Period
to

The median annual salary for a Backend Developer was £65,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 17 August 2022.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Backend Developer
UK
6 months to
17 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 444 354 444
Rank change year-on-year -90 +90 +162
Permanent jobs requiring a Backend Developer 1,315 1,098 350
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.79% 0.95% 0.57%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.86% 1.04% 0.60%
Number of salaries quoted 389 489 302
10th Percentile £43,250 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £52,500 £42,500 £39,625
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £71,250 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,250 £81,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +33.33% - -1.64%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 153,117 105,830 58,330
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.96% 91.62% 94.85%
Number of salaries quoted 83,002 74,205 47,663
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £40,052
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +10.00%
75th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,258 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.53% - +5.56%

Backend Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Backend Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Backend Developer in the UK

Backend Developer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Backend Developer.

Salary trend for Backend Developer in the UK

Backend Developer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Backend Developer over the 6 months to 17 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Backend Developer in the UK

Backend Developer
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Backend Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 17 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -178 883 £65,000 +8.33% 118
Work from Home -84 748 £65,000 +8.33% 99
London -158 663 £70,000 +1.82% 71
UK excluding London -110 269 £60,000 +33.33% 52
South East -123 77 £55,000 - 12
Scotland +6 48 £65,000 +84.40% 6
North of England -72 43 £48,250 +12.21% 17
East of England -41 33 £58,750 +34.29% 6
South West -29 24 £60,000 +41.18% 5
North West -55 23 £52,500 +16.67% 7
Wales -4 20 £42,500 +6.25%
Midlands -84 18 £60,000 +37.14% 6
East Midlands -13 14 £60,000 +50.00% 2
Yorkshire -48 12 £55,000 +27.91% 6
North East -1 8 £40,500 +17.39% 4
Isle of Man - 5 £60,000 -
West Midlands -50 4 £65,000 +44.44% 4
Northern Ireland -16 1 £48,500 +61.67%

Backend Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 17 August 2022, Backend Developer job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Backend Developer in the job title.

1 578 (43.95%) AWS
2 518 (39.39%) Agile
3 456 (34.68%) JavaScript
4 442 (33.61%) Python
4 442 (33.61%) Docker
5 414 (31.48%) Microservices
6 405 (30.80%) Node.js
7 386 (29.35%) SQL
8 370 (28.14%) REST
9 365 (27.76%) Software Engineering
10 358 (27.22%) CI/CD
11 345 (26.24%) Git (software)
12 329 (25.02%) PostgreSQL
13 322 (24.49%) TypeScript
14 294 (22.36%) Kubernetes
15 290 (22.05%) Java
16 275 (20.91%) DevOps
17 274 (20.84%) TDD
18 267 (20.30%) React
19 255 (19.39%) MySQL
20 236 (17.95%) RESTful
21 233 (17.72%) C#
22 217 (16.50%) Relational Database
23 216 (16.43%) Problem-Solving
23 216 (16.43%) NoSQL
24 213 (16.20%) Finance
25 211 (16.05%) .NET
26 201 (15.29%) PHP
26 201 (15.29%) Degree
27 198 (15.06%) GitHub

