Period
to 21 October 2019

The median annual salary for a Graduate was £28,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 21 October 2019.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Graduate
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 239 200 194
Rank change year-on-year -39 -6 +16
Permanent jobs requiring a Graduate 1,887 2,946 3,271
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.38% 1.80% 1.88%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.44% 1.88% 1.96%
Number of salaries quoted 1,660 2,652 2,853
UK median annual salary £28,500 £27,500 £26,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.64% +5.77% +4.00%
10th Percentile £21,250 £20,750 £19,750
90th Percentile £40,000 £38,630 £37,400
UK excluding London median annual salary £27,500 £25,000 £25,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 131,018 156,893 167,207
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.66% 95.92% 95.97%
Number of salaries quoted 104,525 126,399 133,879
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £28,000 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Graduate
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Graduate in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Graduate.

Salary trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Graduate over the 6 months to 21 October 2019.

Salary histogram for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Graduate within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -45 1,781 £28,500 +3.64% 376
UK excluding London -36 1,243 £27,500 +10.00% 331
London -51 612 £30,000 - 75
South East -9 568 £30,000 +13.21% 72
North of England -30 196 £26,000 +8.33% 60
Midlands -10 180 £27,500 - 61
South West -40 147 £26,500 +6.00% 42
West Midlands -9 137 £28,500 +3.64% 40
North West +9 119 £29,000 +16.00% 35
East of England -97 76 £26,000 -5.45% 67
Yorkshire -12 73 £24,000 +6.67% 20
Scotland -8 60 £28,500 +5.56% 20
East Midlands +15 43 £24,000 -4.00% 19
Wales -2 14 £25,000 +11.11% 9
North East +9 4 £22,250 +3.49% 5
Northern Ireland -14 2 £27,500 +18.92% 1

Graduate Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 21 October 2019, Graduate job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Graduate in the job title.

1 1,078 (57.13%) Degree
2 805 (42.66%) C#
3 790 (41.87%) Computer Science
4 599 (31.74%) .NET
5 516 (27.34%) Java
6 476 (25.23%) Software Engineering
7 475 (25.17%) JavaScript
8 452 (23.95%) Computer Science Degree
9 450 (23.85%) SQL
10 427 (22.63%) Agile Software Development
11 374 (19.82%) Mathematics
12 357 (18.92%) HTML
13 337 (17.86%) CSS
13 337 (17.86%) Finance
14 335 (17.75%) Microsoft
15 298 (15.79%) C++
16 283 (15.00%) Python
17 279 (14.79%) ASP.NET
18 275 (14.57%) SQL Server
18 275 (14.57%) MVC
19 263 (13.94%) Analytical Skills
20 204 (10.81%) Linux
21 202 (10.70%) Windows
21 202 (10.70%) Problem-Solving
22 196 (10.39%) Physics
23 195 (10.33%) AngularJS
24 180 (9.54%) OO
25 162 (8.59%) Azure
25 162 (8.59%) PHP
26 149 (7.90%) OOP

