Period
to 18 February 2020

The median annual salary for a Graduate was £30,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 18 February 2020.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Graduate
UK
6 months to
18 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 275 210 221
Rank change year-on-year -65 +11 -1
Permanent jobs requiring a Graduate 1,444 2,536 2,727
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.16% 1.68% 1.57%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.22% 1.76% 1.62%
Number of salaries quoted 1,256 2,264 2,398
UK median annual salary £30,000 £27,500 £26,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% +3.77% +6.00%
10th Percentile £21,250 £21,250 £20,000
90th Percentile £45,000 £41,250 £37,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £27,500 £27,000 £25,500
% change year-on-year +1.85% +5.88% +2.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 118,710 144,433 167,860
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.52% 95.92% 96.34%
Number of salaries quoted 95,152 115,588 137,439
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £83,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Graduate
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Graduate in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Graduate.

Salary trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Graduate over the 6 months to 18 February 2020.

Salary histogram for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Graduate within the UK over the 6 months to 18 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -67 1,333 £30,000 +9.09% 387
UK excluding London -61 873 £27,500 +1.85% 338
London -49 544 £31,500 +5.00% 90
South East -60 356 £27,500 - 82
Midlands -8 150 £27,500 -1.79% 70
North of England +31 137 £25,000 - 59
West Midlands +17 123 £28,500 +3.64% 46
South West -63 81 £25,000 - 36
North West -9 78 £33,000 +32.00% 36
East of England -67 72 £28,500 +3.64% 50
Yorkshire +43 57 £22,500 -8.16% 19
Scotland +10 51 £28,500 - 18
East Midlands -13 27 £25,000 -13.79% 24
Wales +1 25 £24,000 -2.04% 11
North East +7 2 £22,250 +7.23% 4
Northern Ireland +8 1 £22,500 - 12

Graduate Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 18 February 2020, Graduate job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Graduate in the job title.

1 857 (59.35%) Degree
2 659 (45.64%) Computer Science
3 632 (43.77%) C#
4 476 (32.96%) .NET
5 462 (31.99%) Java
6 362 (25.07%) Mathematics
7 353 (24.45%) JavaScript
8 342 (23.68%) Computer Science Degree
9 336 (23.27%) Finance
10 332 (22.99%) Software Engineering
11 330 (22.85%) SQL
12 314 (21.75%) Agile Software Development
13 294 (20.36%) Python
14 285 (19.74%) C++
15 250 (17.31%) HTML
16 237 (16.41%) Microsoft
17 234 (16.20%) CSS
18 223 (15.44%) ASP.NET
19 207 (14.34%) SQL Server
20 196 (13.57%) Physics
21 191 (13.23%) MVC
22 190 (13.16%) Linux
23 169 (11.70%) Problem-Solving
24 159 (11.01%) AngularJS
24 159 (11.01%) OO
25 150 (10.39%) Analytical Skills
26 139 (9.63%) ASP.NET MVC
27 136 (9.42%) Windows
28 133 (9.21%) OOP
29 123 (8.52%) C

