Period
to 19 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 19 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
19 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 115 108 114
Rank change year-on-year -7 +6 -1
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 4,366 5,133 4,724
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.88% 2.92% 2.72%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.14% 3.18% 2.98%
Number of salaries quoted 3,167 4,119 3,887
UK median annual salary £58,500 £57,500 £56,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.74% +1.77% +2.73%
10th Percentile £34,000 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £88,750 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £51,250 £50,000 £46,000
% change year-on-year +2.50% +8.70% -3.16%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 139,013 161,247 158,373
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.74% 91.84% 91.31%
Number of salaries quoted 109,707 130,895 130,572
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Open Source.

Salary trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 19 February 2019.

Salary histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 19 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 4,065 £60,000 - 795
UK excluding London +12 2,165 £51,250 +2.50% 489
London -14 2,077 £70,000 +3.70% 376
North of England +29 600 £50,000 - 111
South East -14 580 £52,500 +10.53% 119
South West +15 401 £50,000 - 59
North West +39 346 £57,000 +8.57% 56
Yorkshire +39 237 £47,500 -5.00% 51
Midlands -22 200 £55,000 +15.79% 72
East of England -20 182 £50,340 -6.35% 59
Scotland +3 157 £52,500 +10.53% 38
West Midlands -5 138 £52,500 +23.53% 41
East Midlands -27 62 £75,000 +50.00% 31
Wales +20 36 £40,000 -7.51% 21
North East -12 17 £51,756 +29.39% 4
Northern Ireland -26 11 £50,000 +66.67% 11
Channel Islands - 1 £60,000 -
Isle of Man - 1 £67,500 -

For the 6 months to 19 February 2019, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 2,414 (55.29%) Agile Software Development
2 1,941 (44.46%) Java
3 1,485 (34.01%) Python
4 1,435 (32.87%) Linux
5 1,360 (31.15%) DevOps
6 1,322 (30.28%) JavaScript
7 1,215 (27.83%) Amazon AWS
8 1,031 (23.61%) SQL
9 1,029 (23.57%) Software Engineering
10 930 (21.30%) Git (software)
11 924 (21.16%) Continuous Integration
12 881 (20.18%) Docker
13 863 (19.77%) Finance
14 846 (19.38%) TDD
15 793 (18.16%) Microservices
16 779 (17.84%) Test Automation
17 775 (17.75%) Microsoft Azure
18 755 (17.29%) C#
19 737 (16.88%) Degree
20 727 (16.65%) Jenkins
21 703 (16.10%) HTML
22 636 (14.57%) CSS
23 628 (14.38%) Kubernetes
24 622 (14.25%) Ruby
25 606 (13.88%) Scrum
26 575 (13.17%) Ansible
27 557 (12.76%) AngularJS
28 553 (12.67%) Spring
29 543 (12.44%) NoSQL
30 542 (12.41%) OO

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 357 (8.18%) Apache
2 295 (6.76%) Apache Spark
3 265 (6.07%) Elasticsearch
4 153 (3.50%) Confluence
5 109 (2.50%) nginx
6 102 (2.34%) OpenStack
7 99 (2.27%) IIS
8 96 (2.20%) Tomcat
9 91 (2.08%) CMS
10 62 (1.42%) Apache Solr
11 59 (1.35%) WordPress
12 54 (1.24%) JBoss
12 54 (1.24%) WebLogic
13 52 (1.19%) Drupal
13 52 (1.19%) SharePoint
14 35 (0.80%) WebSphere
15 31 (0.71%) SAS
16 29 (0.66%) Apache Pig
17 28 (0.64%) Ethereum
18 23 (0.53%) Jetty
Applications
