Period
to 11 May 2021

The median annual salary for a Backend Developer was £55,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Backend Developer
UK
6 months to
11 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 341 471 603
Rank change year-on-year +130 +132 +16
Permanent jobs requiring a Backend Developer 777 553 605
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.88% 0.56% 0.41%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.95% 0.58% 0.43%
Number of salaries quoted 561 454 514
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £40,500 £40,000 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year -5.26% +18.75% -11.11%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 81,761 94,601 140,805
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.77% 95.31% 96.03%
Number of salaries quoted 63,171 76,834 113,065
10th Percentile £31,500 £30,000 £28,500
25th Percentile £41,000 £38,750 £37,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £46,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.15% +3.33% -

Backend Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Backend Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Backend Developer in the UK

Backend Developer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Backend Developer.

Salary trend for Backend Developer in the UK

Backend Developer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Backend Developer over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Backend Developer in the UK

Backend Developer
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Backend Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 11 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +135 720 £57,500 +4.55% 196
London +179 410 £65,000 - 104
UK excluding London +19 297 £45,000 -5.26% 98
Work from Home -86 165 £57,500 +27.78% 65
South East -14 101 £48,750 -7.14% 27
North of England +36 76 £43,000 +6.17% 26
Yorkshire +23 45 £43,000 +1.18% 9
South West -33 44 £42,500 -19.05% 10
Midlands +6 37 £45,000 -10.00% 13
North West +13 27 £50,000 +23.46% 15
West Midlands +3 26 £45,000 -10.00% 7
East of England +29 21 £21,500 -64.17% 15
East Midlands +6 11 £42,500 +6.25% 6
Scotland -6 9 £40,000 +3.23% 6
Northern Ireland +8 6 £30,000 -25.00%
North East - 4 £40,000 - 2
Wales +26 3 £37,500 +15.38% 1

Backend Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 11 May 2021, Backend Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Backend Developer in the job title.

1 272 (35.01%) Agile Software Development
2 256 (32.95%) Microservices
3 250 (32.18%) Docker
4 228 (29.34%) Python
5 224 (28.83%) AWS
6 222 (28.57%) SQL
6 222 (28.57%) JavaScript
7 189 (24.32%) C#
8 180 (23.17%) Java
9 170 (21.88%) Kubernetes
10 163 (20.98%) DevOps
11 159 (20.46%) REST
12 154 (19.82%) Node.js
13 151 (19.43%) PHP
14 147 (18.92%) .NET
15 141 (18.15%) Git (software)
16 131 (16.86%) MongoDB
17 125 (16.09%) MySQL
18 123 (15.83%) Finance
19 121 (15.57%) TDD
20 112 (14.41%) RESTful
21 110 (14.16%) Software Engineering
22 106 (13.64%) Fintech
23 105 (13.51%) Azure
24 104 (13.38%) GraphQL
25 100 (12.87%) PostgreSQL
26 96 (12.36%) Social Skills
27 88 (11.33%) Problem-Solving
27 88 (11.33%) Degree
28 84 (10.81%) GCP

