Period
to 29 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 29 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
29 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 161 131 156
Rank change year-on-year -30 +25 -23
Permanent jobs citing Waterfall 2,635 3,953 3,965
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.16% 2.61% 2.25%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.35% 2.84% 2.44%
Number of salaries quoted 1,980 3,032 3,117
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,225 £36,500 £34,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% -

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 112,278 139,435 162,564
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.88% 92.23% 92.28%
Number of salaries quoted 88,984 110,145 132,453
UK median annual salary £53,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.90% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,000 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Waterfall.

Salary trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 29 February 2020.

Salary histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 29 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -33 2,412 £55,000 - 320
UK excluding London -14 1,644 £52,000 +4.00% 264
London -49 920 £60,000 -4.00% 76
South East -25 532 £55,000 - 74
North of England +5 373 £47,500 -2.06% 77
South West +5 206 £47,375 -0.26% 32
East of England +33 202 £60,864 +15.93% 26
Yorkshire +34 179 £47,500 - 32
Midlands -50 174 £52,000 +15.56% 35
North West -13 151 £45,184 -9.63% 31
West Midlands -53 113 £50,500 +12.22% 22
Wales +41 95 £45,000 +12.50% 10
Scotland -26 62 £47,500 +3.26% 9
East Midlands +9 60 £55,000 +10.00% 13
North East +26 43 £75,000 +103.68% 14
Northern Ireland +14 6 £70,500 +28.18% 1

For the 6 months to 29 February 2020, IT jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 2,541 (96.43%) Agile Software Development
2 742 (28.16%) Finance
3 737 (27.97%) Project Management
4 527 (20.00%) Scrum
5 517 (19.62%) Stakeholder Management
6 463 (17.57%) Test Automation
7 424 (16.09%) JIRA
8 423 (16.05%) Microsoft
9 419 (15.90%) Project Delivery
10 396 (15.03%) SQL
11 389 (14.76%) PRINCE2
12 385 (14.61%) SDLC
13 384 (14.57%) DevOps
14 321 (12.18%) .NET
15 282 (10.70%) Problem-Solving
16 280 (10.63%) Java
17 274 (10.40%) Business Analysis
18 272 (10.32%) Degree
19 271 (10.28%) Analytical Skills
20 268 (10.17%) C#
21 255 (9.68%) JavaScript
22 243 (9.22%) QA
23 229 (8.69%) Azure
24 227 (8.61%) Mentoring
25 223 (8.46%) ITIL
26 222 (8.43%) Confluence
27 221 (8.39%) Change Management
28 212 (8.05%) CRM
29 208 (7.89%) Retail
30 204 (7.74%) User Acceptance Testing

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 222 (8.43%) Confluence
2 119 (4.52%) SharePoint
3 57 (2.16%) CMS
4 39 (1.48%) Tomcat
5 34 (1.29%) IIS
6 18 (0.68%) Apache Spark
7 16 (0.61%) WebLogic
8 15 (0.57%) BizTalk Server
9 14 (0.53%) Apache
9 14 (0.53%) Sitecore CMS
9 14 (0.53%) Umbraco
10 12 (0.46%) SharePoint 2013
11 10 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 6 (0.23%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 6 (0.23%) EPiServer
12 6 (0.23%) MS Exchange
12 6 (0.23%) SAS
