Period
to 16 October 2018

The median annual salary for a Graduate was £27,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 16 October 2018.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Graduate
UK
6 months to
16 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 195 195 208
Rank change year-on-year 0 +13 -5
Permanent jobs requiring a Graduate 2,968 3,299 3,151
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.80% 1.88% 1.65%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.88% 1.96% 1.71%
Number of salaries quoted 2,658 2,872 2,876
UK median annual salary £27,500 £26,000 £25,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.77% +4.00% -
10th Percentile £20,500 £19,750 £19,750
90th Percentile £38,630 £37,500 £35,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £25,000 £25,000 £25,000

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 157,980 168,274 183,899
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.93% 95.95% 96.55%
Number of salaries quoted 127,315 134,818 154,230
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £26,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Graduate
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Graduate in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Graduate.

Salary trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Graduate over the 6 months to 16 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Graduate within the UK over the 6 months to 16 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 2,817 £27,500 +5.77% 526
UK excluding London -19 1,854 £25,000 - 433
London +28 1,073 £30,000 +5.26% 126
South East +7 686 £26,500 +6.00% 121
East of England -16 338 £27,500 - 76
North of England -22 264 £24,000 - 63
Midlands -46 243 £27,500 +5.77% 72
South West +6 224 £25,000 - 71
West Midlands -38 185 £27,500 +5.77% 49
North West -9 159 £25,000 +4.17% 28
Yorkshire -10 91 £22,500 - 26
Scotland +21 82 £26,500 -25.35% 17
East Midlands -44 58 £25,000 -3.85% 23
Wales -32 22 £22,500 +2.27% 14
North East -23 14 £21,500 -4.44% 9
Northern Ireland +9 4 £23,125 +2.78% 2

Graduate Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 16 October 2018, Graduate job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Graduate in the job title.

1 1,714 (57.75%) Degree
2 1,266 (42.65%) Computer Science
3 1,071 (36.08%) C#
4 1,067 (35.95%) Java
5 776 (26.15%) JavaScript
6 700 (23.58%) .NET
7 691 (23.28%) SQL
8 674 (22.71%) Mathematics
9 661 (22.27%) Software Engineering
10 637 (21.46%) Agile Software Development
11 586 (19.74%) Computer Science Degree
12 556 (18.73%) HTML
13 538 (18.13%) Finance
14 518 (17.45%) C++
15 489 (16.48%) SQL Server
16 453 (15.26%) Python
17 452 (15.23%) Problem-Solving
18 447 (15.06%) Analytical Skills
18 447 (15.06%) CSS
19 402 (13.54%) Microsoft
20 376 (12.67%) Physics
21 344 (11.59%) ASP.NET
22 317 (10.68%) MVC
23 290 (9.77%) OO
24 285 (9.60%) Web Development
25 261 (8.79%) OOP
26 252 (8.49%) AngularJS
27 243 (8.19%) Linux
28 220 (7.41%) Windows
29 217 (7.31%) PHP

Graduate Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 47 (1.58%) CMS
2 46 (1.55%) Elasticsearch
3 36 (1.21%) Apache
4 32 (1.08%) MS Exchange
