Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Engineering over the 6 months to 3 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Engineering
UK
6 months to
3 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 145 245 334
Rank change year-on-year +100 +89 +145
Permanent jobs citing Data Engineering 4,930 1,475 701
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.73% 1.37% 0.88%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.86% 1.46% 0.95%
Number of salaries quoted 1,563 1,084 549
10th Percentile £47,500 £41,250 £45,000
25th Percentile £56,250 £48,750 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £67,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -3.57% -
75th Percentile £91,250 £87,500 £87,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £95,000 £100,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £67,000 £55,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +20.72% +0.91% -8.33%

Data Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 172,408 101,121 73,634
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.36% 93.84% 92.90%
Number of salaries quoted 84,642 70,010 59,458
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,750
25th Percentile £44,842 £41,750 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £49,800 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.42% +4.84% +5.56%

Data Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Engineering in the UK

Data Engineering
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Engineering.

Salary trend for Data Engineering in the UK

Data Engineering
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Engineering over the 6 months to 3 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Data Engineering in the UK

Data Engineering
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 3 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +115 4,374 £80,000 +14.29% 182
London +77 2,869 £82,500 +6.45% 92
Work from Home +79 2,028 £80,000 +6.67% 70
UK excluding London +114 1,488 £67,000 +20.72% 91
North of England +105 428 £70,000 +21.74% 29
South East +93 291 £75,000 +25.00% 23
North West +97 270 £68,750 +14.58% 11
Midlands +62 263 £65,000 +10.64% 9
South West +65 208 £50,000 +11.11% 8
East of England +27 190 £65,000 -23.53% 19
West Midlands +41 179 £55,000 -8.33% 6
Yorkshire +10 141 £69,750 +26.82% 17
Scotland -3 120 £60,875 +10.68% 1
East Midlands +7 83 £67,500 +17.39% 3
Wales -25 28 £57,063 +72.92%
North East -3 17 £85,000 +49.35% 1
Northern Ireland -27 5 £60,000 +33.33% 2

For the 6 months to 3 July 2022, IT jobs citing Data Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Engineering.

1 3,331 (67.57%) Python
2 2,625 (53.25%) AWS
3 2,489 (50.49%) Data Science
4 2,469 (50.08%) Analytics
5 2,361 (47.89%) Agile
6 2,300 (46.65%) SQL
7 2,049 (41.56%) GCP
8 2,025 (41.08%) Azure
9 1,573 (31.91%) Java
10 1,466 (29.74%) Big Data
11 1,450 (29.41%) Machine Learning
12 1,361 (27.61%) DevOps
13 1,309 (26.55%) Data Pipeline
14 1,293 (26.23%) Data Warehouse
15 1,288 (26.13%) CI/CD
16 1,282 (26.00%) ETL
17 1,236 (25.07%) Social Skills
18 1,187 (24.08%) Data Modelling
19 1,143 (23.18%) Software Engineering
20 1,071 (21.72%) Business Intelligence
21 1,016 (20.61%) Degree
22 1,010 (20.49%) Apache Spark
23 1,001 (20.30%) Artificial Intelligence
24 948 (19.23%) Mentoring
25 931 (18.88%) Analytical Skills
26 926 (18.78%) Kubernetes
27 909 (18.44%) Finance
28 908 (18.42%) Kafka
29 905 (18.36%) Algorithms
30 902 (18.30%) Visualisation

