Period
to 14 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 14 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
14 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 132 158 118
Rank change year-on-year +26 -40 -6
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 2,576 1,876 4,121
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.56% 2.24% 2.87%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.75% 2.43% 3.11%
Number of salaries quoted 1,435 1,470 2,978
10th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £50,000 £46,250 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.00% +4.17% +4.35%
75th Percentile £83,750 £82,500 £80,000
90th Percentile £99,500 £110,000 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 93,720 77,168 132,663
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.13% 92.34% 92.34%
Number of salaries quoted 65,940 61,996 105,226
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,900 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.95% +5.56% -

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Open Source.

Salary trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 14 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 14 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +18 2,379 £66,750 +6.80% 366
London +33 1,458 £75,000 - 183
UK excluding London +7 974 £55,000 - 212
Work from Home -39 432 £65,500 +4.80% 81
South East +21 301 £60,000 - 41
South West +15 205 £55,000 - 25
North of England -78 190 £55,000 - 62
Midlands -12 143 £52,500 -4.55% 33
North West -24 125 £55,000 +4.76% 31
West Midlands -32 99 £55,000 - 21
Scotland -28 64 £60,000 +37.93% 21
East of England +12 59 £55,000 +10.00% 21
Yorkshire -97 57 £55,000 - 25
East Midlands -9 44 £42,500 -22.73% 12
Northern Ireland -4 21 - -
Wales -10 14 £65,000 +13.04% 9
North East -13 10 £57,500 +43.75% 6

For the 6 months to 14 June 2021, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,463 (56.79%) Agile Software Development
2 987 (38.32%) AWS
3 975 (37.85%) Java
4 935 (36.30%) Python
5 890 (34.55%) DevOps
6 832 (32.30%) Docker
7 821 (31.87%) Microservices
8 791 (30.71%) Software Engineering
9 699 (27.14%) JavaScript
10 665 (25.82%) Azure
11 637 (24.73%) Kubernetes
12 632 (24.53%) Linux
13 588 (22.83%) Social Skills
14 565 (21.93%) Git (software)
15 535 (20.77%) SQL
16 528 (20.50%) Jenkins
17 520 (20.19%) Finance
18 498 (19.33%) React
19 491 (19.06%) Scrum
20 462 (17.93%) Big Data
21 443 (17.20%) REST
22 439 (17.04%) Continuous Integration
23 438 (17.00%) Degree
24 436 (16.93%) Test Automation
25 434 (16.85%) Node.js
26 420 (16.30%) Terraform
27 412 (15.99%) CSS
28 403 (15.64%) TDD
29 401 (15.57%) Analytics
30 394 (15.30%) GitHub

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 193 (7.49%) Apache
2 179 (6.95%) Apache Spark
3 155 (6.02%) Confluence
4 115 (4.46%) Elasticsearch
5 72 (2.80%) CMS
6 69 (2.68%) Apache Airflow
7 55 (2.14%) GemFire
8 54 (2.10%) nginx
9 41 (1.59%) IIS
10 36 (1.40%) Tomcat
11 29 (1.13%) OpenStack
12 28 (1.09%) Tornado
13 25 (0.97%) WordPress
14 22 (0.85%) Cloud Foundry
14 22 (0.85%) JBoss
15 19 (0.74%) WebLogic
16 13 (0.50%) Drupal
16 13 (0.50%) ejabberd
16 13 (0.50%) Red Hat Fuse
