Period
to 25 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 25 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 84 84 66
Rank change year-on-year 0 -18 +1
Permanent jobs citing BDD 1,809 4,844 7,312
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.71% 3.44% 4.36%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.00% 3.73% 4.75%
Number of salaries quoted 1,720 3,903 6,639
Median annual salary £60,000 £55,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.11% +5.71% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £86,250 £88,750 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 45,184 129,710 153,939
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.56% 92.20% 91.89%
Number of salaries quoted 36,805 101,826 122,595
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £33,000 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD.

Salary trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 25 September 2020.

Salary histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 1,720 £62,500 +8.70% 403
London +8 1,027 £68,250 +2.63% 172
UK excluding London +7 766 £50,000 - 256
South East +12 229 £55,000 +4.76% 66
Work from Home +5 210 £62,500 +8.70% 61
North of England -7 207 £50,000 +5.26% 72
South West +53 136 £52,500 +23.53% 23
Yorkshire +41 93 £50,000 +12.36% 18
Midlands +92 92 £55,000 +15.79% 47
North West -28 88 £50,000 -4.76% 45
West Midlands +120 58 £55,000 +10.00% 32
Scotland +20 36 £43,750 -20.45% 13
East Midlands +65 34 £50,000 +11.11% 15
Wales +17 32 £41,500 -17.00% 10
East of England -38 27 £43,750 -16.67% 24
North East +34 26 £45,000 -6.20% 9
Northern Ireland +25 10 £40,000 -33.33% 2

For the 6 months to 25 September 2020, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 1,395 (77.11%) Agile Software Development
2 1,394 (77.06%) TDD
3 782 (43.23%) JavaScript
4 690 (38.14%) C#
5 660 (36.48%) Test Automation
6 592 (32.73%) .NET
7 572 (31.62%) Java
7 572 (31.62%) AWS
8 526 (29.08%) Scrum
9 524 (28.97%) Microservices
10 520 (28.75%) Azure
11 481 (26.59%) DevOps
12 424 (23.44%) AngularJS
13 402 (22.22%) Selenium
14 386 (21.34%) SQL
15 376 (20.78%) Node.js
16 375 (20.73%) React
17 373 (20.62%) SQL Server
18 341 (18.85%) MVC
19 339 (18.74%) Software Engineering
20 327 (18.08%) ASP.NET
21 316 (17.47%) Git (software)
22 314 (17.36%) Finance
23 308 (17.03%) .NET Core
24 301 (16.64%) HTML
25 299 (16.53%) Continuous Integration
26 292 (16.14%) OO
27 284 (15.70%) CSS
28 279 (15.42%) Docker
29 269 (14.87%) QA

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 131 (7.24%) Elasticsearch
2 63 (3.48%) Tomcat
3 57 (3.15%) Confluence
4 43 (2.38%) Apache
5 33 (1.82%) CMS
6 21 (1.16%) Umbraco
7 19 (1.05%) Sitecore CMS
8 18 (1.00%) Apache Spark
9 15 (0.83%) EPiServer
10 13 (0.72%) IIS
10 13 (0.72%) Oracle Workflow
11 11 (0.61%) Headless CMS
11 11 (0.61%) NServiceBus
12 10 (0.55%) DNN
12 10 (0.55%) Immediacy CMS
12 10 (0.55%) Kentico
12 10 (0.55%) Sitefinity
13 7 (0.39%) WebSphere
14 6 (0.33%) JBoss
15 5 (0.28%) nginx
Applications
1 4 (0.22%) Adobe Creative Suite
1 4 (0.22%) Microsoft Excel
1 4 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
1 4 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 4 (0.22%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.055%) Adobe Premiere
3 1 (0.055%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 6 (0.33%) Distributed Ledger
2 5 (0.28%) Magento
3 4 (0.22%) SDL Web 8
4 3 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
4 3 (0.17%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.055%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.055%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 572 (31.62%) AWS
2 520 (28.75%) Azure
3 139 (7.68%) GCP
4 123 (6.80%) SaaS
5 105 (5.80%) Serverless
6 92 (5.09%) GitHub
7 66 (3.65%) AWS Lambda
8 41 (2.27%) Amazon EC2
8 41 (2.27%) npm
9 36 (1.99%) Amazon SQS
10 32 (1.77%) AWS CloudFormation
11 28 (1.55%) Cloud Computing
12 22 (1.22%) Firebase
