Period
to 23 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 23 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK > England
6 months to
23 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 262 217 219
Rank change year-on-year -45 +2 +5
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 940 1,556 2,265
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.24% 1.56% 1.65%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.23% 2.86% 3.03%
Number of salaries quoted 689 1,288 2,008
10th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £38,750
25th Percentile £53,750 £50,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +11.54% +4.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £90,250 £80,000 £78,750
90th Percentile £102,500 £90,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,223 54,352 74,814
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.53% 54.58% 54.45%
Number of salaries quoted 34,225 45,727 62,396
10th Percentile £34,250 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Salary trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 23 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the England region over the 6 months to 23 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -24 616 £80,000 +10.34% 143
South West +30 80 £55,000 +10.00% 8
North of England -71 68 £55,000 - 29
South East -76 66 £57,500 -4.17% 30
East of England +71 57 £72,500 +38.10% 8
Midlands +16 44 £47,500 -9.52% 18
North West -13 37 £61,250 +11.36% 17
East Midlands +32 29 £47,500 - 3
Yorkshire -64 19 £52,500 +5.00% 5
West Midlands -1 15 £62,500 +13.64% 15
North East +14 12 £52,500 +5.00% 7
Java 8
UK

For the 6 months to 23 April 2021, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 940 (100.00%) Java
2 579 (61.60%) Agile Software Development
3 561 (59.68%) Spring
4 418 (44.47%) Microservices
5 367 (39.04%) Spring Boot
6 345 (36.70%) TDD
7 321 (34.15%) JavaScript
8 301 (32.02%) Docker
9 250 (26.60%) AWS
10 232 (24.68%) Finance
11 217 (23.09%) Software Engineering
12 214 (22.77%) Kubernetes
13 193 (20.53%) Kafka
14 189 (20.11%) REST
15 187 (19.89%) Git (software)
16 181 (19.26%) HTML
17 173 (18.40%) AngularJS
18 168 (17.87%) SQL
19 164 (17.45%) Python
19 164 (17.45%) DevOps
20 161 (17.13%) CSS
21 155 (16.49%) OO
22 154 (16.38%) Scrum
23 152 (16.17%) RESTful
24 151 (16.06%) Fintech
25 149 (15.85%) BDD
26 147 (15.64%) Maven
27 142 (15.11%) Banking
28 137 (14.57%) Multithreading
29 134 (14.26%) Jenkins

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (5.64%) Elasticsearch
2 41 (4.36%) Confluence
3 30 (3.19%) Tomcat
4 18 (1.91%) Apache Solr
5 16 (1.70%) Apache Spark
6 15 (1.60%) OpenStack
7 11 (1.17%) Apache
7 11 (1.17%) CMS
7 11 (1.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 11 (1.17%) WebSphere
8 10 (1.06%) nginx
9 9 (0.96%) JBoss
10 8 (0.85%) Jupyter
11 5 (0.53%) GlassFish
11 5 (0.53%) Jetty
12 3 (0.32%) Alfresco
12 3 (0.32%) Apache Airflow
12 3 (0.32%) Appian
12 3 (0.32%) Camunda
12 3 (0.32%) Liferay
Applications
1 22 (2.34%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (1.17%) InVision
Business Applications
1 4 (0.43%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 3 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.21%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 250 (26.60%) AWS
2 65 (6.91%) Azure
3 56 (5.96%) SaaS
4 54 (5.74%) GCP
5 41 (4.36%) Serverless
