Period
to 19 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Software Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Testing over the 6 months to 19 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Testing
UK
6 months to
19 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 356 341 296
Rank change year-on-year -15 -45 -40
Contract jobs citing Software Testing 721 647 947
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.70% 0.68% 0.86%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.81% 0.80% 1.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 471 372 582
UK median daily rate £400 £370 £345
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.11% +7.40% +2.07%
10th Percentile £270 £225 £238
90th Percentile £565 £550 £488
UK excluding London median daily rate £365 £350 £325
% change year-on-year +4.29% +7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 36 27
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £47.50 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.37% +23.38% +10.00%
10th Percentile £26.62 £20.88 £20.96
90th Percentile £51.25 £53.13 £48.45
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £47.50 £38.50
% change year-on-year -10.53% +23.38% +10.00%

Software Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,714 80,881 92,764
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.74% 84.94% 84.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,518 52,925 61,090
UK median daily rate £450 £447 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.67% +5.18% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,434 2,131 2,294
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £25.00 £24.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.00% +3.79% +12.43%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.50 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.18 £52.38 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year -16.00% - +16.01%

Software Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 19 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Testing over the 6 months to 19 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Testing in the UK

Software Testing
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 19 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -17 584 £400 +6.67% 316
UK excluding London -1 458 £365 +4.29% 269
London +12 254 £450 +5.88% 70
Scotland +11 110 £290 -3.33% 11
South East -8 108 £350 - 84
North of England 0 89 £400 +10.34% 61
Yorkshire +15 57 £400 -2.79% 29
South West -18 45 £400 -1.23% 35
Midlands -22 44 £400 +14.29% 38
East of England -9 41 £475 +46.15% 28
West Midlands -2 34 £400 +12.68% 30
Wales -7 22 £369 +13.46% 9
North West -38 19 £400 +19.40% 26
North East +4 15 £400 +8.11% 6
East Midlands -28 9 £350 - 8

For the 6 months to 19 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Software Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Software Testing.

1 370 (51.32%) Test Automation
2 338 (46.88%) Agile Software Development
3 211 (29.26%) Test Scripting
4 207 (28.71%) ISTQB
5 192 (26.63%) Java
6 181 (25.10%) SQL
7 174 (24.13%) QA
8 169 (23.44%) Selenium
9 154 (21.36%) Finance
10 151 (20.94%) Scrum
11 129 (17.89%) BDD
12 123 (17.06%) ISEB
13 119 (16.50%) Microsoft
14 117 (16.23%) Windows
14 117 (16.23%) JIRA
15 110 (15.26%) Analytical Skills
16 109 (15.12%) SDLC
17 108 (14.98%) Test Strategy