5 27 (0.91%) IIS
6 26 (0.88%) SharePoint
7 22 (0.74%) Tomcat
8 17 (0.57%) Ethereum
9 16 (0.54%) Apache Spark
9 16 (0.54%) Umbraco
9 16 (0.54%) WordPress
10 14 (0.47%) Drupal
11 7 (0.24%) JBoss
11 7 (0.24%) Sitecore CMS
12 6 (0.20%) WebSphere
13 5 (0.17%) Confluence
13 5 (0.17%) SAS
14 4 (0.13%) nginx
14 4 (0.13%) WebLogic
15 3 (0.10%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 110 (3.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 102 (3.44%) Microsoft Office
3 43 (1.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 14 (0.47%) MS Visio
5 11 (0.37%) Photoshop
6 8 (0.27%) FrameMaker
7 6 (0.20%) SPSS
8 4 (0.13%) Mathematica
9 3 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
9 3 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
9 3 (0.10%) Stata
10 2 (0.067%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 2 (0.067%) GIMP
10 2 (0.067%) Simulink
11 1 (0.034%) Acrobat
11 1 (0.034%) AutoCAD
11 1 (0.034%) Microsoft Project
11 1 (0.034%) RoboHelp
11 1 (0.034%) SOLIDWORKS
11 1 (0.034%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 16 (0.54%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.51%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 9 (0.30%) Oracle CRM
4 8 (0.27%) Dynamics NAV
5 5 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
5 5 (0.17%) Ripple
6 4 (0.13%) Concordance
6 4 (0.13%) Relativity
6 4 (0.13%) Ringtail
7 3 (0.10%) Magento
8 1 (0.034%) Dynamics AX
8 1 (0.034%) ENOVIA
8 1 (0.034%) Payment Gateway
8 1 (0.034%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.034%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 117 (3.94%) Microsoft Azure
2 100 (3.37%) Amazon AWS
3 74 (2.49%) SaaS
4 37 (1.25%) Cloud Computing
5 28 (0.94%) Google Cloud Platform
6 25 (0.84%) Office 365
7 24 (0.81%) GitHub
8 15 (0.51%) PaaS
9 12 (0.40%) IaaS
10 8 (0.27%) Serverless
11 7 (0.24%) Dynamics 365
12 6 (0.20%) AWS CloudFormation
13 5 (0.17%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 4 (0.13%) Amazon EC2
14 4 (0.13%) Azure Data Factory
14 4 (0.13%) G Suite
15 3 (0.10%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 3 (0.10%) AWS OpsWorks
15 3 (0.10%) Google Analytics
16 2 (0.067%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 33 (1.11%) TCP/IP
2 29 (0.98%) Internet
3 20 (0.67%) WAN
4 19 (0.64%) Firewall
4 19 (0.64%) OSPF
5 18 (0.61%) BGP
5 18 (0.61%) HTTP
6 17 (0.57%) MPLS
7 15 (0.51%) IP Telephony
7 15 (0.51%) IPsec
8 14 (0.47%) DNS
9 10 (0.34%) FTP
10 9 (0.30%) SMS
11 8 (0.27%) LAN
11 8 (0.27%) Network Security
12 7 (0.24%) SSL
12 7 (0.24%) Wireless
13 6 (0.20%) SMTP
14 5 (0.17%) Broadband
14 5 (0.17%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 489 (16.48%) SQL Server
2 159 (5.36%) MySQL
3 118 (3.98%) Relational Database
4 114 (3.84%) Big Data
5 84 (2.83%) NoSQL
6 53 (1.79%) SQL Server 2016
7 41 (1.38%) Hadoop
8 40 (1.35%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 36 (1.21%) Oracle Database
10 34 (1.15%) MongoDB
10 34 (1.15%) RDBMS
11 24 (0.81%) Blockchain
12 23 (0.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 21 (0.71%) PostgreSQL
14 20 (0.67%) GIS
15 14 (0.47%) Power BI
16 12 (0.40%) Data Mining
17 7 (0.24%) Data Warehouse
