Period
to 27 July 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 27 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
27 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 99 52 85
Rank change year-on-year -47 +33 -54
Permanent jobs citing BDD 726 278 318
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 3.19% 5.13% 3.90%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.40% 5.54% 4.18%
Number of salaries quoted 545 258 292
10th Percentile £41,250 £35,525 £35,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £43,250 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,000 £65,000 £56,500
Median % change year-on-year -4.62% +15.04% +18.95%
75th Percentile £78,750 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £91,250 £86,250
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year - +9.09% +4.86%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 21,326 5,022 7,606
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 93.66% 92.64% 93.29%
Number of salaries quoted 16,961 4,327 6,597
10th Percentile £35,750 £35,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £57,500 £57,500
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £75,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £85,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

BDD
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

BDD trend for jobs with a WFH option

BDD
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing BDD.

BDD salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

BDD
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing BDD over the 6 months to 27 July 2021.

BDD salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 27 July 2021, BDD job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for BDD.

1 583 (80.30%) Agile Software Development
2 557 (76.72%) TDD
3 306 (42.15%) Microservices
4 294 (40.50%) Scrum
5 287 (39.53%) Java
6 271 (37.33%) Test Automation
7 269 (37.05%) React
8 267 (36.78%) JavaScript
9 232 (31.96%) Azure
10 221 (30.44%) DevOps
11 206 (28.37%) AWS
12 201 (27.69%) C#
13 183 (25.21%) SQL
14 170 (23.42%) Software Engineering
15 150 (20.66%) .NET
16 146 (20.11%) Social Skills
17 144 (19.83%) Finance
18 140 (19.28%) Continuous Integration
19 139 (19.15%) NoSQL
19 139 (19.15%) Docker
20 130 (17.91%) Selenium
21 129 (17.77%) MVC
22 126 (17.36%) Git (software)
22 126 (17.36%) Kubernetes
23 124 (17.08%) JIRA
24 120 (16.53%) Jenkins
25 117 (16.12%) QA
26 114 (15.70%) Spring
27 110 (15.15%) Mentoring
27 110 (15.15%) SOLID

