure Key Vault
Communications & Networking
1 19 (0.91%) LAN
1 19 (0.91%) WAN
2 17 (0.81%) Internet
3 14 (0.67%) Firewall
4 12 (0.58%) HTTP
4 12 (0.58%) TCP/IP
5 11 (0.53%) DNS
5 11 (0.53%) IPv4
6 9 (0.43%) Network Security
6 9 (0.43%) VPN
7 6 (0.29%) 5G
7 6 (0.29%) Extranet
7 6 (0.29%) HTTPS
7 6 (0.29%) VLAN
8 5 (0.24%) 802.11
8 5 (0.24%) FTP
8 5 (0.24%) SNMP
9 4 (0.19%) DHCP
9 4 (0.19%) SD-WAN
9 4 (0.19%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 112 (5.37%) SQL Server
2 106 (5.08%) Data Warehouse
3 97 (4.65%) Relational Database
4 81 (3.88%) Power BI
5 76 (3.64%) RDBMS
6 73 (3.50%) Big Data
7 71 (3.40%) NoSQL
7 71 (3.40%) Oracle Database
8 64 (3.07%) Oracle Database 12c
9 58 (2.78%) Oracle Database 11g
10 54 (2.59%) Oracle Database 10g
11 42 (2.01%) MongoDB
12 40 (1.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 40 (1.92%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 40 (1.92%) Tableau
13 36 (1.73%) Data Lake
14 31 (1.49%) Hadoop
14 31 (1.49%) MySQL
14 31 (1.49%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 23 (1.10%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 264 (12.66%) JIRA
2 91 (4.36%) Git (software)
3 78 (3.74%) Selenium
4 64 (3.07%) Jenkins
5 47 (2.25%) Team Foundation Server
6 44 (2.11%) Cucumber
7 30 (1.44%) Postman
8 22 (1.05%) SoapUI
9 21 (1.01%) Bitbucket
10 20 (0.96%) Visual Studio
11 18 (0.86%) Maven
12 16 (0.77%) TeamCity
13 14 (0.67%) webpack
14 13 (0.62%) GitLab
14 13 (0.62%) WebDriver
15 12 (0.58%) SpecFlow
15 12 (0.58%) TestRail
16 11 (0.53%) Octopus Deploy
16 11 (0.53%) Vagrant
16 11 (0.53%) Visual Studio Coded UI
General
1 676 (32.41%) Social Skills
2 629 (30.15%) Finance
3 240 (11.51%) Analytical Skills
4 143 (6.86%) Retail
5 134 (6.42%) Marketing
6 112 (5.37%) Public Sector
7 103 (4.94%) Banking
8 96 (4.60%) Law
9 91 (4.36%) Presentation Skills
10 90 (4.31%) Influencing Skills
11 61 (2.92%) Advertising
11 61 (2.92%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 49 (2.35%) Organisational Skills
13 48 (2.30%) Manufacturing
14 47 (2.25%) Legal
15 38 (1.82%) Telecoms
16 27 (1.29%) Back Office
17 24 (1.15%) Games
17 24 (1.15%) Pharmaceutical
18 22 (1.05%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 519 (24.88%) Analyst
2 456 (21.86%) Business Analyst
3 417 (19.99%) Project Manager
4 235 (11.27%) Architect
5 177 (8.49%) Developer
6 153 (7.33%) IT Manager
7 135 (6.47%) Solutions Architect
8 120 (5.75%) IT Project Manager
9 89 (4.27%) Senior Manager
10 74 (3.55%) Senior Analyst
11 72 (3.45%) Delivery Manager
12 67 (3.21%) Digital Project Manager
13 59 (2.83%) Senior Business Analyst
14 56 (2.68%) Senior Project Manager
15 53 (2.54%) Oracle Developer
16 52 (2.49%) IT Analyst
16 52 (2.49%) IT Business Analyst
17 51 (2.44%) Business IT Analyst
17 51 (2.44%) Consultant
18 47 (2.25%) Senior Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 143 (6.86%) .NET
2 94 (4.51%) HTML
3 81 (3.88%) AngularJS
4 74 (3.55%) XML
5 73 (3.50%) React
6 67 (3.21%) Node.js
7 56 (2.68%) JSON
8 55 (2.64%) CSS
9 54 (2.59%) Web Services
10 46 (2.21%) .NET Core
11 42 (2.01%) ASP.NET
12 39 (1.87%) REST
13 37 (1.77%) jQuery
14 36 (1.73%) .NET Framework
15 34 (1.63%) SOAP
16 26 (1.25%) ASP.NET Web API
16 26 (1.25%) HTML5
17 24 (1.15%) Entity Framework
17 24 (1.15%) Kafka
17 24 (1.15%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 126 (6.04%) User Experience
2 84 (4.03%) Self-Motivation
3 54 (2.59%) Management Information System
4 50 (2.40%) Data Centre
5 37 (1.77%) Virtual Team
6 36 (1.73%) Public Cloud
7 33 (1.58%) Mobile App
8 32 (1.53%) Legacy Systems
9 31 (1.49%) Greenfield Project
10 28 (1.34%) Client/Server
10 28 (1.34%) Enterprise Software
10 28 (1.34%) PMI
11 24 (1.15%) New Media
12 23 (1.10%) Video\Live Streaming
13 19 (0.91%) Mainframe
14 16 (0.77%) Cloud Native
14 16 (0.77%) Derivative
15 15 (0.72%) Data Protection Act
16 14 (0.67%) Algorithms
16 14 (0.67%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 140 (6.71%) Linux
2 92 (4.41%) Windows
3 35 (1.68%) Unix
4 27 (1.29%) Android
5 18 (0.86%) Windows Server
6 17 (0.81%) Apple iOS