13 5 (0.19%) WordPress
14 4 (0.15%) CICS
14 4 (0.15%) Drupal
Applications
1 133 (5.05%) Microsoft Project
2 122 (4.63%) Microsoft Office
3 117 (4.44%) Microsoft Excel
4 105 (3.98%) MS Visio
5 77 (2.92%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.19%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.11%) InVision
7 3 (0.11%) Sketch
8 2 (0.076%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 2 (0.076%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.038%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.038%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.038%) InDesign
9 1 (0.038%) OmniGraffle
9 1 (0.038%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 62 (2.35%) Dynamics CRM
2 18 (0.68%) SAP ERP
3 10 (0.38%) Magento
4 7 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
4 7 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
4 7 (0.27%) SAP S/4HANA
5 6 (0.23%) SAP CO
5 6 (0.23%) SAP FI
5 6 (0.23%) SAP FI/CO
6 5 (0.19%) Oracle CRM
7 4 (0.15%) assyst
7 4 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
7 4 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
8 3 (0.11%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 3 (0.11%) Cognos TM1
8 3 (0.11%) HFM
8 3 (0.11%) NetSuite
8 3 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 3 (0.11%) SAP BPC
9 2 (0.076%) OpenCart
Cloud Services
1 229 (8.69%) Azure
2 155 (5.88%) AWS
3 110 (4.17%) SaaS
4 65 (2.47%) Office 365
5 57 (2.16%) PaaS
6 42 (1.59%) Power Platform
7 40 (1.52%) Dynamics 365
7 40 (1.52%) GitHub
8 32 (1.21%) GCP
9 30 (1.14%) Trello
10 27 (1.02%) IaaS
11 26 (0.99%) Oracle CX
12 22 (0.83%) Oracle Service Cloud
13 21 (0.80%) Serverless
14 17 (0.65%) Slack
15 15 (0.57%) Amazon EKS
15 15 (0.57%) npm
16 14 (0.53%) Amazon EC2
17 13 (0.49%) BrowserStack
18 12 (0.46%) BlazeMeter
Communications & Networking
1 31 (1.18%) Firewall
2 30 (1.14%) Intranet
2 30 (1.14%) TCP/IP
3 27 (1.02%) HTTP
4 20 (0.76%) SSL
5 18 (0.68%) DNS
6 15 (0.57%) Internet
7 14 (0.53%) Wireless
8 12 (0.46%) MPLS
9 10 (0.38%) LAN
9 10 (0.38%) WAN
10 9 (0.34%) Wi-Fi
11 8 (0.30%) Ethernet
11 8 (0.30%) VPN
12 6 (0.23%) BGP
12 6 (0.23%) SAN
13 5 (0.19%) Extranet
13 5 (0.19%) Software-Defined Networking
14 4 (0.15%) FCoE
14 4 (0.15%) Fibre Channel
Database & Business Intelligence
1 170 (6.45%) SQL Server
2 102 (3.87%) Big Data
3 98 (3.72%) Data Warehouse
4 41 (1.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 40 (1.52%) Power BI
6 37 (1.40%) Oracle Database
7 35 (1.33%) Relational Database
8 33 (1.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 32 (1.21%) MongoDB
10 30 (1.14%) PostgreSQL
11 29 (1.10%) RDBMS
12 28 (1.06%) Azure SQL Database
12 28 (1.06%) MySQL
12 28 (1.06%) NoSQL
13 23 (0.87%) Hadoop
13 23 (0.87%) Oracle Reports
14 19 (0.72%) OLTP
15 18 (0.68%) Apache Hive
15 18 (0.68%) Apache Kudu
15 18 (0.68%) Impala
Development Applications
1 424 (16.09%) JIRA
2 195 (7.40%) Selenium
3 124 (4.71%) Jenkins
4 114 (4.33%) Git (software)
5 94 (3.57%) Team Foundation Server
6 84 (3.19%) WebDriver
7 78 (2.96%) Cucumber
8 72 (2.73%) Visual Studio
9 48 (1.82%) HP UFT
10 47 (1.78%) SoapUI
11 46 (1.75%) Postman
12 42 (1.59%) SpecFlow
12 42 (1.59%) Subversion
