Period
to 21 February 2018

The median annual salary for a Graduate was £26,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 21 February 2018.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Graduate
UK
6 months to
21 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 223 217 220
Rank change year-on-year -6 +3 +6
Permanent jobs requiring a Graduate 2,737 2,791 3,252
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.55% 1.59% 1.56%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.61% 1.64% 1.62%
Number of salaries quoted 2,403 2,365 2,791
UK median annual salary £26,500 £25,000 £25,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.00% - -
10th Percentile £20,000 £20,000 £19,500
90th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £36,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £25,500 £25,000 £25,000
% change year-on-year +2.00% - +8.70%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 169,685 169,699 201,316
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 96.24% 96.47% 96.65%
Number of salaries quoted 139,125 141,017 168,280
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,000 £26,750
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £42,000
% change year-on-year - +1.19% +5.00%

Graduate
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Graduate in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Graduate.

Salary trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Graduate over the 6 months to 21 February 2018.

Salary histogram for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Graduate within the UK over the 6 months to 21 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 2,614 £27,000 +5.88% 462
UK excluding London +15 1,897 £25,500 +2.00% 370
London -17 805 £30,000 +9.09% 114
South East +45 739 £26,500 +6.00% 104
East of England -21 347 £28,500 +9.62% 82
Midlands +11 310 £25,000 - 52
North of England -28 241 £24,000 -4.00% 73
West Midlands -16 218 £26,000 - 30
South West -32 173 £25,000 - 37
North West -32 143 £25,000 - 46
East Midlands +20 92 £21,500 -6.52% 22
Yorkshire -4 73 £22,500 -4.26% 21
Scotland -37 46 £24,000 - 13
Wales -1 30 £22,500 - 5
North East -26 25 £23,250 -7.00% 6
Northern Ireland -7 9 £25,000 +25.00% 4
Isle of Man - 3 £25,000 -

Graduate Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 21 February 2018, Graduate job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Graduate in the job title.

1 1,588 (58.02%) Degree
2 1,248 (45.60%) Computer Science
3 1,000 (36.54%) Java
4 894 (32.66%) C#
5 686 (25.06%) JavaScript
6 678 (24.77%) Software Engineering
7 663 (24.22%) SQL
8 635 (23.20%) Agile Software Development
9 617 (22.54%) .NET
10 596 (21.78%) C++
11 578 (21.12%) Computer Science Degree
12 556 (20.31%) Python
13 529 (19.33%) Mathematics
14 490 (17.90%) HTML
15 429 (15.67%) Finance
16 412 (15.05%) CSS
17 386 (14.10%) ASP.NET
18 374 (13.66%) Linux
19 367 (13.41%) MVC
20 364 (13.30%) Microsoft
21 344 (12.57%) SQL Server
22 334 (12.20%) Windows
23 306 (11.18%) Physics
24 296 (10.81%) TDD
25 277 (10.12%) Analytical Skills
26 265 (9.68%) OOP
27 253 (9.24%) OO
27 253 (9.24%) Web Development
28 245 (8.95%) AngularJS
29 234 (8.55%) C

