Period
to 21 March 2019

The median annual salary for a Graduate was £27,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 21 March 2019.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Graduate
UK
6 months to
21 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 211 228 224
Rank change year-on-year +17 -4 +8
Permanent jobs requiring a Graduate 2,399 2,655 2,683
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.62% 1.51% 1.56%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.69% 1.57% 1.61%
Number of salaries quoted 2,115 2,299 2,252
UK median annual salary £27,500 £26,500 £25,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.77% +3.92% +2.00%
10th Percentile £21,250 £20,000 £20,000
90th Percentile £42,500 £37,500 £36,925
UK excluding London median annual salary £27,000 £25,500 £25,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.00% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 142,254 169,620 166,338
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.92% 96.41% 96.58%
Number of salaries quoted 113,681 139,296 138,082
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £28,500 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +4.65% +1.18% -

Graduate
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Graduate in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Graduate.

Salary trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Graduate over the 6 months to 21 March 2019.

Salary histogram for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Graduate within the UK over the 6 months to 21 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +10 2,214 £27,500 - 495
UK excluding London -6 1,481 £27,000 +5.88% 410
London +47 847 £30,000 +5.26% 115
South East +22 621 £27,500 +3.77% 110
Midlands -8 210 £28,000 +12.00% 71
East of England -20 207 £27,500 -3.51% 71
South West +44 193 £24,000 -4.00% 55
North of England -7 152 £25,000 +4.17% 74
West Midlands -20 143 £28,000 +6.67% 48
North West +6 103 £25,000 - 39
Scotland +44 80 £28,500 +18.75% 16
East Midlands +19 67 £28,750 +33.72% 23
Yorkshire +10 40 £25,000 +19.05% 25
Wales +23 30 £25,000 +11.11% 12
North East 0 9 £21,000 -7.69% 10
Northern Ireland -24 4 £20,750 +3.75% 2

Graduate Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 21 March 2019, Graduate job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Graduate in the job title.

1 1,416 (59.02%) Degree
2 1,024 (42.68%) Computer Science
3 882 (36.77%) C#
4 859 (35.81%) Java
5 694 (28.93%) JavaScript
6 627 (26.14%) .NET
7 602 (25.09%) Agile Software Development
8 598 (24.93%) Software Engineering
9 585 (24.39%) Mathematics
10 532 (22.18%) SQL
11 499 (20.80%) Python
12 493 (20.55%) HTML
13 459 (19.13%) Computer Science Degree
14 412 (17.17%) CSS
15 404 (16.84%) Finance
16 403 (16.80%) C++
17 378 (15.76%) Microsoft
18 346 (14.42%) SQL Server
19 324 (13.51%) Analytical Skills
20 307 (12.80%) ASP.NET
21 297 (12.38%) Physics
22 284 (11.84%) AngularJS
23 270 (11.25%) MVC
24 263 (10.96%) Problem-Solving
25 257 (10.71%) Linux
26 247 (10.30%) Web Development
27 217 (9.05%) OO
28 186 (7.75%) OOP
29 185 (7.71%) PHP
30 178 (7.42%) User Experience

