Period
to 21 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cryptography skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cryptography over the 6 months to 21 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cryptography (Cryptology)
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 547 696 702
Rank change year-on-year +149 +6 +130
Permanent jobs citing Cryptography 133 416 512
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.27% 0.30% 0.31%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.29% 0.33% 0.34%
Number of salaries quoted 119 310 338
Median annual salary £68,000 £65,000 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.62% -7.14% +20.66%
10th Percentile £51,000 £45,000 £43,750
90th Percentile £120,000 £100,000 £105,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% -4.00% +19.05%

Cryptography is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 45,168 126,311 150,373
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.41% 92.22% 91.93%
Number of salaries quoted 37,232 99,403 119,673
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,750 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.89% - +5.88%

Cryptography
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cryptography as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cryptography in the UK

Cryptography
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cryptography.

Salary trend for Cryptography in the UK

Cryptography
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cryptography over the 6 months to 21 October 2020.

Salary histogram for Cryptography in the UK

Cryptography
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cryptography within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +120 108 £68,000 +4.62% 24
UK excluding London +135 74 £62,500 +4.17% 14
London +180 49 £77,500 -3.13% 11
South East +110 27 £62,500 +4.17%
Work from Home +46 20 £70,000 - 4
South West +99 12 £55,000 -
Scotland +78 9 £52,500 -25.00%
North of England +158 8 £62,500 -26.90% 5
North West +119 7 £62,500 -10.71% 5
Wales +51 7 £65,000 +56.63% 1
Northern Ireland +29 7 £50,000 -4.76%
Midlands +108 3 - - 6
West Midlands +85 3 - - 6
Yorkshire +122 1 £69,000 -34.44%
East of England +106 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 21 October 2020, IT jobs citing Cryptography also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cryptography.

1 35 (26.32%) C++
1 35 (26.32%) Cybersecurity
2 32 (24.06%) Java
3 30 (22.56%) Finance
4 28 (21.05%) Information Security
5 27 (20.30%) Python
6 26 (19.55%) PKI
6 26 (19.55%) Threat Modelling
7 23 (17.29%) Blockchain
8 22 (16.54%) DevOps
8 22 (16.54%) Microservices
9 21 (15.79%) Algorithms
10 20 (15.04%) Penetration Testing
10 20 (15.04%) Microsoft
11 19 (14.29%) Network Security
12 18 (13.53%) Software Engineering
12 18 (13.53%) Agile Software Development
12 18 (13.53%) Test Automation
12 18 (13.53%) JavaScript
12 18 (13.53%) C
12 18 (13.53%) Kubernetes
13 17 (12.78%) Fintech
14 16 (12.03%) SQL
15 15 (11.28%) Linux
15 15 (11.28%) Security Architecture
16 14 (10.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
16 14 (10.53%) Mathematics
16 14 (10.53%) SQL Server
17 13 (9.77%) Active Directory
17 13 (9.77%) Microsoft Certification

