Period
to

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 28 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
28 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 112 111 99
Rank change year-on-year -1 -12 +20
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 2,554 1,143 284
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 3.30% 3.12% 3.23%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.42% 3.29% 3.48%
Number of salaries quoted 1,160 869 238
10th Percentile £39,250 £37,500 £36,600
25th Percentile £48,750 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,250
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +5.26% -5.00%
75th Percentile £75,188 £66,250 £65,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £81,250 £75,375
UK median annual salary £62,500 £55,625 £52,500
% change year-on-year +12.36% +5.95% -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 74,750 34,690 8,150
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 96.58% 94.74% 92.80%
Number of salaries quoted 42,757 26,920 6,953
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £57,361
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% -4.12% -0.24%
75th Percentile £80,000 £73,750 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £87,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Unit Testing
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Unit Testing trend for jobs with a WFH option

Unit Testing
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Unit Testing.

Unit Testing salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 28 June 2022.

Unit Testing salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 28 June 2022, Unit Testing job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1,819 (71.22%) Agile
2 1,230 (48.16%) JavaScript
3 1,075 (42.09%) Git (software)
4 996 (39.00%) React
5 972 (38.06%) Software Engineering
6 957 (37.47%) C#
7 843 (33.01%) .NET
8 819 (32.07%) Social Skills
9 795 (31.13%) Azure
10 774 (30.31%) DevOps
11 771 (30.19%) SQL
12 752 (29.44%) HTML
13 731 (28.62%) Scrum
14 726 (28.43%) CSS
15 700 (27.41%) TDD
16 650 (25.45%) AWS
17 609 (23.84%) Java
18 590 (23.10%) Test Automation
19 589 (23.06%) TypeScript
20 578 (22.63%) CI/CD
21 532 (20.83%) Docker
22 519 (20.32%) Node.js
23 501 (19.62%) Finance
23 501 (19.62%) Microsoft
24 496 (19.42%) SQL Server
25 452 (17.70%) Full Stack Development
26 448 (17.54%) .NET Framework
27 427 (16.72%) Problem-Solving
28 416 (16.29%) .NET Core
29 414 (16.21%) AngularJS