Graduate Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (2.77%) Elasticsearch
2 26 (1.80%) MS Exchange
3 12 (0.83%) CMS
3 12 (0.83%) ColdFusion
4 11 (0.76%) WordPress
5 9 (0.62%) IIS
6 8 (0.55%) Apache
7 6 (0.42%) Apache Spark
8 3 (0.21%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 3 (0.21%) JBoss
8 3 (0.21%) Jupyter
8 3 (0.21%) WildFly
9 2 (0.14%) Confluence
9 2 (0.14%) SAS
9 2 (0.14%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.14%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.069%) BizTalk Server
10 1 (0.069%) nginx
Applications
1 51 (3.53%) Microsoft Office
2 44 (3.05%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.69%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 10 (0.69%) Spreadsheet
4 7 (0.48%) OrCAD
5 4 (0.28%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.14%) Simulink
6 2 (0.14%) Stateflow
7 1 (0.069%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.069%) Figma
Business Applications
1 4 (0.28%) Shopify
2 3 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
3 1 (0.069%) Cognos Business Intelligence
3 1 (0.069%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.069%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.069%) Oracle 11i
Cloud Services
1 111 (7.69%) Azure
2 80 (5.54%) AWS
3 33 (2.29%) SaaS
4 23 (1.59%) GitHub
5 15 (1.04%) GCP
6 13 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
7 10 (0.69%) Office 365
8 7 (0.48%) Power Platform
9 6 (0.42%) IaaS
10 5 (0.35%) G Suite
10 5 (0.35%) PaaS
11 2 (0.14%) Amazon S3
11 2 (0.14%) Dynamics 365
12 1 (0.069%) Amazon EC2
12 1 (0.069%) Amazon SQS
12 1 (0.069%) AWS Lambda
12 1 (0.069%) PowerApps
12 1 (0.069%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 20 (1.39%) WAN
2 17 (1.18%) Firewall
3 13 (0.90%) LAN
4 10 (0.69%) Internet
4 10 (0.69%) WLAN
5 8 (0.55%) BGP
5 8 (0.55%) IP Telephony
5 8 (0.55%) IPsec
5 8 (0.55%) MPLS
5 8 (0.55%) OSPF
6 7 (0.48%) DNS
6 7 (0.48%) TCP/IP
6 7 (0.48%) VPN
6 7 (0.48%) Wireless
7 6 (0.42%) GSM
7 6 (0.42%) LTE
7 6 (0.42%) UMTS
8 5 (0.35%) DMZ
8 5 (0.35%) RFID
8 5 (0.35%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 207 (14.34%) SQL Server
2 95 (6.58%) Relational Database
3 52 (3.60%) MySQL
4 42 (2.91%) Big Data
4 42 (2.91%) PostgreSQL
5 37 (2.56%) NoSQL
6 35 (2.42%) SQL Server 2016
7 32 (2.22%) MongoDB
8 20 (1.39%) SQL Server 2019
9 16 (1.11%) RDBMS
9 16 (1.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 12 (0.83%) Hadoop
11 11 (0.76%) Oracle Database
12 10 (0.69%) Data Mining
13 9 (0.62%) GIS
14 8 (0.55%) SQL Server 2008
15 7 (0.48%) Power BI
15 7 (0.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 5 (0.35%) Apache Hive
17 4 (0.28%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 80 (5.54%) Git (software)
2 38 (2.63%) Visual Studio
3 12 (0.83%) Jenkins
3 12 (0.83%) Selenium
4 10 (0.69%) Eclipse
4 10 (0.69%) NetBeans
5 9 (0.62%) JIRA
5 9 (0.62%) JUnit
6 5 (0.35%) Postman
6 5 (0.35%) Team Foundation Server
7 4 (0.28%) Appium
7 4 (0.28%) Bitbucket
7 4 (0.28%) Cypress.io
7 4 (0.28%) Mockito
7 4 (0.28%) Subversion
7 4 (0.28%) TeamCity
8 3 (0.21%) Artifactory
8 3 (0.21%) Gradle
8 3 (0.21%) Oracle APEX
8 3 (0.21%) Protractor
General
1 336 (23.27%) Finance
2 63 (4.36%) Marketing
3 58 (4.02%) Banking
4 50 (3.46%) Games
5 46 (3.19%) Retail
6 39 (2.70%) Telecoms
7 33 (2.29%) Electronics
7 33 (2.29%) Public Sector
8 31 (2.15%) Investment Banking
9 21 (1.45%) Manufacturing
10 19 (1.32%) French Language
11 16 (1.11%) Advertising
12 15 (1.04%) Italian Language
13 14 (0.97%) German Language
14 8 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
15 7 (0.48%) Law
15 7 (0.48%) Legal
16 6 (0.42%) Spanish Language
17 5 (0.35%) Automotive
18 4 (0.28%) Norwegian Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 476 (32.96%) .NET
2 250 (17.31%) HTML
3 234 (16.20%) CSS
4 223 (15.44%) ASP.NET
5 159 (11.01%) AngularJS
6 139 (9.63%) ASP.NET MVC
7 111 (7.69%) .NET Core
8 96 (6.65%) React
9 85 (5.89%) Node.js
10 82 (5.68%) ASP.NET Web API
11 73 (5.06%) .NET Framework
12 67 (4.64%) ASP.NET MVC 5
13 61 (4.22%) RESTful
14 57 (3.95%) Vue.js
15 49 (3.39%) jQuery
