Period
to 16 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 16 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
16 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 113 113 112
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 +3
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 4,126 4,948 4,810
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.87% 2.88% 2.80%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.12% 3.13% 3.05%
Number of salaries quoted 2,983 3,810 3,983
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £36,250 £36,250 £32,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £88,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 132,132 158,018 157,679
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.01% 91.96% 91.71%
Number of salaries quoted 103,594 127,211 128,598
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £27,750
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Open Source.

Salary trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 16 June 2019.

Salary histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 16 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 3,845 £60,000 +4.35% 170
UK excluding London +4 2,079 £52,500 +5.00% 104
London -7 1,912 £70,000 +3.70% 74
South East -4 674 £50,000 - 27
North of England -15 522 £52,500 +5.00% 33
South West +8 345 £52,500 +5.00% 19
North West +18 301 £55,000 +4.76% 20
Yorkshire -19 202 £49,231 +1.51% 9
Midlands -13 184 £51,250 -6.82% 8
Scotland -8 158 £50,000 +11.11% 7
East of England +11 145 £45,591 -13.16% 9
West Midlands +1 123 £51,250 -2.38% 7
East Midlands -14 60 £55,000 - 1
Wales +17 25 £52,500 +23.53%
Northern Ireland -12 24 £45,000 -26.53% 1
North East -8 23 £48,750 +21.88% 4

For the 6 months to 16 June 2019, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 2,197 (53.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,671 (40.50%) Java
3 1,519 (36.82%) DevOps
4 1,384 (33.54%) Python
5 1,306 (31.65%) Linux
6 1,213 (29.40%) Amazon AWS
7 1,112 (26.95%) JavaScript
8 1,013 (24.55%) Software Engineering
9 937 (22.71%) Docker
10 835 (20.24%) Git (software)
11 820 (19.87%) SQL
12 807 (19.56%) Continuous Integration
13 788 (19.10%) Finance
13 788 (19.10%) Microsoft Azure
14 752 (18.23%) TDD
15 683 (16.55%) Test Automation
15 683 (16.55%) Kubernetes
16 638 (15.46%) Ansible
17 631 (15.29%) Jenkins
18 629 (15.24%) Scrum
19 628 (15.22%) Degree
20 627 (15.20%) Microservices
21 609 (14.76%) C#
22 543 (13.16%) AngularJS
23 504 (12.22%) .NET
24 499 (12.09%) HTML
25 492 (11.92%) Spring
26 482 (11.68%) Node.js
27 471 (11.42%) BDD
28 467 (11.32%) Microsoft

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 328 (7.95%) Apache
2 223 (5.40%) Apache Spark
3 222 (5.38%) Elasticsearch
4 131 (3.17%) Confluence
5 115 (2.79%) nginx
6 101 (2.45%) OpenStack
7 93 (2.25%) IIS
8 76 (1.84%) Tomcat
9 62 (1.50%) CMS
9 62 (1.50%) SharePoint
10 56 (1.36%) JBoss
11 54 (1.31%) WordPress
12 43 (1.04%) Drupal
13 42 (1.02%) Apache Solr
14 40 (0.97%) Apache Pig
15 37 (0.90%) WebLogic
16 32 (0.78%) WebSphere
17 28 (0.68%) GeoServer
18 27 (0.65%) Cloud Foundry
19 23 (0.56%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 33 (0.80%) Microsoft Office
