Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 107 112 121
Rank change year-on-year +5 +9 +18
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 5318 5204 5612
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.95% 2.74% 2.58%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.28% 3.07% 2.91%
Number of salaries quoted 4375 4295 4623
UK median annual salary £57,500 £57,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.52% +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,375 £32,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,000 £45,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +6.67% -5.26% +11.76%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 161952 169683 193148
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.90% 89.39% 88.81%
Number of salaries quoted 127936 140934 159138
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% +5.56%
10th Percentile £28,750 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £79,350 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £44,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.53% - +6.25%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Open Source.

Salary trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Salary histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 4964 £57,500 - 418
London -5 2701 £67,500 +3.85% 241
UK excluding London +19 2501 £48,000 +6.67% 188
South East +26 688 £45,000 -10.00% 50
North of England +36 588 £50,000 +11.11% 56
North West +61 366 £47,500 - 21
South West +24 352 £50,000 +25.00% 27
Midlands -37 332 £42,500 +2.82% 21
East of England +35 309 £50,000 -9.09% 23
West Midlands -26 237 £40,000 +6.67% 10
Scotland +13 206 £42,500 -10.53% 7
Yorkshire -16 186 £50,000 +17.65% 29
East Midlands +2 104 £42,500 -5.56% 11
Wales +16 33 £42,500 -5.56% 2
North East +8 30 £38,959 -7.79% 6
Northern Ireland -26 17 £15,000 -55.88% 2

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 2882 (54.19%) Agile Software Development
2 2314 (43.51%) Java
3 1668 (31.37%) Linux
4 1604 (30.16%) JavaScript
5 1584 (29.79%) Python
6 1407 (26.46%) DevOps
7 1188 (22.34%) Finance
8 1139 (21.42%) HTML
9 1126 (21.17%) SQL
10 1117 (21.00%) Amazon AWS
11 1059 (19.91%) Software Engineering
12 1042 (19.59%) TDD
13 1035 (19.46%) Continuous Integration
14 1014 (19.07%) Degree
15 1002 (18.84%) Scrum
16 958 (18.01%) C#
17 951 (17.88%) CSS
18 882 (16.59%) .NET
19 803 (15.10%) Test Automation
20 770 (14.48%) Git (software)
21 756 (14.22%) AngularJS
22 751 (14.12%) Jenkins
23 718 (13.50%) PHP
24 693 (13.03%) Microservices
25 686 (12.90%) Computer Science
26 663 (12.47%) Puppet
27 660 (12.41%) Ruby
28 659 (12.39%) Docker
29 644 (12.11%) Big Data
30 631 (11.87%) Ansible

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 404 (7.60%) Apache
2 325 (6.11%) Apache Spark
3 294 (5.53%) Tomcat
4 206 (3.87%) CMS
5 189 (3.55%) Elasticsearch
6 182 (3.42%) OpenStack
7 159 (2.99%) WebSphere
8 151 (2.84%) nginx
9 136 (2.56%) JBoss
10 113 (2.12%) Apache Solr
11 106 (1.99%) Confluence
12 100 (1.88%) WordPress
13 92 (1.73%) Cloud Foundry
13 92 (1.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 82 (1.54%) WebLogic
15 70 (1.32%) Drupal
16 69 (1.30%) SharePoint
17 52 (0.98%) Ethereum
17 52 (0.98%) SAS
18 51 (0.96%) Jetty
Applications
1 66 (1.24%) Photoshop
