Period
to 18 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 18 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
18 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 133 123 143
Rank change year-on-year -10 +20 -31
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 3,396 1,283 3,464
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.71% 2.68% 2.52%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.88% 2.88% 2.72%
Number of salaries quoted 1,450 1,058 2,494
10th Percentile £42,500 £37,500 £35,000
25th Percentile £48,750 £45,000 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.00% +4.17% -
75th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £80,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £100,000 £98,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £51,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% -2.91% -1.90%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 118,045 44,620 127,140
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.22% 93.12% 92.60%
Number of salaries quoted 78,249 37,207 101,337
10th Percentile £32,750 £33,000 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,654
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,750 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Open Source.

Salary trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 18 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 18 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 3,044 £67,500 +8.00% 439
London +8 1,860 £75,000 +3.45% 220
UK excluding London -24 1,232 £55,000 +10.00% 258
Work from Home -16 738 £67,500 +3.85% 100
South East +12 365 £57,500 +0.88% 65
North of England -36 311 £55,000 +10.00% 66
North West -12 213 £55,000 +15.79% 40
Midlands -26 191 £52,500 +5.00% 37
South West -48 177 £55,000 +10.00% 27
West Midlands -58 129 £55,000 -4.35% 18
East of England -75 91 £56,250 +7.14% 23
Scotland -35 89 £67,500 +23.84% 25
Yorkshire -88 79 £55,000 - 21
East Midlands -31 62 £47,500 +18.75% 19
Wales -19 31 £65,000 +30.00% 10
North East -22 20 £80,000 +60.00% 5
Northern Ireland -42 3 £32,500 -40.91% 6

For the 6 months to 18 October 2021, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,948 (57.36%) Agile Software Development
2 1,545 (45.49%) Java
3 1,266 (37.28%) AWS
4 1,214 (35.75%) Microservices
5 1,213 (35.72%) Python
6 1,204 (35.45%) DevOps
7 1,147 (33.78%) Docker
8 1,095 (32.24%) Software Engineering
9 964 (28.39%) JavaScript
10 901 (26.53%) React
11 880 (25.91%) Kubernetes
12 849 (25.00%) Social Skills
13 811 (23.88%) Terraform
14 810 (23.85%) Spring
15 790 (23.26%) Jenkins
16 778 (22.91%) SQL
17 777 (22.88%) Scrum
18 776 (22.85%) TDD
19 743 (21.88%) Azure
20 741 (21.82%) Linux
21 710 (20.91%) Continuous Integration
22 696 (20.49%) Finance
23 685 (20.17%) Node.js
24 672 (19.79%) Git (software)
25 670 (19.73%) REST
26 663 (19.52%) GitHub
27 590 (17.37%) Big Data
28 564 (16.61%) CSS
29 562 (16.55%) Ansible
30 561 (16.52%) Analytics

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 303 (8.92%) Apache
2 284 (8.36%) Apache Spark
3 144 (4.24%) Elasticsearch
4 140 (4.12%) Confluence
5 117 (3.45%) GemFire
6 98 (2.89%) CMS
7 69 (2.03%) Apache Airflow
8 55 (1.62%) nginx
9 43 (1.27%) WordPress
10 42 (1.24%) Cloud Foundry
11 41 (1.21%) IIS
12 36 (1.06%) OpenStack
