Period
to 13 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 13 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
13 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 18 18 18
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +2
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 6,043 4,909 9,068
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 11.06% 10.60% 11.03%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.96% 11.61% 12.00%
Number of salaries quoted 4,056 3,919 7,018
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,900 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £39,000 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
90th Percentile £76,250 £72,500 £72,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 50,547 42,292 75,538
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 92.48% 91.32% 91.86%
Number of salaries quoted 35,737 33,759 58,992
10th Percentile £30,500 £28,750 £27,500
25th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £34,202
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £48,900 £47,500 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.95% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £62,500 £61,145 £58,750
90th Percentile £73,750 £73,600 £70,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK excluding London

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK excluding London

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 13 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK excluding London

Software Engineering
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 13 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East 0 1,603 £55,000 +4.76% 340
North of England +1 1,469 £55,000 +10.00% 410
South West +5 1,081 £52,500 +10.53% 204
North West +3 716 £55,000 +4.76% 235
Midlands -2 621 £52,500 +10.53% 226
Yorkshire -2 604 £54,000 +8.00% 135
Scotland 0 556 £50,000 - 96
East of England +10 472 £55,000 +10.00% 208
West Midlands -2 388 £55,000 +15.79% 136
East Midlands -10 232 £50,000 - 90
Northern Ireland +2 163 £42,500 -8.11% 18
North East -4 149 £55,000 +22.22% 40
Wales -10 83 £46,250 +2.78% 55
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 13 June 2021, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 2,922 (48.35%) Agile Software Development
2 2,078 (34.39%) Java
3 1,974 (32.67%) C#
4 1,915 (31.69%) JavaScript
5 1,613 (26.69%) AWS
6 1,507 (24.94%) Python
7 1,449 (23.98%) DevOps
8 1,433 (23.71%) .NET
9 1,406 (23.27%) SQL
10 1,329 (21.99%) Azure
11 1,285 (21.26%) Docker
12 1,268 (20.98%) Degree
13 1,241 (20.54%) C++
14 1,182 (19.56%) Linux
15 1,066 (17.64%) AngularJS
16 1,048 (17.34%) React
17 1,039 (17.19%) Social Skills
18 976 (16.15%) Microservices
19 964 (15.95%) Computer Science
20 944 (15.62%) Kubernetes
21 853 (14.12%) Scrum
22 844 (13.97%) TDD
23 828 (13.70%) HTML
24 820 (13.57%) OO
25 818 (13.54%) CSS
26 809 (13.39%) Git (software)
27 803 (13.29%) Node.js
28 744 (12.31%) Problem-Solving
29 729 (12.06%) Finance
30 678 (11.22%) Mentoring

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 217 (3.59%) Confluence
2 195 (3.23%) Apache
3 194 (3.21%) Apache Spark
4 191 (3.16%) Elasticsearch
5 91 (1.51%) GemFire
6 78 (1.29%) nginx
7 66 (1.09%) CMS
8 43 (0.71%) Tomcat
9 39 (0.65%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 30 (0.50%) OpenStack
11 28 (0.46%) IIS
12 27 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
