Period
to 25 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 25 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
25 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 150 118 107
Rank change year-on-year -32 -11 +11
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 2,853 4,297 5,100
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.31% 2.86% 2.93%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.51% 3.10% 3.18%
Number of salaries quoted 2,128 3,110 4,094
UK median annual salary £65,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +13.04% - +1.77%
10th Percentile £37,500 £34,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £87,500 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,795 £50,000
% change year-on-year +8.28% +1.59% +9.89%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 113,478 138,684 160,553
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.90% 92.24% 92.19%
Number of salaries quoted 90,011 109,586 130,825
UK median annual salary £53,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.90% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,882 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Open Source.

Salary trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 25 February 2020.

Salary histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 25 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -30 2,702 £65,000 +8.33% 471
London +5 1,670 £75,000 +7.14% 205
UK excluding London -69 1,108 £55,000 +8.28% 303
North of England -43 330 £52,500 +5.00% 96
South East -74 284 £57,500 +9.52% 76
North West -42 184 £55,044 -4.27% 49
South West -66 168 £51,546 +3.09% 33
Midlands +12 161 £60,000 +9.09% 35
West Midlands +24 122 £55,330 +7.96% 27
Yorkshire -46 119 £50,000 +5.26% 41
East of England -35 67 £57,000 +13.23% 27
Scotland -33 66 £55,000 +4.76% 22
East Midlands +4 37 £85,000 +13.33% 8
Wales -3 34 £45,000 +12.50% 11
North East +25 27 £43,426 -16.10% 6
Northern Ireland +11 7 £55,000 +10.00% 4

For the 6 months to 25 February 2020, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,499 (52.54%) Agile Software Development
2 1,208 (42.34%) Java
3 1,131 (39.64%) AWS
4 941 (32.98%) DevOps
5 934 (32.74%) Python
6 865 (30.32%) JavaScript
7 815 (28.57%) Docker
8 810 (28.39%) Software Engineering
9 796 (27.90%) Azure
10 781 (27.37%) Linux
11 703 (24.64%) Finance
12 645 (22.61%) Git (software)
13 636 (22.29%) Microservices
14 629 (22.05%) Kubernetes
15 574 (20.12%) SQL
16 465 (16.30%) React
17 462 (16.19%) TDD
18 457 (16.02%) GCP
19 438 (15.35%) Node.js
20 425 (14.90%) AngularJS
20 425 (14.90%) C#
21 424 (14.86%) Jenkins
22 419 (14.69%) Continuous Integration
23 411 (14.41%) Degree
24 395 (13.85%) NoSQL
25 385 (13.49%) Problem-Solving
26 382 (13.39%) Mentoring
26 382 (13.39%) Scrum
27 366 (12.83%) Test Automation
28 360 (12.62%) HTML

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 135 (4.73%) Apache Spark
2 111 (3.89%) Elasticsearch
3 102 (3.58%) Confluence
4 95 (3.33%) Apache
5 76 (2.66%) Tomcat
6 64 (2.24%) IIS
7 51 (1.79%) CMS
8 49 (1.72%) OpenStack
9 38 (1.33%) nginx
10 36 (1.26%) WordPress
11 31 (1.09%) JBoss
12 23 (0.81%) GeoServer
13 21 (0.74%) Smallworld
14 20 (0.70%) SharePoint
15 16 (0.56%) Drupal
