Period
to 27 November 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 27 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
27 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 380 266 228
Rank change year-on-year -114 -38 +39
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 154 41 57
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 0.53% 0.50% 0.74%
As % of the System Software category 2.86% 2.51% 4.16%
Number of salaries quoted 104 40 39
10th Percentile £41,000 £45,000 £55,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £52,500 £60,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £60,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - -7.69% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,625 £76,750
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% -

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 5,392 1,634 1,371
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 18.48% 19.77% 17.73%
Number of salaries quoted 4,368 1,505 1,165
10th Percentile £36,675 £35,850 £36,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% -15.38% +13.04%
75th Percentile £81,250 £70,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £82,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

Virtual Machines
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Virtual Machines trend for jobs with a WFH option

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Virtual Machines.

Virtual Machines salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 27 November 2021.

Virtual Machines salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 27 November 2021, Virtual Machines job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 99 (64.29%) Windows
2 90 (58.44%) Azure
3 53 (34.42%) DevOps
4 49 (31.82%) PowerShell
5 45 (29.22%) Microsoft
6 43 (27.92%) Test Automation
7 42 (27.27%) Terraform
8 38 (24.68%) SDLC
8 38 (24.68%) Test Strategy
8 38 (24.68%) Self-Motivation
8 38 (24.68%) Assembly Language
8 38 (24.68%) IBM
8 38 (24.68%) COBOL
8 38 (24.68%) zOS
8 38 (24.68%) Mainframe
9 37 (24.03%) Windows Server
10 36 (23.38%) SQL
10 36 (23.38%) Linux
10 36 (23.38%) VPN
11 34 (22.08%) AWS
12 30 (19.48%) Agile Software Development
13 27 (17.53%) Python
14 25 (16.23%) VMware
15 24 (15.58%) SQL Server
15 24 (15.58%) Active Directory
15 24 (15.58%) Kubernetes
15 24 (15.58%) Infrastructure as Code
16 23 (14.94%) Azure SQL Database
16 23 (14.94%) VMware Infrastructure
17 21 (13.64%) Social Skills

