Period
to 25 May 2018

The median annual salary for a Graduate was £27,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 25 May 2018.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Graduate
UK
6 months to
25 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 232 213 226
Rank change year-on-year -19 +13 +3
Permanent jobs requiring a Graduate 2,625 2,746 3,108
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.51% 1.62% 1.55%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.57% 1.68% 1.60%
Number of salaries quoted 2,221 2,308 2,760
UK median annual salary £27,000 £25,500 £25,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.88% +2.00% -
10th Percentile £20,500 £19,750 £20,000
90th Percentile £37,500 £37,000 £37,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £25,750 £25,000 £25,000
% change year-on-year +3.00% - +4.17%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 167,574 163,030 193,904
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 96.37% 96.44% 96.59%
Number of salaries quoted 136,241 134,968 162,789
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £26,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Graduate
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Graduate in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Graduate.

Salary trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Graduate over the 6 months to 25 May 2018.

Salary histogram for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Graduate within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -19 2,528 £27,000 +3.85% 485
UK excluding London 0 1,729 £25,750 +3.00% 402
London -22 877 £27,500 - 101
South East +25 679 £26,500 +1.92% 109
East of England -25 317 £27,500 - 75
Midlands -22 250 £25,000 - 53
North of England -33 233 £23,750 -5.00% 96
West Midlands -14 189 £27,500 +5.77% 31
South West -58 172 £25,000 +1.01% 51
North West -49 112 £25,000 +2.04% 53
Yorkshire +31 96 £22,000 -6.38% 33
East Midlands -8 61 £21,500 -14.00% 22
Scotland -35 57 £25,000 - 7
North East -36 25 £22,250 -11.00% 10
Wales -22 11 £22,500 - 7
Northern Ireland - 10 £20,000 - 4

Graduate Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 25 May 2018, Graduate job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Graduate in the job title.

1 1,471 (56.04%) Degree
2 1,209 (46.06%) Computer Science
3 910 (34.67%) Java
4 841 (32.04%) C#
5 677 (25.79%) JavaScript
6 607 (23.12%) SQL
7 605 (23.05%) Computer Science Degree
8 598 (22.78%) Software Engineering
9 582 (22.17%) .NET
10 543 (20.69%) Mathematics
11 538 (20.50%) C++
12 495 (18.86%) Agile Software Development
13 491 (18.70%) HTML
14 461 (17.56%) Finance
15 460 (17.52%) Python
16 422 (16.08%) Problem-Solving
17 402 (15.31%) CSS
18 351 (13.37%) SQL Server
19 349 (13.30%) ASP.NET
20 344 (13.10%) Microsoft
21 336 (12.80%) MVC
22 332 (12.65%) Physics
23 327 (12.46%) Analytical Skills
24 295 (11.24%) OOP
25 287 (10.93%) Linux
26 281 (10.70%) Web Development
27 278 (10.59%) Windows
28 259 (9.87%) AngularJS
28 259 (9.87%) OO
29 224 (8.53%) TDD

Graduate Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 63 (2.40%) Elasticsearch
