Period
to 20 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 20 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK > England
6 months to
20 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 288 254 228
Rank change year-on-year -34 -26 -42
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 1,331 585 1,935
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.20% 1.30% 1.54%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.21% 2.20% 2.87%
Number of salaries quoted 701 491 1,710
10th Percentile £45,000 £44,000 £42,500
25th Percentile £53,750 £51,250 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £67,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.41% -3.57% +12.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £82,500 £82,750
90th Percentile £102,500 £101,250 £97,500
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% -7.14% +12.00%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 60,235 26,614 67,412
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 54.46% 59.26% 53.59%
Number of salaries quoted 40,372 22,992 56,299
10th Percentile £36,000 £35,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% +5.00%
75th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java 8 in England.

Salary trend for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java 8 in England over the 6 months to 20 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in England

Java 8
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the England region over the 6 months to 20 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -42 807 £82,500 +10.00% 143
North of England -66 143 £55,000 +10.00% 12
South East -114 123 £60,000 -7.69% 20
North West -22 108 £57,500 +4.55% 10
Midlands -39 107 £55,000 +10.00% 14
South West -62 80 £70,000 +16.67% 15
East Midlands - 58 £55,000 - 3
West Midlands -77 49 £46,250 -7.50% 11
East of England -76 35 £72,500 +20.83% 11
Yorkshire -120 30 £56,250 +18.42% 2
North East -27 5 £45,345 +0.77%
Java 8
UK

For the 6 months to 20 October 2021, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java 8.

1 1,326 (99.62%) Java
2 1,032 (77.54%) Agile Software Development
3 890 (66.87%) Spring
4 655 (49.21%) Microservices
5 559 (42.00%) Docker
6 556 (41.77%) TDD
7 493 (37.04%) Spring Boot
8 465 (34.94%) Jenkins
9 447 (33.58%) Social Skills
10 387 (29.08%) REST
11 346 (26.00%) Software Engineering
12 340 (25.54%) Problem-Solving
13 338 (25.39%) Continuous Integration
14 331 (24.87%) Scrum
15 330 (24.79%) Git (software)
16 327 (24.57%) Hibernate
17 314 (23.59%) AWS
18 310 (23.29%) Kubernetes
19 304 (22.84%) BDD
20 293 (22.01%) JavaScript
21 289 (21.71%) SQL
22 287 (21.56%) RESTful
23 282 (21.19%) DevOps
24 262 (19.68%) Terraform
24 262 (19.68%) Finance
25 253 (19.01%) Open Source
26 252 (18.93%) React
27 251 (18.86%) Maven
28 235 (17.66%) Java 11
29 227 (17.05%) AngularJS