13 21 (1.16%) Azure Functions
14 20 (1.11%) PaaS
15 17 (0.94%) BrowserStack
16 16 (0.88%) Amazon ECS
16 16 (0.88%) Amazon S3
17 14 (0.77%) Azure Data Factory
18 12 (0.66%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 49 (2.71%) Skype
2 38 (2.10%) HTTP
3 29 (1.60%) Internet
4 8 (0.44%) Network Security
5 4 (0.22%) FIX Connectivity
5 4 (0.22%) SMTP
6 3 (0.17%) NFC
6 3 (0.17%) SSL
6 3 (0.17%) Wireless
7 2 (0.11%) Broadband
7 2 (0.11%) Firewall
8 1 (0.055%) ADSL
8 1 (0.055%) BIG-IP
8 1 (0.055%) DSL
8 1 (0.055%) Intranet
8 1 (0.055%) TCP/IP
8 1 (0.055%) VDSL
8 1 (0.055%) VLAN
8 1 (0.055%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 373 (20.62%) SQL Server
2 232 (12.82%) MongoDB
3 208 (11.50%) NoSQL
4 104 (5.75%) Relational Database
5 100 (5.53%) SQL Server 2019
6 95 (5.25%) MySQL
7 93 (5.14%) PostgreSQL
8 61 (3.37%) Redis
9 43 (2.38%) Data Warehouse
10 35 (1.93%) SQL Server 2012
11 33 (1.82%) Apache Cassandra
12 29 (1.60%) Big Data
13 24 (1.33%) Hadoop
14 23 (1.27%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 17 (0.94%) Amazon RDS
16 16 (0.88%) Riak
17 15 (0.83%) Cosmos DB
18 14 (0.77%) MS Access
18 14 (0.77%) RDBMS
19 12 (0.66%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 402 (22.22%) Selenium
2 316 (17.47%) Git (software)
3 250 (13.82%) Jenkins
4 227 (12.55%) Cucumber
5 163 (9.01%) JIRA
6 157 (8.68%) WebDriver
7 124 (6.85%) Maven
8 123 (6.80%) SpecFlow
9 78 (4.31%) TeamCity
10 68 (3.76%) SoapUI
11 67 (3.70%) JUnit
12 66 (3.65%) Postman
13 62 (3.43%) Cypress.io
14 61 (3.37%) webpack
15 58 (3.21%) Mocha
16 54 (2.99%) Appium
17 53 (2.93%) Jasmine
17 53 (2.93%) NUnit
18 44 (2.43%) Mockito
19 36 (1.99%) Bitbucket
General
1 314 (17.36%) Finance
2 104 (5.75%) Banking
3 77 (4.26%) Retail
4 66 (3.65%) Games
5 56 (3.10%) Marketing
6 45 (2.49%) Advertising
7 39 (2.16%) Public Sector
8 25 (1.38%) Front Office
9 24 (1.33%) Manufacturing
10 20 (1.11%) Investment Banking
11 19 (1.05%) Publishing
12 16 (0.88%) Electronics
13 14 (0.77%) Law
14 13 (0.72%) Telecoms
15 8 (0.44%) Private Banking
16 7 (0.39%) Automotive
16 7 (0.39%) Financial Institution
17 6 (0.33%) Back Office
17 6 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
18 5 (0.28%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,017 (56.22%) Developer
2 324 (17.91%) .NET Developer
3 217 (12.00%) C# Developer
4 205 (11.33%) Senior Developer
5 202 (11.17%) Java Developer
6 167 (9.23%) Software Engineer
7 160 (8.84%) C# .NET Developer
8 147 (8.13%) Analyst
9 129 (7.13%) Full Stack Developer
10 118 (6.52%) Software Developer
11 106 (5.86%) Test Engineer
12 94 (5.20%) Test Analyst
13 86 (4.75%) JavaScript Developer
14 77 (4.26%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 77 (4.26%) Tester
15 67 (3.70%) QA Engineer
16 65 (3.59%) Senior Java Developer
17 55 (3.04%) Agile Developer
18 53 (2.93%) Java Engineer
19 52 (2.87%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 592 (32.73%) .NET
2 424 (23.44%) AngularJS
3 376 (20.78%) Node.js
4 375 (20.73%) React
5 327 (18.08%) ASP.NET
6 308 (17.03%) .NET Core
7 301 (16.64%) HTML
8 284 (15.70%) CSS
9 268 (14.81%) RESTful
10 258 (14.26%) REST
11 232 (12.82%) .NET Framework
11 232 (12.82%) ASP.NET MVC
12 217 (12.00%) Spring
13 212 (11.72%) Web Services
14 188 (10.39%) ASP.NET Web API
15 172 (9.51%) Entity Framework
16 152 (8.40%) Vue.js
17 143 (7.90%) HTML5
18 118 (6.52%) Spring Boot
19 113 (6.25%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 173 (9.56%) Greenfield Project
2 79 (4.37%) User Experience
3 71 (3.92%) Mobile App
4 65 (3.59%) Cloud Native
5 59 (3.26%) Analytical Skills
6 54 (2.99%) Virtual Team
7 34 (1.88%) Enterprise Software
8 26 (1.44%) Algorithms
9 25 (1.38%) Equities
10 23 (1.27%) Social Network
11 22 (1.22%) Derivative
11 22 (1.22%) Tandem
12 20 (1.11%) Self-Motivation
13 17 (0.94%) Hedge funds
14 16 (0.88%) Public Cloud
15 13 (0.72%) Mobile Games
16 12 (0.66%) Data Structures
17 11 (0.61%) iPhone
17 11 (0.61%) Private Cloud