2 32 (0.78%) Chatbot
3 16 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
4 15 (0.36%) Fireworks
5 6 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.15%) MS Visio
6 4 (0.097%) SPSS
7 3 (0.073%) LaTeX
8 2 (0.048%) Sketch
8 2 (0.048%) S-PLUS
8 2 (0.048%) Stata
9 1 (0.024%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 39 (0.95%) Distributed Ledger
2 27 (0.65%) Magento
3 15 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
4 9 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
5 6 (0.15%) R3 Corda
6 5 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.048%) Odoo
7 2 (0.048%) Oracle BPM
7 2 (0.048%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.048%) Shopify
8 1 (0.024%) CiviCRM
8 1 (0.024%) Quorum
8 1 (0.024%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,213 (29.40%) Amazon AWS
2 788 (19.10%) Microsoft Azure
3 372 (9.02%) Google Cloud Platform
4 183 (4.44%) Serverless
5 179 (4.34%) SaaS
6 172 (4.17%) GitHub
7 145 (3.51%) Cloud Computing
8 125 (3.03%) PaaS
9 117 (2.84%) Amazon EC2
10 108 (2.62%) AWS Lambda
11 102 (2.47%) Amazon S3
12 95 (2.30%) OpenShift
13 86 (2.08%) AWS CloudFormation
14 67 (1.62%) Office 365
15 63 (1.53%) Amazon SQS
16 62 (1.50%) Amazon ECS
17 61 (1.48%) IaaS
18 42 (1.02%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
19 39 (0.95%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 36 (0.87%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 147 (3.56%) TCP/IP
2 131 (3.17%) Firewall
3 96 (2.33%) DNS
4 78 (1.89%) Internet
5 68 (1.65%) HTTP
6 58 (1.41%) Network Security
7 41 (0.99%) VPN
8 38 (0.92%) WAN
9 36 (0.87%) SSL
10 33 (0.80%) LAN
11 28 (0.68%) DHCP
12 26 (0.63%) Wireless
13 24 (0.58%) Skype
14 23 (0.56%) Asterisk PBX
15 21 (0.51%) SAN
16 19 (0.46%) Bluetooth
16 19 (0.46%) Ethernet
17 17 (0.41%) Broadband
17 17 (0.41%) HTTPS
17 17 (0.41%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 392 (9.50%) Big Data
2 372 (9.02%) NoSQL
3 362 (8.77%) MySQL
4 355 (8.60%) SQL Server
5 337 (8.17%) MongoDB
6 332 (8.05%) PostgreSQL
7 236 (5.72%) Hadoop
8 191 (4.63%) Relational Database
9 127 (3.08%) Data Warehouse
10 118 (2.86%) Redis
11 116 (2.81%) Apache Cassandra
12 106 (2.57%) Blockchain
13 98 (2.38%) Amazon RDS
14 97 (2.35%) Neo4j
15 73 (1.77%) RDBMS
16 71 (1.72%) Data Lake
17 67 (1.62%) Amazon Redshift
17 67 (1.62%) Apache Hive
18 65 (1.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 65 (1.58%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 835 (20.24%) Git (software)
2 631 (15.29%) Jenkins
3 329 (7.97%) JIRA
4 215 (5.21%) Cucumber
5 168 (4.07%) Selenium
6 150 (3.64%) JUnit
7 139 (3.37%) TeamCity
8 131 (3.17%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 128 (3.10%) GitLab
10 125 (3.03%) Visual Studio
11 109 (2.64%) Team Foundation Server
12 104 (2.52%) Bitbucket
13 94 (2.28%) Bitbucket Server
14 91 (2.21%) NUnit
15 90 (2.18%) Vagrant
16 87 (2.11%) Maven
16 87 (2.11%) Subversion
17 85 (2.06%) Octopus Deploy
18 75 (1.82%) SpecFlow
19 68 (1.65%) gulp
General
1 788 (19.10%) Finance
2 205 (4.97%) Retail
3 177 (4.29%) Marketing
4 164 (3.97%) Banking
5 150 (3.64%) Games
6 83 (2.01%) Telecoms
7 63 (1.53%) Manufacturing
