Period
to

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 15 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
15 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 132 108 73
Rank change year-on-year -24 -35 +27
Permanent jobs citing BDD 2,185 1,326 364
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 2.89% 3.23% 4.11%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.00% 3.39% 4.44%
Number of salaries quoted 1,092 999 334
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £38,750
25th Percentile £48,750 £47,500 £45,688
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% -4.00% +8.70%
75th Percentile £80,000 £78,750 £77,188
90th Percentile £93,750 £86,250 £90,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% - +7.14%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 72,944 39,135 8,194
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 96.56% 95.21% 92.42%
Number of salaries quoted 42,870 29,501 7,084
10th Percentile £37,000 £35,000 £35,000
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,998 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.90% - -
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,756 £55,000
% change year-on-year +7.61% +1.37% +4.76%

BDD
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

BDD trend for jobs with a WFH option

BDD
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing BDD.

BDD salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

BDD
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing BDD over the 6 months to 15 August 2022.

BDD salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 15 August 2022, BDD job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for BDD.

1 1,686 (77.16%) Agile
2 1,663 (76.11%) TDD
3 916 (41.92%) CI/CD
4 909 (41.60%) Test Automation
5 869 (39.77%) Software Engineering
6 861 (39.41%) Java
7 828 (37.89%) Scrum
8 780 (35.70%) JavaScript
9 726 (33.23%) DevOps
10 707 (32.36%) AWS
11 686 (31.40%) Azure
12 683 (31.26%) Finance
12 683 (31.26%) Microservices
13 653 (29.89%) Git (software)
14 638 (29.20%) Docker
15 588 (26.91%) Kubernetes
16 585 (26.77%) C#
17 544 (24.90%) React
18 530 (24.26%) SQL
19 509 (23.30%) Python
20 465 (21.28%) Jenkins
21 459 (21.01%) Social Skills
22 455 (20.82%) QA
23 436 (19.95%) Selenium
24 432 (19.77%) REST
25 430 (19.68%) .NET
26 407 (18.63%) Continuous Integration
27 402 (18.40%) TypeScript
28 394 (18.03%) RESTful
29 371 (16.98%) Kanban

