Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 270 236 228
Rank change year-on-year -34 -8 -32
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 1,277 880 2,082
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.28% 1.39% 1.56%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.30% 2.46% 2.90%
Number of salaries quoted 706 748 1,869
10th Percentile £45,000 £43,750 £40,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,996 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £65,750 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +10.27% -2.59% +8.00%
75th Percentile £95,000 £80,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £90,000 £97,500
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% - +6.56%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 55,577 35,767 71,720
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 55.61% 56.31% 53.89%
Number of salaries quoted 38,489 30,084 59,800
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £86,250
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Salary trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -34 811 £82,500 +13.79% 144
South East -100 118 £57,500 -8.00% 19
North of England -49 112 £52,500 -4.55% 23
Midlands -4 92 £47,500 -5.00% 16
South West -43 78 £58,000 +16.00% 12
North West -19 74 £50,000 -9.09% 17
East Midlands +5 55 £47,500 -25.49% 3
East of England -27 37 £68,750 +37.50% 22
West Midlands -38 37 £40,000 -15.79% 13
Yorkshire -97 24 £55,000 +10.00% 5
North East -13 14 £45,345 -13.63% 1
Java 8
UK

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 1,275 (99.84%) Java
2 963 (75.41%) Agile Software Development
3 833 (65.23%) Spring
4 599 (46.91%) Microservices
5 529 (41.43%) TDD
6 482 (37.74%) Docker
7 428 (33.52%) Spring Boot
8 356 (27.88%) REST
9 351 (27.49%) Social Skills
10 348 (27.25%) Jenkins
11 345 (27.02%) JavaScript
12 329 (25.76%) Continuous Integration
13 300 (23.49%) AWS
14 296 (23.18%) Software Engineering
15 293 (22.94%) Hibernate
16 287 (22.47%) Problem-Solving
17 286 (22.40%) Finance
18 284 (22.24%) Scrum
19 283 (22.16%) SQL
20 280 (21.93%) Git (software)
20 280 (21.93%) BDD
21 252 (19.73%) RESTful
22 242 (18.95%) Kubernetes
23 233 (18.25%) DevOps
24 232 (18.17%) React
24 232 (18.17%) Kafka
25 226 (17.70%) Maven
26 214 (16.76%) Oracle
27 212 (16.60%) Java 11
28 202 (15.82%) AngularJS

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (4.15%) Confluence
2 40 (3.13%) Apache Spark
3 39 (3.05%) Elasticsearch
4 38 (2.98%) Tomcat
5 15 (1.17%) Jupyter
6 14 (1.10%) nginx
7 12 (0.94%) JBoss
8 11 (0.86%) Apache Solr
8 11 (0.86%) WebSphere
9 10 (0.78%) Apache
9 10 (0.78%) OpenStack
10 9 (0.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 8 (0.63%) GlassFish
11 8 (0.63%) Jetty
12 6 (0.47%) CMS
13 5 (0.39%) MQSeries
14 3 (0.23%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 3 (0.23%) Alfresco
14 3 (0.23%) Liferay
15 2 (0.16%) GemFire
Applications
1 16 (1.25%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.55%) InVision
3 1 (0.078%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.078%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.078%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.078%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 9 (0.70%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 3 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.16%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 300 (23.49%) AWS
2 167 (13.08%) Serverless
3 152 (11.90%) GitHub
4 97 (7.60%) Azure
5 90 (7.05%) GCP