Graduate Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (3.00%) Elasticsearch
2 39 (1.42%) CMS
3 35 (1.28%) IIS
4 28 (1.02%) Apache Spark
5 27 (0.99%) MS Exchange
6 25 (0.91%) Umbraco
7 24 (0.88%) Confluence
8 19 (0.69%) JBoss
8 19 (0.69%) SAS
9 17 (0.62%) SharePoint
10 15 (0.55%) Apache
11 14 (0.51%) WebLogic
12 12 (0.44%) WordPress
13 10 (0.37%) Ethereum
14 9 (0.33%) WebSphere
15 7 (0.26%) nginx
16 6 (0.22%) NServiceBus
16 6 (0.22%) OpenStack
16 6 (0.22%) Tomcat
17 5 (0.18%) OpenEdge
Applications
1 101 (3.69%) Microsoft Office
2 100 (3.65%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.66%) MS Visio
4 12 (0.44%) Photoshop
5 9 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
6 8 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 6 (0.22%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 5 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
8 5 (0.18%) InDesign
8 5 (0.18%) Simulink
9 4 (0.15%) SOLIDWORKS
9 4 (0.15%) SPSS
10 3 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
11 2 (0.073%) AutoCAD
11 2 (0.073%) Revit
12 1 (0.037%) Adobe After Effects
12 1 (0.037%) Adobe Premiere
12 1 (0.037%) Fireworks
12 1 (0.037%) XMetaL
Business Applications
1 19 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.44%) SAP Hybris
3 10 (0.37%) Ripple
4 9 (0.33%) Ripple XRP
5 7 (0.26%) SAP EWM
6 6 (0.22%) Concordance
6 6 (0.22%) Oracle ERP
6 6 (0.22%) Relativity
6 6 (0.22%) Ringtail
7 5 (0.18%) Magento
8 3 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
8 3 (0.11%) PlanetPress Connect
8 3 (0.11%) Sage 200
8 3 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 2 (0.073%) Dynamics NAV
9 2 (0.073%) Oracle Applications
9 2 (0.073%) Oracle EBS
10 1 (0.037%) Actimize
10 1 (0.037%) NetSuite
10 1 (0.037%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 162 (5.92%) Microsoft Azure
2 160 (5.85%) Amazon AWS
3 41 (1.50%) SaaS
4 28 (1.02%) GitHub
5 22 (0.80%) Office 365
6 15 (0.55%) Sage Pay
7 13 (0.47%) npm
8 11 (0.40%) Cloud Computing
9 10 (0.37%) Dynamics 365
10 6 (0.22%) Yarn
11 5 (0.18%) Amazon S3
11 5 (0.18%) Amazon SQS
12 4 (0.15%) Adobe Creative Cloud
12 4 (0.15%) Azure Data Factory
12 4 (0.15%) G Suite
12 4 (0.15%) PaaS
13 3 (0.11%) AdWords
13 3 (0.11%) IaaS
13 3 (0.11%) Serverless
14 2 (0.073%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 55 (2.01%) Internet
2 41 (1.50%) TCP/IP
3 35 (1.28%) Firewall
4 26 (0.95%) HTTP
5 25 (0.91%) Hyperconnected
6 14 (0.51%) DNS
6 14 (0.51%) Network Security
7 13 (0.47%) Wireless
8 8 (0.29%) WAN
9 7 (0.26%) Bluetooth
9 7 (0.26%) Intrusion Detection
10 6 (0.22%) 3G
10 6 (0.22%) DHCP
11 5 (0.18%) Skype
11 5 (0.18%) SMS
11 5 (0.18%) VoIP
11 5 (0.18%) VPN
12 4 (0.15%) IP Telephony
12 4 (0.15%) IPsec
12 4 (0.15%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 344 (12.57%) SQL Server
2 142 (5.19%) MySQL
3 98 (3.58%) Relational Database
4 86 (3.14%) MongoDB
5 65 (2.37%) Big Data
6 62 (2.27%) NoSQL
7 55 (2.01%) SQL Server 2014
8 34 (1.24%) RDBMS
9 32 (1.17%) Hadoop
10 29 (1.06%) Oracle Database
10 29 (1.06%) PostgreSQL
11 23 (0.84%) Power BI
12 22 (0.80%) Data Warehouse
12 22 (0.80%) GIS
13 20 (0.73%) Redis
