Period
to 17 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Testing over the 6 months to 17 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Testing
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 365 354 324
Rank change year-on-year -11 -30 -88
Contract jobs citing Software Testing 702 682 802
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.68% 0.69% 0.75%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.79% 0.80% 0.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 422 397 514
UK median daily rate £400 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% -
10th Percentile £270 £223 £238
90th Percentile £575 £530 £488
UK excluding London median daily rate £363 £343 £325
% change year-on-year +5.69% +5.54% -1.52%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 30 13
UK median hourly rate £42.75 £45.00 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.00% +38.46% -13.33%
10th Percentile £19.98 £39.08 £14.37
90th Percentile £50.88 £52.63 £41.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.61 £45.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year -7.53% +28.57% -6.67%

Software Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,903 85,119 90,792
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.17% 85.73% 85.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,649 56,355 59,984
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £300 £280 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,418 2,061 2,454
UK median hourly rate £20.90 £25.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.42% +11.11% +3.52%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £23.50
% change year-on-year -20.00% +6.38% +6.82%

Software Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -25 599 £413 +7.28% 345
UK excluding London -15 461 £363 +5.69% 301
London -7 236 £465 +7.58% 67
South East +9 124 £363 +3.57% 58
North of England -5 91 £375 +3.45% 93
Scotland +16 84 £300 +6.01% 14
South West -17 59 £475 +65.22% 40
Yorkshire +22 57 £375 -16.67% 34
East of England -21 47 £375 +10.54% 36
Midlands -49 40 £375 -2.28% 51
North West -33 29 £350 +7.69% 48
West Midlands -29 23 £375 -3.85% 32
Wales -16 17 £350 +7.69% 7
East Midlands -15 16 £225 -40.98% 19
North East +3 5 £388 +4.73% 11

For the 6 months to 17 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Software Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Testing.

1 402 (57.26%) Test Automation
2 353 (50.28%) Agile Software Development
3 195 (27.78%) Test Scripting
4 194 (27.64%) ISTQB
5 186 (26.50%) Java
6 171 (24.36%) QA
7 169 (24.07%) Selenium
8 164 (23.36%) Scrum
9 158 (22.51%) SQL
10 125 (17.81%) JIRA
11 120 (17.09%) Test Strategy
12 117 (16.67%) BDD
13 108 (15.38%) Continuous Integration
14 106 (15.10%) ISEB
15 100 (14.25%) SDLC
16 96 (13.68%) Cucumber
16 96 (13.68%) Microsoft
17 92 (13.11%) Windows
17 92 (13.11%) Regression Testing
18 91 (12.96%) Finance
18 91 (12.96%) C#
18 91 (12.96%) Security Cleared
19 85 (12.11%) User Acceptance Testing
20 83 (11.82%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
21 82 (11.68%) Non-Functional Testing
21 82 (11.68%) Linux
21 82 (11.68%) Problem-Solving
22 80 (11.40%) Python
22 80 (11.40%) DevOps
23 79 (11.25%) Web Services

Software Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (4.99%) Confluence