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (3.90%) SharePoint
2 5 (3.25%) Apache
2 5 (3.25%) OpenStack
3 4 (2.60%) Elasticsearch
4 3 (1.95%) Skype for Business
5 2 (1.30%) Apache Pulsar
5 2 (1.30%) Confluence
5 2 (1.30%) IIS
5 2 (1.30%) MS Exchange
5 2 (1.30%) nginx
6 1 (0.65%) WebLogic
Applications
1 5 (3.25%) Microsoft Project
2 4 (2.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (2.60%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (1.95%) MS Visio
4 2 (1.30%) UserZoom
Cloud Services
1 90 (58.44%) Azure
2 34 (22.08%) AWS
3 20 (12.99%) GCP
3 20 (12.99%) IaaS
4 18 (11.69%) Azure Service Bus
4 18 (11.69%) Microsoft 365
5 17 (11.04%) PaaS
6 8 (5.19%) OneDrive
6 8 (5.19%) SaaS
7 6 (3.90%) Azure Cosmos DB
7 6 (3.90%) Serverless
8 5 (3.25%) Amazon EC2
8 5 (3.25%) AWS CloudFormation
8 5 (3.25%) Azure Active Directory
8 5 (3.25%) Azure Key Vault
8 5 (3.25%) Azure Service Fabric
9 4 (2.60%) Amazon ELB
9 4 (2.60%) GitHub
10 3 (1.95%) Amazon EKS
10 3 (1.95%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 36 (23.38%) VPN
2 9 (5.84%) DNS
2 9 (5.84%) Firewall
2 9 (5.84%) Network Security
3 6 (3.90%) DHCP
3 6 (3.90%) TCP/IP
4 5 (3.25%) Remote Desktop
4 5 (3.25%) SNMP
4 5 (3.25%) Wireshark
5 4 (2.60%) IPsec
5 4 (2.60%) LAN
5 4 (2.60%) Wireless
6 3 (1.95%) BGP
6 3 (1.95%) Cisco ASA
6 3 (1.95%) EIGRP
6 3 (1.95%) Skype
6 3 (1.95%) TACACS
6 3 (1.95%) WAAS
6 3 (1.95%) WAN
6 3 (1.95%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (15.58%) SQL Server
2 23 (14.94%) Azure SQL Database
3 7 (4.55%) MySQL
4 6 (3.90%) Data Lake
5 5 (3.25%) Big Data
5 5 (3.25%) PostgreSQL
6 3 (1.95%) Amazon RDS
6 3 (1.95%) Relational Database
7 2 (1.30%) Aerospike
7 2 (1.30%) Apache Cassandra
7 2 (1.30%) ArangoDB
7 2 (1.30%) Blockchain
7 2 (1.30%) CockroachDB
7 2 (1.30%) Couchbase
7 2 (1.30%) Hadoop
7 2 (1.30%) NoSQL
7 2 (1.30%) Redis
7 2 (1.30%) Scylla
8 1 (0.65%) Data Warehouse
8 1 (0.65%) Geospatial Data
Development Applications
1 20 (12.99%) Git (software)
2 13 (8.44%) Octopus Deploy
2 13 (8.44%) TeamCity
3 8 (5.19%) Jenkins
4 7 (4.55%) GitLab
5 4 (2.60%) JIRA
5 4 (2.60%) Subversion
6 3 (1.95%) VSS/SourceSafe
7 2 (1.30%) Team Foundation Server
8 1 (0.65%) Bitbucket
8 1 (0.65%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 21 (13.64%) Social Skills
2 18 (11.69%) Finance
3 8 (5.19%) Marketing
3 8 (5.19%) Public Sector
3 8 (5.19%) Retail
3 8 (5.19%) Telecoms
4 6 (3.90%) Legal
5 5 (3.25%) Analytical Skills
5 5 (3.25%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 5 (3.25%) Manufacturing
6 3 (1.95%) Law
6 3 (1.95%) Organisational Skills
6 3 (1.95%) Publishing
7 2 (1.30%) Automotive
7 2 (1.30%) Electronics
8 1 (0.65%) Aerospace
8 1 (0.65%) Back Office
8 1 (0.65%) French Language
8 1 (0.65%) Influencing Skills
8 1 (0.65%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 33 (21.43%) DevOps Engineer
2 16 (10.39%) Azure Engineer
2 16 (10.39%) Senior DevOps
2 16 (10.39%) Senior DevOps Engineer
3 14 (9.09%) Developer
4 13 (8.44%) Cloud Engineer
5 9 (5.84%) Architect
6 8 (5.19%) .NET Developer
6 8 (5.19%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 8 (5.19%) Infrastructure Manager
7 7 (4.55%) Analyst
7 7 (4.55%) C# .NET Developer
7 7 (4.55%) C# Developer
7 7 (4.55%) IT Manager
8 6 (3.90%) Administrator
8 6 (3.90%) Azure Architect
8 6 (3.90%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 6 (3.90%) Software Engineer
9 5 (3.25%) 2nd Line Support
9 5 (3.25%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (9.09%) .NET
2 9 (5.84%) Hibernate
3 7 (4.55%) ARM Templates
3 7 (4.55%) ASP.NET
3 7 (4.55%) jQuery
4 6 (3.90%) AngularJS
4 6 (3.90%) ASP.NET Web Forms
4 6 (3.90%) WCF
5 5 (3.25%) RESTful
6 4 (2.60%) Elastic Stack
6 4 (2.60%) HTML
7 3 (1.95%) Express
7 3 (1.95%) Lambda Expressions
