Period
to 30 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 30 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
30 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 111 135 110
Rank change year-on-year +24 -25 +5
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 1,326 3,574 4,853
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.75% 2.56% 2.95%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.97% 2.78% 3.21%
Number of salaries quoted 1,212 2,800 3,741
Median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £59,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.69% +2.61%
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,500 £36,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £89,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% +10.53%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 44,592 128,500 150,977
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.53% 92.21% 91.88%
Number of salaries quoted 36,382 100,933 120,238
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £33,250 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £82,825
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Open Source.

Salary trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 30 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 30 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +20 1,260 £62,500 +4.17% 263
London +5 672 £72,500 - 123
UK excluding London +18 609 £52,500 +5.00% 154
North of England +1 172 £50,000 - 44
Work from Home -23 143 £63,500 -9.29% 40
South West +44 125 £50,000 -4.76% 28
South East -1 123 £57,500 +9.52% 32
North West -14 97 £46,250 -15.91% 25
Midlands +66 86 £57,500 +15.00% 18
Yorkshire +44 70 £55,000 +22.22% 13
West Midlands +50 69 £57,500 +15.00% 13
East of England +78 66 £51,250 -2.38% 18
Scotland +25 37 £52,500 +5.00% 12
East Midlands +87 17 £47,500 +5.56% 5
Northern Ireland -3 8 £55,000 -18.52% 1
North East -6 5 £40,000 -11.92% 6
Wales +27 1 £50,000 +2.56% 1

For the 6 months to 30 September 2020, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 635 (47.89%) Agile Software Development
2 510 (38.46%) Python
3 494 (37.25%) Java
4 450 (33.94%) AWS
5 421 (31.75%) JavaScript
6 407 (30.69%) DevOps
7 390 (29.41%) Software Engineering
8 367 (27.68%) Microservices
9 359 (27.07%) Docker
10 350 (26.40%) Linux
11 277 (20.89%) Git (software)
12 276 (20.81%) Azure
13 275 (20.74%) Kubernetes
14 263 (19.83%) Node.js
15 261 (19.68%) Continuous Integration
16 250 (18.85%) Jenkins
17 243 (18.33%) AngularJS
18 242 (18.25%) React
19 228 (17.19%) TDD
20 217 (16.37%) Finance
21 211 (15.91%) NoSQL
22 209 (15.76%) SQL
23 194 (14.63%) Test Automation
24 182 (13.73%) CSS
25 176 (13.27%) Terraform
26 174 (13.12%) HTML
27 169 (12.75%) Degree
28 156 (11.76%) Security Cleared
29 154 (11.61%) RESTful
29 154 (11.61%) REST

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 81 (6.11%) Confluence
2 47 (3.54%) Apache
3 42 (3.17%) Apache Spark
4 34 (2.56%) Elasticsearch
5 31 (2.34%) CMS
6 16 (1.21%) OpenStack
7 12 (0.90%) Headless CMS
7 12 (0.90%) nginx
