Period
to 27 July 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 27 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
27 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 64 54 74
Rank change year-on-year -10 +20 -12
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 1,059 260 348
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 4.65% 4.80% 4.27%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.97% 5.18% 4.58%
Number of salaries quoted 834 242 333
10th Percentile " £37,750 £40,000
25th Percentile £38,750 £43,750 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £57,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year -4.35% -4.17% +20.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £77,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £95,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £58,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% +2.56% +6.36%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 21,326 5,022 7,606
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 93.66% 92.64% 93.29%
Number of salaries quoted 16,961 4,327 6,597
10th Percentile £35,750 £35,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £57,500 £57,500
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £75,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £85,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Continuous Integration
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Continuous Integration trend for jobs with a WFH option

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Continuous Integration.

Continuous Integration salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 27 July 2021.

Continuous Integration salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 27 July 2021, Continuous Integration job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 681 (64.31%) Agile Software Development
2 544 (51.37%) DevOps
3 400 (37.77%) Azure
4 381 (35.98%) Git (software)
5 379 (35.79%) Scrum
6 326 (30.78%) AWS
7 301 (28.42%) Java
8 284 (26.82%) Docker
9 272 (25.68%) Terraform
10 265 (25.02%) TDD
11 264 (24.93%) SQL
12 262 (24.74%) JavaScript
13 256 (24.17%) Microservices
14 253 (23.89%) Linux
15 247 (23.32%) Microsoft
16 244 (23.04%) Test Automation
17 235 (22.19%) Software Engineering
18 221 (20.87%) Migration
19 220 (20.77%) Kubernetes
20 213 (20.11%) Social Skills
21 200 (18.89%) Continuous Delivery
22 193 (18.22%) Jenkins
23 183 (17.28%) Windows
24 182 (17.19%) React
25 176 (16.62%) Python
26 169 (15.96%) HTML
27 164 (15.49%) Deployment Automation
28 163 (15.39%) Infrastructure as Code
28 163 (15.39%) Finance
29 148 (13.98%) Oracle

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (4.53%) Apache Spark
2 35 (3.31%) CMS
3 33 (3.12%) Elasticsearch
4 31 (2.93%) Confluence
5 26 (2.46%) Tomcat
6 18 (1.70%) nginx
7 16 (1.51%) IIS
8 14 (1.32%) Apache
9 9 (0.85%) Headless CMS
10 8 (0.76%) Sitecore CMS
11 7 (0.66%) Apache Airflow
11 7 (0.66%) OpenStack
11 7 (0.66%) Umbraco
12 5 (0.47%) Cloud Foundry
12 5 (0.47%) CloudStack
12 5 (0.47%) Liferay
13 4 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 4 (0.38%) Oracle Workflow
13 4 (0.38%) WebLogic
14 3 (0.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 7 (0.66%) Sketch
2 6 (0.57%) Zeplin
3 3 (0.28%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 3 (0.28%) InVision
4 1 (0.094%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 6 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.47%) SAP Hybris
3 4 (0.38%) Magento
3 4 (0.38%) Shopify
4 3 (0.28%) SDL Web 8
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.094%) FastStats
6 1 (0.094%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.094%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.094%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.094%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 400 (37.77%) Azure
2 326 (30.78%) AWS
3 134 (12.65%) AWS CloudFormation
4 99 (9.35%) GCP
5 97 (9.16%) GitHub
6 74 (6.99%) Serverless
7 63 (5.95%) SaaS
8 38 (3.59%) PaaS
9 24 (2.27%) AWS Lambda
