Period
to 19 December 2018

The median annual salary for a Graduate was £27,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Graduate
UK
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 208 200 213
Rank change year-on-year -8 +13 -1
Permanent jobs requiring a Graduate 2,711 3,186 3,006
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.71% 1.78% 1.62%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.78% 1.86% 1.68%
Number of salaries quoted 2,451 2,787 2,662
UK median annual salary £27,500 £26,500 £25,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.77% +6.00% -
10th Percentile £21,250 £20,000 £19,750
90th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £36,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £26,000 £25,000 £25,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% - +6.38%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 152,072 171,669 178,785
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.84% 96.06% 96.59%
Number of salaries quoted 121,707 138,282 149,258
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +4.40%
10th Percentile £27,750 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +2.41%

Graduate
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Graduate in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Graduate.

Salary trend for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Graduate over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Graduate in the UK

Graduate
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Graduate within the UK over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 2,561 £27,500 +3.77% 455
UK excluding London -24 1,640 £26,000 +4.00% 394
London +37 1,023 £30,000 +3.45% 99
South East -4 679 £27,000 +6.72% 90
East of England -48 268 £27,000 -10.00% 69
North of England -13 208 £25,000 +4.17% 67
Midlands -52 206 £27,500 +5.77% 76
South West +32 199 £25,000 - 55
North West +17 146 £25,000 +0.50% 39
West Midlands -58 136 £27,500 +5.77% 51
Scotland +23 75 £28,000 +12.00% 15
East Midlands +3 70 £29,000 +28.89% 25
Yorkshire -12 55 £23,500 +4.44% 23
Wales -14 22 £22,500 - 22
North East -13 7 £22,375 -0.56% 5
Northern Ireland -12 3 £22,500 -10.00%

Graduate Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, Graduate job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Graduate in the job title.

1 1,606 (59.24%) Degree
2 1,207 (44.52%) Computer Science
3 1,019 (37.59%) Java
4 1,006 (37.11%) C#
5 726 (26.78%) JavaScript
6 682 (25.16%) Software Engineering
7 674 (24.86%) Agile Software Development
8 672 (24.79%) .NET
9 623 (22.98%) Mathematics
10 588 (21.69%) SQL
11 527 (19.44%) HTML
12 512 (18.89%) Computer Science Degree
13 472 (17.41%) Python
14 458 (16.89%) C++
15 457 (16.86%) Finance
16 415 (15.31%) CSS
17 414 (15.27%) Microsoft
18 396 (14.61%) SQL Server
19 365 (13.46%) Analytical Skills
19 365 (13.46%) Problem-Solving
20 329 (12.14%) ASP.NET
21 319 (11.77%) Physics
22 284 (10.48%) MVC
23 275 (10.14%) AngularJS
24 257 (9.48%) Web Development
25 234 (8.63%) OO
26 222 (8.19%) Linux
27 192 (7.08%) OOP
28 188 (6.93%) SDLC
29 184 (6.79%) Windows