Graduate Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (1.29%) Apache
1 31 (1.29%) Elasticsearch
2 30 (1.25%) MS Exchange
3 26 (1.08%) Apache Spark
4 19 (0.79%) Tomcat
5 15 (0.63%) IIS
6 12 (0.50%) SharePoint
7 9 (0.38%) CMS
8 8 (0.33%) JBoss
9 7 (0.29%) Ethereum
10 6 (0.25%) Cloud Foundry
10 6 (0.25%) SAS
11 5 (0.21%) Drupal
11 5 (0.21%) nginx
11 5 (0.21%) Umbraco
12 4 (0.17%) Skype for Business
13 3 (0.13%) Moodle
14 2 (0.083%) WebLogic
14 2 (0.083%) WebSphere
14 2 (0.083%) WordPress
Applications
1 65 (2.71%) Microsoft Office
2 47 (1.96%) Microsoft Excel
3 20 (0.83%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (0.50%) Fireworks
5 7 (0.29%) FrameMaker
6 6 (0.25%) Photoshop
7 5 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
9 3 (0.13%) Adobe Captivate
9 3 (0.13%) Camtasia
9 3 (0.13%) SOLIDWORKS
10 2 (0.083%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.042%) Adobe After Effects
11 1 (0.042%) AutoCAD
11 1 (0.042%) Final Cut Pro
11 1 (0.042%) Notepad++
11 1 (0.042%) OrCAD
11 1 (0.042%) Simulink
11 1 (0.042%) SPSS
11 1 (0.042%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 19 (0.79%) Distributed Ledger
2 11 (0.46%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 8 (0.33%) Summit
4 5 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.083%) Magento
6 2 (0.083%) Oracle CRM
6 2 (0.083%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.042%) SAP BPC
7 1 (0.042%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 164 (6.84%) Microsoft Azure
2 131 (5.46%) Amazon AWS
3 62 (2.58%) SaaS
4 38 (1.58%) Google Cloud Platform
5 28 (1.17%) Cloud Computing
6 18 (0.75%) GitHub
7 15 (0.63%) Office 365
8 8 (0.33%) IaaS
8 8 (0.33%) PaaS
9 4 (0.17%) Sage Pay
10 3 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Cloud
11 2 (0.083%) Google Analytics
11 2 (0.083%) OpenShift
11 2 (0.083%) Serverless
12 1 (0.042%) Amazon S3
12 1 (0.042%) Amazon SQS
12 1 (0.042%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 42 (1.75%) Internet
2 25 (1.04%) Firewall
3 22 (0.92%) WAN
4 21 (0.88%) Skype
5 17 (0.71%) VPN
6 14 (0.58%) VoIP
7 13 (0.54%) DHCP
7 13 (0.54%) DNS
7 13 (0.54%) IP Telephony
7 13 (0.54%) MPLS
8 11 (0.46%) BGP
8 11 (0.46%) H.323
8 11 (0.46%) LAN
8 11 (0.46%) OSPF
8 11 (0.46%) TCP/IP
9 10 (0.42%) IPsec
9 10 (0.42%) Wireless
10 9 (0.38%) Network Security
11 8 (0.33%) Ethernet
11 8 (0.33%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 346 (14.42%) SQL Server
2 108 (4.50%) Relational Database
3 88 (3.67%) NoSQL
4 80 (3.33%) MySQL
5 74 (3.08%) Big Data
6 57 (2.38%) SQL Server 2016
7 47 (1.96%) PostgreSQL
8 40 (1.67%) Hadoop
9 24 (1.00%) MongoDB
10 18 (0.75%) Oracle Database
11 17 (0.71%) RDBMS
12 15 (0.63%) Data Mining
12 15 (0.63%) SQL Server 2014
13 12 (0.50%) GIS
13 12 (0.50%) Power BI
13 12 (0.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 12 (0.50%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 9 (0.38%) Blockchain
15 8 (0.33%) Redis
16 7 (0.29%) Oracle BI EE
Development Applications
1 146 (6.09%) Git (software)
2 96 (4.00%) Visual Studio
3 49 (2.04%) Selenium
4 33 (1.38%) Jenkins
4 33 (1.38%) JIRA
5 32 (1.33%) Team Foundation Server
6 27 (1.13%) SoapUI
7 26 (1.08%) JMeter
8 22 (0.92%) Visual Studio Team System
9 21 (0.88%) Octopus Deploy
10 17 (0.71%) JUnit
11 16 (0.67%) Eclipse
11 16 (0.67%) GitLab
11 16 (0.67%) Maven
12 13 (0.54%) Artifactory
12 13 (0.54%) NetBeans
12 13 (0.54%) Vagrant
13 12 (0.50%) Subversion
14 10 (0.42%) webpack
15 9 (0.38%) Grunt
General
1 404 (16.84%) Finance
2 128 (5.34%) Marketing
3 109 (4.54%) Games
4 106 (4.42%) Banking
5 52 (2.17%) Law
6 51 (2.13%) Investment Banking
6 51 (2.13%) Telecoms
7 35 (1.46%) Electronics
8 34 (1.42%) Legal
9 33 (1.38%) Retail
10 22 (0.92%) Automotive
11 18 (0.75%) Front Office
12 17 (0.71%) Financial Institution
12 17 (0.71%) French Language
12 17 (0.71%) Manufacturing
13 15 (0.63%) Pharmaceutical
14 13 (0.54%) Aerospace
15 12 (0.50%) Advertising
15 12 (0.50%) German Language
16 11 (0.46%) Italian Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 627 (26.14%) .NET
2 493 (20.55%) HTML
3 412 (17.17%) CSS
4 307 (12.80%) ASP.NET
5 284 (11.84%) AngularJS
6 161 (6.71%) ASP.NET MVC
7 130 (5.42%) React
8 105 (4.38%) HTML5
9 101 (4.21%) RESTful
10 100 (4.17%) ASP.NET Web API
11 98 (4.09%) Web Services
11 98 (4.09%) XML
12 97 (4.04%) jQuery
13 93 (3.88%) WCF
14 92 (3.83%) Node.js
15 82 (3.42%) .NET Framework
