Period
to 25 February 2021

The median annual salary for a Graduate was £29,231 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 25 February 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Graduate
UK
6 months to
25 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 292 280 211
Rank change year-on-year -12 -69 +15
Permanent jobs requiring a Graduate 769 1,433 2,530
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.04% 1.16% 1.68%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.11% 1.22% 1.75%
Number of salaries quoted 583 1,306 2,300
Median annual salary £29,231 £30,000 £27,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -2.56% +9.09% +3.77%
10th Percentile £22,250 £21,250 £21,250
90th Percentile £41,511 £46,250 £41,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £29,231 £27,500 £27,000
% change year-on-year +6.29% +1.85% +6.72%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 69,581 117,920 144,290
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.92% 95.49% 95.97%
Number of salaries quoted 55,836 95,644 116,981
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,000 £29,000 £28,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £84,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Graduate
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Graduate in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Graduate.

Salary trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Graduate over the 6 months to 25 February 2021.

Salary histogram for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Graduate within the UK over the 6 months to 25 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -21 654 £29,231 -2.56% 177
UK excluding London -2 487 £29,231 +6.29% 141
London -49 208 £32,000 - 43
South East -6 143 £29,231 +2.56% 25
East of England +101 90 £32,500 +27.45% 18
North of England +19 81 £25,000 - 43
Midlands -6 80 £29,231 +6.29% 29
North West +53 64 £27,500 -16.67% 25
West Midlands +1 64 £29,231 +2.56% 21
South West +27 48 £25,000 -5.66% 19
Work from Home -89 38 £28,750 +4.55% 19
Scotland +21 36 £22,500 -21.05% 4
East Midlands +36 16 £26,500 +9.28% 8
Yorkshire +6 12 £23,000 +2.22% 16
Wales +17 8 £30,000 +25.00% 3
North East +15 5 £27,750 +24.72% 2
Northern Ireland +14 1 £25,000 +11.11%

Graduate Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 25 February 2021, Graduate job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Graduate in the job title.

1 380 (49.41%) Degree
2 190 (24.71%) Computer Science
3 165 (21.46%) Problem-Solving
4 163 (21.20%) JavaScript
5 154 (20.03%) Software Engineering
6 133 (17.30%) Analytical Skills
7 127 (16.51%) C#
8 118 (15.34%) Finance
9 113 (14.69%) Machine Learning
10 108 (14.04%) SQL
11 106 (13.78%) Java
12 100 (13.00%) Artificial Intelligence
13 98 (12.74%) Mathematics
14 94 (12.22%) Computer Science Degree
15 86 (11.18%) .NET
16 83 (10.79%) HTML
17 74 (9.62%) Python
18 69 (8.97%) Microsoft
19 68 (8.84%) CSS
20 65 (8.45%) Agile Software Development
21 60 (7.80%) Linux
22 58 (7.54%) C++
23 55 (7.15%) OO
24 52 (6.76%) OOP
25 50 (6.50%) AWS
26 49 (6.37%) Law
27 46 (5.98%) PHP
27 46 (5.98%) AngularJS
28 45 (5.85%) Physics
29 44 (5.72%) DevOps