Graduate Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (1.66%) Apache
2 40 (1.48%) Elasticsearch
3 34 (1.25%) Apache Spark
4 29 (1.07%) CMS
5 27 (1.00%) MS Exchange
6 23 (0.85%) Tomcat
7 20 (0.74%) SharePoint
8 13 (0.48%) IIS
9 10 (0.37%) Ethereum
10 8 (0.30%) Drupal
10 8 (0.30%) Umbraco
10 8 (0.30%) WordPress
11 7 (0.26%) JBoss
12 6 (0.22%) Cloud Foundry
13 5 (0.18%) SAS
14 4 (0.15%) WebSphere
15 3 (0.11%) ColdFusion
15 3 (0.11%) Confluence
15 3 (0.11%) Moodle
15 3 (0.11%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 98 (3.61%) Microsoft Office
2 89 (3.28%) Microsoft Excel
3 40 (1.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (0.44%) FrameMaker
5 11 (0.41%) MS Visio
5 11 (0.41%) Photoshop
6 5 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
7 3 (0.11%) Adobe Captivate
7 3 (0.11%) Camtasia
7 3 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
8 2 (0.074%) Simulink
9 1 (0.037%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.037%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.037%) CATIA
9 1 (0.037%) GIMP
9 1 (0.037%) HipChat
9 1 (0.037%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.037%) RoboHelp
9 1 (0.037%) SPSS
9 1 (0.037%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 13 (0.48%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 12 (0.44%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.30%) Oracle CRM
4 7 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
5 4 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
6 3 (0.11%) Magento
7 2 (0.074%) Payment Gateway
8 1 (0.037%) Concordance
8 1 (0.037%) ENOVIA
8 1 (0.037%) Relativity
8 1 (0.037%) Ringtail
8 1 (0.037%) SAP BPC
8 1 (0.037%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 141 (5.20%) Microsoft Azure
2 121 (4.46%) Amazon AWS
3 72 (2.66%) SaaS
4 44 (1.62%) Google Cloud Platform
5 39 (1.44%) Cloud Computing
6 22 (0.81%) Office 365
7 20 (0.74%) GitHub
8 13 (0.48%) PaaS
9 12 (0.44%) IaaS
10 10 (0.37%) Serverless
11 6 (0.22%) AWS CloudFormation
12 4 (0.15%) Dynamics 365
12 4 (0.15%) Google Analytics
13 3 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Cloud
13 3 (0.11%) G Suite
14 2 (0.074%) Boomi
14 2 (0.074%) npm
14 2 (0.074%) OpenShift
14 2 (0.074%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 2 (0.074%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 29 (1.07%) Internet
2 26 (0.96%) TCP/IP
3 24 (0.89%) Firewall
4 22 (0.81%) WAN
5 14 (0.52%) BGP
5 14 (0.52%) IP Telephony
5 14 (0.52%) MPLS
5 14 (0.52%) OSPF
6 13 (0.48%) IPsec
7 11 (0.41%) LAN
8 10 (0.37%) DNS
8 10 (0.37%) Skype
9 7 (0.26%) DHCP
9 7 (0.26%) H.323
9 7 (0.26%) HTTP
9 7 (0.26%) Network Security
10 6 (0.22%) FTP
10 6 (0.22%) SMS
10 6 (0.22%) VoIP
11 5 (0.18%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 396 (14.61%) SQL Server
2 132 (4.87%) Big Data
3 116 (4.28%) MySQL
4 109 (4.02%) NoSQL
5 96 (3.54%) Relational Database
6 63 (2.32%) Hadoop
7 55 (2.03%) SQL Server 2016
8 35 (1.29%) Oracle Database
9 33 (1.22%) MongoDB
9 33 (1.22%) PostgreSQL
10 24 (0.89%) RDBMS
11 16 (0.59%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 15 (0.55%) Blockchain
13 14 (0.52%) GIS
14 12 (0.44%) Data Mining
14 12 (0.44%) Power BI
15 11 (0.41%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 9 (0.33%) Redis
17 7 (0.26%) Oracle BI EE
18 5 (0.18%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 162 (5.98%) Git (software)
2 109 (4.02%) Visual Studio
3 61 (2.25%) Selenium
4 56 (2.07%) JIRA
5 33 (1.22%) Eclipse
6 30 (1.11%) JMeter
7 29 (1.07%) SoapUI
8 26 (0.96%) JUnit
9 24 (0.89%) Subversion
10 22 (0.81%) Jenkins
11 20 (0.74%) Jasmine
12 18 (0.66%) webpack
13 12 (0.44%) Maven
13 12 (0.44%) Mockito
13 12 (0.44%) Team Foundation Server
13 12 (0.44%) Visual Studio Team System
14 11 (0.41%) NetBeans
15 10 (0.37%) Artifactory
15 10 (0.37%) Bitbucket
16 9 (0.33%) Grunt
General
1 457 (16.86%) Finance
2 160 (5.90%) Games
3 123 (4.54%) Marketing
4 107 (3.95%) Banking
5 72 (2.66%) Law
6 61 (2.25%) Retail
7 58 (2.14%) Investment Banking
8 56 (2.07%) Electronics
9 51 (1.88%) Telecoms
10 45 (1.66%) Automotive
10 45 (1.66%) Legal
11 29 (1.07%) Manufacturing
11 29 (1.07%) Military
12 23 (0.85%) Front Office
13 22 (0.81%) Advertising
14 20 (0.74%) Aerospace
14 20 (0.74%) French Language
15 16 (0.59%) Italian Language
16 15 (0.55%) German Language
17 11 (0.41%) Publishing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 672 (24.79%) .NET
2 527 (19.44%) HTML
3 415 (15.31%) CSS
4 329 (12.14%) ASP.NET
5 275 (10.14%) AngularJS
6 155 (5.72%) jQuery
7 148 (5.46%) ASP.NET MVC
8 141 (5.20%) Web Services
9 120 (4.43%) RESTful
10 118 (4.35%) Node.js
11 116 (4.28%) XML
12 114 (4.21%) .NET Framework
13 105 (3.87%) ASP.NET Web API