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 114 (4.46%) Confluence
2 113 (4.42%) CMS
3 44 (1.72%) IIS
4 34 (1.33%) Apache Spark
5 32 (1.25%) Umbraco
6 28 (1.10%) Apache Airflow
7 24 (0.94%) WordPress
8 16 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
8 16 (0.63%) Gunicorn
8 16 (0.63%) Tomcat
8 16 (0.63%) WebSphere
9 15 (0.59%) JBoss
9 15 (0.59%) Sitecore CMS
10 14 (0.55%) WebSphere Application Server
11 11 (0.43%) Headless CMS
11 11 (0.43%) IBM Domino
12 10 (0.39%) Apache
12 10 (0.39%) Kentico
12 10 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 6 (0.23%) SAS
Applications
1 19 (0.74%) Campfire
2 13 (0.51%) MS Visio
3 8 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.20%) Adobe XD
4 5 (0.20%) InVision
4 5 (0.20%) Sketch
5 4 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.078%) Microsoft Excel
7 1 (0.039%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.039%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 40 (1.57%) NetSuite
2 26 (1.02%) SAP Business ByDesign
3 23 (0.90%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.39%) Magento
5 8 (0.31%) Oracle ERP
5 8 (0.31%) ProductWriter
6 7 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
7 5 (0.20%) Shopify
8 4 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
9 1 (0.039%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 1 (0.039%) Dynamics NAV
9 1 (0.039%) Oracle BPM
9 1 (0.039%) SAP MM
9 1 (0.039%) SAP R/3
9 1 (0.039%) SAP SD
9 1 (0.039%) SAP WM
Cloud Services
1 795 (31.13%) Azure
2 650 (25.45%) AWS
3 393 (15.39%) Azure DevOps
4 303 (11.86%) Serverless
5 245 (9.59%) GitHub
6 187 (7.32%) GCP
7 177 (6.93%) Azure Service Bus
8 173 (6.77%) SaaS
9 169 (6.62%) npm
10 126 (4.93%) Azure Functions
11 111 (4.35%) AWS Lambda
12 68 (2.66%) Yarn
13 59 (2.31%) Power Platform
14 54 (2.11%) PaaS
15 51 (2.00%) Stripe
16 50 (1.96%) AWS CloudFormation
17 48 (1.88%) Amazon S3
18 44 (1.72%) Dynamics 365
19 39 (1.53%) Amazon Kinesis
19 39 (1.53%) GitHub Actions
Communications & Networking
1 67 (2.62%) Internet
2 53 (2.08%) Broadband
3 35 (1.37%) HTTP
4 24 (0.94%) TCP/IP
5 22 (0.86%) Wi-Fi
6 20 (0.78%) MQTT
7 19 (0.74%) Modbus
7 19 (0.74%) RS-422
7 19 (0.74%) RS-485
8 15 (0.59%) Bluetooth
9 13 (0.51%) PPP
10 7 (0.27%) DLNA
10 7 (0.27%) UPnP
11 4 (0.16%) PBX
11 4 (0.16%) PSTN
11 4 (0.16%) TETRA
11 4 (0.16%) Unified Communications
11 4 (0.16%) VoIP
11 4 (0.16%) Wireshark
12 3 (0.12%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 496 (19.42%) SQL Server
2 250 (9.79%) NoSQL
3 245 (9.59%) Relational Database
4 221 (8.65%) MySQL
5 192 (7.52%) PostgreSQL
6 95 (3.72%) Elasticsearch
7 91 (3.56%) MongoDB
8 70 (2.74%) DynamoDB
8 70 (2.74%) Redis
9 56 (2.19%) RDBMS
10 47 (1.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 45 (1.76%) Big Data
12 44 (1.72%) Data Warehouse
12 44 (1.72%) Power BI
13 40 (1.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 32 (1.25%) Amazon RDS
15 29 (1.14%) MariaDB
16 27 (1.06%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 22 (0.86%) Data Lake
18 20 (0.78%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 1,075 (42.09%) Git (software)
2 287 (11.24%) JIRA
3 238 (9.32%) Jenkins
4 195 (7.64%) NUnit
5 191 (7.48%) webpack
6 180 (7.05%) Team Foundation Server
7 154 (6.03%) Bitbucket
8 148 (5.79%) Selenium
9 133 (5.21%) Visual Studio
10 132 (5.17%) Cypress.io
11 110 (4.31%) MSTest
12 97 (3.80%) Moq
13 90 (3.52%) Jasmine
14 80 (3.13%) JUnit
15 67 (2.62%) GitLab
16 57 (2.23%) ESLint
16 57 (2.23%) Postman
17 52 (2.04%) Octopus Deploy
17 52 (2.04%) SonarQube
18 48 (1.88%) Mocha
General
1 819 (32.07%) Social Skills
2 501 (19.62%) Finance
3 320 (12.53%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 191 (7.48%) Analytical Skills
5 166 (6.50%) Games
6 164 (6.42%) Banking
7 154 (6.03%) Retail
8 126 (4.93%) Advertising
9 102 (3.99%) Marketing
10 87 (3.41%) Publishing
11 74 (2.90%) Public Sector
12 57 (2.23%) Electronics
13 39 (1.53%) Presentation Skills
14 37 (1.45%) Back Office
14 37 (1.45%) Organisational Skills
15 36 (1.41%) Legal
16 35 (1.37%) Esports
17 32 (1.25%) Automotive
18 31 (1.21%) Telecoms
19 29 (1.14%) Law
Job Titles
1 1,573 (61.59%) Developer
2 578 (22.63%) Software Engineer
3 483 (18.91%) Senior Developer
4 302 (11.82%) Software Developer
5 236 (9.24%) Senior Software Engineer
6 204 (7.99%) .NET Developer
7 199 (7.79%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 162 (6.34%) Java Developer
9 141 (5.52%) C# Developer
10 130 (5.09%) Full Stack Developer
10 130 (5.09%) React Developer
11 108 (4.23%) Senior Software Developer
12 93 (3.64%) PHP Developer
13 84 (3.29%) Senior .NET Developer
14 71 (2.78%) Backend Developer
15 61 (2.39%) Python Developer
16 55 (2.15%) .NET Software Engineer
16 55 (2.15%) Web Developer
17 54 (2.11%) Senior C# Developer
18 53 (2.08%) .NET Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 996 (39.00%) React
