Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for WebSockets skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited WebSockets over the 6 months to 15 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

WebSockets
UK
6 months to
15 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 629 656 651
Rank change year-on-year +27 -5 +105
Permanent jobs citing WebSockets 760 384 136
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.45% 0.33% 0.22%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.17% 0.82% 0.54%
Number of salaries quoted 214 177 118
10th Percentile £42,500 £40,250 £40,250
25th Percentile £55,000 £50,000 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £65,000 £66,250
Median % change year-on-year +15.38% -1.89% -1.85%
75th Percentile £81,250 £95,000 £76,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £116,000 £86,625
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +20.00% +11.11% -21.74%

WebSockets is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 65,162 46,694 25,385
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.95% 40.56% 40.82%
Number of salaries quoted 29,105 30,517 21,204
10th Percentile £38,750 £35,875 £33,750
25th Percentile £47,500 £43,750 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.04% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +11.11%

WebSockets
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing WebSockets as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for WebSockets in the UK

WebSockets
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing WebSockets.

Salary trend for WebSockets in the UK

WebSockets
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing WebSockets over the 6 months to 15 August 2022.

Salary histogram for WebSockets in the UK

WebSockets
Top 13 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing WebSockets within the UK over the 6 months to 15 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +8 608 £75,000 +15.38% 32
London -27 452 £77,500 -18.42% 20
Work from Home +20 426 £75,000 +30.43% 24
UK excluding London -17 163 £60,000 +20.00% 14
South East -18 77 £70,000 +27.27% 4
West Midlands -17 32 £52,500 +7.14%
Midlands -18 32 £52,500 +7.14%
South West -5 24 £60,000 -20.00% 4
North of England -88 18 £50,000 - 3
Yorkshire -23 12 £42,500 -8.11% 3
Scotland -24 8 £60,000 -
North West -84 6 £50,000 -
East of England - 6 - - 1

For the 6 months to 15 August 2022, IT jobs citing WebSockets also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for WebSockets.

1 383 (50.39%) Agile
2 380 (50.00%) JavaScript
3 303 (39.87%) Java
4 278 (36.58%) Docker
5 277 (36.45%) React
6 274 (36.05%) Node.js
6 274 (36.05%) REST
7 252 (33.16%) TypeScript
8 226 (29.74%) CSS
9 217 (28.55%) HTML
10 216 (28.42%) DevOps
11 215 (28.29%) AWS
12 212 (27.89%) Problem-Solving
13 204 (26.84%) Python
14 200 (26.32%) Git (software)
15 185 (24.34%) Social Skills
16 182 (23.95%) Kubernetes
17 181 (23.82%) Linux
18 179 (23.55%) Full Stack Development
19 175 (23.03%) Games
20 163 (21.45%) webpack
21 162 (21.32%) TDD
22 155 (20.39%) Microservices
23 151 (19.87%) CI/CD
24 146 (19.21%) HTML5
25 142 (18.68%) Software Engineering
26 134 (17.63%) AngularJS
27 121 (15.92%) Front End Development
28 118 (15.53%) GitHub
29 116 (15.26%) Sass