Backend Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (6.82%) Elasticsearch
2 31 (3.99%) WordPress
3 23 (2.96%) Drupal
4 18 (2.32%) nginx
5 10 (1.29%) Confluence
6 9 (1.16%) Tomcat
6 9 (1.16%) Tornado
7 7 (0.90%) Apache
7 7 (0.90%) Apache Spark
8 6 (0.77%) CMS
8 6 (0.77%) Umbraco
9 5 (0.64%) Apache Airflow
9 5 (0.64%) Jupyter
10 3 (0.39%) Ethereum
11 2 (0.26%) Apache Solr
11 2 (0.26%) Kentico
11 2 (0.26%) Oracle Spatial
11 2 (0.26%) SharePoint
12 1 (0.13%) IIS
12 1 (0.13%) WebSphere
Applications
1 3 (0.39%) AutoCAD
1 3 (0.39%) InVision
1 3 (0.39%) Revit
1 3 (0.39%) Sketch
2 2 (0.26%) Campfire
2 2 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.13%) EngageOne
3 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.13%) PrintSoft PReS
Business Applications
1 12 (1.54%) Magento
2 3 (0.39%) Distributed Ledger
2 3 (0.39%) R3 Corda
2 3 (0.39%) Shopify
3 2 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.13%) PlanetPress Connect
4 1 (0.13%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 224 (28.83%) AWS
2 105 (13.51%) Azure
3 84 (10.81%) GCP
3 84 (10.81%) Serverless
4 80 (10.30%) SaaS
5 67 (8.62%) AWS Lambda
6 54 (6.95%) GitHub
7 18 (2.32%) Amazon EC2
7 18 (2.32%) Amazon S3
7 18 (2.32%) Amazon SQS
8 10 (1.29%) Amazon Kinesis
8 10 (1.29%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 9 (1.16%) Amazon Alexa
9 9 (1.16%) AWS CloudFormation
9 9 (1.16%) CloudFront
10 8 (1.03%) Cloud Computing
10 8 (1.03%) Google App Engine
11 6 (0.77%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 6 (0.77%) Amazon ECS
12 5 (0.64%) Google Docs
Communications & Networking
1 21 (2.70%) Internet
2 20 (2.57%) HTTP
3 3 (0.39%) Firewall
4 2 (0.26%) Asterisk PBX
4 2 (0.26%) Broadband
4 2 (0.26%) PSTN
4 2 (0.26%) VoIP
5 1 (0.13%) FTP
5 1 (0.13%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 131 (16.86%) MongoDB
2 125 (16.09%) MySQL
3 100 (12.87%) PostgreSQL
4 82 (10.55%) SQL Server
5 66 (8.49%) NoSQL
6 51 (6.56%) Relational Database
7 44 (5.66%) Redis
8 18 (2.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 18 (2.32%) Amazon RDS
9 16 (2.06%) BigQuery
10 10 (1.29%) RDBMS
11 9 (1.16%) Blockchain
12 8 (1.03%) Couchbase
12 8 (1.03%) Flink
13 7 (0.90%) Big Data
13 7 (0.90%) Oracle Database
14 5 (0.64%) CockroachDB
14 5 (0.64%) Hadoop
14 5 (0.64%) Neo4j
14 5 (0.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 141 (18.15%) Git (software)
2 24 (3.09%) Jenkins
2 24 (3.09%) Maven
3 21 (2.70%) GitLab
4 20 (2.57%) JIRA
5 19 (2.45%) Visual Studio
6 18 (2.32%) Gradle
7 16 (2.06%) PHPUnit
8 14 (1.80%) CircleCI
9 13 (1.67%) Mocha
9 13 (1.67%) NUnit
10 11 (1.42%) Mockito
10 11 (1.42%) Octopus Deploy
11 10 (1.29%) Cypress.io
11 10 (1.29%) JUnit
12 9 (1.16%) git-flow
12 9 (1.16%) TeamCity
13 8 (1.03%) SonarQube
13 8 (1.03%) Subversion
14 7 (0.90%) Bugzilla
General
1 123 (15.83%) Finance
2 96 (12.36%) Social Skills
3 43 (5.53%) Games
4 25 (3.22%) Banking
5 20 (2.57%) Law
5 20 (2.57%) Marketing
6 17 (2.19%) Retail
7 15 (1.93%) Influencing Skills
7 15 (1.93%) Manufacturing
8 14 (1.80%) Legal
8 14 (1.80%) Public Sector
9 13 (1.67%) Analytical Skills
9 13 (1.67%) Back Office
10 12 (1.54%) Advertising
10 12 (1.54%) Online Betting
11 10 (1.29%) Financial Institution
11 10 (1.29%) Front Office
11 10 (1.29%) Presentation Skills
12 9 (1.16%) Telecoms
12 9 (1.16%) Wearables
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 159 (20.46%) REST
2 154 (19.82%) Node.js
3 147 (18.92%) .NET
4 112 (14.41%) RESTful
5 104 (13.38%) GraphQL
6 83 (10.68%) Spring
7 79 (10.17%) Flask
8 77 (9.91%) Django
8 77 (9.91%) Laravel
9 72 (9.27%) HTML
9 72 (9.27%) Kafka
10 66 (8.49%) CSS
11 63 (8.11%) RabbitMQ
12 62 (7.98%) .NET Core
