Period
to 5 December 2021

The median annual salary for a DBA was £52,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 5 December 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Database Administrator
UK
6 months to
5 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 486 376 403
Rank change year-on-year -110 +27 -85
Permanent jobs requiring a DBA 736 414 1,018
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.58% 0.74% 0.75%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.63% 0.78% 0.79%
Number of salaries quoted 570 322 863
10th Percentile £38,750 £34,775 £32,100
25th Percentile £45,000 £41,750 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +2.04%
75th Percentile £63,750 £58,750 £61,250
90th Percentile £73,750 £69,875 £77,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +3.09% +7.78% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 116,102 53,184 129,311
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.40% 95.13% 95.66%
Number of salaries quoted 81,185 44,743 104,931
10th Percentile £32,000 £32,118 £28,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -
75th Percentile £76,250 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

DBA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured DBA in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DBA in the UK

DBA
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing DBA.

Salary trend for DBA in the UK

DBA
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing DBA over the 6 months to 5 December 2021.

Salary histogram for DBA in the UK

DBA
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing DBA within the UK over the 6 months to 5 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -81 656 £52,500 +3.96% 73
UK excluding London -91 470 £50,000 +3.09% 35
London -135 213 £60,000 +8.11% 34
Work from Home -165 140 £55,000 +5.77% 10
North of England -119 128 £50,000 - 11
South East -86 108 £52,250 +20.11% 6
Midlands -71 96 £47,500 -5.00% 4
South West +8 85 £50,000 +40.85% 6
North West -79 82 £47,500 -7.32% 6
West Midlands -43 55 £50,875 +4.90% 1
East Midlands -70 41 £47,500 -5.00% 3
Yorkshire -109 38 £50,000 +3.09% 5
Wales -33 27 £45,000 +3.45% 1
East of England -96 17 £51,250 +48.55% 6
Scotland -67 10 £40,500 -19.00%
North East -18 8 £47,000 +14.63%
Northern Ireland -48 2 - - 1

DBA Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 5 December 2021, DBA job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring DBA in the job title.

1 516 (70.11%) SQL
2 460 (62.50%) SQL Server
3 318 (43.21%) Oracle
4 284 (38.59%) Performance Tuning
5 265 (36.01%) Azure
6 257 (34.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 250 (33.97%) Microsoft
8 197 (26.77%) T-SQL
9 192 (26.09%) Oracle Database
10 190 (25.82%) Linux
11 182 (24.73%) Social Skills
12 178 (24.18%) PowerShell
13 175 (23.78%) Windows
14 170 (23.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 165 (22.42%) AWS
16 159 (21.60%) Business Intelligence
17 156 (21.20%) Disaster Recovery
18 152 (20.65%) High Availability
19 145 (19.70%) MySQL
20 132 (17.93%) Finance
21 122 (16.58%) Clustering
22 116 (15.76%) Data Warehouse
23 110 (14.95%) Migration
24 105 (14.27%) DevOps
25 100 (13.59%) SQL Server Analysis Services
26 97 (13.18%) Relational Database
27 96 (13.04%) Security Cleared
28 93 (12.64%) ETL
29 92 (12.50%) ITIL
30 87 (11.82%) Unix

