Period
to 19 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 19 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
19 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 81 76 57
Rank change year-on-year -5 -19 +13
Permanent jobs citing BDD 4,472 5,802 8,882
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.60% 3.83% 5.06%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.92% 4.15% 5.48%
Number of salaries quoted 3,520 4,812 7,702
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,412 £32,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 114,031 139,701 161,967
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.92% 92.19% 92.25%
Number of salaries quoted 90,428 110,324 131,517
UK median annual salary £53,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.95% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,823 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 19 February 2020.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 19 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 4,219 £57,500 +4.55% 867
London +1 2,278 £65,000 - 370
UK excluding London -10 2,120 £50,000 +5.26% 541
North of England -10 675 £50,000 +11.11% 152
South East -13 647 £55,000 +4.76% 136
North West -6 370 £50,000 - 77
Yorkshire -9 273 £47,500 +7.95% 67
East of England +42 272 £57,500 +9.52% 48
South West -45 186 £50,000 +6.38% 87
Midlands +14 173 £50,000 +11.11% 74
Scotland -22 110 £52,500 +16.67% 13
West Midlands +28 93 £51,500 +14.44% 42
East Midlands +1 80 £50,000 +8.11% 32
Wales +22 69 £50,000 -9.09% 23
North East -18 32 £47,976 +6.61% 8
Northern Ireland -18 8 £51,250 +20.59% 8
Isle of Man - 5 £47,500 -

For the 6 months to 19 February 2020, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,641 (81.42%) TDD
2 3,529 (78.91%) Agile Software Development
3 1,783 (39.87%) JavaScript
4 1,776 (39.71%) C#
5 1,658 (37.08%) Java
6 1,643 (36.74%) Scrum
7 1,541 (34.46%) Test Automation
8 1,540 (34.44%) .NET
9 1,159 (25.92%) AWS
10 1,120 (25.04%) Azure
10 1,120 (25.04%) Microservices
11 1,075 (24.04%) DevOps
12 1,072 (23.97%) AngularJS
13 1,029 (23.01%) Continuous Integration
14 987 (22.07%) Git (software)
15 940 (21.02%) MVC
16 938 (20.97%) SQL Server
17 929 (20.77%) Node.js
18 896 (20.04%) Selenium
19 890 (19.90%) SQL
20 826 (18.47%) ASP.NET
21 824 (18.43%) RESTful
22 806 (18.02%) React
23 797 (17.82%) HTML
24 763 (17.06%) ASP.NET Web API
25 759 (16.97%) CSS
26 751 (16.79%) Docker
27 747 (16.70%) Jenkins
28 743 (16.61%) Kanban
29 738 (16.50%) Finance

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 322 (7.20%) Elasticsearch
2 250 (5.59%) Confluence
3 107 (2.39%) Tomcat
4 66 (1.48%) Apache Spark
5 43 (0.96%) Cloud Foundry
6 39 (0.87%) Apache
7 34 (0.76%) CMS
8 29 (0.65%) IIS
9 26 (0.58%) Umbraco
10 25 (0.56%) WebSphere
11 23 (0.51%) nginx
12 22 (0.49%) Sitecore CMS
13 18 (0.40%) BizTalk Server
14 17 (0.38%) SharePoint
15 13 (0.29%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 13 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 12 (0.27%) Kentico
16 12 (0.27%) NServiceBus
16 12 (0.27%) Red Hat Fuse
17 10 (0.22%) Headless CMS
Applications
1 38 (0.85%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (0.42%) Adobe XD
