Period
to 20 July 2019

The median annual salary for a Graduate was £27,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 20 July 2019.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Graduate
UK
6 months to
20 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 229 210 202
Rank change year-on-year -19 -8 +15
Permanent jobs requiring a Graduate 2,148 2,893 3,098
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.47% 1.65% 1.75%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.53% 1.72% 1.82%
Number of salaries quoted 1,869 2,475 2,636
UK median annual salary £27,500 £26,500 £26,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.77% +1.92% +4.00%
10th Percentile £21,250 £20,000 £19,750
90th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £37,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £27,500 £25,000 £25,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 139,993 168,483 170,587
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.86% 96.23% 96.21%
Number of salaries quoted 111,792 136,362 139,131
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £28,250 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Graduate
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Graduate in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Graduate.

Salary trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Graduate over the 6 months to 20 July 2019.

Salary histogram for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Graduate within the UK over the 6 months to 20 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -20 1,992 £27,500 +1.85% 540
UK excluding London -15 1,398 £27,500 +10.00% 487
London -21 711 £30,000 +9.09% 105
South East -1 596 £27,500 +3.77% 110
South West -11 203 £25,000 +4.17% 40
Midlands -2 194 £27,500 +10.00% 78
North of England -33 186 £25,000 +4.17% 101
West Midlands -14 145 £28,000 +1.82% 54
North West +11 116 £25,500 +2.00% 56
East of England -76 101 £27,500 - 106
Scotland +35 90 £28,500 +10.68% 31
Yorkshire -34 63 £25,000 +13.64% 38
East Midlands +7 49 £24,000 +11.63% 24
Wales +18 26 £25,000 +11.11% 17
North East -1 7 £21,000 -2.33% 7
Northern Ireland -26 2 £23,250 +16.25% 4

Graduate Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 20 July 2019, Graduate job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Graduate in the job title.

1 1,211 (56.38%) Degree
2 899 (41.85%) C#
3 820 (38.18%) Computer Science
4 672 (31.28%) .NET
5 604 (28.12%) JavaScript
6 578 (26.91%) Java
7 555 (25.84%) Agile Software Development
8 527 (24.53%) SQL
9 504 (23.46%) Software Engineering
10 460 (21.42%) HTML
11 454 (21.14%) Mathematics
12 432 (20.11%) Computer Science Degree
13 418 (19.46%) CSS
14 381 (17.74%) Microsoft
15 380 (17.69%) Finance
16 345 (16.06%) Python
17 341 (15.88%) SQL Server
17 341 (15.88%) C++
18 332 (15.46%) ASP.NET
19 325 (15.13%) MVC
20 316 (14.71%) Analytical Skills
21 253 (11.78%) AngularJS
22 234 (10.89%) Physics
23 224 (10.43%) Linux
24 219 (10.20%) Windows
25 213 (9.92%) OO
26 204 (9.50%) Problem-Solving
27 192 (8.94%) Microsoft Azure
28 176 (8.19%) Web Development
29 173 (8.05%) PHP