6 32 (3.40%) Amazon EC2
7 27 (2.87%) Amazon ECS
8 21 (2.23%) Amazon EKS
8 21 (2.23%) AWS Lambda
9 19 (2.02%) Amazon SQS
10 18 (1.91%) Amazon S3
11 16 (1.70%) Cloud Computing
11 16 (1.70%) IaaS
11 16 (1.70%) PaaS
12 15 (1.60%) Amazon Alexa
13 11 (1.17%) AWS Fargate
14 9 (0.96%) AWS CodeBuild
14 9 (0.96%) AWS CodePipeline
15 8 (0.85%) GitHub
16 7 (0.74%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 8 (0.85%) Internet
2 5 (0.53%) SSH
3 4 (0.43%) Firewall
3 4 (0.43%) Reverse Proxy
4 3 (0.32%) Bluetooth
4 3 (0.32%) HTTP
5 2 (0.21%) Network Security
5 2 (0.21%) SSL
6 1 (0.11%) FTP
6 1 (0.11%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 97 (10.32%) NoSQL
2 83 (8.83%) Relational Database
3 82 (8.72%) PostgreSQL
4 74 (7.87%) MongoDB
5 53 (5.64%) Apache Cassandra
5 53 (5.64%) Big Data
6 52 (5.53%) MySQL
7 37 (3.94%) Hadoop
8 35 (3.72%) Hazelcast
9 25 (2.66%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 18 (1.91%) Blockchain
11 17 (1.81%) RDBMS
12 16 (1.70%) Redis
13 14 (1.49%) CockroachDB
13 14 (1.49%) Couchbase
14 11 (1.17%) SQL Server
15 9 (0.96%) Amazon RDS
16 8 (0.85%) Oracle Database
17 6 (0.64%) Endeca
18 5 (0.53%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 187 (19.89%) Git (software)
2 147 (15.64%) Maven
3 134 (14.26%) Jenkins
4 87 (9.26%) JUnit
5 73 (7.77%) JIRA
6 64 (6.81%) Gradle
7 54 (5.74%) Mockito
8 35 (3.72%) Selenium
9 28 (2.98%) Cucumber
10 27 (2.87%) Artifactory
10 27 (2.87%) Bitbucket
11 26 (2.77%) SonarQube
12 22 (2.34%) Mocha
13 20 (2.13%) GitLab
13 20 (2.13%) IntelliJ
14 17 (1.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 15 (1.60%) Ant
16 13 (1.38%) gulp
17 11 (1.17%) SoapUI
18 10 (1.06%) JMeter
General
1 232 (24.68%) Finance
2 142 (15.11%) Banking
3 131 (13.94%) Games
4 46 (4.89%) Public Sector
5 44 (4.68%) Front Office
6 34 (3.62%) Retail
7 21 (2.23%) Advertising
8 18 (1.91%) Online Betting
9 15 (1.60%) Private Banking
10 13 (1.38%) Investment Banking
11 7 (0.74%) Telecoms
12 5 (0.53%) Law
13 4 (0.43%) Billing
13 4 (0.43%) Legal
13 4 (0.43%) Music Industry
14 3 (0.32%) Financial Institution
15 2 (0.21%) Aerospace
15 2 (0.21%) Marketing
16 1 (0.11%) French Language
16 1 (0.11%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 644 (68.51%) Developer
2 571 (60.74%) Java Developer
3 138 (14.68%) Senior Developer
4 127 (13.51%) Java Engineer
5 117 (12.45%) Senior Java Developer
6 87 (9.26%) Software Engineer
7 84 (8.94%) Tester
8 79 (8.40%) Games Tester
8 79 (8.40%) Software Tester
8 79 (8.40%) Trainee
8 79 (8.40%) Trainee Software Tester
8 79 (8.40%) Trainee Tester
9 72 (7.66%) Full Stack Developer
10 66 (7.02%) Java Software Engineer
11 35 (3.72%) Senior Java Engineer
12 31 (3.30%) Lead Developer
13 28 (2.98%) Junior
13 28 (2.98%) Lead Java Developer
14 27 (2.87%) Java Developer - Fintech
15 25 (2.66%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 561 (59.68%) Spring
2 367 (39.04%) Spring Boot
3 193 (20.53%) Kafka
4 189 (20.11%) REST
5 181 (19.26%) HTML
6 173 (18.40%) AngularJS
7 161 (17.13%) CSS
8 152 (16.17%) RESTful
9 133 (14.15%) Hibernate
10 128 (13.62%) HTML5
11 123 (13.09%) Node.js
12 118 (12.55%) Web Services
13 116 (12.34%) React
14 93 (9.89%) CSS3
15 80 (8.51%) Java SE
16 56 (5.96%) JPA
17 49 (5.21%) JSON
18 46 (4.89%) JMS
19 44 (4.68%) SOAP
20 35 (3.72%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 131 (13.94%) Data Structures
2 74 (7.87%) Algorithms
