Period
to 17 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 17 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 105 111 117
Rank change year-on-year +6 +6 +9
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 4,876 5,084 5,252
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.96% 2.90% 2.74%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.26% 3.17% 3.01%
Number of salaries quoted 3,516 4,239 4,366
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% - +9.52%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +10.53% +5.56% -

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 149,712 160,336 174,348
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.03% 91.56% 90.86%
Number of salaries quoted 119,082 126,510 145,216
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Open Source.

Salary trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 4,515 £60,000 +4.35% 787
London +6 2,476 £70,000 - 372
UK excluding London +13 2,277 £52,500 +10.53% 455
South East +15 642 £55,000 +22.22% 102
North of England +25 593 £49,500 +4.21% 124
North West +14 357 £50,000 +5.26% 75
South West +10 341 £51,250 +2.50% 76
Midlands 0 287 £57,500 +35.29% 53
Yorkshire +38 208 £47,500 -5.00% 36
Scotland -8 201 £50,000 +25.00% 28
East of England -32 175 £52,500 +5.00% 60
West Midlands -24 170 £55,000 +35.80% 32
East Midlands +9 117 £65,000 +62.50% 21
Wales +3 39 £42,500 +13.33% 9
North East -7 28 £52,500 +34.76% 13
Northern Ireland +18 20 £62,500 +316.67% 2
Isle of Man - 1 £67,500 -

For the 6 months to 17 October 2018, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 2,699 (55.35%) Agile Software Development
2 2,319 (47.56%) Java
3 1,582 (32.44%) Python
4 1,529 (31.36%) DevOps
5 1,458 (29.90%) Linux
6 1,446 (29.66%) JavaScript
7 1,337 (27.42%) Amazon AWS
8 1,194 (24.49%) Software Engineering
9 1,160 (23.79%) Finance
10 1,135 (23.28%) SQL
11 974 (19.98%) Continuous Integration
12 913 (18.72%) C#
13 906 (18.58%) Microservices
14 905 (18.56%) Docker
15 877 (17.99%) TDD
16 872 (17.88%) Test Automation
17 866 (17.76%) Git (software)
18 859 (17.62%) Degree
19 839 (17.21%) Microsoft Azure
20 814 (16.69%) Jenkins
21 809 (16.59%) HTML
22 803 (16.47%) Scrum
23 680 (13.95%) CSS
24 672 (13.78%) Ruby
25 671 (13.76%) Puppet
26 632 (12.96%) AngularJS
27 628 (12.88%) Ansible
28 626 (12.84%) Spring
28 626 (12.84%) Problem-Solving
29 624 (12.80%) OO

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 386 (7.92%) Apache
2 284 (5.82%) Apache Spark
3 241 (4.94%) Elasticsearch
4 148 (3.04%) Confluence
5 137 (2.81%) CMS
6 130 (2.67%) OpenStack
7 125 (2.56%) Tomcat
8 78 (1.60%) Apache Solr
8 78 (1.60%) IIS
9 69 (1.42%) JBoss
9 69 (1.42%) WebLogic
10 63 (1.29%) nginx
10 63 (1.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 56 (1.15%) WebSphere
12 50 (1.03%) Cloud Foundry
13 49 (1.00%) Drupal
14 45 (0.92%) WordPress
15 27 (0.55%) SharePoint
16 25 (0.51%) Apache Pig
17 23 (0.47%) Ethereum
Applications
1 30 (0.62%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (0.43%) MS Visio
3 16 (0.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 13 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
5 12 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
