Period
to

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 27 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
27 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 66 107 125
Rank change year-on-year +41 +18 +24
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 3,836 1,156 225
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 4.97% 3.17% 2.56%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.14% 3.35% 2.76%
Number of salaries quoted 1,201 643 152
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,500
25th Percentile £51,250 £50,000 £46,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £61,250
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +10.20% +6.52%
75th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £90,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £95,000 £104,900
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% - -

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 74,559 34,555 8,144
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 96.58% 94.72% 92.80%
Number of salaries quoted 42,637 26,812 6,948
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £57,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% -3.51% -0.87%
75th Percentile £80,000 £73,750 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £87,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Data Science
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Data Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Data Science trend for jobs with a WFH option

Data Science
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Data Science.

Data Science salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Data Science
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Data Science over the 6 months to 27 June 2022.

Data Science salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 27 June 2022, Data Science job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Data Science.

1 2,237 (58.32%) Python
2 1,458 (38.01%) SQL
3 1,437 (37.46%) Analytics
4 1,386 (36.13%) Machine Learning
5 1,330 (34.67%) AWS
6 1,248 (32.53%) Agile
7 1,076 (28.05%) Software Engineering
8 1,063 (27.71%) Social Skills
9 903 (23.54%) Artificial Intelligence
10 838 (21.85%) Finance
11 803 (20.93%) Data Engineering
12 728 (18.98%) Degree
13 711 (18.53%) Business Intelligence
14 709 (18.48%) GCP
15 708 (18.46%) Docker
16 698 (18.20%) JavaScript
17 666 (17.36%) Visualisation
18 661 (17.23%) CI/CD
19 658 (17.15%) Problem-Solving
20 655 (17.08%) React
21 633 (16.50%) Analytical Skills
22 624 (16.27%) Azure
23 597 (15.56%) Marketing
24 580 (15.12%) DevOps
25 576 (15.02%) Big Data
26 570 (14.86%) Data Warehouse
27 566 (14.75%) Kubernetes
28 551 (14.36%) Algorithms
29 545 (14.21%) Data Pipeline
30 537 (14.00%) PostgreSQL

