Period
to 16 August 2018

The median annual salary for a Graduate was £26,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Graduate
UK
6 months to
16 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 202 201 215
Rank change year-on-year -1 +14 -2
Permanent jobs requiring a Graduate 2,939 3,204 3,234
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.74% 1.81% 1.63%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.81% 1.88% 1.69%
Number of salaries quoted 2,544 2,760 2,976
UK median annual salary £26,500 £26,000 £25,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.92% +4.00% -
10th Percentile £20,125 £19,750 £19,875
90th Percentile £37,500 £37,000 £35,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £25,000 £25,000 £25,000

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 162,764 170,011 191,340
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 96.17% 96.09% 96.61%
Number of salaries quoted 131,161 137,219 160,887
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £26,750
90th Percentile £81,250 £78,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Graduate
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Graduate in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Graduate.

Salary trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Graduate over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Graduate within the UK over the 6 months to 16 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 2,796 £27,000 +3.85% 481
UK excluding London -16 1,884 £25,000 - 397
London +25 1,016 £27,500 - 112
South East +8 686 £26,000 +1.96% 89
East of England -14 356 £27,500 - 78
North of England -5 267 £23,500 -2.08% 96
Midlands -43 254 £25,000 -3.85% 65
South West -19 220 £25,000 +5.26% 41
West Midlands -29 200 £27,500 +5.77% 41
North West -20 137 £25,000 +4.17% 50
Yorkshire +27 111 £22,000 - 37
Scotland +1 75 £26,500 -11.67% 22
East Midlands -11 54 £21,500 -21.82% 24
Wales -24 20 £22,500 +2.27% 3
North East -43 19 £21,000 -8.70% 9
Northern Ireland +11 9 £21,000 -6.67% 3

Graduate Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 16 August 2018, Graduate job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Graduate in the job title.

1 1,697 (57.74%) Degree
2 1,263 (42.97%) Computer Science
3 1,018 (34.64%) Java
4 985 (33.51%) C#
5 758 (25.79%) JavaScript
6 671 (22.83%) SQL
7 669 (22.76%) Mathematics
8 667 (22.69%) .NET
9 656 (22.32%) Software Engineering
10 634 (21.57%) Computer Science Degree
11 579 (19.70%) Agile Software Development
12 567 (19.29%) C++
13 547 (18.61%) HTML
14 533 (18.14%) Finance
15 476 (16.20%) Python
16 467 (15.89%) SQL Server
17 461 (15.69%) Problem-Solving
18 449 (15.28%) CSS
19 439 (14.94%) Analytical Skills
20 395 (13.44%) Physics
21 374 (12.73%) Microsoft
22 358 (12.18%) ASP.NET
23 324 (11.02%) MVC
24 319 (10.85%) OO
25 309 (10.51%) OOP
26 288 (9.80%) Web Development
27 267 (9.08%) Linux
28 261 (8.88%) AngularJS
29 246 (8.37%) Windows
30 212 (7.21%) TDD

Graduate Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (1.77%) Elasticsearch
2 38 (1.29%) Apache
3 37 (1.26%) IIS
4 35 (1.19%) CMS