2 19 (0.42%) InVision
2 19 (0.42%) Zeplin
3 11 (0.25%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.16%) Microsoft Excel
5 6 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
6 5 (0.11%) Gliffy
6 5 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.067%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.022%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 61 (1.36%) Payment Gateway
2 48 (1.07%) Dynamics CRM
3 13 (0.29%) Magento
4 7 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
5 5 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
5 5 (0.11%) SDL Web 8
6 2 (0.045%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.022%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.022%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.022%) Oracle Retail
7 1 (0.022%) R3 Corda
7 1 (0.022%) Sprinklr
Cloud Services
1 1,159 (25.92%) AWS
2 1,120 (25.04%) Azure
3 209 (4.67%) GitHub
4 199 (4.45%) Serverless
5 193 (4.32%) GCP
6 141 (3.15%) PaaS
7 104 (2.33%) SaaS
8 96 (2.15%) AWS Lambda
9 82 (1.83%) Amazon EC2
10 61 (1.36%) OpenShift
11 53 (1.19%) AWS CloudFormation
12 47 (1.05%) BrowserStack
13 44 (0.98%) Slack
14 41 (0.92%) Amazon SQS
15 34 (0.76%) Sauce Labs
16 33 (0.74%) Azure Functions
16 33 (0.74%) Firebase
17 32 (0.72%) Amazon S3
18 31 (0.69%) IaaS
19 30 (0.67%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 121 (2.71%) Internet
2 42 (0.94%) HTTP
3 12 (0.27%) GoToMeeting
3 12 (0.27%) Skype
4 10 (0.22%) Wi-Fi
5 9 (0.20%) FIX Connectivity
5 9 (0.20%) SSL
6 8 (0.18%) Softphone
7 7 (0.16%) Bluetooth
8 6 (0.13%) Wireless
9 5 (0.11%) DNS
10 4 (0.089%) Reverse Proxy
10 4 (0.089%) SSH
10 4 (0.089%) TCP/IP
10 4 (0.089%) VoIP
10 4 (0.089%) Wireshark
11 3 (0.067%) ATM
11 3 (0.067%) DSL
12 2 (0.045%) Intranet
12 2 (0.045%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 938 (20.97%) SQL Server
2 470 (10.51%) NoSQL
3 396 (8.86%) MongoDB
4 309 (6.91%) SQL Server 2016
5 236 (5.28%) MySQL
6 220 (4.92%) SQL Server 2019
7 176 (3.94%) PostgreSQL
8 106 (2.37%) Redis
9 96 (2.15%) Big Data
10 92 (2.06%) Relational Database
11 65 (1.45%) Hadoop
12 49 (1.10%) Apache Cassandra
13 32 (0.72%) Amazon RDS
14 29 (0.65%) Cosmos DB
15 26 (0.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 25 (0.56%) SQL Server 2012
17 23 (0.51%) Apache Hive
18 21 (0.47%) Azure SQL Database
19 18 (0.40%) Riak
20 17 (0.38%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 987 (22.07%) Git (software)
2 896 (20.04%) Selenium
3 747 (16.70%) Jenkins
4 661 (14.78%) Cucumber
5 586 (13.10%) JIRA
6 330 (7.38%) Maven
7 296 (6.62%) WebDriver
8 258 (5.77%) JUnit
9 243 (5.43%) SpecFlow
10 213 (4.76%) SoapUI
11 195 (4.36%) Postman
12 193 (4.32%) TeamCity
13 178 (3.98%) JMeter
14 166 (3.71%) Team Foundation Server
15 160 (3.58%) Jasmine
16 153 (3.42%) Bitbucket
17 152 (3.40%) NUnit
18 141 (3.15%) Appium
19 129 (2.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 115 (2.57%) Subversion
General
1 738 (16.50%) Finance
2 393 (8.79%) Banking
3 292 (6.53%) Retail
4 279 (6.24%) Games
5 153 (3.42%) Marketing
5 153 (3.42%) Public Sector
6 74 (1.65%) Front Office
7 61 (1.36%) Legal
8 55 (1.23%) Advertising
