Period
to 16 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for WebSockets skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited WebSockets over the 6 months to 16 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

WebSockets
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 658 645 762
Rank change year-on-year -13 +117 +47
Permanent jobs citing WebSockets 425 116 280
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.34% 0.19% 0.22%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.89% 0.44% 0.58%
Number of salaries quoted 199 105 249
10th Percentile £47,500 £42,500 £37,500
25th Percentile £61,250 £45,000 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +13.04% -20.69%
75th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £116,000 £92,500 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £67,500 £45,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +50.00% -10.00% -4.76%

WebSockets is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 47,769 26,220 48,310
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.33% 42.51% 38.28%
Number of salaries quoted 30,164 22,554 39,979
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £56,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +1.82% +4.76%
75th Percentile £81,250 £73,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £53,231 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +6.46% +11.11% -

WebSockets
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing WebSockets as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for WebSockets in the UK

WebSockets
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing WebSockets.

Salary trend for WebSockets in the UK

WebSockets
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing WebSockets over the 6 months to 16 January 2022.

Salary histogram for WebSockets in the UK

WebSockets
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing WebSockets within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -19 372 £70,000 +7.69% 64
London -26 274 £82,500 +22.22% 41
Work from Home -154 119 £67,500 +3.85% 10
UK excluding London -142 108 £67,500 +50.00% 25
South East -99 36 £65,000 +44.44% 4
North of England -109 25 £62,500 +31.58% 4
South West -47 19 £67,500 +58.82% 2
North West -73 19 £62,500 +13.64% 2
Scotland -56 8 £70,000 +55.56% 2
Yorkshire -76 6 £60,000 +30.43% 2
Wales - 6 £67,500 -
East of England - 6 £70,000 -
West Midlands -74 5 £49,000 -10.91% 8
Midlands -91 5 £49,000 -10.91% 12
Northern Ireland - 3 £87,500 - 1

For the 6 months to 16 January 2022, IT jobs citing WebSockets also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for WebSockets.

1 203 (47.76%) Agile Software Development
2 199 (46.82%) JavaScript
3 177 (41.65%) React
4 170 (40.00%) AWS
5 147 (34.59%) TypeScript
6 146 (34.35%) Microservices
6 146 (34.35%) REST
7 138 (32.47%) TDD
8 132 (31.06%) Docker
9 130 (30.59%) Python
10 126 (29.65%) Node.js
11 125 (29.41%) CSS
12 122 (28.71%) HTML
13 121 (28.47%) Git (software)
14 107 (25.18%) Test Automation
15 106 (24.94%) Java
16 92 (21.65%) AngularJS
17 91 (21.41%) Amazon S3
18 90 (21.18%) Software Engineering
19 87 (20.47%) Finance
19 87 (20.47%) PostgreSQL
20 85 (20.00%) Google
20 85 (20.00%) Social Skills
21 84 (19.76%) HTML5
21 84 (19.76%) DevOps
22 79 (18.59%) MySQL
23 78 (18.35%) Front End Development
24 77 (18.12%) Amazon RDS
25 75 (17.65%) Redis
25 75 (17.65%) Amazon EC2

