Period
to 25 January 2022

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 25 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
25 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 82 36 58
Rank change year-on-year -46 +22 -16
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 1,101 736 366
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 3.72% 6.72% 5.01%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.92% 7.17% 5.34%
Number of salaries quoted 792 682 305
10th Percentile £38,750 - £38,750
25th Percentile £48,750 £38,750 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £50,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +30.00% -9.09% +4.76%
75th Percentile £87,500 £65,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £78,750 £82,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £57,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +13.04% -4.17% +4.35%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 28,098 10,267 6,849
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 95.03% 93.72% 93.68%
Number of salaries quoted 21,547 9,078 5,943
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £35,000
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% -4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £80,000 £72,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £88,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

Continuous Integration
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Continuous Integration trend for jobs with a WFH option

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Continuous Integration.

Continuous Integration salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 25 January 2022.

Continuous Integration salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 25 January 2022, Continuous Integration job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 722 (65.58%) Agile Software Development
2 556 (50.50%) DevOps
3 438 (39.78%) AWS
4 436 (39.60%) CI/CD
5 405 (36.78%) Java
6 398 (36.15%) Azure
7 366 (33.24%) Docker
8 347 (31.52%) Software Engineering
9 329 (29.88%) TDD
10 319 (28.97%) JavaScript
11 312 (28.34%) Scrum
11 312 (28.34%) Kubernetes
12 299 (27.16%) Git (software)
13 290 (26.34%) Test Automation
14 280 (25.43%) Microservices
15 256 (23.25%) SQL
16 244 (22.16%) Continuous Delivery
17 243 (22.07%) Jenkins
18 241 (21.89%) Finance
19 224 (20.35%) Node.js
20 219 (19.89%) Python
21 204 (18.53%) .NET
22 202 (18.35%) React
23 197 (17.89%) Social Skills
24 194 (17.62%) HTML
25 191 (17.35%) BDD
26 190 (17.26%) GCP
27 189 (17.17%) C#
28 188 (17.08%) Terraform
29 181 (16.44%) CSS

