Period
to

The median annual salary for a Graduate was £30,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 16 August 2022.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Graduate
UK
6 months to
16 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 112 321 355
Rank change year-on-year +209 +34 -105
Permanent jobs requiring a Graduate 5,424 1,250 530
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.25% 1.08% 0.85%
As % of the Job Titles category 3.53% 1.19% 0.90%
Number of salaries quoted 781 957 468
10th Percentile £22,750 £21,650 £21,250
25th Percentile £26,250 £24,500 £25,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £30,000 £28,500 £30,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% -5.00% +7.14%
75th Percentile £37,500 £37,000 £37,125
90th Percentile £43,750 £44,100 £48,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £30,000 £27,500 £27,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% - -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 153,478 105,034 58,942
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.97% 91.12% 94.86%
Number of salaries quoted 83,211 74,036 48,179
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +10.00%
75th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,750 £87,550
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.53% - +5.56%

Graduate
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Graduate in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Graduate.

Salary trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Graduate over the 6 months to 16 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Graduate within the UK over the 6 months to 16 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +220 4,498 £30,000 - 226
UK excluding London +221 3,965 £30,000 +9.09% 206
South East +259 1,441 £31,500 +5.00% 37
London +78 996 £32,500 +4.00% 43
Work from Home +200 976 £30,000 +7.14% 77
North of England +141 687 £28,375 +13.50% 45
East of England +47 526 £33,500 -4.29% 28
South West +153 422 £30,000 +13.21% 34
North West +99 412 £28,250 +13.00% 24
Midlands +179 373 £27,750 +6.73% 39
Scotland +111 360 £26,500 +15.22% 14
East Midlands +106 199 £27,000 +14.89% 20
Yorkshire +94 195 £35,500 +47.92% 17
West Midlands +88 174 £28,000 +4.81% 19
Northern Ireland +68 141 £23,000 -14.81% 1
North East +38 80 £27,250 +0.93% 4
Wales +3 35 £31,500 +36.96% 8

Graduate Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 16 August 2022, Graduate job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Graduate in the job title.

1 4,220 (77.80%) Degree
2 2,461 (45.37%) Finance
3 2,306 (42.51%) Problem-Solving
4 1,842 (33.96%) Driving Licence
5 1,661 (30.62%) Marketing
6 1,412 (26.03%) Decision-Making
7 1,283 (23.65%) Cost Control
8 1,272 (23.45%) Conflict Management
8 1,272 (23.45%) Revenue Management
9 1,255 (23.14%) Social Skills
10 1,252 (23.08%) Computer Science
11 1,246 (22.97%) Software Engineering
12 867 (15.98%) Agile
13 810 (14.93%) Analytical Skills
14 804 (14.82%) Java
15 734 (13.53%) Mathematics
16 716 (13.20%) Python
17 575 (10.60%) Computer Science Degree
18 554 (10.21%) C#