8 56 (1.36%) Legal
9 54 (1.31%) Electronics
10 51 (1.24%) Law
11 31 (0.75%) Local Government
12 25 (0.61%) Automotive
13 24 (0.58%) Financial Institution
14 21 (0.51%) Advertising
15 18 (0.44%) Back Office
16 17 (0.41%) Retail Banking
17 16 (0.39%) Publishing
18 14 (0.34%) Investment Banking
19 10 (0.24%) Aerospace
19 10 (0.24%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 1,452 (35.19%) Developer
2 421 (10.20%) Java Developer
3 413 (10.01%) Software Engineer
4 406 (9.84%) Architect
5 397 (9.62%) DevOps Engineer
6 269 (6.52%) Senior Developer
7 227 (5.50%) Software Developer
8 182 (4.41%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 179 (4.34%) Consultant
10 152 (3.68%) Java Engineer
11 151 (3.66%) Linux Engineer
12 148 (3.59%) JavaScript Developer
13 143 (3.47%) Data Engineer
14 135 (3.27%) .NET Developer
15 129 (3.13%) Solutions Architect
16 127 (3.08%) AWS Engineer
16 127 (3.08%) C# Developer
17 120 (2.91%) Developer in Test
18 119 (2.88%) Java Software Engineer
19 118 (2.86%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 543 (13.16%) AngularJS
2 504 (12.22%) .NET
3 499 (12.09%) HTML
4 492 (11.92%) Spring
5 482 (11.68%) Node.js
6 461 (11.17%) React
7 460 (11.15%) CSS
8 434 (10.52%) Web Services
9 334 (8.10%) REST
10 306 (7.42%) RESTful
11 238 (5.77%) HTML5
12 227 (5.50%) Kafka
13 199 (4.82%) Spring Boot
13 199 (4.82%) Vue.js
14 194 (4.70%) Elastic Stack
15 189 (4.58%) ASP.NET
16 182 (4.41%) JSON
17 172 (4.17%) XML
18 158 (3.83%) ASP.NET Web API
19 147 (3.56%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 282 (6.83%) User Experience
2 258 (6.25%) Analytical Skills
3 251 (6.08%) Greenfield Project
4 184 (4.46%) Self-Motivation
5 174 (4.22%) Mobile App
6 151 (3.66%) Algorithms
7 145 (3.51%) Public Cloud
8 125 (3.03%) Enterprise Software
9 117 (2.84%) Cloud Native
10 116 (2.81%) Data Centre
11 79 (1.91%) Smartphone
12 77 (1.87%) Management Information System
13 76 (1.84%) Data Structures
14 71 (1.72%) Virtual Team
15 65 (1.58%) Linux Command Line
16 56 (1.36%) Hybrid Cloud
16 56 (1.36%) Replication
17 54 (1.31%) Private Cloud
18 49 (1.19%) Wiki
19 48 (1.16%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 1,306 (31.65%) Linux
2 435 (10.54%) Windows
3 229 (5.55%) Unix
4 190 (4.60%) Android
5 147 (3.56%) CentOS
6 130 (3.15%) Ubuntu
7 105 (2.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 95 (2.30%) Apple iOS
9 68 (1.65%) Windows Server
10 28 (0.68%) Embedded Linux
11 27 (0.65%) Debian
11 27 (0.65%) Mesosphere
12 20 (0.48%) Solaris
13 19 (0.46%) AIX
14 18 (0.44%) SUSE
14 18 (0.44%) Windows 10
15 16 (0.39%) Mac OS X
16 15 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
17 12 (0.29%) Tizen
18 10 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,197 (53.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,519 (36.82%) DevOps
3 1,013 (24.55%) Software Engineering
4 807 (19.56%) Continuous Integration
5 752 (18.23%) TDD
6 683 (16.55%) Test Automation
7 629 (15.24%) Scrum
8 627 (15.20%) Microservices
9 471 (11.42%) BDD
10 460 (11.15%) Mentoring
11 458 (11.10%) Analytics
12 407 (9.86%) Computer Science
13 405 (9.82%) Configuration Management
14 404 (9.79%) OO
15 400 (9.69%) Problem-Solving