13 19 (0.31%) GeoServer
14 17 (0.28%) JBoss
14 17 (0.28%) WebLogic
15 16 (0.26%) Apache Airflow
16 15 (0.25%) Sitecore CMS
16 15 (0.25%) Umbraco
17 14 (0.23%) BizTalk Server
17 14 (0.23%) WebSphere
Applications
1 70 (1.16%) Simulink
2 29 (0.48%) Microsoft Excel
3 26 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
4 16 (0.26%) Stateflow
5 10 (0.17%) AutoCAD
5 10 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 8 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
7 6 (0.099%) Figma
7 6 (0.099%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.066%) GIMP
8 4 (0.066%) Inkscape
9 3 (0.050%) Adobe XD
9 3 (0.050%) MS Visio
9 3 (0.050%) Sketch
9 3 (0.050%) Zeplin
10 2 (0.033%) Gliffy
10 2 (0.033%) InVision
11 1 (0.017%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.017%) InDesign
11 1 (0.017%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 16 (0.26%) Shopify
2 12 (0.20%) Magento
3 11 (0.18%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 8 (0.13%) Sentinel
5 5 (0.083%) Dynamics AX
5 5 (0.083%) Dynamics CRM
5 5 (0.083%) Payment Gateway
6 4 (0.066%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.033%) Dynamics NAV
7 2 (0.033%) SAP Business One
8 1 (0.017%) Distributed Ledger
8 1 (0.017%) Elite 3E
8 1 (0.017%) Infor M3
8 1 (0.017%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.017%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 1 (0.017%) Siebel CRM
8 1 (0.017%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 1,613 (26.69%) AWS
2 1,329 (21.99%) Azure
3 588 (9.73%) GCP
4 332 (5.49%) SaaS
5 221 (3.66%) GitHub
6 198 (3.28%) Serverless
7 183 (3.03%) AWS CloudFormation
8 126 (2.09%) PaaS
9 114 (1.89%) Cloud Computing
10 99 (1.64%) AWS Lambda
11 92 (1.52%) Amazon Kinesis
12 84 (1.39%) Amazon EC2
13 70 (1.16%) OpenShift
14 62 (1.03%) npm
15 48 (0.79%) Amazon S3
16 43 (0.71%) IaaS
17 42 (0.70%) Azure Cosmos DB
18 33 (0.55%) Amazon SQS
18 33 (0.55%) Azure Service Bus
19 31 (0.51%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 152 (2.52%) Internet
2 109 (1.80%) TCP/IP
3 95 (1.57%) HTTP
4 70 (1.16%) Ethernet
5 66 (1.09%) Wireless
6 45 (0.74%) Wireshark
7 39 (0.65%) Broadband
8 38 (0.63%) Bluetooth
9 37 (0.61%) Modbus
9 37 (0.61%) Wi-Fi
10 31 (0.51%) RS-422
11 28 (0.46%) RS-485
12 27 (0.45%) Firewall
13 24 (0.40%) MQTT
14 20 (0.33%) DNS
15 17 (0.28%) PPP
16 14 (0.23%) Network Security
17 13 (0.22%) 5G
17 13 (0.22%) RS-232
17 13 (0.22%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 609 (10.08%) NoSQL
2 505 (8.36%) SQL Server
3 457 (7.56%) Big Data
4 363 (6.01%) PostgreSQL
5 340 (5.63%) MySQL
6 314 (5.20%) Relational Database
7 239 (3.95%) MongoDB
8 213 (3.52%) Redis
9 129 (2.13%) Hadoop
10 120 (1.99%) MariaDB
11 110 (1.82%) HBase
12 88 (1.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 87 (1.44%) GIS
14 72 (1.19%) Amazon RDS
15 67 (1.11%) Data Warehouse
16 66 (1.09%) Apache Hive
17 49 (0.81%) RDBMS
18 44 (0.73%) Apache Cassandra
19 33 (0.55%) Oracle Database
20 31 (0.51%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 809 (13.39%) Git (software)
2 608 (10.06%) Jenkins
3 354 (5.86%) JIRA
4 225 (3.72%) JUnit
5 190 (3.14%) Subversion
6 162 (2.68%) Cucumber
7 160 (2.65%) Eclipse
8 141 (2.33%) Visual Studio
9 136 (2.25%) GitLab
10 129 (2.13%) Maven
11 121 (2.00%) Cypress.io
12 118 (1.95%) Protractor
13 113 (1.87%) Selenium
14 108 (1.79%) Artifactory
14 108 (1.79%) Mercurial
