Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 17 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
17 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 114 136 157
Rank change year-on-year +22 +21 -38
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 5,037 2,189 2,206
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.14% 2.44% 2.29%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.31% 2.61% 2.47%
Number of salaries quoted 1,463 1,391 1,704
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £47,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +8.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £97,500 £112,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £56,773 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +3.22% - +4.76%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 152,201 83,787 89,459
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.93% 93.43% 92.88%
Number of salaries quoted 81,564 62,737 71,994
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £44,750 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,965 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £48,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +8.25% +2.11% +5.56%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Open Source.

Salary trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 17 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 17 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +2 3,941 £70,000 +3.70% 304
London +5 2,719 £80,000 +6.67% 156
Work from Home +42 2,434 £70,000 - 126
UK excluding London -9 1,235 £56,773 +3.22% 162
North of England +6 296 £56,887 +3.43% 48
East of England +64 280 £55,000 -4.35% 29
South East -78 243 £62,500 +4.17% 28
South West -1 207 £47,500 -13.64% 17
Yorkshire +34 144 £55,000 - 13
North West -42 139 £60,000 +5.20% 32
Midlands -63 133 £57,500 +9.52% 23
West Midlands -50 97 £57,500 -4.17% 16
Scotland -90 37 £72,000 +28.57% 7
East Midlands -31 36 £65,000 +52.94% 7
Wales -18 27 £46,865 -26.49% 6
Northern Ireland -11 26 £42,500 - 5
North East -9 13 £85,000 +41.67% 3

For the 6 months to 17 May 2022, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 2,600 (51.62%) Agile
2 2,235 (44.37%) AWS
3 2,126 (42.21%) Software Engineering
4 1,934 (38.40%) Python
5 1,784 (35.42%) Java
6 1,698 (33.71%) Docker
7 1,665 (33.06%) Kubernetes
8 1,559 (30.95%) DevOps
9 1,453 (28.85%) CI/CD
10 1,438 (28.55%) Microservices
11 1,397 (27.73%) Social Skills
12 1,287 (25.55%) JavaScript
13 1,175 (23.33%) Linux
14 1,147 (22.77%) Finance
15 1,095 (21.74%) Git (software)
16 1,094 (21.72%) SQL
17 1,071 (21.26%) React
18 1,052 (20.89%) Terraform
19 1,045 (20.75%) Azure
20 990 (19.65%) Test Automation
21 956 (18.98%) GCP
22 898 (17.83%) Node.js
23 858 (17.03%) TDD
24 854 (16.95%) PostgreSQL
25 847 (16.82%) Degree
26 840 (16.68%) Computer Science
27 779 (15.47%) Scrum
28 763 (15.15%) Problem-Solving
29 759 (15.07%) TypeScript
30 735 (14.59%) Jenkins

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 348 (6.91%) Apache
2 235 (4.67%) Apache Spark
3 198 (3.93%) Elasticsearch
4 165 (3.28%) Ethereum
5 125 (2.48%) Confluence
6 94 (1.87%) Apache Airflow
7 88 (1.75%) CMS
8 70 (1.39%) OpenStack
9 52 (1.03%) nginx
10 49 (0.97%) WebSphere
11 40 (0.79%) Apache Solr
12 39 (0.77%) WordPress
13 38 (0.75%) Headless CMS
14 37 (0.73%) Apache Pulsar
15 32 (0.64%) Tornado
16 31 (0.62%) Jupyter
17 30 (0.60%) Drupal