5 33 (1.12%) MS Exchange
6 27 (0.92%) SharePoint
7 25 (0.85%) Tomcat
8 24 (0.82%) Apache Spark
9 21 (0.71%) Ethereum
10 18 (0.61%) Umbraco
11 15 (0.51%) WordPress
12 14 (0.48%) Drupal
13 8 (0.27%) JBoss
13 8 (0.27%) SAS
14 6 (0.20%) Confluence
14 6 (0.20%) nginx
14 6 (0.20%) Sitecore CMS
15 5 (0.17%) WebLogic
15 5 (0.17%) WebSphere
16 4 (0.14%) IBM Notes
Applications
1 107 (3.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 95 (3.23%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (1.02%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (0.41%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.34%) Photoshop
6 9 (0.31%) SPSS
7 5 (0.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 4 (0.14%) Mathematica
9 3 (0.10%) Stata
10 2 (0.068%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.068%) AutoCAD
10 2 (0.068%) FrameMaker
10 2 (0.068%) GIMP
10 2 (0.068%) RoboHelp
11 1 (0.034%) Acrobat
11 1 (0.034%) InDesign
11 1 (0.034%) Microsoft Project
11 1 (0.034%) Simulink
11 1 (0.034%) SOLIDWORKS
11 1 (0.034%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 25 (0.85%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.51%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 14 (0.48%) Ripple
4 9 (0.31%) Dynamics NAV
5 5 (0.17%) Concordance
5 5 (0.17%) Relativity
5 5 (0.17%) Ringtail
6 4 (0.14%) Oracle CRM
7 1 (0.034%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.034%) FastStats
7 1 (0.034%) Magento
7 1 (0.034%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.034%) Ripple XRP
7 1 (0.034%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 118 (4.01%) Amazon AWS
2 114 (3.88%) Microsoft Azure
3 70 (2.38%) SaaS
4 26 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
4 26 (0.88%) Google Cloud Platform
5 25 (0.85%) GitHub
6 18 (0.61%) Office 365
7 13 (0.44%) Dynamics 365
8 12 (0.41%) PaaS
9 9 (0.31%) IaaS
10 5 (0.17%) Amazon EC2
10 5 (0.17%) Sage Pay
10 5 (0.17%) Salesforce Service Cloud
10 5 (0.17%) Serverless
11 4 (0.14%) Azure Data Factory
12 3 (0.10%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 3 (0.10%) Amazon S3
12 3 (0.10%) AWS CloudFormation
12 3 (0.10%) AWS OpsWorks
13 2 (0.068%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 38 (1.29%) TCP/IP
2 31 (1.05%) Internet
3 22 (0.75%) HTTP
4 18 (0.61%) WAN
5 15 (0.51%) OSPF
6 14 (0.48%) BGP
6 14 (0.48%) MPLS
7 13 (0.44%) SMS
8 12 (0.41%) IP Telephony
8 12 (0.41%) IPsec
9 11 (0.37%) DNS
10 10 (0.34%) Network Security
11 8 (0.27%) FTP
11 8 (0.27%) SSL
12 7 (0.24%) LAN
12 7 (0.24%) Wireless
13 6 (0.20%) Firewall
13 6 (0.20%) SMTP
14 5 (0.17%) Broadband
14 5 (0.17%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 467 (15.89%) SQL Server
2 153 (5.21%) MySQL
3 108 (3.67%) Relational Database
4 102 (3.47%) Big Data
5 58 (1.97%) NoSQL
6 49 (1.67%) SQL Server 2016
7 46 (1.57%) MongoDB
8 45 (1.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 38 (1.29%) Hadoop
10 36 (1.22%) RDBMS
11 33 (1.12%) Oracle Database
12 31 (1.05%) Blockchain
13 30 (1.02%) Power BI
14 29 (0.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 20 (0.68%) GIS
16 19 (0.65%) PostgreSQL
17 15 (0.51%) Data Mining