1 82 (1.88%) Chatbot
2 22 (0.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 22 (0.50%) MS Visio
3 14 (0.32%) Snapchat
4 13 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
5 12 (0.27%) SPSS
6 11 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
7 10 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 7 (0.16%) Fireworks
9 4 (0.092%) Open Workbench
10 3 (0.069%) S-PLUS
10 3 (0.069%) Stata
11 2 (0.046%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 2 (0.046%) Photoshop
12 1 (0.023%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 28 (0.64%) Distributed Ledger
2 21 (0.48%) Actimize
3 16 (0.37%) Odoo
4 15 (0.34%) Magento
5 11 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
5 11 (0.25%) R3 Corda
6 9 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
7 6 (0.14%) Shopify
8 5 (0.11%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 3 (0.069%) Quorum
9 3 (0.069%) SAP S/4HANA
9 3 (0.069%) SAP SD
10 2 (0.046%) CiviCRM
10 2 (0.046%) Payment Gateway
10 2 (0.046%) SAP ERP
11 1 (0.023%) Oracle 11i
11 1 (0.023%) Oracle BPM
11 1 (0.023%) Oracle EBS
11 1 (0.023%) Oracle EBS R12
11 1 (0.023%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 1,215 (27.83%) Amazon AWS
2 775 (17.75%) Microsoft Azure
3 299 (6.85%) Google Cloud Platform
4 272 (6.23%) GitHub
5 239 (5.47%) Cloud Computing
6 171 (3.92%) SaaS
7 140 (3.21%) PaaS
8 118 (2.70%) AWS CloudFormation
9 116 (2.66%) Amazon EC2
9 116 (2.66%) Serverless
10 95 (2.18%) IaaS
11 70 (1.60%) Slack
12 66 (1.51%) OpenShift
13 63 (1.44%) Amazon S3
14 60 (1.37%) Amazon EMR
15 51 (1.17%) AWS Lambda
16 47 (1.08%) Office 365
17 32 (0.73%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 31 (0.71%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 30 (0.69%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 154 (3.53%) Firewall
2 118 (2.70%) TCP/IP
3 115 (2.63%) HTTP
4 98 (2.24%) Internet
5 72 (1.65%) VPN
6 64 (1.47%) DNS
7 45 (1.03%) Network Security
8 35 (0.80%) WAN
9 29 (0.66%) VLAN
9 29 (0.66%) VoIP
10 26 (0.60%) SSL
11 24 (0.55%) AMQP
12 23 (0.53%) LAN
13 19 (0.44%) SAN
14 18 (0.41%) Wireless
15 17 (0.39%) DHCP
15 17 (0.39%) Intranet
16 15 (0.34%) IPv4
16 15 (0.34%) Wireshark
17 14 (0.32%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 543 (12.44%) NoSQL
2 454 (10.40%) MySQL
3 429 (9.83%) Big Data
4 406 (9.30%) PostgreSQL
5 395 (9.05%) SQL Server
6 392 (8.98%) MongoDB
7 296 (6.78%) Hadoop
8 256 (5.86%) Relational Database
9 156 (3.57%) Redis
10 155 (3.55%) Apache Cassandra
11 131 (3.00%) Data Warehouse
12 100 (2.29%) Blockchain
13 82 (1.88%) RDBMS
14 77 (1.76%) Neo4j
15 75 (1.72%) Amazon Redshift
16 68 (1.56%) Apache Hive
17 66 (1.51%) HBase
18 60 (1.37%) Data Lake
19 56 (1.28%) Flink
20 55 (1.26%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 930 (21.30%) Git (software)
2 727 (16.65%) Jenkins
3 375 (8.59%) JIRA
4 276 (6.32%) Cucumber
5 234 (5.36%) JUnit
6 217 (4.97%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 202 (4.63%) TeamCity
8 200 (4.58%) Selenium
9 141 (3.23%) Subversion
10 137 (3.14%) Maven
11 129 (2.95%) Team Foundation Server
12 119 (2.73%) Octopus Deploy
13 113 (2.59%) Vagrant
14 106 (2.43%) NUnit
15 103 (2.36%) Gradle
16 101 (2.31%) SpecFlow
17 99 (2.27%) Visual Studio
18 97 (2.22%) GitLab
19 83 (1.90%) Bitbucket
20 72 (1.65%) Mockito