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 283 (7.38%) Apache Spark
2 249 (6.49%) Apache Airflow
3 152 (3.96%) Apache
4 96 (2.50%) SAS
5 78 (2.03%) Jupyter
6 69 (1.80%) Confluence
7 43 (1.12%) Apache Solr
8 39 (1.02%) CMS
9 25 (0.65%) Luigi
10 24 (0.63%) Ethereum
11 17 (0.44%) OpenStack
12 16 (0.42%) Gunicorn
13 13 (0.34%) SharePoint
14 12 (0.31%) Tornado
15 9 (0.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 8 (0.21%) ArcGIS
16 8 (0.21%) DNN
16 8 (0.21%) IIS
16 8 (0.21%) WordPress
17 4 (0.10%) nginx
Applications
1 84 (2.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 66 (1.72%) Campfire
3 38 (0.99%) Sketch
4 20 (0.52%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 17 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
6 16 (0.42%) Adobe XD
7 8 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
8 7 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
9 5 (0.13%) CPLEX
10 4 (0.10%) Chatbot
10 4 (0.10%) MS Visio
10 4 (0.10%) SPSS
11 3 (0.078%) Stata
12 2 (0.052%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 2 (0.052%) InVision
13 1 (0.026%) Gephi
Business Applications
1 12 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
1 12 (0.31%) Shopify
2 11 (0.29%) Distributed Ledger
3 5 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.10%) Magento
5 1 (0.026%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.026%) Eikon
5 1 (0.026%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 1,330 (34.67%) AWS
2 709 (18.48%) GCP
3 624 (16.27%) Azure
4 315 (8.21%) Amazon S3
4 315 (8.21%) Power Platform
5 301 (7.85%) SaaS
6 272 (7.09%) Serverless
7 249 (6.49%) GitHub
8 191 (4.98%) Snowflake
9 176 (4.59%) AWS Lambda
10 150 (3.91%) Slack
11 132 (3.44%) Cloud Computing
12 113 (2.95%) AWS CloudFormation
13 97 (2.53%) dbt
14 88 (2.29%) Amazon SQS
15 81 (2.11%) Datadog
16 75 (1.96%) Amazon Kinesis
17 70 (1.82%) Google Workspace
18 69 (1.80%) Azure DevOps
19 68 (1.77%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 93 (2.42%) Network Security
2 90 (2.35%) Broadband
3 57 (1.49%) Internet
4 51 (1.33%) HTTP
5 21 (0.55%) DNS
6 20 (0.52%) SSH
7 16 (0.42%) VPN
8 15 (0.39%) Firewall
9 14 (0.36%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
10 9 (0.23%) Reverse Proxy
10 9 (0.23%) SSL
11 8 (0.21%) HTTPS
11 8 (0.21%) Skype
11 8 (0.21%) X.509
12 4 (0.10%) DHCP
12 4 (0.10%) TCP/IP
13 3 (0.078%) DSL
13 3 (0.078%) Kerberos
14 2 (0.052%) IPv6
15 1 (0.026%) PPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 576 (15.02%) Big Data
2 570 (14.86%) Data Warehouse
3 537 (14.00%) PostgreSQL
4 346 (9.02%) Tableau
5 336 (8.76%) Data Lake
6 314 (8.19%) Power BI
7 285 (7.43%) Amazon Redshift
8 273 (7.12%) NoSQL
9 216 (5.63%) Elasticsearch
10 210 (5.47%) MySQL
11 206 (5.37%) SQL Server
12 195 (5.08%) Relational Database
13 190 (4.95%) BigQuery
14 181 (4.72%) Redis
15 136 (3.55%) DynamoDB
15 136 (3.55%) Looker
15 136 (3.55%) MongoDB
16 128 (3.34%) Hadoop
17 117 (3.05%) Amazon Athena
18 102 (2.66%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 444 (11.57%) Git (software)
2 162 (4.22%) JIRA
3 153 (3.99%) CircleCI
4 103 (2.69%) GitLab
5 88 (2.29%) Spinnaker
6 86 (2.24%) Jenkins
7 61 (1.59%) webpack
8 60 (1.56%) Cypress.io
9 45 (1.17%) Bitbucket
10 38 (0.99%) Postman
11 35 (0.91%) Selenium
12 32 (0.83%) RSpec
13 29 (0.76%) Cucumber
13 29 (0.76%) ESLint
14 27 (0.70%) Visual Studio
15 25 (0.65%) NUnit
16 24 (0.63%) Babel
17 21 (0.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 20 (0.52%) IDA Disassembler
18 20 (0.52%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 1,063 (27.71%) Social Skills
2 838 (21.85%) Finance
3 633 (16.50%) Analytical Skills
4 597 (15.56%) Marketing
5 366 (9.54%) Retail
6 224 (5.84%) Games
7 160 (4.17%) Banking
8 135 (3.52%) Pharmaceutical
9 133 (3.47%) Advertising
10 131 (3.42%) Presentation Skills
11 116 (3.02%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 108 (2.82%) Public Sector
13 96 (2.50%) Law
14 81 (2.11%) Financial Institution
15 76 (1.98%) Legal
16 73 (1.90%) Influencing Skills
17 68 (1.77%) Publishing
18 66 (1.72%) Organisational Skills
19 57 (1.49%) Automotive
20 51 (1.33%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 620 (16.16%) Data Engineer
2 594 (15.48%) Developer
3 516 (13.45%) Data Scientist
4 393 (10.25%) Software Engineer
5 238 (6.20%) Analyst
6 199 (5.19%) Senior Data Scientist
7 195 (5.08%) Senior Data Engineer
8 174 (4.54%) Senior Software Engineer
9 172 (4.48%) Data Analyst
10 162 (4.22%) Product Manager
11 156 (4.07%) Senior Developer
12 125 (3.26%) Full Stack Developer
13 104 (2.71%) Architect
14 97 (2.53%) Data Manager
15 93 (2.42%) Machine Learning Engineer
16 90 (2.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 85 (2.22%) Backend Developer
17 85 (2.22%) Senior Manager
18 80 (2.09%) Python Developer
19 74 (1.93%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 655 (17.08%) React
2 363 (9.46%) Kafka
3 328 (8.55%) Node.js
4 252 (6.57%) HTML
5 250 (6.52%) AngularJS