19 545 (10.05%) JavaScript
20 541 (9.97%) Inclusion and Diversity
21 472 (8.70%) Cybersecurity
22 460 (8.48%) C++
23 435 (8.02%) Retail
24 427 (7.87%) SQL
25 421 (7.76%) Microsoft
26 419 (7.72%) Analytics
27 399 (7.36%) C
28 375 (6.91%) Linux
29 363 (6.69%) Security Cleared

Graduate Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (1.36%) SharePoint
2 37 (0.68%) CMS
3 33 (0.61%) Apache Spark
4 26 (0.48%) Confluence
5 24 (0.44%) ArcGIS
6 23 (0.42%) Apache
7 20 (0.37%) Headless CMS
7 20 (0.37%) IBM Domino
8 19 (0.35%) SAS
9 9 (0.17%) ColdFusion
10 6 (0.11%) IIS
11 2 (0.037%) EPiServer
11 2 (0.037%) MS Exchange
11 2 (0.037%) Tomcat
12 1 (0.018%) Apache Airflow
12 1 (0.018%) Apache Synapse
12 1 (0.018%) Jupyter
12 1 (0.018%) nginx
12 1 (0.018%) Office Communications Server
12 1 (0.018%) Site Server
Applications
1 284 (5.24%) Microsoft Office
2 163 (3.01%) Microsoft Excel
3 59 (1.09%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 32 (0.59%) Spreadsheet
5 17 (0.31%) AutoCAD
6 13 (0.24%) InVision
6 13 (0.24%) Simulink
6 13 (0.24%) Sketch
7 5 (0.092%) Autodesk Inventor
8 3 (0.055%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.055%) InDesign
8 3 (0.055%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.037%) MS Visio
10 1 (0.018%) Adobe Captivate
10 1 (0.018%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.018%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.018%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 21 (0.39%) JDE OneWorld
2 15 (0.28%) Dynamics NAV
3 3 (0.055%) NetSuite
3 3 (0.055%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.055%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.018%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.018%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
Cloud Services
1 237 (4.37%) AWS
2 168 (3.10%) Azure
3 141 (2.60%) GCP
4 119 (2.19%) Power Platform
5 111 (2.05%) Microsoft 365
6 81 (1.49%) GitHub
7 69 (1.27%) Cloud Computing
8 53 (0.98%) SaaS
9 47 (0.87%) Serverless
10 27 (0.50%) Amazon S3
10 27 (0.50%) Azure DevOps
11 20 (0.37%) Amplience
11 20 (0.37%) Dynamics 365
12 16 (0.29%) Google Analytics
13 15 (0.28%) Amazon EMR
13 15 (0.28%) Azure Data Factory
13 15 (0.28%) Figma
14 14 (0.26%) Google Sheets
15 11 (0.20%) Amazon Glacier
16 5 (0.092%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 100 (1.84%) Internet
2 78 (1.44%) Wireless
3 66 (1.22%) TCP/IP
4 62 (1.14%) Network Security
5 45 (0.83%) Broadband
6 34 (0.63%) DNS
7 32 (0.59%) Firewall
8 30 (0.55%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
9 27 (0.50%) HTTP
10 26 (0.48%) DHCP
11 25 (0.46%) IPv4
11 25 (0.46%) IPv6
12 24 (0.44%) 5G
13 19 (0.35%) Ethernet
13 19 (0.35%) Multicast
13 19 (0.35%) Wi-Fi
14 18 (0.33%) WAN
15 15 (0.28%) Bluetooth
15 15 (0.28%) CATAPAN
16 14 (0.26%) 4G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 209 (3.85%) SQL Server
2 117 (2.16%) Power BI
3 109 (2.01%) Big Data
4 63 (1.16%) Tableau
5 54 (1.00%) Elasticsearch
6 50 (0.92%) NoSQL
7 47 (0.87%) Relational Database
8 43 (0.79%) MongoDB
9 39 (0.72%) MySQL
10 35 (0.65%) Hadoop
11 30 (0.55%) Data Lake
12 29 (0.53%) PostgreSQL
13 27 (0.50%) GIS