WebSockets
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (3.06%) IIS
2 12 (2.82%) Apache Spark
3 11 (2.59%) Apache Airflow
3 11 (2.59%) Luigi
4 10 (2.35%) Drupal
4 10 (2.35%) WordPress
5 9 (2.12%) CMS
6 8 (1.88%) Apache Solr
7 7 (1.65%) Apache
7 7 (1.65%) nginx
8 6 (1.41%) Elasticsearch
9 5 (1.18%) lighttpd
10 2 (0.47%) Confluence
10 2 (0.47%) Umbraco
11 1 (0.24%) Ethereum
11 1 (0.24%) WebLogic
Applications
1 7 (1.65%) Photoshop
2 5 (1.18%) Adobe Premiere
2 5 (1.18%) Final Cut Pro
3 4 (0.94%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (0.94%) Sketch
4 3 (0.71%) Adobe XD
5 1 (0.24%) Fireworks
Business Applications
1 8 (1.88%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 170 (40.00%) AWS
2 91 (21.41%) Amazon S3
3 75 (17.65%) Amazon EC2
4 65 (15.29%) GitHub
5 63 (14.82%) CloudFront
6 55 (12.94%) Amazon ECS
7 49 (11.53%) Cloudflare
8 40 (9.41%) npm
9 39 (9.18%) SaaS
10 33 (7.76%) Azure
11 32 (7.53%) Serverless
12 27 (6.35%) GCP
12 27 (6.35%) Google Play
13 22 (5.18%) Slack
14 18 (4.24%) Amazon Kinesis
15 17 (4.00%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 17 (4.00%) AWS Lambda
16 11 (2.59%) Firebase
16 11 (2.59%) Matillion
16 11 (2.59%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 67 (15.76%) HTTP
2 59 (13.88%) DNS
3 51 (12.00%) AMQP
4 23 (5.41%) NFC
5 14 (3.29%) TCP/IP
6 11 (2.59%) Wi-Fi
7 6 (1.41%) Multicast
7 6 (1.41%) Unicast
8 5 (1.18%) MQTT
9 4 (0.94%) BIG-IP
9 4 (0.94%) HTTPS
9 4 (0.94%) SMS
10 3 (0.71%) Firewall
10 3 (0.71%) VoIP
11 2 (0.47%) Network Security
12 1 (0.24%) Bluetooth
12 1 (0.24%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
12 1 (0.24%) RFID
12 1 (0.24%) Wireless
12 1 (0.24%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 87 (20.47%) PostgreSQL
2 79 (18.59%) MySQL
3 77 (18.12%) Amazon RDS
4 75 (17.65%) Redis
5 70 (16.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 62 (14.59%) NoSQL
7 54 (12.71%) MongoDB
8 51 (12.00%) Amazon Athena
9 38 (8.94%) Relational Database
10 18 (4.24%) Data Warehouse
11 14 (3.29%) SQL Server
12 11 (2.59%) Apache Cassandra
12 11 (2.59%) Blockchain
12 11 (2.59%) Hadoop
13 7 (1.65%) Data Lake
14 4 (0.94%) Amazon Aurora
15 3 (0.71%) BigQuery
15 3 (0.71%) InterSystems Cache
15 3 (0.71%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 2 (0.47%) KDB
Development Applications
1 121 (28.47%) Git (software)
2 67 (15.76%) webpack
3 50 (11.76%) CircleCI
3 50 (11.76%) Selenium
4 42 (9.88%) Jenkins
5 30 (7.06%) Storybook
6 27 (6.35%) Bitbucket
7 26 (6.12%) Mocha
8 25 (5.88%) Octopus Deploy
8 25 (5.88%) TeamCity
9 24 (5.65%) gulp
10 22 (5.18%) Grunt
11 20 (4.71%) Lerna
12 16 (3.76%) ESLint
12 16 (3.76%) PostCSS
12 16 (3.76%) Subversion
13 15 (3.53%) GoCD
14 14 (3.29%) Babel
15 13 (3.06%) JIRA
16 12 (2.82%) Maven
General
1 87 (20.47%) Finance
2 85 (20.00%) Social Skills
3 56 (13.18%) Retail
4 51 (12.00%) Automotive
5 50 (11.76%) Marketing
6 44 (10.35%) Games
7 43 (10.12%) Analytical Skills
8 27 (6.35%) Banking
9 16 (3.76%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 8 (1.88%) Publishing
11 7 (1.65%) Wearables
12 6 (1.41%) Telecoms
13 4 (0.94%) Back Office
13 4 (0.94%) Front Office
14 3 (0.71%) Corporate Banking
14 3 (0.71%) Documentation Skills
14 3 (0.71%) Manufacturing
15 2 (0.47%) Billing
16 1 (0.24%) Organisational Skills
16 1 (0.24%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 281 (66.12%) Developer
2 84 (19.76%) Senior Developer
3 68 (16.00%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 62 (14.59%) Software Engineer
5 57 (13.41%) Django Developer
5 57 (13.41%) Python Developer
5 57 (13.41%) Python/Django Developer
6 54 (12.71%) React Developer
7 51 (12.00%) Senior Python Developer
8 44 (10.35%) Applications Developer
9 29 (6.82%) Full Stack Developer
10 27 (6.35%) JavaScript Developer
11 26 (6.12%) Mobile Developer
12 23 (5.41%) Mobile Applications Developer