Graduate Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (1.91%) MS Exchange
2 30 (1.59%) Elasticsearch
3 15 (0.79%) IIS
4 10 (0.53%) CMS
4 10 (0.53%) ColdFusion
5 8 (0.42%) SharePoint
6 7 (0.37%) Apache
6 7 (0.37%) Apache Spark
6 7 (0.37%) JBoss
7 6 (0.32%) Tomcat
7 6 (0.32%) WordPress
8 4 (0.21%) Skype for Business
9 3 (0.16%) nginx
9 3 (0.16%) SAS
10 2 (0.11%) Apache Solr
10 2 (0.11%) IBM Notes
10 2 (0.11%) WildFly
11 1 (0.053%) BizTalk Server
11 1 (0.053%) Confluence
11 1 (0.053%) Umbraco
Applications
1 78 (4.13%) Microsoft Office
2 74 (3.92%) Microsoft Excel
3 27 (1.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 10 (0.53%) Spreadsheet
5 5 (0.26%) Adobe Captivate
5 5 (0.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 3 (0.16%) Simulink
7 2 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.11%) InDesign
7 2 (0.11%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.11%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.11%) S-PLUS
7 2 (0.11%) SPSS
7 2 (0.11%) Stateflow
8 1 (0.053%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.053%) InVision
8 1 (0.053%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.053%) Sketch
8 1 (0.053%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 9 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.32%) Oracle Applications
3 1 (0.053%) Cognos Business Intelligence
3 1 (0.053%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.053%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.053%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.053%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.053%) Unit4 Business World
3 1 (0.053%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 162 (8.59%) Azure
2 78 (4.13%) AWS
3 30 (1.59%) Office 365
4 23 (1.22%) SaaS
5 22 (1.17%) GitHub
6 18 (0.95%) Cloud Computing
7 14 (0.74%) Power Platform
8 10 (0.53%) Dynamics 365
9 9 (0.48%) GCP
10 4 (0.21%) G Suite
11 2 (0.11%) Amazon S3
12 1 (0.053%) Amazon EC2
12 1 (0.053%) Amazon SQS
12 1 (0.053%) AWS Lambda
12 1 (0.053%) Azure Active Directory
12 1 (0.053%) DigitalOcean
12 1 (0.053%) Heroku
12 1 (0.053%) OneDrive
12 1 (0.053%) Serverless
12 1 (0.053%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 20 (1.06%) WAN
2 11 (0.58%) BGP
2 11 (0.58%) Firewall
2 11 (0.58%) IP Telephony
2 11 (0.58%) IPsec
2 11 (0.58%) LAN
2 11 (0.58%) MPLS
2 11 (0.58%) OSPF
3 8 (0.42%) DNS
3 8 (0.42%) Skype
4 7 (0.37%) Internet
4 7 (0.37%) TCP/IP
5 6 (0.32%) Remote Desktop
5 6 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
6 5 (0.26%) RFID
6 5 (0.26%) VoIP
6 5 (0.26%) VPN
6 5 (0.26%) WLAN
7 4 (0.21%) DMZ
8 3 (0.16%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 275 (14.57%) SQL Server
2 75 (3.97%) MySQL
3 64 (3.39%) Relational Database
4 49 (2.60%) PostgreSQL
5 44 (2.33%) Big Data
6 36 (1.91%) NoSQL
7 29 (1.54%) SQL Server 2016
8 27 (1.43%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 22 (1.17%) GIS
10 20 (1.06%) MongoDB
11 14 (0.74%) Data Mining
11 14 (0.74%) Data Warehouse
11 14 (0.74%) Hadoop
11 14 (0.74%) Power BI
11 14 (0.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 12 (0.64%) Oracle Database
13 9 (0.48%) RDBMS
14 6 (0.32%) Data Lake
14 6 (0.32%) Oracle Database 11g
14 6 (0.32%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 133 (7.05%) Git (software)
2 63 (3.34%) Visual Studio
3 43 (2.28%) Jenkins
4 40 (2.12%) Subversion
5 19 (1.01%) JIRA
6 18 (0.95%) NetBeans
7 13 (0.69%) Team Foundation Server
8 12 (0.64%) Selenium
9 10 (0.53%) JUnit
10 7 (0.37%) Eclipse
11 6 (0.32%) Mockito
11 6 (0.32%) Oracle APEX
11 6 (0.32%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
12 5 (0.26%) Gradle
12 5 (0.26%) Maven
12 5 (0.26%) NCrunch
12 5 (0.26%) ReSharper
13 4 (0.21%) Ant
14 3 (0.16%) Artifactory
14 3 (0.16%) TeamCity
General
1 337 (17.86%) Finance
2 90 (4.77%) Banking
3 74 (3.92%) Marketing
4 69 (3.66%) Games
5 64 (3.39%) Retail
6 54 (2.86%) Public Sector
7 45 (2.38%) Telecoms
8 30 (1.59%) Investment Banking
9 28 (1.48%) Electronics
9 28 (1.48%) Manufacturing
10 17 (0.90%) Advertising
10 17 (0.90%) Financial Institution
11 16 (0.85%) French Language
11 16 (0.85%) German Language
11 16 (0.85%) Italian Language
12 10 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
13 9 (0.48%) Legal
14 7 (0.37%) Automotive
15 6 (0.32%) Aerospace
15 6 (0.32%) Law
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 599 (31.74%) .NET
2 357 (18.92%) HTML
3 337 (17.86%) CSS
4 279 (14.79%) ASP.NET
5 195 (10.33%) AngularJS
6 124 (6.57%) ASP.NET MVC
7 100 (5.30%) React
8 93 (4.93%) Node.js
9 88 (4.66%) RESTful
10 77 (4.08%) WPF
11 76 (4.03%) .NET Core
