Period
to 27 November 2020

The median annual salary for a Graduate was £30,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 27 November 2020.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Graduate
UK
6 months to
27 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 370 241 204
Rank change year-on-year -129 -37 -7
Permanent jobs requiring a Graduate 415 1,808 2,871
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.75% 1.33% 1.77%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.79% 1.40% 1.85%
Number of salaries quoted 368 1,614 2,664
Median annual salary £30,000 £28,500 £27,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.64% +5.77%
10th Percentile £21,250 £21,250 £21,000
90th Percentile £47,875 £42,500 £40,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £27,500 £27,500 £25,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 52,564 129,539 155,404
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.11% 95.60% 95.88%
Number of salaries quoted 43,801 103,686 125,239
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +3.09%
10th Percentile £32,425 £28,328 £27,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Graduate
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Graduate in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Graduate.

Salary trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Graduate over the 6 months to 27 November 2020.

Salary histogram for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Graduate within the UK over the 6 months to 27 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -124 380 £30,000 +3.45% 142
UK excluding London -90 252 £27,500 - 114
London -59 135 £35,000 +16.67% 39
South East -46 105 £30,000 - 25
South West +28 40 £27,500 +10.00% 20
North of England -15 36 £24,250 -6.73% 22
East of England +75 34 £27,500 -3.51% 18
Midlands -18 27 £25,750 -6.36% 18
North West +25 22 £25,000 -16.67% 8
West Midlands -15 21 £24,500 -14.04% 11
Work from Home -11 20 £28,750 +4.55% 20
Yorkshire +33 11 £22,500 -6.25% 6
East Midlands +47 6 £30,000 +26.32% 7
Scotland +28 5 £22,500 -21.05% 5
Wales +39 4 £30,000 +20.00% 4
North East +17 3 £32,500 +46.07% 8
Northern Ireland +19 1 - - 2

Graduate Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 27 November 2020, Graduate job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Graduate in the job title.

1 231 (55.66%) Degree
2 172 (41.45%) Computer Science
3 145 (34.94%) C#
4 112 (26.99%) JavaScript
5 106 (25.54%) Finance
6 95 (22.89%) SQL
7 94 (22.65%) Software Engineering
8 92 (22.17%) Java
9 88 (21.20%) Mathematics
10 85 (20.48%) .NET
11 82 (19.76%) Computer Science Degree
12 75 (18.07%) Analytical Skills
13 73 (17.59%) HTML
14 69 (16.63%) CSS
15 64 (15.42%) C++
16 62 (14.94%) Python
17 51 (12.29%) Agile Software Development
18 49 (11.81%) Fintech
19 48 (11.57%) AngularJS
20 47 (11.33%) Azure
21 46 (11.08%) Problem-Solving
22 43 (10.36%) Microsoft
23 42 (10.12%) AWS
24 41 (9.88%) Physics
25 39 (9.40%) OO
25 39 (9.40%) Linux
26 37 (8.92%) SQL Server
27 35 (8.43%) React
28 33 (7.95%) Docker
29 32 (7.71%) .NET Core