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 180 (8.24%) Confluence
2 49 (2.24%) Apache
3 34 (1.56%) CMS
4 33 (1.51%) Cloud Foundry
5 25 (1.14%) Apache Spark
6 21 (0.96%) WordPress
7 17 (0.78%) SharePoint
8 12 (0.55%) Headless CMS
9 8 (0.37%) Drupal
9 8 (0.37%) JBoss
9 8 (0.37%) Umbraco
9 8 (0.37%) WebSphere
9 8 (0.37%) WebSphere Application Server
10 7 (0.32%) IBM Domino
10 7 (0.32%) Sitecore CMS
11 6 (0.27%) EPiServer
12 5 (0.23%) Apache Airflow
12 5 (0.23%) FileNet
12 5 (0.23%) nginx
13 4 (0.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 13 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.55%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.32%) Maple
4 1 (0.046%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 23 (1.05%) Payment Gateway
2 8 (0.37%) SAP Hybris
3 6 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.27%) Magento
3 6 (0.27%) Shopify
4 2 (0.092%) thinkFolio
5 1 (0.046%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
5 1 (0.046%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 707 (32.36%) AWS
2 686 (31.40%) Azure
3 363 (16.61%) GCP
4 312 (14.28%) Serverless
5 198 (9.06%) GitHub
6 196 (8.97%) AWS Lambda
7 172 (7.87%) SaaS
8 157 (7.19%) Azure DevOps
9 112 (5.13%) PaaS
10 105 (4.81%) Amazon S3
10 105 (4.81%) Cloud Computing
11 92 (4.21%) Amazon SQS
11 92 (4.21%) AWS CloudFormation
12 75 (3.43%) Amazon EC2
13 63 (2.88%) IaaS
14 58 (2.65%) Sauce Labs
15 50 (2.29%) npm
16 48 (2.20%) Power Platform
17 44 (2.01%) BrowserStack
18 43 (1.97%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 50 (2.29%) HTTP
2 24 (1.10%) Broadband
3 15 (0.69%) Skype
4 14 (0.64%) Firewall
5 10 (0.46%) Internet
6 9 (0.41%) Cisco ASA
6 9 (0.41%) Cisco Nexus
6 9 (0.41%) SAN
6 9 (0.41%) VSAN
6 9 (0.41%) Wireless
7 7 (0.32%) Network Security
7 7 (0.32%) TCP/IP
7 7 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
8 6 (0.27%) DSL
9 5 (0.23%) Bluetooth
9 5 (0.23%) DNS
10 4 (0.18%) AMQP
10 4 (0.18%) SSL
11 3 (0.14%) PPP
12 2 (0.092%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 274 (12.54%) NoSQL
2 149 (6.82%) MySQL
3 148 (6.77%) Relational Database
4 142 (6.50%) PostgreSQL
5 105 (4.81%) SQL Server
6 101 (4.62%) MongoDB
7 70 (3.20%) Redis
8 62 (2.84%) DynamoDB
9 59 (2.70%) Big Data
10 56 (2.56%) Amazon Aurora
11 44 (2.01%) Amazon RDS
12 37 (1.69%) Power BI
13 29 (1.33%) Elasticsearch
14 19 (0.87%) DocumentDB
15 18 (0.82%) Hadoop
16 16 (0.73%) Data Warehouse
17 15 (0.69%) Oracle Database
18 14 (0.64%) Azure SQL Database
18 14 (0.64%) Data Lake
19 12 (0.55%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 653 (29.89%) Git (software)
2 465 (21.28%) Jenkins
3 436 (19.95%) Selenium
4 370 (16.93%) JIRA
5 356 (16.29%) Cucumber
6 209 (9.57%) Postman
7 193 (8.83%) SpecFlow
8 165 (7.55%) Cypress.io
9 118 (5.40%) Maven
10 108 (4.94%) GitLab
11 85 (3.89%) Bitbucket
12 82 (3.75%) REST Assured
13 80 (3.66%) Appium
14 77 (3.52%) JUnit
15 75 (3.43%) WebDriver
16 73 (3.34%) Gradle
17 70 (3.20%) SonarQube
18 60 (2.75%) Visual Studio
19 58 (2.65%) NUnit
20 56 (2.56%) GoCD
General
1 683 (31.26%) Finance
2 459 (21.01%) Social Skills
3 310 (14.19%) Banking
4 272 (12.45%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 220 (10.07%) Analytical Skills
6 196 (8.97%) Games
7 142 (6.50%) Retail
8 119 (5.45%) Public Sector
9 96 (4.39%) Marketing
10 87 (3.98%) Organisational Skills
11 73 (3.34%) Advertising
12 66 (3.02%) Legal
13 62 (2.84%) Law
14 39 (1.78%) Publishing
15 37 (1.69%) Presentation Skills
16 36 (1.65%) Billing
17 35 (1.60%) Local Government
18 32 (1.46%) Financial Institution
19 28 (1.28%) Back Office
19 28 (1.28%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 706 (32.31%) Developer
2 425 (19.45%) Software Engineer
3 263 (12.04%) Senior Developer
4 192 (8.79%) QA Engineer
5 187 (8.56%) Senior Software Engineer
6 165 (7.55%) Java Engineer
7 148 (6.77%) .NET Developer
8 145 (6.64%) Java Developer
9 144 (6.59%) Software Developer
10 121 (5.54%) Test Engineer
11 101 (4.62%) DevOps Engineer
12 95 (4.35%) C# Developer
13 83 (3.80%) Tester
14 78 (3.57%) Senior Software Developer
15 70 (3.20%) Full Stack Developer
16 66 (3.02%) Java Software Engineer
17 63 (2.88%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 61 (2.79%) Senior .NET Developer
18 61 (2.79%) Senior DevOps
18 61 (2.79%) Senior QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 544 (24.90%) React
2 432 (19.77%) REST
3 430 (19.68%) .NET
4 394 (18.03%) RESTful
5 361 (16.52%) CSS
