Period
to 17 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 17 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
17 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 111 113 120
Rank change year-on-year +2 +7 +6
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 4,944 5,021 5,412
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.90% 2.85% 2.73%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.19% 3.11% 3.01%
Number of salaries quoted 3,728 4,155 4,549
UK median annual salary £58,500 £55,000 £56,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.36% -1.79% +6.67%
10th Percentile £36,538 £32,500 £32,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +16.67% - -

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 155,185 161,377 179,800
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.13% 91.53% 90.82%
Number of salaries quoted 123,583 128,477 150,037
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.19%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Open Source.

Salary trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 17 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 17 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 4,609 £60,000 +4.35% 712
London +6 2,459 £70,000 - 352
UK excluding London +12 2,372 £52,500 +16.67% 402
South East +43 757 £52,500 +10.53% 101
North of England +12 580 £50,000 +5.26% 95
North West -5 346 £50,250 +5.24% 53
South West -9 339 £52,500 +16.67% 63
Midlands -14 262 £55,000 +24.29% 35
East of England -4 210 £52,500 +5.00% 66
Yorkshire +14 202 £47,500 -5.00% 37
Scotland -5 195 £47,500 +18.75% 29
West Midlands -23 157 £55,000 +22.22% 23
East Midlands -2 104 £57,500 +35.29% 12
Wales -6 32 £45,000 +17.65% 6
North East -22 32 £46,250 +15.63% 5
Northern Ireland +18 19 £62,500 +4.17% 7

For the 6 months to 17 August 2018, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 2,675 (54.11%) Agile Software Development
2 2,344 (47.41%) Java
3 1,549 (31.33%) Python
4 1,548 (31.31%) DevOps
5 1,451 (29.35%) Linux
6 1,395 (28.22%) JavaScript
7 1,322 (26.74%) Amazon AWS
8 1,217 (24.62%) Software Engineering
9 1,136 (22.98%) Finance
10 1,077 (21.78%) SQL
11 969 (19.60%) Continuous Integration
12 929 (18.79%) C#
13 915 (18.51%) TDD
14 892 (18.04%) Microservices
15 864 (17.48%) Microsoft Azure
16 863 (17.46%) Scrum
17 862 (17.44%) Degree
18 854 (17.27%) Docker
19 851 (17.21%) Test Automation
20 821 (16.61%) HTML
21 802 (16.22%) Git (software)
22 770 (15.57%) Jenkins
23 701 (14.18%) .NET
24 679 (13.73%) CSS
25 665 (13.45%) Puppet
26 654 (13.23%) AngularJS
27 641 (12.97%) Ruby
28 634 (12.82%) Problem-Solving
29 633 (12.80%) Web Services
30 620 (12.54%) Ansible

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 376 (7.61%) Apache
2 268 (5.42%) Apache Spark
3 243 (4.92%) Elasticsearch
4 146 (2.95%) Tomcat
5 139 (2.81%) OpenStack
6 135 (2.73%) CMS
7 132 (2.67%) Confluence
8 110 (2.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 96 (1.94%) JBoss
10 80 (1.62%) WebSphere
11 70 (1.42%) Drupal
12 62 (1.25%) Apache Solr
13 61 (1.23%) WebLogic
14 60 (1.21%) Cloud Foundry
15 53 (1.07%) WordPress
16 52 (1.05%) IIS
17 51 (1.03%) nginx
18 42 (0.85%) SharePoint
19 28 (0.57%) SAS
20 27 (0.55%) Mule
Applications
1 26 (0.53%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (0.26%) MS Visio
