Period
to 25 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 25 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
25 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 110 114 117
Rank change year-on-year +4 +3 +14
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 5,008 4,612 5,596
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.88% 2.73% 2.79%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.17% 3.01% 3.10%
Number of salaries quoted 3,883 3,832 4,657
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% - +10.00%
10th Percentile £36,250 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - -

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 157,933 153,059 180,627
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 90.82% 90.55% 89.98%
Number of salaries quoted 126,923 125,473 150,145
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +3.26%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +3.66%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Open Source.

Salary trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 25 May 2018.

Salary histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 4,722 £59,000 +2.61% 780
UK excluding London +15 2,483 £50,000 +11.11% 417
London +2 2,432 £67,500 - 400
South East +25 778 £50,000 - 108
North of England +21 643 £50,000 +5.26% 113
North West +17 342 £55,000 +15.79% 54
South West -8 338 £50,000 +17.65% 69
Midlands -7 275 £55,000 +22.22% 47
Yorkshire +13 252 £49,250 +9.44% 38
East of England -1 244 £52,500 +16.67% 43
Scotland -21 172 £45,000 -9.09% 22
West Midlands -8 158 £50,000 +11.11% 35
East Midlands +15 116 £55,000 +22.22% 12
North East -1 49 £40,000 -13.51% 21
Wales +2 29 £42,500 +5.97% 8
Northern Ireland +8 10 £40,000 -33.33% 7

For the 6 months to 25 May 2018, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 2,738 (54.67%) Agile Software Development
2 2,291 (45.75%) Java
3 1,473 (29.41%) DevOps
4 1,462 (29.19%) Python
5 1,456 (29.07%) Linux
6 1,440 (28.75%) JavaScript
7 1,263 (25.22%) Amazon AWS
8 1,190 (23.76%) Software Engineering
9 1,044 (20.85%) Finance
10 1,016 (20.29%) SQL
11 997 (19.91%) Continuous Integration
12 970 (19.37%) TDD
13 969 (19.35%) C#
14 909 (18.15%) Degree
15 894 (17.85%) HTML
16 846 (16.89%) Microservices
17 841 (16.79%) Microsoft Azure
18 831 (16.59%) Scrum
19 820 (16.37%) Test Automation
20 808 (16.13%) Git (software)
21 803 (16.03%) Docker
22 791 (15.79%) .NET
23 749 (14.96%) Jenkins
24 746 (14.90%) CSS
25 701 (14.00%) AngularJS
26 687 (13.72%) Web Services
27 670 (13.38%) Puppet
28 650 (12.98%) Ruby
29 627 (12.52%) Ansible
30 625 (12.48%) PHP

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 364 (7.27%) Apache
2 300 (5.99%) Apache Spark
3 276 (5.51%) Elasticsearch
4 174 (3.47%) Tomcat
5 146 (2.92%) CMS
6 131 (2.62%) OpenStack
7 120 (2.40%) WebSphere
8 116 (2.32%) Confluence
9 113 (2.26%) JBoss
10 102 (2.04%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 83 (1.66%) nginx
12 79 (1.58%) Drupal
13 73 (1.46%) Apache Solr
14 64 (1.28%) WordPress
15 49 (0.98%) Apache Pig
16 47 (0.94%) WebLogic
17 45 (0.90%) IIS
17 45 (0.90%) SAS
18 44 (0.88%) SharePoint
19 40 (0.80%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 20 (0.40%) SPSS
2 19 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