2 36 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
3 33 (0.62%) SPSS
4 30 (0.56%) Adobe Illustrator
5 14 (0.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 3 (0.056%) AutoCAD
6 3 (0.056%) Microsoft Excel
6 3 (0.056%) S-PLUS
6 3 (0.056%) Stata
7 2 (0.038%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.038%) HipChat
7 2 (0.038%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.019%) Autodesk Inventor
8 1 (0.019%) CATIA
8 1 (0.019%) GNU Octave
8 1 (0.019%) LaTeX
8 1 (0.019%) Mathematica
8 1 (0.019%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.019%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.019%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 68 (1.28%) Magento
2 22 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
3 12 (0.23%) BusinessWorks
4 11 (0.21%) TIBCO BusinessEvents
5 10 (0.19%) OpenCart
5 10 (0.19%) R3 Corda
6 7 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
7 5 (0.094%) Payment Gateway
8 4 (0.075%) NetSuite
8 4 (0.075%) Oracle Payables
8 4 (0.075%) osCommerce
9 3 (0.056%) Oracle EBS
10 2 (0.038%) Eloqua
10 2 (0.038%) MetaTrader
10 2 (0.038%) Oracle BPM
10 2 (0.038%) Oracle ERP
10 2 (0.038%) Sentinel
10 2 (0.038%) Shopify
10 2 (0.038%) WebTrends
11 1 (0.019%) ION MarketView
Cloud Services
1 1117 (21.00%) Amazon AWS
2 528 (9.93%) Microsoft Azure
3 355 (6.68%) GitHub
4 268 (5.04%) SaaS
5 190 (3.57%) PaaS
6 143 (2.69%) Cloud Computing
7 127 (2.39%) Google Cloud Platform
8 121 (2.28%) IaaS
9 87 (1.64%) Amazon EC2
10 80 (1.50%) npm
11 60 (1.13%) Office 365
12 59 (1.11%) AWS CloudFormation
13 58 (1.09%) Amazon EMR
14 53 (1.00%) OpenShift
15 43 (0.81%) Amazon S3
16 41 (0.77%) Google Play
17 33 (0.62%) Serverless
18 29 (0.55%) Amazon Kinesis
19 22 (0.41%) Heroku
20 21 (0.39%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 225 (4.23%) Internet
2 211 (3.97%) TCP/IP
3 150 (2.82%) Firewall
4 149 (2.80%) HTTP
5 134 (2.52%) DNS
6 59 (1.11%) Wireshark
7 57 (1.07%) VPN
8 55 (1.03%) Network Security
8 55 (1.03%) SSL
9 50 (0.94%) WAN
10 46 (0.86%) SAN
11 45 (0.85%) VoIP
12 39 (0.73%) LDAP
13 38 (0.71%) SMTP
14 35 (0.66%) Wireless
15 32 (0.60%) DHCP
15 32 (0.60%) LAN
16 28 (0.53%) Cisco ASA
17 25 (0.47%) tcpdump
18 24 (0.45%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 644 (12.11%) Big Data
2 572 (10.76%) NoSQL
3 562 (10.57%) MySQL
4 465 (8.74%) MongoDB
5 461 (8.67%) Hadoop
6 407 (7.65%) Relational Database
7 381 (7.16%) SQL Server
8 372 (7.00%) PostgreSQL
9 246 (4.63%) Apache Cassandra
10 160 (3.01%) Redis
11 158 (2.97%) RDBMS
12 111 (2.09%) Data Warehouse
13 92 (1.73%) Blockchain
14 75 (1.41%) HBase
15 72 (1.35%) Neo4j
16 71 (1.34%) Amazon RDS
17 70 (1.32%) Amazon Redshift
18 61 (1.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 61 (1.15%) Apache Hive
19 37 (0.70%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 770 (14.48%) Git (software)
2 751 (14.12%) Jenkins
3 438 (8.24%) Selenium
4 331 (6.22%) JIRA
5 319 (6.00%) Maven
6 308 (5.79%) JUnit
7 270 (5.08%) TeamCity
8 243 (4.57%) Cucumber
9 210 (3.95%) Subversion
10 193 (3.63%) WebDriver
11 192 (3.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 168 (3.16%) Jasmine
13 141 (2.65%) Octopus Deploy
14 129 (2.43%) Gradle
14 129 (2.43%) gulp
14 129 (2.43%) MSBuild
15 124 (2.33%) JMeter
16 122 (2.29%) Bitbucket
