Period
to

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 25 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
25 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 492 421 259
Rank change year-on-year -71 -162 +1
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 382 140 50
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 0.53% 0.44% 0.54%
As % of the System Software category 2.77% 2.29% 2.89%
Number of salaries quoted 173 128 45
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,863 £41,250
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £59,246 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.71% +7.72% -8.33%
75th Percentile £81,250 £73,125 £72,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £51,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year -2.91% -1.90% -4.55%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 13,789 6,121 1,730
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 19.14% 19.32% 18.76%
Number of salaries quoted 7,685 5,238 1,483
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £45,250 £42,500 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% -8.00% -
75th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £91,250
UK median annual salary £55,687 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +1.25% +4.76% +5.00%

Virtual Machines
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Virtual Machines trend for jobs with a WFH option

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Virtual Machines.

Virtual Machines salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

Virtual Machines salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 25 May 2022, Virtual Machines job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 127 (33.25%) Linux
2 123 (32.20%) Python
3 121 (31.68%) Windows
4 119 (31.15%) Kubernetes
5 117 (30.63%) Docker
6 111 (29.06%) Azure
7 102 (26.70%) Algorithms
8 97 (25.39%) Agile
9 95 (24.87%) Problem-Solving
10 92 (24.08%) Software Engineering
11 89 (23.30%) Microsoft
12 85 (22.25%) AWS
13 74 (19.37%) DevOps
14 72 (18.85%) Social Skills
15 70 (18.32%) Terraform
15 70 (18.32%) Test Automation
15 70 (18.32%) Finance
16 68 (17.80%) Java
17 64 (16.75%) Blockchain
18 61 (15.97%) Active Directory
19 60 (15.71%) SQL
19 60 (15.71%) Machine Learning
20 59 (15.45%) PowerShell
20 59 (15.45%) Decision-Making
21 58 (15.18%) Infrastructure as Code
21 58 (15.18%) Degree
22 57 (14.92%) Ansible
22 57 (14.92%) CI/CD
23 55 (14.40%) Ethereum
24 53 (13.87%) Computer Science