6 246 (6.41%) Pandas
7 224 (5.84%) CSS
8 202 (5.27%) TensorFlow
9 196 (5.11%) NumPy
10 181 (4.72%) REST
11 177 (4.61%) .NET
12 172 (4.48%) Spring
13 168 (4.38%) scikit-learn
14 164 (4.28%) Django
15 148 (3.86%) Vue.js
16 131 (3.42%) GraphQL
17 104 (2.71%) Spring Boot
18 102 (2.66%) PySpark
19 100 (2.61%) PyTorch
20 96 (2.50%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 551 (14.36%) Algorithms
2 411 (10.71%) User Experience
3 195 (5.08%) Self-Motivation
4 175 (4.56%) Blog
5 150 (3.91%) Mobile App
6 111 (2.89%) Data Structures
7 110 (2.87%) Life Science
8 93 (2.42%) Cloud Native
9 79 (2.06%) Social Media
10 77 (2.01%) Blockchain
11 60 (1.56%) Greenfield Project
12 57 (1.49%) Management Information System
13 52 (1.36%) Virtual Team
14 51 (1.33%) IoT
14 51 (1.33%) Linux Command Line
15 48 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
16 47 (1.23%) NHS
17 46 (1.20%) Public Cloud
18 45 (1.17%) Sports Betting
19 38 (0.99%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 320 (8.34%) Linux
2 122 (3.18%) Windows
3 96 (2.50%) Unix
4 61 (1.59%) Apple iOS
5 46 (1.20%) Android
6 32 (0.83%) Mac OS
7 23 (0.60%) Ubuntu
8 15 (0.39%) Alpine Linux
9 6 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 6 (0.16%) Windows 10
10 4 (0.10%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.026%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.026%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,437 (37.46%) Analytics
2 1,386 (36.13%) Machine Learning
3 1,248 (32.53%) Agile
4 1,076 (28.05%) Software Engineering
5 903 (23.54%) Artificial Intelligence
6 803 (20.93%) Data Engineering
7 711 (18.53%) Business Intelligence
8 666 (17.36%) Visualisation
9 661 (17.23%) CI/CD
10 658 (17.15%) Problem-Solving
11 580 (15.12%) DevOps
12 545 (14.21%) Data Pipeline
13 513 (13.37%) Computer Science
14 487 (12.70%) Mathematics
15 481 (12.54%) ETL
16 458 (11.94%) Data Analysis
17 447 (11.65%) Data Modelling
18 432 (11.26%) Full Stack Development
19 428 (11.16%) Mentoring
20 425 (11.08%) Statistics
Programming Languages
1 2,237 (58.32%) Python
2 1,458 (38.01%) SQL
3 698 (18.20%) JavaScript
4 499 (13.01%) Java
5 424 (11.05%) TypeScript
6 412 (10.74%) R
7 248 (6.47%) C#
8 238 (6.20%) Scala
9 227 (5.92%) Ruby
10 194 (5.06%) Kotlin
11 170 (4.43%) C
12 103 (2.69%) C++
13 74 (1.93%) MATLAB
14 69 (1.80%) Bash
15 55 (1.43%) ES6
16 53 (1.38%) PHP
17 51 (1.33%) Go
18 46 (1.20%) PowerShell
19 35 (0.91%) Shell Script
20 29 (0.76%) VBA
Qualifications
1 728 (18.98%) Degree
2 169 (4.41%) PhD
3 145 (3.78%) Computer Science Degree
4 113 (2.95%) Master's Degree
5 106 (2.76%) Numerate Degree
6 76 (1.98%) AWS Certification
7 57 (1.49%) Security Cleared
8 48 (1.25%) SC Cleared
9 14 (0.36%) DV Cleared
9 14 (0.36%) Postgraduate
10 13 (0.34%) Sun Certification
11 12 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
12 9 (0.23%) PMI Certification
13 8 (0.21%) APMP
13 8 (0.21%) IBM Certification
14 7 (0.18%) DBS Check
15 5 (0.13%) PMP
15 5 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
16 4 (0.10%) CISSP
16 4 (0.10%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 234 (6.10%) Data Quality
2 219 (5.71%) QA
3 72 (1.88%) GDPR
4 38 (0.99%) CDISC
5 33 (0.86%) Accessibility
6 19 (0.50%) WCAG
7 18 (0.47%) Actionable Recommendations
8 15 (0.39%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 13 (0.34%) HIPAA
10 12 (0.31%) Good Clinical Practice
11 8 (0.21%) HL7
12 7 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 7 (0.18%) PMO
13 5 (0.13%) FedRAMP
13 5 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 5 (0.13%) SOC 2
14 4 (0.10%) IEC 62304
14 4 (0.10%) ISO 13485
14 4 (0.10%) SLA
15 3 (0.078%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 708 (18.46%) Docker
2 45 (1.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 22 (0.57%) Active Directory
4 21 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
5 14 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
6 9 (0.23%) Hyper-V
7 7 (0.18%) Firmware
8 6 (0.16%) zsh
9 1 (0.026%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 566 (14.75%) Kubernetes
2 323 (8.42%) Terraform
3 82 (2.14%) Ansible
4 67 (1.75%) Panaseer
5 59 (1.54%) Grafana
6 55 (1.43%) Docker Swarm
6 55 (1.43%) Kibana
7 49 (1.28%) Prometheus
8 31 (0.81%) SCCM
9 20 (0.52%) Consul
9 20 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
10 11 (0.29%) Puppet
11 8 (0.21%) Argo
11 8 (0.21%) Istio
12 7 (0.18%) Kubeflow
13 5 (0.13%) Cilium
13 5 (0.13%) Podman
14 3 (0.078%) logstash
15 2 (0.052%) Salt
16 1 (0.026%) Mesos
Vendors
1 497 (12.96%) Google
2 235 (6.13%) Microsoft
3 135 (3.52%) Databricks
4 60 (1.56%) Cisco
4 60 (1.56%) Oracle
5 59 (1.54%) Brandwatch
6 50 (1.30%) Funding Circle
7 47 (1.23%) Alteryx
8 36 (0.94%) Adobe
8 36 (0.94%) CyberTech
9 34 (0.89%) Apple
9 34 (0.89%) New Relic
9 34 (0.89%) Salesforce.com
10 30 (0.78%) Zopa
11 26 (0.68%) Teradata
12 25 (0.65%) CrowdStrike
12 25 (0.65%) IBM
12 25 (0.65%) Okta
13 22 (0.57%) Spotify
13 22 (0.57%) UiPath