17 7 (0.24%) MS Access
18 6 (0.20%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 157 (5.29%) Git (software)
2 131 (4.41%) Visual Studio
3 56 (1.89%) JIRA
4 46 (1.55%) Eclipse
5 36 (1.21%) Selenium
5 36 (1.21%) Subversion
6 26 (0.88%) JUnit
7 23 (0.77%) Team Foundation Server
8 18 (0.61%) Jasmine
8 18 (0.61%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
9 16 (0.54%) TeamCity
10 15 (0.51%) Bitbucket
11 12 (0.40%) Maven
12 11 (0.37%) Jenkins
13 10 (0.34%) Cucumber
13 10 (0.34%) JMeter
13 10 (0.34%) Octopus Deploy
14 9 (0.30%) NetBeans
14 9 (0.30%) NUnit
14 9 (0.30%) webpack
General
1 538 (18.13%) Finance
2 199 (6.70%) Games
3 152 (5.12%) Marketing
4 135 (4.55%) Banking
5 98 (3.30%) Retail
6 79 (2.66%) Electronics
7 69 (2.32%) Telecoms
8 68 (2.29%) Law
9 58 (1.95%) Investment Banking
10 49 (1.65%) Automotive
11 43 (1.45%) Manufacturing
12 40 (1.35%) Legal
13 31 (1.04%) Advertising
14 28 (0.94%) Military
15 20 (0.67%) Front Office
15 20 (0.67%) Italian Language
16 19 (0.64%) French Language
16 19 (0.64%) German Language
17 18 (0.61%) Aerospace
18 15 (0.51%) Financial Institution
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 700 (23.58%) .NET
2 556 (18.73%) HTML
3 447 (15.06%) CSS
4 344 (11.59%) ASP.NET
5 252 (8.49%) AngularJS
6 199 (6.70%) jQuery
7 156 (5.26%) Web Services
8 148 (4.99%) ASP.NET MVC
9 141 (4.75%) RESTful
10 135 (4.55%) XML
11 131 (4.41%) .NET Framework
12 113 (3.81%) Node.js
13 112 (3.77%) WCF
14 111 (3.74%) ASP.NET Web API
15 102 (3.44%) HTML5
16 89 (3.00%) J2EE
17 76 (2.56%) Spring
18 69 (2.32%) ASP.NET MVC 5
18 69 (2.32%) React
19 65 (2.19%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 1,266 (42.65%) Computer Science
2 447 (15.06%) Analytical Skills
3 138 (4.65%) Algorithms
4 135 (4.55%) User Experience
5 107 (3.61%) Fintech
6 87 (2.93%) Mobile App
6 87 (2.93%) Self-Motivation
7 59 (1.99%) Greenfield Project
8 56 (1.89%) Hedge funds
9 48 (1.62%) Data Structures
10 34 (1.15%) Management Information System
11 32 (1.08%) Robotics
11 32 (1.08%) Social Media
12 28 (0.94%) Derivative
13 26 (0.88%) Enterprise Software
13 26 (0.88%) Tandem
14 24 (0.81%) Analytical Mindset
15 20 (0.67%) Driving Licence
16 16 (0.54%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
17 12 (0.40%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 243 (8.19%) Linux
2 220 (7.41%) Windows
3 79 (2.66%) Unix
4 59 (1.99%) Android
5 48 (1.62%) Apple iOS
6 40 (1.35%) Windows Server
7 18 (0.61%) Windows 7
8 16 (0.54%) Windows 10
9 13 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
10 11 (0.37%) CentOS
11 9 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
11 9 (0.30%) Windows 8
12 7 (0.24%) Debian
12 7 (0.24%) Ubuntu
13 5 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 4 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
15 3 (0.10%) VxWorks
15 3 (0.10%) Windows 2000
15 3 (0.10%) Windows XP
16 2 (0.067%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 674 (22.71%) Mathematics
2 661 (22.27%) Software Engineering
3 637 (21.46%) Agile Software Development
4 452 (15.23%) Problem-Solving
5 376 (12.67%) Physics
6 317 (10.68%) MVC
7 290 (9.77%) OO
8 285 (9.60%) Web Development
9 261 (8.79%) OOP