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (14.40%) Ethereum
2 18 (4.71%) Elasticsearch
3 13 (3.40%) OpenStack
4 12 (3.14%) SharePoint
5 11 (2.88%) Skype for Business
6 9 (2.36%) Apache Pulsar
7 6 (1.57%) MS Exchange
7 6 (1.57%) SAS
8 5 (1.31%) Confluence
9 3 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.52%) Apache
10 2 (0.52%) MetaMask
11 1 (0.26%) Apache Spark
11 1 (0.26%) Tomcat
Applications
1 6 (1.57%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.52%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (0.52%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (1.05%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 111 (29.06%) Azure
2 85 (22.25%) AWS
3 49 (12.83%) GCP
4 43 (11.26%) PaaS
5 41 (10.73%) Microsoft 365
6 29 (7.59%) IaaS
7 22 (5.76%) Azure Monitor
8 18 (4.71%) Azure Active Directory
9 17 (4.45%) GitHub
9 17 (4.45%) Serverless
10 14 (3.66%) AWS Lambda
11 13 (3.40%) OneDrive
12 12 (3.14%) Azure Sentinel
13 11 (2.88%) Amazon EKS
14 10 (2.62%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 9 (2.36%) AWS CloudFormation
15 9 (2.36%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 9 (2.36%) MinIO
15 9 (2.36%) Power Platform
15 9 (2.36%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 40 (10.47%) AMQP
1 40 (10.47%) MQTT
2 37 (9.69%) Firewall
3 35 (9.16%) DNS
4 20 (5.24%) DHCP
5 16 (4.19%) VPN
5 16 (4.19%) WAN
6 15 (3.93%) VLAN
7 12 (3.14%) TCP/IP
8 9 (2.36%) LAN
8 9 (2.36%) Skype
9 8 (2.09%) HTTPS
9 8 (2.09%) Network Security
10 5 (1.31%) Wi-Fi
11 4 (1.05%) Broadband
11 4 (1.05%) OpenVPN
11 4 (1.05%) Reverse Proxy
12 3 (0.79%) BGP
12 3 (0.79%) DSL
12 3 (0.79%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (7.85%) SQL Server
2 20 (5.24%) MySQL
3 16 (4.19%) NoSQL
4 15 (3.93%) PostgreSQL
5 11 (2.88%) Redis
6 10 (2.62%) Big Data
6 10 (2.62%) Hadoop
7 9 (2.36%) Aerospike
7 9 (2.36%) Apache Cassandra
7 9 (2.36%) ArangoDB
7 9 (2.36%) CockroachDB
7 9 (2.36%) Couchbase
7 9 (2.36%) Scylla
8 6 (1.57%) Amazon RDS
8 6 (1.57%) Azure SQL Database
8 6 (1.57%) Relational Database
9 3 (0.79%) Data Lake
9 3 (0.79%) InfluxDB
10 2 (0.52%) Microsoft Analysis Services
11 1 (0.26%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 40 (10.47%) Git (software)
2 39 (10.21%) GitLab
3 33 (8.64%) Jenkins
4 20 (5.24%) JIRA
5 11 (2.88%) Bitbucket
6 8 (2.09%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 6 (1.57%) Selenium
8 4 (1.05%) JUnit
8 4 (1.05%) MSI
8 4 (1.05%) Sonatype Nexus
9 3 (0.79%) Browser DevTools
9 3 (0.79%) Burp Suite
9 3 (0.79%) Capybara
9 3 (0.79%) Cypress.io
9 3 (0.79%) Gatling
9 3 (0.79%) IntelliJ
9 3 (0.79%) Postman
9 3 (0.79%) RSpec
9 3 (0.79%) Travis CI
10 2 (0.52%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 72 (18.85%) Social Skills
2 70 (18.32%) Finance
3 42 (10.99%) Public Sector
4 30 (7.85%) Retail
5 25 (6.54%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 23 (6.02%) Analytical Skills
7 18 (4.71%) Games
8 15 (3.93%) Law
9 13 (3.40%) Marketing
10 7 (1.83%) Presentation Skills
11 6 (1.57%) Billing
11 6 (1.57%) Legal
12 5 (1.31%) Telecoms
13 2 (0.52%) Back Office
13 2 (0.52%) Manufacturing
14 1 (0.26%) Aerospace
14 1 (0.26%) Aviation
14 1 (0.26%) Banking
14 1 (0.26%) Documentation Skills
14 1 (0.26%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 75 (19.63%) Software Engineer
2 39 (10.21%) DevOps Engineer
3 26 (6.81%) Site Engineer
3 26 (6.81%) Site Reliability Engineer
4 23 (6.02%) Performance Engineer
5 22 (5.76%) Architect
6 20 (5.24%) Scala Engineer
6 20 (5.24%) Scala Software Engineer
7 19 (4.97%) Support Engineer
8 17 (4.45%) Developer
8 17 (4.45%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 16 (4.19%) Cloud Engineer
10 14 (3.66%) 3rd Line Support
11 13 (3.40%) Administrator
11 13 (3.40%) Analyst
11 13 (3.40%) Python Engineer
11 13 (3.40%) Systems Engineer
12 12 (3.14%) Azure Engineer
12 12 (3.14%) Software Developer
13 11 (2.88%) Python Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 48 (12.57%) WebSockets
2 45 (11.78%) React
3 34 (8.90%) Smart Contracts
4 24 (6.28%) JSON
5 23 (6.02%) web3js
6 22 (5.76%) REST
7 21 (5.50%) Akka
7 21 (5.50%) Node.js
8 19 (4.97%) Truffle
9 16 (4.19%) Express
10 14 (3.66%) Spring
11 13 (3.40%) ARM Templates
12 12 (3.14%) Lambda Expressions
13 11 (2.88%) Kafka
14 10 (2.62%) .NET
14 10 (2.62%) Elastic Stack
14 10 (2.62%) Redux
15 9 (2.36%) Unreal Engine
16 7 (1.83%) RabbitMQ