18 12 (0.41%) Data Warehouse
19 9 (0.31%) MS Access
20 8 (0.27%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 132 (4.49%) Git (software)
2 99 (3.37%) Visual Studio
3 44 (1.50%) Eclipse
4 43 (1.46%) JIRA
5 29 (0.99%) Selenium
6 27 (0.92%) TeamCity
7 26 (0.88%) Subversion
8 25 (0.85%) JUnit
8 25 (0.85%) NUnit
9 22 (0.75%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
10 21 (0.71%) Maven
10 21 (0.71%) Team Foundation Server
11 20 (0.68%) Moq
11 20 (0.68%) Rhino Mocks
12 17 (0.58%) Jenkins
12 17 (0.58%) MSTest
13 15 (0.51%) Bitbucket
14 11 (0.37%) Jasmine
14 11 (0.37%) JMeter
15 10 (0.34%) Cucumber
General
1 533 (18.14%) Finance
2 200 (6.81%) Games
3 166 (5.65%) Marketing
4 135 (4.59%) Banking
5 117 (3.98%) Retail
6 92 (3.13%) Electronics
7 72 (2.45%) Telecoms
8 61 (2.08%) Law
9 56 (1.91%) Manufacturing
10 54 (1.84%) Investment Banking
11 53 (1.80%) Automotive
12 35 (1.19%) Legal
13 34 (1.16%) Advertising
14 21 (0.71%) Italian Language
15 18 (0.61%) Military
16 17 (0.58%) Aerospace
16 17 (0.58%) French Language
17 16 (0.54%) Financial Institution
17 16 (0.54%) Front Office
18 15 (0.51%) German Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 667 (22.69%) .NET
2 547 (18.61%) HTML
3 449 (15.28%) CSS
4 358 (12.18%) ASP.NET
5 261 (8.88%) AngularJS
6 205 (6.98%) jQuery
7 154 (5.24%) ASP.NET MVC
8 148 (5.04%) RESTful
8 148 (5.04%) Web Services
9 135 (4.59%) .NET Framework
9 135 (4.59%) XML
10 113 (3.84%) WCF
11 101 (3.44%) J2EE
12 98 (3.33%) HTML5
13 95 (3.23%) ASP.NET Web API
14 86 (2.93%) Node.js
15 79 (2.69%) Spring
16 70 (2.38%) WPF
17 69 (2.35%) Ajax
18 66 (2.25%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 1,263 (42.97%) Computer Science
2 439 (14.94%) Analytical Skills
3 144 (4.90%) Algorithms
4 111 (3.78%) User Experience
5 108 (3.67%) Fintech
6 104 (3.54%) Self-Motivation
7 86 (2.93%) Mobile App
8 71 (2.42%) Greenfield Project
9 52 (1.77%) Hedge funds
10 31 (1.05%) Data Structures
11 29 (0.99%) Robotics
12 28 (0.95%) Enterprise Software
12 28 (0.95%) Tandem
13 27 (0.92%) Management Information System
14 26 (0.88%) Analytical Mindset
14 26 (0.88%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
15 21 (0.71%) Digital Currency
16 20 (0.68%) Client/Server
16 20 (0.68%) Data Centre
16 20 (0.68%) Driving Licence
Operating Systems
1 267 (9.08%) Linux
2 246 (8.37%) Windows
3 86 (2.93%) Unix
4 59 (2.01%) Windows Server
5 50 (1.70%) Android
6 42 (1.43%) Apple iOS
7 17 (0.58%) Embedded Linux
8 16 (0.54%) Windows 7
8 16 (0.54%) Windows Server 2012
9 15 (0.51%) Windows 10
10 9 (0.31%) CentOS
10 9 (0.31%) Debian
10 9 (0.31%) Ubuntu
11 8 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
12 6 (0.20%) Windows 8
13 4 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 4 (0.14%) Windows XP
14 3 (0.10%) VxWorks
14 3 (0.10%) Windows 2000
15 2 (0.068%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 669 (22.76%) Mathematics
2 656 (22.32%) Software Engineering
3 579 (19.70%) Agile Software Development
4 461 (15.69%) Problem-Solving
5 395 (13.44%) Physics
6 324 (11.02%) MVC
7 319 (10.85%) OO
8 309 (10.51%) OOP
9 288 (9.80%) Web Development
10 212 (7.21%) TDD