14 24 (0.44%) Qlik Sense
15 23 (0.42%) Oracle Reports
15 23 (0.42%) RDBMS
16 20 (0.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 19 (0.35%) KDB
17 19 (0.35%) Kdb+
18 18 (0.33%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 92 (1.70%) Git (software)
2 69 (1.27%) JIRA
3 65 (1.20%) Jenkins
4 49 (0.90%) TeamCity
5 38 (0.70%) Cypress.io
6 35 (0.65%) GitLab
7 24 (0.44%) Octopus Deploy
8 23 (0.42%) Selenium
9 19 (0.35%) Bitbucket
9 19 (0.35%) Gradle
10 17 (0.31%) JUnit
10 17 (0.31%) LabVIEW
10 17 (0.31%) Postman
11 16 (0.29%) webpack
12 15 (0.28%) ClearCase
12 15 (0.28%) CppUnit
12 15 (0.28%) Eclipse
13 13 (0.24%) Visual Studio
14 12 (0.22%) Cucumber
15 11 (0.20%) SpecFlow
General
1 2,461 (45.37%) Finance
2 1,661 (30.62%) Marketing
3 1,255 (23.14%) Social Skills
4 810 (14.93%) Analytical Skills
5 541 (9.97%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 435 (8.02%) Retail
7 220 (4.06%) Games
8 207 (3.82%) Law
9 204 (3.76%) Legal
10 194 (3.58%) Manufacturing
11 172 (3.17%) Electronics
12 150 (2.77%) Public Sector
13 140 (2.58%) Telecoms
14 104 (1.92%) Banking
15 103 (1.90%) Presentation Skills
16 102 (1.88%) Automotive
17 98 (1.81%) Aerospace
18 82 (1.51%) Local Government
19 67 (1.24%) Organisational Skills
20 66 (1.22%) Advertising
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 309 (5.70%) .NET
2 234 (4.31%) HTML
3 213 (3.93%) CSS
4 212 (3.91%) React
5 151 (2.78%) AngularJS
6 128 (2.36%) .NET Core
7 84 (1.55%) Spring
8 77 (1.42%) REST
9 65 (1.20%) HTML5
9 65 (1.20%) Web Services
10 59 (1.09%) ASP.NET
11 54 (1.00%) Node.js
12 50 (0.92%) Spring Boot
13 47 (0.87%) XML
14 46 (0.85%) RabbitMQ
15 45 (0.83%) OpenCV
15 45 (0.83%) Qt
15 45 (0.83%) ZeroMQ
16 42 (0.77%) SOAP
17 40 (0.74%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 1,842 (33.96%) Driving Licence
2 262 (4.83%) Self-Motivation
3 211 (3.89%) Management Information System
4 183 (3.37%) User Experience
5 115 (2.12%) Algorithms
6 109 (2.01%) Video\Live Streaming
7 81 (1.49%) Cloud Native
8 75 (1.38%) Data Structures
9 71 (1.31%) Cyberthreat
9 71 (1.31%) e-Learning
9 71 (1.31%) Social Media
10 69 (1.27%) Cyberattack
11 68 (1.25%) Derivative
11 68 (1.25%) Hackathon
12 55 (1.01%) Embedded Systems
13 54 (1.00%) IoT
14 52 (0.96%) Life Science
14 52 (0.96%) Mobile App
15 45 (0.83%) Cybercrime
15 45 (0.83%) Mobile Computing
Operating Systems
1 375 (6.91%) Linux
2 233 (4.30%) Windows
3 154 (2.84%) Unix
4 79 (1.46%) Apple iOS
5 75 (1.38%) Android
6 29 (0.53%) Windows Server
7 25 (0.46%) Ubuntu
8 21 (0.39%) Kali Linux
9 18 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
9 18 (0.33%) Windows Server 2016
10 17 (0.31%) Windows 10
11 15 (0.28%) Embedded Linux
11 15 (0.28%) Windows Server 2019
12 14 (0.26%) OpenWrt
13 4 (0.074%) CentOS
13 4 (0.074%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.037%) Debian
14 2 (0.037%) openSUSE
14 2 (0.037%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 1 (0.018%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,306 (42.51%) Problem-Solving
2 1,412 (26.03%) Decision-Making
3 1,283 (23.65%) Cost Control
4 1,272 (23.45%) Conflict Management