7 12 (0.90%) WordPress
8 11 (0.83%) Drupal
9 8 (0.60%) WebSphere
10 7 (0.53%) GlassFish
10 7 (0.53%) JBoss
11 6 (0.45%) Red Hat Fuse
11 6 (0.45%) Tomcat
12 5 (0.38%) Apache Pig
13 4 (0.30%) IIS
14 3 (0.23%) ArcGIS
14 3 (0.23%) Gunicorn
14 3 (0.23%) Jupyter
Applications
1 11 (0.83%) Chatbot
2 8 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.15%) Adobe XD
4 2 (0.15%) Figma
4 2 (0.15%) Sketch
5 1 (0.075%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 10 (0.75%) Oracle Applications
2 7 (0.53%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 7 (0.53%) Magento
3 4 (0.30%) Dynamics NAV
4 2 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.075%) Markit EDM
Cloud Services
1 450 (33.94%) AWS
2 276 (20.81%) Azure
3 125 (9.43%) GCP
4 119 (8.97%) GitHub
5 95 (7.16%) SaaS
6 85 (6.41%) Serverless
7 62 (4.68%) Cloud Computing
8 61 (4.60%) AWS Lambda
9 51 (3.85%) PaaS
10 45 (3.39%) AWS CloudFormation
11 44 (3.32%) Amazon EC2
12 40 (3.02%) IaaS
13 39 (2.94%) OpenShift
14 33 (2.49%) Amazon ECS
14 33 (2.49%) Amazon EKS
15 27 (2.04%) Amazon S3
16 23 (1.73%) Azure Functions
17 18 (1.36%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
18 15 (1.13%) Amazon SQS
18 15 (1.13%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 43 (3.24%) Firewall
2 36 (2.71%) Internet
3 29 (2.19%) DNS
4 23 (1.73%) VPN
5 22 (1.66%) HTTP
6 20 (1.51%) Skype
6 20 (1.51%) Wireless
7 18 (1.36%) Network Security
7 18 (1.36%) TCP/IP
8 16 (1.21%) Intrusion Detection
9 15 (1.13%) VoIP
10 14 (1.06%) IPv6
11 11 (0.83%) SSH
11 11 (0.83%) SSL
12 9 (0.68%) DHCP
12 9 (0.68%) IPv4
13 8 (0.60%) Asterisk PBX
14 7 (0.53%) Broadband
14 7 (0.53%) SAN
14 7 (0.53%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 211 (15.91%) NoSQL
2 97 (7.32%) Big Data
3 96 (7.24%) PostgreSQL
4 87 (6.56%) MySQL
5 82 (6.18%) SQL Server
6 57 (4.30%) MongoDB
7 52 (3.92%) Hadoop
8 42 (3.17%) Data Warehouse
9 41 (3.09%) Relational Database
10 38 (2.87%) Apache Cassandra
11 29 (2.19%) Redis
12 26 (1.96%) Amazon RDS
13 24 (1.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 24 (1.81%) MariaDB
14 14 (1.06%) Apache Hive
15 13 (0.98%) Amazon Aurora
15 13 (0.98%) Data Lake
15 13 (0.98%) Scylla
16 11 (0.83%) Amazon Redshift
16 11 (0.83%) KDB
Development Applications
1 277 (20.89%) Git (software)
2 250 (18.85%) Jenkins
3 122 (9.20%) JIRA
4 92 (6.94%) GitLab
5 78 (5.88%) JUnit
6 73 (5.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 71 (5.35%) Selenium
8 66 (4.98%) Mockito
9 39 (2.94%) TeamCity
10 37 (2.79%) Cucumber
11 36 (2.71%) Subversion
12 33 (2.49%) Artifactory
13 31 (2.34%) Vagrant
14 29 (2.19%) Bitbucket
14 29 (2.19%) WebDriver
15 28 (2.11%) Maven
16 23 (1.73%) SonarQube
17 22 (1.66%) Octopus Deploy
18 17 (1.28%) DbUnit
18 17 (1.28%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 217 (16.37%) Finance
2 85 (6.41%) Public Sector
3 63 (4.75%) Front Office
4 52 (3.92%) Banking
5 49 (3.70%) Law
5 49 (3.70%) Marketing
6 25 (1.89%) Legal
7 24 (1.81%) Games
8 22 (1.66%) Investment Banking
9 19 (1.43%) Retail
10 15 (1.13%) Telecoms
11 10 (0.75%) Financial Institution