2 15 (2.14%) JBoss
3 13 (1.85%) Apache
4 11 (1.57%) Apache Spark
5 9 (1.28%) CMS
6 8 (1.14%) Cloud Foundry
7 7 (1.00%) Elasticsearch
7 7 (1.00%) SharePoint
8 6 (0.85%) Tomcat
9 4 (0.57%) Documentum
9 4 (0.57%) GemFire
10 3 (0.43%) Apache Airflow
10 3 (0.43%) GlassFish
10 3 (0.43%) IIS
10 3 (0.43%) Luigi
11 2 (0.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 2 (0.28%) Drupal
11 2 (0.28%) Jetty
11 2 (0.28%) Oracle Workflow
11 2 (0.28%) WebLogic
Applications
1 17 (2.42%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (1.99%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (1.14%) Microsoft Project
4 7 (1.00%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.43%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.43%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.14%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.14%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 8 (1.14%) Dynamics CRM
1 8 (1.14%) SAP S/4HANA
2 3 (0.43%) Markit EDM
2 3 (0.43%) SAP CO
2 3 (0.43%) SAP FI
2 3 (0.43%) SAP FI/CO
2 3 (0.43%) SAP HR
3 2 (0.28%) Oracle 11i
3 2 (0.28%) Oracle Applications
3 2 (0.28%) Oracle Assets
3 2 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.28%) Oracle General Ledger
3 2 (0.28%) Oracle Payables
3 2 (0.28%) Oracle Receivables
3 2 (0.28%) ResourceLink
3 2 (0.28%) SAP ERP
3 2 (0.28%) Visualfiles
3 2 (0.28%) Workday HCM
4 1 (0.14%) FLEXCUBE
4 1 (0.14%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 54 (7.69%) Microsoft Azure
2 44 (6.27%) Amazon AWS
3 33 (4.70%) Office 365
4 13 (1.85%) AWS Lambda
4 13 (1.85%) Serverless
5 12 (1.71%) Amazon EC2
6 10 (1.42%) Amazon S3
7 9 (1.28%) AWS CloudFormation
7 9 (1.28%) Sauce Labs
8 8 (1.14%) PaaS
9 7 (1.00%) GitHub
10 6 (0.85%) IaaS
11 5 (0.71%) Amazon SQS
11 5 (0.71%) BrowserStack
11 5 (0.71%) Dynamics 365
12 4 (0.57%) Cloud Computing
12 4 (0.57%) SuccessFactors
13 3 (0.43%) Google Cloud Platform
13 3 (0.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 2 (0.28%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 38 (5.41%) DNS
2 33 (4.70%) DHCP
3 22 (3.13%) HTTP
4 10 (1.42%) Internet
4 10 (1.42%) SMS
5 7 (1.00%) FTP
6 6 (0.85%) Wireless
7 5 (0.71%) Bluetooth
7 5 (0.71%) LAN
7 5 (0.71%) Wi-Fi
8 4 (0.57%) TCP/IP
8 4 (0.57%) WAN
8 4 (0.57%) WLAN
9 2 (0.28%) Extranet
9 2 (0.28%) Firewall
9 2 (0.28%) VLAN
10 1 (0.14%) Intranet
10 1 (0.14%) IP Telephony
10 1 (0.14%) NFC
10 1 (0.14%) RFID
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (5.70%) SQL Server
2 22 (3.13%) Relational Database
3 18 (2.56%) PostgreSQL
4 15 (2.14%) MySQL
5 14 (1.99%) Amazon RDS
5 14 (1.99%) Big Data
5 14 (1.99%) Hadoop
6 13 (1.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 11 (1.57%) Apache Hive
7 11 (1.57%) Data Warehouse
8 9 (1.28%) Amazon Aurora
8 9 (1.28%) NoSQL
8 9 (1.28%) Pentaho
9 7 (1.00%) HBase
10 5 (0.71%) Geospatial Data
10 5 (0.71%) Impala
11 4 (0.57%) Siebel EIM
12 3 (0.43%) GIS
12 3 (0.43%) Oracle Reports
12 3 (0.43%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 169 (24.07%) Selenium
2 125 (17.81%) JIRA
3 96 (13.68%) Cucumber
4 66 (9.40%) Git (software)
5 58 (8.26%) WebDriver
6 57 (8.12%) Jenkins
6 57 (8.12%) JMeter
7 51 (7.26%) SoapUI
8 38 (5.41%) JUnit
9 36 (5.13%) HP UFT
10 34 (4.84%) Team Foundation Server