13 31 (0.91%) SharePoint
14 27 (0.80%) Tornado
15 21 (0.62%) Ethereum
15 21 (0.62%) Kentico
16 20 (0.59%) Drupal
16 20 (0.59%) Sitecore CMS
17 18 (0.53%) Apache Solr
18 13 (0.38%) Tomcat
Applications
1 18 (0.53%) Adobe Illustrator
1 18 (0.53%) Photoshop
2 15 (0.44%) GIMP
3 13 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
4 12 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
5 11 (0.32%) Chatbot
5 11 (0.32%) Sketch
5 11 (0.32%) Spreadsheet
5 11 (0.32%) Zeplin
6 10 (0.29%) InVision
7 7 (0.21%) Figma
8 6 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 2 (0.059%) Adobe XD
10 1 (0.029%) Revit
Business Applications
1 31 (0.91%) Distributed Ledger
2 29 (0.85%) R3 Corda
3 16 (0.47%) Oracle BPM
4 14 (0.41%) Payment Gateway
5 10 (0.29%) Magento
6 9 (0.27%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 7 (0.21%) Summit
8 6 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
9 4 (0.12%) NetSuite
10 3 (0.088%) SAP S/4HANA
11 2 (0.059%) Oracle CRM
11 2 (0.059%) Shopify
11 2 (0.059%) WebTrends
11 2 (0.059%) Workfront
12 1 (0.029%) Dynamics CRM
12 1 (0.029%) Oracle Applications
12 1 (0.029%) Oracle ERP
12 1 (0.029%) SAP FI
12 1 (0.029%) SAP HCM
12 1 (0.029%) SAP Travel Management
Cloud Services
1 1,266 (37.28%) AWS
2 743 (21.88%) Azure
3 663 (19.52%) GitHub
4 499 (14.69%) Serverless
5 482 (14.19%) GCP
6 191 (5.62%) SaaS
7 179 (5.27%) PaaS
8 153 (4.51%) Cloud Computing
9 138 (4.06%) Amazon Kinesis
10 117 (3.45%) AWS Lambda
11 105 (3.09%) IaaS
12 99 (2.92%) AWS CloudFormation
13 86 (2.53%) Amazon EC2
14 73 (2.15%) npm
15 71 (2.09%) Amazon S3
16 63 (1.86%) Amazon ECS
17 62 (1.83%) Heroku
18 61 (1.80%) OpenShift
19 43 (1.27%) Microsoft 365
20 38 (1.12%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 112 (3.30%) HTTP
2 92 (2.71%) Firewall
3 78 (2.30%) Broadband
4 71 (2.09%) Internet
5 55 (1.62%) DNS
6 48 (1.41%) VPN
7 45 (1.33%) AMQP
8 41 (1.21%) TCP/IP
9 38 (1.12%) Network Security
10 34 (1.00%) SSL
11 28 (0.82%) SSH
12 19 (0.56%) SAN
12 19 (0.56%) WebEx
13 17 (0.50%) Intrusion Detection
14 16 (0.47%) Wireshark
15 15 (0.44%) PBX
15 15 (0.44%) VLAN
16 14 (0.41%) VoIP
17 12 (0.35%) DHCP
18 11 (0.32%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 590 (17.37%) Big Data
2 485 (14.28%) NoSQL
3 450 (13.25%) PostgreSQL
4 322 (9.48%) Relational Database
5 268 (7.89%) Redis
6 233 (6.86%) MySQL
7 188 (5.54%) MongoDB
8 161 (4.74%) Hadoop
9 149 (4.39%) MariaDB
10 137 (4.03%) HBase
11 125 (3.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 90 (2.65%) SQL Server
13 78 (2.30%) Amazon Redshift
14 76 (2.24%) Data Warehouse
15 74 (2.18%) BigQuery
16 71 (2.09%) Blockchain
17 69 (2.03%) Apache Accumulo
18 64 (1.88%) RDBMS
19 62 (1.83%) Apache Cassandra
20 52 (1.53%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 790 (23.26%) Jenkins
2 672 (19.79%) Git (software)
3 248 (7.30%) JIRA
4 234 (6.89%) JUnit
5 178 (5.24%) Cypress.io
6 169 (4.98%) Mockito
7 167 (4.92%) Cucumber
8 164 (4.83%) webpack
9 155 (4.56%) Gradle
10 140 (4.12%) SonarQube
11 138 (4.06%) Storybook
12 131 (3.86%) Sonatype Nexus
13 121 (3.56%) Eclipse
14 120 (3.53%) IntelliJ
15 117 (3.45%) Protractor
16 98 (2.89%) GitLab
17 80 (2.36%) Artifactory
18 75 (2.21%) TeamCity
19 65 (1.91%) Mocha
19 65 (1.91%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 849 (25.00%) Social Skills