Graduate Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (1.69%) IIS
2 6 (1.45%) Apache
3 5 (1.20%) CMS
4 4 (0.96%) Apache Spark
5 3 (0.72%) SharePoint
5 3 (0.72%) WordPress
6 1 (0.24%) Exchange Server 2013
6 1 (0.24%) Mule
6 1 (0.24%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 18 (4.34%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.96%) Fusion 360
2 4 (0.96%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.72%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.48%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.24%) Adobe Premiere
5 1 (0.24%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.24%) InDesign
5 1 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.24%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 2 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.24%) Magento
2 1 (0.24%) ProductWriter
2 1 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 1 (0.24%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 47 (11.33%) Azure
2 42 (10.12%) AWS
3 18 (4.34%) SaaS
4 9 (2.17%) Power Platform
5 7 (1.69%) GitHub
6 6 (1.45%) GCP
7 5 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
7 5 (1.20%) Veeva
8 4 (0.96%) Amazon EC2
8 4 (0.96%) Datadog
8 4 (0.96%) Office 365
9 2 (0.48%) Amazon S3
9 2 (0.48%) AWS CloudFormation
9 2 (0.48%) Azure Active Directory
9 2 (0.48%) PowerApps
9 2 (0.48%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 1 (0.24%) Azure Data Factory
10 1 (0.24%) G Suite
10 1 (0.24%) Google Analytics
10 1 (0.24%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 7 (1.69%) DNS
2 5 (1.20%) TCP/IP
3 4 (0.96%) Bluetooth
3 4 (0.96%) Network Security
4 3 (0.72%) H.323
5 2 (0.48%) DHCP
5 2 (0.48%) Wireless
6 1 (0.24%) BGP
6 1 (0.24%) Cisco IOS
6 1 (0.24%) Ethernet
6 1 (0.24%) Firewall
6 1 (0.24%) HTTP
6 1 (0.24%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.24%) MPLS
6 1 (0.24%) SSH
6 1 (0.24%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (8.92%) SQL Server
2 20 (4.82%) MySQL
3 19 (4.58%) Relational Database
4 14 (3.37%) NoSQL
5 10 (2.41%) Hadoop
6 9 (2.17%) Neo4j
6 9 (2.17%) Power BI
7 8 (1.93%) Big Data
7 8 (1.93%) Redis
8 6 (1.45%) MongoDB
9 4 (0.96%) Apache Cassandra
9 4 (0.96%) GIS
10 2 (0.48%) Amazon RDS
10 2 (0.48%) CouchDB
10 2 (0.48%) PostgreSQL
10 2 (0.48%) SQL Server 2008
10 2 (0.48%) SQL Server 2012
10 2 (0.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 2 (0.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 1 (0.24%) VoltDB
Development Applications
1 30 (7.23%) Git (software)
2 9 (2.17%) Selenium
3 7 (1.69%) Jenkins
3 7 (1.69%) Subversion
4 5 (1.20%) Visual Studio
5 4 (0.96%) GitLab
6 2 (0.48%) JIRA
7 1 (0.24%) CppUnit
7 1 (0.24%) Cucumber
7 1 (0.24%) Eclipse
7 1 (0.24%) ERwin
7 1 (0.24%) LabVIEW
7 1 (0.24%) Log4Net
7 1 (0.24%) NetBeans
7 1 (0.24%) Protractor
7 1 (0.24%) REST Assured
7 1 (0.24%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
7 1 (0.24%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 106 (25.54%) Finance
2 32 (7.71%) Public Sector
3 31 (7.47%) Law
4 23 (5.54%) Marketing
5 21 (5.06%) Telecoms
6 19 (4.58%) Electronics
7 16 (3.86%) Front Office
8 13 (3.13%) Legal
8 13 (3.13%) Manufacturing
9 12 (2.89%) French Language
10 8 (1.93%) Games
11 6 (1.45%) Advertising
12 5 (1.20%) Pharmaceutical
13 4 (0.96%) Retail
14 3 (0.72%) Banking
14 3 (0.72%) German Language
14 3 (0.72%) Local Government
15 2 (0.48%) Italian Language
15 2 (0.48%) Norwegian Language
15 2 (0.48%) Spanish Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (20.48%) .NET
2 73 (17.59%) HTML
3 69 (16.63%) CSS
4 48 (11.57%) AngularJS
5 35 (8.43%) React
6 32 (7.71%) .NET Core
7 22 (5.30%) REST
8 20 (4.82%) ASP.NET
9 19 (4.58%) Node.js
10 16 (3.86%) Vue.js
11 15 (3.61%) HTML5
12 13 (3.13%) JSON