6 77 (6.03%) SaaS
7 39 (3.05%) AWS Lambda
8 24 (1.88%) Amazon EC2
9 21 (1.64%) OpenShift
10 19 (1.49%) Amazon SQS
10 19 (1.49%) PaaS
11 18 (1.41%) IaaS
12 16 (1.25%) AWS Fargate
13 15 (1.17%) Amazon S3
14 13 (1.02%) Amazon ECS
15 12 (0.94%) Datadog
16 10 (0.78%) Amazon Neptune
17 9 (0.70%) AWS CodeBuild
17 9 (0.70%) AWS CodePipeline
18 8 (0.63%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 38 (2.98%) AMQP
2 26 (2.04%) HTTP
3 16 (1.25%) SSL
4 7 (0.55%) Broadband
5 5 (0.39%) Internet
5 5 (0.39%) SSH
6 4 (0.31%) Firewall
6 4 (0.31%) Reverse Proxy
7 1 (0.078%) Bluetooth
7 1 (0.078%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.078%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 189 (14.80%) Big Data
2 162 (12.69%) NoSQL
3 121 (9.48%) MongoDB
4 104 (8.14%) Relational Database
5 95 (7.44%) Apache Cassandra
6 85 (6.66%) MySQL
7 80 (6.26%) PostgreSQL
8 68 (5.32%) Redis
9 54 (4.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 46 (3.60%) Hadoop
11 39 (3.05%) Apache Accumulo
12 34 (2.66%) Hazelcast
13 30 (2.35%) Oracle Database
13 30 (2.35%) SQL Server
14 18 (1.41%) Amazon RDS
15 17 (1.33%) Blockchain
16 16 (1.25%) BigQuery
17 14 (1.10%) RDBMS
18 13 (1.02%) CockroachDB
19 8 (0.63%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 348 (27.25%) Jenkins
2 280 (21.93%) Git (software)
3 226 (17.70%) Maven
4 167 (13.08%) JUnit
5 116 (9.08%) JIRA
6 106 (8.30%) Mockito
7 67 (5.25%) Gradle
8 59 (4.62%) GitLab
9 51 (3.99%) Selenium
10 41 (3.21%) Cucumber
11 39 (3.05%) Bitbucket
12 29 (2.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 25 (1.96%) Artifactory
13 25 (1.96%) SonarQube
14 24 (1.88%) JMeter
15 22 (1.72%) gulp
16 20 (1.57%) Sonatype Nexus
16 20 (1.57%) TeamCity
17 18 (1.41%) GoCD
17 18 (1.41%) Mocha
General
1 351 (27.49%) Social Skills
2 286 (22.40%) Finance
3 152 (11.90%) Banking
4 122 (9.55%) Games
5 78 (6.11%) Analytical Skills
6 59 (4.62%) Retail
7 37 (2.90%) Advertising
8 27 (2.11%) Telecoms
9 24 (1.88%) Front Office
10 20 (1.57%) Public Sector
11 18 (1.41%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 14 (1.10%) Legal
13 12 (0.94%) Back Office
14 8 (0.63%) Investment Banking
14 8 (0.63%) Public Speaking
15 7 (0.55%) Influencing Skills
15 7 (0.55%) Retail Banking
16 6 (0.47%) Law
16 6 (0.47%) Organisational Skills
17 5 (0.39%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 897 (70.24%) Developer
2 784 (61.39%) Java Developer
3 188 (14.72%) Java Engineer
4 160 (12.53%) Senior Developer
5 126 (9.87%) Senior Java Developer
6 125 (9.79%) Software Engineer
7 91 (7.13%) Java Software Engineer
8 70 (5.48%) Full Stack Developer
9 65 (5.09%) Tester
10 60 (4.70%) Games Tester
10 60 (4.70%) Software Tester
10 60 (4.70%) Trainee
10 60 (4.70%) Trainee Software Tester
10 60 (4.70%) Trainee Tester
11 53 (4.15%) Backend Developer
12 49 (3.84%) Senior Java Engineer
13 39 (3.05%) Java Software Developer
13 39 (3.05%) Lead Developer
14 38 (2.98%) Lead Java Developer
15 30 (2.35%) Java Developer - Fintech
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 833 (65.23%) Spring
2 428 (33.52%) Spring Boot
3 356 (27.88%) REST
4 293 (22.94%) Hibernate
5 252 (19.73%) RESTful
6 232 (18.17%) Kafka
6 232 (18.17%) React
7 202 (15.82%) AngularJS
8 193 (15.11%) HTML
9 177 (13.86%) CSS
10 143 (11.20%) GraphQL
11 140 (10.96%) Middleware
12 137 (10.73%) Web Services
13 135 (10.57%) Node.js
14 123 (9.63%) HTML5
15 117 (9.16%) JavaBeans
16 95 (7.44%) JPA
17 88 (6.89%) RabbitMQ
18 86 (6.73%) CSS3
19 78 (6.11%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 125 (9.79%) Data Structures