3 17 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
4 11 (0.22%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.100%) InfoPath
6 5 (0.100%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.100%) Photoshop
7 4 (0.080%) Gephi
7 4 (0.080%) Weka
8 3 (0.060%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 2 (0.040%) Blender
10 1 (0.020%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.020%) GIMP
10 1 (0.020%) InVision
Business Applications
1 27 (0.54%) Magento
2 8 (0.16%) NetSuite
3 7 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
3 7 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
4 6 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
4 6 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
5 5 (0.100%) R3 Corda
6 4 (0.080%) Sentinel
7 3 (0.060%) OpenCart
7 3 (0.060%) osCommerce
7 3 (0.060%) Remedy ITSM
8 2 (0.040%) Oracle Retail
8 2 (0.040%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.040%) SAP S/4HANA
8 2 (0.040%) WebTrends
9 1 (0.020%) Dynamics NAV
9 1 (0.020%) ION MarketView
9 1 (0.020%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.020%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,263 (25.22%) Amazon AWS
2 841 (16.79%) Microsoft Azure
3 295 (5.89%) Google Cloud Platform
4 268 (5.35%) GitHub
5 174 (3.47%) SaaS
6 135 (2.70%) Cloud Computing
7 127 (2.54%) PaaS
8 123 (2.46%) Amazon EC2
9 100 (2.00%) IaaS
10 92 (1.84%) Amazon S3
11 72 (1.44%) Serverless
12 71 (1.42%) AWS CloudFormation
13 62 (1.24%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 59 (1.18%) Amazon EMR
14 59 (1.18%) Office 365
15 55 (1.10%) npm
16 53 (1.06%) Bluemix
16 53 (1.06%) IBM Cloud
17 50 (1.00%) Amazon Kinesis
18 45 (0.90%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 221 (4.41%) Internet
2 217 (4.33%) Firewall
3 185 (3.69%) HTTP
4 140 (2.80%) TCP/IP
5 100 (2.00%) DNS
6 84 (1.68%) VPN
7 71 (1.42%) WAN
8 67 (1.34%) LAN
9 41 (0.82%) FTP
10 38 (0.76%) DHCP
11 37 (0.74%) VoIP
12 34 (0.68%) Network Security
13 28 (0.56%) Wireshark
14 25 (0.50%) SSH
15 23 (0.46%) Intranet
16 21 (0.42%) SSL
17 20 (0.40%) BGP
18 19 (0.38%) SNMP
19 18 (0.36%) SMTP
20 17 (0.34%) RTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 586 (11.70%) NoSQL
2 561 (11.20%) MySQL
3 549 (10.96%) Big Data
4 455 (9.09%) MongoDB
5 404 (8.07%) SQL Server
6 325 (6.49%) Hadoop
7 302 (6.03%) PostgreSQL
8 291 (5.81%) Relational Database
9 200 (3.99%) Apache Cassandra
10 180 (3.59%) Redis
11 147 (2.94%) RDBMS
12 101 (2.02%) Blockchain
13 87 (1.74%) Data Warehouse
14 78 (1.56%) HBase
15 67 (1.34%) Amazon Redshift
16 66 (1.32%) Apache Hive
16 66 (1.32%) Neo4j
17 59 (1.18%) Power BI
18 54 (1.08%) Impala
19 51 (1.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 808 (16.13%) Git (software)
2 749 (14.96%) Jenkins
3 399 (7.97%) Selenium
4 355 (7.09%) JIRA
5 278 (5.55%) Maven
6 239 (4.77%) Cucumber
7 232 (4.63%) Subversion
8 227 (4.53%) TeamCity
9 226 (4.51%) JUnit
10 187 (3.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 152 (3.04%) WebDriver
12 143 (2.86%) Jasmine
13 131 (2.62%) Protractor
14 130 (2.60%) Octopus Deploy
15 113 (2.26%) NUnit
15 113 (2.26%) Vagrant
16 105 (2.10%) Gradle
16 105 (2.10%) Team Foundation Server
17 104 (2.08%) Bitbucket
18 85 (1.70%) Visual Studio
General
1 1,044 (20.85%) Finance