16 15 (0.53%) WebSphere
17 14 (0.49%) ArcGIS
17 14 (0.49%) Ethereum
17 14 (0.49%) Jetty
17 14 (0.49%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 53 (1.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 22 (0.77%) Microsoft Office
3 16 (0.56%) AutoCAD
4 9 (0.32%) Photoshop
5 8 (0.28%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 7 (0.25%) Adobe Illustrator
7 4 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 3 (0.11%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.11%) Figma
8 3 (0.11%) Sketch
9 2 (0.070%) InVision
9 2 (0.070%) Marvel
9 2 (0.070%) MS Visio
9 2 (0.070%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 26 (0.91%) FINCAD Analytics
2 20 (0.70%) Magento
3 11 (0.39%) Distributed Ledger
4 10 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
5 8 (0.28%) R3 Corda
6 4 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
6 4 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
7 3 (0.11%) SAP ERP
7 3 (0.11%) Shopify
8 2 (0.070%) BusinessWorks
8 2 (0.070%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.070%) TIBCO BusinessEvents
8 2 (0.070%) TIBCO iProcess
9 1 (0.035%) NetSuite
9 1 (0.035%) Remedy ITSM
9 1 (0.035%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 1,131 (39.64%) AWS
2 796 (27.90%) Azure
3 457 (16.02%) GCP
4 180 (6.31%) GitHub
5 105 (3.68%) Serverless
6 98 (3.43%) SaaS
7 84 (2.94%) OpenShift
8 68 (2.38%) AWS CloudFormation
9 63 (2.21%) Amazon SQS
10 62 (2.17%) Amazon EC2
11 61 (2.14%) PaaS
12 60 (2.10%) AWS Lambda
13 56 (1.96%) Cloud Computing
14 54 (1.89%) Amazon ECS
15 52 (1.82%) Slack
16 45 (1.58%) IaaS
17 36 (1.26%) Firebase
18 34 (1.19%) CloudBees
19 33 (1.16%) Office 365
20 32 (1.12%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 103 (3.61%) Firewall
2 76 (2.66%) Internet
3 71 (2.49%) TCP/IP
4 54 (1.89%) HTTP
5 51 (1.79%) DNS
6 36 (1.26%) SSL
7 31 (1.09%) VPN
8 25 (0.88%) Network Security
9 22 (0.77%) Wireshark
10 21 (0.74%) GPON
11 19 (0.67%) VoIP
12 18 (0.63%) Intrusion Detection
13 17 (0.60%) Broadband
13 17 (0.60%) DHCP
14 14 (0.49%) SAN
15 11 (0.39%) BGP
16 10 (0.35%) Asterisk PBX
16 10 (0.35%) Cisco Nexus
17 9 (0.32%) Skype
17 9 (0.32%) tcpdump
Database & Business Intelligence
1 395 (13.85%) NoSQL
2 258 (9.04%) Big Data
3 257 (9.01%) PostgreSQL
4 232 (8.13%) MySQL
5 186 (6.52%) SQL Server
6 160 (5.61%) MongoDB
7 148 (5.19%) Hadoop
8 147 (5.15%) Relational Database
9 92 (3.22%) Redis
10 87 (3.05%) RDBMS
11 62 (2.17%) Data Warehouse
12 55 (1.93%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 54 (1.89%) Amazon Redshift
14 53 (1.86%) GIS
15 46 (1.61%) Apache Hive
16 45 (1.58%) Amazon RDS
17 35 (1.23%) Blockchain
18 33 (1.16%) Data Lake
19 29 (1.02%) HBase
19 29 (1.02%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 645 (22.61%) Git (software)
2 424 (14.86%) Jenkins
3 187 (6.55%) JIRA
4 104 (3.65%) Cucumber
5 100 (3.51%) Artifactory
6 93 (3.26%) Maven
7 89 (3.12%) Selenium
8 85 (2.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 82 (2.87%) Grunt
10 77 (2.70%) Bitbucket
11 74 (2.59%) JUnit
12 72 (2.52%) gulp
13 61 (2.14%) TeamCity
14 60 (2.10%) GitLab
14 60 (2.10%) Team Foundation Server
15 58 (2.03%) Subversion
16 51 (1.79%) Octopus Deploy
17 50 (1.75%) SonarQube
18 48 (1.68%) Visual Studio