6 357 (16.34%) Node.js
7 350 (16.02%) Kafka
8 330 (15.10%) HTML
9 316 (14.46%) AngularJS
10 268 (12.27%) Spring
11 200 (9.15%) Spring Boot
12 189 (8.65%) .NET Core
13 177 (8.10%) HTML5
14 148 (6.77%) Web Services
15 140 (6.41%) CSS3
16 121 (5.54%) GraphQL
17 119 (5.45%) ASP.NET
18 116 (5.31%) RabbitMQ
19 107 (4.90%) JSON
20 95 (4.35%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 165 (7.55%) Mobile App
2 129 (5.90%) Cloud Native
2 129 (5.90%) Greenfield Project
3 123 (5.63%) User Experience
4 99 (4.53%) Virtual Team
5 91 (4.16%) Self-Motivation
6 70 (3.20%) Social Network
7 56 (2.56%) Legacy Systems
8 51 (2.33%) Data Structures
9 46 (2.11%) Algorithms
10 45 (2.06%) Blog
10 45 (2.06%) Sports Betting
11 35 (1.60%) Cyberattack
12 32 (1.46%) iPad
12 32 (1.46%) Private Cloud
13 31 (1.42%) Credit Risk
14 29 (1.33%) Enterprise Software
15 27 (1.24%) Cyber Defence
15 27 (1.24%) Video\Live Streaming
16 26 (1.19%) BBC
Operating Systems
1 208 (9.52%) Linux
2 96 (4.39%) Android
3 83 (3.80%) Unix
4 75 (3.43%) Apple iOS
5 55 (2.52%) Windows
6 35 (1.60%) Ubuntu
7 7 (0.32%) Windows Embedded Compact
8 6 (0.27%) CentOS
9 4 (0.18%) Mac OS X
10 3 (0.14%) Windows 10
10 3 (0.14%) Windows Server
11 2 (0.092%) FreeBSD
12 1 (0.046%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,686 (77.16%) Agile
2 1,663 (76.11%) TDD
3 916 (41.92%) CI/CD
4 909 (41.60%) Test Automation
5 869 (39.77%) Software Engineering
6 828 (37.89%) Scrum
7 726 (33.23%) DevOps
8 683 (31.26%) Microservices
9 407 (18.63%) Continuous Integration
10 371 (16.98%) Kanban
11 365 (16.70%) Mentoring
12 348 (15.93%) Full Stack Development
13 346 (15.84%) SDLC
14 329 (15.06%) Software Testing
15 282 (12.91%) Continuous Improvement
16 278 (12.72%) OO
17 264 (12.08%) Problem-Solving
18 262 (11.99%) Fintech
19 258 (11.81%) Continuous Delivery
20 241 (11.03%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 861 (39.41%) Java
2 780 (35.70%) JavaScript
3 585 (26.77%) C#
4 530 (24.26%) SQL
5 509 (23.30%) Python
6 402 (18.40%) TypeScript
7 156 (7.14%) Kotlin
8 153 (7.00%) Go
9 149 (6.82%) Ruby
10 129 (5.90%) PHP
11 128 (5.86%) Scala
12 57 (2.61%) PowerShell
13 55 (2.52%) Clojure
14 53 (2.43%) Groovy
15 46 (2.11%) C++
16 45 (2.06%) ES6
17 37 (1.69%) Shell Script
18 35 (1.60%) Elixir
19 23 (1.05%) F#
20 22 (1.01%) Bash
Qualifications
1 103 (4.71%) Degree
2 73 (3.34%) ISTQB
3 66 (3.02%) Security Cleared
4 44 (2.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 41 (1.88%) SC Cleared
6 25 (1.14%) ISEB
7 23 (1.05%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 13 (0.59%) Numerate Degree
9 7 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
10 6 (0.27%) AWS Certification
10 6 (0.27%) ISEB Practitioner
10 6 (0.27%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 6 (0.27%) MCPD
10 6 (0.27%) MCSD
11 5 (0.23%) Postgraduate
11 5 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
12 4 (0.18%) Master's Degree
13 3 (0.14%) PMI Certification
14 1 (0.046%) CSPO
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 455 (20.82%) QA
2 92 (4.21%) Accessibility
3 12 (0.55%) WAI
4 10 (0.46%) GDPR
5 9 (0.41%) Data Quality
6 5 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 5 (0.23%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 638 (29.20%) Docker
2 9 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
2 9 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
2 9 (0.41%) vSphere
3 6 (0.27%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.092%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 588 (26.91%) Kubernetes
2 308 (14.10%) Terraform
3 148 (6.77%) Ansible
4 34 (1.56%) Puppet
5 32 (1.46%) Opscode Chef
6 30 (1.37%) Fortio
6 30 (1.37%) Istio
6 30 (1.37%) Kiali
7 13 (0.59%) Kubeflow
8 12 (0.55%) Rancher
9 10 (0.46%) Grafana
10 9 (0.41%) Pingdom
10 9 (0.41%) SolarWinds Orion
11 7 (0.32%) CA Service Virtualization
11 7 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
12 4 (0.18%) Control-M
13 2 (0.092%) Kibana
13 2 (0.092%) Oozie
13 2 (0.092%) Prometheus
14 1 (0.046%) Packer
Vendors
1 186 (8.51%) Microsoft
2 118 (5.40%) Google
3 42 (1.92%) Funding Circle
3 42 (1.92%) Oracle
4 41 (1.88%) Zopa
5 33 (1.51%) Confluent
6 30 (1.37%) Zend
7 29 (1.33%) Atlassian
7 29 (1.33%) Salesforce.com
8 27 (1.24%) IBM
9 23 (1.05%) Perfecto Mobile
10 18 (0.82%) Cisco
10 18 (0.82%) ServiceNow
10 18 (0.82%) SolarWinds
11 17 (0.78%) Civica
12 15 (0.69%) SAP
12 15 (0.69%) WorldPay
13 12 (0.55%) Xamarin
14 10 (0.46%) FNZ
14 10 (0.46%) PayPal