Period
to 9 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 9 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
9 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 111 109 114
Rank change year-on-year -2 +5 +11
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 4,650 5,220 5,120
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.93% 2.92% 2.74%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.20% 3.18% 3.01%
Number of salaries quoted 3,354 4,306 4,217
UK median annual salary £59,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.61% - +4.55%
10th Percentile £34,880 £33,750 £32,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -5.26%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 145,517 163,975 170,306
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.56% 91.88% 91.27%
Number of salaries quoted 115,395 130,113 141,329
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £29,500 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% -

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Open Source.

Salary trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 9 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 9 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 4,304 £60,000 +4.35% 731
London +2 2,296 £70,000 +3.70% 378
UK excluding London +7 2,221 £50,000 - 407
North of England +38 622 £50,000 - 104
South East +3 602 £55,000 +22.22% 99
North West +38 381 £52,500 +5.00% 66
South West +6 355 £50,000 - 63
Midlands -30 237 £57,500 +32.18% 37
Yorkshire +40 222 £47,500 -5.00% 30
East of England -44 185 £52,500 +5.00% 51
Scotland -10 180 £50,000 +16.28% 28
West Midlands -23 152 £52,500 +31.25% 31
East Midlands -4 85 £75,000 +70.45% 6
Wales +9 42 £42,500 - 13
North East -17 19 £52,500 +34.76% 8
Northern Ireland -11 15 £62,500 +316.67% 13
Channel Islands - 1 £60,000 -
Isle of Man - 1 £67,500 -

For the 6 months to 9 December 2018, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 2,571 (55.29%) Agile Software Development
2 2,148 (46.19%) Java
3 1,550 (33.33%) Python
4 1,531 (32.92%) DevOps
5 1,455 (31.29%) Linux
6 1,389 (29.87%) JavaScript
7 1,357 (29.18%) Amazon AWS
8 1,095 (23.55%) Software Engineering
9 1,057 (22.73%) SQL
10 1,007 (21.66%) Finance
11 965 (20.75%) Continuous Integration
12 918 (19.74%) Docker
13 912 (19.61%) Git (software)
14 852 (18.32%) Microservices
15 849 (18.26%) Jenkins
16 842 (18.11%) Microsoft Azure
17 824 (17.72%) C#
18 815 (17.53%) Test Automation
19 813 (17.48%) TDD
20 779 (16.75%) HTML
21 776 (16.69%) Degree
22 731 (15.72%) Scrum
23 692 (14.88%) Ruby
24 685 (14.73%) CSS
25 633 (13.61%) Ansible
26 627 (13.48%) Puppet
27 619 (13.31%) Kubernetes
28 617 (13.27%) OO
29 589 (12.67%) AngularJS
30 582 (12.52%) Spring

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 401 (8.62%) Apache
2 315 (6.77%) Apache Spark
3 242 (5.20%) Elasticsearch
4 164 (3.53%) Confluence
5 117 (2.52%) OpenStack
6 107 (2.30%) Tomcat
7 106 (2.28%) CMS
8 87 (1.87%) IIS
9 83 (1.78%) Apache Solr
10 78 (1.68%) nginx
11 53 (1.14%) JBoss
11 53 (1.14%) WebLogic
11 53 (1.14%) WordPress
12 51 (1.10%) Drupal
13 37 (0.80%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 37 (0.80%) WebSphere
14 36 (0.77%) SharePoint
15 32 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
16 25 (0.54%) Ethereum
17 23 (0.49%) SAS