6 11 (0.23%) SPSS
7 6 (0.12%) Chatbot
8 4 (0.082%) Gephi
8 4 (0.082%) Open Workbench
9 2 (0.041%) Blender
9 2 (0.041%) InfoPath
9 2 (0.041%) Snapchat
10 1 (0.021%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.021%) ProjectWise
10 1 (0.021%) Revit
Business Applications
1 19 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.27%) Actimize
3 12 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
3 12 (0.25%) Magento
3 12 (0.25%) Odoo
4 11 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
5 8 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
6 7 (0.14%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 6 (0.12%) R3 Corda
7 6 (0.12%) Sentinel
8 5 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
9 4 (0.082%) SAP SD
9 4 (0.082%) Shopify
10 3 (0.062%) SAP S/4HANA
11 2 (0.041%) OpenCart
11 2 (0.041%) Quorum
11 2 (0.041%) SAP ERP
12 1 (0.021%) Oracle BPM
12 1 (0.021%) osCommerce
12 1 (0.021%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,337 (27.42%) Amazon AWS
2 839 (17.21%) Microsoft Azure
3 352 (7.22%) Google Cloud Platform
4 292 (5.99%) GitHub
5 185 (3.79%) Cloud Computing
6 178 (3.65%) PaaS
7 167 (3.42%) SaaS
8 148 (3.04%) Serverless
9 121 (2.48%) IaaS
10 117 (2.40%) AWS CloudFormation
11 93 (1.91%) Amazon EC2
12 65 (1.33%) OpenShift
13 64 (1.31%) Amazon S3
14 50 (1.03%) Office 365
15 47 (0.96%) AWS Lambda
16 41 (0.84%) IBM Cloud
16 41 (0.84%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 39 (0.80%) Slack
18 34 (0.70%) Amazon EMR
19 29 (0.59%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 245 (5.02%) Firewall
2 180 (3.69%) HTTP
3 149 (3.06%) Internet
4 143 (2.93%) TCP/IP
5 96 (1.97%) DNS
5 96 (1.97%) VPN
6 53 (1.09%) Network Security
7 45 (0.92%) WAN
8 39 (0.80%) DHCP
9 36 (0.74%) LAN
9 36 (0.74%) VLAN
10 35 (0.72%) SMS
11 30 (0.62%) SSH
12 28 (0.57%) Wireless
13 27 (0.55%) SNMP
14 26 (0.53%) VoIP
15 23 (0.47%) Kerberos
16 22 (0.45%) SAN
16 22 (0.45%) Wireshark
17 20 (0.41%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 557 (11.42%) Big Data
2 553 (11.34%) NoSQL
3 462 (9.47%) MySQL
4 422 (8.65%) MongoDB
5 392 (8.04%) SQL Server
6 353 (7.24%) PostgreSQL
7 335 (6.87%) Hadoop
8 239 (4.90%) Relational Database
9 204 (4.18%) Apache Cassandra
10 149 (3.06%) Redis
11 123 (2.52%) Blockchain
12 108 (2.21%) Data Warehouse
13 91 (1.87%) Apache Hive
14 90 (1.85%) Neo4j
15 79 (1.62%) RDBMS
16 76 (1.56%) DB2
17 62 (1.27%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 60 (1.23%) HBase
19 54 (1.11%) Amazon Redshift
20 46 (0.94%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 866 (17.76%) Git (software)
2 814 (16.69%) Jenkins
3 379 (7.77%) JIRA
4 330 (6.77%) Selenium
5 284 (5.82%) Cucumber
6 263 (5.39%) JUnit
7 243 (4.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 225 (4.61%) TeamCity
9 207 (4.25%) Subversion
10 190 (3.90%) Maven
11 147 (3.01%) Vagrant
12 131 (2.69%) Bitbucket
13 126 (2.58%) WebDriver
14 120 (2.46%) Octopus Deploy
15 114 (2.34%) NUnit
16 109 (2.24%) SpecFlow
17 102 (2.09%) Visual Studio
18 100 (2.05%) Team Foundation Server
19 92 (1.89%) Hudson
20 91 (1.87%) Gradle
General
1 1,160 (23.79%) Finance
2 344 (7.05%) Banking
3 249 (5.11%) Retail
4 221 (4.53%) Marketing
5 190 (3.90%) Financial Institution