15 106 (1.75%) IntelliJ
16 104 (1.72%) Mockito
17 102 (1.69%) Storybook
18 101 (1.67%) Gradle
19 92 (1.52%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 1,039 (17.19%) Social Skills
2 729 (12.06%) Finance
3 310 (5.13%) Law
4 295 (4.88%) Banking
5 288 (4.77%) Analytical Skills
6 231 (3.82%) Electronics
7 186 (3.08%) Marketing
8 162 (2.68%) Manufacturing
8 162 (2.68%) Retail
9 157 (2.60%) Public Sector
10 122 (2.02%) Legal
11 118 (1.95%) Games
12 108 (1.79%) Telecoms
13 95 (1.57%) Automotive
14 92 (1.52%) Presentation Skills
15 85 (1.41%) Wearables
16 73 (1.21%) Aerospace
17 59 (0.98%) Pharmaceutical
18 58 (0.96%) Organisational Skills
19 53 (0.88%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 2,832 (46.86%) Software Engineer
2 1,898 (31.41%) Developer
3 676 (11.19%) Senior Software Engineer
4 446 (7.38%) Software Developer
5 396 (6.55%) Senior Developer
6 384 (6.35%) Java Engineer
7 357 (5.91%) C# Developer
8 345 (5.71%) Java Software Engineer
9 282 (4.67%) Java Developer
10 266 (4.40%) .NET Developer
11 238 (3.94%) DevOps Engineer
12 235 (3.89%) C# Software Engineer
13 234 (3.87%) C++ Software Engineer
14 214 (3.54%) Embedded Engineer
15 196 (3.24%) Embedded Software Engineer
16 182 (3.01%) Full Stack Developer
17 178 (2.95%) Lead Software Engineer
18 160 (2.65%) Python Engineer
19 150 (2.48%) Graduate
20 146 (2.42%) .NET Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,433 (23.71%) .NET
2 1,066 (17.64%) AngularJS
3 1,048 (17.34%) React
4 828 (13.70%) HTML
5 818 (13.54%) CSS
6 803 (13.29%) Node.js
7 595 (9.85%) Spring
8 557 (9.22%) .NET Core
9 521 (8.62%) RESTful
10 468 (7.74%) REST
11 444 (7.35%) Vue.js
12 418 (6.92%) Web Services
13 402 (6.65%) Kafka
14 344 (5.69%) .NET Framework
15 287 (4.75%) HTML5
16 281 (4.65%) ASP.NET
17 236 (3.91%) Spring Boot
18 230 (3.81%) RabbitMQ
19 221 (3.66%) JSON
20 219 (3.62%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 358 (5.92%) Algorithms
2 323 (5.35%) Greenfield Project
3 297 (4.91%) User Experience
4 177 (2.93%) Data Structures
5 171 (2.83%) Mobile App
6 167 (2.76%) Self-Motivation
7 133 (2.20%) Embedded Systems
8 118 (1.95%) Management Information System
9 116 (1.92%) Linux Command Line
10 96 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
10 96 (1.59%) Virtual Team
11 86 (1.42%) Cyberattack
12 71 (1.17%) Public Cloud
13 70 (1.16%) Smartphone
14 68 (1.13%) Cloud Native
15 65 (1.08%) Robotics
16 54 (0.89%) Hybrid Cloud
17 52 (0.86%) Data Centre
18 41 (0.68%) Device Driver
19 37 (0.61%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 1,182 (19.56%) Linux
2 434 (7.18%) Windows
3 257 (4.25%) Unix
4 186 (3.08%) Android
5 165 (2.73%) Apple iOS
6 98 (1.62%) Embedded Linux
7 63 (1.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 55 (0.91%) CentOS
9 40 (0.66%) Windows Server
10 27 (0.45%) Ubuntu
11 12 (0.20%) Windows 10
12 11 (0.18%) FreeRTOS
13 10 (0.17%) VxWorks
14 8 (0.13%) Debian
15 7 (0.12%) Solaris
16 4 (0.066%) SUSE
16 4 (0.066%) VMS
16 4 (0.066%) Windows 7
17 3 (0.050%) Robot Operating System
17 3 (0.050%) SafeRTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,922 (48.35%) Agile Software Development
2 1,449 (23.98%) DevOps
3 976 (16.15%) Microservices
4 964 (15.95%) Computer Science
5 853 (14.12%) Scrum
6 844 (13.97%) TDD
7 820 (13.57%) OO
8 744 (12.31%) Problem-Solving
9 678 (11.22%) Mentoring
10 668 (11.05%) Test Automation
11 540 (8.94%) Continuous Integration
