Period
to 19 October 2021

The median annual salary for a Backend Developer was £62,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Backend Developer
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 358 400 578
Rank change year-on-year +42 +178 +13
Permanent jobs requiring a Backend Developer 1,123 330 594
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.89% 0.68% 0.44%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.98% 0.72% 0.46%
Number of salaries quoted 456 287 515
10th Percentile £38,750 £34,500 £35,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £41,875 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £72,813 £70,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 114,589 45,998 130,402
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.25% 94.99% 95.66%
Number of salaries quoted 79,343 38,484 105,266
10th Percentile £31,875 £32,500 £28,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Backend Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Backend Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Backend Developer in the UK

Backend Developer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Backend Developer.

Salary trend for Backend Developer in the UK

Backend Developer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Backend Developer over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Backend Developer in the UK

Backend Developer
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Backend Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +35 1,033 £62,500 +13.64% 171
London +77 717 £67,500 +3.85% 105
UK excluding London -116 318 £50,000 +11.11% 73
Work from Home -109 253 £62,500 +25.00% 68
South East -27 166 £65,000 +13.04% 18
North of England -130 47 £43,000 +7.50% 27
Midlands -107 42 £48,750 -2.50% 10
South West -88 35 £45,000 - 5
Yorkshire -107 25 £43,000 -4.44% 7
West Midlands -119 25 £50,000 - 5
North West -111 20 £45,000 +12.50% 14
East Midlands -69 17 £45,000 - 5
Scotland -83 14 £37,500 - 6
East of England -107 9 £45,000 +32.35% 6
Wales -43 5 £40,000 +6.67%
North East - 2 £45,000 - 6
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 1

Backend Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, Backend Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Backend Developer in the job title.

1 432 (38.47%) AWS
2 402 (35.80%) Agile Software Development
3 401 (35.71%) Python
4 359 (31.97%) JavaScript
5 348 (30.99%) Microservices
6 344 (30.63%) Docker
7 317 (28.23%) Java
8 267 (23.78%) Kubernetes
9 253 (22.53%) REST
10 246 (21.91%) SQL
11 244 (21.73%) TDD
12 241 (21.46%) C#
13 234 (20.84%) Node.js
14 225 (20.04%) DevOps
15 216 (19.23%) Git (software)
16 207 (18.43%) Social Skills
17 205 (18.25%) Problem-Solving
18 204 (18.17%) React
19 200 (17.81%) RESTful
20 189 (16.83%) Software Engineering
21 187 (16.65%) .NET
22 177 (15.76%) Finance
22 177 (15.76%) GCP
23 176 (15.67%) PHP
24 174 (15.49%) Azure
25 173 (15.41%) PostgreSQL
26 164 (14.60%) TypeScript
27 161 (14.34%) Spring
28 154 (13.71%) GitHub
29 153 (13.62%) Web Services