2 696 (20.49%) Finance
3 266 (7.83%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 263 (7.74%) Analytical Skills
5 249 (7.33%) Banking
6 215 (6.33%) Retail
7 206 (6.07%) Public Sector
8 183 (5.39%) Law
9 178 (5.24%) Marketing
10 147 (4.33%) Legal
11 114 (3.36%) Games
12 83 (2.44%) Presentation Skills
13 65 (1.91%) Manufacturing
14 44 (1.30%) Back Office
15 42 (1.24%) Organisational Skills
16 35 (1.03%) Telecoms
17 33 (0.97%) Billing
18 27 (0.80%) Online Betting
19 24 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
20 19 (0.56%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,147 (33.78%) Developer
2 552 (16.25%) Software Engineer
3 463 (13.63%) Java Developer
4 340 (10.01%) Architect
5 211 (6.21%) Senior Developer
6 188 (5.54%) Senior Software Engineer
7 186 (5.48%) DevOps Engineer
8 163 (4.80%) Java Engineer
9 125 (3.68%) Full Stack Developer
10 113 (3.33%) Software Developer
11 110 (3.24%) Solutions Architect
12 105 (3.09%) Lead Software Engineer
13 97 (2.86%) Technical Architect
14 96 (2.83%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 93 (2.74%) Lead Developer
16 77 (2.27%) Senior Architect
17 72 (2.12%) Java Software Engineer
18 64 (1.88%) Senior Java Developer
19 63 (1.86%) Consultant
20 61 (1.80%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 901 (26.53%) React
2 810 (23.85%) Spring
3 685 (20.17%) Node.js
4 670 (19.73%) REST
5 564 (16.61%) CSS
6 512 (15.08%) RESTful
7 499 (14.69%) AngularJS
8 453 (13.34%) Kafka
9 388 (11.43%) HTML
10 385 (11.34%) GraphQL
11 298 (8.78%) Hibernate
12 272 (8.01%) Redux
13 267 (7.86%) RabbitMQ
14 266 (7.83%) Web Services
15 245 (7.21%) Spring Boot
16 242 (7.13%) JSON
17 228 (6.71%) Vue.js
18 219 (6.45%) .NET
19 218 (6.42%) HTML5
20 217 (6.39%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 466 (13.72%) User Experience
2 244 (7.18%) Greenfield Project
3 220 (6.48%) Algorithms
4 198 (5.83%) Blog
5 193 (5.68%) Self-Motivation
6 164 (4.83%) Linux Command Line
7 161 (4.74%) Cloud Native
8 100 (2.94%) Virtual Team
9 97 (2.86%) Public Cloud
9 97 (2.86%) Social Media
10 88 (2.59%) Data Structures
11 72 (2.12%) Enterprise Software
12 68 (2.00%) Data Centre
12 68 (2.00%) Private Cloud
13 67 (1.97%) Mobile App
14 65 (1.91%) Cyberattack
15 60 (1.77%) Management Information System
16 52 (1.53%) NHS
17 30 (0.88%) Life Science
18 24 (0.71%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 741 (21.82%) Linux
2 248 (7.30%) Unix
3 153 (4.51%) Windows
4 129 (3.80%) Android
5 92 (2.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 85 (2.50%) CentOS
7 58 (1.71%) Apple iOS
8 36 (1.06%) Debian
9 34 (1.00%) Mesosphere
10 31 (0.91%) VMS
11 30 (0.88%) Ubuntu
12 23 (0.68%) Windows Server
13 22 (0.65%) Mac OS X
14 18 (0.53%) Solaris
15 12 (0.35%) AIX
16 11 (0.32%) Windows Server 2019
17 10 (0.29%) Fedora
17 10 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
18 9 (0.27%) SUSE
18 9 (0.27%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,948 (57.36%) Agile Software Development
2 1,214 (35.75%) Microservices
3 1,204 (35.45%) DevOps
4 1,095 (32.24%) Software Engineering
5 777 (22.88%) Scrum
6 776 (22.85%) TDD
7 710 (20.91%) Continuous Integration
8 561 (16.52%) Analytics
9 539 (15.87%) Problem-Solving
10 503 (14.81%) BDD
11 477 (14.05%) Test Automation