7 13 (0.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.29%) Windows 10
8 6 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
9 5 (0.24%) Kali Linux
10 3 (0.14%) AIX
11 2 (0.096%) CentOS
11 2 (0.096%) Fedora
11 2 (0.096%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.048%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,040 (97.79%) Agile Software Development
2 574 (27.52%) Scrum
3 565 (27.09%) Project Management
4 449 (21.52%) Stakeholder Management
5 367 (17.59%) SDLC
6 343 (16.44%) Business Analysis
7 325 (15.58%) Project Delivery
8 295 (14.14%) Problem-Solving
9 292 (14.00%) DevOps
10 239 (11.46%) Requirements Gathering
11 234 (11.22%) PRINCE2
12 187 (8.96%) Test Automation
13 172 (8.25%) Migration
14 168 (8.05%) Business Intelligence
15 165 (7.91%) User Stories
16 159 (7.62%) Change Management
17 145 (6.95%) Workshop Facilitation
18 141 (6.76%) Kanban
18 141 (6.76%) User Acceptance Testing
19 136 (6.52%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 324 (15.53%) SQL
2 194 (9.30%) Java
3 151 (7.24%) JavaScript
4 148 (7.09%) C#
5 114 (5.47%) Python
6 73 (3.50%) C
7 72 (3.45%) PL/SQL
8 48 (2.30%) PowerShell
9 33 (1.58%) T-SQL
10 32 (1.53%) PHP
11 27 (1.29%) TypeScript
12 26 (1.25%) C++
13 25 (1.20%) Bash Shell
14 23 (1.10%) Ruby
15 21 (1.01%) R
16 17 (0.81%) VB.NET
17 16 (0.77%) Scala
17 16 (0.77%) VB
18 11 (0.53%) Apex Code
18 11 (0.53%) Perl
Qualifications
1 177 (8.49%) Degree
2 63 (3.02%) Security Cleared
3 52 (2.49%) PMI Certification
4 44 (2.11%) PMP
5 41 (1.97%) ISTQB
6 38 (1.82%) SC Cleared
7 33 (1.58%) ISEB
8 30 (1.44%) DV Cleared
9 21 (1.01%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 19 (0.91%) Computer Science Degree
11 16 (0.77%) Microsoft Certification
12 15 (0.72%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 14 (0.67%) Master's Degree
13 14 (0.67%) MBA
14 12 (0.58%) CBAP
14 12 (0.58%) IIBA
15 11 (0.53%) CISSP
16 10 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 8 (0.38%) ITIL Certification
17 8 (0.38%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 144 (6.90%) QA
2 104 (4.99%) PMO
3 58 (2.78%) Data Quality
4 34 (1.63%) GDPR
5 20 (0.96%) Accessibility
6 15 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 12 (0.58%) SLA
8 8 (0.38%) ISO 9001
9 7 (0.34%) PCI DSS
10 6 (0.29%) MiFID
10 6 (0.29%) PMBOK
11 5 (0.24%) EMIR
11 5 (0.24%) NIST
12 3 (0.14%) ISO 20022
12 3 (0.14%) JTAG
12 3 (0.14%) WCAG
13 2 (0.096%) Actionable Recommendations
13 2 (0.096%) Dodd-Frank
13 2 (0.096%) GRC
13 2 (0.096%) P3O
System Software
1 67 (3.21%) Docker
2 19 (0.91%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.38%) Apache Flume
3 8 (0.38%) Hyper-V
4 6 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 6 (0.29%) Time Sharing Option
5 5 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.24%) vSphere
6 4 (0.19%) Citrix Hypervisor
6 4 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
7 3 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
8 2 (0.096%) NFS
8 2 (0.096%) Samba
8 2 (0.096%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.096%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.096%) Xen
9 1 (0.048%) KVM
Systems Management
1 73 (3.50%) Terraform
2 59 (2.83%) Kubernetes
3 55 (2.64%) Ansible
4 18 (0.86%) Puppet
5 14 (0.67%) SCCM
6 13 (0.62%) Opscode Chef
7 6 (0.29%) Mesos
8 5 (0.24%) ITRS Geneos
8 5 (0.24%) Nessus
8 5 (0.24%) Nmap
9 4 (0.19%) Data Guard
9 4 (0.19%) HP Quality Center
9 4 (0.19%) Microsoft Intune
9 4 (0.19%) Oracle RMAN
10 3 (0.14%) HP ALM
11 2 (0.096%) Docker Swarm
11 2 (0.096%) Nagios
11 2 (0.096%) OpenNMS
11 2 (0.096%) vCenter Server
11 2 (0.096%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 324 (15.53%) Microsoft
2 163 (7.81%) Oracle
3 71 (3.40%) SAP
4 67 (3.21%) Google
5 53 (2.54%) Salesforce.com
6 39 (1.87%) IBM
7 28 (1.34%) ServiceNow
8 20 (0.96%) Sitecore
9 19 (0.91%) Talend
10 18 (0.86%) Databricks
11 15 (0.72%) Atlassian
12 14 (0.67%) Sparx
13 13 (0.62%) Cisco
13 13 (0.62%) hybris
13 13 (0.62%) VMware
14 11 (0.53%) Alibaba
14 11 (0.53%) JD Edwards
14 11 (0.53%) Teradata
15 10 (0.48%) Pega
16 8 (0.38%) Red Hat