13 40 (1.52%) Visual Studio Team System
14 36 (1.37%) JUnit
15 32 (1.21%) Octopus Deploy
16 31 (1.18%) JMeter
17 30 (1.14%) TeamCity
18 29 (1.10%) LoadRunner
19 27 (1.02%) GitLab
General
1 742 (28.16%) Finance
2 208 (7.89%) Retail
3 129 (4.90%) Banking
4 95 (3.61%) Marketing
5 78 (2.96%) Telecoms
6 77 (2.92%) Public Sector
7 58 (2.20%) Legal
8 49 (1.86%) Advertising
9 43 (1.63%) Billing
10 39 (1.48%) Manufacturing
11 37 (1.40%) Retail Banking
12 25 (0.95%) Financial Institution
13 24 (0.91%) Law
14 17 (0.65%) Back Office
14 17 (0.65%) Games
15 15 (0.57%) German Language
16 14 (0.53%) Local Government
17 13 (0.49%) Publishing
18 9 (0.34%) Automotive
19 7 (0.27%) French Language
Job Titles
1 619 (23.49%) Analyst
2 541 (20.53%) Project Manager
3 403 (15.29%) Business Analyst
4 310 (11.76%) Developer
5 194 (7.36%) Architect
6 159 (6.03%) IT Manager
7 126 (4.78%) IT Project Manager
8 118 (4.48%) Senior Manager
9 107 (4.06%) Senior Analyst
10 99 (3.76%) Test Analyst
11 93 (3.53%) Tester
12 87 (3.30%) Solutions Architect
13 80 (3.04%) Senior Project Manager
14 72 (2.73%) Senior Business Analyst
15 69 (2.62%) .NET Developer
16 67 (2.54%) Test Leader
17 57 (2.16%) Senior Developer
17 57 (2.16%) Test Manager
18 56 (2.13%) Consultant
19 51 (1.94%) Programme Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 321 (12.18%) .NET
2 165 (6.26%) HTML
3 148 (5.62%) CSS
4 125 (4.74%) Web Services
5 95 (3.61%) jQuery
6 93 (3.53%) ASP.NET
7 89 (3.38%) SOAP
8 87 (3.30%) REST
9 69 (2.62%) AngularJS
10 67 (2.54%) RESTful
11 61 (2.31%) Middleware
12 59 (2.24%) .NET Framework
13 54 (2.05%) JSON
14 48 (1.82%) XML
15 39 (1.48%) React
16 38 (1.44%) Entity Framework
16 38 (1.44%) HTML5
17 36 (1.37%) ASP.NET Web API
18 34 (1.29%) .NET Core
19 33 (1.25%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 271 (10.28%) Analytical Skills
2 110 (4.17%) User Experience
3 89 (3.38%) Virtual Team
4 80 (3.04%) Management Information System
5 75 (2.85%) Self-Motivation
6 59 (2.24%) Mobile App
7 56 (2.13%) Enterprise Software
8 35 (1.33%) Data Centre
9 26 (0.99%) PMI
10 22 (0.83%) NHS
10 22 (0.83%) Reinsurance
11 20 (0.76%) Data Structures
11 20 (0.76%) Greenfield Project
12 19 (0.72%) N-Tier
13 16 (0.61%) e-Learning
14 15 (0.57%) Enterprise Storage
14 15 (0.57%) Public Cloud
15 14 (0.53%) Cloud Native
15 14 (0.53%) Robotics
16 12 (0.46%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 136 (5.16%) Windows
2 119 (4.52%) Linux
3 69 (2.62%) Unix
4 29 (1.10%) Windows Server
5 25 (0.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 24 (0.91%) Android
6 24 (0.91%) CentOS
7 22 (0.83%) Windows 7
8 19 (0.72%) Apple iOS
9 15 (0.57%) Fedora
9 15 (0.57%) Ubuntu
10 14 (0.53%) Windows Server 2012
11 8 (0.30%) Windows 10
11 8 (0.30%) Windows 8
12 5 (0.19%) CoreOS
12 5 (0.19%) zOS
13 4 (0.15%) Kali Linux
14 2 (0.076%) Windows Phone
15 1 (0.038%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,541 (96.43%) Agile Software Development
2 737 (27.97%) Project Management
3 527 (20.00%) Scrum
4 517 (19.62%) Stakeholder Management
5 463 (17.57%) Test Automation
6 419 (15.90%) Project Delivery
7 389 (14.76%) PRINCE2
8 385 (14.61%) SDLC
9 384 (14.57%) DevOps
