Period
to 23 September 2020

The median annual salary for a Graduate was £30,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 23 September 2020.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Graduate
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 376 242 202
Rank change year-on-year -134 -40 -5
Permanent jobs requiring a Graduate 359 1,964 2,930
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.73% 1.40% 1.77%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.77% 1.46% 1.85%
Number of salaries quoted 325 1,718 2,647
Median annual salary £30,000 £28,000 £27,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +3.85%
10th Percentile £21,550 £21,250 £20,500
90th Percentile £60,000 £40,000 £38,630
UK excluding London median annual salary £29,000 £27,500 £25,000
% change year-on-year +5.45% +10.00% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 46,861 134,077 158,753
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.80% 95.77% 96.03%
Number of salaries quoted 38,279 106,766 127,890
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Graduate
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Graduate in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Graduate.

Salary trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Graduate over the 6 months to 23 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Graduate within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -130 337 £30,000 +5.26% 111
UK excluding London -115 212 £29,000 +5.45% 84
London -53 133 £34,500 +15.00% 29
South East -48 96 £30,000 - 27
North of England +36 39 £27,000 +5.88% 10
Midlands +4 26 £27,000 -1.82% 19
West Midlands +3 25 £27,000 -5.26% 12
North West +38 23 £25,000 -5.66% 4
South West +13 22 £29,000 +16.00% 16
East of England +81 20 £27,500 +10.00% 10
Work from Home +59 20 £26,250 -4.55% 4
Yorkshire +88 16 £27,500 +10.00% 5
Scotland +26 7 £23,500 -17.54% 1
Northern Ireland +19 2 - -
East Midlands +47 1 £22,500 -6.25% 7

Graduate Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 23 September 2020, Graduate job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Graduate in the job title.

1 203 (56.55%) Degree
2 195 (54.32%) Computer Science
3 144 (40.11%) C#
4 117 (32.59%) Mathematics
5 107 (29.81%) Software Engineering
6 101 (28.13%) Java
7 92 (25.63%) Computer Science Degree
8 91 (25.35%) Finance
9 87 (24.23%) Python
10 82 (22.84%) .NET
11 78 (21.73%) SQL
12 76 (21.17%) JavaScript
13 74 (20.61%) C++
14 70 (19.50%) Problem-Solving
15 60 (16.71%) OO
16 59 (16.43%) Microsoft
17 56 (15.60%) Azure
18 55 (15.32%) Physics
18 55 (15.32%) Analytical Skills
19 51 (14.21%) Fintech
20 50 (13.93%) Agile Software Development
20 50 (13.93%) CSS
20 50 (13.93%) Linux
21 49 (13.65%) HTML
22 47 (13.09%) AWS
23 46 (12.81%) AngularJS
24 45 (12.53%) OOP
25 44 (12.26%) React
26 42 (11.70%) Windows
27 39 (10.86%) SQL Server