15 82 (3.42%) Spring
16 70 (2.92%) Django
17 58 (2.42%) WinForms
18 57 (2.38%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 324 (13.51%) Analytical Skills
2 178 (7.42%) User Experience
3 126 (5.25%) Algorithms
4 113 (4.71%) Mobile App
5 111 (4.63%) Fintech
6 74 (3.08%) Self-Motivation
7 54 (2.25%) Derivative
8 53 (2.21%) Data Structures
9 42 (1.75%) Greenfield Project
10 39 (1.63%) Hedge funds
11 37 (1.54%) Robotics
12 30 (1.25%) e-Learning
13 24 (1.00%) Tandem
14 19 (0.79%) Management Information System
14 19 (0.79%) Social Media
15 16 (0.67%) Video Conferencing
16 13 (0.54%) Driving Licence
16 13 (0.54%) Linux Command Line
17 11 (0.46%) Graphic Design
18 10 (0.42%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 257 (10.71%) Linux
2 166 (6.92%) Windows
3 103 (4.29%) Android
4 80 (3.33%) Apple iOS
5 64 (2.67%) Unix
6 32 (1.33%) Windows Server
7 17 (0.71%) Windows 7
8 12 (0.50%) Windows 10
9 8 (0.33%) Mac OS
9 8 (0.33%) Windows 8
10 7 (0.29%) Mac OS X
10 7 (0.29%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 5 (0.21%) CentOS
13 4 (0.17%) Debian
13 4 (0.17%) Embedded Linux
13 4 (0.17%) VMS
14 2 (0.083%) Windows 2000
14 2 (0.083%) Windows Server 2003
14 2 (0.083%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,024 (42.68%) Computer Science
2 602 (25.09%) Agile Software Development
3 598 (24.93%) Software Engineering
4 585 (24.39%) Mathematics
5 297 (12.38%) Physics
6 270 (11.25%) MVC
7 263 (10.96%) Problem-Solving
8 247 (10.30%) Web Development
9 217 (9.05%) OO
10 186 (7.75%) OOP
11 166 (6.92%) SDLC
12 154 (6.42%) Analytics
13 132 (5.50%) Data Science
14 129 (5.38%) TDD
15 128 (5.34%) Machine Learning
16 125 (5.21%) Mentoring
17 109 (4.54%) Project Management
18 107 (4.46%) Artificial Intelligence
19 106 (4.42%) DevOps
20 103 (4.29%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 882 (36.77%) C#
2 859 (35.81%) Java
3 694 (28.93%) JavaScript
4 532 (22.18%) SQL
5 499 (20.80%) Python
6 403 (16.80%) C++
7 185 (7.71%) PHP
8 142 (5.92%) C
9 128 (5.34%) R
10 93 (3.88%) Ruby
11 63 (2.63%) VB.NET
12 55 (2.29%) MATLAB
13 48 (2.00%) Go
14 41 (1.71%) Objective-C
15 38 (1.58%) TypeScript
16 36 (1.50%) Scala
17 33 (1.38%) Java 8
18 30 (1.25%) Bash Shell
19 25 (1.04%) VBA
20 24 (1.00%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 1,416 (59.02%) Degree
2 459 (19.13%) Computer Science Degree
3 109 (4.54%) PhD
4 101 (4.21%) Numerate Degree
5 46 (1.92%) ISTQB
6 43 (1.79%) Security Cleared
7 24 (1.00%) SC Cleared
8 19 (0.79%) Postgraduate
9 18 (0.75%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 17 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
11 16 (0.67%) DV Cleared
12 14 (0.58%) Master's Degree
13 13 (0.54%) CCNA
13 13 (0.54%) Cisco Certification
14 10 (0.42%) CCNP
15 9 (0.38%) PMI Certification
16 6 (0.25%) CISSP
16 6 (0.25%) MCSE
16 6 (0.25%) PMP
17 5 (0.21%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 135 (5.63%) QA
2 10 (0.42%) Data Quality
2 10 (0.42%) PMO
2 10 (0.42%) SLA
3 8 (0.33%) GDPR
4 3 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.083%) COBIT
5 2 (0.083%) Cyber Essentials
5 2 (0.083%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 100 (4.17%) Docker
2 54 (2.25%) VMware Infrastructure
3 45 (1.88%) Active Directory
4 12 (0.50%) Hyper-V
5 8 (0.33%) Firmware
6 7 (0.29%) Oracle RAC
7 5 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (0.17%) iptables
8 4 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
8 4 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
8 4 (0.17%) VirtualBox
8 4 (0.17%) Xen
9 1 (0.042%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 51 (2.13%) Kubernetes
2 25 (1.04%) Ansible
3 16 (0.67%) Terraform
4 15 (0.63%) Puppet
5 10 (0.42%) Graphite
6 7 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
7 6 (0.25%) Consul
8 5 (0.21%) Kibana
8 5 (0.21%) Nagios
9 4 (0.17%) ZABBIX
10 2 (0.083%) Norton AntiVirus
11 1 (0.042%) Check_MK
11 1 (0.042%) HP Quality Center
11 1 (0.042%) logstash
11 1 (0.042%) Netcool
Vendors
1 378 (15.76%) Microsoft
2 84 (3.50%) Oracle
3 65 (2.71%) VMware
4 49 (2.04%) Progress
5 48 (2.00%) Google
6 28 (1.17%) Cisco
7 13 (0.54%) Salesforce.com
7 13 (0.54%) Tableau
8 12 (0.50%) Apple
8 12 (0.50%) Xamarin
9 10 (0.42%) SAP
10 9 (0.38%) Citrix
11 8 (0.33%) HP
11 8 (0.33%) Red Hat
12 7 (0.29%) Talend
13 6 (0.25%) Adobe
13 6 (0.25%) McAfee
14 5 (0.21%) Facebook
14 5 (0.21%) SolarWinds
14 5 (0.21%) Sony