17 12 (0.47%) Luigi
Applications
1 18 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (0.58%) Adobe Illustrator
2 15 (0.58%) Photoshop
3 14 (0.54%) GIMP
4 13 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
5 10 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
6 9 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 8 (0.31%) Figma
7 8 (0.31%) Sketch
8 7 (0.27%) MS Visio
9 6 (0.23%) Adobe XD
9 6 (0.23%) Revit
10 5 (0.19%) AutoCAD
10 5 (0.19%) Zeplin
11 4 (0.16%) Inkscape
11 4 (0.16%) InVision
12 1 (0.039%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 8 (0.31%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 7 (0.27%) Oracle Applications
3 6 (0.23%) Magento
3 6 (0.23%) WebTrends
4 5 (0.19%) OpenCart
4 5 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
4 5 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
5 4 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
6 3 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
6 3 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.078%) R3 Corda
7 2 (0.078%) SAP HCM
8 1 (0.039%) Oracle CRM
8 1 (0.039%) Sentinel
8 1 (0.039%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 987 (38.32%) AWS
2 665 (25.82%) Azure
3 394 (15.30%) GitHub
4 371 (14.40%) GCP
5 257 (9.98%) Serverless
6 163 (6.33%) SaaS
7 120 (4.66%) PaaS
8 84 (3.26%) Cloud Computing
9 79 (3.07%) IaaS
10 61 (2.37%) AWS Lambda
11 57 (2.21%) AWS CloudFormation
12 48 (1.86%) Heroku
13 46 (1.79%) Amazon Kinesis
14 40 (1.55%) Amazon EC2
15 39 (1.51%) Power Platform
16 37 (1.44%) Amazon EKS
17 36 (1.40%) npm
18 31 (1.20%) Microsoft 365
19 30 (1.16%) Amazon ECS
20 29 (1.13%) Cloud Functions
Communications & Networking
1 81 (3.14%) Internet
2 71 (2.76%) HTTP
3 62 (2.41%) Firewall
4 48 (1.86%) TCP/IP
5 41 (1.59%) VPN
6 30 (1.16%) Broadband
7 28 (1.09%) LAN
8 26 (1.01%) DNS
9 25 (0.97%) SNMP
10 24 (0.93%) BGP
11 21 (0.82%) VoIP
12 19 (0.74%) Network Security
12 19 (0.74%) Wireshark
13 18 (0.70%) Asterisk PBX
13 18 (0.70%) Diameter Protocol
14 16 (0.62%) PBX
15 14 (0.54%) AMQP
15 14 (0.54%) WAN
16 11 (0.43%) 802.11
17 8 (0.31%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 462 (17.93%) Big Data
2 383 (14.87%) NoSQL
3 312 (12.11%) PostgreSQL
4 244 (9.47%) Relational Database
5 184 (7.14%) MySQL
6 180 (6.99%) MongoDB
7 157 (6.09%) Redis
8 142 (5.51%) Hadoop
9 116 (4.50%) SQL Server
10 83 (3.22%) BigQuery
11 79 (3.07%) Amazon Redshift
12 74 (2.87%) RDBMS
13 72 (2.80%) MariaDB
14 70 (2.72%) Data Warehouse
15 65 (2.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 63 (2.45%) Apache Cassandra
16 63 (2.45%) HBase
17 45 (1.75%) Apache Hive
18 44 (1.71%) Tableau
19 38 (1.48%) Apache Accumulo
Development Applications
1 565 (21.93%) Git (software)
2 528 (20.50%) Jenkins
3 231 (8.97%) JIRA
4 155 (6.02%) JUnit
5 110 (4.27%) Mockito
6 108 (4.19%) GitLab
7 100 (3.88%) Cucumber
8 90 (3.49%) SonarQube
9 83 (3.22%) Cypress.io
10 80 (3.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 72 (2.80%) Gradle
12 66 (2.56%) Sonatype Nexus
13 61 (2.37%) Storybook
13 61 (2.37%) webpack
14 60 (2.33%) IntelliJ
15 59 (2.29%) Selenium
16 58 (2.25%) Eclipse
16 58 (2.25%) Protractor
17 56 (2.17%) Maven
18 46 (1.79%) Bitbucket