18 104 (14.42%) User Acceptance Testing
19 101 (14.01%) Cucumber
19 101 (14.01%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
20 99 (13.73%) Security Cleared
20 99 (13.73%) Linux
21 92 (12.76%) HP
22 87 (12.07%) Web Services
22 87 (12.07%) TDD
23 86 (11.93%) JavaScript
23 86 (11.93%) Continuous Integration
23 86 (11.93%) Problem-Solving
24 83 (11.51%) Regression Testing

Software Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (5.83%) Confluence
2 15 (2.08%) Apache
3 13 (1.80%) Cloud Foundry
4 12 (1.66%) CMS
5 10 (1.39%) GemFire
6 9 (1.25%) Elasticsearch
7 8 (1.11%) JBoss
8 7 (0.97%) SAS
8 7 (0.97%) SharePoint
9 6 (0.83%) Apache Spark
10 5 (0.69%) Tomcat
11 3 (0.42%) Apache Airflow
11 3 (0.42%) Documentum
11 3 (0.42%) Luigi
11 3 (0.42%) Skype for Business
12 2 (0.28%) ColdFusion
12 2 (0.28%) IBM Domino
12 2 (0.28%) IBM Notes
12 2 (0.28%) Oracle Workflow
12 2 (0.28%) WebSphere
Applications
1 35 (4.85%) Microsoft Office
2 20 (2.77%) Microsoft Excel
3 14 (1.94%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.69%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.28%) Windchill
7 1 (0.14%) Mingle
7 1 (0.14%) Simulink
7 1 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (1.11%) SAP S/4HANA
2 6 (0.83%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.55%) Oracle Payables
4 3 (0.42%) NetSuite
4 3 (0.42%) SAP HR
5 2 (0.28%) Elite 3E
5 2 (0.28%) Magento
5 2 (0.28%) Markit EDM
5 2 (0.28%) Oracle 11i
5 2 (0.28%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.28%) Oracle Assets
5 2 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.28%) Oracle Financials
5 2 (0.28%) Oracle General Ledger
5 2 (0.28%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.28%) Sage 50
5 2 (0.28%) Visualfiles
6 1 (0.14%) Sage 200
6 1 (0.14%) Sage 500
6 1 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 43 (5.96%) Microsoft Azure
2 40 (5.55%) Office 365
3 36 (4.99%) Amazon AWS
4 16 (2.22%) GitHub
5 13 (1.80%) AWS Lambda
5 13 (1.80%) PaaS
5 13 (1.80%) Serverless
6 9 (1.25%) Amazon SQS
6 9 (1.25%) Sauce Labs
7 6 (0.83%) AWS CloudFormation
8 5 (0.69%) Amazon EC2
8 5 (0.69%) Amazon S3
8 5 (0.69%) Dynamics 365
9 4 (0.55%) Google Cloud Platform
9 4 (0.55%) SuccessFactors
10 3 (0.42%) BrowserStack
10 3 (0.42%) IaaS
10 3 (0.42%) Slack
11 2 (0.28%) Adobe Analytics
11 2 (0.28%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 42 (5.83%) DNS
2 36 (4.99%) DHCP
3 33 (4.58%) HTTP
4 24 (3.33%) SMS
5 19 (2.64%) FTP
6 14 (1.94%) Internet
7 9 (1.25%) TCP/IP
8 4 (0.55%) SSL
8 4 (0.55%) WAN
8 4 (0.55%) Wireless
9 3 (0.42%) 2G
9 3 (0.42%) 3G
9 3 (0.42%) Firewall
9 3 (0.42%) GSM
9 3 (0.42%) Network Security
9 3 (0.42%) SCCP
9 3 (0.42%) SIGTRAN
9 3 (0.42%) SSH
9 3 (0.42%) UMTS
9 3 (0.42%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (6.80%) SQL Server
2 29 (4.02%) Relational Database
3 15 (2.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 13 (1.80%) Amazon RDS
4 13 (1.80%) Big Data
4 13 (1.80%) HBase
5 12 (1.66%) Siebel EIM
6 11 (1.53%) MySQL
7 10 (1.39%) Apache Hive
7 10 (1.39%) PostgreSQL
8 9 (1.25%) Pentaho
9 8 (1.11%) Geospatial Data
9 8 (1.11%) Hadoop
9 8 (1.11%) Oracle Database
10 7 (0.97%) BusinessObjects
11 6 (0.83%) Data Warehouse
11 6 (0.83%) GIS
12 5 (0.69%) Impala
12 5 (0.69%) SAS Visual Analytics
13 4 (0.55%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 169 (23.44%) Selenium
2 117 (16.23%) JIRA