6 184 (3.77%) Games
7 162 (3.32%) Investment Banking
8 159 (3.26%) Telecoms
9 90 (1.85%) Manufacturing
10 88 (1.80%) Law
11 87 (1.78%) Front Office
12 86 (1.76%) Electronics
13 76 (1.56%) Legal
14 55 (1.13%) Advertising
15 29 (0.59%) Publishing
16 27 (0.55%) Retail Banking
17 24 (0.49%) Back Office
18 20 (0.41%) Automotive
19 18 (0.37%) Local Government
20 13 (0.27%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,883 (38.62%) Developer
2 545 (11.18%) Architect
3 542 (11.12%) Software Engineer
4 537 (11.01%) Java Developer
5 475 (9.74%) DevOps Engineer
6 321 (6.58%) Senior Developer
7 263 (5.39%) Java Engineer
8 262 (5.37%) Software Developer
9 231 (4.74%) Solutions Architect
10 223 (4.57%) Java Software Engineer
11 192 (3.94%) .NET Developer
12 181 (3.71%) Analyst
13 180 (3.69%) C# Developer
14 166 (3.40%) JavaScript Developer
14 166 (3.40%) Linux Engineer
15 148 (3.04%) Consultant
15 148 (3.04%) Developer in Test
15 148 (3.04%) PHP Developer
16 145 (2.97%) Test Engineer
17 139 (2.85%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 809 (16.59%) HTML
2 680 (13.95%) CSS
3 632 (12.96%) AngularJS
4 626 (12.84%) Spring
5 618 (12.67%) .NET
6 569 (11.67%) React
7 568 (11.65%) Web Services
8 526 (10.79%) REST
9 480 (9.84%) Node.js
10 429 (8.80%) HTML5
11 410 (8.41%) RESTful
12 319 (6.54%) Kafka
13 308 (6.32%) XML
14 280 (5.74%) JSON
15 245 (5.02%) Spring Boot
16 244 (5.00%) Hibernate
17 223 (4.57%) CSS3
18 210 (4.31%) J2EE
19 200 (4.10%) ASP.NET
20 198 (4.06%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 537 (11.01%) Computer Science
2 334 (6.85%) Analytical Skills
3 296 (6.07%) User Experience
4 288 (5.91%) Greenfield Project
5 236 (4.84%) Self-Motivation
6 192 (3.94%) Mobile App
7 191 (3.92%) Enterprise Software
8 190 (3.90%) Fintech
9 172 (3.53%) Algorithms
10 149 (3.06%) Public Cloud
11 143 (2.93%) Data Structures
12 142 (2.91%) Cyberthreat
13 127 (2.60%) Data Centre
14 117 (2.40%) Blog
15 108 (2.21%) Management Information System
16 99 (2.03%) Fixed Income
17 80 (1.64%) Cloud Native
18 76 (1.56%) Hedge funds
19 70 (1.44%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
20 68 (1.39%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1,458 (29.90%) Linux
2 529 (10.85%) Windows
3 485 (9.95%) Unix
4 220 (4.51%) CentOS
5 205 (4.20%) Android
6 193 (3.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 157 (3.22%) Apple iOS
8 149 (3.06%) Ubuntu
9 69 (1.42%) Windows Server
10 60 (1.23%) Debian
11 33 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
12 31 (0.64%) Windows Server 2008
13 26 (0.53%) Kali Linux
14 23 (0.47%) Windows 7
15 22 (0.45%) Mac OS X
16 19 (0.39%) SUSE
17 18 (0.37%) Solaris
18 16 (0.33%) AIX
18 16 (0.33%) Windows 8
18 16 (0.33%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,699 (55.35%) Agile Software Development
2 1,529 (31.36%) DevOps
3 1,194 (24.49%) Software Engineering
4 974 (19.98%) Continuous Integration
5 906 (18.58%) Microservices
6 877 (17.99%) TDD
7 872 (17.88%) Test Automation
8 803 (16.47%) Scrum
9 626 (12.84%) Problem-Solving
10 624 (12.80%) OO
11 546 (11.20%) BDD
12 525 (10.77%) Mentoring
13 443 (9.09%) Configuration Management
14 431 (8.84%) Continuous Delivery
15 389 (7.98%) SDLC