Backend Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (2.05%) CMS
2 22 (1.67%) WordPress
3 19 (1.44%) Tornado
4 15 (1.14%) Apache
4 15 (1.14%) Headless CMS
4 15 (1.14%) nginx
5 12 (0.91%) Drupal
6 9 (0.68%) IIS
7 7 (0.53%) Apache Solr
7 7 (0.53%) Confluence
8 6 (0.46%) Ethereum
8 6 (0.46%) SharePoint
9 5 (0.38%) Oracle Coherence
10 4 (0.30%) Apache Spark
10 4 (0.30%) ArcGIS
10 4 (0.30%) GeoServer
10 4 (0.30%) MQSeries
10 4 (0.30%) Oracle Spatial
10 4 (0.30%) Tomcat
11 3 (0.23%) Umbraco
Applications
1 10 (0.76%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.15%) AutoCAD
2 2 (0.15%) Revit
3 1 (0.076%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.076%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 31 (2.36%) Shopify
2 15 (1.14%) Magento
3 8 (0.61%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
4 3 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 578 (43.95%) AWS
2 198 (15.06%) GitHub
3 191 (14.52%) GCP
4 190 (14.45%) Serverless
5 187 (14.22%) Azure
6 135 (10.27%) SaaS
7 129 (9.81%) AWS Lambda
8 64 (4.87%) Amazon SQS
9 62 (4.71%) Amazon S3
10 46 (3.50%) AWS Fargate
11 45 (3.42%) Amazon ECS
11 45 (3.42%) Cloud Computing
12 37 (2.81%) Amazon EC2
12 37 (2.81%) GitHub Actions
13 26 (1.98%) Amazon Kinesis
14 25 (1.90%) Amazon Cognito
14 25 (1.90%) Azure Functions
15 24 (1.83%) CloudFront
16 22 (1.67%) AWS IoT
17 21 (1.60%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 79 (6.01%) HTTP
2 23 (1.75%) Internet
3 22 (1.67%) Broadband
4 10 (0.76%) MQTT
4 10 (0.76%) SSH
5 8 (0.61%) DNS
6 7 (0.53%) AMQP
6 7 (0.53%) VPN
7 5 (0.38%) 5G
7 5 (0.38%) DHCP
7 5 (0.38%) Firewall
7 5 (0.38%) VLAN
8 2 (0.15%) TCP/IP
9 1 (0.076%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.076%) IPFIX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 329 (25.02%) PostgreSQL
2 255 (19.39%) MySQL
3 217 (16.50%) Relational Database
4 216 (16.43%) NoSQL
5 144 (10.95%) MongoDB
6 95 (7.22%) SQL Server
7 92 (7.00%) Elasticsearch
8 80 (6.08%) Redis
9 62 (4.71%) DynamoDB
10 48 (3.65%) Big Data
11 33 (2.51%) Amazon RDS
12 24 (1.83%) BigQuery
13 23 (1.75%) Apache Cassandra
14 21 (1.60%) Amazon Aurora
14 21 (1.60%) RDBMS
15 14 (1.06%) CouchDB
15 14 (1.06%) GIS
16 13 (0.99%) MariaDB
16 13 (0.99%) Power BI
17 12 (0.91%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 345 (26.24%) Git (software)
2 108 (8.21%) Jenkins
3 97 (7.38%) GitLab
4 68 (5.17%) JIRA
5 41 (3.12%) Mocha
6 40 (3.04%) Cypress.io
6 40 (3.04%) Maven
7 29 (2.21%) Visual Studio
8 24 (1.83%) TeamCity
9 23 (1.75%) Gradle
9 23 (1.75%) PHPUnit
9 23 (1.75%) webpack
10 19 (1.44%) Octopus Deploy
11 18 (1.37%) JUnit
11 18 (1.37%) Selenium
12 17 (1.29%) CircleCI
13 15 (1.14%) Postman
14 14 (1.06%) Subversion
15 13 (0.99%) Eclipse
16 12 (0.91%) IntelliJ
General
1 213 (16.20%) Finance
2 181 (13.76%) Social Skills
3 99 (7.53%) Games
4 97 (7.38%) Marketing
5 82 (6.24%) Advertising
6 78 (5.93%) Retail
7 70 (5.32%) Banking
8 61 (4.64%) Analytical Skills
9 44 (3.35%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 43 (3.27%) Legal
11 34 (2.59%) Pharmaceutical
12 28 (2.13%) Back Office
13 26 (1.98%) Online Betting
14 20 (1.52%) Automotive
15 19 (1.44%) Manufacturing
16 17 (1.29%) Wearables
17 14 (1.06%) Law
17 14 (1.06%) Military
18 12 (0.91%) Telecoms
19 11 (0.84%) Esports
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 405 (30.80%) Node.js
2 370 (28.14%) REST
3 267 (20.30%) React
4 236 (17.95%) RESTful
5 211 (16.05%) .NET
6 175 (13.31%) GraphQL
7 153 (11.63%) Web Services
8 151 (11.48%) Spring
9 141 (10.72%) CSS
10 132 (10.04%) Django
11 117 (8.90%) HTML
12 115 (8.75%) Laravel
13 99 (7.53%) Spring Boot
14 97 (7.38%) RabbitMQ
15 95 (7.22%) .NET Core
