Period
to

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 11 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
11 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 108 146 120
Rank change year-on-year +38 -26 -32
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 2,587 940 228
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 3.41% 2.31% 2.58%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.53% 2.43% 2.80%
Number of salaries quoted 768 552 191
10th Percentile £41,250 £42,528 £35,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £51,250 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £70,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year -7.14% +16.67% -7.69%
75th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £76,250
90th Percentile £97,290 £97,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £68,823 £67,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +1.96% +12.50% -

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 73,249 38,751 8,153
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 96.58% 95.10% 92.32%
Number of salaries quoted 42,958 29,399 7,035
10th Percentile £36,750 £35,000 £35,000
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,189 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.43% - -
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.11% +0.91% +4.76%

Open Source
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Open Source as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Open Source trend for jobs with a WFH option

Open Source
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Open Source.

Open Source salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Open Source
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Open Source over the 6 months to 11 August 2022.

Open Source salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 11 August 2022, Open Source job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,399 (54.08%) Agile
2 1,129 (43.64%) Software Engineering
3 1,022 (39.51%) AWS
4 894 (34.56%) Java
5 871 (33.67%) Docker
6 849 (32.82%) Python
7 839 (32.43%) Social Skills
8 836 (32.32%) Kubernetes
9 759 (29.34%) DevOps
10 744 (28.76%) CI/CD
11 719 (27.79%) JavaScript
12 682 (26.36%) Microservices
13 629 (24.31%) React
14 576 (22.27%) Finance
15 567 (21.92%) SQL
16 516 (19.95%) Linux
17 507 (19.60%) Node.js
18 505 (19.52%) Git (software)
19 498 (19.25%) Problem-Solving
20 481 (18.59%) TDD
21 463 (17.90%) Test Automation
22 449 (17.36%) Azure
23 439 (16.97%) Terraform
24 434 (16.78%) PostgreSQL
25 408 (15.77%) GCP
26 403 (15.58%) TypeScript
27 402 (15.54%) GitHub
28 388 (15.00%) Analytical Skills
29 350 (13.53%) Go
30 342 (13.22%) Degree