12 496 (8.21%) Machine Learning
13 485 (8.03%) Software Testing
14 472 (7.81%) OOP
15 468 (7.74%) SDLC
16 440 (7.28%) Artificial Intelligence
17 439 (7.26%) Unit Testing
18 415 (6.87%) MVC
19 392 (6.49%) Fintech
20 366 (6.06%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 2,078 (34.39%) Java
2 1,974 (32.67%) C#
3 1,915 (31.69%) JavaScript
4 1,507 (24.94%) Python
5 1,406 (23.27%) SQL
6 1,241 (20.54%) C++
7 598 (9.90%) C
8 508 (8.41%) TypeScript
9 357 (5.91%) Go
10 298 (4.93%) PHP
11 280 (4.63%) Ruby
12 177 (2.93%) Scala
13 171 (2.83%) Kotlin
14 153 (2.53%) Shell Script
15 142 (2.35%) Bash Shell
15 142 (2.35%) T-SQL
16 131 (2.17%) Java 8
17 116 (1.92%) Groovy
18 111 (1.84%) MATLAB
19 100 (1.65%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,268 (20.98%) Degree
2 520 (8.60%) Security Cleared
3 381 (6.30%) SC Cleared
4 378 (6.26%) Computer Science Degree
5 87 (1.44%) Numerate Degree
6 83 (1.37%) Master's Degree
7 80 (1.32%) OCP
7 80 (1.32%) Oracle Certification
8 79 (1.31%) PhD
9 54 (0.89%) HND
10 49 (0.81%) DV Cleared
11 44 (0.73%) HNC
12 15 (0.25%) AWS Certification
13 14 (0.23%) ISTQB
13 14 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
14 13 (0.22%) Chartered Engineer
15 12 (0.20%) DBS Check
16 10 (0.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 9 (0.15%) RHCE
17 9 (0.15%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 268 (4.43%) QA
2 34 (0.56%) SLA
3 29 (0.48%) MISRA
4 22 (0.36%) Accessibility
5 19 (0.31%) GDPR
5 19 (0.31%) PCI DSS
6 18 (0.30%) MISRA C
7 17 (0.28%) Data Quality
8 14 (0.23%) IEC 61508
9 13 (0.22%) Def Stans
9 13 (0.22%) IEC 61131
10 12 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 11 (0.18%) ISO 9001
12 10 (0.17%) CDISC
12 10 (0.17%) ECSS
12 10 (0.17%) IEC 62304
12 10 (0.17%) ISO 26262
13 7 (0.12%) DO-178B
13 7 (0.12%) JTAG
13 7 (0.12%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,285 (21.26%) Docker
2 113 (1.87%) VMware Infrastructure
3 89 (1.47%) Firmware
4 86 (1.42%) HDFS
5 26 (0.43%) KVM
6 21 (0.35%) VirtualBox
7 20 (0.33%) Hyper-V
8 17 (0.28%) Active Directory
9 12 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
10 10 (0.17%) Apache Flume
10 10 (0.17%) vSphere
11 7 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 5 (0.083%) RACF
13 3 (0.050%) Postfix
14 2 (0.033%) Virtual Servers
14 2 (0.033%) VMware ESXi
15 1 (0.017%) GlusterFS
15 1 (0.017%) LXC
15 1 (0.017%) XenApp
15 1 (0.017%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 944 (15.62%) Kubernetes
2 419 (6.93%) Ansible
3 418 (6.92%) Terraform
4 128 (2.12%) Opscode Chef
5 95 (1.57%) Puppet
6 41 (0.68%) Grafana
7 38 (0.63%) Prometheus
8 34 (0.56%) Packer
9 21 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
10 19 (0.31%) CFEngine
10 19 (0.31%) Consul
10 19 (0.31%) Demisto
11 14 (0.23%) Graphite
12 13 (0.22%) Rancher
13 11 (0.18%) Nagios
14 8 (0.13%) HP Fortify
14 8 (0.13%) Salt
15 7 (0.12%) Kibana
15 7 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
15 7 (0.12%) vRealize
Vendors
1 460 (7.61%) Microsoft
2 323 (5.35%) Oracle
3 199 (3.29%) Google
4 177 (2.93%) VMware
5 95 (1.57%) Okta
6 88 (1.46%) IBM
7 69 (1.14%) Atlassian
7 69 (1.14%) Red Hat
8 52 (0.86%) SAP
9 49 (0.81%) Instagram
10 44 (0.73%) Xamarin
11 37 (0.61%) Splunk
12 36 (0.60%) Salesforce.com
13 31 (0.51%) PagerDuty
14 25 (0.41%) ANSYS
15 24 (0.40%) ServiceNow
16 23 (0.38%) Bloomberg
17 22 (0.36%) Facebook
18 21 (0.35%) Dell
19 19 (0.31%) ArcSight