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 66 (9.09%) Confluence
2 47 (6.47%) CMS
3 32 (4.41%) Elasticsearch
4 27 (3.72%) Tomcat
5 11 (1.52%) Apache Solr
5 11 (1.52%) Drupal
6 10 (1.38%) Apache
7 8 (1.10%) JBoss
7 8 (1.10%) Mule
7 8 (1.10%) Mule ESB
7 8 (1.10%) Red Hat Fuse
8 6 (0.83%) Oracle Spatial
9 5 (0.69%) nginx
10 4 (0.55%) Headless CMS
10 4 (0.55%) SharePoint
10 4 (0.55%) Umbraco
11 2 (0.28%) Ethereum
11 2 (0.28%) Sitecore CMS
12 1 (0.14%) NServiceBus
12 1 (0.14%) WebSphere
Applications
1 5 (0.69%) Chatbot
2 4 (0.55%) EngageOne
3 3 (0.41%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.28%) Adobe Illustrator
4 2 (0.28%) Adobe XD
4 2 (0.28%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 27 (3.72%) Payment Gateway
1 27 (3.72%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 232 (31.96%) Azure
2 206 (28.37%) AWS
3 57 (7.85%) GCP
4 49 (6.75%) SaaS
5 33 (4.55%) Serverless
6 16 (2.20%) GitHub
7 14 (1.93%) Amazon EC2
8 12 (1.65%) Amazon SQS
8 12 (1.65%) AWS Lambda
9 11 (1.52%) npm
10 9 (1.24%) Amazon S3
10 9 (1.24%) BrowserStack
10 9 (1.24%) IaaS
11 7 (0.96%) Amazon Cognito
11 7 (0.96%) Lucidchart
12 6 (0.83%) PaaS
13 5 (0.69%) Amazon ECS
13 5 (0.69%) Yarn
14 4 (0.55%) Azure Functions
14 4 (0.55%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 24 (3.31%) HTTP
1 24 (3.31%) Internet
2 7 (0.96%) DNS
3 5 (0.69%) H.323
3 5 (0.69%) RTP
4 3 (0.41%) Wi-Fi
5 2 (0.28%) AMQP
5 2 (0.28%) SAN
6 1 (0.14%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 139 (19.15%) NoSQL
2 52 (7.16%) PostgreSQL
3 48 (6.61%) Relational Database
4 46 (6.34%) MongoDB
4 46 (6.34%) SQL Server
5 42 (5.79%) MySQL
6 25 (3.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 25 (3.44%) Redis
7 18 (2.48%) Amazon Aurora
8 15 (2.07%) Oracle Database
9 13 (1.79%) Apache Cassandra
10 12 (1.65%) Azure SQL Database
10 12 (1.65%) Hazelcast
11 9 (1.24%) Big Data
12 8 (1.10%) RDBMS
12 8 (1.10%) Spatial Data
13 7 (0.96%) Geospatial Data
14 5 (0.69%) Amazon RDS
14 5 (0.69%) Couchbase
15 4 (0.55%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 130 (17.91%) Selenium
2 126 (17.36%) Git (software)
3 124 (17.08%) JIRA
4 120 (16.53%) Jenkins
5 100 (13.77%) Cucumber
6 58 (7.99%) SpecFlow
7 54 (7.44%) Maven
8 52 (7.16%) WebDriver
9 39 (5.37%) JUnit
10 35 (4.82%) GitLab
10 35 (4.82%) Visual Studio
11 27 (3.72%) webpack
12 25 (3.44%) Cypress.io
13 21 (2.89%) git-flow
13 21 (2.89%) Subversion
14 20 (2.75%) Postman
15 18 (2.48%) NUnit
15 18 (2.48%) SoapUI
15 18 (2.48%) TeamCity
16 17 (2.34%) IntelliJ
General
1 146 (20.11%) Social Skills
2 144 (19.83%) Finance
3 68 (9.37%) Retail
4 46 (6.34%) Marketing
5 42 (5.79%) Banking
6 37 (5.10%) Electronics
6 37 (5.10%) Public Sector
7 31 (4.27%) Back Office
8 27 (3.72%) Analytical Skills
9 22 (3.03%) Telecoms
10 21 (2.89%) Games
11 16 (2.20%) Billing
11 16 (2.20%) Legal
12 15 (2.07%) Manufacturing
13 13 (1.79%) Publishing
14 12 (1.65%) Organisational Skills
15 10 (1.38%) Law
16 6 (0.83%) Advertising
17 5 (0.69%) Documentation Skills
17 5 (0.69%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 353 (48.62%) Developer
2 105 (14.46%) Software Engineer
3 98 (13.50%) Full Stack Developer
4 93 (12.81%) Java Developer
5 83 (11.43%) Senior Developer
6 80 (11.02%) React Developer
7 71 (9.78%) PHP Developer
8 56 (7.71%) .NET Developer
9 44 (6.06%) Senior Software Engineer
10 43 (5.92%) Test Engineer
11 38 (5.23%) Java Engineer
12 37 (5.10%) C# Developer
12 37 (5.10%) Software Developer
13 31 (4.27%) C# .NET Developer
13 31 (4.27%) Lead Developer
14 30 (4.13%) QA Engineer
15 28 (3.86%) JavaScript Engineer
