Period
to 12 May 2021

The median annual salary for a Graduate was £29,231 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Graduate
UK
6 months to
12 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 260 296 229
Rank change year-on-year +36 -67 +17
Permanent jobs requiring a Graduate 1,116 1,021 2,239
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.26% 1.04% 1.54%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.36% 1.09% 1.60%
Number of salaries quoted 803 884 1,933
10th Percentile £22,000 £21,250 £21,250
25th Percentile £25,000 £24,000 £22,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £29,231 £30,000 £27,500
Median % change year-on-year -2.56% +9.09% +1.85%
75th Percentile £35,375 £37,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £42,500 £46,250 £42,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £29,231 £27,500 £26,500
% change year-on-year +6.29% +3.77% +1.92%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 82,213 93,949 139,629
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.75% 95.32% 96.02%
Number of salaries quoted 63,418 76,325 112,066
10th Percentile £31,500 £30,000 £28,500
25th Percentile £41,000 £38,750 £37,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £72,250 £68,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £46,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.15% +3.33% -

Graduate
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Graduate in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Graduate.

Salary trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Graduate over the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Graduate within the UK over the 6 months to 12 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +25 919 £29,231 -2.56% 237
UK excluding London +43 652 £29,231 +6.29% 215
London +1 328 £32,000 +1.59% 43
North of England +46 152 £27,000 +10.20% 47
South East -15 151 £29,231 +2.56% 43
East of England +112 136 £32,500 +35.42% 23
North West +76 110 £27,363 -0.50% 19
Midlands -32 77 £29,231 +2.56% 48
South West +10 65 £26,500 -3.64% 33
Work from Home -139 60 £28,000 +1.82% 27
West Midlands -43 58 £29,231 -2.56% 40
Scotland +16 57 £23,000 -2.13% 8
Yorkshire -25 30 £24,500 +6.52% 15
East Midlands +3 19 £28,000 +12.00% 8
North East +14 12 £27,000 +35.00% 13
Wales +10 11 £29,500 +22.92% 11
Northern Ireland +7 3 £25,000 +11.11% 2

Graduate Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 12 May 2021, Graduate job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Graduate in the job title.

1 404 (36.20%) Degree
2 215 (19.27%) Computer Science
3 210 (18.82%) Problem-Solving
4 196 (17.56%) Social Skills
5 182 (16.31%) Software Engineering
6 147 (13.17%) JavaScript
7 143 (12.81%) Analytical Skills
8 130 (11.65%) Machine Learning
9 126 (11.29%) Finance
10 117 (10.48%) Artificial Intelligence
11 111 (9.95%) SQL
12 106 (9.50%) Mathematics
13 105 (9.41%) Java
14 102 (9.14%) Python
15 99 (8.87%) C#
16 92 (8.24%) Computer Science Degree
17 81 (7.26%) HTML
18 80 (7.17%) Microsoft
19 73 (6.54%) C++
20 67 (6.00%) .NET
21 65 (5.82%) OOP
22 63 (5.65%) OO
23 62 (5.56%) Marketing
24 61 (5.47%) PHP
25 60 (5.38%) CSS
25 60 (5.38%) Agile Software Development
26 59 (5.29%) Linux
27 50 (4.48%) Law
28 48 (4.30%) Business Intelligence
28 48 (4.30%) C