General
1 588 (22.83%) Social Skills
2 520 (20.19%) Finance
3 199 (7.73%) Analytical Skills
4 184 (7.14%) Public Sector
5 173 (6.72%) Retail
6 155 (6.02%) Banking
7 142 (5.51%) Legal
8 137 (5.32%) Marketing
9 119 (4.62%) Games
10 93 (3.61%) Law
11 60 (2.33%) Telecoms
12 58 (2.25%) Organisational Skills
13 54 (2.10%) Presentation Skills
14 46 (1.79%) Manufacturing
15 31 (1.20%) Back Office
16 30 (1.16%) Electronics
17 24 (0.93%) Online Betting
18 21 (0.82%) Investment Banking
19 19 (0.74%) Automotive
20 18 (0.70%) Billing
Job Titles
1 812 (31.52%) Developer
2 428 (16.61%) Software Engineer
3 235 (9.12%) Architect
4 231 (8.97%) Java Developer
5 160 (6.21%) Senior Developer
6 152 (5.90%) DevOps Engineer
7 134 (5.20%) Java Engineer
8 120 (4.66%) Senior Software Engineer
9 97 (3.77%) Software Developer
10 95 (3.69%) Consultant
10 95 (3.69%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 90 (3.49%) Full Stack Developer
12 82 (3.18%) Data Engineer
13 78 (3.03%) Solutions Architect
14 74 (2.87%) React Developer
15 72 (2.80%) Java Software Engineer
16 64 (2.48%) Lead Developer
17 56 (2.17%) Senior Java Developer
18 55 (2.14%) Lead Software Engineer
19 53 (2.06%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 498 (19.33%) React
2 443 (17.20%) REST
3 434 (16.85%) Node.js
4 412 (15.99%) CSS
5 394 (15.30%) RESTful
6 347 (13.47%) Spring
7 329 (12.77%) AngularJS
8 314 (12.19%) HTML
9 285 (11.06%) Kafka
10 241 (9.36%) Web Services
11 196 (7.61%) .NET
12 180 (6.99%) Redux
13 179 (6.95%) RabbitMQ
14 165 (6.41%) HTML5
15 157 (6.09%) GraphQL
16 140 (5.43%) Hibernate
17 129 (5.01%) JSON
18 124 (4.81%) Vue.js
19 118 (4.58%) Spring Boot
20 103 (4.00%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 310 (12.03%) User Experience
2 205 (7.96%) Blog
3 167 (6.48%) Self-Motivation
4 159 (6.17%) Algorithms
5 113 (4.39%) Cloud Native
5 113 (4.39%) Greenfield Project
6 99 (3.84%) Cyberattack
7 92 (3.57%) Data Structures
8 81 (3.14%) Virtual Team
9 78 (3.03%) Linux Command Line
10 53 (2.06%) Data Centre
10 53 (2.06%) iPhone
11 50 (1.94%) Public Cloud
12 46 (1.79%) Renewable Energy
13 44 (1.71%) Mobile App
14 42 (1.63%) NHS
15 38 (1.48%) Enterprise Software
16 35 (1.36%) Private Cloud
17 34 (1.32%) Social Media
18 32 (1.24%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 632 (24.53%) Linux
2 152 (5.90%) Unix
2 152 (5.90%) Windows
3 144 (5.59%) Android
4 114 (4.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 107 (4.15%) CentOS
6 39 (1.51%) Apple iOS
7 31 (1.20%) Debian
8 22 (0.85%) Windows Server
9 18 (0.70%) Ubuntu
10 16 (0.62%) VMS
11 15 (0.58%) Mac OS X
12 12 (0.47%) Embedded Linux
13 6 (0.23%) Fedora
13 6 (0.23%) Kali Linux
13 6 (0.23%) SUSE
14 3 (0.12%) Mac OS
15 2 (0.078%) AIX
15 2 (0.078%) Solaris
16 1 (0.039%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,463 (56.79%) Agile Software Development
2 890 (34.55%) DevOps
3 821 (31.87%) Microservices
4 791 (30.71%) Software Engineering
5 491 (19.06%) Scrum
6 439 (17.04%) Continuous Integration
7 436 (16.93%) Test Automation
8 403 (15.64%) TDD
9 401 (15.57%) Analytics
10 388 (15.06%) Computer Science
11 329 (12.77%) Mentoring
12 305 (11.84%) Problem-Solving
13 299 (11.61%) Artificial Intelligence