WebSockets
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (6.84%) nginx
2 33 (4.34%) Apache Airflow
3 22 (2.89%) WebLogic
4 21 (2.76%) IIS
5 15 (1.97%) Confluence
6 8 (1.05%) Ethereum
7 5 (0.66%) Apache
7 5 (0.66%) Apache Spark
7 5 (0.66%) Cloud Foundry
7 5 (0.66%) Jetty
7 5 (0.66%) Luigi
7 5 (0.66%) Tomcat
8 4 (0.53%) Apache Solr
9 3 (0.39%) WordPress
10 2 (0.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 8 (1.05%) Photoshop
1 8 (1.05%) Sketch
2 4 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.26%) Blender
3 2 (0.26%) Maya
Cloud Services
1 215 (28.29%) AWS
2 118 (15.53%) GitHub
3 97 (12.76%) SaaS
4 89 (11.71%) npm
5 88 (11.58%) GCP
6 64 (8.42%) Serverless
7 48 (6.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 45 (5.92%) Amazon EC2
9 44 (5.79%) Amazon ECS
9 44 (5.79%) GitHub Actions
10 43 (5.66%) Azure
11 35 (4.61%) AWS Lambda
12 28 (3.68%) Cloud Computing
13 27 (3.55%) Amazon ELB
13 27 (3.55%) Amazon S3
13 27 (3.55%) AWS Fargate
13 27 (3.55%) Google Play
14 24 (3.16%) Asana
15 23 (3.03%) CloudFront
15 23 (3.03%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 73 (9.61%) MQTT
2 72 (9.47%) HTTP
3 61 (8.03%) AMQP
4 25 (3.29%) NFC
5 20 (2.63%) DNS
6 17 (2.24%) Firewall
7 14 (1.84%) HTTPS
8 13 (1.71%) FIX Connectivity
8 13 (1.71%) Multicast
8 13 (1.71%) VoIP
9 12 (1.58%) Internet
9 12 (1.58%) Unicast
10 10 (1.32%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
11 7 (0.92%) DHCP
11 7 (0.92%) TCP/IP
11 7 (0.92%) VLAN
11 7 (0.92%) VPN
12 6 (0.79%) Wireshark
13 5 (0.66%) Bluetooth
13 5 (0.66%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 94 (12.37%) NoSQL
2 76 (10.00%) MongoDB
3 72 (9.47%) MySQL
4 65 (8.55%) PostgreSQL
5 46 (6.05%) Amazon RDS
6 43 (5.66%) Relational Database
7 36 (4.74%) Elasticsearch
8 35 (4.61%) Redis
9 34 (4.47%) Hazelcast
10 33 (4.34%) BigQuery
11 29 (3.82%) MariaDB
12 26 (3.42%) SQL Server
13 24 (3.16%) DynamoDB
14 22 (2.89%) Big Data
15 18 (2.37%) Apache Cassandra
16 15 (1.97%) Amazon Redshift
16 15 (1.97%) Data Warehouse
17 11 (1.45%) GIS
18 9 (1.18%) Data Lake
19 6 (0.79%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 200 (26.32%) Git (software)
2 163 (21.45%) webpack
3 57 (7.50%) Grunt
4 55 (7.24%) Jenkins
5 49 (6.45%) Storybook
6 47 (6.18%) JIRA
7 40 (5.26%) rollup.js
8 39 (5.13%) GitLab
9 35 (4.61%) Babel
9 35 (4.61%) gulp
10 34 (4.47%) PostCSS
11 32 (4.21%) Octopus Deploy
12 29 (3.82%) ESLint
12 29 (3.82%) Lerna
13 28 (3.68%) Maven
13 28 (3.68%) Subversion
14 27 (3.55%) Mocha
15 24 (3.16%) JMeter
15 24 (3.16%) TeamCity
16 17 (2.24%) git-flow
General
1 185 (24.34%) Social Skills
2 175 (23.03%) Games
3 92 (12.11%) Finance
4 79 (10.39%) Marketing
5 56 (7.37%) Analytical Skills
6 44 (5.79%) Legal
7 24 (3.16%) Retail
8 19 (2.50%) iGaming
8 19 (2.50%) Wearables
9 12 (1.58%) Telecoms
10 10 (1.32%) Presentation Skills
11 9 (1.18%) Electronics
11 9 (1.18%) Law
12 8 (1.05%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 7 (0.92%) Banking
14 5 (0.66%) Manufacturing
14 5 (0.66%) Organisational Skills
15 3 (0.39%) Automotive
15 3 (0.39%) Documentation Skills
16 2 (0.26%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 449 (59.08%) Developer
2 133 (17.50%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 97 (12.76%) Senior Developer
4 84 (11.05%) Software Engineer
5 54 (7.11%) Applications Developer
5 54 (7.11%) Full Stack Developer
6 50 (6.58%) Web Developer
7 45 (5.92%) DevOps Engineer
8 44 (5.79%) Senior Front-End Developer
9 43 (5.66%) Java Developer
10 41 (5.39%) Senior Software Engineer
11 38 (5.00%) Mobile Developer
12 36 (4.74%) JavaScript Developer
13 32 (4.21%) Software Developer
14 31 (4.08%) React Developer
15 30 (3.95%) Performance Engineer
16 29 (3.82%) Web Applications Developer
17 28 (3.68%) Backend Developer
18 27 (3.55%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 26 (3.42%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 277 (36.45%) React
2 274 (36.05%) Node.js
2 274 (36.05%) REST
3 226 (29.74%) CSS
4 217 (28.55%) HTML
5 146 (19.21%) HTML5
6 134 (17.63%) AngularJS
7 116 (15.26%) Sass
8 114 (15.00%) Vue.js