3 101 (14.01%) Cucumber
4 69 (9.57%) Git (software)
5 62 (8.60%) Jenkins
6 60 (8.32%) SoapUI
7 56 (7.77%) WebDriver
8 55 (7.63%) JMeter
9 47 (6.52%) HP UFT
10 40 (5.55%) JUnit
11 39 (5.41%) WinRunner
12 38 (5.27%) SpecFlow
13 22 (3.05%) Team Foundation Server
14 21 (2.91%) LoadRunner
15 19 (2.64%) Visual Studio
16 17 (2.36%) Maven
17 15 (2.08%) Appium
18 14 (1.94%) Eclipse
18 14 (1.94%) IntelliJ
18 14 (1.94%) Subversion
General
1 154 (21.36%) Finance
2 38 (5.27%) Banking
3 19 (2.64%) Financial Institution
3 19 (2.64%) Retail
4 12 (1.66%) Advertising
5 9 (1.25%) Marketing
6 8 (1.11%) Telecoms
7 7 (0.97%) Legal
8 6 (0.83%) Investment Banking
9 5 (0.69%) Automotive
9 5 (0.69%) Back Office
9 5 (0.69%) Military
9 5 (0.69%) Pharmaceutical
10 4 (0.55%) Electronics
10 4 (0.55%) Games
10 4 (0.55%) Manufacturing
10 4 (0.55%) Retail Banking
11 3 (0.42%) Law
12 1 (0.14%) Front Office
12 1 (0.14%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 173 (23.99%) Analyst
2 143 (19.83%) Test Analyst
3 110 (15.26%) Tester
4 87 (12.07%) Developer
5 78 (10.82%) Test Engineer
6 66 (9.15%) Test Leader
7 46 (6.38%) Java Engineer
7 46 (6.38%) Test Manager
8 45 (6.24%) Test Automation Engineer
9 33 (4.58%) Automation Engineer
10 30 (4.16%) Automation Tester
11 22 (3.05%) Java Developer
11 22 (3.05%) Web Engineer
12 20 (2.77%) Software Tester
13 17 (2.36%) Software Test Engineer
14 16 (2.22%) Automation Test Analyst
14 16 (2.22%) QA Engineer
14 16 (2.22%) Software Engineer
15 15 (2.08%) Senior Java Engineer
15 15 (2.08%) Senior Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 87 (12.07%) Web Services
2 55 (7.63%) XML
3 50 (6.93%) SOAP
4 45 (6.24%) .NET
5 42 (5.83%) Gherkin
6 40 (5.55%) RESTful
7 38 (5.27%) HTML
8 29 (4.02%) Middleware
9 27 (3.74%) REST
10 26 (3.61%) CSS
11 22 (3.05%) JSON
12 20 (2.77%) Spring
13 18 (2.50%) RabbitMQ
14 16 (2.22%) Kafka
15 15 (2.08%) AngularJS
16 13 (1.80%) J2EE
17 11 (1.53%) Elastic Stack
17 11 (1.53%) Hibernate
17 11 (1.53%) Java EE
18 10 (1.39%) Spring Cloud
Miscellaneous
1 110 (15.26%) Analytical Skills
2 42 (5.83%) PDA
3 39 (5.41%) Clustering
4 36 (4.99%) Self-Motivation
5 31 (4.30%) Mobile App
6 25 (3.47%) Computer Science
7 21 (2.91%) User Experience
8 20 (2.77%) Management Information System
9 16 (2.22%) Virtual Team
10 14 (1.94%) Hedge funds
11 11 (1.53%) Client/Server
11 11 (1.53%) Linux Command Line
12 9 (1.25%) Data Structures
12 9 (1.25%) PKI
13 8 (1.11%) Algorithms
13 8 (1.11%) Fintech
13 8 (1.11%) Greenfield Project
14 7 (0.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 7 (0.97%) NHS
14 7 (0.97%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 117 (16.23%) Windows
2 99 (13.73%) Linux
3 74 (10.26%) Unix
4 50 (6.93%) Windows Server 2008
5 48 (6.66%) Windows 7
6 47 (6.52%) Windows Server 2003
7 41 (5.69%) AIX
8 27 (3.74%) Apple iOS
9 23 (3.19%) Android
9 23 (3.19%) Windows Server
10 14 (1.94%) Windows XP
11 11 (1.53%) Windows 10
12 5 (0.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 4 (0.55%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.42%) Mac OS X
15 2 (0.28%) Embedded Linux
15 2 (0.28%) Kali Linux
16 1 (0.14%) Mac OS
16 1 (0.14%) VME
16 1 (0.14%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 370 (51.32%) Test Automation
2 338 (46.88%) Agile Software Development
3 211 (29.26%) Test Scripting
4 151 (20.94%) Scrum
5 129 (17.89%) BDD
6 109 (15.12%) SDLC