2 441 (8.81%) Banking
3 309 (6.17%) Retail
4 184 (3.67%) Marketing
5 182 (3.63%) Investment Banking
6 167 (3.33%) Financial Institution
7 153 (3.06%) Games
8 137 (2.74%) Telecoms
9 108 (2.16%) Advertising
10 79 (1.58%) Front Office
11 75 (1.50%) Manufacturing
12 66 (1.32%) Electronics
13 64 (1.28%) Law
14 59 (1.18%) Legal
15 57 (1.14%) Publishing
16 35 (0.70%) Back Office
17 29 (0.58%) Automotive
18 20 (0.40%) Local Government
19 17 (0.34%) Multimedia
20 8 (0.16%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,918 (38.30%) Developer
2 569 (11.36%) Java Developer
3 531 (10.60%) Architect
4 527 (10.52%) Software Engineer
5 480 (9.58%) DevOps Engineer
6 430 (8.59%) Senior Developer
7 255 (5.09%) .NET Developer
8 241 (4.81%) Java Engineer
9 217 (4.33%) Software Developer
10 214 (4.27%) Solutions Architect
11 208 (4.15%) Java Software Engineer
12 195 (3.89%) PHP Developer
13 181 (3.61%) Tester
14 179 (3.57%) Consultant
15 178 (3.55%) Analyst
16 176 (3.51%) C# Developer
17 163 (3.25%) Agile Developer
17 163 (3.25%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 150 (3.00%) Senior Java Developer
19 148 (2.96%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 894 (17.85%) HTML
2 791 (15.79%) .NET
3 746 (14.90%) CSS
4 701 (14.00%) AngularJS
5 687 (13.72%) Web Services
6 559 (11.16%) React
7 538 (10.74%) Spring
8 452 (9.03%) RESTful
9 442 (8.83%) REST
10 429 (8.57%) HTML5
11 416 (8.31%) Node.js
12 346 (6.91%) XML
13 316 (6.31%) Kafka
14 270 (5.39%) ASP.NET
15 259 (5.17%) jQuery
16 240 (4.79%) Middleware
17 232 (4.63%) Hibernate
18 231 (4.61%) J2EE
19 230 (4.59%) JSON
20 225 (4.49%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 540 (10.78%) Computer Science
2 401 (8.01%) Analytical Skills
3 338 (6.75%) Greenfield Project
4 275 (5.49%) User Experience
5 271 (5.41%) Self-Motivation
6 234 (4.67%) Fintech
7 226 (4.51%) Enterprise Software
8 195 (3.89%) Algorithms
9 176 (3.51%) Mobile App
10 127 (2.54%) Management Information System
11 126 (2.52%) Cyberthreat
12 120 (2.40%) Public Cloud
13 117 (2.34%) Data Centre
14 113 (2.26%) Data Structures
15 98 (1.96%) Hedge funds
16 89 (1.78%) Blog
17 84 (1.68%) Linux Command Line
18 81 (1.62%) Fixed Income
19 59 (1.18%) Cloud Native
20 57 (1.14%) Online Banking
Operating Systems
1 1,456 (29.07%) Linux
2 471 (9.40%) Windows
3 463 (9.25%) Unix
4 155 (3.10%) CentOS
5 121 (2.42%) Android
6 116 (2.32%) Ubuntu
7 115 (2.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 85 (1.70%) Apple iOS
9 81 (1.62%) Debian
10 80 (1.60%) Windows Server
11 34 (0.68%) Embedded Linux
12 25 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
13 24 (0.48%) CoreOS
14 22 (0.44%) AIX
15 17 (0.34%) VMS
16 15 (0.30%) Mac OS X
17 14 (0.28%) FreeBSD
18 13 (0.26%) HPUX
18 13 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
19 11 (0.22%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,738 (54.67%) Agile Software Development
2 1,473 (29.41%) DevOps
3 1,190 (23.76%) Software Engineering
4 997 (19.91%) Continuous Integration
5 970 (19.37%) TDD
6 846 (16.89%) Microservices
7 831 (16.59%) Scrum
8 820 (16.37%) Test Automation
9 606 (12.10%) BDD
10 588 (11.74%) Problem-Solving
11 570 (11.38%) OO
12 460 (9.19%) Mentoring
13 443 (8.85%) SDLC
14 438 (8.75%) Configuration Management
15 405 (8.09%) Analytics