12 71 (3.76%) .NET Framework
12 71 (3.76%) ASP.NET Web API
13 66 (3.50%) WCF
14 62 (3.29%) jQuery
14 62 (3.29%) WinForms
15 57 (3.02%) Web Services
16 56 (2.97%) HTML5
17 54 (2.86%) ASP.NET MVC 5
18 44 (2.33%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 263 (13.94%) Analytical Skills
2 94 (4.98%) Algorithms
3 74 (3.92%) Mobile App
4 73 (3.87%) User Experience
5 66 (3.50%) Self-Motivation
6 47 (2.49%) Hedge funds
7 45 (2.38%) Data Structures
8 36 (1.91%) Derivative
9 33 (1.75%) Robotics
10 29 (1.54%) Driving Licence
11 27 (1.43%) Tandem
12 22 (1.17%) Embedded Systems
13 19 (1.01%) Greenfield Project
14 13 (0.69%) Management Information System
15 11 (0.58%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
15 11 (0.58%) Life Science
15 11 (0.58%) NHS
16 10 (0.53%) Enterprise Software
17 9 (0.48%) e-Learning
18 8 (0.42%) FMCG
Operating Systems
1 204 (10.81%) Linux
2 202 (10.70%) Windows
3 91 (4.82%) Android
4 57 (3.02%) Apple iOS
5 35 (1.85%) Unix
6 23 (1.22%) Windows Server
7 17 (0.90%) Windows 10
8 14 (0.74%) Windows 7
9 8 (0.42%) Embedded Linux
10 7 (0.37%) Mac OS
10 7 (0.37%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.32%) Debian
12 5 (0.26%) CentOS
12 5 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 5 (0.26%) Windows Embedded Compact
13 4 (0.21%) Windows 8
13 4 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
14 3 (0.16%) Windows XP
15 2 (0.11%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 790 (41.87%) Computer Science
2 476 (25.23%) Software Engineering
3 427 (22.63%) Agile Software Development
4 374 (19.82%) Mathematics
5 275 (14.57%) MVC
6 202 (10.70%) Problem-Solving
7 196 (10.39%) Physics
8 180 (9.54%) OO
9 149 (7.90%) OOP
10 114 (6.04%) Web Development
11 107 (5.67%) TDD
12 86 (4.56%) Fintech
13 83 (4.40%) BDD
14 81 (4.29%) Mentoring
15 79 (4.19%) DevOps
16 76 (4.03%) OOD
17 72 (3.82%) Business Intelligence
17 72 (3.82%) Web Application Development
18 71 (3.76%) SDLC
19 66 (3.50%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 805 (42.66%) C#
2 516 (27.34%) Java
3 475 (25.17%) JavaScript
4 450 (23.85%) SQL
5 298 (15.79%) C++
6 283 (15.00%) Python
7 162 (8.59%) PHP
8 90 (4.77%) C
9 56 (2.97%) R
10 42 (2.23%) Ruby
11 40 (2.12%) TypeScript
12 37 (1.96%) PL/SQL
13 30 (1.59%) Objective-C
13 30 (1.59%) VB.NET
14 24 (1.27%) PHP 7
15 20 (1.06%) Kotlin
15 20 (1.06%) XAML
16 19 (1.01%) Scala
17 18 (0.95%) MATLAB
18 17 (0.90%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,078 (57.13%) Degree
2 452 (23.95%) Computer Science Degree
3 106 (5.62%) Numerate Degree
4 36 (1.91%) PhD
5 26 (1.38%) Security Cleared
6 21 (1.11%) Master's Degree
7 20 (1.06%) CCNA
7 20 (1.06%) Cisco Certification
8 16 (0.85%) Microsoft Certification
9 13 (0.69%) ISTQB
10 11 (0.58%) CCNP
11 10 (0.53%) HND
12 8 (0.42%) SC Cleared
13 7 (0.37%) Postgraduate
14 6 (0.32%) ISEB
15 4 (0.21%) MCSE
15 4 (0.21%) Six Sigma Green Belt
16 3 (0.16%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 2 (0.11%) ACCA
17 2 (0.11%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (3.50%) QA
2 8 (0.42%) SLA
3 7 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 6 (0.32%) GDPR
5 4 (0.21%) PMO
6 3 (0.16%) Basel II
6 3 (0.16%) IFRS
6 3 (0.16%) IFRS 9
7 2 (0.11%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.11%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 19770
7 2 (0.11%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.053%) ISO 9000
8 1 (0.053%) ISO 9002
8 1 (0.053%) ISO/IEC 17025
8 1 (0.053%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 121 (6.41%) Docker
2 61 (3.23%) Active Directory
3 46 (2.44%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (0.58%) Firmware
4 11 (0.58%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.11%) iptables
5 2 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.11%) VirtualBox
5 2 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
5 2 (0.11%) Xen
Systems Management
1 29 (1.54%) Kubernetes
2 9 (0.48%) Terraform
3 5 (0.26%) Ansible
4 4 (0.21%) Kibana
5 3 (0.16%) Nagios
6 2 (0.11%) Graphite
6 2 (0.11%) QRadar
6 2 (0.11%) SQL Sentry
6 2 (0.11%) ZABBIX
7 1 (0.053%) Check_MK
7 1 (0.053%) FTK
7 1 (0.053%) logstash
7 1 (0.053%) Puppet
7 1 (0.053%) SCCM
Vendors
1 335 (17.75%) Microsoft
2 113 (5.99%) Oracle
3 50 (2.65%) VMware
4 23 (1.22%) Zend
5 20 (1.06%) Google
6 19 (1.01%) Cisco
7 10 (0.53%) Adobe
8 8 (0.42%) Apple
8 8 (0.42%) Red Hat
8 8 (0.42%) Xamarin
9 7 (0.37%) Salesforce.com
9 7 (0.37%) SAP
10 6 (0.32%) IBM
11 4 (0.21%) Cypress Semiconductor
11 4 (0.21%) Tableau
11 4 (0.21%) Verint
12 2 (0.11%) Canon
12 2 (0.11%) Centreon
12 2 (0.11%) ServiceNow
12 2 (0.11%) Sony