Period
to 14 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 14 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
14 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 141 111 110
Rank change year-on-year -30 -1 +5
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 3,376 4,796 5,326
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.46% 2.93% 2.95%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.67% 3.19% 3.20%
Number of salaries quoted 2,458 3,442 4,399
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.35% +0.88%
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £51,523 £52,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year -1.86% +10.53% +5.56%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 126,225 150,194 166,677
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.06% 91.82% 92.21%
Number of salaries quoted 99,734 119,570 131,835
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Open Source.

Salary trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 14 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -27 3,184 £60,000 - 523
London -10 1,712 £72,500 +3.57% 251
UK excluding London -40 1,577 £51,523 -1.86% 305
North of England +3 517 £50,000 - 90
South East -48 405 £52,500 -4.55% 73
North West -10 295 £58,135 +16.27% 47
South West -34 238 £50,000 - 39
Yorkshire +1 183 £45,000 -5.26% 34
Midlands -20 158 £50,000 -13.04% 41
East of England +10 128 £55,000 +4.76% 32
West Midlands +9 128 £50,000 -9.09% 31
Scotland -39 99 £50,000 - 20
North East +37 39 £55,000 - 9
East Midlands -52 28 £85,000 +15.25% 10
Northern Ireland -2 21 £67,500 +8.00% 4
Wales -13 17 £45,000 +5.88% 9

For the 6 months to 14 November 2019, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,806 (53.50%) Agile Software Development
2 1,295 (38.36%) DevOps
3 1,241 (36.76%) Java
4 1,140 (33.77%) Python
5 1,121 (33.20%) AWS
6 931 (27.58%) Linux
7 901 (26.69%) Docker
8 873 (25.86%) JavaScript
9 856 (25.36%) Software Engineering
10 854 (25.30%) Azure
11 775 (22.96%) Git (software)
12 701 (20.76%) Kubernetes
13 648 (19.19%) SQL
14 620 (18.36%) Finance
15 596 (17.65%) Microservices
16 570 (16.88%) C#
17 553 (16.38%) Degree
18 551 (16.32%) Continuous Integration
19 547 (16.20%) Problem-Solving
20 539 (15.97%) Jenkins
21 496 (14.69%) Test Automation
22 483 (14.31%) TDD
23 472 (13.98%) Ansible
24 470 (13.92%) Scrum
25 445 (13.18%) Computer Science
26 414 (12.26%) GCP
27 403 (11.94%) Mentoring
28 398 (11.79%) .NET
28 398 (11.79%) Microsoft
29 395 (11.70%) Puppet

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 184 (5.45%) Apache
2 169 (5.01%) Apache Spark
3 118 (3.50%) Elasticsearch
4 117 (3.47%) Confluence
5 75 (2.22%) OpenStack
6 74 (2.19%) nginx
7 73 (2.16%) IIS
8 71 (2.10%) CMS
9 67 (1.98%) Tomcat
10 44 (1.30%) JBoss
11 38 (1.13%) Drupal
11 38 (1.13%) WordPress
12 34 (1.01%) Hyperledger
13 32 (0.95%) SharePoint
14 24 (0.71%) WebSphere
15 23 (0.68%) Ethereum
16 20 (0.59%) ArcGIS
17 17 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 16 (0.47%) GeoServer
19 15 (0.44%) WebLogic
Applications
1 30 (0.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.21%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 7 (0.21%) AutoCAD