13 61 (7.85%) React
14 58 (7.46%) Spring Boot
15 50 (6.44%) ASP.NET
16 48 (6.18%) Web Services
17 40 (5.15%) gRPC
18 38 (4.89%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 39 (5.02%) Mobile App
2 36 (4.63%) User Experience
3 24 (3.09%) Greenfield Project
4 17 (2.19%) Algorithms
4 17 (2.19%) Blog
5 15 (1.93%) Data Structures
6 13 (1.67%) Cloud Native
7 9 (1.16%) Mobile Payment
7 9 (1.16%) Self-Motivation
8 8 (1.03%) Mobile Banking
8 8 (1.03%) Online Games
9 7 (0.90%) Digital Media
9 7 (0.90%) Video\Live Streaming
10 6 (0.77%) Clustering
10 6 (0.77%) Enterprise Software
10 6 (0.77%) Industry 4.0
10 6 (0.77%) Renewable Energy
10 6 (0.77%) Social Media
10 6 (0.77%) Virtual Team
10 6 (0.77%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 78 (10.04%) Linux
2 20 (2.57%) Unix
3 13 (1.67%) Windows
4 12 (1.54%) Android
5 11 (1.42%) Apple iOS
6 5 (0.64%) CentOS
6 5 (0.64%) Windows 10
6 5 (0.64%) Windows 7
6 5 (0.64%) Windows Server 2012
7 4 (0.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 4 (0.51%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.13%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 272 (35.01%) Agile Software Development
2 256 (32.95%) Microservices
3 163 (20.98%) DevOps
4 121 (15.57%) TDD
5 110 (14.16%) Software Engineering
6 106 (13.64%) Fintech
7 88 (11.33%) Problem-Solving
8 74 (9.52%) Computer Science
9 66 (8.49%) MVC
10 65 (8.37%) OOP
11 57 (7.34%) OO
12 56 (7.21%) Front End Development
13 55 (7.08%) Web Development
14 51 (6.56%) Mentoring
15 50 (6.44%) Continuous Integration
16 48 (6.18%) Kanban
16 48 (6.18%) SDLC
17 46 (5.92%) Test Automation
18 38 (4.89%) Pair Programming
18 38 (4.89%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 228 (29.34%) Python
2 222 (28.57%) JavaScript
2 222 (28.57%) SQL
3 189 (24.32%) C#
4 180 (23.17%) Java
5 151 (19.43%) PHP
6 77 (9.91%) TypeScript
7 60 (7.72%) Go
8 38 (4.89%) C++
9 37 (4.76%) Kotlin
10 26 (3.35%) Java 8
10 26 (3.35%) Scala
11 22 (2.83%) ES6
12 20 (2.57%) R
13 17 (2.19%) Ruby
14 16 (2.06%) C
15 11 (1.42%) T-SQL
16 9 (1.16%) Bash Shell
17 8 (1.03%) Erlang
18 7 (0.90%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 88 (11.33%) Degree
2 56 (7.21%) Computer Science Degree
3 13 (1.67%) Master's Degree
3 13 (1.67%) Security Cleared
4 8 (1.03%) SC Cleared
5 6 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
6 4 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
7 3 (0.39%) SANS
8 1 (0.13%) OCP
8 1 (0.13%) Oracle Certification
8 1 (0.13%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (5.02%) QA
2 3 (0.39%) GRC
2 3 (0.39%) WCAG
3 2 (0.26%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.26%) GDPR
4 1 (0.13%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 250 (32.18%) Docker
2 2 (0.26%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 170 (21.88%) Kubernetes
2 38 (4.89%) Terraform
3 5 (0.64%) Consul
3 5 (0.64%) HAProxy
3 5 (0.64%) Packer
4 3 (0.39%) Grafana
4 3 (0.39%) Prometheus
5 2 (0.26%) Puppet
6 1 (0.13%) Ansible
6 1 (0.13%) cPanel
6 1 (0.13%) Docker Swarm
6 1 (0.13%) EMC NetWorker
6 1 (0.13%) Kibana
6 1 (0.13%) Marathon
6 1 (0.13%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.13%) Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.13%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 79 (10.17%) Google
2 31 (3.99%) Oracle
3 26 (3.35%) Microsoft
4 25 (3.22%) Zend
5 8 (1.03%) Spotify
6 6 (0.77%) SAP
7 3 (0.39%) Atlassian
7 3 (0.39%) Autodesk
7 3 (0.39%) Red Hat
7 3 (0.39%) Samsung
7 3 (0.39%) Sitecore
8 2 (0.26%) Adobe
8 2 (0.26%) HubSpot
9 1 (0.13%) Apple
9 1 (0.13%) IBM
9 1 (0.13%) New Relic
9 1 (0.13%) PagerDuty
9 1 (0.13%) Progress
9 1 (0.13%) Salesforce.com
9 1 (0.13%) TIBCO