2 38 (1.45%) IIS
3 34 (1.30%) CMS
3 34 (1.30%) MS Exchange
4 24 (0.91%) Umbraco
5 22 (0.84%) Apache Spark
6 20 (0.76%) Ethereum
6 20 (0.76%) SharePoint
7 19 (0.72%) Apache
8 16 (0.61%) Tomcat
9 14 (0.53%) WordPress
10 13 (0.50%) SAS
11 12 (0.46%) JBoss
12 10 (0.38%) Confluence
13 9 (0.34%) WebLogic
14 8 (0.30%) NServiceBus
15 6 (0.23%) nginx
15 6 (0.23%) WebSphere
16 5 (0.19%) Skype for Business
17 4 (0.15%) OpenStack
Applications
1 94 (3.58%) Microsoft Excel
2 86 (3.28%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (0.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.42%) Photoshop
5 9 (0.34%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 5 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
8 4 (0.15%) Mathematica
9 3 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
9 3 (0.11%) Simulink
9 3 (0.11%) SPSS
10 2 (0.076%) FrameMaker
10 2 (0.076%) RoboHelp
11 1 (0.038%) Acrobat
11 1 (0.038%) AutoCAD
11 1 (0.038%) Fireworks
11 1 (0.038%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 24 (0.91%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (0.65%) Ripple
3 10 (0.38%) Concordance
3 10 (0.38%) Relativity
3 10 (0.38%) Ringtail
4 8 (0.30%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 4 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
5 4 (0.15%) Ripple XRP
6 3 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
7 2 (0.076%) Magento
7 2 (0.076%) Oracle CRM
8 1 (0.038%) Dynamics AX
8 1 (0.038%) FastStats
8 1 (0.038%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 130 (4.95%) Amazon AWS
2 116 (4.42%) Microsoft Azure
3 60 (2.29%) SaaS
4 18 (0.69%) Cloud Computing
5 16 (0.61%) Office 365
6 14 (0.53%) Sage Pay
7 12 (0.46%) Dynamics 365
8 11 (0.42%) GitHub
8 11 (0.42%) npm
9 6 (0.23%) PaaS
9 6 (0.23%) Yarn
10 5 (0.19%) G Suite
10 5 (0.19%) Google Cloud Platform
10 5 (0.19%) IaaS
11 4 (0.15%) Adobe Creative Cloud
11 4 (0.15%) Amazon S3
12 3 (0.11%) Amazon SQS
12 3 (0.11%) Azure Data Factory
12 3 (0.11%) Salesforce Service Cloud
12 3 (0.11%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 51 (1.94%) TCP/IP
2 45 (1.71%) Internet
3 28 (1.07%) HTTP
4 17 (0.65%) Firewall
5 15 (0.57%) Hyperconnected
6 13 (0.50%) Network Security
7 10 (0.38%) Wireless
8 8 (0.30%) DNS
8 8 (0.30%) SMS
8 8 (0.30%) WAN
9 6 (0.23%) LAN
10 5 (0.19%) Skype
11 3 (0.11%) ATM
11 3 (0.11%) CTI
11 3 (0.11%) DMZ
11 3 (0.11%) FIX Connectivity
11 3 (0.11%) Software-Defined Networking
11 3 (0.11%) SSL
11 3 (0.11%) VoIP
12 2 (0.076%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 351 (13.37%) SQL Server
2 125 (4.76%) MySQL
3 92 (3.50%) Relational Database
4 65 (2.48%) MongoDB
5 55 (2.10%) Big Data
6 37 (1.41%) Power BI
7 36 (1.37%) NoSQL
8 31 (1.18%) Blockchain
8 31 (1.18%) RDBMS
9 28 (1.07%) SQL Server 2016
10 27 (1.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 26 (0.99%) Oracle Database
12 25 (0.95%) Hadoop
13 23 (0.88%) SQL Server 2014
14 20 (0.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 16 (0.61%) PostgreSQL
16 11 (0.42%) GIS
16 11 (0.42%) SQL Server 2008
17 10 (0.38%) Data Warehouse
17 10 (0.38%) EDRMS