Graduate Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (1.34%) CMS
2 8 (0.72%) Apache
3 7 (0.63%) SharePoint
4 6 (0.54%) Apache Spark
5 5 (0.45%) SAS
6 4 (0.36%) IIS
6 4 (0.36%) MS Exchange
7 2 (0.18%) WordPress
8 1 (0.090%) Confluence
8 1 (0.090%) JBoss
8 1 (0.090%) Mule
8 1 (0.090%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 45 (4.03%) Microsoft Office
2 22 (1.97%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.18%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.090%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.090%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 4 (0.36%) C-CURE
2 3 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 2 (0.18%) SystmOne
4 1 (0.090%) Magento
4 1 (0.090%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.090%) Sage X3
4 1 (0.090%) SAP MDG-S
Cloud Services
1 43 (3.85%) AWS
2 28 (2.51%) SaaS
3 26 (2.33%) Azure
4 22 (1.97%) Power Platform
5 14 (1.25%) Microsoft 365
6 12 (1.08%) Datadog
6 12 (1.08%) GCP
7 8 (0.72%) GitHub
8 6 (0.54%) Cloud Computing
9 5 (0.45%) Azure Active Directory
10 2 (0.18%) Apigee
10 2 (0.18%) OpenShift
11 1 (0.090%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 1 (0.090%) Amazon Cognito
11 1 (0.090%) Amazon S3
11 1 (0.090%) AWS Lambda
11 1 (0.090%) Dynamics 365
11 1 (0.090%) IaaS
11 1 (0.090%) PowerApps
11 1 (0.090%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 11 (0.99%) Firewall
2 6 (0.54%) SAN
3 4 (0.36%) NAS
3 4 (0.36%) VoIP
4 3 (0.27%) Intrusion Detection
5 2 (0.18%) BGP
5 2 (0.18%) DHCP
5 2 (0.18%) DNS
5 2 (0.18%) MPLS
5 2 (0.18%) TCP/IP
5 2 (0.18%) Value-Added Service
5 2 (0.18%) VPN
5 2 (0.18%) Wireless
6 1 (0.090%) H.323
6 1 (0.090%) Internet
6 1 (0.090%) LAN
6 1 (0.090%) Skype
6 1 (0.090%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (4.03%) MySQL
2 40 (3.58%) SQL Server
3 21 (1.88%) Power BI
4 14 (1.25%) Relational Database
5 11 (0.99%) Big Data
6 10 (0.90%) Hadoop
7 8 (0.72%) Data Warehouse
8 6 (0.54%) Tableau
9 5 (0.45%) Amazon Redshift
9 5 (0.45%) BigQuery
9 5 (0.45%) Looker
9 5 (0.45%) NoSQL
9 5 (0.45%) RDBMS
10 4 (0.36%) Flink
10 4 (0.36%) Snowflake Schema
11 2 (0.18%) Apache Cassandra
11 2 (0.18%) CouchDB
11 2 (0.18%) Spotfire
11 2 (0.18%) SQL Server 2016
12 1 (0.090%) Electronic Patient Records
Development Applications
1 41 (3.67%) Git (software)
2 17 (1.52%) Subversion
3 3 (0.27%) Eclipse
4 2 (0.18%) Selenium
5 1 (0.090%) Cypress.io
5 1 (0.090%) GitLab
5 1 (0.090%) Gradle
5 1 (0.090%) IntelliJ
5 1 (0.090%) JIRA
5 1 (0.090%) JUnit
5 1 (0.090%) Maven
5 1 (0.090%) Mockito
5 1 (0.090%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
5 1 (0.090%) Visual Studio
General
1 196 (17.56%) Social Skills
2 143 (12.81%) Analytical Skills
3 126 (11.29%) Finance
4 62 (5.56%) Marketing
5 50 (4.48%) Law
6 41 (3.67%) Public Sector
7 37 (3.32%) Games
8 21 (1.88%) Retail
9 20 (1.79%) Automotive
10 18 (1.61%) Legal
11 17 (1.52%) Online Betting
12 16 (1.43%) Electronics
12 16 (1.43%) French Language
12 16 (1.43%) Manufacturing
13 15 (1.34%) Organisational Skills
13 15 (1.34%) Telecoms
14 11 (0.99%) Presentation Skills
15 10 (0.90%) German Language
16 7 (0.63%) Pharmaceutical
17 5 (0.45%) Billing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (7.26%) HTML
2 67 (6.00%) .NET
3 60 (5.38%) CSS
4 33 (2.96%) AngularJS
5 31 (2.78%) Node.js
6 20 (1.79%) HTML5
6 20 (1.79%) LAMP
7 17 (1.52%) React
7 17 (1.52%) XML
8 16 (1.43%) ASP.NET
9 13 (1.16%) JSON
10 12 (1.08%) REST
11 11 (0.99%) ASP.NET MVC
11 11 (0.99%) jQuery
11 11 (0.99%) Spring
12 10 (0.90%) ASP.NET Web API
12 10 (0.90%) Vue.js
13 9 (0.81%) Backbone.js
13 9 (0.81%) Web Services