Graduate Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (3.34%) IIS
2 6 (1.67%) Apache
3 3 (0.84%) Confluence
3 3 (0.84%) Elasticsearch
3 3 (0.84%) SharePoint
3 3 (0.84%) WordPress
4 2 (0.56%) Ethereum
4 2 (0.56%) Hyperledger
4 2 (0.56%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 10 (2.79%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (1.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (1.39%) Spreadsheet
3 4 (1.11%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.84%) InDesign
5 2 (0.56%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.56%) Adobe XD
5 2 (0.56%) Fusion 360
5 2 (0.56%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 2 (0.56%) Distributed Ledger
1 2 (0.56%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 56 (15.60%) Azure
2 47 (13.09%) AWS
3 23 (6.41%) GCP
4 14 (3.90%) Cloud Computing
5 13 (3.62%) SaaS
6 8 (2.23%) GitHub
7 6 (1.67%) Power Platform
8 4 (1.11%) Office 365
9 3 (0.84%) BrowserStack
10 2 (0.56%) Adobe Creative Cloud
10 2 (0.56%) Amazon EC2
10 2 (0.56%) AWS CloudFormation
10 2 (0.56%) Azure Active Directory
10 2 (0.56%) npm
10 2 (0.56%) PowerApps
10 2 (0.56%) Yarn
11 1 (0.28%) Amazon S3
11 1 (0.28%) Google Analytics
11 1 (0.28%) Google App Engine
11 1 (0.28%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 13 (3.62%) H.323
2 10 (2.79%) DNS
3 6 (1.67%) Skype
3 6 (1.67%) TCP/IP
4 5 (1.39%) Network Security
5 2 (0.56%) Bluetooth
5 2 (0.56%) Unified Communications
6 1 (0.28%) 2G
6 1 (0.28%) 3G
6 1 (0.28%) Ethernet
6 1 (0.28%) Firewall
6 1 (0.28%) GSM
6 1 (0.28%) SSH
6 1 (0.28%) TETRA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (10.86%) SQL Server
2 28 (7.80%) Relational Database
3 21 (5.85%) MySQL
4 16 (4.46%) Big Data
5 12 (3.34%) NoSQL
6 8 (2.23%) Hadoop
7 6 (1.67%) GIS
7 6 (1.67%) MongoDB
7 6 (1.67%) Power BI
7 6 (1.67%) Redis
8 2 (0.56%) Blockchain
8 2 (0.56%) CouchDB
8 2 (0.56%) Data Mining
8 2 (0.56%) PostgreSQL
8 2 (0.56%) SQL Server 2008
8 2 (0.56%) SQL Server 2012
8 2 (0.56%) SQL Server 2019
8 2 (0.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 1 (0.28%) Amazon Athena
9 1 (0.28%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 25 (6.96%) Git (software)
2 9 (2.51%) Selenium
3 7 (1.95%) Jenkins
3 7 (1.95%) JIRA
4 4 (1.11%) Subversion
5 3 (0.84%) Eclipse
5 3 (0.84%) GitLab
5 3 (0.84%) TestNG
5 3 (0.84%) TestRail
5 3 (0.84%) Visual Studio
6 2 (0.56%) Karma Test Runner
6 2 (0.56%) webpack
7 1 (0.28%) CppUnit
7 1 (0.28%) Cucumber
7 1 (0.28%) IDA Disassembler
7 1 (0.28%) LabVIEW
7 1 (0.28%) Protractor
7 1 (0.28%) REST Assured
7 1 (0.28%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
7 1 (0.28%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 91 (25.35%) Finance
2 21 (5.85%) Public Sector
3 16 (4.46%) Retail
4 15 (4.18%) Law
5 14 (3.90%) Front Office
6 12 (3.34%) French Language
7 10 (2.79%) Marketing
8 9 (2.51%) Electronics
8 9 (2.51%) Telecoms
9 7 (1.95%) Norwegian Language
10 6 (1.67%) Banking
10 6 (1.67%) Games
10 6 (1.67%) Manufacturing
11 4 (1.11%) Pharmaceutical
12 2 (0.56%) Back Office
12 2 (0.56%) Investment Banking
13 1 (0.28%) Advertising
13 1 (0.28%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.28%) Local Government
13 1 (0.28%) Military
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 82 (22.84%) .NET
2 50 (13.93%) CSS
3 49 (13.65%) HTML
4 46 (12.81%) AngularJS
5 44 (12.26%) React
6 29 (8.08%) .NET Core
7 21 (5.85%) ASP.NET
8 18 (5.01%) jQuery
8 18 (5.01%) Node.js
8 18 (5.01%) WebRTC
9 17 (4.74%) JSON
10 15 (4.18%) REST
11 11 (3.06%) ASP.NET MVC
12 9 (2.51%) RabbitMQ