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (3.31%) Confluence
2 39 (2.93%) Elasticsearch
3 36 (2.70%) Apache Spark
4 31 (2.33%) Tomcat
5 17 (1.28%) Apache
6 15 (1.13%) nginx
7 14 (1.05%) JBoss
8 13 (0.98%) MQSeries
9 12 (0.90%) OpenStack
10 10 (0.75%) Jetty
10 10 (0.75%) WebSphere
11 9 (0.68%) Apache Solr
12 8 (0.60%) Jupyter
13 7 (0.53%) GlassFish
14 6 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
14 6 (0.45%) IIS
15 4 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 3 (0.23%) CMS
16 3 (0.23%) GemFire
17 2 (0.15%) Magnolia
Applications
1 5 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.075%) InVision
2 1 (0.075%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.075%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.075%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.075%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 9 (0.68%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 3 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.075%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 314 (23.59%) AWS
2 212 (15.93%) Serverless
3 192 (14.43%) GitHub
4 117 (8.79%) Azure
5 109 (8.19%) GCP
6 85 (6.39%) OpenShift
7 56 (4.21%) AWS Lambda
8 51 (3.83%) SaaS
9 15 (1.13%) Datadog
10 14 (1.05%) Amazon ECS
11 13 (0.98%) Azure Functions
12 12 (0.90%) Amazon EKS
12 12 (0.90%) Amazon S3
13 11 (0.83%) PaaS
14 10 (0.75%) Amazon Kinesis
14 10 (0.75%) IaaS
15 9 (0.68%) Amazon EC2
15 9 (0.68%) Amazon SQS
16 6 (0.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 6 (0.45%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 57 (4.28%) Kerberos
2 46 (3.46%) AMQP
3 41 (3.08%) HTTP
4 17 (1.28%) SSL
5 13 (0.98%) Broadband
6 7 (0.53%) HTTPS
7 4 (0.30%) FTP
8 2 (0.15%) SMPP
9 1 (0.075%) Ethernet
9 1 (0.075%) Firewall
9 1 (0.075%) SSH
9 1 (0.075%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 197 (14.80%) Big Data
2 177 (13.30%) NoSQL
3 132 (9.92%) Relational Database
4 117 (8.79%) MongoDB
5 104 (7.81%) MySQL
6 96 (7.21%) Apache Cassandra
7 81 (6.09%) Redis
8 58 (4.36%) PostgreSQL
9 45 (3.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 45 (3.38%) Apache Accumulo
10 41 (3.08%) SQL Server
11 39 (2.93%) Oracle Database
12 33 (2.48%) Hadoop
13 32 (2.40%) Hazelcast
14 28 (2.10%) RDBMS
15 22 (1.65%) Blockchain
16 11 (0.83%) BigQuery
17 10 (0.75%) Amazon RDS
17 10 (0.75%) HSQLDB
18 9 (0.68%) Aerospike
Development Applications
1 465 (34.94%) Jenkins
2 330 (24.79%) Git (software)
3 251 (18.86%) Maven
4 179 (13.45%) JUnit
5 126 (9.47%) Mockito
6 101 (7.59%) JIRA
7 75 (5.63%) Gradle
8 68 (5.11%) GitLab
9 38 (2.85%) Cucumber
10 37 (2.78%) Selenium
11 33 (2.48%) Bitbucket
12 25 (1.88%) Sonatype Nexus
13 23 (1.73%) JMeter
13 23 (1.73%) TeamCity
14 22 (1.65%) gulp
15 19 (1.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 18 (1.35%) SonarQube
16 18 (1.35%) TestNG
17 17 (1.28%) Subversion
18 15 (1.13%) CircleCI
General
1 447 (33.58%) Social Skills
2 262 (19.68%) Finance
3 110 (8.26%) Banking
4 62 (4.66%) Analytical Skills
5 52 (3.91%) Retail
6 51 (3.83%) Advertising
7 45 (3.38%) Games
8 37 (2.78%) Telecoms
9 25 (1.88%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 14 (1.05%) Back Office
11 13 (0.98%) Investment Banking
11 13 (0.98%) Legal
11 13 (0.98%) Public Sector
12 11 (0.83%) Front Office
13 8 (0.60%) Financial Institution
13 8 (0.60%) Influencing Skills
14 7 (0.53%) Public Speaking
14 7 (0.53%) Retail Banking
15 6 (0.45%) Organisational Skills
16 5 (0.38%) Police
Job Titles
1 958 (71.98%) Developer
2 838 (62.96%) Java Developer
3 202 (15.18%) Senior Developer
4 193 (14.50%) Java Engineer
5 186 (13.97%) Software Engineer
6 158 (11.87%) Senior Java Developer
7 91 (6.84%) Java Software Engineer
8 68 (5.11%) Backend Developer
9 56 (4.21%) Senior Java Engineer
10 55 (4.13%) Senior Software Engineer
11 54 (4.06%) Full Stack Developer
12 49 (3.68%) Lead Developer
13 46 (3.46%) Java Software Developer
14 35 (2.63%) Lead Java Developer
15 34 (2.55%) Lead Software Engineer
16 31 (2.33%) Software Developer
17 27 (2.03%) Java Developer - Fintech
18 26 (1.95%) Core Java Developer
19 23 (1.73%) Senior Java Software Engineer