19 44 (1.54%) Travis CI
General
1 703 (24.64%) Finance
2 226 (7.92%) Banking
3 214 (7.50%) Public Sector
4 192 (6.73%) Front Office
5 152 (5.33%) Marketing
6 145 (5.08%) Retail
7 77 (2.70%) Telecoms
8 53 (1.86%) Games
9 43 (1.51%) Investment Banking
10 41 (1.44%) Law
11 37 (1.30%) Manufacturing
12 32 (1.12%) Advertising
13 31 (1.09%) Electronics
14 27 (0.95%) Legal
15 24 (0.84%) Financial Institution
16 15 (0.53%) Billing
17 13 (0.46%) Automotive
18 12 (0.42%) Aerospace
19 11 (0.39%) Publishing
20 10 (0.35%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 885 (31.02%) Developer
2 386 (13.53%) Software Engineer
3 293 (10.27%) DevOps Engineer
4 222 (7.78%) Architect
5 214 (7.50%) Java Developer
6 178 (6.24%) Senior Developer
7 166 (5.82%) Java Engineer
8 165 (5.78%) Consultant
9 159 (5.57%) Java Software Engineer
10 133 (4.66%) Senior Software Engineer
11 130 (4.56%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 107 (3.75%) Solutions Architect
13 102 (3.58%) Analyst
14 89 (3.12%) Full Stack Developer
15 81 (2.84%) AWS Engineer
16 79 (2.77%) Cloud Engineer
17 74 (2.59%) .NET Developer
18 72 (2.52%) Software Developer
19 68 (2.38%) Junior
20 67 (2.35%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 465 (16.30%) React
2 438 (15.35%) Node.js
3 425 (14.90%) AngularJS
4 360 (12.62%) HTML
5 357 (12.51%) Web Services
6 353 (12.37%) CSS
7 296 (10.38%) .NET
8 279 (9.78%) RESTful
9 268 (9.39%) REST
10 225 (7.89%) Spring
11 161 (5.64%) HTML5
12 153 (5.36%) Kafka
13 132 (4.63%) Sass
14 124 (4.35%) CSS3
15 109 (3.82%) Elastic Stack
15 109 (3.82%) J2EE
16 96 (3.36%) Redux
17 93 (3.26%) Ember.js
18 90 (3.15%) SOAP
19 83 (2.91%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 197 (6.91%) Public Cloud
2 187 (6.55%) Greenfield Project
3 173 (6.06%) Blog
3 173 (6.06%) Derivative
4 172 (6.03%) Fixed Income
5 166 (5.82%) Analytical Skills
6 159 (5.57%) Equities
7 156 (5.47%) Hedge funds
8 124 (4.35%) Cloud Native
9 121 (4.24%) Mobile App
9 121 (4.24%) User Experience
10 111 (3.89%) Equity Derivative
11 104 (3.65%) Algorithms
12 76 (2.66%) Self-Motivation
13 68 (2.38%) Data Centre
14 61 (2.14%) Enterprise Software
15 60 (2.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 58 (2.03%) Exotic Derivative
17 51 (1.79%) Linux Command Line
18 49 (1.72%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 781 (27.37%) Linux
2 247 (8.66%) Windows
3 177 (6.20%) Unix
4 150 (5.26%) Android
5 129 (4.52%) Apple iOS
6 126 (4.42%) Mac OS X
7 98 (3.43%) CentOS
8 67 (2.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 52 (1.82%) Windows Server
10 44 (1.54%) Ubuntu
11 20 (0.70%) Mesosphere
12 19 (0.67%) Debian
13 8 (0.28%) Windows 10
14 7 (0.25%) CoreOS
14 7 (0.25%) Kali Linux
15 5 (0.18%) Fedora
15 5 (0.18%) VME
16 4 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
16 4 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
17 3 (0.11%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,499 (52.54%) Agile Software Development
2 941 (32.98%) DevOps
3 810 (28.39%) Software Engineering
4 636 (22.29%) Microservices
5 462 (16.19%) TDD
6 419 (14.69%) Continuous Integration
7 385 (13.49%) Problem-Solving
8 382 (13.39%) Mentoring
8 382 (13.39%) Scrum
9 366 (12.83%) Test Automation