9 51 (1.14%) Back Office
10 48 (1.07%) Investment Banking
11 45 (1.01%) Financial Institution
12 35 (0.78%) Telecoms
13 21 (0.47%) Automotive
14 19 (0.42%) Publishing
15 15 (0.34%) Law
15 15 (0.34%) Manufacturing
16 14 (0.31%) Aerospace
17 13 (0.29%) Billing
18 12 (0.27%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 2,573 (57.54%) Developer
2 847 (18.94%) .NET Developer
3 603 (13.48%) Java Developer
4 578 (12.92%) C# Developer
5 528 (11.81%) Senior Developer
6 379 (8.47%) C# .NET Developer
7 335 (7.49%) Software Engineer
8 285 (6.37%) Software Developer
9 262 (5.86%) Analyst
10 228 (5.10%) Test Engineer
11 225 (5.03%) QA Engineer
12 220 (4.92%) Senior Java Developer
13 201 (4.49%) Tester
14 186 (4.16%) Full Stack Developer
15 183 (4.09%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 183 (4.09%) Junior
16 169 (3.78%) Test Analyst
17 158 (3.53%) Junior Developer
18 157 (3.51%) React Developer
19 152 (3.40%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,540 (34.44%) .NET
2 1,072 (23.97%) AngularJS
3 929 (20.77%) Node.js
4 826 (18.47%) ASP.NET
5 824 (18.43%) RESTful
6 806 (18.02%) React
7 797 (17.82%) HTML
8 763 (17.06%) ASP.NET Web API
9 759 (16.97%) CSS
10 677 (15.14%) ASP.NET MVC
11 675 (15.09%) .NET Framework
12 600 (13.42%) Web Services
13 567 (12.68%) Spring
14 558 (12.48%) .NET Core
15 546 (12.21%) REST
16 487 (10.89%) Entity Framework
17 384 (8.59%) Vue.js
18 370 (8.27%) HTML5
19 288 (6.44%) CSS3
20 278 (6.22%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 465 (10.40%) Greenfield Project
2 238 (5.32%) User Experience
3 233 (5.21%) Mobile App
4 188 (4.20%) Enterprise Software
5 155 (3.47%) Analytical Skills
6 116 (2.59%) Cloud Native
7 107 (2.39%) Self-Motivation
8 86 (1.92%) Data Structures
9 80 (1.79%) Algorithms
10 59 (1.32%) Public Cloud
11 46 (1.03%) Virtual Team
12 45 (1.01%) Blog
13 40 (0.89%) Client/Server
14 33 (0.74%) Online Gambling
14 33 (0.74%) Social Network
15 30 (0.67%) Hedge funds
16 29 (0.65%) Life Science
17 27 (0.60%) Derivative
17 27 (0.60%) Equities
18 26 (0.58%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 307 (6.86%) Linux
2 199 (4.45%) Android
3 186 (4.16%) Windows
4 169 (3.78%) Apple iOS
5 160 (3.58%) Unix
6 64 (1.43%) Mac OS X
7 19 (0.42%) CentOS
8 14 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 12 (0.27%) Mac OS
10 6 (0.13%) watchOS
11 5 (0.11%) VMS
12 3 (0.067%) Mesosphere
12 3 (0.067%) Windows Server
13 2 (0.045%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.045%) zOS
14 1 (0.022%) FreeBSD
14 1 (0.022%) Solaris
14 1 (0.022%) ThreadX
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,641 (81.42%) TDD
2 3,529 (78.91%) Agile Software Development
3 1,643 (36.74%) Scrum
4 1,541 (34.46%) Test Automation
5 1,120 (25.04%) Microservices
6 1,075 (24.04%) DevOps
7 1,029 (23.01%) Continuous Integration
8 940 (21.02%) MVC
9 743 (16.61%) Kanban
10 694 (15.52%) Software Engineering
11 573 (12.81%) Web Application Development
12 534 (11.94%) OO
13 442 (9.88%) Continuous Delivery
14 440 (9.84%) Mentoring
15 425 (9.50%) SOLID
16 421 (9.41%) E-Commerce
17 419 (9.37%) Problem-Solving
18 341 (7.63%) SDLC
19 335 (7.49%) Unit Testing