16 334 (6.85%) MVC
17 300 (6.15%) Web Development
18 299 (6.13%) Analytics
19 282 (5.78%) SOA
20 239 (4.90%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 2,319 (47.56%) Java
2 1,582 (32.44%) Python
3 1,446 (29.66%) JavaScript
4 1,135 (23.28%) SQL
5 913 (18.72%) C#
6 672 (13.78%) Ruby
7 476 (9.76%) PHP
8 468 (9.60%) C++
9 373 (7.65%) Bash Shell
10 370 (7.59%) Go
11 290 (5.95%) Scala
12 287 (5.89%) Java 8
13 265 (5.43%) PowerShell
14 214 (4.39%) C
15 196 (4.02%) Perl
16 122 (2.50%) Shell Script
17 119 (2.44%) ES6
18 96 (1.97%) Kotlin
19 84 (1.72%) R
20 79 (1.62%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 859 (17.62%) Degree
2 261 (5.35%) Security Cleared
3 251 (5.15%) Computer Science Degree
4 183 (3.75%) SC Cleared
5 94 (1.93%) DV Cleared
6 88 (1.80%) Master's Degree
7 82 (1.68%) CISSP
8 56 (1.15%) RHCE
9 45 (0.92%) CISM
10 41 (0.84%) PhD
11 34 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
11 34 (0.70%) Numerate Degree
12 32 (0.66%) RHCSA
12 32 (0.66%) SSCP
13 31 (0.64%) AWS Certification
14 30 (0.62%) TOGAF Certification
15 29 (0.59%) CEH
15 29 (0.59%) ISEB
16 25 (0.51%) Microsoft Certification
16 25 (0.51%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 349 (7.16%) QA
2 46 (0.94%) Data Quality
3 41 (0.84%) GDPR
4 34 (0.70%) SLA
5 30 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 23 (0.47%) PCI DSS
7 21 (0.43%) MiFID
8 14 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 13 (0.27%) ISO 9001
10 11 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials
11 10 (0.21%) COBIT
11 10 (0.21%) PSD2
12 5 (0.10%) IEC 61508
12 5 (0.10%) ISO 26262
12 5 (0.10%) MISRA
12 5 (0.10%) MISRA C
13 3 (0.062%) WCAG
14 2 (0.041%) SEPA
14 2 (0.041%) Web Application Security Consortium
15 1 (0.021%) PMO
System Software
1 905 (18.56%) Docker
2 142 (2.91%) Active Directory
3 105 (2.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 57 (1.17%) Virtual Machines
5 52 (1.07%) HDFS
6 46 (0.94%) Hyper-V
7 40 (0.82%) vSphere
8 38 (0.78%) KVM
9 29 (0.59%) pfSense
10 28 (0.57%) iptables
10 28 (0.57%) VirtualBox
11 25 (0.51%) Snort
11 25 (0.51%) VMware ESXi
12 24 (0.49%) NFS
13 18 (0.37%) Xen
14 16 (0.33%) Samba
15 15 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 13 (0.27%) Postfix
16 13 (0.27%) QEMU
17 12 (0.25%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 671 (13.76%) Puppet
2 628 (12.88%) Ansible
3 615 (12.61%) Kubernetes
4 510 (10.46%) Opscode Chef
5 386 (7.92%) Terraform
6 165 (3.38%) Salt
7 139 (2.85%) Consul
8 127 (2.60%) Packer
9 124 (2.54%) Nagios
10 114 (2.34%) ZABBIX
11 110 (2.26%) Grafana
12 108 (2.21%) Docker Swarm
13 83 (1.70%) Graphite
14 63 (1.29%) Opsview
15 61 (1.25%) Kibana
16 55 (1.13%) Prometheus
17 48 (0.98%) logstash
18 34 (0.70%) Nessus
19 31 (0.64%) Oozie
20 29 (0.59%) Mesos
Vendors
1 481 (9.86%) Microsoft
2 351 (7.20%) Oracle
3 346 (7.10%) Google
4 259 (5.31%) Red Hat
5 207 (4.25%) VMware
6 106 (2.17%) SAP
7 98 (2.01%) Splunk
8 77 (1.58%) IBM
9 70 (1.44%) Atlassian
10 64 (1.31%) SaltStack
11 57 (1.17%) Cisco
12 43 (0.88%) New Relic
12 43 (0.88%) Tableau
13 35 (0.72%) Foundry
14 34 (0.70%) HP
15 32 (0.66%) Apple
16 30 (0.62%) Sybase
17 28 (0.57%) Rackspace
17 28 (0.57%) TIBCO
18 27 (0.55%) ServiceNow