4 12 (0.24%) SPSS
5 10 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.10%) InfoPath
6 5 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
7 4 (0.081%) Chatbot
7 4 (0.081%) Gephi
8 2 (0.040%) Blender
9 1 (0.020%) Open Workbench
9 1 (0.020%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.020%) ProjectWise
9 1 (0.020%) Revit
Business Applications
1 18 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (0.32%) Magento
3 12 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
4 11 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
5 7 (0.14%) R3 Corda
6 6 (0.12%) Sentinel
7 5 (0.10%) Odoo
8 4 (0.081%) Distributed Ledger
8 4 (0.081%) Payment Gateway
9 3 (0.061%) OpenCart
9 3 (0.061%) Remedy ITSM
9 3 (0.061%) SAP S/4HANA
10 2 (0.040%) Actimize
10 2 (0.040%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 2 (0.040%) osCommerce
10 2 (0.040%) SAP SD
11 1 (0.020%) ION MarketView
11 1 (0.020%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 1 (0.020%) SAP Hybris
11 1 (0.020%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 1,322 (26.74%) Amazon AWS
2 864 (17.48%) Microsoft Azure
3 349 (7.06%) Google Cloud Platform
4 248 (5.02%) GitHub
5 161 (3.26%) SaaS
6 138 (2.79%) PaaS
7 131 (2.65%) Serverless
8 128 (2.59%) Cloud Computing
9 98 (1.98%) IaaS
10 94 (1.90%) Amazon EC2
11 85 (1.72%) Amazon S3
12 78 (1.58%) AWS CloudFormation
13 69 (1.40%) Office 365
14 53 (1.07%) AWS Lambda
15 52 (1.05%) npm
16 51 (1.03%) OpenShift
17 48 (0.97%) IBM Cloud
18 37 (0.75%) Amazon EMR
18 37 (0.75%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 34 (0.69%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 201 (4.07%) Firewall
2 179 (3.62%) HTTP
3 175 (3.54%) Internet
4 127 (2.57%) TCP/IP
5 98 (1.98%) DNS
6 73 (1.48%) VPN
7 46 (0.93%) LAN
7 46 (0.93%) WAN
8 37 (0.75%) DHCP
9 31 (0.63%) SMS
10 30 (0.61%) FTP
10 30 (0.61%) SSH
11 29 (0.59%) Network Security
12 23 (0.47%) VLAN
12 23 (0.47%) Wireless
13 22 (0.44%) Intranet
13 22 (0.44%) Kerberos
14 20 (0.40%) SNMP
15 18 (0.36%) Wireshark
16 17 (0.34%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 565 (11.43%) Big Data
2 549 (11.10%) NoSQL
3 524 (10.60%) MySQL
4 416 (8.41%) MongoDB
5 407 (8.23%) SQL Server
6 329 (6.65%) Hadoop
7 312 (6.31%) PostgreSQL
8 264 (5.34%) Relational Database
9 182 (3.68%) Apache Cassandra
10 152 (3.07%) Redis
11 112 (2.27%) Blockchain
12 106 (2.14%) RDBMS
13 97 (1.96%) Data Warehouse
14 84 (1.70%) Neo4j
15 76 (1.54%) Apache Hive
16 60 (1.21%) DB2
17 58 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 58 (1.17%) Amazon Redshift
18 50 (1.01%) HBase
19 45 (0.91%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 802 (16.22%) Git (software)
2 770 (15.57%) Jenkins
3 378 (7.65%) JIRA
4 369 (7.46%) Selenium
5 252 (5.10%) Cucumber
5 252 (5.10%) JUnit
6 228 (4.61%) Subversion
7 223 (4.51%) Maven
8 207 (4.19%) TeamCity
9 190 (3.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 136 (2.75%) WebDriver
11 128 (2.59%) Bitbucket
12 121 (2.45%) NUnit
12 121 (2.45%) Vagrant
13 108 (2.18%) Protractor
14 105 (2.12%) Visual Studio
15 104 (2.10%) Octopus Deploy
16 98 (1.98%) gulp
17 96 (1.94%) Jasmine
18 88 (1.78%) Gradle
General
1 1,136 (22.98%) Finance
2 389 (7.87%) Banking
3 283 (5.72%) Retail