7 108 (14.98%) Test Strategy
8 104 (14.42%) User Acceptance Testing
9 87 (12.07%) TDD
10 86 (11.93%) Continuous Integration
10 86 (11.93%) Problem-Solving
11 83 (11.51%) Regression Testing
12 70 (9.71%) Functional Testing
13 65 (9.02%) Defect Management
14 64 (8.88%) Non-Functional Testing
14 64 (8.88%) User Stories
15 63 (8.74%) Scenario Testing
16 62 (8.60%) Waterfall
17 61 (8.46%) Open Source
18 59 (8.18%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 192 (26.63%) Java
2 181 (25.10%) SQL
3 86 (11.93%) JavaScript
4 82 (11.37%) C#
5 69 (9.57%) Python
6 30 (4.16%) C
7 23 (3.19%) Ruby
8 18 (2.50%) C++
9 15 (2.08%) Shell Script
9 15 (2.08%) STATISTICA Visual Basic
10 13 (1.80%) Perl
10 13 (1.80%) PHP
11 10 (1.39%) Apple Swift
12 8 (1.11%) ES6
12 8 (1.11%) T-SQL
13 6 (0.83%) PL/SQL
13 6 (0.83%) VBScript
14 5 (0.69%) Kotlin
15 4 (0.55%) Java 8
15 4 (0.55%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 207 (28.71%) ISTQB
2 123 (17.06%) ISEB
3 101 (14.01%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
4 99 (13.73%) Security Cleared
5 79 (10.96%) SC Cleared
6 73 (10.12%) Degree
7 13 (1.80%) DV Cleared
7 13 (1.80%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
7 13 (1.80%) Siebel Certification
8 11 (1.53%) Microsoft Certification
9 10 (1.39%) Computer Science Degree
10 8 (1.11%) BPSS Clearance
10 8 (1.11%) ISEB Practitioner
10 8 (1.11%) MCITP
10 8 (1.11%) MCSA
10 8 (1.11%) MCSE
10 8 (1.11%) MCTS
11 7 (0.97%) Numerate Degree
12 6 (0.83%) Cisco Certification
12 6 (0.83%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 174 (24.13%) QA
2 10 (1.39%) Data Quality
3 7 (0.97%) IFRS
4 5 (0.69%) IFRS 9
5 4 (0.55%) 21 CFR Part 11
5 4 (0.55%) Disclosure Scotland
5 4 (0.55%) GMP
5 4 (0.55%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.55%) WCAG
6 3 (0.42%) GDPR
6 3 (0.42%) PMO
6 3 (0.42%) SLA
7 2 (0.28%) HL7
7 2 (0.28%) MISRA
7 2 (0.28%) MISRA C
8 1 (0.14%) DICOM
8 1 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.14%) EMIR
8 1 (0.14%) ISO 26262
8 1 (0.14%) MiFID
System Software
1 67 (9.29%) Active Directory
2 42 (5.83%) Hyper-V
2 42 (5.83%) VMware ESXi
2 42 (5.83%) VMware Infrastructure
3 33 (4.58%) Virtual Desktop
4 14 (1.94%) Docker
5 13 (1.80%) HDFS
6 10 (1.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 3 (0.42%) Microsoft App-V
7 3 (0.42%) XenApp
8 2 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.28%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.28%) XenDesktop
9 1 (0.14%) Firmware
9 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 65 (9.02%) HP ALM
2 43 (5.96%) HP Quality Center
3 38 (5.27%) McAfee ePO
4 15 (2.08%) BladeLogic
5 13 (1.80%) Puppet
6 11 (1.53%) SCCM
7 9 (1.25%) Ansible
8 8 (1.11%) Kibana
8 8 (1.11%) logstash
9 7 (0.97%) Netcool
10 4 (0.55%) Nessus
10 4 (0.55%) Opscode Chef
10 4 (0.55%) SCOM
10 4 (0.55%) Terraform
11 3 (0.42%) Kubernetes
11 3 (0.42%) Packer
12 2 (0.28%) Graphite
12 2 (0.28%) HAProxy
12 2 (0.28%) Icinga
12 2 (0.28%) Nagios
Vendors
1 119 (16.50%) Microsoft
2 92 (12.76%) HP
3 67 (9.29%) Oracle
4 52 (7.21%) VMware
5 43 (5.96%) Citrix
6 39 (5.41%) McAfee
6 39 (5.41%) Veritas
7 35 (4.85%) Ivanti
8 27 (3.74%) Atlassian
9 15 (2.08%) Siebel
10 14 (1.94%) IBM
11 11 (1.53%) SAP
12 10 (1.39%) Salesforce.com
13 7 (0.97%) Capita
14 6 (0.83%) Apple
14 6 (0.83%) Cisco
15 5 (0.69%) EMC
15 5 (0.69%) Splunk
16 4 (0.55%) Guidewire
16 4 (0.55%) Lumension