14 17 (0.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 16 (0.58%) Blockchain
16 14 (0.51%) SQL Server 2016
16 14 (0.51%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 12 (0.44%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 93 (3.40%) Git (software)
1 93 (3.40%) NUnit
2 82 (3.00%) Moq
3 75 (2.74%) Rhino Mocks
4 69 (2.52%) TeamCity
5 68 (2.48%) Visual Studio
6 65 (2.37%) JIRA
7 64 (2.34%) MSTest
8 38 (1.39%) Subversion
9 35 (1.28%) JUnit
10 31 (1.13%) Selenium
11 24 (0.88%) Maven
12 23 (0.84%) Eclipse
13 20 (0.73%) Mockito
14 15 (0.55%) webpack
15 13 (0.47%) Jenkins
16 11 (0.40%) Mercurial
16 11 (0.40%) Team Foundation Server
17 10 (0.37%) gulp
17 10 (0.37%) Jasmine
General
1 429 (15.67%) Finance
2 163 (5.96%) Marketing
3 155 (5.66%) Games
4 123 (4.49%) Banking
5 89 (3.25%) Electronics
6 64 (2.34%) Retail
7 56 (2.05%) Investment Banking
8 40 (1.46%) Telecoms
9 28 (1.02%) Manufacturing
10 23 (0.84%) Law
11 21 (0.77%) Automotive
12 18 (0.66%) German Language
12 18 (0.66%) Pharmaceutical
13 15 (0.55%) Front Office
13 15 (0.55%) Legal
14 13 (0.47%) Advertising
15 12 (0.44%) French Language
16 10 (0.37%) Financial Institution
17 9 (0.33%) Back Office
18 8 (0.29%) Italian Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 617 (22.54%) .NET
2 490 (17.90%) HTML
3 412 (15.05%) CSS
4 386 (14.10%) ASP.NET
5 245 (8.95%) AngularJS
6 230 (8.40%) ASP.NET MVC
7 172 (6.28%) .NET Framework
8 162 (5.92%) jQuery
9 148 (5.41%) J2EE
10 136 (4.97%) WCF
11 126 (4.60%) WPF
12 115 (4.20%) Spring
13 107 (3.91%) XML
14 105 (3.84%) HTML5
15 103 (3.76%) RESTful
16 88 (3.22%) Web Services
17 85 (3.11%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 84 (3.07%) Node.js
19 79 (2.89%) Entity Framework
20 77 (2.81%) WinForms
Miscellaneous
1 1,248 (45.60%) Computer Science
2 277 (10.12%) Analytical Skills
3 124 (4.53%) Algorithms
4 102 (3.73%) User Experience
5 88 (3.22%) Fintech
6 60 (2.19%) Greenfield Project
7 58 (2.12%) Client/Server
7 58 (2.12%) Mobile App
8 50 (1.83%) Data Structures
9 39 (1.42%) Hedge funds
10 38 (1.39%) Tandem
11 35 (1.28%) Social Media
12 31 (1.13%) Management Information System
13 24 (0.88%) Augmented Reality
14 23 (0.84%) Driving Licence
15 20 (0.73%) Enterprise Software
16 16 (0.58%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
16 16 (0.58%) Robotics
17 15 (0.55%) Analytical Mindset
18 14 (0.51%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 374 (13.66%) Linux
2 334 (12.20%) Windows
3 84 (3.07%) Windows Server
4 75 (2.74%) Unix
5 54 (1.97%) Android
6 41 (1.50%) Apple iOS
7 26 (0.95%) Windows 7
8 21 (0.77%) Windows Server 2008
9 18 (0.66%) Windows 10
10 17 (0.62%) Debian
10 17 (0.62%) Embedded Linux
11 16 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
12 12 (0.44%) Windows 8
13 10 (0.37%) Ubuntu
14 9 (0.33%) Mac OS X
15 6 (0.22%) CentOS
16 4 (0.15%) Mac OS
16 4 (0.15%) VxWorks
17 3 (0.11%) AIX
17 3 (0.11%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 678 (24.77%) Software Engineering
2 635 (23.20%) Agile Software Development
3 529 (19.33%) Mathematics
4 367 (13.41%) MVC
5 306 (11.18%) Physics
6 296 (10.81%) TDD
7 265 (9.68%) OOP
8 253 (9.24%) OO