Cryptography
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (3.76%) Hyperledger
2 4 (3.01%) Ethereum
3 2 (1.50%) CMS
4 1 (0.75%) Confluence
4 1 (0.75%) TPMS
Applications
1 1 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.75%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 5 (3.76%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 8 (6.02%) Azure
2 6 (4.51%) AWS
3 2 (1.50%) AWS CloudFormation
3 2 (1.50%) Office 365
4 1 (0.75%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 19 (14.29%) Network Security
2 13 (9.77%) Firewall
3 11 (8.27%) Internet
3 11 (8.27%) Intrusion Detection
4 6 (4.51%) Ethernet
5 4 (3.01%) OSPF
5 4 (3.01%) TCP/IP
6 3 (2.26%) VoIP
6 3 (2.26%) VPN
7 2 (1.50%) BGP
7 2 (1.50%) Cisco Nexus
7 2 (1.50%) DMVPN
7 2 (1.50%) EIGRP
7 2 (1.50%) IPsec
7 2 (1.50%) LAN
7 2 (1.50%) SNMP
7 2 (1.50%) tcpdump
7 2 (1.50%) VLAN
7 2 (1.50%) WAN
7 2 (1.50%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (17.29%) Blockchain
2 14 (10.53%) SQL Server
3 10 (7.52%) MongoDB
4 8 (6.02%) PostgreSQL
5 2 (1.50%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 7 (5.26%) JIRA
2 6 (4.51%) Burp Suite
2 6 (4.51%) Metasploit
3 4 (3.01%) SonarQube
3 4 (3.01%) TeamCity
3 4 (3.01%) VSS/SourceSafe
4 2 (1.50%) CMake
General
1 30 (22.56%) Finance
2 11 (8.27%) Telecoms
3 8 (6.02%) Banking
4 6 (4.51%) Public Sector
5 5 (3.76%) Retail
6 4 (3.01%) Automotive
7 3 (2.26%) Advertising
8 2 (1.50%) Aerospace
8 2 (1.50%) Legal
9 1 (0.75%) Games
Job Titles
1 32 (24.06%) Developer
2 20 (15.04%) Cryptography Engineer
3 16 (12.03%) Consultant
4 15 (11.28%) Security Consultant
5 12 (9.02%) Blockchain Developer
5 12 (9.02%) Tester
6 11 (8.27%) Android Developer
7 10 (7.52%) Security Engineer
8 8 (6.02%) .NET Developer
8 8 (6.02%) Analyst
8 8 (6.02%) Architect
8 8 (6.02%) C# .NET Developer
8 8 (6.02%) C# Developer
8 8 (6.02%) F# Developer
8 8 (6.02%) Software Engineer
9 7 (5.26%) Cybersecurity Consultant
9 7 (5.26%) Embedded Engineer
9 7 (5.26%) Embedded Software Engineer
10 6 (4.51%) Senior Software Engineer
10 6 (4.51%) Software Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 12 (9.02%) .NET
2 11 (8.27%) Web Services
3 10 (7.52%) HTML
3 10 (7.52%) RESTful
4 8 (6.02%) Akka.NET
5 6 (4.51%) CSS
5 6 (4.51%) Node.js
6 5 (3.76%) React
7 3 (2.26%) Middleware
7 3 (2.26%) RabbitMQ
7 3 (2.26%) REST
7 3 (2.26%) ZeroMQ
8 2 (1.50%) AngularJS
8 2 (1.50%) GraphQL
8 2 (1.50%) HTML5
8 2 (1.50%) JSON
8 2 (1.50%) RxJS
8 2 (1.50%) XML
9 1 (0.75%) OAuth2
9 1 (0.75%) Smart Contracts
Miscellaneous
1 26 (19.55%) PKI
2 21 (15.79%) Algorithms
3 11 (8.27%) Analytical Skills
4 10 (7.52%) Management Information System
4 10 (7.52%) Renewable Energy
5 9 (6.77%) Mobile App
5 9 (6.77%) Mobile Payment
5 9 (6.77%) User Experience
6 8 (6.02%) Internet of Things
7 7 (5.26%) Smart City
8 4 (3.01%) Embedded Systems
8 4 (3.01%) Public Cloud
9 3 (2.26%) Data Centre
10 2 (1.50%) Bitcoin
10 2 (1.50%) Client/Server
10 2 (1.50%) Cyberthreat
10 2 (1.50%) Digital TV
10 2 (1.50%) Over-the-Top Content
10 2 (1.50%) Self-Motivation
10 2 (1.50%) STB
Operating Systems
1 15 (11.28%) Linux
2 12 (9.02%) Android
3 10 (7.52%) Windows
4 8 (6.02%) Kali Linux
5 3 (2.26%) Unix
6 1 (0.75%) AIX
6 1 (0.75%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 35 (26.32%) Cybersecurity
2 28 (21.05%) Information Security
3 26 (19.55%) Threat Modelling
4 22 (16.54%) DevOps
4 22 (16.54%) Microservices
5 20 (15.04%) Penetration Testing
6 18 (13.53%) Agile Software Development
6 18 (13.53%) Software Engineering
6 18 (13.53%) Test Automation
7 17 (12.78%) Fintech
8 15 (11.28%) Security Architecture
9 14 (10.53%) Mathematics
10 12 (9.02%) Android Development
10 12 (9.02%) Risk Assessment
10 12 (9.02%) SIEM
10 12 (9.02%) Validation
11 10 (7.52%) Continuous Integration
11 10 (7.52%) High Availability
11 10 (7.52%) ITIL
12 9 (6.77%) Collaborative Working
Programming Languages
1 35 (26.32%) C++
2 32 (24.06%) Java
3 27 (20.30%) Python
4 18 (13.53%) C
4 18 (13.53%) JavaScript
5 16 (12.03%) SQL
6 11 (8.27%) Kotlin
7 9 (6.77%) C#
8 8 (6.02%) F#
9 7 (5.26%) MATLAB
10 6 (4.51%) PowerShell
11 4 (3.01%) Solidity
12 3 (2.26%) Go
13 2 (1.50%) Ruby
13 2 (1.50%) Rust
13 2 (1.50%) TypeScript
14 1 (0.75%) Assembly Language
14 1 (0.75%) Embedded C
14 1 (0.75%) Lua
14 1 (0.75%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 13 (9.77%) Microsoft Certification
2 11 (8.27%) Degree
2 11 (8.27%) Security Cleared
3 10 (7.52%) CISSP
4 9 (6.77%) PhD
5 7 (5.26%) Numerate Degree
6 6 (4.51%) CEH
6 6 (4.51%) Cisco Certification
6 6 (4.51%) CREST Certified
7 5 (3.76%) HNC
7 5 (3.76%) HND
7 5 (3.76%) OSCP
7 5 (3.76%) SC Cleared
8 4 (3.01%) CCNP
8 4 (3.01%) DV Cleared
9 3 (2.26%) CISM
10 2 (1.50%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 2 (1.50%) CCDA
10 2 (1.50%) CCNA
10 2 (1.50%) JNCIS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (10.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 12 (9.02%) NIST
3 11 (8.27%) GDPR
3 11 (8.27%) QA
4 7 (5.26%) COBIT
5 6 (4.51%) COSO
6 5 (3.76%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 2 (1.50%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 2 (1.50%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.75%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 1 (0.75%) NIST 800
8 1 (0.75%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 13 (9.77%) Active Directory
2 9 (6.77%) Firmware
3 7 (5.26%) Docker
3 7 (5.26%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (1.50%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.75%) KVM
Systems Management
1 18 (13.53%) Kubernetes
2 8 (6.02%) Istio
3 4 (3.01%) Opscode Chef
3 4 (3.01%) Puppet
3 4 (3.01%) Terraform
4 2 (1.50%) Nessus
5 1 (0.75%) CASB
5 1 (0.75%) Host Intrusion Detection System
Vendors
1 20 (15.04%) Microsoft
2 12 (9.02%) Gemalto
3 10 (7.52%) Oracle
4 9 (6.77%) VMware
5 4 (3.01%) Cisco
5 4 (3.01%) Juniper
6 2 (1.50%) Dell
6 2 (1.50%) Fortinet
6 2 (1.50%) NetScout
6 2 (1.50%) NetWitness
6 2 (1.50%) Palo Alto
6 2 (1.50%) SolarWinds
6 2 (1.50%) Splunk
7 1 (0.75%) BT
7 1 (0.75%) HP
7 1 (0.75%) Thales
7 1 (0.75%) webMethods