4 1,272 (23.45%) Revenue Management
5 1,252 (23.08%) Computer Science
6 1,246 (22.97%) Software Engineering
7 867 (15.98%) Agile
8 734 (13.53%) Mathematics
9 472 (8.70%) Cybersecurity
10 419 (7.72%) Analytics
11 353 (6.51%) Mentoring
12 350 (6.45%) Physics
13 321 (5.92%) Logistics
14 313 (5.77%) Software Testing
15 300 (5.53%) People Management
16 286 (5.27%) DevOps
17 285 (5.25%) SDLC
18 275 (5.07%) Fintech
19 274 (5.05%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 804 (14.82%) Java
2 716 (13.20%) Python
3 554 (10.21%) C#
4 545 (10.05%) JavaScript
5 460 (8.48%) C++
6 427 (7.87%) SQL
7 399 (7.36%) C
8 159 (2.93%) TypeScript
9 124 (2.29%) Go
10 91 (1.68%) PHP
11 72 (1.33%) MATLAB
12 57 (1.05%) Kotlin
13 53 (0.98%) Shell Script
14 52 (0.96%) VB.NET
15 36 (0.66%) Apple Swift
16 34 (0.63%) PowerShell
16 34 (0.63%) Ruby
17 29 (0.53%) R
18 26 (0.48%) Bash
19 25 (0.46%) Embedded C++
Qualifications
1 4,220 (77.80%) Degree
2 575 (10.60%) Computer Science Degree
3 363 (6.69%) Security Cleared
4 197 (3.63%) Master's Degree
5 128 (2.36%) SC Cleared
6 113 (2.08%) PhD
7 65 (1.20%) Numerate Degree
8 42 (0.77%) ICAEW
8 42 (0.77%) ISACA
9 35 (0.65%) DV Cleared
10 34 (0.63%) Postgraduate
11 23 (0.42%) CISA
11 23 (0.42%) ISTQB
12 16 (0.29%) Analytics IQ
13 11 (0.20%) AAT
14 10 (0.18%) CCNA
14 10 (0.18%) CCNP
14 10 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
15 9 (0.17%) BC Cleared
16 7 (0.13%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 179 (3.30%) QA
2 77 (1.42%) PMO
3 55 (1.01%) Data Quality
4 32 (0.59%) GDPR
5 22 (0.41%) Accessibility
6 21 (0.39%) SLA
7 20 (0.37%) ISO 9001
8 17 (0.31%) ISO 14001
9 7 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 3 (0.055%) Cyber Essentials
10 3 (0.055%) NIST
10 3 (0.055%) PCI DSS
11 2 (0.037%) BS7799
11 2 (0.037%) ISO 20022
11 2 (0.037%) ISO 8583
12 1 (0.018%) CDISC
12 1 (0.018%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 1 (0.018%) NCSC
12 1 (0.018%) NEBOSH
System Software
1 198 (3.65%) Docker
2 53 (0.98%) Active Directory
3 33 (0.61%) Firmware
4 28 (0.52%) VMware Infrastructure
5 22 (0.41%) vSphere
6 21 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
7 11 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.037%) VMware NSX
9 1 (0.018%) Embedded Firmware
9 1 (0.018%) KVM
9 1 (0.018%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 140 (2.58%) Kubernetes
2 39 (0.72%) Terraform
3 26 (0.48%) Opscode Chef
4 25 (0.46%) Ansible
5 21 (0.39%) vCenter Server
6 16 (0.29%) Grafana
6 16 (0.29%) Istio
6 16 (0.29%) Kibana
6 16 (0.29%) Prometheus
7 12 (0.22%) Puppet
8 3 (0.055%) WSUS
9 1 (0.018%) Argo
9 1 (0.018%) Host Intrusion Detection System
9 1 (0.018%) Microsoft Intune
9 1 (0.018%) Nagios
Vendors
1 421 (7.76%) Microsoft
2 116 (2.14%) Google
3 84 (1.55%) SAP
4 70 (1.29%) Oracle
5 50 (0.92%) Palantir
6 45 (0.83%) Sony
7 43 (0.79%) Salesforce.com
8 42 (0.77%) Facebook
8 42 (0.77%) IBM
9 37 (0.68%) Ericsson
10 36 (0.66%) Cisco
11 35 (0.65%) QinetiQ
12 32 (0.59%) Informatica
13 30 (0.55%) VMware
14 27 (0.50%) Atlassian
15 20 (0.37%) ServiceNow
16 19 (0.35%) Alteryx
16 19 (0.35%) Cloudera
16 19 (0.35%) McKesson
16 19 (0.35%) Talend