17 118 (2.22%) Protractor
18 117 (2.20%) TestNG
General
1 1188 (22.34%) Finance
2 436 (8.20%) Banking
3 324 (6.09%) Marketing
4 297 (5.58%) Telecoms
5 233 (4.38%) Retail
6 179 (3.37%) Electronics
7 164 (3.08%) Manufacturing
8 142 (2.67%) Games
9 121 (2.28%) Advertising
10 82 (1.54%) Publishing
11 63 (1.18%) Law
12 57 (1.07%) Legal
13 39 (0.73%) Financial Institution
14 38 (0.71%) Investment Banking
15 37 (0.70%) Front Office
16 25 (0.47%) Digital Economy
17 23 (0.43%) Automotive
18 20 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
19 19 (0.36%) Local Government
20 18 (0.34%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2069 (38.91%) Developer
2 548 (10.30%) Java Developer
3 452 (8.50%) Architect
4 431 (8.10%) Software Engineer
5 411 (7.73%) Senior Developer
6 410 (7.71%) DevOps Engineer
7 274 (5.15%) C# Developer
8 267 (5.02%) .NET Developer
9 232 (4.36%) Software Developer
10 227 (4.27%) Analyst
11 215 (4.04%) JavaScript Developer
12 200 (3.76%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 196 (3.69%) C# .NET Developer
14 179 (3.37%) PHP Developer
15 175 (3.29%) Tester
16 168 (3.16%) Java Engineer
17 167 (3.14%) Linux Engineer
18 159 (2.99%) Full Stack Developer
19 158 (2.97%) Solutions Architect
20 157 (2.95%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1139 (21.42%) HTML
2 951 (17.88%) CSS
3 882 (16.59%) .NET
4 756 (14.22%) AngularJS
5 614 (11.55%) Web Services
6 605 (11.38%) HTML5
7 598 (11.24%) Node.js
8 575 (10.81%) Spring
9 496 (9.33%) REST
10 430 (8.09%) RESTful
11 415 (7.80%) React
12 347 (6.53%) jQuery
13 330 (6.21%) ASP.NET
14 279 (5.25%) Hibernate
15 277 (5.21%) CSS3
16 245 (4.61%) XML
17 207 (3.89%) Sass
18 194 (3.65%) Kafka
19 193 (3.63%) J2EE
20 179 (3.37%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 686 (12.90%) Computer Science
2 462 (8.69%) Analytical Skills
3 347 (6.53%) User Experience
4 335 (6.30%) Greenfield Project
5 274 (5.15%) Mobile App
6 266 (5.00%) Fintech
7 242 (4.55%) Algorithms
7 242 (4.55%) Enterprise Software
8 157 (2.95%) Data Centre
9 143 (2.69%) Online Banking
10 137 (2.58%) Client/Server
11 122 (2.29%) Public Cloud
12 101 (1.90%) Management Information System
13 86 (1.62%) Linux Command Line
14 78 (1.47%) Blog
14 78 (1.47%) Data Structures
15 70 (1.32%) Social Media
16 61 (1.15%) Virtual Team
17 57 (1.07%) Cloud Native
18 51 (0.96%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1668 (31.37%) Linux
2 530 (9.97%) Unix
3 438 (8.24%) Windows
4 246 (4.63%) CentOS
5 195 (3.67%) Ubuntu
6 166 (3.12%) Android
7 143 (2.69%) Apple iOS
8 130 (2.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 62 (1.17%) Windows Server
10 43 (0.81%) Debian
11 33 (0.62%) Embedded Linux
12 31 (0.58%) Mac OS X
13 30 (0.56%) Solaris
14 26 (0.49%) CoreOS
15 18 (0.34%) Kali Linux
16 16 (0.30%) VMS
17 11 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
18 10 (0.19%) Fedora
18 10 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
19 9 (0.17%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 2882 (54.19%) Agile Software Development
2 1407 (26.46%) DevOps
3 1059 (19.91%) Software Engineering
4 1042 (19.59%) TDD
5 1035 (19.46%) Continuous Integration
6 1002 (18.84%) Scrum
7 803 (15.10%) Test Automation
8 693 (13.03%) Microservices
9 571 (10.74%) BDD
10 542 (10.19%) OO
11 515 (9.68%) Configuration Management