3 7 (0.21%) Photoshop
3 7 (0.21%) Sketch
4 6 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
4 6 (0.18%) Figma
5 4 (0.12%) InVision
5 4 (0.12%) Marvel
5 4 (0.12%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.089%) SPSS
7 2 (0.059%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.030%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.030%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.030%) Stata
Business Applications
1 23 (0.68%) Distributed Ledger
1 23 (0.68%) FINCAD Analytics
2 20 (0.59%) Magento
3 15 (0.44%) Dynamics CRM
3 15 (0.44%) R3 Corda
4 7 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
5 5 (0.15%) PolarLake
6 4 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.089%) OpenCart
7 3 (0.089%) Oracle Applications
7 3 (0.089%) osCommerce
7 3 (0.089%) SAP Business One
7 3 (0.089%) SAP S/4HANA
8 2 (0.059%) Oracle BPM
8 2 (0.059%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 1 (0.030%) NetSuite
9 1 (0.030%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.030%) Shopify
9 1 (0.030%) TIBCO BusinessEvents
9 1 (0.030%) TIBCO iProcess
Cloud Services
1 1,121 (33.20%) AWS
2 854 (25.30%) Azure
3 414 (12.26%) GCP
4 211 (6.25%) GitHub
5 157 (4.65%) SaaS
6 126 (3.73%) Serverless
7 96 (2.84%) PaaS
8 88 (2.61%) Cloud Computing
9 86 (2.55%) AWS CloudFormation
10 72 (2.13%) AWS Lambda
11 61 (1.81%) IaaS
12 59 (1.75%) Amazon EC2
13 56 (1.66%) OpenShift
14 50 (1.48%) Slack
15 44 (1.30%) Amazon S3
16 42 (1.24%) Office 365
17 40 (1.18%) Amazon ECS
18 36 (1.07%) Power Platform
19 34 (1.01%) Amazon SQS
19 34 (1.01%) CloudBees
Communications & Networking
1 147 (4.35%) Firewall
2 108 (3.20%) TCP/IP
3 104 (3.08%) Internet
4 71 (2.10%) DNS
5 61 (1.81%) HTTP
6 45 (1.33%) VPN
7 43 (1.27%) Network Security
8 39 (1.16%) SSL
9 25 (0.74%) DHCP
10 19 (0.56%) BGP
11 18 (0.53%) HTTPS
12 17 (0.50%) OSPF
12 17 (0.50%) Wireshark
13 16 (0.47%) Intrusion Detection
14 15 (0.44%) Skype
15 14 (0.41%) WAN
15 14 (0.41%) Wireless
16 10 (0.30%) Broadband
16 10 (0.30%) MPLS
16 10 (0.30%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 311 (9.21%) Big Data
2 310 (9.18%) NoSQL
3 289 (8.56%) SQL Server
4 267 (7.91%) MySQL
5 250 (7.41%) PostgreSQL
6 214 (6.34%) MongoDB
7 193 (5.72%) Hadoop
8 177 (5.24%) Relational Database
9 94 (2.78%) RDBMS
10 88 (2.61%) Blockchain
11 86 (2.55%) Data Warehouse
12 78 (2.31%) Redis
13 65 (1.93%) GIS
14 56 (1.66%) Apache Cassandra
15 55 (1.63%) Apache Hive
16 51 (1.51%) Data Lake
17 45 (1.33%) Azure SQL Database
18 44 (1.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 44 (1.30%) Amazon RDS
18 44 (1.30%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 775 (22.96%) Git (software)
2 539 (15.97%) Jenkins
3 263 (7.79%) JIRA
4 162 (4.80%) Bitbucket
5 158 (4.68%) Selenium
6 144 (4.27%) TeamCity
7 131 (3.88%) Cucumber
8 120 (3.55%) Team Foundation Server
9 119 (3.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 115 (3.41%) JUnit
11 104 (3.08%) Maven
12 90 (2.67%) Subversion
13 86 (2.55%) Octopus Deploy
14 84 (2.49%) Visual Studio
15 75 (2.22%) Travis CI
16 70 (2.07%) IBM UrbanCode
16 70 (2.07%) Visual Studio Team System
17 69 (2.04%) GitLab
18 56 (1.66%) NUnit