17 30 (0.60%) IIS
18 26 (0.52%) Strapi
19 24 (0.48%) Tomcat
Applications
1 54 (1.07%) Sketch
2 13 (0.26%) Chatbot
2 13 (0.26%) Photoshop
3 11 (0.22%) LaTeX
3 11 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.16%) AutoCAD
4 8 (0.16%) Campfire
5 7 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
6 6 (0.12%) Maple
6 6 (0.12%) MS Visio
7 5 (0.099%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.079%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 4 (0.079%) Microsoft Excel
9 3 (0.060%) Microsoft Project
9 3 (0.060%) SPSS
10 2 (0.040%) Blender
10 2 (0.040%) Revit
10 2 (0.040%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.020%) Adobe Premiere
11 1 (0.020%) MicroStation
Business Applications
1 43 (0.85%) R3 Corda
2 33 (0.66%) Magento
3 32 (0.64%) Distributed Ledger
4 31 (0.62%) Shopify
5 20 (0.40%) Oracle BPM
6 15 (0.30%) Oracle Payables
7 12 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
8 9 (0.18%) Summit
9 8 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
10 7 (0.14%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 7 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
11 5 (0.099%) Oracle Financials
12 4 (0.079%) Adobe Campaign
13 3 (0.060%) Oracle Applications
14 2 (0.040%) Sentinel
15 1 (0.020%) Maximo
15 1 (0.020%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 2,235 (44.37%) AWS
2 1,045 (20.75%) Azure
3 956 (18.98%) GCP
4 668 (13.26%) GitHub
5 531 (10.54%) Serverless
6 408 (8.10%) SaaS
7 304 (6.04%) AWS Lambda
8 279 (5.54%) Cloud Computing
9 258 (5.12%) Amazon S3
10 235 (4.67%) Amazon EC2
11 203 (4.03%) PaaS
12 196 (3.89%) AWS CloudFormation
13 166 (3.30%) Amazon SQS
14 165 (3.28%) Amazon ECS
15 142 (2.82%) OpenShift
16 140 (2.78%) IaaS
17 115 (2.28%) GitHub Actions
18 94 (1.87%) Figma
19 93 (1.85%) Slack
20 90 (1.79%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 153 (3.04%) Internet
2 151 (3.00%) HTTP
3 116 (2.30%) Broadband
4 87 (1.73%) Firewall
5 54 (1.07%) DNS
5 54 (1.07%) TCP/IP
6 52 (1.03%) SSH
7 45 (0.89%) VoIP
8 40 (0.79%) WAN
9 38 (0.75%) LAN
10 37 (0.73%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
11 36 (0.71%) VPN
12 32 (0.64%) WebEx
13 30 (0.60%) Network Security
14 23 (0.46%) SSL
15 22 (0.44%) DMZ
15 22 (0.44%) Intrusion Detection
16 20 (0.40%) FTP
17 19 (0.38%) Extranet
17 19 (0.38%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 854 (16.95%) PostgreSQL
2 639 (12.69%) NoSQL
3 618 (12.27%) Relational Database
4 520 (10.32%) MySQL
5 388 (7.70%) Big Data
6 299 (5.94%) Redis
7 295 (5.86%) MongoDB
8 209 (4.15%) RDBMS
9 208 (4.13%) Hadoop
10 197 (3.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 174 (3.45%) SQL Server
12 136 (2.70%) Amazon RDS
13 125 (2.48%) Amazon Redshift
14 116 (2.30%) Data Warehouse
15 100 (1.99%) Apache Cassandra
16 97 (1.93%) BigQuery
17 91 (1.81%) Metadata
18 87 (1.73%) Amazon Aurora
19 77 (1.53%) Tableau
20 73 (1.45%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 1,095 (21.74%) Git (software)
2 735 (14.59%) Jenkins
3 276 (5.48%) JIRA
4 252 (5.00%) GitLab
5 184 (3.65%) webpack
6 168 (3.34%) JUnit
7 153 (3.04%) TeamCity
8 137 (2.72%) Bitbucket
9 133 (2.64%) Selenium
10 125 (2.48%) Team Foundation Server
11 122 (2.42%) Travis CI
12 110 (2.18%) Octopus Deploy
13 99 (1.97%) IBM UrbanCode
14 86 (1.71%) Cypress.io
15 85 (1.69%) Gradle
16 84 (1.67%) Cucumber
17 83 (1.65%) Maven
18 80 (1.59%) CircleCI
19 78 (1.55%) Artifactory