General
1 863 (19.77%) Finance
2 207 (4.74%) Retail
3 203 (4.65%) Marketing
4 183 (4.19%) Banking
5 167 (3.83%) Games
6 140 (3.21%) Telecoms
7 90 (2.06%) Manufacturing
8 78 (1.79%) Law
9 71 (1.63%) Electronics
10 63 (1.44%) Legal
11 41 (0.94%) Advertising
12 27 (0.62%) Financial Institution
12 27 (0.62%) Front Office
13 24 (0.55%) Publishing
14 22 (0.50%) Back Office
14 22 (0.50%) Local Government
15 15 (0.34%) Retail Banking
16 13 (0.30%) Automotive
17 12 (0.27%) Investment Banking
18 11 (0.25%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,684 (38.57%) Developer
2 514 (11.77%) Java Developer
3 474 (10.86%) Software Engineer
4 454 (10.40%) Architect
5 353 (8.09%) DevOps Engineer
6 300 (6.87%) Senior Developer
7 267 (6.12%) Software Developer
8 191 (4.37%) Java Engineer
9 185 (4.24%) .NET Developer
10 176 (4.03%) Consultant
11 160 (3.66%) Solutions Architect
12 159 (3.64%) Linux Engineer
13 155 (3.55%) Developer in Test
14 152 (3.48%) C# Developer
15 151 (3.46%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 151 (3.46%) Java Software Engineer
16 147 (3.37%) JavaScript Developer
17 137 (3.14%) Full Stack Developer
18 130 (2.98%) Data Engineer
18 130 (2.98%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 703 (16.10%) HTML
2 636 (14.57%) CSS
3 557 (12.76%) AngularJS
4 553 (12.67%) Spring
5 531 (12.16%) .NET
6 509 (11.66%) Web Services
7 506 (11.59%) Node.js
8 457 (10.47%) React
9 417 (9.55%) REST
10 390 (8.93%) HTML5
11 366 (8.38%) RESTful
12 301 (6.89%) Kafka
13 239 (5.47%) JSON
14 233 (5.34%) jQuery
15 224 (5.13%) XML
16 211 (4.83%) CSS3
17 206 (4.72%) Elastic Stack
18 202 (4.63%) ASP.NET
19 198 (4.54%) ASP.NET Web API
19 198 (4.54%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 368 (8.43%) User Experience
2 315 (7.21%) Greenfield Project
3 216 (4.95%) Self-Motivation
4 206 (4.72%) Analytical Skills
5 167 (3.83%) Mobile App
6 162 (3.71%) Fintech
7 141 (3.23%) Enterprise Software
8 133 (3.05%) Algorithms
9 117 (2.68%) Public Cloud
10 101 (2.31%) Data Centre
11 99 (2.27%) Blog
12 94 (2.15%) Data Structures
13 74 (1.69%) Management Information System
14 73 (1.67%) Cloud Native
15 72 (1.65%) Linux Command Line
16 54 (1.24%) Hedge funds
17 51 (1.17%) Wiki
18 48 (1.10%) Virtual Team
19 45 (1.03%) Private Cloud
20 40 (0.92%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 1,435 (32.87%) Linux
2 486 (11.13%) Windows
3 368 (8.43%) Unix
4 253 (5.79%) Android
5 215 (4.92%) CentOS
6 194 (4.44%) Apple iOS
7 159 (3.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 147 (3.37%) Ubuntu
9 50 (1.15%) Windows Server
10 40 (0.92%) Debian
11 34 (0.78%) Solaris
11 34 (0.78%) Windows Server 2012
12 26 (0.60%) Mesosphere
13 24 (0.55%) Mac OS X
14 23 (0.53%) Windows 7
15 22 (0.50%) AIX
16 21 (0.48%) Windows XP
17 18 (0.41%) VMS
17 18 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
18 17 (0.39%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,414 (55.29%) Agile Software Development
2 1,360 (31.15%) DevOps
3 1,029 (23.57%) Software Engineering
4 924 (21.16%) Continuous Integration
5 846 (19.38%) TDD
6 793 (18.16%) Microservices
7 779 (17.84%) Test Automation
8 606 (13.88%) Scrum
9 542 (12.41%) OO
10 508 (11.64%) Computer Science
11 502 (11.50%) BDD
12 500 (11.45%) Mentoring
13 438 (10.03%) Continuous Delivery
14 427 (9.78%) Configuration Management