Graduate Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (2.08%) CMS
2 8 (1.04%) Apache Spark
3 6 (0.78%) Apache
3 6 (0.78%) SharePoint
4 4 (0.52%) MS Exchange
5 2 (0.26%) WordPress
6 1 (0.13%) Exchange Server 2013
6 1 (0.13%) Mule
6 1 (0.13%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 36 (4.68%) Microsoft Office
2 16 (2.08%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.52%) Fusion 360
4 2 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.13%) Adobe Premiere
5 1 (0.13%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 3 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.13%) Magento
3 1 (0.13%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.13%) ProductWriter
3 1 (0.13%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 50 (6.50%) AWS
2 42 (5.46%) Azure
3 17 (2.21%) SaaS
4 13 (1.69%) Power Platform
5 12 (1.56%) Datadog
6 11 (1.43%) GCP
7 10 (1.30%) Microsoft 365
8 8 (1.04%) GitHub
9 5 (0.65%) Veeva
10 4 (0.52%) Amazon EC2
10 4 (0.52%) Azure Active Directory
10 4 (0.52%) Cloud Computing
11 3 (0.39%) Amazon S3
12 2 (0.26%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 1 (0.13%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 1 (0.13%) Amazon Cognito
13 1 (0.13%) AWS Lambda
13 1 (0.13%) Dynamics 365
13 1 (0.13%) PowerApps
13 1 (0.13%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 8 (1.04%) Firewall
2 4 (0.52%) Bluetooth
2 4 (0.52%) DHCP
2 4 (0.52%) DNS
2 4 (0.52%) TCP/IP
3 3 (0.39%) BGP
3 3 (0.39%) MPLS
3 3 (0.39%) VoIP
3 3 (0.39%) Wireless
4 2 (0.26%) NAS
4 2 (0.26%) SAN
4 2 (0.26%) Value-Added Service
5 1 (0.13%) Cisco IOS
5 1 (0.13%) Ethernet
5 1 (0.13%) H.323
5 1 (0.13%) HTTP
5 1 (0.13%) HTTPS
5 1 (0.13%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (4.55%) MySQL
2 34 (4.42%) SQL Server
3 15 (1.95%) Relational Database
4 13 (1.69%) Power BI
5 11 (1.43%) Hadoop
6 9 (1.17%) Neo4j
7 8 (1.04%) Big Data
7 8 (1.04%) NoSQL
8 5 (0.65%) MongoDB
8 5 (0.65%) Redis
9 4 (0.52%) Apache Cassandra
9 4 (0.52%) Flink
9 4 (0.52%) GIS
9 4 (0.52%) Tableau
10 3 (0.39%) Amazon Redshift
10 3 (0.39%) BigQuery
10 3 (0.39%) Data Warehouse
10 3 (0.39%) RDBMS
10 3 (0.39%) Snowflake Schema
11 2 (0.26%) Looker
Development Applications
1 34 (4.42%) Git (software)
2 8 (1.04%) Selenium
2 8 (1.04%) Subversion
3 6 (0.78%) Jenkins
4 3 (0.39%) GitLab
4 3 (0.39%) Visual Studio
5 2 (0.26%) Eclipse
5 2 (0.26%) JIRA
6 1 (0.13%) Cypress.io
6 1 (0.13%) ERwin
6 1 (0.13%) Gradle
6 1 (0.13%) JUnit
6 1 (0.13%) Mockito
6 1 (0.13%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 118 (15.34%) Finance
2 49 (6.37%) Law
3 40 (5.20%) Public Sector
4 36 (4.68%) Marketing
5 19 (2.47%) Electronics
5 19 (2.47%) Telecoms
6 18 (2.34%) Games
7 14 (1.82%) Legal
8 13 (1.69%) Manufacturing
9 10 (1.30%) Retail
10 9 (1.17%) Online Betting
11 6 (0.78%) Automotive
11 6 (0.78%) Banking
11 6 (0.78%) French Language
12 5 (0.65%) Advertising
12 5 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
13 4 (0.52%) Local Government
13 4 (0.52%) Publishing
14 3 (0.39%) Aerospace
14 3 (0.39%) German Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 86 (11.18%) .NET
2 83 (10.79%) HTML
3 68 (8.84%) CSS
4 46 (5.98%) AngularJS
5 32 (4.16%) Node.js
6 30 (3.90%) React
7 27 (3.51%) HTML5
8 24 (3.12%) REST
9 22 (2.86%) Vue.js
10 20 (2.60%) .NET Core
11 17 (2.21%) XML
12 16 (2.08%) ASP.NET
13 14 (1.82%) jQuery
14 13 (1.69%) Spring
15 12 (1.56%) LAMP
16 11 (1.43%) ASP.NET MVC
17 10 (1.30%) JSON
18 9 (1.17%) .NET Framework
18 9 (1.17%) Laravel
19 7 (0.91%) Backbone.js
Miscellaneous
1 133 (17.30%) Analytical Skills
2 36 (4.68%) User Experience
3 16 (2.08%) Algorithms
3 16 (2.08%) Mobile App
4 14 (1.82%) Self-Motivation