20 60 (1.19%) Subversion
General
1 1,397 (27.73%) Social Skills
2 1,147 (22.77%) Finance
3 525 (10.42%) Analytical Skills
4 377 (7.48%) Banking
5 351 (6.97%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 349 (6.93%) Retail
7 276 (5.48%) Marketing
8 273 (5.42%) Public Sector
9 243 (4.82%) Legal
10 214 (4.25%) Games
11 149 (2.96%) Presentation Skills
12 133 (2.64%) Automotive
13 106 (2.10%) Law
14 91 (1.81%) Telecoms
15 84 (1.67%) Advertising
16 82 (1.63%) Back Office
17 81 (1.61%) Influencing Skills
18 60 (1.19%) Financial Institution
19 56 (1.11%) Publishing
20 45 (0.89%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 1,362 (27.04%) Developer
2 1,054 (20.93%) Software Engineer
3 506 (10.05%) Senior Software Engineer
4 445 (8.83%) DevOps Engineer
5 434 (8.62%) Senior Developer
6 334 (6.63%) Architect
7 274 (5.44%) Java Engineer
8 268 (5.32%) Java Developer
9 199 (3.95%) Data Engineer
10 197 (3.91%) Full Stack Developer
11 162 (3.22%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 161 (3.20%) Cloud Engineer
13 158 (3.14%) Software Developer
14 157 (3.12%) Senior Java Engineer
15 148 (2.94%) Senior DevOps
16 135 (2.68%) Solutions Architect
17 131 (2.60%) Senior DevOps Engineer
18 105 (2.08%) Technical Leader
19 102 (2.03%) Consultant
20 101 (2.01%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,071 (21.26%) React
2 898 (17.83%) Node.js
3 712 (14.14%) REST
4 667 (13.24%) Kafka
5 539 (10.70%) Spring
6 530 (10.52%) GraphQL
7 527 (10.46%) CSS
8 521 (10.34%) HTML
9 493 (9.79%) RESTful
10 402 (7.98%) AngularJS
11 379 (7.52%) Spring Boot
12 326 (6.47%) Vue.js
13 252 (5.00%) HTML5
14 240 (4.76%) Web Services
15 229 (4.55%) .NET
16 174 (3.45%) React Native
17 158 (3.14%) gRPC
18 155 (3.08%) Hibernate
18 155 (3.08%) Redux
19 148 (2.94%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 556 (11.04%) User Experience
2 424 (8.42%) Cloud Native
3 414 (8.22%) Blog
4 324 (6.43%) Blockchain
5 302 (6.00%) Algorithms
6 237 (4.71%) Self-Motivation
7 228 (4.53%) Public Cloud
8 211 (4.19%) Virtual Team
9 171 (3.39%) Mobile App
10 160 (3.18%) Data Structures
11 147 (2.92%) Web3
12 135 (2.68%) Enterprise Software
13 131 (2.60%) Linux Command Line
14 112 (2.22%) Management Information System
15 100 (1.99%) Greenfield Project
16 96 (1.91%) Cardano
17 95 (1.89%) Cyber Defence
18 87 (1.73%) Cyberattack
19 86 (1.71%) IoT
20 75 (1.49%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 1,175 (23.33%) Linux
2 433 (8.60%) Windows
3 248 (4.92%) Android
3 248 (4.92%) Unix
4 157 (3.12%) Apple iOS
5 97 (1.93%) Mesosphere
6 84 (1.67%) VMS
7 81 (1.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 76 (1.51%) Ubuntu
9 75 (1.49%) Mac OS X
10 68 (1.35%) CentOS
11 36 (0.71%) Windows 10
12 29 (0.58%) Mac OS
13 27 (0.54%) Windows Server
14 24 (0.48%) Embedded Linux
15 21 (0.42%) Windows Server 2016
16 20 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
17 18 (0.36%) Windows Server 2019
18 14 (0.28%) Alpine Linux
19 6 (0.12%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,600 (51.62%) Agile
2 2,126 (42.21%) Software Engineering
3 1,559 (30.95%) DevOps
4 1,453 (28.85%) CI/CD
5 1,438 (28.55%) Microservices
6 990 (19.65%) Test Automation
7 858 (17.03%) TDD
8 840 (16.68%) Computer Science
9 779 (15.47%) Scrum
10 763 (15.15%) Problem-Solving
11 673 (13.36%) Full Stack Development
12 637 (12.65%) Mentoring
13 612 (12.15%) Continuous Integration
14 538 (10.68%) Machine Learning