Data Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,010 (20.49%) Apache Spark
2 652 (13.23%) Apache Airflow
3 299 (6.06%) Apache
4 120 (2.43%) Apache Solr
5 84 (1.70%) Jupyter
6 72 (1.46%) SAS
7 68 (1.38%) Apache Pulsar
8 61 (1.24%) Luigi
9 54 (1.10%) Confluence
10 32 (0.65%) SharePoint
11 26 (0.53%) Headless CMS
12 21 (0.43%) nginx
13 19 (0.39%) CMS
14 12 (0.24%) Tornado
15 9 (0.18%) MS Exchange
16 8 (0.16%) Oracle Spatial
17 6 (0.12%) Apache Pig
18 5 (0.10%) OpenStack
18 5 (0.10%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 4 (0.081%) Pachyderm
Applications
1 86 (1.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (0.57%) Chatbot
3 24 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 20 (0.41%) Stata
5 12 (0.24%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 12 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
6 6 (0.12%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.12%) Pipeline Pilot
7 5 (0.10%) Campfire
8 3 (0.061%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.041%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.020%) CPLEX
Business Applications
1 19 (0.39%) Oracle Payables
2 12 (0.24%) JDE OneWorld
3 8 (0.16%) FastStats
4 7 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 3 (0.061%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 2 (0.041%) Oracle ERP
6 2 (0.041%) Shopify
7 1 (0.020%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.020%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 2,625 (53.25%) AWS
2 2,049 (41.56%) GCP
3 2,025 (41.08%) Azure
4 730 (14.81%) Serverless
5 713 (14.46%) Power Platform
6 508 (10.30%) Snowflake
7 424 (8.60%) Amazon S3
8 373 (7.57%) Azure Data Factory
9 282 (5.72%) GitHub
10 255 (5.17%) AWS Lambda
11 249 (5.05%) dbt
12 219 (4.44%) Azure Synapse Analytics
13 215 (4.36%) Amazon Kinesis
14 206 (4.18%) Amazon EMR
15 168 (3.41%) Cloud Computing
16 139 (2.82%) Azure DevOps
17 133 (2.70%) SaaS
18 130 (2.64%) Amazon EC2
19 121 (2.45%) AWS CloudFormation
19 121 (2.45%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 31 (0.63%) Internet
2 24 (0.49%) Broadband
3 19 (0.39%) Network Security
3 19 (0.39%) SSH
4 16 (0.32%) Software-Defined Networking
5 15 (0.30%) HTTP
6 14 (0.28%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
7 13 (0.26%) VPN
8 11 (0.22%) Skype
9 9 (0.18%) SSL
10 8 (0.16%) 5G
11 7 (0.14%) DNS
12 6 (0.12%) Firewall
13 5 (0.10%) InfiniBand
14 3 (0.061%) Wi-Fi
15 2 (0.041%) Wireless
16 1 (0.020%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,466 (29.74%) Big Data
2 1,293 (26.23%) Data Warehouse
3 752 (15.25%) Data Lake
4 696 (14.12%) NoSQL
5 629 (12.76%) Power BI
6 577 (11.70%) Tableau
7 541 (10.97%) PostgreSQL
8 488 (9.90%) BigQuery
9 469 (9.51%) Hadoop
10 441 (8.95%) Amazon Redshift
11 404 (8.19%) SQL Server
12 289 (5.86%) Looker
13 265 (5.38%) Metadata
14 256 (5.19%) MongoDB
15 254 (5.15%) Relational Database
16 248 (5.03%) Amazon Athena
17 246 (4.99%) Elasticsearch
18 209 (4.24%) Redis
19 208 (4.22%) Flink
20 183 (3.71%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 508 (10.30%) Jenkins
2 489 (9.92%) Git (software)
3 343 (6.96%) JIRA
4 140 (2.84%) GitLab
5 92 (1.87%) CircleCI
6 71 (1.44%) JUnit
7 62 (1.26%) webpack
8 52 (1.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 52 (1.05%) Maven