5 10 (1.30%) Linux Command Line
5 10 (1.30%) Video Conferencing
6 9 (1.17%) Online Gambling
7 8 (1.04%) Cybercrime
7 8 (1.04%) Data Structures
8 7 (0.91%) Enterprise Software
8 7 (0.91%) Hedge funds
9 5 (0.65%) Derivative
9 5 (0.65%) Graphic Design
9 5 (0.65%) Management Information System
9 5 (0.65%) NHS
9 5 (0.65%) Renewable Energy
9 5 (0.65%) Video\Live Streaming
10 4 (0.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 4 (0.52%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 60 (7.80%) Linux
2 27 (3.51%) Windows
3 9 (1.17%) Unix
4 7 (0.91%) Windows 10
5 5 (0.65%) Ubuntu
5 5 (0.65%) Windows Server
6 4 (0.52%) Android
6 4 (0.52%) Mac OS
7 3 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
7 3 (0.39%) Windows Server 2016
8 2 (0.26%) CentOS
8 2 (0.26%) Debian
9 1 (0.13%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.13%) Embedded Linux
9 1 (0.13%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 190 (24.71%) Computer Science
2 165 (21.46%) Problem-Solving
3 154 (20.03%) Software Engineering
4 113 (14.69%) Machine Learning
5 100 (13.00%) Artificial Intelligence
6 98 (12.74%) Mathematics
7 65 (8.45%) Agile Software Development
8 55 (7.15%) OO
9 52 (6.76%) OOP
10 45 (5.85%) Physics
11 44 (5.72%) DevOps
12 42 (5.46%) Web Development
13 37 (4.81%) Fintech
14 34 (4.42%) Analytics
15 31 (4.03%) Analytical Thinking
16 29 (3.77%) Business Intelligence
16 29 (3.77%) Cybersecurity
16 29 (3.77%) Mentoring
17 27 (3.51%) MVC
17 27 (3.51%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 163 (21.20%) JavaScript
2 127 (16.51%) C#
3 108 (14.04%) SQL
4 106 (13.78%) Java
5 74 (9.62%) Python
6 58 (7.54%) C++
7 46 (5.98%) PHP
8 35 (4.55%) C
9 14 (1.82%) TypeScript
10 7 (0.91%) R
11 6 (0.78%) Embedded C
12 5 (0.65%) Bash Shell
12 5 (0.65%) Go
12 5 (0.65%) PowerShell
12 5 (0.65%) VB.NET
13 4 (0.52%) Ruby
14 2 (0.26%) ES6
14 2 (0.26%) Kotlin
14 2 (0.26%) Scala
15 1 (0.13%) Rust
Qualifications
1 380 (49.41%) Degree
2 94 (12.22%) Computer Science Degree
3 18 (2.34%) PhD
4 12 (1.56%) ISTQB
5 10 (1.30%) Numerate Degree
6 7 (0.91%) SC Cleared
6 7 (0.91%) Security Cleared
7 6 (0.78%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.39%) CCNA
8 3 (0.39%) Cisco Certification
9 2 (0.26%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 2 (0.26%) PMI Certification
9 2 (0.26%) Postgraduate
10 1 (0.13%) ACCA
10 1 (0.13%) HNC
10 1 (0.13%) ICAEW
10 1 (0.13%) ISEB
10 1 (0.13%) MCSE
10 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (3.51%) QA
2 4 (0.52%) GDPR
2 4 (0.52%) SLA
3 2 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.13%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.13%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.13%) NIST
4 1 (0.13%) PMO
System Software
1 34 (4.42%) Docker
2 8 (1.04%) Active Directory
2 8 (1.04%) Firmware
3 6 (0.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.26%) Ceph
4 2 (0.26%) Xen
5 1 (0.13%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Virtual Server
5 1 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 21 (2.73%) Kubernetes
2 5 (0.65%) Ansible
2 5 (0.65%) SCCM
3 3 (0.39%) Microsoft Intune
3 3 (0.39%) Terraform
4 2 (0.26%) Proxmox
5 1 (0.13%) Argo
5 1 (0.13%) EMC NetWorker
5 1 (0.13%) HAProxy
5 1 (0.13%) Prometheus
5 1 (0.13%) Puppet
Vendors
1 69 (8.97%) Microsoft
2 26 (3.38%) Oracle
3 23 (2.99%) SAP
4 20 (2.60%) Google
5 12 (1.56%) AppDynamics
6 10 (1.30%) Salesforce.com
7 6 (0.78%) Cisco
7 6 (0.78%) Marketo
7 6 (0.78%) VMware
8 5 (0.65%) HubSpot
8 5 (0.65%) Siebel
9 4 (0.52%) LexisNexis
10 3 (0.39%) Pardot
10 3 (0.39%) Splunk
11 2 (0.26%) Alteryx
11 2 (0.26%) Databricks
11 2 (0.26%) IBM
11 2 (0.26%) Pega
11 2 (0.26%) ServiceNow
11 2 (0.26%) Twitter