Graduate Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (1.96%) MS Exchange
2 29 (1.35%) Elasticsearch
3 23 (1.07%) IIS
4 14 (0.65%) Apache
5 10 (0.47%) SharePoint
5 10 (0.47%) Skype for Business
6 8 (0.37%) nginx
7 4 (0.19%) WordPress
8 3 (0.14%) CMS
8 3 (0.14%) JBoss
9 2 (0.093%) Apache Solr
9 2 (0.093%) Apache Spark
9 2 (0.093%) SAS
9 2 (0.093%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.093%) Umbraco
10 1 (0.047%) BizTalk Server
10 1 (0.047%) ColdFusion
10 1 (0.047%) Confluence
10 1 (0.047%) GemFire
Applications
1 91 (4.24%) Microsoft Office
2 73 (3.40%) Microsoft Excel
3 26 (1.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 13 (0.61%) Fireworks
5 11 (0.51%) Spreadsheet
6 8 (0.37%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 5 (0.23%) Adobe Captivate
8 3 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.14%) Photoshop
8 3 (0.14%) SOLIDWORKS
8 3 (0.14%) SPSS
9 2 (0.093%) Chatbot
9 2 (0.093%) InDesign
9 2 (0.093%) MS Visio
9 2 (0.093%) S-PLUS
10 1 (0.047%) Adobe After Effects
10 1 (0.047%) Notepad++
10 1 (0.047%) OrCAD
10 1 (0.047%) Sketch
10 1 (0.047%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 9 (0.42%) Distributed Ledger
2 8 (0.37%) Summit
3 7 (0.33%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 4 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
5 3 (0.14%) Unit4 Business World
6 1 (0.047%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.047%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.047%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.047%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.047%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 192 (8.94%) Microsoft Azure
2 97 (4.52%) Amazon AWS
3 49 (2.28%) SaaS
4 32 (1.49%) Google Cloud Platform
5 27 (1.26%) Office 365
6 23 (1.07%) Cloud Computing
7 17 (0.79%) GitHub
8 14 (0.65%) Power Platform
9 6 (0.28%) Sage Pay
10 5 (0.23%) Dynamics 365
10 5 (0.23%) IaaS
10 5 (0.23%) PaaS
11 4 (0.19%) G Suite
12 3 (0.14%) Slack
13 1 (0.047%) AWS Lambda
13 1 (0.047%) Azure Active Directory
13 1 (0.047%) DigitalOcean
13 1 (0.047%) Dropbox
13 1 (0.047%) npm
13 1 (0.047%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 24 (1.12%) Skype
2 22 (1.02%) Internet
2 22 (1.02%) WAN
3 19 (0.88%) DNS
3 19 (0.88%) Firewall
4 17 (0.79%) VPN
5 15 (0.70%) DHCP
6 14 (0.65%) TCP/IP
6 14 (0.65%) VoIP
7 13 (0.61%) BGP
7 13 (0.61%) IP Telephony
7 13 (0.61%) IPsec
7 13 (0.61%) MPLS
7 13 (0.61%) OSPF
8 11 (0.51%) Network Security
9 10 (0.47%) LAN
10 6 (0.28%) Ethernet
10 6 (0.28%) Remote Desktop
11 5 (0.23%) Intranet
12 4 (0.19%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 341 (15.88%) SQL Server
2 90 (4.19%) Relational Database
3 59 (2.75%) Big Data
4 58 (2.70%) MySQL
5 51 (2.37%) SQL Server 2016
6 45 (2.09%) NoSQL
7 41 (1.91%) PostgreSQL
8 30 (1.40%) GIS
9 27 (1.26%) Data Mining
10 26 (1.21%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 19 (0.88%) SQL Server 2017
11 19 (0.88%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 14 (0.65%) Hadoop
12 14 (0.65%) Power BI
12 14 (0.65%) SQL Server 2014
13 13 (0.61%) Data Warehouse
13 13 (0.61%) MongoDB
14 7 (0.33%) Oracle Database
15 6 (0.28%) RDBMS
15 6 (0.28%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 155 (7.22%) Git (software)
2 96 (4.47%) Visual Studio
3 48 (2.23%) Jenkins
4 40 (1.86%) Team Foundation Server
5 31 (1.44%) Subversion
6 29 (1.35%) JIRA
7 25 (1.16%) NetBeans
8 17 (0.79%) Octopus Deploy
8 17 (0.79%) Selenium
8 17 (0.79%) Visual Studio Team System
9 15 (0.70%) GitLab
10 14 (0.65%) Vagrant
11 11 (0.51%) Maven
11 11 (0.51%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
12 7 (0.33%) Artifactory
13 5 (0.23%) Eclipse
13 5 (0.23%) JUnit
13 5 (0.23%) NCrunch
13 5 (0.23%) ReSharper
13 5 (0.23%) SoapUI
General
1 380 (17.69%) Finance
2 106 (4.93%) Marketing
3 103 (4.80%) Games
4 100 (4.66%) Banking
5 53 (2.47%) Retail
6 47 (2.19%) Telecoms
7 38 (1.77%) Investment Banking
8 28 (1.30%) Financial Institution
9 22 (1.02%) Electronics
9 22 (1.02%) Manufacturing
10 18 (0.84%) French Language
11 17 (0.79%) Legal
12 16 (0.74%) German Language
13 15 (0.70%) Italian Language
14 14 (0.65%) Advertising
14 14 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
15 8 (0.37%) Aerospace
15 8 (0.37%) Law
16 7 (0.33%) Automotive
17 6 (0.28%) Military
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 672 (31.28%) .NET
2 460 (21.42%) HTML
3 418 (19.46%) CSS
4 332 (15.46%) ASP.NET
5 253 (11.78%) AngularJS
6 158 (7.36%) ASP.NET MVC
7 121 (5.63%) RESTful
8 120 (5.59%) React
9 94 (4.38%) WCF
9 94 (4.38%) WPF
10 93 (4.33%) ASP.NET Web API