16 359 (8.70%) Continuous Delivery
17 327 (7.93%) SDLC
18 321 (7.78%) Artificial Intelligence
19 318 (7.71%) MVC
20 250 (6.06%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,671 (40.50%) Java
2 1,384 (33.54%) Python
3 1,112 (26.95%) JavaScript
4 820 (19.87%) SQL
5 609 (14.76%) C#
6 455 (11.03%) Ruby
7 423 (10.25%) C++
8 381 (9.23%) PHP
9 359 (8.70%) Bash Shell
10 305 (7.39%) Go
11 268 (6.50%) C
12 227 (5.50%) Scala
13 223 (5.40%) Java 8
14 207 (5.02%) PowerShell
15 141 (3.42%) Perl
16 98 (2.38%) T-SQL
17 96 (2.33%) Kotlin
18 79 (1.91%) Java 9
19 72 (1.75%) R
20 70 (1.70%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 628 (15.22%) Degree
2 368 (8.92%) Security Cleared
3 282 (6.83%) SC Cleared
4 191 (4.63%) Computer Science Degree
5 139 (3.37%) DV Cleared
6 60 (1.45%) PhD
7 51 (1.24%) CREST Certified
8 47 (1.14%) AWS Certification
8 47 (1.14%) OSCP
9 39 (0.95%) Microsoft Certification
10 34 (0.82%) RHCE
11 32 (0.78%) Numerate Degree
11 32 (0.78%) RHCSA
12 26 (0.63%) OSCE
13 25 (0.61%) CISSP
14 24 (0.58%) Master's Degree
15 22 (0.53%) TOGAF Certification
16 21 (0.51%) Cyber Scheme
17 20 (0.48%) GPEN
17 20 (0.48%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 314 (7.61%) QA
2 44 (1.07%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 30 (0.73%) WAI
4 25 (0.61%) GDPR
5 19 (0.46%) NIST
6 18 (0.44%) SLA
7 15 (0.36%) Data Quality
8 6 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 6 (0.15%) PSD2
9 5 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
9 5 (0.12%) EMIR
9 5 (0.12%) MiFID
10 4 (0.097%) SEPA
11 3 (0.073%) Cyber Essentials
11 3 (0.073%) ISO 9001
12 2 (0.048%) FedRAMP
12 2 (0.048%) HIPAA
12 2 (0.048%) NCSC
12 2 (0.048%) PCI DSS
12 2 (0.048%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 937 (22.71%) Docker
2 136 (3.30%) Active Directory
3 67 (1.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 62 (1.50%) Virtual Machines
5 59 (1.43%) KVM
6 35 (0.85%) Hyper-V
7 31 (0.75%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 26 (0.63%) VMware ESXi
9 18 (0.44%) BIND 9
9 18 (0.44%) HDFS
10 15 (0.36%) Firmware
10 15 (0.36%) Xen
11 14 (0.34%) vSphere
12 11 (0.27%) Postfix
12 11 (0.27%) Varnish
12 11 (0.27%) XenApp
12 11 (0.27%) XenDesktop
13 10 (0.24%) etcd
13 10 (0.24%) NFS
13 10 (0.24%) Slurm Workload Manager
Systems Management
1 683 (16.55%) Kubernetes
2 638 (15.46%) Ansible
3 431 (10.45%) Terraform
4 417 (10.11%) Puppet
5 352 (8.53%) Opscode Chef
6 114 (2.76%) Prometheus
7 98 (2.38%) Salt
8 89 (2.16%) Consul
9 78 (1.89%) Grafana
10 74 (1.79%) Kibana
11 65 (1.58%) Packer
12 62 (1.50%) Nagios
13 60 (1.45%) logstash
14 54 (1.31%) Docker Swarm
15 40 (0.97%) Rundeck
16 33 (0.80%) HAProxy
17 31 (0.75%) Opsview
18 27 (0.65%) Automic
19 25 (0.61%) Mesos
20 18 (0.44%) RANCID
Vendors
1 467 (11.32%) Microsoft
2 273 (6.62%) Oracle
3 249 (6.03%) Google
4 197 (4.77%) Red Hat
5 154 (3.73%) VMware
6 85 (2.06%) Splunk
7 63 (1.53%) Cisco
8 60 (1.45%) IBM
9 43 (1.04%) Atlassian
10 41 (0.99%) Tableau
11 40 (0.97%) SAP
12 38 (0.92%) Cloudera
13 37 (0.90%) Rackspace
14 35 (0.85%) Apple
15 33 (0.80%) Adobe
15 33 (0.80%) MuleSoft
16 32 (0.78%) Databricks
17 31 (0.75%) ServiceNow
18 27 (0.65%) New Relic
19 26 (0.63%) RedGate