Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 132 111 116
Rank change year-on-year -21 +5 +4
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 3,709 4,908 4,998
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.62% 2.93% 2.83%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.84% 3.19% 3.07%
Number of salaries quoted 2,624 3,644 4,165
UK median annual salary £60,000 £59,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.69% +2.61% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £36,250 £32,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year -4.76% +10.53% +5.56%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 130,407 153,946 162,809
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.10% 91.77% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 102,344 122,604 128,581
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Open Source.

Salary trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -19 3,473 £60,000 - 475
UK excluding London -24 1,826 £50,000 -4.76% 310
London -13 1,780 £72,500 +3.57% 204
North of England +10 557 £50,000 +1.01% 87
South East -23 530 £52,500 - 76
North West +7 327 £57,500 +15.00% 51
South West -30 251 £53,750 +2.38% 39
Yorkshire -8 193 £45,000 -5.26% 22
Midlands -30 171 £50,000 -13.04% 41
West Midlands +8 142 £50,000 -9.09% 31
East of England +24 135 £50,000 -4.76% 28
Scotland -28 130 £50,000 - 34
North East +31 37 £50,000 +5.26% 14
Northern Ireland +4 30 £60,000 -4.00%
East Midlands -55 27 £45,000 -25.00% 10
Wales -9 23 £52,500 +23.53% 5

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,986 (53.55%) Agile Software Development
2 1,463 (39.44%) DevOps
3 1,368 (36.88%) Java
4 1,235 (33.30%) Python
5 1,134 (30.57%) AWS
6 1,069 (28.82%) Linux
7 946 (25.51%) Software Engineering
8 938 (25.29%) Docker
9 933 (25.16%) JavaScript
10 829 (22.35%) Azure
11 804 (21.68%) Git (software)
12 737 (19.87%) Kubernetes
13 706 (19.03%) SQL
14 670 (18.06%) Continuous Integration
15 631 (17.01%) Finance
16 598 (16.12%) Microservices
16 598 (16.12%) Jenkins
17 592 (15.96%) Ansible
18 564 (15.21%) C#
18 564 (15.21%) Test Automation
19 551 (14.86%) Degree
20 533 (14.37%) TDD
21 530 (14.29%) Scrum
22 527 (14.21%) Problem-Solving
23 454 (12.24%) .NET
24 448 (12.08%) Microsoft
25 445 (12.00%) Terraform
26 426 (11.49%) AngularJS
26 426 (11.49%) Puppet
27 424 (11.43%) Node.js

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 267 (7.20%) Apache
2 197 (5.31%) Apache Spark
3 138 (3.72%) Elasticsearch
4 100 (2.70%) Confluence
5 92 (2.48%) nginx
6 79 (2.13%) OpenStack
7 69 (1.86%) CMS
8 63 (1.70%) IIS
9 51 (1.38%) Tomcat
10 49 (1.32%) SharePoint
11 47 (1.27%) Drupal
12 39 (1.05%) JBoss
13 38 (1.02%) WordPress
14 34 (0.92%) Hyperledger
15 32 (0.86%) Apache Solr
16 25 (0.67%) ArcGIS
17 23 (0.62%) Apache Pig
17 23 (0.62%) WebSphere
18 22 (0.59%) GeoServer
19 20 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 30 (0.81%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.19%) Sketch
4 6 (0.16%) Figma
5 4 (0.11%) AutoCAD
5 4 (0.11%) InVision
5 4 (0.11%) Marvel