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 156 (6.03%) Apache
2 108 (4.17%) Ethereum
3 69 (2.67%) Apache Airflow
3 69 (2.67%) Confluence
4 47 (1.82%) Apache Spark
5 35 (1.35%) Jupyter
6 31 (1.20%) OpenStack
7 23 (0.89%) Drupal
8 21 (0.81%) nginx
9 17 (0.66%) Cloud Foundry
10 16 (0.62%) Apache Solr
10 16 (0.62%) BizTalk Server
11 13 (0.50%) Tomcat
12 12 (0.46%) WebSphere
12 12 (0.46%) WordPress
13 11 (0.43%) JBoss
14 10 (0.39%) GeoServer
14 10 (0.39%) GlassFish
15 8 (0.31%) MetaMask
15 8 (0.31%) Strapi
Applications
1 15 (0.58%) Sketch
2 14 (0.54%) Adobe Illustrator
3 12 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.43%) AutoCAD
5 9 (0.35%) Photoshop
6 8 (0.31%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 8 (0.31%) Campfire
7 7 (0.27%) LaTeX
8 5 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
8 5 (0.19%) MS Visio
9 4 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
9 4 (0.15%) SPSS
10 3 (0.12%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.077%) Blender
11 2 (0.077%) MicroStation
11 2 (0.077%) Revit
12 1 (0.039%) XMetaL
Business Applications
1 23 (0.89%) R3 Corda
1 23 (0.89%) Shopify
2 21 (0.81%) Distributed Ledger
3 17 (0.66%) Oracle BPM
4 9 (0.35%) Magento
5 8 (0.31%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 6 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
6 6 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
7 5 (0.19%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 2 (0.077%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.077%) Oracle Financials
8 2 (0.077%) Payment Gateway
9 1 (0.039%) Odoo
Cloud Services
1 1,022 (39.51%) AWS
2 449 (17.36%) Azure
3 408 (15.77%) GCP
4 402 (15.54%) GitHub
5 217 (8.39%) Serverless
6 216 (8.35%) SaaS
7 142 (5.49%) AWS Lambda
8 136 (5.26%) PaaS
9 120 (4.64%) Amazon S3
10 114 (4.41%) AWS CloudFormation
11 106 (4.10%) Amazon SQS
12 104 (4.02%) Amazon EC2
13 87 (3.36%) IaaS
14 83 (3.21%) Cloud Computing
15 73 (2.82%) AWS Fargate
16 68 (2.63%) Cloudflare
17 62 (2.40%) Google Kubernetes Engine
18 59 (2.28%) npm
19 48 (1.86%) Stripe
20 44 (1.70%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 97 (3.75%) HTTP
2 86 (3.32%) Internet
3 75 (2.90%) Broadband
4 50 (1.93%) Firewall
5 34 (1.31%) SSL
6 27 (1.04%) DNS
6 27 (1.04%) TCP/IP
7 24 (0.93%) VPN
8 19 (0.73%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
9 17 (0.66%) Network Security
10 15 (0.58%) VoIP
10 15 (0.58%) WAN
11 14 (0.54%) SSH
12 12 (0.46%) DHCP
13 11 (0.43%) 5G
13 11 (0.43%) SD-WAN
13 11 (0.43%) SMTP
14 8 (0.31%) Skype
14 8 (0.31%) Wireless
15 7 (0.27%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 434 (16.78%) PostgreSQL
2 314 (12.14%) MySQL
3 291 (11.25%) Relational Database
4 237 (9.16%) NoSQL
5 183 (7.07%) Big Data
6 115 (4.45%) RDBMS
7 113 (4.37%) MongoDB
8 102 (3.94%) Amazon RDS
9 100 (3.87%) SQL Server
10 97 (3.75%) Hadoop
11 90 (3.48%) DynamoDB
12 85 (3.29%) Redis
13 60 (2.32%) Elasticsearch
14 56 (2.16%) Amazon Aurora
15 53 (2.05%) Data Warehouse
16 46 (1.78%) Amazon Redshift
17 40 (1.55%) Apache Arrow
18 33 (1.28%) BigQuery
19 32 (1.24%) Tableau
20 30 (1.16%) GIS
Development Applications
1 505 (19.52%) Git (software)
2 268 (10.36%) Jenkins
3 181 (7.00%) GitLab
4 150 (5.80%) JIRA
5 142 (5.49%) webpack
6 87 (3.36%) JUnit
7 79 (3.05%) Selenium
8 75 (2.90%) Cypress.io
9 62 (2.40%) Cucumber
10 52 (2.01%) Bitbucket
11 41 (1.58%) ESLint
11 41 (1.58%) rollup.js
12 38 (1.47%) Maven
13 35 (1.35%) Storybook
14 33 (1.28%) TestNG