7 3 (1.95%) LAMP
7 3 (1.95%) React
7 3 (1.95%) REST
8 2 (1.30%) Kafka
8 2 (1.30%) Node.js
8 2 (1.30%) Web Services
8 2 (1.30%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 38 (24.68%) Mainframe
1 38 (24.68%) Self-Motivation
2 14 (9.09%) Data Centre
3 12 (7.79%) Cloud Native
4 7 (4.55%) Algorithms
4 7 (4.55%) Public Cloud
5 6 (3.90%) Linux Command Line
5 6 (3.90%) User Experience
6 5 (3.25%) Enterprise Software
7 4 (2.60%) Management Information System
7 4 (2.60%) NHS
8 2 (1.30%) Blog
8 2 (1.30%) Hybrid Cloud
9 1 (0.65%) Enterprise Cloud
9 1 (0.65%) Mobile App
9 1 (0.65%) Renewable Energy
9 1 (0.65%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 99 (64.29%) Windows
2 38 (24.68%) zOS
3 37 (24.03%) Windows Server
4 36 (23.38%) Linux
5 11 (7.14%) Unix
6 7 (4.55%) CentOS
6 7 (4.55%) Ubuntu
7 3 (1.95%) VMS
8 2 (1.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.65%) Debian
9 1 (0.65%) Fedora
9 1 (0.65%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.65%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 53 (34.42%) DevOps
2 43 (27.92%) Test Automation
3 38 (24.68%) SDLC
3 38 (24.68%) Test Strategy
4 30 (19.48%) Agile Software Development
5 24 (15.58%) Infrastructure as Code
6 16 (10.39%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 15 (9.74%) Migration
8 14 (9.09%) Computer Science
8 14 (9.09%) Project Management
9 11 (7.14%) Problem-Solving
10 10 (6.49%) Analytics
10 10 (6.49%) ITIL
11 9 (5.84%) Full Stack Development
12 8 (5.19%) Asset Management
13 7 (4.55%) Load Balancing
13 7 (4.55%) OO
13 7 (4.55%) Server Management
13 7 (4.55%) Software Engineering
14 6 (3.90%) Storage Management
Programming Languages
1 49 (31.82%) PowerShell
2 38 (24.68%) Assembly Language
2 38 (24.68%) COBOL
3 36 (23.38%) SQL
4 27 (17.53%) Python
5 17 (11.04%) C#
6 12 (7.79%) Bash Shell
7 9 (5.84%) Go
8 8 (5.19%) JavaScript
9 7 (4.55%) Java
10 5 (3.25%) Bicep
10 5 (3.25%) Perl
11 4 (2.60%) Ruby
12 3 (1.95%) Scala
13 2 (1.30%) Clojure
13 2 (1.30%) PL/SQL
14 1 (0.65%) PHP
14 1 (0.65%) T-SQL
14 1 (0.65%) TypeScript
14 1 (0.65%) VB
Qualifications
1 18 (11.69%) Degree
2 11 (7.14%) Computer Science Degree
3 5 (3.25%) PMP
4 4 (2.60%) CCNP
4 4 (2.60%) Cisco Certification
5 3 (1.95%) CCIE
5 3 (1.95%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
6 2 (1.30%) Microsoft Certification
6 2 (1.30%) SC Cleared
6 2 (1.30%) Security Cleared
7 1 (0.65%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (7.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 5 (3.25%) HL7
2 5 (3.25%) PCI DSS
3 4 (2.60%) GDPR
3 4 (2.60%) HIPAA
4 2 (1.30%) Accessibility
5 1 (0.65%) SLA
System Software
1 24 (15.58%) Active Directory
2 23 (14.94%) VMware Infrastructure
3 15 (9.74%) Docker
4 9 (5.84%) Hyper-V
5 4 (2.60%) Virtual Desktop
6 3 (1.95%) ProxySG
6 3 (1.95%) vSphere
7 1 (0.65%) NFS
7 1 (0.65%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.65%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 42 (27.27%) Terraform
2 24 (15.58%) Kubernetes
3 21 (13.64%) Ansible
4 10 (6.49%) Prometheus
5 9 (5.84%) Grafana
6 7 (4.55%) Puppet
7 6 (3.90%) Opscode Chef
8 4 (2.60%) Microsoft Intune
8 4 (2.60%) SCOM
9 3 (1.95%) Packer
9 3 (1.95%) SCCM
10 2 (1.30%) Docker Swarm
10 2 (1.30%) Graphite
10 2 (1.30%) HAProxy
10 2 (1.30%) Salt
11 1 (0.65%) Microsoft Clustering
11 1 (0.65%) Nagios
11 1 (0.65%) Nmap
11 1 (0.65%) OpenNMS
Vendors
1 45 (29.22%) Microsoft
2 38 (24.68%) IBM
3 25 (16.23%) VMware
4 9 (5.84%) Cisco
4 9 (5.84%) Google
4 9 (5.84%) SAP
5 6 (3.90%) Databricks
6 4 (2.60%) Cognizant
6 4 (2.60%) HP
6 4 (2.60%) Oracle
6 4 (2.60%) Salesforce.com
6 4 (2.60%) SolarWinds
7 3 (1.95%) Blue Coat
7 3 (1.95%) CheckPoint
7 3 (1.95%) F5
7 3 (1.95%) Infoblox
7 3 (1.95%) Red Hat
8 2 (1.30%) SaltStack
8 2 (1.30%) Splunk
9 1 (0.65%) Synology