12 466 (13.72%) Computer Science
13 440 (12.96%) Full Stack Development
14 390 (11.48%) Mentoring
15 352 (10.37%) Machine Learning
16 344 (10.13%) Artificial Intelligence
17 342 (10.07%) Data Science
18 333 (9.81%) Coaching
19 328 (9.66%) OO
20 296 (8.72%) Infrastructure as Code
Programming Languages
1 1,545 (45.49%) Java
2 1,213 (35.72%) Python
3 964 (28.39%) JavaScript
4 778 (22.91%) SQL
5 380 (11.19%) TypeScript
6 349 (10.28%) Go
7 288 (8.48%) Java 8
8 253 (7.45%) C#
9 237 (6.98%) Ruby
10 225 (6.63%) C++
11 186 (5.48%) Scala
12 177 (5.21%) Groovy
13 169 (4.98%) Shell Script
14 155 (4.56%) C
15 154 (4.53%) PHP
16 143 (4.21%) Kotlin
17 133 (3.92%) Bash Shell
18 107 (3.15%) ES6
19 102 (3.00%) R
20 73 (2.15%) Rust
Qualifications
1 528 (15.55%) Degree
2 432 (12.72%) Security Cleared
3 392 (11.54%) SC Cleared
4 184 (5.42%) Computer Science Degree
5 107 (3.15%) OCP
5 107 (3.15%) Oracle Certification
6 47 (1.38%) PhD
7 41 (1.21%) Master's Degree
8 32 (0.94%) AWS Certification
9 24 (0.71%) BPSS Clearance
10 23 (0.68%) DV Cleared
11 17 (0.50%) OSCP
12 13 (0.38%) DBS Check
13 12 (0.35%) CISSP
13 12 (0.35%) GIAC
14 10 (0.29%) ISTQB
14 10 (0.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 9 (0.27%) ISEB
16 8 (0.24%) CISA
16 8 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 196 (5.77%) QA
2 105 (3.09%) Accessibility
3 51 (1.50%) GDPR
4 41 (1.21%) SLA
5 39 (1.15%) Data Quality
6 26 (0.77%) NCSC
7 22 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 19 (0.56%) GxP
9 17 (0.50%) NIST
10 15 (0.44%) PSD2
10 15 (0.44%) WCAG
11 13 (0.38%) PCI DSS
12 12 (0.35%) WAI
13 10 (0.29%) Cyber Essentials
13 10 (0.29%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 7 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 5 (0.15%) PMO
16 4 (0.12%) ISO 9001
17 3 (0.088%) GRC
17 3 (0.088%) TickIT
System Software
1 1,147 (33.78%) Docker
2 120 (3.53%) VMware Infrastructure
3 119 (3.50%) HDFS
4 76 (2.24%) Active Directory
5 37 (1.09%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 31 (0.91%) Virtual Machines
7 25 (0.74%) Postfix
8 22 (0.65%) KVM
9 13 (0.38%) Hyper-V
10 12 (0.35%) Ceph
10 12 (0.35%) NFS
11 11 (0.32%) etcd
11 11 (0.32%) ISA Server
12 8 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
13 7 (0.21%) iptables
13 7 (0.21%) LXC
14 4 (0.12%) Kamailio
14 4 (0.12%) vSphere
15 3 (0.088%) QEMU
15 3 (0.088%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 880 (25.91%) Kubernetes
2 811 (23.88%) Terraform
3 562 (16.55%) Ansible
4 276 (8.13%) Puppet
5 174 (5.12%) Opscode Chef
6 166 (4.89%) Prometheus
7 126 (3.71%) Grafana
8 73 (2.15%) Packer
9 61 (1.80%) Consul
10 47 (1.38%) Docker Swarm
11 38 (1.12%) Single Sign-On
12 35 (1.03%) Kibana
13 34 (1.00%) Automic
14 32 (0.94%) Nagios
15 29 (0.85%) Hadoop YARN
16 22 (0.65%) Istio
16 22 (0.65%) logstash
17 17 (0.50%) Rancher
18 16 (0.47%) ZABBIX
19 15 (0.44%) Icinga
Vendors
1 247 (7.27%) Microsoft
2 207 (6.10%) Google
3 201 (5.92%) Oracle
4 163 (4.80%) VMware
5 123 (3.62%) Okta
6 83 (2.44%) Red Hat
7 59 (1.74%) Splunk
8 46 (1.35%) Cisco
9 42 (1.24%) Adobe
10 33 (0.97%) Apple
11 28 (0.82%) Facebook
12 27 (0.80%) SAP
13 24 (0.71%) Salesforce.com
14 22 (0.65%) Netlify
14 22 (0.65%) YouTube
15 21 (0.62%) Sun
16 20 (0.59%) New Relic
16 20 (0.59%) Percona
16 20 (0.59%) Sitecore
17 19 (0.56%) IBM