4 201 (4.07%) Financial Institution
5 195 (3.94%) Investment Banking
6 188 (3.80%) Games
6 188 (3.80%) Marketing
7 147 (2.97%) Telecoms
8 97 (1.96%) Front Office
9 80 (1.62%) Manufacturing
10 79 (1.60%) Law
11 72 (1.46%) Advertising
12 69 (1.40%) Electronics
13 66 (1.33%) Legal
14 36 (0.73%) Publishing
15 32 (0.65%) Automotive
16 25 (0.51%) Back Office
17 21 (0.42%) Local Government
18 20 (0.40%) Retail Banking
19 12 (0.24%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 1,916 (38.75%) Developer
2 578 (11.69%) Architect
3 563 (11.39%) Software Engineer
4 540 (10.92%) Java Developer
5 504 (10.19%) DevOps Engineer
6 358 (7.24%) Senior Developer
7 267 (5.40%) Java Engineer
8 246 (4.98%) Solutions Architect
9 231 (4.67%) Software Developer
10 227 (4.59%) Java Software Engineer
11 208 (4.21%) .NET Developer
12 182 (3.68%) C# Developer
13 170 (3.44%) Linux Engineer
14 169 (3.42%) Analyst
15 167 (3.38%) PHP Developer
16 155 (3.14%) Consultant
16 155 (3.14%) JavaScript Developer
17 154 (3.11%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 138 (2.79%) Tester
19 128 (2.59%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 821 (16.61%) HTML
2 701 (14.18%) .NET
3 679 (13.73%) CSS
4 654 (13.23%) AngularJS
5 633 (12.80%) Web Services
6 613 (12.40%) Spring
7 569 (11.51%) React
8 486 (9.83%) REST
9 457 (9.24%) Node.js
10 409 (8.27%) RESTful
11 382 (7.73%) HTML5
12 307 (6.21%) XML
13 305 (6.17%) Kafka
14 263 (5.32%) Hibernate
15 245 (4.96%) Spring Boot
16 243 (4.92%) JSON
17 233 (4.71%) ASP.NET
18 230 (4.65%) J2EE
19 210 (4.25%) jQuery
20 207 (4.19%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 514 (10.40%) Computer Science
2 374 (7.56%) Analytical Skills
3 321 (6.49%) Greenfield Project
4 286 (5.78%) User Experience
5 228 (4.61%) Self-Motivation
6 209 (4.23%) Fintech
7 204 (4.13%) Enterprise Software
8 175 (3.54%) Mobile App
9 167 (3.38%) Algorithms
10 158 (3.20%) Cyberthreat
11 145 (2.93%) Public Cloud
12 136 (2.75%) Data Centre
13 121 (2.45%) Data Structures
14 119 (2.41%) Management Information System
15 113 (2.29%) Fixed Income
16 108 (2.18%) Blog
17 86 (1.74%) Hedge funds
18 85 (1.72%) Cloud Native
19 76 (1.54%) Linux Command Line
20 56 (1.13%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,451 (29.35%) Linux
2 501 (10.13%) Windows
3 461 (9.32%) Unix
4 184 (3.72%) CentOS
5 158 (3.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 150 (3.03%) Android
7 124 (2.51%) Ubuntu
8 100 (2.02%) Apple iOS
9 71 (1.44%) Debian
10 61 (1.23%) Windows Server
11 29 (0.59%) Windows Server 2008
12 25 (0.51%) Embedded Linux
13 19 (0.38%) VMS
14 16 (0.32%) Kali Linux
15 15 (0.30%) AIX
15 15 (0.30%) SUSE
15 15 (0.30%) Windows 7
16 14 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
17 13 (0.26%) FreeBSD
18 11 (0.22%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,675 (54.11%) Agile Software Development
2 1,548 (31.31%) DevOps
3 1,217 (24.62%) Software Engineering
4 969 (19.60%) Continuous Integration
5 915 (18.51%) TDD
6 892 (18.04%) Microservices
7 863 (17.46%) Scrum
8 851 (17.21%) Test Automation
9 634 (12.82%) Problem-Solving
10 601 (12.16%) OO
11 585 (11.83%) BDD
12 492 (9.95%) Mentoring
13 434 (8.78%) Configuration Management
14 426 (8.62%) SDLC
15 376 (7.61%) Continuous Delivery
16 366 (7.40%) MVC
17 345 (6.98%) Web Development