11 204 (6.94%) Machine Learning
12 182 (6.19%) SDLC
13 151 (5.14%) Artificial Intelligence
14 147 (5.00%) Scrum
15 142 (4.83%) Test Automation
16 130 (4.42%) BDD
17 123 (4.19%) Data Analysis
18 122 (4.15%) Mentoring
19 109 (3.71%) Software Testing
20 107 (3.64%) Web Application Development
Programming Languages
1 1,018 (34.64%) Java
2 985 (33.51%) C#
3 758 (25.79%) JavaScript
4 671 (22.83%) SQL
5 567 (19.29%) C++
6 476 (16.20%) Python
7 209 (7.11%) PHP
8 203 (6.91%) C
9 99 (3.37%) Ruby
10 71 (2.42%) T-SQL
11 48 (1.63%) Perl
12 46 (1.57%) VB.NET
13 41 (1.40%) TypeScript
14 40 (1.36%) R
15 33 (1.12%) MATLAB
16 31 (1.05%) Bash Shell
17 28 (0.95%) Scala
18 25 (0.85%) F#
19 22 (0.75%) Shell Script
20 20 (0.68%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,697 (57.74%) Degree
2 634 (21.57%) Computer Science Degree
3 159 (5.41%) PhD
4 111 (3.78%) Numerate Degree
5 61 (2.08%) Security Cleared
6 33 (1.12%) ISTQB
7 20 (0.68%) Master's Degree
8 19 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
9 16 (0.54%) DV Cleared
10 15 (0.51%) CCNA
10 15 (0.51%) Cisco Certification
10 15 (0.51%) ISEB
11 14 (0.48%) CCNP
12 13 (0.44%) SC Cleared
13 10 (0.34%) MCSE
14 7 (0.24%) Postgraduate
15 6 (0.20%) Chartered Engineer
15 6 (0.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 4 (0.14%) DBS Check
16 4 (0.14%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 113 (3.84%) QA
2 9 (0.31%) SLA
3 8 (0.27%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.27%) PMO
4 4 (0.14%) FATCA
4 4 (0.14%) GCP
4 4 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.068%) COBIT
5 2 (0.068%) DO-178B
5 2 (0.068%) GDPR
5 2 (0.068%) ISO 9001
5 2 (0.068%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.034%) DICOM
6 1 (0.034%) HL7
6 1 (0.034%) NEBOSH
6 1 (0.034%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 60 (2.04%) Active Directory
2 42 (1.43%) VMware Infrastructure
3 37 (1.26%) Docker
4 10 (0.34%) Firmware
5 4 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.068%) Xen
7 1 (0.034%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.034%) LXC
7 1 (0.034%) Microsoft App-V
7 1 (0.034%) Postfix
7 1 (0.034%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 27 (0.92%) Kibana
2 15 (0.51%) Kubernetes
3 12 (0.41%) Opscode Chef
3 12 (0.41%) Puppet
4 11 (0.37%) Ansible
5 6 (0.20%) Terraform
6 4 (0.14%) Automic
6 4 (0.14%) logstash
7 3 (0.10%) Packer
8 2 (0.068%) Consul
8 2 (0.068%) Hadoop YARN
9 1 (0.034%) Check_MK
9 1 (0.034%) Cisco Prime
9 1 (0.034%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.034%) Nagios
9 1 (0.034%) Prometheus
9 1 (0.034%) SCCM
9 1 (0.034%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 1 (0.034%) TADDM
9 1 (0.034%) WMI
Vendors
1 374 (12.73%) Microsoft
2 165 (5.61%) Oracle
3 102 (3.47%) Google
4 49 (1.67%) VMware
5 38 (1.29%) SAP
6 30 (1.02%) Salesforce.com
7 29 (0.99%) Cisco
8 26 (0.88%) Capita
8 26 (0.88%) Twitter
9 17 (0.58%) WorldPay
10 14 (0.48%) Adobe
11 11 (0.37%) Sony
11 11 (0.37%) Tableau
12 10 (0.34%) Altera
12 10 (0.34%) Xilinx
13 9 (0.31%) Cognizant
14 8 (0.27%) Apple
14 8 (0.27%) Sage
14 8 (0.27%) Talend
14 8 (0.27%) Wallstreet Suite