Period
to 6 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 6 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
6 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 148 121 113
Rank change year-on-year -27 -8 +1
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 1,805 4,176 5,152
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.28% 2.83% 2.88%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.48% 3.07% 3.13%
Number of salaries quoted 1,548 3,298 4,089
Median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +0.88%
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £36,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +11.11%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 72,899 135,806 164,635
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.22% 92.18% 92.18%
Number of salaries quoted 58,134 106,902 132,356
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +3.09%
10th Percentile £31,750 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Open Source.

Salary trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 6 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 6 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -29 1,694 £62,500 +4.17% 197
London -23 933 £72,500 - 86
UK excluding London -27 827 £55,000 +4.76% 134
North of England +8 261 £55,000 +10.00% 28
South East -51 212 £62,500 +19.05% 29
Work from Home -21 146 £65,000 -7.14% 40
North West -7 127 £52,500 - 22
South West -9 127 £52,500 -4.55% 19
Yorkshire +50 121 £55,000 +15.79% 3
Midlands +38 105 £55,000 +10.00% 23
West Midlands +60 86 £55,165 +10.33% 17
East of England +22 50 £50,000 +5.26% 12
Scotland -3 47 £40,500 -19.00% 16
Wales +13 22 £57,500 - 4
East Midlands +23 19 £50,000 -0.99% 6
North East +18 13 £35,000 -28.21% 3
Northern Ireland +8 10 £55,000 +22.22% 3

For the 6 months to 6 July 2020, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 853 (47.26%) Agile Software Development
2 711 (39.39%) Java
3 669 (37.06%) Python
4 668 (37.01%) AWS
5 603 (33.41%) DevOps
6 570 (31.58%) JavaScript
7 547 (30.30%) Docker
8 528 (29.25%) Linux
9 526 (29.14%) Software Engineering
10 470 (26.04%) Microservices
11 427 (23.66%) Azure
12 419 (23.21%) Kubernetes
13 382 (21.16%) Git (software)
14 356 (19.72%) Node.js
15 332 (18.39%) SQL
16 327 (18.12%) React
17 312 (17.29%) Finance
18 296 (16.40%) Jenkins
19 290 (16.07%) AngularJS
20 288 (15.96%) TDD
21 275 (15.24%) Continuous Integration
22 273 (15.12%) NoSQL
23 248 (13.74%) HTML
24 238 (13.19%) GCP
25 228 (12.63%) CSS
26 225 (12.47%) Ruby
26 225 (12.47%) Scrum
27 223 (12.35%) Test Automation
28 220 (12.19%) Terraform
29 218 (12.08%) Ansible

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (5.04%) Elasticsearch
2 84 (4.65%) Confluence
3 81 (4.49%) Apache Spark
4 64 (3.55%) Apache
5 34 (1.88%) Tomcat
6 30 (1.66%) OpenStack
7 28 (1.55%) CMS
8 20 (1.11%) nginx
9 16 (0.89%) Apache Solr
10 13 (0.72%) WildFly
11 12 (0.66%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 11 (0.61%) Cloud Foundry
13 10 (0.55%) Red Hat Fuse
13 10 (0.55%) SharePoint
14 9 (0.50%) ArcGIS
14 9 (0.50%) Drupal