DBA Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (5.16%) WebLogic
2 32 (4.35%) Tomcat
3 18 (2.45%) Apache
4 15 (2.04%) IIS
5 11 (1.49%) JBoss
6 10 (1.36%) Elasticsearch
7 9 (1.22%) SharePoint
8 8 (1.09%) Confluence
9 7 (0.95%) Oracle HTTP Server
10 6 (0.82%) Oracle Workflow
11 4 (0.54%) Apache Spark
11 4 (0.54%) Oracle 10gAS
11 4 (0.54%) Oracle Application Server
12 3 (0.41%) CMS
12 3 (0.41%) Oracle 9iAS
12 3 (0.41%) WebSphere
13 2 (0.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 2 (0.27%) SharePoint 2013
14 1 (0.14%) OpenStack
14 1 (0.14%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 14 (1.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.09%) MS Visio
3 6 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 44 (5.98%) Oracle Applications
2 31 (4.21%) Oracle EBS
3 25 (3.40%) Oracle EBS R12
4 19 (2.58%) Oracle 11i
5 15 (2.04%) Remedy ITSM
6 9 (1.22%) Oracle ERP
7 8 (1.09%) Dynamics CRM
8 6 (0.82%) Sentinel
9 2 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
10 1 (0.14%) Demantra
10 1 (0.14%) NetSuite
10 1 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
10 1 (0.14%) Oracle iProcurement
10 1 (0.14%) Raiser's Edge
10 1 (0.14%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 265 (36.01%) Azure
2 165 (22.42%) AWS
3 65 (8.83%) IaaS
4 57 (7.74%) PaaS
5 54 (7.34%) SaaS
6 46 (6.25%) Power Platform
7 36 (4.89%) GitHub
8 22 (2.99%) Microsoft 365
9 21 (2.85%) Cloud Computing
10 20 (2.72%) GCP
11 18 (2.45%) Azure Service Bus
12 14 (1.90%) Amazon EC2
13 8 (1.09%) Azure Data Factory
13 8 (1.09%) Serverless
14 7 (0.95%) Dynamics 365
15 6 (0.82%) Azure Sentinel
16 4 (0.54%) Amazon S3
16 4 (0.54%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 4 (0.54%) Snowflake
17 3 (0.41%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 13 (1.77%) SAN
2 9 (1.22%) Firewall
3 8 (1.09%) TCP/IP
4 7 (0.95%) HTTP
4 7 (0.95%) LAN
4 7 (0.95%) WAN
5 5 (0.68%) Broadband
6 4 (0.54%) DNS
6 4 (0.54%) Internet
6 4 (0.54%) VPN
7 2 (0.27%) FTP
7 2 (0.27%) SSL
8 1 (0.14%) DMZ
8 1 (0.14%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.14%) Network Security
8 1 (0.14%) PuTTY
8 1 (0.14%) SSH
8 1 (0.14%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 460 (62.50%) SQL Server
2 257 (34.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 192 (26.09%) Oracle Database
4 170 (23.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 145 (19.70%) MySQL
6 116 (15.76%) Data Warehouse
7 100 (13.59%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 97 (13.18%) Relational Database
9 85 (11.55%) PostgreSQL
10 76 (10.33%) Azure SQL Database
11 75 (10.19%) MongoDB
12 58 (7.88%) Oracle Database 11g
13 52 (7.07%) RDBMS
14 50 (6.79%) Oracle Database 12c
15 46 (6.25%) Power BI
16 42 (5.71%) SQL Server 2016
17 39 (5.30%) NoSQL
18 38 (5.16%) OLTP
19 35 (4.76%) SQL Server 2012
20 32 (4.35%) SQL Server 2019
Development Applications
1 49 (6.66%) Git (software)
2 32 (4.35%) Team Foundation Server
3 30 (4.08%) Jenkins
4 25 (3.40%) JIRA
5 24 (3.26%) Subversion
6 20 (2.72%) Visual Studio
7 14 (1.90%) Oracle APEX
8 12 (1.63%) Bitbucket
9 9 (1.22%) ERwin
10 8 (1.09%) Oracle Forms
11 6 (0.82%) Cucumber
11 6 (0.82%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
12 3 (0.41%) Octopus Deploy
12 3 (0.41%) Toad
13 2 (0.27%) ER Studio
13 2 (0.27%) GitLab
13 2 (0.27%) TeamCity
14 1 (0.14%) Mercurial
14 1 (0.14%) Selenium
14 1 (0.14%) Vagrant
General
1 182 (24.73%) Social Skills
2 132 (17.93%) Finance
3 43 (5.84%) Analytical Skills
4 28 (3.80%) Retail
5 22 (2.99%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 21 (2.85%) Banking
7 17 (2.31%) Law
8 15 (2.04%) Public Sector
9 10 (1.36%) Presentation Skills
9 10 (1.36%) Telecoms
10 9 (1.22%) Games
10 9 (1.22%) Organisational Skills
11 8 (1.09%) Manufacturing
11 8 (1.09%) Marketing
12 6 (0.82%) Legal
13 4 (0.54%) Advertising
14 3 (0.41%) Documentation Skills
14 3 (0.41%) Financial Institution
14 3 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
15 1 (0.14%) Influencing Skills
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (5.98%) Middleware
2 11 (1.49%) Web Services
3 10 (1.36%) Oracle Fusion
4 9 (1.22%) HTML
4 9 (1.22%) REST
5 8 (1.09%) LAMP
6 7 (0.95%) OC4J
6 7 (0.95%) XML
7 6 (0.82%) EJB
7 6 (0.82%) Hibernate
7 6 (0.82%) Java EE
7 6 (0.82%) Node.js
7 6 (0.82%) React
7 6 (0.82%) Spring
8 5 (0.68%) .NET
8 5 (0.68%) Elastic Stack
8 5 (0.68%) JSON
8 5 (0.68%) Oracle GoldenGate
9 3 (0.41%) MCollective
10 2 (0.27%) WSH
Miscellaneous
1 122 (16.58%) Clustering