16 72 (5.48%) Flask
17 71 (5.40%) Vue.js
18 67 (5.10%) Symfony
19 65 (4.94%) Kafka
20 63 (4.79%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 135 (10.27%) User Experience
2 111 (8.44%) Mobile App
3 92 (7.00%) Virtual Team
4 87 (6.62%) Algorithms
5 78 (5.93%) Greenfield Project
6 57 (4.33%) Cloud Native
6 57 (4.33%) Self-Motivation
7 47 (3.57%) Blockchain
8 37 (2.81%) Hackathon
9 32 (2.43%) Data Structures
9 32 (2.43%) Sports Betting
10 31 (2.36%) IoT
11 26 (1.98%) Blog
12 21 (1.60%) Cyberattack
13 20 (1.52%) Social Media
14 17 (1.29%) Hedge funds
14 17 (1.29%) Life Science
14 17 (1.29%) NFT
14 17 (1.29%) Podcast
15 16 (1.22%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 173 (13.16%) Linux
2 48 (3.65%) Unix
3 28 (2.13%) Windows
4 25 (1.90%) Android
5 24 (1.83%) Apple iOS
6 15 (1.14%) Ubuntu
7 11 (0.84%) CentOS
8 9 (0.68%) Debian
8 9 (0.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 6 (0.46%) CoreOS
10 4 (0.30%) Alpine Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 518 (39.39%) Agile
2 414 (31.48%) Microservices
3 365 (27.76%) Software Engineering
4 358 (27.22%) CI/CD
5 275 (20.91%) DevOps
6 274 (20.84%) TDD
7 216 (16.43%) Problem-Solving
8 190 (14.45%) Test Automation
9 158 (12.02%) Computer Science
10 155 (11.79%) Continuous Integration
11 144 (10.95%) Scrum
12 139 (10.57%) OOP
13 132 (10.04%) Full Stack Development
14 129 (9.81%) Analytics
15 122 (9.28%) Unit Testing
16 121 (9.20%) SOLID
17 106 (8.06%) Clean Code
17 106 (8.06%) Data Science
18 105 (7.98%) Fintech
19 104 (7.91%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 456 (34.68%) JavaScript
2 442 (33.61%) Python
3 386 (29.35%) SQL
4 322 (24.49%) TypeScript
5 290 (22.05%) Java
6 233 (17.72%) C#
7 201 (15.29%) PHP
8 150 (11.41%) Go
9 65 (4.94%) ES6
10 52 (3.95%) C++
11 45 (3.42%) C
11 45 (3.42%) R
12 35 (2.66%) Ruby
13 31 (2.36%) T-SQL
14 27 (2.05%) Rust
14 27 (2.05%) Scala
15 25 (1.90%) Kotlin
16 16 (1.22%) Bash
16 16 (1.22%) ES7
17 11 (0.84%) F#
Qualifications
1 201 (15.29%) Degree
2 87 (6.62%) Computer Science Degree
3 39 (2.97%) Master's Degree
4 28 (2.13%) Numerate Degree
5 17 (1.29%) AWS Certification
6 4 (0.30%) PMI Certification
6 4 (0.30%) Security Cleared
7 3 (0.23%) SC Cleared
8 2 (0.15%) CIPD
8 2 (0.15%) PhD
9 1 (0.076%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.076%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.076%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (4.03%) QA
2 20 (1.52%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.61%) HL7
4 7 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.46%) Accessibility
6 4 (0.30%) SLA
7 2 (0.15%) GxP
System Software
1 442 (33.61%) Docker
2 13 (0.99%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (0.15%) Firmware
3 2 (0.15%) VirtualBox
3 2 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.076%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 294 (22.36%) Kubernetes
2 107 (8.14%) Terraform
3 25 (1.90%) Ansible
4 19 (1.44%) Grafana
4 19 (1.44%) Opscode Chef
4 19 (1.44%) Puppet
5 18 (1.37%) Docker Swarm
6 10 (0.76%) Prometheus
6 10 (0.76%) ZABBIX
7 7 (0.53%) Single Sign-On
8 5 (0.38%) Mesos
9 4 (0.30%) Bugsnag
10 3 (0.23%) Consul
10 3 (0.23%) MIIS
11 1 (0.076%) Podman
11 1 (0.076%) yum
Vendors
1 134 (10.19%) Google
2 42 (3.19%) Microsoft
3 39 (2.97%) Oracle
4 21 (1.60%) Red Hat
5 18 (1.37%) Salesforce.com
6 15 (1.14%) CA
6 15 (1.14%) Trayport
6 15 (1.14%) Zend
7 6 (0.46%) MuleSoft
8 5 (0.38%) Okta
8 5 (0.38%) Revolut
8 5 (0.38%) Unilink
9 4 (0.30%) Atlassian
9 4 (0.30%) DevExpress
9 4 (0.30%) Spotify
9 4 (0.30%) Telerik
9 4 (0.30%) TrueLayer
10 2 (0.15%) Autodesk
10 2 (0.15%) SAP
10 2 (0.15%) VMware