Applications
1 50 (1.08%) Chatbot
2 24 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
3 22 (0.47%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.30%) Snapchat
5 11 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
6 10 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
6 10 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 10 (0.22%) SPSS
7 5 (0.11%) Open Workbench
8 3 (0.065%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.043%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.022%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 22 (0.47%) Actimize
2 18 (0.39%) Odoo
3 15 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
4 12 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
5 10 (0.22%) Magento
6 8 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
6 8 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
7 7 (0.15%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 7 (0.15%) R3 Corda
8 5 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
8 5 (0.11%) SAP SD
8 5 (0.11%) Shopify
9 3 (0.065%) SAP S/4HANA
10 2 (0.043%) Oracle Applications
10 2 (0.043%) Quorum
10 2 (0.043%) SAP ERP
10 2 (0.043%) Sentinel
11 1 (0.022%) Oracle EBS
11 1 (0.022%) Oracle EBS R12
11 1 (0.022%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 1,357 (29.18%) Amazon AWS
2 842 (18.11%) Microsoft Azure
3 323 (6.95%) Google Cloud Platform
4 306 (6.58%) GitHub
5 237 (5.10%) Cloud Computing
6 161 (3.46%) SaaS
7 152 (3.27%) PaaS
8 130 (2.80%) Serverless
9 125 (2.69%) AWS CloudFormation
10 114 (2.45%) Amazon EC2
10 114 (2.45%) IaaS
11 65 (1.40%) Amazon S3
12 59 (1.27%) Slack
13 55 (1.18%) OpenShift
14 53 (1.14%) Amazon EMR
15 45 (0.97%) AWS Lambda
16 39 (0.84%) Office 365
17 37 (0.80%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 31 (0.67%) Azure Active Directory
19 28 (0.60%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 197 (4.24%) Firewall
2 148 (3.18%) HTTP
3 126 (2.71%) TCP/IP
4 125 (2.69%) Internet
5 82 (1.76%) VPN
6 72 (1.55%) DNS
7 47 (1.01%) Network Security
8 34 (0.73%) VLAN
8 34 (0.73%) WAN
9 30 (0.65%) VoIP
10 28 (0.60%) DHCP
11 27 (0.58%) Wireless
12 26 (0.56%) SMS
13 21 (0.45%) SAN
14 20 (0.43%) LAN
15 19 (0.41%) Intranet
16 16 (0.34%) SNMP
17 15 (0.32%) AMQP
17 15 (0.32%) Asterisk PBX
17 15 (0.32%) OpenVPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 529 (11.38%) NoSQL
2 492 (10.58%) Big Data
3 462 (9.94%) MySQL
4 390 (8.39%) PostgreSQL
4 390 (8.39%) SQL Server
5 381 (8.19%) MongoDB
6 367 (7.89%) Hadoop
7 268 (5.76%) Relational Database
8 182 (3.91%) Apache Cassandra
9 138 (2.97%) Redis
10 128 (2.75%) Data Warehouse
11 101 (2.17%) Blockchain
12 89 (1.91%) Apache Hive
12 89 (1.91%) RDBMS
13 78 (1.68%) Neo4j
14 75 (1.61%) Amazon Redshift
15 65 (1.40%) HBase
16 62 (1.33%) DB2
17 61 (1.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 59 (1.27%) Flink
Development Applications
1 912 (19.61%) Git (software)
2 849 (18.26%) Jenkins
3 389 (8.37%) JIRA
4 282 (6.06%) Cucumber
5 274 (5.89%) Selenium
6 269 (5.78%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 265 (5.70%) JUnit
8 228 (4.90%) TeamCity
9 193 (4.15%) Subversion
10 189 (4.06%) Maven
11 128 (2.75%) Vagrant
12 123 (2.65%) Octopus Deploy
13 120 (2.58%) Bitbucket
13 120 (2.58%) Team Foundation Server
14 116 (2.49%) Gradle
15 110 (2.37%) NUnit