2 843 (33.01%) .NET
3 752 (29.44%) HTML
4 726 (28.43%) CSS
5 519 (20.32%) Node.js
6 448 (17.54%) .NET Framework
7 416 (16.29%) .NET Core
8 414 (16.21%) AngularJS
9 412 (16.13%) REST
10 351 (13.74%) jQuery
11 345 (13.51%) RESTful
12 343 (13.43%) Web Services
13 272 (10.65%) Entity Framework
14 218 (8.54%) ASP.NET
15 213 (8.34%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 194 (7.60%) ASP.NET Web API
16 194 (7.60%) Vue.js
17 182 (7.13%) Jest
18 180 (7.05%) HTML5
19 167 (6.54%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 342 (13.39%) User Experience
2 142 (5.56%) Mobile App
3 132 (5.17%) Greenfield Project
4 93 (3.64%) Virtual Team
5 78 (3.05%) Algorithms
6 76 (2.98%) Legacy Systems
7 65 (2.55%) Blog
8 61 (2.39%) Cyberattack
9 60 (2.35%) BBC
10 58 (2.27%) Self-Motivation
11 57 (2.23%) Data Structures
12 50 (1.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 47 (1.84%) Cloud Native
13 47 (1.84%) Enterprise Software
14 46 (1.80%) Over-the-Top Content
15 44 (1.72%) Sports Betting
16 43 (1.68%) Cyber Defence
17 40 (1.57%) NHS
18 39 (1.53%) IoT
19 37 (1.45%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 302 (11.82%) Android
2 268 (10.49%) Linux
3 249 (9.75%) Apple iOS
4 193 (7.56%) Windows
5 58 (2.27%) Unix
6 19 (0.74%) Embedded Linux
7 16 (0.63%) Windows Server
8 12 (0.47%) Debian
8 12 (0.47%) FreeRTOS
9 7 (0.27%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.12%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.078%) Android TV
11 2 (0.078%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.039%) FreeBSD
12 1 (0.039%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,819 (71.22%) Agile
2 972 (38.06%) Software Engineering
3 774 (30.31%) DevOps
4 731 (28.62%) Scrum
5 700 (27.41%) TDD
6 590 (23.10%) Test Automation
7 578 (22.63%) CI/CD
8 452 (17.70%) Full Stack Development
9 427 (16.72%) Problem-Solving
10 394 (15.43%) MVC
11 393 (15.39%) Microservices
12 380 (14.88%) Continuous Integration
13 369 (14.45%) Computer Science
14 359 (14.06%) SDLC
15 336 (13.16%) Front End Development
16 331 (12.96%) OO
17 300 (11.75%) Mentoring
18 283 (11.08%) User Stories
19 276 (10.81%) Integration Testing
20 245 (9.59%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 1,230 (48.16%) JavaScript
2 957 (37.47%) C#
3 771 (30.19%) SQL
4 609 (23.84%) Java
5 589 (23.06%) TypeScript
6 407 (15.94%) Python
7 259 (10.14%) PHP
8 203 (7.95%) C++
9 132 (5.17%) Kotlin
10 130 (5.09%) T-SQL
11 97 (3.80%) ES6
12 95 (3.72%) C
13 88 (3.45%) Rust
14 84 (3.29%) Apple Swift
15 78 (3.05%) PowerShell
16 68 (2.66%) Go
17 66 (2.58%) Scala
18 58 (2.27%) Bash
19 46 (1.80%) Objective-C
20 39 (1.53%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 402 (15.74%) Degree
2 154 (6.03%) Computer Science Degree
3 75 (2.94%) Master's Degree
4 45 (1.76%) Security Cleared
5 38 (1.49%) Microsoft Certification
6 22 (0.86%) ISTQB
7 19 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
8 15 (0.59%) Postgraduate
9 14 (0.55%) ISEB
10 13 (0.51%) Six Sigma Black Belt
11 11 (0.43%) MCAD
12 8 (0.31%) DBS Check
12 8 (0.31%) DV Cleared
13 5 (0.20%) PhD
14 4 (0.16%) HND
14 4 (0.16%) SC Cleared
15 3 (0.12%) PMI Certification
16 2 (0.078%) MCPD
16 2 (0.078%) MCSD
17 1 (0.039%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 219 (8.57%) QA
2 70 (2.74%) Accessibility
3 60 (2.35%) SLA
4 34 (1.33%) WCAG
5 22 (0.86%) GDPR
6 16 (0.63%) Data Quality
7 11 (0.43%) HL7
8 7 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 6 (0.23%) ISO 9001
10 4 (0.16%) PCI DSS
11 3 (0.12%) IEC 62304
11 3 (0.12%) ISO 13485
12 1 (0.039%) RosettaNet
12 1 (0.039%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 532 (20.83%) Docker
2 16 (0.63%) Firmware
3 15 (0.59%) Hyper-V
3 15 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
4 9 (0.35%) Varnish
5 7 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.23%) Apache Flume
7 3 (0.12%) etcd
8 2 (0.078%) Active Directory
8 2 (0.078%) KVM
Systems Management
1 380 (14.88%) Kubernetes
2 350 (13.70%) Terraform
3 47 (1.84%) Grafana
4 40 (1.57%) Ansible
5 35 (1.37%) Prometheus
6 26 (1.02%) Kibana
7 11 (0.43%) Active Directory Federation Services
8 10 (0.39%) Puppet
8 10 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
9 9 (0.35%) Bugsnag
10 7 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
11 5 (0.20%) Opsgenie
12 3 (0.12%) Argo
13 1 (0.039%) logstash
13 1 (0.039%) Opscode Chef
13 1 (0.039%) Packer
Vendors
1 501 (19.62%) Microsoft
2 188 (7.36%) Google
3 128 (5.01%) Xamarin
4 87 (3.41%) Oracle
5 63 (2.47%) Apple
6 61 (2.39%) Salesforce.com
6 61 (2.39%) TrueLayer
7 45 (1.76%) Revolut
7 45 (1.76%) SAP
8 26 (1.02%) DocuSign
9 23 (0.90%) IBM
9 23 (0.90%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
10 22 (0.86%) Snapchat
11 15 (0.59%) Adobe
11 15 (0.59%) Atlassian
11 15 (0.59%) Perforce
11 15 (0.59%) Sitecore
11 15 (0.59%) VMware
11 15 (0.59%) Zend
12 14 (0.55%) Syncsort