12 512 (9.63%) Mentoring
13 466 (8.76%) Analytics
14 453 (8.52%) Web Development
15 437 (8.22%) SDLC
16 373 (7.01%) MVC
17 336 (6.32%) SOA
18 322 (6.05%) Business Intelligence
19 302 (5.68%) E-Commerce
20 281 (5.28%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 2314 (43.51%) Java
2 1604 (30.16%) JavaScript
3 1584 (29.79%) Python
4 1126 (21.17%) SQL
5 958 (18.01%) C#
6 718 (13.50%) PHP
7 660 (12.41%) Ruby
8 516 (9.70%) C++
9 387 (7.28%) Scala
10 331 (6.22%) C
11 318 (5.98%) Bash Shell
12 291 (5.47%) Go
13 283 (5.32%) Perl
14 274 (5.15%) PowerShell
15 244 (4.59%) Shell Script
16 123 (2.31%) R
17 119 (2.24%) Groovy
18 118 (2.22%) ES6
19 86 (1.62%) Clojure
20 72 (1.35%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 1014 (19.07%) Degree
2 441 (8.29%) Computer Science Degree
3 289 (5.43%) Security Cleared
4 186 (3.50%) SC Cleared
5 104 (1.96%) Master's Degree
6 71 (1.34%) PhD
7 68 (1.28%) DV Cleared
8 67 (1.26%) ISTQB
9 52 (0.98%) Microsoft Certification
10 39 (0.73%) Numerate Degree
11 32 (0.60%) Cisco Certification
12 27 (0.51%) CEH
12 27 (0.51%) CISSP
13 26 (0.49%) CCNP
14 25 (0.47%) GIAC
15 21 (0.39%) MCSD
16 19 (0.36%) CCNA
16 19 (0.36%) ISEB
17 18 (0.34%) RHCE
18 17 (0.32%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 372 (7.00%) QA
2 26 (0.49%) Data Quality
3 18 (0.34%) GCP
4 15 (0.28%) SLA
5 14 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 12 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 10 (0.19%) ISO 9001
8 8 (0.15%) GDPR
8 8 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 8 (0.15%) WCAG
9 7 (0.13%) PMO
10 6 (0.11%) SSAE 16
11 5 (0.094%) PCI DSS
11 5 (0.094%) PSD2
11 5 (0.094%) Web Application Security Consortium
12 4 (0.075%) COBIT
12 4 (0.075%) OIPF
12 4 (0.075%) SEPA
13 3 (0.056%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 3 (0.056%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 659 (12.39%) Docker
2 120 (2.26%) VMware Infrastructure
3 87 (1.64%) Active Directory
4 85 (1.60%) Virtual Machines
5 48 (0.90%) VMware ESXi
6 39 (0.73%) Hyper-V
7 34 (0.64%) KVM
8 30 (0.56%) Apache Flume
8 30 (0.56%) NFS
9 28 (0.53%) vSphere
10 27 (0.51%) Ceph
11 23 (0.43%) Kamailio
12 20 (0.38%) iptables
13 19 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 19 (0.36%) Varnish
14 16 (0.30%) Xen
15 15 (0.28%) Samba
16 14 (0.26%) HDFS
17 12 (0.23%) Microsoft Virtual Server
17 12 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 663 (12.47%) Puppet
2 631 (11.87%) Ansible
3 543 (10.21%) Opscode Chef
4 291 (5.47%) Kubernetes
5 178 (3.35%) Terraform
6 130 (2.44%) Nagios
7 60 (1.13%) Salt
8 50 (0.94%) Grafana
9 47 (0.88%) Mesos
10 39 (0.73%) Packer
11 28 (0.53%) Consul
11 28 (0.53%) Icinga
12 25 (0.47%) Cacti
12 25 (0.47%) ZABBIX
13 24 (0.45%) Nessus
14 23 (0.43%) Prometheus
15 21 (0.39%) HAProxy
16 20 (0.38%) CFEngine
16 20 (0.38%) Cobbler
17 19 (0.36%) logstash
Vendors
1 505 (9.50%) Microsoft
2 424 (7.97%) Oracle
3 324 (6.09%) Google
4 230 (4.32%) Red Hat
5 202 (3.80%) VMware
6 170 (3.20%) IBM
7 164 (3.08%) SAP
8 101 (1.90%) Cisco
9 60 (1.13%) HP
10 53 (1.00%) Adobe
10 53 (1.00%) Atlassian
11 49 (0.92%) Tableau
12 46 (0.86%) Citrix
13 45 (0.85%) hybris
14 42 (0.79%) SaltStack
15 39 (0.73%) Apple
15 39 (0.73%) New Relic
15 39 (0.73%) TIBCO
16 38 (0.71%) MuleSoft
17 36 (0.68%) Talend