15 32 (1.24%) REST Assured
16 31 (1.20%) Babel
17 30 (1.16%) TeamCity
18 29 (1.12%) Lerna
19 27 (1.04%) CircleCI
General
1 839 (32.43%) Social Skills
2 576 (22.27%) Finance
3 388 (15.00%) Analytical Skills
4 229 (8.85%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 218 (8.43%) Marketing
6 215 (8.31%) Retail
7 192 (7.42%) Public Sector
8 150 (5.80%) Banking
9 101 (3.90%) Advertising
10 92 (3.56%) Legal
11 91 (3.52%) Law
12 76 (2.94%) Games
13 74 (2.86%) Presentation Skills
14 61 (2.36%) Automotive
15 52 (2.01%) Telecoms
16 33 (1.28%) Influencing Skills
17 32 (1.24%) Social Housing
18 30 (1.16%) Aerospace
19 27 (1.04%) Publishing
20 25 (0.97%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 662 (25.59%) Developer
2 592 (22.88%) Software Engineer
3 277 (10.71%) Senior Software Engineer
4 272 (10.51%) DevOps Engineer
5 269 (10.40%) Senior Developer
6 170 (6.57%) Architect
7 130 (5.03%) Java Developer
8 116 (4.48%) Cloud Engineer
9 108 (4.17%) Senior DevOps
9 108 (4.17%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 101 (3.90%) Java Engineer
11 100 (3.87%) Data Engineer
12 78 (3.02%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 78 (3.02%) Site Reliability Engineer
13 70 (2.71%) Technical Leader
14 63 (2.44%) Senior Java Engineer
15 62 (2.40%) Senior Cloud Engineer
15 62 (2.40%) Site Engineer
16 61 (2.36%) Full Stack Developer
17 59 (2.28%) Android Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 629 (24.31%) React
2 507 (19.60%) Node.js
3 318 (12.29%) RESTful
4 315 (12.18%) REST
5 309 (11.94%) HTML
6 302 (11.67%) Kafka
7 279 (10.78%) CSS
8 232 (8.97%) GraphQL
9 216 (8.35%) Spring
10 156 (6.03%) AngularJS
10 156 (6.03%) HTML5
11 133 (5.14%) Vue.js
12 129 (4.99%) Spring Boot
13 113 (4.37%) React Native
14 110 (4.25%) gRPC
15 109 (4.21%) .NET
16 101 (3.90%) Django
17 98 (3.79%) JSON
18 87 (3.36%) Web Services
19 86 (3.32%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 332 (12.83%) Cloud Native
2 302 (11.67%) User Experience
3 209 (8.08%) Blockchain
4 183 (7.07%) Blog
5 128 (4.95%) Virtual Team
6 115 (4.45%) Algorithms
7 107 (4.14%) Mobile App
8 106 (4.10%) Self-Motivation
9 84 (3.25%) Enterprise Software
9 84 (3.25%) Web3
10 79 (3.05%) Cardano
11 78 (3.02%) Cyberattack
12 75 (2.90%) Cyber Defence
13 73 (2.82%) Linux Command Line
14 68 (2.63%) Public Cloud
15 59 (2.28%) Legacy Systems
16 56 (2.16%) Hackathon
17 53 (2.05%) Data Protection Act
18 51 (1.97%) Management Information System
19 50 (1.93%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 516 (19.95%) Linux
2 270 (10.44%) Windows
3 164 (6.34%) Android
4 132 (5.10%) Unix
5 127 (4.91%) Apple iOS
6 33 (1.28%) Mac OS X
7 29 (1.12%) Ubuntu
8 23 (0.89%) Windows Server
9 19 (0.73%) Mac OS
9 19 (0.73%) Mesosphere
10 13 (0.50%) CentOS
11 11 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 9 (0.35%) Alpine Linux
13 7 (0.27%) Windows 10
13 7 (0.27%) Windows Vista
14 5 (0.19%) Solaris
15 4 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
16 3 (0.12%) Windows 7
16 3 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
16 3 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,399 (54.08%) Agile
2 1,129 (43.64%) Software Engineering
3 759 (29.34%) DevOps
4 744 (28.76%) CI/CD
5 682 (26.36%) Microservices
6 498 (19.25%) Problem-Solving
7 481 (18.59%) TDD
8 463 (17.90%) Test Automation
9 340 (13.14%) Computer Science
10 339 (13.10%) Full Stack Development
11 330 (12.76%) Scrum
12 316 (12.21%) Mentoring