Backend Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (4.90%) WordPress
2 54 (4.81%) Elasticsearch
3 31 (2.76%) nginx
4 28 (2.49%) Apache Solr
5 27 (2.40%) IBM Domino
6 25 (2.23%) Apache
7 24 (2.14%) Drupal
8 23 (2.05%) CMS
9 17 (1.51%) Confluence
10 12 (1.07%) Tornado
11 9 (0.80%) OpenStack
12 7 (0.62%) Apache Spark
13 5 (0.45%) Ethereum
14 2 (0.18%) Cloud Foundry
14 2 (0.18%) Oracle Spatial
14 2 (0.18%) SharePoint
14 2 (0.18%) Umbraco
Applications
1 13 (1.16%) Spreadsheet
2 8 (0.71%) Campfire
3 2 (0.18%) Figma
4 1 (0.089%) InVision
4 1 (0.089%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.089%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 10 (0.89%) Magento
2 3 (0.27%) osCommerce
3 1 (0.089%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.089%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 432 (38.47%) AWS
2 177 (15.76%) GCP
3 174 (15.49%) Azure
4 154 (13.71%) GitHub
5 141 (12.56%) Serverless
6 84 (7.48%) AWS Lambda
7 77 (6.86%) Amazon S3
8 73 (6.50%) SaaS
9 42 (3.74%) AWS CloudFormation
10 37 (3.29%) Amazon EKS
10 37 (3.29%) Azure Functions
11 34 (3.03%) Amazon SQS
12 30 (2.67%) Heroku
13 26 (2.32%) Amazon EC2
13 26 (2.32%) CloudFront
14 22 (1.96%) Amazon Cognito
14 22 (1.96%) Firebase
14 22 (1.96%) Slack
15 20 (1.78%) Power Platform
16 19 (1.69%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 37 (3.29%) HTTP
2 19 (1.69%) Internet
3 8 (0.71%) Broadband
4 5 (0.45%) SMS
5 4 (0.36%) RIP
6 2 (0.18%) MQTT
7 1 (0.089%) BIG-IP
7 1 (0.089%) DNS
7 1 (0.089%) Intranet
7 1 (0.089%) SSH
7 1 (0.089%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 173 (15.41%) PostgreSQL
2 151 (13.45%) NoSQL
3 150 (13.36%) MySQL
4 136 (12.11%) MongoDB
5 111 (9.88%) Relational Database
6 106 (9.44%) Redis
7 77 (6.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 64 (5.70%) Amazon RDS
9 52 (4.63%) SQL Server
10 51 (4.54%) Big Data
11 47 (4.19%) Blockchain
12 28 (2.49%) Amazon Aurora
13 19 (1.69%) Power BI
14 17 (1.51%) Amazon Redshift
14 17 (1.51%) Data Lake
15 13 (1.16%) Amazon Athena
16 11 (0.98%) BigQuery
16 11 (0.98%) Data Warehouse
16 11 (0.98%) OLAP
17 10 (0.89%) Kalido
Development Applications
1 216 (19.23%) Git (software)
2 70 (6.23%) Jenkins
3 45 (4.01%) GitLab
4 38 (3.38%) JIRA
5 37 (3.29%) Maven
6 35 (3.12%) CircleCI
7 24 (2.14%) PHPUnit
8 20 (1.78%) Bitbucket
9 19 (1.69%) Gradle
10 17 (1.51%) Moq
11 16 (1.42%) Cypress.io
11 16 (1.42%) PyCharm
11 16 (1.42%) Visual Studio
12 14 (1.25%) Jasmine
12 14 (1.25%) Mockito
12 14 (1.25%) webpack
13 13 (1.16%) JMeter
13 13 (1.16%) Mocha
13 13 (1.16%) Selenium
14 12 (1.07%) TeamCity
General
1 207 (18.43%) Social Skills
2 177 (15.76%) Finance
3 89 (7.93%) Games
4 67 (5.97%) Retail
5 58 (5.16%) Banking
6 42 (3.74%) Marketing
7 40 (3.56%) Legal
8 36 (3.21%) Analytical Skills
9 35 (3.12%) Financial Institution
10 26 (2.32%) Automotive
11 24 (2.14%) Back Office
11 24 (2.14%) Manufacturing
12 20 (1.78%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 20 (1.78%) Online Betting
13 18 (1.60%) Wearables
14 15 (1.34%) Documentation Skills
15 13 (1.16%) Influencing Skills
15 13 (1.16%) Law
16 11 (0.98%) Publishing
17 9 (0.80%) Advertising
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 253 (22.53%) REST
2 234 (20.84%) Node.js
3 204 (18.17%) React
4 200 (17.81%) RESTful
5 187 (16.65%) .NET
6 161 (14.34%) Spring
7 153 (13.62%) Web Services
8 123 (10.95%) Django
9 109 (9.71%) Spring Boot
10 103 (9.17%) Laravel
11 96 (8.55%) .NET Core
12 91 (8.10%) HTML
13 89 (7.93%) AngularJS
14 88 (7.84%) GraphQL
15 87 (7.75%) RabbitMQ
16 82 (7.30%) CSS
17 81 (7.21%) Kafka
18 80 (7.12%) Vue.js
19 53 (4.72%) Flask