15 527 (10.46%) Analytics
16 526 (10.44%) Infrastructure as Code
17 496 (9.85%) Data Science
18 491 (9.75%) Continuous Delivery
19 440 (8.74%) Pair Programming
20 427 (8.48%) OO
Programming Languages
1 1,934 (38.40%) Python
2 1,784 (35.42%) Java
3 1,287 (25.55%) JavaScript
4 1,094 (21.72%) SQL
5 759 (15.07%) TypeScript
6 658 (13.06%) Go
7 396 (7.86%) C++
8 383 (7.60%) C#
9 338 (6.71%) Scala
10 284 (5.64%) Bash
11 282 (5.60%) C
12 261 (5.18%) Rust
13 223 (4.43%) PHP
14 222 (4.41%) Kotlin
15 211 (4.19%) Ruby
16 200 (3.97%) PowerShell
17 169 (3.36%) R
18 135 (2.68%) ES6
19 121 (2.40%) Shell Script
20 117 (2.32%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 847 (16.82%) Degree
2 451 (8.95%) Computer Science Degree
3 255 (5.06%) Security Cleared
4 176 (3.49%) SC Cleared
5 119 (2.36%) Master's Degree
6 53 (1.05%) PhD
7 49 (0.97%) DV Cleared
8 31 (0.62%) AWS Certification
9 24 (0.48%) CISSP
9 24 (0.48%) ISTQB
10 22 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
11 20 (0.40%) Six Sigma Black Belt
12 19 (0.38%) ISEB
13 16 (0.32%) OSCP
14 15 (0.30%) PMI Certification
15 13 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
16 12 (0.24%) BPSS Clearance
17 11 (0.22%) CEH
17 11 (0.22%) CREST Certified
18 9 (0.18%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 490 (9.73%) QA
2 118 (2.34%) Accessibility
3 79 (1.57%) Data Quality
4 71 (1.41%) SLA
5 58 (1.15%) GDPR
6 56 (1.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 43 (0.85%) ISO 26262
8 24 (0.48%) SOC 2
9 21 (0.42%) IEC 61508
9 21 (0.42%) IEC 62304
10 13 (0.26%) GRC
11 11 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 9 (0.18%) NIST
13 7 (0.14%) NCSC
14 6 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
14 6 (0.12%) WAI
15 5 (0.099%) SNOMED CT
16 4 (0.079%) HL7
16 4 (0.079%) ISO/IEC 20000
16 4 (0.079%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 1,698 (33.71%) Docker
2 89 (1.77%) VMware Infrastructure
3 85 (1.69%) Virtual Machines
4 47 (0.93%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 41 (0.81%) Active Directory
6 39 (0.77%) Firmware
7 38 (0.75%) LXC
8 31 (0.62%) HDFS
8 31 (0.62%) Hyper-V
9 27 (0.54%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 16 (0.32%) Kamailio
10 16 (0.32%) OpenSIPS
11 13 (0.26%) zsh
12 10 (0.20%) ISA Server
12 10 (0.20%) VirtualBox
13 9 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
14 8 (0.16%) Varnish
14 8 (0.16%) vSphere
15 7 (0.14%) Ceph
15 7 (0.14%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 1,665 (33.06%) Kubernetes
2 1,052 (20.89%) Terraform
3 568 (11.28%) Ansible
4 384 (7.62%) Puppet
5 312 (6.19%) Opscode Chef
6 200 (3.97%) Prometheus
7 187 (3.71%) Grafana
8 117 (2.32%) Consul
9 97 (1.93%) Automic
10 76 (1.51%) Docker Swarm
11 64 (1.27%) Kibana
12 63 (1.25%) Packer
13 48 (0.95%) logstash
14 45 (0.89%) Hadoop YARN
15 41 (0.81%) Cisco IPCC
16 34 (0.68%) Rancher
17 32 (0.64%) Istio
18 28 (0.56%) Single Sign-On
19 24 (0.48%) Salt
20 22 (0.44%) Nagios
Vendors
1 514 (10.20%) Google
2 436 (8.66%) Microsoft
3 313 (6.21%) Oracle
4 130 (2.58%) Splunk
5 112 (2.22%) New Relic
6 106 (2.10%) VMware
7 90 (1.79%) Red Hat
8 68 (1.35%) IBM
9 66 (1.31%) Twitter
10 62 (1.23%) Cisco
11 52 (1.03%) Atlassian
12 48 (0.95%) Databricks
13 44 (0.87%) Dynatrace
14 40 (0.79%) AppDynamics
15 39 (0.77%) Snapchat
16 37 (0.73%) MuleSoft
16 37 (0.73%) Salesforce.com
17 35 (0.69%) Adobe
17 35 (0.69%) Juniper
18 34 (0.68%) Apple