10 282 (10.70%) Problem-Solving
11 274 (10.40%) Business Analysis
12 227 (8.61%) Mentoring
13 223 (8.46%) ITIL
14 221 (8.39%) Change Management
15 212 (8.05%) CRM
16 204 (7.74%) User Acceptance Testing
17 184 (6.98%) Coaching
18 182 (6.91%) Migration
19 175 (6.64%) Kanban
20 162 (6.15%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 396 (15.03%) SQL
2 280 (10.63%) Java
3 268 (10.17%) C#
4 255 (9.68%) JavaScript
5 150 (5.69%) Python
6 95 (3.61%) PowerShell
7 84 (3.19%) PL/SQL
8 73 (2.77%) C
9 58 (2.20%) Bash Shell
10 50 (1.90%) PHP
11 39 (1.48%) T-SQL
12 35 (1.33%) C++
13 34 (1.29%) Ruby
13 34 (1.29%) VB.NET
14 30 (1.14%) VBA
15 23 (0.87%) Shell Script
16 21 (0.80%) Java 8
17 16 (0.61%) TypeScript
17 16 (0.61%) VB
18 10 (0.38%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 272 (10.32%) Degree
2 130 (4.93%) ISTQB
3 119 (4.52%) Security Cleared
4 109 (4.14%) ISEB
5 84 (3.19%) SC Cleared
6 81 (3.07%) PMP
7 74 (2.81%) Computer Science Degree
8 54 (2.05%) PRINCE2 Certification
9 53 (2.01%) PMI Certification
10 49 (1.86%) CISSP
11 43 (1.63%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 37 (1.40%) Microsoft Certification
13 35 (1.33%) DV Cleared
14 32 (1.21%) Cisco Certification
15 28 (1.06%) CISM
15 28 (1.06%) IIBA
16 25 (0.95%) MCSE
17 23 (0.87%) CBAP
18 21 (0.80%) CISA
19 20 (0.76%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 243 (9.22%) QA
2 170 (6.45%) PMO
3 39 (1.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 34 (1.29%) GDPR
5 31 (1.18%) PCI DSS
6 27 (1.02%) Data Quality
7 14 (0.53%) MiFID
7 14 (0.53%) Solvency II
8 13 (0.49%) EMIR
9 12 (0.46%) COBIT
10 11 (0.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 9 (0.34%) ISO 9001
12 6 (0.23%) SLA
13 4 (0.15%) PMBOK
13 4 (0.15%) PSD2
14 3 (0.11%) IFRS
15 2 (0.076%) Basel III
15 2 (0.076%) ISO 8583
16 1 (0.038%) Disclosure Scotland
16 1 (0.038%) HL7
System Software
1 88 (3.34%) Docker
2 26 (0.99%) VMware Infrastructure
3 23 (0.87%) Active Directory
4 20 (0.76%) VirtualBox
5 19 (0.72%) VMware ESXi
6 18 (0.68%) Apache Flume
7 15 (0.57%) NFS
7 15 (0.57%) Samba
7 15 (0.57%) Xen
8 8 (0.30%) HDFS
9 7 (0.27%) Hyper-V
10 5 (0.19%) GlusterFS
10 5 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
11 1 (0.038%) Firmware
11 1 (0.038%) LXC
Systems Management
1 64 (2.43%) Kubernetes
2 58 (2.20%) Ansible
3 52 (1.97%) Puppet
4 50 (1.90%) Terraform
5 37 (1.40%) Opscode Chef
6 20 (0.76%) Nagios
7 18 (0.68%) Oozie
8 15 (0.57%) Docker Swarm
8 15 (0.57%) HP Quality Center
8 15 (0.57%) OpenNMS
8 15 (0.57%) vCenter Server
8 15 (0.57%) ZABBIX
9 12 (0.46%) CA Service Virtualization
9 12 (0.46%) SCCM
10 10 (0.38%) Packer
10 10 (0.38%) SCOM
11 8 (0.30%) OSSEC
11 8 (0.30%) Tivoli
12 7 (0.27%) Nessus
13 6 (0.23%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 423 (16.05%) Microsoft
2 196 (7.44%) Oracle
3 189 (7.17%) SAP
4 63 (2.39%) Salesforce.com
5 58 (2.20%) IBM
6 44 (1.67%) Tableau
7 35 (1.33%) Google
7 35 (1.33%) HP
8 34 (1.29%) VMware
9 29 (1.10%) WorldPay
10 28 (1.06%) Atlassian
11 27 (1.02%) Red Hat
11 27 (1.02%) Sitecore
12 25 (0.95%) Adobe
12 25 (0.95%) Black Duck
13 22 (0.83%) Cisco
14 21 (0.80%) Cloudera
15 20 (0.76%) FIS
15 20 (0.76%) ServiceNow
16 19 (0.72%) Splunk