10 23 (2.17%) Amazon EC2
10 23 (2.17%) Datadog
11 22 (2.08%) Amazon S3
12 21 (1.98%) Azure Active Directory
12 21 (1.98%) npm
13 20 (1.89%) Cloud Computing
13 20 (1.89%) IaaS
14 19 (1.79%) DigitalOcean
15 15 (1.42%) Azure Service Bus
16 13 (1.23%) OpenShift
17 12 (1.13%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 39 (3.68%) HTTP
2 25 (2.36%) Internet
3 17 (1.61%) Firewall
4 13 (1.23%) TCP/IP
5 11 (1.04%) VPN
6 10 (0.94%) DNS
7 5 (0.47%) Network Security
7 5 (0.47%) VLAN
8 4 (0.38%) DHCP
8 4 (0.38%) IPv6
9 3 (0.28%) MQTT
9 3 (0.28%) NetScaler
9 3 (0.28%) VoIP
10 2 (0.19%) BGP
10 2 (0.19%) Bluetooth
10 2 (0.19%) Broadband
10 2 (0.19%) Diameter Protocol
10 2 (0.19%) LAN
10 2 (0.19%) SAN
10 2 (0.19%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 90 (8.50%) MongoDB
2 86 (8.12%) SQL Server
3 82 (7.74%) NoSQL
4 67 (6.33%) PostgreSQL
5 54 (5.10%) MySQL
6 52 (4.91%) Relational Database
7 47 (4.44%) Hadoop
8 31 (2.93%) Big Data
9 30 (2.83%) Redis
10 25 (2.36%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 23 (2.17%) RDBMS
12 17 (1.61%) Amazon RDS
13 14 (1.32%) Amazon Aurora
13 14 (1.32%) Apache Cassandra
14 12 (1.13%) Amazon Redshift
14 12 (1.13%) Data Warehouse
15 9 (0.85%) Amazon Athena
15 9 (0.85%) Electronic Patient Records
16 8 (0.76%) Blockchain
16 8 (0.76%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 381 (35.98%) Git (software)
2 193 (18.22%) Jenkins
3 132 (12.46%) JIRA
4 70 (6.61%) TeamCity
5 60 (5.67%) Cypress.io
5 60 (5.67%) GitLab
6 50 (4.72%) Octopus Deploy
7 49 (4.63%) Cucumber
8 48 (4.53%) Maven
9 44 (4.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 42 (3.97%) Selenium
11 35 (3.31%) Jasmine
12 31 (2.93%) Subversion
13 28 (2.64%) Artifactory
14 27 (2.55%) JUnit
14 27 (2.55%) Karma Test Runner
15 26 (2.46%) Visual Studio
16 25 (2.36%) Bitbucket
17 24 (2.27%) CircleCI
18 22 (2.08%) Gradle
General
1 213 (20.11%) Social Skills
2 163 (15.39%) Finance
3 73 (6.89%) Banking
4 63 (5.95%) Retail
5 59 (5.57%) Public Sector
6 55 (5.19%) Marketing
7 41 (3.87%) Analytical Skills
8 36 (3.40%) Electronics
8 36 (3.40%) Legal
9 33 (3.12%) Games
10 20 (1.89%) Back Office
11 16 (1.51%) Telecoms
12 12 (1.13%) Manufacturing
13 10 (0.94%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 9 (0.85%) Billing
15 8 (0.76%) Avionics
15 8 (0.76%) Influencing Skills
15 8 (0.76%) Investment Banking
15 8 (0.76%) Organisational Skills
16 7 (0.66%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 374 (35.32%) Developer
2 223 (21.06%) DevOps Engineer
3 124 (11.71%) AWS Engineer
4 122 (11.52%) Azure Engineer
5 121 (11.43%) AWS DevOps
6 120 (11.33%) Java Developer
7 115 (10.86%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 98 (9.25%) Platform Engineer
9 94 (8.88%) Software Engineer
10 76 (7.18%) Senior Developer
11 45 (4.25%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 42 (3.97%) Full Stack Developer
13 39 (3.68%) Lead Developer
14 36 (3.40%) Senior Software Engineer
15 35 (3.31%) .NET Developer
16 34 (3.21%) Architect
17 28 (2.64%) Lead Java Developer
18 27 (2.55%) PHP Developer
19 25 (2.36%) C# Developer
19 25 (2.36%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 182 (17.19%) React
2 169 (15.96%) HTML
3 145 (13.69%) CSS
3 145 (13.69%) REST
4 143 (13.50%) Node.js
5 140 (13.22%) .NET
6 125 (11.80%) AngularJS
7 119 (11.24%) RESTful
8 116 (10.95%) Spring
9 77 (7.27%) HTML5
10 76 (7.18%) Spring Boot
11 74 (6.99%) Web Services
12 72 (6.80%) Jest
13 70 (6.61%) Vue.js
14 57 (5.38%) JSON
15 54 (5.10%) Kafka
16 53 (5.00%) GraphQL
16 53 (5.00%) Next.js
17 51 (4.82%) CSS3
18 49 (4.63%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 103 (9.73%) User Experience
2 51 (4.82%) Mobile App
3 48 (4.53%) Self-Motivation
4 20 (1.89%) FMCG
5 19 (1.79%) Cloud Native
5 19 (1.79%) iPad
6 16 (1.51%) Public Cloud
7 14 (1.32%) Virtual Team
8 13 (1.23%) Algorithms
8 13 (1.23%) Greenfield Project
8 13 (1.23%) Private Cloud
8 13 (1.23%) Video\Live Streaming
9 10 (0.94%) Internet of Things
10 9 (0.85%) Clustering
11 8 (0.76%) DataPower
11 8 (0.76%) Legacy Systems