17 11 (0.61%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 97 (5.36%) Linux
2 75 (4.15%) Android
2 75 (4.15%) Windows
3 61 (3.37%) Apple iOS
4 43 (2.38%) Unix
5 7 (0.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (0.17%) Mac OS X
6 3 (0.17%) Windows 10
7 2 (0.11%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.11%) VMS
7 2 (0.11%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.055%) CoreOS
8 1 (0.055%) Windows Embedded Compact
8 1 (0.055%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,395 (77.11%) Agile Software Development
2 1,394 (77.06%) TDD
3 660 (36.48%) Test Automation
4 526 (29.08%) Scrum
5 524 (28.97%) Microservices
6 481 (26.59%) DevOps
7 341 (18.85%) MVC
8 339 (18.74%) Software Engineering
9 299 (16.53%) Continuous Integration
10 292 (16.14%) OO
11 265 (14.65%) Kanban
12 164 (9.07%) Fintech
13 158 (8.73%) Mentoring
14 154 (8.51%) SOLID
15 137 (7.57%) Continuous Delivery
16 134 (7.41%) Open Source
17 133 (7.35%) Web Application Development
18 130 (7.19%) SDET
19 124 (6.85%) SDLC
20 117 (6.47%) ATDD
Programming Languages
1 782 (43.23%) JavaScript
2 690 (38.14%) C#
3 572 (31.62%) Java
4 386 (21.34%) SQL
5 257 (14.21%) TypeScript
6 227 (12.55%) Python
7 103 (5.69%) Java 8
8 67 (3.70%) Ruby
9 47 (2.60%) Go
10 46 (2.54%) Scala
11 45 (2.49%) ES6
12 44 (2.43%) T-SQL
13 41 (2.27%) Kotlin
13 41 (2.27%) PHP
14 39 (2.16%) C++
15 36 (1.99%) PowerShell
16 29 (1.60%) Shell Script
17 28 (1.55%) C
18 19 (1.05%) PL/SQL
19 13 (0.72%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 142 (7.85%) Degree
2 117 (6.47%) Security Cleared
3 67 (3.70%) SC Cleared
4 34 (1.88%) ISTQB
5 33 (1.82%) Computer Science Degree
6 14 (0.77%) ISEB
7 10 (0.55%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 8 (0.44%) DV Cleared
9 7 (0.39%) Master's Degree
10 5 (0.28%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 5 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (0.22%) CISA
11 4 (0.22%) CISSP
12 3 (0.17%) ITIL Certification
13 2 (0.11%) CEH
13 2 (0.11%) CISM
13 2 (0.11%) CRISC
13 2 (0.11%) MCPD
13 2 (0.11%) OSCP
13 2 (0.11%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 269 (14.87%) QA
2 21 (1.16%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.44%) GDPR
4 4 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 3 (0.17%) ISO 20022
5 3 (0.17%) MiFID
5 3 (0.17%) PSD2
5 3 (0.17%) TARGET2
6 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.11%) NIST
7 1 (0.055%) ISO 13485
7 1 (0.055%) SLA
System Software
1 279 (15.42%) Docker
2 28 (1.55%) VMware Infrastructure
3 21 (1.16%) vSphere
4 17 (0.94%) Active Directory
5 16 (0.88%) NDS
6 15 (0.83%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 11 (0.61%) Postfix
8 7 (0.39%) HDFS
9 6 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 5 (0.28%) Firmware
11 4 (0.22%) LXC
12 2 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
13 1 (0.055%) iptables
13 1 (0.055%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 180 (9.95%) Kubernetes
2 90 (4.98%) Terraform
3 57 (3.15%) Ansible
4 47 (2.60%) Puppet
5 43 (2.38%) Opscode Chef
6 26 (1.44%) Istio
7 24 (1.33%) NetIQ Identity Manager
8 14 (0.77%) Tivoli
9 13 (0.72%) Marathon
9 13 (0.72%) Mesos
10 8 (0.44%) Kibana
10 8 (0.44%) Oracle Identity Manager
10 8 (0.44%) Tivoli Identity Manager
11 7 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
12 6 (0.33%) Hadoop YARN
12 6 (0.33%) HP Quality Center
12 6 (0.33%) logstash
13 5 (0.28%) MIIS
14 3 (0.17%) CA Single Sign-On
14 3 (0.17%) Oracle Identity Management
Vendors
1 205 (11.33%) Microsoft
2 130 (7.19%) Oracle
3 56 (3.10%) Google
4 31 (1.71%) VMware
5 26 (1.44%) NetIQ
6 23 (1.27%) ForgeRock
7 22 (1.22%) Sitecore
8 18 (1.00%) IBM
8 18 (1.00%) SAP
9 16 (0.88%) Splunk
10 15 (0.83%) Zend
11 13 (0.72%) Facebook
11 13 (0.72%) Okta
12 12 (0.66%) Atlassian
13 10 (0.55%) Alterian
13 10 (0.55%) CyberArk
13 10 (0.55%) Salesforce.com
14 8 (0.44%) Apple
15 7 (0.39%) Ab Initio
15 7 (0.39%) Xamarin