14 9 (0.50%) Headless CMS
14 9 (0.50%) IIS
15 8 (0.44%) Apache Pig
16 7 (0.39%) WebSphere
Applications
1 11 (0.61%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.39%) AutoCAD
4 5 (0.28%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.17%) Abaqus
6 1 (0.055%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.055%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.055%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.055%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 15 (0.83%) Magento
2 6 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
4 4 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
4 4 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
5 3 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.055%) Ripple
7 1 (0.055%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.055%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 668 (37.01%) AWS
2 427 (23.66%) Azure
3 238 (13.19%) GCP
4 135 (7.48%) GitHub
5 98 (5.43%) Serverless
6 96 (5.32%) SaaS
7 83 (4.60%) OpenShift
8 67 (3.71%) Amazon EC2
9 66 (3.66%) AWS Lambda
10 57 (3.16%) PaaS
11 49 (2.71%) Amazon ECS
11 49 (2.71%) IaaS
12 45 (2.49%) Amazon S3
13 43 (2.38%) AWS CloudFormation
13 43 (2.38%) Cloud Computing
14 35 (1.94%) Amazon SQS
14 35 (1.94%) Azure Functions
15 29 (1.61%) Firebase
16 25 (1.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 25 (1.39%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 62 (3.43%) Firewall
2 56 (3.10%) Internet
3 46 (2.55%) HTTP
4 37 (2.05%) DNS
5 35 (1.94%) VPN
6 29 (1.61%) TCP/IP
7 22 (1.22%) VoIP
8 18 (1.00%) Network Security
8 18 (1.00%) Wireshark
9 17 (0.94%) Asterisk PBX
10 16 (0.89%) SAN
10 16 (0.89%) SSL
11 14 (0.78%) tcpdump
12 12 (0.66%) Broadband
12 12 (0.66%) IPv6
13 10 (0.55%) SSH
14 9 (0.50%) DHCP
14 9 (0.50%) Skype
14 9 (0.50%) SNMP
15 7 (0.39%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 273 (15.12%) NoSQL
2 181 (10.03%) MySQL
3 155 (8.59%) PostgreSQL
4 151 (8.37%) MongoDB
5 148 (8.20%) Big Data
6 95 (5.26%) SQL Server
7 86 (4.76%) Hadoop
8 74 (4.10%) Relational Database
9 66 (3.66%) Redis
10 43 (2.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 43 (2.38%) Apache Cassandra
11 35 (1.94%) Amazon RDS
12 33 (1.83%) Amazon Redshift
13 32 (1.77%) Data Warehouse
14 26 (1.44%) Cosmos DB
15 22 (1.22%) RDBMS
16 20 (1.11%) Apache Hive
16 20 (1.11%) GIS
17 19 (1.05%) MariaDB
18 17 (0.94%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 382 (21.16%) Git (software)
2 296 (16.40%) Jenkins
3 148 (8.20%) JIRA
4 88 (4.88%) Selenium
5 70 (3.88%) Artifactory
6 68 (3.77%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 63 (3.49%) GitLab
8 53 (2.94%) Subversion
9 49 (2.71%) JUnit
10 48 (2.66%) Cucumber
10 48 (2.66%) Maven
11 47 (2.60%) Vagrant
12 43 (2.38%) Bitbucket
13 37 (2.05%) Mockito
14 33 (1.83%) Grunt
15 28 (1.55%) gulp
15 28 (1.55%) SonarQube
16 25 (1.39%) WebDriver
17 23 (1.27%) DbUnit
17 23 (1.27%) Visual Studio
General
1 312 (17.29%) Finance
2 107 (5.93%) Public Sector
3 77 (4.27%) Front Office
4 75 (4.16%) Marketing
5 73 (4.04%) Banking
6 68 (3.77%) Retail