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (3.36%) Apache Spark
2 36 (3.27%) Confluence
3 30 (2.72%) Apache
4 27 (2.45%) Elasticsearch
5 24 (2.18%) nginx
6 21 (1.91%) IIS
7 16 (1.45%) WordPress
8 10 (0.91%) CMS
9 9 (0.82%) Apache Solr
10 8 (0.73%) OnBase
10 8 (0.73%) Sitecore CMS
10 8 (0.73%) Tomcat
11 7 (0.64%) Cloud Foundry
12 5 (0.45%) Drupal
13 3 (0.27%) OpenWhisk
14 2 (0.18%) BizTalk Server
14 2 (0.18%) Kentico
14 2 (0.18%) OpenStack
14 2 (0.18%) SharePoint
14 2 (0.18%) Umbraco
Applications
1 9 (0.82%) Sketch
2 7 (0.64%) InVision
3 3 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.18%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.091%) InDesign
5 1 (0.091%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.091%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.091%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 13 (1.18%) Distributed Ledger
1 13 (1.18%) R3 Corda
2 2 (0.18%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.091%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.091%) Northgate Housing
Cloud Services
1 438 (39.78%) AWS
2 398 (36.15%) Azure
3 190 (17.26%) GCP
4 126 (11.44%) Serverless
5 109 (9.90%) SaaS
6 79 (7.18%) GitHub
7 50 (4.54%) AWS CloudFormation
8 44 (4.00%) AWS Lambda
9 35 (3.18%) Amazon EC2
10 32 (2.91%) PaaS
11 31 (2.82%) Azure App Service
12 29 (2.63%) Amazon S3
13 28 (2.54%) Cloud Computing
14 27 (2.45%) Azure Storage
15 26 (2.36%) IaaS
16 25 (2.27%) Amazon SQS
17 24 (2.18%) Azure Service Bus
18 23 (2.09%) Microsoft 365
19 22 (2.00%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 22 (2.00%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 42 (3.81%) HTTP
2 28 (2.54%) DNS
3 19 (1.73%) DHCP
3 19 (1.73%) IPv6
4 16 (1.45%) Internet
5 11 (1.00%) MQTT
6 9 (0.82%) Firewall
6 9 (0.82%) TCP/IP
7 8 (0.73%) HTTPS
7 8 (0.73%) PPP
8 5 (0.45%) VoIP
9 4 (0.36%) NetScaler
9 4 (0.36%) VPN
10 3 (0.27%) SSL
11 2 (0.18%) Bluetooth
11 2 (0.18%) Skype
11 2 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
11 2 (0.18%) Wireless
11 2 (0.18%) ZigBee
12 1 (0.091%) 3GPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 123 (11.17%) SQL Server
2 109 (9.90%) NoSQL
3 104 (9.45%) PostgreSQL
4 98 (8.90%) Redis
5 94 (8.54%) MongoDB
6 89 (8.08%) MySQL
7 48 (4.36%) Relational Database
8 42 (3.81%) Hadoop
9 26 (2.36%) Big Data
10 24 (2.18%) Amazon Aurora
11 22 (2.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 22 (2.00%) Blockchain
12 19 (1.73%) Neo4j
13 18 (1.63%) RDBMS
14 15 (1.36%) Data Warehouse
15 14 (1.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 13 (1.18%) Electronic Patient Records
17 10 (0.91%) Apache Cassandra
17 10 (0.91%) Data Vault
18 9 (0.82%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 299 (27.16%) Git (software)
2 243 (22.07%) Jenkins
3 104 (9.45%) JIRA
4 103 (9.36%) GitLab
5 50 (4.54%) CircleCI
6 47 (4.27%) Selenium
6 47 (4.27%) TeamCity
7 45 (4.09%) Cypress.io
8 44 (4.00%) Bitbucket
9 39 (3.54%) Maven
10 36 (3.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 24 (2.18%) Octopus Deploy
11 24 (2.18%) Visual Studio Team System
12 21 (1.91%) Team Foundation Server
13 19 (1.73%) Gradle
14 18 (1.63%) JUnit
15 15 (1.36%) Cucumber
15 15 (1.36%) webpack
16 14 (1.27%) PostCSS
17 13 (1.18%) Postman
General
1 241 (21.89%) Finance
2 197 (17.89%) Social Skills
3 89 (8.08%) Analytical Skills
4 71 (6.45%) Retail
5 66 (5.99%) Public Sector
6 55 (5.00%) Electronics
6 55 (5.00%) Marketing
7 42 (3.81%) Telecoms
8 36 (3.27%) Banking
8 36 (3.27%) Games
9 32 (2.91%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 27 (2.45%) Manufacturing
11 19 (1.73%) Billing
12 18 (1.63%) Law
13 16 (1.45%) Presentation Skills
14 12 (1.09%) Advertising
15 7 (0.64%) Private Banking
16 6 (0.54%) Front Office
16 6 (0.54%) Influencing Skills
17 5 (0.45%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 437 (39.69%) Developer
2 179 (16.26%) DevOps Engineer
3 166 (15.08%) Software Engineer
4 130 (11.81%) Java Developer
5 109 (9.90%) Senior Developer
6 68 (6.18%) Java Engineer
6 68 (6.18%) Software Developer
7 66 (5.99%) Architect
7 66 (5.99%) Java Software Engineer
8 65 (5.90%) Senior Software Engineer
9 60 (5.45%) AWS DevOps
9 60 (5.45%) AWS Engineer
10 56 (5.09%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 53 (4.81%) Azure Engineer
12 48 (4.36%) Full Stack Developer
13 43 (3.91%) Cloud Engineer
14 42 (3.81%) Senior Java Developer
15 37 (3.36%) Agile Developer
15 37 (3.36%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 36 (3.27%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 224 (20.35%) Node.js
2 204 (18.53%) .NET
3 202 (18.35%) React
4 194 (17.62%) HTML
5 181 (16.44%) CSS
6 155 (14.08%) Spring
7 154 (13.99%) REST