18 343 (6.94%) Analytics
19 323 (6.53%) SOA
20 228 (4.61%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 2,344 (47.41%) Java
2 1,549 (31.33%) Python
3 1,395 (28.22%) JavaScript
4 1,077 (21.78%) SQL
5 929 (18.79%) C#
6 641 (12.97%) Ruby
7 524 (10.60%) PHP
8 434 (8.78%) C++
9 354 (7.16%) Bash Shell
10 322 (6.51%) Go
11 316 (6.39%) Java 8
12 265 (5.36%) Scala
13 236 (4.77%) PowerShell
14 214 (4.33%) Perl
15 209 (4.23%) C
16 131 (2.65%) Shell Script
17 103 (2.08%) ES6
18 92 (1.86%) R
19 75 (1.52%) Java 9
20 73 (1.48%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 862 (17.44%) Degree
2 276 (5.58%) Security Cleared
3 229 (4.63%) Computer Science Degree
4 184 (3.72%) SC Cleared
5 100 (2.02%) Master's Degree
6 89 (1.80%) DV Cleared
7 71 (1.44%) CISSP
8 59 (1.19%) PhD
9 38 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
10 34 (0.69%) ISEB
11 33 (0.67%) CISM
12 28 (0.57%) RHCE
13 27 (0.55%) ISTQB
14 26 (0.53%) SSCP
15 25 (0.51%) AWS Certification
16 24 (0.49%) TOGAF Certification
17 22 (0.44%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 22 (0.44%) Numerate Degree
18 20 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
18 20 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 355 (7.18%) QA
2 149 (3.01%) GCP
3 36 (0.73%) Data Quality
4 34 (0.69%) GDPR
5 27 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 26 (0.53%) PCI DSS
6 26 (0.53%) SLA
7 19 (0.38%) PSD2
8 13 (0.26%) COBIT
8 13 (0.26%) ISO 9001
9 12 (0.24%) MiFID
10 8 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials
11 6 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 6 (0.12%) Web Application Security Consortium
12 5 (0.10%) IEC 61508
12 5 (0.10%) ISO 26262
12 5 (0.10%) MISRA
12 5 (0.10%) MISRA C
12 5 (0.10%) WCAG
13 4 (0.081%) SEPA
System Software
1 854 (17.27%) Docker
2 125 (2.53%) VMware Infrastructure
3 86 (1.74%) Active Directory
4 53 (1.07%) KVM
4 53 (1.07%) Virtual Machines
5 47 (0.95%) HDFS
6 44 (0.89%) Hyper-V
7 43 (0.87%) vSphere
8 30 (0.61%) iptables
9 26 (0.53%) QEMU
10 25 (0.51%) VirtualBox
11 19 (0.38%) Apache Flume
11 19 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
12 17 (0.34%) NFS
12 17 (0.34%) Xen
13 16 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 16 (0.32%) Snort
14 15 (0.30%) Samba
15 13 (0.26%) pfSense
16 11 (0.22%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 665 (13.45%) Puppet
2 620 (12.54%) Ansible
3 533 (10.78%) Kubernetes
4 529 (10.70%) Opscode Chef
5 336 (6.80%) Terraform
6 147 (2.97%) Salt
7 113 (2.29%) Nagios
8 104 (2.10%) Consul
9 96 (1.94%) Packer
10 93 (1.88%) ZABBIX
11 75 (1.52%) Docker Swarm
12 73 (1.48%) Grafana
13 66 (1.33%) Kibana
14 56 (1.13%) logstash
15 50 (1.01%) Graphite
16 40 (0.81%) Opsview
17 35 (0.71%) Oozie
18 32 (0.65%) Prometheus
19 28 (0.57%) Rancher
19 28 (0.57%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 499 (10.09%) Microsoft
2 406 (8.21%) Oracle
3 384 (7.77%) Google
4 227 (4.59%) VMware
5 200 (4.05%) Red Hat
6 104 (2.10%) IBM
7 88 (1.78%) SAP
7 88 (1.78%) Splunk
8 74 (1.50%) Atlassian
9 72 (1.46%) SaltStack
10 59 (1.19%) Cisco
11 50 (1.01%) TIBCO
12 48 (0.97%) Capita
13 45 (0.91%) New Relic
14 36 (0.73%) ServiceNow
15 35 (0.71%) Tableau
15 35 (0.71%) Xamarin
16 32 (0.65%) Sybase
17 31 (0.63%) Foundry
17 31 (0.63%) Salesforce.com