19 49 (1.45%) Bitbucket Server
General
1 620 (18.36%) Finance
2 206 (6.10%) Banking
3 168 (4.98%) Marketing
4 161 (4.77%) Retail
5 159 (4.71%) Public Sector
6 114 (3.38%) Games
7 98 (2.90%) Front Office
8 82 (2.43%) Telecoms
9 55 (1.63%) Electronics
10 50 (1.48%) Manufacturing
11 41 (1.21%) Automotive
11 41 (1.21%) Legal
12 40 (1.18%) Law
13 23 (0.68%) Billing
14 21 (0.62%) Publishing
15 19 (0.56%) Aerospace
16 18 (0.53%) Advertising
17 16 (0.47%) Local Government
18 12 (0.36%) Investment Banking
19 10 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,103 (32.67%) Developer
2 381 (11.29%) DevOps Engineer
3 332 (9.83%) Software Engineer
4 235 (6.96%) Architect
5 232 (6.87%) Java Developer
6 204 (6.04%) Senior Developer
7 185 (5.48%) Consultant
8 153 (4.53%) Software Developer
9 129 (3.82%) .NET Developer
10 128 (3.79%) AWS Engineer
11 122 (3.61%) Analyst
12 108 (3.20%) Senior Software Engineer
13 107 (3.17%) Senior DevOps
14 100 (2.96%) C# Developer
15 99 (2.93%) Cloud Engineer
16 98 (2.90%) Full Stack Developer
17 95 (2.81%) Java Engineer
18 88 (2.61%) Linux Engineer
19 87 (2.58%) Solutions Architect
20 84 (2.49%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 398 (11.79%) .NET
2 390 (11.55%) Node.js
3 382 (11.32%) CSS
4 372 (11.02%) HTML
5 370 (10.96%) AngularJS
6 367 (10.87%) Web Services
7 326 (9.66%) REST
8 318 (9.42%) React
9 280 (8.29%) Spring
10 266 (7.88%) RESTful
11 157 (4.65%) Elastic Stack
12 148 (4.38%) HTML5
13 140 (4.15%) ASP.NET
14 138 (4.09%) Kafka
15 113 (3.35%) JSON
16 112 (3.32%) Spring Boot
17 105 (3.11%) jQuery
18 99 (2.93%) J2EE
19 92 (2.73%) XML
20 88 (2.61%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 216 (6.40%) Analytical Skills
2 186 (5.51%) User Experience
3 185 (5.48%) Public Cloud
4 156 (4.62%) Algorithms
5 155 (4.59%) Greenfield Project
6 149 (4.41%) Cloud Native
7 122 (3.61%) Self-Motivation
8 121 (3.58%) Mobile App
9 98 (2.90%) Data Centre
10 90 (2.67%) Smartphone
11 83 (2.46%) Derivative
12 82 (2.43%) Fixed Income
13 79 (2.34%) Management Information System
14 75 (2.22%) Equities
15 69 (2.04%) Enterprise Software
16 67 (1.98%) Linux Command Line
17 63 (1.87%) Virtual Team
18 62 (1.84%) Hedge funds
19 60 (1.78%) Private Cloud
20 57 (1.69%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 931 (27.58%) Linux
2 316 (9.36%) Windows
3 155 (4.59%) Unix
4 144 (4.27%) Android
5 128 (3.79%) CentOS
6 116 (3.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 93 (2.75%) Apple iOS
8 86 (2.55%) Windows Server
9 76 (2.25%) Ubuntu
10 37 (1.10%) Debian
11 35 (1.04%) Mesosphere
12 31 (0.92%) Mac OS X
13 18 (0.53%) AIX
13 18 (0.53%) Tizen
14 14 (0.41%) SUSE
15 13 (0.39%) Windows 10
16 10 (0.30%) Solaris
17 9 (0.27%) Mac OS
18 8 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
19 7 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,806 (53.50%) Agile Software Development
2 1,295 (38.36%) DevOps
3 856 (25.36%) Software Engineering
4 596 (17.65%) Microservices
5 551 (16.32%) Continuous Integration
6 547 (16.20%) Problem-Solving
7 496 (14.69%) Test Automation
8 483 (14.31%) TDD
9 470 (13.92%) Scrum
10 445 (13.18%) Computer Science
11 403 (11.94%) Mentoring
12 378 (11.20%) OO
13 366 (10.84%) Analytics