8 132 (11.99%) Spring Boot
9 111 (10.08%) HTML5
10 102 (9.26%) CSS3
11 96 (8.72%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 94 (8.54%) GraphQL
13 92 (8.36%) AngularJS
14 76 (6.90%) .NET Core
15 72 (6.54%) Web Services
16 65 (5.90%) .NET Framework
17 62 (5.63%) ASP.NET
17 62 (5.63%) RESTful
18 55 (5.00%) Kafka
19 47 (4.27%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 104 (9.45%) User Experience
2 74 (6.72%) Mobile App
3 51 (4.63%) Cloud Native
4 50 (4.54%) Self-Motivation
5 48 (4.36%) Enterprise Software
6 36 (3.27%) Public Cloud
7 30 (2.72%) iPad
8 27 (2.45%) Blog
8 27 (2.45%) Greenfield Project
9 24 (2.18%) Legacy Code
10 18 (1.63%) Virtual Team
11 15 (1.36%) Data Structures
12 13 (1.18%) Legacy Applications
13 12 (1.09%) Internet of Things
14 11 (1.00%) Augmented Reality
15 10 (0.91%) N-Tier
15 10 (0.91%) W3C
16 9 (0.82%) Legacy Systems
16 9 (0.82%) Private Cloud
17 8 (0.73%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 181 (16.44%) Linux
2 114 (10.35%) Windows
3 47 (4.27%) Android
4 36 (3.27%) Apple iOS
5 32 (2.91%) Ubuntu
6 29 (2.63%) Unix
7 25 (2.27%) CentOS
8 12 (1.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 11 (1.00%) Embedded Linux
10 10 (0.91%) Windows Server
11 9 (0.82%) Debian
11 9 (0.82%) VxWorks
12 8 (0.73%) FreeRTOS
13 7 (0.64%) Alpine Linux
14 4 (0.36%) AIX
15 2 (0.18%) Mac OS
16 1 (0.091%) Mesosphere
16 1 (0.091%) Solaris
16 1 (0.091%) Windows Server 2008
16 1 (0.091%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 722 (65.58%) Agile Software Development
2 556 (50.50%) DevOps
3 436 (39.60%) CI/CD
4 347 (31.52%) Software Engineering
5 329 (29.88%) TDD
6 312 (28.34%) Scrum
7 290 (26.34%) Test Automation
8 280 (25.43%) Microservices
9 244 (22.16%) Continuous Delivery
10 191 (17.35%) BDD
11 179 (16.26%) Full Stack Development
12 159 (14.44%) Kanban
13 156 (14.17%) Problem-Solving
14 146 (13.26%) Migration
15 137 (12.44%) Mentoring
16 133 (12.08%) OO
17 112 (10.17%) Scaled Agile Framework
18 107 (9.72%) Computer Science
19 106 (9.63%) Deployment Automation
19 106 (9.63%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 405 (36.78%) Java
2 319 (28.97%) JavaScript
3 256 (23.25%) SQL
4 219 (19.89%) Python
5 189 (17.17%) C#
6 125 (11.35%) TypeScript
7 78 (7.08%) Kotlin
8 74 (6.72%) C++
8 74 (6.72%) PHP
9 59 (5.36%) PowerShell
10 49 (4.45%) Ruby
11 46 (4.18%) Go
12 37 (3.36%) Java 8
12 37 (3.36%) Scala
13 35 (3.18%) ES6
14 26 (2.36%) Java 11
15 25 (2.27%) T-SQL
16 21 (1.91%) C
16 21 (1.91%) ES7
17 19 (1.73%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 112 (10.17%) Degree
2 79 (7.18%) Computer Science Degree
3 60 (5.45%) Security Cleared
4 42 (3.81%) SC Cleared
5 19 (1.73%) Master's Degree
6 12 (1.09%) AWS Certification
7 11 (1.00%) BPSS Clearance
8 7 (0.64%) SANS
9 4 (0.36%) DBS Check
9 4 (0.36%) ISTQB
9 4 (0.36%) RHCE
10 3 (0.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 3 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.18%) CTC Cleared
11 2 (0.18%) ISEB
11 2 (0.18%) PMP
11 2 (0.18%) SAFe Agilist
12 1 (0.091%) CEH
12 1 (0.091%) CISSP
12 1 (0.091%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 84 (7.63%) QA
2 40 (3.63%) Accessibility
3 17 (1.54%) WCAG
4 5 (0.45%) SLA
5 4 (0.36%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.18%) GDPR
6 2 (0.18%) MISRA
7 1 (0.091%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 366 (33.24%) Docker
2 16 (1.45%) Active Directory
3 15 (1.36%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.73%) Varnish
4 8 (0.73%) VirtualBox
5 4 (0.36%) Firmware
5 4 (0.36%) vSphere
5 4 (0.36%) XenApp
5 4 (0.36%) XenDesktop
6 3 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.091%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.091%) Ceph
7 1 (0.091%) Postfix
7 1 (0.091%) Xen
Systems Management
1 312 (28.34%) Kubernetes
2 188 (17.08%) Terraform
3 119 (10.81%) Ansible
4 63 (5.72%) Puppet
5 59 (5.36%) Opscode Chef
6 53 (4.81%) Prometheus
7 19 (1.73%) Rancher
8 17 (1.54%) Amdocs OSS
9 10 (0.91%) Docker Swarm
10 9 (0.82%) Grafana
10 9 (0.82%) Icinga
10 9 (0.82%) Nagios
11 7 (0.64%) FreeIPA
12 6 (0.54%) ITRS Geneos
13 4 (0.36%) Salt
14 2 (0.18%) Consul
14 2 (0.18%) Packer
15 1 (0.091%) Failover Clustering
15 1 (0.091%) Proxmox
15 1 (0.091%) QRadar
Vendors
1 162 (14.71%) Microsoft
2 104 (9.45%) Google
2 104 (9.45%) Oracle
3 32 (2.91%) EnterpriseDB
4 25 (2.27%) Xamarin
5 22 (2.00%) Red Hat
5 22 (2.00%) SAP
5 22 (2.00%) Sophos
6 20 (1.82%) Zend
7 18 (1.63%) Salesforce.com
7 18 (1.63%) ServiceNow
8 17 (1.54%) Amdocs
8 17 (1.54%) Apple
9 15 (1.36%) VMware
10 11 (1.00%) Guidewire
10 11 (1.00%) Mercator
11 10 (0.91%) New Relic
11 10 (0.91%) WooCommerce
12 9 (0.82%) Cloudera
12 9 (0.82%) Okta