16 106 (2.28%) GitLab
17 98 (2.11%) WebDriver
18 96 (2.06%) gulp
18 96 (2.06%) Visual Studio
General
1 1,007 (21.66%) Finance
2 246 (5.29%) Banking
3 238 (5.12%) Marketing
4 211 (4.54%) Retail
5 209 (4.49%) Games
6 158 (3.40%) Telecoms
7 91 (1.96%) Law
8 90 (1.94%) Manufacturing
9 84 (1.81%) Electronics
10 81 (1.74%) Financial Institution
11 76 (1.63%) Legal
12 59 (1.27%) Investment Banking
13 54 (1.16%) Front Office
14 32 (0.69%) Advertising
15 25 (0.54%) Back Office
15 25 (0.54%) Publishing
16 20 (0.43%) Automotive
16 20 (0.43%) Billing
16 20 (0.43%) Retail Banking
17 15 (0.32%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,796 (38.62%) Developer
2 505 (10.86%) Software Engineer
3 502 (10.80%) Java Developer
4 492 (10.58%) Architect
5 432 (9.29%) DevOps Engineer
6 281 (6.04%) Senior Developer
7 248 (5.33%) Java Engineer
7 248 (5.33%) Software Developer
8 197 (4.24%) Java Software Engineer
9 188 (4.04%) Solutions Architect
10 174 (3.74%) JavaScript Developer
11 173 (3.72%) .NET Developer
12 166 (3.57%) Linux Engineer
13 163 (3.51%) C# Developer
14 162 (3.48%) Analyst
14 162 (3.48%) Developer in Test
15 153 (3.29%) Consultant
16 146 (3.14%) PHP Developer
16 146 (3.14%) Test Engineer
17 141 (3.03%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 779 (16.75%) HTML
2 685 (14.73%) CSS
3 589 (12.67%) AngularJS
4 582 (12.52%) Spring
5 568 (12.22%) Web Services
6 532 (11.44%) .NET
7 513 (11.03%) React
8 506 (10.88%) REST
9 480 (10.32%) Node.js
10 432 (9.29%) HTML5
11 378 (8.13%) RESTful
12 315 (6.77%) Kafka
13 279 (6.00%) XML
14 247 (5.31%) JSON
15 225 (4.84%) jQuery
16 224 (4.82%) CSS3
17 214 (4.60%) Spring Boot
18 201 (4.32%) Hibernate
19 191 (4.11%) Elastic Stack
20 190 (4.09%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 357 (7.68%) User Experience
2 304 (6.54%) Greenfield Project
3 260 (5.59%) Analytical Skills
4 233 (5.01%) Self-Motivation
5 186 (4.00%) Mobile App
6 170 (3.66%) Fintech
7 145 (3.12%) Algorithms
8 142 (3.05%) Enterprise Software
9 141 (3.03%) Public Cloud
10 120 (2.58%) Data Centre
11 119 (2.56%) Blog
12 114 (2.45%) Data Structures
13 79 (1.70%) Management Information System
14 71 (1.53%) Hedge funds
15 70 (1.51%) Cloud Native
16 68 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
17 65 (1.40%) Wiki
18 60 (1.29%) Cyberthreat
19 57 (1.23%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
20 44 (0.95%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,455 (31.29%) Linux
2 507 (10.90%) Windows
3 450 (9.68%) Unix
4 246 (5.29%) Android
5 222 (4.77%) CentOS
6 203 (4.37%) Apple iOS
7 198 (4.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 145 (3.12%) Ubuntu
9 66 (1.42%) Windows Server
10 48 (1.03%) Debian
11 39 (0.84%) Windows Server 2012
12 34 (0.73%) Solaris
13 26 (0.56%) Windows Server 2008
14 24 (0.52%) Windows 7
15 23 (0.49%) Kali Linux
16 22 (0.47%) Mac OS X
17 19 (0.41%) Mesosphere
17 19 (0.41%) Windows XP
18 18 (0.39%) Windows 10
19 17 (0.37%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,571 (55.29%) Agile Software Development
2 1,531 (32.92%) DevOps
3 1,095 (23.55%) Software Engineering
4 965 (20.75%) Continuous Integration
5 852 (18.32%) Microservices
6 815 (17.53%) Test Automation
7 813 (17.48%) TDD
8 731 (15.72%) Scrum
9 617 (13.27%) OO
10 521 (11.20%) Computer Science
11 498 (10.71%) BDD