12 8 (0.60%) Electronics
13 6 (0.45%) Advertising
13 6 (0.45%) Automotive
14 4 (0.30%) Digital Economy
14 4 (0.30%) Manufacturing
15 3 (0.23%) Publishing
16 2 (0.15%) Military
16 2 (0.15%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 505 (38.08%) Developer
2 142 (10.71%) DevOps Engineer
3 136 (10.26%) Java Developer
3 136 (10.26%) Software Engineer
4 127 (9.58%) Architect
5 67 (5.05%) Senior Developer
6 62 (4.68%) Solutions Architect
7 61 (4.60%) Java Engineer
7 61 (4.60%) Python Engineer
8 57 (4.30%) Full Stack Developer
9 54 (4.07%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 52 (3.92%) React Developer
11 48 (3.62%) Java Software Engineer
12 46 (3.47%) Platform Engineer
13 45 (3.39%) Software Developer
14 43 (3.24%) SC Cleared Java Developer
15 42 (3.17%) AWS Engineer
16 39 (2.94%) Linux Engineer
17 38 (2.87%) Python Developer
18 34 (2.56%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 263 (19.83%) Node.js
2 243 (18.33%) AngularJS
3 242 (18.25%) React
4 182 (13.73%) CSS
5 174 (13.12%) HTML
6 154 (11.61%) REST
6 154 (11.61%) RESTful
7 143 (10.78%) .NET
8 131 (9.88%) Spring
9 122 (9.20%) Web Services
10 97 (7.32%) Kafka
11 86 (6.49%) HTML5
12 66 (4.98%) Elastic Stack
13 58 (4.37%) CSS3
14 54 (4.07%) Apache Camel
15 53 (4.00%) JMS
16 50 (3.77%) RabbitMQ
17 49 (3.70%) Spring Integration
18 47 (3.54%) jQuery
19 45 (3.39%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 90 (6.79%) Blog
1 90 (6.79%) Greenfield Project
2 87 (6.56%) Mobile App
3 66 (4.98%) Hedge funds
4 64 (4.83%) Cloud Native
5 62 (4.68%) Analytical Skills
6 56 (4.22%) Algorithms
7 52 (3.92%) Derivative
7 52 (3.92%) User Experience
8 47 (3.54%) Fixed Income
9 42 (3.17%) Enterprise Software
9 42 (3.17%) Public Cloud
10 36 (2.71%) Equities
11 28 (2.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 27 (2.04%) Social Media
13 26 (1.96%) Data Structures
14 22 (1.66%) Data Centre
14 22 (1.66%) Management Information System
15 18 (1.36%) Equity Derivative
15 18 (1.36%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 350 (26.40%) Linux
2 100 (7.54%) CentOS
3 83 (6.26%) Windows
4 77 (5.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 62 (4.68%) Android
5 62 (4.68%) Unix
6 35 (2.64%) Ubuntu
7 30 (2.26%) Apple iOS
8 23 (1.73%) Debian
9 19 (1.43%) VMS
10 12 (0.90%) Fedora
11 8 (0.60%) Mesosphere
12 7 (0.53%) Windows Server
13 6 (0.45%) CoreOS
14 4 (0.30%) Mac OS
14 4 (0.30%) Mac OS X
15 3 (0.23%) FreeBSD
15 3 (0.23%) Windows 10
16 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
16 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 635 (47.89%) Agile Software Development
2 407 (30.69%) DevOps
3 390 (29.41%) Software Engineering
4 367 (27.68%) Microservices
5 261 (19.68%) Continuous Integration
6 228 (17.19%) TDD
7 194 (14.63%) Test Automation
8 153 (11.54%) OO
8 153 (11.54%) Scrum
9 140 (10.56%) Computer Science
10 129 (9.73%) BDD
11 128 (9.65%) Artificial Intelligence
12 123 (9.28%) Analytics
13 114 (8.60%) Configuration Management
14 109 (8.22%) High Availability
15 107 (8.07%) Continuous Delivery