16 47 (3.25%) WPF
17 45 (3.12%) WCF
18 42 (2.91%) Entity Framework
18 42 (2.91%) J2EE
19 37 (2.56%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 150 (10.39%) Analytical Skills
2 100 (6.93%) Algorithms
3 80 (5.54%) User Experience
4 74 (5.12%) Hedge funds
5 65 (4.50%) Data Structures
6 54 (3.74%) Derivative
7 50 (3.46%) Self-Motivation
8 40 (2.77%) Mobile App
9 27 (1.87%) Tandem
10 20 (1.39%) Greenfield Project
11 18 (1.25%) Embedded Systems
12 17 (1.18%) Enterprise Software
13 16 (1.11%) Robotics
14 15 (1.04%) Security Operations Centre
15 14 (0.97%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
16 13 (0.90%) Driving Licence
17 9 (0.62%) NHS
18 8 (0.55%) Virtual Team
19 7 (0.48%) Public Cloud
19 7 (0.48%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 190 (13.16%) Linux
2 136 (9.42%) Windows
3 44 (3.05%) Android
4 35 (2.42%) Unix
5 20 (1.39%) Apple iOS
6 17 (1.18%) Windows Server
7 7 (0.48%) Embedded Linux
7 7 (0.48%) Windows 10
8 5 (0.35%) Windows Embedded Compact
9 4 (0.28%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.21%) CentOS
10 3 (0.21%) Debian
10 3 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 3 (0.21%) Windows 7
11 2 (0.14%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.14%) VxWorks
11 2 (0.14%) Windows XP
12 1 (0.069%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.069%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 659 (45.64%) Computer Science
2 362 (25.07%) Mathematics
3 332 (22.99%) Software Engineering
4 314 (21.75%) Agile Software Development
5 196 (13.57%) Physics
6 191 (13.23%) MVC
7 169 (11.70%) Problem-Solving
8 159 (11.01%) OO
9 133 (9.21%) OOP
10 122 (8.45%) TDD
11 103 (7.13%) Web Development
12 89 (6.16%) Fintech
13 84 (5.82%) BDD
14 73 (5.06%) DevOps
15 69 (4.78%) Mentoring
15 69 (4.78%) Web Application Development
16 65 (4.50%) Data Science
17 59 (4.09%) Test Automation
18 57 (3.95%) Analytics
19 51 (3.53%) Time Management
Programming Languages
1 632 (43.77%) C#
2 462 (31.99%) Java
3 353 (24.45%) JavaScript
4 330 (22.85%) SQL
5 294 (20.36%) Python
6 285 (19.74%) C++
7 123 (8.52%) C
8 114 (7.89%) PHP
9 74 (5.12%) R
10 46 (3.19%) Ruby
11 45 (3.12%) TypeScript
12 24 (1.66%) MATLAB
13 18 (1.25%) Go
14 16 (1.11%) Bash Shell
14 16 (1.11%) T-SQL
14 16 (1.11%) VB.NET
15 14 (0.97%) PHP 7
16 12 (0.83%) Kotlin
16 12 (0.83%) VB
17 11 (0.76%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 857 (59.35%) Degree
2 342 (23.68%) Computer Science Degree
3 82 (5.68%) Numerate Degree
4 30 (2.08%) PhD
5 18 (1.25%) Security Cleared
6 16 (1.11%) HND
7 15 (1.04%) Master's Degree
8 12 (0.83%) CCNA
8 12 (0.83%) Cisco Certification
8 12 (0.83%) ISTQB
8 12 (0.83%) Microsoft Certification
9 9 (0.62%) DV Cleared
9 9 (0.62%) SC Cleared
10 8 (0.55%) CCNP
11 5 (0.35%) Six Sigma Green Belt
12 3 (0.21%) MCSE
13 2 (0.14%) Postgraduate
14 1 (0.069%) ACCA
14 1 (0.069%) CIMA
14 1 (0.069%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (2.63%) QA
2 12 (0.83%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 7 (0.48%) PCI DSS
4 6 (0.42%) SLA
5 4 (0.28%) GDPR
6 2 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 19770
7 1 (0.069%) Basel II
7 1 (0.069%) IFRS
7 1 (0.069%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.069%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 58 (4.02%) Docker
2 37 (2.56%) Active Directory
3 29 (2.01%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (1.45%) Firmware
5 6 (0.42%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 15 (1.04%) Kubernetes
2 12 (0.83%) Ansible
3 5 (0.35%) Opscode Chef
3 5 (0.35%) Puppet
3 5 (0.35%) Terraform
4 3 (0.21%) Kibana
5 1 (0.069%) BMC PATROL
5 1 (0.069%) Docker Swarm
5 1 (0.069%) logstash
Vendors
1 237 (16.41%) Microsoft
2 71 (4.92%) Oracle
3 30 (2.08%) VMware
4 22 (1.52%) Tableau
5 18 (1.25%) Google
6 17 (1.18%) SAP
7 12 (0.83%) Cisco
7 12 (0.83%) Zend
8 8 (0.55%) LexisNexis
9 7 (0.48%) Altera
9 7 (0.48%) Xilinx
10 6 (0.42%) Adobe
10 6 (0.42%) Red Hat
10 6 (0.42%) Sony
10 6 (0.42%) Xamarin
11 5 (0.35%) Apple
11 5 (0.35%) Facebook
11 5 (0.35%) ServiceNow
11 5 (0.35%) Verint
12 4 (0.28%) Yahoo!