12 489 (10.52%) Mentoring
13 463 (9.96%) Problem-Solving
14 462 (9.94%) Configuration Management
15 433 (9.31%) Continuous Delivery
16 360 (7.74%) MVC
17 307 (6.60%) SDLC
18 288 (6.19%) Web Development
19 273 (5.87%) Analytics
20 246 (5.29%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 2,148 (46.19%) Java
2 1,550 (33.33%) Python
3 1,389 (29.87%) JavaScript
4 1,057 (22.73%) SQL
5 824 (17.72%) C#
6 692 (14.88%) Ruby
7 468 (10.06%) C++
8 467 (10.04%) PHP
9 351 (7.55%) Go
10 348 (7.48%) Bash Shell
11 272 (5.85%) Scala
12 261 (5.61%) PowerShell
13 248 (5.33%) Java 8
14 216 (4.65%) C
15 171 (3.68%) Perl
16 144 (3.10%) Shell Script
17 122 (2.62%) ES6
18 91 (1.96%) Kotlin
19 85 (1.83%) TypeScript
20 80 (1.72%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 776 (16.69%) Degree
2 267 (5.74%) Computer Science Degree
3 239 (5.14%) Security Cleared
4 186 (4.00%) SC Cleared
5 78 (1.68%) CISSP
6 71 (1.53%) DV Cleared
7 63 (1.35%) Numerate Degree
8 62 (1.33%) RHCE
9 61 (1.31%) Master's Degree
10 45 (0.97%) AWS Certification
11 42 (0.90%) CISM
12 38 (0.82%) RHCSA
13 37 (0.80%) PhD
14 26 (0.56%) CEH
14 26 (0.56%) SSCP
15 24 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
15 24 (0.52%) OSCP
15 24 (0.52%) RHCA
15 24 (0.52%) SANS
16 23 (0.49%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 332 (7.14%) QA
2 61 (1.31%) GDPR
3 54 (1.16%) Data Quality
4 35 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 31 (0.67%) SLA
6 24 (0.52%) MiFID
7 23 (0.49%) PCI DSS
8 13 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 10 (0.22%) ISO 9001
10 9 (0.19%) PSD2
11 8 (0.17%) IFRS
12 7 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
13 6 (0.13%) WCAG
14 5 (0.11%) IEC 61508
14 5 (0.11%) ISO 26262
14 5 (0.11%) MISRA
14 5 (0.11%) MISRA C
15 4 (0.086%) COBIT
16 3 (0.065%) SEPA
17 2 (0.043%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 918 (19.74%) Docker
2 153 (3.29%) Active Directory
3 82 (1.76%) VMware Infrastructure
4 67 (1.44%) HDFS
5 57 (1.23%) Virtual Machines
6 36 (0.77%) pfSense
7 33 (0.71%) vSphere
8 32 (0.69%) KVM
9 31 (0.67%) Hyper-V
10 26 (0.56%) Snort
11 23 (0.49%) NFS
12 22 (0.47%) VirtualBox
13 19 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
14 17 (0.37%) etcd
15 15 (0.32%) Samba
15 15 (0.32%) Varnish
16 14 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 13 (0.28%) Xen
18 11 (0.24%) Apache Flume
19 10 (0.22%) iptables
Systems Management
1 633 (13.61%) Ansible
2 627 (13.48%) Puppet
3 619 (13.31%) Kubernetes
4 447 (9.61%) Opscode Chef
5 440 (9.46%) Terraform
6 147 (3.16%) Consul
7 131 (2.82%) Salt
8 123 (2.65%) Packer
9 116 (2.49%) Grafana
10 108 (2.32%) Docker Swarm
11 103 (2.22%) Nagios
12 101 (2.17%) ZABBIX
13 97 (2.09%) Graphite
14 96 (2.06%) Prometheus
15 71 (1.53%) Kibana
16 58 (1.25%) logstash
17 56 (1.20%) Opsview
18 45 (0.97%) Mesos
19 39 (0.84%) HAProxy
20 34 (0.73%) Nessus
Vendors
1 446 (9.59%) Microsoft
2 328 (7.05%) Oracle
3 317 (6.82%) Google
4 254 (5.46%) Red Hat
5 171 (3.68%) VMware
6 116 (2.49%) Splunk
7 108 (2.32%) SAP
8 77 (1.66%) Tableau
9 59 (1.27%) Atlassian
10 52 (1.12%) IBM
11 46 (0.99%) Apple
12 41 (0.88%) CA Agile Central
13 40 (0.86%) Cisco
13 40 (0.86%) New Relic
14 35 (0.75%) SaltStack
15 32 (0.69%) Cloudera
15 32 (0.69%) HP
16 30 (0.65%) Foundry
17 28 (0.60%) ServiceNow
18 27 (0.58%) Databricks