16 106 (7.99%) Machine Learning
17 98 (7.39%) Cybersecurity
17 98 (7.39%) Problem-Solving
18 97 (7.32%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 510 (38.46%) Python
2 494 (37.25%) Java
3 421 (31.75%) JavaScript
4 209 (15.76%) SQL
5 132 (9.95%) C#
6 126 (9.50%) Go
7 122 (9.20%) Ruby
8 111 (8.37%) C++
9 100 (7.54%) PHP
10 95 (7.16%) C
11 91 (6.86%) Bash Shell
12 75 (5.66%) PowerShell
13 74 (5.58%) Scala
14 70 (5.28%) Java 8
15 57 (4.30%) TypeScript
16 42 (3.17%) Perl
17 29 (2.19%) R
18 26 (1.96%) ES6
18 26 (1.96%) Kotlin
19 16 (1.21%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 169 (12.75%) Degree
2 156 (11.76%) Security Cleared
3 107 (8.07%) SC Cleared
4 63 (4.75%) Computer Science Degree
5 44 (3.32%) AWS Certification
6 40 (3.02%) DV Cleared
7 19 (1.43%) CISM
7 19 (1.43%) CISSP
7 19 (1.43%) CSSLP
8 17 (1.28%) ISEB
9 14 (1.06%) ISTQB
9 14 (1.06%) PhD
10 7 (0.53%) Master's Degree
10 7 (0.53%) Numerate Degree
11 5 (0.38%) SANS
12 4 (0.30%) Cisco Certification
12 4 (0.30%) CREST Certified
12 4 (0.30%) GCIA
12 4 (0.30%) GCIH
13 3 (0.23%) GCFA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 85 (6.41%) QA
2 50 (3.77%) NIST
3 33 (2.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 27 (2.04%) NIST 800
5 25 (1.89%) GDPR
6 17 (1.28%) NCSC
7 16 (1.21%) SLA
8 5 (0.38%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.15%) MiFID
10 1 (0.075%) Government Security Classifications
10 1 (0.075%) GxP
10 1 (0.075%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.075%) PMO
10 1 (0.075%) SEPA
System Software
1 359 (27.07%) Docker
2 19 (1.43%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (1.36%) Active Directory
4 12 (0.90%) Postfix
5 11 (0.83%) Firmware
6 10 (0.75%) Virtual Machines
7 8 (0.60%) Kamailio
7 8 (0.60%) LXC
8 7 (0.53%) Squid
9 6 (0.45%) GlusterFS
9 6 (0.45%) VirtualBox
10 5 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 5 (0.38%) Ceph
11 4 (0.30%) Xen
12 3 (0.23%) iptables
12 3 (0.23%) vSphere
13 2 (0.15%) Varnish
13 2 (0.15%) vCloud
13 2 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
14 1 (0.075%) KVM
Systems Management
1 275 (20.74%) Kubernetes
2 176 (13.27%) Terraform
3 142 (10.71%) Ansible
4 115 (8.67%) Puppet
5 70 (5.28%) Prometheus
6 63 (4.75%) Opscode Chef
7 59 (4.45%) Grafana
8 43 (3.24%) Graphite
9 24 (1.81%) Nagios
10 19 (1.43%) Docker Swarm
11 17 (1.28%) Consul
12 16 (1.21%) Mesos
13 15 (1.13%) Marathon
14 13 (0.98%) Packer
15 11 (0.83%) Network Intrusion Detection System
16 10 (0.75%) Host Intrusion Detection System
16 10 (0.75%) Rancher
17 9 (0.68%) Graylog
17 9 (0.68%) Istio
18 8 (0.60%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 151 (11.39%) Microsoft
2 97 (7.32%) Google
3 53 (4.00%) Oracle
4 45 (3.39%) Red Hat
5 34 (2.56%) Splunk
6 28 (2.11%) VMware
7 15 (1.13%) Salesforce.com
8 13 (0.98%) Facebook
9 12 (0.90%) Databricks
9 12 (0.90%) TIBCO
10 11 (0.83%) Dynatrace
10 11 (0.83%) HP
11 10 (0.75%) NVIDIA
12 8 (0.60%) Cisco
12 8 (0.60%) IBM
12 8 (0.60%) Remedy
13 7 (0.53%) Ariba
13 7 (0.53%) ION Trading
13 7 (0.53%) New Relic
13 7 (0.53%) Zend