14 268 (10.40%) Machine Learning
15 258 (10.02%) BDD
16 243 (9.43%) OO
17 234 (9.08%) Data Science
18 219 (8.50%) Cybersecurity
19 217 (8.42%) Coaching
20 212 (8.23%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 975 (37.85%) Java
2 935 (36.30%) Python
3 699 (27.14%) JavaScript
4 535 (20.77%) SQL
5 241 (9.36%) C#
6 230 (8.93%) TypeScript
7 217 (8.42%) Go
8 210 (8.15%) Ruby
9 206 (8.00%) C++
10 194 (7.53%) C
11 183 (7.10%) PHP
12 165 (6.41%) Scala
13 132 (5.12%) Bash Shell
14 110 (4.27%) ES6
15 102 (3.96%) Java 8
16 88 (3.42%) Kotlin
17 84 (3.26%) Shell Script
18 77 (2.99%) Groovy
19 73 (2.83%) PowerShell
20 68 (2.64%) R
Qualifications
1 438 (17.00%) Degree
2 277 (10.75%) Security Cleared
3 243 (9.43%) SC Cleared
4 199 (7.73%) Computer Science Degree
5 45 (1.75%) OCP
5 45 (1.75%) Oracle Certification
6 32 (1.24%) Master's Degree
7 29 (1.13%) DV Cleared
8 28 (1.09%) AWS Certification
9 26 (1.01%) PhD
10 21 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
11 19 (0.74%) CISSP
12 15 (0.58%) RHCE
13 14 (0.54%) RHCSA
14 13 (0.50%) HND
15 12 (0.47%) HNC
15 12 (0.47%) OSCP
16 10 (0.39%) CREST Certified
16 10 (0.39%) ISTQB
17 9 (0.35%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 133 (5.16%) QA
2 52 (2.02%) Accessibility
3 39 (1.51%) GDPR
4 28 (1.09%) Data Quality
5 21 (0.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 18 (0.70%) SLA
7 12 (0.47%) NIST
8 11 (0.43%) WCAG
9 10 (0.39%) PCI DSS
10 6 (0.23%) NCSC
11 5 (0.19%) OpenSCAP
12 4 (0.16%) ISO 26262
12 4 (0.16%) JTAG
12 4 (0.16%) PMO
12 4 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 3 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
13 3 (0.12%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 3 (0.12%) PSD2
14 2 (0.078%) NIST 800
14 2 (0.078%) SOC 2
System Software
1 832 (32.30%) Docker
2 74 (2.87%) VMware Infrastructure
3 57 (2.21%) HDFS
4 47 (1.82%) Active Directory
5 26 (1.01%) KVM
6 21 (0.82%) Postfix
7 20 (0.78%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 19 (0.74%) iptables
9 18 (0.70%) Kamailio
9 18 (0.70%) QEMU
10 17 (0.66%) Virtual Machines
11 13 (0.50%) Ceph
12 11 (0.43%) Hyper-V
13 9 (0.35%) LXC
13 9 (0.35%) NFS
14 7 (0.27%) etcd
14 7 (0.27%) ISA Server
15 6 (0.23%) Firmware
15 6 (0.23%) Oracle RAC
15 6 (0.23%) Xen
Systems Management
1 637 (24.73%) Kubernetes
2 420 (16.30%) Terraform
3 378 (14.67%) Ansible
4 205 (7.96%) Puppet
5 136 (5.28%) Opscode Chef
6 121 (4.70%) Prometheus
7 111 (4.31%) Grafana
8 75 (2.91%) Packer
9 58 (2.25%) Docker Swarm
10 53 (2.06%) Consul
11 39 (1.51%) ZABBIX
12 38 (1.48%) Nagios
13 32 (1.24%) HAProxy
14 26 (1.01%) Graphite
14 26 (1.01%) Istio
15 24 (0.93%) Galera Cluster
16 23 (0.89%) Rancher
17 16 (0.62%) Salt
18 14 (0.54%) Icinga
19 12 (0.47%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 252 (9.78%) Microsoft
2 237 (9.20%) Google
3 132 (5.12%) Oracle
4 109 (4.23%) VMware
5 106 (4.11%) Red Hat
6 55 (2.14%) Okta
7 49 (1.90%) Adobe
8 47 (1.82%) Cisco
9 36 (1.40%) Splunk
10 32 (1.24%) MuleSoft
11 30 (1.16%) SAP
12 26 (1.01%) Atlassian
13 25 (0.97%) HP
14 24 (0.93%) Percona
15 23 (0.89%) Dell
16 21 (0.82%) GENBAND
16 21 (0.82%) IBM
17 19 (0.74%) Juniper
17 19 (0.74%) Mitel
18 18 (0.70%) Apple