12 23 (5.41%) Web Developer
13 19 (4.47%) Angular Developer
14 17 (4.00%) Senior Software Engineer
15 16 (3.76%) JavaScript Engineer
15 16 (3.76%) Software Test Engineer
15 16 (3.76%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 177 (41.65%) React
2 146 (34.35%) REST
3 126 (29.65%) Node.js
4 125 (29.41%) CSS
5 122 (28.71%) HTML
6 92 (21.65%) AngularJS
7 84 (19.76%) HTML5
8 64 (15.06%) Vue.js
9 60 (14.12%) Web Services
10 58 (13.65%) Django
11 56 (13.18%) RxJS
12 51 (12.00%) FastAPI
12 51 (12.00%) Flask
12 51 (12.00%) Jest
12 51 (12.00%) SQLAlchemy
13 46 (10.82%) .NET
14 45 (10.59%) Celery
14 45 (10.59%) pytest
14 45 (10.59%) Redux
15 43 (10.12%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 64 (15.06%) Video\Live Streaming
2 54 (12.71%) User Experience
3 45 (10.59%) Video on Demand
4 33 (7.76%) Mobile App
5 15 (3.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 14 (3.29%) Greenfield Project
7 13 (3.06%) Data Structures
8 12 (2.82%) Hedge funds
9 10 (2.35%) Media Streaming
10 9 (2.12%) Algorithms
10 9 (2.12%) Enterprise Software
11 8 (1.88%) Blog
11 8 (1.88%) Cloud Native
12 6 (1.41%) Tandem
13 5 (1.18%) Augmented Reality
13 5 (1.18%) BYOD
13 5 (1.18%) CUDA
13 5 (1.18%) Video Conferencing
13 5 (1.18%) Video Editing
14 4 (0.94%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 41 (9.65%) Android
2 37 (8.71%) Apple iOS
3 28 (6.59%) Windows
4 25 (5.88%) Linux
5 11 (2.59%) Unix
6 5 (1.18%) CentOS
7 1 (0.24%) Debian
7 1 (0.24%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 203 (47.76%) Agile Software Development
2 146 (34.35%) Microservices
3 138 (32.47%) TDD
4 107 (25.18%) Test Automation
5 90 (21.18%) Software Engineering
6 84 (19.76%) DevOps
7 78 (18.35%) Front End Development
8 71 (16.71%) Problem-Solving
9 70 (16.47%) Mentoring
10 68 (16.00%) Full Stack Development
11 59 (13.88%) E-Commerce
12 57 (13.41%) API Development
12 57 (13.41%) SIEM
13 51 (12.00%) Continuous Integration
14 50 (11.76%) SOLID
15 49 (11.53%) BDD
16 42 (9.88%) Low Latency
17 39 (9.18%) Unit Testing
18 37 (8.71%) Regression Testing
18 37 (8.71%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 199 (46.82%) JavaScript
2 147 (34.59%) TypeScript
3 130 (30.59%) Python
4 106 (24.94%) Java
5 56 (13.18%) C#
6 54 (12.71%) SQL
7 42 (9.88%) ES6
8 39 (9.18%) Go
9 35 (8.24%) PHP
10 34 (8.00%) Kotlin
11 25 (5.88%) Ruby
12 20 (4.71%) ES8
12 20 (4.71%) Scala
13 19 (4.47%) C++
14 18 (4.24%) Apple Swift
15 16 (3.76%) R
16 13 (3.06%) Java 8
17 11 (2.59%) Objective-C
18 10 (2.35%) ES7
19 8 (1.88%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 52 (12.24%) Degree
2 22 (5.18%) Computer Science Degree
3 8 (1.88%) PhD
4 6 (1.41%) Master's Degree
4 6 (1.41%) SC Cleared
4 6 (1.41%) Security Cleared
5 2 (0.47%) ISTQB
5 2 (0.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 1 (0.24%) AWS Certification
6 1 (0.24%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.24%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (7.29%) Accessibility
2 22 (5.18%) QA
3 4 (0.94%) WCAG
4 1 (0.24%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.24%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 132 (31.06%) Docker
2 5 (1.18%) Varnish
3 1 (0.24%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 68 (16.00%) Kubernetes
2 16 (3.76%) Terraform
3 7 (1.65%) Ansible
4 4 (0.94%) Grafana
5 3 (0.71%) Puppet
5 3 (0.71%) Rancher
6 1 (0.24%) Istio
6 1 (0.24%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 85 (20.00%) Google
2 40 (9.41%) Microsoft
3 26 (6.12%) Salesforce.com
4 23 (5.41%) Apple
5 14 (3.29%) Facebook
6 10 (2.35%) BT
6 10 (2.35%) Instagram
6 10 (2.35%) Twitter
6 10 (2.35%) YouTube
7 9 (2.12%) Dell
8 8 (1.88%) Bloomberg
8 8 (1.88%) HubSpot
9 6 (1.41%) Infragistics
9 6 (1.41%) Intel
9 6 (1.41%) Oracle
10 4 (0.94%) Autodesk
10 4 (0.94%) IBM
10 4 (0.94%) Netlify
10 4 (0.94%) Trayport
11 3 (0.71%) Snapchat