9 30 (0.61%) SonarQube
10 26 (0.53%) TestNG
10 26 (0.53%) Visual Studio
11 25 (0.51%) Mocha
12 22 (0.45%) Subversion
13 21 (0.43%) Mockito
14 20 (0.41%) Gradle
14 20 (0.41%) Selenium
15 16 (0.32%) RStudio
16 15 (0.30%) ERwin
17 14 (0.28%) IBM UrbanCode
General
1 1,236 (25.07%) Social Skills
2 931 (18.88%) Analytical Skills
3 909 (18.44%) Finance
4 621 (12.60%) Games
5 524 (10.63%) Marketing
6 308 (6.25%) Retail
7 254 (5.15%) Banking
8 252 (5.11%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 159 (3.23%) Presentation Skills
10 153 (3.10%) Advertising
11 143 (2.90%) Law
12 134 (2.72%) Public Sector
13 116 (2.35%) Legal
14 107 (2.17%) Organisational Skills
15 76 (1.54%) Automotive
16 74 (1.50%) Influencing Skills
17 52 (1.05%) Electronics
17 52 (1.05%) Telecoms
18 39 (0.79%) Manufacturing
18 39 (0.79%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,952 (39.59%) Data Engineer
2 596 (12.09%) Senior Data Engineer
3 393 (7.97%) Developer
4 370 (7.51%) Software Engineer
5 369 (7.48%) Trainee
6 329 (6.67%) Architect
7 252 (5.11%) Principal Engineer
8 220 (4.46%) Data Architect
9 194 (3.94%) Analyst
10 175 (3.55%) Senior Developer
11 168 (3.41%) Data Manager
12 158 (3.20%) Solutions Architect
13 151 (3.06%) Java Developer
14 143 (2.90%) Data Scientist
15 123 (2.49%) Senior Java Developer
16 121 (2.45%) Azure Engineer
17 114 (2.31%) Senior Software Engineer
18 113 (2.29%) Azure Data Engineer
19 107 (2.17%) Data Analyst
20 104 (2.11%) Engineering Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 908 (18.42%) Kafka
2 600 (12.17%) Spring
3 467 (9.47%) React
4 337 (6.84%) AngularJS
5 299 (6.06%) CSS
6 255 (5.17%) PySpark
7 251 (5.09%) HTML
8 248 (5.03%) Vue.js
9 237 (4.81%) Pandas
10 228 (4.62%) HTML5
11 227 (4.60%) CSS3
12 218 (4.42%) WinForms
12 218 (4.42%) WPF
13 199 (4.04%) REST
14 165 (3.35%) Apache Beam
14 165 (3.35%) Node.js
15 152 (3.08%) scikit-learn
16 134 (2.72%) TensorFlow
17 128 (2.60%) NumPy
18 127 (2.58%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 905 (18.36%) Algorithms
2 441 (8.95%) Data Structures
3 263 (5.33%) Cloud Native
4 220 (4.46%) Self-Motivation
5 169 (3.43%) IoT
6 168 (3.41%) Greenfield Project
7 147 (2.98%) User Experience
8 140 (2.84%) Social Media
9 133 (2.70%) Blog
10 123 (2.49%) Hackathon
11 109 (2.21%) Management Information System
12 107 (2.17%) Public Cloud
13 102 (2.07%) Robotics
14 90 (1.83%) Renewable Energy
15 89 (1.81%) FMCG
16 78 (1.58%) Linux Command Line
17 60 (1.22%) Sports Betting
18 56 (1.14%) Digital Media
19 41 (0.83%) Marketing Technology
20 39 (0.79%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 353 (7.16%) Linux
2 81 (1.64%) Unix
3 55 (1.12%) Android
4 43 (0.87%) Windows
5 41 (0.83%) Apple iOS
6 16 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (0.20%) Ubuntu
8 9 (0.18%) Alpine Linux
9 7 (0.14%) Windows Server
10 5 (0.10%) CentOS
11 2 (0.041%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,489 (50.49%) Data Science
2 2,469 (50.08%) Analytics
3 2,361 (47.89%) Agile
4 1,450 (29.41%) Machine Learning
5 1,361 (27.61%) DevOps
6 1,309 (26.55%) Data Pipeline
7 1,288 (26.13%) CI/CD
8 1,282 (26.00%) ETL
9 1,187 (24.08%) Data Modelling
10 1,143 (23.18%) Software Engineering