11 32 (4.56%) SpecFlow
12 28 (3.99%) Visual Studio Team System
12 28 (3.99%) WinRunner
13 21 (2.99%) LoadRunner
13 21 (2.99%) Visual Studio
14 20 (2.85%) Maven
15 17 (2.42%) MSBuild
15 17 (2.42%) Subversion
16 15 (2.14%) Bitbucket
General
1 91 (12.96%) Finance
2 31 (4.42%) Banking
3 22 (3.13%) Retail
4 15 (2.14%) Advertising
5 13 (1.85%) Manufacturing
5 13 (1.85%) Pharmaceutical
6 12 (1.71%) Telecoms
7 11 (1.57%) Legal
7 11 (1.57%) Marketing
8 8 (1.14%) Back Office
9 6 (0.85%) Electronics
10 5 (0.71%) Automotive
10 5 (0.71%) Financial Institution
10 5 (0.71%) Investment Banking
10 5 (0.71%) Law
10 5 (0.71%) Publishing
11 3 (0.43%) Front Office
11 3 (0.43%) Games
11 3 (0.43%) Military
11 3 (0.43%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 163 (23.22%) Analyst
2 146 (20.80%) Test Analyst
3 132 (18.80%) Tester
4 91 (12.96%) Developer
5 88 (12.54%) Test Engineer
6 46 (6.55%) Test Manager
7 45 (6.41%) Java Engineer
8 42 (5.98%) Automation Tester
9 39 (5.56%) Test Leader
10 37 (5.27%) Test Automation Engineer
11 34 (4.84%) Automation Engineer
12 30 (4.27%) Java Developer
13 23 (3.28%) Software Tester
13 23 (3.28%) Web Engineer
14 21 (2.99%) QA Engineer
15 19 (2.71%) Agile Tester
15 19 (2.71%) Senior Java Engineer
16 18 (2.56%) Automation Test Analyst
16 18 (2.56%) Software Engineer
17 17 (2.42%) QA Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 79 (11.25%) Web Services
2 58 (8.26%) .NET
3 49 (6.98%) XML
4 47 (6.70%) HTML
4 47 (6.70%) SOAP
5 32 (4.56%) REST
6 28 (3.99%) Gherkin
6 28 (3.99%) Middleware
7 27 (3.85%) CSS
8 24 (3.42%) RESTful
9 23 (3.28%) Node.js
10 22 (3.13%) J2EE
11 19 (2.71%) AngularJS
12 18 (2.56%) JAXB
13 16 (2.28%) JSON
14 15 (2.14%) EJB
14 15 (2.14%) Hibernate
14 15 (2.14%) JSF
14 15 (2.14%) XSD
14 15 (2.14%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 77 (10.97%) Analytical Skills
2 30 (4.27%) Mobile App
2 30 (4.27%) PDA
3 28 (3.99%) Clustering
3 28 (3.99%) Self-Motivation
4 24 (3.42%) Computer Science
5 11 (1.57%) Client/Server
5 11 (1.57%) Management Information System
5 11 (1.57%) User Experience
5 11 (1.57%) Virtual Team
6 10 (1.42%) Greenfield Project
6 10 (1.42%) NHS
7 9 (1.28%) Public Cloud
8 7 (1.00%) Blog
8 7 (1.00%) Linux Command Line
9 6 (0.85%) Algorithms
9 6 (0.85%) Data Centre
9 6 (0.85%) Fintech
9 6 (0.85%) PKI
9 6 (0.85%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 92 (13.11%) Windows
2 82 (11.68%) Linux
3 49 (6.98%) Unix
4 35 (4.99%) Windows Server 2008
5 32 (4.56%) Windows 7
5 32 (4.56%) Windows Server 2003
6 28 (3.99%) AIX
7 23 (3.28%) Apple iOS
8 18 (2.56%) Android
9 10 (1.42%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.43%) Embedded Linux
10 3 (0.43%) Windows 10
10 3 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (0.43%) Windows XP
11 2 (0.28%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.28%) Nucleus RTOS
11 2 (0.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 2 (0.28%) SafeRTOS
11 2 (0.28%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.14%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 402 (57.26%) Test Automation
2 353 (50.28%) Agile Software Development
3 195 (27.78%) Test Scripting
4 164 (23.36%) Scrum
5 120 (17.09%) Test Strategy
6 117 (16.67%) BDD
7 108 (15.38%) Continuous Integration
8 100 (14.25%) SDLC