12 7 (0.66%) Data Structures
12 7 (0.66%) Hybrid Cloud
12 7 (0.66%) Legacy Applications
12 7 (0.66%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 253 (23.89%) Linux
2 183 (17.28%) Windows
3 46 (4.34%) Unix
4 33 (3.12%) Android
5 30 (2.83%) Windows Server
6 26 (2.46%) Apple iOS
7 9 (0.85%) CentOS
7 9 (0.85%) Embedded Linux
8 4 (0.38%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.38%) Windows Server 2008
9 3 (0.28%) Mac OS
9 3 (0.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 2 (0.19%) Debian
10 2 (0.19%) Windows 10
10 2 (0.19%) Windows Server 2016
11 1 (0.094%) FreeRTOS
11 1 (0.094%) Solaris
11 1 (0.094%) SUSE
11 1 (0.094%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 681 (64.31%) Agile Software Development
2 544 (51.37%) DevOps
3 379 (35.79%) Scrum
4 265 (25.02%) TDD
5 256 (24.17%) Microservices
6 244 (23.04%) Test Automation
7 235 (22.19%) Software Engineering
8 221 (20.87%) Migration
9 200 (18.89%) Continuous Delivery
10 164 (15.49%) Deployment Automation
11 163 (15.39%) Infrastructure as Code
12 145 (13.69%) SDLC
13 140 (13.22%) BDD
14 139 (13.13%) Mentoring
15 116 (10.95%) Problem-Solving
16 102 (9.63%) Data Security
17 100 (9.44%) Front End Development
18 93 (8.78%) Fintech
19 77 (7.27%) Kanban
20 76 (7.18%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 301 (28.42%) Java
2 264 (24.93%) SQL
3 262 (24.74%) JavaScript
4 176 (16.62%) Python
5 134 (12.65%) C#
6 90 (8.50%) TypeScript
7 81 (7.65%) PowerShell
8 69 (6.52%) PHP
9 53 (5.00%) Java 8
10 50 (4.72%) Scala
11 49 (4.63%) Ruby
12 42 (3.97%) Kotlin
13 29 (2.74%) Bash Shell
14 28 (2.64%) Groovy
15 27 (2.55%) Go
16 24 (2.27%) C++
17 16 (1.51%) Java 11
18 14 (1.32%) ES6
19 13 (1.23%) C
20 12 (1.13%) Perl
Qualifications
1 67 (6.33%) Degree
2 36 (3.40%) Computer Science Degree
2 36 (3.40%) Security Cleared
3 34 (3.21%) BPSS Clearance
4 30 (2.83%) SC Cleared
5 8 (0.76%) AWS Certification
6 7 (0.66%) PhD
7 5 (0.47%) ISTQB
7 5 (0.47%) Master's Degree
8 4 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
8 4 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
9 3 (0.28%) CISSP
9 3 (0.28%) GPEN
9 3 (0.28%) RHCE
9 3 (0.28%) SANS
10 2 (0.19%) ISEB
10 2 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.19%) MCSE
10 2 (0.19%) OSCP
11 1 (0.094%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 74 (6.99%) QA
2 59 (5.57%) Accessibility
3 9 (0.85%) WCAG
4 2 (0.19%) GDPR
4 2 (0.19%) ISO 9001
4 2 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.094%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.094%) MISRA
5 1 (0.094%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 284 (26.82%) Docker
2 29 (2.74%) Active Directory
3 22 (2.08%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (1.04%) vSphere
5 9 (0.85%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (0.76%) LXC
7 6 (0.57%) VirtualBox
8 5 (0.47%) Firmware
9 3 (0.28%) XenApp
9 3 (0.28%) XenDesktop
10 2 (0.19%) iptables
10 2 (0.19%) KVM
10 2 (0.19%) QEMU
11 1 (0.094%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 1 (0.094%) Postfix
11 1 (0.094%) Varnish
11 1 (0.094%) VMware Workstation
11 1 (0.094%) Xen
Systems Management
1 272 (25.68%) Terraform
2 220 (20.77%) Kubernetes
3 147 (13.88%) Puppet
4 142 (13.41%) Opscode Chef
5 114 (10.76%) Ansible
6 21 (1.98%) Rancher
7 20 (1.89%) Prometheus
8 12 (1.13%) Grafana
9 8 (0.76%) ZABBIX
10 7 (0.66%) Docker Swarm
10 7 (0.66%) Nagios
11 5 (0.47%) Kibana
11 5 (0.47%) SCCM
11 5 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
12 4 (0.38%) ITRS Geneos
12 4 (0.38%) logstash
12 4 (0.38%) QRadar
13 3 (0.28%) Packer
13 3 (0.28%) TeamSite
14 2 (0.19%) Control-M
Vendors
1 247 (23.32%) Microsoft
2 148 (13.98%) Oracle
3 96 (9.07%) EnterpriseDB
4 57 (5.38%) Google
5 36 (3.40%) SAP
6 34 (3.21%) Atlassian
7 29 (2.74%) VMware
8 25 (2.36%) Salesforce.com
9 24 (2.27%) Mercator
10 21 (1.98%) ServiceNow
11 20 (1.89%) IBM
12 17 (1.61%) Adobe
12 17 (1.61%) Splunk
13 16 (1.51%) Pega
14 14 (1.32%) Xamarin
15 11 (1.04%) MuleSoft
16 8 (0.76%) Dell
16 8 (0.76%) Sitecore
17 7 (0.66%) Databricks
17 7 (0.66%) OpenText