3 70 (7.45%) Self-Motivation
4 66 (7.02%) Greenfield Project
5 58 (6.17%) Analytical Skills
6 36 (3.83%) Mobile App
7 32 (3.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 31 (3.30%) N-Tier
9 30 (3.19%) Enterprise Software
10 29 (3.09%) Online Games
11 24 (2.55%) Fixed Income
12 19 (2.02%) Equities
12 19 (2.02%) Media Streaming
13 17 (1.81%) Bitcoin
13 17 (1.81%) Over-the-Top Content
13 17 (1.81%) Social Network
13 17 (1.81%) User Experience
14 16 (1.70%) Video\Live Streaming
15 14 (1.49%) Derivative
16 13 (1.38%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 67 (7.13%) Linux
2 19 (2.02%) Unix
3 15 (1.60%) Android
3 15 (1.60%) Apple iOS
4 8 (0.85%) Ubuntu
5 5 (0.53%) CentOS
6 2 (0.21%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 579 (61.60%) Agile Software Development
2 418 (44.47%) Microservices
3 345 (36.70%) TDD
4 217 (23.09%) Software Engineering
5 164 (17.45%) DevOps
6 155 (16.49%) OO
7 154 (16.38%) Scrum
8 151 (16.06%) Fintech
9 149 (15.85%) BDD
10 137 (14.57%) Multithreading
11 131 (13.94%) Continuous Integration
12 123 (13.09%) OOP
13 116 (12.34%) Test Automation
14 97 (10.32%) Problem-Solving
15 90 (9.57%) Software Testing
16 83 (8.83%) Functional Programming
16 83 (8.83%) Unit Testing
17 78 (8.30%) Mentoring
18 76 (8.09%) Computer Science
19 63 (6.70%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 940 (100.00%) Java
2 321 (34.15%) JavaScript
3 168 (17.87%) SQL
4 164 (17.45%) Python
5 86 (9.15%) C#
6 59 (6.28%) TypeScript
7 56 (5.96%) Kotlin
8 55 (5.85%) Scala
9 32 (3.40%) PL/SQL
10 25 (2.66%) Groovy
11 22 (2.34%) Shell Script
12 15 (1.60%) C
13 14 (1.49%) Bash Shell
14 13 (1.38%) ES6
15 7 (0.74%) C++
16 4 (0.43%) Go
16 4 (0.43%) Java 9
16 4 (0.43%) Perl
16 4 (0.43%) PHP
16 4 (0.43%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 89 (9.47%) Degree
2 79 (8.40%) CIW
2 79 (8.40%) OCA
2 79 (8.40%) OCP
2 79 (8.40%) Oracle Certification
3 44 (4.68%) Security Cleared
4 40 (4.26%) SC Cleared
5 26 (2.77%) Computer Science Degree
6 22 (2.34%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 12 (1.28%) DV Cleared
8 11 (1.17%) Numerate Degree
9 8 (0.85%) PhD
10 4 (0.43%) ISTQB
10 4 (0.43%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.11%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 45 (4.79%) QA
2 4 (0.43%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 301 (32.02%) Docker
2 4 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 3 (0.32%) OpenAM
3 3 (0.32%) OpenDJ
4 1 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.11%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 214 (22.77%) Kubernetes
2 36 (3.83%) Ansible
3 21 (2.23%) Terraform
4 4 (0.43%) Opscode Chef
5 3 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
5 3 (0.32%) Grafana
5 3 (0.32%) Rancher
5 3 (0.32%) TeamSite
6 2 (0.21%) Graphite
6 2 (0.21%) Kibana
6 2 (0.21%) Prometheus
6 2 (0.21%) Puppet
7 1 (0.11%) Hadoop YARN
7 1 (0.11%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 125 (13.30%) Oracle
2 106 (11.28%) Microsoft
3 53 (5.64%) Google
4 30 (3.19%) IBM
5 14 (1.49%) Atlassian
6 13 (1.38%) Splunk
7 11 (1.17%) Salesforce.com
7 11 (1.17%) WSO2
8 9 (0.96%) Pega
9 6 (0.64%) Solace
9 6 (0.64%) Spotify
9 6 (0.64%) Talend
10 5 (0.53%) New Relic
11 4 (0.43%) Guidewire
12 3 (0.32%) Adobe
12 3 (0.32%) ForgeRock
12 3 (0.32%) GigaSpaces
12 3 (0.32%) MuleSoft
12 3 (0.32%) TIBCO
12 3 (0.32%) webMethods