9 92 (13.11%) Regression Testing
10 85 (12.11%) User Acceptance Testing
11 82 (11.68%) Non-Functional Testing
11 82 (11.68%) Problem-Solving
12 80 (11.40%) DevOps
13 78 (11.11%) Functional Testing
14 75 (10.68%) Open Source
15 72 (10.26%) Software Engineering
16 71 (10.11%) TDD
17 63 (8.97%) User Stories
18 58 (8.26%) Test Management
19 56 (7.98%) Acceptance Criteria
Programming Languages
1 186 (26.50%) Java
2 158 (22.51%) SQL
3 91 (12.96%) C#
4 80 (11.40%) Python
5 73 (10.40%) JavaScript
6 43 (6.13%) C
7 26 (3.70%) C++
8 18 (2.56%) Ruby
9 17 (2.42%) PHP
10 16 (2.28%) TypeScript
11 12 (1.71%) ES6
11 12 (1.71%) Perl
12 10 (1.42%) T-SQL
13 8 (1.14%) Shell Script
14 7 (1.00%) Apple Swift
14 7 (1.00%) Groovy
15 6 (0.85%) Embedded C
15 6 (0.85%) Java 8
15 6 (0.85%) PL/SQL
15 6 (0.85%) STATISTICA Visual Basic
Qualifications
1 194 (27.64%) ISTQB
2 106 (15.10%) ISEB
3 91 (12.96%) Security Cleared
4 83 (11.82%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 66 (9.40%) SC Cleared
6 65 (9.26%) Degree
7 17 (2.42%) DV Cleared
7 17 (2.42%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 9 (1.28%) ISEB Practitioner
9 8 (1.14%) Computer Science Degree
10 4 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.57%) CCNA
10 4 (0.57%) Cisco Certification
10 4 (0.57%) Siebel Certification
11 3 (0.43%) Master's Degree
12 2 (0.28%) APMP
12 2 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
12 2 (0.28%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 2 (0.28%) Six Sigma Green Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 171 (24.36%) QA
2 9 (1.28%) 21 CFR Part 11
3 7 (1.00%) Data Quality
3 7 (1.00%) GMP
3 7 (1.00%) PMO
4 6 (0.85%) GDPR
5 2 (0.28%) GAMP
5 2 (0.28%) GxP
5 2 (0.28%) ISO 13485
5 2 (0.28%) MISRA
5 2 (0.28%) MISRA C
5 2 (0.28%) SLA
6 1 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.14%) EMIR
6 1 (0.14%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.14%) ISO 26262
6 1 (0.14%) MiFID
6 1 (0.14%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.14%) PSD2
System Software
1 39 (5.56%) Active Directory
2 35 (4.99%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (4.13%) Virtual Desktop
4 28 (3.99%) Hyper-V
4 28 (3.99%) VMware ESXi
5 22 (3.13%) Docker
6 7 (1.00%) HDFS
7 4 (0.57%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 4 (0.57%) Microsoft App-V
7 4 (0.57%) XenApp
8 2 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.28%) XenDesktop
9 1 (0.14%) IAG
Systems Management
1 50 (7.12%) HP ALM
2 31 (4.42%) HP Quality Center
3 27 (3.85%) McAfee ePO
4 14 (1.99%) Puppet
5 12 (1.71%) SCCM
6 11 (1.57%) Ansible
7 7 (1.00%) BladeLogic
7 7 (1.00%) Kibana
7 7 (1.00%) logstash
8 5 (0.71%) Kubernetes
9 4 (0.57%) Hadoop YARN
9 4 (0.57%) Oozie
10 3 (0.43%) Rancher
11 2 (0.28%) Nagios
11 2 (0.28%) Opscode Chef
11 2 (0.28%) SCOM
12 1 (0.14%) Grafana
12 1 (0.14%) MOM
12 1 (0.14%) Nessus
12 1 (0.14%) Netcool
Vendors
1 96 (13.68%) Microsoft
2 67 (9.54%) HP
3 60 (8.55%) Oracle
4 36 (5.13%) VMware
5 34 (4.84%) Citrix
6 31 (4.42%) Ivanti
7 28 (3.99%) McAfee
7 28 (3.99%) Veritas
8 18 (2.56%) Atlassian
9 17 (2.42%) SAP
10 10 (1.42%) IBM
11 7 (1.00%) Salesforce.com
12 6 (0.85%) Apple
12 6 (0.85%) Splunk
13 5 (0.71%) Hortonworks
13 5 (0.71%) Micro Focus
13 5 (0.71%) Siebel
14 4 (0.57%) Cisco
14 4 (0.57%) EMC
14 4 (0.57%) Pega