20 315 (7.04%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1,783 (39.87%) JavaScript
2 1,776 (39.71%) C#
3 1,658 (37.08%) Java
4 890 (19.90%) SQL
5 521 (11.65%) Python
6 478 (10.69%) TypeScript
7 363 (8.12%) Ruby
8 309 (6.91%) Java 8
9 235 (5.25%) PHP
10 163 (3.64%) Scala
11 123 (2.75%) Kotlin
12 119 (2.66%) ES6
13 112 (2.50%) T-SQL
14 87 (1.95%) C++
15 71 (1.59%) Go
16 67 (1.50%) PowerShell
17 56 (1.25%) Apple Swift
18 50 (1.12%) Bash Shell
18 50 (1.12%) C
19 47 (1.05%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 349 (7.80%) Degree
2 124 (2.77%) Security Cleared
3 121 (2.71%) Computer Science Degree
4 120 (2.68%) ISTQB
5 93 (2.08%) ISEB
6 88 (1.97%) SC Cleared
7 27 (0.60%) Postgraduate
8 25 (0.56%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 20 (0.45%) DV Cleared
10 17 (0.38%) MCP
11 14 (0.31%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 13 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
13 10 (0.22%) AWS Certification
13 10 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
14 9 (0.20%) IIBA
14 9 (0.20%) PMI Certification
15 5 (0.11%) CSPO
16 4 (0.089%) Master's Degree
17 2 (0.045%) MCSD
17 2 (0.045%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 664 (14.85%) QA
2 10 (0.22%) Data Quality
2 10 (0.22%) PMO
3 9 (0.20%) GDPR
4 8 (0.18%) ISO 20022
5 7 (0.16%) ISO 15022
5 7 (0.16%) SLA
6 5 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.089%) PMBOK
8 3 (0.067%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.067%) TickIT
9 2 (0.045%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.045%) WAI
10 1 (0.022%) IEC 62304
10 1 (0.022%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.022%) JTAG
10 1 (0.022%) MiFID
10 1 (0.022%) PSD2
10 1 (0.022%) SEPA
10 1 (0.022%) WCAG
System Software
1 751 (16.79%) Docker
2 25 (0.56%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (0.38%) Postfix
4 13 (0.29%) Active Directory
5 12 (0.27%) vSphere
6 9 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (0.11%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.089%) Virtual Servers
9 2 (0.045%) Apache Flume
9 2 (0.045%) Firmware
9 2 (0.045%) vCloud
10 1 (0.022%) HDFS
10 1 (0.022%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.022%) NDS
10 1 (0.022%) NetIQ eDirectory
Systems Management
1 427 (9.55%) Kubernetes
2 180 (4.03%) Terraform
3 138 (3.09%) Ansible
4 119 (2.66%) Puppet
5 91 (2.03%) Opscode Chef
6 71 (1.59%) HP Quality Center
7 25 (0.56%) Rancher
8 24 (0.54%) Istio
9 19 (0.42%) Kibana
10 11 (0.25%) HP ALM
11 10 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
11 10 (0.22%) Prometheus
12 9 (0.20%) Grafana
12 9 (0.20%) Oozie
13 6 (0.13%) Consul
14 5 (0.11%) CA Service Virtualization
14 5 (0.11%) logstash
14 5 (0.11%) Packer
15 4 (0.089%) Marathon
15 4 (0.089%) Mesos
Vendors
1 476 (10.64%) Microsoft
2 199 (4.45%) Google
3 169 (3.78%) Oracle
4 155 (3.47%) WorldPay
5 77 (1.72%) FIS
6 67 (1.50%) HP
7 56 (1.25%) Adobe
8 54 (1.21%) SAP
9 53 (1.19%) Atlassian
10 45 (1.01%) Salesforce.com
11 44 (0.98%) Apple
12 41 (0.92%) Red Hat
13 39 (0.87%) Xamarin
14 34 (0.76%) Facebook
15 30 (0.67%) Sitecore
16 26 (0.58%) VMware
17 18 (0.40%) hybris
17 18 (0.40%) IBM
18 17 (0.38%) YouTube
19 16 (0.36%) Zend