16 26 (3.58%) C# Software Engineer
16 26 (3.58%) Java Software Engineer
16 26 (3.58%) Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 269 (37.05%) React
2 150 (20.66%) .NET
3 114 (15.70%) Spring
4 103 (14.19%) HTML
4 103 (14.19%) Node.js
4 103 (14.19%) RESTful
5 102 (14.05%) CSS
6 99 (13.64%) AngularJS
7 90 (12.40%) REST
8 78 (10.74%) .NET Core
9 65 (8.95%) Spring Boot
10 61 (8.40%) CodeIgniter
10 61 (8.40%) Kafka
11 58 (7.99%) Web Services
12 56 (7.71%) RabbitMQ
13 52 (7.16%) Hibernate
14 50 (6.89%) React Native
15 48 (6.61%) ASP.NET
16 46 (6.34%) Vue.js
17 42 (5.79%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 51 (7.02%) iPad
2 50 (6.89%) Mobile App
3 49 (6.75%) Greenfield Project
4 31 (4.27%) Data Structures
5 28 (3.86%) Self-Motivation
5 28 (3.86%) Virtual Team
6 24 (3.31%) Algorithms
7 18 (2.48%) Legacy Systems
7 18 (2.48%) User Experience
8 15 (2.07%) Credit Risk
9 12 (1.65%) Hybrid Cloud
10 11 (1.52%) Data Centre
11 10 (1.38%) Internet of Things
11 10 (1.38%) LIMS
11 10 (1.38%) NHS
12 8 (1.10%) Enterprise Software
13 6 (0.83%) Wiki
14 5 (0.69%) Blog
14 5 (0.69%) Management Information System
14 5 (0.69%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 52 (7.16%) Linux
2 18 (2.48%) Android
3 17 (2.34%) Apple iOS
4 16 (2.20%) Unix
5 10 (1.38%) Windows
6 1 (0.14%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 583 (80.30%) Agile Software Development
2 557 (76.72%) TDD
3 306 (42.15%) Microservices
4 294 (40.50%) Scrum
5 271 (37.33%) Test Automation
6 221 (30.44%) DevOps
7 170 (23.42%) Software Engineering
8 140 (19.28%) Continuous Integration
9 129 (17.77%) MVC
10 110 (15.15%) Mentoring
10 110 (15.15%) SOLID
11 88 (12.12%) SDLC
12 82 (11.29%) E-Commerce
12 82 (11.29%) Software Testing
13 81 (11.16%) Kanban
14 74 (10.19%) Continuous Delivery
15 68 (9.37%) Problem-Solving
16 54 (7.44%) Analytics
16 54 (7.44%) Unit Testing
17 48 (6.61%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 287 (39.53%) Java
2 267 (36.78%) JavaScript
3 201 (27.69%) C#
4 183 (25.21%) SQL
5 107 (14.74%) Python
6 100 (13.77%) PHP
7 83 (11.43%) TypeScript
8 43 (5.92%) Kotlin
9 41 (5.65%) Java 8
10 27 (3.72%) Ruby
11 24 (3.31%) Go
12 17 (2.34%) C++
13 14 (1.93%) Bash Shell
14 13 (1.79%) Java 11
15 12 (1.65%) Groovy
16 11 (1.52%) Scala
17 6 (0.83%) C
18 5 (0.69%) ES6
19 4 (0.55%) Natural
19 4 (0.55%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 49 (6.75%) Degree
2 22 (3.03%) Security Cleared
3 21 (2.89%) Computer Science Degree
4 16 (2.20%) SC Cleared
5 15 (2.07%) ISEB
6 6 (0.83%) ISTQB
7 2 (0.28%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
8 1 (0.14%) CITP
8 1 (0.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 117 (16.12%) QA
2 14 (1.93%) Accessibility
3 3 (0.41%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.14%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 139 (19.15%) Docker
2 1 (0.14%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 126 (17.36%) Kubernetes
2 14 (1.93%) Ansible
3 12 (1.65%) Terraform
4 11 (1.52%) Opscode Chef
4 11 (1.52%) Puppet
5 5 (0.69%) Docker Swarm
5 5 (0.69%) Istio
5 5 (0.69%) Kibana
5 5 (0.69%) Nagios
6 4 (0.55%) Packer
7 2 (0.28%) Grafana
Vendors
1 55 (7.58%) Microsoft
2 43 (5.92%) Oracle
3 27 (3.72%) Elastic Path
4 25 (3.44%) Google
5 20 (2.75%) SAP
6 12 (1.65%) Xamarin
7 9 (1.24%) Splunk
8 8 (1.10%) IBM
9 6 (0.83%) Atlassian
9 6 (0.83%) ESRI
10 5 (0.69%) AppDynamics
10 5 (0.69%) New Relic
10 5 (0.69%) ServiceNow
11 4 (0.55%) MuleSoft
12 3 (0.41%) OpenText
12 3 (0.41%) Salesforce.com
13 2 (0.28%) Adobe
13 2 (0.28%) Sitecore
14 1 (0.14%) SolarWinds
14 1 (0.14%) Zend