10 213 (7.18%) TDD
11 168 (5.66%) Machine Learning
12 161 (5.42%) SDLC
13 150 (5.05%) Scrum
14 139 (4.68%) BDD
14 139 (4.68%) Test Automation
15 112 (3.77%) Software Testing
16 111 (3.74%) Mentoring
17 110 (3.71%) Web Application Development
18 108 (3.64%) Data Analysis
18 108 (3.64%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 1,071 (36.08%) C#
2 1,067 (35.95%) Java
3 776 (26.15%) JavaScript
4 691 (23.28%) SQL
5 518 (17.45%) C++
6 453 (15.26%) Python
7 217 (7.31%) PHP
8 164 (5.53%) C
9 108 (3.64%) Ruby
10 74 (2.49%) T-SQL
11 64 (2.16%) R
12 55 (1.85%) TypeScript
13 45 (1.52%) Perl
13 45 (1.52%) VB.NET
14 35 (1.18%) PL/SQL
15 31 (1.04%) Java 8
16 26 (0.88%) VBA
17 20 (0.67%) MATLAB
17 20 (0.67%) Scala
18 19 (0.64%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 1,714 (57.75%) Degree
2 586 (19.74%) Computer Science Degree
3 138 (4.65%) PhD
4 118 (3.98%) Numerate Degree
5 58 (1.95%) Security Cleared
6 38 (1.28%) ISTQB
7 20 (0.67%) Master's Degree
8 19 (0.64%) CCNA
8 19 (0.64%) Cisco Certification
9 17 (0.57%) CCNP
10 16 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
11 15 (0.51%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 13 (0.44%) ISEB
13 12 (0.40%) DV Cleared
14 10 (0.34%) SC Cleared
15 8 (0.27%) MCSE
16 7 (0.24%) PMI Certification
16 7 (0.24%) PMP
17 5 (0.17%) CISSP
18 4 (0.13%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 134 (4.51%) QA
2 13 (0.44%) PMO
3 11 (0.37%) SLA
4 8 (0.27%) GDPR
5 7 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 6 (0.20%) Data Quality
7 5 (0.17%) COBIT
7 5 (0.17%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.10%) FATCA
9 2 (0.067%) Cyber Essentials
9 2 (0.067%) DO-178B
9 2 (0.067%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.034%) NEBOSH
10 1 (0.034%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 51 (1.72%) Active Directory
2 42 (1.42%) VMware Infrastructure
3 33 (1.11%) Docker
4 14 (0.47%) Firmware
5 6 (0.20%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.10%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.067%) Xen
8 1 (0.034%) LXC
8 1 (0.034%) Microsoft App-V
8 1 (0.034%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.034%) Postfix
8 1 (0.034%) Terminal Services
8 1 (0.034%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 17 (0.57%) Puppet
2 16 (0.54%) Kibana
3 14 (0.47%) Ansible
4 13 (0.44%) Kubernetes
4 13 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
5 11 (0.37%) Terraform
6 6 (0.20%) Packer
7 5 (0.17%) Consul
8 4 (0.13%) logstash
9 2 (0.067%) Check_MK
9 2 (0.067%) Hadoop YARN
9 2 (0.067%) Nagios
10 1 (0.034%) Cisco Prime
10 1 (0.034%) Prometheus
10 1 (0.034%) SCCM
10 1 (0.034%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
10 1 (0.034%) TADDM
10 1 (0.034%) WMI
Vendors
1 402 (13.54%) Microsoft
2 184 (6.20%) Oracle
3 87 (2.93%) Google
4 51 (1.72%) VMware
5 30 (1.01%) Cisco
6 28 (0.94%) SAP
7 24 (0.81%) Salesforce.com
8 20 (0.67%) Twitter
9 15 (0.51%) Talend
10 12 (0.40%) Sony
10 12 (0.40%) Tableau
11 11 (0.37%) Facebook
12 10 (0.34%) Apple
13 9 (0.30%) Adobe
13 9 (0.30%) Cognizant
13 9 (0.30%) Red Hat
14 8 (0.27%) Juniper
14 8 (0.27%) Sage
14 8 (0.27%) Sybase
15 7 (0.24%) MicroStrategy