14 311 (9.21%) Configuration Management
15 303 (8.98%) BDD
16 279 (8.26%) Artificial Intelligence
17 246 (7.29%) Continuous Delivery
18 224 (6.64%) SDLC
19 213 (6.31%) Migration
20 203 (6.01%) Infrastructure as Code
Programming Languages
1 1,241 (36.76%) Java
2 1,140 (33.77%) Python
3 873 (25.86%) JavaScript
4 648 (19.19%) SQL
5 570 (16.88%) C#
6 383 (11.34%) C++
7 306 (9.06%) Bash Shell
8 297 (8.80%) PHP
9 292 (8.65%) Ruby
10 280 (8.29%) C
11 260 (7.70%) Go
12 167 (4.95%) Scala
13 151 (4.47%) PowerShell
14 140 (4.15%) Kotlin
15 120 (3.55%) Java 8
16 97 (2.87%) Perl
17 92 (2.73%) TypeScript
18 77 (2.28%) R
19 73 (2.16%) T-SQL
20 62 (1.84%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 553 (16.38%) Degree
2 254 (7.52%) Computer Science Degree
3 175 (5.18%) Security Cleared
4 75 (2.22%) SC Cleared
5 58 (1.72%) PhD
6 43 (1.27%) DV Cleared
7 30 (0.89%) Microsoft Certification
8 26 (0.77%) HND
9 23 (0.68%) AWS Certification
10 22 (0.65%) Master's Degree
11 19 (0.56%) Cisco Certification
11 19 (0.56%) CISSP
11 19 (0.56%) ISEB
12 18 (0.53%) ISTQB
13 16 (0.47%) JNCIE
13 16 (0.47%) JNCIP
14 11 (0.33%) CCNP
14 11 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 11 (0.33%) SANS
15 9 (0.27%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 323 (9.57%) QA
2 40 (1.18%) Data Quality
3 38 (1.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 26 (0.77%) GDPR
5 14 (0.41%) PCI DSS
6 9 (0.27%) NIST
7 8 (0.24%) WAI
8 6 (0.18%) NCSC
9 5 (0.15%) ISO 26262
10 4 (0.12%) SEPA
11 3 (0.089%) COBIT
11 3 (0.089%) SLA
12 2 (0.059%) PSD2
13 1 (0.030%) Cyber Essentials
13 1 (0.030%) ISO 9001
13 1 (0.030%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 1 (0.030%) MiFID
System Software
1 901 (26.69%) Docker
2 83 (2.46%) Active Directory
3 44 (1.30%) VMware Infrastructure
4 37 (1.10%) Virtual Machines
5 26 (0.77%) vSphere
6 24 (0.71%) KVM
7 23 (0.68%) Hyper-V
8 16 (0.47%) Ceph
9 15 (0.44%) BIND 9
9 15 (0.44%) Firmware
10 13 (0.39%) vCloud
11 10 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
12 8 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
12 8 (0.24%) Postfix
13 6 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 6 (0.18%) NFS
13 6 (0.18%) Xen
14 5 (0.15%) etcd
14 5 (0.15%) Varnish
15 4 (0.12%) PowerHA
Systems Management
1 701 (20.76%) Kubernetes
2 472 (13.98%) Ansible
3 395 (11.70%) Puppet
4 362 (10.72%) Terraform
5 282 (8.35%) Opscode Chef
6 122 (3.61%) Prometheus
7 95 (2.81%) Consul
8 76 (2.25%) Salt
9 67 (1.98%) Grafana
10 66 (1.95%) Packer
11 54 (1.60%) Docker Swarm
12 44 (1.30%) Nagios
13 36 (1.07%) Mesos
13 36 (1.07%) Rancher
14 35 (1.04%) Automic
15 34 (1.01%) Graphite
16 33 (0.98%) Kibana
17 24 (0.71%) logstash
17 24 (0.71%) Rundeck
17 24 (0.71%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 398 (11.79%) Microsoft
2 317 (9.39%) Google
3 189 (5.60%) Oracle
4 122 (3.61%) Red Hat
5 113 (3.35%) VMware
6 87 (2.58%) Splunk
7 86 (2.55%) Atlassian
8 49 (1.45%) Adobe
9 47 (1.39%) Cisco
10 44 (1.30%) SAP
11 37 (1.10%) Sage
12 32 (0.95%) Tableau
13 29 (0.86%) Bloomberg
13 29 (0.86%) Salesforce.com
14 28 (0.83%) Apple
15 27 (0.80%) Juniper
16 25 (0.74%) Cloudera
16 25 (0.74%) IBM
16 25 (0.74%) MuleSoft
17 24 (0.71%) CA