13 282 (10.90%) Infrastructure as Code
14 248 (9.59%) Continuous Integration
15 244 (9.43%) Data Science
16 230 (8.89%) Coaching
17 226 (8.74%) Pair Programming
18 222 (8.58%) Containerisation
19 219 (8.47%) Continuous Delivery
20 214 (8.27%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 894 (34.56%) Java
2 849 (32.82%) Python
3 719 (27.79%) JavaScript
4 567 (21.92%) SQL
5 403 (15.58%) TypeScript
6 350 (13.53%) Go
7 174 (6.73%) C++
8 171 (6.61%) C#
9 156 (6.03%) Kotlin
10 141 (5.45%) Scala
11 133 (5.14%) Bash
12 131 (5.06%) Rust
13 123 (4.75%) Ruby
14 111 (4.29%) PHP
15 99 (3.83%) PowerShell
16 98 (3.79%) Clojure
17 79 (3.05%) C
18 70 (2.71%) Haskell
19 65 (2.51%) R
20 63 (2.44%) ES6
Qualifications
1 342 (13.22%) Degree
2 173 (6.69%) Computer Science Degree
3 145 (5.60%) Security Cleared
4 113 (4.37%) SC Cleared
5 46 (1.78%) Master's Degree
6 29 (1.12%) CISSP
7 19 (0.73%) AWS Certification
8 18 (0.70%) CISM
9 16 (0.62%) PhD
9 16 (0.62%) Six Sigma Black Belt
10 15 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
11 13 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
11 13 (0.50%) CSSLP
11 13 (0.50%) ISTQB
12 11 (0.43%) OSCP
13 9 (0.35%) DBS Check
14 8 (0.31%) CREST Certified
14 8 (0.31%) ISEB
14 8 (0.31%) PMI Certification
15 7 (0.27%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 261 (10.09%) QA
2 98 (3.79%) Accessibility
3 63 (2.44%) GDPR
4 53 (2.05%) Data Quality
5 36 (1.39%) SLA
6 28 (1.08%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 28 (1.08%) SOC 2
7 17 (0.66%) GRC
8 14 (0.54%) NIST
9 12 (0.46%) WAI
10 10 (0.39%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 9 (0.35%) PCI DSS
12 5 (0.19%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 5 (0.19%) NCSC
13 4 (0.15%) HL7
13 4 (0.15%) ISO 9000
13 4 (0.15%) PMO
14 3 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27005
15 2 (0.077%) Cyber Essentials
15 2 (0.077%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
System Software
1 871 (33.67%) Docker
2 41 (1.58%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 38 (1.47%) Virtual Machines
4 27 (1.04%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.46%) Active Directory
5 12 (0.46%) HDFS
6 8 (0.31%) etcd
7 7 (0.27%) Citrix Hypervisor
8 4 (0.15%) Apache Flume
8 4 (0.15%) Ceph
8 4 (0.15%) Firmware
8 4 (0.15%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.15%) iptables
8 4 (0.15%) OpenSSH
9 3 (0.12%) VirtualBox
9 3 (0.12%) Xen
10 2 (0.077%) Lustre
10 2 (0.077%) Shibboleth
10 2 (0.077%) vSphere
11 1 (0.039%) Kamailio
Systems Management
1 836 (32.32%) Kubernetes
2 439 (16.97%) Terraform
3 222 (8.58%) Ansible
4 146 (5.64%) Grafana
5 128 (4.95%) Puppet
6 118 (4.56%) Opscode Chef
7 94 (3.63%) Prometheus
8 66 (2.55%) Docker Swarm
9 31 (1.20%) Single Sign-On
10 28 (1.08%) Consul
11 22 (0.85%) Salt
12 19 (0.73%) Automic
13 18 (0.70%) Istio
14 17 (0.66%) Packer
15 15 (0.58%) Hadoop YARN
16 12 (0.46%) linkerd
16 12 (0.46%) Oozie
17 8 (0.31%) Nagios
17 8 (0.31%) Rancher
17 8 (0.31%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 253 (9.78%) Google
2 239 (9.24%) Microsoft
3 108 (4.17%) Oracle
4 70 (2.71%) New Relic
5 46 (1.78%) Salesforce.com
6 40 (1.55%) Splunk
7 39 (1.51%) TrueLayer
8 32 (1.24%) VMware
9 31 (1.20%) Atlassian
9 31 (1.20%) Dynatrace
10 30 (1.16%) AppDynamics
11 27 (1.04%) Revolut
11 27 (1.04%) Tencent
12 26 (1.01%) Talend
13 23 (0.89%) Cisco
14 22 (0.85%) Adobe
15 21 (0.81%) WSO2
16 20 (0.77%) Red Hat
16 20 (0.77%) SaltStack
17 19 (0.73%) Hitachi