16 391 (7.81%) Web Development
17 372 (7.43%) MVC
18 352 (7.03%) Continuous Delivery
19 277 (5.53%) Front End Development
20 255 (5.09%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 2,291 (45.75%) Java
2 1,462 (29.19%) Python
3 1,440 (28.75%) JavaScript
4 1,016 (20.29%) SQL
5 969 (19.35%) C#
6 650 (12.98%) Ruby
7 625 (12.48%) PHP
8 396 (7.91%) C++
9 333 (6.65%) Scala
10 324 (6.47%) Java 8
11 318 (6.35%) Bash Shell
12 250 (4.99%) Go
13 247 (4.93%) PowerShell
14 226 (4.51%) C
15 218 (4.35%) Perl
16 138 (2.76%) Shell Script
17 109 (2.18%) R
18 76 (1.52%) Groovy
19 75 (1.50%) VB.NET
20 70 (1.40%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 909 (18.15%) Degree
2 291 (5.81%) Computer Science Degree
3 251 (5.01%) Security Cleared
4 146 (2.92%) SC Cleared
5 98 (1.96%) Master's Degree
6 72 (1.44%) PhD
7 56 (1.12%) CISSP
8 47 (0.94%) DV Cleared
9 39 (0.78%) BPSS Clearance
10 37 (0.74%) Cisco Certification
10 37 (0.74%) Numerate Degree
11 36 (0.72%) ISTQB
12 35 (0.70%) ISEB
13 31 (0.62%) TOGAF Certification
14 30 (0.60%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 30 (0.60%) Sun Certification
15 29 (0.58%) CCNA
16 28 (0.56%) MCSD
16 28 (0.56%) MCSE
16 28 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 340 (6.79%) QA
2 94 (1.88%) GCP
3 45 (0.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 28 (0.56%) Data Quality
4 28 (0.56%) PCI DSS
5 25 (0.50%) PSD2
6 18 (0.36%) ISO 9001
7 13 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
7 13 (0.26%) SLA
8 11 (0.22%) GDPR
9 10 (0.20%) Web Application Security Consortium
10 9 (0.18%) COBIT
11 8 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 8 (0.16%) ISO 14001
12 6 (0.12%) SSAE 16
13 3 (0.060%) ISO 20022
13 3 (0.060%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 3 (0.060%) SEPA
14 2 (0.040%) WAI
14 2 (0.040%) WCAG
System Software
1 803 (16.03%) Docker
2 151 (3.02%) VMware Infrastructure
3 64 (1.28%) Active Directory
3 64 (1.28%) Hyper-V
4 54 (1.08%) KVM
5 49 (0.98%) HDFS
6 47 (0.94%) Virtual Machines
7 41 (0.82%) Apache Flume
8 34 (0.68%) Ceph
8 34 (0.68%) iptables
9 30 (0.60%) vSphere
10 22 (0.44%) QEMU
11 21 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 21 (0.42%) Kamailio
12 18 (0.36%) Firmware
13 16 (0.32%) VMware ESXi
14 13 (0.26%) VirtualBox
15 9 (0.18%) NFS
15 9 (0.18%) Xen
16 7 (0.14%) Samba
Systems Management
1 670 (13.38%) Puppet
2 627 (12.52%) Ansible
3 555 (11.08%) Opscode Chef
4 489 (9.76%) Kubernetes
5 299 (5.97%) Terraform
6 101 (2.02%) Nagios
7 98 (1.96%) Salt
8 94 (1.88%) Packer
9 86 (1.72%) Consul
10 74 (1.48%) Kibana
11 58 (1.16%) logstash
12 55 (1.10%) ZABBIX
13 54 (1.08%) Docker Swarm
14 49 (0.98%) Grafana
15 29 (0.58%) Rundeck
16 28 (0.56%) Graphite
17 26 (0.52%) Tivoli
18 25 (0.50%) Cobbler
18 25 (0.50%) Mesos
19 23 (0.46%) Rancher
Vendors
1 545 (10.88%) Microsoft
2 481 (9.60%) Oracle
3 423 (8.45%) Google
4 230 (4.59%) VMware
5 173 (3.45%) Red Hat
6 168 (3.35%) IBM
7 84 (1.68%) SAP
8 79 (1.58%) Splunk
9 74 (1.48%) Atlassian
10 67 (1.34%) Tableau
11 64 (1.28%) Cisco
12 62 (1.24%) SaltStack
13 59 (1.18%) TIBCO
14 56 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
15 52 (1.04%) Cloudera
16 48 (0.96%) New Relic
17 40 (0.80%) Talend
17 40 (0.80%) Xamarin
18 38 (0.76%) ServiceNow
18 38 (0.76%) Sitecore