5 4 (0.11%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.081%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 3 (0.081%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.081%) Chatbot
6 3 (0.081%) Fireworks
6 3 (0.081%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.081%) SPSS
7 2 (0.054%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.027%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.027%) Stata
Business Applications
1 25 (0.67%) Distributed Ledger
1 25 (0.67%) Magento
2 18 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
3 10 (0.27%) R3 Corda
4 6 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
5 5 (0.13%) PolarLake
5 5 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 4 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
6 4 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.081%) OpenCart
7 3 (0.081%) osCommerce
7 3 (0.081%) SAP Business One
7 3 (0.081%) SAP S/4HANA
8 2 (0.054%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 1,134 (30.57%) AWS
2 829 (22.35%) Azure
3 389 (10.49%) GCP
4 203 (5.47%) GitHub
5 189 (5.10%) SaaS
6 149 (4.02%) Serverless
7 116 (3.13%) Cloud Computing
8 105 (2.83%) PaaS
9 90 (2.43%) AWS Lambda
10 83 (2.24%) Amazon EC2
10 83 (2.24%) AWS CloudFormation
11 79 (2.13%) Amazon S3
12 77 (2.08%) OpenShift
13 59 (1.59%) Amazon ECS
14 55 (1.48%) IaaS
15 54 (1.46%) Office 365
16 51 (1.38%) Amazon SQS
17 36 (0.97%) Slack
18 35 (0.94%) Azure Functions
19 34 (0.92%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 134 (3.61%) Firewall
2 115 (3.10%) TCP/IP
3 92 (2.48%) Internet
4 74 (2.00%) DNS
5 63 (1.70%) HTTP
6 60 (1.62%) Network Security
7 40 (1.08%) VPN
8 30 (0.81%) SSL
9 26 (0.70%) DHCP
10 25 (0.67%) HTTPS
10 25 (0.67%) Skype
11 23 (0.62%) Wireless
12 22 (0.59%) Asterisk PBX
13 19 (0.51%) Cisco ASA
13 19 (0.51%) Wireshark
14 18 (0.49%) WAN
15 17 (0.46%) LAN
16 12 (0.32%) OSPF
16 12 (0.32%) SAN
16 12 (0.32%) VRRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 349 (9.41%) Big Data
2 332 (8.95%) SQL Server
3 298 (8.03%) MySQL
4 281 (7.58%) MongoDB
5 278 (7.50%) NoSQL
6 270 (7.28%) PostgreSQL
7 218 (5.88%) Hadoop
8 157 (4.23%) Relational Database
9 117 (3.15%) Data Warehouse
10 108 (2.91%) Blockchain
11 99 (2.67%) Redis
12 89 (2.40%) Apache Cassandra
13 78 (2.10%) RDBMS
14 71 (1.91%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 67 (1.81%) Data Lake
16 66 (1.78%) Azure SQL Database
17 62 (1.67%) Amazon RDS
18 61 (1.64%) GIS
19 60 (1.62%) Apache Hive
19 60 (1.62%) Geospatial Data
Development Applications
1 804 (21.68%) Git (software)
2 598 (16.12%) Jenkins
3 270 (7.28%) JIRA
4 162 (4.37%) Selenium
5 157 (4.23%) Bitbucket
6 152 (4.10%) Cucumber
7 150 (4.04%) TeamCity
8 131 (3.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 125 (3.37%) Team Foundation Server
10 120 (3.24%) JUnit
10 120 (3.24%) Visual Studio
11 106 (2.86%) GitLab
12 89 (2.40%) Octopus Deploy
12 89 (2.40%) Subversion
13 87 (2.35%) Maven
14 81 (2.18%) Visual Studio Team System
15 78 (2.10%) IBM UrbanCode
16 69 (1.86%) Travis CI
17 68 (1.83%) NUnit
18 65 (1.75%) Bitbucket Server
General
1 631 (17.01%) Finance
2 191 (5.15%) Marketing
3 186 (5.01%) Retail
4 177 (4.77%) Public Sector
5 176 (4.75%) Banking
6 152 (4.10%) Games