Development Applications
1 83 (3.16%) Git (software)
2 54 (2.06%) Visual Studio
3 53 (2.02%) NUnit
4 52 (1.98%) Moq
4 52 (1.98%) Rhino Mocks
5 45 (1.71%) JIRA
5 45 (1.71%) MSTest
6 41 (1.56%) TeamCity
7 32 (1.22%) Eclipse
8 29 (1.10%) JUnit
9 28 (1.07%) Maven
10 27 (1.03%) Selenium
11 20 (0.76%) Jenkins
12 19 (0.72%) Subversion
13 16 (0.61%) webpack
14 13 (0.50%) Mockito
14 13 (0.50%) Team Foundation Server
15 10 (0.38%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
16 9 (0.34%) Cucumber
16 9 (0.34%) WebDriver
General
1 461 (17.56%) Finance
2 149 (5.68%) Marketing
3 147 (5.60%) Games
4 113 (4.30%) Banking
5 76 (2.90%) Electronics
6 71 (2.70%) Retail
7 50 (1.90%) Investment Banking
8 43 (1.64%) Manufacturing
9 42 (1.60%) Telecoms
10 39 (1.49%) Law
11 32 (1.22%) Automotive
12 29 (1.10%) Legal
13 20 (0.76%) Advertising
14 19 (0.72%) Front Office
15 11 (0.42%) Aerospace
15 11 (0.42%) Cantonese Language
15 11 (0.42%) Mandarin Language
16 10 (0.38%) Financial Institution
16 10 (0.38%) German Language
17 9 (0.34%) French Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 582 (22.17%) .NET
2 491 (18.70%) HTML
3 402 (15.31%) CSS
4 349 (13.30%) ASP.NET
5 259 (9.87%) AngularJS
6 181 (6.90%) jQuery
7 177 (6.74%) ASP.NET MVC
8 140 (5.33%) .NET Framework
9 127 (4.84%) J2EE
10 120 (4.57%) WCF
11 114 (4.34%) RESTful
12 106 (4.04%) Web Services
13 103 (3.92%) XML
14 102 (3.89%) WPF
15 98 (3.73%) HTML5
16 95 (3.62%) Spring
17 67 (2.55%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 65 (2.48%) ASP.NET Web API
18 65 (2.48%) Entity Framework
19 64 (2.44%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 1,209 (46.06%) Computer Science
2 327 (12.46%) Analytical Skills
3 124 (4.72%) Algorithms
4 109 (4.15%) User Experience
5 101 (3.85%) Fintech
6 87 (3.31%) Self-Motivation
7 76 (2.90%) Mobile App
8 67 (2.55%) Greenfield Project
9 36 (1.37%) Client/Server
10 35 (1.33%) Hedge funds
11 33 (1.26%) Tandem
12 29 (1.10%) Enterprise Software
13 27 (1.03%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
14 26 (0.99%) Augmented Reality
15 20 (0.76%) Digital Currency
16 18 (0.69%) Driving Licence
17 17 (0.65%) Bitcoin
17 17 (0.65%) Data Centre
18 16 (0.61%) Social Media
19 14 (0.53%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 287 (10.93%) Linux
2 278 (10.59%) Windows
3 76 (2.90%) Unix
4 74 (2.82%) Windows Server
5 41 (1.56%) Android
5 41 (1.56%) Apple iOS
6 16 (0.61%) Embedded Linux
7 15 (0.57%) Windows 10
8 12 (0.46%) Windows 7
9 10 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
10 9 (0.34%) Debian
10 9 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
11 7 (0.27%) Ubuntu
12 6 (0.23%) CentOS
13 5 (0.19%) Mac OS X
14 4 (0.15%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 3 (0.11%) Solaris
15 3 (0.11%) VxWorks
16 1 (0.038%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 598 (22.78%) Software Engineering
2 543 (20.69%) Mathematics
3 495 (18.86%) Agile Software Development
4 422 (16.08%) Problem-Solving
5 336 (12.80%) MVC
6 332 (12.65%) Physics
7 295 (11.24%) OOP
8 281 (10.70%) Web Development
9 259 (9.87%) OO
10 224 (8.53%) TDD