9 108 (14.21%) Redux
9 108 (14.21%) RxJS
10 107 (14.08%) GraphQL
11 94 (12.37%) .NET
12 85 (11.18%) Jest
13 79 (10.39%) CSS3
14 78 (10.26%) RESTful
15 69 (9.08%) LESS
16 63 (8.29%) React Native
17 58 (7.63%) HTML5 Canvas
18 56 (7.37%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 84 (11.05%) Sports Betting
1 84 (11.05%) User Experience
2 71 (9.34%) Video\Live Streaming
3 67 (8.82%) Mobile App
4 64 (8.42%) Algorithms
5 44 (5.79%) Online Games
6 30 (3.95%) Blockchain
7 27 (3.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 24 (3.16%) Client/Server
8 24 (3.16%) Embedded Systems
8 24 (3.16%) Hackathon
8 24 (3.16%) Self-Motivation
9 23 (3.03%) Derivative
10 22 (2.89%) Greenfield Project
10 22 (2.89%) Virtual Team
11 20 (2.63%) Linux Command Line
12 18 (2.37%) Video Conferencing
13 16 (2.11%) Cloud Native
14 15 (1.97%) IoT
14 15 (1.97%) Media Streaming
Operating Systems
1 181 (23.82%) Linux
2 81 (10.66%) Android
3 80 (10.53%) Apple iOS
4 39 (5.13%) Unix
5 28 (3.68%) Windows
6 12 (1.58%) CentOS
7 10 (1.32%) Embedded Linux
7 10 (1.32%) Mac OS
8 7 (0.92%) Debian
8 7 (0.92%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.26%) Robot Operating System
10 1 (0.13%) VMS
10 1 (0.13%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 383 (50.39%) Agile
2 216 (28.42%) DevOps
3 212 (27.89%) Problem-Solving
4 179 (23.55%) Full Stack Development
5 162 (21.32%) TDD
6 155 (20.39%) Microservices
7 151 (19.87%) CI/CD
8 142 (18.68%) Software Engineering
9 121 (15.92%) Front End Development
10 101 (13.29%) Test Automation
11 92 (12.11%) Low Latency
12 85 (11.18%) Scrum
13 81 (10.66%) Machine Learning
14 79 (10.39%) Decision-Making
15 76 (10.00%) Clean Code
15 76 (10.00%) Performance Testing
16 75 (9.87%) Containerisation
17 70 (9.21%) Integration Testing
18 69 (9.08%) SDLC
19 68 (8.95%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 380 (50.00%) JavaScript
2 303 (39.87%) Java
3 252 (33.16%) TypeScript
4 204 (26.84%) Python
5 115 (15.13%) SQL
6 112 (14.74%) C#
7 108 (14.21%) Go
8 88 (11.58%) C++
9 73 (9.61%) ES6
10 69 (9.08%) Kotlin
10 69 (9.08%) PHP
11 66 (8.68%) Bash
12 29 (3.82%) ES8
13 28 (3.68%) Apple Swift
14 26 (3.42%) C
15 25 (3.29%) Objective-C
16 23 (3.03%) Scala
17 12 (1.58%) Groovy
18 9 (1.18%) Rust
19 8 (1.05%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 68 (8.95%) Degree
2 21 (2.76%) SC Cleared
2 21 (2.76%) Security Cleared
3 19 (2.50%) Computer Science Degree
4 5 (0.66%) DBS Check
4 5 (0.66%) Master's Degree
5 4 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
5 4 (0.53%) DV Cleared
5 4 (0.53%) PhD
6 2 (0.26%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.13%) GWAPT
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 91 (11.97%) QA
2 42 (5.53%) Accessibility
3 29 (3.82%) SLA
4 5 (0.66%) JTAG
5 2 (0.26%) GxP
System Software
1 278 (36.58%) Docker
2 57 (7.50%) Virtual Machines
3 4 (0.53%) iptables
4 1 (0.13%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.13%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Virtual Server
4 1 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
4 1 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.13%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 182 (23.95%) Kubernetes
2 61 (8.03%) Terraform
3 57 (7.50%) Prometheus
4 45 (5.92%) Grafana
5 38 (5.00%) Ansible
6 30 (3.95%) Argo
7 14 (1.84%) Puppet
8 10 (1.32%) Single Sign-On
9 8 (1.05%) Rancher
10 5 (0.66%) LiteSpeed
11 4 (0.53%) Docker Swarm
12 1 (0.13%) Active Directory Federation Services
12 1 (0.13%) CA Single Sign-On
12 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Clustering
12 1 (0.13%) OpenSSO
12 1 (0.13%) Opscode Chef
12 1 (0.13%) yum
Vendors
1 115 (15.13%) Google
2 86 (11.32%) Microsoft
3 30 (3.95%) Sun
4 28 (3.68%) Apple
5 27 (3.55%) Stackify
6 20 (2.63%) Trayport
7 16 (2.11%) Bloomberg
7 16 (2.11%) Twitter
8 14 (1.84%) SendGrid
9 13 (1.71%) Snapchat
10 12 (1.58%) Instagram
10 12 (1.58%) Red Hat
11 11 (1.45%) BT
11 11 (1.45%) Facebook
11 11 (1.45%) YouTube
12 10 (1.32%) Atlassian
13 4 (0.53%) ANSYS
13 4 (0.53%) Autodesk
13 4 (0.53%) Datto
13 4 (0.53%) DocuSign