7 52 (2.88%) Games
8 40 (2.22%) Law
9 37 (2.05%) Telecoms
10 28 (1.55%) Legal
11 26 (1.44%) Investment Banking
12 20 (1.11%) Advertising
13 14 (0.78%) Financial Institution
13 14 (0.78%) Publishing
14 11 (0.61%) Electronics
15 9 (0.50%) Military
16 8 (0.44%) Automotive
16 8 (0.44%) Manufacturing
17 7 (0.39%) Retail Banking
18 6 (0.33%) Housing Association
Job Titles
1 535 (29.64%) Developer
2 254 (14.07%) Software Engineer
3 207 (11.47%) Architect
4 186 (10.30%) DevOps Engineer
5 133 (7.37%) Java Developer
6 130 (7.20%) Java Engineer
7 121 (6.70%) Senior Developer
8 107 (5.93%) Solutions Architect
9 102 (5.65%) Java Software Engineer
10 86 (4.76%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 60 (3.32%) Linux Engineer
12 59 (3.27%) Python Engineer
13 55 (3.05%) AWS Engineer
14 53 (2.94%) Senior Software Engineer
15 52 (2.88%) Full Stack Developer
16 50 (2.77%) Cloud Architect
16 50 (2.77%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 49 (2.71%) Cloud Engineer
18 47 (2.60%) Data Engineer
19 46 (2.55%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 356 (19.72%) Node.js
2 327 (18.12%) React
3 290 (16.07%) AngularJS
4 248 (13.74%) HTML
5 228 (12.63%) CSS
6 214 (11.86%) .NET
7 178 (9.86%) Web Services
8 167 (9.25%) RESTful
9 156 (8.64%) REST
10 127 (7.04%) Spring
11 121 (6.70%) Kafka
12 96 (5.32%) HTML5
13 76 (4.21%) Redux
14 72 (3.99%) Elastic Stack
14 72 (3.99%) Sass
15 68 (3.77%) Ruby on Rails
16 67 (3.71%) CSS3
16 67 (3.71%) Ember.js
17 59 (3.27%) React Native
17 59 (3.27%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 126 (6.98%) Public Cloud
2 122 (6.76%) Greenfield Project
3 110 (6.09%) Blog
4 97 (5.37%) Cloud Native
5 84 (4.65%) Analytical Skills
6 83 (4.60%) User Experience
7 81 (4.49%) Hedge funds
8 76 (4.21%) Derivative
8 76 (4.21%) Mobile App
9 63 (3.49%) Fixed Income
10 57 (3.16%) Algorithms
10 57 (3.16%) Equities
11 48 (2.66%) Enterprise Software
12 43 (2.38%) Equity Derivative
13 42 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
14 35 (1.94%) Data Centre
15 32 (1.77%) Management Information System
16 27 (1.50%) Cyberattack
16 27 (1.50%) Life Science
17 25 (1.39%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 528 (29.25%) Linux
2 139 (7.70%) Unix
3 110 (6.09%) Windows
4 91 (5.04%) CentOS
5 84 (4.65%) Android
6 69 (3.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 57 (3.16%) Mac OS X
8 56 (3.10%) Apple iOS
9 37 (2.05%) Ubuntu
10 24 (1.33%) Debian
11 12 (0.66%) CoreOS
11 12 (0.66%) Windows Server
12 6 (0.33%) Mesosphere
12 6 (0.33%) VMS
13 3 (0.17%) FreeBSD
13 3 (0.17%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.11%) Fedora
14 2 (0.11%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 853 (47.26%) Agile Software Development
2 603 (33.41%) DevOps
3 526 (29.14%) Software Engineering
4 470 (26.04%) Microservices
5 288 (15.96%) TDD
6 275 (15.24%) Continuous Integration
7 225 (12.47%) Scrum
8 223 (12.35%) Test Automation
9 193 (10.69%) BDD
10 183 (10.14%) Analytics
10 183 (10.14%) Problem-Solving
11 177 (9.81%) Mentoring
12 166 (9.20%) OO
13 165 (9.14%) Computer Science