14 100 (3.69%) WCF
15 97 (3.58%) React
16 92 (3.39%) HTML5
17 75 (2.77%) Spring
18 72 (2.66%) ASP.NET MVC 5
19 68 (2.51%) J2EE
20 63 (2.32%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 365 (13.46%) Analytical Skills
2 173 (6.38%) User Experience
3 135 (4.98%) Algorithms
4 119 (4.39%) Fintech
5 102 (3.76%) Mobile App
6 74 (2.73%) Self-Motivation
7 56 (2.07%) Data Structures
8 48 (1.77%) Derivative
9 42 (1.55%) Hedge funds
10 37 (1.36%) Social Media
11 31 (1.14%) Greenfield Project
11 31 (1.14%) Management Information System
12 27 (1.00%) Robotics
13 26 (0.96%) Tandem
14 19 (0.70%) Driving Licence
15 18 (0.66%) Enterprise Software
16 15 (0.55%) Analytical Mindset
17 13 (0.48%) Cyberthreat
17 13 (0.48%) e-Learning
18 10 (0.37%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 222 (8.19%) Linux
2 184 (6.79%) Windows
3 85 (3.14%) Android
4 75 (2.77%) Apple iOS
5 65 (2.40%) Unix
6 41 (1.51%) Windows Server
7 20 (0.74%) Windows 7
8 16 (0.59%) Windows 10
9 12 (0.44%) CentOS
10 10 (0.37%) Windows 8
11 8 (0.30%) Ubuntu
12 7 (0.26%) Debian
13 6 (0.22%) Embedded Linux
13 6 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
14 5 (0.18%) Mac OS X
15 4 (0.15%) Mac OS
15 4 (0.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 4 (0.15%) Windows 2000
16 2 (0.074%) Windows Server 2008
16 2 (0.074%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,207 (44.52%) Computer Science
2 682 (25.16%) Software Engineering
3 674 (24.86%) Agile Software Development
4 623 (22.98%) Mathematics
5 365 (13.46%) Problem-Solving
6 319 (11.77%) Physics
7 284 (10.48%) MVC
8 257 (9.48%) Web Development
9 234 (8.63%) OO
10 192 (7.08%) OOP
11 188 (6.93%) SDLC
12 183 (6.75%) TDD
13 151 (5.57%) Scrum
14 147 (5.42%) Machine Learning
15 140 (5.16%) BDD
16 130 (4.80%) Test Automation
17 126 (4.65%) Project Management
18 123 (4.54%) Analytics
19 121 (4.46%) Software Testing
20 113 (4.17%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,019 (37.59%) Java
2 1,006 (37.11%) C#
3 726 (26.78%) JavaScript
4 588 (21.69%) SQL
5 472 (17.41%) Python
6 458 (16.89%) C++
7 182 (6.71%) PHP
8 134 (4.94%) C
9 102 (3.76%) Ruby
10 93 (3.43%) R
11 70 (2.58%) TypeScript
12 55 (2.03%) VB.NET
13 49 (1.81%) T-SQL
14 44 (1.62%) Java 8
15 38 (1.40%) PL/SQL
16 32 (1.18%) Objective-C
17 30 (1.11%) Perl
18 26 (0.96%) MATLAB
18 26 (0.96%) Scala
19 25 (0.92%) VB
Qualifications
1 1,606 (59.24%) Degree
2 512 (18.89%) Computer Science Degree
3 111 (4.09%) Numerate Degree
4 108 (3.98%) PhD
5 48 (1.77%) ISTQB
6 42 (1.55%) Security Cleared
7 21 (0.77%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 18 (0.66%) Master's Degree
8 18 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
9 17 (0.63%) CCNA
9 17 (0.63%) Cisco Certification
10 14 (0.52%) CCNP
11 10 (0.37%) DV Cleared
12 9 (0.33%) PMI Certification
12 9 (0.33%) PMP
13 8 (0.30%) MCSE
13 8 (0.30%) SC Cleared
14 7 (0.26%) CISSP
15 6 (0.22%) ISEB
16 5 (0.18%) ACCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 154 (5.68%) QA
2 16 (0.59%) PMO
3 12 (0.44%) GDPR
3 12 (0.44%) SLA
4 8 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.22%) PCI DSS
6 5 (0.18%) COBIT
7 3 (0.11%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.074%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.037%) FATCA
9 1 (0.037%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 62 (2.29%) Docker
2 46 (1.70%) Active Directory
2 46 (1.70%) VMware Infrastructure
3 11 (0.41%) Firmware
4 9 (0.33%) Hyper-V
5 7 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
6 4 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
7 3 (0.11%) Xen
8 1 (0.037%) iptables
8 1 (0.037%) Terminal Services
8 1 (0.037%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.037%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.037%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 25 (0.92%) Puppet
2 22 (0.81%) Kubernetes
3 14 (0.52%) Ansible
3 14 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
4 11 (0.41%) Consul
4 11 (0.41%) Terraform
5 8 (0.30%) Kibana
6 7 (0.26%) Graphite
7 6 (0.22%) Packer
8 5 (0.18%) logstash
9 3 (0.11%) Nagios
10 2 (0.074%) Check_MK
10 2 (0.074%) Hadoop YARN
11 1 (0.037%) HP Quality Center
11 1 (0.037%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 1 (0.037%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 414 (15.27%) Microsoft
2 153 (5.64%) Oracle
3 78 (2.88%) Google
4 57 (2.10%) VMware
5 28 (1.03%) Cisco
6 25 (0.92%) Progress
7 19 (0.70%) Salesforce.com
8 18 (0.66%) SAP
9 17 (0.63%) Talend
10 16 (0.59%) Tableau
11 13 (0.48%) Apple
12 12 (0.44%) Red Hat
13 11 (0.41%) Facebook
14 10 (0.37%) Citrix
14 10 (0.37%) Sony
15 9 (0.33%) Cognizant
16 7 (0.26%) Adobe
16 7 (0.26%) HP
16 7 (0.26%) Sybase
16 7 (0.26%) Xamarin