11 1,071 (21.72%) Business Intelligence
12 1,001 (20.30%) Artificial Intelligence
13 948 (19.23%) Mentoring
14 902 (18.30%) Visualisation
15 895 (18.15%) Data Analytics
16 879 (17.83%) Data Architecture
17 861 (17.46%) Computer Science
18 843 (17.10%) Problem-Solving
19 562 (11.40%) Data Analysis
20 542 (10.99%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 3,331 (67.57%) Python
2 2,300 (46.65%) SQL
3 1,573 (31.91%) Java
4 560 (11.36%) Scala
5 489 (9.92%) JavaScript
6 362 (7.34%) C#
7 321 (6.51%) R
8 288 (5.84%) C++
9 244 (4.95%) C
10 218 (4.42%) Objective-C
11 192 (3.89%) TypeScript
12 141 (2.86%) Bash
13 96 (1.95%) T-SQL
14 91 (1.85%) Ruby
15 87 (1.76%) Go
16 84 (1.70%) PowerShell
17 48 (0.97%) Shell Script
18 44 (0.89%) Kotlin
19 43 (0.87%) ES6
20 27 (0.55%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 1,016 (20.61%) Degree
2 447 (9.07%) Computer Science Degree
3 125 (2.54%) Master's Degree
4 108 (2.19%) Microsoft Certification
5 90 (1.83%) TOGAF Certification
6 86 (1.74%) Security Cleared
7 61 (1.24%) SC Cleared
8 58 (1.18%) AWS Certification
9 49 (0.99%) PhD
10 33 (0.67%) Numerate Degree
11 20 (0.41%) BPSS Clearance
12 13 (0.26%) Sun Certification
13 9 (0.18%) MCSA
13 9 (0.18%) MCSE
13 9 (0.18%) MCTS
13 9 (0.18%) VCAP
13 9 (0.18%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 8 (0.16%) DBS Check
14 8 (0.16%) PMI Certification
14 8 (0.16%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 579 (11.74%) QA
2 518 (10.51%) Data Quality
3 251 (5.09%) Accessibility
4 74 (1.50%) GDPR
5 23 (0.47%) CDISC
5 23 (0.47%) HL7
6 12 (0.24%) GMP
7 10 (0.20%) GxP
8 8 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 7 (0.14%) NIST
9 7 (0.14%) SLA
10 6 (0.12%) SOC 2
11 3 (0.061%) PMO
12 2 (0.041%) GLBA
12 2 (0.041%) GLP
12 2 (0.041%) GRC
12 2 (0.041%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 702 (14.24%) Docker
2 82 (1.66%) Apache Flume
3 16 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
4 15 (0.30%) HDFS
5 13 (0.26%) ISA Server
5 13 (0.26%) vSphere
6 9 (0.18%) Hyper-V
6 9 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
7 8 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 6 (0.12%) VirtualBox
8 6 (0.12%) zsh
9 5 (0.10%) Active Directory
9 5 (0.10%) Slurm Workload Manager
10 4 (0.081%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 926 (18.78%) Kubernetes
2 558 (11.32%) Terraform
3 134 (2.72%) Ansible
4 91 (1.85%) Oozie
4 91 (1.85%) Prometheus
5 57 (1.16%) Opscode Chef
6 52 (1.05%) Grafana
7 34 (0.69%) Puppet
8 15 (0.30%) Argo
8 15 (0.30%) Consul
8 15 (0.30%) Kibana
9 14 (0.28%) Istio
9 14 (0.28%) Kubeflow
9 14 (0.28%) Rancher
10 9 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
11 6 (0.12%) Panaseer
12 5 (0.10%) Podman
13 4 (0.081%) SCCM
13 4 (0.081%) vCenter Server
13 4 (0.081%) vRealize
Vendors
1 895 (18.15%) Microsoft
2 691 (14.02%) Google
3 548 (11.12%) Databricks
4 233 (4.73%) Oracle
5 151 (3.06%) Salesforce.com
6 131 (2.66%) Twitter
7 120 (2.43%) Informatica
8 105 (2.13%) Cloudera
9 103 (2.09%) MuleSoft
10 100 (2.03%) Talend
11 90 (1.83%) Teradata
12 85 (1.72%) Alteryx
13 58 (1.18%) Adobe
14 55 (1.12%) IBM
15 50 (1.01%) BT
16 47 (0.95%) Netlify
17 46 (0.93%) Splunk
18 39 (0.79%) SAP
19 32 (0.65%) AppDynamics
20 30 (0.61%) Palantir