2 87 (11.82%) Replication
3 35 (4.76%) Public Cloud
4 33 (4.48%) Self-Motivation
5 29 (3.94%) User Experience
6 25 (3.40%) Data Centre
7 22 (2.99%) Hybrid Cloud
8 20 (2.72%) Data Structures
9 18 (2.45%) Data Protection Act
10 14 (1.90%) CMDB
11 13 (1.77%) Management Information System
12 9 (1.22%) Enterprise Software
13 8 (1.09%) Algorithms
14 7 (0.95%) PMI
15 6 (0.82%) Reinsurance
16 5 (0.68%) NHS
16 5 (0.68%) Social Media
16 5 (0.68%) Tandem
17 4 (0.54%) Private Cloud
18 3 (0.41%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 190 (25.82%) Linux
2 175 (23.78%) Windows
3 87 (11.82%) Unix
4 51 (6.93%) Windows Server
5 49 (6.66%) Windows Server 2012
6 37 (5.03%) Windows Server 2016
7 28 (3.80%) CentOS
8 26 (3.53%) Windows Server 2019
9 21 (2.85%) Solaris
10 16 (2.17%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
11 13 (1.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 13 (1.77%) Windows Server 2008
12 7 (0.95%) SUSE
13 5 (0.68%) AIX
14 4 (0.54%) Ubuntu
15 3 (0.41%) Oracle Linux
16 1 (0.14%) Android
16 1 (0.14%) Apple iOS
16 1 (0.14%) Windows 10
16 1 (0.14%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 284 (38.59%) Performance Tuning
2 159 (21.60%) Business Intelligence
3 156 (21.20%) Disaster Recovery
4 152 (20.65%) High Availability
5 110 (14.95%) Migration
6 105 (14.27%) DevOps
7 93 (12.64%) ETL
8 92 (12.50%) ITIL
9 85 (11.55%) Performance Monitoring
9 85 (11.55%) Problem-Solving
10 65 (8.83%) Capacity Management
11 63 (8.56%) Database Security
12 61 (8.29%) Mentoring
13 59 (8.02%) Change Management
14 57 (7.74%) Agile Software Development
15 56 (7.61%) Configuration Management
16 44 (5.98%) Data Security
17 42 (5.71%) Capacity Planning
17 42 (5.71%) Database Mirroring
18 41 (5.57%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 516 (70.11%) SQL
2 197 (26.77%) T-SQL
3 178 (24.18%) PowerShell
4 67 (9.10%) Bash Shell
5 56 (7.61%) Shell Script
6 48 (6.52%) Python
7 37 (5.03%) PL/SQL
8 25 (3.40%) Java
9 23 (3.13%) C#
10 20 (2.72%) PHP
11 13 (1.77%) C
11 13 (1.77%) Perl
12 11 (1.49%) VBA
13 8 (1.09%) PHP 7
14 7 (0.95%) C++
14 7 (0.95%) JavaScript
14 7 (0.95%) Korn
15 6 (0.82%) Java 11
15 6 (0.82%) Java 8
15 6 (0.82%) VB
Qualifications
1 96 (13.04%) Security Cleared
2 43 (5.84%) SC Cleared
3 42 (5.71%) Degree
4 29 (3.94%) Microsoft Certification
5 18 (2.45%) Oracle Certification
6 14 (1.90%) Computer Science Degree
7 11 (1.49%) MCSE
8 9 (1.22%) ITIL Certification
8 9 (1.22%) MCSA
9 8 (1.09%) DV Cleared
10 7 (0.95%) PMI Certification
11 6 (0.82%) HNC
11 6 (0.82%) HND
12 3 (0.41%) MCITP
12 3 (0.41%) MCP
12 3 (0.41%) Microsoft Certified Architect
12 3 (0.41%) OCA
12 3 (0.41%) OCP
13 2 (0.27%) MCDBA
13 2 (0.27%) MCT
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (6.39%) SLA
2 23 (3.13%) GDPR
3 20 (2.72%) Data Quality
4 18 (2.45%) Accessibility
5 16 (2.17%) PCI DSS
6 5 (0.68%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.41%) HIPAA
7 3 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 3 (0.41%) QA
System Software
1 44 (5.98%) Oracle RAC
2 19 (2.58%) Active Directory
3 14 (1.90%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (1.63%) Docker
5 5 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.68%) Virtual Servers
6 2 (0.27%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.14%) Oracle Clusterware
7 1 (0.14%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 1 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.14%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 52 (7.07%) Data Guard
2 41 (5.57%) Oracle RMAN
3 40 (5.43%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
4 30 (4.08%) Terraform
5 24 (3.26%) Ansible
6 23 (3.13%) Puppet
7 18 (2.45%) Kubernetes
8 17 (2.31%) Nagios
9 13 (1.77%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
10 7 (0.95%) SCOM
11 6 (0.82%) Failover Clustering
11 6 (0.82%) Grafana
12 5 (0.68%) Icinga
12 5 (0.68%) Microsoft Clustering
12 5 (0.68%) Prometheus
13 4 (0.54%) Simpana
14 3 (0.41%) Opscode Chef
15 2 (0.27%) Oracle ZFS
15 2 (0.27%) Tivoli Storage Manager
15 2 (0.27%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 318 (43.21%) Oracle
2 250 (33.97%) Microsoft
3 46 (6.25%) VMware
4 38 (5.16%) Red Hat
5 29 (3.94%) RedGate
6 21 (2.85%) NetApp
7 20 (2.72%) ServiceNow
8 18 (2.45%) IFS
9 15 (2.04%) Remedy
10 14 (1.90%) Atlassian
11 12 (1.63%) Google
12 9 (1.22%) Sybase
13 8 (1.09%) Percona
14 6 (0.82%) SAP
15 5 (0.68%) Cognizant
16 4 (0.54%) Cognos
16 4 (0.54%) CommVault
16 4 (0.54%) Hyperion
16 4 (0.54%) IBM
17 3 (0.41%) PeopleSoft