20 52 (4.63%) Express
Miscellaneous
1 94 (8.37%) Algorithms
2 89 (7.93%) Greenfield Project
3 85 (7.57%) User Experience
4 73 (6.50%) Mobile App
5 68 (6.06%) Data Structures
6 38 (3.38%) Self-Motivation
7 33 (2.94%) Cloud Native
8 32 (2.85%) Blog
9 30 (2.67%) Client/Server
9 30 (2.67%) Online Games
10 19 (1.69%) Social Media
11 18 (1.60%) Data Centre
12 17 (1.51%) Virtual Team
13 16 (1.42%) Industry 4.0
13 16 (1.42%) Mobile Games
13 16 (1.42%) Smartphone
13 16 (1.42%) Social Gaming
14 15 (1.34%) Robotics
15 14 (1.25%) iPhone
16 13 (1.16%) Photography
Operating Systems
1 88 (7.84%) Linux
2 54 (4.81%) Android
3 51 (4.54%) Apple iOS
4 28 (2.49%) Windows
5 24 (2.14%) Unix
6 11 (0.98%) Ubuntu
7 7 (0.62%) Mac OS
8 4 (0.36%) Windows 10
8 4 (0.36%) Windows 7
8 4 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
9 3 (0.27%) CentOS
10 2 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.089%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 402 (35.80%) Agile Software Development
2 348 (30.99%) Microservices
3 244 (21.73%) TDD
4 225 (20.04%) DevOps
5 205 (18.25%) Problem-Solving
6 189 (16.83%) Software Engineering
7 141 (12.56%) Clean Code
8 135 (12.02%) OOP
9 134 (11.93%) Test Automation
10 129 (11.49%) Computer Science
11 125 (11.13%) OO
12 112 (9.97%) Full Stack Development
13 106 (9.44%) Front End Development
14 94 (8.37%) Scrum
15 92 (8.19%) Artificial Intelligence
16 90 (8.01%) Machine Learning
17 89 (7.93%) Analytics
18 86 (7.66%) BDD
19 84 (7.48%) Fintech
20 80 (7.12%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 401 (35.71%) Python
2 359 (31.97%) JavaScript
3 317 (28.23%) Java
4 246 (21.91%) SQL
5 241 (21.46%) C#
6 176 (15.67%) PHP
7 164 (14.60%) TypeScript
8 136 (12.11%) Go
9 67 (5.97%) Java 8
10 56 (4.99%) C++
11 55 (4.90%) Ruby
12 52 (4.63%) Scala
13 46 (4.10%) C
14 36 (3.21%) Java 11
15 34 (3.03%) ES6
15 34 (3.03%) Rust
16 29 (2.58%) Kotlin
17 28 (2.49%) Bash Shell
18 23 (2.05%) T-SQL
19 19 (1.69%) R
Qualifications
1 125 (11.13%) Degree
2 65 (5.79%) Computer Science Degree
3 16 (1.42%) Master's Degree
4 5 (0.45%) Numerate Degree
4 5 (0.45%) Security Cleared
5 4 (0.36%) SC Cleared
6 2 (0.18%) AWS Certification
6 2 (0.18%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (3.12%) QA
2 27 (2.40%) Accessibility
3 8 (0.71%) GDPR
4 4 (0.36%) PSD2
5 2 (0.18%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.089%) GRC
6 1 (0.089%) MiFID
6 1 (0.089%) SLA
System Software
1 344 (30.63%) Docker
2 13 (1.16%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.53%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 6 (0.53%) etcd
4 4 (0.36%) Varnish
5 3 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.089%) NFS
6 1 (0.089%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 267 (23.78%) Kubernetes
2 86 (7.66%) Terraform
3 20 (1.78%) Opscode Chef
4 17 (1.51%) Prometheus
5 16 (1.42%) Istio
6 15 (1.34%) HAProxy
7 6 (0.53%) Consul
8 5 (0.45%) Ansible
8 5 (0.45%) Business Desktop Deployment
8 5 (0.45%) Puppet
9 2 (0.18%) Grafana
10 1 (0.089%) CFEngine
10 1 (0.089%) cPanel
10 1 (0.089%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (0.089%) Galera Cluster
10 1 (0.089%) Graphite
10 1 (0.089%) Kibana
10 1 (0.089%) Salt
Vendors
1 105 (9.35%) Google
2 72 (6.41%) Microsoft
3 40 (3.56%) Oracle
4 26 (2.32%) Apple
5 19 (1.69%) Zend
6 14 (1.25%) Rackspace
7 10 (0.89%) Alibaba
8 7 (0.62%) Atlassian
8 7 (0.62%) CA Agile Central
9 5 (0.45%) Samsung
9 5 (0.45%) Spotify
10 4 (0.36%) Instagram
10 4 (0.36%) Mapbox
10 4 (0.36%) WooCommerce
11 3 (0.27%) YouTube
12 2 (0.18%) CA
12 2 (0.18%) New Relic
12 2 (0.18%) Twitter
13 1 (0.089%) Facebook
13 1 (0.089%) Pega