10 359 (12.58%) Analytics
11 343 (12.02%) Computer Science
12 319 (11.18%) OO
13 310 (10.87%) BDD
14 270 (9.46%) Artificial Intelligence
15 220 (7.71%) Migration
16 207 (7.26%) Machine Learning
17 201 (7.05%) Configuration Management
18 192 (6.73%) Asset Management
19 191 (6.69%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 1,208 (42.34%) Java
2 934 (32.74%) Python
3 865 (30.32%) JavaScript
4 574 (20.12%) SQL
5 425 (14.90%) C#
6 348 (12.20%) C++
7 340 (11.92%) Ruby
8 265 (9.29%) Bash Shell
9 227 (7.96%) PHP
10 200 (7.01%) Kotlin
11 185 (6.48%) C
12 181 (6.34%) Go
13 154 (5.40%) Java 8
14 140 (4.91%) Scala
15 111 (3.89%) TypeScript
16 107 (3.75%) PowerShell
17 97 (3.40%) R
18 76 (2.66%) Apple Swift
19 70 (2.45%) Perl
20 55 (1.93%) ES6
Qualifications
1 411 (14.41%) Degree
2 181 (6.34%) Computer Science Degree
3 112 (3.93%) Security Cleared
4 70 (2.45%) SC Cleared
5 37 (1.30%) PhD
6 27 (0.95%) DV Cleared
6 27 (0.95%) Master's Degree
7 22 (0.77%) CISSP
8 21 (0.74%) SANS
9 20 (0.70%) AWS Certification
10 14 (0.49%) Cisco Certification
10 14 (0.49%) CISM
10 14 (0.49%) GCIH
11 12 (0.42%) TOGAF Certification
12 11 (0.39%) CISA
12 11 (0.39%) JNCIE
12 11 (0.39%) JNCIP
13 10 (0.35%) GCFA
13 10 (0.35%) ITIL Certification
13 10 (0.35%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 177 (6.20%) QA
2 29 (1.02%) Data Quality
2 29 (1.02%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 20 (0.70%) GDPR
4 19 (0.67%) NIST
5 13 (0.46%) NCSC
6 9 (0.32%) WAI
7 6 (0.21%) Government Security Classifications
7 6 (0.21%) SLA
8 4 (0.14%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.11%) COBIT
10 2 (0.070%) PMO
11 1 (0.035%) NIST 800
System Software
1 815 (28.57%) Docker
2 46 (1.61%) Active Directory
3 41 (1.44%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (1.02%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 19 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
6 17 (0.60%) Postfix
7 16 (0.56%) Hyper-V
7 16 (0.56%) Kamailio
8 15 (0.53%) vSphere
9 11 (0.39%) BIND 9
10 10 (0.35%) Firmware
11 9 (0.32%) VirtualBox
12 8 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
13 6 (0.21%) Snort
13 6 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
13 6 (0.21%) Xen
14 5 (0.18%) GlusterFS
14 5 (0.18%) KVM
15 4 (0.14%) iptables
15 4 (0.14%) NFS
Systems Management
1 629 (22.05%) Kubernetes
2 327 (11.46%) Ansible
3 292 (10.23%) Terraform
4 265 (9.29%) Puppet
5 166 (5.82%) Opscode Chef
6 76 (2.66%) Grafana
7 72 (2.52%) Prometheus
8 71 (2.49%) Mesos
9 69 (2.42%) Consul
10 53 (1.86%) Packer
11 50 (1.75%) Docker Swarm
12 39 (1.37%) Salt
13 38 (1.33%) Marathon
14 35 (1.23%) Rancher
15 33 (1.16%) Graphite
16 31 (1.09%) Nagios
17 28 (0.98%) ZABBIX
18 20 (0.70%) Automic
19 15 (0.53%) Kibana
19 15 (0.53%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 318 (11.15%) Microsoft
2 308 (10.80%) Google
3 151 (5.29%) Oracle
4 99 (3.47%) Red Hat
5 93 (3.26%) VMware
6 61 (2.14%) Atlassian
7 47 (1.65%) Splunk
8 36 (1.26%) Black Duck
9 33 (1.16%) IBM
10 30 (1.05%) Cisco
11 27 (0.95%) Adobe
11 27 (0.95%) SAP
12 25 (0.88%) Bloomberg
12 25 (0.88%) MuleSoft
13 24 (0.84%) Apple
14 21 (0.74%) Juniper
14 21 (0.74%) New Relic
14 21 (0.74%) Tableau
15 19 (0.67%) Salesforce.com
16 18 (0.63%) Symantec