14 7 (0.63%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 37 (3.32%) User Experience
2 19 (1.70%) Life Science
3 17 (1.52%) Online Gambling
4 16 (1.43%) Video\Live Streaming
5 14 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
6 13 (1.16%) Algorithms
6 13 (1.16%) Mobile App
7 12 (1.08%) Video Conferencing
8 11 (0.99%) Management Information System
9 8 (0.72%) Cybercrime
9 8 (0.72%) Linux Command Line
9 8 (0.72%) NHS
9 8 (0.72%) Renewable Energy
10 7 (0.63%) Data Structures
11 6 (0.54%) Blog
11 6 (0.54%) iPad
12 4 (0.36%) Cloud Native
12 4 (0.36%) iPhone
12 4 (0.36%) Smartphone
12 4 (0.36%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 59 (5.29%) Linux
2 34 (3.05%) Windows
3 11 (0.99%) Unix
3 11 (0.99%) Windows 10
4 7 (0.63%) Windows Server
5 5 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
5 5 (0.45%) Windows Server 2016
6 4 (0.36%) Mac OS
7 3 (0.27%) Android
7 3 (0.27%) Ubuntu
7 3 (0.27%) Windows 7
8 1 (0.090%) Apple iOS
8 1 (0.090%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 215 (19.27%) Computer Science
2 210 (18.82%) Problem-Solving
3 182 (16.31%) Software Engineering
4 130 (11.65%) Machine Learning
5 117 (10.48%) Artificial Intelligence
6 106 (9.50%) Mathematics
7 65 (5.82%) OOP
8 63 (5.65%) OO
9 60 (5.38%) Agile Software Development
10 48 (4.30%) Analytics
10 48 (4.30%) Business Intelligence
11 43 (3.85%) DevOps
11 43 (3.85%) Web Development
12 40 (3.58%) Physics
13 38 (3.41%) Data Science
14 37 (3.32%) Analytical Thinking
14 37 (3.32%) MVC
15 34 (3.05%) Fintech
16 33 (2.96%) Innovative Thinking
17 32 (2.87%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 147 (13.17%) JavaScript
2 111 (9.95%) SQL
3 105 (9.41%) Java
4 102 (9.14%) Python
5 99 (8.87%) C#
6 73 (6.54%) C++
7 61 (5.47%) PHP
8 48 (4.30%) C
9 10 (0.90%) Ruby
10 9 (0.81%) PowerShell
11 8 (0.72%) Go
12 7 (0.63%) TypeScript
13 5 (0.45%) Bash Shell
14 3 (0.27%) Perl
14 3 (0.27%) PHP 7
14 3 (0.27%) R
14 3 (0.27%) Shell Script
14 3 (0.27%) T-SQL
15 2 (0.18%) Embedded C
15 2 (0.18%) VB
Qualifications
1 404 (36.20%) Degree
2 92 (8.24%) Computer Science Degree
3 25 (2.24%) PhD
4 14 (1.25%) ISTQB
5 9 (0.81%) Security Cleared
6 8 (0.72%) Numerate Degree
6 8 (0.72%) SC Cleared
7 6 (0.54%) AWS Certification
8 5 (0.45%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.27%) HNC
9 3 (0.27%) HND
9 3 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
10 2 (0.18%) CCNA
10 2 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.18%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.18%) MCSE
11 1 (0.090%) ACCA
11 1 (0.090%) DV Cleared
11 1 (0.090%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (2.42%) QA
2 5 (0.45%) GDPR
3 4 (0.36%) SLA
4 3 (0.27%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.090%) COBIT
6 1 (0.090%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.090%) NIST
6 1 (0.090%) PMO
System Software
1 25 (2.24%) Docker
2 12 (1.08%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.18%) Firmware
5 1 (0.090%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 19 (1.70%) Kubernetes
2 5 (0.45%) SCCM
3 3 (0.27%) Microsoft Intune
4 1 (0.090%) Ansible
4 1 (0.090%) Argo
4 1 (0.090%) EMC NetWorker
4 1 (0.090%) HAProxy
4 1 (0.090%) Puppet
4 1 (0.090%) Single Sign-On
4 1 (0.090%) Terraform
4 1 (0.090%) WSUS
Vendors
1 80 (7.17%) Microsoft
2 28 (2.51%) Oracle
3 27 (2.42%) Google
4 19 (1.70%) SAP
5 16 (1.43%) Salesforce.com
6 12 (1.08%) AppDynamics
7 6 (0.54%) Cisco
7 6 (0.54%) Marketo
8 5 (0.45%) Alteryx
8 5 (0.45%) VMware
9 4 (0.36%) Informatica
9 4 (0.36%) LexisNexis
9 4 (0.36%) Splunk
10 3 (0.27%) HubSpot
10 3 (0.27%) Pardot
10 3 (0.27%) Progress
10 3 (0.27%) Twitter
11 2 (0.18%) IBM
11 2 (0.18%) Pega
11 2 (0.18%) Sage