8 253 (9.24%) Web Development
9 183 (6.69%) SDLC
10 149 (5.44%) BDD
11 138 (5.04%) Scrum
12 133 (4.86%) Multithreading
13 130 (4.75%) Kanban
14 127 (4.64%) Machine Learning
15 125 (4.57%) Web Application Development
16 115 (4.20%) Dependency Injection
16 115 (4.20%) Test Automation
17 112 (4.09%) Project Management
18 103 (3.76%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,000 (36.54%) Java
2 894 (32.66%) C#
3 686 (25.06%) JavaScript
4 663 (24.22%) SQL
5 596 (21.78%) C++
6 556 (20.31%) Python
7 234 (8.55%) C
8 174 (6.36%) PHP
9 99 (3.62%) Ruby
10 82 (3.00%) MATLAB
11 62 (2.27%) F#
12 60 (2.19%) VB.NET
13 42 (1.53%) Perl
13 42 (1.53%) T-SQL
14 41 (1.50%) R
15 39 (1.42%) TypeScript
16 32 (1.17%) Scala
17 30 (1.10%) Bash Shell
18 24 (0.88%) Go
19 21 (0.77%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 1,588 (58.02%) Degree
2 578 (21.12%) Computer Science Degree
3 81 (2.96%) PhD
4 62 (2.27%) Numerate Degree
5 43 (1.57%) Security Cleared
6 31 (1.13%) ISTQB
7 29 (1.06%) Master's Degree
7 29 (1.06%) Microsoft Certification
8 18 (0.66%) Postgraduate
9 16 (0.58%) MCSD
10 14 (0.51%) MCP
11 12 (0.44%) MCAD
11 12 (0.44%) MCTS
11 12 (0.44%) SC Cleared
12 10 (0.37%) CCNA
12 10 (0.37%) Cisco Certification
13 9 (0.33%) APMP
13 9 (0.33%) CAPM
13 9 (0.33%) PMI Certification
13 9 (0.33%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (2.85%) QA
2 18 (0.66%) PMO
3 11 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 9 (0.33%) SLA
5 5 (0.18%) ISO 9001
6 3 (0.11%) GDPR
6 3 (0.11%) ISO 14001
6 3 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.073%) ISO 8583
8 1 (0.037%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.037%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.037%) JTAG
8 1 (0.037%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.037%) SEPA
System Software
1 61 (2.23%) Active Directory
2 41 (1.50%) VMware Infrastructure
3 35 (1.28%) Docker
4 13 (0.47%) Hyper-V
5 10 (0.37%) Firmware
6 8 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.11%) Apache Flume
7 3 (0.11%) HDFS
8 2 (0.073%) NFS
9 1 (0.037%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.037%) VMware Workstation
9 1 (0.037%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 56 (2.05%) Kibana
2 16 (0.58%) Puppet
3 12 (0.44%) Ansible
4 8 (0.29%) Graphite
5 6 (0.22%) Consul
5 6 (0.22%) SCCM
6 5 (0.18%) logstash
7 4 (0.15%) Kubernetes
7 4 (0.15%) WSUS
8 3 (0.11%) Nagios
9 2 (0.073%) Grafana
9 2 (0.073%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 2 (0.073%) Terraform
10 1 (0.037%) BMC PATROL
10 1 (0.037%) Check_MK
10 1 (0.037%) EnCase
10 1 (0.037%) FTK
10 1 (0.037%) Opscode Chef
10 1 (0.037%) Oracle RMAN
10 1 (0.037%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 364 (13.30%) Microsoft
2 145 (5.30%) Oracle
3 120 (4.38%) Google
4 54 (1.97%) VMware
5 34 (1.24%) SAP
6 29 (1.06%) Cisco
7 20 (0.73%) Twitter
7 20 (0.73%) Virgin Media
8 18 (0.66%) Adobe
9 17 (0.62%) Capita
9 17 (0.62%) IBM
9 17 (0.62%) Sophos
10 16 (0.58%) HP
11 13 (0.47%) hybris
11 13 (0.47%) Salesforce.com
11 13 (0.47%) Tableau
12 11 (0.40%) Apple
13 10 (0.37%) Zend
14 9 (0.33%) Avaya
14 9 (0.33%) Symantec