14 140 (7.76%) Machine Learning
15 123 (6.81%) Artificial Intelligence
16 121 (6.70%) Migration
17 120 (6.65%) E-Commerce
18 116 (6.43%) Configuration Management
18 116 (6.43%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 711 (39.39%) Java
2 669 (37.06%) Python
3 570 (31.58%) JavaScript
4 332 (18.39%) SQL
5 225 (12.47%) Ruby
6 205 (11.36%) C#
7 178 (9.86%) C++
8 175 (9.70%) Go
9 165 (9.14%) Bash Shell
10 150 (8.31%) PHP
11 142 (7.87%) Scala
12 105 (5.82%) C
12 105 (5.82%) Java 8
13 72 (3.99%) TypeScript
14 71 (3.93%) Kotlin
15 68 (3.77%) R
16 61 (3.38%) PowerShell
17 44 (2.44%) Perl
18 35 (1.94%) Objective-C
19 31 (1.72%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 202 (11.19%) Degree
2 144 (7.98%) Security Cleared
3 90 (4.99%) SC Cleared
4 74 (4.10%) Computer Science Degree
5 49 (2.71%) DV Cleared
6 30 (1.66%) AWS Certification
7 18 (1.00%) ISEB
8 16 (0.89%) ISTQB
9 14 (0.78%) PhD
10 13 (0.72%) ITIL Certification
10 13 (0.72%) SANS
10 13 (0.72%) TOGAF Certification
11 11 (0.61%) Master's Degree
12 8 (0.44%) Cisco Certification
12 8 (0.44%) Numerate Degree
13 7 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
13 7 (0.39%) PMI Certification
14 6 (0.33%) CISSP
14 6 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 6 (0.33%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 119 (6.59%) QA
2 39 (2.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 37 (2.05%) NIST
4 30 (1.66%) GDPR
5 26 (1.44%) NIST 800
6 21 (1.16%) NCSC
7 11 (0.61%) SLA
8 7 (0.39%) Data Quality
8 7 (0.39%) Government Security Classifications
9 4 (0.22%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.11%) PMO
11 1 (0.055%) SEPA
11 1 (0.055%) WAI
System Software
1 547 (30.30%) Docker
2 34 (1.88%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (1.61%) Active Directory
4 28 (1.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 21 (1.16%) Virtual Machines
6 20 (1.11%) Kamailio
7 13 (0.72%) VirtualBox
8 11 (0.61%) GlusterFS
8 11 (0.61%) Postfix
9 10 (0.55%) Hyper-V
10 8 (0.44%) Firmware
10 8 (0.44%) Squid
10 8 (0.44%) vSphere
11 6 (0.33%) iptables
12 5 (0.28%) LXC
13 3 (0.17%) BIND 9
13 3 (0.17%) Xen
14 2 (0.11%) Ceph
14 2 (0.11%) vCloud
15 1 (0.055%) KVM
Systems Management
1 419 (23.21%) Kubernetes
2 220 (12.19%) Terraform
3 218 (12.08%) Ansible
4 134 (7.42%) Puppet
5 77 (4.27%) Opscode Chef
6 69 (3.82%) Grafana
7 51 (2.83%) Prometheus
8 39 (2.16%) Graphite
9 36 (1.99%) Docker Swarm
9 36 (1.99%) Packer
10 35 (1.94%) Consul
11 26 (1.44%) Mesos
12 25 (1.39%) Nagios
13 18 (1.00%) Marathon
14 17 (0.94%) Kibana
14 17 (0.94%) ZABBIX
15 11 (0.61%) Salt
16 8 (0.44%) Cobbler
16 8 (0.44%) HP Fortify
16 8 (0.44%) OSSEC
Vendors
1 204 (11.30%) Microsoft
2 129 (7.15%) Google
3 105 (5.82%) Oracle
4 81 (4.49%) Red Hat
5 67 (3.71%) VMware
6 33 (1.83%) Splunk
7 24 (1.33%) Salesforce.com
8 19 (1.05%) Databricks
9 18 (1.00%) IBM
10 15 (0.83%) Adobe
10 15 (0.83%) HP
10 15 (0.83%) New Relic
11 14 (0.78%) Remedy
12 13 (0.72%) Cisco
12 13 (0.72%) Cognizant
13 12 (0.66%) MuleSoft
13 12 (0.66%) NVIDIA
13 12 (0.66%) SaltStack
13 12 (0.66%) Zend
14 11 (0.61%) NetApp