11 164 (6.25%) Machine Learning
11 164 (6.25%) SDLC
12 134 (5.10%) Artificial Intelligence
13 124 (4.72%) BDD
14 113 (4.30%) Mentoring
15 109 (4.15%) Test Automation
16 106 (4.04%) Web Application Development
17 101 (3.85%) Data Analysis
17 101 (3.85%) Scrum
18 98 (3.73%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 910 (34.67%) Java
2 841 (32.04%) C#
3 677 (25.79%) JavaScript
4 607 (23.12%) SQL
5 538 (20.50%) C++
6 460 (17.52%) Python
7 209 (7.96%) C
8 164 (6.25%) PHP
9 85 (3.24%) Ruby
10 66 (2.51%) T-SQL
11 55 (2.10%) VB.NET
12 52 (1.98%) MATLAB
13 43 (1.64%) Perl
13 43 (1.64%) Scala
14 42 (1.60%) F#
15 35 (1.33%) Bash Shell
16 22 (0.84%) R
17 21 (0.80%) TypeScript
18 19 (0.72%) Embedded C
19 18 (0.69%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,471 (56.04%) Degree
2 605 (23.05%) Computer Science Degree
3 131 (4.99%) PhD
4 55 (2.10%) Numerate Degree
5 48 (1.83%) Security Cleared
6 27 (1.03%) ISTQB
7 24 (0.91%) Microsoft Certification
8 21 (0.80%) Master's Degree
9 19 (0.72%) Postgraduate
10 18 (0.69%) SC Cleared
11 11 (0.42%) ISEB
12 10 (0.38%) DV Cleared
13 8 (0.30%) MCSD
14 7 (0.27%) Chartered Engineer
14 7 (0.27%) MCAD
14 7 (0.27%) MCP
14 7 (0.27%) MCTS
15 5 (0.19%) APMP
15 5 (0.19%) CAPM
15 5 (0.19%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 64 (2.44%) QA
2 17 (0.65%) PMO
3 8 (0.30%) Data Quality
4 7 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (0.15%) SLA
6 3 (0.11%) FATCA
6 3 (0.11%) GDPR
6 3 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.076%) GCP
7 2 (0.076%) ISO 8583
8 1 (0.038%) DICOM
8 1 (0.038%) DO-178B
8 1 (0.038%) HL7
8 1 (0.038%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.038%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.038%) JTAG
8 1 (0.038%) NEBOSH
System Software
1 69 (2.63%) Active Directory
2 40 (1.52%) VMware Infrastructure
3 33 (1.26%) Docker
4 13 (0.50%) Firmware
5 10 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.076%) Apache Flume
6 2 (0.076%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.038%) HDFS
7 1 (0.038%) Microsoft App-V
7 1 (0.038%) NFS
7 1 (0.038%) Postfix
7 1 (0.038%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.038%) VMware Workstation
7 1 (0.038%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 39 (1.49%) Kibana
2 13 (0.50%) Puppet
3 11 (0.42%) Ansible
4 9 (0.34%) Kubernetes
5 6 (0.23%) Automic
6 4 (0.15%) SCCM
7 3 (0.11%) logstash
7 3 (0.11%) Opscode Chef
7 3 (0.11%) Terraform
7 3 (0.11%) WSUS
8 2 (0.076%) Grafana
8 2 (0.076%) Graphite
8 2 (0.076%) Nagios
9 1 (0.038%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.038%) EnCase
9 1 (0.038%) FTK
9 1 (0.038%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 344 (13.10%) Microsoft
2 131 (4.99%) Oracle
3 101 (3.85%) Google
4 49 (1.87%) VMware
5 26 (0.99%) Cisco
5 26 (0.99%) Twitter
6 24 (0.91%) Capita
6 24 (0.91%) SAP
7 23 (0.88%) Salesforce.com
8 19 (0.72%) WorldPay
9 18 (0.69%) Adobe
10 11 (0.42%) Altera
10 11 (0.42%) Tableau
10 11 (0.42%) Xilinx
11 10 (0.38%) IBM
11 10 (0.38%) Sony
12 8 (0.30%) HP
12 8 (0.30%) Sophos
12 8 (0.30%) Virgin Media
12 8 (0.30%) Wallstreet Suite