2 81 (6.34%) Algorithms
3 66 (5.17%) Self-Motivation
4 55 (4.31%) Mobile App
5 41 (3.21%) Greenfield Project
5 41 (3.21%) SWIFT
6 37 (2.90%) User Experience
7 35 (2.74%) Online Games
8 28 (2.19%) iPhone
9 25 (1.96%) Enterprise Software
10 20 (1.57%) N-Tier
11 19 (1.49%) Blog
12 16 (1.25%) Social Media
12 16 (1.25%) Social Network
13 15 (1.17%) Equities
13 15 (1.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 15 (1.17%) Video\Live Streaming
14 13 (1.02%) Bitcoin
14 13 (1.02%) Legacy Code
15 11 (0.86%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 127 (9.95%) Linux
2 39 (3.05%) Unix
3 15 (1.17%) Android
4 14 (1.10%) Apple iOS
4 14 (1.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 9 (0.70%) Ubuntu
6 5 (0.39%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 963 (75.41%) Agile Software Development
2 599 (46.91%) Microservices
3 529 (41.43%) TDD
4 329 (25.76%) Continuous Integration
5 296 (23.18%) Software Engineering
6 287 (22.47%) Problem-Solving
7 284 (22.24%) Scrum
8 280 (21.93%) BDD
9 233 (18.25%) DevOps
10 194 (15.19%) Open Source
11 191 (14.96%) OO
12 185 (14.49%) Full Stack Development
13 176 (13.78%) Coaching
14 174 (13.63%) Test Automation
15 170 (13.31%) Fintech
16 166 (13.00%) Multithreading
17 162 (12.69%) Analytics
18 155 (12.14%) OOP
19 142 (11.12%) SOA
20 131 (10.26%) Data Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,275 (99.84%) Java
2 345 (27.02%) JavaScript
3 283 (22.16%) SQL
4 212 (16.60%) Java 11
5 162 (12.69%) Python
6 72 (5.64%) C#
7 68 (5.32%) TypeScript
8 65 (5.09%) Kotlin
9 45 (3.52%) Scala
10 35 (2.74%) Groovy
11 30 (2.35%) ES6
11 30 (2.35%) PL/SQL
12 27 (2.11%) C
13 24 (1.88%) Bash Shell
14 22 (1.72%) Java 9
15 16 (1.25%) Shell Script
16 9 (0.70%) PowerShell
17 8 (0.63%) PHP
18 5 (0.39%) C++
19 4 (0.31%) Perl
Qualifications
1 156 (12.22%) Security Cleared
2 151 (11.82%) SC Cleared
3 130 (10.18%) Degree
4 84 (6.58%) Computer Science Degree
5 60 (4.70%) CIW
5 60 (4.70%) OCA
5 60 (4.70%) OCP
5 60 (4.70%) Oracle Certification
6 19 (1.49%) Numerate Degree
7 16 (1.25%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 15 (1.17%) PhD
9 7 (0.55%) DV Cleared
10 5 (0.39%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.078%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 99 (7.75%) QA
2 12 (0.94%) Accessibility
3 5 (0.39%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.078%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.078%) PSD2
4 1 (0.078%) SEPA
System Software
1 482 (37.74%) Docker
2 31 (2.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 3 (0.23%) OpenAM
3 3 (0.23%) OpenDJ
4 1 (0.078%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.078%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 242 (18.95%) Kubernetes
2 198 (15.51%) Terraform
3 104 (8.14%) Ansible
4 39 (3.05%) Puppet
5 9 (0.70%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (0.55%) HP Quality Center
6 7 (0.55%) Kibana
7 6 (0.47%) Prometheus
8 3 (0.23%) TeamSite
9 2 (0.16%) logstash
10 1 (0.078%) Argo
10 1 (0.078%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 214 (16.76%) Oracle
2 102 (7.99%) Microsoft
3 68 (5.32%) Google
4 41 (3.21%) IBM
5 36 (2.82%) Atlassian
6 29 (2.27%) Red Hat
7 19 (1.49%) Salesforce.com
7 19 (1.49%) Splunk
8 13 (1.02%) Pega
8 13 (1.02%) Sony
9 10 (0.78%) Solace
9 10 (0.78%) Spotify
10 8 (0.63%) TIBCO
11 7 (0.55%) Samsung
12 6 (0.47%) SAP
13 5 (0.39%) New Relic
14 4 (0.31%) GigaSpaces
14 4 (0.31%) Guidewire
15 3 (0.23%) Adobe
15 3 (0.23%) WSO2