7 85 (2.29%) Telecoms
8 61 (1.64%) Electronics
9 59 (1.59%) Manufacturing
10 47 (1.27%) Automotive
11 43 (1.16%) Law
12 39 (1.05%) Legal
13 36 (0.97%) Front Office
14 23 (0.62%) Local Government
15 22 (0.59%) Publishing
16 18 (0.49%) Aerospace
17 15 (0.40%) Financial Institution
18 14 (0.38%) Advertising
19 12 (0.32%) Billing
20 11 (0.30%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,210 (32.62%) Developer
2 406 (10.95%) DevOps Engineer
3 348 (9.38%) Software Engineer
4 308 (8.30%) Architect
5 275 (7.41%) Java Developer
6 211 (5.69%) Senior Developer
7 179 (4.83%) Consultant
8 169 (4.56%) Software Developer
9 140 (3.77%) AWS Engineer
10 128 (3.45%) Senior DevOps
11 126 (3.40%) Linux Engineer
12 125 (3.37%) .NET Developer
13 121 (3.26%) JavaScript Developer
14 118 (3.18%) C# Developer
15 113 (3.05%) Cloud Engineer
16 112 (3.02%) Analyst
17 109 (2.94%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 105 (2.83%) Data Engineer
19 103 (2.78%) Solutions Architect
20 102 (2.75%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 454 (12.24%) .NET
2 426 (11.49%) AngularJS
3 424 (11.43%) Node.js
4 411 (11.08%) HTML
5 403 (10.87%) CSS
6 367 (9.89%) React
7 360 (9.71%) Web Services
8 348 (9.38%) Spring
9 332 (8.95%) REST
10 249 (6.71%) RESTful
11 178 (4.80%) Elastic Stack
12 175 (4.72%) Kafka
13 174 (4.69%) ASP.NET
14 171 (4.61%) HTML5
15 156 (4.21%) Spring Boot
16 141 (3.80%) JSON
17 140 (3.77%) XML
18 129 (3.48%) Vue.js
19 119 (3.21%) ASP.NET Web API
20 106 (2.86%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 249 (6.71%) Analytical Skills
2 221 (5.96%) User Experience
3 175 (4.72%) Algorithms
4 169 (4.56%) Public Cloud
5 164 (4.42%) Greenfield Project
6 162 (4.37%) Mobile App
7 149 (4.02%) Self-Motivation
8 136 (3.67%) Cloud Native
9 134 (3.61%) Smartphone
10 94 (2.53%) Data Centre
11 84 (2.26%) Virtual Team
12 79 (2.13%) Enterprise Software
12 79 (2.13%) Management Information System
13 63 (1.70%) Data Structures
14 58 (1.56%) Private Cloud
15 57 (1.54%) Linux Command Line
16 54 (1.46%) Embedded Systems
17 48 (1.29%) Hybrid Cloud
18 46 (1.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 46 (1.24%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 1,069 (28.82%) Linux
2 348 (9.38%) Windows
3 168 (4.53%) Unix
4 162 (4.37%) Android
5 125 (3.37%) CentOS
6 116 (3.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 107 (2.88%) Ubuntu
8 86 (2.32%) Apple iOS
9 77 (2.08%) Windows Server
10 35 (0.94%) Mesosphere
11 34 (0.92%) Debian
12 25 (0.67%) Tizen
13 21 (0.57%) AIX
13 21 (0.57%) SUSE
14 20 (0.54%) Solaris
14 20 (0.54%) Windows 10
15 13 (0.35%) Embedded Linux
16 11 (0.30%) Mac OS X
17 10 (0.27%) Mac OS
18 9 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,986 (53.55%) Agile Software Development
2 1,463 (39.44%) DevOps
3 946 (25.51%) Software Engineering
4 670 (18.06%) Continuous Integration
5 598 (16.12%) Microservices
6 564 (15.21%) Test Automation
7 533 (14.37%) TDD
8 530 (14.29%) Scrum
9 527 (14.21%) Problem-Solving
10 406 (10.95%) Computer Science
11 399 (10.76%) Mentoring
12 374 (10.08%) Analytics
12 374 (10.08%) OO
13 372 (10.03%) Configuration Management
14 360 (9.71%) BDD