20 21 (1.58%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 890 (66.87%) Spring
2 493 (37.04%) Spring Boot
3 387 (29.08%) REST
4 327 (24.57%) Hibernate
5 287 (21.56%) RESTful
6 252 (18.93%) React
7 227 (17.05%) AngularJS
8 208 (15.63%) Kafka
9 203 (15.25%) Web Services
10 161 (12.10%) Middleware
11 155 (11.65%) GraphQL
12 139 (10.44%) JavaBeans
13 130 (9.77%) HTML
14 121 (9.09%) CSS
15 117 (8.79%) Node.js
16 110 (8.26%) RabbitMQ
17 90 (6.76%) JPA
18 76 (5.71%) JMS
19 75 (5.63%) JSON
20 61 (4.58%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 141 (10.59%) Algorithms
2 80 (6.01%) Data Structures
3 72 (5.41%) Greenfield Project
4 60 (4.51%) Self-Motivation
5 47 (3.53%) SWIFT
6 42 (3.16%) User Experience
7 37 (2.78%) iPhone
8 36 (2.70%) Mobile App
9 27 (2.03%) Online Games
10 20 (1.50%) Cloud Native
11 18 (1.35%) Bitcoin
11 18 (1.35%) Enterprise Software
12 14 (1.05%) Equities
12 14 (1.05%) Social Network
12 14 (1.05%) Virtual Team
13 13 (0.98%) Social Media
14 12 (0.90%) Data Protection Act
14 12 (0.90%) Legacy Code
15 11 (0.83%) Over-the-Top Content
15 11 (0.83%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 123 (9.24%) Linux
2 44 (3.31%) Unix
3 22 (1.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 13 (0.98%) Android
5 7 (0.53%) Windows
6 5 (0.38%) Windows Server
7 4 (0.30%) Apple iOS
8 2 (0.15%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,032 (77.54%) Agile Software Development
2 655 (49.21%) Microservices
3 556 (41.77%) TDD
4 346 (26.00%) Software Engineering
5 340 (25.54%) Problem-Solving
6 338 (25.39%) Continuous Integration
7 331 (24.87%) Scrum
8 304 (22.84%) BDD
9 282 (21.19%) DevOps
10 253 (19.01%) Open Source
11 196 (14.73%) Coaching
12 177 (13.30%) Analytics
13 174 (13.07%) Full Stack Development
14 168 (12.62%) Test Automation
15 166 (12.47%) SOA
16 162 (12.17%) Multithreading
17 146 (10.97%) Data Analytics
18 139 (10.44%) Big Data Analytics
19 132 (9.92%) OO
20 122 (9.17%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,326 (99.62%) Java
2 293 (22.01%) JavaScript
3 289 (21.71%) SQL
4 235 (17.66%) Java 11
5 82 (6.16%) Python
6 64 (4.81%) Kotlin
7 44 (3.31%) TypeScript
8 36 (2.70%) Scala
9 31 (2.33%) Groovy
10 28 (2.10%) Bash Shell
11 23 (1.73%) ES6
12 22 (1.65%) Java 9
13 21 (1.58%) C
14 18 (1.35%) PL/SQL
15 15 (1.13%) PowerShell
16 13 (0.98%) C#
17 11 (0.83%) Go
17 11 (0.83%) Shell Script
18 7 (0.53%) C++
19 5 (0.38%) PHP
Qualifications
1 197 (14.80%) Degree
1 197 (14.80%) Security Cleared
2 183 (13.75%) SC Cleared
3 93 (6.99%) Computer Science Degree
4 10 (0.75%) Numerate Degree
5 9 (0.68%) DBS Check
5 9 (0.68%) PhD
6 5 (0.38%) DV Cleared
6 5 (0.38%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
6 5 (0.38%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.075%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.075%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.075%) OCP
7 1 (0.075%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 99 (7.44%) QA
2 6 (0.45%) Accessibility
3 2 (0.15%) PCI DSS
3 2 (0.15%) PSD2
4 1 (0.075%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.075%) SEPA
System Software
1 559 (42.00%) Docker
2 31 (2.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 10 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.30%) KVM
Systems Management
1 310 (23.29%) Kubernetes
2 262 (19.68%) Terraform
3 178 (13.37%) Ansible
4 45 (3.38%) Puppet
5 16 (1.20%) Kibana
6 10 (0.75%) logstash
7 9 (0.68%) Consul
7 9 (0.68%) HP Quality Center
7 9 (0.68%) Opscode Chef
7 9 (0.68%) Prometheus
8 4 (0.30%) Packer
9 3 (0.23%) Grafana
10 1 (0.075%) Argo
10 1 (0.075%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 181 (13.60%) Oracle
2 48 (3.61%) Google
3 39 (2.93%) Microsoft
4 37 (2.78%) Red Hat
5 32 (2.40%) Atlassian
6 27 (2.03%) IBM
7 18 (1.35%) Pega
7 18 (1.35%) TIBCO
8 16 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
9 14 (1.05%) Solace
9 14 (1.05%) Splunk
10 12 (0.90%) Sony
11 10 (0.75%) VMware
12 8 (0.60%) WSO2
13 7 (0.53%) Talend
14 5 (0.38%) Cognizant
14 5 (0.38%) Sage
14 5 (0.38%) Samsung
14 5 (0.38%) Spotify
15 4 (0.30%) Dynatrace