13 8 (2.23%) Vue.js
13 8 (2.23%) Web Services
14 7 (1.95%) .NET Framework
14 7 (1.95%) Kafka
14 7 (1.95%) Spring
14 7 (1.95%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 55 (15.32%) Analytical Skills
2 24 (6.69%) User Experience
3 23 (6.41%) Hedge funds
4 20 (5.57%) Algorithms
5 19 (5.29%) Video Conferencing
6 16 (4.46%) Data Structures
7 15 (4.18%) Derivative
8 13 (3.62%) Self-Motivation
9 8 (2.23%) Driving Licence
9 8 (2.23%) Mobile App
10 6 (1.67%) Digital Media
10 6 (1.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 6 (1.67%) Greenfield Project
11 5 (1.39%) Blog
11 5 (1.39%) Cloud Native
12 3 (0.84%) Enterprise Software
13 2 (0.56%) Linux Command Line
13 2 (0.56%) Replication
14 1 (0.28%) e-Health
14 1 (0.28%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 50 (13.93%) Linux
2 42 (11.70%) Windows
3 10 (2.79%) Android
3 10 (2.79%) Apple iOS
3 10 (2.79%) Windows Server
4 6 (1.67%) Debian
4 6 (1.67%) Unix
5 5 (1.39%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.28%) CentOS
6 1 (0.28%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 195 (54.32%) Computer Science
2 117 (32.59%) Mathematics
3 107 (29.81%) Software Engineering
4 70 (19.50%) Problem-Solving
5 60 (16.71%) OO
6 55 (15.32%) Physics
7 51 (14.21%) Fintech
8 50 (13.93%) Agile Software Development
9 45 (12.53%) OOP
10 37 (10.31%) TDD
11 33 (9.19%) DevOps
12 32 (8.91%) Test Automation
13 28 (7.80%) Web Development
14 26 (7.24%) Microservices
15 23 (6.41%) Machine Learning
16 22 (6.13%) Business Intelligence
17 21 (5.85%) Project Management
18 19 (5.29%) Artificial Intelligence
19 18 (5.01%) Continuous Integration
19 18 (5.01%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 144 (40.11%) C#
2 101 (28.13%) Java
3 87 (24.23%) Python
4 78 (21.73%) SQL
5 76 (21.17%) JavaScript
6 74 (20.61%) C++
7 25 (6.96%) C
8 20 (5.57%) TypeScript
9 16 (4.46%) R
10 15 (4.18%) T-SQL
11 11 (3.06%) PHP
12 9 (2.51%) Scala
13 8 (2.23%) Bash Shell
14 6 (1.67%) PowerShell
14 6 (1.67%) VB.NET
15 3 (0.84%) Embedded C
15 3 (0.84%) Perl
15 3 (0.84%) Ruby
15 3 (0.84%) Rust
16 2 (0.56%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 203 (56.55%) Degree
2 92 (25.63%) Computer Science Degree
3 11 (3.06%) Numerate Degree
4 7 (1.95%) Master's Degree
5 5 (1.39%) ISTQB
5 5 (1.39%) PhD
6 1 (0.28%) PMI Certification
6 1 (0.28%) Postgraduate
6 1 (0.28%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (3.34%) QA
2 5 (1.39%) SLA
3 2 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.28%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.28%) NIST
System Software
1 32 (8.91%) Docker
2 17 (4.74%) Active Directory
3 11 (3.06%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.84%) Firmware
4 3 (0.84%) Hyper-V
4 3 (0.84%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.56%) Ceph
5 2 (0.56%) Xen
6 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Virtual Server
6 1 (0.28%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 19 (5.29%) Kubernetes
2 9 (2.51%) Ansible
2 9 (2.51%) Terraform
3 4 (1.11%) WSUS
4 2 (0.56%) Proxmox
5 1 (0.28%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.28%) Packer
5 1 (0.28%) Puppet
Vendors
1 59 (16.43%) Microsoft
2 26 (7.24%) Google
3 14 (3.90%) VMware
4 13 (3.62%) Oracle
5 9 (2.51%) Xamarin
6 6 (1.67%) SAP
7 5 (1.39%) Adobe
8 3 (0.84%) Sony
9 2 (0.56%) Capita
9 2 (0.56%) ServiceNow
10 1 (0.28%) Apple
10 1 (0.28%) Cadence
10 1 (0.28%) Databricks
10 1 (0.28%) Facebook
10 1 (0.28%) HubSpot
10 1 (0.28%) Informatica
10 1 (0.28%) Red Hat
10 1 (0.28%) Samsung
10 1 (0.28%) Workday
10 1 (0.28%) Xilinx