17 6 (1.57%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 102 (26.70%) Algorithms
2 64 (16.75%) Blockchain
3 47 (12.30%) Self-Motivation
4 45 (11.78%) Cardano
4 45 (11.78%) Legacy Code
5 35 (9.16%) Mainframe
6 29 (7.59%) Cloud Native
7 28 (7.33%) User Experience
8 23 (6.02%) Web3
9 20 (5.24%) Data Centre
10 19 (4.97%) Public Cloud
11 15 (3.93%) Linux Command Line
11 15 (3.93%) Management Information System
12 14 (3.66%) Cyberattack
13 12 (3.14%) Cyber Defence
14 11 (2.88%) Enterprise Software
14 11 (2.88%) Social Media
15 10 (2.62%) Smartphone
16 9 (2.36%) iPhone
16 9 (2.36%) PlayStation
Operating Systems
1 127 (33.25%) Linux
2 121 (31.68%) Windows
3 35 (9.16%) zOS
4 30 (7.85%) Windows Server
5 14 (3.66%) Android
5 14 (3.66%) Unix
6 10 (2.62%) Windows Server 2012
6 10 (2.62%) Windows Server 2019
7 9 (2.36%) Ubuntu
8 8 (2.09%) Windows 10
8 8 (2.09%) Windows Server 2008
8 8 (2.09%) Windows Server 2016
9 6 (1.57%) CentOS
10 5 (1.31%) Mac OS
11 3 (0.79%) Apple iOS
11 3 (0.79%) VMS
12 1 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 1 (0.26%) Windows 7
12 1 (0.26%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 97 (25.39%) Agile
2 95 (24.87%) Problem-Solving
3 92 (24.08%) Software Engineering
4 74 (19.37%) DevOps
5 70 (18.32%) Test Automation
6 60 (15.71%) Machine Learning
7 59 (15.45%) Decision-Making
8 58 (15.18%) Infrastructure as Code
9 57 (14.92%) CI/CD
10 53 (13.87%) Computer Science
11 52 (13.61%) Workflow
12 48 (12.57%) Clean Code
13 47 (12.30%) Acceptance Criteria
14 45 (11.78%) Performance Tuning
14 45 (11.78%) SDLC
15 44 (11.52%) Open Source
16 43 (11.26%) Mentoring
16 43 (11.26%) Performance Testing
17 42 (10.99%) Cryptography
18 38 (9.95%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 123 (32.20%) Python
2 68 (17.80%) Java
3 60 (15.71%) SQL
4 59 (15.45%) PowerShell
5 46 (12.04%) JavaScript
6 43 (11.26%) Scala
7 35 (9.16%) Assembly Language
7 35 (9.16%) COBOL
8 26 (6.81%) Solidity
9 25 (6.54%) Bash
10 21 (5.50%) Rust
11 17 (4.45%) C
11 17 (4.45%) TypeScript
12 15 (3.93%) C++
13 10 (2.62%) Haskell
14 9 (2.36%) C#
15 8 (2.09%) Go
16 6 (1.57%) PHP
17 5 (1.31%) Ruby
18 3 (0.79%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 58 (15.18%) Degree
2 43 (11.26%) Six Sigma Black Belt
3 41 (10.73%) Computer Science Degree
4 24 (6.28%) Security Cleared
5 21 (5.50%) SC Cleared
6 10 (2.62%) Microsoft Certification
7 9 (2.36%) CISSP
8 7 (1.83%) A+ Certification
8 7 (1.83%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 6 (1.57%) TOGAF Certification
10 5 (1.31%) AWS Certification
10 5 (1.31%) CEH
10 5 (1.31%) Cisco Certification
10 5 (1.31%) Postgraduate
11 4 (1.05%) CCNP
11 4 (1.05%) CISM
11 4 (1.05%) CompTIA Security+
11 4 (1.05%) DV Cleared
12 3 (0.79%) CCNA
13 2 (0.52%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (11.52%) QA
2 21 (5.50%) SLA
3 6 (1.57%) Accessibility
3 6 (1.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (1.31%) NCSC
5 2 (0.52%) GDPR
5 2 (0.52%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.26%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 117 (30.63%) Docker
2 61 (15.97%) Active Directory
3 43 (11.26%) VMware Infrastructure
4 26 (6.81%) Hyper-V
5 10 (2.62%) Virtual Desktop
6 4 (1.05%) vSphere
7 3 (0.79%) Microsoft App-V
8 2 (0.52%) BitLocker
8 2 (0.52%) KVM
8 2 (0.52%) ProxySG
8 2 (0.52%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.52%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 119 (31.15%) Kubernetes
2 70 (18.32%) Terraform
3 57 (14.92%) Ansible
4 31 (8.12%) Puppet
5 27 (7.07%) Prometheus
6 17 (4.45%) Grafana
7 16 (4.19%) Opscode Chef
8 12 (3.14%) Microsoft Intune
8 12 (3.14%) SCCM
9 10 (2.62%) Graphite
10 9 (2.36%) Docker Swarm
10 9 (2.36%) HAProxy
10 9 (2.36%) Salt
11 8 (2.09%) Single Sign-On
12 6 (1.57%) Active Directory Federation Services
12 6 (1.57%) Kibana
12 6 (1.57%) Nagios
13 5 (1.31%) Nessus
14 4 (1.05%) systemd
15 2 (0.52%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 89 (23.30%) Microsoft
2 45 (11.78%) VMware
3 36 (9.42%) IBM
4 25 (6.54%) Google
5 16 (4.19%) Citrix
6 14 (3.66%) Oracle
7 9 (2.36%) ServiceNow
7 9 (2.36%) Splunk
8 8 (2.09%) Datto
8 8 (2.09%) Dell
9 7 (1.83%) Automation Anywhere
9 7 (1.83%) Blue Prism
9 7 (1.83%) Cisco
9 7 (1.83%) New Relic
9 7 (1.83%) UiPath
10 6 (1.57%) CloudEndure
10 6 (1.57%) SAP
11 5 (1.31%) Apple
12 4 (1.05%) Perforce
12 4 (1.05%) Veritas