15 415 (9.51%) MVC
16 332 (7.60%) Problem-Solving
17 331 (7.58%) Analytics
18 279 (6.39%) Web Development
19 275 (6.30%) SDLC
20 238 (5.45%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 1,941 (44.46%) Java
2 1,485 (34.01%) Python
3 1,322 (30.28%) JavaScript
4 1,031 (23.61%) SQL
5 755 (17.29%) C#
6 622 (14.25%) Ruby
7 455 (10.42%) C++
8 435 (9.96%) PHP
9 317 (7.26%) Go
10 306 (7.01%) Bash Shell
11 271 (6.21%) Scala
12 254 (5.82%) Java 8
13 253 (5.79%) PowerShell
14 235 (5.38%) C
15 144 (3.30%) Perl
16 117 (2.68%) Shell Script
17 108 (2.47%) Apple Swift
18 99 (2.27%) Kotlin
19 92 (2.11%) ES6
20 89 (2.04%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 737 (16.88%) Degree
2 300 (6.87%) Computer Science Degree
3 230 (5.27%) Security Cleared
4 196 (4.49%) SC Cleared
5 72 (1.65%) Numerate Degree
6 71 (1.63%) DV Cleared
7 54 (1.24%) RHCE
8 53 (1.21%) CISSP
9 52 (1.19%) AWS Certification
10 44 (1.01%) Master's Degree
10 44 (1.01%) PhD
11 40 (0.92%) RHCSA
12 32 (0.73%) OSCP
13 27 (0.62%) CISM
13 27 (0.62%) Microsoft Certification
14 26 (0.60%) TOGAF Certification
15 24 (0.55%) CREST Certified
16 20 (0.46%) SANS
17 19 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
17 19 (0.44%) GPEN
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 341 (7.81%) QA
2 47 (1.08%) GDPR
3 43 (0.98%) Data Quality
4 37 (0.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 20 (0.46%) PCI DSS
6 17 (0.39%) SLA
7 12 (0.27%) MiFID
8 11 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 11 (0.25%) WAI
9 8 (0.18%) IFRS
9 8 (0.18%) PSD2
10 7 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials
11 6 (0.14%) ISO 9001
12 3 (0.069%) ISO 20022
12 3 (0.069%) SEPA
12 3 (0.069%) WCAG
13 2 (0.046%) FedRAMP
13 2 (0.046%) FISMA
13 2 (0.046%) HIPAA
13 2 (0.046%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 881 (20.18%) Docker
2 169 (3.87%) Active Directory
3 82 (1.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 51 (1.17%) HDFS
5 46 (1.05%) Virtual Machines
6 33 (0.76%) Hyper-V
7 30 (0.69%) pfSense
8 24 (0.55%) KVM
9 21 (0.48%) vSphere
10 20 (0.46%) Varnish
11 18 (0.41%) etcd
12 15 (0.34%) NFS
12 15 (0.34%) Snort
12 15 (0.34%) Xen
13 14 (0.32%) VirtualBox
14 12 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 11 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
16 10 (0.23%) Postfix
17 9 (0.21%) iptables
17 9 (0.21%) Samba
Systems Management
1 628 (14.38%) Kubernetes
2 575 (13.17%) Ansible
3 495 (11.34%) Puppet
4 433 (9.92%) Terraform
5 351 (8.04%) Opscode Chef
6 131 (3.00%) Consul
7 109 (2.50%) Packer
8 103 (2.36%) Prometheus
9 92 (2.11%) Grafana
9 92 (2.11%) Salt
10 86 (1.97%) Docker Swarm
11 82 (1.88%) Graphite
12 66 (1.51%) Kibana
13 65 (1.49%) Nagios
14 63 (1.44%) ZABBIX
15 56 (1.28%) logstash
16 55 (1.26%) Mesos
17 46 (1.05%) HAProxy
18 41 (0.94%) Opsview
19 31 (0.71%) Nessus
Vendors
1 453 (10.38%) Microsoft
2 307 (7.03%) Oracle
3 277 (6.34%) Google
4 221 (5.06%) Red Hat
5 155 (3.55%) VMware
6 114 (2.61%) Splunk
7 103 (2.36%) SAP
8 91 (2.08%) Tableau
9 57 (1.31%) Apple
10 54 (1.24%) Atlassian
11 48 (1.10%) IBM
12 47 (1.08%) CA Agile Central
13 42 (0.96%) New Relic
14 38 (0.87%) Cisco
15 37 (0.85%) Cloudera
16 34 (0.78%) Adobe
17 32 (0.73%) ServiceNow
18 27 (0.62%) Databricks
18 27 (0.62%) HP
18 27 (0.62%) Rackspace