13 12 (2.89%) RabbitMQ
14 11 (2.65%) jQuery
14 11 (2.65%) Kafka
15 10 (2.41%) ASP.NET MVC
15 10 (2.41%) Spring
15 10 (2.41%) XML
16 8 (1.93%) Laravel
17 7 (1.69%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 75 (18.07%) Analytical Skills
2 20 (4.82%) User Experience
3 17 (4.10%) Hedge funds
4 16 (3.86%) Algorithms
4 16 (3.86%) Self-Motivation
5 10 (2.41%) Data Structures
5 10 (2.41%) Derivative
5 10 (2.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 9 (2.17%) Video Conferencing
7 8 (1.93%) Enterprise Software
8 7 (1.69%) Mobile App
9 6 (1.45%) Driving Licence
9 6 (1.45%) Linux Command Line
10 5 (1.20%) Cloud Native
11 4 (0.96%) Video on Demand
12 3 (0.72%) Analytical Mindset
12 3 (0.72%) Blog
12 3 (0.72%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
12 3 (0.72%) NHS
12 3 (0.72%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 39 (9.40%) Linux
2 26 (6.27%) Windows
3 7 (1.69%) Windows Server
4 5 (1.20%) Debian
4 5 (1.20%) Ubuntu
5 4 (0.96%) Android
5 4 (0.96%) Unix
6 2 (0.48%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.48%) CentOS
6 2 (0.48%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.24%) Embedded Linux
7 1 (0.24%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 172 (41.45%) Computer Science
2 94 (22.65%) Software Engineering
3 88 (21.20%) Mathematics
4 51 (12.29%) Agile Software Development
5 49 (11.81%) Fintech
6 46 (11.08%) Problem-Solving
7 41 (9.88%) Physics
8 39 (9.40%) OO
9 31 (7.47%) DevOps
10 29 (6.99%) OOP
10 29 (6.99%) TDD
11 27 (6.51%) Machine Learning
12 26 (6.27%) Analytics
12 26 (6.27%) Project Management
12 26 (6.27%) Test Automation
13 24 (5.78%) Business Intelligence
13 24 (5.78%) Mentoring
14 22 (5.30%) Coaching
15 20 (4.82%) Microservices
16 19 (4.58%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 145 (34.94%) C#
2 112 (26.99%) JavaScript
3 95 (22.89%) SQL
4 92 (22.17%) Java
5 64 (15.42%) C++
6 62 (14.94%) Python
7 29 (6.99%) C
8 20 (4.82%) PHP
9 13 (3.13%) TypeScript
10 12 (2.89%) R
11 9 (2.17%) T-SQL
12 7 (1.69%) Bash Shell
13 6 (1.45%) Scala
14 5 (1.20%) Embedded C
14 5 (1.20%) VB.NET
15 4 (0.96%) PowerShell
16 3 (0.72%) Perl
16 3 (0.72%) Ruby
17 2 (0.48%) Go
17 2 (0.48%) Rust
Qualifications
1 231 (55.66%) Degree
2 82 (19.76%) Computer Science Degree
3 10 (2.41%) Numerate Degree
4 9 (2.17%) PhD
5 8 (1.93%) ISTQB
5 8 (1.93%) Master's Degree
6 2 (0.48%) PMI Certification
6 2 (0.48%) Postgraduate
7 1 (0.24%) CCNA
7 1 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
7 1 (0.24%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.24%) ICAEW
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (3.37%) QA
2 7 (1.69%) SLA
3 1 (0.24%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.24%) NIST
3 1 (0.24%) PMO
System Software
1 33 (7.95%) Docker
2 10 (2.41%) Active Directory
3 8 (1.93%) Firmware
4 5 (1.20%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.48%) Ceph
5 2 (0.48%) Xen
6 1 (0.24%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Virtual Server
6 1 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 21 (5.06%) Kubernetes
2 11 (2.65%) Ansible
3 6 (1.45%) Terraform
4 3 (0.72%) WSUS
5 2 (0.48%) Proxmox
5 2 (0.48%) Puppet
6 1 (0.24%) HAProxy
6 1 (0.24%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.24%) Packer
6 1 (0.24%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 43 (10.36%) Microsoft
2 18 (4.34%) SAP
3 17 (4.10%) Oracle
4 15 (3.61%) Google
5 7 (1.69%) VMware
6 6 (1.45%) Salesforce.com
7 5 (1.20%) Siebel
8 4 (0.96%) AppDynamics
9 3 (0.72%) Adobe
9 3 (0.72%) ServiceNow
10 2 (0.48%) Apple
10 2 (0.48%) Cisco
10 2 (0.48%) Databricks
10 2 (0.48%) HubSpot
10 2 (0.48%) Red Hat
11 1 (0.24%) Facebook
11 1 (0.24%) Pega
11 1 (0.24%) Sun
11 1 (0.24%) Workday
11 1 (0.24%) Xamarin