15 303 (8.17%) Continuous Delivery
16 295 (7.95%) SDLC
17 259 (6.98%) Artificial Intelligence
18 237 (6.39%) Open Source Development
19 219 (5.90%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 1,368 (36.88%) Java
2 1,235 (33.30%) Python
3 933 (25.16%) JavaScript
4 706 (19.03%) SQL
5 564 (15.21%) C#
6 381 (10.27%) C++
7 338 (9.11%) PHP
8 332 (8.95%) Bash Shell
9 309 (8.33%) Ruby
10 295 (7.95%) C
11 281 (7.58%) Go
12 193 (5.20%) Scala
13 163 (4.39%) PowerShell
14 149 (4.02%) Java 8
15 127 (3.42%) Perl
16 99 (2.67%) Kotlin
17 87 (2.35%) T-SQL
18 84 (2.26%) TypeScript
19 79 (2.13%) R
20 62 (1.67%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 551 (14.86%) Degree
2 256 (6.90%) Security Cleared
3 201 (5.42%) Computer Science Degree
4 139 (3.75%) SC Cleared
5 82 (2.21%) DV Cleared
6 64 (1.73%) PhD
7 44 (1.19%) Microsoft Certification
8 36 (0.97%) HND
9 28 (0.75%) CREST Certified
10 26 (0.70%) OSCP
10 26 (0.70%) RHCE
11 22 (0.59%) AWS Certification
12 21 (0.57%) JNCIE
12 21 (0.57%) JNCIP
12 21 (0.57%) RHCSA
13 20 (0.54%) ISEB
13 20 (0.54%) Master's Degree
14 17 (0.46%) ISTQB
15 16 (0.43%) Cyber Scheme
16 15 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 342 (9.22%) QA
2 48 (1.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 35 (0.94%) Data Quality
4 25 (0.67%) GDPR
5 16 (0.43%) WAI
6 12 (0.32%) PCI DSS
7 11 (0.30%) NIST
8 10 (0.27%) SLA
9 6 (0.16%) SEPA
10 5 (0.13%) ISO 26262
11 4 (0.11%) MiFID
11 4 (0.11%) PSD2
12 3 (0.081%) Dodd-Frank
12 3 (0.081%) EMIR
12 3 (0.081%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 2 (0.054%) Cyber Essentials
13 2 (0.054%) ISO 9001
13 2 (0.054%) NCSC
14 1 (0.027%) COBIT
14 1 (0.027%) PMO
System Software
1 938 (25.29%) Docker
2 105 (2.83%) Active Directory
3 57 (1.54%) Virtual Machines
4 49 (1.32%) VMware Infrastructure
5 48 (1.29%) KVM
6 28 (0.75%) Hyper-V
7 25 (0.67%) vSphere
8 20 (0.54%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 20 (0.54%) BIND 9
9 19 (0.51%) Firmware
9 19 (0.51%) VMware ESXi
10 18 (0.49%) Ceph
11 12 (0.32%) vCloud
12 8 (0.22%) HDFS
12 8 (0.22%) NFS
12 8 (0.22%) XenApp
12 8 (0.22%) XenDesktop
13 7 (0.19%) etcd
13 7 (0.19%) Postfix
13 7 (0.19%) Xen
Systems Management
1 737 (19.87%) Kubernetes
2 592 (15.96%) Ansible
3 445 (12.00%) Terraform
4 426 (11.49%) Puppet
5 341 (9.19%) Opscode Chef
6 142 (3.83%) Prometheus
7 102 (2.75%) Consul
8 86 (2.32%) Grafana
9 81 (2.18%) Salt
10 72 (1.94%) Packer
11 70 (1.89%) Nagios
12 63 (1.70%) Docker Swarm
13 54 (1.46%) Kibana
14 41 (1.11%) logstash
14 41 (1.11%) Rundeck
15 35 (0.94%) Automic
16 31 (0.84%) Opsview
17 26 (0.70%) HAProxy
18 25 (0.67%) Graphite
18 25 (0.67%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 448 (12.08%) Microsoft
2 265 (7.14%) Google
3 247 (6.66%) Oracle
4 161 (4.34%) Red Hat
5 132 (3.56%) VMware
6 94 (2.53%) Splunk
7 61 (1.64%) Cisco
8 56 (1.51%) Atlassian
9 46 (1.24%) Adobe
10 40 (1.08%) SAP
11 39 (1.05%) Tableau
12 37 (1.00%) Sage
13 33 (0.89%) IBM
14 31 (0.84%) Cloudera
15 30 (0.81%) Databricks
15 30 (0.81%) MuleSoft
16 29 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
17 27 (0.73%) Apple
17 27 (0.73%) RedGate
18 26 (0.70%) Juniper