11 92 (4.28%) Node.js
12 89 (4.14%) HTML5
13 87 (4.05%) .NET Framework
14 84 (3.91%) Web Services
15 81 (3.77%) jQuery
16 64 (2.98%) .NET Core
17 60 (2.79%) WinForms
18 57 (2.65%) XML
19 56 (2.61%) ASP.NET MVC 5
Miscellaneous
1 316 (14.71%) Analytical Skills
2 109 (5.07%) User Experience
3 98 (4.56%) Algorithms
4 87 (4.05%) Mobile App
5 65 (3.03%) Self-Motivation
6 64 (2.98%) Robotics
7 44 (2.05%) Greenfield Project
8 41 (1.91%) Data Structures
9 37 (1.72%) Hedge funds
10 35 (1.63%) Derivative
11 26 (1.21%) Tandem
12 25 (1.16%) Driving Licence
13 20 (0.93%) Embedded Systems
14 18 (0.84%) e-Learning
15 17 (0.79%) Management Information System
16 15 (0.70%) Video Conferencing
17 12 (0.56%) Analytical Mindset
18 9 (0.42%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
19 8 (0.37%) NHS
19 8 (0.37%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 224 (10.43%) Linux
2 219 (10.20%) Windows
3 99 (4.61%) Android
4 68 (3.17%) Apple iOS
5 43 (2.00%) Unix
6 22 (1.02%) Windows Server
7 20 (0.93%) Windows 10
8 16 (0.74%) Windows 7
9 11 (0.51%) Windows 8
10 10 (0.47%) Mac OS
11 8 (0.37%) Embedded Linux
11 8 (0.37%) VMS
12 5 (0.23%) Mac OS X
12 5 (0.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 5 (0.23%) Ubuntu
13 3 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
13 3 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
14 2 (0.093%) CentOS
14 2 (0.093%) Debian
14 2 (0.093%) FreeRTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 820 (38.18%) Computer Science
2 555 (25.84%) Agile Software Development
3 504 (23.46%) Software Engineering
4 454 (21.14%) Mathematics
5 325 (15.13%) MVC
6 234 (10.89%) Physics
7 213 (9.92%) OO
8 204 (9.50%) Problem-Solving
9 176 (8.19%) Web Development
10 154 (7.17%) OOP
11 122 (5.68%) TDD
12 115 (5.35%) SDLC
13 101 (4.70%) Mentoring
14 94 (4.38%) Artificial Intelligence
15 92 (4.28%) DevOps
16 90 (4.19%) Machine Learning
17 89 (4.14%) BDD
18 88 (4.10%) Open Source
18 88 (4.10%) Web Application Development
19 85 (3.96%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 899 (41.85%) C#
2 604 (28.12%) JavaScript
3 578 (26.91%) Java
4 527 (24.53%) SQL
5 345 (16.06%) Python
6 341 (15.88%) C++
7 173 (8.05%) PHP
8 104 (4.84%) C
9 91 (4.24%) R
10 72 (3.35%) Ruby
11 46 (2.14%) VB.NET
12 38 (1.77%) MATLAB
13 33 (1.54%) Go
13 33 (1.54%) VBA
14 31 (1.44%) Objective-C
14 31 (1.44%) TypeScript
15 29 (1.35%) PL/SQL
16 25 (1.16%) Scala
17 20 (0.93%) Bash Shell
18 16 (0.74%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,211 (56.38%) Degree
2 432 (20.11%) Computer Science Degree
3 129 (6.01%) Numerate Degree
4 75 (3.49%) PhD
5 60 (2.79%) Security Cleared
6 34 (1.58%) SC Cleared
7 25 (1.16%) ISTQB
8 23 (1.07%) Postgraduate
9 21 (0.98%) Microsoft Certification
10 19 (0.88%) CCNA
10 19 (0.88%) Cisco Certification
10 19 (0.88%) Master's Degree
11 13 (0.61%) CCNP
12 12 (0.56%) DV Cleared
13 11 (0.51%) MCSE
14 8 (0.37%) HND
14 8 (0.37%) ISEB
15 7 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 6 (0.28%) PMI Certification
17 4 (0.19%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 94 (4.38%) QA
2 12 (0.56%) SLA
3 7 (0.33%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.28%) PMO
5 4 (0.19%) GDPR
6 2 (0.093%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.047%) ISO 9000
7 1 (0.047%) ISO 9002
7 1 (0.047%) ISO/IEC 17025
7 1 (0.047%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 133 (6.19%) Docker
2 77 (3.58%) Active Directory
3 63 (2.93%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (1.07%) Hyper-V
5 9 (0.42%) VMware ESXi
6 8 (0.37%) Firmware
6 8 (0.37%) iptables
6 8 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (0.37%) VirtualBox
6 8 (0.37%) Xen
7 1 (0.047%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.047%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 54 (2.51%) Kubernetes
2 22 (1.02%) Ansible
3 16 (0.74%) Terraform
4 9 (0.42%) Nagios
5 8 (0.37%) Graphite
5 8 (0.37%) Kibana
5 8 (0.37%) ZABBIX
6 7 (0.33%) Puppet
7 6 (0.28%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (0.14%) Norton AntiVirus
9 1 (0.047%) Check_MK
9 1 (0.047%) FTK
9 1 (0.047%) Netcool
9 1 (0.047%) QRadar
9 1 (0.047%) SCCM
9 1 (0.047%) SQL Sentry
Vendors
1 381 (17.74%) Microsoft
2 92 (4.28%) Oracle
3 67 (3.12%) VMware
4 34 (1.58%) Google
5 26 (1.21%) Cisco
6 18 (0.84%) Salesforce.com
7 15 (0.70%) Adobe
8 13 (0.61%) Xamarin
8 13 (0.61%) Zend
9 12 (0.56%) Apple
10 11 (0.51%) Progress
11 10 (0.47%) SAP
12 8 (0.37%) Centreon
13 7 (0.33%) McAfee
14 6 (0.28%) Tableau
15 5 (0.23%) Red Hat
16 4 (0.19%) BT
16 4 (0.19%) DocuSign
16 4 (0.19%) ServiceNow
17 3 (0.14%) hybris